Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and New Westminster, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa, CV
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
New Westminster, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Data quality , Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : New Westminster, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 934,243 ... ... 70,996 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 883,391 ... ... 65,976 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8 ... ... 7.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 395,985 ... ... 34,235 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 373,756 ... ... 32,708 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 334.8 ... ... 4,543.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,790.30 ... ... 15.63 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 934,245 453,875 480,365 71,000 34,780 36,215
0 to 14 years 155,680 79,185 76,490 8,825 4,570 4,260
0 to 4 years 48,870 24,800 24,070 3,240 1,640 1,600
5 to 9 years 53,715 27,365 26,350 2,955 1,575 1,380
10 to 14 years 53,095 27,020 26,075 2,635 1,355 1,280
15 to 64 years 634,425 310,390 324,035 51,350 25,490 25,860
15 to 19 years 57,190 28,990 28,200 3,135 1,600 1,535
20 to 24 years 68,645 34,575 34,070 4,590 2,330 2,260
25 to 29 years 63,695 31,675 32,025 5,865 2,860 3,005
30 to 34 years 61,670 30,105 31,565 6,190 3,110 3,080
35 to 39 years 59,575 28,330 31,250 5,455 2,740 2,720
40 to 44 years 62,710 29,880 32,830 4,875 2,390 2,485
45 to 49 years 65,960 31,980 33,980 5,560 2,760 2,800
50 to 54 years 73,210 36,005 37,210 5,765 2,805 2,955
55 to 59 years 66,765 32,370 34,395 5,390 2,670 2,720
60 to 64 years 54,990 26,475 28,510 4,525 2,215 2,310
65 years and over 144,140 64,300 79,840 10,815 4,725 6,090
65 to 69 years 48,130 22,870 25,265 3,750 1,775 1,970
70 to 74 years 33,875 15,790 18,085 2,480 1,150 1,330
75 to 79 years 24,600 11,135 13,465 1,750 815 935
80 to 84 years 17,950 7,765 10,185 1,310 525 785
85 years and over 19,580 6,740 12,840 1,525 460 1,070
85 to 89 years 11,720 4,480 7,245 940 320 615
90 to 94 years 5,995 1,845 4,145 435 115 325
95 to 99 years 1,640 385 1,255 135 25 110
100 years and over 225 30 200 20 0 20
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 15.9 12.4 13.1 11.8
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.4 67.5 72.3 73.3 71.4
65 years and over 15.4 14.2 16.6 15.2 13.6 16.8
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 2.1 1.3 3.0
Average age of the population 40.1 39.2 41.0 41.8 40.8 42.8
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 41.5 40.4 42.5
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 373,755 ... ... 32,705 ... ...
Single-detached house 158,235 ... ... 5,000 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 68,645 ... ... 10,485 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 146,085 ... ... 17,205 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,140 ... ... 185 ... ...
Row house 79,340 ... ... 1,590 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,055 ... ... 3,470 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 39,095 ... ... 11,910 ... ...
Other single-attached house 465 ... ... 50 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 800 ... ... 25 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 373,755 ... ... 32,710 ... ...
1 person 105,750 ... ... 12,530 ... ...
2 persons 124,280 ... ... 10,915 ... ...
3 persons 58,010 ... ... 4,390 ... ...
4 persons 55,215 ... ... 3,140 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,500 ... ... 1,735 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 916,860 ... ... 69,905 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.1 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 778,565 374,690 403,875 62,165 30,215 31,955
Married or living common law 437,500 218,705 218,795 33,265 16,700 16,565
Married 366,365 182,795 183,565 26,530 13,265 13,260
Living common law 71,130 35,910 35,225 6,735 3,425 3,305
Not married and not living common law 341,065 155,985 185,080 28,905 13,515 15,390
Never married 236,315 123,415 112,895 18,900 10,165 8,740
Separated 21,015 8,500 12,520 1,815 795 1,015
Divorced 46,000 16,540 29,460 5,150 2,025 3,130
Widowed 37,730 7,535 30,200 3,040 535 2,500
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 254,770 ... ... 19,065 ... ...
2 persons 123,855 ... ... 10,760 ... ...
3 persons 54,635 ... ... 4,225 ... ...
4 persons 53,395 ... ... 3,170 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,885 ... ... 910 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 254,765 ... ... 19,065 ... ...
Total couple families 213,535 ... ... 16,155 ... ...
Married couples 177,990 ... ... 12,785 ... ...
Common-law couples 35,545 ... ... 3,370 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,230 ... ... 2,910 ... ...
Female parent 32,860 ... ... 2,320 ... ...
Male parent 8,375 ... ... 585 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 213,535 ... ... 16,160 ... ...
Couples without children 99,685 ... ... 8,675 ... ...
Couples with children 113,855 ... ... 7,480 ... ...
1 child 42,565 ... ... 3,555 ... ...
2 children 49,890 ... ... 3,035 ... ...
3 or more children 21,390 ... ... 885 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,235 ... ... 2,910 ... ...
1 child 24,170 ... ... 2,085 ... ...
2 children 12,065 ... ... 670 ... ...
3 or more children 4,995 ... ... 155 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 168,745 78,365 90,380 18,270 8,810 9,460
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 373,755 ... ... 32,705 ... ...
One-census-family households 243,070 ... ... 17,755 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 94,935 ... ... 8,115 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 148,135 ... ... 9,640 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,755 ... ... 625 ... ...
Non-census-family households 124,935 ... ... 14,325 ... ...
