Census Profile, 2016 Census
Laval, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Laval, V
Quebec
[Census subdivision]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Laval, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec  Map : Laval, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 422,993 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 401,553 ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.3 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 165,686 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 160,328 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,710.9 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 247.23 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 422,990 205,505 217,485 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 73,480 37,450 36,030 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 22,420 11,475 10,940 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 26,385 13,455 12,925 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 24,675 12,515 12,160 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 276,925 136,295 140,630 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 25,525 13,075 12,450 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 26,955 13,550 13,405 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 23,265 11,515 11,745 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 23,970 11,460 12,515 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 27,190 12,970 14,220 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 28,855 13,970 14,885 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 31,180 15,405 15,775 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 33,630 16,775 16,860 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 31,470 15,635 15,835 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 24,890 11,945 12,945 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 72,590 31,760 40,825 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 20,610 9,795 10,815 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 17,055 7,760 9,295 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 13,530 5,960 7,565 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 11,010 4,655 6,360 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 10,385 3,590 6,795 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 6,890 2,600 4,290 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 2,790 840 1,950 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 610 140 465 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 95 10 85 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.4 18.2 16.6 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 65.5 66.3 64.7 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 17.2 15.5 18.8 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.5 1.7 3.1 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 41.1 40.0 42.1 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 41.9 41.0 42.8 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 160,330 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 75,180 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10,785 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 74,315 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 15,065 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 4,795 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,775 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 49,345 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 335 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 50 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 160,325 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 41,920 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 50,365 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 25,905 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 27,180 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 14,965 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 410,845 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 349,515 168,055 181,450 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 200,290 100,200 100,095 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 149,855 75,010 74,845 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 50,440 25,190 25,250 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 149,220 67,860 81,360 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 100,310 53,145 47,170 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 5,490 2,245 3,245 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 23,265 8,405 14,855 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 20,155 4,060 16,090 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 117,055 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 52,305 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 25,975 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 27,215 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,560 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 117,060 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 96,910 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 71,800 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 25,115 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 20,145 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 15,710 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 4,435 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 96,910 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 40,140 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 56,775 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 19,930 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 25,710 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 11,135 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 20,145 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 12,165 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 6,045 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 1,930 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 58,360 26,900 31,460 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 160,330 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 111,595 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 38,220 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 73,375 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,665 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 46,065 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 41,920 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,150 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 417,995 203,305 214,690 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 21,185 11,080 10,105 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 144,745 63,360 81,385 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 243,635 125,695 117,935 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 8,435 3,170 5,265 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 417,995 203,305 214,690 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 72,525 37,020 35,510 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 300,340 143,745 156,595 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 36,905 19,460 17,445 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 8,225 3,080 5,145 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 90,975 46,745 44,230 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 21.8 23.0 20.6 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 417,995 203,305 214,695 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 398,965 193,715 205,245 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 267,725 129,615 138,115 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 30,295 15,590 14,705 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 237,430 114,020 123,410 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 131,240 64,105 67,130 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 20 5 15 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 5 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 0 0 0 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 10 0 5 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 5 0 5 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 131,215 64,095 67,115 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 32,140 16,315 15,825 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 2,245 1,175 1,065 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 1,175 610 570 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 1,065 570 500 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 20 10 5 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 0 0 0 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 15 10 10 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 29,855 15,120 14,735 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 40 15 20 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 29,500 14,945 14,560 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 65 30 30 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 200 95 100 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 0 0 0 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 10 5 10 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,105 1,930 2,170 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,670 780 890 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 2,430 1,150 1,280 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 690 240 450 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 0 0 0 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 15 5 10 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 30 10 20 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 60 30 25 1,430 665 760
Malay 45 20 30 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 5 5 5 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 505 165 340 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 7,725 3,275 4,445 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 260 120 140 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 7,400 3,120 4,275 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 35 30 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 2,015 960 1,055 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 5 0 5 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 5 0 5 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 1,995 950 1,050 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 10 0 0 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 77,290 37,995 39,295 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 465 235 225 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 7,815 3,830 3,985 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 4,665 2,145 2,525 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 30 15 15 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 10 5 10 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 20 10 10 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 4,635 2,130 2,510 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 0 5 0 810 385 430
