Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Chekwelp 26, Indian reserve [Census subdivision], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa, CV
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Chekwelp 26, IRI
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Data quality , Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Chekwelp 26, Indian reserve [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 934,243 ... ... 0 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 883,391 ... ... 0 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8 ... ... ... ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 395,985 ... ... 0 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 373,756 ... ... 0 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 334.8 ... ... 0.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,790.30 ... ... 0.14 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 934,245 453,875 480,365 x x x
0 to 14 years 155,680 79,185 76,490 x x x
0 to 4 years 48,870 24,800 24,070 x x x
5 to 9 years 53,715 27,365 26,350 x x x
10 to 14 years 53,095 27,020 26,075 x x x
15 to 64 years 634,425 310,390 324,035 x x x
15 to 19 years 57,190 28,990 28,200 x x x
20 to 24 years 68,645 34,575 34,070 x x x
25 to 29 years 63,695 31,675 32,025 x x x
30 to 34 years 61,670 30,105 31,565 x x x
35 to 39 years 59,575 28,330 31,250 x x x
40 to 44 years 62,710 29,880 32,830 x x x
45 to 49 years 65,960 31,980 33,980 x x x
50 to 54 years 73,210 36,005 37,210 x x x
55 to 59 years 66,765 32,370 34,395 x x x
60 to 64 years 54,990 26,475 28,510 x x x
65 years and over 144,140 64,300 79,840 x x x
65 to 69 years 48,130 22,870 25,265 x x x
70 to 74 years 33,875 15,790 18,085 x x x
75 to 79 years 24,600 11,135 13,465 x x x
80 to 84 years 17,950 7,765 10,185 x x x
85 years and over 19,580 6,740 12,840 x x x
85 to 89 years 11,720 4,480 7,245 x x x
90 to 94 years 5,995 1,845 4,145 x x x
95 to 99 years 1,640 385 1,255 x x x
100 years and over 225 30 200 x x x
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 x x x
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 15.9 x x x
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.4 67.5 x x x
65 years and over 15.4 14.2 16.6 x x x
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 x x x
Average age of the population 40.1 39.2 41.0 x x x
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 x x x
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 373,755 ... ... x ... ...
Single-detached house 158,235 ... ... x ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 68,645 ... ... x ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 146,085 ... ... x ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,140 ... ... x ... ...
Row house 79,340 ... ... x ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,055 ... ... x ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 39,095 ... ... x ... ...
Other single-attached house 465 ... ... x ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 800 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 373,755 ... ... x ... ...
1 person 105,750 ... ... x ... ...
2 persons 124,280 ... ... x ... ...
3 persons 58,010 ... ... x ... ...
4 persons 55,215 ... ... x ... ...
5 or more persons 30,500 ... ... x ... ...
Number of persons in private households 916,860 ... ... x ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... x ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 778,565 374,690 403,875 x x x
Married or living common law 437,500 218,705 218,795 x x x
Married 366,365 182,795 183,565 x x x
Living common law 71,130 35,910 35,225 x x x
Not married and not living common law 341,065 155,985 185,080 x x x
Never married 236,315 123,415 112,895 x x x
Separated 21,015 8,500 12,520 x x x
Divorced 46,000 16,540 29,460 x x x
Widowed 37,730 7,535 30,200 x x x
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 254,770 ... ... x ... ...
2 persons 123,855 ... ... x ... ...
3 persons 54,635 ... ... x ... ...
4 persons 53,395 ... ... x ... ...
5 or more persons 22,885 ... ... x ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... x ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 254,765 ... ... x ... ...
Total couple families 213,535 ... ... x ... ...
Married couples 177,990 ... ... x ... ...
Common-law couples 35,545 ... ... x ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,230 ... ... x ... ...
Female parent 32,860 ... ... x ... ...
Male parent 8,375 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 213,535 ... ... x ... ...
Couples without children 99,685 ... ... x ... ...
Couples with children 113,855 ... ... x ... ...
1 child 42,565 ... ... x ... ...
2 children 49,890 ... ... x ... ...
3 or more children 21,390 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,235 ... ... x ... ...
1 child 24,170 ... ... x ... ...
2 children 12,065 ... ... x ... ...
3 or more children 4,995 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 168,745 78,365 90,380 x x x
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 373,755 ... ... x ... ...
One-census-family households 243,070 ... ... x ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 94,935 ... ... x ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 148,135 ... ... x ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,755 ... ... x ... ...
Non-census-family households 124,935 ... ... x ... ...
