Census Profile, 2016 Census
Pointe-Claire, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Pointe-Claire, V
Quebec
[Census subdivision]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Pointe-Claire, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec  Map : Pointe-Claire, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 31,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,164,361  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 30,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,903,001  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 12,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,858,943  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 12,376  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,663  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,660.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 18.90  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,356,625.27  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 31,380 14,740 16,635 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 4,745 2,455 2,290 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 1,370 710 665 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 1,595 845 755 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 1,775 905 870 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 19,160 9,335 9,825 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 1,910 1,015 895 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 1,910 970 935 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 1,320 685 635 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 1,340 660 680 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 1,595 710 885 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 1,810 855 950 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 2,125 1,000 1,130 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 2,525 1,205 1,320 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 2,500 1,220 1,285 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 2,120 1,020 1,105 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 7,475 2,960 4,515 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 1,890 850 1,035 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 1,485 670 810 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 1,195 475 720 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 1,175 425 755 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 1,730 535 1,190 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 990 340 650 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 585 165 425 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 125 30 95 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 25 5 15 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.1 16.7 13.8 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 61.1 63.3 59.1 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 23.8 20.1 27.1 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 5.5 3.6 7.2 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 45.3 42.9 47.4 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 47.6 45.1 49.6 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 12,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 6,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,602,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 187,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 3,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 188,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 1,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 95  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 265,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,154,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 12,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 3,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,175,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 3,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,227,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 1,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 2,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 426,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 212,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 30,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,965,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 26,640 12,290 14,345 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 15,210 7,565 7,645 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 12,845 6,400 6,450 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 2,360 1,165 1,195 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 11,430 4,725 6,700 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 6,740 3,540 3,205 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 440 180 265 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 1,820 580 1,245 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 2,425 435 1,990 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 8,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,257,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 3,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,204,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 1,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 466,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 2,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 412,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 174,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 8,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,257,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 7,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,878,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 6,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,128,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 749,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 379,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 1,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 284,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 7,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,878,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 3,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 970,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 4,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 907,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 356,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 384,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 166,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 379,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 234,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 109,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 4,605 1,760 2,845 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 12,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 8,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,197,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 947,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,250,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 3,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,304,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 3,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,175,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 30,855 14,590 16,270 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 7,670 3,530 4,140 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 1,345 540 800 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 21,510 10,395 11,115 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 335 120 210 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 30,855 14,590 16,265 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 20,780 9,940 10,845 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 7,590 3,485 4,105 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 2,160 1,050 1,110 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 325 115 210 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 21,865 10,460 11,395 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 70.9 71.7 70.1 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 30,860 14,590 16,270 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 29,555 13,925 15,625 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 22,285 10,530 11,755 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 15,650 7,490 8,155 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 6,635 3,040 3,600 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 7,270 3,400 3,875 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 20 5 10 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 15 10 10 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 10 5 0 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 5 0 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 5 5 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,250 3,390 3,860 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 540 280 255 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 30 15 10 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 15 10 5 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,125 545 580
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 0 0 0 15 10 5
Somali 0 5 0 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Semitic languages 505 260 245 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 5 5 0 745 340 405
Arabic 475 245 225 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 25 15 10 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 0 0 0 25 10 15
Tigrigna 0 0 0 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 100 45 55 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 80 35 45 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 300 110 185 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 0 0 0 115 35 80
Cebuano 5 0 5 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 410 125 275
