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Census Profile, 2016 Census
Halifax, Regional municipality [Census subdivision], Nova Scotia and Halifax, County [Census division], Nova Scotia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Halifax, RGM
Nova Scotia
[Census subdivision]
Halifax, CTY
Nova Scotia
[Census division]
Data quality , Halifax, Regional municipality [Census subdivision], Nova Scotia  Map : Halifax, Regional municipality [Census subdivision], Nova Scotia Data quality : Halifax, County [Census division], Nova Scotia  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 403,131  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 403,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 390,086 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 390,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 187,338  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 187,478  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 173,324  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 173,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 73.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 5,490.35  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,496.31  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 403,130 195,210 207,920 403,390 195,330 208,060
0 to 14 years 60,510 30,900 29,615 60,535 30,920 29,625
0 to 4 years 19,785 10,080 9,705 19,790 10,085 9,710
5 to 9 years 20,745 10,620 10,125 20,745 10,625 10,125
10 to 14 years 19,985 10,200 9,785 20,000 10,210 9,790
15 to 64 years 279,525 136,210 143,315 279,680 136,280 143,400
15 to 19 years 22,330 11,310 11,020 22,345 11,320 11,025
20 to 24 years 30,205 15,005 15,200 30,225 15,020 15,210
25 to 29 years 30,185 15,170 15,015 30,205 15,180 15,020
30 to 34 years 27,470 13,490 13,980 27,470 13,495 13,980
35 to 39 years 25,700 12,285 13,415 25,710 12,285 13,430
40 to 44 years 26,640 12,805 13,830 26,645 12,815 13,835
45 to 49 years 27,715 13,165 14,550 27,735 13,170 14,565
50 to 54 years 32,640 15,850 16,795 32,665 15,860 16,805
55 to 59 years 30,590 14,805 15,790 30,610 14,810 15,795
60 to 64 years 26,050 12,325 13,720 26,065 12,330 13,735
65 years and over 63,095 28,100 34,990 63,170 28,130 35,040
65 to 69 years 22,495 10,625 11,875 22,510 10,635 11,880
70 to 74 years 15,500 7,240 8,255 15,525 7,250 8,280
75 to 79 years 10,430 4,695 5,735 10,440 4,700 5,740
80 to 84 years 7,490 3,195 4,295 7,505 3,195 4,310
85 years and over 7,185 2,350 4,830 7,190 2,355 4,835
85 to 89 years 4,405 1,585 2,815 4,405 1,585 2,825
90 to 94 years 2,115 610 1,505 2,115 615 1,505
95 to 99 years 605 145 460 610 145 460
100 years and over 55 10 45 60 10 50
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.0 15.8 14.2 15.0 15.8 14.2
15 to 64 years 69.3 69.8 68.9 69.3 69.8 68.9
65 years and over 15.7 14.4 16.8 15.7 14.4 16.8
85 years and over 1.8 1.2 2.3 1.8 1.2 2.3
Average age of the population 40.8 39.9 41.8 40.9 39.9 41.8
Median age of the population 41.0 39.8 42.1 41.0 39.8 42.1
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 173,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 86,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 61,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 11,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 6,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 36,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 3,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 173,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 173,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 51,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 64,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 27,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 21,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 9,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 397,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 397,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 342,620 164,315 178,305 342,850 164,410 178,440
Married or living common law 192,490 96,070 96,415 192,585 96,120 96,470
Married 154,005 76,885 77,125 154,070 76,915 77,160
Living common law 38,485 19,185 19,295 38,515 19,205 19,310
Not married and not living common law 150,125 68,245 81,885 150,265 68,295 81,970
Never married 102,350 52,820 49,535 102,415 52,850 49,565
Separated 9,775 4,175 5,595 9,785 4,175 5,610
Divorced 20,590 7,605 12,985 20,615 7,615 13,000
Widowed 17,410 3,650 13,765 17,450 3,655 13,800
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 113,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 62,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 24,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 19,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 6,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 113,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 94,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 75,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 19,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 18,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 15,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 3,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 94,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 50,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 44,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 19,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 17,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 6,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 18,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 11,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 5,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 84,120 39,360 44,760 84,200 39,385 44,815