One-person households 105,750 ... ... x ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,185 ... ... x ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 923,375 449,335 474,040 x x x
English only 549,395 279,175 270,220 x x x
French only 12,680 5,075 7,610 x x x
English and French 347,510 159,620 187,890 x x x
Neither English nor French 13,790 5,465 8,320 x x x
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 923,370 449,335 474,035 x x x
English 749,725 370,365 379,360 x x x
French 138,900 63,600 75,300 x x x
English and French 21,300 10,070 11,230 x x x
Neither English nor French 13,445 5,295 8,150 x x x
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 149,550 68,635 80,915 x x x
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 16.2 15.3 17.1 x x x
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 923,375 449,330 474,040 x x x
Single responses 889,715 433,335 456,385 x x x
Official languages 689,300 338,895 350,405 x x x
English 562,070 280,205 281,870 x x x
French 127,225 58,690 68,530 x x x
Non-official languages 200,420 94,440 105,975 x x x
Aboriginal languages 650 245 405 x x x
Algonquian languages 280 115 165 x x x
Blackfoot 0 0 0 x x x
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 70 85 x x x
Atikamekw 0 0 0 x x x
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 x x x
Moose Cree 5 5 5 x x x
Naskapi 10 5 5 x x x
Northern East Cree 20 15 5 x x x
Plains Cree 10 5 5 x x x
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 x x x
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 x x x
Woods Cree 5 5 0 x x x
Cree, n.o.s. 75 35 40 x x x
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 10 x x x
Malecite 5 5 0 x x x
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 x x x
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 35 65 x x x
Algonquin 25 10 15 x x x
Ojibway 70 25 45 x x x
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 x x x
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 x x x
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 x x x
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 x x x
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 x x x
Beaver 0 0 0 x x x
Carrier 0 0 0 x x x
Chilcotin 0 0 0 x x x
Dene 5 0 5 x x x
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 x x x
Gwich'in 0 0 0 x x x
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 x x x
Sekani 0 0 0 x x x
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 x x x
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 x x x
South Slavey 0 0 0 x x x
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 x x x
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 x x x
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 x x x
Tahltan 0 0 0 x x x
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 x x x
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 x x x
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 x x x
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Haida 0 0 0 x x x
Inuit languages 330 110 215 x x x
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 x x x
Inuktitut 295 95 200 x x x
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 x x x
Iroquoian languages 25 10 15 x x x
Cayuga 0 0 0 x x x
Mohawk 20 10 15 x x x
Oneida 0 0 0 x x x
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 x x x
Kutenai 0 0 0 x x x
Michif 0 0 0 x x x
Salish languages 0 0 0 x x x
Comox 0 0 0 x x x
Halkomelem 0 0 0 x x x
Lillooet 0 0 0 x x x
Okanagan 0 0 0 x x x
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 x x x
Squamish 0 0 0 x x x
Straits 0 0 0 x x x
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 x x x
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Siouan languages 0 0 0 x x x
Dakota 0 0 0 x x x
Stoney 0 0 0 x x x
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Tlingit 0 0 0 x x x
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 x x x
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 x x x
Nisga'a 0 0 0 x x x
Tsimshian 0 0 0 x x x
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 x x x
Haisla 0 0 0 x x x
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 x x x
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 x x x
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 x x x
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 x x x
Non-Aboriginal languages 199,765 94,195 105,575 x x x
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,350 22,200 22,150 x x x
Berber languages 375 195 180 x x x
Kabyle 250 130 120 x x x
Berber languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 x x x
Cushitic languages 6,660 2,870 3,785 x x x
Bilen 50 25 25 x x x
Oromo 215 120 95 x x x
Somali 6,300 2,680 3,615 x x x
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 x x x
Semitic languages 37,255 19,100 18,160 x x x
Amharic 1,455 680 770 x x x
Arabic 34,295 17,670 16,625 x x x
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 x x x
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 x x x
Harari 60 30 30 x x x
Hebrew 355 190 160 x x x
Maltese 30 10 20 x x x
Tigrigna 905 440 460 x x x
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 x x x
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 x x x
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,045 3,225 3,815 x x x
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 485 610 x x x
Vietnamese 5,930 2,735 3,195 x x x
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 x x x
Austronesian languages 7,785 2,835 4,950 x x x
Bikol 30 15 15 x x x
Cebuano 370 120 245 x x x
Fijian 0 0 0 x x x
Hiligaynon 110 35 75 x x x
Ilocano 575 225 345 x x x
Malagasy 55 25 25 x x x
Malay 395 160 235 x x x
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 x x x
