Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Nanaimo, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa, CV
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Nanaimo, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Nanaimo, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 934,243 ... ... 155,698 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 883,391 ... ... 146,574 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8 ... ... 6.2 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 395,985 ... ... 73,622 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 373,756 ... ... 68,904 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 334.8 ... ... 76.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,790.30 ... ... 2,038.04 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 934,245 453,875 480,365 155,695 75,340 80,360
0 to 14 years 155,680 79,185 76,490 19,985 10,250 9,735
0 to 4 years 48,870 24,800 24,070 6,240 3,210 3,030
5 to 9 years 53,715 27,365 26,350 6,995 3,585 3,405
10 to 14 years 53,095 27,020 26,075 6,755 3,455 3,295
15 to 64 years 634,425 310,390 324,035 93,625 45,170 48,460
15 to 19 years 57,190 28,990 28,200 7,445 3,860 3,580
20 to 24 years 68,645 34,575 34,070 7,720 3,940 3,785
25 to 29 years 63,695 31,675 32,025 7,605 3,830 3,780
30 to 34 years 61,670 30,105 31,565 8,045 3,905 4,140
35 to 39 years 59,575 28,330 31,250 7,670 3,710 3,955
40 to 44 years 62,710 29,880 32,830 8,060 3,910 4,150
45 to 49 years 65,960 31,980 33,980 9,145 4,325 4,820
50 to 54 years 73,210 36,005 37,210 10,955 5,115 5,845
55 to 59 years 66,765 32,370 34,395 12,950 6,065 6,885
60 to 64 years 54,990 26,475 28,510 14,030 6,515 7,515
65 years and over 144,140 64,300 79,840 42,090 19,915 22,170
65 to 69 years 48,130 22,870 25,265 13,845 6,650 7,195
70 to 74 years 33,875 15,790 18,085 10,445 5,125 5,320
75 to 79 years 24,600 11,135 13,465 7,320 3,600 3,720
80 to 84 years 17,950 7,765 10,185 5,165 2,470 2,695
85 years and over 19,580 6,740 12,840 5,305 2,065 3,240
85 to 89 years 11,720 4,480 7,245 3,295 1,435 1,855
90 to 94 years 5,995 1,845 4,145 1,535 515 1,025
95 to 99 years 1,640 385 1,255 420 110 305
100 years and over 225 30 200 55 10 50
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 15.9 12.8 13.6 12.1
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.4 67.5 60.1 60.0 60.3
65 years and over 15.4 14.2 16.6 27.0 26.4 27.6
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 3.4 2.7 4.0
Average age of the population 40.1 39.2 41.0 47.2 46.3 48.0
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 51.1 49.9 52.1
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 373,755 ... ... 68,905 ... ...
Single-detached house 158,235 ... ... 44,910 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 68,645 ... ... 1,320 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 146,085 ... ... 20,045 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,140 ... ... 2,985 ... ...
Row house 79,340 ... ... 2,940 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,055 ... ... 5,335 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 39,095 ... ... 8,640 ... ...
Other single-attached house 465 ... ... 145 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 800 ... ... 2,635 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 373,755 ... ... 68,905 ... ...
1 person 105,750 ... ... 20,190 ... ...
2 persons 124,280 ... ... 29,880 ... ...
3 persons 58,010 ... ... 8,775 ... ...
4 persons 55,215 ... ... 6,635 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,500 ... ... 3,430 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 916,860 ... ... 151,630 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.2 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 778,565 374,690 403,875 135,710 65,085 70,625
Married or living common law 437,500 218,705 218,795 81,785 40,795 40,990
Married 366,365 182,795 183,565 66,730 33,310 33,425
Living common law 71,130 35,910 35,225 15,055 7,485 7,570
Not married and not living common law 341,065 155,985 185,080 53,925 24,290 29,635
Never married 236,315 123,415 112,895 29,520 16,145 13,375
Separated 21,015 8,500 12,520 3,935 1,710 2,225
Divorced 46,000 16,540 29,460 11,130 4,360 6,770
Widowed 37,730 7,535 30,200 9,345 2,075 7,265
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 254,770 ... ... 46,660 ... ...
2 persons 123,855 ... ... 30,495 ... ...
3 persons 54,635 ... ... 8,005 ... ...
4 persons 53,395 ... ... 6,045 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,885 ... ... 2,110 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 254,765 ... ... 46,660 ... ...
Total couple families 213,535 ... ... 39,875 ... ...
Married couples 177,990 ... ... 32,350 ... ...
Common-law couples 35,545 ... ... 7,525 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,230 ... ... 6,780 ... ...
Female parent 32,860 ... ... 5,245 ... ...
Male parent 8,375 ... ... 1,535 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 213,535 ... ... 39,880 ... ...
Couples without children 99,685 ... ... 26,130 ... ...
Couples with children 113,855 ... ... 13,745 ... ...
1 child 42,565 ... ... 6,135 ... ...
2 children 49,890 ... ... 5,630 ... ...
3 or more children 21,390 ... ... 1,985 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,235 ... ... 6,785 ... ...
1 child 24,170 ... ... 4,365 ... ...
2 children 12,065 ... ... 1,870 ... ...
3 or more children 4,995 ... ... 545 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 168,745 78,365 90,380 31,280 14,365 16,910
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 373,755 ... ... 68,905 ... ...
One-census-family households 243,070 ... ... 44,635 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 94,935 ... ... 25,190 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 148,135 ... ... 19,445 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,755 ... ... 1,000 ... ...
Non-census-family households 124,935 ... ... 23,275 ... ...
