Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ottawa, Census division [Census division], Ontario

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa, CV
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ottawa, CDR
Ontario
[Census division]
Data quality , Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ottawa, Census division [Census division], Ontario  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 934,243 ... ... 934,243 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 883,391 ... ... 883,391 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 395,985 ... ... 395,985 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 373,756 ... ... 373,756 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 334.8 ... ... 334.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,790.30 ... ... 2,790.30 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 934,245 453,875 480,365 934,245 453,875 480,370
0 to 14 years 155,680 79,185 76,490 155,680 79,185 76,495
0 to 4 years 48,870 24,800 24,070 48,870 24,800 24,065
5 to 9 years 53,715 27,365 26,350 53,715 27,365 26,350
10 to 14 years 53,095 27,020 26,075 53,095 27,020 26,075
15 to 64 years 634,425 310,390 324,035 634,425 310,385 324,035
15 to 19 years 57,190 28,990 28,200 57,190 28,990 28,200
20 to 24 years 68,645 34,575 34,070 68,650 34,575 34,075
25 to 29 years 63,695 31,675 32,025 63,695 31,675 32,025
30 to 34 years 61,670 30,105 31,565 61,670 30,110 31,565
35 to 39 years 59,575 28,330 31,250 59,575 28,325 31,245
40 to 44 years 62,710 29,880 32,830 62,710 29,880 32,830
45 to 49 years 65,960 31,980 33,980 65,960 31,980 33,980
50 to 54 years 73,210 36,005 37,210 73,210 36,005 37,210
55 to 59 years 66,765 32,370 34,395 66,765 32,370 34,395
60 to 64 years 54,990 26,475 28,510 54,990 26,480 28,510
65 years and over 144,140 64,300 79,840 144,140 64,300 79,840
65 to 69 years 48,130 22,870 25,265 48,130 22,870 25,265
70 to 74 years 33,875 15,790 18,085 33,875 15,795 18,080
75 to 79 years 24,600 11,135 13,465 24,600 11,135 13,460
80 to 84 years 17,950 7,765 10,185 17,950 7,765 10,185
85 years and over 19,580 6,740 12,840 19,580 6,740 12,845
85 to 89 years 11,720 4,480 7,245 11,720 4,475 7,245
90 to 94 years 5,995 1,845 4,145 5,995 1,845 4,145
95 to 99 years 1,640 385 1,255 1,640 385 1,255
100 years and over 225 30 200 230 30 195
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 15.9 16.7 17.4 15.9
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.4 67.5 67.9 68.4 67.5
65 years and over 15.4 14.2 16.6 15.4 14.2 16.6
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 2.1 1.5 2.7
Average age of the population 40.1 39.2 41.0 40.1 39.2 41.0
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 40.1 39.0 41.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 373,755 ... ... 373,760 ... ...
Single-detached house 158,235 ... ... 158,230 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 68,645 ... ... 68,645 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 146,085 ... ... 146,080 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,140 ... ... 20,140 ... ...
Row house 79,340 ... ... 79,335 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,055 ... ... 7,055 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 39,095 ... ... 39,095 ... ...
Other single-attached house 465 ... ... 460 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 800 ... ... 795 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 373,755 ... ... 373,755 ... ...
1 person 105,750 ... ... 105,745 ... ...
2 persons 124,280 ... ... 124,280 ... ...
3 persons 58,010 ... ... 58,015 ... ...
4 persons 55,215 ... ... 55,215 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,500 ... ... 30,495 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 916,860 ... ... 916,855 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 778,565 374,690 403,875 778,560 374,690 403,870
Married or living common law 437,500 218,705 218,795 437,500 218,700 218,790
Married 366,365 182,795 183,565 366,365 182,795 183,565
Living common law 71,130 35,910 35,225 71,130 35,910 35,225
Not married and not living common law 341,065 155,985 185,080 341,065 155,990 185,080
Never married 236,315 123,415 112,895 236,315 123,420 112,900
Separated 21,015 8,500 12,520 21,015 8,500 12,520
Divorced 46,000 16,540 29,460 46,005 16,540 29,460
Widowed 37,730 7,535 30,200 37,735 7,535 30,200
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 254,770 ... ... 254,765 ... ...
2 persons 123,855 ... ... 123,855 ... ...
3 persons 54,635 ... ... 54,630 ... ...
4 persons 53,395 ... ... 53,400 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,885 ... ... 22,885 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 254,765 ... ... 254,770 ... ...
Total couple families 213,535 ... ... 213,535 ... ...
Married couples 177,990 ... ... 177,990 ... ...
Common-law couples 35,545 ... ... 35,545 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,230 ... ... 41,235 ... ...
Female parent 32,860 ... ... 32,865 ... ...
Male parent 8,375 ... ... 8,375 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 213,535 ... ... 213,535 ... ...
Couples without children 99,685 ... ... 99,685 ... ...
Couples with children 113,855 ... ... 113,855 ... ...
1 child 42,565 ... ... 42,570 ... ...
2 children 49,890 ... ... 49,895 ... ...
3 or more children 21,390 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,235 ... ... 41,235 ... ...
1 child 24,170 ... ... 24,170 ... ...
2 children 12,065 ... ... 12,065 ... ...
3 or more children 4,995 ... ... 4,995 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 168,745 78,365 90,380 168,745 78,365 90,380
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 373,755 ... ... 373,755 ... ...
One-census-family households 243,070 ... ... 243,065 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 94,935 ... ... 94,935 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 148,135 ... ... 148,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,755 ... ... 5,750 ... ...
Non-census-family households 124,935 ... ... 124,935 ... ...
