Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Burnaby, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa, CV
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Burnaby, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Data quality , Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Burnaby, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 934,243 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 883,391 ... ... 223,218 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8 ... ... 4.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 395,985 ... ... 98,030 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 373,756 ... ... 92,201 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 334.8 ... ... 2,568.7 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,790.30 ... ... 90.61 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 934,245 453,875 480,365 232,755 113,760 118,995
0 to 14 years 155,680 79,185 76,490 31,080 16,065 15,020
0 to 4 years 48,870 24,800 24,070 10,865 5,615 5,250
5 to 9 years 53,715 27,365 26,350 10,405 5,400 5,010
10 to 14 years 53,095 27,020 26,075 9,810 5,050 4,765
15 to 64 years 634,425 310,390 324,035 164,815 80,825 83,990
15 to 19 years 57,190 28,990 28,200 12,585 6,510 6,080
20 to 24 years 68,645 34,575 34,070 18,850 9,760 9,090
25 to 29 years 63,695 31,675 32,025 19,195 9,845 9,355
30 to 34 years 61,670 30,105 31,565 17,880 8,920 8,960
35 to 39 years 59,575 28,330 31,250 15,975 7,800 8,165
40 to 44 years 62,710 29,880 32,830 15,480 7,295 8,180
45 to 49 years 65,960 31,980 33,980 16,615 7,725 8,885
50 to 54 years 73,210 36,005 37,210 17,890 8,525 9,370
55 to 59 years 66,765 32,370 34,395 16,160 7,710 8,450
60 to 64 years 54,990 26,475 28,510 14,185 6,740 7,445
65 years and over 144,140 64,300 79,840 36,860 16,875 19,985
65 to 69 years 48,130 22,870 25,265 11,860 5,620 6,245
70 to 74 years 33,875 15,790 18,085 8,120 3,830 4,290
75 to 79 years 24,600 11,135 13,465 6,670 3,010 3,665
80 to 84 years 17,950 7,765 10,185 5,070 2,395 2,680
85 years and over 19,580 6,740 12,840 5,135 2,015 3,115
85 to 89 years 11,720 4,480 7,245 3,165 1,310 1,855
90 to 94 years 5,995 1,845 4,145 1,515 580 935
95 to 99 years 1,640 385 1,255 390 105 285
100 years and over 225 30 200 60 20 45
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 15.9 13.4 14.1 12.6
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.4 67.5 70.8 71.0 70.6
65 years and over 15.4 14.2 16.6 15.8 14.8 16.8
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 2.2 1.8 2.6
Average age of the population 40.1 39.2 41.0 41.1 40.1 42.0
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 40.3 38.6 41.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 373,755 ... ... 92,200 ... ...
Single-detached house 158,235 ... ... 19,135 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 68,645 ... ... 22,880 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 146,085 ... ... 50,180 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,140 ... ... 2,685 ... ...
Row house 79,340 ... ... 8,470 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,055 ... ... 15,815 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 39,095 ... ... 22,960 ... ...
Other single-attached house 465 ... ... 245 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 800 ... ... 5 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 373,755 ... ... 92,205 ... ...
1 person 105,750 ... ... 25,760 ... ...
2 persons 124,280 ... ... 29,250 ... ...
3 persons 58,010 ... ... 16,340 ... ...
4 persons 55,215 ... ... 12,945 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,500 ... ... 7,900 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 916,860 ... ... 230,080 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 778,565 374,690 403,875 201,670 97,695 103,975
Married or living common law 437,500 218,705 218,795 111,890 55,620 56,275
Married 366,365 182,795 183,565 98,730 48,990 49,735
Living common law 71,130 35,910 35,225 13,165 6,635 6,535
Not married and not living common law 341,065 155,985 185,080 89,780 42,075 47,705
Never married 236,315 123,415 112,895 63,890 34,250 29,635
Separated 21,015 8,500 12,520 4,520 1,770 2,750
Divorced 46,000 16,540 29,460 11,625 4,220 7,410
Widowed 37,730 7,535 30,200 9,740 1,830 7,905
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 254,770 ... ... 64,045 ... ...
2 persons 123,855 ... ... 30,940 ... ...
3 persons 54,635 ... ... 16,320 ... ...
4 persons 53,395 ... ... 13,060 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,885 ... ... 3,725 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 254,765 ... ... 64,040 ... ...
Total couple families 213,535 ... ... 53,625 ... ...
Married couples 177,990 ... ... 47,045 ... ...
Common-law couples 35,545 ... ... 6,580 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,230 ... ... 10,420 ... ...
Female parent 32,860 ... ... 8,625 ... ...
Male parent 8,375 ... ... 1,795 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 213,535 ... ... 53,625 ... ...
Couples without children 99,685 ... ... 24,040 ... ...
Couples with children 113,855 ... ... 29,585 ... ...
1 child 42,565 ... ... 13,560 ... ...
2 children 49,890 ... ... 12,455 ... ...
3 or more children 21,390 ... ... 3,570 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,235 ... ... 10,420 ... ...
1 child 24,170 ... ... 6,900 ... ...
2 children 12,065 ... ... 2,765 ... ...
3 or more children 4,995 ... ... 750 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 168,745 78,365 90,380 47,480 22,980 24,500
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 373,755 ... ... 92,200 ... ...
One-census-family households 243,070 ... ... 57,185 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 94,935 ... ... 21,025 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 148,135 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,755 ... ... 3,305 ... ...
Non-census-family households 124,935 ... ... 31,710 ... ...
