Census Profile, 2016 Census
Laval, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Laval, V
Quebec
[Census subdivision]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Laval, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec  Map : Laval, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 422,993 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 401,553 ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.3 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 165,686 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 160,328 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,710.9 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 247.23 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 422,990 205,505 217,485 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 73,480 37,450 36,030 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 22,420 11,475 10,940 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 26,385 13,455 12,925 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 24,675 12,515 12,160 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 276,925 136,295 140,630 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 25,525 13,075 12,450 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 26,955 13,550 13,405 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 23,265 11,515 11,745 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 23,970 11,460 12,515 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 27,190 12,970 14,220 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 28,855 13,970 14,885 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 31,180 15,405 15,775 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 33,630 16,775 16,860 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 31,470 15,635 15,835 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 24,890 11,945 12,945 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 72,590 31,760 40,825 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 20,610 9,795 10,815 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 17,055 7,760 9,295 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 13,530 5,960 7,565 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 11,010 4,655 6,360 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 10,385 3,590 6,795 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 6,890 2,600 4,290 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 2,790 840 1,950 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 610 140 465 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 95 10 85 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.4 18.2 16.6 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 65.5 66.3 64.7 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 17.2 15.5 18.8 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 2.5 1.7 3.1 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 41.1 40.0 42.1 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 41.9 41.0 42.8 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 160,330 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 75,180 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10,785 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 74,315 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 15,065 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 4,795 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,775 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 49,345 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 335 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 50 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 160,325 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 41,920 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 50,365 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 25,905 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 27,180 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 14,965 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 410,845 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 349,515 168,055 181,450 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 200,290 100,200 100,095 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 149,855 75,010 74,845 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 50,440 25,190 25,250 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 149,220 67,860 81,360 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 100,310 53,145 47,170 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 5,490 2,245 3,245 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 23,265 8,405 14,855 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 20,155 4,060 16,090 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 117,055 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 52,305 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 25,975 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 27,215 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,560 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 117,060 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 96,910 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 71,800 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 25,115 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 20,145 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 15,710 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 4,435 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 96,910 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 40,140 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 56,775 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 19,930 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 25,710 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 11,135 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 20,145 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 12,165 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 6,045 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 1,930 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 58,360 26,900 31,460 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 160,330 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 111,595 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 38,220 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 73,375 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,665 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 46,065 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 41,920 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,150 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 417,995 203,305 214,690 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 21,185 11,080 10,105 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 144,745 63,360 81,385 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 243,635 125,695 117,935 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 8,435 3,170 5,265 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 417,995 203,305 214,690 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 72,525 37,020 35,510 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 300,340 143,745 156,595 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 36,905 19,460 17,445 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 8,225 3,080 5,145 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 90,975 46,745 44,230 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 21.8 23.0 20.6 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 417,995 203,305 214,695 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 398,965 193,715 205,245 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 267,725 129,615 138,115 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 30,295 15,590 14,705 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 237,430 114,020 123,410 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 131,240 64,105 67,130 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 20 5 15 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 5 0 0 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 5 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 131,215 64,095 67,115 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 32,140 16,315 15,825 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 2,245 1,175 1,065 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 1,175 610 570 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 1,065 570 500 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 20 10 5 1,125 545 580
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 0 0 0 15 10 5
Somali 15 10 10 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Semitic languages 29,855 15,120 14,735 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 40 15 20 745 340 405
Arabic 29,500 14,945 14,560 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 65 30 30 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 200 95 100 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 0 0 0 25 10 15