One-person households 105,750 ... ... 105,745 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,185 ... ... 19,190 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 923,375 449,335 474,040 923,370 449,335 474,035
English only 549,395 279,175 270,220 549,395 279,175 270,220
French only 12,680 5,075 7,610 12,680 5,070 7,610
English and French 347,510 159,620 187,890 347,510 159,620 187,885
Neither English nor French 13,790 5,465 8,320 13,790 5,465 8,320
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 923,370 449,335 474,035 923,375 449,330 474,035
English 749,725 370,365 379,360 749,720 370,360 379,360
French 138,900 63,600 75,300 138,900 63,600 75,300
English and French 21,300 10,070 11,230 21,300 10,070 11,230
Neither English nor French 13,445 5,295 8,150 13,445 5,295 8,145
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 149,550 68,635 80,915 149,555 68,635 80,915
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 16.2 15.3 17.1 16.2 15.3 17.1
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 923,375 449,330 474,040 923,370 449,330 474,040
Single responses 889,715 433,335 456,385 889,715 433,335 456,380
Official languages 689,300 338,895 350,405 689,295 338,895 350,405
English 562,070 280,205 281,870 562,075 280,200 281,870
French 127,225 58,690 68,530 127,220 58,695 68,535
Non-official languages 200,420 94,440 105,975 200,420 94,440 105,975
Aboriginal languages 650 245 405 650 245 405
Algonquian languages 280 115 165 280 115 165
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 70 85 155 70 85
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 5 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 5 5 5 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 5 5 5
Northern East Cree 20 15 5 20 10 5
Plains Cree 10 5 5 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 5 0 5
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 25 10 15
Woods Cree 5 5 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 75 35 40 75 35 45
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 10 20 10 10
Malecite 5 5 0 5 5 0
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 20 5 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 35 65 100 35 65
Algonquin 25 10 15 25 10 20
Ojibway 70 25 45 65 25 45
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 5 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 5 5 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 5 0 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 10 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 330 110 215 325 110 220
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 295 95 200 295 95 200
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 25 10 15
Iroquoian languages 25 10 15 30 15 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 10 15 25 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 5 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 199,765 94,195 105,575 199,765 94,195 105,575
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,350 22,200 22,150 44,350 22,200 22,145
Berber languages 375 195 180 375 195 180
Kabyle 250 130 120 245 130 115
Berber languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 130 70 60
Cushitic languages 6,660 2,870 3,785 6,665 2,875 3,785
Bilen 50 25 25 50 25 25
Oromo 215 120 95 215 120 95
Somali 6,300 2,680 3,615 6,305 2,685 3,615
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 95 40 50
Semitic languages 37,255 19,100 18,160 37,255 19,100 18,155
Amharic 1,455 680 770 1,455 680 770
Arabic 34,295 17,670 16,625 34,295 17,670 16,625
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 75 35 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 10 5 5
Harari 60 30 30 55 25 30
Hebrew 355 190 160 355 190 165
Maltese 30 10 20 30 10 20
Tigrigna 905 440 460 905 440 465
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 75 40 40
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,045 3,225 3,815 7,040 3,230 3,815
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 485 610 1,100 485 615
Vietnamese 5,930 2,735 3,195 5,935 2,735 3,195
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 10 5 10
Austronesian languages 7,785 2,835 4,950 7,785 2,835 4,945
Bikol 30 15 15 30 15 20
Cebuano 370 120 245 365 125 240
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 110 35 75 110 40 75
Ilocano 575 225 345 575 225 345
Malagasy 55 25 25 55 25 30
Malay 395 160 235 395 160 235
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 25 5 15
Pangasinan 30 15 15 25 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,035 2,170 3,865 6,035 2,170 3,865
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 40 15 30
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 120 40 75 120 40 80
Creole languages 4,175 1,745 2,435 4,175 1,745 2,430
Haitian Creole 290 130 160 290 130 165
Creole, n.o.s. 3,705 1,535 2,170 3,705 1,530 2,175
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 180 85 95
Dravidian languages 3,805 1,965 1,840 3,805 1,965 1,840
Kannada 225 115 105 220 115 110
Malayalam 660 345 315 660 345 315
Tamil 2,415 1,230 1,185 2,415 1,225 1,185
Telugu 485 270 220 490 270 220
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 25 15 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Indo-European languages 87,105 41,440 45,665 87,105 41,445 45,670
Albanian 660 325 335 660 320 335
Armenian 465 235 230 465 240 225
Balto-Slavic languages 20,270 9,080 11,190 20,270 9,080 11,190
Baltic languages 455 200 260 455 195 265
Latvian 250 110 140 250 115 135
Lithuanian 210 85 125 210 85 120
Slavic languages 19,815 8,885 10,930 19,810 8,885 10,930
Belarusan 40 20 20 40 20 20
Bosnian 600 275 325 600 275 330
Bulgarian 845 390 455 850 395 455
Croatian 1,005 460 540 1,000 465 535
Czech 915 405 505 915 405 505
Macedonian 65 25 40 60 30 35
Polish 5,525 2,485 3,035 5,525 2,485 3,035
Russian 6,150 2,680 3,470 6,155 2,680 3,470
Serbian 1,705 810 890 1,705 815 890
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 260 515 255 260
Slovak 570 260 315 575 260 315
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 85 125 210 85 120
Ukrainian 1,630 695 935 1,635 700 935
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 40 20 15
Celtic languages 110 50 60 115 55 60
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 40 25 20
Welsh 50 15 35 50 20 35
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 15 10 10
Germanic languages 8,680 3,980 4,705 8,680 3,980 4,700
Afrikaans 160 80 85 160 75 80
Danish 295 135 165 300 135 165
Dutch 2,215 1,060 1,150 2,215 1,065 1,155
Frisian 40 20 20 35 15 20
German 5,275 2,345 2,930 5,275 2,340 2,935
Icelandic 20 10 10 20 5 10
Norwegian 135 60 75 135 55 75
Swedish 275 140 135 275 145 135
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 45 75 35 40
Yiddish 175 95 75 180 100 75
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 15 5 10
Greek 2,110 1,105 1,005 2,115 1,105 1,005
Indo-Iranian languages 26,965 13,585 13,375 26,970 13,590 13,375
Indo-Aryan languages 18,345 9,255 9,085 18,345 9,255 9,090
Bengali 3,255 1,615 1,645 3,260 1,615 1,640
Gujarati 1,470 760 710 1,470 760 705
Hindi 2,875 1,470 1,400 2,875 1,470 1,400
Kashmiri 20 10 10 25 10 10
Konkani 105 55 50 105 55 55
Marathi 290 150 140 290 145 140
Nepali 925 440 485 925 440 485
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 40 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,880 1,995 1,885 3,880 1,995 1,880
Sindhi 270 120 145 265 125 145
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 810 395 420 810 390 420
Urdu 4,410 2,220 2,180 4,405 2,225 2,185
Iranian languages 8,530 4,280 4,250 8,530 4,275 4,255
Kurdish 655 335 315 655 340 310
Pashto 1,025 520 510 1,025 520 510