One-person households 105,750 ... ... 12,530 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,185 ... ... 1,795 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 923,375 449,335 474,040 70,230 34,395 35,835
English only 549,395 279,175 270,220 62,930 31,085 31,845
French only 12,680 5,075 7,610 40 20 20
English and French 347,510 159,620 187,890 5,425 2,570 2,860
Neither English nor French 13,790 5,465 8,320 1,830 725 1,110
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 923,370 449,335 474,035 70,230 34,395 35,835
English 749,725 370,365 379,360 67,150 33,005 34,140
French 138,900 63,600 75,300 795 430 365
English and French 21,300 10,070 11,230 480 260 230
Neither English nor French 13,445 5,295 8,150 1,810 710 1,100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 149,550 68,635 80,915 1,040 555 485
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 16.2 15.3 17.1 1.5 1.6 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 923,375 449,330 474,040 70,230 34,395 35,835
Single responses 889,715 433,335 456,385 68,080 33,370 34,715
Official languages 689,300 338,895 350,405 43,710 22,200 21,510
English 562,070 280,205 281,870 42,925 21,775 21,150
French 127,225 58,690 68,530 790 425 360
Non-official languages 200,420 94,440 105,975 24,370 11,170 13,200
Aboriginal languages 650 245 405 25 10 10
Algonquian languages 280 115 165 5 0 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 70 85 5 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 15 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 5 0 5 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 75 35 40 5 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 10 0 0 0
Malecite 5 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 35 65 0 0 0
Algonquin 25 10 15 0 0 0
Ojibway 70 25 45 5 0 0
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 5 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 5 0 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 330 110 215 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 295 95 200 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 25 10 15 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 10 15 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 5
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 199,765 94,195 105,575 24,345 11,160 13,185
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,350 22,200 22,150 820 425 395
Berber languages 375 195 180 5 0 0
Kabyle 250 130 120 5 5 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 6,660 2,870 3,785 40 25 20
Bilen 50 25 25 0 0 0
Oromo 215 120 95 25 15 15
Somali 6,300 2,680 3,615 10 10 5
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 0 0 0
Semitic languages 37,255 19,100 18,160 770 395 380
Amharic 1,455 680 770 120 50 70
Arabic 34,295 17,670 16,625 550 300 255
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 0 0 0
Harari 60 30 30 0 0 0
Hebrew 355 190 160 10 5 0
Maltese 30 10 20 0 0 0
Tigrigna 905 440 460 85 40 45
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,045 3,225 3,815 295 125 165
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 485 610 10 5 5
Vietnamese 5,930 2,735 3,195 280 120 165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 7,785 2,835 4,950 3,705 1,515 2,185
Bikol 30 15 15 10 0 5
Cebuano 370 120 245 170 70 100
Fijian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hiligaynon 110 35 75 55 15 40
Ilocano 575 225 345 155 65 95
Malagasy 55 25 25 0 0 0
Malay 395 160 235 145 70 70
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 30 20 15
Pangasinan 30 15 15 15 5 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,035 2,170 3,865 3,075 1,250 1,825
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 10 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 120 40 75 25 10 10
Creole languages 4,175 1,745 2,435 25 10 15
Haitian Creole 290 130 160 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 3,705 1,535 2,170 5 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 20 10 10
Dravidian languages 3,805 1,965 1,840 145 75 70
Kannada 225 115 105 5 0 0
Malayalam 660 345 315 15 10 5
Tamil 2,415 1,230 1,185 100 50 50
Telugu 485 270 220 25 15 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 87,105 41,440 45,665 11,225 5,420 5,810
Albanian 660 325 335 75 45 35
Armenian 465 235 230 5 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 20,270 9,080 11,190 2,985 1,435 1,545
Baltic languages 455 200 260 30 15 15
Latvian 250 110 140 20 10 10
Lithuanian 210 85 125 15 5 5
Slavic languages 19,815 8,885 10,930 2,950 1,420 1,535
Belarusan 40 20 20 5 5 0
Bosnian 600 275 325 70 45 30
Bulgarian 845 390 455 220 115 110
Croatian 1,005 460 540 185 90 100
Czech 915 405 505 95 45 50
Macedonian 65 25 40 25 15 10
Polish 5,525 2,485 3,035 455 205 255
Russian 6,150 2,680 3,470 1,035 490 545
Serbian 1,705 810 890 455 235 225
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 260 95 40 60
Slovak 570 260 315 105 45 60
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 85 125 5 5 5
Ukrainian 1,630 695 935 185 95 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 10 5 5
Celtic languages 110 50 60 10 5 10
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 10 5 5
Welsh 50 15 35 0 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 5 0 5
Germanic languages 8,680 3,980 4,705 990 440 545
Afrikaans 160 80 85 30 15 10
Danish 295 135 165 50 25 30
Dutch 2,215 1,060 1,150 245 110 130
Frisian 40 20 20 5 0 5
German 5,275 2,345 2,930 585 260 320
Icelandic 20 10 10 10 0 0
Norwegian 135 60 75 20 5 15
Swedish 275 140 135 40 20 20
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 45 10 0 5
Yiddish 175 95 75 5 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Greek 2,110 1,105 1,005 90 55 35
Indo-Iranian languages 26,965 13,585 13,375 4,275 2,100 2,175
Indo-Aryan languages 18,345 9,255 9,085 3,440 1,670 1,765
Bengali 3,255 1,615 1,645 125 65 65
Gujarati 1,470 760 710 145 70 75
Hindi 2,875 1,470 1,400 545 255 290
Kashmiri 20 10 10 0 0 5
Konkani 105 55 50 0 0 0
Marathi 290 150 140 15 10 5
Nepali 925 440 485 20 15 10
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,880 1,995 1,885 2,410 1,170 1,240
Sindhi 270 120 145 15 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 810 395 420 50 25 25
Urdu 4,410 2,220 2,180 100 55 45
Iranian languages 8,530 4,280 4,250 830 425 405
Kurdish 655 335 315 60 35 25
Pashto 1,025 520 510 45 25 25
Persian (Farsi) 6,850 3,420 3,430 725 365 355
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 10 5 5
Italic (Romance) languages 27,840 13,070 14,770 2,795 1,340 1,460
Catalan 30 15 15 5 0 5
Italian 9,030 4,470 4,560 325 160 165
Portuguese 4,205 1,970 2,240 460 225 240
Romanian 2,560 1,165 1,400 740 345 395
Spanish 11,985 5,445 6,540 1,265 610 655
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 5 5 0
Japanese 990 300 685 495 150 345
Kartvelian languages 35 15 20 15 10 5
