Census Profile, 2016 Census
Montréal, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec and Montréal, Territoire équivalent [Census division], Quebec

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Montréal, V
Quebec
[Census subdivision]
Montréal,
Quebec
[Census division]
Data quality , Montréal, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec  Map : Montréal, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Montréal, Territoire équivalent [Census division], Quebec  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,704,694 ... ... 1,942,044 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,649,519 ... ... 1,886,481 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 843,872 ... ... 939,112 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 779,802 ... ... 870,373 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,662.1 ... ... 3,889.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 365.65 ... ... 499.26 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,704,695 830,930 873,765 1,942,045 944,490 997,560
0 to 14 years 265,785 135,490 130,295 304,470 155,320 149,155
0 to 4 years 98,815 50,510 48,300 109,740 56,060 53,680
5 to 9 years 91,005 46,335 44,670 104,385 53,250 51,130
10 to 14 years 75,965 38,640 37,325 90,350 46,010 44,340
15 to 64 years 1,165,895 581,940 583,955 1,313,915 653,520 660,395
15 to 19 years 81,790 41,070 40,720 97,835 49,365 48,465
20 to 24 years 123,925 61,105 62,825 139,720 69,190 70,530
25 to 29 years 142,400 70,090 72,305 153,505 75,655 77,850
30 to 34 years 141,520 69,615 71,905 152,195 74,675 77,520
35 to 39 years 134,710 67,500 67,210 147,480 73,440 74,040
40 to 44 years 114,785 58,595 56,195 128,970 65,105 63,860
45 to 49 years 109,250 56,180 53,065 125,505 63,790 61,715
50 to 54 years 113,465 58,220 55,240 131,865 67,065 64,800
55 to 59 years 109,560 54,240 55,325 127,010 62,680 64,330
60 to 64 years 94,490 45,315 49,170 109,825 52,545 57,285
65 years and over 273,015 113,505 159,515 323,660 135,650 188,010
65 to 69 years 80,575 37,465 43,110 95,180 44,325 50,855
70 to 74 years 61,060 26,760 34,300 72,390 31,985 40,410
75 to 79 years 48,665 20,190 28,470 57,290 24,010 33,275
80 to 84 years 39,765 15,750 24,015 46,700 18,670 28,030
85 years and over 42,960 13,340 29,615 52,100 16,660 35,445
85 to 89 years 27,115 9,340 17,775 32,310 11,365 20,945
90 to 94 years 12,190 3,335 8,860 15,195 4,360 10,835
95 to 99 years 3,135 585 2,550 3,950 830 3,120
100 years and over 510 75 435 650 100 540
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.6 16.3 14.9 15.7 16.4 15.0
15 to 64 years 68.4 70.0 66.8 67.7 69.2 66.2
65 years and over 16.0 13.7 18.3 16.7 14.4 18.8
85 years and over 2.5 1.6 3.4 2.7 1.8 3.6
Average age of the population 40.3 39.0 41.4 40.6 39.4 41.8
Median age of the population 38.5 37.7 39.3 39.1 38.2 40.1
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 779,805 ... ... 870,375 ... ...
Single-detached house 57,130 ... ... 99,485 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 110,475 ... ... 126,600 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 611,795 ... ... 643,860 ... ...
Semi-detached house 25,415 ... ... 32,185 ... ...
Row house 25,705 ... ... 33,500 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 106,095 ... ... 108,890 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 451,305 ... ... 465,920 ... ...
Other single-attached house 3,275 ... ... 3,370 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 405 ... ... 425 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 779,805 ... ... 870,370 ... ...
1 person 318,325 ... ... 342,510 ... ...
2 persons 231,615 ... ... 259,295 ... ...
3 persons 104,190 ... ... 118,645 ... ...
4 persons 81,550 ... ... 97,490 ... ...
5 or more persons 44,130 ... ... 52,435 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,663,235 ... ... 1,895,000 ... ...
Average household size 2.1 ... ... 2.2 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,438,910 695,440 743,470 1,637,575 789,170 848,405
Married or living common law 685,000 345,290 339,700 799,705 402,505 397,195
Married 478,480 240,005 238,480 579,130 290,175 288,960
Living common law 206,520 105,290 101,225 220,575 112,335 108,240
Not married and not living common law 753,915 350,145 403,765 837,870 386,665 451,205
Never married 530,785 279,685 251,100 585,780 308,260 277,520
Separated 30,350 12,800 17,550 33,630 14,010 19,620
Divorced 114,570 42,725 71,845 127,000 46,890 80,110
Widowed 78,210 14,935 63,270 91,460 17,505 73,960
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 419,750 ... ... 485,285 ... ...
2 persons 213,020 ... ... 241,425 ... ...
3 persons 94,690 ... ... 109,090 ... ...
4 persons 77,320 ... ... 93,220 ... ...
5 or more persons 34,715 ... ... 41,555 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 419,755 ... ... 485,285 ... ...
Total couple families 329,780 ... ... 385,585 ... ...
Married couples 226,615 ... ... 275,400 ... ...
Common-law couples 103,165 ... ... 110,185 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 89,970 ... ... 99,700 ... ...
Female parent 73,455 ... ... 81,190 ... ...
Male parent 16,520 ... ... 18,505 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 329,780 ... ... 385,585 ... ...
Couples without children 155,320 ... ... 178,105 ... ...
Couples with children 174,455 ... ... 207,475 ... ...
1 child 70,975 ... ... 82,305 ... ...
2 children 70,935 ... ... 85,985 ... ...
3 or more children 32,550 ... ... 39,185 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 89,975 ... ... 99,700 ... ...
1 child 57,700 ... ... 63,310 ... ...
2 children 23,720 ... ... 26,780 ... ...
3 or more children 8,555 ... ... 9,610 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 456,810 225,415 231,395 488,715 238,040 250,675
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 779,805 ... ... 870,375 ... ...
One-census-family households 405,925 ... ... 469,260 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 150,715 ... ... 172,615 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 255,210 ... ... 296,640 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 6,780 ... ... 7,855 ... ...
Non-census-family households 367,090 ... ... 393,260 ... ...