Tigrigna 10 5 10 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,105 1,930 2,170 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,670 780 890 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 2,430 1,150 1,280 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 690 240 450 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 0 0 0 115 35 80
Cebuano 15 5 10 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 410 125 275
Ilocano 30 10 20 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 60 30 25 1,250 590 660
Malay 45 20 30 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 205 90 110
Pangasinan 5 5 5 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 505 165 340 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 320 140 180
Creole languages 7,725 3,275 4,445 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 260 120 140 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 7,400 3,120 4,275 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 35 30 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 2,015 960 1,055 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 5 0 5 240 130 110
Malayalam 5 0 5 440 235 205
Tamil 1,995 950 1,050 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 10 0 0 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 77,290 37,995 39,295 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 465 235 225 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 7,815 3,830 3,985 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 4,665 2,145 2,525 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 30 15 15 850 335 515
Latvian 10 5 10 290 120 175
Lithuanian 20 10 10 555 215 340
Slavic languages 4,635 2,130 2,510 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 0 5 0 80 45 35
Bosnian 120 60 60 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 580 280 300 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 365 170 190 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 85 35 55 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 25 15 15 205 105 95
Polish 760 325 430 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 2,130 955 1,175 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 150 70 80 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 75 40 35 1,805 865 940
Slovak 55 25 25 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 65 30 35 755 350 405
Ukrainian 215 105 110 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 175 90 85
Celtic languages 15 15 5 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 20 15 10
Welsh 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 90 55 30
Germanic languages 1,010 460 550 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 5 5 0 125 60 65
Danish 5 5 0 395 190 200
Dutch 90 45 40 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 0 0 0 10 10 0
German 805 355 450 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 0 0 0 65 30 35
Norwegian 0 5 0 200 100 100
Swedish 25 15 10 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 540 240 300
Yiddish 45 20 25 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 175 100 75
Greek 13,815 6,875 6,945 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 7,885 4,045 3,840 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 4,330 2,230 2,095 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 465 235 230 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 450 220 230 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 145 80 60 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 5
Konkani 5 5 0 110 60 55
Marathi 0 0 0 255 145 110
Nepali 80 40 40 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,735 900 840 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 15 15 10 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 35 35 645 310 330
Urdu 1,365 705 655 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 3,525 1,800 1,725 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 105 60 45 985 550 430
Pashto 150 75 70 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 3,275 1,660 1,615 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 41,615 20,395 21,220 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 15 5 5 320 170 150
Italian 16,540 8,375 8,160 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 5,170 2,450 2,710 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 6,325 3,070 3,260 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 13,555 6,475 7,080 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 125 75 50
Japanese 65 20 50 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 170 80 85
Georgian 10 5 5 170 80 90
Korean 110 40 75 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 190 75 115
Mongolian 20 5 15 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 1,390 655 735 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 105 50 50 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 75 35 45 1,200 655 545
Edo 5 0 0 75 45 30
Ewe 40 25 15 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 105 55 50 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 10 5 5 80 40 40
Ganda 0 0 0 35 15 20
Igbo 10 0 5 120 70 50
Lingala 140 65 80 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 105 35 70 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 110 45 60 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 0 0 0 85 45 40
Swahili 120 55 60 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 165 80 90 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 10 5 0 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 400 190 205 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 10 10 345 180 165
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 335 170 165
Sign languages 80 40 45 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 5 0 0 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 45 20 25 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 20 15 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,875 1,310 1,565 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 2,860 1,300 1,560 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 1,050 485 565 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 5 5 5 470 215 260
Mandarin 1,445 645 800 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 230 105 120 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 50 50 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 5 345 175 170
Burmese 5 5 0 80 30 50
Karenic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 1,070 485 585 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 1,000 465 530 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 70 20 55 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 935 475 460 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 25 15 15 290 160 130
Turkish 905 460 445 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 0 0 0 205 100 105
Uzbek 0 0 0 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 185 80 105
Uralic languages 650 320 330 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 5 0 5 195 75 120
Finnish 10 0 5 360 125 240
Hungarian 635 310 325 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 685 385 300
Multiple responses 19,035 9,590 9,445 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 4,410 2,260 2,155 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 3,265 1,670 1,585 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 8,495 4,130 4,370 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 2,870 1,530 1,335 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 418,000 203,305 214,695 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 379,280 184,350 194,935 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 312,460 152,090 160,370 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 55,310 28,170 27,140 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 257,155 123,920 133,235 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 66,820 32,260 34,565 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Algonquin 0 0 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 5 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 66,810 32,255 34,555 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 15,680 7,790 7,885 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 680 335 350 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 450 220 230 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 230 115 120 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 0 0 5 535 240 295
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 5 0 0 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 14,990 7,455 7,535 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 25 10 15 340 150 185
Arabic 14,795 7,350 7,450 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 55 30 25 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 85 45 40 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 5 0 5 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,685 1,260 1,420 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 965 440 525 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 1,720 825 890 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 200 90 115 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 0 0 5 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 130 55 75
Ilocano 15 10 5 740 305 435
