Census Profile, 2016 Census
Montréal, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Montréal, V
Quebec
[Census subdivision]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Montréal, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec  Map : Montréal, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,704,694 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,649,519 ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 843,872 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 779,802 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,662.1 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 365.65 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,704,695 830,930 873,765 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 265,785 135,490 130,295 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 98,815 50,510 48,300 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 91,005 46,335 44,670 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 75,965 38,640 37,325 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 1,165,895 581,940 583,955 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 81,790 41,070 40,720 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 123,925 61,105 62,825 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 142,400 70,090 72,305 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 141,520 69,615 71,905 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 134,710 67,500 67,210 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 114,785 58,595 56,195 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 109,250 56,180 53,065 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 113,465 58,220 55,240 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 109,560 54,240 55,325 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 94,490 45,315 49,170 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 273,015 113,505 159,515 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 80,575 37,465 43,110 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 61,060 26,760 34,300 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 48,665 20,190 28,470 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 39,765 15,750 24,015 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 42,960 13,340 29,615 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 27,115 9,340 17,775 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 12,190 3,335 8,860 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 3,135 585 2,550 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 510 75 435 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.6 16.3 14.9 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 68.4 70.0 66.8 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 16.0 13.7 18.3 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 2.5 1.6 3.4 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 40.3 39.0 41.4 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 38.5 37.7 39.3 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 779,805 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 57,130 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 110,475 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 611,795 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 25,415 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 25,705 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 106,095 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 451,305 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 3,275 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 405 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 779,805 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 318,325 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 231,615 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 104,190 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 81,550 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 44,130 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,663,235 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 2.1 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,438,910 695,440 743,470 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 685,000 345,290 339,700 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 478,480 240,005 238,480 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 206,520 105,290 101,225 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 753,915 350,145 403,765 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 530,785 279,685 251,100 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 30,350 12,800 17,550 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 114,570 42,725 71,845 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 78,210 14,935 63,270 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 419,750 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 213,020 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 94,690 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 77,320 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 34,715 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 419,755 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 329,780 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 226,615 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 103,165 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 89,970 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 73,455 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 16,520 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 329,780 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 155,320 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 174,455 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 70,975 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 70,935 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 32,550 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 89,975 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 57,700 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 23,720 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 8,555 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 456,810 225,415 231,395 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 779,805 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 405,925 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 150,715 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 255,210 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 6,780 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 367,090 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 318,325 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 48,770 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,680,910 821,035 859,870 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 170,490 86,310 84,180 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 503,105 224,265 278,840 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 965,480 494,050 471,430 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 41,835 16,415 25,420 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,680,910 821,035 859,875 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 400,245 200,775 199,470 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 1,097,345 530,565 566,780 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 142,675 73,850 68,825 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 40,645 15,845 24,800 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 471,585 237,700 233,880 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 28.1 29.0 27.2 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,680,905 821,035 859,875 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 1,600,455 780,840 819,610 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 1,041,420 509,795 531,620 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 208,140 104,900 103,245 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 833,280 404,900 428,380 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 559,030 271,040 287,995 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 475 170 305 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 265 100 165 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 230 80 150 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 25 5 20 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 45 10 30 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 15 5 10 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 35 15 25 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 5 0 5 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 105 35 70 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 5 5 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 15 10 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 20 10 5 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 5 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 145 40 110 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 125 35 90 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 30 15 15 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 25 15 15 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 5 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 10 10 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 558,560 270,870 287,690 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 112,440 59,540 52,905 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 13,730 7,305 6,425 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 8,460 4,510 3,945 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5,275 2,795 2,480 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 680 325 355 1,125 545 580