Georgian 30 15 25 15 10 5
Korean 2,065 875 1,185 1,245 520 720
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 10 10 5
Mongolian 30 15 20 15 5 10
Niger-Congo languages 5,380 2,360 3,020 160 85 75
Akan (Twi) 355 175 180 45 30 15
Bamanankan 75 30 50 0 0 0
Edo 35 20 20 0 0 0
Ewe 75 30 50 0 0 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 45 55 0 0 0
Ga 60 30 30 0 0 0
Ganda 125 55 65 10 5 5
Igbo 180 90 95 10 10 5
Lingala 320 120 205 5 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 840 360 475 5 5 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 650 235 420 0 0 0
Shona 110 40 70 5 5 0
Swahili 1,100 485 615 30 20 10
Wolof 80 35 45 5 0 5
Yoruba 240 125 110 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,030 485 545 40 15 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 165 25 10 15
Dinka 90 45 45 15 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 120 10 5 10
Sign languages 220 105 120 25 10 20
American Sign Language 75 30 50 20 10 10
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 140 75 65 15 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,945 14,835 17,105 5,565 2,505 3,060
Chinese languages 31,130 14,445 16,690 5,515 2,490 3,030
Cantonese 10,160 4,775 5,380 2,105 965 1,135
Hakka 155 65 90 40 15 25
Mandarin 18,575 8,565 10,010 3,015 1,350 1,670
Min Dong 50 25 25 5 5 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 725 315 410 140 65 75
Wu (Shanghainese) 445 205 240 80 35 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 485 520 130 65 70
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 45 20 30
Burmese 225 120 110 5 5 5
Karenic languages 325 155 165 0 0 0
Tibetan 95 50 40 40 20 25
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 690 245 445 90 30 60
Lao 345 155 190 5 0 5
Thai 345 90 255 85 30 55
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 1,645 835 815 120 75 50
Azerbaijani 120 70 55 30 20 10
Turkish 1,390 705 685 75 45 30
Uyghur 10 5 5 5 5 5
Uzbek 65 30 40 10 5 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 0 0 0
Uralic languages 2,055 965 1,085 340 155 180
Estonian 150 70 80 15 5 10
Finnish 300 120 185 60 20 40
Hungarian 1,595 775 825 260 130 135
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 85 60 30 20 10
Multiple responses 33,660 16,000 17,655 2,150 1,025 1,125
English and French 12,295 5,825 6,475 150 90 65
English and non-official language 15,135 7,340 7,795 1,895 890 1,000
French and non-official language 3,815 1,730 2,085 55 30 30
English, French and non-official language 2,415 1,110 1,300 40 20 25
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 923,370 449,335 474,040 70,230 34,400 35,835
Single responses 866,210 422,345 443,870 65,175 32,040 33,135
Official languages 766,810 375,540 391,270 52,345 26,020 26,330
English 680,895 336,595 344,305 52,155 25,910 26,245
French 85,910 38,945 46,965 190 110 85
Non-official languages 99,400 46,805 52,600 12,825 6,020 6,800
Aboriginal languages 210 90 125 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 70 35 40 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 20 35 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 10 5 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 130 55 75 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 120 45 70 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 99,190 46,715 52,480 12,825 6,020 6,800
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,665 11,855 12,810 500 230 265
Berber languages 220 110 115 5 0 0
Kabyle 180 85 95 0 5 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 3,860 1,580 2,275 15 10 10
Bilen 30 15 10 0 0 0
Oromo 130 70 60 15 5 10
Somali 3,645 1,475 2,165 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 0 0 0
Semitic languages 20,580 10,165 10,415 475 225 245
Amharic 845 400 445 70 30 40
Arabic 19,105 9,455 9,645 350 170 185
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 20 5 10 0 0 0
Hebrew 135 80 60 5 0 0
Maltese 5 0 5 0 0 0
Tigrigna 415 195 220 45 20 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 5 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,140 1,895 2,245 150 70 80
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 265 0 5 0
Vietnamese 3,680 1,700 1,980 145 70 75
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,335 1,395 1,940 1,555 700 855
Bikol 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 125 55 70 75 35 40
Fijian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 20 5 15
Ilocano 230 105 120 50 20 25
Malagasy 10 10 10 0 0 0
Malay 120 50 70 65 35 25
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 5 5 0
Pangasinan 10 5 5 5 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,745 1,130 1,615 1,320 590 730
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 10 5 5
Creole languages 1,825 745 1,080 10 5 0
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 1,605 645 960 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 10 5 5
Dravidian languages 1,845 915 935 85 40 40
Kannada 75 45 35 5 5 0
Malayalam 280 150 135 5 0 0
Tamil 1,285 615 665 65 30 35
Telugu 195 105 90 10 10 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 37,270 17,645 19,625 5,465 2,655 2,815
Albanian 295 140 155 45 25 20
Armenian 205 95 110 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 8,925 4,195 4,730 1,580 775 800
Baltic languages 105 45 60 0 0 0
Latvian 55 25 35 5 0 0
Lithuanian 45 25 25 0 0 0
Slavic languages 8,815 4,150 4,670 1,580 780 800
Belarusan 20 10 10 0 0 0
Bosnian 305 150 150 30 10 15
Bulgarian 400 190 210 165 80 85
Croatian 330 150 180 60 25 30
Czech 205 100 110 25 15 10
Macedonian 15 10 5 15 5 10
Polish 1,995 915 1,075 175 90 85
Russian 3,625 1,690 1,935 680 335 340
Serbian 1,005 500 505 275 140 135
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 40 20 25
Slovak 195 90 105 50 20 25
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 0 5 5
Ukrainian 505 230 275 65 35 30
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 5 0 0 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 915 415 495 100 40 55
Afrikaans 35 20 20 10 5 5
Danish 25 10 10 0 0 0
Dutch 145 70 80 15 5 10
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 625 275 355 65 30 30
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Norwegian 10 5 10 0 0 0
Swedish 55 35 20 10 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 15 10 5 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 625 300 325 20 10 10
Indo-Iranian languages 14,665 7,155 7,510 2,430 1,175 1,255
Indo-Aryan languages 9,590 4,740 4,850 1,900 920 985
Bengali 1,945 940 1,010 75 35 40
Gujarati 605 310 300 55 25 30
Hindi 1,285 650 635 230 105 125
Kashmiri 5 5 0 0 0 0
Konkani 35 15 20 0 0 0
Marathi 110 50 60 15 5 10
Nepali 730 360 375 20 10 10
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 5 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,190 1,105 1,085 1,420 695 725
