Census Profile, 2016 Census
Kirkland, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kirkland, V
Quebec
[Census subdivision]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Kirkland, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec  Map : Kirkland, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 20,151 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 21,253 ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -5.2 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 6,779 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 6,682 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,092.8 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 9.63 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 20,150 9,765 10,385 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 3,100 1,580 1,520 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 705 350 350 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 1,100 565 535 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 1,290 665 630 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 13,750 6,610 7,145 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 1,655 835 815 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 1,590 805 790 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 880 450 430 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 705 320 385 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 930 445 480 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 1,090 480 605 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 1,565 690 875 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 1,995 970 1,020 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 1,890 930 960 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 1,460 680 785 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 3,300 1,575 1,725 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 1,260 635 620 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 785 395 390 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 540 265 275 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 365 175 185 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 350 105 250 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 225 70 150 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 105 30 75 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 25 5 20 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 0 0 0 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.4 16.2 14.6 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 68.2 67.7 68.8 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 16.4 16.1 16.6 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 1.7 1.1 2.4 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 41.9 41.1 42.5 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 45.5 44.6 46.2 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 6,680 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 5,790 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 215 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 680 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 70 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 570 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 0 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 35 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 0 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 6,680 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 805 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 2,040 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 1,355 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 1,715 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 765 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 19,930 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 3.0 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 17,050 8,185 8,870 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 10,680 5,315 5,365 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 9,815 4,885 4,925 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 870 430 440 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 6,370 2,865 3,505 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 4,750 2,445 2,300 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 185 65 120 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 720 220 495 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 720 135 590 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 5,965 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 2,250 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 1,385 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 1,715 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 610 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 5,965 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 5,280 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 4,845 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 435 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 685 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 525 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 170 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 5,275 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 1,875 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 3,405 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 1,145 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 1,665 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 600 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 685 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 380 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 240 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 65 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 1,230 425 805 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 6,680 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 5,690 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 1,740 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 3,950 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 140 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 860 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 805 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 55 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 19,930 9,720 10,215 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 3,775 1,850 1,920 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 535 190 340 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 15,295 7,535 7,760 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 335 140 190 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 19,930 9,720 10,215 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 13,315 6,575 6,740 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 4,620 2,185 2,435 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 1,665 820 850 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 320 135 190 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 14,150 6,985 7,160 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 71.0 71.9 70.1 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 19,930 9,720 10,215 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 18,885 9,200 9,685 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 12,080 5,895 6,185 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 8,180 4,045 4,130 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 3,905 1,850 2,055 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 6,805 3,305 3,500 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,800 3,300 3,500 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 740 380 360 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 0 0 0 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 0 0 0 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,125 545 580
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 0 0 0 15 10 5
Somali 0 0 0 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Semitic languages 740 380 360 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 5 0 5 745 340 405
Arabic 720 370 355 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 10 10 5 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 0 0 0 25 10 15
Tigrigna 0 0 0 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 95 50 50 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 5 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 90 45 45 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 85 30 55 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 0 0 0 115 35 80
Cebuano 0 0 0 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 410 125 275
Ilocano 5 0 5 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 5 5 5 1,250 590 660
Malay 0 0 5 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 205 90 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 65 25 45 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 320 140 180
Creole languages 70 30 35 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 60 30 30 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 80 40 35 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 5 5 5 240 130 110
Malayalam 20 10 10 440 235 205
Tamil 55 30 25 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 0 0 0 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 4,480 2,170 2,315 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 5 0 5 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 110 55 55 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 655 310 350 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 10 0 5 850 335 515
Latvian 0 0 5 290 120 175
Lithuanian 10 5 5 555 215 340
Slavic languages 645 305 340 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 0 0 0 80 45 35