One-person households 105,750 ... ... 20,185 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,185 ... ... 3,085 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 923,375 449,335 474,040 153,155 74,450 78,710
English only 549,395 279,175 270,220 142,510 69,730 72,775
French only 12,680 5,075 7,610 15 10 10
English and French 347,510 159,620 187,890 10,020 4,455 5,565
Neither English nor French 13,790 5,465 8,320 615 260 355
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 923,370 449,335 474,035 153,160 74,450 78,710
English 749,725 370,365 379,360 150,450 73,185 77,260
French 138,900 63,600 75,300 1,910 925 985
English and French 21,300 10,070 11,230 205 90 115
Neither English nor French 13,445 5,295 8,150 595 250 350
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 149,550 68,635 80,915 2,015 970 1,045
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 16.2 15.3 17.1 1.3 1.3 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 923,375 449,330 474,040 153,155 74,445 78,710
Single responses 889,715 433,335 456,385 151,630 73,735 77,895
Official languages 689,300 338,895 350,405 137,690 67,220 70,475
English 562,070 280,205 281,870 135,570 66,195 69,380
French 127,225 58,690 68,530 2,125 1,025 1,100
Non-official languages 200,420 94,440 105,975 13,940 6,510 7,420
Aboriginal languages 650 245 405 135 55 80
Algonquian languages 280 115 165 20 5 15
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 70 85 15 5 15
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 15 5 0 5 0
Plains Cree 10 5 5 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 5 0 5 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 75 35 40 10 5 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 10 0 0 0
Malecite 5 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 35 65 5 5 0
Algonquin 25 10 15 0 0 0
Ojibway 70 25 45 5 0 0
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 5 5 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 330 110 215 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 295 95 200 0 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 5 5 5
Iroquoian languages 25 10 15 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 10 15 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 35 15 20
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 30 15 20
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 40 15 25
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 20 10 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 15 5 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 199,765 94,195 105,575 13,805 6,460 7,340
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,350 22,200 22,150 365 250 115
Berber languages 375 195 180 0 0 0
Kabyle 250 130 120 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 6,660 2,870 3,785 10 5 5
Bilen 50 25 25 0 0 0
Oromo 215 120 95 0 0 0
Somali 6,300 2,680 3,615 5 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 5 0 5
Semitic languages 37,255 19,100 18,160 355 245 115
Amharic 1,455 680 770 10 5 5
Arabic 34,295 17,670 16,625 305 215 90
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 0 0 0
Harari 60 30 30 0 0 0
Hebrew 355 190 160 30 20 10
Maltese 30 10 20 15 5 5
Tigrigna 905 440 460 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,045 3,225 3,815 520 250 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 485 610 90 45 45
Vietnamese 5,930 2,735 3,195 430 200 225
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 7,785 2,835 4,950 820 280 540
Bikol 30 15 15 5 0 0
Cebuano 370 120 245 40 10 25
Fijian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Hiligaynon 110 35 75 10 5 10
Ilocano 575 225 345 40 15 20
Malagasy 55 25 25 0 0 0
Malay 395 160 235 30 5 25
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 5 5 5
Pangasinan 30 15 15 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,035 2,170 3,865 645 220 425
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 120 40 75 35 20 15
Creole languages 4,175 1,745 2,435 10 5 5
Haitian Creole 290 130 160 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 3,705 1,535 2,170 10 10 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 3,805 1,965 1,840 50 30 20
Kannada 225 115 105 0 0 0
Malayalam 660 345 315 35 20 10
Tamil 2,415 1,230 1,185 15 10 5
Telugu 485 270 220 5 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 87,105 41,440 45,665 8,570 4,105 4,460
Albanian 660 325 335 5 5 5
Armenian 465 235 230 10 5 5
Balto-Slavic languages 20,270 9,080 11,190 1,545 730 815
Baltic languages 455 200 260 45 25 20
Latvian 250 110 140 30 15 15
Lithuanian 210 85 125 15 5 10
Slavic languages 19,815 8,885 10,930 1,495 710 790
Belarusan 40 20 20 0 0 0
Bosnian 600 275 325 5 5 5
Bulgarian 845 390 455 25 20 10
Croatian 1,005 460 540 185 100 85
Czech 915 405 505 155 70 85
Macedonian 65 25 40 20 10 10
Polish 5,525 2,485 3,035 325 150 170
Russian 6,150 2,680 3,470 275 115 160
Serbian 1,705 810 890 60 30 30
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 260 20 5 10
Slovak 570 260 315 75 35 40
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 85 125 35 15 20
Ukrainian 1,630 695 935 300 140 160
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 20 15 10
Celtic languages 110 50 60 35 15 15
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 10 5 5
Welsh 50 15 35 20 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 5 0 5
Germanic languages 8,680 3,980 4,705 4,265 2,005 2,265
Afrikaans 160 80 85 115 55 65
Danish 295 135 165 365 180 190
Dutch 2,215 1,060 1,150 1,085 515 565
Frisian 40 20 20 10 5 10
German 5,275 2,345 2,930 2,355 1,080 1,275
Icelandic 20 10 10 15 10 5
Norwegian 135 60 75 135 55 80
Swedish 275 140 135 145 70 65
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 45 40 25 10
Yiddish 175 95 75 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 5 5 0
Greek 2,110 1,105 1,005 90 60 30
Indo-Iranian languages 26,965 13,585 13,375 1,385 705 675
Indo-Aryan languages 18,345 9,255 9,085 1,220 625 595
Bengali 3,255 1,615 1,645 25 15 10
Gujarati 1,470 760 710 50 25 25
Hindi 2,875 1,470 1,400 140 70 65
Kashmiri 20 10 10 0 0 0
Konkani 105 55 50 0 0 0
Marathi 290 150 140 0 0 0
Nepali 925 440 485 10 5 5
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,880 1,995 1,885 940 470 470
Sindhi 270 120 145 10 5 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 810 395 420 10 5 5
Urdu 4,410 2,220 2,180 40 25 20
Iranian languages 8,530 4,280 4,250 160 80 80
Kurdish 655 335 315 0 5 0
Pashto 1,025 520 510 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 6,850 3,420 3,430 160 80 80
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 27,840 13,070 14,770 1,235 580 655
Catalan 30 15 15 0 0 0
Italian 9,030 4,470 4,560 350 195 150
Portuguese 4,205 1,970 2,240 200 90 110
Romanian 2,560 1,165 1,400 60 25 30