Malagasy 10 5 5 360 185 170
Malay 15 5 10 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 150 65 80 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 75 35 35
Creole languages 2,570 1,015 1,555 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 75 30 40 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 2,470 970 1,495 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 1,550 700 845 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 0 0 0 150 85 65
Malayalam 0 0 0 200 100 100
Tamil 1,545 700 845 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 5 0 5 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 40,010 19,450 20,560 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 290 145 145 1,615 795 820
Armenian 6,260 3,035 3,225 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 2,880 1,405 1,480 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 5 5 5 190 80 105
Latvian 0 0 0 75 40 40
Lithuanian 10 0 5 115 40 70
Slavic languages 2,875 1,405 1,475 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Bosnian 70 40 30 965 475 495
Bulgarian 460 230 225 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 160 75 85 1,015 475 545
Czech 35 20 20 460 220 240
Macedonian 15 10 10 130 65 65
Polish 310 130 180 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 1,550 755 800 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 90 45 45 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 40 25 10 960 470 490
Slovak 15 5 10 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 10 225 95 135
Ukrainian 110 55 60 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Celtic languages 5 5 5 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 190 85 100 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 0 0 0 15 10 10
Danish 0 0 0 50 25 25
Dutch 15 5 5 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 170 80 95 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 0 0 0 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 70 35 40
Yiddish 0 0 0 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 5 5
Greek 6,415 3,100 3,310 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 5,690 2,855 2,835 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 3,120 1,560 1,560 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 325 155 170 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 295 140 155 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 80 40 35 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 30 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 80 40 40
Nepali 65 30 30 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,335 685 655 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 10 5 5 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 25 20 365 185 180
Urdu 960 480 485 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 2,555 1,280 1,275 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 55 35 25 510 280 235
Pashto 110 55 55 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 2,395 1,195 1,195 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 18,285 8,820 9,460 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 0 0 0 110 50 60
Italian 2,995 1,405 1,585 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 2,060 990 1,070 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 4,520 2,230 2,285 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 8,705 4,185 4,520 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 35 20 15
Japanese 35 15 20 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 70 35 35
Georgian 5 0 0 70 40 35
Korean 60 25 30 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 145 70 75
Mongolian 20 10 10 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 325 130 190 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 30 10 15 445 215 235
Bamanankan 5 0 5 265 135 125
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 10 5 5 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 10 15 530 255 280
Ga 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Lingala 35 10 20 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 10 15 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 530 225 305
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 30 15 10 1,100 535 565
Wolof 65 25 40 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 5 5 5 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 70 25 50 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 10 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 130 65 65
Sign languages 110 55 55 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 5 0 5 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 45 20 25 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 55 30 30 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,075 975 1,100 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 2,070 975 1,095 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 655 300 355 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 0 0 0 155 75 80
Mandarin 1,230 590 645 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 120 55 65 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 25 25 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 215 115 100
Burmese 0 0 0 35 15 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 595 290 310 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 565 275 290 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 35 10 20 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 600 300 295 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 100 50 55
Turkish 580 295 290 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 0 0 0 140 75 70
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 30 35
Uralic languages 290 135 150 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 0 0 5 30 10 20
Finnish 0 0 0 50 20 30
Hungarian 285 140 150 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 150 90 60
Multiple responses 38,715 18,960 19,755 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 6,845 3,465 3,385 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 6,505 3,230 3,270 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 18,610 8,850 9,765 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 6,750 3,415 3,340 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 418,000 203,305 214,695 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 302,885 146,520 156,360 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 30,435 15,485 14,945 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 30,120 14,750 15,370 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 42,115 20,465 21,645 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 10 5 5 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 42,100 20,465 21,640 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 5,175 2,600 2,575 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 3,485 1,635 1,850 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 3,595 1,765 1,835 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 190 85 105 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 337,495 163,665 173,825 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 322,565 156,565 166,000 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,789 37,835 30,018 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 322,635 156,575 166,060 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,150 33,129 27,366 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 287,275 142,930 144,340 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,386 36,240 26,844 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 246,005 109,990 136,010 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,020 3,917 7,584 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 239,545 122,645 116,900 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,949 36,321 29,771 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 337,495 163,665 173,825 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 322,765 156,690 166,075 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,879 48,407 37,664 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 322,820 156,700 166,125 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,035 38,643 31,631 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 287,755 143,280 144,475 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,165 47,499 34,884 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 246,120 109,910 136,205 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,103 7,091 8,920 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 239,550 122,770 116,775 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,486 46,221 36,507 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 337,495 163,670 173,825 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 109,370 59,345 50,025 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 48,883 52,914 45,020 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,750 62,697 51,881 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.6 89.8 80.5 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.7 74.5 68.2 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.4 10.2 19.5 