Census Profile, 2016 Census
Québec, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Québec, V
Quebec
[Census subdivision]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Québec, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec  Map : Québec, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 531,902 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 516,576 r ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.0 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 266,409 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 252,043 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,173.2 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 453.38 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 531,900 257,480 274,420 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 75,090 38,140 36,945 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 26,435 13,520 12,910 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 26,200 13,255 12,945 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 22,455 11,365 11,095 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 347,235 173,185 174,050 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 23,975 12,150 11,825 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 36,485 17,960 18,525 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 38,270 19,320 18,945 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 35,985 18,610 17,370 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 35,990 18,465 17,525 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 30,160 15,430 14,730 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 30,200 15,095 15,110 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 37,875 18,755 19,120 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 40,735 19,755 20,975 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 37,570 17,650 19,920 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 109,575 46,155 63,415 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 34,265 15,810 18,455 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 27,645 12,390 15,255 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 18,870 8,035 10,835 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 14,030 5,445 8,585 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 14,765 4,475 10,290 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 9,300 3,105 6,200 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 4,255 1,150 3,100 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 1,070 205 875 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 130 15 120 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.1 14.8 13.5 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 65.3 67.3 63.4 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 20.6 17.9 23.1 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 2.8 1.7 3.7 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 43.2 41.7 44.6 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 43.3 41.2 45.5 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 252,040 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 79,320 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 20,165 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 151,225 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 13,545 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 6,825 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 17,030 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 112,740 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,090 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,330 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 252,045 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 98,575 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 89,390 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 30,360 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 24,220 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 9,490 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 516,265 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 2.0 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 456,815 219,340 237,475 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 246,725 123,540 123,180 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 130,960 65,460 65,500 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 115,765 58,085 57,680 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 210,090 95,800 114,290 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 143,915 75,445 68,475 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 6,275 2,775 3,505 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 33,140 12,060 21,085 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 26,765 5,525 21,240 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 142,925 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 83,555 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 27,855 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 23,290 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,230 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 142,925 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 120,670 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 62,845 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 57,820 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 22,255 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 16,335 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 5,920 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 120,675 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 69,240 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 51,430 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 21,525 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 21,985 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 7,925 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 22,255 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 14,315 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 6,335 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 1,610 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 128,865 60,140 68,730 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 252,040 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 141,210 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 68,485 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 72,725 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 850 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 109,980 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 98,575 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 11,405 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 523,310 254,210 269,100 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 1,350 735 615 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 309,960 138,060 171,905 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 210,160 114,600 95,560 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 1,835 815 1,020 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 523,310 254,210 269,100 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 8,810 4,535 4,280 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 507,325 245,955 261,370 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 5,410 2,950 2,465 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 1,765 770 990 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 11,515 6,005 5,510 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.2 2.4 2.0 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 523,310 254,210 269,100 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 517,560 251,230 266,330 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 491,190 238,120 253,065 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 7,395 3,795 3,600 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 483,790 234,325 249,465 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 26,370 13,110 13,260 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 450 175 280 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 445 170 270 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 440 170 265 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 30 15 15 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 395 150 245 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 5 5 5 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 5 0 5 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 5 5 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 5 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 25,920 12,935 12,985 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,445 3,035 2,405 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 680 380 300 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 360 195 160 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 320 185 140 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 45 20 25 1,125 545 580
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 0 0 0 15 10 5
Somali 45 15 25 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 30 20 10
Semitic languages 4,690 2,625 2,065 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 5 0 5 745 340 405
