Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ottawa - Gatineau [Census metropolitan area], Ontario/Quebec

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa, CV
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ottawa - Gatineau
Ontario/Quebec
[Census metropolitan area]
Data quality , Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ottawa - Gatineau [Census metropolitan area], Ontario/Quebec  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 934,243 ... ... 1,323,783 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 883,391 ... ... 1,254,919r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8 ... ... 5.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 395,985 ... ... 571,146 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 373,756 ... ... 535,499 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 334.8 ... ... 195.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,790.30 ... ... 6,767.41 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 934,245 453,875 480,365 1,323,785 645,050 678,735
0 to 14 years 155,680 79,185 76,490 227,195 115,770 111,420
0 to 4 years 48,870 24,800 24,070 72,410 36,785 35,625
5 to 9 years 53,715 27,365 26,350 79,030 40,310 38,720
10 to 14 years 53,095 27,020 26,075 75,755 38,675 37,080
15 to 64 years 634,425 310,390 324,035 897,825 440,075 457,750
15 to 19 years 57,190 28,990 28,200 79,545 40,335 39,210
20 to 24 years 68,645 34,575 34,070 92,650 46,710 45,940
25 to 29 years 63,695 31,675 32,025 87,310 43,315 43,995
30 to 34 years 61,670 30,105 31,565 87,090 42,410 44,680
35 to 39 years 59,575 28,330 31,250 86,455 41,375 45,085
40 to 44 years 62,710 29,880 32,830 89,255 42,990 46,270
45 to 49 years 65,960 31,980 33,980 93,305 45,425 47,885
50 to 54 years 73,210 36,005 37,210 105,150 51,770 53,380
55 to 59 years 66,765 32,370 34,395 97,315 47,210 50,105
60 to 64 years 54,990 26,475 28,510 79,740 38,540 41,205
65 years and over 144,140 64,300 79,840 198,770 89,205 109,565
65 to 69 years 48,130 22,870 25,265 68,100 32,640 35,455
70 to 74 years 33,875 15,790 18,085 47,805 22,520 25,285
75 to 79 years 24,600 11,135 13,465 33,630 15,265 18,360
80 to 84 years 17,950 7,765 10,185 24,025 10,295 13,730
85 years and over 19,580 6,740 12,840 25,210 8,480 16,730
85 to 89 years 11,720 4,480 7,245 15,385 5,725 9,660
90 to 94 years 5,995 1,845 4,145 7,540 2,270 5,265
95 to 99 years 1,640 385 1,255 2,015 450 1,560
100 years and over 225 30 200 275 35 245
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 15.9 17.2 17.9 16.4
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.4 67.5 67.8 68.2 67.4
65 years and over 15.4 14.2 16.6 15.0 13.8 16.1
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 1.9 1.3 2.5
Average age of the population 40.1 39.2 41.0 39.9 39.1 40.8
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 40.1 39.1 41.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 373,755 ... ... 535,495 ... ...
Single-detached house 158,235 ... ... 240,120 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 68,645 ... ... 75,230 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 146,085 ... ... 218,955 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,140 ... ... 38,905 ... ...
Row house 79,340 ... ... 88,160 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,055 ... ... 15,630 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 39,095 ... ... 75,475 ... ...
Other single-attached house 465 ... ... 790 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 800 ... ... 1,185 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 373,755 ... ... 535,495 ... ...
1 person 105,750 ... ... 152,680 ... ...
2 persons 124,280 ... ... 180,485 ... ...
3 persons 58,010 ... ... 83,390 ... ...
4 persons 55,215 ... ... 77,495 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,500 ... ... 41,450 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 916,860 ... ... 1,300,730 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 778,565 374,690 403,875 1,096,590 529,285 567,310
Married or living common law 437,500 218,705 218,795 622,065 310,820 311,240
Married 366,365 182,795 183,565 490,740 244,860 245,880
Living common law 71,130 35,910 35,225 131,320 65,960 65,360
Not married and not living common law 341,065 155,985 185,080 474,530 218,460 256,065
Never married 236,315 123,415 112,895 326,610 171,115 155,500
Separated 21,015 8,500 12,520 27,555 11,385 16,170
Divorced 46,000 16,540 29,460 67,685 25,115 42,575
Widowed 37,730 7,535 30,200 52,670 10,850 41,825
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 254,770 ... ... 365,730 ... ...
2 persons 123,855 ... ... 180,250 ... ...
3 persons 54,635 ... ... 79,000 ... ...
4 persons 53,395 ... ... 74,770 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,885 ... ... 31,720 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 254,765 ... ... 365,735 ... ...
Total couple families 213,535 ... ... 304,265 ... ...
Married couples 177,990 ... ... 238,630 ... ...
Common-law couples 35,545 ... ... 65,635 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,230 ... ... 61,465 ... ...
Female parent 32,860 ... ... 47,845 ... ...
Male parent 8,375 ... ... 13,625 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 213,535 ... ... 304,265 ... ...
Couples without children 99,685 ... ... 143,685 ... ...
Couples with children 113,855 ... ... 160,575 ... ...
1 child 42,565 ... ... 60,875 ... ...
2 children 49,890 ... ... 69,835 ... ...
3 or more children 21,390 ... ... 29,870 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,235 ... ... 61,465 ... ...
1 child 24,170 ... ... 36,560 ... ...
2 children 12,065 ... ... 18,120 ... ...
3 or more children 4,995 ... ... 6,785 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 168,745 78,365 90,380 234,190 109,975 124,210
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 373,755 ... ... 535,500 ... ...
One-census-family households 243,070 ... ... 350,590 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 94,935 ... ... 137,470 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 148,135 ... ... 213,125 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,755 ... ... 7,450 ... ...
Non-census-family households 124,935 ... ... 177,455 ... ...