Bosnian 120 60 60 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 580 280 300 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 365 170 190 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 85 35 55 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 25 15 15 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 760 325 430 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 2,130 955 1,175 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 150 70 80 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 75 40 35 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 55 25 25 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 65 30 35 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 215 105 110 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 15 15 5 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 1,090 540 550
Welsh 0 0 0 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 530 295 235
Germanic languages 1,010 460 550 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 5 5 0 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 5 5 0 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 90 45 40 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 0 0 0 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 805 355 450 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 0 5 0 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 25 15 10 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 45 20 25 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 525 280 240
Greek 13,815 6,875 6,945 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 7,885 4,045 3,840 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 4,330 2,230 2,095 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 465 235 230 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 450 220 230 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 145 80 60 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 0 0 0 565 300 265
Konkani 5 5 0 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 0 0 0 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 80 40 40 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,735 900 840 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 15 15 10 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 35 35 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 1,365 705 655 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 3,525 1,800 1,725 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 105 60 45 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 150 75 70 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 3,275 1,660 1,615 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 41,615 20,395 21,220 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 15 5 5 865 440 425
Italian 16,540 8,375 8,160 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 5,170 2,450 2,710 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 6,325 3,070 3,260 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 13,555 6,475 7,080 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 720 380 340
Japanese 65 20 50 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 1,715 910 805
Georgian 10 5 5 1,715 910 805
Korean 110 40 75 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 20 5 15 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 1,390 655 735 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 105 50 50 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 75 35 45 1,535 815 720
Edo 5 0 0 1,670 770 900
Ewe 40 25 15 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 105 55 50 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 10 5 5 920 445 470
Ganda 0 0 0 1,295 625 665
Igbo 10 0 5 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 140 65 80 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 105 35 70 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 110 45 60 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 0 0 0 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 120 55 60 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 165 80 90 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 10 5 0 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 400 190 205 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 10 10 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 0 0 0 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 80 40 45 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 5 0 0 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 45 20 25 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 20 15 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,875 1,310 1,565 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 2,860 1,300 1,560 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 1,050 485 565 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 5 5 5 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 1,445 645 800 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 230 105 120 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 50 50 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 5 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 5 5 0 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 0 0 0 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 1,070 485 585 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 1,000 465 530 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 70 20 55 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 935 475 460 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 25 15 15 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 905 460 445 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 650 320 330 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 5 0 5 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 10 0 5 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 635 310 325 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 19,035 9,590 9,445 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 4,410 2,260 2,155 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 3,265 1,670 1,585 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 8,495 4,130 4,370 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 2,870 1,530 1,335 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 418,000 203,305 214,695 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 379,280 184,350 194,935 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 312,460 152,090 160,370 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 55,310 28,170 27,140 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 257,155 123,920 133,235 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 66,820 32,260 34,565 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 5 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 66,810 32,255 34,555 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 15,680 7,790 7,885 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 680 335 350 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 450 220 230 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 230 115 120 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 0 0 5 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 0 0 0 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 5 0 0 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 14,990 7,455 7,535 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 25 10 15 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 14,795 7,350 7,450 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 55 30 25 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 85 45 40 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 5 0 5 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,685 1,260 1,420 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 965 440 525 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 1,720 825 890 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 200 90 115 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 0 0 5 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 15 10 5 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 10 5 5 435 220 210
Malay 15 5 10 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 150 65 80 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 2,570 1,015 1,555 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 75 30 40 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 2,470 970 1,495 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 1,550 700 845 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 0 0 0 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 0 0 0 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 1,545 700 845 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 5 0 5 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 40,010 19,450 20,560 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 290 145 145 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 6,260 3,035 3,225 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 2,880 1,405 1,480 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 5 5 5 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 0 0 0 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 10 0 5 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 2,875 1,405 1,475 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 70 40 30 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 460 230 225 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 160 75 85 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 35 20 20 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 15 10 10 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 310 130 180 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 1,550 755 800 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 90 45 45 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 40 25 10 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 15 5 10 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 10 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 110 55 60 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 670 310 360
Celtic languages 5 5 5 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 190 85 100 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 0 0 0 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 0 0 0 855 410 445
Dutch 15 5 5 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 170 80 95 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 0 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 0 0 0 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 6,415 3,100 3,310 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 5,690 2,855 2,835 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 3,120 1,560 1,560 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 325 155 170 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 295 140 155 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 80 40 35 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 0 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 0 0 0 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 65 30 30 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,335 685 655 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 10 5 5 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 25 20 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 960 480 485 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 2,555 1,280 1,275 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 55 35 25 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 110 55 55 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 2,395 1,195 1,195 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 18,285 8,820 9,460 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 2,995 1,405 1,585 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 2,060 990 1,070 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 4,520 2,230 2,285 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 8,705 4,185 4,520 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 180 85 95