Spanish 11,985 5,445 6,540 625 270 355
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 0 0 0
Japanese 990 300 685 370 130 235
Kartvelian languages 35 15 20 0 0 5
Georgian 30 15 25 0 0 0
Korean 2,065 875 1,185 470 195 275
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 0 0 0
Mongolian 30 15 20 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5,380 2,360 3,020 90 45 45
Akan (Twi) 355 175 180 15 5 5
Bamanankan 75 30 50 0 0 0
Edo 35 20 20 5 0 0
Ewe 75 30 50 0 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 45 55 5 0 5
Ga 60 30 30 0 5 5
Ganda 125 55 65 5 0 5
Igbo 180 90 95 0 0 0
Lingala 320 120 205 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 840 360 475 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 650 235 420 5 0 5
Shona 110 40 70 5 0 0
Swahili 1,100 485 615 5 5 0
Wolof 80 35 45 0 0 0
Yoruba 240 125 110 15 5 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,030 485 545 25 15 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 165 0 0 0
Dinka 90 45 45 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 120 0 0 0
Sign languages 220 105 120 20 15 10
American Sign Language 75 30 50 5 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 140 75 65 10 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,945 14,835 17,105 1,925 880 1,040
Chinese languages 31,130 14,445 16,690 1,920 875 1,040
Cantonese 10,160 4,775 5,380 505 230 280
Hakka 155 65 90 10 0 5
Mandarin 18,575 8,565 10,010 1,240 570 665
Min Dong 50 25 25 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 725 315 410 35 10 25
Wu (Shanghainese) 445 205 240 15 5 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 485 520 125 65 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 5 0 0
Burmese 225 120 110 5 0 0
Karenic languages 325 155 165 0 0 0
Tibetan 95 50 40 0 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 690 245 445 100 25 75
Lao 345 155 190 5 5 0
Thai 345 90 255 95 20 70
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 1,645 835 815 35 25 15
Azerbaijani 120 70 55 0 0 0
Turkish 1,390 705 685 30 20 15
Uyghur 10 5 5 0 0 0
Uzbek 65 30 40 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 0 5 0
Uralic languages 2,055 965 1,085 440 215 225
Estonian 150 70 80 25 15 10
Finnish 300 120 185 135 60 75
Hungarian 1,595 775 825 275 140 135
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 85 60 15 10 5
Multiple responses 33,660 16,000 17,655 1,530 720 810
English and French 12,295 5,825 6,475 385 180 200
English and non-official language 15,135 7,340 7,795 1,090 510 570
French and non-official language 3,815 1,730 2,085 35 10 20
English, French and non-official language 2,415 1,110 1,300 25 10 15
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 923,370 449,335 474,040 153,160 74,450 78,710
Single responses 866,210 422,345 443,870 150,735 73,345 77,385
Official languages 766,810 375,540 391,270 146,210 71,150 75,055
English 680,895 336,595 344,305 145,795 70,960 74,840
French 85,910 38,945 46,965 415 190 220
Non-official languages 99,400 46,805 52,600 4,525 2,195 2,330
Aboriginal languages 210 90 125 5 5 5
Algonquian languages 70 35 40 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 20 35 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 10 5 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 130 55 75 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 120 45 70 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 99,190 46,715 52,480 4,520 2,195 2,325
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,665 11,855 12,810 200 120 80
Berber languages 220 110 115 0 0 0
Kabyle 180 85 95 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 3,860 1,580 2,275 10 0 5
Bilen 30 15 10 0 0 0
Oromo 130 70 60 0 0 0
Somali 3,645 1,475 2,165 5 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 5 5 5
Semitic languages 20,580 10,165 10,415 195 115 75
Amharic 845 400 445 5 0 0
Arabic 19,105 9,455 9,645 175 105 65
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 20 5 10 0 0 0
Hebrew 135 80 60 15 5 5
Maltese 5 0 5 0 0 0
Tigrigna 415 195 220 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,140 1,895 2,245 350 170 175
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 265 65 30 35
Vietnamese 3,680 1,700 1,980 280 140 140
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,335 1,395 1,940 220 100 125
Bikol 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 125 55 70 5 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 0 5 0
Ilocano 230 105 120 5 0 5
Malagasy 10 10 10 0 0 0
Malay 120 50 70 5 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 5 0 5
Pangasinan 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,745 1,130 1,615 190 85 105
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 20 5 10
Creole languages 1,825 745 1,080 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 1,605 645 960 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 1,845 915 935 10 10 5
Kannada 75 45 35 5 0 0
Malayalam 280 150 135 15 10 5
Tamil 1,285 615 665 0 0 0
Telugu 195 105 90 5 5 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 37,270 17,645 19,625 1,880 915 965
Albanian 295 140 155 0 0 0
Armenian 205 95 110 0 5 0
Balto-Slavic languages 8,925 4,195 4,730 380 175 205
Baltic languages 105 45 60 5 0 5
Latvian 55 25 35 5 0 5
Lithuanian 45 25 25 0 0 0
Slavic languages 8,815 4,150 4,670 370 175 195
Belarusan 20 10 10 0 0 0
Bosnian 305 150 150 5 0 0
Bulgarian 400 190 210 10 5 5
Croatian 330 150 180 45 20 25
Czech 205 100 110 45 20 20
Macedonian 15 10 5 5 5 5
Polish 1,995 915 1,075 70 30 35
Russian 3,625 1,690 1,935 155 75 85
Serbian 1,005 500 505 10 5 5
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 5 0 5
Slovak 195 90 105 10 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 10 5 5
Ukrainian 505 230 275 10 5 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 5 0 0 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 915 415 495 425 205 215
Afrikaans 35 20 20 45 20 20
Danish 25 10 10 25 10 15
Dutch 145 70 80 100 50 50
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 625 275 355 225 110 115
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Norwegian 10 5 10 5 5 5
Swedish 55 35 20 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Yiddish 15 10 5 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 625 300 325 20 10 10
Indo-Iranian languages 14,665 7,155 7,510 755 375 385
Indo-Aryan languages 9,590 4,740 4,850 665 335 330
Bengali 1,945 940 1,010 10 10 5
Gujarati 605 310 300 15 5 10
Hindi 1,285 650 635 50 30 25
Kashmiri 5 5 0 0 0 0
Konkani 35 15 20 0 0 0
Marathi 110 50 60 0 0 0
Nepali 730 360 375 5 0 5
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,190 1,105 1,085 560 280 280
Sindhi 65 30 40 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 195 0 0 0
Urdu 2,215 1,090 1,125 25 10 15