Bilen 10 5 5 10 10 5
Oromo 5 5 0 15 10 5
Somali 645 300 345 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 30 20 10
Semitic languages 97,870 51,815 46,050 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 510 240 270 745 340 405
Arabic 95,165 50,450 44,715 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 50 25 25 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 5 5 15 10 5
Harari 5 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 1,785 925 860 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 10 5 5 25 10 15
Tigrigna 305 145 160 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 165 90 70 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 23,000 10,805 12,195 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 4,875 2,265 2,600 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 18,115 8,530 9,585 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 14,755 5,375 9,380 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 90 30 65 115 35 80
Cebuano 575 200 375 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 305 90 215 410 125 275
Ilocano 1,720 630 1,095 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 410 185 230 1,250 590 660
Malay 400 165 235 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 145 65 80 205 90 110
Pangasinan 70 30 40 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,770 3,875 6,895 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 40 5 30 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 220 90 125 320 140 180
Creole languages 36,160 15,975 20,190 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 1,300 625 680 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 34,390 15,105 19,290 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 470 245 225 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 10,445 5,270 5,180 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 150 80 70 240 130 110
Malayalam 250 140 110 440 235 205
Tamil 9,595 4,765 4,825 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 450 280 170 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 20 10 10 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 286,810 138,535 148,280 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 1,595 815 780 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 6,330 2,995 3,335 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 33,090 14,675 18,420 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 380 140 245 850 335 515
Latvian 125 50 70 290 120 175
Lithuanian 260 90 170 555 215 340
Slavic languages 32,710 14,535 18,175 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 40 25 15 80 45 35
Bosnian 250 125 130 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 3,625 1,725 1,905 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 955 470 485 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 610 285 320 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 85 40 45 205 105 95
Polish 7,000 3,015 3,985 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 14,685 6,435 8,245 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 1,240 605 635 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 415 185 225 1,805 865 940
Slovak 435 175 260 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 310 140 175 755 350 405
Ukrainian 2,995 1,285 1,710 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 175 90 85
Celtic languages 50 30 25 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 20 15 10
Welsh 15 5 10 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 90 55 30
Germanic languages 11,495 5,675 5,825 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 50 30 25 125 60 65
Danish 145 65 80 395 190 200
Dutch 770 405 365 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 5 5 0 10 10 0
German 3,990 1,845 2,145 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 30 15 20 65 30 35
Norwegian 65 35 25 200 100 100
Swedish 235 105 135 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 105 40 70 540 240 300
Yiddish 6,030 3,100 2,935 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 30 175 100 75
Greek 16,935 8,310 8,625 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 44,150 22,955 21,190 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 29,965 15,825 14,140 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 9,290 4,740 4,545 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 4,075 2,030 2,040 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 1,765 985 780 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 15 15 0 20 15 5
Konkani 65 40 25 110 60 55
Marathi 150 95 55 255 145 110
Nepali 145 75 70 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 20 15 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 7,300 4,110 3,190 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 175 85 90 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 385 185 205 645 310 330
Urdu 6,580 3,455 3,125 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 13,975 7,005 6,965 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 535 290 250 985 550 430
Pashto 845 445 400 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 12,585 6,270 6,315 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 210 120 85 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 173,175 83,085 90,090 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 195 95 100 320 170 150
Italian 67,800 32,300 35,500 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 17,130 8,260 8,870 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 15,230 7,195 8,035 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 72,760 35,210 37,550 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 125 75 50
Japanese 1,420 445 980 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 125 60 70 170 80 85
Georgian 125 55 65 170 80 90
Korean 3,120 1,415 1,705 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 65 25 40 190 75 115
Mongolian 65 25 40 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 13,465 6,855 6,615 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 690 340 350 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 680 385 295 1,200 655 545
Edo 45 25 20 75 45 30
Ewe 320 175 140 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 1,145 595 550 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 45 25 25 80 40 40
Ganda 10 5 10 35 15 20
Igbo 65 40 25 120 70 50
Lingala 1,500 690 810 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,160 555 600 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 990 450 540 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 60 30 30 85 45 40
Swahili 870 415 460 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 1,660 905 755 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 160 95 65 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,065 2,115 1,950 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 120 70 50 345 180 165
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 120 70 50 335 170 165
Sign languages 375 200 180 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 20 15 10 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 185 90 95 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 165 90 75 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 46,340 21,515 24,825 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 46,205 21,445 24,755 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 14,435 6,790 7,640 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 245 110 135 470 215 260
Mandarin 26,245 12,075 14,170 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 20 10 10 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,240 1,035 1,200 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 640 275 360 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,335 1,120 1,215 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 135 65 65 345 175 170
Burmese 45 15 30 80 30 50