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 173,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 108,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 109,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 48,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 60,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 62,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 51,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 10,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 399,315 193,620 205,700 399,570 193,735 205,840
English only 347,190 170,795 176,400 347,435 170,905 176,530
French only 340 160 185 340 155 185
English and French 49,575 21,645 27,925 49,585 21,650 27,935
Neither English nor French 2,210 1,025 1,185 2,210 1,020 1,185
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 399,315 193,620 205,700 399,575 193,735 205,840
English 386,095 187,165 198,935 386,350 187,275 199,075
French 9,895 4,910 4,985 9,895 4,910 4,980
English and French 1,210 575 640 1,210 570 640
Neither English nor French 2,115 970 1,140 2,115 975 1,145
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 10,500 5,200 5,305 10,505 5,195 5,305
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.6
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 399,315 193,615 205,700 399,575 193,735 205,840
Single responses 394,160 191,080 203,085 394,425 191,200 203,225
Official languages 363,305 175,400 187,910 363,555 175,515 188,045
English 353,165 170,405 182,760 353,420 170,520 182,895
French 10,140 4,990 5,145 10,145 4,990 5,145
Non-official languages 30,855 15,680 15,175 30,865 15,685 15,180
Aboriginal languages 75 35 35 80 40 35
Algonquian languages 60 35 25 60 35 30
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 5 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 5 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 55 30 20 55 30 25
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 50 30 25 50 30 20
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 5 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 5 5 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 5 5 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 30,780 15,645 15,140 30,790 15,645 15,145
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,020 3,850 3,170 7,020 3,845 3,175
Berber languages 10 10 0 10 5 5
Kabyle 0 5 5 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Cushitic languages 115 60 60 120 60 55
Bilen 5 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 55 35 25 60 35 25
Somali 50 20 30 50 20 30
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Semitic languages 6,895 3,780 3,115 6,890 3,780 3,110
Amharic 110 45 60 105 45 60
Arabic 6,430 3,545 2,880 6,430 3,550 2,880
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 5 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 195 110 90 195 110 85
Maltese 5 5 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 145 65 75 140 65 75
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 15 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 400 195 205 400 195 205
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 5 5 5
Vietnamese 395 195 205 395 195 200
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,665 725 935 1,665 730 935
Bikol 5 0 0 5 0 0
Cebuano 105 50 65 110 45 60
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 15 10 10 15 10 10
Ilocano 45 15 35 50 10 35
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 5 0
Malay 40 15 25 40 15 25
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 10 5 5
Pangasinan 0 5 0 5 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,420 625 790 1,415 625 790
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 15 5 10
Creole languages 55 40 15 55 40 15
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 30 25 10 30 25 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 25 20 5
Dravidian languages 875 510 360 870 510 360
Kannada 25 15 10 30 15 10
Malayalam 310 165 145 310 165 140
Tamil 260 155 100 255 155 100
Telugu 270 170 100 270 165 100
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 12,660 6,405 6,255 12,660 6,400 6,260
Albanian 250 125 125 250 125 125
Armenian 30 25 10 30 20 10
Balto-Slavic languages 2,790 1,350 1,440 2,790 1,355 1,440
Baltic languages 55 15 45 55 15 40
Latvian 25 10 20 25 5 15
Lithuanian 30 5 25 35 5 25
Slavic languages 2,735 1,335 1,395 2,735 1,335 1,395
Belarusan 5 5 0 5 5 5
Bosnian 115 60 60 115 60 60
Bulgarian 40 20 25 40 15 25
Croatian 185 90 95 185 90 100
Czech 140 70 70 140 75 70
Macedonian 15 5 5 10 10 5
Polish 590 285 305 590 290 305
Russian 1,150 565 590 1,155 565 585
Serbian 110 50 60 110 55 60
Serbo-Croatian 80 40 40 80 40 40
Slovak 85 40 45 85 40 40
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 15 20 10 15
Ukrainian 190 95 95 190 95 100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 45 20 25 45 20 25
Scottish Gaelic 25 10 20 25 10 15
Welsh 15 10 5 15 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Germanic languages 2,070 995 1,080 2,075 995 1,080
Afrikaans 80 40 35 75 35 40
Danish 95 60 40 95 65 40
Dutch 490 235 255 490 235 255
Frisian 5 0 5 5 0 0
German 1,205 550 645 1,200 555 650
Icelandic 30 20 15 35 15 15
Norwegian 70 45 30 75 45 30
Swedish 60 25 40 65 25 40
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 5 15 10 5
Yiddish 10 5 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 5
Greek 660 335 325 660 335 325
Indo-Iranian languages 4,300 2,350 1,950 4,295 2,345 1,950
Indo-Aryan languages 2,950 1,645 1,300 2,945 1,645 1,300
Bengali 440 270 170 440 270 175
Gujarati 175 110 60 170 110 60
Hindi 660 395 265 660 400 260
Kashmiri 5 5 5 10 0 5
Konkani 5 5 5 5 0 0
Marathi 60 35 25 65 35 30
Nepali 525 250 270 525 255 270
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 5 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 475 250 220 475 255 220