Iranian languages 5,055 2,400 2,655 90 40 50
Kurdish 370 195 175 0 0 0
Pashto 645 310 335 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 4,040 1,895 2,140 90 40 50
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 11,635 5,340 6,295 300 145 155
Catalan 15 5 10 0 0 0
Italian 2,500 1,110 1,390 45 20 20
Portuguese 1,850 870 980 50 20 25
Romanian 1,190 555 635 10 5 5
Spanish 6,070 2,795 3,270 195 100 95
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Japanese 385 140 250 160 75 85
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 0 0 5
Georgian 5 5 5 0 0 0
Korean 1,140 530 615 320 145 175
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 0 0 0
Mongolian 15 10 5 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,480 660 820 15 10 5
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 5 0 0
Bamanankan 10 5 10 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 20 5 15 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 5 0 0
Ga 15 5 5 0 0 0
Ganda 30 10 20 0 0 0
Igbo 55 25 25 0 0 0
Lingala 65 20 45 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 135 135 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 150 0 0 0
Shona 20 10 10 0 0 0
Swahili 380 175 210 0 0 0
Wolof 30 15 15 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 30 25 5 5 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 0 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 40 0 0 0
Dinka 25 15 10 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 0 0 0
Sign languages 305 165 145 25 15 15
American Sign Language 105 50 60 10 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 115 85 20 15 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,045 9,955 11,090 1,230 590 640
Chinese languages 20,465 9,680 10,790 1,225 590 635
Cantonese 5,840 2,685 3,155 235 115 115
Hakka 50 15 30 0 0 0
Mandarin 13,455 6,435 7,020 895 420 470
Min Dong 15 5 5 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 115 165 15 5 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 5 5 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 300 275 80 45 40
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 0 0 0
Burmese 145 65 80 0 0 0
Karenic languages 250 120 130 0 0 0
Tibetan 70 35 35 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 260 100 160 20 5 10
Lao 165 70 95 0 0 0
Thai 95 30 65 15 5 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 855 415 440 15 10 5
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 0 5 0
Turkish 745 360 380 15 5 10
Uyghur 5 5 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 35 15 20 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 0 0 0
Uralic languages 500 240 265 75 35 35
Estonian 20 10 15 10 0 5
Finnish 35 15 20 25 10 10
Hungarian 445 210 230 45 20 25
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 5 0 5
Multiple responses 57,160 26,990 30,170 2,430 1,105 1,325
English and French 12,480 5,755 6,725 165 65 100
English and non-official language 36,690 17,710 18,980 2,225 1,020 1,195
French and non-official language 3,305 1,395 1,910 10 0 5
English, French and non-official language 4,685 2,130 2,560 40 20 20
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 923,375 449,335 474,040 153,160 74,450 78,710
None 705,915 348,065 357,855 144,800 70,625 74,175
English 80,960 38,220 42,740 2,085 1,005 1,080
French 59,935 27,450 32,490 1,480 640 845
Non-official language 67,655 31,565 36,095 4,655 2,115 2,540
Aboriginal 405 150 255 150 65 85
Non-Aboriginal 67,250 31,410 35,840 4,510 2,055 2,450
English and French 2,595 1,220 1,380 15 10 5
English and non-official language 2,415 1,125 1,290 60 35 25
French and non-official language 3,800 1,645 2,150 65 20 45
English, French and non-official language 90 50 45 0 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 761,420 367,460 393,960 131,685 63,410 68,275
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,270 351,485 376,785 127,890 61,560 66,335
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,857 48,479 36,936 32,009 39,050 26,862
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,540 351,520 377,015 128,025 61,650 66,370
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,136 42,234 33,174 28,963 34,413 25,112
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 663,315 324,730 338,580 115,410 56,380 59,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,826 48,921 35,935 28,056 34,912 22,523
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 502,905 222,930 279,975 97,055 43,595 53,460
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,215 1,434 4,358 8,570 9,511 8,114
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 546,025 274,960 271,070 86,710 43,855 42,855
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,955 46,070 36,746 25,825 30,707 22,128
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 761,420 367,450 393,975 131,685 63,380 68,305
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,080 351,205 376,880 127,950 61,535 66,410
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,605 62,746 47,019 41,934 49,945 34,511
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,355 351,210 377,145 128,055 61,625 66,430
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,428 50,106 39,141 35,659 41,491 30,248
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 663,600 324,535 339,060 115,425 56,335 59,090
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,792 63,743 46,224 38,961 47,399 30,915
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 502,790 222,910 279,885 97,080 43,655 53,425
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,757 6,055 7,317 8,945 9,235 8,708
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 546,025 274,445 271,580 86,705 43,665 43,045
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,088 60,456 45,642 36,011 42,397 29,533
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 761,420 367,450 393,975 131,685 63,380 68,305
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 279,480 150,600 128,880 32,065 17,830 14,235
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,546 70,955 60,631 48,369 54,248 43,590
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,111 82,331 66,674 55,680 61,320 48,617
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.4 93.9 88.4 83.7 86.8 79.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.8 75.0 70.0 58.7 61.6 54.9
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.6 6.1 11.6 16.3 13.2 20.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 761,420 367,460 393,960 131,685 63,410 68,275
Without total income 33,150 15,980 17,170 3,795 1,850 1,940
With total income 728,270 351,485 376,785 127,890 61,560 66,330
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.6 97.1 97.1 97.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 99,195 45,455 53,740 16,560 6,935 9,625