Arabic 4,665 2,615 2,055 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 10 5 0 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 0 5 0 25 10 15
Tigrigna 5 0 5 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,145 540 610 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 375 170 205 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 770 365 400 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 310 120 195 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 0 0 0 115 35 80
Cebuano 20 0 15 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 410 125 275
Ilocano 5 0 0 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 175 85 95 1,250 590 660
Malay 20 10 10 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 205 90 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 70 20 55 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 320 140 180
Creole languages 510 240 275 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 45 20 25 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 460 215 245 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 30 20 10 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 0 0 0 240 130 110
Malayalam 5 5 0 440 235 205
Tamil 15 10 5 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 5 5 0 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 13,950 6,740 7,210 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 205 105 105 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 60 30 35 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 2,290 1,075 1,215 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 15 10 10 850 335 515
Latvian 10 10 5 290 120 175
Lithuanian 5 0 0 555 215 340
Slavic languages 2,275 1,070 1,205 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 0 0 0 80 45 35
Bosnian 600 300 295 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 225 105 115 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 85 45 40 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 25 10 15 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 5 5 5 205 105 95
Polish 235 105 125 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 575 245 330 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 150 75 75 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 255 120 135 1,805 865 940
Slovak 10 10 5 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 755 350 405
Ukrainian 100 45 60 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 175 90 85
Celtic languages 5 0 0 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 20 15 10
Welsh 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 55 30
Germanic languages 540 240 305 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 5 5 0 125 60 65
Danish 10 5 0 395 190 200
Dutch 95 50 45 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 0 0 0 10 10 0
German 385 155 230 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 0 0 0 65 30 35
Norwegian 5 5 5 200 100 100
Swedish 20 10 10 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 10 540 240 300
Yiddish 0 0 0 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 175 100 75
Greek 90 50 35 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 1,600 795 810 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 1,020 515 505 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 70 35 35 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 20 10 5 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 40 25 15 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 5
Konkani 5 0 0 110 60 55
Marathi 5 5 5 255 145 110
Nepali 845 420 425 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 5 0 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 5 0 5 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 645 310 330
Urdu 30 15 15 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 485 240 245 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 45 30 20 985 550 430
Pashto 0 0 0 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 435 210 225 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 35 60 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 9,150 4,440 4,715 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 15 10 5 320 170 150
Italian 490 270 215 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 1,465 720 745 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 750 360 390 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 6,425 3,075 3,350 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 125 75 50
Japanese 140 40 100 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 170 80 85
Georgian 0 0 0 170 80 90
Korean 25 10 20 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 190 75 115
Mongolian 0 0 0 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 2,655 1,365 1,290 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 70 40 30 1,200 655 545
Edo 0 0 0 75 45 30
Ewe 45 25 20 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 155 90 60 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 0 0 0 80 40 40
Ganda 0 5 0 35 15 20
Igbo 0 0 0 120 70 50
Lingala 110 55 55 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 460 225 230 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 295 130 165 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 0 0 0 85 45 40
Swahili 490 235 255 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 270 150 125 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 10 10 0 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 745 405 340 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 15 15 345 180 165
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 335 170 165
Sign languages 100 50 50 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 0 0 0 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 60 25 30 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 25 15 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,175 565 615 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 1,080 510 570 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 230 125 110 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 5 5 0 470 215 260
Mandarin 725 330 390 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 15 15 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 10 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 35 35 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 100 50 45 345 175 170
Burmese 10 5 10 80 30 50
Karenic languages 70 40 30 70 40 30
Tibetan 5 5 0 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 140 50 90 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 90 40 45 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 50 10 45 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 75 45 25 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 290 160 130
Turkish 50 30 20 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 0 0 0 205 100 105
Uzbek 0 0 0 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 185 80 105
Uralic languages 115 60 55 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 5 0 0 195 75 120
Finnish 10 0 5 360 125 240
Hungarian 100 50 50 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 55 35 15 685 385 300
Multiple responses 5,750 2,985 2,770 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 2,615 1,390 1,220 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 195 100 100 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 2,690 1,355 1,340 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 245 135 115 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 523,310 254,210 269,100 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 514,185 249,655 264,530 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 500,685 243,090 257,595 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 5,595 2,875 2,715 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 495,095 240,215 254,880 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 13,505 6,565 6,940 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 200 85 120 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 185 80 110 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 185 80 105 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 5 0 5 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 180 75 105 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 5 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Algonquin 0 0 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 13,305 6,485 6,820 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,085 1,075 1,005 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 220 115 105 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 145 70 70 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 535 240 295
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 10 5 5 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,840 950 890 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 0 0 0 340 150 185
Arabic 1,835 945 885 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 5 0 5 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 625 280 350 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 180 80 100 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 440 200 245 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 85 45 45 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 0 0 0 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 130 55 75