Karenic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tibetan 35 20 15 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 30 20 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 1,765 800 965 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 1,445 715 725 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 320 80 235 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 10 5 10
Turkic languages 5,035 2,580 2,455 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 160 95 65 290 160 130
Turkish 4,535 2,325 2,205 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 140 70 70 205 100 105
Uzbek 70 35 35 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 185 80 105
Uralic languages 2,715 1,210 1,510 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 85 25 50 195 75 120
Finnish 165 55 110 360 125 240
Hungarian 2,465 1,125 1,345 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 365 200 170 685 385 300
Multiple responses 80,460 40,195 40,260 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 20,700 10,610 10,095 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 15,390 7,540 7,850 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 35,465 17,475 17,990 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 8,900 4,575 4,325 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,680,905 821,035 859,875 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 1,523,890 744,310 779,585 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 1,208,800 593,825 614,980 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 305,620 153,160 152,460 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 903,180 440,665 462,520 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 315,090 150,485 164,605 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 185 85 100 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 110 50 60 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 105 45 55 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 5 5 5 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 15 5 15 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 10 5 0 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 20 10 10 60 30 30
Plains Cree 5 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 5 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 55 25 25 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 370 170 200
Algonquin 5 0 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 50 20 30 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 40 15 25 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 10 5 0 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 10 5 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 5 0 5 5 5 5
Comox 5 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 314,905 150,400 164,500 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 53,925 27,640 26,280 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 5,250 2,765 2,480 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 3,595 1,900 1,695 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 1,645 860 785 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 325 145 185 535 240 295
Bilen 5 0 5 5 0 5
Oromo 5 5 0 5 0 0
Somali 320 140 185 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 48,295 24,715 23,585 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 255 115 140 340 150 185
Arabic 46,920 24,030 22,890 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 35 10 20 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 895 465 430 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tigrigna 175 80 95 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 17,000 7,900 9,100 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,060 1,400 1,660 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 13,940 6,495 7,440 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 7,540 2,970 4,570 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 10 5 10 15 5 10
Cebuano 195 85 110 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 95 40 60 130 55 75
Ilocano 645 265 385 740 305 435
Malagasy 125 70 55 360 185 170
Malay 120 60 55 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 45 25 20 60 30 30
Pangasinan 15 5 10 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,240 2,400 3,845 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 75 35 35
Creole languages 14,095 6,065 8,025 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 565 260 305 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 13,345 5,720 7,620 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 185 85 100 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 8,270 4,125 4,150 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 95 55 40 150 85 65
Malayalam 115 60 55 200 100 100
Tamil 7,785 3,840 3,940 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 260 160 105 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 165,335 78,500 86,835 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 915 450 470 1,615 795 820
Armenian 4,550 2,095 2,460 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 19,870 9,135 10,735 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 100 40 55 190 80 105
Latvian 35 20 15 75 40 40
Lithuanian 65 25 40 115 40 70
Slavic languages 19,770 9,095 10,680 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 10 5 5 25 15 15
Bosnian 130 60 70 965 475 495
Bulgarian 2,590 1,255 1,340 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 435 195 230 1,015 475 545
Czech 190 90 100 460 220 240
Macedonian 50 25 25 130 65 65
Polish 3,255 1,435 1,820 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 10,490 4,845 5,650 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 730 360 375 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 175 80 100 960 470 490
Slovak 90 40 45 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 115 45 70 225 95 135
Ukrainian 1,490 655 835 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 40 15 25
Celtic languages 10 5 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 15 5
Germanic languages 5,625 2,895 2,735 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 10 5 5 15 10 10
Danish 25 15 15 50 25 25
Dutch 120 60 60 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 695 320 380 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 20 5 10 30 15 20
Norwegian 5 5 0 20 5 10
Swedish 45 20 25 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 70 35 40
Yiddish 4,690 2,460 2,230 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 5
Greek 9,455 4,445 5,005 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 31,610 15,955 15,660 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 21,235 10,900 10,335 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 7,095 3,525 3,570 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 2,680 1,315 1,370 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 905 485 425 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 25 10 15 30 15 15
Marathi 45 25 20 80 40 40
Nepali 100 45 55 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,290 2,920 2,375 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 75 35 40 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 235 110 120 365 185 180
Urdu 4,770 2,425 2,345 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 10,280 4,995 5,280 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 280 140 135 510 280 235
Pashto 650 320 325 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 9,355 4,530 4,820 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 100 55 40 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 93,290 43,520 49,770 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 75 35 40 110 50 60
Italian 26,930 11,775 15,155 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 9,015 4,260 4,755 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 10,425 5,045 5,380 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 46,830 22,395 24,435 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 35 20 15
Japanese 595 245 350 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 55 30 30 70 35 35
Georgian 60 30 30 70 40 35
Korean 2,120 990 1,135 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 40 15 25 145 70 75
Mongolian 40 20 25 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 3,445 1,685 1,760 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 345 170 180 445 215 235
Bamanankan 175 95 75 265 135 125
Edo 5 0 5 10 5 5
Ewe 75 30 40 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 350 170 180 530 255 280
Ga 10 5 5 15 5 10
Ganda 5 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 10 5 5 15 10 10
Lingala 380 160 220 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 355 165 190 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 255 110 145 530 225 305
Shona 20 5 10 20 10 10