$10,000 to $19,999 107,875 44,780 63,090 24,000 9,015 14,985
$20,000 to $29,999 78,010 32,865 45,140 19,880 8,140 11,750
$30,000 to $39,999 66,630 28,950 37,675 16,400 7,365 9,035
$40,000 to $49,999 63,305 27,810 35,495 13,495 6,515 6,980
$50,000 to $59,999 58,005 26,620 31,385 10,015 5,415 4,600
$60,000 to $69,999 51,605 25,385 26,225 7,490 4,595 2,890
$70,000 to $79,999 42,025 21,880 20,145 5,475 3,395 2,075
$80,000 to $89,999 36,815 19,760 17,050 4,080 2,585 1,495
$90,000 to $99,999 32,270 17,200 15,075 2,925 1,900 1,030
$100,000 and over 92,535 60,775 31,760 7,570 5,705 1,865
$100,000 to $149,999 65,295 41,095 24,205 5,495 4,095 1,400
$150,000 and over 27,240 19,685 7,560 2,075 1,615 460
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 761,420 367,460 393,955 131,685 63,410 68,275
Without after-tax income 32,880 15,940 16,940 3,665 1,760 1,900
With after-tax income 728,535 351,520 377,015 128,025 61,650 66,375
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.7 97.2 97.2 97.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,495 46,300 57,195 17,580 7,390 10,190
$10,000 to $19,999 112,260 46,980 65,280 25,285 9,700 15,585
$20,000 to $29,999 89,985 38,505 51,480 23,235 9,770 13,465
$30,000 to $39,999 81,965 35,855 46,105 18,725 8,670 10,055
$40,000 to $49,999 78,235 35,230 43,000 14,190 7,270 6,925
$50,000 to $59,999 68,435 33,495 34,940 9,675 5,815 3,860
$60,000 to $69,999 54,560 29,055 25,505 6,710 4,230 2,480
$70,000 to $79,999 45,775 24,715 21,060 4,610 2,870 1,735
$80,000 and over 93,825 61,380 32,440 8,005 5,935 2,070
$80,000 to $89,999 32,630 19,255 13,375 2,805 2,000 805
$90,000 to $99,999 19,260 12,495 6,760 1,595 1,165 430
$100,000 and over 41,935 29,630 12,310 3,605 2,770 835
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 761,420 367,465 393,960 131,685 63,410 68,270
Without employment income 215,395 92,505 122,890 44,980 19,560 25,420
With employment income 546,025 274,960 271,065 86,705 43,855 42,850
Percentage with employment income 71.7 74.8 68.8 65.8 69.2 62.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 67,195 32,655 34,540 18,170 9,005 9,165
$5,000 to $9,999 40,580 18,300 22,280 7,060 3,070 3,990
$10,000 to $19,999 65,320 29,700 35,620 12,265 5,200 7,070
$20,000 to $29,999 50,625 23,530 27,095 9,920 4,345 5,580
$30,000 to $39,999 44,810 21,210 23,595 8,655 3,725 4,930
$40,000 to $49,999 43,030 19,575 23,460 7,380 3,405 3,975
$50,000 to $59,999 40,775 18,705 22,070 5,745 3,065 2,675
$60,000 to $69,999 36,550 17,765 18,790 4,345 2,705 1,635
$70,000 to $79,999 29,655 15,370 14,285 3,450 2,155 1,300
$80,000 and over 127,485 78,160 49,330 9,720 7,180 2,535
$80,000 to $89,999 29,530 15,440 14,090 2,775 1,790 990
$90,000 to $99,999 26,485 14,205 12,280 1,985 1,325 660
$100,000 and over 71,475 48,515 22,960 4,955 4,070 885
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 373,760 ... ... 68,905 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,981 ... ... 62,349 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,745 ... ... 55,521 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 105,750 ... ... 20,185 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,369 ... ... 31,875 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,026 ... ... 28,809 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 268,010 ... ... 48,720 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,064 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,248 ... ... 69,150 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 373,755 ... ... 68,905 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,372 ... ... 77,868 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,579 ... ... 66,269 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 105,745 ... ... 20,155 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,590 ... ... 40,901 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,078 ... ... 35,050 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 268,010 ... ... 48,750 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,013 ... ... 93,151 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,559 ... ... 79,177 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 373,755 ... ... 68,900 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,250 ... ... 1,160 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,900 ... ... 935 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,095 ... ... 2,170 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,445 ... ... 3,130 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,405 ... ... 3,435 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,920 ... ... 2,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,170 ... ... 3,440 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,660 ... ... 3,430 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,120 ... ... 3,375 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,150 ... ... 3,115 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,805 ... ... 5,950 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,765 ... ... 5,405 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,225 ... ... 4,715 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,580 ... ... 4,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,430 ... ... 3,730 ... ...
$100,000 and over 156,845 ... ... 17,610 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,800 ... ... 6,745 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,760 ... ... 4,180 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 42,310 ... ... 4,035 ... ...
$200,000 and over 37,975 ... ... 2,645 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,755 ... ... 68,905 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,610 ... ... 1,245 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,970 ... ... 950 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,220 ... ... 2,220 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,915 ... ... 3,220 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,650 ... ... 3,915 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,395 ... ... 3,680 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,340 ... ... 4,020 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,530 ... ... 4,010 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,340 ... ... 3,885 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,625 ... ... 3,595 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,215 ... ... 6,690 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,345 ... ... 5,980 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 28,265 ... ... 5,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,850 ... ... 4,420 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,545 ... ... 3,405 ... ...