Ilocano 10 5 10 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 5 5 0 1,250 590 660
Malay 5 0 5 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 205 90 110
Pangasinan 5 0 0 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 260 95 165 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 320 140 180
Creole languages 60 25 35 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 50 25 25 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 75 35 45 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 0 0 0 240 130 110
Malayalam 10 5 5 440 235 205
Tamil 60 20 35 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 5 5 5 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 4,415 2,080 2,335 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 10 5 5 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 95 40 55 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 930 425 505 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 45 10 35 850 335 515
Latvian 25 5 15 290 120 175
Lithuanian 20 0 15 555 215 340
Slavic languages 885 415 470 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 0 0 0 80 45 35
Bosnian 5 5 5 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 65 30 35 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 20 10 10 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 35 15 20 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 0 0 0 205 105 95
Polish 310 145 165 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 275 130 145 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 50 25 25 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0 1,805 865 940
Slovak 35 15 20 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 755 350 405
Ukrainian 80 30 45 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 175 90 85
Celtic languages 0 0 0 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 20 15 10
Welsh 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 55 30
Germanic languages 450 185 265 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 5 0 0 125 60 65
Danish 10 5 5 395 190 200
Dutch 90 35 55 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 0 0 0 10 10 0
German 300 120 175 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 0 0 0 65 30 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 200 100 100
Swedish 20 5 15 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 540 240 300
Yiddish 5 5 0 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 100 75
Greek 225 115 115 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 750 375 375 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 535 265 270 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 40 20 20 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 195 95 100 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 80 35 50 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 5
Konkani 5 5 0 110 60 55
Marathi 10 5 5 255 145 110
Nepali 5 5 5 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 95 55 40 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 5 5 5 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 645 310 330
Urdu 90 50 45 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 215 110 100 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 5 0 5 985 550 430
Pashto 20 15 10 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 195 95 95 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 1,955 935 1,015 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 0 0 0 320 170 150
Italian 665 340 325 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 225 105 125 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 365 175 190 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 695 315 380 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 75 50
Japanese 50 15 35 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 170 80 85
Georgian 0 0 0 170 80 90
Korean 95 40 55 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 190 75 115
Mongolian 5 0 5 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 45 25 25 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 10 0 5 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 5 0 5 1,200 655 545
Edo 5 0 5 75 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 0 0 0 80 40 40
Ganda 0 0 0 35 15 20
Igbo 5 5 0 120 70 50
Lingala 0 0 0 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 0 0 0 85 45 40
Swahili 0 0 0 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 0 0 0 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 0 0 0 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 345 180 165
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 170 165
Sign languages 5 0 5 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 5 0 0 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 5 0 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,325 625 695 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 1,325 625 695 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 255 105 150 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 10 5 10 470 215 260
Mandarin 985 480 505 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 5 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 15 15 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 15 10 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Burmese 0 0 0 80 30 50
Karenic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 25 5 20 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 20 10 15 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 5 0 10 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 85 35 50 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 290 160 130
Turkish 65 30 35 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 0 0 0 205 100 105
Uzbek 15 5 10 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 185 80 105
Uralic languages 120 60 65 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 10 5 5 195 75 120
Finnish 15 5 10 360 125 240
Hungarian 100 50 50 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 385 300
Multiple responses 1,300 660 640 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 660 350 310 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 330 155 170 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 135 70 65 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 175 85 90 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 30,860 14,590 16,270 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 28,935 13,695 15,240 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 25,305 11,960 13,340 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 19,695 9,395 10,300 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 5,605 2,570 3,040 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 3,630 1,735 1,895 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 5 5 0 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 5 5 0 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 5 5 0 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Algonquin 0 0 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,625 1,730 1,890 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 240 115 125 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 15 10 5 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 5 5 0 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 535 240 295
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 225 105 115 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 5 5 5 340 150 185
Arabic 210 100 115 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 5 0 0 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 50 20 25 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 10 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 40 15 20 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 95 40 50 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 0 0 0 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 130 55 75
Ilocano 5 0 0 740 305 435
Malagasy 0 0 0 360 185 170
Malay 0 0 0 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 90 40 50 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Creole languages 30 15 10 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 25 15 10 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 45 20 30 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 0 0 0 150 85 65
Malayalam 5 0 0 200 100 100
Tamil 45 15 30 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 5 0 5 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 1,895 905 995 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 10 5 5 1,615 795 820
Armenian 40 15 20 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 440 210 230 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 10 5 10 190 80 105
Latvian 5 5 0 75 40 40
Lithuanian 5 0 5 115 40 70
Slavic languages 425 205 220 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Bosnian 5 0 5 965 475 495
Bulgarian 40 15 25 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 5 0 5 1,015 475 545
Czech 10 5 5 460 220 240
Macedonian 0 0 0 130 65 65
Polish 140 65 70 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 175 90 85 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 25 15 15 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 960 470 490
Slovak 10 5 5 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 225 95 135
Ukrainian 10 0 5 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 40 20 20 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 0 0 0 15 10 10
Danish 0 0 0 50 25 25
Dutch 25 10 10 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 15 5 5 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 5 5 5 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 70 35 40
Yiddish 0 0 0 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Greek 65 35 35 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 440 215 225 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 325 160 165 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 30 10 15 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 120 55 60 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 40 20 30 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 30 15 15
