Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa, CV
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 934,243 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 883,391 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 395,985 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 373,756 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 334.8 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,790.30 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 934,245 453,875 480,365 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 155,680 79,185 76,490 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 48,870 24,800 24,070 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 53,715 27,365 26,350 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 53,095 27,020 26,075 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 634,425 310,390 324,035 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 57,190 28,990 28,200 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 68,645 34,575 34,070 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 63,695 31,675 32,025 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 61,670 30,105 31,565 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 59,575 28,330 31,250 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 62,710 29,880 32,830 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 65,960 31,980 33,980 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 73,210 36,005 37,210 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 66,765 32,370 34,395 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 54,990 26,475 28,510 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 144,140 64,300 79,840 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 48,130 22,870 25,265 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 33,875 15,790 18,085 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 24,600 11,135 13,465 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 17,950 7,765 10,185 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 19,580 6,740 12,840 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 11,720 4,480 7,245 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 5,995 1,845 4,145 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 1,640 385 1,255 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 225 30 200 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 15.9 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.4 67.5 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 15.4 14.2 16.6 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.1 39.2 41.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 373,755 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 158,235 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 68,645 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 146,085 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,140 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 79,340 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,055 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 39,095 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 465 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 800 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 373,755 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 105,750 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 124,280 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 58,010 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 55,215 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,500 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 916,860 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 778,565 374,690 403,875 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 437,500 218,705 218,795 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 366,365 182,795 183,565 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 71,130 35,910 35,225 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 341,065 155,985 185,080 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 236,315 123,415 112,895 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 21,015 8,500 12,520 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 46,000 16,540 29,460 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 37,730 7,535 30,200 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 254,770 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 123,855 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 54,635 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 53,395 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,885 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 254,765 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 213,535 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 177,990 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 35,545 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,230 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 32,860 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 8,375 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 213,535 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 99,685 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 113,855 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 42,565 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 49,890 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 21,390 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,235 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 24,170 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 12,065 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 4,995 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 168,745 78,365 90,380 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 373,755 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 243,070 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 94,935 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 148,135 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,755 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 124,935 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 105,750 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,185 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 923,375 449,335 474,040 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 549,395 279,175 270,220 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 12,680 5,075 7,610 1,110 530 580
English and French 347,510 159,620 187,890 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 13,790 5,465 8,320 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 923,370 449,335 474,035 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 749,725 370,365 379,360 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 138,900 63,600 75,300 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 21,300 10,070 11,230 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 13,445 5,295 8,150 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 149,550 68,635 80,915 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 16.2 15.3 17.1 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 923,375 449,330 474,040 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 889,715 433,335 456,385 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 689,300 338,895 350,405 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 562,070 280,205 281,870 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 127,225 58,690 68,530 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 200,420 94,440 105,975 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 650 245 405 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 280 115 165 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 70 85 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 5 5 5 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 15 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 5 5 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 15 10 5
Woods Cree 5 5 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 75 35 40 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 10 0 0 0