One-person households 318,325 ... ... 342,505 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 48,770 ... ... 50,750 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,680,910 821,035 859,870 1,914,760 933,260 981,495
English only 170,490 86,310 84,180 220,425 109,555 110,870
French only 503,105 224,265 278,840 517,445 230,460 286,990
English and French 965,480 494,050 471,430 1,131,680 575,450 556,225
Neither English nor French 41,835 16,415 25,420 45,210 17,800 27,405
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,680,910 821,035 859,875 1,914,755 933,260 981,500
English 400,245 200,775 199,470 543,485 270,085 273,400
French 1,097,345 530,565 566,780 1,164,335 562,200 602,135
English and French 142,675 73,850 68,825 163,025 83,800 79,230
Neither English nor French 40,645 15,845 24,800 43,910 17,175 26,735
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 471,585 237,700 233,880 625,000 311,985 313,015
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 28.1 29.0 27.2 32.6 33.4 31.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,680,905 821,035 859,875 1,914,760 933,265 981,495
Single responses 1,600,455 780,840 819,610 1,823,085 887,650 935,430
Official languages 1,041,420 509,795 531,620 1,195,590 584,190 611,405
English 208,140 104,900 103,245 307,080 153,045 154,040
French 833,280 404,900 428,380 888,515 431,145 457,365
Non-official languages 559,030 271,040 287,995 627,490 303,465 324,025
Aboriginal languages 475 170 305 580 205 380
Algonquian languages 265 100 165 310 120 190
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 230 80 150 275 100 175
Atikamekw 25 5 20 25 5 20
Montagnais (Innu) 45 10 30 40 10 30
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 15 5 10 15 10 10
Northern East Cree 35 15 25 50 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 5 5 5 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 105 35 70 130 50 85
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 15 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 5 5 15 5 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 15 10 20 15 10
Algonquin 20 10 5 15 10 5
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 10 5 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 5 5 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 145 40 110 210 60 150
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 125 35 90 170 45 130
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 30 10 20
Iroquoian languages 30 15 15 30 15 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 25 15 15 30 15 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 5 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 5 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 5 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 10 10 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 558,560 270,870 287,690 626,905 303,255 323,655
Afro-Asiatic languages 112,440 59,540 52,905 122,040 64,460 57,575
Berber languages 13,730 7,305 6,425 13,915 7,405 6,515
Kabyle 8,460 4,510 3,945 8,560 4,560 3,995
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5,275 2,795 2,480 5,360 2,840 2,515
Cushitic languages 680 325 355 695 330 360
Bilen 10 5 5 15 5 10
Oromo 5 5 0 5 5 0
Somali 645 300 345 660 310 355
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 15 10 5
Semitic languages 97,870 51,815 46,050 107,255 56,630 50,625
Amharic 510 240 270 585 275 310
Arabic 95,165 50,450 44,715 102,805 54,340 48,465
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 50 25 25 55 25 25
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 5 5 5 0 0
Harari 5 0 0 5 0 0
Hebrew 1,785 925 860 3,435 1,800 1,635
Maltese 10 5 5 10 5 5
Tigrigna 305 145 160 305 145 160
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 45 25 20
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 165 90 70 175 100 75
Austro-Asiatic languages 23,000 10,805 12,195 24,425 11,465 12,960
Khmer (Cambodian) 4,875 2,265 2,600 4,980 2,315 2,660
Vietnamese 18,115 8,530 9,585 19,435 9,145 10,290
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 10 5 5
Austronesian languages 14,755 5,375 9,380 17,455 6,340 11,115
Bikol 90 30 65 100 35 65
Cebuano 575 200 375 650 230 425
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 305 90 215 370 120 255
Ilocano 1,720 630 1,095 1,910 695 1,210
Malagasy 410 185 230 445 200 250
Malay 400 165 235 455 185 270
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 145 65 80 180 80 95
Pangasinan 70 30 40 80 35 45
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,770 3,875 6,895 12,980 4,650 8,330
Waray-Waray 40 5 30 40 5 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 220 90 125 240 100 140
Creole languages 36,160 15,975 20,190 36,850 16,270 20,580
Haitian Creole 1,300 625 680 1,320 630 685
Creole, n.o.s. 34,390 15,105 19,290 35,015 15,370 19,650
Creole languages, n.i.e. 470 245 225 510 265 245
Dravidian languages 10,445 5,270 5,180 11,900 5,990 5,915
Kannada 150 80 70 200 105 95
Malayalam 250 140 110 335 185 150
Tamil 9,595 4,765 4,825 10,860 5,395 5,470
Telugu 450 280 170 495 300 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 20 10 10 20 10 10
Indo-European languages 286,810 138,535 148,280 328,955 158,575 170,380
Albanian 1,595 815 780 1,735 880 855
Armenian 6,330 2,995 3,335 7,455 3,530 3,925
Balto-Slavic languages 33,090 14,675 18,420 41,965 18,705 23,260
Baltic languages 380 140 245 570 200 365
Latvian 125 50 70 200 75 125
Lithuanian 260 90 170 370 125 240
Slavic languages 32,710 14,535 18,175 41,395 18,505 22,895
Belarusan 40 25 15 50 30 20
Bosnian 250 125 130 290 140 150
Bulgarian 3,625 1,725 1,905 4,300 2,060 2,245
Croatian 955 470 485 1,195 590 605
Czech 610 285 320 830 380 445
Macedonian 85 40 45 100 50 55
Polish 7,000 3,015 3,985 8,875 3,815 5,060
Russian 14,685 6,435 8,245 18,990 8,425 10,565
Serbian 1,240 605 635 1,490 725 765
Serbo-Croatian 415 185 225 480 215 265
Slovak 435 175 260 640 265 380
Slovene (Slovenian) 310 140 175 405 185 225
Ukrainian 2,995 1,285 1,710 3,680 1,590 2,085
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 80 40 40
Celtic languages 50 30 25 60 35 25
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 15 10 0
Welsh 15 5 10 15 5 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 35 15 10
Germanic languages 11,495 5,675 5,825 15,160 7,225 7,935
Afrikaans 50 30 25 70 35 35
Danish 145 65 80 205 90 115
Dutch 770 405 365 1,175 590 585
Frisian 5 5 0 5 0 0
German 3,990 1,845 2,145 6,075 2,695 3,380
Icelandic 30 15 20 55 25 25
Norwegian 65 35 25 115 60 50
Swedish 235 105 135 335 150 185
Vlaams (Flemish) 105 40 70 140 50 95
Yiddish 6,030 3,100 2,935 6,925 3,495 3,430
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 30 70 40 30
Greek 16,935 8,310 8,625 20,075 9,905 10,180
Indo-Iranian languages 44,150 22,955 21,190 52,615 27,185 25,430
Indo-Aryan languages 29,965 15,825 14,140 34,700 18,190 16,515
Bengali 9,290 4,740 4,545 9,620 4,915 4,710
Gujarati 4,075 2,030 2,040 5,120 2,515 2,600
Hindi 1,765 985 780 2,320 1,265 1,060
Kashmiri 15 15 0 15 15 0
Konkani 65 40 25 85 50 35
Marathi 150 95 55 195 120 80
Nepali 145 75 70 160 85 80
Oriya (Odia) 20 15 5 25 20 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 7,300 4,110 3,190 8,930 4,950 3,980
Sindhi 175 85 90 260 125 135
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 385 185 205 445 210 235
Urdu 6,580 3,455 3,125 7,520 3,925 3,595
Iranian languages 13,975 7,005 6,965 17,675 8,860 8,815
Kurdish 535 290 250 580 305 275
Pashto 845 445 400 905 480 425
Persian (Farsi) 12,585 6,270 6,315 16,185 8,070 8,110
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 210 120 85 235 135 100
Italic (Romance) languages 173,175 83,085 90,090 189,890 91,115 98,770
Catalan 195 95 100 215 105 110
Italian 67,800 32,300 35,500 74,490 35,605 38,880
Portuguese 17,130 8,260 8,870 18,525 8,890 9,640