Pangasinan 30 15 15 x x x
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,035 2,170 3,865 x x x
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 x x x
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 120 40 75 x x x
Creole languages 4,175 1,745 2,435 x x x
Haitian Creole 290 130 160 x x x
Creole, n.o.s. 3,705 1,535 2,170 x x x
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 x x x
Dravidian languages 3,805 1,965 1,840 x x x
Kannada 225 115 105 x x x
Malayalam 660 345 315 x x x
Tamil 2,415 1,230 1,185 x x x
Telugu 485 270 220 x x x
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 x x x
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 x x x
Indo-European languages 87,105 41,440 45,665 x x x
Albanian 660 325 335 x x x
Armenian 465 235 230 x x x
Balto-Slavic languages 20,270 9,080 11,190 x x x
Baltic languages 455 200 260 x x x
Latvian 250 110 140 x x x
Lithuanian 210 85 125 x x x
Slavic languages 19,815 8,885 10,930 x x x
Belarusan 40 20 20 x x x
Bosnian 600 275 325 x x x
Bulgarian 845 390 455 x x x
Croatian 1,005 460 540 x x x
Czech 915 405 505 x x x
Macedonian 65 25 40 x x x
Polish 5,525 2,485 3,035 x x x
Russian 6,150 2,680 3,470 x x x
Serbian 1,705 810 890 x x x
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 260 x x x
Slovak 570 260 315 x x x
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 85 125 x x x
Ukrainian 1,630 695 935 x x x
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 x x x
Celtic languages 110 50 60 x x x
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 x x x
Welsh 50 15 35 x x x
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 x x x
Germanic languages 8,680 3,980 4,705 x x x
Afrikaans 160 80 85 x x x
Danish 295 135 165 x x x
Dutch 2,215 1,060 1,150 x x x
Frisian 40 20 20 x x x
German 5,275 2,345 2,930 x x x
Icelandic 20 10 10 x x x
Norwegian 135 60 75 x x x
Swedish 275 140 135 x x x
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 45 x x x
Yiddish 175 95 75 x x x
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 x x x
Greek 2,110 1,105 1,005 x x x
Indo-Iranian languages 26,965 13,585 13,375 x x x
Indo-Aryan languages 18,345 9,255 9,085 x x x
Bengali 3,255 1,615 1,645 x x x
Gujarati 1,470 760 710 x x x
Hindi 2,875 1,470 1,400 x x x
Kashmiri 20 10 10 x x x
Konkani 105 55 50 x x x
Marathi 290 150 140 x x x
Nepali 925 440 485 x x x
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 x x x
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,880 1,995 1,885 x x x
Sindhi 270 120 145 x x x
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 810 395 420 x x x
Urdu 4,410 2,220 2,180 x x x
Iranian languages 8,530 4,280 4,250 x x x
Kurdish 655 335 315 x x x
Pashto 1,025 520 510 x x x
Persian (Farsi) 6,850 3,420 3,430 x x x
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 x x x
Italic (Romance) languages 27,840 13,070 14,770 x x x
Catalan 30 15 15 x x x
Italian 9,030 4,470 4,560 x x x
Portuguese 4,205 1,970 2,240 x x x
Romanian 2,560 1,165 1,400 x x x
Spanish 11,985 5,445 6,540 x x x
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 x x x
Japanese 990 300 685 x x x
Kartvelian languages 35 15 20 x x x
Georgian 30 15 25 x x x
Korean 2,065 875 1,185 x x x
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 x x x
Mongolian 30 15 20 x x x
Niger-Congo languages 5,380 2,360 3,020 x x x
Akan (Twi) 355 175 180 x x x
Bamanankan 75 30 50 x x x
Edo 35 20 20 x x x
Ewe 75 30 50 x x x
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 45 55 x x x
Ga 60 30 30 x x x
Ganda 125 55 65 x x x
Igbo 180 90 95 x x x
Lingala 320 120 205 x x x
Rundi (Kirundi) 840 360 475 x x x
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 650 235 420 x x x
Shona 110 40 70 x x x
Swahili 1,100 485 615 x x x
Wolof 80 35 45 x x x
Yoruba 240 125 110 x x x
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,030 485 545 x x x
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 165 x x x
Dinka 90 45 45 x x x
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 120 x x x
Sign languages 220 105 120 x x x
American Sign Language 75 30 50 x x x
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 x x x
Sign languages, n.i.e 140 75 65 x x x
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,945 14,835 17,105 x x x
Chinese languages 31,130 14,445 16,690 x x x
Cantonese 10,160 4,775 5,380 x x x
Hakka 155 65 90 x x x
Mandarin 18,575 8,565 10,010 x x x
Min Dong 50 25 25 x x x
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 725 315 410 x x x
Wu (Shanghainese) 445 205 240 x x x
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 485 520 x x x
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 x x x
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 x x x
Burmese 225 120 110 x x x
Karenic languages 325 155 165 x x x
Tibetan 95 50 40 x x x
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 x x x
Tai-Kadai languages 690 245 445 x x x
Lao 345 155 190 x x x
Thai 345 90 255 x x x
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 x x x
Turkic languages 1,645 835 815 x x x
Azerbaijani 120 70 55 x x x
Turkish 1,390 705 685 x x x
Uyghur 10 5 5 x x x
Uzbek 65 30 40 x x x
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 x x x
Uralic languages 2,055 965 1,085 x x x
Estonian 150 70 80 x x x
Finnish 300 120 185 x x x
Hungarian 1,595 775 825 x x x
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 85 60 x x x
Multiple responses 33,660 16,000 17,655 x x x
English and French 12,295 5,825 6,475 x x x
English and non-official language 15,135 7,340 7,795 x x x
French and non-official language 3,815 1,730 2,085 x x x
English, French and non-official language 2,415 1,110 1,300 x x x
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 923,370 449,335 474,040 x x x
Single responses 866,210 422,345 443,870 x x x