Marathi 5 0 5 80 40 40
Nepali 5 0 0 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 75 45 35 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 0 0 0 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 365 185 180
Urdu 55 25 25 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 115 55 60 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 0 0 0 510 280 235
Pashto 5 5 0 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 110 50 55 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 860 405 450 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 0 0 0 110 50 60
Italian 70 30 40 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 95 40 60 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 255 130 130 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 430 205 225 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 15 5 10 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Georgian 0 0 0 70 40 35
Korean 75 35 40 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 145 70 75
Mongolian 0 0 0 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 10 0 5 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 445 215 235
Bamanankan 0 0 0 265 135 125
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 5 0 0 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 530 255 280
Ga 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Lingala 0 0 0 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 530 225 305
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 0 0 0 1,100 535 565
Wolof 0 0 0 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 0 0 0 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 130 65 65
Sign languages 10 5 5 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 0 0 0 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,050 515 540 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 1,050 510 540 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 135 60 80 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 5 0 5 155 75 80
Mandarin 860 430 425 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 15 15 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 10 10 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 215 115 100
Burmese 0 0 0 35 15 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 5 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 15 10 10 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 0 0 0 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 70 30 35 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 100 50 55
Turkish 45 15 20 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 0 0 0 140 75 70
Uzbek 15 5 10 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 30 35
Uralic languages 30 20 20 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 5 5 0 30 10 20
Finnish 0 0 0 50 20 30
Hungarian 30 20 15 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 90 60
Multiple responses 1,925 895 1,030 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 670 320 350 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 815 365 445 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 145 75 75 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 295 135 160 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 30,860 14,590 16,265 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 21,765 10,260 11,505 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 2,765 1,300 1,470 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 3,635 1,795 1,840 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 1,965 890 1,070 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 10 0 5 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 1,950 885 1,065 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 310 150 160 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 100 50 55 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 305 145 155 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 20 5 10 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 25,320 11,925 13,395 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,100 11,305 12,800 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,380 44,393 34,166 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,110 11,310 12,800 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,497 37,918 30,230 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 22,240 10,525 11,715 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,683 42,368 28,685 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 17,660 7,455 10,205 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,884 4,564 8,074 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 17,265 8,695 8,565 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,761 41,427 31,027 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 25,320 11,900 13,425 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 24,105 11,275 12,830 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,488 60,401 43,658 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 24,115 11,275 12,835 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,716 46,525 35,615 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 22,155 10,520 11,640 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,228 59,435 40,003 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 17,690 7,490 10,200 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,509 7,443 9,292 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 17,265 8,765 8,500 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,830 56,739 40,669 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 25,320 11,895 13,425 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 8,120 4,390 3,725 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 57,906 64,964 52,549 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 71,183 81,240 59,330 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.3 92.2 83.2 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.8 73.9 62.2 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.7 7.8 16.7 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 25,320 11,925 13,400 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 1,220 620 600 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 24,100 11,300 12,795 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 95.2 94.8 95.5 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,300 1,450 1,845 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 3,490 1,420 2,070 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 3,020 1,170 1,850 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 2,655 1,125 1,530 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 2,490 1,075 1,415 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 1,935 865 1,070 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 1,585 790 790 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 1,340 650 690 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 1,030 545 485 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 695 400 295 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 2,575 1,825 755 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 1,630 1,125 505 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 945 700 250 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 25,320 11,920 13,400 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 1,210 615 600 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 24,110 11,310 12,800 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 95.2 94.9 95.5 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,480 1,485 1,995 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 3,670 1,500 2,175 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 3,660 1,475 2,185 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 3,535 1,525 2,010 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 2,790 1,240 1,550 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 2,185 1,105 1,085 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 1,565 810 755 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 990 605 390 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 2,230 1,570 660 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 655 425 230 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 410 295 125 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 1,165 850 310 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 25,320 11,925 13,395 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 8,055 3,230 4,830 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 17,265 8,700 8,565 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 68.2 73.0 63.9 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,540 1,265 1,280 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 1,305 565 740 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 2,120 940 1,175 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 1,725 750 975 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 1,635 715 915 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 1,510 690 820 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 1,220 565 660 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 1,040 535 505 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 1,015 500 510 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 3,150 2,170 980 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 665 395 270 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 505 300 205 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 1,980 1,475 510 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 12,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 80,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,822  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,175,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,968  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,574  