Romanian 15,230 7,195 8,035 18,370 8,715 9,650
Spanish 72,760 35,210 37,550 78,220 37,760 40,460
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 70 40 35
Japanese 1,420 445 980 1,705 545 1,165
Kartvelian languages 125 60 70 140 70 75
Georgian 125 55 65 140 65 75
Korean 3,120 1,415 1,705 4,155 1,865 2,290
Mongolic languages 65 25 40 155 65 90
Mongolian 65 25 40 155 65 90
Niger-Congo languages 13,465 6,855 6,615 13,995 7,115 6,880
Akan (Twi) 690 340 350 790 390 400
Bamanankan 680 385 295 695 395 305
Edo 45 25 20 60 35 20
Ewe 320 175 140 330 180 145
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 1,145 595 550 1,185 615 570
Ga 45 25 25 55 25 30
Ganda 10 5 10 10 5 5
Igbo 65 40 25 80 45 35
Lingala 1,500 690 810 1,520 695 825
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,160 555 600 1,185 570 620
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 990 450 540 1,025 460 565
Shona 60 30 30 55 30 25
Swahili 870 415 460 895 425 470
Wolof 1,660 905 755 1,720 935 785
Yoruba 160 95 65 165 95 65
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,065 2,115 1,950 4,220 2,195 2,025
Nilo-Saharan languages 120 70 50 120 70 50
Dinka 0 0 0 0 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 120 70 50 120 70 50
Sign languages 375 200 180 415 220 195
American Sign Language 20 15 10 35 20 15
Quebec Sign Language 185 90 95 185 90 95
Sign languages, n.i.e 165 90 75 195 110 85
Sino-Tibetan languages 46,340 21,515 24,825 52,755 24,555 28,200
Chinese languages 46,205 21,445 24,755 52,615 24,480 28,130
Cantonese 14,435 6,790 7,640 15,850 7,470 8,385
Hakka 245 110 135 300 130 165
Mandarin 26,245 12,075 14,170 30,720 14,205 16,515
Min Dong 20 10 10 20 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,240 1,035 1,200 2,400 1,100 1,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 640 275 360 750 325 425
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,335 1,120 1,215 2,505 1,200 1,305
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 60 30 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 135 65 65 140 75 70
Burmese 45 15 30 45 15 30
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 35 20 15 35 20 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 30 20 55 35 25
Tai-Kadai languages 1,765 800 965 1,845 830 1,020
Lao 1,445 715 725 1,495 740 755
Thai 320 80 235 350 90 260
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 5 5 5
Turkic languages 5,035 2,580 2,455 5,555 2,835 2,720
Azerbaijani 160 95 65 205 115 90
Turkish 4,535 2,325 2,205 4,935 2,520 2,410
Uyghur 140 70 70 140 75 75
Uzbek 70 35 35 120 60 60
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 150 65 85
Uralic languages 2,715 1,210 1,510 4,020 1,775 2,245
Estonian 85 25 50 150 60 90
Finnish 165 55 110 220 70 150
Hungarian 2,465 1,125 1,345 3,650 1,650 2,005
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 365 200 170 395 210 180
Multiple responses 80,460 40,195 40,260 91,675 45,610 46,070
English and French 20,700 10,610 10,095 25,185 12,820 12,370
English and non-official language 15,390 7,540 7,850 18,760 9,105 9,655
French and non-official language 35,465 17,475 17,990 37,330 18,385 18,945
English, French and non-official language 8,900 4,575 4,325 10,410 5,305 5,100
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,680,905 821,035 859,875 1,914,760 933,260 981,495
Single responses 1,523,890 744,310 779,585 1,740,120 848,190 891,920
Official languages 1,208,800 593,825 614,980 1,390,200 681,120 709,085
English 305,620 153,160 152,460 437,070 216,650 220,420
French 903,180 440,665 462,520 953,130 464,465 488,665
Non-official languages 315,090 150,485 164,605 349,915 167,075 182,835
Aboriginal languages 185 85 100 230 100 130
Algonquian languages 110 50 60 135 60 75
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 105 45 55 130 60 70
Atikamekw 5 5 5 5 5 5
Montagnais (Innu) 15 5 15 15 5 15
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 0 5 5 5
Northern East Cree 20 10 10 30 15 15
Plains Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 5 5 0 5
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 55 25 25 65 30 35
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 5 0 0
Algonquin 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 50 20 30 70 25 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 40 15 25 60 20 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 10 5 0 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 10 5 10 10 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Comox 5 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 314,905 150,400 164,500 349,685 166,975 182,705
Afro-Asiatic languages 53,925 27,640 26,280 58,305 29,780 28,525
Berber languages 5,250 2,765 2,480 5,315 2,790 2,525
Kabyle 3,595 1,900 1,695 3,640 1,920 1,720
Berber languages, n.i.e. 1,645 860 785 1,675 875 800
Cushitic languages 325 145 185 335 145 195
Bilen 5 0 5 5 0 5
Oromo 5 5 0 5 0 0
Somali 320 140 185 325 135 185
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Semitic languages 48,295 24,715 23,585 52,600 26,815 25,780
Amharic 255 115 140 290 130 155
Arabic 46,920 24,030 22,890 50,575 25,800 24,770
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 35 10 20 35 15 20
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hebrew 895 465 430 1,500 775 730
Maltese 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tigrigna 175 80 95 180 85 95
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 15 5 10
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 60 25 35
Austro-Asiatic languages 17,000 7,900 9,100 17,930 8,340 9,585
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,060 1,400 1,660 3,120 1,425 1,695
Vietnamese 13,940 6,495 7,440 14,805 6,915 7,890
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 7,540 2,970 4,570 8,615 3,420 5,190
Bikol 10 5 10 10 5 5
Cebuano 195 85 110 210 90 115
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 95 40 60 115 50 65
Ilocano 645 265 385 695 285 410
Malagasy 125 70 55 135 70 65
Malay 120 60 55 130 70 65
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 45 25 20 55 30 25
Pangasinan 15 5 10 15 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,240 2,400 3,845 7,195 2,795 4,400
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 10 5 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 45 20 30
Creole languages 14,095 6,065 8,025 14,360 6,180 8,180
Haitian Creole 565 260 305 570 260 305
Creole, n.o.s. 13,345 5,720 7,620 13,580 5,825 7,755
Creole languages, n.i.e. 185 85 100 210 95 115
Dravidian languages 8,270 4,125 4,150 9,265 4,605 4,665
Kannada 95 55 40 120 70 55
Malayalam 115 60 55 155 75 80
Tamil 7,785 3,840 3,940 8,700 4,290 4,415
Telugu 260 160 105 280 165 115
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 15 10 5
Indo-European languages 165,335 78,500 86,835 185,570 88,155 97,420
Albanian 915 450 470 990 485 505
Armenian 4,550 2,095 2,460 5,185 2,375 2,810
Balto-Slavic languages 19,870 9,135 10,735 25,165 11,655 13,510
Baltic languages 100 40 55 135 55 85
Latvian 35 20 15 55 30 30
Lithuanian 65 25 40 80 30 55
Slavic languages 19,770 9,095 10,680 25,025 11,605 13,430
Belarusan 10 5 5 15 10 10
Bosnian 130 60 70 165 75 90
Bulgarian 2,590 1,255 1,340 3,115 1,500 1,610
Croatian 435 195 230 520 240 280
Czech 190 90 100 245 115 135
Macedonian 50 25 25 60 30 30
Polish 3,255 1,435 1,820 3,985 1,770 2,210
Russian 10,490 4,845 5,650 13,830 6,450 7,385
Serbian 730 360 375 870 430 445
Serbo-Croatian 175 80 100 200 90 110
Slovak 90 40 45 135 65 75
Slovene (Slovenian) 115 45 70 130 55 80
Ukrainian 1,490 655 835 1,725 765 955
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 20 10 10
Celtic languages 10 5 0 10 10 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 0 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 10 0
Germanic languages 5,625 2,895 2,735 6,165 3,130 3,035
Afrikaans 10 5 5 10 5 5