Japanese 35 15 20 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 5 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 60 25 30 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 910 440 470
Mongolian 20 10 10 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 325 130 190 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 30 10 15 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 5 0 5 340 180 160
Edo 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 10 5 5 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 10 15 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 0 0 0 1,000 485 510
Lingala 35 10 20 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 10 15 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 1,530 670 865
Shona 0 0 0 1,035 475 560
Swahili 30 15 10 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 65 25 40 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 5 5 5 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 70 25 50 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 10 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 110 55 55 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 5 0 5 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 45 20 25 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 55 30 30 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,075 975 1,100 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 2,070 975 1,095 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 655 300 355 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 0 0 0 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 1,230 590 645 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 120 55 65 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 25 25 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 0 0 0 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 0 0 0 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 595 290 310 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 565 275 290 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 35 10 20 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 600 300 295 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 1,245 640 610
Turkish 580 295 290 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 0 0 0 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 290 135 150 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 0 0 5 975 365 610
Finnish 0 0 0 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 285 140 150 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 38,715 18,960 19,755 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 6,845 3,465 3,385 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 6,505 3,230 3,270 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 18,610 8,850 9,765 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 6,750 3,415 3,340 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 418,000 203,305 214,695 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 302,885 146,520 156,360 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 30,435 15,485 14,945 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 30,120 14,750 15,370 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 42,115 20,465 21,645 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 10 5 5 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 42,100 20,465 21,640 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 5,175 2,600 2,575 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 3,485 1,635 1,850 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 3,595 1,765 1,835 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 190 85 105 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 337,495 163,665 173,825 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 322,565 156,565 166,000 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,789 37,835 30,018 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 322,635 156,575 166,060 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,150 33,129 27,366 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 287,275 142,930 144,340 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,386 36,240 26,844 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 246,005 109,990 136,010 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,020 3,917 7,584 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 239,545 122,645 116,900 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,949 36,321 29,771 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 337,495 163,665 173,825 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 322,765 156,690 166,075 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,879 48,407 37,664 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 322,820 156,700 166,125 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,035 38,643 31,631 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 287,755 143,280 144,475 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,165 47,499 34,884 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 246,120 109,910 136,205 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,103 7,091 8,920 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 239,550 122,770 116,775 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,486 46,221 36,507 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 337,495 163,670 173,825 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 109,370 59,345 50,025 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 48,883 52,914 45,020 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,750 62,697 51,881 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.6 89.8 80.5 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.7 74.5 68.2 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.4 10.2 19.5 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 337,495 163,670 173,825 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 14,930 7,100 7,825 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 322,565 156,565 166,000 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.5 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 42,060 19,205 22,860 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 57,600 23,295 34,300 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 46,455 20,675 25,780 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 40,435 19,315 21,125 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 36,905 17,475 19,430 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 27,505 13,815 13,690 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 19,665 10,540 9,130 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 15,450 8,500 6,955 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 10,705 6,175 4,535 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 6,800 4,380 2,420 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 18,975 13,190 5,780 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 13,205 8,945 4,265 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 5,770 4,250 1,520 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 337,495 163,665 173,825 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 14,860 7,090 7,770 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 322,635 156,575 166,060 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 95.6 95.7 95.5 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 43,655 19,555 24,095 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 60,390 24,810 35,580 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 56,465 25,700 30,770 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 53,415 25,830 27,590 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 40,075 20,040 20,035 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 26,495 14,190 12,300 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 17,230 9,665 7,560 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 9,325 5,935 3,390 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 15,590 10,850 4,745 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 5,315 3,505 1,815 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 3,105 2,145 965 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 7,170 5,205 1,960 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 337,495 163,670 173,830 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 97,945 41,020 56,925 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 239,545 122,645 116,900 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 71.0 74.9 67.2 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 28,820 14,625 14,190 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 18,595 8,395 10,200 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 34,815 16,085 18,735 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 29,270 13,615 15,655 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 28,695 13,605 15,085 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 24,840 11,930 12,915 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 19,210 10,210 9,000 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 14,570 8,040 6,535 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 12,610 7,005 5,600 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 28,125 19,130 8,995 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 8,010 5,010 3,005 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 5,360 3,625 1,745 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 14,745 10,500 4,250 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 160,325 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,216 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 60,559 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 41,920 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,959 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,621 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 118,410 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,924 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,422 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 160,330 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 86,322 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,543 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 41,865 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,802 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,973 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 118,465 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,350 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,760 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 160,330 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,605 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,565 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,400 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,565 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,400 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,620 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,765 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,230 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,350 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,495 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,065 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 12,830 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,725 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 10,465 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,130 