Swahili 270 140 130 1,100 535 565
Wolof 525 290 235 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 35 15 20 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 635 315 310 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 20 10 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 130 65 65
Sign languages 520 305 215 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 35 15 20 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 245 120 120 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 245 165 75 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,590 17,315 19,275 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 36,530 17,285 19,245 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 10,795 5,075 5,725 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 95 45 50 155 75 80
Mandarin 22,200 10,560 11,640 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,320 600 720 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 485 215 265 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,620 775 840 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 30 30 215 115 100
Burmese 20 5 10 35 15 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 40 30
Tibetan 15 10 5 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 900 440 455 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 780 395 390 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 115 50 70 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 3,345 1,670 1,680 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 45 20 25 100 50 55
Turkish 3,110 1,550 1,565 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 100 55 45 140 75 70
Uzbek 50 25 25 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 65 30 35
Uralic languages 990 420 570 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 10 0 10 30 10 20
Finnish 25 15 15 50 20 30
Hungarian 955 405 545 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 90 55 35 150 90 60
Multiple responses 157,015 76,725 80,290 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 28,945 14,840 14,100 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 31,285 15,045 16,245 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 74,940 35,805 39,130 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 21,850 11,035 10,815 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,680,910 821,035 859,870 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 1,198,670 581,675 616,995 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 141,405 71,900 69,510 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 132,810 65,560 67,250 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 163,565 79,705 83,855 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 230 80 150 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 163,335 79,625 83,710 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 18,890 9,545 9,345 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 12,725 6,350 6,380 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 12,055 5,890 6,170 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 780 410 370 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,397,900 678,980 718,920 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,343,685 653,790 689,895 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,321 30,656 26,377 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,343,835 653,830 690,010 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,237 27,892 24,825 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,150,920 570,610 580,300 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,049 30,675 23,748 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,085,230 504,070 581,160 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,800 2,901 7,380 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 945,525 486,595 458,930 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,610 31,118 26,099 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,397,885 678,870 719,015 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,343,415 653,590 689,825 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,079 44,701 35,699 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,343,565 653,625 689,940 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,905 35,776 30,184 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,150,355 570,415 579,940 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,573 45,630 33,616 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,084,900 503,345 581,560 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,668 6,334 8,823 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 945,510 486,525 458,985 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,692 44,345 34,759 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,397,885 678,875 719,015 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 393,485 216,495 176,990 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 45,987 48,513 43,443 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,373 62,299 51,348 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.5 89.1 79.2 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.8 73.9 64.9 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.5 10.9 20.8 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,397,900 678,985 718,920 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 54,215 25,190 29,025 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 1,343,690 653,790 689,895 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.3 96.0 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 211,945 106,555 105,395 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 276,675 119,270 157,405 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 213,200 95,425 117,775 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 168,005 81,390 86,620 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 135,770 65,275 70,500 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 94,615 46,715 47,900 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 65,325 33,640 31,690 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 49,145 26,100 23,040 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 33,880 18,860 15,020 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 22,685 13,565 9,115 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 72,445 47,005 25,440 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 46,530 29,145 17,385 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 25,910 17,855 8,055 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,397,905 678,980 718,920 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 54,065 25,155 28,905 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 1,343,835 653,830 690,010 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.3 96.0 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 216,265 107,895 108,370 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 288,340 125,300 163,040 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 253,845 116,805 137,045 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 209,565 102,120 107,445 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 142,420 69,510 72,905 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 86,865 44,745 42,125 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 53,950 29,220 24,730 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 30,835 18,100 12,745 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 61,735 40,130 21,605 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 18,490 11,360 7,125 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 11,545 7,265 4,280 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 31,700 21,505 10,195 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,397,905 678,985 718,915 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 452,380 192,390 259,985 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 945,520 486,595 458,930 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 67.6 71.7 63.8 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 129,415 63,210 66,210 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 82,455 38,605 43,855 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 150,655 72,640 78,020 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 126,295 62,060 64,235 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 113,045 57,585 55,460 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 90,455 45,535 44,920 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 66,290 35,090 31,195 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 48,415 26,380 22,040 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 39,720 21,685 18,030 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 98,775 63,795 34,975 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 