Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Kelowna [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa, CV
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Kelowna
British Columbia
[Census metropolitan area]
Data quality , Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Kelowna [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 934,243 ... ... 194,882 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 883,391 ... ... 179,839 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8 ... ... 8.4 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 395,985 ... ... 88,374 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 373,756 ... ... 81,383 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 334.8 ... ... 67.1 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,790.30 ... ... 2,904.86 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 934,245 453,875 480,365 194,885 94,760 100,125
0 to 14 years 155,680 79,185 76,490 27,590 13,920 13,665
0 to 4 years 48,870 24,800 24,070 8,545 4,375 4,170
5 to 9 years 53,715 27,365 26,350 9,560 4,780 4,780
10 to 14 years 53,095 27,020 26,075 9,485 4,770 4,715
15 to 64 years 634,425 310,390 324,035 125,625 61,530 64,095
15 to 19 years 57,190 28,990 28,200 10,490 5,385 5,105
20 to 24 years 68,645 34,575 34,070 12,090 6,205 5,885
25 to 29 years 63,695 31,675 32,025 11,735 5,965 5,765
30 to 34 years 61,670 30,105 31,565 12,140 6,020 6,110
35 to 39 years 59,575 28,330 31,250 11,135 5,450 5,680
40 to 44 years 62,710 29,880 32,830 11,085 5,575 5,505
45 to 49 years 65,960 31,980 33,980 12,385 6,065 6,325
50 to 54 years 73,210 36,005 37,210 14,660 6,790 7,870
55 to 59 years 66,765 32,370 34,395 15,660 7,390 8,275
60 to 64 years 54,990 26,475 28,510 14,245 6,675 7,570
65 years and over 144,140 64,300 79,840 41,670 19,305 22,365
65 to 69 years 48,130 22,870 25,265 13,080 6,310 6,765
70 to 74 years 33,875 15,790 18,085 9,615 4,605 5,010
75 to 79 years 24,600 11,135 13,465 7,555 3,555 4,000
80 to 84 years 17,950 7,765 10,185 5,665 2,650 3,020
85 years and over 19,580 6,740 12,840 5,755 2,185 3,575
85 to 89 years 11,720 4,480 7,245 3,675 1,545 2,125
90 to 94 years 5,995 1,845 4,145 1,630 515 1,110
95 to 99 years 1,640 385 1,255 405 115 290
100 years and over 225 30 200 45 5 40
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 15.9 14.2 14.7 13.6
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.4 67.5 64.5 64.9 64.0
65 years and over 15.4 14.2 16.6 21.4 20.4 22.3
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 3.0 2.3 3.6
Average age of the population 40.1 39.2 41.0 44.0 43.0 44.9
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 45.5 44.0 46.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 373,755 ... ... 81,380 ... ...
Single-detached house 158,235 ... ... 42,370 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 68,645 ... ... 1,695 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 146,085 ... ... 33,630 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,140 ... ... 3,960 ... ...
Row house 79,340 ... ... 4,700 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,055 ... ... 7,480 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 39,095 ... ... 17,290 ... ...
Other single-attached house 465 ... ... 200 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 800 ... ... 3,690 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 373,755 ... ... 81,385 ... ...
1 person 105,750 ... ... 21,675 ... ...
2 persons 124,280 ... ... 33,370 ... ...
3 persons 58,010 ... ... 11,205 ... ...
4 persons 55,215 ... ... 9,840 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,500 ... ... 5,295 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 916,860 ... ... 190,565 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 778,565 374,690 403,875 167,295 80,835 86,460
Married or living common law 437,500 218,705 218,795 100,010 49,985 50,025
Married 366,365 182,795 183,565 82,660 41,310 41,345
Living common law 71,130 35,910 35,225 17,350 8,675 8,680
Not married and not living common law 341,065 155,985 185,080 67,285 30,850 36,435
Never married 236,315 123,415 112,895 40,220 22,095 18,120
Separated 21,015 8,500 12,520 4,735 1,945 2,790
Divorced 46,000 16,540 29,460 12,255 4,680 7,575
Widowed 37,730 7,535 30,200 10,075 2,130 7,950
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 254,770 ... ... 56,765 ... ...
2 persons 123,855 ... ... 34,100 ... ...
3 persons 54,635 ... ... 10,195 ... ...
4 persons 53,395 ... ... 9,135 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,885 ... ... 3,330 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 254,765 ... ... 56,760 ... ...
Total couple families 213,535 ... ... 48,880 ... ...
Married couples 177,990 ... ... 40,210 ... ...
Common-law couples 35,545 ... ... 8,675 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,230 ... ... 7,885 ... ...
Female parent 32,860 ... ... 6,100 ... ...
Male parent 8,375 ... ... 1,780 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 213,535 ... ... 48,880 ... ...
Couples without children 99,685 ... ... 29,010 ... ...
Couples with children 113,855 ... ... 19,870 ... ...
1 child 42,565 ... ... 8,030 ... ...
2 children 49,890 ... ... 8,655 ... ...
3 or more children 21,390 ... ... 3,180 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,235 ... ... 7,885 ... ...
1 child 24,170 ... ... 5,095 ... ...
2 children 12,065 ... ... 2,165 ... ...
3 or more children 4,995 ... ... 630 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 168,745 78,365 90,380 37,545 17,445 20,100
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 373,755 ... ... 81,385 ... ...
One-census-family households 243,070 ... ... 53,600 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 94,935 ... ... 27,460 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 148,135 ... ... 26,145 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,755 ... ... 1,555 ... ...
Non-census-family households 124,935 ... ... 26,225 ... ...