Sindhi 15 10 5 15 10 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 140 70 70 140 70 70
Urdu 435 245 190 435 245 195
Iranian languages 1,330 690 640 1,330 685 640
Kurdish 115 65 50 110 65 50
Pashto 65 40 30 65 35 30
Persian (Farsi) 1,145 585 565 1,145 585 560
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 25 10 15
Italic (Romance) languages 2,515 1,205 1,305 2,515 1,210 1,305
Catalan 10 5 5 10 5 5
Italian 555 285 265 555 290 265
Portuguese 385 185 200 390 185 200
Romanian 185 90 95 185 90 95
Spanish 1,375 640 740 1,375 635 735
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 5
Japanese 250 70 185 250 70 185
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Korean 905 380 520 900 380 520
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 5 5 0
Mongolian 0 5 0 5 5 0
Niger-Congo languages 535 270 260 535 270 260
Akan (Twi) 35 15 20 35 15 15
Bamanankan 5 0 5 5 5 5
Edo 5 0 5 5 5 0
Ewe 35 25 15 30 20 15
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 0 5 0
Ga 10 5 0 5 5 5
Ganda 20 5 10 20 10 15
Igbo 35 20 15 30 15 15
Lingala 10 5 5 5 5 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 10 20 10 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 15 30 45 20 30
Shona 25 15 10 25 10 15
Swahili 120 55 60 120 60 60
Wolof 5 0 0 0 5 0
Yoruba 50 30 25 50 30 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 120 65 60
Nilo-Saharan languages 65 35 30 65 35 30
Dinka 10 5 5 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 55 30 25
Sign languages 115 55 60 115 55 60
American Sign Language 55 25 25 55 30 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 60 25 30 60 25 30
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,500 2,745 2,755 5,500 2,745 2,755
Chinese languages 5,480 2,735 2,740 5,480 2,735 2,740
Cantonese 930 430 495 925 430 500
Hakka 20 10 10 25 10 15
Mandarin 3,950 1,975 1,975 3,950 1,975 1,975
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 95 45 50 95 45 50
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 30 15 45 25 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 430 250 180 435 250 180
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 20 10 10
Burmese 5 0 5 5 0 5
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 10 5 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 90 35 55 90 35 50
Lao 5 5 5 5 0 0
Thai 85 35 50 85 35 55
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 385 210 175 390 215 175
Azerbaijani 15 10 5 15 10 0
Turkish 255 135 120 250 135 115
Uyghur 5 5 5 5 0 5
Uzbek 110 60 50 105 60 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 5
Uralic languages 235 105 135 240 105 135
Estonian 25 15 15 25 10 15
Finnish 35 10 25 35 10 25
Hungarian 180 80 95 175 80 95
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 20 5 10
Multiple responses 5,155 2,535 2,615 5,155 2,535 2,615
English and French 1,775 815 965 1,780 815 960
English and non-official language 3,040 1,555 1,480 3,040 1,555 1,480
French and non-official language 175 90 80 170 90 85
English, French and non-official language 160 75 80 155 75 85
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 399,315 193,620 205,700 399,575 193,735 205,840
Single responses 391,025 189,440 201,580 391,280 189,555 201,725
Official languages 374,620 181,095 193,520 374,875 181,210 193,665
English 370,955 179,295 191,660 371,210 179,410 191,800
French 3,665 1,805 1,860 3,665 1,805 1,860
Non-official languages 16,405 8,345 8,060 16,405 8,345 8,060
Aboriginal languages 15 5 5 20 10 10
Algonquian languages 20 10 5 20 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 5 15 10 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 5 15 10 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 0 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 16,385 8,335 8,055 16,390 8,335 8,050
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,195 2,215 1,980 4,195 2,210 1,980
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 75 35 40 75 35 40
Bilen 5 5 0 5 0 5
Oromo 40 25 20 40 25 20
Somali 25 10 15 30 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 4,115 2,180 1,940 4,120 2,180 1,940
Amharic 50 25 30 55 25 25
Arabic 3,845 2,040 1,805 3,845 2,040 1,805
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 5 5 0
Hebrew 115 65 55 120 65 50
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 95 40 55 95 40 55
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 255 130 130 255 125 130
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vietnamese 255 130 130 255 125 130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 890 430 460 890 435 460
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 50 20 30 50 20 30
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 5 5 5
Ilocano 10 5 5 15 5 5
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 5 0 5 5 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 820 405 420 825 400 420
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole languages 20 15 5 20 15 5
Haitian Creole 0 5 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 10 0 5 5 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 10 5
Dravidian languages 395 225 170 390 225 165
Kannada 10 5 5 15 5 10
Malayalam 135 75 60 130 75 60
Tamil 120 65 50 120 65 55
Telugu 125 75 50 125 75 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 5,505 2,760 2,740 5,500 2,760 2,740
Albanian 110 55 55 110 55 55
Armenian 15 10 10 15 10 10
Balto-Slavic languages 1,275 625 650 1,275 625 650
Baltic languages 15 5 10 15 5 10
Latvian 5 5 5 5 0 0
Lithuanian 15 5 10 10 5 10
Slavic languages 1,260 615 635 1,255 620 635
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 65 30 30 65 35 35
Bulgarian 20 15 10 20 15 5
Croatian 60 25 35 60 25 35
Czech 40 25 15 40 25 15
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 180 80 100 180 80 100
