Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Thompson--Okanagan [Economic region], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa, CV
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Thompson--Okanagan
British Columbia
[Economic region]
Data quality , Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Thompson--Okanagan [Economic region], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 934,243 ... ... 546,287 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 883,391 ... ... 520,801r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8 ... ... 4.9 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 395,985 ... ... 263,193 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 373,756 ... ... 232,889 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 334.8 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,790.30 ... ... 94,197.76 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 934,245 453,875 480,365 546,285 266,655 279,635
0 to 14 years 155,680 79,185 76,490 76,320 38,800 37,520
0 to 4 years 48,870 24,800 24,070 23,785 12,130 11,660
5 to 9 years 53,715 27,365 26,350 26,320 13,400 12,925
10 to 14 years 53,095 27,020 26,075 26,210 13,275 12,940
15 to 64 years 634,425 310,390 324,035 342,820 167,820 175,005
15 to 19 years 57,190 28,990 28,200 28,305 14,495 13,815
20 to 24 years 68,645 34,575 34,070 29,040 14,925 14,120
25 to 29 years 63,695 31,675 32,025 29,370 15,040 14,330
30 to 34 years 61,670 30,105 31,565 31,155 15,405 15,750
35 to 39 years 59,575 28,330 31,250 29,380 14,455 14,925
40 to 44 years 62,710 29,880 32,830 29,845 14,800 15,050
45 to 49 years 65,960 31,980 33,980 33,445 16,190 17,255
50 to 54 years 73,210 36,005 37,210 41,380 19,395 21,985
55 to 59 years 66,765 32,370 34,395 46,790 22,105 24,680
60 to 64 years 54,990 26,475 28,510 44,110 21,015 23,090
65 years and over 144,140 64,300 79,840 127,145 60,040 67,110
65 to 69 years 48,130 22,870 25,265 40,835 19,970 20,870
70 to 74 years 33,875 15,790 18,085 30,205 14,650 15,555
75 to 79 years 24,600 11,135 13,465 22,955 11,030 11,925
80 to 84 years 17,950 7,765 10,185 16,730 7,975 8,755
85 years and over 19,580 6,740 12,840 16,420 6,410 10,005
85 to 89 years 11,720 4,480 7,245 10,460 4,470 5,990
90 to 94 years 5,995 1,845 4,145 4,635 1,585 3,055
95 to 99 years 1,640 385 1,255 1,170 335 840
100 years and over 225 30 200 155 35 125
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 15.9 14.0 14.6 13.4
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.4 67.5 62.8 62.9 62.6
65 years and over 15.4 14.2 16.6 23.3 22.5 24.0
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 3.0 2.4 3.6
Average age of the population 40.1 39.2 41.0 45.2 44.4 46.0
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 47.9 46.6 49.1
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 373,755 ... ... 232,890 ... ...
Single-detached house 158,235 ... ... 137,245 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 68,645 ... ... 3,640 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 146,085 ... ... 78,195 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,140 ... ... 10,880 ... ...
Row house 79,340 ... ... 14,050 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,055 ... ... 15,900 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 39,095 ... ... 36,590 ... ...
Other single-attached house 465 ... ... 770 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 800 ... ... 13,810 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 373,755 ... ... 232,890 ... ...
1 person 105,750 ... ... 65,065 ... ...
2 persons 124,280 ... ... 97,015 ... ...
3 persons 58,010 ... ... 30,980 ... ...
4 persons 55,215 ... ... 25,840 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,500 ... ... 13,995 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 916,860 ... ... 532,675 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 778,565 374,690 403,875 469,970 227,855 242,110
Married or living common law 437,500 218,705 218,795 283,215 141,530 141,680
Married 366,365 182,795 183,565 231,715 115,835 115,880
Living common law 71,130 35,910 35,225 51,500 25,695 25,805
Not married and not living common law 341,065 155,985 185,080 186,755 86,325 100,430
Never married 236,315 123,415 112,895 106,590 59,090 47,505
Separated 21,015 8,500 12,520 14,020 6,065 7,950
Divorced 46,000 16,540 29,460 35,195 14,275 20,920
Widowed 37,730 7,535 30,200 30,945 6,895 24,050
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 254,770 ... ... 161,030 ... ...
2 persons 123,855 ... ... 99,770 ... ...
3 persons 54,635 ... ... 28,445 ... ...
4 persons 53,395 ... ... 23,730 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,885 ... ... 9,085 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 254,765 ... ... 161,030 ... ...
Total couple families 213,535 ... ... 138,360 ... ...
Married couples 177,990 ... ... 112,625 ... ...
Common-law couples 35,545 ... ... 25,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,230 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
Female parent 32,860 ... ... 17,460 ... ...
Male parent 8,375 ... ... 5,210 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 213,535 ... ... 138,360 ... ...
Couples without children 99,685 ... ... 85,315 ... ...
Couples with children 113,855 ... ... 53,050 ... ...
1 child 42,565 ... ... 22,190 ... ...
2 children 49,890 ... ... 22,230 ... ...
3 or more children 21,390 ... ... 8,630 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,235 ... ... 22,660 ... ...
1 child 24,170 ... ... 14,450 ... ...
2 children 12,065 ... ... 6,255 ... ...
3 or more children 4,995 ... ... 1,955 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 168,745 78,365 90,380 104,315 49,205 55,115
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 373,755 ... ... 232,890 ... ...
One-census-family households 243,070 ... ... 152,825 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 94,935 ... ... 81,430 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 148,135 ... ... 71,400 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,755 ... ... 4,025 ... ...
Non-census-family households 124,935 ... ... 76,035 ... ...