One-person households 105,750 ... ... 21,675 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,185 ... ... 4,550 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 923,375 449,335 474,040 192,830 93,780 99,050
English only 549,395 279,175 270,220 179,040 87,560 91,480
French only 12,680 5,075 7,610 60 25 40
English and French 347,510 159,620 187,890 12,850 5,810 7,045
Neither English nor French 13,790 5,465 8,320 880 390 495
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 923,370 449,335 474,035 192,825 93,780 99,050
English 749,725 370,365 379,360 188,865 91,940 96,920
French 138,900 63,600 75,300 2,830 1,335 1,495
English and French 21,300 10,070 11,230 295 140 155
Neither English nor French 13,445 5,295 8,150 835 360 475
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 149,550 68,635 80,915 2,980 1,405 1,575
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 16.2 15.3 17.1 1.5 1.5 1.6
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 923,375 449,330 474,040 192,825 93,775 99,050
Single responses 889,715 433,335 456,385 190,855 92,880 97,970
Official languages 689,300 338,895 350,405 168,565 82,565 85,995
English 562,070 280,205 281,870 165,465 81,140 84,320
French 127,225 58,690 68,530 3,105 1,425 1,680
Non-official languages 200,420 94,440 105,975 22,290 10,310 11,975
Aboriginal languages 650 245 405 115 55 60
Algonquian languages 280 115 165 25 10 15
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 70 85 15 10 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 15 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 5 5 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 75 35 40 10 5 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 10 0 0 0
Malecite 5 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 35 65 5 5 5
Algonquin 25 10 15 0 0 0
Ojibway 70 25 45 5 0 5
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 20 10 15
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 20 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Dene 5 0 5 0 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 330 110 215 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 295 95 200 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 25 10 15 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 10 15 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 60 35 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 50 30 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 5 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 199,765 94,195 105,575 22,170 10,260 11,915
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,350 22,200 22,150 385 225 165
Berber languages 375 195 180 0 0 0
Kabyle 250 130 120 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 6,660 2,870 3,785 5 5 0
Bilen 50 25 25 0 0 0
Oromo 215 120 95 5 0 5
Somali 6,300 2,680 3,615 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 0 0 0
Semitic languages 37,255 19,100 18,160 380 220 160
Amharic 1,455 680 770 20 5 10
Arabic 34,295 17,670 16,625 305 190 115
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 0 0 0
Harari 60 30 30 0 0 0
Hebrew 355 190 160 35 20 15
Maltese 30 10 20 15 5 15
Tigrigna 905 440 460 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,045 3,225 3,815 300 125 175
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 485 610 15 5 5
Vietnamese 5,930 2,735 3,195 285 120 165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 7,785 2,835 4,950 1,265 455 810
Bikol 30 15 15 5 0 5
Cebuano 370 120 245 70 20 45
Fijian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Hiligaynon 110 35 75 15 5 10
Ilocano 575 225 345 70 30 45
Malagasy 55 25 25 5 0 0
Malay 395 160 235 55 15 40
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 5 5 0
Pangasinan 30 15 15 5 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,035 2,170 3,865 1,010 355 655
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 120 40 75 15 10 5
Creole languages 4,175 1,745 2,435 25 10 15
Haitian Creole 290 130 160 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 3,705 1,535 2,170 10 5 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 20 10 15
Dravidian languages 3,805 1,965 1,840 65 35 30
Kannada 225 115 105 0 0 0
Malayalam 660 345 315 30 15 15
Tamil 2,415 1,230 1,185 25 15 15
Telugu 485 270 220 5 0 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 87,105 41,440 45,665 16,650 7,910 8,735
Albanian 660 325 335 30 15 15
Armenian 465 235 230 5 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 20,270 9,080 11,190 3,780 1,680 2,105
Baltic languages 455 200 260 55 20 30
Latvian 250 110 140 30 10 20
Lithuanian 210 85 125 25 10 10
Slavic languages 19,815 8,885 10,930 3,730 1,655 2,075
Belarusan 40 20 20 10 5 5
Bosnian 600 275 325 55 25 30
Bulgarian 845 390 455 35 15 20
Croatian 1,005 460 540 315 155 160
Czech 915 405 505 310 150 160
Macedonian 65 25 40 10 10 0
Polish 5,525 2,485 3,035 780 355 430
Russian 6,150 2,680 3,470 830 360 470
Serbian 1,705 810 890 180 90 95
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 260 50 30 20
Slovak 570 260 315 120 55 70
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 85 125 120 60 55
Ukrainian 1,630 695 935 880 340 535
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 30 15 15
Celtic languages 110 50 60 15 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 10 5 0
Welsh 50 15 35 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 0 0 0
Germanic languages 8,680 3,980 4,705 7,125 3,355 3,765
Afrikaans 160 80 85 175 95 80
Danish 295 135 165 170 80 90
Dutch 2,215 1,060 1,150 1,070 525 550
Frisian 40 20 20 5 10 0
German 5,275 2,345 2,930 5,490 2,565 2,925
Icelandic 20 10 10 10 5 5
Norwegian 135 60 75 75 30 45
Swedish 275 140 135 100 35 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 45 25 10 15
Yiddish 175 95 75 5 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Greek 2,110 1,105 1,005 140 80 65
Indo-Iranian languages 26,965 13,585 13,375 2,975 1,535 1,440
Indo-Aryan languages 18,345 9,255 9,085 2,590 1,335 1,260
Bengali 3,255 1,615 1,645 110 65 45
Gujarati 1,470 760 710 45 25 20
Hindi 2,875 1,470 1,400 205 115 95
Kashmiri 20 10 10 5 0 0
Konkani 105 55 50 0 0 0
Marathi 290 150 140 10 5 0
Nepali 925 440 485 40 15 20
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,880 1,995 1,885 2,070 1,040 1,025
Sindhi 270 120 145 10 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 810 395 420 20 15 15
Urdu 4,410 2,220 2,180 80 50 30
Iranian languages 8,530 4,280 4,250 380 200 180
Kurdish 655 335 315 20 15 5
Pashto 1,025 520 510 10 5 0
Persian (Farsi) 6,850 3,420 3,430 355 185 170
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 0 0 5
Italic (Romance) languages 27,840 13,070 14,770 2,580 1,240 1,335
Catalan 30 15 15 0 0 0
Italian 9,030 4,470 4,560 890 455 435
Portuguese 4,205 1,970 2,240 395 180 215
Romanian 2,560 1,165 1,400 240 125 120