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 337,495 163,670 173,825 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 14,930 7,100 7,825 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 322,565 156,565 166,000 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.5 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 42,060 19,205 22,860 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 57,600 23,295 34,300 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 46,455 20,675 25,780 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 40,435 19,315 21,125 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 36,905 17,475 19,430 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 27,505 13,815 13,690 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 19,665 10,540 9,130 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 15,450 8,500 6,955 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 10,705 6,175 4,535 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 6,800 4,380 2,420 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 18,975 13,190 5,780 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 13,205 8,945 4,265 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 5,770 4,250 1,520 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 337,495 163,665 173,825 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 14,860 7,090 7,770 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 322,635 156,575 166,060 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 95.6 95.7 95.5 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 43,655 19,555 24,095 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 60,390 24,810 35,580 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 56,465 25,700 30,770 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 53,415 25,830 27,590 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 40,075 20,040 20,035 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 26,495 14,190 12,300 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 17,230 9,665 7,560 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 9,325 5,935 3,390 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 15,590 10,850 4,745 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 5,315 3,505 1,815 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 3,105 2,145 965 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 7,170 5,205 1,960 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 337,495 163,670 173,830 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 97,945 41,020 56,925 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 239,545 122,645 116,900 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 71.0 74.9 67.2 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 28,820 14,625 14,190 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 18,595 8,395 10,200 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 34,815 16,085 18,735 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 29,270 13,615 15,655 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 28,695 13,605 15,085 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 24,840 11,930 12,915 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 19,210 10,210 9,000 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 14,570 8,040 6,535 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 12,610 7,005 5,600 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 28,125 19,130 8,995 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 8,010 5,010 3,005 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 5,360 3,625 1,745 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 14,745 10,500 4,250 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 160,325 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,216 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 60,559 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 41,920 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,959 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,621 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 118,410 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,924 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,422 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 160,330 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 86,322 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,543 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 41,865 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,802 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,973 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 118,465 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,350 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,760 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 160,330 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,605 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,565 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,400 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,565 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,400 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,620 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,765 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,230 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,350 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,495 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,065 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 12,830 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,725 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 10,465 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,130 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 49,105 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 17,795 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 11,880 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 11,635 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 7,805 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 160,330 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,775 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,615 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,440 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,865 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,155 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,785 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,850 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,045 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,890 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,955 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,860 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,195 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,035 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,120 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,275 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 32,455 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 15,830 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,110 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 8,515 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 115,690 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,142 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,570 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 37,255 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,442 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,225 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 56,930 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,296 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 90,025 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 18,835 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,070 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,774 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 115,685 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,515 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,845 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 37,285 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,645 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,738 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 57,065 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 121,472 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,577 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 18,670 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,226 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,210 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 49,795 23,550 26,245 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,080 36,669 31,663 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,185 31,866 28,712 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 49,685 23,465 26,215 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,194 44,948 39,730 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,743 36,250 33,394 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 410,850 201,045 209,800 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 220,075 105,565 114,510 