One-person households 105,750 ... ... 152,680 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,185 ... ... 24,775 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 923,375 449,335 474,040 1,309,210 639,130 670,080
English only 549,395 279,175 270,220 598,535 304,995 293,545
French only 12,680 5,075 7,610 108,830 48,425 60,405
English and French 347,510 159,620 187,890 586,205 279,415 306,790
Neither English nor French 13,790 5,465 8,320 15,635 6,295 9,345
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 923,370 449,335 474,035 1,309,210 639,130 670,080
English 749,725 370,365 379,360 836,570 414,390 422,185
French 138,900 63,600 75,300 426,165 203,625 222,540
English and French 21,300 10,070 11,230 31,260 15,040 16,225
Neither English nor French 13,445 5,295 8,150 15,215 6,080 9,135
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 149,550 68,635 80,915 441,795 211,140 230,655
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 16.2 15.3 17.1 33.7 33.0 34.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 923,375 449,330 474,040 1,309,210 639,130 670,080
Single responses 889,715 433,335 456,385 1,265,260 618,070 647,195
Official languages 689,300 338,895 350,405 1,032,340 507,760 524,580
English 562,070 280,205 281,870 635,215 317,355 317,860
French 127,225 58,690 68,530 397,125 190,405 206,720
Non-official languages 200,420 94,440 105,975 232,925 110,310 122,615
Aboriginal languages 650 245 405 1,015 405 605
Algonquian languages 280 115 165 595 265 330
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 70 85 445 205 235
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 5 5
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 5 0 5
Moose Cree 5 5 5 5 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 20 15 5 60 25 30
Plains Cree 10 5 5 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 10 5 5
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 30 15 20
Woods Cree 5 5 0 5 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 75 35 40 300 140 155
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 10 20 10 10
Malecite 5 5 0 5 5 0
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 20 10 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 35 65 125 45 80
Algonquin 25 10 15 45 15 30
Ojibway 70 25 45 70 25 50
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 5 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 10 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 10 0 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 330 110 215 360 120 240
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 295 95 200 330 105 225
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 25 10 15
Iroquoian languages 25 10 15 35 15 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 10 15 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 199,765 94,195 105,575 231,910 109,900 122,005
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,350 22,200 22,150 52,310 26,380 25,930
Berber languages 375 195 180 920 505 415
Kabyle 250 130 120 615 330 285
Berber languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 305 175 130
Cushitic languages 6,660 2,870 3,785 6,945 3,015 3,935
Bilen 50 25 25 50 25 25
Oromo 215 120 95 225 130 100
Somali 6,300 2,680 3,615 6,575 2,815 3,760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 100 45 50
Semitic languages 37,255 19,100 18,160 44,365 22,820 21,545
Amharic 1,455 680 770 1,515 710 805
Arabic 34,295 17,670 16,625 41,270 21,320 19,945
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 90 40 50
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 10 5 5
Harari 60 30 30 55 25 30
Hebrew 355 190 160 370 205 165
Maltese 30 10 20 35 15 20
Tigrigna 905 440 460 940 460 480
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 75 40 40
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 80 45 35
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,045 3,225 3,815 7,670 3,530 4,135
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 485 610 1,315 590 725
Vietnamese 5,930 2,735 3,195 6,340 2,935 3,405
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 10 0 5
Austronesian languages 7,785 2,835 4,950 8,170 2,935 5,235
Bikol 30 15 15 35 15 20
Cebuano 370 120 245 390 130 260
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 110 35 75 115 40 75
Ilocano 575 225 345 585 230 355
Malagasy 55 25 25 110 55 55
Malay 395 160 235 430 165 260
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 25 10 15
Pangasinan 30 15 15 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,035 2,170 3,865 6,275 2,220 4,055
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 45 20 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 120 40 75 130 50 85
Creole languages 4,175 1,745 2,435 5,450 2,320 3,125
Haitian Creole 290 130 160 410 180 230
Creole, n.o.s. 3,705 1,535 2,170 4,835 2,045 2,790
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 205 95 105
Dravidian languages 3,805 1,965 1,840 3,875 2,005 1,870
Kannada 225 115 105 220 115 105
Malayalam 660 345 315 665 345 320
Tamil 2,415 1,230 1,185 2,460 1,260 1,205
Telugu 485 270 220 495 270 225
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 25 15 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Indo-European languages 87,105 41,440 45,665 102,905 49,075 53,825
Albanian 660 325 335 715 345 370
Armenian 465 235 230 525 270 260
Balto-Slavic languages 20,270 9,080 11,190 23,565 10,630 12,930
Baltic languages 455 200 260 495 215 280
Latvian 250 110 140 270 120 145
Lithuanian 210 85 125 220 90 130
Slavic languages 19,815 8,885 10,930 23,070 10,420 12,655
Belarusan 40 20 20 50 30 25
Bosnian 600 275 325 765 360 405
Bulgarian 845 390 455 1,075 500 570
Croatian 1,005 460 540 1,195 565 630
Czech 915 405 505 1,020 450 565
Macedonian 65 25 40 70 35 40
Polish 5,525 2,485 3,035 6,065 2,720 3,345
Russian 6,150 2,680 3,470 6,910 3,005 3,895
Serbian 1,705 810 890 2,295 1,125 1,170
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 260 890 440 450
Slovak 570 260 315 635 285 350
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 85 125 220 100 130
Ukrainian 1,630 695 935 1,830 780 1,045
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 45 30 20
Celtic languages 110 50 60 115 55 60
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 45 25 15
Welsh 50 15 35 55 20 35
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 20 10 10
Germanic languages 8,680 3,980 4,705 10,250 4,685 5,560
Afrikaans 160 80 85 175 85 85
Danish 295 135 165 345 160 185
Dutch 2,215 1,060 1,150 2,660 1,280 1,385
Frisian 40 20 20 50 25 25
German 5,275 2,345 2,930 6,240 2,760 3,480
Icelandic 20 10 10 20 10 10
Norwegian 135 60 75 150 65 85
Swedish 275 140 135 305 150 155
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 45 100 45 55
Yiddish 175 95 75 180 100 80
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 25 10 15
Greek 2,110 1,105 1,005 2,290 1,210 1,080
Indo-Iranian languages 26,965 13,585 13,375 28,125 14,205 13,920
Indo-Aryan languages 18,345 9,255 9,085 18,785 9,490 9,295
Bengali 3,255 1,615 1,645 3,345 1,660 1,680
Gujarati 1,470 760 710 1,495 775 725
Hindi 2,875 1,470 1,400 2,940 1,505 1,435
Kashmiri 20 10 10 20 10 10
Konkani 105 55 50 105 55 55
Marathi 290 150 140 295 155 140
Nepali 925 440 485 930 445 485
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 40 20 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,880 1,995 1,885 3,960 2,040 1,925
Sindhi 270 120 145 265 120 145
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 810 395 420 830 400 430
Urdu 4,410 2,220 2,180 4,555 2,305 2,255
Iranian languages 8,530 4,280 4,250 9,240 4,650 4,585
Kurdish 655 335 315 735 390 340
Pashto 1,025 520 510 1,050 530 520