Ilocano 0 0 0 740 305 435
Malagasy 55 30 30 360 185 170
Malay 5 5 5 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15 10 5 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 75 35 35
Creole languages 125 50 70 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 115 45 65 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 15 5 5 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 0 0 0 150 85 65
Malayalam 5 0 5 200 100 100
Tamil 5 5 0 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 0 0 0 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 8,415 4,080 4,335 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 100 50 50 1,615 795 820
Armenian 35 20 15 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 1,275 615 655 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 10 5 5 190 80 105
Latvian 5 0 5 75 40 40
Lithuanian 5 0 0 115 40 70
Slavic languages 1,265 615 655 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Bosnian 355 175 185 965 475 495
Bulgarian 135 65 70 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 50 25 20 1,015 475 545
Czech 10 5 5 460 220 240
Macedonian 5 5 0 130 65 65
Polish 75 35 45 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 350 170 180 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 100 50 45 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 130 60 70 960 470 490
Slovak 5 0 0 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 225 95 135
Ukrainian 55 25 35 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 15 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 80 40 45 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 0 0 0 15 10 10
Danish 0 0 0 50 25 25
Dutch 15 10 5 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 65 25 35 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 0 0 0 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 70 35 40
Yiddish 0 0 0 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Greek 15 5 10 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 1,340 650 685 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 910 450 465 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 45 20 25 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 15 10 10 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 15 10 5 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 30 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 80 40 40
Nepali 820 400 415 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 0 0 0 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 365 185 180
Urdu 10 10 5 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 340 170 175 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 25 10 10 510 280 235
Pashto 0 0 0 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 325 155 165 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 90 35 50 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 5,565 2,695 2,870 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 5 0 5 110 50 60
Italian 100 45 55 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 985 490 495 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 415 205 210 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 4,065 1,960 2,110 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 55 20 40 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Georgian 0 0 0 70 40 35
Korean 10 5 10 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 145 70 75
Mongolian 0 0 0 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 735 340 390 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 445 215 235
Bamanankan 15 5 10 265 135 125
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 5 5 5 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 10 530 255 280
Ga 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Lingala 30 15 15 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 165 75 90 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 20 30 530 225 305
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 165 80 85 1,100 535 565
Wolof 85 45 45 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 0 0 0 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 190 80 105 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 10 5 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 130 65 65
Sign languages 125 65 60 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 0 0 0 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 70 35 35 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 55 30 25 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 900 455 440 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 805 405 400 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 150 75 70 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 0 0 0 155 75 80
Mandarin 580 290 285 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 10 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 25 25 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 90 50 45 215 115 100
Burmese 15 10 5 35 15 20
Karenic languages 65 35 30 65 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 50 20 30 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 30 10 20 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 20 10 10 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 25 10 10 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 100 50 55
Turkish 20 5 10 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 0 0 0 140 75 70
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 65 30 35
Uralic languages 25 15 15 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 0 0 0 30 10 20
Finnish 0 0 0 50 20 30
Hungarian 25 15 15 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 150 90 60
Multiple responses 9,125 4,555 4,570 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 2,615 1,385 1,230 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 210 100 110 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 5,700 2,765 2,930 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 600 305 300 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 523,310 254,210 269,100 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 479,590 231,290 248,300 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 23,125 12,730 10,395 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 9,215 4,525 4,690 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 9,620 4,770 4,850 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 185 70 120 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 9,435 4,705 4,730 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 510 270 240 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 975 495 480 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 235 105 130 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 35 20 15 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 441,330 213,835 227,490 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 432,640 209,745 222,895 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,626 40,961 32,674 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 432,715 209,755 222,960 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,140 35,350 29,138 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 396,005 195,315 200,690 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,017 38,090 28,244 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 331,640 150,470 181,170 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,108 5,425 8,110 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 315,115 162,265 152,850 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,774 37,121 30,522 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 441,325 213,795 227,525 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 432,645 209,750 222,895 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,113 49,931 38,639 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 432,690 209,750 222,930 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,313 40,376 32,491 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 395,850 195,810 200,040 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,289 47,776 34,940 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 331,025 150,100 180,930 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,281 7,448 8,971 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 315,105 162,815 152,290 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,589 44,769 36,120 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 441,320 213,795 227,525 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 144,935 77,545 67,390 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 48,404 52,380 44,468 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 55,655 60,485 50,097 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.6 89.3 81.1 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 67.0 69.6 63.8 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.4 10.7 18.9 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 441,330 213,835 227,490 