25,720 15,455 10,270 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 17,360 10,990 6,370 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 55,685 37,355 18,335 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 779,805 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 50,227 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 44,737 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 318,325 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,985 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,376 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 461,475 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,818 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 60,458 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 779,795 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,047 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,694 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 318,385 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,111 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,011 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 461,415 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,013 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,035 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 779,800 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 22,980 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 20,945 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 36,535 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 50,620 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 46,735 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 41,760 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 42,575 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 43,795 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 42,770 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 39,400 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 71,115 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 57,495 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 47,510 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 38,325 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 30,990 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 146,255 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 53,650 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,505 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 31,690 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 28,410 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 779,800 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 23,890 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 21,120 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 36,825 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 53,100 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 52,565 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 49,370 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 53,440 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 53,085 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 49,085 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 45,885 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 77,935 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 60,575 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 46,000 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 35,720 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 27,290 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 93,935 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,190 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 21,615 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 29,130 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 424,385 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 69,228 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 61,440 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 147,710 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,398 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 59,257 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 174,975 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 85,922 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 75,700 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 86,210 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,091 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,619 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 424,155 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,334 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,601 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 147,375 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,609 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,054 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 175,175 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,831 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,541 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 86,130 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,956 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,198 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 415,420 207,150 208,270 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,434 26,492 26,381 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,759 24,615 24,877 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 415,055 206,890 208,170 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,387 37,108 35,669 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,277 30,474 30,082 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,663,235 814,235 849,005 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,105,685 533,730 571,950 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 270,515 135,490 135,030 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 235,050 108,580 126,470 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 234,665 112,495 122,165 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 200,310 96,825 103,480 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 165,145 80,340 84,810 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 557,555 280,500 277,050 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 139,305 68,705 70,595 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 122,585 61,260 61,325 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 109,275 54,880 54,395 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 94,965 48,590 46,375 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 91,430 47,065 44,365 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,663,235 814,235 849,005 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 310,170 157,955 152,215 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 117,485 60,060 57,425 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 1,109,830 551,635 558,195 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 243,230 104,645 138,590 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 377,955 181,580 196,375 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 75,150 38,305 36,845 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 28,090 14,260 13,825 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 247,190 122,800 124,385 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 55,615 20,470 35,140 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 22.7 22.3 23.1 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 24.2 24.3 24.2 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 23.9 23.7 24.1 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 22.3 22.3 22.3 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 22.9 19.6 25.4 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 319,685 157,660 162,020 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 56,730 28,980 27,750 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 21,205 10,770 10,435 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 224,180 114,575 109,605 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 38,775 14,100 24,670 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 19.2 19.4 19.1 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 18.3 18.3 18.2 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 18.0 17.9 18.2 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 20.2 20.8 19.6 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 15.9 13.5 17.8 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,663,220 814,170 849,050 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 1,621,610 798,110 823,500 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 1,127,835 576,030 551,805 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 1,452,245 712,000 740,245 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 