Spanish 11,985 5,445 6,540 1,040 475 565
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 5 5 5
Japanese 990 300 685 410 130 280
Kartvelian languages 35 15 20 5 5 0
Georgian 30 15 25 10 5 5
Korean 2,065 875 1,185 445 220 230
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 0 0 0
Mongolian 30 15 20 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5,380 2,360 3,020 60 30 30
Akan (Twi) 355 175 180 5 0 0
Bamanankan 75 30 50 0 0 0
Edo 35 20 20 0 0 0
Ewe 75 30 50 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 45 55 0 0 0
Ga 60 30 30 0 0 0
Ganda 125 55 65 5 0 0
Igbo 180 90 95 10 5 0
Lingala 320 120 205 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 840 360 475 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 650 235 420 5 5 5
Shona 110 40 70 10 5 10
Swahili 1,100 485 615 15 10 5
Wolof 80 35 45 0 0 0
Yoruba 240 125 110 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,030 485 545 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 165 0 0 0
Dinka 90 45 45 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 120 0 0 0
Sign languages 220 105 120 55 25 30
American Sign Language 75 30 50 35 15 20
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 140 75 65 20 10 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,945 14,835 17,105 1,455 645 810
Chinese languages 31,130 14,445 16,690 1,450 645 805
Cantonese 10,160 4,775 5,380 515 220 295
Hakka 155 65 90 15 10 10
Mandarin 18,575 8,565 10,010 750 335 420
Min Dong 50 25 25 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 725 315 410 55 25 25
Wu (Shanghainese) 445 205 240 10 5 5
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 485 520 105 50 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 5 5 5
Burmese 225 120 110 5 0 0
Karenic languages 325 155 165 0 0 0
Tibetan 95 50 40 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 690 245 445 105 25 75
Lao 345 155 190 10 5 10
Thai 345 90 255 90 20 70
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 1,645 835 815 50 30 20
Azerbaijani 120 70 55 5 0 5
Turkish 1,390 705 685 45 25 15
Uyghur 10 5 5 5 0 0
Uzbek 65 30 40 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 5 0 0
Uralic languages 2,055 965 1,085 885 380 505
Estonian 150 70 80 20 10 10
Finnish 300 120 185 175 70 115
Hungarian 1,595 775 825 685 305 385
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 85 60 5 5 5
Multiple responses 33,660 16,000 17,655 1,975 900 1,080
English and French 12,295 5,825 6,475 400 195 210
English and non-official language 15,135 7,340 7,795 1,485 655 825
French and non-official language 3,815 1,730 2,085 60 35 25
English, French and non-official language 2,415 1,110 1,300 25 10 15
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 923,370 449,335 474,040 192,830 93,780 99,050
Single responses 866,210 422,345 443,870 188,925 92,010 96,920
Official languages 766,810 375,540 391,270 182,040 88,695 93,350
English 680,895 336,595 344,305 181,320 88,365 92,955
French 85,910 38,945 46,965 720 330 390
Non-official languages 99,400 46,805 52,600 6,885 3,315 3,570
Aboriginal languages 210 90 125 5 0 5
Algonquian languages 70 35 40 0 5 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 20 35 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 0 0 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 10 5 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 130 55 75 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 120 45 70 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 99,190 46,715 52,480 6,885 3,315 3,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,665 11,855 12,810 170 95 75
Berber languages 220 110 115 0 0 0
Kabyle 180 85 95 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 3,860 1,580 2,275 5 5 5
Bilen 30 15 10 0 0 0
Oromo 130 70 60 5 5 5
Somali 3,645 1,475 2,165 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 0 0 0
Semitic languages 20,580 10,165 10,415 170 95 75
Amharic 845 400 445 5 0 0
Arabic 19,105 9,455 9,645 145 85 70
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 20 5 10 0 0 0
Hebrew 135 80 60 15 10 5
Maltese 5 0 5 0 0 0
Tigrigna 415 195 220 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,140 1,895 2,245 165 70 95
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 265 5 0 0
Vietnamese 3,680 1,700 1,980 165 70 95
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,335 1,395 1,940 440 185 250
Bikol 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 125 55 70 20 5 15
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 10 5 0
Ilocano 230 105 120 15 5 5
Malagasy 10 10 10 5 0 0
Malay 120 50 70 20 5 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Pangasinan 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,745 1,130 1,615 370 155 215
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 0 0 0
Creole languages 1,825 745 1,080 5 5 0
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 1,605 645 960 0 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 1,845 915 935 30 10 20
Kannada 75 45 35 0 0 0
Malayalam 280 150 135 15 5 10
Tamil 1,285 615 665 5 5 0
Telugu 195 105 90 0 5 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 37,270 17,645 19,625 4,470 2,195 2,275
Albanian 295 140 155 15 5 5
Armenian 205 95 110 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 8,925 4,195 4,730 825 390 435
Baltic languages 105 45 60 20 10 10
Latvian 55 25 35 0 0 0
Lithuanian 45 25 25 15 10 10
Slavic languages 8,815 4,150 4,670 805 380 425
Belarusan 20 10 10 0 0 0
Bosnian 305 150 150 15 10 10
Bulgarian 400 190 210 5 0 0
Croatian 330 150 180 60 30 30
Czech 205 100 110 80 40 45
Macedonian 15 10 5 5 5 5
Polish 1,995 915 1,075 195 90 100
Russian 3,625 1,690 1,935 235 110 130
Serbian 1,005 500 505 60 30 35
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 20 5 10
Slovak 195 90 105 25 10 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 20 15 10
Ukrainian 505 230 275 85 40 45
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 5 0 5 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 5 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 915 415 495 1,090 515 570
Afrikaans 35 20 20 80 35 40
Danish 25 10 10 5 5 5
Dutch 145 70 80 125 60 60
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 625 275 355 855 405 450
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Norwegian 10 5 10 5 0 0
Swedish 55 35 20 5 5 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Yiddish 15 10 5 0 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 625 300 325 40 15 20
Indo-Iranian languages 14,665 7,155 7,510 1,820 930 890
Indo-Aryan languages 9,590 4,740 4,850 1,650 835 815
Bengali 1,945 940 1,010 55 25 30
Gujarati 605 310 300 10 5 10
Hindi 1,285 650 635 80 40 40
Kashmiri 5 5 0 0 0 0
Konkani 35 15 20 0 0 0
Marathi 110 50 60 5 0 5
Nepali 730 360 375 25 10 10
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,190 1,105 1,085 1,410 715 700