Persian (Farsi) 6,850 3,420 3,430 6,850 3,420 3,430
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 95 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 27,840 13,070 14,770 27,840 13,070 14,765
Catalan 30 15 15 30 15 15
Italian 9,030 4,470 4,560 9,030 4,470 4,560
Portuguese 4,205 1,970 2,240 4,205 1,970 2,240
Romanian 2,560 1,165 1,400 2,565 1,165 1,400
Spanish 11,985 5,445 6,540 11,985 5,445 6,540
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 25 15 10
Japanese 990 300 685 990 300 690
Kartvelian languages 35 15 20 30 10 20
Georgian 30 15 25 30 10 25
Korean 2,065 875 1,185 2,065 875 1,185
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 30 15 15
Mongolian 30 15 20 35 15 15
Niger-Congo languages 5,380 2,360 3,020 5,380 2,360 3,015
Akan (Twi) 355 175 180 355 175 180
Bamanankan 75 30 50 75 30 45
Edo 35 20 20 35 15 20
Ewe 75 30 50 75 25 50
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 45 55 100 50 55
Ga 60 30 30 60 30 25
Ganda 125 55 65 125 60 65
Igbo 180 90 95 180 90 90
Lingala 320 120 205 320 120 205
Rundi (Kirundi) 840 360 475 840 360 480
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 650 235 420 650 235 415
Shona 110 40 70 110 40 70
Swahili 1,100 485 615 1,095 490 615
Wolof 80 35 45 80 40 45
Yoruba 240 125 110 235 125 115
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,030 485 545 1,030 485 550
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 165 305 140 165
Dinka 90 45 45 90 40 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 120 215 95 120
Sign languages 220 105 120 225 105 120
American Sign Language 75 30 50 80 30 45
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 5 5 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 140 75 65 135 75 65
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,945 14,835 17,105 31,945 14,840 17,105
Chinese languages 31,130 14,445 16,690 31,130 14,440 16,690
Cantonese 10,160 4,775 5,380 10,160 4,775 5,380
Hakka 155 65 90 155 65 90
Mandarin 18,575 8,565 10,010 18,575 8,570 10,005
Min Dong 50 25 25 50 20 30
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 725 315 410 725 315 410
Wu (Shanghainese) 445 205 240 440 200 240
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 485 520 1,010 485 525
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 15 10 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 810 395 415
Burmese 225 120 110 230 115 110
Karenic languages 325 155 165 325 155 170
Tibetan 95 50 40 95 50 40
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 170 75 95
Tai-Kadai languages 690 245 445 690 245 445
Lao 345 155 190 345 155 190
Thai 345 90 255 340 90 255
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 0 0 5
Turkic languages 1,645 835 815 1,645 835 815
Azerbaijani 120 70 55 120 70 50
Turkish 1,390 705 685 1,390 705 685
Uyghur 10 5 5 10 5 5
Uzbek 65 30 40 65 30 35
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 65 30 30
Uralic languages 2,055 965 1,085 2,055 965 1,085
Estonian 150 70 80 155 70 80
Finnish 300 120 185 305 120 180
Hungarian 1,595 775 825 1,595 770 825
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 85 60 140 80 60
Multiple responses 33,660 16,000 17,655 33,655 16,000 17,655
English and French 12,295 5,825 6,475 12,295 5,825 6,475
English and non-official language 15,135 7,340 7,795 15,130 7,335 7,795
French and non-official language 3,815 1,730 2,085 3,820 1,730 2,085
English, French and non-official language 2,415 1,110 1,300 2,410 1,110 1,305
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 923,370 449,335 474,040 923,370 449,330 474,040
Single responses 866,210 422,345 443,870 866,215 422,345 443,870
Official languages 766,810 375,540 391,270 766,805 375,535 391,270
English 680,895 336,595 344,305 680,895 336,595 344,305
French 85,910 38,945 46,965 85,910 38,945 46,970
Non-official languages 99,400 46,805 52,600 99,400 46,805 52,595
Aboriginal languages 210 90 125 210 90 125
Algonquian languages 70 35 40 75 30 40
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 20 35 55 20 35
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 5 0 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 5 5 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 10 10 0 5
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 10 0 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 25 10 15
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 10 10 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 10 5 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 130 55 75 135 55 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 5 0 5
Inuktitut 120 45 70 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 15 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 5 5 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 99,190 46,715 52,480 99,195 46,715 52,475
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,665 11,855 12,810 24,665 11,855 12,810
Berber languages 220 110 115 220 105 110
Kabyle 180 85 95 185 85 95
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 35 20 15
Cushitic languages 3,860 1,580 2,275 3,855 1,580 2,275
Bilen 30 15 10 30 15 10
Oromo 130 70 60 130 70 65
Somali 3,645 1,475 2,165 3,640 1,475 2,165
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 55 25 35
Semitic languages 20,580 10,165 10,415 20,580 10,165 10,420
Amharic 845 400 445 840 400 445
Arabic 19,105 9,455 9,645 19,100 9,455 9,645
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 35 15 20
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 20 5 10 20 10 10
Hebrew 135 80 60 135 75 60
Maltese 5 0 5 5 0 0
Tigrigna 415 195 220 415 195 220
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 25 10 10
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,140 1,895 2,245 4,140 1,895 2,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 265 465 195 260
Vietnamese 3,680 1,700 1,980 3,680 1,700 1,980
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 5 5 5
Austronesian languages 3,335 1,395 1,940 3,335 1,395 1,940
Bikol 5 5 0 0 5 0
Cebuano 125 55 70 125 55 70
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 45 15 30
Ilocano 230 105 120 230 105 120
Malagasy 10 10 10 15 10 5
Malay 120 50 70 120 50 70
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 5 0 5
Pangasinan 10 5 5 10 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,745 1,130 1,615 2,745 1,130 1,610
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 10 5 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 40 15 25
Creole languages 1,825 745 1,080 1,825 745 1,080
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 155 65 85
Creole, n.o.s. 1,605 645 960 1,605 645 960
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 70 30 35
Dravidian languages 1,845 915 935 1,845 910 940
Kannada 75 45 35 75 45 35
Malayalam 280 150 135 280 150 135
Tamil 1,285 615 665 1,285 615 665
Telugu 195 105 90 195 105 90
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 37,270 17,645 19,625 37,275 17,650 19,625
Albanian 295 140 155 300 140 155
Armenian 205 95 110 205 95 110
Balto-Slavic languages 8,925 4,195 4,730 8,920 4,195 4,730
Baltic languages 105 45 60 105 45 60
Latvian 55 25 35 55 25 30
Lithuanian 45 25 25 50 20 25
Slavic languages 8,815 4,150 4,670 8,815 4,145 4,670
Belarusan 20 10 10 20 10 10
Bosnian 305 150 150 305 150 155
Bulgarian 400 190 210 400 190 210
Croatian 330 150 180 330 150 180
Czech 205 100 110 205 95 110
Macedonian 15 10 5 15 5 5
Polish 1,995 915 1,075 1,995 915 1,075
Russian 3,625 1,690 1,935 3,620 1,695 1,935
Serbian 1,005 500 505 1,000 495 505
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 200 100 95
Slovak 195 90 105 195 90 100
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 25 10 15
