Census Profile, 2016 Census
Sherbrooke, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Sherbrooke, V
Quebec
[Census subdivision]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Sherbrooke, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec  Map : Sherbrooke, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 161,323 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 154,601 ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.3 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 80,341 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 73,506 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 456.0 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 353.76 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 161,320 78,565 82,755 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 25,950 13,390 12,555 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 8,650 4,485 4,165 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 9,015 4,625 4,395 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 8,280 4,280 4,000 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 105,220 52,335 52,885 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 9,230 4,725 4,505 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 12,750 6,410 6,340 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 11,225 5,795 5,435 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 10,230 5,270 4,965 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 10,395 5,205 5,190 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 9,195 4,480 4,710 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 9,345 4,650 4,695 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 10,895 5,310 5,585 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 11,275 5,430 5,845 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 10,685 5,075 5,610 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 30,155 12,835 17,315 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 9,460 4,400 5,065 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 7,560 3,480 4,080 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 5,035 2,170 2,870 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 3,825 1,540 2,285 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 4,270 1,245 3,025 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 2,535 855 1,680 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 1,345 325 1,020 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 350 60 290 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 45 10 35 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.1 17.0 15.2 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 65.2 66.6 63.9 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 18.7 16.3 20.9 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 2.6 1.6 3.7 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 41.3 39.8 42.8 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 40.5 38.5 42.5 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 73,510 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 28,175 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,970 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 42,955 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,630 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 2,060 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,390 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 32,690 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 195 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 405 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 73,505 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 27,865 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 25,560 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 8,605 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 7,645 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,830 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 156,260 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 2.1 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 135,375 65,175 70,205 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 71,835 35,900 35,935 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 39,235 19,630 19,600 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 32,605 16,270 16,330 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 63,540 29,275 34,265 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 43,085 22,735 20,350 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 1,720 785 935 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 11,140 4,235 6,900 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 7,595 1,515 6,080 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 42,530 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 23,900 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 7,920 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 7,320 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,390 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 42,530 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 35,225 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 18,940 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 16,290 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 7,300 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 5,325 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 1,975 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 35,225 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 19,525 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 15,700 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 5,720 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 6,740 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 3,235 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 7,305 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 4,375 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 2,200 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 730 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 37,225 17,810 19,415 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 73,505 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 41,965 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 19,295 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 22,670 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 280 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 31,260 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 27,865 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,395 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 159,190 77,655 81,540 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 2,190 1,075 1,115 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 86,735 39,205 47,525 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 69,185 36,885 32,300 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 1,090 490 595 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 159,195 77,655 81,540 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 7,500 3,695 3,805 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 148,210 72,150 76,065 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 2,435 1,345 1,090 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 1,045 465 580 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 8,720 4,370 4,355 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 5.5 5.6 5.3 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 159,195 77,655 81,540 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 157,125 76,610 80,520 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 146,875 71,480 75,395 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 6,220 3,035 3,180 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 140,660 68,445 72,215 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 10,250 5,130 5,120 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 5 5 0 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 10,245 5,125 5,120 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,925 1,030 895 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 145 90 60 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 100 60 45 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 45 30 20 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 10 10 5 1,125 545 580
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 0 0 0 15 10 5
Somali 15 10 5 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Semitic languages 1,730 920 815 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 5 5 0 745 340 405
Arabic 1,685 900 790 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 5 0 5 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 0 0 0 25 10 15
Tigrigna 0 0 0 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 235 105 125 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 25 25 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 180 80 95 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 60 20 45 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 5 0 0 115 35 80
Cebuano 10 5 10 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 410 125 275
Ilocano 0 0 0 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 20 10 10 1,250 590 660
Malay 5 5 0 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 205 90 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25 5 20 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 320 140 180
Creole languages 125 55 70 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 10 5 0 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 115 50 65 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 25 15 10 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 10 5 0 240 130 110
Malayalam 10 5 0 440 235 205
Tamil 5 5 0 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 5 5 0 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 6,320 3,150 3,170 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 20 10 10 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 10 10 5 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 1,340 640 695 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 0 0 0 850 335 515
Latvian 0 0 0 290 120 175
Lithuanian 0 0 0 555 215 340
Slavic languages 1,335 635 695 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 0 0 0 80 45 35