Persian (Farsi) 6,850 3,420 3,430 7,455 3,730 3,720
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 105 65 40
Italic (Romance) languages 27,840 13,070 14,770 37,325 17,675 19,645
Catalan 30 15 15 35 20 15
Italian 9,030 4,470 4,560 9,575 4,780 4,795
Portuguese 4,205 1,970 2,240 7,020 3,360 3,665
Romanian 2,560 1,165 1,400 3,635 1,680 1,955
Spanish 11,985 5,445 6,540 17,025 7,820 9,200
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 30 20 15
Japanese 990 300 685 1,115 340 780
Kartvelian languages 35 15 20 40 15 20
Georgian 30 15 25 40 15 25
Korean 2,065 875 1,185 2,205 930 1,275
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 35 20 20
Mongolian 30 15 20 35 20 15
Niger-Congo languages 5,380 2,360 3,020 8,550 3,930 4,620
Akan (Twi) 355 175 180 385 185 200
Bamanankan 75 30 50 145 65 80
Edo 35 20 20 40 20 20
Ewe 75 30 50 165 75 95
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 45 55 260 130 130
Ga 60 30 30 60 35 25
Ganda 125 55 65 135 60 75
Igbo 180 90 95 205 105 100
Lingala 320 120 205 510 215 295
Rundi (Kirundi) 840 360 475 1,505 680 830
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 650 235 420 1,150 460 695
Shona 110 40 70 120 45 75
Swahili 1,100 485 615 1,590 735 860
Wolof 80 35 45 275 135 140
Yoruba 240 125 110 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,030 485 545 1,715 850 870
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 165 335 155 185
Dinka 90 45 45 90 45 40
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 120 250 110 140
Sign languages 220 105 120 290 135 150
American Sign Language 75 30 50 90 35 55
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 35 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 140 75 65 165 90 80
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,945 14,835 17,105 33,855 15,705 18,145
Chinese languages 31,130 14,445 16,690 33,030 15,310 17,720
Cantonese 10,160 4,775 5,380 10,475 4,920 5,555
Hakka 155 65 90 160 65 90
Mandarin 18,575 8,565 10,010 19,995 9,225 10,775
Min Dong 50 25 25 50 20 25
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 725 315 410 780 335 440
Wu (Shanghainese) 445 205 240 455 205 250
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 485 520 1,100 525 580
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 20 10 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 825 400 425
Burmese 225 120 110 235 120 115
Karenic languages 325 155 165 325 155 170
Tibetan 95 50 40 90 50 45
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 170 75 95
Tai-Kadai languages 690 245 445 870 320 555
Lao 345 155 190 470 215 250
Thai 345 90 255 400 100 300
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 5 5 0
Turkic languages 1,645 835 815 1,785 910 875
Azerbaijani 120 70 55 125 75 60
Turkish 1,390 705 685 1,490 765 725
Uyghur 10 5 5 20 5 10
Uzbek 65 30 40 80 35 45
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 70 30 40
Uralic languages 2,055 965 1,085 2,265 1,090 1,175
Estonian 150 70 80 160 80 85
Finnish 300 120 185 335 135 195
Hungarian 1,595 775 825 1,770 880 890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 85 60 195 110 90
Multiple responses 33,660 16,000 17,655 43,950 21,060 22,890
English and French 12,295 5,825 6,475 18,795 9,010 9,790
English and non-official language 15,135 7,340 7,795 16,045 7,790 8,255
French and non-official language 3,815 1,730 2,085 6,055 2,835 3,225
English, French and non-official language 2,415 1,110 1,300 3,050 1,430 1,620
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 923,370 449,335 474,040 1,309,210 639,130 670,080
Single responses 866,210 422,345 443,870 1,237,185 605,060 632,125
Official languages 766,810 375,540 391,270 1,121,640 550,390 571,255
English 680,895 336,595 344,305 768,215 381,070 387,150
French 85,910 38,945 46,965 353,425 169,320 184,105
Non-official languages 99,400 46,805 52,600 115,545 54,675 60,875
Aboriginal languages 210 90 125 405 185 220
Algonquian languages 70 35 40 265 130 140
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 20 35 250 120 135
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 5 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 10 30 10 20
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 10 0 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 190 100 95
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 10 10 10
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 10 5 10 10 10
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 0 5 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 130 55 75 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 120 45 70 115 45 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 99,190 46,715 52,480 115,140 54,490 60,655
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,665 11,855 12,810 28,965 14,010 14,950
Berber languages 220 110 115 475 240 230
Kabyle 180 85 95 385 195 185
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 90 45 40
Cushitic languages 3,860 1,580 2,275 4,005 1,650 2,350
Bilen 30 15 10 30 15 15
Oromo 130 70 60 130 70 65
Somali 3,645 1,475 2,165 3,785 1,540 2,245
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 55 20 30
Semitic languages 20,580 10,165 10,415 24,470 12,110 12,365
Amharic 845 400 445 870 405 460
Arabic 19,105 9,455 9,645 22,950 11,380 11,565
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 35 20 25
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 20 5 10 20 10 10
Hebrew 135 80 60 145 80 65
Maltese 5 0 5 5 0 5
Tigrigna 415 195 220 430 200 230
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 20 15 10
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 20 10 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,140 1,895 2,245 4,530 2,090 2,435
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 265 590 265 325
Vietnamese 3,680 1,700 1,980 3,935 1,825 2,115
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,335 1,395 1,940 3,395 1,420 1,975
Bikol 5 5 0 0 0 5
Cebuano 125 55 70 125 55 70
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 45 20 30
Ilocano 230 105 120 230 110 120
Malagasy 10 10 10 25 10 15
Malay 120 50 70 120 55 70
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 0 5 0
Pangasinan 10 5 5 10 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,745 1,130 1,615 2,780 1,150 1,635
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 10 5 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 45 20 20
Creole languages 1,825 745 1,080 2,235 920 1,315
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 205 85 120
Creole, n.o.s. 1,605 645 960 1,960 800 1,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 75 30 40
Dravidian languages 1,845 915 935 1,880 930 950
Kannada 75 45 35 80 40 35
Malayalam 280 150 135 285 145 140
Tamil 1,285 615 665 1,310 635 680
Telugu 195 105 90 200 105 90
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 37,270 17,645 19,625 45,425 21,600 23,825
Albanian 295 140 155 320 150 165
Armenian 205 95 110 250 115 135
Balto-Slavic languages 8,925 4,195 4,730 10,880 5,130 5,745
Baltic languages 105 45 60 110 45 65
Latvian 55 25 35 55 25 35
Lithuanian 45 25 25 50 20 30
Slavic languages 8,815 4,150 4,670 10,765 5,085 5,685
Belarusan 20 10 10 30 15 10
Bosnian 305 150 150 425 210 215
Bulgarian 400 190 210 560 265 300
Croatian 330 150 180 430 190 235
Czech 205 100 110 235 115 125
Macedonian 15 10 5 20 15 10
Polish 1,995 915 1,075 2,165 990 1,180
Russian 3,625 1,690 1,935 4,125 1,915 2,210
Serbian 1,005 500 505 1,490 755 735
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 465 235 230
Slovak 195 90 105 210 95 115
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 25 15 10
Ukrainian 505 230 275 575 265 310