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 8,690 4,090 4,595 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 432,640 209,745 222,895 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 98.0 98.1 98.0 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 41,925 18,700 23,225 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 73,090 29,140 43,945 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 61,755 26,095 35,655 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 60,520 28,065 32,460 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 55,780 26,540 29,235 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 42,420 22,055 20,360 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 29,740 16,940 12,800 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 22,225 12,940 9,285 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 14,310 8,450 5,860 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 8,105 5,240 2,870 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 22,775 15,580 7,195 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 15,715 10,460 5,260 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 7,055 5,115 1,940 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 441,330 213,840 227,490 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 8,610 4,080 4,530 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 432,720 209,755 222,960 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 98.0 98.1 98.0 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 44,920 19,105 25,810 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 76,130 30,890 45,235 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 78,110 33,980 44,130 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 79,815 38,165 41,645 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 60,800 31,380 29,415 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 39,010 22,285 16,725 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 23,160 13,420 9,740 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 11,305 7,140 4,160 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 19,480 13,385 6,095 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 6,460 4,215 2,245 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 3,845 2,635 1,210 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 9,165 6,530 2,640 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 441,330 213,835 227,490 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 126,215 51,575 74,640 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 315,110 162,260 152,850 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 71.4 75.9 67.2 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 37,765 19,755 18,010 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 23,785 10,530 13,250 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 43,670 19,880 23,785 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 37,955 17,615 20,345 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 39,525 18,915 20,610 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 35,765 17,275 18,490 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 26,850 14,605 12,245 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 20,755 12,170 8,585 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 16,875 9,880 6,995 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 32,170 21,640 10,535 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 10,070 6,325 3,750 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 5,820 3,910 1,915 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 16,275 11,410 4,870 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 252,045 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,881 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 51,591 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 98,575 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,865 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,877 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 153,465 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,398 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 70,887 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 252,040 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,724 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,340 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 98,575 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,139 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,346 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 153,465 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,939 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,322 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 252,040 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,365 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,480 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,710 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 12,475 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,590 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,775 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,890 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 13,830 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,545 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,535 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 23,070 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 19,910 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 17,700 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,965 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,405 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 60,790 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,935 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 14,710 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 13,335 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 8,815 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 252,045 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,560 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,555 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,805 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 13,140 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 14,420 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,995 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 17,325 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 17,035 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,965 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 14,735 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 26,100 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 21,780 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,085 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,745 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,135 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 37,665 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 19,130 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,905 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 9,630 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 144,485 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,980 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 71,980 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 67,725 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,428 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,026 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 51,605 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,879 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,661 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 21,835 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,099 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,910 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 144,495 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,761 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,540 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 67,720 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,386 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,982 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 51,575 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 129,233 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,557 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 21,790 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,147 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,237 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 121,165 56,710 64,455 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,311 33,632 31,209 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,974 29,791 28,376 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 121,010 56,405 64,605 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,597 40,437 36,990 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,477 33,503 31,581 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 516,260 251,905 264,365 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 272,480 128,610 143,865 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 41,775 