Sindhi 65 30 40 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 195 15 10 5
Urdu 2,215 1,090 1,125 50 25 20
Iranian languages 5,055 2,400 2,655 165 90 75
Kurdish 370 195 175 5 10 5
Pashto 645 310 335 5 0 5
Persian (Farsi) 4,040 1,895 2,140 155 85 70
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 5 0
Italic (Romance) languages 11,635 5,340 6,295 690 335 350
Catalan 15 5 10 0 0 0
Italian 2,500 1,110 1,390 155 65 90
Portuguese 1,850 870 980 90 40 45
Romanian 1,190 555 635 85 45 45
Spanish 6,070 2,795 3,270 350 180 170
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Japanese 385 140 250 135 55 85
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 5 5 0
Georgian 5 5 5 0 0 0
Korean 1,140 530 615 325 165 165
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 0 0 0
Mongolian 15 10 5 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,480 660 820 10 10 10
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 0 0 0
Bamanankan 10 5 10 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 20 5 15 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 0 0 0
Ga 15 5 5 0 0 0
Ganda 30 10 20 0 0 0
Igbo 55 25 25 0 0 0
Lingala 65 20 45 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 135 135 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 150 0 0 0
Shona 20 10 10 0 5 0
Swahili 380 175 210 0 0 0
Wolof 30 15 15 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 30 25 0 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 40 0 0 0
Dinka 25 15 10 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 0 0 0
Sign languages 305 165 145 60 35 25
American Sign Language 105 50 60 20 10 15
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 115 85 40 25 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,045 9,955 11,090 795 370 425
Chinese languages 20,465 9,680 10,790 795 375 425
Cantonese 5,840 2,685 3,155 245 110 140
Hakka 50 15 30 0 5 0
Mandarin 13,455 6,435 7,020 465 225 245
Min Dong 15 5 5 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 115 165 20 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 300 275 55 25 30
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 0 0 0
Burmese 145 65 80 0 0 0
Karenic languages 250 120 130 0 0 0
Tibetan 70 35 35 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 260 100 160 30 15 15
Lao 165 70 95 0 0 5
Thai 95 30 65 25 10 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 855 415 440 10 5 5
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 0 0 0
Turkish 745 360 380 10 10 10
Uyghur 5 5 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 35 15 20 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 0 0 0
Uralic languages 500 240 265 215 100 120
Estonian 20 10 15 0 0 0
Finnish 35 15 20 25 10 15
Hungarian 445 210 230 190 85 100
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 5 0 0
Multiple responses 57,160 26,990 30,170 3,900 1,770 2,130
English and French 12,480 5,755 6,725 220 120 105
English and non-official language 36,690 17,710 18,980 3,605 1,620 1,990
French and non-official language 3,305 1,395 1,910 15 10 5
English, French and non-official language 4,685 2,130 2,560 60 20 35
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 923,375 449,335 474,040 192,830 93,780 99,050
None 705,915 348,065 357,855 180,000 87,895 92,100
English 80,960 38,220 42,740 3,395 1,640 1,755
French 59,935 27,450 32,490 1,805 765 1,040
Non-official language 67,655 31,565 36,095 7,435 3,380 4,055
Aboriginal 405 150 255 120 50 75
Non-Aboriginal 67,250 31,410 35,840 7,315 3,330 3,985
English and French 2,595 1,220 1,380 15 10 10
English and non-official language 2,415 1,125 1,290 85 40 45
French and non-official language 3,800 1,645 2,150 95 50 45
English, French and non-official language 90 50 45 0 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 761,420 367,460 393,960 163,005 79,040 83,965
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,270 351,485 376,785 158,415 76,895 81,520
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,857 48,479 36,936 34,509 42,337 28,859
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,540 351,520 377,015 158,565 77,015 81,545
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,136 42,234 33,174 30,954 36,991 26,602
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 663,315 324,730 338,580 146,420 72,040 74,380
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,826 48,921 35,935 31,401 39,599 25,047
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 502,905 222,930 279,975 112,035 48,780 63,250
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,215 1,434 4,358 6,627 7,143 6,371
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 546,025 274,960 271,070 117,745 59,715 58,035
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,955 46,070 36,746 30,112 37,463 25,040
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 761,420 367,450 393,975 163,005 79,040 83,965
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,080 351,205 376,880 158,580 77,035 81,550
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,605 62,746 47,019 47,214 57,898 37,121
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,355 351,210 377,145 158,735 77,160 81,575
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,428 50,106 39,141 39,341 46,899 32,193
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 663,600 324,535 339,060 146,655 72,165 74,495
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,792 63,743 46,224 44,970 56,260 34,032
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 502,790 222,910 279,885 111,865 48,535 63,335
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,757 6,055 7,317 7,974 8,242 7,769
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 546,025 274,445 271,580 117,745 59,710 58,030
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,088 60,456 45,642 41,572 50,975 31,897
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 761,420 367,450 393,975 163,005 79,040 83,960
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 279,480 150,600 128,880 47,980 26,850 21,125
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,546 70,955 60,631 50,885 58,766 44,097
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,111 82,331 66,674 61,531 70,695 49,885
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.4 93.9 88.4 88.0 90.9 83.8
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.8 75.0 70.0 65.6 68.9 60.9
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.6 6.1 11.6 12.0 9.1 16.2
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 761,420 367,460 393,960 163,000 79,040 83,960
Without total income 33,150 15,980 17,170 4,585 2,145 2,450
With total income 728,270 351,485 376,785 158,415 76,895 81,520
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.6 97.2 97.3 97.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 99,195 45,455 53,740 19,705 8,160 11,545