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages 10 5 0 10 5 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 5 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 915 415 495 1,140 525 615
Afrikaans 35 20 20 40 20 20
Danish 25 10 10 25 10 20
Dutch 145 70 80 195 90 105
Frisian 0 0 0 0 5 5
German 625 275 355 780 350 425
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Norwegian 10 5 10 10 0 5
Swedish 55 35 20 70 40 25
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 15 10 5 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 625 300 325 670 320 350
Indo-Iranian languages 14,665 7,155 7,510 15,305 7,475 7,825
Indo-Aryan languages 9,590 4,740 4,850 9,795 4,845 4,950
Bengali 1,945 940 1,010 1,985 960 1,030
Gujarati 605 310 300 620 315 305
Hindi 1,285 650 635 1,310 660 655
Kashmiri 5 5 0 5 5 5
Konkani 35 15 20 35 15 20
Marathi 110 50 60 115 50 65
Nepali 730 360 375 735 360 375
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,190 1,105 1,085 2,225 1,130 1,100
Sindhi 65 30 40 65 25 40
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 195 400 195 205
Urdu 2,215 1,090 1,125 2,285 1,130 1,160
Iranian languages 5,055 2,400 2,655 5,480 2,615 2,865
Kurdish 370 195 175 435 230 205
Pashto 645 310 335 655 315 340
Persian (Farsi) 4,040 1,895 2,140 4,385 2,065 2,315
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 25 15 10
Italic (Romance) languages 11,635 5,340 6,295 16,850 7,870 8,980
Catalan 15 5 10 20 5 10
Italian 2,500 1,110 1,390 2,580 1,155 1,425
Portuguese 1,850 870 980 3,020 1,435 1,590
Romanian 1,190 555 635 1,865 875 985
Spanish 6,070 2,795 3,270 9,365 4,390 4,970
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Japanese 385 140 250 440 155 285
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 5 5 5
Georgian 5 5 5 5 5 5
Korean 1,140 530 615 1,215 565 655
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 15 15 5
Mongolian 15 10 5 20 10 5
Niger-Congo languages 1,480 660 820 2,275 1,035 1,245
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 130 60 70
Bamanankan 10 5 10 30 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 20 5 15 35 15 15
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 60 30 30
Ga 15 5 5 10 5 5
Ganda 30 10 20 35 10 20
Igbo 55 25 25 55 25 30
Lingala 65 20 45 110 40 75
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 135 135 480 235 250
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 150 330 125 205
Shona 20 10 10 20 15 10
Swahili 380 175 210 560 260 295
Wolof 30 15 15 100 50 55
Yoruba 55 30 25 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 250 120 135
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 40 90 40 45
Dinka 25 15 10 30 15 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 60 25 40
Sign languages 305 165 145 400 215 185
American Sign Language 105 50 60 120 55 65
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 40 20 20
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 115 85 240 135 100
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,045 9,955 11,090 22,425 10,630 11,800
Chinese languages 20,465 9,680 10,790 21,840 10,355 11,490
Cantonese 5,840 2,685 3,155 5,985 2,755 3,230
Hakka 50 15 30 50 20 30
Mandarin 13,455 6,435 7,020 14,600 7,005 7,595
Min Dong 15 5 5 15 5 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 115 165 305 125 180
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 250 120 130
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 300 275 635 325 310
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 580 275 305
Burmese 145 65 80 150 70 80
Karenic languages 250 120 130 250 120 125
Tibetan 70 35 35 70 40 35
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 115 50 65
Tai-Kadai languages 260 100 160 335 135 195
Lao 165 70 95 225 100 125
Thai 95 30 65 105 35 75
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 855 415 440 925 450 475
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 50 25 30
Turkish 745 360 380 800 390 410
Uyghur 5 5 0 10 5 5
Uzbek 35 15 20 45 20 25
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 25 15 10
Uralic languages 500 240 265 555 260 290
Estonian 20 10 15 20 10 10
Finnish 35 15 20 40 15 25
Hungarian 445 210 230 490 235 255
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 45 25 20
Multiple responses 57,160 26,990 30,170 72,020 34,065 37,955
English and French 12,480 5,755 6,725 19,975 9,300 10,675
English and non-official language 36,690 17,710 18,980 38,645 18,670 19,975
French and non-official language 3,305 1,395 1,910 7,085 3,170 3,910
English, French and non-official language 4,685 2,130 2,560 6,315 2,930 3,385
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 923,375 449,335 474,040 1,309,210 639,130 670,085
None 705,915 348,065 357,855 1,002,240 493,925 508,315
English 80,960 38,220 42,740 131,290 62,940 68,350
French 59,935 27,450 32,490 84,100 39,365 44,740
Non-official language 67,655 31,565 36,095 79,140 37,120 42,020
Aboriginal 405 150 255 565 220 350
Non-Aboriginal 67,250 31,410 35,840 78,575 36,905 41,675
English and French 2,595 1,220 1,380 3,965 1,895 2,070
English and non-official language 2,415 1,125 1,290 3,780 1,805 1,975
French and non-official language 3,800 1,645 2,150 4,580 2,020 2,560
English, French and non-official language 90 50 45 115 60 55
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 761,420 367,460 393,960 1,073,835 519,975 553,855
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,270 351,485 376,785 1,028,710 498,065 530,635
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,857 48,479 36,936 41,241 46,738 36,869
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,540 351,520 377,015 1,029,070 498,110 530,960
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,136 42,234 33,174 36,258 40,420 32,858
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 663,315 324,730 338,580 936,155 460,000 476,155
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,826 48,921 35,935 40,490 46,637 35,216
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 502,905 222,930 279,975 718,885 320,095 398,790
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,215 1,434 4,358 4,183 2,517 5,345
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 546,025 274,960 271,070 773,290 390,165 383,125
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,955 46,070 36,746 40,109 44,501 36,367
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 761,420 367,450 393,975 1,073,820 519,960 553,860
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,080 351,205 376,880 1,028,635 497,800 530,830
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,605 62,746 47,019 52,455 59,537 45,813
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,355 351,210 377,145 1,029,005 497,825 531,180
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,428 50,106 39,141 42,688 47,611 38,075
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 663,600 324,535 339,060 936,350 459,750 476,600
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,792 63,743 46,224 52,122 59,985 44,536
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 502,790 222,910 279,885 718,435 319,760 398,675
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,757 6,055 7,317 7,172 6,441 7,759
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 546,025 274,445 271,580 773,285 389,505 383,775
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,088 60,456 45,642 50,766 57,094 44,344
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 761,420 367,450 393,975 1,073,820 519,960 553,860
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 279,480 150,600 128,880 393,295 210,765 182,530
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,546 70,955 60,631 62,792 67,303 58,965