20,620 21,150 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 50,060 21,900 28,160 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 56,175 26,300 29,875 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 62,435 29,750 32,690 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 62,030 30,040 31,990 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 243,785 123,290 120,495 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 62,150 30,805 31,345 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 59,925 30,400 29,530 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 51,610 26,220 25,390 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 39,795 20,280 19,515 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 30,295 15,580 14,715 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 516,265 251,900 264,365 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 88,250 44,915 43,335 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 31,790 16,220 15,570 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 331,040 164,430 166,605 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 96,975 42,550 54,425 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 63,530 28,925 34,605 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 9,370 4,745 4,625 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 3,220 1,650 1,570 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 39,335 19,480 19,860 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 14,820 4,700 10,120 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.3 11.5 13.1 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.7 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 10.1 10.2 10.1 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.9 11.8 11.9 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 15.3 11.0 18.6 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 53,605 25,300 28,305 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 6,675 3,360 3,310 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 2,290 1,160 1,140 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 36,775 18,855 17,915 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 10,160 3,085 7,070 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.4 10.0 10.7 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 7.6 7.5 7.6 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 7.2 7.2 7.3 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 11.1 11.5 10.8 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 10.5 7.3 13.0 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 516,250 251,890 264,360 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 514,385 251,070 263,315 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 209,965 114,550 95,420 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 513,130 250,405 262,725 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 54,730 25,965 28,765 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 595 245 350 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 505 215 290 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 475 205 265 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 50 10 35 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 405 175 225 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 35 15 20 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 10 20 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 10 0 10 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 20 10 15 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 45 15 30 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 45 15 30 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 30 10 25 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 25 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 15 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 54,150 25,725 28,425 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,870 4,265 3,605 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 800 430 375 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 405 220 185 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 400 210 185 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 55 20 35 1,550 745 805
Bilen 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oromo 0 0 0 45 30 10
Somali 50 20 35 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 7,425 4,045 3,380 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 10 0 10 1,145 540 600
Arabic 7,370 4,010 3,365 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 55 40 15 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 0 0 0 40 10 25
Tigrigna 0 0 0 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,450 690 760 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 545 275 270 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 930 425 500 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 350 160 195 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 0 0 0 105 45 60
Cebuano 20 10 15 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 540 195 350
Ilocano 10 0 10 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 170 70 95 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 60 30 25 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 195 95 100
Pangasinan 0 0 0 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 85 35 50 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 10 0 0 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45 30 20 540 270 275
Creole languages 1,130 545 580 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 110 65 45 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 890 415 480 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 15 0 10 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 0 0 0 415 210 205
Malayalam 0 0 0 510 285 220
Tamil 0 0 0 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 15 0 10 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 36,870 16,820 20,050 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 285 165 120 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 20 15 0 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 2,880 1,435 1,440 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 10 0 0 1,080 500 585
Latvian 10 10 0 335 150 185
Lithuanian 0 0 0 755 350 410
Slavic languages 2,870 1,430 1,440 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 10 0 0 365 150 215
Bosnian 620 335 275 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 135 60 75 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 155 75 80 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 40 30 15 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 15 15 0 285 140 145
Polish 340 170 170 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 1,115 530 585 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 180 95 80 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 365 155 210 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 30 25 0 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 970 490 480
Ukrainian 155 75 80 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 75 75
Celtic languages 10 0 0 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 155 95 65
Welsh 0 0 0 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 265 175 95
Germanic languages 3,150 1,630 1,515 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 15 15 0 415 260 150
Danish 35 20 15 835 410 420
Dutch 255 155 95 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 0 0 15 10 0
German 2,775 1,415 1,360 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 10 0 0 140 80 60
Norwegian 15 10 0 510 255 255
Swedish 80 40 40 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 760 265 495
Yiddish 0 0 0 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 270 125 140
Greek 235 120 115 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 1,865 890 975 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 1,075 545 535 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 100 60 40 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 25 10 15 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 210 120 85 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 35 15
Konkani 0 0 0 150 70 75
Marathi 10 0 0 475 240 230
Nepali 810 390 425 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10 10 0 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 0 0 0 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 1,335 625 710
Urdu 45 25 15 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 615 290 330 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 65 30 30 1,255 665 590
Pashto 0 0 0 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 570 270 305 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 75 120 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 30,055 13,350 16,710 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 75 35 40 890 525 365
Italian 2,470 1,090 1,385 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 2,505 1,250 1,260 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 965 435 530 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 25,405 11,130 14,275 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 490 345 145