$10,000 to $19,999 107,875 44,780 63,090 27,085 10,345 16,740
$20,000 to $29,999 78,010 32,865 45,140 23,315 9,480 13,835
$30,000 to $39,999 66,630 28,950 37,675 19,620 8,465 11,160
$40,000 to $49,999 63,305 27,810 35,495 16,815 7,930 8,885
$50,000 to $59,999 58,005 26,620 31,385 12,750 6,735 6,015
$60,000 to $69,999 51,605 25,385 26,225 9,890 5,920 3,970
$70,000 to $79,999 42,025 21,880 20,145 7,305 4,500 2,805
$80,000 to $89,999 36,815 19,760 17,050 5,550 3,470 2,080
$90,000 to $99,999 32,270 17,200 15,075 3,835 2,500 1,335
$100,000 and over 92,535 60,775 31,760 12,555 9,400 3,150
$100,000 to $149,999 65,295 41,095 24,205 8,195 6,060 2,135
$150,000 and over 27,240 19,685 7,560 4,355 3,340 1,015
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 761,420 367,460 393,955 163,005 79,040 83,965
Without after-tax income 32,880 15,940 16,940 4,440 2,025 2,415
With after-tax income 728,535 351,520 377,015 158,560 77,015 81,550
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.7 97.3 97.4 97.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,495 46,300 57,195 20,900 8,725 12,170
$10,000 to $19,999 112,260 46,980 65,280 28,605 11,205 17,400
$20,000 to $29,999 89,985 38,505 51,480 27,435 11,350 16,090
$30,000 to $39,999 81,965 35,855 46,105 22,955 10,280 12,670
$40,000 to $49,999 78,235 35,230 43,000 18,000 9,130 8,865
$50,000 to $59,999 68,435 33,495 34,940 12,800 7,550 5,255
$60,000 to $69,999 54,560 29,055 25,505 8,865 5,460 3,405
$70,000 to $79,999 45,775 24,715 21,060 6,155 3,915 2,235
$80,000 and over 93,825 61,380 32,440 12,845 9,395 3,445
$80,000 to $89,999 32,630 19,255 13,375 3,760 2,590 1,175
$90,000 to $99,999 19,260 12,495 6,760 2,435 1,780 650
$100,000 and over 41,935 29,630 12,310 6,650 5,025 1,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 761,420 367,465 393,960 163,005 79,040 83,965
Without employment income 215,395 92,505 122,890 45,260 19,325 25,930
With employment income 546,025 274,960 271,065 117,745 59,710 58,030
Percentage with employment income 71.7 74.8 68.8 72.2 75.5 69.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 67,195 32,655 34,540 20,080 9,475 10,600
$5,000 to $9,999 40,580 18,300 22,280 9,205 3,870 5,340
$10,000 to $19,999 65,320 29,700 35,620 15,835 6,735 9,100
$20,000 to $29,999 50,625 23,530 27,095 13,450 5,750 7,700
$30,000 to $39,999 44,810 21,210 23,595 12,275 5,300 6,970
$40,000 to $49,999 43,030 19,575 23,460 11,020 4,995 6,020
$50,000 to $59,999 40,775 18,705 22,070 8,410 4,515 3,895
$60,000 to $69,999 36,550 17,765 18,790 6,685 4,225 2,465
$70,000 to $79,999 29,655 15,370 14,285 5,225 3,245 1,980
$80,000 and over 127,485 78,160 49,330 15,550 11,595 3,955
$80,000 to $89,999 29,530 15,440 14,090 4,150 2,685 1,460
$90,000 to $99,999 26,485 14,205 12,280 2,770 1,935 835
$100,000 and over 71,475 48,515 22,960 8,630 6,975 1,660
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 373,760 ... ... 81,380 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,981 ... ... 71,127 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,745 ... ... 62,366 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 105,750 ... ... 21,680 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,369 ... ... 34,955 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,026 ... ... 31,217 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 268,010 ... ... 59,705 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,064 ... ... 87,813 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,248 ... ... 76,569 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 373,755 ... ... 81,385 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,372 ... ... 91,999 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,579 ... ... 76,735 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 105,745 ... ... 21,680 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,590 ... ... 45,675 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,078 ... ... 38,496 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 268,010 ... ... 59,700 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,013 ... ... 108,824 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,559 ... ... 90,623 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 373,755 ... ... 81,385 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,250 ... ... 1,125 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,900 ... ... 860 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,095 ... ... 1,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,445 ... ... 2,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,405 ... ... 3,565 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,920 ... ... 3,065 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,170 ... ... 3,520 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,660 ... ... 3,565 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,120 ... ... 3,550 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,150 ... ... 3,485 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,805 ... ... 6,425 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,765 ... ... 6,060 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,225 ... ... 5,570 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,580 ... ... 5,010 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,430 ... ... 4,530 ... ...
$100,000 and over 156,845 ... ... 26,255 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,800 ... ... 8,815 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,760 ... ... 5,985 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 42,310 ... ... 6,380 ... ...
$200,000 and over 37,975 ... ... 5,070 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,755 ... ... 81,385 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,610 ... ... 1,230 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,970 ... ... 890 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,220 ... ... 1,915 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,915 ... ... 3,050 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,650 ... ... 4,080 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,395 ... ... 3,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,340 ... ... 4,265 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,530 ... ... 4,200 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,340 ... ... 4,175 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,625 ... ... 3,985 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,215 ... ... 7,485 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,345 ... ... 6,905 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 28,265 ... ... 6,155 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,850 ... ... 5,430 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,545 ... ... 4,560 ... ...