Russian 735 370 370 740 370 370
Serbian 60 30 35 60 30 30
Serbo-Croatian 30 20 15 30 20 15
Slovak 20 5 15 25 10 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 5 0 0 5
Ukrainian 45 25 20 45 30 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Celtic languages 20 10 10 15 10 5
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 5 15 10 5
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Germanic languages 360 175 185 360 175 185
Afrikaans 20 15 10 20 10 10
Danish 10 0 5 10 0 10
Dutch 45 20 25 45 20 25
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 235 115 125 240 115 125
Icelandic 25 10 15 25 15 15
Norwegian 15 5 5 15 5 5
Swedish 5 5 5 5 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 245 120 125 250 125 125
Indo-Iranian languages 2,545 1,335 1,210 2,550 1,335 1,215
Indo-Aryan languages 1,650 885 765 1,650 885 760
Bengali 230 125 105 230 125 105
Gujarati 95 60 30 95 60 30
Hindi 285 180 110 285 175 110
Kashmiri 5 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 30 15 15 30 15 10
Nepali 475 235 240 470 235 235
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 205 105 105 205 100 105
Sindhi 0 5 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 45 45 85 40 40
Urdu 250 130 120 250 130 125
Iranian languages 895 445 450 895 445 450
Kurdish 85 45 35 85 50 35
Pashto 35 15 15 30 15 20
Persian (Farsi) 780 385 395 780 380 395
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 935 435 500 935 435 500
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Italian 130 55 70 130 55 75
Portuguese 150 70 85 150 70 85
Romanian 60 30 30 60 30 35
Spanish 585 275 310 585 275 310
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Japanese 80 30 55 80 25 55
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 610 270 340 610 270 345
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 145 70 75 150 70 80
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 5 0 5
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 10 5 5 15 10 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 5 5 0 0 5 0
Ganda 5 0 5 5 0 5
Igbo 10 5 5 10 5 10
Lingala 0 0 0 5 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 0 10 5 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 5 10 20 10 10
Shona 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swahili 55 25 30 55 25 25
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 15 10 10 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 15 15 30 10 15
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 25 10 10
Sign languages 155 75 80 155 75 80
American Sign Language 65 30 35 70 30 35
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 90 45 45 90 45 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,830 1,965 1,865 3,830 1,960 1,865
Chinese languages 3,825 1,965 1,860 3,825 1,960 1,860
Cantonese 525 275 250 525 280 250
Hakka 5 5 5 5 0 5
Mandarin 2,935 1,475 1,460 2,935 1,475 1,460
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 25 20 40 25 20
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 10 25 10 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 295 175 120 290 175 125
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tai-Kadai languages 30 10 15 25 10 15
Lao 5 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 25 10 15 25 15 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 195 100 90 190 105 95
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 0 0 5
Turkish 120 65 55 120 65 55
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 70 40 30 70 35 30
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 50 25 25 50 25 30
Estonian 5 0 0 5 0 5
Finnish 5 0 0 5 0 0
Hungarian 45 20 25 45 20 25
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 0 5
Multiple responses 8,290 4,175 4,110 8,295 4,175 4,115
English and French 1,155 535 625 1,155 535 620
English and non-official language 6,810 3,475 3,335 6,815 3,480 3,335
French and non-official language 65 35 25 65 40 25
English, French and non-official language 260 130 135 260 125 130
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 399,315 193,620 205,700 399,575 193,735 205,840
None 370,395 179,625 190,765 370,645 179,735 190,905
English 9,220 4,720 4,500 9,215 4,715 4,500
French 8,480 3,705 4,775 8,485 3,705 4,780
Non-official language 10,600 5,285 5,315 10,605 5,290 5,315
Aboriginal 105 45 55 105 50 60
Non-Aboriginal 10,500 5,240 5,260 10,500 5,240 5,260
English and French 125 55 70 125 55 70
English and non-official language 185 90 105 190 85 100
French and non-official language 305 140 165 305 140 165
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 5 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 336,980 161,865 175,115 337,210 161,965 175,250
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 323,610 155,400 168,210 323,835 155,495 168,340
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,098 42,887 31,010 36,089 42,874 31,004
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 323,720 155,415 168,310 323,945 155,510 168,440
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,759 36,917 27,849 31,754 36,910 27,847
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 293,375 143,380 149,995 293,570 143,465 150,105
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,903 41,773 29,211 34,893 41,760 29,205
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 223,275 93,630 129,645 223,475 93,710 129,765
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,492 3,888 4,733 4,496 3,892 4,737
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 243,265 121,755 121,510 243,395 121,810 121,585
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,247 40,179 29,596 34,240 40,169 29,594
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 336,985 161,860 175,125 337,210 161,965 175,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 323,895 155,370 168,520 324,115 155,475 168,640