799,635 386,350 413,290 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 575 280 300 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 290 160 130 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 230 110 115 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 10 0 10 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 45 20 25 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 70 45 20 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 10 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 90 30 60 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 15 10 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 25 15 10 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 20 10 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 25 10 10 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 10 0 0 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 240 95 150 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 200 80 125 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 35 30 10 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 30 30 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 10 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 799,105 386,095 413,015 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 167,415 88,245 79,175 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 18,170 9,630 8,535 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 10,980 5,855 5,125 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 7,300 3,835 3,460 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 1,040 500 535 1,550 745 805
Bilen 35 20 10 35 20 10
Oromo 30 25 0 45 30 10
Somali 970 455 510 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 158,275 83,345 74,930 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 730 370 355 1,145 540 600
Arabic 149,650 78,670 70,975 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 65 30 35 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 10 0 10 0 0 0
Hebrew 8,120 4,445 3,680 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 10 0 10 40 10 25
Tigrigna 260 120 135 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 55 15 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 400 200 195 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 28,895 13,845 15,055 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 6,220 3,010 3,215 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 22,915 10,955 11,960 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 21,235 8,090 13,145 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 95 40 50 105 45 60
Cebuano 630 230 400 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 350 120 235 540 195 350
Ilocano 1,910 720 1,190 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 775 375 400 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 625 260 365 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 130 60 65 195 95 100
Pangasinan 45 10 35 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 18,985 7,090 11,900 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 35 10 25 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 275 120 150 540 270 275
Creole languages 68,360 30,615 37,745 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 2,835 1,345 1,495 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 64,570 28,850 35,720 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,325 620 700 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 13,030 6,775 6,260 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 270 140 130 415 210 205
Malayalam 275 160 120 510 285 220
Tamil 11,980 6,170 5,815 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 770 455 315 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 30 15 15 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 427,865 204,965 222,905 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 1,875 950 925 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 7,595 3,565 4,030 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 42,815 19,665 23,150 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 505 240 265 1,080 500 585
Latvian 165 80 85 335 150 185
Lithuanian 340 155 180 755 350 410
Slavic languages 42,420 19,480 22,935 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 110 35 75 365 150 215
Bosnian 280 130 150 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 3,765 1,785 1,980 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 1,465 680 780 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 905 430 475 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 100 40 65 285 140 145
Polish 8,815 3,945 4,870 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 24,100 11,260 12,840 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 1,640 750 890 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 565 240 320 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 615 295 315 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 420 190 230 970 490 480
Ukrainian 5,170 2,230 2,945 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 150 75 75
Celtic languages 230 150 85 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 75 45 25 155 95 65
Welsh 40 25 20 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 125 80 45 265 175 95
Germanic languages 26,810 13,735 13,075 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 175 125 55 415 260 150
Danish 365 165 200 835 410 420
Dutch 1,760 965 795 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 0 0 15 10 0
German 16,280 8,320 7,960 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 65 45 20 140 80 60
Norwegian 175 75 100 510 255 255
Swedish 740 360 375 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 215 55 160 760 265 495
Yiddish 7,805 4,055 3,750 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 270 125 140
Greek 21,895 10,685 11,205 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 54,120 27,940 26,185 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 37,575 19,815 17,765 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 10,745 5,495 5,260 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 5,185 2,545 2,635 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 9,530 5,245 4,290 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 35 30 10 45 35 15
Konkani 60 40 25 150 70 75
Marathi 285 155 135 475 240 230
Nepali 135 75 60 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 40 25 15 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10,615 5,985 4,630 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 255 110 140 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 755 370 385 1,335 625 710
Urdu 9,715 5,115 4,595 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 16,935 8,350 8,590 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 610 305 300 1,255 665 590
Pashto 1,085 590 495 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 15,420 7,560 7,860 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 365 210 155 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 289,415 136,245 153,165 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 500 305 195 890 525 365
Italian 102,355 48,730 53,625 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 25,510 12,855 12,650 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 18,340 8,625 9,715 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 160,995 74,640 86,350 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 185 115 70 490 345 145
Japanese 3,725 1,690 2,035 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 135 70 65 220 110 110
Georgian 135 65 65 215 105 110
Korean 3,665 1,740 1,930 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 110 65 50 270 135 130
Mongolian 115 60 55 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 25,760 13,035 12,720 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 1,210 640 570 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 1,285 675 610 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 120 50 75 190 95 95
Ewe 710 475 235 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,025 1,085 940 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 125 65 55 315 155 160
Ganda 25 10 20 90 40 55
Igbo 160 105 55 275 190 90
Lingala 5,335 2,385 2,955 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,465 690 770 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,380 660 720 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 95 50 40 150 75 80
Swahili 2,865 1,440 1,430 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 3,155 1,725 1,435 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 545 300 250 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 8,680 4,500 4,175 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 175 115 65 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 180 115 65 695 345 350