Sindhi 65 30 40 5 0 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 195 25 10 15
Urdu 2,215 1,090 1,125 50 20 25
Iranian languages 5,055 2,400 2,655 530 255 275
Kurdish 370 195 175 50 25 25
Pashto 645 310 335 35 15 20
Persian (Farsi) 4,040 1,895 2,140 450 215 235
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 11,635 5,340 6,295 1,285 625 665
Catalan 15 5 10 0 0 0
Italian 2,500 1,110 1,390 50 20 30
Portuguese 1,850 870 980 220 115 110
Romanian 1,190 555 635 425 200 225
Spanish 6,070 2,795 3,270 595 290 305
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Japanese 385 140 250 200 80 125
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Georgian 5 5 5 5 0 5
Korean 1,140 530 615 915 410 505
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 10 5 5
Mongolian 15 10 5 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages 1,480 660 820 45 20 20
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 15 10 10
Bamanankan 10 5 10 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 20 5 15 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 0 0 0
Ga 15 5 5 0 0 0
Ganda 30 10 20 0 0 0
Igbo 55 25 25 0 0 0
Lingala 65 20 45 5 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 135 135 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 150 0 0 0
Shona 20 10 10 0 0 0
Swahili 380 175 210 5 5 0
Wolof 30 15 15 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 30 25 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 15 5 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 40 5 5 5
Dinka 25 15 10 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 0 0 0
Sign languages 305 165 145 30 10 20
American Sign Language 105 50 60 20 10 15
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 115 85 10 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,045 9,955 11,090 3,660 1,690 1,970
Chinese languages 20,465 9,680 10,790 3,630 1,675 1,960
Cantonese 5,840 2,685 3,155 1,215 560 655
Hakka 50 15 30 15 0 10
Mandarin 13,455 6,435 7,020 2,240 1,035 1,210
Min Dong 15 5 5 5 0 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 115 165 50 25 25
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 55 20 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 300 275 55 25 30
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 30 15 15
Burmese 145 65 80 0 0 0
Karenic languages 250 120 130 0 0 0
Tibetan 70 35 35 30 15 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 260 100 160 35 10 20
Lao 165 70 95 0 0 5
Thai 95 30 65 30 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 855 415 440 65 40 25
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 10 10 5
Turkish 745 360 380 45 25 20
Uyghur 5 5 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 35 15 20 5 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 0 0 0
Uralic languages 500 240 265 95 40 50
Estonian 20 10 15 5 0 0
Finnish 35 15 20 5 5 5
Hungarian 445 210 230 85 40 45
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 0 5 5
Multiple responses 57,160 26,990 30,170 5,055 2,355 2,705
English and French 12,480 5,755 6,725 95 55 40
English and non-official language 36,690 17,710 18,980 4,860 2,250 2,605
French and non-official language 3,305 1,395 1,910 20 5 10
English, French and non-official language 4,685 2,130 2,560 85 40 45
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 923,375 449,335 474,040 70,230 34,395 35,835
None 705,915 348,065 357,855 56,715 28,060 28,650
English 80,960 38,220 42,740 5,490 2,670 2,825
French 59,935 27,450 32,490 600 290 305
Non-official language 67,655 31,565 36,095 7,165 3,250 3,910
Aboriginal 405 150 255 20 15 5
Non-Aboriginal 67,250 31,410 35,840 7,140 3,235 3,905
English and French 2,595 1,220 1,380 30 20 10
English and non-official language 2,415 1,125 1,290 155 65 85
French and non-official language 3,800 1,645 2,150 80 35 45
English, French and non-official language 90 50 45 0 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 761,420 367,460 393,960 61,100 29,770 31,330
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,270 351,485 376,785 59,085 28,825 30,265
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,857 48,479 36,936 36,662 41,871 32,156
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,540 351,520 377,015 59,170 28,905 30,270
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,136 42,234 33,174 32,642 36,273 29,355
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 663,315 324,730 338,580 53,530 26,525 27,005
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,826 48,921 35,935 36,508 42,190 31,382
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 502,905 222,930 279,975 39,705 17,190 22,515
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,215 1,434 4,358 2,665 1,484 3,450
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 546,025 274,960 271,070 46,730 23,670 23,060
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,955 46,070 36,746 38,006 43,034 33,319
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 761,420 367,450 393,975 61,100 29,760 31,340
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,080 351,205 376,880 59,050 28,865 30,180
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,605 62,746 47,019 44,294 50,228 38,617
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,355 351,210 377,145 59,135 28,950 30,185
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,428 50,106 39,141 37,305 41,304 33,470
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 663,600 324,535 339,060 53,495 26,515 26,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,792 63,743 46,224 44,144 50,638 37,764
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 502,790 222,910 279,885 39,890 17,380 22,515
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,757 6,055 7,317 6,368 6,184 6,511
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 546,025 274,445 271,580 46,735 23,595 23,140
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,088 60,456 45,642 44,347 50,506 38,068
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 761,420 367,450 393,975 61,100 29,760 31,345
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 279,480 150,600 128,880 22,280 12,385 9,895
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,546 70,955 60,631 54,578 59,072 50,284
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,111 82,331 66,674 62,137 67,254 55,732
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.4 93.9 88.4 90.3 92.7 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.8 75.0 70.0 78.8 81.7 75.2
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.6 6.1 11.6 9.7 7.3 12.8
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 761,420 367,460 393,960 61,095 29,765 31,330
Without total income 33,150 15,980 17,170 2,010 940 1,070
With total income 728,270 351,485 376,785 59,090 28,825 30,265