$100,000 and over 120,940 ... ... 19,355 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,895 ... ... 8,155 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,505 ... ... 4,735 ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,545 ... ... 6,465 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 253,415 ... ... 56,175 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,083 ... ... 87,612 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,624 ... ... 76,232 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 92,815 ... ... 27,120 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,233 ... ... 79,622 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,602 ... ... 69,642 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 114,325 ... ... 20,020 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,926 ... ... 115,342 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,637 ... ... 98,614 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,755 ... ... 7,365 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,761 ... ... 51,824 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,633 ... ... 47,368 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 253,440 ... ... 56,110 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,219 ... ... 109,337 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,030 ... ... 90,795 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 92,930 ... ... 27,025 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,150 ... ... 103,585 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,430 ... ... 85,572 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 114,320 ... ... 20,030 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,772 ... ... 134,517 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,814 ... ... 111,173 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,635 ... ... 7,320 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,479 ... ... 63,131 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,341 ... ... 54,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 148,795 70,365 78,425 33,700 15,770 17,930
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,585 37,101 39,770 30,690 33,175 29,199
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,525 33,178 35,479 27,881 29,511 26,782
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 148,300 69,825 78,475 33,435 15,650 17,780
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,967 48,862 49,060 40,447 44,581 36,808
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,421 40,027 40,772 34,409 37,171 31,978
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,860 446,515 470,340 190,565 92,950 97,615
In the bottom half of the distribution 351,750 167,740 184,005 92,255 43,200 49,050
In the bottom decile 87,465 42,945 44,520 18,405 8,670 9,735
In the second decile 68,570 31,900 36,670 18,645 8,180 10,475
In the third decile 61,285 28,950 32,335 18,170 8,475 9,695
In the fourth decile 63,425 30,120 33,310 18,195 8,695 9,495
In the fifth decile 71,000 33,825 37,170 18,840 9,185 9,650
In the top half of the distribution 565,110 278,780 286,330 98,305 49,745 48,560
In the sixth decile 80,420 38,470 41,950 19,715 9,770 9,955
In the seventh decile 92,480 44,845 47,635 19,510 9,790 9,725
In the eighth decile 110,280 54,300 55,985 20,135 10,220 9,910
In the ninth decile 136,925 67,895 69,035 19,790 10,070 9,720
In the top decile 145,005 73,275 71,730 19,155 9,900 9,255
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,855 446,520 470,340 180,125 88,090 92,040
0 to 17 years 187,695 95,500 92,200 32,245 16,325 15,920
0 to 5 years 59,200 30,145 29,055 9,870 5,020 4,845
18 to 64 years 596,800 290,300 306,500 112,890 55,180 57,710
65 years and over 132,355 60,715 71,640 34,990 16,585 18,410
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 115,180 54,575 60,605 22,535 10,165 12,370
0 to 17 years 30,100 15,575 14,530 4,925 2,450 2,475
0 to 5 years 10,150 5,285 4,865 1,575 775 800
18 to 64 years 72,620 34,105 38,515 13,355 6,115 7,240
65 years and over 12,455 4,895 7,565 4,250 1,600 2,655
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.6 12.2 12.9 12.5 11.5 13.4
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 16.3 15.8 15.3 15.0 15.5
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.5 16.7 16.0 15.4 16.5
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.7 12.6 11.8 11.1 12.5
65 years and over (%) 9.4 8.1 10.6 12.1 9.6 14.4
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 98,915 48,130 50,785 13,680 6,585 7,100
0 to 17 years 22,685 11,680 11,005 2,760 1,380 1,380
0 to 5 years 7,780 4,065 3,710 845 415 425
18 to 64 years 68,040 33,345 34,695 10,090 4,870 5,215
65 years and over 8,190 3,105 5,085 835 335 500
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 7.6 7.5 7.7
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.2 11.9 8.6 8.5 8.7
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.5 12.8 8.6 8.3 8.8
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.3 8.9 8.8 9.0
65 years and over (%) 6.2 5.1 7.1 2.4 2.0 2.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,860 446,515 470,340 190,560 92,950 97,615
Official languages 903,135 441,100 462,040 189,695 92,540 97,155
English 890,735 436,340 454,390 189,610 92,520 97,095
French 358,165 163,500 194,670 12,840 5,755 7,090
Non-official languages 276,220 129,510 146,705 28,195 12,980 15,220
Aboriginal languages 1,135 430 710 220 90 135
Algonquian languages 490 195 290 70 30 45
Blackfoot 10 0 10 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 80 125 60 15 40
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 10 0 25 10 15
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 55 15 35 0 0 0
Woods Cree 15 10 10 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 85 35 50 25 10 15
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 0 10 0
Malecite 10 10 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 260 100 160 0 0 10
Algonquin 45 25 25 0 0 0
Ojibway 195 70 125 10 0 0
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 45 15 30
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 40 10 30
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 30 10 25
Dene 15 0 10 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 585 220 365 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 530 200 325 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 0 0 10