One-person households 105,750 ... ... 25,760 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,185 ... ... 5,950 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 923,375 449,335 474,040 230,930 112,935 118,000
English only 549,395 279,175 270,220 202,685 100,785 101,905
French only 12,680 5,075 7,610 110 50 60
English and French 347,510 159,620 187,890 12,155 5,560 6,595
Neither English nor French 13,790 5,465 8,320 15,985 6,545 9,435
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 923,370 449,335 474,035 230,935 112,935 118,000
English 749,725 370,365 379,360 211,730 104,790 106,940
French 138,900 63,600 75,300 1,775 925 845
English and French 21,300 10,070 11,230 1,645 765 880
Neither English nor French 13,445 5,295 8,150 15,780 6,450 9,335
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 149,550 68,635 80,915 2,600 1,315 1,290
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 16.2 15.3 17.1 1.1 1.2 1.1
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 923,375 449,330 474,040 230,930 112,935 118,000
Single responses 889,715 433,335 456,385 222,230 108,750 113,480
Official languages 689,300 338,895 350,405 93,495 48,940 44,555
English 562,070 280,205 281,870 91,850 48,090 43,765
French 127,225 58,690 68,530 1,645 855 785
Non-official languages 200,420 94,440 105,975 128,740 59,815 68,925
Aboriginal languages 650 245 405 70 25 40
Algonquian languages 280 115 165 25 5 20
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 70 85 20 10 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 15 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 5 5 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 5 0 5
Woods Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 75 35 40 10 5 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 10 0 0 0
Malecite 5 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 35 65 5 0 5
Algonquin 25 10 15 0 0 0
Ojibway 70 25 45 5 0 5
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 5 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 20 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 15 5 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Dene 5 0 5 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 330 110 215 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 295 95 200 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 25 10 15 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 10 15 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 5 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 10 5 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 199,765 94,195 105,575 128,675 59,785 68,885
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,350 22,200 22,150 2,575 1,345 1,230
Berber languages 375 195 180 25 15 10
Kabyle 250 130 120 10 5 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 6,660 2,870 3,785 170 85 85
Bilen 50 25 25 5 5 0
Oromo 215 120 95 25 20 5
Somali 6,300 2,680 3,615 140 65 70
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 5 5 5
Semitic languages 37,255 19,100 18,160 2,370 1,240 1,130
Amharic 1,455 680 770 265 130 135
Arabic 34,295 17,670 16,625 1,770 940 835
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 30 20 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 5 0 0
Harari 60 30 30 0 0 0
Hebrew 355 190 160 90 50 40
Maltese 30 10 20 5 5 5
Tigrigna 905 440 460 195 95 100
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 15 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 5 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,045 3,225 3,815 2,440 1,100 1,340
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 485 610 70 40 30
Vietnamese 5,930 2,735 3,195 2,375 1,065 1,310
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 7,785 2,835 4,950 9,335 3,810 5,525
Bikol 30 15 15 30 20 15
Cebuano 370 120 245 355 150 210
Fijian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 110 35 75 170 50 120
Ilocano 575 225 345 420 170 255
Malagasy 55 25 25 0 0 0
Malay 395 160 235 660 280 375
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 85 35 50
Pangasinan 30 15 15 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,035 2,170 3,865 7,435 3,030 4,405
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 40 15 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 120 40 75 90 35 50
Creole languages 4,175 1,745 2,435 55 30 20
Haitian Creole 290 130 160 0 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 3,705 1,535 2,170 30 20 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 25 10 10
Dravidian languages 3,805 1,965 1,840 845 440 400
Kannada 225 115 105 60 30 30
Malayalam 660 345 315 165 90 70
Tamil 2,415 1,230 1,185 430 215 215
Telugu 485 270 220 190 105 85
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 5 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Indo-European languages 87,105 41,440 45,665 37,805 18,525 19,280
Albanian 660 325 335 230 110 120
Armenian 465 235 230 145 70 70
Balto-Slavic languages 20,270 9,080 11,190 8,895 4,315 4,580
Baltic languages 455 200 260 30 15 15
Latvian 250 110 140 15 10 10
Lithuanian 210 85 125 15 5 5
Slavic languages 19,815 8,885 10,930 8,870 4,300 4,565
Belarusan 40 20 20 0 0 0
Bosnian 600 275 325 330 165 170
Bulgarian 845 390 455 195 95 100
Croatian 1,005 460 540 1,535 735 800
Czech 915 405 505 275 150 125
Macedonian 65 25 40 45 25 20
Polish 5,525 2,485 3,035 1,010 500 515
Russian 6,150 2,680 3,470 2,650 1,230 1,420
Serbian 1,705 810 890 1,855 970 890
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 260 235 115 120
Slovak 570 260 315 195 80 115
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 85 125 60 25 35
Ukrainian 1,630 695 935 440 195 245
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 30 15 15
Celtic languages 110 50 60 15 5 10
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 10 5 10
Welsh 50 15 35 5 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 0 0 0
Germanic languages 8,680 3,980 4,705 2,155 1,070 1,085
Afrikaans 160 80 85 55 30 25
Danish 295 135 165 125 60 65
Dutch 2,215 1,060 1,150 330 160 170
Frisian 40 20 20 0 0 0
German 5,275 2,345 2,930 1,505 745 770
Icelandic 20 10 10 0 5 0
Norwegian 135 60 75 45 30 20
Swedish 275 140 135 75 40 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 45 10 5 0
Yiddish 175 95 75 5 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 5 0
Greek 2,110 1,105 1,005 475 235 245
Indo-Iranian languages 26,965 13,585 13,375 15,075 7,525 7,550
Indo-Aryan languages 18,345 9,255 9,085 10,405 5,060 5,340
Bengali 3,255 1,615 1,645 480 255 230
Gujarati 1,470 760 710 1,515 705 810
Hindi 2,875 1,470 1,400 2,040 960 1,085
Kashmiri 20 10 10 5 5 0
Konkani 105 55 50 15 5 10
Marathi 290 150 140 135 65 70
Nepali 925 440 485 80 35 40
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 20 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,880 1,995 1,885 5,000 2,465 2,535
Sindhi 270 120 145 440 200 245
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 810 395 420 125 60 65
Urdu 4,410 2,220 2,180 550 305 245
Iranian languages 8,530 4,280 4,250 4,645 2,450 2,190
Kurdish 655 335 315 420 225 195
Pashto 1,025 520 510 145 75 70
Persian (Farsi) 6,850 3,420 3,430 4,080 2,150 1,925