Malecite 5 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 35 65 70 25 40
Algonquin 25 10 15 0 0 0
Ojibway 70 25 45 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 5 0 5 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 330 110 215 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 295 95 200 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 25 10 15 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 10 15 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 199,765 94,195 105,575 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,350 22,200 22,150 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 375 195 180 95 55 35
Kabyle 250 130 120 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 6,660 2,870 3,785 1,355 675 680
Bilen 50 25 25 5 0 0
Oromo 215 120 95 165 95 75
Somali 6,300 2,680 3,615 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 10 5 5
Semitic languages 37,255 19,100 18,160 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 1,455 680 770 1,140 560 585
Arabic 34,295 17,670 16,625 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 440 240 195
Harari 60 30 30 25 10 15
Hebrew 355 190 160 1,770 960 805
Maltese 30 10 20 80 40 40
Tigrigna 905 440 460 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,045 3,225 3,815 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 485 610 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 5,930 2,735 3,195 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 7,785 2,835 4,950 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 30 15 15 310 140 170
Cebuano 370 120 245 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 110 35 75 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 575 225 345 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 55 25 25 15 0 10
Malay 395 160 235 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 635 290 345
Pangasinan 30 15 15 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,035 2,170 3,865 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 120 40 75 830 360 470
Creole languages 4,175 1,745 2,435 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 290 130 160 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 3,705 1,535 2,170 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 3,805 1,965 1,840 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 225 115 105 225 115 110
Malayalam 660 345 315 1,750 905 845
Tamil 2,415 1,230 1,185 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 485 270 220 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 87,105 41,440 45,665 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 660 325 335 1,090 560 530
Armenian 465 235 230 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 20,270 9,080 11,190 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 455 200 260 645 280 370
Latvian 250 110 140 320 145 175
Lithuanian 210 85 125 325 130 200
Slavic languages 19,815 8,885 10,930 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 40 20 20 60 30 30
Bosnian 600 275 325 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 845 390 455 1,725 805 915
Croatian 1,005 460 540 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 915 405 505 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 65 25 40 250 120 135
Polish 5,525 2,485 3,035 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 6,150 2,680 3,470 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 1,705 810 890 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 260 1,145 545 600
Slovak 570 260 315 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 85 125 545 250 290
Ukrainian 1,630 695 935 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 180 90 90
Celtic languages 110 50 60 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 125 65 60
Welsh 50 15 35 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 65 40 25
Germanic languages 8,680 3,980 4,705 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 160 80 85 1,435 730 705
Danish 295 135 165 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 2,215 1,060 1,150 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 40 20 20 80 30 50
German 5,275 2,345 2,930 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 20 10 10 155 70 80
Norwegian 135 60 75 835 410 430
Swedish 275 140 135 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 45 200 105 95
Yiddish 175 95 75 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 25 20 15
Greek 2,110 1,105 1,005 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 26,965 13,585 13,375 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 18,345 9,255 9,085 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 3,255 1,615 1,645 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 1,470 760 710 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 2,875 1,470 1,400 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 20 10 10 40 25 15
Konkani 105 55 50 225 110 110
Marathi 290 150 140 535 280 255
Nepali 925 440 485 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,880 1,995 1,885 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 270 120 145 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 810 395 420 1,455 730 725
Urdu 4,410 2,220 2,180 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 8,530 4,280 4,250 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 655 335 315 1,650 875 780
Pashto 1,025 520 510 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 6,850 3,420 3,430 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 27,840 13,070 14,770 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 30 15 15 125 65 55
Italian 9,030 4,470 4,560 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 4,205 1,970 2,240 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 2,560 1,165 1,400 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 11,985 5,445 6,540 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 60 40 25
Japanese 990 300 685 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 35 15 20 65 40 25
Georgian 30 15 25 65 40 25
Korean 2,065 875 1,185 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 340 145 200
Mongolian 30 15 20 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 5,380 2,360 3,020 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 355 175 180 405 220 180
Bamanankan 75 30 50 10 10 5
Edo 35 20 20 80 45 30
Ewe 75 30 50 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 45 55 20 10 5
Ga 60 30 30 35 15 15
Ganda 125 55 65 65 35 30
Igbo 180 90 95 160 90 65
Lingala 320 120 205 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 840 360 475 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 650 235 420 105 45 55
Shona 110 40 70 150 70 85
Swahili 1,100 485 615 585 285 295
Wolof 80 35 45 30 10 20
Yoruba 240 125 110 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,030 485 545 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 165 265 135 135
Dinka 90 45 45 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 120 190 85 100
Sign languages 220 105 120 620 330 295
American Sign Language 75 30 50 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 140 75 65 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,945 14,835 17,105 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 31,130 14,445 16,690 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 10,160 4,775 5,380 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 155 65 90 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 18,575 8,565 10,010 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 50 25 25 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 725 315 410 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 445 205 240 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 485 520 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 225 120 110 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 325 155 165 770 370 400
Tibetan 95 50 40 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 690 245 445 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 345 155 190 800 405 400
Thai 345 90 255 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 1,645 835 815 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 120 70 55 495 275 225