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,111 82,331 66,674 71,298 77,591 64,031
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.4 93.9 88.4 90.4 93.1 87.2
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.8 75.0 70.0 72.7 74.9 70.0
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.6 6.1 11.6 9.6 6.9 12.8
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 761,420 367,460 393,960 1,073,835 519,975 553,855
Without total income 33,150 15,980 17,170 45,130 21,910 23,220
With total income 728,270 351,485 376,785 1,028,705 498,070 530,640
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.6 95.8 95.8 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 99,195 45,455 53,740 133,245 61,265 71,975
$10,000 to $19,999 107,875 44,780 63,090 152,825 63,680 89,150
$20,000 to $29,999 78,010 32,865 45,140 115,060 49,245 65,815
$30,000 to $39,999 66,630 28,950 37,675 100,450 44,925 55,525
$40,000 to $49,999 63,305 27,810 35,495 96,125 43,635 52,490
$50,000 to $59,999 58,005 26,620 31,385 87,185 40,980 46,205
$60,000 to $69,999 51,605 25,385 26,225 75,865 37,625 38,235
$70,000 to $79,999 42,025 21,880 20,145 60,350 31,435 28,915
$80,000 to $89,999 36,815 19,760 17,050 50,770 27,330 23,440
$90,000 to $99,999 32,270 17,200 15,075 42,380 22,805 19,575
$100,000 and over 92,535 60,775 31,760 114,450 75,140 39,310
$100,000 to $149,999 65,295 41,095 24,205 82,750 52,275 30,480
$150,000 and over 27,240 19,685 7,560 31,695 22,865 8,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 761,420 367,460 393,955 1,073,835 519,975 553,855
Without after-tax income 32,880 15,940 16,940 44,765 21,865 22,895
With after-tax income 728,535 351,520 377,015 1,029,070 498,110 530,955
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.7 95.8 95.8 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,495 46,300 57,195 139,335 62,495 76,840
$10,000 to $19,999 112,260 46,980 65,280 159,560 67,185 92,375
$20,000 to $29,999 89,985 38,505 51,480 135,590 59,190 76,405
$30,000 to $39,999 81,965 35,855 46,105 127,425 57,705 69,720
$40,000 to $49,999 78,235 35,230 43,000 119,660 55,865 63,795
$50,000 to $59,999 68,435 33,495 34,940 99,760 49,345 50,410
$60,000 to $69,999 54,560 29,055 25,505 76,185 40,485 35,700
$70,000 to $79,999 45,775 24,715 21,060 59,640 32,550 27,090
$80,000 and over 93,825 61,380 32,440 111,910 73,290 38,625
$80,000 to $89,999 32,630 19,255 13,375 40,360 24,115 16,250
$90,000 to $99,999 19,260 12,495 6,760 23,175 15,035 8,140
$100,000 and over 41,935 29,630 12,310 48,375 34,140 14,235
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 761,420 367,465 393,960 1,073,835 519,980 553,855
Without employment income 215,395 92,505 122,890 300,545 129,810 170,735
With employment income 546,025 274,960 271,065 773,285 390,165 383,125
Percentage with employment income 71.7 74.8 68.8 72.0 75.0 69.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 67,195 32,655 34,540 92,380 45,375 47,005
$5,000 to $9,999 40,580 18,300 22,280 56,710 25,510 31,200
$10,000 to $19,999 65,320 29,700 35,620 94,460 43,165 51,295
$20,000 to $29,999 50,625 23,530 27,095 74,780 35,085 39,695
$30,000 to $39,999 44,810 21,210 23,595 67,455 32,260 35,200
$40,000 to $49,999 43,030 19,575 23,460 64,295 30,020 34,280
$50,000 to $59,999 40,775 18,705 22,070 61,835 28,885 32,945
$60,000 to $69,999 36,550 17,765 18,790 54,350 26,755 27,595
$70,000 to $79,999 29,655 15,370 14,285 43,635 22,800 20,840
$80,000 and over 127,485 78,160 49,330 163,385 100,315 63,075
$80,000 to $89,999 29,530 15,440 14,090 40,835 21,765 19,065
$90,000 to $99,999 26,485 14,205 12,280 34,545 18,900 15,650
$100,000 and over 71,475 48,515 22,960 88,005 59,645 28,360
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 373,760 ... ... 535,500 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,981 ... ... 82,053 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,745 ... ... 69,904 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 105,750 ... ... 152,680 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,369 ... ... 44,189 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,026 ... ... 38,211 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 268,010 ... ... 382,815 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,064 ... ... 102,423 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,248 ... ... 86,781 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 373,755 ... ... 535,500 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,372 ... ... 100,760 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,579 ... ... 82,029 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 105,745 ... ... 152,680 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,590 ... ... 53,108 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,078 ... ... 43,283 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 268,010 ... ... 382,820 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,013 ... ... 119,766 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,559 ... ... 97,482 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 373,755 ... ... 535,495 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,250 ... ... 8,045 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,900 ... ... 6,965 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,095 ... ... 13,275 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,445 ... ... 17,185 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,405 ... ... 16,425 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,920 ... ... 16,305 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,170 ... ... 17,340 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,660 ... ... 18,210 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,120 ... ... 18,735 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,150 ... ... 18,715 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,805 ... ... 37,900 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,765 ... ... 37,130 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,225 ... ... 34,455 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,580 ... ... 33,010 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,430 ... ... 30,555 ... ...
$100,000 and over 156,845 ... ... 211,255 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,800 ... ... 62,625 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,760 ... ... 45,925 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 42,310 ... ... 56,635 ... ...
$200,000 and over 37,975 ... ... 46,070 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,755 ... ... 535,500 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,610 ... ... 8,510 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,970 ... ... 7,090 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,220 ... ... 13,465 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,915 ... ... 17,980 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,650 ... ... 18,500 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,395 ... ... 18,995 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,340 ... ... 21,435 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,530 ... ... 22,975 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,340 ... ... 23,815 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,625 ... ... 24,180 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,215 ... ... 47,325 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,345 ... ... 43,920 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 28,265 ... ... 41,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,850 ... ... 36,895 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,545 ... ... 32,040 ... ...