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.6 96.7 96.8 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 99,195 45,455 53,740 8,200 3,500 4,700
$10,000 to $19,999 107,875 44,780 63,090 9,305 3,945 5,360
$20,000 to $29,999 78,010 32,865 45,140 7,420 3,170 4,250
$30,000 to $39,999 66,630 28,950 37,675 6,970 3,205 3,755
$40,000 to $49,999 63,305 27,810 35,495 6,810 3,220 3,590
$50,000 to $59,999 58,005 26,620 31,385 5,380 2,720 2,660
$60,000 to $69,999 51,605 25,385 26,225 4,055 2,245 1,815
$70,000 to $79,999 42,025 21,880 20,145 3,050 1,735 1,315
$80,000 to $89,999 36,815 19,760 17,050 2,330 1,350 985
$90,000 to $99,999 32,270 17,200 15,075 1,600 970 635
$100,000 and over 92,535 60,775 31,760 3,960 2,760 1,190
$100,000 to $149,999 65,295 41,095 24,205 2,955 2,005 955
$150,000 and over 27,240 19,685 7,560 995 760 240
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 761,420 367,460 393,955 61,100 29,770 31,330
Without after-tax income 32,880 15,940 16,940 1,930 865 1,065
With after-tax income 728,535 351,520 377,015 59,170 28,905 30,270
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.7 96.8 97.1 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,495 46,300 57,195 8,470 3,690 4,785
$10,000 to $19,999 112,260 46,980 65,280 9,790 4,215 5,575
$20,000 to $29,999 89,985 38,505 51,480 9,100 4,005 5,090
$30,000 to $39,999 81,965 35,855 46,105 8,750 4,120 4,625
$40,000 to $49,999 78,235 35,230 43,000 7,520 3,670 3,850
$50,000 to $59,999 68,435 33,495 34,940 5,305 2,895 2,405
$60,000 to $69,999 54,560 29,055 25,505 3,695 2,100 1,595
$70,000 to $79,999 45,775 24,715 21,060 2,520 1,455 1,065
$80,000 and over 93,825 61,380 32,440 4,025 2,750 1,275
$80,000 to $89,999 32,630 19,255 13,375 1,470 935 535
$90,000 to $99,999 19,260 12,495 6,760 885 590 295
$100,000 and over 41,935 29,630 12,310 1,670 1,230 445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 761,420 367,465 393,960 61,100 29,770 31,330
Without employment income 215,395 92,505 122,890 14,370 6,095 8,270
With employment income 546,025 274,960 271,065 46,730 23,670 23,060
Percentage with employment income 71.7 74.8 68.8 76.5 79.5 73.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 67,195 32,655 34,540 5,890 2,585 3,310
$5,000 to $9,999 40,580 18,300 22,280 2,850 1,205 1,640
$10,000 to $19,999 65,320 29,700 35,620 5,495 2,505 2,995
$20,000 to $29,999 50,625 23,530 27,095 4,990 2,295 2,700
$30,000 to $39,999 44,810 21,210 23,595 5,250 2,465 2,785
$40,000 to $49,999 43,030 19,575 23,460 5,390 2,585 2,805
$50,000 to $59,999 40,775 18,705 22,070 4,265 2,215 2,055
$60,000 to $69,999 36,550 17,765 18,790 3,425 1,925 1,495
$70,000 to $79,999 29,655 15,370 14,285 2,570 1,505 1,070
$80,000 and over 127,485 78,160 49,330 6,600 4,390 2,210
$80,000 to $89,999 29,530 15,440 14,090 1,990 1,185 805
$90,000 to $99,999 26,485 14,205 12,280 1,375 845 530
$100,000 and over 71,475 48,515 22,960 3,235 2,355 875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 373,760 ... ... 32,705 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,981 ... ... 64,695 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,745 ... ... 56,143 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 105,750 ... ... 12,530 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,369 ... ... 39,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,026 ... ... 34,490 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 268,010 ... ... 20,180 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,064 ... ... 89,283 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,248 ... ... 77,192 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 373,755 ... ... 32,710 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,372 ... ... 79,968 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,579 ... ... 67,444 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 105,745 ... ... 12,535 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,590 ... ... 45,195 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,078 ... ... 38,352 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 268,010 ... ... 20,165 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,013 ... ... 101,586 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,559 ... ... 85,530 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 373,755 ... ... 32,705 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,250 ... ... 870 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,900 ... ... 480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,095 ... ... 1,130 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,445 ... ... 1,420 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,405 ... ... 1,460 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,920 ... ... 1,285 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,170 ... ... 1,415 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,660 ... ... 1,460 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,120 ... ... 1,475 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,150 ... ... 1,460 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,805 ... ... 2,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,765 ... ... 2,385 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,225 ... ... 2,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,580 ... ... 1,970 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,430 ... ... 1,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 156,845 ... ... 9,235 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,800 ... ... 3,275 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,760 ... ... 2,135 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 42,310 ... ... 2,295 ... ...
$200,000 and over 37,975 ... ... 1,535 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,755 ... ... 32,710 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,610 ... ... 895 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,970 ... ... 475 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,220 ... ... 1,140 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,915 ... ... 1,480 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,650 ... ... 1,700 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,395 ... ... 1,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,340 ... ... 1,750 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,530 ... ... 1,815 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,340 ... ... 1,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,625 ... ... 1,700 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,215 ... ... 3,000 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,345 ... ... 2,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 28,265 ... ... 2,405 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,850 ... ... 1,925 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,545 ... ... 1,620 ... ...