Danish 25 15 15 25 15 10
Dutch 120 60 60 190 90 95
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 695 320 380 1,075 485 595
Icelandic 20 5 10 30 15 20
Norwegian 5 5 0 10 10 5
Swedish 45 20 25 75 35 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 10 0 10
Yiddish 4,690 2,460 2,230 4,730 2,475 2,250
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 5
Greek 9,455 4,445 5,005 10,425 4,915 5,515
Indo-Iranian languages 31,610 15,955 15,660 37,260 18,705 18,555
Indo-Aryan languages 21,235 10,900 10,335 24,025 12,260 11,765
Bengali 7,095 3,525 3,570 7,295 3,620 3,670
Gujarati 2,680 1,315 1,370 3,290 1,600 1,685
Hindi 905 485 425 1,160 600 560
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 25 10 15 30 15 15
Marathi 45 25 20 65 35 30
Nepali 100 45 55 105 50 55
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 0 15 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,290 2,920 2,375 6,380 3,460 2,925
Sindhi 75 35 40 95 45 50
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 235 110 120 250 120 125
Urdu 4,770 2,425 2,345 5,350 2,715 2,635
Iranian languages 10,280 4,995 5,280 13,120 6,385 6,740
Kurdish 280 140 135 300 150 145
Pashto 650 320 325 675 335 335
Persian (Farsi) 9,355 4,530 4,820 12,150 5,900 6,255
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 100 55 40 115 60 50
Italic (Romance) languages 93,290 43,520 49,770 100,365 46,870 53,495
Catalan 75 35 40 85 40 45
Italian 26,930 11,775 15,155 27,910 12,205 15,705
Portuguese 9,015 4,260 4,755 9,655 4,555 5,100
Romanian 10,425 5,045 5,380 12,610 6,115 6,500
Spanish 46,830 22,395 24,435 50,085 23,950 26,140
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 25 15 10
Japanese 595 245 350 735 310 430
Kartvelian languages 55 30 30 65 35 30
Georgian 60 30 30 60 30 35
Korean 2,120 990 1,135 2,950 1,355 1,595
Mongolic languages 40 15 25 125 60 65
Mongolian 40 20 25 120 60 65
Niger-Congo languages 3,445 1,685 1,760 3,535 1,725 1,805
Akan (Twi) 345 170 180 370 180 190
Bamanankan 175 95 75 180 100 80
Edo 5 0 5 10 0 5
Ewe 75 30 40 75 30 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 350 170 180 355 175 180
Ga 10 5 5 10 5 5
Ganda 5 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 10 5 5 10 0 5
Lingala 380 160 220 375 155 220
Rundi (Kirundi) 355 165 190 360 170 195
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 255 110 145 270 115 155
Shona 20 5 10 20 10 10
Swahili 270 140 130 275 145 130
Wolof 525 290 235 535 300 240
Yoruba 35 15 20 40 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 635 315 310 645 325 320
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 20 10 35 20 15
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 40 25 15
Sign languages 520 305 215 585 345 245
American Sign Language 35 15 20 45 20 25
Quebec Sign Language 245 120 120 245 130 125
Sign languages, n.i.e 245 165 75 290 195 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,590 17,315 19,275 41,620 19,770 21,845
Chinese languages 36,530 17,285 19,245 41,560 19,745 21,820
Cantonese 10,795 5,075 5,725 11,620 5,465 6,160
Hakka 95 45 50 105 50 55
Mandarin 22,200 10,560 11,640 26,080 12,475 13,605
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,320 600 720 1,410 645 770
Wu (Shanghainese) 485 215 265 580 265 315
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,620 775 840 1,730 830 905
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 30 15 15
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 30 30 60 30 30
Burmese 20 5 10 20 10 10
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 15 10 5 15 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 25 15 10
Tai-Kadai languages 900 440 455 930 455 475
Lao 780 395 390 810 405 405
Thai 115 50 70 120 50 75
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 3,345 1,670 1,680 3,620 1,800 1,820
Azerbaijani 45 20 25 65 35 35
Turkish 3,110 1,550 1,565 3,315 1,645 1,665
Uyghur 100 55 45 100 55 45
Uzbek 50 25 25 90 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 50 20 30
Uralic languages 990 420 570 1,335 565 775
Estonian 10 0 10 25 10 15
Finnish 25 15 15 35 15 20
Hungarian 955 405 545 1,280 535 735
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 90 55 35 95 55 35
Multiple responses 157,015 76,725 80,290 174,640 85,065 89,575
English and French 28,945 14,840 14,100 34,135 17,340 16,800
English and non-official language 31,285 15,045 16,245 38,285 18,350 19,930
French and non-official language 74,940 35,805 39,130 77,415 36,940 40,475
English, French and non-official language 21,850 11,035 10,815 24,805 12,435 12,365
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,680,910 821,035 859,870 1,914,760 933,260 981,495
None 1,198,670 581,675 616,995 1,358,395 658,445 699,950
English 141,405 71,900 69,510 164,875 83,085 81,790
French 132,810 65,560 67,250 156,830 77,375 79,450
Non-official language 163,565 79,705 83,855 183,265 88,830 94,430
Aboriginal 230 80 150 280 100 180
Non-Aboriginal 163,335 79,625 83,710 182,980 88,730 94,250
English and French 18,890 9,545 9,345 21,910 11,010 10,900
English and non-official language 12,725 6,350 6,380 13,995 6,950 7,045
French and non-official language 12,055 5,890 6,170 14,580 7,085 7,495
English, French and non-official language 780 410 370 905 470 435
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,397,900 678,980 718,920 1,591,005 770,805 820,205
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,343,685 653,790 689,895 1,527,425 741,020 786,410
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,321 30,656 26,377 29,198 31,716 27,061
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,343,835 653,830 690,010 1,527,625 741,070 786,560
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,237 27,892 24,825 26,873 28,718 25,306
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,150,920 570,610 580,300 1,319,250 651,485 667,770
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,049 30,675 23,748 27,843 31,722 24,323
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,085,230 504,070 581,160 1,220,350 562,060 658,295
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,800 2,901 7,380 4,964 2,979 7,393
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 945,525 486,595 458,930 1,076,775 552,940 523,830
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,610 31,118 26,099 29,102 31,811 26,411
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,397,885 678,870 719,015 1,590,985 770,725 820,255
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,343,415 653,590 689,825 1,526,955 740,630 786,320
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,079 44,701 35,699 43,670 50,317 37,410
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,343,565 653,625 689,940 1,527,150 740,680 786,470
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,905 35,776 30,184 35,155 39,256 31,292
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,150,355 570,415 579,940 1,318,335 651,120 667,220
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,573 45,630 33,616 43,430 51,690 35,370
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,084,900 503,345 581,560 1,220,065 561,415 658,650
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,668 6,334 8,823 7,727 6,430 8,832
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 945,510 486,525 458,985 1,076,765 553,085 523,680
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,692 44,345 34,759 42,754 49,167 35,982
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,397,885 678,875 719,015 1,590,980 770,730 820,255
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 393,485 216,495 176,990 451,850 249,200 202,655
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 45,987 48,513 43,443 47,182 50,049 44,352
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,373 62,299 51,348 62,105 69,189 53,395