Official languages 766,810 375,540 391,270 x x x
English 680,895 336,595 344,305 x x x
French 85,910 38,945 46,965 x x x
Non-official languages 99,400 46,805 52,600 x x x
Aboriginal languages 210 90 125 x x x
Algonquian languages 70 35 40 x x x
Blackfoot 0 0 0 x x x
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 20 35 x x x
Atikamekw 0 0 0 x x x
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 x x x
Moose Cree 0 0 0 x x x
Naskapi 5 5 0 x x x
Northern East Cree 5 5 10 x x x
Plains Cree 0 0 0 x x x
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 x x x
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 x x x
Woods Cree 0 0 0 x x x
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 x x x
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 x x x
Malecite 0 0 0 x x x
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 x x x
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 x x x
Algonquin 0 0 0 x x x
Ojibway 15 10 5 x x x
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 x x x
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 x x x
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 x x x
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 x x x
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 x x x
Beaver 0 0 0 x x x
Carrier 0 0 0 x x x
Chilcotin 0 0 0 x x x
Dene 0 0 0 x x x
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 x x x
Gwich'in 0 0 0 x x x
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 x x x
Sekani 0 0 0 x x x
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 x x x
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 x x x
South Slavey 0 0 0 x x x
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 x x x
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 x x x
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 x x x
Tahltan 0 0 0 x x x
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 x x x
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 x x x
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 x x x
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Haida 0 0 0 x x x
Inuit languages 130 55 75 x x x
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 x x x
Inuktitut 120 45 70 x x x
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 x x x
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 x x x
Cayuga 0 0 0 x x x
Mohawk 0 0 0 x x x
Oneida 0 0 0 x x x
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Kutenai 0 0 0 x x x
Michif 0 0 0 x x x
Salish languages 0 0 0 x x x
Comox 0 0 0 x x x
Halkomelem 0 0 0 x x x
Lillooet 0 0 0 x x x
Okanagan 0 0 0 x x x
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 x x x
Squamish 0 0 0 x x x
Straits 0 0 0 x x x
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 x x x
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Siouan languages 0 0 0 x x x
Dakota 0 0 0 x x x
Stoney 0 0 0 x x x
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Tlingit 0 0 0 x x x
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 x x x
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 x x x
Nisga'a 0 0 0 x x x
Tsimshian 0 0 0 x x x
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 x x x
Haisla 0 0 0 x x x
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 x x x
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 x x x
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 x x x
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 x x x
Non-Aboriginal languages 99,190 46,715 52,480 x x x
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,665 11,855 12,810 x x x
Berber languages 220 110 115 x x x
Kabyle 180 85 95 x x x
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 x x x
Cushitic languages 3,860 1,580 2,275 x x x
Bilen 30 15 10 x x x
Oromo 130 70 60 x x x
Somali 3,645 1,475 2,165 x x x
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 x x x
Semitic languages 20,580 10,165 10,415 x x x
Amharic 845 400 445 x x x
Arabic 19,105 9,455 9,645 x x x
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 x x x
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 x x x
Harari 20 5 10 x x x
Hebrew 135 80 60 x x x
Maltese 5 0 5 x x x
Tigrigna 415 195 220 x x x
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 x x x
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 x x x
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,140 1,895 2,245 x x x
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 265 x x x
Vietnamese 3,680 1,700 1,980 x x x
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 x x x
Austronesian languages 3,335 1,395 1,940 x x x
Bikol 5 5 0 x x x
Cebuano 125 55 70 x x x
Fijian 0 0 0 x x x
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 x x x
Ilocano 230 105 120 x x x
Malagasy 10 10 10 x x x
Malay 120 50 70 x x x
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 x x x
Pangasinan 10 5 5 x x x
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,745 1,130 1,615 x x x
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 x x x
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 x x x
Creole languages 1,825 745 1,080 x x x
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 x x x
Creole, n.o.s. 1,605 645 960 x x x
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 x x x
Dravidian languages 1,845 915 935 x x x
Kannada 75 45 35 x x x
Malayalam 280 150 135 x x x
Tamil 1,285 615 665 x x x
Telugu 195 105 90 x x x
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 x x x
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 x x x
Indo-European languages 37,270 17,645 19,625 x x x
Albanian 295 140 155 x x x
Armenian 205 95 110 x x x
Balto-Slavic languages 8,925 4,195 4,730 x x x
Baltic languages 105 45 60 x x x
Latvian 55 25 35 x x x