Turkish 1,390 705 685 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 10 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 65 30 40 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 165 70 95
Uralic languages 2,055 965 1,085 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 150 70 80 455 195 260
Finnish 300 120 185 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,595 775 825 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 85 60 365 200 170
Multiple responses 33,660 16,000 17,655 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 12,295 5,825 6,475 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 15,135 7,340 7,795 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 3,815 1,730 2,085 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 2,415 1,110 1,300 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 923,370 449,335 474,040 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 866,210 422,345 443,870 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 766,810 375,540 391,270 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 680,895 336,595 344,305 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 85,910 38,945 46,965 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 99,400 46,805 52,600 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 210 90 125 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 70 35 40 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 20 35 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 10 5 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 130 55 75 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 120 45 70 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 99,190 46,715 52,480 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,665 11,855 12,810 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 220 110 115 40 20 20
Kabyle 180 85 95 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 3,860 1,580 2,275 695 315 380
Bilen 30 15 10 0 0 0
Oromo 130 70 60 80 40 35
Somali 3,645 1,475 2,165 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 5 5 5
Semitic languages 20,580 10,165 10,415 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 845 400 445 535 250 290
Arabic 19,105 9,455 9,645 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 20 5 10 10 5 5
Hebrew 135 80 60 785 400 385
Maltese 5 0 5 5 5 0
Tigrigna 415 195 220 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,140 1,895 2,245 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 265 620 290 330
Vietnamese 3,680 1,700 1,980 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 3,335 1,395 1,940 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 5 5 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 125 55 70 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 355 150 205
Ilocano 230 105 120 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 10 10 10 5 5 0
Malay 120 50 70 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 10 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,745 1,130 1,615 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 260 130 130
Creole languages 1,825 745 1,080 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 1,605 645 960 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 1,845 915 935 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 75 45 35 95 45 50
Malayalam 280 150 135 885 450 435
Tamil 1,285 615 665 1,935 965 965
Telugu 195 105 90 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 37,270 17,645 19,625 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 295 140 155 530 255 270
Armenian 205 95 110 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 8,925 4,195 4,730 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 105 45 60 160 75 90
Latvian 55 25 35 65 30 35
Lithuanian 45 25 25 90 45 50
Slavic languages 8,815 4,150 4,670 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 20 10 10 10 5 5
Bosnian 305 150 150 540 270 270
Bulgarian 400 190 210 925 425 495
Croatian 330 150 180 1,795 840 955
Czech 205 100 110 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 15 10 5 120 60 60
Polish 1,995 915 1,075 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 3,625 1,690 1,935 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 1,005 500 505 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 435 205 235
Slovak 195 90 105 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 60 25 35
Ukrainian 505 230 275 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 10 5 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 915 415 495 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 35 20 20 520 250 265
Danish 25 10 10 180 90 90
Dutch 145 70 80 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 625 275 355 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 10 5 10 75 35 35
Swedish 55 35 20 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 15 10 5 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 625 300 325 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 14,665 7,155 7,510 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 9,590 4,740 4,850 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 1,945 940 1,010 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 605 310 300 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 1,285 650 635 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 5 5 0 5 0 0
Konkani 35 15 20 40 15 15
Marathi 110 50 60 245 125 120
Nepali 730 360 375 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,190 1,105 1,085 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 65 30 40 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 195 595 290 305
Urdu 2,215 1,090 1,125 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 5,055 2,400 2,655 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 370 195 175 1,025 515 505
Pashto 645 310 335 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 4,040 1,895 2,140 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 11,635 5,340 6,295 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 15 5 10 60 30 35
Italian 2,500 1,110 1,390 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 1,850 870 980 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 1,190 555 635 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 6,070 2,795 3,270 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 10
Japanese 385 140 250 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 15 10 10
Georgian 5 5 5 15 10 10
Korean 1,140 530 615 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 160 80 85
Mongolian 15 10 5 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 1,480 660 820 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 125 70 55
Bamanankan 10 5 10 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 20 5 15 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 0 0 0
Ga 15 5 5 5 0 0
Ganda 30 10 20 5 5 5
Igbo 55 25 25 35 20 15
Lingala 65 20 45 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 135 135 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 150 45 15 30
Shona 20 10 10 40 15 20
Swahili 380 175 210 155 60 90
Wolof 30 15 15 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 30 25 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 40 105 50 55
Dinka 25 15 10 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 60 20 40
Sign languages 305 165 145 830 460 370
American Sign Language 105 50 60 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 115 85 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,045 9,955 11,090 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 20,465 9,680 10,790 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 5,840 2,685 3,155 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 50 15 30 670 280 390
Mandarin 13,455 6,435 7,020 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 15 5 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 115 165 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 300 275 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 1,630 820 810
Burmese 145 65 80 685 350 335
Karenic languages 250 120 130 685 335 350
Tibetan 70 35 35 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 260 100 160 1,015 435 580