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,440 55,063 38,490 46,429 55,049 38,482
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 324,005 155,400 168,605 324,225 155,500 168,725
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,510 43,449 32,036 37,502 43,439 32,031
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 293,535 143,480 150,055 293,720 143,570 150,150
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,953 55,184 37,127 45,940 55,168 37,117
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 223,870 93,325 130,550 224,085 93,415 130,665
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,935 6,830 7,011 6,937 6,831 7,013
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 243,290 121,815 121,475 243,400 121,865 121,535
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,086 51,876 36,275 44,079 51,868 36,269
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 336,985 161,860 175,125 337,215 161,965 175,250
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 125,025 67,355 57,675 125,080 67,375 57,705
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,716 58,006 45,767 51,704 58,003 45,756
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,480 69,028 52,665 61,471 69,022 52,655
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.6 92.4 86.0 89.6 92.4 86.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.3 74.0 67.8 71.3 74.0 67.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.4 7.6 14.0 10.4 7.6 14.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 336,980 161,865 175,115 337,210 161,965 175,245
Without total income 13,370 6,470 6,905 13,375 6,470 6,910
With total income 323,605 155,395 168,210 323,835 155,495 168,335
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.0 96.1 96.0 96.0 96.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 44,140 19,460 24,675 44,175 19,485 24,690
$10,000 to $19,999 49,850 19,060 30,790 49,890 19,075 30,815
$20,000 to $29,999 43,080 16,930 26,150 43,125 16,945 26,175
$30,000 to $39,999 40,175 17,330 22,840 40,210 17,350 22,860
$40,000 to $49,999 35,100 16,240 18,860 35,125 16,245 18,880
$50,000 to $59,999 27,065 14,185 12,880 27,080 14,190 12,895
$60,000 to $69,999 21,005 12,075 8,930 21,010 12,085 8,930
$70,000 to $79,999 17,485 10,065 7,420 17,490 10,065 7,425
$80,000 to $89,999 13,775 8,055 5,725 13,780 8,055 5,720
$90,000 to $99,999 8,680 5,605 3,075 8,680 5,610 3,075
$100,000 and over 23,260 16,390 6,870 23,260 16,395 6,870
$100,000 to $149,999 15,955 10,955 5,000 15,960 10,955 5,005
$150,000 and over 7,305 5,440 1,870 7,305 5,435 1,865
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 336,980 161,865 175,110 337,215 161,965 175,245
Without after-tax income 13,255 6,450 6,810 13,265 6,450 6,810
With after-tax income 323,720 155,415 168,305 323,950 155,510 168,440
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.0 96.1 96.1 96.0 96.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 46,240 19,845 26,395 46,280 19,870 26,410
$10,000 to $19,999 53,290 20,625 32,665 53,335 20,635 32,700
$20,000 to $29,999 53,030 21,525 31,505 53,075 21,540 31,540
$30,000 to $39,999 50,335 22,470 27,865 50,375 22,485 27,890
$40,000 to $49,999 39,395 20,330 19,060 39,425 20,345 19,080
$50,000 to $59,999 28,450 16,475 11,975 28,460 16,485 11,980
$60,000 to $69,999 21,125 12,335 8,790 21,130 12,340 8,790
$70,000 to $79,999 11,710 7,570 4,150 11,720 7,570 4,150
$80,000 and over 20,145 14,240 5,905 20,150 14,240 5,905
$80,000 to $89,999 6,505 4,400 2,110 6,505 4,395 2,110
$90,000 to $99,999 3,930 2,715 1,215 3,925 2,715 1,210
$100,000 and over 9,710 7,130 2,580 9,710 7,130 2,580
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 336,980 161,865 175,115 337,210 161,965 175,250
Without employment income 93,715 40,110 53,600 93,815 40,155 53,665
With employment income 243,265 121,755 121,510 243,395 121,815 121,585
Percentage with employment income 72.2 75.2 69.4 72.2 75.2 69.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 30,525 13,925 16,605 30,550 13,940 16,620
$5,000 to $9,999 19,550 8,455 11,090 19,565 8,465 11,095
$10,000 to $19,999 32,130 14,030 18,100 32,145 14,035 18,110
$20,000 to $29,999 27,975 12,390 15,585 27,995 12,400 15,595
$30,000 to $39,999 27,190 11,870 15,320 27,205 11,875 15,330
$40,000 to $49,999 23,785 10,930 12,860 23,800 10,935 12,870
$50,000 to $59,999 18,560 9,850 8,710 18,570 9,855 8,715
$60,000 to $69,999 15,065 8,810 6,255 15,075 8,810 6,260
$70,000 to $79,999 13,695 7,870 5,820 13,695 7,870 5,825
$80,000 and over 34,790 23,625 11,165 34,795 23,630 11,165
$80,000 to $89,999 11,185 6,570 4,610 11,185 6,575 4,610
$90,000 to $99,999 6,740 4,555 2,185 6,745 4,560 2,185
$100,000 and over 16,865 12,495 4,370 16,865 12,500 4,370
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 173,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,553  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,522  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,263  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 51,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,087  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,574  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 122,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,754  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,127  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,104  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 173,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 86,778  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,753  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,116  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 51,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,664  