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,566  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,469  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 8,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,356,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,966  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 12,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 100,294  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,404  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,174,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,191  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,042  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,863  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,262  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 8,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,356,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 119,633  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,878  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,544  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,426  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 12,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 180,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 154,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 184,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 170,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 313,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 273,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 208,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 4,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 860,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 327,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 204,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 1,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 12,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,531,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 120,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 190,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 187,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 231,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 225,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 256,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 208,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 166,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 3,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 545,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 269,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 130,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 146,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 8,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,261,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,229  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,378  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,152  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 2,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 930,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,003  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,939  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,224  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 911,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,891  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,246  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,191  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,844  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 364,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,708  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,163  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 8,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,262,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 119,396  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,863  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,332  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 2,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 929,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,684  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,304  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,167  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 4,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 912,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 142,802  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,279  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 78,562  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,753  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,191  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,052  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 4,125 1,590 2,530 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,668 41,626 37,056 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,426 35,264 32,663 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 4,055 1,485 2,575 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 54,363 61,112 50,468 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,240 46,772 41,201 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 30,060 14,375 15,690 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 12,615 5,805 6,805 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 1,640 780 855 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 2,045 870 1,175 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 2,750 1,270 1,480 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 3,035 1,425 1,615 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 3,135 1,465 1,675 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 17,450 8,565 8,880 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 3,555 1,720 1,840 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 3,505 1,685 1,810 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 3,640 1,775 1,865 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 3,365 1,675 1,685 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 3,385 1,710 1,680 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 30,065 14,375 15,685 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 5,865 3,060 2,805 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 1,660 860 800 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 17,980 8,695 9,285 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 6,215 2,615 3,595 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 2,600 1,150 1,445 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 540 280 255 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 115 60 60 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 1,425 675 750 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 635 195 440 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.6 8.0 9.2 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 9.2 9.2 9.1 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 6.9 7.0 7.5 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 7.9 7.8 8.1 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 10.2 7.5 12.2 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 2,000 915 1,085 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 410 220 190 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 80 40 40 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 1,175 575 600 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 415 125 295 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.7 6.4 6.9 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 7.0 7.2 6.8 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 4.8 4.7 5.0 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.5 6.6 6.5 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 6.7 4.8 8.2 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 30,060 14,375 15,690 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 29,730 14,245 15,480 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 28,445 13,705 14,745 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 22,635 10,830 11,805 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 10,135 4,705 5,430 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 10 0 10 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 10 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 0 0 0 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 10,125 4,705 5,425 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 950 445 505 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 65 40 25 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 50 30 20 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,550 745 805
Bilen 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oromo 0 0 0 45 30 10
Somali 0 0 0 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 900 415 480 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 0 0 0 1,145 540 600
Arabic 795 370 430 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 100 45 50 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 0 0 0 40 10 25
Tigrigna 0 0 0 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 125 70 60 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 20 15 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 80 50 35 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 435 180 255 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 0 0 0 105 45 60
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 10 540 195 350
Ilocano 40 10 35 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 25 10 15 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 25 0 20 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 195 95 100
Pangasinan 0 0 0 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 365 155 210 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 540 270 275