Lao 165 70 95 335 160 175
Thai 95 30 65 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 855 415 440 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 185 95 90
Turkish 745 360 380 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 5 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 35 15 20 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 500 240 265 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 20 10 15 75 30 45
Finnish 35 15 20 435 190 240
Hungarian 445 210 230 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 110 50 60
Multiple responses 57,160 26,990 30,170 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 12,480 5,755 6,725 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 36,690 17,710 18,980 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 3,305 1,395 1,910 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 4,685 2,130 2,560 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 923,375 449,335 474,040 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 705,915 348,065 357,855 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 80,960 38,220 42,740 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 59,935 27,450 32,490 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 67,655 31,565 36,095 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 405 150 255 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 67,250 31,410 35,840 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 2,595 1,220 1,380 965 435 530
English and non-official language 2,415 1,125 1,290 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 3,800 1,645 2,150 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 90 50 45 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 761,420 367,460 393,960 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,270 351,485 376,785 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,857 48,479 36,936 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,540 351,520 377,015 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,136 42,234 33,174 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 663,315 324,730 338,580 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,826 48,921 35,935 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 502,905 222,930 279,975 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,215 1,434 4,358 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 546,025 274,960 271,070 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,955 46,070 36,746 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 761,420 367,450 393,975 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,080 351,205 376,880 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,605 62,746 47,019 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,355 351,210 377,145 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,428 50,106 39,141 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 663,600 324,535 339,060 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,792 63,743 46,224 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 502,790 222,910 279,885 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,757 6,055 7,317 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 546,025 274,445 271,580 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,088 60,456 45,642 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 761,420 367,450 393,975 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 279,480 150,600 128,880 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,546 70,955 60,631 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,111 82,331 66,674 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.4 93.9 88.4 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.8 75.0 70.0 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.6 6.1 11.6 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 761,420 367,460 393,960 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 33,150 15,980 17,170 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 728,270 351,485 376,785 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.6 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 99,195 45,455 53,740 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 107,875 44,780 63,090 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 78,010 32,865 45,140 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 66,630 28,950 37,675 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 63,305 27,810 35,495 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 58,005 26,620 31,385 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 51,605 25,385 26,225 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 42,025 21,880 20,145 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 36,815 19,760 17,050 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 32,270 17,200 15,075 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 92,535 60,775 31,760 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 65,295 41,095 24,205 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 27,240 19,685 7,560 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 761,420 367,460 393,955 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 32,880 15,940 16,940 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 728,535 351,520 377,015 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.7 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,495 46,300 57,195 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 112,260 46,980 65,280 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 89,985 38,505 51,480 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 81,965 35,855 46,105 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 78,235 35,230 43,000 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 68,435 33,495 34,940 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 54,560 29,055 25,505 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 45,775 24,715 21,060 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 93,825 61,380 32,440 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 32,630 19,255 13,375 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 19,260 12,495 6,760 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 41,935 29,630 12,310 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 761,420 367,465 393,960 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 215,395 92,505 122,890 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 546,025 274,960 271,065 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 71.7 74.8 68.8 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 67,195 32,655 34,540 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 40,580 18,300 22,280 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 65,320 29,700 35,620 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 50,625 23,530 27,095 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 44,810 21,210 23,595 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 43,030 19,575 23,460 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 40,775 18,705 22,070 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 36,550 17,765 18,790 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 29,655 15,370 14,285 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 127,485 78,160 49,330 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 29,530 15,440 14,090 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 26,485 14,205 12,280 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 71,475 48,515 22,960 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 373,760 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,981 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,745 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 105,750 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,369 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,026 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 268,010 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,064 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,248 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 373,755 