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 25 10 15
Italic (Romance) languages 27,840 13,070 14,770 10,810 5,195 5,615
Catalan 30 15 15 10 5 5
Italian 9,030 4,470 4,560 3,975 1,935 2,040
Portuguese 4,205 1,970 2,240 1,825 890 935
Romanian 2,560 1,165 1,400 825 415 420
Spanish 11,985 5,445 6,540 4,165 1,950 2,215
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 5 0 5
Japanese 990 300 685 2,285 780 1,500
Kartvelian languages 35 15 20 10 10 5
Georgian 30 15 25 10 10 5
Korean 2,065 875 1,185 7,010 3,210 3,795
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 60 25 35
Mongolian 30 15 20 60 25 30
Niger-Congo languages 5,380 2,360 3,020 365 180 190
Akan (Twi) 355 175 180 40 15 20
Bamanankan 75 30 50 0 0 0
Edo 35 20 20 0 0 0
Ewe 75 30 50 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 45 55 0 5 0
Ga 60 30 30 5 5 5
Ganda 125 55 65 10 5 5
Igbo 180 90 95 20 15 5
Lingala 320 120 205 15 5 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 840 360 475 5 5 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 650 235 420 20 5 10
Shona 110 40 70 30 20 15
Swahili 1,100 485 615 100 45 55
Wolof 80 35 45 5 0 5
Yoruba 240 125 110 30 15 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,030 485 545 95 40 55
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 165 65 35 30
Dinka 90 45 45 40 25 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 120 25 10 20
Sign languages 220 105 120 70 45 30
American Sign Language 75 30 50 35 20 15
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 140 75 65 35 20 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,945 14,835 17,105 64,125 29,515 34,610
Chinese languages 31,130 14,445 16,690 63,975 29,435 34,540
Cantonese 10,160 4,775 5,380 27,375 12,645 14,730
Hakka 155 65 90 380 165 215
Mandarin 18,575 8,565 10,010 32,295 14,830 17,470
Min Dong 50 25 25 35 20 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 725 315 410 1,745 780 960
Wu (Shanghainese) 445 205 240 780 360 425
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 485 520 1,325 625 695
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 35 10 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 150 80 75
Burmese 225 120 110 75 40 40
Karenic languages 325 155 165 0 0 0
Tibetan 95 50 40 50 30 25
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 25 10 10
Tai-Kadai languages 690 245 445 280 85 200
Lao 345 155 190 50 20 25
Thai 345 90 255 240 60 175
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 1,645 835 815 460 245 215
Azerbaijani 120 70 55 65 35 30
Turkish 1,390 705 685 275 160 120
Uyghur 10 5 5 70 30 35
Uzbek 65 30 40 15 5 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 30 15 20
Uralic languages 2,055 965 1,085 830 375 450
Estonian 150 70 80 45 20 30
Finnish 300 120 185 185 70 115
Hungarian 1,595 775 825 605 290 315
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 85 60 50 25 30
Multiple responses 33,660 16,000 17,655 8,700 4,180 4,520
English and French 12,295 5,825 6,475 375 190 185
English and non-official language 15,135 7,340 7,795 8,000 3,845 4,155
French and non-official language 3,815 1,730 2,085 170 85 85
English, French and non-official language 2,415 1,110 1,300 155 60 90
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 923,370 449,335 474,040 230,930 112,935 118,000
Single responses 866,210 422,345 443,870 208,650 102,335 106,315
Official languages 766,810 375,540 391,270 128,685 65,085 63,605
English 680,895 336,595 344,305 128,085 64,770 63,315
French 85,910 38,945 46,965 605 320 290
Non-official languages 99,400 46,805 52,600 79,960 37,250 42,710
Aboriginal languages 210 90 125 15 5 10
Algonquian languages 70 35 40 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 20 35 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 10 5 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 10 5 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 130 55 75 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 120 45 70 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 99,190 46,715 52,480 79,945 37,240 42,705
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,665 11,855 12,810 1,580 800 780
Berber languages 220 110 115 15 5 5
Kabyle 180 85 95 10 5 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 5 5 5
Cushitic languages 3,860 1,580 2,275 80 45 40
Bilen 30 15 10 5 0 0
Oromo 130 70 60 15 15 5
Somali 3,645 1,475 2,165 60 30 35
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 5 0 0
Semitic languages 20,580 10,165 10,415 1,480 750 730
Amharic 845 400 445 170 90 80
Arabic 19,105 9,455 9,645 1,100 565 535
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 25 10 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 5
Harari 20 5 10 0 0 0
Hebrew 135 80 60 45 25 20
Maltese 5 0 5 0 0 0
Tigrigna 415 195 220 130 60 70
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,140 1,895 2,245 1,305 585 715
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 265 25 10 15
Vietnamese 3,680 1,700 1,980 1,280 575 700
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,335 1,395 1,940 3,935 1,690 2,240
Bikol 5 5 0 5 5 0
Cebuano 125 55 70 155 70 85
Fijian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 30 10 20
Ilocano 230 105 120 135 55 80
Malagasy 10 10 10 0 0 0
Malay 120 50 70 235 105 130
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 15 10 5
Pangasinan 10 5 5 5 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,745 1,130 1,615 3,305 1,410 1,890
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 20 5 15
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 30 15 15
Creole languages 1,825 745 1,080 20 5 10
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 1,605 645 960 5 5 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 10 0 5
Dravidian languages 1,845 915 935 490 250 240
Kannada 75 45 35 30 10 15
Malayalam 280 150 135 90 55 40
Tamil 1,285 615 665 255 125 130
Telugu 195 105 90 115 60 55
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 37,270 17,645 19,625 18,330 8,790 9,540
Albanian 295 140 155 95 45 50
Armenian 205 95 110 100 45 55
Balto-Slavic languages 8,925 4,195 4,730 4,835 2,365 2,470
Baltic languages 105 45 60 0 0 0
Latvian 55 25 35 0 0 0
Lithuanian 45 25 25 0 0 0
Slavic languages 8,815 4,150 4,670 4,835 2,365 2,470
Belarusan 20 10 10 5 0 5
Bosnian 305 150 150 190 95 100
Bulgarian 400 190 210 115 50 60
Croatian 330 150 180 655 315 340
Czech 205 100 110 85 45 40
Macedonian 15 10 5 30 10 15
Polish 1,995 915 1,075 420 200 220
Russian 3,625 1,690 1,935 1,835 890 945
Serbian 1,005 500 505 1,170 600 560
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 100 50 50
Slovak 195 90 105 80 40 45
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 10 5 5
Ukrainian 505 230 275 150 70 85
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Celtic languages 10 5 0 5 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 915 415 495 230 100 125
Afrikaans 35 20 20 20 5 10
Danish 25 10 10 10 5 10
Dutch 145 70 80 30 15 10
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 625 275 355 155 65 90
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 10 5 10 0 5 0
Swedish 55 35 20 10 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yiddish 15 10 5 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 625 300 325 165 85 80