$100,000 and over 120,940 ... ... 6,655 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,895 ... ... 2,955 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,505 ... ... 1,680 ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,545 ... ... 2,025 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 253,415 ... ... 18,860 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,083 ... ... 90,463 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,624 ... ... 78,083 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 92,815 ... ... 7,950 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,233 ... ... 86,741 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,602 ... ... 74,761 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 114,325 ... ... 7,445 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,926 ... ... 111,872 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,637 ... ... 95,832 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,755 ... ... 2,730 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,761 ... ... 56,764 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,633 ... ... 51,040 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 253,440 ... ... 18,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,219 ... ... 102,779 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,030 ... ... 86,336 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 92,930 ... ... 7,970 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,150 ... ... 95,284 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,430 ... ... 79,744 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 114,320 ... ... 7,405 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,772 ... ... 125,520 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,814 ... ... 104,946 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,635 ... ... 2,780 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,479 ... ... 67,271 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,341 ... ... 58,026 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 148,795 70,365 78,425 16,395 8,075 8,320
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,585 37,101 39,770 35,232 37,028 33,502
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,525 33,178 35,479 31,429 32,704 30,171
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 148,300 69,825 78,475 16,440 8,085 8,355
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,967 48,862 49,060 41,163 42,416 39,951
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,421 40,027 40,772 35,115 35,790 34,461
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,860 446,515 470,340 69,905 34,325 35,575
In the bottom half of the distribution 351,750 167,740 184,005 33,805 16,150 17,655
In the bottom decile 87,465 42,945 44,520 7,975 3,850 4,125
In the second decile 68,570 31,900 36,670 6,595 3,020 3,575
In the third decile 61,285 28,950 32,335 6,130 2,915 3,215
In the fourth decile 63,425 30,120 33,310 6,475 3,115 3,360
In the fifth decile 71,000 33,825 37,170 6,620 3,245 3,375
In the top half of the distribution 565,110 278,780 286,330 36,105 18,180 17,925
In the sixth decile 80,420 38,470 41,950 6,855 3,400 3,460
In the seventh decile 92,480 44,845 47,635 7,385 3,705 3,680
In the eighth decile 110,280 54,300 55,985 7,615 3,855 3,765
In the ninth decile 136,925 67,895 69,035 7,915 4,000 3,910
In the top decile 145,005 73,275 71,730 6,330 3,220 3,105
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,855 446,520 470,340 69,905 34,330 35,580
0 to 17 years 187,695 95,500 92,200 10,535 5,470 5,065
0 to 5 years 59,200 30,145 29,055 3,845 1,960 1,885
18 to 64 years 596,800 290,300 306,500 49,260 24,335 24,925
65 years and over 132,355 60,715 71,640 10,110 4,525 5,585
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 115,180 54,575 60,605 10,885 5,130 5,755
0 to 17 years 30,100 15,575 14,530 1,790 945 840
0 to 5 years 10,150 5,285 4,865 665 340 325
18 to 64 years 72,620 34,105 38,515 7,195 3,425 3,775
65 years and over 12,455 4,895 7,565 1,900 760 1,145
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.6 12.2 12.9 15.6 14.9 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 16.3 15.8 17.0 17.3 16.6
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.5 16.7 17.3 17.3 17.2
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.7 12.6 14.6 14.1 15.1
65 years and over (%) 9.4 8.1 10.6 18.8 16.8 20.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 98,915 48,130 50,785 9,265 4,435 4,830
0 to 17 years 22,685 11,680 11,005 1,400 730 675
0 to 5 years 7,780 4,065 3,710 510 260 245
18 to 64 years 68,040 33,345 34,695 6,585 3,195 3,390
65 years and over 8,190 3,105 5,085 1,275 505 770
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 13.3 12.9 13.6
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.2 11.9 13.3 13.3 13.3
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.5 12.8 13.3 13.3 13.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.3 13.4 13.1 13.6
65 years and over (%) 6.2 5.1 7.1 12.6 11.2 13.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,860 446,515 470,340 69,905 34,330 35,575
Official languages 903,135 441,100 462,040 68,135 33,595 34,540
English 890,735 436,340 454,390 68,100 33,575 34,525
French 358,165 163,500 194,670 5,530 2,570 2,955
Non-official languages 276,220 129,510 146,705 29,490 13,805 15,685
Aboriginal languages 1,135 430 710 15 10 10
Algonquian languages 490 195 290 0 10 0
Blackfoot 10 0 10 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 80 125 10 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 10 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 55 15 35 0 0 0
Woods Cree 15 10 10 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 85 35 50 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Malecite 10 10 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 260 100 160 0 0 0
Algonquin 45 25 25 0 0 0
Ojibway 195 70 125 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 10 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 15 0 10 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 585 220 365 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 530 200 325 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 55 15 35 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 10 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 275,145 129,115 146,035 29,480 13,795 15,685