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,657  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,401  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,398  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 122,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 104,412  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,389  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,232  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,218  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 173,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 173,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 3,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 12,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 53,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 18,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 13,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 9,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 173,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 173,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 3,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 35,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 10,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 113,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,401  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,366  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,082  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,061  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 47,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,594  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,567  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,338  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,319  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 44,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,667  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 17,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,944  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,942  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,308  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 113,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,509  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 106,483  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,559  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,542  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 47,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,277  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,264  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 44,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,993  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,727  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 17,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,769  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,771  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,448  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 75,865 35,980 39,885 75,935 36,005 39,935
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,379 32,053 30,862 31,382 32,060 30,864
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,145 28,429 27,907 28,151 28,435 27,912
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 75,820 35,755 40,065 75,880 35,780 40,105
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,408 40,478 38,452 39,406 40,479 38,449
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,585 32,913 32,292 32,585 32,916 32,290
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 397,375 192,700 204,675 397,635 192,810 204,820
In the bottom half of the distribution 199,890 93,895 105,995 200,095 93,985 106,110
In the bottom decile 45,275 21,860 23,415 45,315 21,885 23,435
In the second decile 36,780 16,240 20,545 36,810 16,250 20,555
In the third decile 37,650 17,385 20,255 37,695 17,410 20,285
In the fourth decile 39,195 18,525 20,665 39,240 18,550 20,685
In the fifth decile 40,995 19,875 21,120 41,030 19,890 21,140
In the top half of the distribution 197,480 98,805 98,675 197,535 98,830 98,705
In the sixth decile 41,365 20,575 20,790 41,390 20,585 20,805
In the seventh decile 42,860 21,435 21,430 42,875 21,440 21,435
In the eighth decile 43,120 21,490 21,630 43,135 21,495 21,640
In the ninth decile 38,755 19,480 19,275 38,760 19,485 19,275
In the top decile 31,380 15,825 15,555 31,380 15,820 15,555
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 397,375 192,695 204,675 397,370 192,700 204,675
0 to 17 years 72,900 37,155 35,745 72,900 37,155 35,750
0 to 5 years 23,875 12,160 11,715 23,875 12,155 11,715
18 to 64 years 264,835 128,510 136,330 264,835 128,510 136,325
65 years and over 59,635 27,040 32,595 59,635 27,040 32,600
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 58,825 27,410 31,415 58,825 27,410 31,415
0 to 17 years 13,695 6,970 6,720 13,690 6,975 6,720
0 to 5 years 5,085 2,540 2,545 5,090 2,540 2,540
18 to 64 years 38,000 17,830 20,165 37,995 17,830 20,170
65 years and over 7,135 2,605 4,530 7,135 2,605 4,530
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.8 14.2 15.3 14.8 14.2 15.3
0 to 17 years (%) 18.8 18.8 18.8 18.8 18.8 18.8
0 to 5 years (%) 21.3 20.9 21.7 21.3 20.9 21.7
18 to 64 years (%) 14.3 13.9 14.8 14.3 13.9 14.8
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.6 13.9 12.0 9.6 13.9
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 38,240 18,730 19,510 38,240 18,730 19,505
0 to 17 years 7,790 3,985 3,805 7,790 3,985 3,810
0 to 5 years 2,990 1,520 1,470 2,985 1,520 1,465
18 to 64 years 28,875 14,140 14,745 28,875 14,135 14,740
65 years and over 1,570 615 960 1,570 610 960