$100,000 and over 120,940 ... ... 12,375 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,895 ... ... 5,805 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,505 ... ... 3,045 ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,545 ... ... 3,525 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 253,415 ... ... 46,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,083 ... ... 78,469 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,624 ... ... 69,084 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 92,815 ... ... 24,775 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,233 ... ... 74,504 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,602 ... ... 65,871 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 114,325 ... ... 13,900 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,926 ... ... 104,867 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,637 ... ... 90,807 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,755 ... ... 6,360 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,761 ... ... 45,102 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,633 ... ... 41,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 253,440 ... ... 46,275 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,219 ... ... 93,187 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,030 ... ... 79,044 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 92,930 ... ... 24,840 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,150 ... ... 90,186 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,430 ... ... 76,037 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 114,320 ... ... 13,935 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,772 ... ... 115,337 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,814 ... ... 97,625 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,635 ... ... 6,350 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,479 ... ... 54,615 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,341 ... ... 48,552 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 148,795 70,365 78,425 28,340 13,105 15,235
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,585 37,101 39,770 28,316 29,504 27,720
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,525 33,178 35,479 26,153 26,696 25,786
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 148,300 69,825 78,475 28,340 13,070 15,270
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,967 48,862 49,060 37,161 38,845 35,719
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,421 40,027 40,772 32,056 32,927 31,310
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,860 446,515 470,340 151,625 73,645 77,990
In the bottom half of the distribution 351,750 167,740 184,005 82,375 38,905 43,470
In the bottom decile 87,465 42,945 44,520 18,115 8,670 9,445
In the second decile 68,570 31,900 36,670 17,200 7,735 9,465
In the third decile 61,285 28,950 32,335 15,895 7,435 8,455
In the fourth decile 63,425 30,120 33,310 15,745 7,560 8,180
In the fifth decile 71,000 33,825 37,170 15,425 7,500 7,925
In the top half of the distribution 565,110 278,780 286,330 69,255 34,740 34,515
In the sixth decile 80,420 38,470 41,950 14,925 7,320 7,600
In the seventh decile 92,480 44,845 47,635 14,975 7,485 7,495
In the eighth decile 110,280 54,300 55,985 14,600 7,285 7,315
In the ninth decile 136,925 67,895 69,035 13,725 6,960 6,765
In the top decile 145,005 73,275 71,730 11,030 5,690 5,345
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,855 446,520 470,340 150,595 73,110 77,480
0 to 17 years 187,695 95,500 92,200 24,010 12,350 11,660
0 to 5 years 59,200 30,145 29,055 7,515 3,855 3,665
18 to 64 years 596,800 290,300 306,500 87,500 41,860 45,640
65 years and over 132,355 60,715 71,640 39,090 18,900 20,185
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 115,180 54,575 60,605 24,345 11,240 13,105
0 to 17 years 30,100 15,575 14,530 5,330 2,775 2,555
0 to 5 years 10,150 5,285 4,865 1,730 900 825
18 to 64 years 72,620 34,105 38,515 14,365 6,595 7,775
65 years and over 12,455 4,895 7,565 4,645 1,875 2,770
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.6 12.2 12.9 16.2 15.4 16.9
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 16.3 15.8 22.2 22.5 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.5 16.7 23.0 23.3 22.5
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.7 12.6 16.4 15.8 17.0
65 years and over (%) 9.4 8.1 10.6 11.9 9.9 13.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 98,915 48,130 50,785 12,960 6,360 6,595
0 to 17 years 22,685 11,680 11,005 2,645 1,385 1,260
0 to 5 years 7,780 4,065 3,710 860 460 400
18 to 64 years 68,040 33,345 34,695 9,555 4,625 4,925
65 years and over 8,190 3,105 5,085 760 345 415
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 8.6 8.7 8.5
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.2 11.9 11.0 11.2 10.8
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.5 12.8 11.4 11.9 10.9
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.3 10.9 11.0 10.8
65 years and over (%) 6.2 5.1 7.1 1.9 1.8 2.1
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,860 446,515 470,340 151,630 73,645 77,985
Official languages 903,135 441,100 462,040 151,025 73,375 77,650
English 890,735 436,340 454,390 151,015 73,370 77,645
French 358,165 163,500 194,670 9,955 4,490 5,460
Non-official languages 276,220 129,510 146,705 18,905 8,880 10,030
Aboriginal languages 1,135 430 710 325 160 160
Algonquian languages 490 195 290 50 30 15
Blackfoot 10 0 10 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 80 125 25 10 15
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 10 10 0
Plains Cree 10 10 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 55 15 35 0 0 0
Woods Cree 15 10 10 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 85 35 50 20 0 15
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Malecite 10 10 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 260 100 160 30 25 0
Algonquin 45 25 25 0 0 0
Ojibway 195 70 125 25 20 10
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 0 0 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 15 0 10 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 15 0 10
Inuit languages 585 220 365 15 10 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 530 200 325 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 0 10 0