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.5 89.1 79.2 85.8 90.2 80.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.8 73.9 64.9 69.1 73.0 64.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.5 10.9 20.8 14.2 9.8 19.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,397,900 678,985 718,920 1,591,005 770,800 820,205
Without total income 54,215 25,190 29,025 63,580 29,780 33,800
With total income 1,343,690 653,790 689,895 1,527,425 741,020 786,405
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.3 96.0 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 211,945 106,555 105,395 239,230 118,900 120,330
$10,000 to $19,999 276,675 119,270 157,405 304,770 130,870 173,895
$20,000 to $29,999 213,200 95,425 117,775 235,475 104,545 130,935
$30,000 to $39,999 168,005 81,390 86,620 186,815 89,430 97,390
$40,000 to $49,999 135,770 65,275 70,500 152,610 72,485 80,125
$50,000 to $59,999 94,615 46,715 47,900 107,705 52,510 55,195
$60,000 to $69,999 65,325 33,640 31,690 75,560 38,430 37,130
$70,000 to $79,999 49,145 26,100 23,040 57,765 30,275 27,490
$80,000 to $89,999 33,880 18,860 15,020 40,455 22,220 18,230
$90,000 to $99,999 22,685 13,565 9,115 27,515 16,235 11,280
$100,000 and over 72,445 47,005 25,440 99,530 65,125 34,410
$100,000 to $149,999 46,530 29,145 17,385 59,525 37,210 22,315
$150,000 and over 25,910 17,855 8,055 40,005 27,915 12,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,397,905 678,980 718,920 1,591,010 770,800 820,205
Without after-tax income 54,065 25,155 28,905 63,375 29,730 33,650
With after-tax income 1,343,835 653,830 690,010 1,527,630 741,070 786,560
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.3 96.0 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 216,265 107,895 108,370 244,915 120,610 124,305
$10,000 to $19,999 288,340 125,300 163,040 317,790 137,530 180,260
$20,000 to $29,999 253,845 116,805 137,045 280,350 127,895 152,455
$30,000 to $39,999 209,565 102,120 107,445 233,885 112,565 121,315
$40,000 to $49,999 142,420 69,510 72,905 161,415 77,850 83,565
$50,000 to $59,999 86,865 44,745 42,125 100,755 51,380 49,375
$60,000 to $69,999 53,950 29,220 24,730 64,225 34,415 29,810
$70,000 to $79,999 30,835 18,100 12,745 37,685 21,995 15,695
$80,000 and over 61,735 40,130 21,605 86,605 56,830 29,775
$80,000 to $89,999 18,490 11,360 7,125 23,470 14,370 9,100
$90,000 to $99,999 11,545 7,265 4,280 15,190 9,590 5,605
$100,000 and over 31,700 21,505 10,195 47,945 32,870 15,070
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,397,905 678,985 718,915 1,591,005 770,800 820,205
Without employment income 452,380 192,390 259,985 514,235 217,860 296,375
With employment income 945,520 486,595 458,930 1,076,770 552,940 523,830
Percentage with employment income 67.6 71.7 63.8 67.7 71.7 63.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 129,415 63,210 66,210 149,120 72,790 76,330
$5,000 to $9,999 82,455 38,605 43,855 93,250 43,420 49,830
$10,000 to $19,999 150,655 72,640 78,020 167,710 80,255 87,455
$20,000 to $29,999 126,295 62,060 64,235 139,770 68,060 71,710
$30,000 to $39,999 113,045 57,585 55,460 124,895 62,855 62,045
$40,000 to $49,999 90,455 45,535 44,920 100,740 50,140 50,605
$50,000 to $59,999 66,290 35,090 31,195 74,565 38,930 35,640
$60,000 to $69,999 48,415 26,380 22,040 55,000 29,590 25,405
$70,000 to $79,999 39,720 21,685 18,030 45,820 24,710 21,105
$80,000 and over 98,775 63,795 34,975 125,895 82,190 43,705
$80,000 to $89,999 25,720 15,455 10,270 30,005 17,920 12,080
$90,000 to $99,999 17,360 10,990 6,370 20,740 13,030 7,710
$100,000 and over 55,685 37,355 18,335 75,150 51,240 23,915
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 779,805 ... ... 870,370 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 50,227 ... ... 52,519 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 44,737 ... ... 46,559 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 318,325 ... ... 342,510 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,985 ... ... 30,642 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,376 ... ... 27,860 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 461,475 ... ... 527,865 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,818 ... ... 71,245 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 60,458 ... ... 62,917 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 779,795 ... ... 870,370 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,047 ... ... 76,614 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,694 ... ... 61,682 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 318,385 ... ... 342,495 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,111 ... ... 41,473 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,011 ... ... 33,940 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 461,415 ... ... 527,885 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,013 ... ... 99,413 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,035 ... ... 79,682 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 779,800 ... ... 870,375 ... ...
Under $5,000 22,980 ... ... 24,465 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 20,945 ... ... 21,890 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 36,535 ... ... 38,235 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 50,620 ... ... 53,475 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 46,735 ... ... 50,070 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 41,760 ... ... 44,750 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 42,575 ... ... 45,720 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 43,795 ... ... 47,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 42,770 ... ... 46,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 39,400 ... ... 42,660 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 71,115 ... ... 77,510 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 57,495 ... ... 63,470 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 47,510 ... ... 52,580 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 38,325 ... ... 43,035 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 30,990 ... ... 35,265 ... ...
$100,000 and over 146,255 ... ... 184,085 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 53,650 ... ... 62,300 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,505 ... ... 39,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 31,690 ... ... 40,015 ... ...
$200,000 and over 28,410 ... ... 42,665 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 779,800 ... ... 870,370 ... ...
Under $5,000 23,890 ... ... 25,565 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 21,120 ... ... 22,120 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 36,825 ... ... 38,565 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 53,100 ... ... 56,115 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 52,565 ... ... 56,305 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 49,370 ... ... 52,835 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 53,440 ... ... 57,450 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 53,085 ... ... 57,290 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 49,085 ... ... 53,145 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 45,885 ... ... 49,970 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 77,935 ... ... 85,660 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 60,575 ... ... 67,270 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 46,000 ... ... 52,000 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 35,720 ... ... 41,020 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 27,290 ... ... 31,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 93,935 ... ... 123,165 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,190 ... ... 52,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 21,615 ... ... 27,430 ... ...