One-person households 105,750 ... ... 65,065 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,185 ... ... 10,975 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 923,375 449,335 474,040 539,805 263,800 276,010
English only 549,395 279,175 270,220 504,340 247,935 256,400
French only 12,680 5,075 7,610 155 70 80
English and French 347,510 159,620 187,890 32,870 14,715 18,155
Neither English nor French 13,790 5,465 8,320 2,440 1,070 1,370
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 923,370 449,335 474,035 539,805 263,800 276,005
English 749,725 370,365 379,360 529,395 258,865 270,530
French 138,900 63,600 75,300 7,355 3,585 3,765
English and French 21,300 10,070 11,230 725 340 385
Neither English nor French 13,445 5,295 8,150 2,325 1,000 1,320
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 149,550 68,635 80,915 7,725 3,760 3,960
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 16.2 15.3 17.1 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 923,375 449,330 474,040 539,805 263,800 276,005
Single responses 889,715 433,335 456,385 534,595 261,405 273,185
Official languages 689,300 338,895 350,405 480,790 236,120 244,665
English 562,070 280,205 281,870 472,575 232,205 240,375
French 127,225 58,690 68,530 8,205 3,915 4,290
Non-official languages 200,420 94,440 105,975 53,810 25,285 28,525
Aboriginal languages 650 245 405 1,070 480 595
Algonquian languages 280 115 165 140 60 80
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 70 85 105 50 60
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 15 5 0 5 0
Plains Cree 10 5 5 25 10 10
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 0 5 0
Woods Cree 5 5 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 75 35 40 65 35 35
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 10 0 0 0
Malecite 5 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 5 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 35 65 20 10 15
Algonquin 25 10 15 5 0 5
Ojibway 70 25 45 20 5 10
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 5 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 70 30 45
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 65 25 40
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 25 10 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 10 15
Dene 5 0 5 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 330 110 215 10 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 295 95 200 5 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 25 10 15 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 10 15 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 805 375 435
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 260 130 130
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 235 105 130
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 295 135 160
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 10 5 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 199,765 94,195 105,575 52,740 24,805 27,930
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,350 22,200 22,150 795 475 320
Berber languages 375 195 180 0 0 0
Kabyle 250 130 120 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 6,660 2,870 3,785 10 10 5
Bilen 50 25 25 0 0 0
Oromo 215 120 95 0 5 5
Somali 6,300 2,680 3,615 5 5 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 0 0 0
Semitic languages 37,255 19,100 18,160 780 460 320
Amharic 1,455 680 770 30 15 15
Arabic 34,295 17,670 16,625 650 395 250
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 0 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 0 0 0
Harari 60 30 30 0 0 0
Hebrew 355 190 160 65 35 30
Maltese 30 10 20 25 5 15
Tigrigna 905 440 460 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,045 3,225 3,815 625 275 350
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 485 610 45 15 30
Vietnamese 5,930 2,735 3,195 575 255 325
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 7,785 2,835 4,950 2,750 910 1,840
Bikol 30 15 15 10 5 5
Cebuano 370 120 245 140 40 100
Fijian 0 0 0 10 10 0
Hiligaynon 110 35 75 30 15 20
Ilocano 575 225 345 135 55 85
Malagasy 55 25 25 5 0 5
Malay 395 160 235 100 35 65
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 20 10 10
Pangasinan 30 15 15 5 0 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,035 2,170 3,865 2,255 735 1,520
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 10 0 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 120 40 75 30 10 20
Creole languages 4,175 1,745 2,435 50 25 30
Haitian Creole 290 130 160 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 3,705 1,535 2,170 20 10 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 25 10 20
Dravidian languages 3,805 1,965 1,840 205 120 80
Kannada 225 115 105 10 5 5
Malayalam 660 345 315 100 65 35
Tamil 2,415 1,230 1,185 55 35 25
Telugu 485 270 220 40 20 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 87,105 41,440 45,665 40,640 19,585 21,055
Albanian 660 325 335 100 50 45
Armenian 465 235 230 15 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 20,270 9,080 11,190 7,845 3,505 4,340
Baltic languages 455 200 260 100 45 50
Latvian 250 110 140 50 20 30
Lithuanian 210 85 125 50 25 20
Slavic languages 19,815 8,885 10,930 7,745 3,455 4,290
Belarusan 40 20 20 20 5 10
Bosnian 600 275 325 65 30 30
Bulgarian 845 390 455 55 30 30
Croatian 1,005 460 540 635 315 320
Czech 915 405 505 730 360 370
Macedonian 65 25 40 20 10 5
Polish 5,525 2,485 3,035 1,425 625 795
Russian 6,150 2,680 3,470 1,840 775 1,065
Serbian 1,705 810 890 265 130 135
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 260 80 45 30
Slovak 570 260 315 290 120 170
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 85 125 230 100 125
Ukrainian 1,630 695 935 2,025 860 1,165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 70 35 35
Celtic languages 110 50 60 65 30 35
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 30 15 15
Welsh 50 15 35 30 15 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 0 5 0
Germanic languages 8,680 3,980 4,705 17,605 8,440 9,170
Afrikaans 160 80 85 495 250 245
Danish 295 135 165 525 250 270
Dutch 2,215 1,060 1,150 3,100 1,510 1,585
Frisian 40 20 20 45 25 15
German 5,275 2,345 2,930 12,825 6,120 6,705
Icelandic 20 10 10 20 10 15
Norwegian 135 60 75 235 110 125
Swedish 275 140 135 295 125 165
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 45 65 30 35
Yiddish 175 95 75 5 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 5 5 0
Greek 2,110 1,105 1,005 325 190 135
Indo-Iranian languages 26,965 13,585 13,375 8,155 4,165 3,990
Indo-Aryan languages 18,345 9,255 9,085 7,620 3,875 3,740
Bengali 3,255 1,615 1,645 175 110 65
Gujarati 1,470 760 710 105 55 50
Hindi 2,875 1,470 1,400 505 290 215
Kashmiri 20 10 10 5 0 5
Konkani 105 55 50 5 5 5
Marathi 290 150 140 15 10 5
Nepali 925 440 485 70 40 35
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,880 1,995 1,885 6,475 3,215 3,260
Sindhi 270 120 145 15 10 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 810 395 420 50 30 20
Urdu 4,410 2,220 2,180 200 115 85
Iranian languages 8,530 4,280 4,250 535 290 245
Kurdish 655 335 315 30 20 15
Pashto 1,025 520 510 15 5 10
Persian (Farsi) 6,850 3,420 3,430 490 265 225