$100,000 and over 120,940 ... ... 157,220 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,895 ... ... 61,155 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,505 ... ... 40,210 ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,545 ... ... 55,855 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 253,415 ... ... 364,260 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,083 ... ... 103,954 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,624 ... ... 87,807 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 92,815 ... ... 134,365 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,233 ... ... 96,455 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,602 ... ... 81,260 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 114,325 ... ... 161,365 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,926 ... ... 132,633 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,637 ... ... 110,386 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,755 ... ... 58,185 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,761 ... ... 61,624 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,633 ... ... 54,863 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 253,440 ... ... 364,270 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,219 ... ... 121,444 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,030 ... ... 98,577 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 92,930 ... ... 134,470 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,150 ... ... 113,491 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,430 ... ... 91,361 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 114,320 ... ... 161,420 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,772 ... ... 148,182 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,814 ... ... 119,540 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,635 ... ... 58,035 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,479 ... ... 70,115 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,341 ... ... 60,044 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 148,795 70,365 78,425 207,010 98,805 108,205
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,585 37,101 39,770 37,610 36,830 38,252
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,525 33,178 35,479 33,367 32,607 33,951
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 148,300 69,825 78,475 206,575 98,480 108,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,967 48,862 49,060 47,046 47,219 46,889
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,421 40,027 40,772 38,813 38,652 38,960
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,860 446,515 470,340 1,300,730 635,585 665,145
In the bottom half of the distribution 351,750 167,740 184,005 529,735 253,600 276,140
In the bottom decile 87,465 42,945 44,520 117,085 57,600 59,485
In the second decile 68,570 31,900 36,670 100,310 46,635 53,675
In the third decile 61,285 28,950 32,335 97,770 46,490 51,280
In the fourth decile 63,425 30,120 33,310 102,665 48,925 53,740
In the fifth decile 71,000 33,825 37,170 111,915 53,955 57,965
In the top half of the distribution 565,110 278,780 286,330 770,995 381,985 389,010
In the sixth decile 80,420 38,470 41,950 124,020 59,975 64,040
In the seventh decile 92,480 44,845 47,635 137,795 67,360 70,430
In the eighth decile 110,280 54,300 55,985 156,470 77,515 78,955
In the ninth decile 136,925 67,895 69,035 180,230 89,855 90,380
In the top decile 145,005 73,275 71,730 172,485 87,285 85,200
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,855 446,520 470,340 1,300,730 635,585 665,145
0 to 17 years 187,695 95,500 92,200 272,405 138,765 133,640
0 to 5 years 59,200 30,145 29,055 87,655 44,630 43,025
18 to 64 years 596,800 290,300 306,500 845,815 412,545 433,270
65 years and over 132,355 60,715 71,640 182,515 84,280 98,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 115,180 54,575 60,605 159,040 75,425 83,615
0 to 17 years 30,100 15,575 14,530 40,600 21,030 19,570
0 to 5 years 10,150 5,285 4,865 13,940 7,290 6,655
18 to 64 years 72,620 34,105 38,515 99,465 47,110 52,360
65 years and over 12,455 4,895 7,565 18,965 7,280 11,685
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.6 12.2 12.9 12.2 11.9 12.6
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 16.3 15.8 14.9 15.2 14.6
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.5 16.7 15.9 16.3 15.5
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.7 12.6 11.8 11.4 12.1
65 years and over (%) 9.4 8.1 10.6 10.4 8.6 11.9
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 98,915 48,130 50,785 129,610 63,115 66,495
0 to 17 years 22,685 11,680 11,005 29,355 15,145 14,205
0 to 5 years 7,780 4,065 3,710 10,245 5,360 4,890
18 to 64 years 68,040 33,345 34,695 88,910 43,765 45,150
65 years and over 8,190 3,105 5,085 11,345 4,200 7,145
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.0 9.9 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.2 11.9 10.8 10.9 10.6
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.5 12.8 11.7 12.0 11.4
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.3 10.5 10.6 10.4
65 years and over (%) 6.2 5.1 7.1 6.2 5.0 7.3
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,860 446,515 470,340 1,300,730 635,600 665,135
Official languages 903,135 441,100 462,040 1,285,210 629,390 655,820
English 890,735 436,340 454,390 1,177,535 581,350 596,185
French 358,165 163,500 194,670 691,235 325,890 365,345
Non-official languages 276,220 129,510 146,705 331,375 156,060 175,305
Aboriginal languages 1,135 430 710 1,615 610 1,005
Algonquian languages 490 195 290 935 365 570
Blackfoot 10 0 10 10 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 80 125 570 210 360
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 10 10
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Moose Cree 10 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 20 10 10 15 10 10
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 80 35 45
Plains Cree 10 10 0 10 10 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 55 15 35 60 15 40
Woods Cree 15 10 10 20 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 85 35 50 360 125 235
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 60 35 25
Malecite 10 10 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15 50 30 20
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 260 100 160 315 120 195
Algonquin 45 25 25 80 35 50
Ojibway 195 70 125 215 80 135
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 15 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 10 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 20 10 15
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 15 10 15
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 15 0 10 15 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 585 220 365 600 225 380
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 10 0 10
Inuktitut 530 200 325 550 205 340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 45 15 30