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 55 15 35 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 85 45 40
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 75 40 35
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 10 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 275,145 129,115 146,035 27,990 12,895 15,095
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,550 30,865 30,680 535 295 230
Berber languages 540 285 260 0 0 0
Kabyle 420 220 195 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 65 60 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 9,300 4,165 5,140 25 10 15
Bilen 90 55 35 0 0 0
Oromo 380 170 210 25 10 15
Somali 8,770 3,900 4,870 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 0 0 0
Semitic languages 52,710 26,895 25,815 510 290 215
Amharic 1,980 945 1,040 35 15 20
Arabic 48,135 24,675 23,460 360 220 140
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 30 50 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 40 25 15 0 0 0
Hebrew 1,865 1,010 855 100 55 50
Maltese 65 25 40 10 0 0
Tigrigna 1,175 490 680 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 90 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 75 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,690 4,100 4,590 425 175 250
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,525 680 845 0 0 10
Vietnamese 7,215 3,440 3,770 425 175 250
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 10,155 3,770 6,390 1,620 575 1,045
Bikol 25 10 20 0 0 0
Cebuano 565 210 355 70 20 50
Fijian 10 0 10 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 165 55 110 55 25 30
Ilocano 705 300 405 75 30 45
Malagasy 105 55 45 0 10 0
Malay 615 270 345 135 50 85
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 40 10 0 10
Pangasinan 55 20 35 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,095 3,300 5,795 1,420 500 920
Waray-Waray 35 0 30 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 20 10 10
Creole languages 9,360 3,920 5,440 75 35 35
Haitian Creole 450 165 280 10 0 10
Creole, n.o.s. 8,325 3,490 4,835 30 25 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 630 275 350 35 15 20
Dravidian languages 5,060 2,555 2,505 90 50 45
Kannada 465 235 235 0 0 0
Malayalam 835 375 460 65 35 30
Tamil 3,330 1,700 1,630 30 15 20
Telugu 795 420 375 20 10 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 130,605 61,380 69,225 21,165 9,965 11,195
Albanian 785 385 410 20 10 10
Armenian 665 350 315 20 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 24,530 11,210 13,325 4,010 1,815 2,190
Baltic languages 530 225 305 40 15 30
Latvian 260 105 155 30 10 20
Lithuanian 270 120 150 0 10 0
Slavic languages 24,095 11,010 13,080 3,975 1,805 2,170
Belarusan 125 60 60 10 10 10
Bosnian 1,025 470 555 65 20 40
Bulgarian 1,050 490 560 55 30 25
Croatian 1,830 905 930 410 180 230
Czech 1,315 570 750 400 215 185
Macedonian 95 35 65 0 0 0
Polish 6,530 2,970 3,560 815 355 455
Russian 9,135 4,205 4,925 1,135 540 595
Serbian 2,080 1,015 1,065 305 145 160
Serbo-Croatian 560 290 270 55 25 30
Slovak 910 380 530 160 70 90
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 120 140 115 55 60
Ukrainian 2,290 960 1,330 755 340 415
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 10 40 35 15 20
Celtic languages 395 190 205 25 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 150 80 75 10 0 10
Welsh 85 30 55 10 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 0 10 0
Germanic languages 16,750 7,935 8,810 8,530 3,970 4,550
Afrikaans 405 200 205 280 155 125
Danish 425 195 235 190 65 125
Dutch 2,855 1,330 1,520 1,085 525 560
Frisian 55 15 35 15 15 0
German 12,205 5,800 6,400 6,865 3,180 3,685
Icelandic 45 20 20 15 0 10
Norwegian 345 145 200 80 45 35
Swedish 605 295 310 195 95 100
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 40 40 45 20 25
Yiddish 355 185 175 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 10 0 10
Greek 3,090 1,545 1,545 220 105 120
Indo-Iranian languages 35,320 17,915 17,410 3,455 1,835 1,615
Indo-Aryan languages 25,805 13,125 12,675 3,030 1,615 1,415
Bengali 4,250 2,180 2,070 125 75 55
Gujarati 2,275 1,220 1,050 50 25 20
Hindi 10,335 5,355 4,980 545 300 240
Kashmiri 10 10 10 0 0 0
Konkani 140 75 65 0 0 0
Marathi 565 310 255 0 10 0
Nepali 1,275 640 635 60 25 40
Oriya (Odia) 75 45 30 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,235 3,220 3,015 2,460 1,315 1,145
Sindhi 495 220 280 15 10 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,065 485 580 35 15 20
Urdu 7,175 3,600 3,570 225 120 100
Iranian languages 10,040 5,075 4,965 415 220 195
Kurdish 755 395 355 55 30 20
Pashto 1,400 755 645 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 8,665 4,340 4,325 400 210 185
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 120 80 0 0 10
Italic (Romance) languages 54,440 24,435 30,005 5,745 2,645 3,100
Catalan 80 30 45 0 0 0
Italian 15,500 7,400 8,105 1,525 685 835
Portuguese 6,120 2,990 3,125 555 275 285
Romanian 2,880 1,345 1,535 290 135 155
Spanish 33,075 14,180 18,890 3,615 1,670 1,945
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 15 20 0
Japanese 2,510 1,185 1,325 790 335 460
Kartvelian languages 40 15 20 0 0 0
Georgian 40 15 25 0 0 0
Korean 2,580 1,090 1,490 610 270 340
Mongolic languages 40 20 20 0 0 10
Mongolian 40 25 20 10 0 10
Niger-Congo languages 10,520 4,640 5,880 125 55 70
Akan (Twi) 630 330 300 30 25 0
Bamanankan 155 70 85 0 0 0
Edo 95 40 60 0 0 0
Ewe 205 80 125 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 70 95 10 10 0
Ga 165 85 80 20 25 0
Ganda 215 65 145 0 0 0
Igbo 300 165 135 10 10 10
Lingala 1,720 720 1,000 10 0 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,530 615 915 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 970 360 615 10 0 10
Shona 175 60 115 0 0 0
Swahili 3,040 1,325 1,715 20 10 15
Wolof 200 110 95 0 0 0
Yoruba 755 400 355 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,265 1,035 1,230 40 10 30
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 140 185 0 0 0
Dinka 190 85 105 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 0 0 0
Sign languages 1,630 655 975 440 155 285
American Sign Language 875 305 570 205 70 140
Quebec Sign Language 75 15 55 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 715 350 365 235 85 150
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,395 17,190 19,210 1,630 765 865
Chinese languages 35,510 16,765 18,745 1,630 765 865