Indo-Iranian languages 14,665 7,155 7,510 8,275 3,995 4,280
Indo-Aryan languages 9,590 4,740 4,850 5,165 2,425 2,740
Bengali 1,945 940 1,010 285 145 145
Gujarati 605 310 300 730 315 415
Hindi 1,285 650 635 810 385 425
Kashmiri 5 5 0 0 0 0
Konkani 35 15 20 0 5 5
Marathi 110 50 60 65 25 35
Nepali 730 360 375 45 30 20
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,190 1,105 1,085 2,695 1,275 1,420
Sindhi 65 30 40 195 80 115
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 195 60 30 30
Urdu 2,215 1,090 1,125 255 135 115
Iranian languages 5,055 2,400 2,655 3,095 1,565 1,530
Kurdish 370 195 175 290 155 135
Pashto 645 310 335 95 45 45
Persian (Farsi) 4,040 1,895 2,140 2,705 1,370 1,340
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 11,635 5,340 6,295 4,630 2,150 2,480
Catalan 15 5 10 0 0 0
Italian 2,500 1,110 1,390 1,155 510 645
Portuguese 1,850 870 980 845 415 430
Romanian 1,190 555 635 440 210 225
Spanish 6,070 2,795 3,270 2,190 1,020 1,175
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Japanese 385 140 250 1,105 465 640
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 10 5 5
Georgian 5 5 5 10 5 5
Korean 1,140 530 615 5,430 2,530 2,900
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 20 10 10
Mongolian 15 10 5 15 15 5
Niger-Congo languages 1,480 660 820 120 55 60
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 5 5 0
Bamanankan 10 5 10 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 20 5 15 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 0 0 0
Ga 15 5 5 0 0 0
Ganda 30 10 20 0 0 0
Igbo 55 25 25 5 5 5
Lingala 65 20 45 15 5 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 135 135 5 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 150 5 0 0
Shona 20 10 10 20 10 10
Swahili 380 175 210 25 10 15
Wolof 30 15 15 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 30 25 5 5 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 40 10 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 40 25 20 5
Dinka 25 15 10 20 15 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 10 0 5
Sign languages 305 165 145 105 60 45
American Sign Language 105 50 60 45 25 20
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 115 85 60 35 25
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,045 9,955 11,090 46,825 21,670 25,155
Chinese languages 20,465 9,680 10,790 46,730 21,615 25,115
Cantonese 5,840 2,685 3,155 18,670 8,535 10,135
Hakka 50 15 30 130 55 75
Mandarin 13,455 6,435 7,020 25,855 12,060 13,795
Min Dong 15 5 5 15 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 115 165 790 370 425
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 470 220 245
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 300 275 780 365 420
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 95 50 45
Burmese 145 65 80 45 20 20
Karenic languages 250 120 130 0 0 0
Tibetan 70 35 35 45 30 20
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 5 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 260 100 160 100 35 65
Lao 165 70 95 5 5 0
Thai 95 30 65 90 30 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 855 415 440 265 135 125
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 40 20 15
Turkish 745 360 380 160 85 70
Uyghur 5 5 0 50 25 25
Uzbek 35 15 20 5 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 10 5 10
Uralic languages 500 240 265 285 125 160
Estonian 20 10 15 10 5 10
Finnish 35 15 20 55 20 40
Hungarian 445 210 230 215 100 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 10 5 5
Multiple responses 57,160 26,990 30,170 22,285 10,600 11,685
English and French 12,480 5,755 6,725 285 145 140
English and non-official language 36,690 17,710 18,980 21,670 10,305 11,365
French and non-official language 3,305 1,395 1,910 45 25 20
English, French and non-official language 4,685 2,130 2,560 280 125 155
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 923,375 449,335 474,040 230,930 112,930 118,000
None 705,915 348,065 357,855 166,660 82,585 84,075
English 80,960 38,220 42,740 29,745 14,340 15,405
French 59,935 27,450 32,490 1,280 555 725
Non-official language 67,655 31,565 36,095 32,210 14,965 17,250
Aboriginal 405 150 255 55 25 30
Non-Aboriginal 67,250 31,410 35,840 32,155 14,940 17,220
English and French 2,595 1,220 1,380 105 40 65
English and non-official language 2,415 1,125 1,290 680 310 370
French and non-official language 3,800 1,645 2,150 220 125 95
English, French and non-official language 90 50 45 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 761,420 367,460 393,960 199,025 96,635 102,390
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,270 351,485 376,785 190,860 92,800 98,055
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,857 48,479 36,936 28,900 33,872 25,109
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,540 351,520 377,015 191,170 93,090 98,085
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,136 42,234 33,174 26,533 30,019 23,866
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 663,315 324,730 338,580 168,775 83,250 85,530
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,826 48,921 35,935 29,595 35,283 24,751
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 502,905 222,930 279,975 136,845 59,775 77,070
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,215 1,434 4,358 1,600 768 2,631
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 546,025 274,960 271,070 138,290 70,240 68,050
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,955 46,070 36,746 32,497 37,455 28,060
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 761,420 367,450 393,975 199,025 96,595 102,430
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,080 351,205 376,880 190,915 92,770 98,145
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,605 62,746 47,019 40,192 46,589 34,145
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,355 351,210 377,145 191,245 93,080 98,165
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,428 50,106 39,141 33,856 38,260 29,680
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 663,600 324,535 339,060 168,935 83,475 85,455
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,792 63,743 46,224 40,816 47,936 33,861
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 502,790 222,910 279,885 136,805 59,685 77,120
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,757 6,055 7,317 5,687 5,368 5,934
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 546,025 274,445 271,580 138,290 70,485 67,805
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,088 60,456 45,642 41,993 48,571 35,155
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 761,420 367,450 393,975 199,025 96,595 102,430
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 279,480 150,600 128,880 58,885 32,935 25,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,546 70,955 60,631 53,370 58,891 48,721
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,111 82,331 66,674 62,793 68,972 54,952
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.4 93.9 88.4 89.8 92.5 86.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.8 75.0 70.0 75.8 79.1 71.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.6 6.1 11.6 10.2 7.5 13.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 761,420 367,460 393,960 199,025 96,630 102,395