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 50 10 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 55 15 35 55 15 40
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 10 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 10 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 0 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 275,145 129,115 146,035 329,835 155,485 174,350
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,550 30,865 30,680 72,850 36,795 36,055
Berber languages 540 285 260 1,340 735 610
Kabyle 420 220 195 925 470 450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 65 60 425 265 160
Cushitic languages 9,300 4,165 5,140 9,680 4,345 5,335
Bilen 90 55 35 90 55 35
Oromo 380 170 210 395 185 210
Somali 8,770 3,900 4,870 9,130 4,065 5,065
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 140 60 85
Semitic languages 52,710 26,895 25,815 63,250 32,445 30,805
Amharic 1,980 945 1,040 2,135 1,010 1,125
Arabic 48,135 24,675 23,460 58,430 30,115 28,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 30 50 95 30 60
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 40 25 15 40 20 15
Hebrew 1,865 1,010 855 1,945 1,055 890
Maltese 65 25 40 70 20 45
Tigrigna 1,175 490 680 1,225 515 705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 90 240 150 85
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 75 200 105 95
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,690 4,100 4,590 9,570 4,535 5,035
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,525 680 845 1,790 820 970
Vietnamese 7,215 3,440 3,770 7,835 3,745 4,095
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 10,155 3,770 6,390 10,815 3,990 6,820
Bikol 25 10 20 30 10 20
Cebuano 565 210 355 600 215 385
Fijian 10 0 10 10 0 10
Hiligaynon 165 55 110 180 65 120
Ilocano 705 300 405 715 305 415
Malagasy 105 55 45 200 100 100
Malay 615 270 345 705 310 400
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 40 60 25 45
Pangasinan 55 20 35 60 25 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,095 3,300 5,795 9,530 3,420 6,110
Waray-Waray 35 0 30 35 0 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 115 55 60
Creole languages 9,360 3,920 5,440 12,385 5,345 7,040
Haitian Creole 450 165 280 700 295 400
Creole, n.o.s. 8,325 3,490 4,835 11,035 4,760 6,280
Creole languages, n.i.e. 630 275 350 700 310 390
Dravidian languages 5,060 2,555 2,505 5,135 2,595 2,540
Kannada 465 235 235 465 235 235
Malayalam 835 375 460 845 380 465
Tamil 3,330 1,700 1,630 3,390 1,735 1,655
Telugu 795 420 375 805 425 380
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 30 20 10
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 0 10 0
Indo-European languages 130,605 61,380 69,225 161,040 75,675 85,365
Albanian 785 385 410 870 425 440
Armenian 665 350 315 745 395 350
Balto-Slavic languages 24,530 11,210 13,325 28,735 13,310 15,425
Baltic languages 530 225 305 570 245 320
Latvian 260 105 155 285 120 170
Lithuanian 270 120 150 285 125 160
Slavic languages 24,095 11,010 13,080 28,275 13,110 15,170
Belarusan 125 60 60 165 75 90
Bosnian 1,025 470 555 1,265 600 665
Bulgarian 1,050 490 560 1,290 605 690
Croatian 1,830 905 930 2,115 1,045 1,070
Czech 1,315 570 750 1,435 615 820
Macedonian 95 35 65 120 50 75
Polish 6,530 2,970 3,560 7,070 3,240 3,835
Russian 9,135 4,205 4,925 10,705 4,995 5,710
Serbian 2,080 1,015 1,065 2,785 1,380 1,410
Serbo-Croatian 560 290 270 995 540 460
Slovak 910 380 530 1,035 430 610
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 120 140 295 135 155
Ukrainian 2,290 960 1,330 2,660 1,130 1,540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 10 40 60 15 45
Celtic languages 395 190 205 430 205 225
Scottish Gaelic 150 80 75 175 85 90
Welsh 85 30 55 100 35 60
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 165 90 80
Germanic languages 16,750 7,935 8,810 19,985 9,610 10,370
Afrikaans 405 200 205 455 225 225
Danish 425 195 235 495 235 260
Dutch 2,855 1,330 1,520 3,440 1,635 1,805
Frisian 55 15 35 70 30 40
German 12,205 5,800 6,400 14,705 7,120 7,585
Icelandic 45 20 20 55 25 30
Norwegian 345 145 200 380 160 220
Swedish 605 295 310 645 320 330
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 40 40 130 50 80
Yiddish 355 185 175 355 185 170
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 40 20 15
Greek 3,090 1,545 1,545 3,365 1,735 1,630
Indo-Iranian languages 35,320 17,915 17,410 36,835 18,640 18,200
Indo-Aryan languages 25,805 13,125 12,675 26,495 13,405 13,090
Bengali 4,250 2,180 2,070 4,320 2,210 2,105
Gujarati 2,275 1,220 1,050 2,290 1,235 1,060
Hindi 10,335 5,355 4,980 10,595 5,465 5,130
Kashmiri 10 10 10 10 0 10
Konkani 140 75 65 145 75 65
Marathi 565 310 255 580 315 260
Nepali 1,275 640 635 1,300 660 645
Oriya (Odia) 75 45 30 75 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,235 3,220 3,015 6,440 3,315 3,125
Sindhi 495 220 280 505 220 280
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,065 485 580 1,080 495 590
Urdu 7,175 3,600 3,570 7,490 3,720 3,770
Iranian languages 10,040 5,075 4,965 10,910 5,535 5,370
Kurdish 755 395 355 890 495 395
Pashto 1,400 755 645 1,425 770 655
Persian (Farsi) 8,665 4,340 4,325 9,435 4,735 4,700
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 120 80 205 120 90
Italic (Romance) languages 54,440 24,435 30,005 76,665 34,570 42,095
Catalan 80 30 45 95 40 55
Italian 15,500 7,400 8,105 17,420 8,395 9,030
Portuguese 6,120 2,990 3,125 9,915 4,820 5,100
Romanian 2,880 1,345 1,535 4,210 2,010 2,200
Spanish 33,075 14,180 18,890 49,510 21,430 28,080
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 130 85 50
Japanese 2,510 1,185 1,325 2,800 1,350 1,450
Kartvelian languages 40 15 20 45 25 25
Georgian 40 15 25 50 25 20
Korean 2,580 1,090 1,490 2,795 1,185 1,610
Mongolic languages 40 20 20 60 30 30
Mongolian 40 25 20 55 30 25
Niger-Congo languages 10,520 4,640 5,880 16,450 7,595 8,850
Akan (Twi) 630 330 300 700 360 345
Bamanankan 155 70 85 390 175 210
Edo 95 40 60 115 50 65
Ewe 205 80 125 375 185 185
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 70 95 435 205 225
Ga 165 85 80 185 90 95
Ganda 215 65 145 225 70 155
Igbo 300 165 135 335 185 145
Lingala 1,720 720 1,000 2,525 1,105 1,420
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,530 615 915 2,560 1,125 1,435
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 970 360 615 1,810 770 1,035
Shona 175 60 115 200 75 125
Swahili 3,040 1,325 1,715 4,380 2,045 2,335
Wolof 200 110 95 710 335 370
Yoruba 755 400 355 905 485 420
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,265 1,035 1,230 3,925 1,895 2,035
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 140 185 380 165 215
Dinka 190 85 105 190 85 105
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 190 80 110
Sign languages 1,630 655 975 2,135 870 1,265
American Sign Language 875 305 570 1,040 350 685
Quebec Sign Language 75 15 55 240 85 160
Sign languages, n.i.e. 715 350 365 940 460 480
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,395 17,190 19,210 38,820 18,405 20,415
Chinese languages 35,510 16,765 18,745 37,925 17,980 19,945