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 49,105 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 17,795 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 11,880 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 11,635 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 7,805 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 160,330 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,775 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,615 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,440 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,865 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,155 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,785 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,850 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,045 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,890 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,955 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,860 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,195 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,035 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,120 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,275 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 32,455 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 15,830 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,110 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 8,515 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 115,690 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,142 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,570 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 37,255 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,442 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,225 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 56,930 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,296 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 90,025 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 18,835 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,070 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,774 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 115,685 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,515 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,845 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 37,285 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,645 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,738 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 57,065 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 121,472 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,577 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 18,670 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,226 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,210 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 49,795 23,550 26,245 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,080 36,669 31,663 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,185 31,866 28,712 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 49,685 23,465 26,215 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,194 44,948 39,730 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,743 36,250 33,394 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 410,850 201,045 209,800 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 220,075 105,565 114,510 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 27,840 13,535 14,305 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 40,080 18,395 21,690 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 50,780 24,290 26,490 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 51,370 24,930 26,440 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 50,005 24,415 25,590 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 190,770 95,480 95,290 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 47,690 23,635 24,060 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 44,790 22,300 22,490 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 40,890 20,400 20,490 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 33,375 16,860 16,515 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 24,030 12,285 11,745 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 410,850 201,045 209,805 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 88,160 45,025 43,135 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 27,485 14,040 13,445 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 260,280 127,370 132,905 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 62,410 28,650 33,760 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 46,470 21,550 24,920 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 10,840 5,625 5,215 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 3,400 1,765 1,635 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 26,505 12,705 13,795 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 9,130 3,220 5,910 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.3 10.7 11.9 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 12.3 12.5 12.1 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 12.4 12.6 12.2 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 10.2 10.0 10.4 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 14.6 11.2 17.5 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 34,055 15,995 18,060 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 7,560 3,895 3,665 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 2,355 1,215 1,140 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 21,175 10,475 10,695 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 5,320 1,620 3,695 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.3 8.0 8.6 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.6 8.7 8.5 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 8.6 8.7 8.5 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 8.1 8.2 8.0 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 8.5 5.7 10.9 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 410,850 201,045 209,800 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 402,465 197,810 204,655 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 262,550 135,765 126,785 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 381,405 186,685 194,725 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 184,525 89,605 94,915 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 15 10 10 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 0 0 0 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 10 0 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 10 0 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 10 10 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 10 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 184,505 89,600 94,905 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 49,030 24,845 24,185 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 2,695 1,385 1,315 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 1,530 770 760 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 1,180 620 560 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 10 10 10 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 0 0 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 0 0 0 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 10 10 0 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 47,760 24,210 23,550 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 90 40 50 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 46,970 23,820 23,145 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 50 30 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 725 380 350 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 0 0 0 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 45 15 30 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 25 45 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,400 2,455 2,940 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,440 1,115 1,325 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 3,025 1,375 1,645 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 880 365 515 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 0 0 0 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 10 0 10 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 0 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 15 15 10 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 60 15 45 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 70 30 35 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 90 45 40 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 15 15 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 690 265 425 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 16,745 7,270 9,470 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 605 260 340 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 16,075 6,975 9,100 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 140 75 70 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 2,490 1,185 1,305 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 0 0 0 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 0 0 10 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 2,485 1,180 1,305 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 0 0 0 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 106,835 52,360 54,480 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 475 245 230 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 9,535 4,635 4,900 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 6,775 3,280 3,495 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 60 25 35 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 0 0 0 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 50 20 30 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 6,715 3,255 3,460 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 40 20 20 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 165 85 80 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 650 305 340 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 515 260 255 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 70 35 35 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 25 15 10 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 940 425 520 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 3,985 1,980 2,005 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 245 95 145 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 165 85 80 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 130 70 60 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 40 20 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 420 155 265 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 20 0 10 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 10 0 10 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 2,405 1,125 1,285 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 0 0 0 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 15 15 10 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 160 85 70 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 0 0 0 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 2,005 940 1,065 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 10 10 0 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 40 35 0 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 0 15 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 185 65 120 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 17,630 8,860 8,770 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 9,450 4,790 4,660 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 5,830 2,965 2,860 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 525 280 245 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 495 220 275 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 1,005 510 495 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 0 0 10 905 490 420