Without total income 33,150 15,980 17,170 8,165 3,830 4,330
With total income 728,270 351,485 376,785 190,860 92,800 98,055
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.6 95.9 96.0 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 99,195 45,455 53,740 38,620 17,095 21,525
$10,000 to $19,999 107,875 44,780 63,090 34,885 15,030 19,860
$20,000 to $29,999 78,010 32,865 45,140 24,160 10,600 13,565
$30,000 to $39,999 66,630 28,950 37,675 20,115 9,225 10,885
$40,000 to $49,999 63,305 27,810 35,495 17,755 8,355 9,400
$50,000 to $59,999 58,005 26,620 31,385 14,000 7,040 6,960
$60,000 to $69,999 51,605 25,385 26,225 10,600 5,855 4,745
$70,000 to $79,999 42,025 21,880 20,145 7,915 4,550 3,365
$80,000 to $89,999 36,815 19,760 17,050 6,075 3,625 2,450
$90,000 to $99,999 32,270 17,200 15,075 4,340 2,650 1,690
$100,000 and over 92,535 60,775 31,760 12,395 8,780 3,615
$100,000 to $149,999 65,295 41,095 24,205 8,740 6,015 2,735
$150,000 and over 27,240 19,685 7,560 3,650 2,770 880
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 761,420 367,460 393,955 199,025 96,635 102,390
Without after-tax income 32,880 15,940 16,940 7,855 3,550 4,310
With after-tax income 728,535 351,520 377,015 191,170 93,085 98,080
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.7 96.1 96.3 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,495 46,300 57,195 39,770 17,895 21,875
$10,000 to $19,999 112,260 46,980 65,280 36,420 15,865 20,560
$20,000 to $29,999 89,985 38,505 51,480 28,450 12,765 15,680
$30,000 to $39,999 81,965 35,855 46,105 23,580 10,895 12,680
$40,000 to $49,999 78,235 35,230 43,000 19,850 9,695 10,160
$50,000 to $59,999 68,435 33,495 34,940 13,875 7,530 6,350
$60,000 to $69,999 54,560 29,055 25,505 9,640 5,525 4,115
$70,000 to $79,999 45,775 24,715 21,060 6,745 4,030 2,720
$80,000 and over 93,825 61,380 32,440 12,835 8,885 3,950
$80,000 to $89,999 32,630 19,255 13,375 4,310 2,790 1,520
$90,000 to $99,999 19,260 12,495 6,760 2,580 1,745 835
$100,000 and over 41,935 29,630 12,310 5,945 4,355 1,590
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 761,420 367,465 393,960 199,025 96,630 102,390
Without employment income 215,395 92,505 122,890 60,735 26,390 34,345
With employment income 546,025 274,960 271,065 138,290 70,245 68,050
Percentage with employment income 71.7 74.8 68.8 69.5 72.7 66.5
Under $5,000 (including loss) 67,195 32,655 34,540 19,460 8,725 10,735
$5,000 to $9,999 40,580 18,300 22,280 10,905 4,820 6,085
$10,000 to $19,999 65,320 29,700 35,620 19,260 8,940 10,320
$20,000 to $29,999 50,625 23,530 27,095 15,740 7,385 8,355
$30,000 to $39,999 44,810 21,210 23,595 14,775 6,965 7,815
$40,000 to $49,999 43,030 19,575 23,460 13,770 6,505 7,260
$50,000 to $59,999 40,775 18,705 22,070 11,000 5,665 5,330
$60,000 to $69,999 36,550 17,765 18,790 8,380 4,755 3,625
$70,000 to $79,999 29,655 15,370 14,285 6,415 3,750 2,670
$80,000 and over 127,485 78,160 49,330 18,580 12,725 5,855
$80,000 to $89,999 29,530 15,440 14,090 5,110 3,115 2,000
$90,000 to $99,999 26,485 14,205 12,280 3,630 2,335 1,295
$100,000 and over 71,475 48,515 22,960 9,840 7,280 2,555
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 373,760 ... ... 92,200 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,981 ... ... 64,737 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,745 ... ... 57,107 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 105,750 ... ... 25,760 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,369 ... ... 34,416 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,026 ... ... 30,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 268,010 ... ... 66,445 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,064 ... ... 81,672 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,248 ... ... 72,129 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 373,755 ... ... 92,200 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,372 ... ... 83,223 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,579 ... ... 70,225 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 105,745 ... ... 25,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,590 ... ... 43,084 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,078 ... ... 36,378 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 268,010 ... ... 66,435 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,013 ... ... 98,790 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,559 ... ... 83,351 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 373,755 ... ... 92,205 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,250 ... ... 4,470 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,900 ... ... 1,815 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,095 ... ... 2,910 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,445 ... ... 4,120 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,405 ... ... 3,780 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,920 ... ... 3,970 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,170 ... ... 3,815 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,660 ... ... 3,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,120 ... ... 3,655 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,150 ... ... 3,700 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,805 ... ... 6,990 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,765 ... ... 6,375 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,225 ... ... 5,795 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,580 ... ... 5,150 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,430 ... ... 4,440 ... ...
$100,000 and over 156,845 ... ... 27,495 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,800 ... ... 8,870 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,760 ... ... 6,340 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 42,310 ... ... 6,705 ... ...
$200,000 and over 37,975 ... ... 5,580 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,755 ... ... 92,200 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,610 ... ... 4,645 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,970 ... ... 1,835 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,220 ... ... 2,945 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,915 ... ... 4,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,650 ... ... 4,220 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,395 ... ... 4,755 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,340 ... ... 4,425 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,530 ... ... 4,445 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,340 ... ... 4,520 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,625 ... ... 4,295 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,215 ... ... 7,930 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,345 ... ... 7,045 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 28,265 ... ... 6,220 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,850 ... ... 5,240 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,545 ... ... 4,465 ... ...