Sign languages 2,000 820 1,180 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 250 95 155 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 1,140 425 715 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 690 340 355 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 54,085 25,385 28,700 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 53,955 25,310 28,645 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 19,010 8,855 10,155 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 295 140 155 545 240 310
Mandarin 34,945 16,160 18,785 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 20 0 10 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,800 1,230 1,575 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 770 345 425 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,165 1,550 1,615 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 150 95 60 430 235 195
Burmese 65 40 25 140 75 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Tibetan 25 25 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 25 30 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 2,630 1,245 1,375 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 1,980 990 990 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 930 385 545 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 15 10 10
Turkic languages 7,270 3,640 3,630 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 305 170 130 510 275 235
Turkish 6,660 3,350 3,310 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 175 85 90 230 110 120
Uzbek 120 50 75 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 120 50 75 235 115 120
Uralic languages 3,450 1,595 1,850 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 50 25 25 150 55 95
Finnish 215 70 145 500 195 305
Hungarian 3,180 1,500 1,680 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 975 550 425 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,663,225 814,170 849,050 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,435,340 700,545 734,795 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 278,775 141,915 136,860 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,156,570 558,635 597,935 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 227,880 113,625 114,255 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,663,220 814,170 849,050 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,033,590 507,215 526,370 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 570,940 275,645 295,295 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 115,540 54,335 61,205 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 64,650 32,005 32,650 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 96,815 45,960 50,860 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 165,470 80,350 85,120 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 67,025 32,555 34,475 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 98,445 47,795 50,650 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 128,460 62,995 65,465 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 58,690 31,310 27,380 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 570,940 275,645 295,300 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 50,420 25,180 25,240 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 85,295 42,275 43,015 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 114,050 51,595 62,455 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 280,970 138,380 142,585 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 40,210 18,215 21,995 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 570,945 275,645 295,300 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 130,230 59,645 70,585 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 3,530 1,700 1,830 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 8,495 3,990 4,505 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 6,765 3,355 3,410 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 1,390 585 805 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 49,145 21,480 27,665 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 2,930 1,245 1,685 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 8,275 3,855 4,415 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 6,895 3,080 3,815 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 2,265 1,030 1,235 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 9,780 5,130 4,650 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 30,760 14,190 16,565 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 148,260 71,355 76,900 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 670 340 330 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 885 435 450 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 35,390 18,600 16,785 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 2,845 1,210 1,630 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 9,150 4,405 4,745 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 1,545 760 785 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 290 165 125 820 485 330
Italy 36,455 17,055 19,395 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 615 335 275 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 5,395 2,285 3,110 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 9,080 4,200 4,875 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 11,545 5,305 6,240 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 5,850 2,510 3,340 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 815 365 455 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 4,705 2,010 2,700 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,115 2,215 1,895 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 18,915 9,160 9,755 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 133,030 68,845 64,190 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 39,340 20,465 18,875 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 9,590 4,955 4,635 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 655 330 325 995 495 495
Kenya 285 150 135 785 355 430
Morocco 33,665 17,405 16,260 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 770 415 360 1,340 740 600
Somalia 430 210 220 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 330 180 145 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 47,965 24,730 23,235 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 158,735 75,415 83,320 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 1,305 660 645 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 6,615 3,325 3,290 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 26,630 11,540 15,085 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 2,235 1,080 1,155 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 10,135 5,280 4,855 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 10,910 5,305 5,600 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 1,620 860 760 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 940 260 685 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,120 965 1,160 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 17,265 9,245 8,020 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 5,765 3,055 2,705 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 16,970 6,425 10,550 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 7,325 3,675 3,650 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 9,060 4,590 4,470 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 1,330 540 790 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 16,665 7,755 8,910 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 21,850 10,855 11,000 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 695 390 305 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 128,460 62,995 65,465 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 27,445 13,030 14,415 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 1,595 805 790 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 2,975 1,435 1,540 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 1,215 625 595 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 11,640 5,315 6,330 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 105 85 25 190 140 55
Mexico 2,390 1,130 1,260 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,165 1,225 940 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 985 480 510 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 4,370 1,945 2,425 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 22,715 11,590 11,125 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 11,990 6,440 5,555 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 300 135 170 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 80 65 15 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 2,560 1,140 1,415 3,750 1,695 2,055
Romania