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 5 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 27,840 13,070 14,770 6,535 3,205 3,325
Catalan 30 15 15 5 5 5
Italian 9,030 4,470 4,560 2,625 1,390 1,240
Portuguese 4,205 1,970 2,240 1,470 690 780
Romanian 2,560 1,165 1,400 340 165 175
Spanish 11,985 5,445 6,540 2,075 950 1,120
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 15 10 10
Japanese 990 300 685 945 320 630
Kartvelian languages 35 15 20 10 5 5
Georgian 30 15 25 5 5 5
Korean 2,065 875 1,185 1,060 505 555
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 5 5 0
Mongolian 30 15 20 5 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5,380 2,360 3,020 165 85 85
Akan (Twi) 355 175 180 20 5 10
Bamanankan 75 30 50 0 0 0
Edo 35 20 20 0 0 0
Ewe 75 30 50 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 45 55 0 0 0
Ga 60 30 30 0 0 5
Ganda 125 55 65 5 0 0
Igbo 180 90 95 25 15 15
Lingala 320 120 205 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 840 360 475 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 650 235 420 5 0 0
Shona 110 40 70 15 0 15
Swahili 1,100 485 615 25 15 10
Wolof 80 35 45 0 0 0
Yoruba 240 125 110 30 15 15
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,030 485 545 35 15 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 165 5 0 0
Dinka 90 45 45 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 120 0 5 0
Sign languages 220 105 120 150 70 80
American Sign Language 75 30 50 65 30 40
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 0 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 140 75 65 80 40 40
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,945 14,835 17,105 3,165 1,490 1,675
Chinese languages 31,130 14,445 16,690 3,145 1,480 1,670
Cantonese 10,160 4,775 5,380 1,200 565 640
Hakka 155 65 90 20 10 15
Mandarin 18,575 8,565 10,010 1,475 690 790
Min Dong 50 25 25 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 725 315 410 95 40 55
Wu (Shanghainese) 445 205 240 25 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 485 520 325 160 165
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 15 10 10
Burmese 225 120 110 10 10 5
Karenic languages 325 155 165 5 0 0
Tibetan 95 50 40 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 0 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 690 245 445 210 50 165
Lao 345 155 190 20 5 10
Thai 345 90 255 195 45 155
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 1,645 835 815 85 50 35
Azerbaijani 120 70 55 10 5 5
Turkish 1,390 705 685 65 45 30
Uyghur 10 5 5 0 0 0
Uzbek 65 30 40 5 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 0 0 5
Uralic languages 2,055 965 1,085 1,830 815 1,010
Estonian 150 70 80 55 25 30
Finnish 300 120 185 465 165 295
Hungarian 1,595 775 825 1,310 620 690
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 85 60 35 25 10
Multiple responses 33,660 16,000 17,655 5,210 2,390 2,820
English and French 12,295 5,825 6,475 1,110 545 570
English and non-official language 15,135 7,340 7,795 3,885 1,745 2,140
French and non-official language 3,815 1,730 2,085 115 70 50
English, French and non-official language 2,415 1,110 1,300 95 40 55
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 923,370 449,335 474,040 539,805 263,800 276,005
Single responses 866,210 422,345 443,870 530,665 259,645 271,015
Official languages 766,810 375,540 391,270 513,500 251,345 262,155
English 680,895 336,595 344,305 511,590 250,435 261,155
French 85,910 38,945 46,965 1,910 905 1,005
Non-official languages 99,400 46,805 52,600 17,160 8,305 8,865
Aboriginal languages 210 90 125 160 70 90
Algonquian languages 70 35 40 10 5 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 20 35 10 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 5 5 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 10 5 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 5 0 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 130 55 75 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 120 45 70 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 135 65 75
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 99,190 46,715 52,480 17,005 8,230 8,775
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,665 11,855 12,810 400 230 170
Berber languages 220 110 115 5 5 0
Kabyle 180 85 95 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 3,860 1,580 2,275 10 5 5
Bilen 30 15 10 0 0 0
Oromo 130 70 60 10 0 5
Somali 3,645 1,475 2,165 5 5 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 0 0 0
Semitic languages 20,580 10,165 10,415 385 220 165
Amharic 845 400 445 5 0 5
Arabic 19,105 9,455 9,645 350 200 150
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 20 5 10 0 0 0
Hebrew 135 80 60 30 15 15
Maltese 5 0 5 0 0 0
Tigrigna 415 195 220 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,140 1,895 2,245 365 165 200
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 265 15 5 15
Vietnamese 3,680 1,700 1,980 350 155 195
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,335 1,395 1,940 930 405 530
Bikol 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 125 55 70 35 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 15 10 5
Ilocano 230 105 120 25 15 10
Malagasy 10 10 10 10 5 5
Malay 120 50 70 20 10 15
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 5 0 0
Pangasinan 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,745 1,130 1,615 815 350 465
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 0 5 0
Creole languages 1,825 745 1,080 5 0 0
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 1,605 645 960 5 5 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 5 0 0
Dravidian languages 1,845 915 935 90 50 40
Kannada 75 45 35 5 0 0
Malayalam 280 150 135 45 25 15
Tamil 1,285 615 665 20 10 15
Telugu 195 105 90 20 10 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 37,270 17,645 19,625 11,695 5,685 6,005
Albanian 295 140 155 60 30 30
Armenian 205 95 110 0 5 0
Balto-Slavic languages 8,925 4,195 4,730 1,615 755 855
Baltic languages 105 45 60 25 10 10
Latvian 55 25 35 5 0 0
Lithuanian 45 25 25 25 15 10
Slavic languages 8,815 4,150 4,670 1,585 745 845
Belarusan 20 10 10 0 0 0
Bosnian 305 150 150 20 10 5
Bulgarian 400 190 210 15 5 10
Croatian 330 150 180 125 60 65
Czech 205 100 110 185 95 95
Macedonian 15 10 5 5 0 5
Polish 1,995 915 1,075 355 170 190
Russian 3,625 1,690 1,935 525 235 290
Serbian 1,005 500 505 90 45 50
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 20 10 10
Slovak 195 90 105 55 20 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 30 15 20
Ukrainian 505 230 275 145 70 75
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Celtic languages 10 5 0 10 10 5
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 915 415 495 2,800 1,330 1,465
Afrikaans 35 20 20 275 130 145
Danish 25 10 10 25 10 15
Dutch 145 70 80 340 160 180
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 625 275 355 2,110 1,010 1,100
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 10 5 10 10 5 5
Swedish 55 35 20 30 15 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yiddish 15 10 5 0 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Greek 625 300 325 85 40 40
