Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Richmond Centre [Federal electoral district], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa, CV
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Richmond Centre
British Columbia
[Federal electoral district]
Data quality , Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Richmond Centre [Federal electoral district], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 934,243 ... ... 98,396 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 883,391 ... ... 93,863 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8 ... ... 4.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 395,985 ... ... 39,532 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 373,756 ... ... 37,103 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 334.8 ... ... 2,276.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,790.30 ... ... 43.23 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 934,245 453,875 480,365 98,395 46,610 51,790
0 to 14 years 155,680 79,185 76,490 12,975 6,630 6,340
0 to 4 years 48,870 24,800 24,070 4,275 2,145 2,125
5 to 9 years 53,715 27,365 26,350 4,185 2,130 2,060
10 to 14 years 53,095 27,020 26,075 4,515 2,360 2,155
15 to 64 years 634,425 310,390 324,035 67,920 31,990 35,930
15 to 19 years 57,190 28,990 28,200 5,775 3,000 2,775
20 to 24 years 68,645 34,575 34,070 7,000 3,580 3,420
25 to 29 years 63,695 31,675 32,025 7,125 3,525 3,605
30 to 34 years 61,670 30,105 31,565 6,170 2,995 3,175
35 to 39 years 59,575 28,330 31,250 5,380 2,545 2,835
40 to 44 years 62,710 29,880 32,830 6,000 2,545 3,450
45 to 49 years 65,960 31,980 33,980 7,415 3,220 4,195
50 to 54 years 73,210 36,005 37,210 8,130 3,705 4,425
55 to 59 years 66,765 32,370 34,395 7,885 3,565 4,320
60 to 64 years 54,990 26,475 28,510 7,040 3,305 3,730
65 years and over 144,140 64,300 79,840 17,505 7,990 9,520
65 to 69 years 48,130 22,870 25,265 6,140 2,900 3,240
70 to 74 years 33,875 15,790 18,085 3,770 1,810 1,955
75 to 79 years 24,600 11,135 13,465 3,055 1,390 1,665
80 to 84 years 17,950 7,765 10,185 2,295 1,050 1,245
85 years and over 19,580 6,740 12,840 2,245 830 1,415
85 to 89 years 11,720 4,480 7,245 1,385 565 820
90 to 94 years 5,995 1,845 4,145 635 210 425
95 to 99 years 1,640 385 1,255 185 50 135
100 years and over 225 30 200 40 5 30
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 15.9 13.2 14.2 12.2
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.4 67.5 69.0 68.6 69.4
65 years and over 15.4 14.2 16.6 17.8 17.1 18.4
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 2.3 1.8 2.7
Average age of the population 40.1 39.2 41.0 42.7 41.6 43.7
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 44.1 42.2 45.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 373,755 ... ... 37,100 ... ...
Single-detached house 158,235 ... ... 13,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 68,645 ... ... 7,030 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 146,085 ... ... 16,710 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,140 ... ... 765 ... ...
Row house 79,340 ... ... 5,280 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,055 ... ... 1,840 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 39,095 ... ... 8,820 ... ...
Other single-attached house 465 ... ... 5 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 800 ... ... 15 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 373,755 ... ... 37,105 ... ...
1 person 105,750 ... ... 8,595 ... ...
2 persons 124,280 ... ... 11,765 ... ...
3 persons 58,010 ... ... 7,450 ... ...
4 persons 55,215 ... ... 5,820 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,500 ... ... 3,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 916,860 ... ... 97,425 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 778,565 374,690 403,875 85,420 39,975 45,445
Married or living common law 437,500 218,705 218,795 50,890 24,925 25,960
Married 366,365 182,795 183,565 47,420 23,190 24,225
Living common law 71,130 35,910 35,225 3,470 1,730 1,735
Not married and not living common law 341,065 155,985 185,080 34,535 15,055 19,485
Never married 236,315 123,415 112,895 24,075 12,315 11,760
Separated 21,015 8,500 12,520 1,625 580 1,040
Divorced 46,000 16,540 29,460 4,750 1,455 3,300
Widowed 37,730 7,535 30,200 4,085 700 3,385
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 254,770 ... ... 28,885 ... ...
2 persons 123,855 ... ... 13,375 ... ...
3 persons 54,635 ... ... 8,060 ... ...
4 persons 53,395 ... ... 5,905 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,885 ... ... 1,545 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 254,765 ... ... 28,890 ... ...
Total couple families 213,535 ... ... 24,000 ... ...