Ukrainian 505 230 275 510 235 275
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 5
Celtic languages 10 5 0 10 10 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 915 415 495 915 420 495
Afrikaans 35 20 20 40 20 20
Danish 25 10 10 20 10 15
Dutch 145 70 80 145 65 75
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 0
German 625 275 355 630 275 350
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 10 5 10 15 5 5
Swedish 55 35 20 55 35 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 15 10 5 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 625 300 325 620 295 325
Indo-Iranian languages 14,665 7,155 7,510 14,670 7,155 7,510
Indo-Aryan languages 9,590 4,740 4,850 9,590 4,745 4,850
Bengali 1,945 940 1,010 1,945 935 1,010
Gujarati 605 310 300 610 310 300
Hindi 1,285 650 635 1,285 650 635
Kashmiri 5 5 0 5 0 5
Konkani 35 15 20 35 15 20
Marathi 110 50 60 110 50 60
Nepali 730 360 375 735 355 370
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,190 1,105 1,085 2,190 1,110 1,085
Sindhi 65 30 40 60 25 35
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 195 385 190 195
Urdu 2,215 1,090 1,125 2,215 1,090 1,125
Iranian languages 5,055 2,400 2,655 5,055 2,400 2,655
Kurdish 370 195 175 370 190 180
Pashto 645 310 335 645 310 335
Persian (Farsi) 4,040 1,895 2,140 4,040 1,895 2,140
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 25 15 10
Italic (Romance) languages 11,635 5,340 6,295 11,635 5,340 6,295
Catalan 15 5 10 20 5 10
Italian 2,500 1,110 1,390 2,500 1,110 1,390
Portuguese 1,850 870 980 1,850 865 985
Romanian 1,190 555 635 1,195 555 635
Spanish 6,070 2,795 3,270 6,070 2,800 3,270
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 5
Japanese 385 140 250 385 135 245
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 10 5 5
Georgian 5 5 5 10 5 5
Korean 1,140 530 615 1,145 525 615
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 15 10 5
Mongolian 15 10 5 15 10 5
Niger-Congo languages 1,480 660 820 1,480 655 825
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 125 60 65
Bamanankan 10 5 10 15 5 10
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 20 5 15 25 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 25 10 15
Ga 15 5 5 10 10 10
Ganda 30 10 20 30 10 20
Igbo 55 25 25 55 25 30
Lingala 65 20 45 70 20 50
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 135 135 265 130 130
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 150 230 80 150
Shona 20 10 10 20 15 10
Swahili 380 175 210 380 175 205
Wolof 30 15 15 30 15 15
Yoruba 55 30 25 55 30 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 150 65 80
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 40 80 35 40
Dinka 25 15 10 25 15 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 50 20 30
Sign languages 305 165 145 310 165 145
American Sign Language 105 50 60 105 50 60
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 15 5 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 115 85 195 110 85
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,045 9,955 11,090 21,040 9,955 11,090
Chinese languages 20,465 9,680 10,790 20,465 9,680 10,785
Cantonese 5,840 2,685 3,155 5,840 2,685 3,155
Hakka 50 15 30 45 15 30
Mandarin 13,455 6,435 7,020 13,450 6,435 7,020
Min Dong 15 5 5 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 115 165 285 115 170
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 250 120 130
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 300 275 575 300 275
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 580 275 305
Burmese 145 65 80 150 65 75
Karenic languages 250 120 130 250 120 130
Tibetan 70 35 35 70 40 35
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 110 50 65
Tai-Kadai languages 260 100 160 260 100 155
Lao 165 70 95 165 70 95
Thai 95 30 65 95 30 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 855 415 440 855 420 440
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 50 25 30
Turkish 745 360 380 745 360 385
Uyghur 5 5 0 0 5 0
Uzbek 35 15 20 35 15 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 15 15 5
Uralic languages 500 240 265 500 235 265
Estonian 20 10 15 20 10 10
Finnish 35 15 20 35 15 20
Hungarian 445 210 230 445 210 235
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 35 20 10
Multiple responses 57,160 26,990 30,170 57,165 26,990 30,170
English and French 12,480 5,755 6,725 12,480 5,755 6,725
English and non-official language 36,690 17,710 18,980 36,690 17,710 18,980
French and non-official language 3,305 1,395 1,910 3,305 1,395 1,910
English, French and non-official language 4,685 2,130 2,560 4,685 2,125 2,555
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 923,375 449,335 474,040 923,375 449,335 474,040
None 705,915 348,065 357,855 705,915 348,060 357,855
English 80,960 38,220 42,740 80,960 38,225 42,740
French 59,935 27,450 32,490 59,935 27,450 32,485
Non-official language 67,655 31,565 36,095 67,655 31,565 36,095
Aboriginal 405 150 255 405 150 255
Non-Aboriginal 67,250 31,410 35,840 67,255 31,410 35,840
English and French 2,595 1,220 1,380 2,600 1,220 1,380
English and non-official language 2,415 1,125 1,290 2,415 1,125 1,285
French and non-official language 3,800 1,645 2,150 3,800 1,645 2,150
English, French and non-official language 90 50 45 90 50 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 761,420 367,460 393,960 761,420 367,460 393,955
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,270 351,485 376,785 728,270 351,490 376,785
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,857 48,479 36,936 41,857 48,479 36,936
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,540 351,520 377,015 728,535 351,520 377,015
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,136 42,234 33,174 37,136 42,234 33,174
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 663,315 324,730 338,580 663,310 324,735 338,580
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,826 48,921 35,935 41,826 48,921 35,935
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 502,905 222,930 279,975 502,905 222,930 279,970
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,215 1,434 4,358 3,215 1,434 4,358
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 546,025 274,960 271,070 546,025 274,960 271,065
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,955 46,070 36,746 40,955 46,070 36,746
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 761,420 367,450 393,975 761,420 367,445 393,970
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,080 351,205 376,880 728,085 351,200 376,880
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,605 62,746 47,019 54,605 62,746 47,019
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,355 351,210 377,145 728,360 351,215 377,145
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,428 50,106 39,141 44,428 50,106 39,141
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 663,600 324,535 339,060 663,595 324,535 339,065
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,792 63,743 46,224 54,792 63,743 46,224
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 502,790 222,910 279,885 502,790 222,905 279,880
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,757 6,055 7,317 6,757 6,055 7,317
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 546,025 274,445 271,580 546,025 274,445 271,580
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,088 60,456 45,642 53,088 60,456 45,642
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 761,420 367,450 393,975 761,420 367,445 393,970
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 279,480 150,600 128,880 279,480 150,600 128,880
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,546 70,955 60,631 65,546 70,955 60,631