Indo-Iranian languages 14,665 7,155 7,510 5,305 2,660 2,640
Indo-Aryan languages 9,590 4,740 4,850 5,075 2,535 2,540
Bengali 1,945 940 1,010 85 45 40
Gujarati 605 310 300 35 20 15
Hindi 1,285 650 635 240 130 105
Kashmiri 5 5 0 0 0 0
Konkani 35 15 20 0 0 0
Marathi 110 50 60 5 0 5
Nepali 730 360 375 40 25 20
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,190 1,105 1,085 4,540 2,250 2,290
Sindhi 65 30 40 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 195 25 15 10
Urdu 2,215 1,090 1,125 105 50 55
Iranian languages 5,055 2,400 2,655 225 120 100
Kurdish 370 195 175 15 10 5
Pashto 645 310 335 5 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 4,040 1,895 2,140 205 110 95
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 5 5 0
Italic (Romance) languages 11,635 5,340 6,295 1,820 860 965
Catalan 15 5 10 0 0 0
Italian 2,500 1,110 1,390 510 220 295
Portuguese 1,850 870 980 460 195 265
Romanian 1,190 555 635 105 55 50
Spanish 6,070 2,795 3,270 745 390 355
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Japanese 385 140 250 320 135 185
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Georgian 5 5 5 0 5 0
Korean 1,140 530 615 765 370 395
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 0 0 0
Mongolian 15 10 5 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,480 660 820 30 15 20
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 5 0 0
Bamanankan 10 5 10 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 20 5 15 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 0 0 0
Ga 15 5 5 0 0 0
Ganda 30 10 20 0 0 0
Igbo 55 25 25 5 0 0
Lingala 65 20 45 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 135 135 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 150 0 0 0
Shona 20 10 10 5 0 5
Swahili 380 175 210 0 5 0
Wolof 30 15 15 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 30 25 10 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 10 5 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 40 0 0 0
Dinka 25 15 10 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 0 0 0
Sign languages 305 165 145 180 100 85
American Sign Language 105 50 60 40 20 20
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 115 85 145 80 65
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,045 9,955 11,090 1,765 880 880
Chinese languages 20,465 9,680 10,790 1,755 875 880
Cantonese 5,840 2,685 3,155 585 285 295
Hakka 50 15 30 0 0 0
Mandarin 13,455 6,435 7,020 940 475 465
Min Dong 15 5 5 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 115 165 35 20 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 15 10 5
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 300 275 180 85 95
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 5 5 0
Burmese 145 65 80 10 5 5
Karenic languages 250 120 130 0 0 0
Tibetan 70 35 35 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 260 100 160 70 25 45
Lao 165 70 95 5 5 0
Thai 95 30 65 65 20 40
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 855 415 440 30 15 15
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 0 0 0
Turkish 745 360 380 20 10 10
Uyghur 5 5 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 35 15 20 5 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 0 0 0
Uralic languages 500 240 265 355 150 200
Estonian 20 10 15 0 0 0
Finnish 35 15 20 75 30 45
Hungarian 445 210 230 280 125 155
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 10 5 5
Multiple responses 57,160 26,990 30,170 9,140 4,150 4,990
English and French 12,480 5,755 6,725 550 275 275
English and non-official language 36,690 17,710 18,980 8,455 3,825 4,625
French and non-official language 3,305 1,395 1,910 25 10 15
English, French and non-official language 4,685 2,130 2,560 120 40 75
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 923,375 449,335 474,040 539,805 263,795 276,010
None 705,915 348,065 357,855 508,600 249,370 259,230
English 80,960 38,220 42,740 8,255 4,025 4,230
French 59,935 27,450 32,490 4,785 2,090 2,700
Non-official language 67,655 31,565 36,095 17,705 8,105 9,600
Aboriginal 405 150 255 1,230 570 660
Non-Aboriginal 67,250 31,410 35,840 16,470 7,530 8,940
English and French 2,595 1,220 1,380 45 20 25
English and non-official language 2,415 1,125 1,290 155 75 80
French and non-official language 3,800 1,645 2,150 265 120 145
English, French and non-official language 90 50 45 0 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 761,420 367,460 393,960 456,500 221,945 234,550
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,270 351,485 376,785 443,980 216,335 227,645
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,857 48,479 36,936 32,791 41,232 26,838
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,540 351,520 377,015 444,405 216,640 227,765
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,136 42,234 33,174 29,631 36,178 25,048
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 663,315 324,730 338,580 403,260 199,750 203,510
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,826 48,921 35,935 29,431 38,105 22,900
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 502,905 222,930 279,975 322,275 142,690 179,585
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,215 1,434 4,358 7,847 8,513 7,263
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 546,025 274,960 271,070 320,145 163,335 156,805
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,955 46,070 36,746 28,781 36,961 23,203
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 761,420 367,450 393,975 456,500 221,870 234,630
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,080 351,205 376,880 444,105 216,400 227,705
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,605 62,746 47,019 44,204 54,135 34,765
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,355 351,210 377,145 444,575 216,700 227,875
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,428 50,106 39,141 37,209 44,356 30,413
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 663,600 324,535 339,060 403,550 199,935 203,615
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,792 63,743 46,224 41,767 52,151 31,570
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 502,790 222,910 279,885 322,440 142,550 179,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,757 6,055 7,317 8,610 9,037 8,272
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 546,025 274,445 271,580 320,140 163,065 157,075
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,088 60,456 45,642 39,674 48,992 30,001
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 761,420 367,450 393,975 456,500 221,870 234,630
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 279,480 150,600 128,880 124,650 70,415 54,230
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,546 70,955 60,631 51,262 60,452 43,182
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,111 82,331 66,674 60,105 69,216 48,275
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.4 93.9 88.4 85.8 89.0 81.2
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.8 75.0 70.0 64.9 68.5 59.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.6 6.1 11.6 14.2 11.0 18.8
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 761,420 367,460 393,960 456,495 221,950 234,555