Bosnian 190 90 95 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 25 15 10 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 45 15 30 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 15 5 5 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 0 0 0 205 105 95
Polish 115 45 70 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 155 55 100 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 385 205 180 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 340 175 170 1,805 865 940
Slovak 15 5 10 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 755 350 405
Ukrainian 35 15 15 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 175 90 85
Celtic languages 0 0 0 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 20 15 10
Welsh 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 55 30
Germanic languages 185 90 100 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 0 0 0 125 60 65
Danish 5 0 5 395 190 200
Dutch 40 10 20 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 0 0 0 10 10 0
German 135 65 70 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 0 0 0 65 30 35
Norwegian 5 5 0 200 100 100
Swedish 0 5 0 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 540 240 300
Yiddish 0 0 0 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 175 100 75
Greek 65 40 25 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 1,570 795 775 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 265 135 135 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 15 10 5 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 5 5 5 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 15 5 10 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 5
Konkani 0 0 0 110 60 55
Marathi 10 0 5 255 145 110
Nepali 185 90 95 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 15 10 0 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 0 0 0 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 645 310 330
Urdu 20 10 10 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 1,300 665 640 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 25 10 15 985 550 430
Pashto 50 30 25 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 1,225 625 600 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 3,130 1,570 1,565 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 10 5 5 320 170 150
Italian 145 90 55 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 220 110 115 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 155 75 80 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 2,600 1,285 1,310 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 75 50
Japanese 40 15 25 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 170 80 85
Georgian 0 0 0 170 80 90
Korean 30 10 15 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 190 75 115
Mongolian 0 0 0 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 970 485 485 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 20 15 10 1,200 655 545
Edo 0 0 0 75 45 30
Ewe 20 10 10 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 0 0 0 80 40 40
Ganda 0 0 0 35 15 20
Igbo 0 0 0 120 70 50
Lingala 50 30 25 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 175 90 85 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 110 50 55 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 0 0 0 85 45 40
Swahili 200 90 105 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 85 55 30 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 5 0 5 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 295 135 155 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 15 25 345 180 165
Dinka 5 5 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 335 170 165
Sign languages 20 15 10 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 0 0 0 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 5 5 5 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 340 160 180 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 340 160 180 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 45 25 25 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 0 0 0 470 215 260
Mandarin 250 120 135 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 15 20 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Burmese 0 0 0 80 30 50
Karenic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 15 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 15 10 10 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 10 0 5 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 50 30 20 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 290 160 130
Turkish 45 25 20 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 0 0 0 205 100 105
Uzbek 5 0 5 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 80 105
Uralic languages 25 15 15 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 0 0 0 195 75 120
Finnish 0 0 5 360 125 240
Hungarian 20 10 10 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 685 385 300
Multiple responses 2,065 1,045 1,020 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 1,170 585 585 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 115 60 60 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 700 360 340 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 80 35 40 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 159,195 77,650 81,540 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 155,865 76,010 79,850 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 149,605 72,855 76,745 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 6,065 2,945 3,120 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 143,535 69,915 73,625 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 6,260 3,150 3,110 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 0 5 0 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 0 5 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Algonquin 0 0 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,260 3,145 3,110 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,030 535 495 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 40 25 20 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 30 15 15 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 5 5 5 535 240 295
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 10 5 5 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 965 500 465 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 0 0 0 340 150 185
Arabic 930 485 445 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 5 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 145 70 75 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 15 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 115 55 60 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 5 0 0 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 5 0 5 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 130 55 75
Ilocano 0 0 0 740 305 435
Malagasy 0 0 0 360 185 170
Malay 0 0 0 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0 0 0 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Creole languages 45 30 15 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 45 30 15 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 10 5 5 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 10 0 5 150 85 65
Malayalam 0 5 0 200 100 100
Tamil 0 0 0 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 0 0 0 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 4,275 2,140 2,135 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 10 10 5 1,615 795 820
Armenian 5 0 0 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 855 420 435 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 0 0 0 190 80 105
Latvian 0 0 0 75 40 40
Lithuanian 0 0 0 115 40 70
Slavic languages 855 415 435 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Bosnian 105 55 50 965 475 495
Bulgarian 10 10 5 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 30 10 20 1,015 475 545
Czech 10 5 5 460 220 240
Macedonian 0 0 0 130 65 65
Polish 60 30 35 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 100 45 55 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 295 150 140 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 210 110 110 960 470 490
Slovak 5 0 5 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 225 95 135
Ukrainian 15 10 5 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 15 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 20 10 15 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 0 0 0 15 10 10
Danish 0 0 0 50 25 25
Dutch 0 0 0 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 20 5 10 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 0 0 0 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 70 35 40
Yiddish 0 0 0 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Greek 30 15 10 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 1,250 625 620 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 200 100 100 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 5 5 0 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 0 0 0 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 5 5 0 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 30 15 15
Marathi 0 0 5 80 40 40
Nepali 170 85 90 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 5 5 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 0 0 0 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 365 185 180
Urdu 0 0 0 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 1,045 525 515 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 15 10 5 510 280 235
Pashto 25 15 15 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 1,010 510 505 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 2,100 1,055 1,045 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 5 5 0 110 50 60
Italian 35 15 20 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 150 75 75 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 85 40 40 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 1,825 920 905 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 20 10 10 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Georgian 0 0 0 70 40 35
Korean 20 10 10 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 145 70 75
Mongolian 0 0 0 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 370 180 190 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 445 215 235
Bamanankan 10 5 0 265 135 125