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,550 30,865 30,680 1,110 585 525
Berber languages 540 285 260 0 0 0
Kabyle 420 220 195 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 65 60 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 9,300 4,165 5,140 20 10 0
Bilen 90 55 35 0 0 0
Oromo 380 170 210 15 10 10
Somali 8,770 3,900 4,870 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 0 0 0
Semitic languages 52,710 26,895 25,815 1,095 575 515
Amharic 1,980 945 1,040 190 100 90
Arabic 48,135 24,675 23,460 785 420 365
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 30 50 20 0 15
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 40 25 15 0 0 0
Hebrew 1,865 1,010 855 60 35 30
Maltese 65 25 40 0 0 0
Tigrigna 1,175 490 680 130 75 50
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 90 10 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 75 10 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,690 4,100 4,590 290 125 165
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,525 680 845 25 10 10
Vietnamese 7,215 3,440 3,770 265 115 155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 10,155 3,770 6,390 4,710 1,970 2,740
Bikol 25 10 20 30 15 15
Cebuano 565 210 355 225 90 130
Fijian 10 0 10 10 10 0
Hiligaynon 165 55 110 30 10 20
Ilocano 705 300 405 220 90 130
Malagasy 105 55 45 0 0 0
Malay 615 270 345 275 140 135
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 40 40 15 25
Pangasinan 55 20 35 25 0 20
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,095 3,300 5,795 4,330 1,780 2,545
Waray-Waray 35 0 30 10 0 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 50 20 30
Creole languages 9,360 3,920 5,440 60 35 25
Haitian Creole 450 165 280 10 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 8,325 3,490 4,835 0 10 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 630 275 350 45 25 20
Dravidian languages 5,060 2,555 2,505 270 130 140
Kannada 465 235 235 0 0 0
Malayalam 835 375 460 55 25 30
Tamil 3,330 1,700 1,630 190 90 100
Telugu 795 420 375 35 20 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 130,605 61,380 69,225 14,225 6,925 7,300
Albanian 785 385 410 55 35 20
Armenian 665 350 315 25 10 15
Balto-Slavic languages 24,530 11,210 13,325 3,290 1,560 1,725
Baltic languages 530 225 305 40 20 15
Latvian 260 105 155 30 15 20
Lithuanian 270 120 150 10 0 0
Slavic languages 24,095 11,010 13,080 3,250 1,540 1,710
Belarusan 125 60 60 15 15 0
Bosnian 1,025 470 555 95 50 40
Bulgarian 1,050 490 560 250 120 130
Croatian 1,830 905 930 335 150 180
Czech 1,315 570 750 135 60 75
Macedonian 95 35 65 15 15 0
Polish 6,530 2,970 3,560 555 260 300
Russian 9,135 4,205 4,925 1,295 615 675
Serbian 2,080 1,015 1,065 465 220 245
Serbo-Croatian 560 290 270 80 35 45
Slovak 910 380 530 120 65 55
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 120 140 10 0 0
Ukrainian 2,290 960 1,330 380 195 180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 10 40 15 10 15
Celtic languages 395 190 205 45 25 20
Scottish Gaelic 150 80 75 15 10 10
Welsh 85 30 55 10 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 20 10 10
Germanic languages 16,750 7,935 8,810 1,630 770 860
Afrikaans 405 200 205 80 50 30
Danish 425 195 235 70 30 40
Dutch 2,855 1,330 1,520 360 170 195
Frisian 55 15 35 0 0 0
German 12,205 5,800 6,400 1,050 505 545
Icelandic 45 20 20 0 0 0
Norwegian 345 145 200 25 0 20
Swedish 605 295 310 90 50 45
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 40 40 10 0 0
Yiddish 355 185 175 0 10 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Greek 3,090 1,545 1,545 130 95 35
Indo-Iranian languages 35,320 17,915 17,410 5,155 2,510 2,645
Indo-Aryan languages 25,805 13,125 12,675 4,450 2,130 2,320
Bengali 4,250 2,180 2,070 185 105 80
Gujarati 2,275 1,220 1,050 155 60 90
Hindi 10,335 5,355 4,980 1,530 730 800
Kashmiri 10 10 10 10 0 10
Konkani 140 75 65 10 0 10
Marathi 565 310 255 0 0 0
Nepali 1,275 640 635 55 25 30
Oriya (Odia) 75 45 30 10 0 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,235 3,220 3,015 2,955 1,405 1,550
Sindhi 495 220 280 55 15 35
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,065 485 580 30 15 15
Urdu 7,175 3,600 3,570 245 145 95
Iranian languages 10,040 5,075 4,965 760 410 345
Kurdish 755 395 355 50 35 15
Pashto 1,400 755 645 55 45 10
Persian (Farsi) 8,665 4,340 4,325 700 370 330
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 120 80 10 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 54,440 24,435 30,005 4,360 2,140 2,220
Catalan 80 30 45 30 10 15
Italian 15,500 7,400 8,105 670 325 345
Portuguese 6,120 2,990 3,125 565 300 270
Romanian 2,880 1,345 1,535 820 380 440
Spanish 33,075 14,180 18,890 2,510 1,240 1,270
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 0 0 0
Japanese 2,510 1,185 1,325 945 440 505
Kartvelian languages 40 15 20 15 10 10
Georgian 40 15 25 10 0 0
Korean 2,580 1,090 1,490 1,395 645 750
Mongolic languages 40 20 20 15 10 10
Mongolian 40 25 20 15 10 0
Niger-Congo languages 10,520 4,640 5,880 300 175 125
Akan (Twi) 630 330 300 35 30 10
Bamanankan 155 70 85 0 0 0
Edo 95 40 60 0 0 0
Ewe 205 80 125 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 70 95 0 0 0
Ga 165 85 80 0 0 0
Ganda 215 65 145 15 10 10
Igbo 300 165 135 0 0 0
Lingala 1,720 720 1,000 20 15 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,530 615 915 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 970 360 615 0 0 0
Shona 175 60 115 10 0 0
Swahili 3,040 1,325 1,715 115 80 30
Wolof 200 110 95 10 10 10
Yoruba 755 400 355 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,265 1,035 1,230 100 40 65
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 140 185 35 20 10
Dinka 190 85 105 20 15 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 15 0 10
Sign languages 1,630 655 975 165 45 120
American Sign Language 875 305 570 130 35 95
Quebec Sign Language 75 15 55 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 715 350 365 45 10 35
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,395 17,190 19,210 6,030 2,780 3,250
Chinese languages 35,510 16,765 18,745 6,010 2,775 3,230
Cantonese 12,700 6,015 6,685 2,495 1,170 1,320
Hakka 265 125 140 40 20 15
Mandarin 24,495 11,310 13,185 4,000 1,810 2,195