Lithuanian 45 25 25 x x x
Slavic languages 8,815 4,150 4,670 x x x
Belarusan 20 10 10 x x x
Bosnian 305 150 150 x x x
Bulgarian 400 190 210 x x x
Croatian 330 150 180 x x x
Czech 205 100 110 x x x
Macedonian 15 10 5 x x x
Polish 1,995 915 1,075 x x x
Russian 3,625 1,690 1,935 x x x
Serbian 1,005 500 505 x x x
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 x x x
Slovak 195 90 105 x x x
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 x x x
Ukrainian 505 230 275 x x x
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 x x x
Celtic languages 10 5 0 x x x
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 x x x
Welsh 0 0 0 x x x
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Germanic languages 915 415 495 x x x
Afrikaans 35 20 20 x x x
Danish 25 10 10 x x x
Dutch 145 70 80 x x x
Frisian 0 0 0 x x x
German 625 275 355 x x x
Icelandic 0 0 0 x x x
Norwegian 10 5 10 x x x
Swedish 55 35 20 x x x
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 x x x
Yiddish 15 10 5 x x x
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Greek 625 300 325 x x x
Indo-Iranian languages 14,665 7,155 7,510 x x x
Indo-Aryan languages 9,590 4,740 4,850 x x x
Bengali 1,945 940 1,010 x x x
Gujarati 605 310 300 x x x
Hindi 1,285 650 635 x x x
Kashmiri 5 5 0 x x x
Konkani 35 15 20 x x x
Marathi 110 50 60 x x x
Nepali 730 360 375 x x x
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 x x x
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,190 1,105 1,085 x x x
Sindhi 65 30 40 x x x
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 195 x x x
Urdu 2,215 1,090 1,125 x x x
Iranian languages 5,055 2,400 2,655 x x x
Kurdish 370 195 175 x x x
Pashto 645 310 335 x x x
Persian (Farsi) 4,040 1,895 2,140 x x x
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 x x x
Italic (Romance) languages 11,635 5,340 6,295 x x x
Catalan 15 5 10 x x x
Italian 2,500 1,110 1,390 x x x
Portuguese 1,850 870 980 x x x
Romanian 1,190 555 635 x x x
Spanish 6,070 2,795 3,270 x x x
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 x x x
Japanese 385 140 250 x x x
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 x x x
Georgian 5 5 5 x x x
Korean 1,140 530 615 x x x
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 x x x
Mongolian 15 10 5 x x x
Niger-Congo languages 1,480 660 820 x x x
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 x x x
Bamanankan 10 5 10 x x x
Edo 0 0 0 x x x
Ewe 20 5 15 x x x
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 x x x
Ga 15 5 5 x x x
Ganda 30 10 20 x x x
Igbo 55 25 25 x x x
Lingala 65 20 45 x x x
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 135 135 x x x
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 150 x x x
Shona 20 10 10 x x x
Swahili 380 175 210 x x x
Wolof 30 15 15 x x x
Yoruba 55 30 25 x x x
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 x x x
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 40 x x x
Dinka 25 15 10 x x x
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 x x x
Sign languages 305 165 145 x x x
American Sign Language 105 50 60 x x x
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 x x x
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 115 85 x x x
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,045 9,955 11,090 x x x
Chinese languages 20,465 9,680 10,790 x x x
Cantonese 5,840 2,685 3,155 x x x
Hakka 50 15 30 x x x
Mandarin 13,455 6,435 7,020 x x x
Min Dong 15 5 5 x x x
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 115 165 x x x
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 x x x
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 300 275 x x x
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 x x x
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 x x x
Burmese 145 65 80 x x x
Karenic languages 250 120 130 x x x
Tibetan 70 35 35 x x x
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 x x x
Tai-Kadai languages 260 100 160 x x x
Lao 165 70 95 x x x
Thai 95 30 65 x x x
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 x x x
Turkic languages 855 415 440 x x x
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 x x x
Turkish 745 360 380 x x x
Uyghur 5 5 0 x x x
Uzbek 35 15 20 x x x
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 x x x
Uralic languages 500 240 265 x x x
Estonian 20 10 15 x x x
Finnish 35 15 20 x x x
Hungarian 445 210 230 x x x
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 x x x
Multiple responses 57,160 26,990 30,170 x x x
English and French 12,480 5,755 6,725 x x x
English and non-official language 36,690 17,710 18,980 x x x
French and non-official language 3,305 1,395 1,910 x x x
English, French and non-official language 4,685 2,130 2,560 x x x
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 923,375 449,335 474,040 x x x
None 705,915 348,065 357,855 x x x
English 80,960 38,220 42,740 x x x
French 59,935 27,450 32,490 x x x
Non-official language 67,655 31,565 36,095 x x x
Aboriginal 405 150 255 x x x
Non-Aboriginal 67,250 31,410 35,840 x x x
English and French 2,595 1,220 1,380 x x x
English and non-official language 2,415 1,125 1,290 x x x
French and non-official language 3,800 1,645 2,150 x x x
English, French and non-official language 90 50 45 x x x
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 761,420 367,460 393,960 x x x
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,270 351,485 376,785 x x x
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,857 48,479 36,936 x x x
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,540 351,520 377,015 x x x
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,136 42,234 33,174 x x x
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 663,315 324,730 338,580 x x x
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,826 48,921 35,935 x x x