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 55 15 35 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 130 60 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 105 50 60
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 10 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 105 50 50
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 50 25 20
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 50 20 35
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 275,145 129,115 146,035 18,585 8,715 9,875
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,550 30,865 30,680 440 285 155
Berber languages 540 285 260 10 10 0
Kabyle 420 220 195 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 65 60 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 9,300 4,165 5,140 10 0 10
Bilen 90 55 35 0 0 0
Oromo 380 170 210 0 0 0
Somali 8,770 3,900 4,870 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 0 0 10
Semitic languages 52,710 26,895 25,815 425 275 150
Amharic 1,980 945 1,040 0 0 0
Arabic 48,135 24,675 23,460 335 250 85
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 30 50 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 40 25 15 0 0 0
Hebrew 1,865 1,010 855 80 30 50
Maltese 65 25 40 0 0 10
Tigrigna 1,175 490 680 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 90 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 75 10 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,690 4,100 4,590 580 295 285
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,525 680 845 100 65 35
Vietnamese 7,215 3,440 3,770 485 235 250
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 10,155 3,770 6,390 1,170 390 780
Bikol 25 10 20 0 0 0
Cebuano 565 210 355 125 50 75
Fijian 10 0 10 10 0 0
Hiligaynon 165 55 110 15 0 15
Ilocano 705 300 405 70 25 40
Malagasy 105 55 45 0 0 0
Malay 615 270 345 90 35 60
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 40 0 0 10
Pangasinan 55 20 35 0 10 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,095 3,300 5,795 1,025 325 700
Waray-Waray 35 0 30 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 25 10 15
Creole languages 9,360 3,920 5,440 35 20 15
Haitian Creole 450 165 280 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 8,325 3,490 4,835 15 10 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 630 275 350 10 0 10
Dravidian languages 5,060 2,555 2,505 85 35 45
Kannada 465 235 235 10 0 10
Malayalam 835 375 460 55 25 30
Tamil 3,330 1,700 1,630 20 0 15
Telugu 795 420 375 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 10 10 0
Indo-European languages 130,605 61,380 69,225 12,415 5,920 6,500
Albanian 785 385 410 0 0 0
Armenian 665 350 315 10 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 24,530 11,210 13,325 1,665 770 890
Baltic languages 530 225 305 25 10 15
Latvian 260 105 155 15 10 10
Lithuanian 270 120 150 10 0 0
Slavic languages 24,095 11,010 13,080 1,640 760 880
Belarusan 125 60 60 0 0 0
Bosnian 1,025 470 555 15 10 10
Bulgarian 1,050 490 560 25 15 15
Croatian 1,830 905 930 275 155 120
Czech 1,315 570 750 185 90 90
Macedonian 95 35 65 20 10 10
Polish 6,530 2,970 3,560 320 140 175
Russian 9,135 4,205 4,925 365 145 220
Serbian 2,080 1,015 1,065 95 30 60
Serbo-Croatian 560 290 270 35 25 15
Slovak 910 380 530 80 35 45
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 120 140 30 20 15
Ukrainian 2,290 960 1,330 340 140 200
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 10 40 15 0 10
Celtic languages 395 190 205 95 55 40
Scottish Gaelic 150 80 75 40 20 15
Welsh 85 30 55 35 25 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 25 10 10
Germanic languages 16,750 7,935 8,810 5,555 2,635 2,920
Afrikaans 405 200 205 310 175 140
Danish 425 195 235 420 175 245
Dutch 2,855 1,330 1,520 1,345 615 730
Frisian 55 15 35 35 15 20
German 12,205 5,800 6,400 3,260 1,575 1,685
Icelandic 45 20 20 10 10 0
Norwegian 345 145 200 170 60 105
Swedish 605 295 310 195 95 100
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 40 40 60 30 20
Yiddish 355 185 175 30 20 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 10 10 10
Greek 3,090 1,545 1,545 150 90 55
Indo-Iranian languages 35,320 17,915 17,410 1,770 890 880
Indo-Aryan languages 25,805 13,125 12,675 1,550 770 780
Bengali 4,250 2,180 2,070 35 15 20
Gujarati 2,275 1,220 1,050 75 30 45
Hindi 10,335 5,355 4,980 415 195 220
Kashmiri 10 10 10 0 0 0
Konkani 140 75 65 10 0 0
Marathi 565 310 255 10 10 0
Nepali 1,275 640 635 20 0 25
Oriya (Odia) 75 45 30 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,235 3,220 3,015 1,205 620 585
Sindhi 495 220 280 10 10 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,065 485 580 10 10 0
Urdu 7,175 3,600 3,570 105 65 45
Iranian languages 10,040 5,075 4,965 225 125 105
Kurdish 755 395 355 0 0 0
Pashto 1,400 755 645 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 8,665 4,340 4,325 225 120 105
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 120 80 10 0 10
Italic (Romance) languages 54,440 24,435 30,005 3,635 1,730 1,900
Catalan 80 30 45 0 0 0
Italian 15,500 7,400 8,105 700 345 355
Portuguese 6,120 2,990 3,125 370 160 210
Romanian 2,880 1,345 1,535 90 55 35
Spanish 33,075 14,180 18,890 2,665 1,245 1,420
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 10 0 0
Japanese 2,510 1,185 1,325 605 280 330
Kartvelian languages 40 15 20 0 0 0
Georgian 40 15 25 0 0 0
Korean 2,580 1,090 1,490 405 195 210
Mongolic languages 40 20 20 0 0 0
Mongolian 40 25 20 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 10,520 4,640 5,880 210 120 90
Akan (Twi) 630 330 300 20 10 10
Bamanankan 155 70 85 0 0 0
Edo 95 40 60 0 0 0
Ewe 205 80 125 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 70 95 0 0 10
Ga 165 85 80 0 10 0
Ganda 215 65 145 20 10 20
Igbo 300 165 135 35 25 10
Lingala 1,720 720 1,000 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,530 615 915 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 970 360 615 0 0 0
Shona 175 60 115 10 10 0
Swahili 3,040 1,325 1,715 35 20 20
Wolof 200 110 95 10 0 0
Yoruba 755 400 355 55 30 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,265 1,035 1,230 30 25 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 140 185 0 0 0
Dinka 190 85 105 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 0 0 0
Sign languages 1,630 655 975 220 80 140
American Sign Language 875 305 570 95 35 65
Quebec Sign Language 75 15 55 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 715 350 365 135 50 85
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,395 17,190 19,210 2,275 1,085 1,195