Min Dong 40 20 25 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,035 465 565 180 90 90
Wu (Shanghainese) 415 205 215 65 25 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 535 475 145 80 65
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 925 440 480 25 0 20
Burmese 305 145 160 10 0 0
Karenic languages 365 185 180 0 0 0
Tibetan 50 30 25 20 0 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 365 150 205 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 410 600 145 50 95
Lao 460 200 255 20 10 10
Thai 610 230 385 125 45 85
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,405 1,195 1,210 245 145 100
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 45 25 25
Turkish 2,070 1,035 1,040 200 120 80
Uyghur 45 25 15 0 0 0
Uzbek 80 20 60 10 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 25 15 10
Uralic languages 2,585 1,255 1,330 425 170 250
Estonian 245 115 130 20 0 20
Finnish 480 220 260 105 35 75
Hungarian 1,875 925 950 295 135 160
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 380 250 130 60 30 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 916,860 446,515 470,340 69,905 34,330 35,575
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 854,535 416,865 437,670 61,955 30,500 31,455
Canadian citizens aged under 18 177,960 90,535 87,430 9,725 4,995 4,735
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 676,580 326,330 350,245 52,230 25,510 26,720
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,320 29,650 32,670 7,945 3,825 4,125
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 916,855 446,515 470,340 69,905 34,325 35,575
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 685,260 337,490 347,770 43,330 21,910 21,425
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 216,505 101,235 115,265 24,375 11,315 13,060
Before 1981 53,740 25,720 28,015 5,025 2,425 2,605
1981 to 1990 29,670 14,195 15,475 2,615 1,205 1,410
1991 to 2000 49,685 22,510 27,170 5,795 2,660 3,140
2001 to 2010 53,335 24,515 28,820 7,435 3,350 4,085
2001 to 2005 25,185 11,520 13,660 3,500 1,590 1,915
2006 to 2010 28,155 12,990 15,160 3,935 1,765 2,175
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 30,075 14,300 15,775 3,500 1,680 1,820
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,090 7,795 7,305 2,200 1,100 1,095
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 216,505 101,235 115,265 24,375 11,315 13,055
Under 5 years 23,760 11,745 12,015 1,970 975 995
5 to 14 years 38,625 19,575 19,050 4,140 2,180 1,960
15 to 24 years 45,510 20,400 25,110 4,615 2,145 2,470
25 to 44 years 90,080 41,305 48,780 11,085 4,865 6,215
45 years and over 18,530 8,210 10,315 2,570 1,150 1,420
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 216,505 101,235 115,270 24,375 11,315 13,060
Americas 32,755 14,265 18,490 2,335 1,115 1,220
Brazil 990 445 545 120 45 75
Colombia 1,270 485 780 120 65 60
El Salvador 1,710 790 920 190 105 90
Guyana 1,375 635 735 40 15 25
Haiti 6,320 2,615 3,710 15 10 0
Jamaica 2,985 1,280 1,710 110 45 60
Mexico 1,290 540 755 285 135 150
Peru 820 365 455 70 30 40
Trinidad and Tobago 1,260 495 765 130 40 95
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,245 3,695 4,545 810 430 380
Other places of birth in Americas 6,490 2,920 3,575 450 210 245
Europe 55,430 26,405 29,030 6,200 2,990 3,210
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,610 780 830 285 140 145
Croatia 800 385 420 185 95 90
France 2,270 1,010 1,265 70 30 35
Germany 3,885 1,645 2,245 365 155 205
Greece 910 475 430 40 35 10
Hungary 825 425 405 165 80 80
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 810 360 445 70 40 25
Italy 5,410 2,800 2,610 160 100 65
Netherlands 1,890 925 960 205 105 105
Poland 4,170 1,855 2,305 420 180 240
Portugal 1,965 995 970 180 95 90
Romania 2,400 1,135 1,265 695 330 365
Russian Federation 2,860 1,230 1,635 425 195 225
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 870 410 465 235 120 115
Ukraine 1,770 840 930 325 170 160
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 15,765 7,910 7,860 1,495 725 765
Other places of birth in Europe 7,210 3,215 3,995 875 395 485
Africa 30,340 13,940 16,400 1,060 590 470
Algeria 1,025 485 545 10 10 0
Egypt 3,420 1,785 1,630 50 30 20
Ethiopia 2,215 1,020 1,195 115 55 65
Kenya 1,065 540 525 90 45 45
Morocco 1,230 570 660 30 10 20
Nigeria 1,260 575 685 50 25 30
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,405 10 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 850 435 415 130 65 70
Other places of birth in Africa 15,375 7,035 8,345 575 350 225
Asia 97,170 46,205 50,965 14,165 6,335 7,825
Afghanistan 2,400 1,215 1,180 290 155 140
Bangladesh 2,655 1,380 1,275 125 75 55
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 17,405 7,575 9,830 2,555 1,125 1,430
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,015 1,510 1,505 815 375 435
India 10,495 5,275 5,220 1,970 940 1,025
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,395 2,190 2,210 335 195 140
Iraq 3,540 1,885 1,650 215 125 90
Japan 730 175 550 345 120 225
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,690 750 945 970 400 570
Lebanon 10,995 5,745 5,250 75 40 35
Pakistan 3,830 1,915 1,915 130 65 65
Philippines 8,865 3,345 5,520 4,325 1,810 2,515
Sri Lanka 2,330 1,105 1,230 105 45 60
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,125 1,595 1,530 50 25 25
Taiwan 835 365 470 570 240 330
Viet Nam 5,600 2,570 3,035 200 95 100
Other places of birth in Asia 15,275 7,625 7,650 1,085 510 575
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 805 425 385 615 280 330
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 30,075 14,295 15,780 3,495 1,680 1,820
Americas 4,060 1,830 2,225 400 195 200
Brazil 135 75 65 25 0 15
Colombia 190 80 110 35 15 20
Cuba 130 65 60 0 0 0
Haiti 1,290 550 740 0 0 0
Jamaica 115 65 50 0 0 0
Mexico 245 100 145 90 35 55
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,135 570 570 150 90 65
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 120 35 85 15 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 695 290 400 85 45 40
Europe 2,565 1,255 1,315 515 245 270
France 285 155 130 10 10 10
Germany 155 75 90 20 10 10
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 45 25 10 10 0
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 20 25 15 10 0
Romania 120 60 60 85 30 50