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 502,905 222,930 279,975 x x x
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,215 1,434 4,358 x x x
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 546,025 274,960 271,070 x x x
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,955 46,070 36,746 x x x
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 761,420 367,450 393,975 x x x
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,080 351,205 376,880 x x x
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,605 62,746 47,019 x x x
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,355 351,210 377,145 x x x
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,428 50,106 39,141 x x x
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 663,600 324,535 339,060 x x x
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,792 63,743 46,224 x x x
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 502,790 222,910 279,885 x x x
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,757 6,055 7,317 x x x
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 546,025 274,445 271,580 x x x
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,088 60,456 45,642 x x x
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 761,420 367,450 393,975 x x x
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 279,480 150,600 128,880 x x x
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,546 70,955 60,631 x x x
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,111 82,331 66,674 x x x
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 x x x
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.4 93.9 88.4 x x x
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.8 75.0 70.0 x x x
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.6 6.1 11.6 x x x
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 761,420 367,460 393,960 x x x
Without total income 33,150 15,980 17,170 x x x
With total income 728,270 351,485 376,785 x x x
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.6 x x x
Under $10,000 (including loss) 99,195 45,455 53,740 x x x
$10,000 to $19,999 107,875 44,780 63,090 x x x
$20,000 to $29,999 78,010 32,865 45,140 x x x
$30,000 to $39,999 66,630 28,950 37,675 x x x
$40,000 to $49,999 63,305 27,810 35,495 x x x
$50,000 to $59,999 58,005 26,620 31,385 x x x
$60,000 to $69,999 51,605 25,385 26,225 x x x
$70,000 to $79,999 42,025 21,880 20,145 x x x
$80,000 to $89,999 36,815 19,760 17,050 x x x
$90,000 to $99,999 32,270 17,200 15,075 x x x
$100,000 and over 92,535 60,775 31,760 x x x
$100,000 to $149,999 65,295 41,095 24,205 x x x
$150,000 and over 27,240 19,685 7,560 x x x
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 761,420 367,460 393,955 x x x
Without after-tax income 32,880 15,940 16,940 x x x
With after-tax income 728,535 351,520 377,015 x x x
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.7 x x x
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,495 46,300 57,195 x x x
$10,000 to $19,999 112,260 46,980 65,280 x x x
$20,000 to $29,999 89,985 38,505 51,480 x x x
$30,000 to $39,999 81,965 35,855 46,105 x x x
$40,000 to $49,999 78,235 35,230 43,000 x x x
$50,000 to $59,999 68,435 33,495 34,940 x x x
$60,000 to $69,999 54,560 29,055 25,505 x x x
$70,000 to $79,999 45,775 24,715 21,060 x x x
$80,000 and over 93,825 61,380 32,440 x x x
$80,000 to $89,999 32,630 19,255 13,375 x x x
$90,000 to $99,999 19,260 12,495 6,760 x x x
$100,000 and over 41,935 29,630 12,310 x x x
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 761,420 367,465 393,960 x x x
Without employment income 215,395 92,505 122,890 x x x
With employment income 546,025 274,960 271,065 x x x
Percentage with employment income 71.7 74.8 68.8 x x x
Under $5,000 (including loss) 67,195 32,655 34,540 x x x
$5,000 to $9,999 40,580 18,300 22,280 x x x
$10,000 to $19,999 65,320 29,700 35,620 x x x
$20,000 to $29,999 50,625 23,530 27,095 x x x
$30,000 to $39,999 44,810 21,210 23,595 x x x
$40,000 to $49,999 43,030 19,575 23,460 x x x
$50,000 to $59,999 40,775 18,705 22,070 x x x
$60,000 to $69,999 36,550 17,765 18,790 x x x
$70,000 to $79,999 29,655 15,370 14,285 x x x
$80,000 and over 127,485 78,160 49,330 x x x
$80,000 to $89,999 29,530 15,440 14,090 x x x
$90,000 to $99,999 26,485 14,205 12,280 x x x
$100,000 and over 71,475 48,515 22,960 x x x
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 373,760 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,981 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,745 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 105,750 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,369 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,026 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 268,010 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,064 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,248 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 373,755 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,372 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,579 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 105,745 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,590 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,078 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 268,010 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,013 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,559 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 373,755 ... ... x ... ...