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,111 82,331 66,674 75,111 82,331 66,674
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.4 93.9 88.4 91.4 93.9 88.4
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.8 75.0 70.0 72.8 75.0 70.0
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.6 6.1 11.6 8.6 6.1 11.6
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 761,420 367,460 393,960 761,420 367,465 393,955
Without total income 33,150 15,980 17,170 33,150 15,975 17,175
With total income 728,270 351,485 376,785 728,275 351,490 376,785
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.6 95.6 95.7 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 99,195 45,455 53,740 99,195 45,460 53,735
$10,000 to $19,999 107,875 44,780 63,090 107,875 44,780 63,090
$20,000 to $29,999 78,010 32,865 45,140 78,010 32,870 45,140
$30,000 to $39,999 66,630 28,950 37,675 66,625 28,955 37,675
$40,000 to $49,999 63,305 27,810 35,495 63,305 27,810 35,495
$50,000 to $59,999 58,005 26,620 31,385 58,005 26,620 31,385
$60,000 to $69,999 51,605 25,385 26,225 51,610 25,380 26,225
$70,000 to $79,999 42,025 21,880 20,145 42,025 21,880 20,150
$80,000 to $89,999 36,815 19,760 17,050 36,815 19,760 17,050
$90,000 to $99,999 32,270 17,200 15,075 32,275 17,195 15,070
$100,000 and over 92,535 60,775 31,760 92,535 60,775 31,760
$100,000 to $149,999 65,295 41,095 24,205 65,295 41,095 24,205
$150,000 and over 27,240 19,685 7,560 27,240 19,685 7,555
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 761,420 367,460 393,955 761,420 367,465 393,955
Without after-tax income 32,880 15,940 16,940 32,885 15,940 16,940
With after-tax income 728,535 351,520 377,015 728,535 351,520 377,015
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.7 95.7 95.7 95.7
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,495 46,300 57,195 103,495 46,295 57,195
$10,000 to $19,999 112,260 46,980 65,280 112,260 46,980 65,285
$20,000 to $29,999 89,985 38,505 51,480 89,990 38,510 51,475
$30,000 to $39,999 81,965 35,855 46,105 81,965 35,860 46,105
$40,000 to $49,999 78,235 35,230 43,000 78,230 35,235 43,000
$50,000 to $59,999 68,435 33,495 34,940 68,435 33,495 34,940
$60,000 to $69,999 54,560 29,055 25,505 54,560 29,055 25,505
$70,000 to $79,999 45,775 24,715 21,060 45,775 24,710 21,060
$80,000 and over 93,825 61,380 32,440 93,820 61,380 32,440
$80,000 to $89,999 32,630 19,255 13,375 32,630 19,255 13,375
$90,000 to $99,999 19,260 12,495 6,760 19,255 12,495 6,765
$100,000 and over 41,935 29,630 12,310 41,935 29,630 12,305
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 761,420 367,465 393,960 761,420 367,465 393,960
Without employment income 215,395 92,505 122,890 215,395 92,505 122,890
With employment income 546,025 274,960 271,065 546,025 274,955 271,065
Percentage with employment income 71.7 74.8 68.8 71.7 74.8 68.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 67,195 32,655 34,540 67,195 32,650 34,540
$5,000 to $9,999 40,580 18,300 22,280 40,580 18,300 22,280
$10,000 to $19,999 65,320 29,700 35,620 65,320 29,695 35,620
$20,000 to $29,999 50,625 23,530 27,095 50,625 23,530 27,090
$30,000 to $39,999 44,810 21,210 23,595 44,810 21,215 23,600
$40,000 to $49,999 43,030 19,575 23,460 43,030 19,575 23,460
$50,000 to $59,999 40,775 18,705 22,070 40,780 18,705 22,075
$60,000 to $69,999 36,550 17,765 18,790 36,550 17,765 18,790
$70,000 to $79,999 29,655 15,370 14,285 29,655 15,370 14,290
$80,000 and over 127,485 78,160 49,330 127,485 78,160 49,325
$80,000 to $89,999 29,530 15,440 14,090 29,530 15,440 14,085
$90,000 to $99,999 26,485 14,205 12,280 26,485 14,205 12,275
$100,000 and over 71,475 48,515 22,960 71,475 48,515 22,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 373,760 ... ... 373,755 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,981 ... ... 85,981 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,745 ... ... 73,745 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 105,750 ... ... 105,745 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,369 ... ... 47,369 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,026 ... ... 41,026 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 268,010 ... ... 268,005 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,064 ... ... 107,064 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,248 ... ... 91,248 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 373,755 ... ... 373,755 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,372 ... ... 106,372 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,579 ... ... 86,579 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 105,745 ... ... 105,745 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,590 ... ... 56,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,078 ... ... 46,078 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 268,010 ... ... 268,015 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,013 ... ... 126,013 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,559 ... ... 102,559 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 373,755 ... ... 373,755 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,250 ... ... 6,245 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,900 ... ... 4,895 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,095 ... ... 9,090 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,445 ... ... 11,445 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,405 ... ... 10,405 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,920 ... ... 10,925 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,170 ... ... 11,170 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,660 ... ... 11,655 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,120 ... ... 12,120 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,150 ... ... 12,150 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,805 ... ... 24,805 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,765 ... ... 24,765 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,225 ... ... 23,220 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,580 ... ... 22,580 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,430 ... ... 21,425 ... ...
$100,000 and over 156,845 ... ... 156,845 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,800 ... ... 43,800 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,760 ... ... 32,755 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 42,310 ... ... 42,310 ... ...
$200,000 and over 37,975 ... ... 37,975 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,755 ... ... 373,755 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,610 ... ... 6,610 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,970 ... ... 4,965 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,220 ... ... 9,220 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,915 ... ... 11,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,650 ... ... 11,650 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,395 ... ... 12,395 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,340 ... ... 13,335 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,530 ... ... 14,530 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,340 ... ... 15,340 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,625 ... ... 15,625 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,215 ... ... 31,215 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,345 ... ... 29,345 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 28,265 ... ... 28,265 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,850 ... ... 25,850 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,545 ... ... 22,545 ... ...