Bosnian 5 0 5 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 35 20 15 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 35 20 20 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 20 10 15 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 0 0 0 205 105 95
Polish 200 85 115 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 195 95 105 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 5 0 0 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0 1,805 865 940
Slovak 25 10 10 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 15 10 755 350 405
Ukrainian 90 45 50 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 85
Celtic languages 0 0 0 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 20 15 10
Welsh 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 55 30
Germanic languages 220 100 120 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 0 0 0 125 60 65
Danish 0 0 0 395 190 200
Dutch 25 15 10 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 0 0 0 10 10 0
German 175 80 95 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 0 0 0 65 30 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 200 100 100
Swedish 5 0 5 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 540 240 300
Yiddish 15 5 5 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 100 75
Greek 440 220 220 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 830 410 420 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 520 255 270 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 35 20 15 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 110 50 55 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 55 20 35 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 5
Konkani 5 0 0 110 60 55
Marathi 0 5 0 255 145 110
Nepali 0 0 0 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 210 105 110 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 0 0 0 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 645 310 330
Urdu 105 50 55 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 305 155 150 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 5 0 0 985 550 430
Pashto 0 0 0 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 300 150 150 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 2,225 1,075 1,150 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 0 0 0 320 170 150
Italian 1,550 760 795 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 155 70 85 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 155 75 80 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 360 165 195 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 75 50
Japanese 15 0 15 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 170 80 85
Georgian 0 0 0 170 80 90
Korean 65 30 35 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 190 75 115
Mongolian 5 0 5 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 30 15 15 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 0 0 0 1,200 655 545
Edo 0 0 0 75 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 0 0 0 80 40 40
Ganda 0 0 0 35 15 20
Igbo 0 5 0 120 70 50
Lingala 0 0 0 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 0 0 0 85 45 40
Swahili 0 5 0 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 5 0 0 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 0 5 0 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 345 180 165
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 170 165
Sign languages 5 0 0 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 0 0 0 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,005 490 515 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 1,010 490 520 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 215 105 115 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 10 0 5 470 215 260
Mandarin 740 365 380 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 10 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 5 10 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Burmese 0 0 0 80 30 50
Karenic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 5 0 0 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 0 0 0 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 35 20 20 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 0 0 5 290 160 130
Turkish 40 20 20 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 0 0 0 205 100 105
Uzbek 0 0 0 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 80 105
Uralic languages 75 40 40 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 0 0 0 195 75 120
Finnish 5 0 0 360 125 240
Hungarian 70 40 35 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 685 385 300
Multiple responses 1,045 520 530 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 410 195 215 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 330 165 160 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 145 80 65 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 165 75 90 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 19,930 9,720 10,210 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 18,495 9,020 9,475 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 15,575 7,610 7,960 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 12,320 6,075 6,250 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 3,245 1,535 1,710 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 2,925 1,405 1,520 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Algonquin 0 0 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,920 1,405 1,515 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 350 175 180 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 0 0 0 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 535 240 295
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 355 175 180 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 0 0 0 340 150 185
Arabic 350 175 180 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 5 0 0 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 50 25 25 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 45 25 25 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 20 5 10 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 0 0 0 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 130 55 75
Ilocano 0 0 0 740 305 435
Malagasy 0 0 0 360 185 170
Malay 0 0 0 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20 10 10 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Creole languages 35 10 20 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 15 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 40 25 15 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 5 5 5 150 85 65
Malayalam 5 5 5 200 100 100
Tamil 30 15 15 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 0 0 0 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 1,490 695 790 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 0 0 0 1,615 795 820
Armenian 45 20 25 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 300 150 150 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 0 0 0 190 80 105
Latvian 0 0 0 75 40 40
Lithuanian 0 0 5 115 40 70
Slavic languages 300 145 150 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Bosnian 5 5 5 965 475 495
Bulgarian 20 15 10 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 15 5 10 1,015 475 545
Czech 10 0 5 460 220 240
Macedonian 5 5 0 130 65 65
Polish 70 30 35 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 140 70 70 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 0 5 0 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 960 470 490
Slovak 0 0 5 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 225 95 135
Ukrainian 15 5 10 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 30 15 15 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 0 0 0 15 10 10
Danish 0 0 0 50 25 25
Dutch 0 0 5 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 20 15 10 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 20
Norwegian 0 5 0 20 5 10
Swedish 0 0 0 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 70 35 40
Yiddish 5 0 0 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Greek 75 40 40 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 505 245 260 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 295 140 150 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 15 5 10 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 65 35 35 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 25 15 10 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 30 15 15
Marathi 0 0 5 80 40 40
Nepali 0 0 0 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 125 65 60 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 0 0 0 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 365 185 180
Urdu 60 25 30 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 215 105 110 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 0 0 0 510 280 235
Pashto 0 0 0 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 215 100 110 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 525 225 295 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 0 0 0 110 50 60
Italian 170 75 100 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 35 15 20 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 120 55 65 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 195 85 115 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 10 0 5 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Georgian 0 0 0 70 40 35
Korean 45 25 25 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 145 70 75
Mongolian 5 0 5 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 5 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 445 215 235
Bamanankan 0 0 0 265 135 125
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 530 255 280