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 15 5 10 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 530 255 280
Ga 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Lingala 25 15 10 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 70 30 40 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 10 530 225 305
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 100 50 50 1,100 535 565
Wolof 25 15 10 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 0 0 0 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105 45 65 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 10 15 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 130 65 65
Sign languages 30 15 15 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 0 0 0 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 0 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 250 125 120 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 245 125 120 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 20 10 10 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 0 0 0 155 75 80
Mandarin 200 95 100 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 5 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 15 10 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 215 115 100
Burmese 0 0 0 35 15 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 5 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 0 0 5 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 0 0 0 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 30 15 15 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 100 50 55
Turkish 30 15 15 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 0 0 0 140 75 70
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Uralic languages 10 5 5 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 0 0 0 30 10 20
Finnish 0 0 0 50 20 30
Hungarian 10 0 10 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 150 90 60
Multiple responses 3,330 1,645 1,690 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 1,210 635 580 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 165 85 80 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 1,690 790 900 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 265 145 125 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 159,195 77,655 81,540 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 141,750 68,745 73,010 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 9,265 4,820 4,445 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 4,570 2,305 2,265 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 2,890 1,430 1,465 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 5 0 0 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 2,890 1,430 1,460 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 300 150 145 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 325 165 160 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 85 35 50 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 15 5 5 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 130,400 63,420 66,985 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 126,050 61,335 64,715 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,162 35,200 27,688 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 126,075 61,335 64,735 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,171 31,096 25,445 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 111,735 55,315 56,420 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,102 32,948 23,842 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 100,660 46,390 54,270 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,158 5,521 8,281 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,990 45,590 43,400 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,310 32,945 26,026 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 130,400 63,415 66,980 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 126,155 61,320 64,835 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,874 43,280 34,708 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 126,175 61,315 64,855 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,424 35,326 29,681 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 111,860 55,315 56,545 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,264 41,628 31,016 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 100,570 46,185 54,385 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,428 7,601 9,131 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 88,990 45,445 43,540 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,635 40,713 32,379 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 130,400 63,420 66,980 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 37,820 20,270 17,540 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 44,065 48,130 40,701 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 51,781 56,275 46,589 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 82.8 86.9 77.9 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.2 69.3 62.5 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 17.2 13.1 22.1 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 130,400 63,420 66,985 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 4,350 2,080 2,270 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 126,050 61,335 64,715 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.7 96.6 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,160 7,070 8,095 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 25,425 10,355 15,070 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 20,340 8,945 11,390 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 17,380 8,370 9,010 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 15,055 7,515 7,535 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 10,535 5,725 4,810 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 6,970 3,905 3,065 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 5,080 2,820 2,260 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 3,250 1,975 1,275 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 1,875 1,220 655 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 4,975 3,435 1,540 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 3,385 2,295 1,090 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 1,590 1,145 450 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 130,400 63,415 66,980 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 4,325 2,080 2,245 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 126,070 61,335 64,735 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 96.7 96.6 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,690 7,180 8,510 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 26,700 10,930 15,770 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 24,770 11,280 13,490 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 22,235 11,095 11,130 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 15,360 8,180 7,175 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 9,165 5,055 4,115 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 5,325 3,050 2,280 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 2,630 1,675 955 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 4,200 2,895 1,310 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 1,365 910 460 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 800 560 240 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 2,035 1,425 615 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 130,400 63,415 66,980 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 41,415 17,825 23,580 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 88,985 45,590 43,400 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 68.2 71.9 64.8 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 11,955 6,055 5,900 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 7,740 3,480 4,260 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 13,835 6,175 7,660 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 11,710 5,465 6,250 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 11,500 5,605 5,900 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 9,490 4,895 4,595 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 6,845 4,020 2,825 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 4,655 2,715 1,940 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 4,015 2,225 1,785 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 7,250 4,955 2,290 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 2,290 1,500 790 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 1,385 915 475 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 3,575 2,545 1,030 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 73,505 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 51,706 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 45,946 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 27,865 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,253 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 25,401 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 45,640 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,754 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 63,291 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 73,505 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 66,719 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 55,657 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 27,840 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,594 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,514 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 45,665 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,306 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,597 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 73,505 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,010 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,550 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,740 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,595 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,695 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,610 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,195 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,280 