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.6 9.7 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.5
0 to 17 years (%) 10.7 10.7 10.6 10.7 10.7 10.7
0 to 5 years (%) 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
18 to 64 years (%) 10.9 11.0 10.8 10.9 11.0 10.8
65 years and over (%) 2.6 2.3 2.9 2.6 2.3 2.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 397,390 192,705 204,690 397,635 192,815 204,815
Official languages 395,220 191,780 203,440 395,460 191,890 203,565
English 394,950 191,655 203,290 395,185 191,765 203,420
French 49,660 21,765 27,900 49,665 21,765 27,905
Non-official languages 43,815 21,805 22,010 43,820 21,810 22,005
Aboriginal languages 190 80 110 195 85 105
Algonquian languages 160 60 100 160 60 105
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 10 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 0 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 150 55 95 155 60 90
Malecite 0 0 10 0 0 10
Mi'kmaq 150 55 90 155 60 90
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 10 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 10 0 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 10 0 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 10 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 10 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 0 10 10 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 0 10 10 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 10 0 10 10 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 43,630 21,730 21,900 43,635 21,735 21,895
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,825 5,290 4,535 9,820 5,290 4,530
Berber languages 25 15 15 25 15 15
Kabyle 25 10 10 25 15 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 145 50 90 140 55 90
Bilen 20 10 15 25 10 15
Oromo 35 15 20 35 20 20
Somali 80 20 55 75 25 55
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 0
Semitic languages 9,745 5,270 4,470 9,745 5,275 4,470
Amharic 260 135 120 260 135 125
Arabic 8,850 4,770 4,085 8,850 4,765 4,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 570 340 240 575 335 235
Maltese 10 10 10 10 0 10
Tigrigna 140 70 70 140 65 70
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 35 20 20
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 0 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 455 205 250 460 205 255
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 0 10 15 10 15
Vietnamese 445 200 240 440 200 245
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,270 985 1,285 2,270 985 1,285
Bikol 10 0 10 10 0 10
Cebuano 110 55 60 110 55 55
Fijian 0 10 0 10 10 0
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 40 15 25
Ilocano 55 10 40 55 10 40
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 10
Malay 40 10 35 40 10 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,155 940 1,215 2,155 940 1,215
Waray-Waray 0 0 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 25 0 20
Creole languages 220 105 115 220 110 120
Haitian Creole 10 10 10 10 10 0
Creole, n.o.s. 95 40 50 90 45 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 120 60 65
Dravidian languages 1,205 690 520 1,205 690 520
Kannada 75 35 35 75 40 35
Malayalam 490 260 235 490 260 235
Tamil 365 225 140 370 225 145
Telugu 335 200 130 330 200 125
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 20,805 10,300 10,505 20,810 10,305 10,505
Albanian 375 180 200 375 180 195
Armenian 80 50 30 75 45 25
Balto-Slavic languages 3,195 1,520 1,680 3,195 1,520 1,680
Baltic languages 65 20 45 65 20 45
Latvian 20 0 15 25 10 20
Lithuanian 40 15 25 45 15 25
Slavic languages 3,145 1,500 1,645 3,145 1,500 1,650
Belarusan 10 0 10 0 0 0
Bosnian 120 50 70 120 50 70
Bulgarian 45 20 20 40 25 25
Croatian 225 85 145 230 85 140
Czech 155 75 75 155 80 75
Macedonian 70 40 30 70 35 30
Polish 640 290 355 645 285 355
Russian 1,665 835 830 1,665 840 830
Serbian 140 60 80 140 60 75
Serbo-Croatian 100 55 45 105 60 45
Slovak 95 40 50 95 45 50
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 0 20 20 0 15
Ukrainian 260 125 135 260 125 135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 310 145 165 305 145 160
Scottish Gaelic 200 90 110 200 85 110
Welsh 15 10 10 15 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 115 55 65 115 55 60
Germanic languages 4,305 2,100 2,210 4,315 2,105 2,210
Afrikaans 245 110 135 240 110 135
Danish 135 75 65 135 75 60
Dutch 740 315 425 745 315 430
Frisian 10 0 10 15 0 10
German 3,000 1,505 1,495 3,005 1,515 1,495
Icelandic 70 25 40 65 25 40
Norwegian 80 70 15 85 65 15
Swedish 175 70 105 170 70 105
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 10 0 0
Yiddish 25 15 10 25 15 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 10
Greek 1,195 605 590 1,190 600 590
Indo-Iranian languages 5,660 3,165 2,500 5,660 3,170 2,500
Indo-Aryan languages 4,225 2,405 1,825 4,225 2,405 1,820
Bengali 540 300 240 545 300 240
Gujarati 195 130 70 195 130 75
Hindi 2,005 1,150 855 2,005 1,150 855
Kashmiri 10 0 10 10 0 0
Konkani 20 10 0 15 15 10
Marathi 105 70 35 110 70 40
Nepali 620 315 305 620 315 305
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 10 25 0 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 815 455 360 815 455 360
Sindhi 10 10 10 10 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 210 115 95 210 110 95
Urdu 880 540 335 880 540 340
Iranian languages 1,450 780 670 1,455 780 670
Kurdish 180 105 75 180 105 80
Pashto 60 40 15 55 40 15
Persian (Farsi) 1,245 655 585 1,240 655 585
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 65 30 30
Italic (Romance) languages 6,615 3,035 3,575 6,610 3,040 3,575
Catalan 20 10 10 20 15 10
Italian 1,225 615 605 1,225 620 605
Portuguese 675 370 305 675 370 305
Romanian 210 125 90 210 125 85
Spanish 4,825 2,110 2,715 4,830 2,110 2,715
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 35 10 45 30 10