Married couples 177,990 ... ... 22,265 ... ...
Common-law couples 35,545 ... ... 1,735 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,230 ... ... 4,885 ... ...
Female parent 32,860 ... ... 4,130 ... ...
Male parent 8,375 ... ... 760 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 213,535 ... ... 24,005 ... ...
Couples without children 99,685 ... ... 10,150 ... ...
Couples with children 113,855 ... ... 13,850 ... ...
1 child 42,565 ... ... 6,720 ... ...
2 children 49,890 ... ... 5,655 ... ...
3 or more children 21,390 ... ... 1,485 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,235 ... ... 4,885 ... ...
1 child 24,170 ... ... 3,220 ... ...
2 children 12,065 ... ... 1,350 ... ...
3 or more children 4,995 ... ... 315 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 168,745 78,365 90,380 14,770 6,040 8,730
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 373,755 ... ... 37,105 ... ...
One-census-family households 243,070 ... ... 25,460 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 94,935 ... ... 8,685 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 148,135 ... ... 16,780 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,755 ... ... 1,660 ... ...
Non-census-family households 124,935 ... ... 9,980 ... ...
One-person households 105,750 ... ... 8,595 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,185 ... ... 1,390 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 923,375 449,335 474,040 97,620 46,335 51,280
English only 549,395 279,175 270,220 81,050 39,140 41,915
French only 12,680 5,075 7,610 25 15 10
English and French 347,510 159,620 187,890 4,485 2,085 2,400
Neither English nor French 13,790 5,465 8,320 12,060 5,100 6,960
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 923,370 449,335 474,035 97,620 46,335 51,280
English 749,725 370,365 379,360 84,590 40,755 43,835
French 138,900 63,600 75,300 505 275 225
English and French 21,300 10,070 11,230 595 270 325
Neither English nor French 13,445 5,295 8,150 11,925 5,030 6,900
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 149,550 68,635 80,915 805 415 390
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 16.2 15.3 17.1 0.8 0.9 0.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 923,375 449,330 474,040 97,620 46,335 51,285
Single responses 889,715 433,335 456,385 93,945 44,575 49,365
Official languages 689,300 338,895 350,405 30,345 15,600 14,745
English 562,070 280,205 281,870 29,860 15,335 14,530
French 127,225 58,690 68,530 480 270 215
Non-official languages 200,420 94,440 105,975 63,600 28,970 34,625
Aboriginal languages 650 245 405 5 0 5
Algonquian languages 280 115 165 5 0 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 70 85 0 0 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 15 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 75 35 40 0 0 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 10 0 0 0
Malecite 5 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 35 65 0 0 0
Algonquin 25 10 15 0 0 0
Ojibway 70 25 45 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 0 0 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 330 110 215 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 295 95 200 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 25 10 15 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 10 15 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 0 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 199,765 94,195 105,575 63,590 28,970 34,615
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,350 22,200 22,150 755 415 345
Berber languages 375 195 180 0 0 0
Kabyle 250 130 120 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 5 5 5
Cushitic languages 6,660 2,870 3,785 45 25 20
Bilen 50 25 25 0 0 0
Oromo 215 120 95 0 0 0
Somali 6,300 2,680 3,615 45 25 20
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 0 0 0
Semitic languages 37,255 19,100 18,160 700 385 315
Amharic 1,455 680 770 15 10 5
Arabic 34,295 17,670 16,625 535 295 240
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 15 10 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 0 0 0
Harari 60 30 30 0 0 0
Hebrew 355 190 160 115 65 55
Maltese 30 10 20 5 0 0
Tigrigna 905 440 460 10 5 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 5 5 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,045 3,225 3,815 275 120 160
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 485 610 20 10 5
Vietnamese 5,930 2,735 3,195 260 110 150
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 7,785 2,835 4,950 4,045 1,705 2,345
Bikol 30 15 15 30 10 15
Cebuano 370 120 245 120 50 70
Fijian 0 0 0 10 5 10
Hiligaynon 110 35 75 45 20 25
Ilocano 575 225 345 165 75 90
Malagasy 55 25 25 0 0 0