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 27,840 13,535 14,305 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 40,080 18,395 21,690 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 50,780 24,290 26,490 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 51,370 24,930 26,440 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 50,005 24,415 25,590 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 190,770 95,480 95,290 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 47,690 23,635 24,060 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 44,790 22,300 22,490 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 40,890 20,400 20,490 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 33,375 16,860 16,515 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 24,030 12,285 11,745 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 410,850 201,045 209,805 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 88,160 45,025 43,135 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 27,485 14,040 13,445 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 260,280 127,370 132,905 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 62,410 28,650 33,760 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 46,470 21,550 24,920 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 10,840 5,625 5,215 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 3,400 1,765 1,635 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 26,505 12,705 13,795 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 9,130 3,220 5,910 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.3 10.7 11.9 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 12.3 12.5 12.1 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 12.4 12.6 12.2 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 10.2 10.0 10.4 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 14.6 11.2 17.5 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 34,055 15,995 18,060 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 7,560 3,895 3,665 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 2,355 1,215 1,140 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 21,175 10,475 10,695 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 5,320 1,620 3,695 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.3 8.0 8.6 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.6 8.7 8.5 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 8.6 8.7 8.5 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.1 8.2 8.0 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 8.5 5.7 10.9 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 410,850 201,045 209,800 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 402,465 197,810 204,655 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 262,550 135,765 126,785 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 381,405 186,685 194,725 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 184,525 89,605 94,915 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 15 10 10 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 0 0 0 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 0 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 0 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 10 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 184,505 89,600 94,905 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 49,030 24,845 24,185 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 2,695 1,385 1,315 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 1,530 770 760 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 1,180 620 560 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 10 10 10 1,550 745 805
Bilen 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oromo 0 0 0 45 30 10
Somali 10 10 0 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 47,760 24,210 23,550 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 90 40 50 1,145 540 600
Arabic 46,970 23,820 23,145 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 50 30 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 725 380 350 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 0 0 0 40 10 25
Tigrigna 45 15 30 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 25 45 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,400 2,455 2,940 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,440 1,115 1,325 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 3,025 1,375 1,645 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 880 365 515 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 0 0 0 105 45 60
Cebuano 10 0 10 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 15 15 10 540 195 350
Ilocano 60 15 45 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 70 30 35 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 90 45 40 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 15 15 195 95 100
Pangasinan 0 0 0 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 690 265 425 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 540 270 275
Creole languages 16,745 7,270 9,470 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 605 260 340 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 16,075 6,975 9,100 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 140 75 70 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 2,490 1,185 1,305 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 0 0 0 415 210 205
Malayalam 0 0 10 510 285 220
Tamil 2,485 1,180 1,305 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 0 0 0 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 106,835 52,360 54,480 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 475 245 230 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 9,535 4,635 4,900 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 6,775 3,280 3,495 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 60 25 35 1,080 500 585
Latvian 0 0 0 335 150 185
Lithuanian 50 20 30 755 350 410
Slavic languages 6,715 3,255 3,460 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 40 20 20 365 150 215
Bosnian 165 85 80 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 650 305 340 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 515 260 255 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 70 35 35 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 25 15 10 285 140 145
Polish 940 425 520 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 3,985 1,980 2,005 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 245 95 145 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 165 85 80 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 130 70 60 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 40 20 970 490 480
Ukrainian 420 155 265 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 150 75 75
Celtic languages 20 0 10 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 155 95 65
Welsh 10 0 10 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 265 175 95
Germanic languages 2,405 1,125 1,285 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 0 0 0 415 260 150
Danish 15 15 10 835 410 420
Dutch 160 85 70 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 0 0 15 10 0
German 2,005 940 1,065 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 0 0 0 140 80 60
Norwegian 10 10 0 510 255 255
Swedish 40 35 0 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 0 15 760 265 495
Yiddish 185 65 120 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 270 125 140
Greek 17,630 8,860 8,770 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 9,450 4,790 4,660 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 5,830 2,965 2,860 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 525 280 245 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 495 220 275 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 1,005 510 495 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 0 0 10 45 35 15
Konkani 10 10 0 150 70 75
Marathi 0 0 0 475 240 230
Nepali 95 50 40 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,495 1,250 1,245 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 15 10 10 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 150 60 85 1,335 625 710
Urdu 2,170 1,145 1,030 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 4,085 2,030 2,055 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 180 95 90 1,255 665 590
Pashto 155 90 65 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 3,780 1,865 1,915 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65 20 45 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 64,160 31,025 33,135 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 40 20 20 890 525 365
Italian 25,675 12,780 12,895 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 7,420 3,735 3,685 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 7,630 3,785 3,850 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 26,865 12,485 14,375 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 55 45 10 490 345 145
Japanese 220 85 135 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 220 110 110
Georgian 0 10 0 215 105 110
Korean 115 35 75 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 270 135 130