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,205 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,690 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,370 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,420 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,700 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,955 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,265 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,230 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,905 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,560 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,895 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,870 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 73,510 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,050 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,565 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,780 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,855 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,270 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,330 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,335 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,115 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,585 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,100 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,315 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,000 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,760 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,780 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,025 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,625 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,650 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,970 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,010 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 42,905 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,472 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 64,455 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 19,055 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,404 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 57,807 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 15,760 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,645 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 86,682 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 7,155 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,894 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,571 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 42,895 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,126 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,822 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 19,085 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,513 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,933 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 15,805 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,105 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 92,606 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 7,095 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,211 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,081 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 34,910 16,730 18,180 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,869 25,657 24,254 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 23,638 24,090 23,279 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 34,885 16,670 18,220 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,225 32,942 31,569 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 27,734 28,020 27,473 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 156,260 76,745 79,515 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 97,825 47,040 50,785 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 18,970 9,375 9,595 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 19,585 8,790 10,795 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 20,690 9,905 10,785 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 20,220 9,805 10,415 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 18,360 9,170 9,195 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 58,440 29,705 28,735 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 17,010 8,650 8,360 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 15,035 7,595 7,440 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 11,695 5,920 5,770 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 8,605 4,445 4,160 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 6,095 3,095 2,995 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 156,260 76,745 79,515 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 30,960 15,995 14,960 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 10,485 5,440 5,040 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 99,075 48,975 50,100 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 26,230 11,775 14,450 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 27,830 12,895 14,930 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 4,945 2,525 2,420 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 1,605 835 770 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 17,640 8,615 9,025 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 5,245 1,755 3,490 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.8 16.8 18.8 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 15.8 16.2 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 15.3 15.3 15.3 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 17.8 17.6 18.0 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 20.0 14.9 24.2 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 15,905 8,015 7,890 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 2,540 1,280 1,260 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 825 405 420 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 12,620 6,440 6,185 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 750 300 450 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.2 10.4 9.9 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.2 8.0 8.4 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 7.9 7.4 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 12.7 13.1 12.3 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 2.9 2.5 3.1 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 156,260 76,745 79,515 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 155,175 76,270 78,905 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 70,720 37,930 32,785 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 153,010 75,210 77,800 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 17,505 8,520 8,985 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 0 0 0 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,505 8,520 8,985 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,540 1,305 1,235 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 230 155 80 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 165 110 55 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 65 45 20 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,550 745 805
Bilen 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oromo 0 0 0 45 30 10
Somali 0 0 0 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 2,445 1,235 1,210 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 0 0 0 1,145 540 600
Arabic 2,400 1,225 1,170 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 20 15 10 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 30 0 25 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 0 0 0 40 10 25
Tigrigna 0 0 0 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 215 105 105 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 50 20 30 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 165 85 80 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 70 20 50 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 0 0 0 105 45 60
Cebuano 25 0 25 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 540 195 350
Ilocano 0 0 0 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 25 20 10 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 0 0 10 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 195 95 100
Pangasinan 0 0 0 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25 0 30 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 270 275
Creole languages 310 150 160 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 20 0 20 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 280 145 135 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 20 10 0 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 0 0 0 415 210 205
Malayalam 0 0 0 510 285 220
Tamil 10 10 0 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 15 10 0 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 12,175 5,875 6,295 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 25 10 15 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 30 20 15 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 1,735 835 900 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 0 0 0 1,080 500 585
Latvian 0 0 0 335 150 185
Lithuanian 0 0 0 755 350 410
Slavic languages 1,735 830 900 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 365 150 215
Bosnian 245 115 125 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 75 45 25 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 130 45 80 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 45 20 20 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 0 0 0 285 140 145
Polish 140 60 80 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 315 160 150 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 535 265 270 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 345 170 170 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 35 0 35 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 970 490 480
Ukrainian 50 20 30 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 150 75 75
Celtic languages 10 0 10 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 155 95 65
Welsh 0 0 0 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 265 175 95
Germanic languages 725 430 290 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 0 0 0 415 260 150
Danish 15 15 0 835 410 420