Ga 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Lingala 0 0 0 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 530 225 305
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 0 0 0 1,100 535 565
Wolof 0 0 0 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 0 0 0 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 130 65 65
Sign languages 5 0 0 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 0 0 0 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 825 415 410 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 820 415 410 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 130 65 70 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 0 0 0 155 75 80
Mandarin 655 335 320 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 10 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 215 115 100
Burmese 0 0 0 35 15 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 0 5 0 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 5 0 5 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 0 0 0 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 20 10 10 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 100 50 55
Turkish 20 10 15 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 0 0 0 140 75 70
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Uralic languages 20 10 10 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 0 0 0 30 10 20
Finnish 0 0 0 50 20 30
Hungarian 20 5 10 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 90 60
Multiple responses 1,430 700 735 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 425 210 215 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 605 300 300 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 145 70 75 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 265 120 145 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 19,930 9,720 10,215 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 12,805 6,305 6,500 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 2,120 1,010 1,105 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 2,245 1,100 1,145 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 2,125 990 1,140 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 5 5 0 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 2,125 985 1,135 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 235 125 115 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 75 40 40 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 320 150 170 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 16,830 8,135 8,695 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 15,960 7,730 8,230 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,210 49,024 33,896 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 15,965 7,730 8,230 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,754 41,466 29,819 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 14,920 7,325 7,595 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,504 46,933 29,836 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 10,755 4,570 6,185 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,328 3,122 5,019 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 12,200 6,185 6,010 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,794 46,093 31,950 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 16,830 8,135 8,695 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 15,935 7,725 8,215 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 60,660 75,855 46,376 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 15,940 7,725 8,215 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,175 55,854 37,071 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 15,045 7,370 7,670 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 58,985 75,226 43,382 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 10,750 4,590 6,160 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,387 6,810 7,818 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 12,200 6,170 6,030 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 58,860 73,052 44,338 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 16,830 8,135 8,695 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 5,845 3,260 2,585 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,635 77,139 58,871 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 87,937 102,963 69,008 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.0 94.7 87.7 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.2 77.8 71.0 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.9 5.2 12.3 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 16,830 8,135 8,700 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 875 410 465 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 15,960 7,730 8,230 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 94.8 95.0 94.6 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,490 1,045 1,450 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 2,390 980 1,410 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 1,635 700 935 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 1,420 605 815 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 1,375 580 795 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 1,160 500 660 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 945 450 495 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 820 405 420 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 635 320 315 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 500 290 205 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 2,580 1,850 730 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 1,400 950 455 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 1,180 900 275 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 16,830 8,135 8,695 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 870 400 465 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 15,965 7,730 8,235 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 94.9 95.0 94.7 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,645 1,080 1,565 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 2,490 1,030 1,455 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 1,955 840 1,115 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 1,900 800 1,100 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 1,630 705 925 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 1,315 640 675 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 985 515 470 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 690 410 275 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 2,360 1,700 655 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 570 380 190 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 385 275 115 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 1,400 1,050 355 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 16,830 8,135 8,695 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 4,630 1,945 2,685 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 12,200 6,190 6,010 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 72.5 76.1 69.1 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,690 835 855 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 1,095 460 630 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 1,555 730 825 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 1,055 475 580 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 905 385 515 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 885 345 540 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 810 335 470 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 645 280 365 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 595 280 310 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 2,975 2,065 910 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 450 255 195 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 395 245 155 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 2,125 1,565 555 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 6,685 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 115,381 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 93,429 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 805 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,448 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,706 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 5,880 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,256 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,524 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 6,680 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 144,676 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 110,162 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 820 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 60,031 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,940 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 5,860 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 156,510 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 119,141 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 6,680 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 55 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 25 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 40 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 80 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 120 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 105 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 125 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 150 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 155 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 160 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 360 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 380 