$150,000 and over 29,130 ... ... 43,565 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 424,385 ... ... 489,520 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 69,228 ... ... 72,845 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 61,440 ... ... 64,039 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 147,710 ... ... 169,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,398 ... ... 71,408 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 59,257 ... ... 61,304 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 174,975 ... ... 208,095 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 85,922 ... ... 91,649 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 75,700 ... ... 79,750 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 86,210 ... ... 95,475 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,091 ... ... 49,168 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,619 ... ... 45,426 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 424,155 ... ... 489,420 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,334 ... ... 102,221 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,601 ... ... 81,540 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 147,375 ... ... 168,840 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,609 ... ... 101,556 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,054 ... ... 79,271 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 175,175 ... ... 208,250 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,831 ... ... 124,472 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,541 ... ... 98,758 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 86,130 ... ... 95,425 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,956 ... ... 60,918 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,198 ... ... 52,129 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 415,420 207,150 208,270 443,405 218,395 225,010
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,434 26,492 26,381 27,024 26,960 27,071
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,759 24,615 24,877 25,186 24,951 25,373
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 415,055 206,890 208,170 442,760 217,830 224,930
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,387 37,108 35,669 37,613 38,298 36,950
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,277 30,474 30,082 31,122 31,265 30,983
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,663,235 814,235 849,005 1,894,995 925,870 969,130
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,105,685 533,730 571,950 1,202,765 579,085 623,680
In the bottom decile 270,515 135,490 135,030 287,610 143,600 144,005
In the second decile 235,050 108,580 126,470 252,935 116,590 136,340
In the third decile 234,665 112,495 122,165 255,250 122,140 133,110
In the fourth decile 200,310 96,825 103,480 221,160 106,575 114,585
In the fifth decile 165,145 80,340 84,810 185,815 90,175 95,640
In the top half of the distribution 557,555 280,500 277,050 692,230 346,780 345,450
In the sixth decile 139,305 68,705 70,595 160,105 78,680 81,425
In the seventh decile 122,585 61,260 61,325 143,930 71,540 72,390
In the eighth decile 109,275 54,880 54,395 132,120 66,215 65,905
In the ninth decile 94,965 48,590 46,375 119,890 60,885 59,005
In the top decile 91,430 47,065 44,365 136,185 69,465 66,725
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,663,235 814,235 849,005 1,894,995 925,865 969,135
0 to 17 years 310,170 157,955 152,215 358,105 182,640 175,460
0 to 5 years 117,485 60,060 57,425 130,840 66,865 63,970
18 to 64 years 1,109,830 551,635 558,195 1,247,980 617,995 629,985
65 years and over 243,230 104,645 138,590 288,910 125,230 163,680
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 377,955 181,580 196,375 403,880 193,540 210,345
0 to 17 years 75,150 38,305 36,845 81,100 41,415 39,685
0 to 5 years 28,090 14,260 13,825 29,655 15,075 14,580
18 to 64 years 247,190 122,800 124,385 262,435 129,925 132,505
65 years and over 55,615 20,470 35,140 60,350 22,195 38,150
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 22.7 22.3 23.1 21.3 20.9 21.7
0 to 17 years (%) 24.2 24.3 24.2 22.6 22.7 22.6
0 to 5 years (%) 23.9 23.7 24.1 22.7 22.5 22.8
18 to 64 years (%) 22.3 22.3 22.3 21.0 21.0 21.0
65 years and over (%) 22.9 19.6 25.4 20.9 17.7 23.3
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 319,685 157,660 162,020 339,685 166,970 172,710
0 to 17 years 56,730 28,980 27,750 61,200 31,295 29,910
0 to 5 years 21,205 10,770 10,435 22,345 11,355 10,985
18 to 64 years 224,180 114,575 109,605 236,690 120,520 116,175
65 years and over 38,775 14,100 24,670 41,790 15,160 26,630
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 19.2 19.4 19.1 17.9 18.0 17.8
0 to 17 years (%) 18.3 18.3 18.2 17.1 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 18.0 17.9 18.2 17.1 17.0 17.2
18 to 64 years (%) 20.2 20.8 19.6 19.0 19.5 18.4
65 years and over (%) 15.9 13.5 17.8 14.5 12.1 16.3
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,663,220 814,170 849,050 1,894,995 925,815 969,180
Official languages 1,621,610 798,110 823,500 1,850,005 908,350 941,655
English 1,127,835 576,030 551,805 1,342,265 680,010 662,255
French 1,452,245 712,000 740,245 1,631,820 799,640 832,180
Non-official languages 799,635 386,350 413,290 900,345 433,465 466,885
Aboriginal languages 575 280 300 755 340 415
Algonquian languages 290 160 130 330 185 145
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 230 110 115 265 130 130
Atikamekw 10 0 10 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 45 20 25 55 25 30
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 70 45 20 70 40 25
Plains Cree 0 10 0 10 10 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 90 30 60 120 45 75
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 15 10 25 25 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 25 15 10 30 20 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 20 10 25 20 10
Algonquin 25 10 10 20 10 10
Ojibway 10 0 0 10 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 240 95 150 370 120 250
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 200 80 125 335 110 220
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 40 15 30
Iroquoian languages 35 30 10 45 35 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 30 30 0 35 35 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 10 0 0 0 0 10
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 10 10 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 799,105 386,095 413,015 899,645 433,150 466,495
Afro-Asiatic languages 167,415 88,245 79,175 188,110 98,615 89,495
Berber languages 18,170 9,630 8,535 18,525 9,830 8,695
Kabyle 10,980 5,855 5,125 11,195 5,980 5,210
Berber languages, n.i.e. 7,300 3,835 3,460 7,440 3,905 3,535