$100,000 and over 120,940 ... ... 120,945 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,895 ... ... 43,895 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,505 ... ... 30,500 ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,545 ... ... 46,540 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 253,415 ... ... 253,410 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,083 ... ... 109,083 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,624 ... ... 92,624 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 92,815 ... ... 92,815 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,233 ... ... 102,233 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,602 ... ... 86,602 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 114,325 ... ... 114,325 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,926 ... ... 137,926 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,637 ... ... 115,637 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,755 ... ... 38,755 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,761 ... ... 62,761 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,633 ... ... 56,633 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 253,440 ... ... 253,440 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,219 ... ... 128,219 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,030 ... ... 104,030 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 92,930 ... ... 92,930 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,150 ... ... 121,150 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,430 ... ... 97,430 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 114,320 ... ... 114,325 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,772 ... ... 154,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,814 ... ... 124,814 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,635 ... ... 38,635 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,479 ... ... 72,479 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,341 ... ... 62,341 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 148,795 70,365 78,425 148,795 70,370 78,425
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,585 37,101 39,770 38,585 37,101 39,770
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,525 33,178 35,479 34,525 33,178 35,479
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 148,300 69,825 78,475 148,300 69,825 78,475
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,967 48,862 49,060 48,967 48,862 49,060
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,421 40,027 40,772 40,421 40,027 40,772
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,860 446,515 470,340 916,860 446,515 470,340
In the bottom half of the distribution 351,750 167,740 184,005 351,745 167,740 184,005
In the bottom decile 87,465 42,945 44,520 87,465 42,940 44,520
In the second decile 68,570 31,900 36,670 68,570 31,900 36,670
In the third decile 61,285 28,950 32,335 61,285 28,950 32,330
In the fourth decile 63,425 30,120 33,310 63,430 30,120 33,305
In the fifth decile 71,000 33,825 37,170 71,000 33,825 37,170
In the top half of the distribution 565,110 278,780 286,330 565,110 278,780 286,335
In the sixth decile 80,420 38,470 41,950 80,420 38,470 41,950
In the seventh decile 92,480 44,845 47,635 92,475 44,840 47,635
In the eighth decile 110,280 54,300 55,985 110,280 54,300 55,985
In the ninth decile 136,925 67,895 69,035 136,925 67,895 69,030
In the top decile 145,005 73,275 71,730 145,010 73,280 71,730
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,855 446,520 470,340 916,855 446,520 470,340
0 to 17 years 187,695 95,500 92,200 187,695 95,495 92,200
0 to 5 years 59,200 30,145 29,055 59,200 30,145 29,055
18 to 64 years 596,800 290,300 306,500 596,805 290,300 306,500
65 years and over 132,355 60,715 71,640 132,360 60,715 71,640
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 115,180 54,575 60,605 115,175 54,570 60,605
0 to 17 years 30,100 15,575 14,530 30,100 15,575 14,525
0 to 5 years 10,150 5,285 4,865 10,150 5,285 4,865
18 to 64 years 72,620 34,105 38,515 72,620 34,105 38,515
65 years and over 12,455 4,895 7,565 12,455 4,890 7,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.6 12.2 12.9 12.6 12.2 12.9
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 16.3 15.8 16.0 16.3 15.8
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.5 16.7 17.1 17.5 16.7
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.7 12.6 12.2 11.7 12.6
65 years and over (%) 9.4 8.1 10.6 9.4 8.1 10.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 98,915 48,130 50,785 98,920 48,130 50,790
0 to 17 years 22,685 11,680 11,005 22,685 11,680 11,005
0 to 5 years 7,780 4,065 3,710 7,775 4,065 3,710
18 to 64 years 68,040 33,345 34,695 68,040 33,345 34,695
65 years and over 8,190 3,105 5,085 8,190 3,105 5,085
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.8
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.2 11.9 12.1 12.2 11.9
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.5 12.8 13.1 13.5 12.8
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.3
65 years and over (%) 6.2 5.1 7.1 6.2 5.1 7.1
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,860 446,515 470,340 916,855 446,515 470,340
Official languages 903,135 441,100 462,040 903,135 441,100 462,040
English 890,735 436,340 454,390 890,730 436,345 454,390
French 358,165 163,500 194,670 358,170 163,505 194,670
Non-official languages 276,220 129,510 146,705 276,220 129,515 146,710
Aboriginal languages 1,135 430 710 1,140 430 705
Algonquian languages 490 195 290 490 195 295
Blackfoot 10 0 10 0 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 80 125 210 85 125
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 20 10 10 20 10 10
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 30 15 15
Plains Cree 10 10 0 10 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 55 15 35 55 15 35
Woods Cree 15 10 10 15 10 10
Cree, n.o.s. 85 35 50 80 35 50
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 30 20 15
Malecite 10 10 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15 25 10 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 260 100 160 260 100 160
Algonquin 45 25 25 45 20 20
Ojibway 195 70 125 195 75 125
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 15 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 15 0 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 15 10 15
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 15 0 10 10 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 585 220 365 580 220 365
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 10 0 10
Inuktitut 530 200 325 530 200 325
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 50 15 30
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 55 15 40
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 55 15 35 55 15 40