Chinese languages 35,510 16,765 18,745 2,270 1,080 1,190
Cantonese 12,700 6,015 6,685 660 295 370
Hakka 265 125 140 10 0 0
Mandarin 24,495 11,310 13,185 1,575 760 815
Min Dong 40 20 25 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,035 465 565 60 15 45
Wu (Shanghainese) 415 205 215 25 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 535 475 130 60 65
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 925 440 480 15 10 0
Burmese 305 145 160 0 0 0
Karenic languages 365 185 180 0 0 0
Tibetan 50 30 25 0 10 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 365 150 205 0 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 410 600 105 25 80
Lao 460 200 255 15 0 15
Thai 610 230 385 100 25 75
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,405 1,195 1,210 75 35 40
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 30 10 20
Turkish 2,070 1,035 1,040 40 20 20
Uyghur 45 25 15 0 0 0
Uzbek 80 20 60 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 10 10 0
Uralic languages 2,585 1,255 1,330 505 205 305
Estonian 245 115 130 35 15 15
Finnish 480 220 260 125 50 75
Hungarian 1,875 925 950 345 135 215
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 380 250 130 30 25 10
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 916,860 446,515 470,340 151,625 73,640 77,985
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 854,535 416,865 437,670 145,125 70,555 74,565
Canadian citizens aged under 18 177,960 90,535 87,430 23,565 12,245 11,325
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 676,580 326,330 350,245 121,560 58,315 63,245
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,320 29,650 32,670 6,500 3,085 3,420
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 916,855 446,515 470,340 151,630 73,645 77,985
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 685,260 337,490 347,770 126,320 61,680 64,640
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 216,505 101,235 115,265 23,680 11,055 12,620
Before 1981 53,740 25,720 28,015 14,170 6,820 7,350
1981 to 1990 29,670 14,195 15,475 2,265 985 1,280
1991 to 2000 49,685 22,510 27,170 2,200 945 1,255
2001 to 2010 53,335 24,515 28,820 3,345 1,505 1,840
2001 to 2005 25,185 11,520 13,660 1,490 650 840
2006 to 2010 28,155 12,990 15,160 1,855 855 1,005
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 30,075 14,300 15,775 1,705 800 900
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,090 7,795 7,305 1,625 905 720
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 216,505 101,235 115,265 23,680 11,060 12,625
Under 5 years 23,760 11,745 12,015 2,800 1,375 1,420
5 to 14 years 38,625 19,575 19,050 4,215 2,065 2,150
15 to 24 years 45,510 20,400 25,110 5,680 2,490 3,195
25 to 44 years 90,080 41,305 48,780 9,305 4,380 4,930
45 years and over 18,530 8,210 10,315 1,680 750 930
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 216,505 101,235 115,270 23,680 11,060 12,625
Americas 32,755 14,265 18,490 2,820 1,165 1,655
Brazil 990 445 545 60 15 50
Colombia 1,270 485 780 55 15 40
El Salvador 1,710 790 920 15 10 10
Guyana 1,375 635 735 25 20 10
Haiti 6,320 2,615 3,710 20 0 15
Jamaica 2,985 1,280 1,710 45 10 30
Mexico 1,290 540 755 145 50 95
Peru 820 365 455 65 20 40
Trinidad and Tobago 1,260 495 765 45 15 30
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,245 3,695 4,545 2,070 895 1,175
Other places of birth in Americas 6,490 2,920 3,575 270 115 155
Europe 55,430 26,405 29,030 14,490 7,080 7,410
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,610 780 830 45 10 35
Croatia 800 385 420 230 130 105
France 2,270 1,010 1,265 180 95 80
Germany 3,885 1,645 2,245 1,700 810 885
Greece 910 475 430 70 55 20
Hungary 825 425 405 205 85 120
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 810 360 445 240 115 125
Italy 5,410 2,800 2,610 235 145 95
Netherlands 1,890 925 960 1,085 495 595
Poland 4,170 1,855 2,305 240 125 120
Portugal 1,965 995 970 120 85 40
Romania 2,400 1,135 1,265 110 55 55
Russian Federation 2,860 1,230 1,635 125 40 90
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 870 410 465 50 30 20
Ukraine 1,770 840 930 95 40 55
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 15,765 7,910 7,860 8,225 4,020 4,205
Other places of birth in Europe 7,210 3,215 3,995 1,535 750 790
Africa 30,340 13,940 16,400 930 495 435
Algeria 1,025 485 545 10 0 0
Egypt 3,420 1,785 1,630 30 20 15
Ethiopia 2,215 1,020 1,195 25 10 15
Kenya 1,065 540 525 30 15 10
Morocco 1,230 570 660 10 10 0
Nigeria 1,260 575 685 40 20 25
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,405 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 850 435 415 540 290 255
Other places of birth in Africa 15,375 7,035 8,345 235 120 120
Asia 97,170 46,205 50,965 4,965 2,115 2,845
Afghanistan 2,400 1,215 1,180 0 0 0
Bangladesh 2,655 1,380 1,275 30 15 15
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 17,405 7,575 9,830 940 440 500
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,015 1,510 1,505 165 100 75
India 10,495 5,275 5,220 960 475 490
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,395 2,190 2,210 215 115 95
Iraq 3,540 1,885 1,650 0 10 0
Japan 730 175 550 205 55 155
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,690 750 945 330 135 195
Lebanon 10,995 5,745 5,250 20 20 0
Pakistan 3,830 1,915 1,915 35 10 25
Philippines 8,865 3,345 5,520 940 310 630
Sri Lanka 2,330 1,105 1,230 25 15 10
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,125 1,595 1,530 60 20 35
Taiwan 835 365 470 80 40 45
Viet Nam 5,600 2,570 3,035 405 165 240
Other places of birth in Asia 15,275 7,625 7,650 545 200 350
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 805 425 385 480 200 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 30,075 14,295 15,780 1,705 805 900
Americas 4,060 1,830 2,225 220 125 95
Brazil 135 75 65 15 10 15
Colombia 190 80 110 0 0 0
Cuba 130 65 60 0 0 10
Haiti 1,290 550 740 10 10 0
Jamaica 115 65 50 0 0 0
Mexico 245 100 145 20 0 15
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,135 570 570 155 95 65
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 120 35 85 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 695 290 400 0 0 0
Europe 2,565 1,255 1,315 365 165 200
France 285 155 130 0 10 0
Germany 155 75 90 75 10 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 45 25 10 10 10
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 20 25 0 0 0
Romania 120 60 60 0 0 0
Russian Federation