Japanese 475 270 210 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 220 110 110
Georgian 10 0 10 215 105 110
Korean 40 15 30 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 270 135 130
Mongolian 0 0 0 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 4,460 2,395 2,060 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 10 0 0 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 160 95 65 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 10 0 0 190 95 95
Ewe 80 50 25 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 250 145 110 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 0 0 0 315 155 160
Ganda 15 15 0 90 40 55
Igbo 0 0 0 275 190 90
Lingala 470 260 215 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 650 335 315 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 395 190 200 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 0 0 0 150 75 80
Swahili 990 555 435 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 595 355 235 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 15 10 0 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,610 840 770 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 160 65 95 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 160 65 100 695 345 350
Sign languages 560 185 370 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 15 0 10 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 365 130 240 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 200 60 140 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,675 800 880 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 1,520 715 805 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 420 220 200 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 10 0 0 545 240 310
Mandarin 1,055 485 570 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 20 30 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 15 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 115 55 60 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 155 85 75 430 235 195
Burmese 55 35 25 140 75 60
Karenic languages 105 60 45 105 55 45
Tibetan 10 10 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 0 10 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 165 85 80 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 80 45 40 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 100 55 45 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 100 55 45 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 25 10 15 510 275 235
Turkish 75 45 30 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 0 0 0 230 110 120
Uzbek 0 0 0 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 235 115 120
Uralic languages 190 95 90 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 0 0 0 150 55 95
Finnish 40 15 25 500 195 305
Hungarian 150 80 70 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 240 105 130 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 516,250 251,890 264,360 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 496,520 242,130 254,390 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 84,545 43,190 41,355 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 411,975 198,940 213,035 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 19,730 9,760 9,965 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 516,250 251,890 264,365 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 473,965 230,665 243,305 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 37,340 18,705 18,635 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 4,095 2,260 1,830 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 2,700 1,340 1,360 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 5,335 2,465 2,865 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 13,365 6,795 6,580 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 5,105 2,665 2,435 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 8,265 4,120 4,140 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,845 5,845 6,000 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,940 2,525 2,420 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 37,340 18,700 18,635 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 4,930 2,170 2,765 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 5,360 2,730 2,635 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 5,810 2,860 2,955 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 19,295 10,005 9,290 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 1,945 950 995 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 37,340 18,705 18,635 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 8,290 3,850 4,440 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 805 385 420 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 2,575 1,225 1,355 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 315 150 170 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 10 0 0 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 945 415 525 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 20 15 0 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 735 360 380 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 365 145 225 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 15 0 15 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 785 340 450 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 1,720 815 905 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 11,820 6,170 5,650 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 835 415 425 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 65 20 45 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 6,195 3,405 2,785 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 525 200 325 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 70 40 30 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 65 40 25 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 820 485 330
Italy 335 210 125 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 35 15 25 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 215 85 125 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 450 230 225 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 595 285 310 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 230 105 120 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 60 40 20 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 180 75 100 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 205 135 70 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 1,760 865 895 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 11,710 6,355 5,355 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 1,685 925 755 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 240 120 120 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 10 0 0 995 495 495
Kenya 40 15 25 785 355 430
Morocco 1,960 1,085 875 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 35 20 15 1,340 740 600
Somalia 10 0 10 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 30 15 20 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 7,700 4,165 3,535 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 5,480 2,300 3,190 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 90 55 40 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 115 55 65 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,330 370 965 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 50 10 40 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 65 35 25 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 290 140 150 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 120 45 75 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 90 10 75 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 115 65 50 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 215 120 90 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 25 15 10 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 110 45 70 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 335 170 160 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 30 15 10 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 685 305 380 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 1,805 840 965 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 35 35 10 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,845 5,840 6,000 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 2,510 1,185 1,325 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 540 255 285 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 845 395 450 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 185 105 85 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 295 125 170 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 10 0 0 190 140 55
Mexico 195 95 100 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 85 45 35 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 100 50 50 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 255 120 145 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 2,660 1,435 1,225 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 1,955 1,050 905 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 40 20 20 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 110 45 70 3,750 1,695 2,055
Romania 35 10 20 2,945 1,260 1,685