Dutch 65 45 30 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 0 0 15 10 0
German 610 360 250 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 0 0 0 140 80 60
Norwegian 15 0 10 510 255 255
Swedish 30 20 10 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 760 265 495
Yiddish 0 0 0 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 270 125 140
Greek 115 60 55 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 1,785 930 860 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 415 230 185 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 25 10 15 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 15 10 15 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 75 55 20 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 35 15
Konkani 0 0 0 150 70 75
Marathi 0 0 0 475 240 230
Nepali 100 65 35 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 15 15 10 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 0 0 0 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 20 10 1,335 625 710
Urdu 200 90 110 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 1,535 770 770 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 15 10 10 1,255 665 590
Pashto 140 70 70 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 1,480 750 730 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 8,135 3,805 4,330 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 15 0 10 890 525 365
Italian 505 225 280 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 405 215 195 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 135 65 75 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 7,340 3,420 3,925 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 25 0 490 345 145
Japanese 130 70 60 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 220 110 110
Georgian 0 0 0 215 105 110
Korean 25 0 20 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 270 135 130
Mongolian 0 0 0 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 1,635 835 800 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 90 55 30 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 0 0 0 190 95 95
Ewe 20 10 0 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 15 0 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 0 0 0 315 155 160
Ganda 10 10 0 90 40 55
Igbo 0 0 0 275 190 90
Lingala 225 110 115 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 250 135 115 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 50 55 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 0 0 0 150 75 80
Swahili 430 220 205 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 215 105 110 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 0 10 0 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 495 260 240 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 15 45 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 10 40 695 345 350
Sign languages 160 60 100 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 0 0 0 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 110 45 65 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 50 15 35 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 340 190 150 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 340 195 150 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 35 10 25 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 0 0 0 545 240 310
Mandarin 270 145 125 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 0 15 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 40 15 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 430 235 195
Burmese 0 0 0 140 75 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 45 15 30 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 30 15 20 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 15 0 15 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 95 55 40 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 15 10 0 510 275 235
Turkish 80 40 35 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 0 0 0 230 110 120
Uzbek 0 0 0 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 235 115 120
Uralic languages 40 10 25 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 10 10 0 150 55 95
Finnish 10 0 0 500 195 305
Hungarian 30 10 25 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 156,260 76,745 79,515 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 149,350 73,205 76,145 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 29,375 15,195 14,180 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 119,975 58,010 61,960 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 6,910 3,540 3,370 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 156,260 76,745 79,515 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 141,530 69,235 72,295 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 12,740 6,420 6,315 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 1,530 815 715 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 810 430 385 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 2,190 1,070 1,120 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 4,400 2,230 2,175 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 1,895 925 965 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 2,510 1,295 1,210 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 3,800 1,880 1,920 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,990 1,090 905 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 12,735 6,420 6,315 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 1,880 965 920 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 2,450 1,215 1,230 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 2,080 955 1,125 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 5,550 2,880 2,670 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 780 410 370 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 12,735 6,420 6,320 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 3,415 1,635 1,780 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 140 75 65 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 1,085 535 545 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 120 60 65 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 0 0 0 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 220 85 130 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 0 0 0 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 260 135 125 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 145 60 85 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 660 295 370 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 790 390 395 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 3,600 1,930 1,670 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 690 355 335 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 100 50 50 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 1,375 765 610 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 125 75 55 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 70 35 30 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 10 10 0 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 820 485 330
Italy 60 45 15 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 30 10 20 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 90 45 45 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 25 10 10 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 150 80 65 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 140 70 75 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 115 40 80 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 45 25 25 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 95 60 35 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 480 265 215 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 3,205 1,720 1,480 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 470 275 200 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 70 40 35 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 0 0 0 995 495 495
Kenya 0 0 0 785 355 430
Morocco 535 315 220 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 10 0 0 1,340 740 600
Somalia 0 0 0 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 10 0 10 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 2,115 1,095 1,020 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 2,495 1,115 1,380 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 745 375 375 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 10 10 0 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 315 85 230 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 10 0 10 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 35 20 10 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 150 70 85 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 155 75 85 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 10 0 10 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 20 10 15 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 60 35 25 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 245 125 125 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 40 10 35 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 255 110 150 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 25 10 20 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 150 75 75 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 260 115 145 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 20 15 0 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,800 1,880 1,920 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 640 290 350 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 40 25 20 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 250 115 135 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 50 25 25 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 40 20 20 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 0 0 0 190 140 55
Mexico 90 50 35 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 70 30 35 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 0 10 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 90 30 65 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 465 255 210 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 260 145 115 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 0 0 0 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 3,750 1,695 2,055
Romania 10 0 10 2,945 1,260 1,685