Without total income 33,150 15,980 17,170 12,520 5,615 6,905
With total income 728,270 351,485 376,785 443,980 216,335 227,645
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.6 97.3 97.5 97.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 99,195 45,455 53,740 57,430 22,900 34,530
$10,000 to $19,999 107,875 44,780 63,090 80,510 30,375 50,140
$20,000 to $29,999 78,010 32,865 45,140 67,730 27,585 40,145
$30,000 to $39,999 66,630 28,950 37,675 55,345 24,330 31,010
$40,000 to $49,999 63,305 27,810 35,495 45,830 22,245 23,585
$50,000 to $59,999 58,005 26,620 31,385 34,150 18,590 15,565
$60,000 to $69,999 51,605 25,385 26,225 26,450 16,355 10,100
$70,000 to $79,999 42,025 21,880 20,145 19,640 12,630 7,010
$80,000 to $89,999 36,815 19,760 17,050 14,915 9,695 5,220
$90,000 to $99,999 32,270 17,200 15,075 10,580 7,315 3,265
$100,000 and over 92,535 60,775 31,760 31,395 24,310 7,080
$100,000 to $149,999 65,295 41,095 24,205 21,860 16,840 5,020
$150,000 and over 27,240 19,685 7,560 9,530 7,470 2,060
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 761,420 367,460 393,955 456,500 221,950 234,550
Without after-tax income 32,880 15,940 16,940 12,095 5,310 6,785
With after-tax income 728,535 351,520 377,015 444,400 216,635 227,765
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.7 97.3 97.6 97.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,495 46,300 57,195 60,570 24,340 36,230
$10,000 to $19,999 112,260 46,980 65,280 84,880 32,895 51,985
$20,000 to $29,999 89,985 38,505 51,480 79,325 32,880 46,445
$30,000 to $39,999 81,965 35,855 46,105 63,495 29,080 34,415
$40,000 to $49,999 78,235 35,230 43,000 48,610 25,315 23,295
$50,000 to $59,999 68,435 33,495 34,940 34,595 21,110 13,485
$60,000 to $69,999 54,560 29,055 25,505 23,960 15,460 8,500
$70,000 to $79,999 45,775 24,715 21,060 17,005 11,370 5,635
$80,000 and over 93,825 61,380 32,440 31,965 24,180 7,780
$80,000 to $89,999 32,630 19,255 13,375 10,250 7,455 2,800
$90,000 to $99,999 19,260 12,495 6,760 6,525 4,975 1,550
$100,000 and over 41,935 29,630 12,310 15,185 11,750 3,435
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 761,420 367,465 393,960 456,500 221,950 234,550
Without employment income 215,395 92,505 122,890 136,360 58,615 77,745
With employment income 546,025 274,960 271,065 320,140 163,335 156,805
Percentage with employment income 71.7 74.8 68.8 70.1 73.6 66.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 67,195 32,655 34,540 59,625 28,100 31,525
$5,000 to $9,999 40,580 18,300 22,280 25,395 10,685 14,710
$10,000 to $19,999 65,320 29,700 35,620 42,900 17,730 25,170
$20,000 to $29,999 50,625 23,530 27,095 36,405 15,245 21,160
$30,000 to $39,999 44,810 21,210 23,595 32,360 13,925 18,430
$40,000 to $49,999 43,030 19,575 23,460 28,195 13,130 15,065
$50,000 to $59,999 40,775 18,705 22,070 21,835 11,935 9,905
$60,000 to $69,999 36,550 17,765 18,790 17,615 11,245 6,370
$70,000 to $79,999 29,655 15,370 14,285 14,050 9,180 4,870
$80,000 and over 127,485 78,160 49,330 41,760 32,155 9,605
$80,000 to $89,999 29,530 15,440 14,090 11,235 7,535 3,700
$90,000 to $99,999 26,485 14,205 12,280 7,975 5,855 2,125
$100,000 and over 71,475 48,515 22,960 22,550 18,770 3,780
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 373,760 ... ... 232,890 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,981 ... ... 66,389 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,745 ... ... 58,591 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 105,750 ... ... 65,060 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,369 ... ... 32,142 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,026 ... ... 29,075 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 268,010 ... ... 167,825 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,064 ... ... 83,343 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,248 ... ... 72,965 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 373,755 ... ... 232,890 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,372 ... ... 84,294 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,579 ... ... 71,031 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 105,745 ... ... 65,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,590 ... ... 41,952 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,078 ... ... 35,806 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 268,010 ... ... 167,775 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,013 ... ... 100,727 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,559 ... ... 84,702 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 373,755 ... ... 232,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,250 ... ... 3,380 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,900 ... ... 2,695 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,095 ... ... 6,440 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,445 ... ... 10,030 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,405 ... ... 11,260 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,920 ... ... 9,585 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,170 ... ... 11,220 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,660 ... ... 10,985 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,120 ... ... 10,505 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,150 ... ... 10,165 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,805 ... ... 18,925 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,765 ... ... 17,420 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,225 ... ... 15,755 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,580 ... ... 14,015 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,430 ... ... 12,465 ... ...
$100,000 and over 156,845 ... ... 68,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,800 ... ... 24,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,760 ... ... 16,055 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 42,310 ... ... 16,430 ... ...
$200,000 and over 37,975 ... ... 11,405 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,755 ... ... 232,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,610 ... ... 3,670 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,970 ... ... 2,770 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,220 ... ... 6,600 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,915 ... ... 10,370 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,650 ... ... 12,885 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,395 ... ... 11,530 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,340 ... ... 13,295 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,530 ... ... 12,510 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,340 ... ... 12,375 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,625 ... ... 11,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,215 ... ... 21,905 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,345 ... ... 19,655 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 28,265 ... ... 17,500 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,850 ... ... 14,750 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,545 ... ... 12,635 ... ...