Malay 395 160 235 205 90 115
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 85 40 45
Pangasinan 30 15 15 10 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,035 2,170 3,865 3,355 1,410 1,945
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 120 40 75 30 10 20
Creole languages 4,175 1,745 2,435 15 5 5
Haitian Creole 290 130 160 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 3,705 1,535 2,170 10 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 5 5 0
Dravidian languages 3,805 1,965 1,840 175 90 85
Kannada 225 115 105 5 5 5
Malayalam 660 345 315 50 25 25
Tamil 2,415 1,230 1,185 100 50 50
Telugu 485 270 220 15 10 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 0 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 87,105 41,440 45,665 6,750 3,235 3,510
Albanian 660 325 335 20 15 10
Armenian 465 235 230 35 20 15
Balto-Slavic languages 20,270 9,080 11,190 1,865 875 990
Baltic languages 455 200 260 20 10 5
Latvian 250 110 140 5 5 5
Lithuanian 210 85 125 10 10 5
Slavic languages 19,815 8,885 10,930 1,845 870 985
Belarusan 40 20 20 0 0 0
Bosnian 600 275 325 15 15 10
Bulgarian 845 390 455 20 5 10
Croatian 1,005 460 540 120 60 60
Czech 915 405 505 85 45 40
Macedonian 65 25 40 5 5 5
Polish 5,525 2,485 3,035 150 70 80
Russian 6,150 2,680 3,470 1,075 490 580
Serbian 1,705 810 890 100 55 40
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 260 25 15 10
Slovak 570 260 315 30 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 85 125 10 5 5
Ukrainian 1,630 695 935 195 75 115
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 5 0 5
Celtic languages 110 50 60 5 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 0 0 0
Welsh 50 15 35 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 0 0 0
Germanic languages 8,680 3,980 4,705 870 440 425
Afrikaans 160 80 85 25 10 15
Danish 295 135 165 55 35 25
Dutch 2,215 1,060 1,150 165 85 80
Frisian 40 20 20 5 0 0
German 5,275 2,345 2,930 555 270 280
Icelandic 20 10 10 0 0 0
Norwegian 135 60 75 15 10 10
Swedish 275 140 135 25 10 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 45 0 0 5
Yiddish 175 95 75 25 15 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Greek 2,110 1,105 1,005 150 75 75
Indo-Iranian languages 26,965 13,585 13,375 2,535 1,205 1,330
Indo-Aryan languages 18,345 9,255 9,085 2,055 970 1,085
Bengali 3,255 1,615 1,645 45 25 20
Gujarati 1,470 760 710 220 100 125
Hindi 2,875 1,470 1,400 345 150 195
Kashmiri 20 10 10 0 0 0
Konkani 105 55 50 5 5 5
Marathi 290 150 140 5 5 0
Nepali 925 440 485 5 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 5 5 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,880 1,995 1,885 1,020 490 525
Sindhi 270 120 145 85 35 50
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 810 395 420 35 20 15
Urdu 4,410 2,220 2,180 290 135 155
Iranian languages 8,530 4,280 4,250 470 230 235
Kurdish 655 335 315 20 10 5
Pashto 1,025 520 510 10 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 6,850 3,420 3,430 440 215 225
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 27,840 13,070 14,770 1,275 595 670
Catalan 30 15 15 5 5 5
Italian 9,030 4,470 4,560 135 75 60
Portuguese 4,205 1,970 2,240 190 100 90
Romanian 2,560 1,165 1,400 120 60 65
Spanish 11,985 5,445 6,540 820 365 455
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 0 0 0
Japanese 990 300 685 1,090 410 675
Kartvelian languages 35 15 20 0 0 5
Georgian 30 15 25 0 0 0
Korean 2,065 875 1,185 595 255 340
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 20 10 10
Mongolian 30 15 20 20 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 5,380 2,360 3,020 40 20 20
Akan (Twi) 355 175 180 5 0 5
Bamanankan 75 30 50 0 0 0
Edo 35 20 20 0 0 0
Ewe 75 30 50 5 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 45 55 0 0 0
Ga 60 30 30 0 0 0
Ganda 125 55 65 0 0 0
Igbo 180 90 95 0 0 0
Lingala 320 120 205 5 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 840 360 475 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 650 235 420 0 0 0
Shona 110 40 70 0 0 5
Swahili 1,100 485 615 10 5 10
Wolof 80 35 45 0 0 0
Yoruba 240 125 110 5 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,030 485 545 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 165 0 0 0
Dinka 90 45 45 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 120 0 0 0
Sign languages 220 105 120 15 10 5
American Sign Language 75 30 50 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 140 75 65 10 10 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,945 14,835 17,105 49,400 22,510 26,890
Chinese languages 31,130 14,445 16,690 49,315 22,470 26,835
Cantonese 10,160 4,775 5,380 22,870 10,535 12,335
Hakka 155 65 90 210 95 115
Mandarin 18,575 8,565 10,010 23,145 10,480 12,665