$100,000 and over 120,940 ... ... 20,965 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,895 ... ... 8,635 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,505 ... ... 4,990 ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,545 ... ... 7,335 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 253,415 ... ... 62,365 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,083 ... ... 82,751 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,624 ... ... 72,880 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 92,815 ... ... 20,515 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,233 ... ... 74,186 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,602 ... ... 65,107 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 114,325 ... ... 29,550 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,926 ... ... 102,961 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,637 ... ... 89,772 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,755 ... ... 9,420 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,761 ... ... 51,723 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,633 ... ... 47,281 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 253,440 ... ... 62,325 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,219 ... ... 100,038 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,030 ... ... 84,240 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 92,930 ... ... 20,585 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,150 ... ... 89,292 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,430 ... ... 74,636 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 114,320 ... ... 29,530 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,772 ... ... 120,206 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,814 ... ... 100,979 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,635 ... ... 9,370 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,479 ... ... 63,627 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,341 ... ... 55,138 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 148,795 70,365 78,425 40,035 20,180 19,850
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,585 37,101 39,770 26,642 27,868 25,506
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,525 33,178 35,479 24,965 25,727 24,253
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 148,300 69,825 78,475 39,965 20,085 19,875
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,967 48,862 49,060 35,992 37,550 34,419
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,421 40,027 40,772 30,641 31,672 29,600
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,860 446,515 470,340 230,080 112,680 117,395
In the bottom half of the distribution 351,750 167,740 184,005 122,270 58,820 63,450
In the bottom decile 87,465 42,945 44,520 36,590 17,855 18,735
In the second decile 68,570 31,900 36,670 24,515 11,485 13,030
In the third decile 61,285 28,950 32,335 20,755 9,935 10,820
In the fourth decile 63,425 30,120 33,310 20,060 9,665 10,400
In the fifth decile 71,000 33,825 37,170 20,350 9,885 10,470
In the top half of the distribution 565,110 278,780 286,330 107,810 53,860 53,945
In the sixth decile 80,420 38,470 41,950 20,805 10,220 10,585
In the seventh decile 92,480 44,845 47,635 20,910 10,395 10,515
In the eighth decile 110,280 54,300 55,985 21,885 10,840 11,045
In the ninth decile 136,925 67,895 69,035 22,840 11,445 11,395
In the top decile 145,005 73,275 71,730 21,365 10,960 10,400
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,855 446,520 470,340 230,080 112,685 117,400
0 to 17 years 187,695 95,500 92,200 37,745 19,500 18,245
0 to 5 years 59,200 30,145 29,055 12,940 6,710 6,235
18 to 64 years 596,800 290,300 306,500 157,690 77,100 80,595
65 years and over 132,355 60,715 71,640 34,645 16,085 18,560
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 115,180 54,575 60,605 47,315 22,685 24,630
0 to 17 years 30,100 15,575 14,530 8,455 4,420 4,035
0 to 5 years 10,150 5,285 4,865 2,815 1,470 1,345
18 to 64 years 72,620 34,105 38,515 31,820 15,240 16,585
65 years and over 12,455 4,895 7,565 7,035 3,030 4,010
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.6 12.2 12.9 20.6 20.1 21.0
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 16.3 15.8 22.4 22.7 22.1
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.5 16.7 21.8 21.9 21.6
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.7 12.6 20.2 19.8 20.6
65 years and over (%) 9.4 8.1 10.6 20.3 18.8 21.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 98,915 48,130 50,785 40,895 19,870 21,030
0 to 17 years 22,685 11,680 11,005 6,915 3,600 3,315
0 to 5 years 7,780 4,065 3,710 2,245 1,170 1,080
18 to 64 years 68,040 33,345 34,695 29,540 14,430 15,115
65 years and over 8,190 3,105 5,085 4,445 1,840 2,605
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 17.8 17.6 17.9
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.2 11.9 18.3 18.5 18.2
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.5 12.8 17.3 17.4 17.3
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.3 18.7 18.7 18.8
65 years and over (%) 6.2 5.1 7.1 12.8 11.4 14.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,860 446,515 470,340 230,080 112,685 117,395
Official languages 903,135 441,100 462,040 214,175 106,155 108,025
English 890,735 436,340 454,390 214,070 106,105 107,960
French 358,165 163,500 194,670 12,260 5,685 6,575
Non-official languages 276,220 129,510 146,705 149,515 70,250 79,265
Aboriginal languages 1,135 430 710 115 30 85
Algonquian languages 490 195 290 60 20 35
Blackfoot 10 0 10 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 80 125 50 20 30
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 10 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 55 15 35 10 0 0
Woods Cree 15 10 10 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 85 35 50 25 0 15
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Malecite 10 10 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 260 100 160 0 0 10
Algonquin 45 25 25 0 0 0
Ojibway 195 70 125 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 10 0 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 10 0 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 15 0 10 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 585 220 365 10 10 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 530 200 325 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 0 10 0
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 55 15 35 0 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 10 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 30 0 25