Under $5,000 6,250 ... ... x ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,900 ... ... x ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,095 ... ... x ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,445 ... ... x ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,405 ... ... x ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,920 ... ... x ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,170 ... ... x ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,660 ... ... x ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,120 ... ... x ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,150 ... ... x ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,805 ... ... x ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,765 ... ... x ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,225 ... ... x ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,580 ... ... x ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,430 ... ... x ... ...
$100,000 and over 156,845 ... ... x ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,800 ... ... x ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,760 ... ... x ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 42,310 ... ... x ... ...
$200,000 and over 37,975 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,755 ... ... x ... ...
Under $5,000 6,610 ... ... x ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,970 ... ... x ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,220 ... ... x ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,915 ... ... x ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,650 ... ... x ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,395 ... ... x ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,340 ... ... x ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,530 ... ... x ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,340 ... ... x ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,625 ... ... x ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,215 ... ... x ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,345 ... ... x ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 28,265 ... ... x ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,850 ... ... x ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,545 ... ... x ... ...
$100,000 and over 120,940 ... ... x ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,895 ... ... x ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,505 ... ... x ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,545 ... ... x ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 253,415 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,083 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,624 ... ... x ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 92,815 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,233 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,602 ... ... x ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 114,325 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,926 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,637 ... ... x ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,755 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,761 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,633 ... ... x ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 253,440 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,219 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,030 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 92,930 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,150 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,430 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 114,320 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,772 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,814 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,635 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,479 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,341 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 148,795 70,365 78,425 x x x
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,585 37,101 39,770 x x x
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,525 33,178 35,479 x x x
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 148,300 69,825 78,475 x x x
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,967 48,862 49,060 x x x
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,421 40,027 40,772 x x x
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,860 446,515 470,340 x x x
In the bottom half of the distribution 351,750 167,740 184,005 x x x
In the bottom decile 87,465 42,945 44,520 x x x
In the second decile 68,570 31,900 36,670 x x x
In the third decile 61,285 28,950 32,335 x x x
In the fourth decile 63,425 30,120 33,310 x x x
In the fifth decile 71,000 33,825 37,170 x x x
In the top half of the distribution 565,110 278,780 286,330 x x x
In the sixth decile 80,420 38,470 41,950 x x x
In the seventh decile 92,480 44,845 47,635 x x x
In the eighth decile 110,280 54,300 55,985 x x x
In the ninth decile 136,925 67,895 69,035 x x x
In the top decile 145,005 73,275 71,730 x x x
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,855 446,520 470,340 x x x
0 to 17 years 187,695 95,500 92,200 x x x
0 to 5 years 59,200 30,145 29,055 x x x
18 to 64 years 596,800 290,300 306,500 x x x
65 years and over 132,355 60,715 71,640 x x x
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 115,180 54,575 60,605 x x x
0 to 17 years 30,100 15,575 14,530 x x x
0 to 5 years 10,150 5,285 4,865 x x x
18 to 64 years 72,620 34,105 38,515 x x x
65 years and over 12,455 4,895 7,565 x x x
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.6 12.2 12.9 x x x
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 16.3 15.8 x x x
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.5 16.7 x x x
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.7 12.6 x x x