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,372 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,579 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 105,745 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,590 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,078 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 268,010 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,013 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,559 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 373,755 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,250 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,900 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,095 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,445 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,405 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,920 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,170 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,660 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,120 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,150 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,805 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,765 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,225 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,580 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,430 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 156,845 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,800 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,760 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 42,310 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 37,975 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,755 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,610 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,970 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,220 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,915 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,650 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,395 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,340 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,530 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,340 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,625 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,215 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,345 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 28,265 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,850 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,545 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 120,940 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,895 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,505 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,545 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 253,415 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,083 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,624 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 92,815 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,233 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,602 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 114,325 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,926 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,637 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,755 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,761 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,633 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 253,440 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,219 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,030 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 92,930 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,150 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,430 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 114,320 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,772 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,814 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,635 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,479 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,341 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 148,795 70,365 78,425 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,585 37,101 39,770 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,525 33,178 35,479 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 148,300 69,825 78,475 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,967 48,862 49,060 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,421 40,027 40,772 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,860 446,515 470,340 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 351,750 167,740 184,005 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 87,465 42,945 44,520 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 68,570 31,900 36,670 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 61,285 28,950 32,335 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 63,425 30,120 33,310 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 71,000 33,825 37,170 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 565,110 278,780 286,330 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 80,420 38,470 41,950 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 92,480 44,845 47,635 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 110,280 54,300 55,985 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 136,925 67,895 69,035 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 145,005 73,275 71,730 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,855 446,520 470,340 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 187,695 95,500 92,200 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 59,200 30,145 29,055 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 596,800 290,300 306,500 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 132,355 60,715 71,640 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 115,180 54,575 60,605 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 30,100 15,575 14,530 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 10,150 5,285 4,865 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 72,620 34,105 38,515 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 12,455 4,895 7,565 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.6 12.2 12.9 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 16.3 15.8 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.5 16.7 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.7 12.6 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 9.4 8.1 10.6 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 98,915 48,130 50,785 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 22,685 11,680 11,005 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 7,780 4,065 3,710 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 68,040 33,345 34,695 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 8,190 3,105 5,085 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.2 11.9 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.5 12.8 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.3 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 6.2 5.1 7.1 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,860 446,515 470,340 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 903,135 441,100 462,040 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 890,735 436,340 454,390 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 358,165 163,500 194,670 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 276,220 129,510 146,705 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 1,135 430 710 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 490 195 290 485 200 290
Blackfoot 10 0 10 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 80 125 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 10 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 55 15 35 20 10 20