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 0 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 0 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 275,145 129,115 146,035 149,405 70,225 79,185
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,550 30,865 30,680 3,335 1,680 1,650
Berber languages 540 285 260 10 0 0
Kabyle 420 220 195 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 65 60 10 0 0
Cushitic languages 9,300 4,165 5,140 235 90 145
Bilen 90 55 35 15 0 15
Oromo 380 170 210 30 0 20
Somali 8,770 3,900 4,870 195 80 110
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 0 0 0
Semitic languages 52,710 26,895 25,815 3,120 1,595 1,520
Amharic 1,980 945 1,040 390 200 190
Arabic 48,135 24,675 23,460 2,335 1,225 1,115
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 30 50 45 10 35
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 40 25 15 0 0 0
Hebrew 1,865 1,010 855 260 135 125
Maltese 65 25 40 10 0 0
Tigrigna 1,175 490 680 280 145 135
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 90 30 20 10
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 75 15 0 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,690 4,100 4,590 3,185 1,550 1,635
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,525 680 845 55 25 35
Vietnamese 7,215 3,440 3,770 3,140 1,530 1,610
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 10,155 3,770 6,390 11,830 5,010 6,820
Bikol 25 10 20 80 35 45
Cebuano 565 210 355 530 240 290
Fijian 10 0 10 60 45 15
Hiligaynon 165 55 110 155 70 80
Ilocano 705 300 405 640 245 395
Malagasy 105 55 45 0 0 0
Malay 615 270 345 1,130 530 600
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 40 90 40 50
Pangasinan 55 20 35 55 20 25
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,095 3,300 5,795 10,335 4,285 6,050
Waray-Waray 35 0 30 35 15 20
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 130 60 65
Creole languages 9,360 3,920 5,440 160 90 70
Haitian Creole 450 165 280 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 8,325 3,490 4,835 70 50 25
Creole languages, n.i.e. 630 275 350 85 45 45
Dravidian languages 5,060 2,555 2,505 1,340 635 700
Kannada 465 235 235 75 45 30
Malayalam 835 375 460 275 150 130
Tamil 3,330 1,700 1,630 745 345 400
Telugu 795 420 375 330 150 180
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 10 0 10
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 130,605 61,380 69,225 48,835 23,940 24,895
Albanian 785 385 410 290 145 145
Armenian 665 350 315 215 110 100
Balto-Slavic languages 24,530 11,210 13,325 10,370 5,205 5,160
Baltic languages 530 225 305 35 25 10
Latvian 260 105 155 15 0 10
Lithuanian 270 120 150 25 15 0
Slavic languages 24,095 11,010 13,080 10,345 5,185 5,160
Belarusan 125 60 60 30 15 15
Bosnian 1,025 470 555 485 240 245
Bulgarian 1,050 490 560 155 75 85
Croatian 1,830 905 930 2,335 1,190 1,140
Czech 1,315 570 750 330 180 150
Macedonian 95 35 65 70 40 30
Polish 6,530 2,970 3,560 1,260 600 655
Russian 9,135 4,205 4,925 3,510 1,675 1,835
Serbian 2,080 1,015 1,065 2,225 1,195 1,035
Serbo-Croatian 560 290 270 250 145 105
Slovak 910 380 530 240 110 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 120 140 80 50 30
Ukrainian 2,290 960 1,330 740 335 405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 10 40 15 0 10
Celtic languages 395 190 205 60 55 10
Scottish Gaelic 150 80 75 35 25 10
Welsh 85 30 55 10 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 20 20 0
Germanic languages 16,750 7,935 8,810 3,450 1,765 1,690
Afrikaans 405 200 205 155 85 75
Danish 425 195 235 155 85 70
Dutch 2,855 1,330 1,520 375 185 185
Frisian 55 15 35 0 0 0
German 12,205 5,800 6,400 2,505 1,310 1,205
Icelandic 45 20 20 10 10 0
Norwegian 345 145 200 90 45 45
Swedish 605 295 310 230 100 130
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 40 40 15 15 0
Yiddish 355 185 175 15 15 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 10 0
Greek 3,090 1,545 1,545 630 295 335
Indo-Iranian languages 35,320 17,915 17,410 19,820 9,765 10,055
Indo-Aryan languages 25,805 13,125 12,675 14,675 7,085 7,585
Bengali 4,250 2,180 2,070 520 230 290
Gujarati 2,275 1,220 1,050 2,710 1,215 1,495
Hindi 10,335 5,355 4,980 5,650 2,700 2,950
Kashmiri 10 10 10 0 0 0
Konkani 140 75 65 25 10 15
Marathi 565 310 255 235 120 120
Nepali 1,275 640 635 100 40 60
Oriya (Odia) 75 45 30 10 10 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,235 3,220 3,015 6,785 3,415 3,370
Sindhi 495 220 280 975 415 560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,065 485 580 220 115 100
Urdu 7,175 3,600 3,570 1,020 600 420
Iranian languages 10,040 5,075 4,965 5,315 2,775 2,545
Kurdish 755 395 355 395 205 185
Pashto 1,400 755 645 205 115 85
Persian (Farsi) 8,665 4,340 4,325 4,970 2,590 2,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 120 80 40 10 25
Italic (Romance) languages 54,440 24,435 30,005 15,430 7,360 8,075
Catalan 80 30 45 15 0 15
Italian 15,500 7,400 8,105 5,760 2,750 3,015
Portuguese 6,120 2,990 3,125 2,175 1,040 1,145
Romanian 2,880 1,345 1,535 910 470 435
Spanish 33,075 14,180 18,890 7,330 3,495 3,835
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 10 10 0
Japanese 2,510 1,185 1,325 3,900 1,710 2,190
Kartvelian languages 40 15 20 0 0 0
Georgian 40 15 25 0 0 0
Korean 2,580 1,090 1,490 7,555 3,440 4,115
Mongolic languages 40 20 20 45 25 15
Mongolian 40 25 20 45 30 20
Niger-Congo languages 10,520 4,640 5,880 810 395 415
Akan (Twi) 630 330 300 35 30 10
Bamanankan 155 70 85 15 10 10
Edo 95 40 60 0 0 0
Ewe 205 80 125 30 15 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 70 95 10 0 0
Ga 165 85 80 0 0 0
Ganda 215 65 145 25 10 20
Igbo 300 165 135 15 0 0
Lingala 1,720 720 1,000 45 20 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,530 615 915 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 970 360 615 30 10 20
Shona 175 60 115 45 35 15
Swahili 3,040 1,325 1,715 420 195 215
Wolof 200 110 95 0 0 0
Yoruba 755 400 355 65 25 40
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,265 1,035 1,230 165 70 95
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 140 185 70 25 40
Dinka 190 85 105 10 0 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 60 25 30
Sign languages 1,630 655 975 390 205 190
American Sign Language 875 305 570 215 90 125
Quebec Sign Language 75 15 55 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 715 350 365 190 125 65
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,395 17,190 19,210 70,470 32,790 37,675
Chinese languages 35,510 16,765 18,745 70,335 32,730 37,600
Cantonese 12,700 6,015 6,685 33,515 15,445 18,070
Hakka 265 125 140 430 220 210