$100,000 and over 120,940 ... ... 48,925 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,895 ... ... 21,875 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,505 ... ... 12,185 ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,545 ... ... 14,865 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 253,415 ... ... 159,450 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,083 ... ... 83,032 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,624 ... ... 72,624 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 92,815 ... ... 80,235 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,233 ... ... 75,100 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,602 ... ... 66,211 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 114,325 ... ... 53,590 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,926 ... ... 112,261 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,637 ... ... 96,162 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,755 ... ... 21,080 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,761 ... ... 48,713 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,633 ... ... 44,890 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 253,440 ... ... 159,385 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,219 ... ... 100,699 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,030 ... ... 84,516 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 92,930 ... ... 79,990 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,150 ... ... 92,810 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,430 ... ... 77,798 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 114,320 ... ... 53,630 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,772 ... ... 128,952 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,814 ... ... 107,258 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,635 ... ... 21,025 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,479 ... ... 58,830 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,341 ... ... 51,783 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 148,795 70,365 78,425 93,415 44,425 48,990
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,585 37,101 39,770 29,288 31,946 27,566
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,525 33,178 35,479 26,810 28,685 25,717
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 148,300 69,825 78,475 92,745 43,980 48,760
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,967 48,862 49,060 38,615 42,175 35,405
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,421 40,027 40,772 33,122 35,478 30,997
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,860 446,515 470,340 532,680 260,665 272,010
In the bottom half of the distribution 351,750 167,740 184,005 273,205 128,575 144,630
In the bottom decile 87,465 42,945 44,520 55,090 26,190 28,895
In the second decile 68,570 31,900 36,670 57,000 25,240 31,760
In the third decile 61,285 28,950 32,335 54,415 25,390 29,025
In the fourth decile 63,425 30,120 33,310 52,545 25,285 27,255
In the fifth decile 71,000 33,825 37,170 54,160 26,475 27,690
In the top half of the distribution 565,110 278,780 286,330 259,465 132,090 127,375
In the sixth decile 80,420 38,470 41,950 54,655 27,220 27,435
In the seventh decile 92,480 44,845 47,635 53,690 27,045 26,645
In the eighth decile 110,280 54,300 55,985 53,550 27,405 26,150
In the ninth decile 136,925 67,895 69,035 52,095 26,755 25,335
In the top decile 145,005 73,275 71,730 45,470 23,660 21,810
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,855 446,520 470,340 508,105 248,820 259,285
0 to 17 years 187,695 95,500 92,200 88,965 45,230 43,735
0 to 5 years 59,200 30,145 29,055 27,530 14,010 13,520
18 to 64 years 596,800 290,300 306,500 308,650 150,370 158,285
65 years and over 132,355 60,715 71,640 110,485 53,220 57,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 115,180 54,575 60,605 71,550 32,510 39,040
0 to 17 years 30,100 15,575 14,530 15,160 7,665 7,495
0 to 5 years 10,150 5,285 4,865 4,925 2,490 2,435
18 to 64 years 72,620 34,105 38,515 40,630 18,575 22,055
65 years and over 12,455 4,895 7,565 15,760 6,270 9,490
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.6 12.2 12.9 14.1 13.1 15.1
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 16.3 15.8 17.0 16.9 17.1
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.5 16.7 17.9 17.8 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.7 12.6 13.2 12.4 13.9
65 years and over (%) 9.4 8.1 10.6 14.3 11.8 16.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 98,915 48,130 50,785 36,810 17,965 18,845
0 to 17 years 22,685 11,680 11,005 7,295 3,690 3,605
0 to 5 years 7,780 4,065 3,710 2,260 1,160 1,095
18 to 64 years 68,040 33,345 34,695 27,125 13,250 13,880
65 years and over 8,190 3,105 5,085 2,385 1,025 1,370
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 7.2 7.2 7.3
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.2 11.9 8.2 8.2 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.5 12.8 8.2 8.3 8.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.3 8.8 8.8 8.8
65 years and over (%) 6.2 5.1 7.1 2.2 1.9 2.4
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,860 446,515 470,340 532,675 260,665 272,010
Official languages 903,135 441,100 462,040 530,250 259,620 270,630
English 890,735 436,340 454,390 530,060 259,525 270,525
French 358,165 163,500 194,670 32,720 14,750 17,970
Non-official languages 276,220 129,510 146,705 68,965 32,095 36,870
Aboriginal languages 1,135 430 710 2,580 1,170 1,415
Algonquian languages 490 195 290 275 100 175
Blackfoot 10 0 10 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 80 125 230 90 140
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 10 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 10 0 70 20 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 55 15 35 10 0 0
Woods Cree 15 10 10 25 10 10
Cree, n.o.s. 85 35 50 120 55 60
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Malecite 10 10 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15 0 10 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 260 100 160 45 10 35
Algonquin 45 25 25 0 0 0
Ojibway 195 70 125 45 10 35
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 210 90 110
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 190 85 105
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 15
Chilcotin 0 0 0 125 60 70
Dene 15 0 10 10 10 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 10 0 10
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuit languages 585 220 365 30 10 25
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 530 200 325 25 10 15
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 10 0 0