Woods Cree 15 10 10 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 85 35 50 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 20 10 0
Malecite 10 10 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 260 100 160 140 40 100
Algonquin 45 25 25 15 10 10
Ojibway 195 70 125 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 15 0 10 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 585 220 365 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 10 10 0
Inuktitut 530 200 325 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 55 15 35 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 275,145 129,115 146,035 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,550 30,865 30,680 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 540 285 260 125 80 45
Kabyle 420 220 195 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 65 60 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 9,300 4,165 5,140 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 90 55 35 15 0 15
Oromo 380 170 210 190 110 80
Somali 8,770 3,900 4,870 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 10 0 10
Semitic languages 52,710 26,895 25,815 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 1,980 945 1,040 1,755 905 855
Arabic 48,135 24,675 23,460 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 30 50 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 40 25 15 55 35 20
Hebrew 1,865 1,010 855 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 65 25 40 165 90 80
Tigrigna 1,175 490 680 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 90 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 75 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,690 4,100 4,590 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,525 680 845 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 7,215 3,440 3,770 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 10,155 3,770 6,390 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 25 10 20 495 205 285
Cebuano 565 210 355 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 10 0 10 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 165 55 110 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 705 300 405 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 105 55 45 10 0 0
Malay 615 270 345 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 40 775 350 430
Pangasinan 55 20 35 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,095 3,300 5,795 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 35 0 30 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 9,360 3,920 5,440 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 450 165 280 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 8,325 3,490 4,835 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 630 275 350 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 5,060 2,555 2,505 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 465 235 235 445 210 235
Malayalam 835 375 460 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 3,330 1,700 1,630 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 795 420 375 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 130,605 61,380 69,225 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 785 385 410 1,135 580 555
Armenian 665 350 315 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 24,530 11,210 13,325 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 530 225 305 635 310 325
Latvian 260 105 155 310 175 140
Lithuanian 270 120 150 325 135 185
Slavic languages 24,095 11,010 13,080 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 125 60 60 205 95 110
Bosnian 1,025 470 555 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 1,050 490 560 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 1,830 905 930 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 1,315 570 750 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 95 35 65 345 180 160
Polish 6,530 2,970 3,560 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 9,135 4,205 4,925 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 2,080 1,015 1,065 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 560 290 270 1,240 595 645
Slovak 910 380 530 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 120 140 725 330 400
Ukrainian 2,290 960 1,330 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 10 40 250 120 125
Celtic languages 395 190 205 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 150 80 75 350 225 120
Welsh 85 30 55 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 685 370 320
Germanic languages 16,750 7,935 8,810 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 405 200 205 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 425 195 235 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 2,855 1,330 1,520 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 55 15 35 120 55 65
German 12,205 5,800 6,400 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 45 20 20 215 110 100
Norwegian 345 145 200 1,405 730 680
Swedish 605 295 310 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 40 40 220 125 100
Yiddish 355 185 175 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 75 40 30
Greek 3,090 1,545 1,545 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 35,320 17,915 17,410 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 25,805 13,125 12,675 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 4,250 2,180 2,070 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 2,275 1,220 1,050 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 10,335 5,355 4,980 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 10 10 10 45 25 20
Konkani 140 75 65 375 185 190
Marathi 565 310 255 1,275 650 625
Nepali 1,275 640 635 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 75 45 30 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,235 3,220 3,015 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 495 220 280 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,065 485 580 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 7,175 3,600 3,570 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 10,040 5,075 4,965 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 755 395 355 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 1,400 755 645 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 8,665 4,340 4,325 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 120 80 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 54,440 24,435 30,005 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 80 30 45 245 125 120
Italian 15,500 7,400 8,105 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 6,120 2,990 3,125 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 2,880 1,345 1,535 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 33,075 14,180 18,890 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 220 130 85
Japanese 2,510 1,185 1,325 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 40 15 20 90 50 40
Georgian 40 15 25 90 50 45
Korean 2,580 1,090 1,490 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 40 20 20 320 155 170
Mongolian 40 25 20 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 10,520 4,640 5,880 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 630 330 300 495 280 215
Bamanankan 155 70 85 20 10 10
Edo 95 40 60 115 65 55
Ewe 205 80 125 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 70 95 45 10 35
Ga 165 85 80 95 60 35
Ganda 215 65 145 105 60 45
Igbo 300 165 135 240 140 95
Lingala 1,720 720 1,000 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,530 615 915 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 970 360 615 210 95 115
Shona 175 60 115 265 125 140
Swahili 3,040 1,325 1,715 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 200 110 95 30 15 15
Yoruba 755 400 355 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,265 1,035 1,230 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 140 185 300 150 150
Dinka 190 85 105 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 250 120 135