Creole languages 210 95 110 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 10 10 10 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 170 80 95 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 165 85 80 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 10 10 0 415 210 205
Malayalam 35 25 10 510 285 220
Tamil 130 60 70 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 0 10 0 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 6,445 2,940 3,505 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 10 10 0 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 150 70 80 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 1,100 505 590 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 50 20 35 1,080 500 585
Latvian 15 10 10 335 150 185
Lithuanian 40 10 30 755 350 410
Slavic languages 1,045 490 550 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 10 0 10 365 150 215
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 45 25 20 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 25 15 15 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 80 50 35 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 0 0 0 285 140 145
Polish 395 185 210 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 400 185 215 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 25 10 20 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 0 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 35 10 25 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 10 0 970 490 480
Ukrainian 65 30 35 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 75 75
Celtic languages 0 0 0 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 155 95 65
Welsh 0 0 0 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 265 175 95
Germanic languages 745 315 430 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 0 0 0 415 260 150
Danish 15 0 10 835 410 420
Dutch 120 45 75 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 0 0 15 10 0
German 585 255 330 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 0 0 0 140 80 60
Norwegian 0 0 0 510 255 255
Swedish 30 0 30 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 760 265 495
Yiddish 20 15 0 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 270 125 140
Greek 310 120 190 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 1,045 525 515 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 725 355 360 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 80 40 35 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 270 135 135 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 370 180 190 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 35 15
Konkani 0 0 10 150 70 75
Marathi 25 15 10 475 240 230
Nepali 0 0 0 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 130 65 65 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 10 0 10 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 10 1,335 625 710
Urdu 90 60 35 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 330 175 160 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,255 665 590
Pashto 0 0 0 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 330 175 155 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 3,395 1,555 1,845 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 0 0 0 890 525 365
Italian 1,200 545 650 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 265 120 150 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 425 215 215 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 1,745 760 985 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 490 345 145
Japanese 120 50 70 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 220 110 110
Georgian 0 0 0 215 105 110
Korean 115 40 75 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 270 135 130
Mongolian 0 0 0 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 75 40 35 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 10 10 0 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 0 0 0 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 10 0 10 190 95 95
Ewe 10 10 0 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 0 0 0 315 155 160
Ganda 0 0 0 90 40 55
Igbo 10 0 0 275 190 90
Lingala 0 0 0 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 0 0 0 150 75 80
Swahili 10 0 0 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 10 10 0 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 0 0 0 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 695 345 350
Sign languages 20 10 10 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 15 10 0 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,545 765 780 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 1,540 765 780 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 355 140 215 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 10 0 10 545 240 310
Mandarin 1,270 635 635 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 10 15 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 25 20 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 35 25 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 430 235 195
Burmese 0 0 0 140 75 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 70 35 30 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 50 25 25 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 15 10 0 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 200 95 105 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 30 10 20 510 275 235
Turkish 150 75 70 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 0 0 0 230 110 120
Uzbek 25 10 20 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 235 115 120
Uralic languages 160 85 75 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 15 10 10 150 55 95
Finnish 25 10 15 500 195 305
Hungarian 120 70 50 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 30,065 14,375 15,690 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 28,195 13,440 14,760 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 5,485 2,870 2,620 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 22,710 10,565 12,140 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,865 935 930 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 30,065 14,375 15,685 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 21,715 10,405 11,310 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 7,940 3,745 4,195 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 2,665 1,225 1,440 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 1,065 485 580 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 1,325 605 715 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 2,000 965 1,035 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 1,060 530 525 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 940 435 505 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 885 460 425 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 400 225 185 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 7,945 3,745 4,200 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 845 415 430 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 1,220 605 610 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 1,610 670 940 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 3,760 1,835 1,930 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 505 225 280 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,945 3,745 4,195 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 1,205 500 700 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 70 30 45 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 80 30 50 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 10 0 10 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 35 15 20 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 35 10 20 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 85 50 35 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 160 75 90 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 65 0 60 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 80 40 40 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 305 130 175 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 275 120 155 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 2,790 1,360 1,430 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 10 0 10 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 315 165 145 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 115 60 55 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 65 35 35 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 65 45 25 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 45 30 15 820 485 330
Italy 235 140 90 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 60 25 40 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 265 105 155 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 65 25 40 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 315 150 165 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 120 50 75 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 35 15 25 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 35 15 25 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 610 290 320 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 415 205 215 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 820 415 405 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 60 35 25 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 325 160 160 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 0 0 0 995 495 495
Kenya 15 0 10 785 355 430
Morocco 85 40 45 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 55 30 25 1,340 740 600
Somalia 0 0 0 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 25 15 15 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 260 130 125 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 3,105 1,460 1,645 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 10 10 0 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 60 25 30 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 890 440 450 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 80 30 50 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 390 210 185 17,865 9,195