Cantonese 12,700 6,015 6,685 570 230 335
Hakka 265 125 140 25 10 15
Mandarin 24,495 11,310 13,185 1,030 485 545
Min Dong 40 20 25 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,035 465 565 85 40 50
Wu (Shanghainese) 415 205 215 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 535 475 160 75 80
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 925 440 480 0 0 0
Burmese 305 145 160 0 0 0
Karenic languages 365 185 180 0 0 0
Tibetan 50 30 25 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 365 150 205 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 410 600 130 35 100
Lao 460 200 255 10 10 10
Thai 610 230 385 120 25 90
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,405 1,195 1,210 100 45 55
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 15 15 0
Turkish 2,070 1,035 1,040 70 30 45
Uyghur 45 25 15 0 0 0
Uzbek 80 20 60 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 10 0 10
Uralic languages 2,585 1,255 1,330 990 495 495
Estonian 245 115 130 25 20 0
Finnish 480 220 260 180 80 100
Hungarian 1,875 925 950 785 395 390
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 380 250 130 35 15 20
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 916,860 446,515 470,340 190,565 92,945 97,615
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 854,535 416,865 437,670 181,895 88,750 93,145
Canadian citizens aged under 18 177,960 90,535 87,430 32,600 16,415 16,185
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 676,580 326,330 350,245 149,295 72,335 76,960
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,320 29,650 32,670 8,670 4,200 4,470
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 916,855 446,515 470,340 190,565 92,950 97,615
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 685,260 337,490 347,770 162,060 79,480 82,580
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 216,505 101,235 115,265 26,455 12,390 14,060
Before 1981 53,740 25,720 28,015 12,315 5,865 6,450
1981 to 1990 29,670 14,195 15,475 2,900 1,360 1,535
1991 to 2000 49,685 22,510 27,170 3,445 1,490 1,955
2001 to 2010 53,335 24,515 28,820 4,805 2,245 2,560
2001 to 2005 25,185 11,520 13,660 2,100 1,015 1,085
2006 to 2010 28,155 12,990 15,160 2,705 1,235 1,470
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 30,075 14,300 15,775 2,995 1,435 1,565
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,090 7,795 7,305 2,055 1,080 975
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 216,505 101,235 115,265 26,450 12,390 14,065
Under 5 years 23,760 11,745 12,015 3,020 1,390 1,625
5 to 14 years 38,625 19,575 19,050 5,045 2,560 2,485
15 to 24 years 45,510 20,400 25,110 6,605 2,920 3,685
25 to 44 years 90,080 41,305 48,780 9,920 4,585 5,335
45 years and over 18,530 8,210 10,315 1,870 935 930
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 216,505 101,235 115,270 26,450 12,390 14,060
Americas 32,755 14,265 18,490 3,520 1,545 1,975
Brazil 990 445 545 90 35 55
Colombia 1,270 485 780 95 35 60
El Salvador 1,710 790 920 115 55 55
Guyana 1,375 635 735 20 0 25
Haiti 6,320 2,615 3,710 25 10 20
Jamaica 2,985 1,280 1,710 265 135 130
Mexico 1,290 540 755 275 125 155
Peru 820 365 455 95 25 65
Trinidad and Tobago 1,260 495 765 80 50 30
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,245 3,695 4,545 2,035 900 1,135
Other places of birth in Americas 6,490 2,920 3,575 420 185 235
Europe 55,430 26,405 29,030 15,345 7,400 7,945
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,610 780 830 160 75 85
Croatia 800 385 420 250 100 150
France 2,270 1,010 1,265 205 80 125
Germany 3,885 1,645 2,245 2,835 1,340 1,495
Greece 910 475 430 70 30 40
Hungary 825 425 405 405 195 210
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 810 360 445 190 100 90
Italy 5,410 2,800 2,610 640 350 290
Netherlands 1,890 925 960 925 510 415
Poland 4,170 1,855 2,305 840 380 465
Portugal 1,965 995 970 165 100 65
Romania 2,400 1,135 1,265 340 180 165
Russian Federation 2,860 1,230 1,635 350 150 195
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 870 410 465 185 70 115
Ukraine 1,770 840 930 335 160 180
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 15,765 7,910 7,860 5,545 2,700 2,840
Other places of birth in Europe 7,210 3,215 3,995 1,895 870 1,030
Africa 30,340 13,940 16,400 780 375 405
Algeria 1,025 485 545 15 10 0
Egypt 3,420 1,785 1,630 35 25 10
Ethiopia 2,215 1,020 1,195 45 20 30
Kenya 1,065 540 525 20 15 0
Morocco 1,230 570 660 15 0 15
Nigeria 1,260 575 685 10 10 0
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,405 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 850 435 415 385 175 210
Other places of birth in Africa 15,375 7,035 8,345 260 125 135
Asia 97,170 46,205 50,965 6,220 2,735 3,485
Afghanistan 2,400 1,215 1,180 40 25 20
Bangladesh 2,655 1,380 1,275 45 20 25
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 17,405 7,575 9,830 615 270 350
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,015 1,510 1,505 150 65 85
India 10,495 5,275 5,220 1,635 835 800
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,395 2,190 2,210 280 155 130
Iraq 3,540 1,885 1,650 10 10 0
Japan 730 175 550 210 60 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,690 750 945 450 195 255
Lebanon 10,995 5,745 5,250 90 60 30
Pakistan 3,830 1,915 1,915 130 55 75
Philippines 8,865 3,345 5,520 1,285 465 815
Sri Lanka 2,330 1,105 1,230 50 10 35
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,125 1,595 1,530 45 25 15
Taiwan 835 365 470 145 60 85
Viet Nam 5,600 2,570 3,035 320 110 205
Other places of birth in Asia 15,275 7,625 7,650 735 315 420
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 805 425 385 590 340 250
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 30,075 14,295 15,780 2,995 1,435 1,560
Americas 4,060 1,830 2,225 640 325 310
Brazil 135 75 65 20 10 10
Colombia 190 80 110 10 10 0
Cuba 130 65 60 15 10 10
Haiti 1,290 550 740 0 0 0
Jamaica 115 65 50 210 115 100
Mexico 245 100 145 115 50 70
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,135 570 570 220 120 95
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 120 35 85 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 695 290 400 35 0 25
Europe 2,565 1,255 1,315 700 355 350
France 285 155 130 20 10 10
Germany 155 75 90 40 10 30
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 45 25 15 0 10
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 20 25 15 0 10
Romania 120 60 60 25 15 15
Russian Federation 355