Cushitic languages 1,040 500 535 1,045 510 540
Bilen 35 20 10 35 20 15
Oromo 30 25 0 25 20 10
Somali 970 455 510 975 460 515
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 10 0 0
Semitic languages 158,275 83,345 74,930 178,735 93,595 85,140
Amharic 730 370 355 820 405 415
Arabic 149,650 78,670 70,975 162,300 85,065 77,240
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 65 30 35 70 35 40
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 10 0 10 10 10 0
Hebrew 8,120 4,445 3,680 16,165 8,435 7,730
Maltese 10 0 10 10 10 0
Tigrigna 260 120 135 255 125 130
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 55 15 80 55 25
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 400 200 195 435 220 215
Austro-Asiatic languages 28,895 13,845 15,055 30,725 14,715 16,010
Khmer (Cambodian) 6,220 3,010 3,215 6,335 3,050 3,285
Vietnamese 22,915 10,955 11,960 24,615 11,780 12,835
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 20 15 10
Austronesian languages 21,235 8,090 13,145 25,320 9,560 15,760
Bikol 95 40 50 105 45 55
Cebuano 630 230 400 715 260 455
Fijian 0 0 0 0 10 0
Hiligaynon 350 120 235 445 160 290
Ilocano 1,910 720 1,190 2,270 825 1,440
Malagasy 775 375 400 835 405 435
Malay 625 260 365 715 290 425
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 130 60 65 165 80 85
Pangasinan 45 10 35 50 15 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 18,985 7,090 11,900 22,770 8,440 14,335
Waray-Waray 35 10 25 40 10 30
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 275 120 150 320 150 175
Creole languages 68,360 30,615 37,745 70,350 31,455 38,895
Haitian Creole 2,835 1,345 1,495 2,895 1,370 1,525
Creole, n.o.s. 64,570 28,850 35,720 66,340 29,580 36,765
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,325 620 700 1,485 705 780
Dravidian languages 13,030 6,775 6,260 14,890 7,650 7,240
Kannada 270 140 130 365 180 180
Malayalam 275 160 120 395 225 170
Tamil 11,980 6,170 5,815 13,650 6,960 6,695
Telugu 770 455 315 835 485 345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 30 15 15 30 15 15
Indo-European languages 427,865 204,965 222,905 490,850 234,270 256,580
Albanian 1,875 950 925 2,065 1,045 1,025
Armenian 7,595 3,565 4,030 9,210 4,370 4,840
Balto-Slavic languages 42,815 19,665 23,150 53,575 24,605 28,970
Baltic languages 505 240 265 715 330 385
Latvian 165 80 85 240 110 135
Lithuanian 340 155 180 475 225 255
Slavic languages 42,420 19,480 22,935 52,990 24,340 28,645
Belarusan 110 35 75 190 80 110
Bosnian 280 130 150 330 150 180
Bulgarian 3,765 1,785 1,980 4,430 2,115 2,310
Croatian 1,465 680 780 1,795 855 940
Czech 905 430 475 1,275 575 700
Macedonian 100 40 65 140 55 80
Polish 8,815 3,945 4,870 11,085 4,910 6,170
Russian 24,100 11,260 12,840 30,185 14,095 16,090
Serbian 1,640 750 890 1,935 890 1,050
Serbo-Croatian 565 240 320 635 275 360
Slovak 615 295 315 850 395 450
Slovene (Slovenian) 420 190 230 570 270 305
Ukrainian 5,170 2,230 2,945 6,175 2,680 3,495
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 95 45 55
Celtic languages 230 150 85 280 175 105
Scottish Gaelic 75 45 25 85 55 30
Welsh 40 25 20 45 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 125 80 45 160 100 55
Germanic languages 26,810 13,735 13,075 34,400 16,995 17,405
Afrikaans 175 125 55 230 165 70
Danish 365 165 200 450 210 240
Dutch 1,760 965 795 2,350 1,225 1,120
Frisian 0 0 0 0 10 0
German 16,280 8,320 7,960 21,045 10,415 10,630
Icelandic 65 45 20 95 65 30
Norwegian 175 75 100 300 135 165
Swedish 740 360 375 920 410 510
Vlaams (Flemish) 215 55 160 250 70 185
Yiddish 7,805 4,055 3,750 9,880 4,910 4,965
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 85 45 40
Greek 21,895 10,685 11,205 26,310 12,845 13,465
Indo-Iranian languages 54,120 27,940 26,185 64,655 33,330 31,320
Indo-Aryan languages 37,575 19,815 17,765 43,825 22,985 20,840
Bengali 10,745 5,495 5,260 11,090 5,680 5,410
Gujarati 5,185 2,545 2,635 6,565 3,235 3,330
Hindi 9,530 5,245 4,290 11,865 6,415 5,450
Kashmiri 35 30 10 35 30 10
Konkani 60 40 25 115 55 60
Marathi 285 155 135 375 195 180
Nepali 135 75 60 135 75 60
Oriya (Odia) 40 25 15 40 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10,615 5,985 4,630 12,800 7,135 5,665
Sindhi 255 110 140 350 160 195
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 755 370 385 925 440 485
Urdu 9,715 5,115 4,595 11,255 5,930 5,315
Iranian languages 16,935 8,350 8,590 21,235 10,575 10,660
Kurdish 610 305 300 675 340 335
Pashto 1,085 590 495 1,140 615 525
Persian (Farsi) 15,420 7,560 7,860 19,650 9,770 9,880
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 365 210 155 450 260 190
Italic (Romance) languages 289,415 136,245 153,165 320,755 150,495 170,260
Catalan 500 305 195 550 330 220
Italian 102,355 48,730 53,625 114,505 54,380 60,120
Portuguese 25,510 12,855 12,650 27,360 13,775 13,585
Romanian 18,340 8,625 9,715 22,115 10,440 11,675
Spanish 160,995 74,640 86,350 176,745 81,465 95,285
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 185 115 70 230 145 85
Japanese 3,725 1,690 2,035 4,275 1,930 2,345
Kartvelian languages 135 70 65 190 90 100
Georgian 135 65 65 195 90 95
Korean 3,665 1,740 1,930 4,930 2,315 2,620
Mongolic languages 110 65 50 205 110 95
Mongolian 115 60 55 205 105 100
Niger-Congo languages 25,760 13,035 12,720 26,800 13,565 13,240
Akan (Twi) 1,210 640 570 1,350 710 640
Bamanankan 1,285 675 610 1,305 685 620
Edo 120 50 75 145 60 80
Ewe 710 475 235 730 490 240
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,025 1,085 940 2,090 1,115 980
Ga 125 65 55 170 100 75
Ganda 25 10 20 30 10 25
Igbo 160 105 55 180 115 60
Lingala 5,335 2,385 2,955 5,470 2,455 3,015
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,465 690 770 1,510 715 790
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,380 660 720 1,420 680 745
Shona 95 50 40 105 55 50
Swahili 2,865 1,440 1,430 2,985 1,500 1,490
Wolof 3,155 1,725 1,435 3,295 1,800 1,495
Yoruba 545 300 250 590 330 260
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 8,680 4,500 4,175 8,970 4,620 4,345
Nilo-Saharan languages 175 115 65 205 125 75
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 180 115 65 205 130 75
Sign languages 2,000 820 1,180 2,135 890 1,245
American Sign Language 250 95 155 300 125 180
Quebec Sign Language 1,140 425 715 1,160 435 730
Sign languages, n.i.e. 690 340 355 760 370 390
Sino-Tibetan languages 54,085 25,385 28,700 61,480 28,975 32,505
Chinese languages 53,955 25,310 28,645 61,355 28,905 32,450
Cantonese 19,010 8,855 10,155 20,895 9,735 11,155
Hakka 295 140 155 385 170 210
Mandarin 34,945 16,160 18,785 40,720 18,965 21,755
Min Dong 20 0 10 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,800 1,230 1,575 2,990 1,310 1,675
Wu (Shanghainese) 770 345 425 925 420 505