Japanese 635 245 390 640 245 395
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 0 10 0
Georgian 0 10 0 0 10 0
Korean 1,195 510 685 1,190 510 680
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,150 625 525 1,145 625 520
Akan (Twi) 30 20 15 35 20 15
Bamanankan 10 0 0 10 0 10
Edo 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ewe 70 40 30 70 40 30
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 10 10 0
Ga 25 15 15 25 15 15
Ganda 60 20 35 55 15 40
Igbo 70 45 30 75 45 30
Lingala 30 15 20 30 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 120 50 65 125 55 65
Shona 55 35 25 55 35 20
Swahili 335 190 150 340 185 150
Wolof 30 10 20 30 10 20
Yoruba 215 110 110 215 105 105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 235 135 100 235 130 100
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 25 10 40 25 15
Dinka 10 0 10 10 0 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 35 25 10
Sign languages 930 315 615 925 315 615
American Sign Language 565 180 385 565 180 385
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 375 140 230 370 140 235
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,840 2,975 2,860 5,840 2,975 2,865
Chinese languages 5,825 2,975 2,850 5,825 2,975 2,850
Cantonese 1,250 600 650 1,245 600 650
Hakka 45 20 25 45 25 25
Mandarin 4,540 2,275 2,265 4,535 2,275 2,265
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 150 65 90 155 60 90
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 20 25 50 20 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 410 255 160 410 255 155
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 0 15 20 10 10
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 15 0 15 15 0 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 165 75 85 165 75 85
Lao 15 0 10 15 10 10
Thai 150 75 75 150 75 75
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 535 280 255 535 280 255
Azerbaijani 20 20 0 20 20 0
Turkish 395 190 205 395 190 205
Uyghur 15 10 10 15 0 10
Uzbek 100 60 40 105 65 40
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Uralic languages 245 120 120 245 120 125
Estonian 45 25 20 45 20 20
Finnish 50 20 35 50 20 35
Hungarian 140 80 65 140 80 65
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 10 30 40 15 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 397,390 192,705 204,690 397,630 192,815 204,815
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 376,015 181,515 194,495 376,250 181,625 194,620
Canadian citizens aged under 18 69,465 35,405 34,060 69,485 35,410 34,070
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 306,550 146,115 160,435 306,770 146,220 160,550
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 21,380 11,185 10,195 21,385 11,180 10,195
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 397,395 192,705 204,690 397,630 192,815 204,820
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 352,400 169,730 182,670 352,630 169,835 182,795
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 37,200 18,410 18,785 37,205 18,415 18,795
Before 1981 10,085 4,905 5,180 10,100 4,910 5,185
1981 to 1990 3,035 1,535 1,505 3,035 1,530 1,500
1991 to 2000 4,885 2,365 2,525 4,895 2,370 2,525
2001 to 2010 9,760 4,920 4,835 9,760 4,925 4,840
2001 to 2005 3,760 1,890 1,870 3,760 1,890 1,865
2006 to 2010 6,000 3,030 2,975 6,000 3,030 2,970
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 9,425 4,685 4,740 9,420 4,680 4,740
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 7,795 4,565 3,235 7,795 4,565 3,235
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 37,195 18,410 18,790 37,205 18,415 18,795
Under 5 years 4,640 2,225 2,420 4,640 2,225 2,415
5 to 14 years 6,970 3,525 3,445 6,970 3,525 3,445
15 to 24 years 6,620 3,180 3,440 6,630 3,180 3,445
25 to 44 years 16,230 8,050 8,185 16,235 8,050 8,185
45 years and over 2,735 1,435 1,300 2,735 1,435 1,300
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 37,200 18,410 18,785 37,210 18,415 18,790
Americas 5,480 2,570 2,915 5,485 2,570 2,915
Brazil 135 60 70 135 60 65
Colombia 115 65 50 115 65 50
El Salvador 75 40 35 75 40 40
Guyana 145 65 75 145 70 75
Haiti 40 20 25 40 20 20
Jamaica 345 135 210 345 135 210
Mexico 225 110 115 225 115 115
Peru 85 25 55 80 25 60
Trinidad and Tobago 175 100 75 175 100 75
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,225 1,480 1,745 3,225 1,480 1,745
Other places of birth in Americas 925 470 455 925 470 455
Europe 12,245 6,205 6,040 12,250 6,210 6,045
Bosnia and Herzegovina 195 100 100 195 100 95
Croatia 130 50 80 130 50 80
France 340 190 150 340 190 150
Germany 1,150 580 570 1,150 585 565
Greece 450 235 220 455 235 220
Hungary 75 35 45 80 35 45
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 280 105 175 285 100 175
Italy 380 215 165 380 210 165
Netherlands 470 190 285 470 185 280
Poland 460 190 270 465 190 270
Portugal 180 115 65 180 115 65
Romania 150 90 65 150 90 60
Russian Federation 505 245 255 505 245 260
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 65 35 25 65 30 30
Ukraine 270 125 145 270 125 145
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 5,890 3,105 2,790 5,900 3,110 2,795
Other places of birth in Europe 1,250 600 650 1,245 600 645
Africa 3,025 1,565 1,460 3,030 1,565 1,460
Algeria 10 10 10 10 0 0
Egypt 730 375 355 730 375 350
Ethiopia 170 85 85 170 90 85
Kenya 115 70 45 120 70 45
Morocco 70 40 25 70 45 20
Nigeria 290 145 140 290 145 145
Somalia 65 30 30 60 35 30
South Africa, Republic of 350 150 200 355 155 200
Other places of birth in Africa 1,220 650 570 1,225 650 570
Asia 16,210 7,915 8,290 16,210 7,920 8,290
Afghanistan 100 40 60 100 40 60
Bangladesh 250 140 110 250 145 105
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,345 970 1,375 2,345 975 1,375
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 250 115 140 250 115 135
India 1,875 985