Sign languages 1,630 655 975 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 875 305 570 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 75 15 55 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 715 350 365 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,395 17,190 19,210 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 35,510 16,765 18,745 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 12,700 6,015 6,685 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 265 125 140 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 24,495 11,310 13,185 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 40 20 25 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,035 465 565 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 415 205 215 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 535 475 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 925 440 480 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 305 145 160 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 365 185 180 905 455 450
Tibetan 50 30 25 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 365 150 205 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 410 600 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 460 200 255 1,125 505 620
Thai 610 230 385 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 2,405 1,195 1,210 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 835 455 385
Turkish 2,070 1,035 1,040 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 45 25 15 105 50 55
Uzbek 80 20 60 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 225 125 105
Uralic languages 2,585 1,255 1,330 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 245 115 130 495 205 295
Finnish 480 220 260 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,875 925 950 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 380 250 130 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 916,860 446,515 470,340 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 854,535 416,865 437,670 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 177,960 90,535 87,430 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 676,580 326,330 350,245 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,320 29,650 32,670 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 916,855 446,515 470,340 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 685,260 337,490 347,770 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 216,505 101,235 115,265 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 53,740 25,720 28,015 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 29,670 14,195 15,475 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 49,685 22,510 27,170 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 53,335 24,515 28,820 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 25,185 11,520 13,660 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 28,155 12,990 15,160 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 30,075 14,300 15,775 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,090 7,795 7,305 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 216,505 101,235 115,265 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 23,760 11,745 12,015 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 38,625 19,575 19,050 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 45,510 20,400 25,110 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 90,080 41,305 48,780 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 18,530 8,210 10,315 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 216,505 101,235 115,270 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 32,755 14,265 18,490 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 990 445 545 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 1,270 485 780 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,710 790 920 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 1,375 635 735 920 415 500
Haiti 6,320 2,615 3,710 265 110 160
Jamaica 2,985 1,280 1,710 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 1,290 540 755 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 820 365 455 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 1,260 495 765 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,245 3,695 4,545 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 6,490 2,920 3,575 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 55,430 26,405 29,030 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,610 780 830 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 800 385 420 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 2,270 1,010 1,265 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 3,885 1,645 2,245 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 910 475 430 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 825 425 405 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 810 360 445 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 5,410 2,800 2,610 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 1,890 925 960 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 4,170 1,855 2,305 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 1,965 995 970 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 2,400 1,135 1,265 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 2,860 1,230 1,635 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 870 410 465 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 1,770 840 930 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 15,765 7,910 7,860 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 7,210 3,215 3,995 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 30,340 13,940 16,400 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 1,025 485 545 430 270 150
Egypt 3,420 1,785 1,630 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 2,215 1,020 1,195 1,665 835 825
Kenya 1,065 540 525 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 1,230 570 660 730 385 340
Nigeria 1,260 575 685 1,205 630 575
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,405 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 850 435 415 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 15,375 7,035 8,345 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 97,170 46,205 50,965 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 2,400 1,215 1,180 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 2,655 1,380 1,275 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 17,405 7,575 9,830 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,015 1,510 1,505 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 10,495 5,275 5,220 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,395 2,190 2,210 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 3,540 1,885 1,650 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 730 175 550 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,690 750 945 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 10,995 5,745 5,250 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 3,830 1,915 1,915 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 8,865 3,345 5,520 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 2,330 1,105 1,230 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,125 1,595 1,530 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 835 365 470 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 5,600 2,570 3,035 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 15,275 7,625 7,650 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 805 425 385 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 30,075 14,295 15,780 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 4,060 1,830 2,225 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 135 75 65 960 445 520
Colombia 190 80 110 465 220 240
Cuba 130 65 60 70 35 30
Haiti 1,290 550 740 15 0 10
Jamaica 115 65 50 160 115 45
Mexico 245 100 145 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,135 570 570 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 120 35 85 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 695 290 400 1,855 875 975
Europe 2,565 1,255 1,315 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 285 155 130 790 415 370
Germany 155 75 90 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 45 25 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 20 25 200 110