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 55 15 35 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 10 10 0
Michif 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,005 940 1,060
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 10 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 50 20 25
Okanagan 0 0 0 760 345 420
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 850 395 455
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 385 195 190
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 10 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 10
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 10 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20 10 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 275,145 129,115 146,035 66,415 30,940 35,475
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,550 30,865 30,680 1,005 555 445
Berber languages 540 285 260 0 0 0
Kabyle 420 220 195 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 65 60 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 9,300 4,165 5,140 35 20 15
Bilen 90 55 35 0 0 0
Oromo 380 170 210 25 15 15
Somali 8,770 3,900 4,870 10 10 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 0 0 0
Semitic languages 52,710 26,895 25,815 950 525 420
Amharic 1,980 945 1,040 45 20 25
Arabic 48,135 24,675 23,460 735 425 310
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 30 50 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 40 25 15 0 0 0
Hebrew 1,865 1,010 855 145 70 75
Maltese 65 25 40 20 0 15
Tigrigna 1,175 490 680 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 90 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 75 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,690 4,100 4,590 795 340 455
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,525 680 845 45 10 35
Vietnamese 7,215 3,440 3,770 755 335 420
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 10,155 3,770 6,390 3,485 1,130 2,350
Bikol 25 10 20 15 0 10
Cebuano 565 210 355 165 30 135
Fijian 10 0 10 10 10 0
Hiligaynon 165 55 110 90 45 45
Ilocano 705 300 405 130 55 75
Malagasy 105 55 45 15 10 0
Malay 615 270 345 290 120 165
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 40 10 0 15
Pangasinan 55 20 35 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,095 3,300 5,795 3,060 960 2,100
Waray-Waray 35 0 30 15 0 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 55 15 35
Creole languages 9,360 3,920 5,440 130 60 70
Haitian Creole 450 165 280 15 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 8,325 3,490 4,835 45 30 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 630 275 350 75 30 50
Dravidian languages 5,060 2,555 2,505 220 130 90
Kannada 465 235 235 0 10 0
Malayalam 835 375 460 145 90 50
Tamil 3,330 1,700 1,630 65 35 35
Telugu 795 420 375 25 10 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 130,605 61,380 69,225 51,665 24,650 27,015
Albanian 785 385 410 125 50 70
Armenian 665 350 315 25 10 10
Balto-Slavic languages 24,530 11,210 13,325 8,275 3,890 4,385
Baltic languages 530 225 305 75 25 50
Latvian 260 105 155 60 25 40
Lithuanian 270 120 150 10 0 10
Slavic languages 24,095 11,010 13,080 8,200 3,865 4,340
Belarusan 125 60 60 25 0 15
Bosnian 1,025 470 555 70 25 50
Bulgarian 1,050 490 560 85 45 40
Croatian 1,830 905 930 770 370 405
Czech 1,315 570 750 875 465 415
Macedonian 95 35 65 0 0 0
Polish 6,530 2,970 3,560 1,600 690 910
Russian 9,135 4,205 4,925 2,595 1,215 1,380
Serbian 2,080 1,015 1,065 440 205 230
Serbo-Croatian 560 290 270 100 50 40
Slovak 910 380 530 330 160 175
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 120 140 225 105 120
Ukrainian 2,290 960 1,330 1,705 825 880
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 10 40 65 20 40
Celtic languages 395 190 205 110 65 50
Scottish Gaelic 150 80 75 65 35 25
Welsh 85 30 55 25 15 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 20 10 10
Germanic languages 16,750 7,935 8,810 20,580 9,690 10,895
Afrikaans 405 200 205 735 370 370
Danish 425 195 235 535 235 300
Dutch 2,855 1,330 1,520 3,025 1,445 1,585
Frisian 55 15 35 65 40 30
German 12,205 5,800 6,400 16,020 7,510 8,510
Icelandic 45 20 20 15 10 0
Norwegian 345 145 200 265 140 125
Swedish 605 295 310 455 210 245
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 40 40 80 40 40
Yiddish 355 185 175 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 10 0 10
Greek 3,090 1,545 1,545 425 220 200
Indo-Iranian languages 35,320 17,915 17,410 9,720 5,010 4,710
Indo-Aryan languages 25,805 13,125 12,675 9,065 4,670 4,395
Bengali 4,250 2,180 2,070 175 110 70
Gujarati 2,275 1,220 1,050 115 65 55
Hindi 10,335 5,355 4,980 1,580 855 730
Kashmiri 10 10 10 0 0 0
Konkani 140 75 65 15 10 0
Marathi 565 310 255 25 20 0
Nepali 1,275 640 635 110 55 55
Oriya (Odia) 75 45 30 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,235 3,220 3,015 7,730 3,910 3,820
Sindhi 495 220 280 55 25 25
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,065 485 580 45 20 25
Urdu 7,175 3,600 3,570 505 305 205
Iranian languages 10,040 5,075 4,965 655 350 315
Kurdish 755 395 355 55 30 25
Pashto 1,400 755 645 15 0 10
Persian (Farsi) 8,665 4,340 4,325 630 335 290
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 120 80 10 0 10
Italic (Romance) languages 54,440 24,435 30,005 14,370 6,710 7,655
Catalan 80 30 45 40 25 15
Italian 15,500 7,400 8,105 3,825 1,870 1,950
Portuguese 6,120 2,990 3,125 1,920 895 1,025
Romanian 2,880 1,345 1,535 410 205 205
Spanish 33,075 14,180 18,890 8,710 3,975 4,735
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 45 45 0
Japanese 2,510 1,185 1,325 1,820 740 1,080
Kartvelian languages 40 15 20 0 0 0
Georgian 40 15 25 0 0 0
Korean 2,580 1,090 1,490 1,170 495 675
Mongolic languages 40 20 20 10 0 0
Mongolian 40 25 20 10 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 10,520 4,640 5,880 315 165 155
Akan (Twi) 630 330 300 45 35 10
Bamanankan 155 70 85 0 0 0
Edo 95 40 60 0 0 0
Ewe 205 80 125 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 70 95 15 10 0
Ga 165 85 80 20 25 0
Ganda 215 65 145 0 0 0
Igbo 300 165 135 20 20 0
Lingala 1,720 720 1,000 0 0 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,530 615 915 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 970 360 615 10 0 10
Shona 175 60 115 30 15 15
Swahili 3,040 1,325 1,715 65 25 40
Wolof 200 110 95 10 0 0
Yoruba 755 400 355 35 25 15
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,265 1,035 1,230 105 35 70
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 140 185 0 0 0
Dinka 190 85 105 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 0 0 0
Sign languages 1,630 655 975 990 360 635
American Sign Language 875 305 570 465 145 325
Quebec Sign Language 75 15 55 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 715 350 365 540 220 315