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 350 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 370 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 375 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,830 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 785 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 690 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 995 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,360 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 6,680 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 60 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 30 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 55 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 85 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 135 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 125 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 170 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 195 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 185 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 240 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 485 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 475 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 475 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 485 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 435 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,060 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 955 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 680 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,425 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 5,860 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 126,096 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,389 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 1,685 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 99,413 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,570 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 3,420 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 152,795 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,725 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 640 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 83,383 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,246 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 5,860 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 156,125 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 118,819 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 1,710 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 115,510 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,737 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 3,425 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 185,858 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 139,773 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 605 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 110,945 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 86,903 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 905 335 565 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 46,409 49,792 44,672 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,741 40,960 38,187 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 905 295 610 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 57,337 68,760 51,765 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,052 50,112 41,095 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 19,930 9,720 10,210 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 5,960 2,810 3,150 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 785 365 420 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 875 415 460 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 1,125 525 605 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 1,425 685 745 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 1,740 820 920 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 13,970 6,910 7,060 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 1,805 885 920 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 2,260 1,105 1,160 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 2,580 1,320 1,260 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 3,080 1,500 1,585 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 4,245 2,110 2,140 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 19,930 9,720 10,210 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 3,990 2,030 1,965 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 905 450 450 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 12,840 6,155 6,680 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 3,100 1,535 1,565 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 1,195 560 640 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 285 140 145 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 50 20 30 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 710 330 375 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 200 85 115 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 6.0 5.8 6.3 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 7.1 6.9 7.4 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 5.5 4.4 6.7 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 5.5 5.4 5.6 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 6.5 5.5 7.3 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 875 400 470 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 210 100 110 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 35 15 20 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 540 250 290 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 115 50 70 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.4 4.1 4.6 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 5.3 4.9 5.6 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 3.9 3.3 4.4 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 4.2 4.1 4.3 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 3.7 3.3 4.5 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 19,930 9,720 10,210 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 19,670 9,605 10,055 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 19,115 9,400 9,720 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 15,890 7,780 8,110 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 9,245 4,430 4,810 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 0 0 0 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 0 10 0 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,240 4,425 4,810 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,220 615 605 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 15 0 0 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 0 0 0 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,550 745 805
Bilen 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oromo 0 0 0 45 30 10
Somali 0 0 0 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 1,220 615 605 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 15 10 10 1,145 540 600
Arabic 1,145 575 565 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 65 30 35 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 0 0 0 40 10 25
Tigrigna 0 0 0 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 120 50 70 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 115 45 65 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 135 50 90 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 0 0 0 105 45 60
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 540 195 350
Ilocano 10 0 10 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 10 0 10 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 195 95 100
Pangasinan 0 0 0 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 130 55 75 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 270 275
Creole languages 195 75 120 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 10 0 0 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 150 45 100 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 105 50 60 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 20 10 10 415 210 205
Malayalam 40 15 20 510 285 220
Tamil 55 30 25 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 15 10 0 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 6,350 3,065 3,290 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 10 10 0 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 125 75 50 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 865 400 465 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 20 0 10 1,080 500 585
Latvian 10 0 10 335 150 185
Lithuanian 10 10 0 755 350 410
Slavic languages 850 390 455 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 365 150 215
Bosnian 25 10 10 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 85 50 35 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 25 25 10 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 40 10 30 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 0 0 0 285 140 145
Polish 270 105 160 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 280 130 155 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 25 15 10 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 10 10 0 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 970 490 480
Ukrainian 120 60 65 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 75 75
Celtic languages 0 0 0 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 155 95 65
Welsh 0 0 0 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 265 175 95
Germanic languages 520 225 290 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 0 0 0 415 260 150
Danish 0 0 0 835 410 420
Dutch 30 25 0 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 0 0 15 10 0