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 10 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 10 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 275,145 129,115 146,035 275,145 129,110 146,030
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,550 30,865 30,680 61,550 30,865 30,685
Berber languages 540 285 260 545 285 255
Kabyle 420 220 195 415 220 195
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 65 60 120 65 60
Cushitic languages 9,300 4,165 5,140 9,305 4,160 5,140
Bilen 90 55 35 90 55 35
Oromo 380 170 210 380 175 210
Somali 8,770 3,900 4,870 8,770 3,895 4,875
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 135 55 80
Semitic languages 52,710 26,895 25,815 52,705 26,900 25,815
Amharic 1,980 945 1,040 1,980 945 1,040
Arabic 48,135 24,675 23,460 48,135 24,675 23,460
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 30 50 80 30 50
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 40 25 15 35 25 15
Hebrew 1,865 1,010 855 1,870 1,010 860
Maltese 65 25 40 60 25 40
Tigrigna 1,175 490 680 1,170 490 680
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 90 240 150 90
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 75 135 65 75
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,690 4,100 4,590 8,695 4,100 4,595
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,525 680 845 1,525 680 840
Vietnamese 7,215 3,440 3,770 7,210 3,445 3,775
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 10
Austronesian languages 10,155 3,770 6,390 10,160 3,765 6,390
Bikol 25 10 20 30 10 15
Cebuano 565 210 355 570 210 355
Fijian 10 0 10 10 0 10
Hiligaynon 165 55 110 165 55 110
Ilocano 705 300 405 700 300 400
Malagasy 105 55 45 100 50 50
Malay 615 270 345 615 270 345
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 40 65 20 40
Pangasinan 55 20 35 60 25 35
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,095 3,300 5,795 9,095 3,300 5,795
Waray-Waray 35 0 30 35 10 30
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 110 55 60
Creole languages 9,360 3,920 5,440 9,355 3,925 5,435
Haitian Creole 450 165 280 445 165 280
Creole, n.o.s. 8,325 3,490 4,835 8,325 3,490 4,835
Creole languages, n.i.e. 630 275 350 625 280 350
Dravidian languages 5,060 2,555 2,505 5,060 2,550 2,505
Kannada 465 235 235 465 235 235
Malayalam 835 375 460 835 375 460
Tamil 3,330 1,700 1,630 3,330 1,700 1,625
Telugu 795 420 375 795 420 375
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 30 20 10
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 130,605 61,380 69,225 130,605 61,380 69,225
Albanian 785 385 410 785 380 405
Armenian 665 350 315 665 350 310
Balto-Slavic languages 24,530 11,210 13,325 24,535 11,205 13,325
Baltic languages 530 225 305 530 225 305
Latvian 260 105 155 260 110 155
Lithuanian 270 120 150 270 120 145
Slavic languages 24,095 11,010 13,080 24,090 11,010 13,080
Belarusan 125 60 60 125 60 65
Bosnian 1,025 470 555 1,030 475 555
Bulgarian 1,050 490 560 1,050 485 560
Croatian 1,830 905 930 1,830 900 930
Czech 1,315 570 750 1,320 570 750
Macedonian 95 35 65 95 30 60
Polish 6,530 2,970 3,560 6,530 2,970 3,565
Russian 9,135 4,205 4,925 9,135 4,205 4,930
Serbian 2,080 1,015 1,065 2,075 1,010 1,065
Serbo-Croatian 560 290 270 560 290 270
Slovak 910 380 530 910 385 525
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 120 140 265 125 140
Ukrainian 2,290 960 1,330 2,285 960 1,330
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 10 40 55 15 40
Celtic languages 395 190 205 395 190 205
Scottish Gaelic 150 80 75 155 80 80
Welsh 85 30 55 90 35 50
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 160 85 75
Germanic languages 16,750 7,935 8,810 16,750 7,940 8,815
Afrikaans 405 200 205 405 200 205
Danish 425 195 235 425 195 235
Dutch 2,855 1,330 1,520 2,850 1,330 1,520
Frisian 55 15 35 55 20 35
German 12,205 5,800 6,400 12,200 5,800 6,405
Icelandic 45 20 20 45 25 20
Norwegian 345 145 200 345 145 205
Swedish 605 295 310 600 295 310
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 40 40 80 35 45
Yiddish 355 185 175 355 185 175
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 20 15 0
Greek 3,090 1,545 1,545 3,090 1,545 1,550
Indo-Iranian languages 35,320 17,915 17,410 35,320 17,915 17,405
Indo-Aryan languages 25,805 13,125 12,675 25,805 13,125 12,680
Bengali 4,250 2,180 2,070 4,250 2,180 2,070
Gujarati 2,275 1,220 1,050 2,275 1,220 1,050
Hindi 10,335 5,355 4,980 10,340 5,350 4,980
Kashmiri 10 10 10 10 0 0
Konkani 140 75 65 140 75 65
Marathi 565 310 255 560 310 255
Nepali 1,275 640 635 1,275 640 635
Oriya (Odia) 75 45 30 70 45 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,235 3,220 3,015 6,235 3,220 3,015
Sindhi 495 220 280 500 220 275
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,065 485 580 1,070 485 585
Urdu 7,175 3,600 3,570 7,175 3,600 3,575
Iranian languages 10,040 5,075 4,965 10,040 5,075 4,965
Kurdish 755 395 355 755 395 355
Pashto 1,400 755 645 1,400 755 645
Persian (Farsi) 8,665 4,340 4,325 8,665 4,340 4,320
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 120 80 200 120 85
Italic (Romance) languages 54,440 24,435 30,005 54,440 24,435 30,005
Catalan 80 30 45 80 30 50
Italian 15,500 7,400 8,105 15,500 7,400 8,105
Portuguese 6,120 2,990 3,125 6,115 2,995 3,125
Romanian 2,880 1,345 1,535 2,875 1,345 1,535
Spanish 33,075 14,180 18,890 33,070 14,175 18,890
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 105 65 40
Japanese 2,510 1,185 1,325 2,505 1,185 1,320
Kartvelian languages 40 15 20 40 20 20
Georgian 40 15 25 40 15 25
Korean 2,580 1,090 1,490 2,580 1,095 1,490
Mongolic languages 40 20 20 40 25 20
Mongolian 40 25 20 40 25 20
Niger-Congo languages 10,520 4,640 5,880 10,520 4,640 5,880
Akan (Twi) 630 330 300 630 330 300
Bamanankan 155 70 85 160 70 85
Edo 95 40 60 95 40 60
Ewe 205 80 125 205 85 125
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 70 95 165 65 95
Ga 165 85 80 165 85 80
Ganda 215 65 145 210 65 145
Igbo 300 165 135 300 165 135
Lingala 1,720 720 1,000 1,720 720 1,000
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,530 615 915 1,530 610 915
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 970 360 615 970 360 615
Shona 175 60 115 175 60 115
Swahili 3,040 1,325 1,715 3,035 1,325 1,710
Wolof 200 110 95 205 110 95
Yoruba 755 400 355 755 400 355
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,265 1,035 1,230 2,265 1,035 1,230
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 140 185 320 140 185
Dinka 190 85 105 185 85 105
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 135 50 80
Sign languages 1,630 655 975 1,630 655 975
American Sign Language 875 305 570 880 310 570
Quebec Sign Language 75 15 55 75 15 60
Sign languages, n.i.e. 715 350 365 715 350 365
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,395 17,190 19,210 36,400 17,190 19,210
Chinese languages 35,510 16,765 18,745 35,510 16,765 18,745
Cantonese 12,700 6,015 6,685 12,700 6,015 6,685