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,395 17,190 19,210 3,520 1,730 1,790
Chinese languages 35,510 16,765 18,745 3,520 1,735 1,790
Cantonese 12,700 6,015 6,685 1,315 600 715
Hakka 265 125 140 35 15 20
Mandarin 24,495 11,310 13,185 2,090 1,035 1,055
Min Dong 40 20 25 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,035 465 565 135 55 80
Wu (Shanghainese) 415 205 215 25 20 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 535 475 375 180 200
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 925 440 480 0 0 0
Burmese 305 145 160 0 0 0
Karenic languages 365 185 180 0 0 0
Tibetan 50 30 25 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 365 150 205 0 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 410 600 320 105 215
Lao 460 200 255 20 10 15
Thai 610 230 385 290 90 200
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,405 1,195 1,210 175 100 75
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 25 20 10
Turkish 2,070 1,035 1,040 140 75 70
Uyghur 45 25 15 10 10 0
Uzbek 80 20 60 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 10 0 10
Uralic languages 2,585 1,255 1,330 1,985 915 1,070
Estonian 245 115 130 70 40 25
Finnish 480 220 260 485 200 280
Hungarian 1,875 925 950 1,445 675 765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 380 250 130 70 35 35
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 916,860 446,515 470,340 532,680 260,665 272,010
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 854,535 416,865 437,670 512,215 250,740 261,475
Canadian citizens aged under 18 177,960 90,535 87,430 90,670 46,200 44,475
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 676,580 326,330 350,245 421,540 204,540 216,995
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,320 29,650 32,670 20,460 9,925 10,540
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 916,855 446,515 470,340 532,675 260,670 272,010
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 685,260 337,490 347,770 463,940 227,880 236,060
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 216,505 101,235 115,265 64,130 30,305 33,825
Before 1981 53,740 25,720 28,015 33,245 16,195 17,055
1981 to 1990 29,670 14,195 15,475 6,745 2,990 3,745
1991 to 2000 49,685 22,510 27,170 7,695 3,370 4,325
2001 to 2010 53,335 24,515 28,820 10,240 4,800 5,445
2001 to 2005 25,185 11,520 13,660 4,335 2,045 2,295
2006 to 2010 28,155 12,990 15,160 5,905 2,755 3,150
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 30,075 14,300 15,775 6,200 2,950 3,255
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,090 7,795 7,305 4,610 2,485 2,120
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 216,505 101,235 115,265 64,130 30,300 33,825
Under 5 years 23,760 11,745 12,015 7,525 3,600 3,925
5 to 14 years 38,625 19,575 19,050 11,985 6,035 5,955
15 to 24 years 45,510 20,400 25,110 16,240 7,355 8,885
25 to 44 years 90,080 41,305 48,780 23,805 11,180 12,625
45 years and over 18,530 8,210 10,315 4,570 2,135 2,430
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 216,505 101,235 115,270 64,130 30,300 33,825
Americas 32,755 14,265 18,490 9,190 4,025 5,170
Brazil 990 445 545 190 65 120
Colombia 1,270 485 780 165 65 105
El Salvador 1,710 790 920 235 125 110
Guyana 1,375 635 735 85 25 55
Haiti 6,320 2,615 3,710 55 20 35
Jamaica 2,985 1,280 1,710 385 180 205
Mexico 1,290 540 755 560 215 345
Peru 820 365 455 165 45 115
Trinidad and Tobago 1,260 495 765 105 60 45
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,245 3,695 4,545 6,260 2,755 3,500
Other places of birth in Americas 6,490 2,920 3,575 995 455 540
Europe 55,430 26,405 29,030 37,090 18,310 18,780
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,610 780 830 240 120 120
Croatia 800 385 420 505 240 260
France 2,270 1,010 1,265 490 255 235
Germany 3,885 1,645 2,245 6,655 3,230 3,425
Greece 910 475 430 150 80 70
Hungary 825 425 405 840 415 430
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 810 360 445 375 185 185
Italy 5,410 2,800 2,610 1,865 1,030 835
Netherlands 1,890 925 960 2,685 1,460 1,225
Poland 4,170 1,855 2,305 1,570 685 880
Portugal 1,965 995 970 1,035 530 505
Romania 2,400 1,135 1,265 520 270 255
Russian Federation 2,860 1,230 1,635 590 245 345
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 870 410 465 290 110 175
Ukraine 1,770 840 930 550 250 290
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 15,765 7,910 7,860 13,860 6,800 7,060
Other places of birth in Europe 7,210 3,215 3,995 4,885 2,400 2,490
Africa 30,340 13,940 16,400 1,885 860 1,025
Algeria 1,025 485 545 15 0 10
Egypt 3,420 1,785 1,630 95 40 55
Ethiopia 2,215 1,020 1,195 65 25 35
Kenya 1,065 540 525 75 45 30
Morocco 1,230 570 660 30 10 20
Nigeria 1,260 575 685 35 25 0
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,405 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 850 435 415 1,025 445 580
Other places of birth in Africa 15,375 7,035 8,345 550 265 290
Asia 97,170 46,205 50,965 14,290 6,190 8,095
Afghanistan 2,400 1,215 1,180 45 25 20
Bangladesh 2,655 1,380 1,275 70 40 30
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 17,405 7,575 9,830 1,440 635 805
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,015 1,510 1,505 350 150 200
India 10,495 5,275 5,220 4,995 2,475 2,515
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,395 2,190 2,210 450 245 205
Iraq 3,540 1,885 1,650 50 30 20
Japan 730 175 550 530 135 395
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,690 750 945 895 385 510
Lebanon 10,995 5,745 5,250 110 75 35
Pakistan 3,830 1,915 1,915 355 175 180
Philippines 8,865 3,345 5,520 2,755 850 1,905
Sri Lanka 2,330 1,105 1,230 70 25 45
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,125 1,595 1,530 70 50 25
Taiwan 835 365 470 245 110 140
Viet Nam 5,600 2,570 3,035 560 225 335
Other places of birth in Asia 15,275 7,625 7,650 1,310 565 740
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 805 425 385 1,675 920 750
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 30,075 14,295 15,780 6,200 2,945 3,255
Americas 4,060 1,830 2,225 1,095 560 535
Brazil 135 75 65 35 15 20
Colombia 190 80 110 15 10 10
Cuba 130 65 60 15 10 10
Haiti 1,290 550 740 10 10 0
Jamaica 115 65 50 265 145 120
Mexico 245 100 145 200 90 110
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,135 570 570 445 240 210
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 120 35 85 10 0 10
Other places of birth in Americas 695 290 400 95 35 65
Europe 2,565 1,255 1,315 1,545 785 760
France 285 155 130 30 15 20
Germany 155 75 90 170 100 75
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 45 25 45 15 25
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 20 25 15 0 15
Romania 120 60 60 25 20 15