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,165 1,550 1,615 3,410 1,665 1,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 75 35 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 150 95 60 155 95 65
Burmese 65 40 25 70 40 30
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 25 25 0 30 25 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 25 30 60 25 30
Tai-Kadai languages 2,630 1,245 1,375 2,785 1,315 1,475
Lao 1,980 990 990 2,100 1,035 1,060
Thai 930 385 545 970 400 570
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 10 0 0
Turkic languages 7,270 3,640 3,630 8,200 4,105 4,100
Azerbaijani 305 170 130 400 220 175
Turkish 6,660 3,350 3,310 7,400 3,705 3,695
Uyghur 175 85 90 175 85 90
Uzbek 120 50 75 185 80 110
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 120 50 75 175 85 85
Uralic languages 3,450 1,595 1,850 4,905 2,205 2,705
Estonian 50 25 25 105 45 60
Finnish 215 70 145 270 100 170
Hungarian 3,180 1,500 1,680 4,525 2,060 2,470
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 975 550 425 1,070 590 485
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,663,225 814,170 849,050 1,895,000 925,815 969,185
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,435,340 700,545 734,795 1,648,430 803,195 845,235
Canadian citizens aged under 18 278,775 141,915 136,860 322,920 164,560 158,370
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,156,570 558,635 597,935 1,325,505 638,635 686,870
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 227,880 113,625 114,255 246,565 122,620 123,945
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,663,220 814,170 849,050 1,894,995 925,815 969,185
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,033,590 507,215 526,370 1,187,260 582,140 605,120
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 570,940 275,645 295,295 644,680 310,250 334,430
Before 1981 115,540 54,335 61,205 141,755 66,725 75,035
1981 to 1990 64,650 32,005 32,650 74,335 36,560 37,775
1991 to 2000 96,815 45,960 50,860 108,760 51,330 57,430
2001 to 2010 165,470 80,350 85,120 181,195 87,585 93,610
2001 to 2005 67,025 32,555 34,475 74,840 36,150 38,695
2006 to 2010 98,445 47,795 50,650 106,360 51,435 54,920
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 128,460 62,995 65,465 138,635 68,055 70,585
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 58,690 31,310 27,380 63,060 33,425 29,630
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 570,940 275,645 295,300 644,685 310,250 334,430
Under 5 years 50,420 25,180 25,240 58,110 28,910 29,200
5 to 14 years 85,295 42,275 43,015 97,545 48,375 49,175
15 to 24 years 114,050 51,595 62,455 128,855 58,300 70,560
25 to 44 years 280,970 138,380 142,585 314,350 153,930 160,420
45 years and over 40,210 18,215 21,995 45,815 20,740 25,075
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 570,945 275,645 295,300 644,685 310,250 334,435
Americas 130,230 59,645 70,585 140,935 64,340 76,600
Brazil 3,530 1,700 1,830 3,960 1,865 2,090
Colombia 8,495 3,990 4,505 9,135 4,295 4,835
El Salvador 6,765 3,355 3,410 6,965 3,470 3,500
Guyana 1,390 585 805 1,825 765 1,060
Haiti 49,145 21,480 27,665 50,160 21,900 28,255
Jamaica 2,930 1,245 1,685 3,555 1,525 2,035
Mexico 8,275 3,855 4,415 9,155 4,205 4,955
Peru 6,895 3,080 3,815 7,400 3,280 4,115
Trinidad and Tobago 2,265 1,030 1,235 2,895 1,305 1,595
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 9,780 5,130 4,650 12,335 6,325 6,005
Other places of birth in Americas 30,760 14,190 16,565 33,555 15,400 18,160
Europe 148,260 71,355 76,900 172,245 82,670 89,580
Bosnia and Herzegovina 670 340 330 735 370 365
Croatia 885 435 450 1,075 540 540
France 35,390 18,600 16,785 38,165 20,010 18,155
Germany 2,845 1,210 1,630 4,240 1,780 2,455
Greece 9,150 4,405 4,745 10,320 4,995 5,320
Hungary 1,545 760 785 2,270 1,025 1,240
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 290 165 125 490 270 220
Italy 36,455 17,055 19,395 39,105 18,405 20,700
Netherlands 615 335 275 915 490 420
Poland 5,395 2,285 3,110 6,930 2,955 3,975
Portugal 9,080 4,200 4,875 9,480 4,385 5,100
Romania 11,545 5,305 6,240 14,250 6,555 7,695
Russian Federation 5,850 2,510 3,340 7,480 3,245 4,235
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 815 365 455 1,040 465 575
Ukraine 4,705 2,010 2,700 5,750 2,490 3,260
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,115 2,215 1,895 7,105 3,680 3,420
Other places of birth in Europe 18,915 9,160 9,755 22,890 10,990 11,900
Africa 133,030 68,845 64,190 143,550 74,055 69,495
Algeria 39,340 20,465 18,875 40,140 20,915 19,220
Egypt 9,590 4,955 4,635 12,710 6,535 6,170
Ethiopia 655 330 325 735 370 370
Kenya 285 150 135 425 205 220
Morocco 33,665 17,405 16,260 37,365 19,155 18,205
Nigeria 770 415 360 910 495 415
Somalia 430 210 220 440 205 230
South Africa, Republic of 330 180 145 505 275 230
Other places of birth in Africa 47,965 24,730 23,235 50,335 25,885 24,450
Asia 158,735 75,415 83,320 187,130 88,725 98,400
Afghanistan 1,305 660 645 1,490 735 755
Bangladesh 6,615 3,325 3,290 6,865 3,440 3,425
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 26,630 11,540 15,085 30,715 13,440 17,275
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 2,235 1,080 1,155 2,800 1,335 1,460
India 10,135 5,280 4,855 13,340 6,920 6,425
IranCensus data footnote 61 10,910 5,305 5,600 14,160 6,970 7,190
Iraq 1,620 860 760 1,980 1,035 945
Japan 940 260 685 1,150 300 855
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,120 965 1,160 2,800 1,265 1,535
Lebanon 17,265 9,245 8,020 20,015 10,680 9,335
Pakistan 5,765 3,055 2,705 6,725 3,550 3,180
Philippines 16,970 6,425 10,550 20,535 7,730 12,805
Sri Lanka 7,325 3,675 3,650 8,315 4,135 4,180
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 9,060 4,590 4,470 10,080 5,050 5,025
Taiwan 1,330 540 790 1,660 675 985
Viet Nam 16,665 7,755 8,910 17,845 8,295 9,550
Other places of birth in Asia 21,850 10,855 11,000 26,650 13,175 13,470
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 695 390 305 825 460 360
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 128,460 62,995 65,465 138,635 68,050 70,585
Americas 27,445 13,030 14,415 29,030 13,815 15,215
Brazil 1,595 805 790 1,730 870 860
Colombia 2,975 1,435 1,540 3,180 1,535 1,645
Cuba 1,215 625 595 1,265 650 615
Haiti 11,640 5,315 6,330 11,775 5,370 6,405
Jamaica 105 85 25 125 90 35
Mexico 2,390 1,130 1,260 2,595 1,215 1,380
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,165 1,225 940 2,510 1,415 1,095
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 985 480 510 1,125 540 585
Other places of birth in Americas 4,370 1,945 2,425 4,720 2,130 2,595
Europe 22,715 11,590 11,125 24,950 12,790 12,155
France 11,990 6,440 5,555 12,465 6,725 5,735
Germany 300 135 170 325 155 175
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 80 65 15 80 60 20
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 2,560 1,140 1,415 2,905 1,325