Mandarin 24,495 11,310 13,185 43,655 19,995 23,660
Min Dong 40 20 25 10 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,035 465 565 2,510 1,060 1,445
Wu (Shanghainese) 415 205 215 895 400 495
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 535 475 1,315 590 725
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 10 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 925 440 480 185 85 100
Burmese 305 145 160 80 35 45
Karenic languages 365 185 180 0 0 0
Tibetan 50 30 25 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 365 150 205 50 20 30
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 410 600 420 175 245
Lao 460 200 255 85 30 50
Thai 610 230 385 370 150 215
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,405 1,195 1,210 765 400 360
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 125 65 60
Turkish 2,070 1,035 1,040 540 290 250
Uyghur 45 25 15 65 30 30
Uzbek 80 20 60 10 0 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 45 25 15
Uralic languages 2,585 1,255 1,330 965 385 580
Estonian 245 115 130 60 20 35
Finnish 480 220 260 190 50 135
Hungarian 1,875 925 950 725 310 415
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 380 250 130 100 60 40
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 916,860 446,515 470,340 230,080 112,685 117,395
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 854,535 416,865 437,670 189,775 93,985 95,790
Canadian citizens aged under 18 177,960 90,535 87,430 33,760 17,565 16,195
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 676,580 326,330 350,245 156,015 76,420 79,595
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,320 29,650 32,670 40,305 18,700 21,610
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 916,855 446,515 470,340 230,080 112,680 117,395
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 685,260 337,490 347,770 102,205 53,330 48,875
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 216,505 101,235 115,265 115,145 53,120 62,025
Before 1981 53,740 25,720 28,015 23,205 11,185 12,015
1981 to 1990 29,670 14,195 15,475 13,340 6,050 7,290
1991 to 2000 49,685 22,510 27,170 31,285 14,475 16,810
2001 to 2010 53,335 24,515 28,820 31,250 14,115 17,130
2001 to 2005 25,185 11,520 13,660 14,965 6,875 8,090
2006 to 2010 28,155 12,990 15,160 16,280 7,240 9,045
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 30,075 14,300 15,775 16,065 7,290 8,775
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,090 7,795 7,305 12,730 6,235 6,495
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 216,505 101,235 115,265 115,145 53,120 62,025
Under 5 years 23,760 11,745 12,015 8,305 4,205 4,095
5 to 14 years 38,625 19,575 19,050 19,075 9,900 9,175
15 to 24 years 45,510 20,400 25,110 22,525 10,315 12,220
25 to 44 years 90,080 41,305 48,780 51,140 22,090 29,050
45 years and over 18,530 8,210 10,315 14,095 6,605 7,485
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 216,505 101,235 115,270 115,145 53,120 62,025
Americas 32,755 14,265 18,490 6,135 2,870 3,260
Brazil 990 445 545 290 125 165
Colombia 1,270 485 780 355 150 205
El Salvador 1,710 790 920 485 230 260
Guyana 1,375 635 735 90 50 45
Haiti 6,320 2,615 3,710 20 15 10
Jamaica 2,985 1,280 1,710 220 120 100
Mexico 1,290 540 755 800 330 470
Peru 820 365 455 370 180 190
Trinidad and Tobago 1,260 495 765 165 70 95
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,245 3,695 4,545 1,690 845 845
Other places of birth in Americas 6,490 2,920 3,575 1,655 775 880
Europe 55,430 26,405 29,030 17,125 8,495 8,635
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,610 780 830 1,100 535 565
Croatia 800 385 420 1,065 525 540
France 2,270 1,010 1,265 250 125 125
Germany 3,885 1,645 2,245 840 425 415
Greece 910 475 430 320 175 140
Hungary 825 425 405 425 195 235
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 810 360 445 190 100 90
Italy 5,410 2,800 2,610 2,860 1,470 1,390
Netherlands 1,890 925 960 270 130 135
Poland 4,170 1,855 2,305 960 445 515
Portugal 1,965 995 970 665 325 340
Romania 2,400 1,135 1,265 785 375 410
Russian Federation 2,860 1,230 1,635 1,255 580 670
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 870 410 465 845 450 395
Ukraine 1,770 840 930 620 270 350
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 15,765 7,910 7,860 2,485 1,255 1,225
Other places of birth in Europe 7,210 3,215 3,995 2,210 1,110 1,100
Africa 30,340 13,940 16,400 4,605 2,095 2,510
Algeria 1,025 485 545 40 20 20
Egypt 3,420 1,785 1,630 250 120 130
Ethiopia 2,215 1,020 1,195 335 185 150
Kenya 1,065 540 525 825 335 490
Morocco 1,230 570 660 90 60 30
Nigeria 1,260 575 685 70 35 35
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,405 140 45 95
South Africa, Republic of 850 435 415 375 200 170
Other places of birth in Africa 15,375 7,035 8,345 2,480 1,090 1,395
Asia 97,170 46,205 50,965 85,610 38,895 46,710
Afghanistan 2,400 1,215 1,180 1,045 535 515
Bangladesh 2,655 1,380 1,275 290 120 165
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 17,405 7,575 9,830 28,600 12,835 15,760
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,015 1,510 1,505 10,540 4,780 5,755
India 10,495 5,275 5,220 6,165 2,975 3,195
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,395 2,190 2,210 3,040 1,585 1,455
Iraq 3,540 1,885 1,650 470 240 230
Japan 730 175 550 1,470 475 995
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,690 750 945 5,765 2,600 3,165
Lebanon 10,995 5,745 5,250 250 155 95
Pakistan 3,830 1,915 1,915 680 375 310
Philippines 8,865 3,345 5,520 10,325 4,275 6,060
Sri Lanka 2,330 1,105 1,230 450 235 220
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,125 1,595 1,530 320 170 150
Taiwan 835 365 470 7,660 3,460 4,200
Viet Nam 5,600 2,570 3,035 2,910 1,420 1,490
Other places of birth in Asia 15,275 7,625 7,650 5,620 2,675 2,945
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 805 425 385 1,665 765 900
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 30,075 14,295 15,780 16,065 7,285 8,775
Americas 4,060 1,830 2,225 895 425 470
Brazil 135 75 65 75 30 40
Colombia 190 80 110 50 30 20
Cuba 130 65 60 10 10 0
Haiti 1,290 550 740 0 0 0
Jamaica 115 65 50 45 30 15
Mexico 245 100 145 255 110 140
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,135 570 570 240 105 135
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 120 35 85 35 20 20
Other places of birth in Americas 695 290 400 190 95 95
Europe 2,565 1,255 1,315 1,600 775 825
France 285 155 130 40 10 30
Germany 155 75 90 45 35 10
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 45 25 60 35 30
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 20 25 35 25 10
Romania 120 60 60 75 30 40