Mongolian 0 0 0 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 3,035 1,400 1,635 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 220 105 115 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 170 85 85 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 15 15 0 190 95 95
Ewe 40 20 25 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 110 55 55 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 85 40 45 315 155 160
Ganda 15 0 10 90 40 55
Igbo 35 30 10 275 190 90
Lingala 715 295 420 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 210 80 130 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 160 55 105 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 0 0 0 150 75 80
Swahili 320 165 155 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 310 145 165 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 10 0 0 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,055 515 540 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 40 40 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40 695 345 350
Sign languages 355 110 240 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 15 0 10 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 240 70 175 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 105 45 60 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,650 1,715 1,930 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 3,630 1,705 1,930 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 1,520 720 795 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 0 0 0 545 240 310
Mandarin 2,055 960 1,090 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 350 175 180 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 10 15 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 130 50 80 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 15 0 430 235 195
Burmese 10 0 0 140 75 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 1,485 725 765 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 1,370 685 690 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 245 90 160 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 1,940 920 1,015 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 20 0 20 510 275 235
Turkish 1,910 925 990 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 10 0 0 230 110 120
Uzbek 0 0 0 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 235 115 120
Uralic languages 840 445 390 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 10 0 10 150 55 95
Finnish 0 0 0 500 195 305
Hungarian 825 440 385 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 70 35 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 410,845 201,045 209,800 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 386,710 189,540 197,175 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 83,655 42,700 40,960 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 303,050 146,835 156,215 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 24,140 11,510 12,630 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 410,850 201,045 209,800 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 291,635 142,915 148,720 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 116,935 57,000 59,930 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 27,280 13,595 13,690 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 17,685 8,685 9,000 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 23,010 11,240 11,770 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 33,810 16,360 17,450 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 16,890 8,275 8,610 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 16,920 8,085 8,840 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 15,140 7,125 8,015 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,280 1,130 1,150 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 116,935 57,000 59,930 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 11,820 5,795 6,020 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 20,430 10,125 10,310 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 25,430 11,565 13,865 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 51,195 25,925 25,270 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 8,055 3,590 4,470 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 116,930 57,005 59,930 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 24,550 11,015 13,540 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 475 255 225 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 1,950 865 1,090 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 1,540 745 795 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 85 40 45 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 12,015 5,135 6,875 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 165 70 100 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 1,140 540 595 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 1,305 585 725 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 155 60 90 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,270 600 670 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 4,445 2,120 2,325 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 30,795 15,495 15,305 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 190 80 115 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 280 140 135 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 3,325 1,715 1,615 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 545 240 305 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 5,940 2,920 3,020 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 290 150 145 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 25 0 820 485 330
Italy 5,690 3,030 2,655 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 40 30 15 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 570 255 320 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 3,150 1,550 1,595 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 5,255 2,625 2,630 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 800 380 420 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 130 70 65 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 450 185 265 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 320 165 155 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 3,795 1,940 1,855 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 23,810 12,015 11,795 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 6,530 3,330 3,200 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 2,690 1,425 1,265 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 60 40 25 995 495 495
Kenya 50 20 35 785 355 430
Morocco 7,880 3,970 3,910 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 100 60 35 1,340 740 600
Somalia 10 0 10 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 45 20 20 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 6,450 3,150 3,300 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 37,710 18,440 19,265 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 2,000 980 1,020 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 325 170 150 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,840 655 1,180 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 115 70 45 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 1,815 910 905 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 820 410 410 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 615 340 275 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 55 10 55 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 110 60 50 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 12,420 6,470 5,955 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 1,300 705 600 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 605 235 375 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 1,575 795 775 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 5,465 2,645 2,825 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 85 40 45 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 2,040 895 1,140 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 6,525 3,055 3,470 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 65 35 30 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 15,145 7,125 8,020 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 3,975 1,835 2,145 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 130 70 55 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 515 250 270 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 150 60 90 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 2,050 910 1,145 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 0 0 0 190 140 55
Mexico 315 160 155 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 260 125 130 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 130 60 65 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 425 200 225 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 1,755 820 935 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 305 145 155 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 35 15 20 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 315 140 175 3,750 1,695 2,055
Romania 455 195 265 2,945 1,260