Konkani 10 10 0 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 0 0 0 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 95 50 40 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,495 1,250 1,245 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 15 10 10 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 150 60 85 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 2,170 1,145 1,030 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 4,085 2,030 2,055 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 180 95 90 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 155 90 65 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 3,780 1,865 1,915 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65 20 45 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 64,160 31,025 33,135 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 40 20 20 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 25,675 12,780 12,895 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 7,420 3,735 3,685 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 7,630 3,785 3,850 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 26,865 12,485 14,375 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 55 45 10 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 220 85 135 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 0 10 0 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 115 35 75 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 3,035 1,400 1,635 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 220 105 115 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 170 85 85 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 15 15 0 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 40 20 25 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 110 55 55 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 85 40 45 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 15 0 10 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 35 30 10 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 715 295 420 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 210 80 130 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 160 55 105 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 0 0 0 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 320 165 155 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 310 145 165 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 10 0 0 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,055 515 540 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 40 40 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 355 110 240 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 15 0 10 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 240 70 175 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 105 45 60 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,650 1,715 1,930 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 3,630 1,705 1,930 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 1,520 720 795 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 0 0 0 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 2,055 960 1,090 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 350 175 180 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 10 15 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 130 50 80 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 15 0 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 10 0 0 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 0 0 0 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 1,485 725 765 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 1,370 685 690 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 245 90 160 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 1,940 920 1,015 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 20 0 20 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 1,910 925 990 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 10 0 0 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 0 0 0 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 840 445 390 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 10 0 10 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 0 0 0 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 825 440 385 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 70 35 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 410,845 201,045 209,800 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 386,710 189,540 197,175 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 83,655 42,700 40,960 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 303,050 146,835 156,215 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 24,140 11,510 12,630 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 410,850 201,045 209,800 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 291,635 142,915 148,720 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 116,935 57,000 59,930 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 27,280 13,595 13,690 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 17,685 8,685 9,000 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 23,010 11,240 11,770 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 33,810 16,360 17,450 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 16,890 8,275 8,610 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 16,920 8,085 8,840 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 15,140 7,125 8,015 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,280 1,130 1,150 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 116,935 57,000 59,930 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 11,820 5,795 6,020 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 20,430 10,125 10,310 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 25,430 11,565 13,865 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 51,195 25,925 25,270 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 8,055 3,590 4,470 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 116,930 57,005 59,930 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 24,550 11,015 13,540 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 475 255 225 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 1,950 865 1,090 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 1,540 745 795 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 85 40 45 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 12,015 5,135 6,875 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 165 70 100 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 1,140 540 595 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 1,305 585 725 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 155 60 90 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,270 600 670 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 4,445 2,120 2,325 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 30,795 15,495 15,305 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 190 80 115 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 280 140 135 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 3,325 1,715 1,615 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 545 240 305 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 5,940 2,920 3,020 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 290 150 145 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 25 0 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 5,690 3,030 2,655 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 40 30 15 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 570 255 320 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 3,150 1,550 1,595 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 5,255 2,625 2,630 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 800 380 420 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 130 70 65 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 450 185 265 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 320 165 155 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 3,795 1,940 1,855 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 23,810 12,015 11,795 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 6,530 3,330 3,200 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 2,690 1,425 1,265 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 60 40 25 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 50 20 35 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 7,880 3,970 3,910 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 100 60 35 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 10 0 10 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 45 20 20 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 6,450 3,150 3,300 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 37,710 18,440 19,265 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 2,000 980 1,020 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 325 170 150 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,840 655 1,180 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 115 70 45 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 1,815 910 905 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 820 410 410 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 615 340 275 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 55 10 55 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 110 60 50 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 12,420 6,470 5,955 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 1,300 705 600 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 605 235 375 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 1,575 795 775 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 5,465 2,645 2,825 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 85 40 45 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 2,040 895 1,140 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 6,525 3,055 3,470 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 65 35 30 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 15,145 7,125 8,020 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 3,975 1,835 2,145 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 130 70 55 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 515 250 270 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 150 60 90 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 2,050 910 1,145 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 0 0 0 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 315 160 155 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 260 125 130 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 130 60 65 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 425 200 225 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 1,755 820 935 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 305 145 155 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 35 15 20 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 5,660 3,540 2,120
Moldova