German 470 200 270 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 0 0 0 140 80 60
Norwegian 10 0 0 510 255 255
Swedish 10 10 10 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 760 265 495
Yiddish 0 0 0 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 270 125 140
Greek 715 320 395 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 975 535 445 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 620 320 305 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 40 20 20 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 100 55 45 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 225 110 115 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 35 15
Konkani 0 0 0 150 70 75
Marathi 10 0 10 475 240 230
Nepali 0 0 0 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 285 140 140 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 0 0 0 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 1,335 625 710
Urdu 190 100 85 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 345 210 140 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 25 10 10 1,255 665 590
Pashto 0 0 0 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 330 200 130 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 3,415 1,625 1,790 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 0 0 0 890 525 365
Italian 2,290 1,110 1,180 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 170 95 80 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 95 55 40 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 1,090 465 630 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 490 345 145
Japanese 30 15 15 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 220 110 110
Georgian 0 0 0 215 105 110
Korean 25 10 20 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 270 135 130
Mongolian 0 0 0 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 60 40 20 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 10 10 10 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 0 0 0 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 0 0 0 190 95 95
Ewe 0 0 0 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 0 10 0 315 155 160
Ganda 0 0 0 90 40 55
Igbo 0 0 0 275 190 90
Lingala 10 10 0 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 10 0 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 0 0 0 150 75 80
Swahili 10 10 0 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 0 0 0 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 10 0 0 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 695 345 350
Sign languages 0 0 0 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 0 0 0 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,190 555 635 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 1,190 555 635 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 335 145 190 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 0 0 0 545 240 310
Mandarin 890 430 460 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 10 10 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 20 25 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 20 20 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 430 235 195
Burmese 0 0 0 140 75 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 10 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 0 0 0 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 0 0 0 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 45 25 25 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 15 0 10 510 275 235
Turkish 35 25 15 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 0 0 0 230 110 120
Uzbek 0 0 0 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 235 115 120
Uralic languages 100 65 35 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 0 0 0 150 55 95
Finnish 15 10 10 500 195 305
Hungarian 80 55 25 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 19,930 9,715 10,215 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 18,980 9,235 9,745 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 3,850 1,930 1,925 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 15,130 7,305 7,825 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 950 485 465 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 19,930 9,720 10,210 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 14,100 6,845 7,250 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 5,735 2,850 2,890 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 2,305 1,190 1,115 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 825 390 440 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 905 430 470 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 1,160 550 615 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 705 340 370 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 455 215 240 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 545 290 250 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 95 20 75 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 5,735 2,850 2,890 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 755 360 395 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 1,045 600 445 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 1,215 555 660 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 2,375 1,170 1,205 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 345 170 185 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 5,740 2,850 2,885 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 670 315 355 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 25 0 20 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 50 20 35 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 10 10 0 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 45 20 25 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 60 20 45 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 50 30 30 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 75 40 40 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 25 10 15 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 55 25 30 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 160 100 65 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 95 45 50 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 1,810 945 870 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 10 0 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 20 15 10 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 125 50 75 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 150 60 90 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 140 75 65 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 35 20 15 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 0 0 820 485 330
Italy 450 235 215 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 15 20 0 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 110 50 65 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 45 25 20 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 90 50 40 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 75 35 35 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 30 20 15 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 50 20 30 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 185 110 75 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 250 140 115 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 865 415 450 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 70 45 25 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 500 230 275 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 15 10 10 995 495 495
Kenya 10 10 10 785 355 430
Morocco 75 35 40 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 10 10 0 1,340 740 600
Somalia 0 0 0 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 180 95 90 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 2,370 1,170 1,200 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 0 0 0 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 35 20 20 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 650 330 320 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 120 55 60 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 400 220 180 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 265 150 115 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 10 0 10 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 10 0 10 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 15 10 0 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 185 95 95 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 95 40 55 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 115 50 70 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 35 15 20 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 40 10 30 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 0 0 0 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 80 35 45 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 315 145 175 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 20 10 10 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 540 290 250 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 55 40 15 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 15 0 10 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 0 0 0 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 0 0 0 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 10 0 10 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 0 0 0 190 140 55
Mexico 0 0 0 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 30 30 0 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 45 30 15 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 10 10 0 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 10 10 0 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 10 0 3,750 1,695 2,055
Romania 0 0 0 2,945 1,260 1,685
Russian Federation 15 0 10