Cantonese 12,700 6,015 6,685 13,125 6,240 6,880
Hakka 265 125 140 265 125 140
Mandarin 24,495 11,310 13,185 26,420 12,260 14,160
Min Dong 40 20 25 40 20 25
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,035 465 565 1,120 510 605
Wu (Shanghainese) 415 205 215 435 210 220
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 535 475 1,140 595 545
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 30 15 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 925 440 480 930 440 485
Burmese 305 145 160 315 145 165
Karenic languages 365 185 180 370 185 185
Tibetan 50 30 25 55 30 20
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 365 150 205 365 150 205
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 410 600 1,225 515 715
Lao 460 200 255 590 265 325
Thai 610 230 385 730 285 445
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,405 1,195 1,210 2,750 1,390 1,360
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 160 95 70
Turkish 2,070 1,035 1,040 2,335 1,195 1,145
Uyghur 45 25 15 40 25 15
Uzbek 80 20 60 120 40 80
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 150 70 80
Uralic languages 2,585 1,255 1,330 2,835 1,385 1,450
Estonian 245 115 130 245 120 130
Finnish 480 220 260 520 235 280
Hungarian 1,875 925 950 2,075 1,030 1,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 380 250 130 560 330 230
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 916,860 446,515 470,340 1,300,735 635,600 665,130
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 854,535 416,865 437,670 1,225,865 599,815 626,050
Canadian citizens aged under 18 177,960 90,535 87,430 260,450 132,740 127,705
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 676,580 326,330 350,245 965,415 467,070 498,345
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,320 29,650 32,670 74,865 35,785 39,080
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 916,855 446,515 470,340 1,300,735 635,600 665,135
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 685,260 337,490 347,770 1,027,730 506,010 521,720
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 216,505 101,235 115,265 255,800 120,725 135,075
Before 1981 53,740 25,720 28,015 60,785 29,340 31,445
1981 to 1990 29,670 14,195 15,475 33,985 16,505 17,480
1991 to 2000 49,685 22,510 27,170 57,145 26,170 30,975
2001 to 2010 53,335 24,515 28,820 66,000 30,565 35,435
2001 to 2005 25,185 11,520 13,660 30,955 14,270 16,680
2006 to 2010 28,155 12,990 15,160 35,045 16,290 18,750
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 30,075 14,300 15,775 37,890 18,150 19,740
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,090 7,795 7,305 17,200 8,865 8,335
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 216,505 101,235 115,265 255,800 120,730 135,075
Under 5 years 23,760 11,745 12,015 28,605 14,045 14,555
5 to 14 years 38,625 19,575 19,050 45,360 23,135 22,225
15 to 24 years 45,510 20,400 25,110 53,075 24,075 29,000
25 to 44 years 90,080 41,305 48,780 107,900 50,140 57,760
45 years and over 18,530 8,210 10,315 20,865 9,330 11,535
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 216,505 101,235 115,270 255,800 120,725 135,075
Americas 32,755 14,265 18,490 41,155 18,270 22,885
Brazil 990 445 545 1,290 600 695
Colombia 1,270 485 780 2,745 1,125 1,620
El Salvador 1,710 790 920 2,165 1,030 1,135
Guyana 1,375 635 735 1,420 665 755
Haiti 6,320 2,615 3,710 8,515 3,650 4,865
Jamaica 2,985 1,280 1,710 3,175 1,385 1,790
Mexico 1,290 540 755 1,825 725 1,100
Peru 820 365 455 1,165 550 615
Trinidad and Tobago 1,260 495 765 1,360 525 830
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,245 3,695 4,545 9,530 4,375 5,160
Other places of birth in Americas 6,490 2,920 3,575 7,960 3,645 4,315
Europe 55,430 26,405 29,030 66,815 32,050 34,760
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,610 780 830 2,345 1,150 1,195
Croatia 800 385 420 1,020 500 520
France 2,270 1,010 1,265 4,470 2,105 2,370
Germany 3,885 1,645 2,245 4,560 1,965 2,595
Greece 910 475 430 990 530 460
Hungary 825 425 405 885 465 430
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 810 360 445 920 435 475
Italy 5,410 2,800 2,610 5,675 2,960 2,715
Netherlands 1,890 925 960 2,280 1,165 1,115
Poland 4,170 1,855 2,305 4,530 2,025 2,500
Portugal 1,965 995 970 3,435 1,675 1,760
Romania 2,400 1,135 1,265 3,370 1,610 1,760
Russian Federation 2,860 1,230 1,635 3,195 1,335 1,850
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 870 410 465 1,070 520 550
Ukraine 1,770 840 930 2,005 940 1,065
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 15,765 7,910 7,860 17,230 8,660 8,565
Other places of birth in Europe 7,210 3,215 3,995 8,840 4,010 4,825
Africa 30,340 13,940 16,400 41,490 19,790 21,700
Algeria 1,025 485 545 2,245 1,150 1,090
Egypt 3,420 1,785 1,630 3,745 1,990 1,755
Ethiopia 2,215 1,020 1,195 2,320 1,085 1,245
Kenya 1,065 540 525 1,160 580 580
Morocco 1,230 570 660 2,775 1,370 1,405
Nigeria 1,260 575 685 1,385 655 735
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,405 3,985 1,530 2,455
South Africa, Republic of 850 435 415 965 515 450
Other places of birth in Africa 15,375 7,035 8,345 22,900 10,925 11,980
Asia 97,170 46,205 50,965 105,415 50,115 55,300
Afghanistan 2,400 1,215 1,180 2,510 1,265 1,240
Bangladesh 2,655 1,380 1,275 2,700 1,405 1,300
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 17,405 7,575 9,830 18,900 8,150 10,755
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,015 1,510 1,505 3,095 1,545 1,550
India 10,495 5,275 5,220 10,685 5,350 5,330
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,395 2,190 2,210 4,900 2,465 2,430
Iraq 3,540 1,885 1,650 3,870 2,070 1,800
Japan 730 175 550 775 190 585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,690 750 945 1,855 805 1,050
Lebanon 10,995 5,745 5,250 13,560 7,115 6,440
Pakistan 3,830 1,915 1,915 3,980 1,980 1,995
Philippines 8,865 3,345 5,520 9,305 3,465 5,835
Sri Lanka 2,330 1,105 1,230 2,400 1,145 1,245
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,125 1,595 1,530 3,615 1,840 1,775
Taiwan 835 365 470 880 370 515
Viet Nam 5,600 2,570 3,035 5,980 2,745 3,235
Other places of birth in Asia 15,275 7,625 7,650 16,410 8,195 8,215
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 805 425 385 930 495 430
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 30,075 14,295 15,780 37,890 18,150 19,740
Americas 4,060 1,830 2,225 5,595 2,615 2,975
Brazil 135 75 65 200 115 80
Colombia 190 80 110 515 235 280
Cuba 130 65 60 220 105 115
Haiti 1,290 550 740 1,780 795 990
Jamaica 115 65 50 145 85 60
Mexico 245 100 145 320 125 195
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,135 570 570 1,360 715 645
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 120 35 85 170 60 110
Other places of birth in Americas 695 290 400 885 385 495
Europe 2,565 1,255 1,315 3,695 1,780 1,920
France 285 155 130 655 335 315
Germany 155 75 90 175 75 100
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 45 25 95 65 30
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 20 25 75 35 45
Romania 120