Hakka 265 125 140 265 125 140
Mandarin 24,495 11,310 13,185 24,495 11,310 13,185
Min Dong 40 20 25 40 20 25
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,035 465 565 1,035 460 565
Wu (Shanghainese) 415 205 215 415 205 210
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 535 475 1,010 535 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 25 10 15
Tibeto-Burman languages 925 440 480 920 445 480
Burmese 305 145 160 305 140 160
Karenic languages 365 185 180 370 185 185
Tibetan 50 30 25 55 30 20
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 365 150 205 360 150 205
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 410 600 1,005 410 600
Lao 460 200 255 460 200 255
Thai 610 230 385 610 230 385
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,405 1,195 1,210 2,405 1,195 1,210
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 140 80 60
Turkish 2,070 1,035 1,040 2,075 1,035 1,035
Uyghur 45 25 15 40 25 15
Uzbek 80 20 60 80 20 60
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 125 60 65
Uralic languages 2,585 1,255 1,330 2,585 1,255 1,330
Estonian 245 115 130 240 115 125
Finnish 480 220 260 480 220 260
Hungarian 1,875 925 950 1,875 925 950
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 380 250 130 380 245 130
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 916,860 446,515 470,340 916,855 446,520 470,340
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 854,535 416,865 437,670 854,535 416,870 437,670
Canadian citizens aged under 18 177,960 90,535 87,430 177,955 90,535 87,425
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 676,580 326,330 350,245 676,580 326,335 350,245
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,320 29,650 32,670 62,320 29,650 32,670
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 916,855 446,515 470,340 916,860 446,515 470,340
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 685,260 337,490 347,770 685,260 337,490 347,770
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 216,505 101,235 115,265 216,505 101,240 115,270
Before 1981 53,740 25,720 28,015 53,740 25,720 28,020
1981 to 1990 29,670 14,195 15,475 29,670 14,195 15,475
1991 to 2000 49,685 22,510 27,170 49,685 22,510 27,170
2001 to 2010 53,335 24,515 28,820 53,335 24,515 28,820
2001 to 2005 25,185 11,520 13,660 25,185 11,520 13,660
2006 to 2010 28,155 12,990 15,160 28,155 12,990 15,160
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 30,075 14,300 15,775 30,075 14,295 15,775
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,090 7,795 7,305 15,095 7,795 7,300
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 216,505 101,235 115,265 216,500 101,235 115,265
Under 5 years 23,760 11,745 12,015 23,760 11,740 12,010
5 to 14 years 38,625 19,575 19,050 38,620 19,575 19,045
15 to 24 years 45,510 20,400 25,110 45,510 20,395 25,110
25 to 44 years 90,080 41,305 48,780 90,080 41,305 48,775
45 years and over 18,530 8,210 10,315 18,530 8,210 10,315
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 216,505 101,235 115,270 216,505 101,235 115,270
Americas 32,755 14,265 18,490 32,755 14,265 18,485
Brazil 990 445 545 985 440 545
Colombia 1,270 485 780 1,265 485 780
El Salvador 1,710 790 920 1,710 790 920
Guyana 1,375 635 735 1,375 635 740
Haiti 6,320 2,615 3,710 6,325 2,615 3,705
Jamaica 2,985 1,280 1,710 2,985 1,280 1,705
Mexico 1,290 540 755 1,290 545 750
Peru 820 365 455 820 365 455
Trinidad and Tobago 1,260 495 765 1,260 495 765
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,245 3,695 4,545 8,245 3,695 4,550
Other places of birth in Americas 6,490 2,920 3,575 6,495 2,920 3,575
Europe 55,430 26,405 29,030 55,430 26,405 29,030
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,610 780 830 1,610 775 830
Croatia 800 385 420 805 385 420
France 2,270 1,010 1,265 2,270 1,005 1,260
Germany 3,885 1,645 2,245 3,885 1,645 2,240
Greece 910 475 430 910 480 425
Hungary 825 425 405 825 425 405
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 810 360 445 810 360 450
Italy 5,410 2,800 2,610 5,410 2,800 2,610
Netherlands 1,890 925 960 1,885 930 960
Poland 4,170 1,855 2,305 4,170 1,860 2,310
Portugal 1,965 995 970 1,960 990 970
Romania 2,400 1,135 1,265 2,400 1,130 1,265
Russian Federation 2,860 1,230 1,635 2,860 1,230 1,630
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 870 410 465 875 410 460
Ukraine 1,770 840 930 1,775 845 935
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 15,765 7,910 7,860 15,765 7,910 7,860
Other places of birth in Europe 7,210 3,215 3,995 7,210 3,215 3,995
Africa 30,340 13,940 16,400 30,340 13,940 16,405
Algeria 1,025 485 545 1,030 485 545
Egypt 3,420 1,785 1,630 3,415 1,785 1,630
Ethiopia 2,215 1,020 1,195 2,210 1,020 1,195
Kenya 1,065 540 525 1,065 545 525
Morocco 1,230 570 660 1,235 570 665
Nigeria 1,260 575 685 1,265 575 690
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,405 3,895 1,495 2,400
South Africa, Republic of 850 435 415 850 435 415
Other places of birth in Africa 15,375 7,035 8,345 15,375 7,030 8,345
Asia 97,170 46,205 50,965 97,175 46,205 50,965
Afghanistan 2,400 1,215 1,180 2,400 1,220 1,180
Bangladesh 2,655 1,380 1,275 2,655 1,380 1,275
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 17,405 7,575 9,830 17,400 7,575 9,830
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,015 1,510 1,505 3,015 1,510 1,505
India 10,495 5,275 5,220 10,495 5,275 5,225
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,395 2,190 2,210 4,395 2,190 2,205
Iraq 3,540 1,885 1,650 3,540 1,880 1,655
Japan 730 175 550 730 175 550
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,690 750 945 1,695 750 945
Lebanon 10,995 5,745 5,250 11,000 5,750 5,245
Pakistan 3,830 1,915 1,915 3,825 1,915 1,915
Philippines 8,865 3,345 5,520 8,865 3,345 5,520
Sri Lanka 2,330 1,105 1,230 2,330 1,105 1,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,125 1,595 1,530 3,120 1,595 1,530
Taiwan 835 365 470 835 360 470
Viet Nam 5,600 2,570 3,035 5,600 2,565 3,035
Other places of birth in Asia 15,275 7,625 7,650 15,270 7,620 7,650
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 805 425 385 805 425 385
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 30,075 14,295 15,780 30,075 14,300 15,780
Americas 4,060 1,830 2,225 4,060 1,835 2,225
Brazil 135 75 65 135 80 65
Colombia 190 80 110 190 80 110
Cuba 130 65 60 125 65 60
Haiti 1,290 550 740 1,290 550 745
Jamaica 115 65 50 115 65 50
Mexico 245 100 145 245 100 145
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,135 570 570 1,135 570 570
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 120 35 85 120 35 85
Other places of birth in Americas 695 290 400 695 290 400
Europe 2,565 1,255 1,315 2,565 1,250 1,315
France 285 155 130 285 155 130
Germany 155 75 90 160 70 85
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 45 25 70 45 25
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 20 25 40 15 20
Romania 120 60