65 years and over (%) 9.4 8.1 10.6 x x x
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 98,915 48,130 50,785 x x x
0 to 17 years 22,685 11,680 11,005 x x x
0 to 5 years 7,780 4,065 3,710 x x x
18 to 64 years 68,040 33,345 34,695 x x x
65 years and over 8,190 3,105 5,085 x x x
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 x x x
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.2 11.9 x x x
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.5 12.8 x x x
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.3 x x x
65 years and over (%) 6.2 5.1 7.1 x x x
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,860 446,515 470,340 x x x
Official languages 903,135 441,100 462,040 x x x
English 890,735 436,340 454,390 x x x
French 358,165 163,500 194,670 x x x
Non-official languages 276,220 129,510 146,705 x x x
Aboriginal languages 1,135 430 710 x x x
Algonquian languages 490 195 290 x x x
Blackfoot 10 0 10 x x x
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 80 125 x x x
Atikamekw 0 0 0 x x x
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 x x x
Moose Cree 10 0 0 x x x
Naskapi 20 10 10 x x x
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 x x x
Plains Cree 10 10 0 x x x
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 x x x
Swampy Cree 55 15 35 x x x
Woods Cree 15 10 10 x x x
Cree, n.o.s. 85 35 50 x x x
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 x x x
Malecite 10 10 0 x x x
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15 x x x
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 260 100 160 x x x
Algonquin 45 25 25 x x x
Ojibway 195 70 125 x x x
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 x x x
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 x x x
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 x x x
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 x x x
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 x x x
Beaver 0 0 0 x x x
Carrier 0 0 0 x x x
Chilcotin 0 0 0 x x x
Dene 15 0 10 x x x
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 x x x
Gwich'in 0 0 0 x x x
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 x x x
Sekani 0 0 0 x x x
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 x x x
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 x x x
South Slavey 0 0 0 x x x
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 x x x
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 x x x
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 x x x
Tahltan 0 0 0 x x x
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 x x x
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 x x x
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 x x x
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Haida 0 0 0 x x x
Inuit languages 585 220 365 x x x
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 x x x
Inuktitut 530 200 325 x x x
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 x x x
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 x x x
Cayuga 0 0 0 x x x
Mohawk 55 15 35 x x x
Oneida 0 0 0 x x x
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Kutenai 0 0 0 x x x
Michif 0 0 0 x x x
Salish languages 0 0 0 x x x
Comox 0 0 0 x x x
Halkomelem 0 0 0 x x x
Lillooet 0 0 0 x x x
Okanagan 0 0 0 x x x
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 x x x
Squamish 0 0 0 x x x
Straits 0 0 0 x x x
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 x x x
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Siouan languages 0 0 0 x x x
Dakota 0 0 0 x x x
Stoney 0 0 0 x x x
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Tlingit 0 0 0 x x x
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 x x x
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 x x x
Nisga'a 0 0 0 x x x
Tsimshian 0 0 0 x x x
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 x x x
Haisla 0 0 0 x x x
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 x x x
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 x x x
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 x x x
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 x x x
Non-Aboriginal languages 275,145 129,115 146,035 x x x
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,550 30,865 30,680 x x x
Berber languages 540 285 260 x x x
Kabyle 420 220 195 x x x
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 65 60 x x x
Cushitic languages 9,300 4,165 5,140 x x x
Bilen 90 55 35 x x x
Oromo 380 170 210 x x x
Somali 8,770 3,900 4,870 x x x
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 x x x
Semitic languages 52,710 26,895 25,815 x x x
Amharic 1,980 945 1,040 x x x
Arabic 48,135 24,675 23,460 x x x
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 30 50 x x x
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 x x x
Harari 40 25 15 x x x
Hebrew 1,865 1,010 855 x x x
Maltese 65 25 40 x x x
Tigrigna 1,175 490 680 x x x
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 90 x x x
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 75 x x x
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,690 4,100 4,590 x x x
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,525 680 845 x x x
Vietnamese 7,215 3,440 3,770 x x x
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 x x x
Austronesian languages 10,155 3,770 6,390 x x x
Bikol 25 10 20 x x x
Cebuano 565 210 355 x x x
Fijian 10 0 10 x x x
Hiligaynon 165 55 110 x x x
Ilocano 705 300 405 x x x
Malagasy 105 55 45 x x x
Malay 615 270 345 x x x
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 40 x x x
Pangasinan 55 20 35 x x x
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,095 3,300 5,795 x x x
Waray-Waray 35 0 30 x x x
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 x x x