Min Dong 50 25 25 10 5 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 725 315 410 1,435 660 775
Wu (Shanghainese) 445 205 240 710 295 415
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 485 520 900 390 515
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 20 5 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 85 40 50
Burmese 225 120 110 75 25 45
Karenic languages 325 155 165 0 0 0
Tibetan 95 50 40 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 5 5 0
Tai-Kadai languages 690 245 445 95 25 70
Lao 345 155 190 10 5 5
Thai 345 90 255 85 20 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 5 0 5
Turkic languages 1,645 835 815 205 115 90
Azerbaijani 120 70 55 15 15 10
Turkish 1,390 705 685 185 105 85
Uyghur 10 5 5 0 0 0
Uzbek 65 30 40 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 5 5 0
Uralic languages 2,055 965 1,085 100 45 55
Estonian 150 70 80 10 5 5
Finnish 300 120 185 25 10 10
Hungarian 1,595 775 825 75 30 40
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 85 60 5 0 5
Multiple responses 33,660 16,000 17,655 3,675 1,760 1,915
English and French 12,295 5,825 6,475 120 70 60
English and non-official language 15,135 7,340 7,795 3,465 1,650 1,820
French and non-official language 3,815 1,730 2,085 30 10 15
English, French and non-official language 2,415 1,110 1,300 55 35 20
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 923,370 449,335 474,040 97,620 46,335 51,285
Single responses 866,210 422,345 443,870 87,945 41,815 46,125
Official languages 766,810 375,540 391,270 42,030 20,890 21,140
English 680,895 336,595 344,305 41,870 20,805 21,060
French 85,910 38,945 46,965 165 90 80
Non-official languages 99,400 46,805 52,600 45,915 20,925 24,985
Aboriginal languages 210 90 125 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 70 35 40 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 20 35 5 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 10 5 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 130 55 75 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 120 45 70 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 99,190 46,715 52,480 45,910 20,925 24,985
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,665 11,855 12,810 395 200 190
Berber languages 220 110 115 0 0 0
Kabyle 180 85 95 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 3,860 1,580 2,275 20 5 15
Bilen 30 15 10 0 0 0
Oromo 130 70 60 0 0 0
Somali 3,645 1,475 2,165 20 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 0 0 0
Semitic languages 20,580 10,165 10,415 370 190 180
Amharic 845 400 445 10 0 5
Arabic 19,105 9,455 9,645 295 160 140
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 10 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 20 5 10 0 0 0
Hebrew 135 80 60 45 20 25
Maltese 5 0 5 5 5 0
Tigrigna 415 195 220 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,140 1,895 2,245 115 65 50
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 265 10 5 5
Vietnamese 3,680 1,700 1,980 105 55 45
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,335 1,395 1,940 1,755 795 965
Bikol 5 5 0 5 0 0
Cebuano 125 55 70 30 15 20
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 15 5 5
Ilocano 230 105 120 25 10 10
Malagasy 10 10 10 0 0 0
Malay 120 50 70 70 35 40
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 25 10 15
Pangasinan 10 5 5 5 0 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,745 1,130 1,615 1,580 715 865
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 5 5 0
Creole languages 1,825 745 1,080 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 1,605 645 960 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 5 0 5
Dravidian languages 1,845 915 935 95 50 45
Kannada 75 45 35 0 0 5
Malayalam 280 150 135 20 5 10
Tamil 1,285 615 665 65 35 30
Telugu 195 105 90 5 5 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 37,270 17,645 19,625 3,055 1,405 1,650
Albanian 295 140 155 20 10 5
Armenian 205 95 110 15 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 8,925 4,195 4,730 1,035 480 550
Baltic languages 105 45 60 10 0 5
Latvian 55 25 35 5 5 0
Lithuanian 45 25 25 5 0 0
Slavic languages 8,815 4,150 4,670 1,025 480 545
Belarusan 20 10 10 0 0 0
Bosnian 305 150 150 10 5 0
Bulgarian 400 190 210 10 5 5
Croatian 330 150 180 20 10 15
Czech 205 100 110 30 10 15
Macedonian 15 10 5 5 5 5
Polish 1,995 915 1,075 40 15 20
Russian 3,625 1,690 1,935 745 345 400
Serbian 1,005 500 505 65 35 30
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 5 5 0
Slovak 195 90 105 15 10 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 0 0 0
Ukrainian 505 230 275 75 35 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 5 0 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 915 415 495 100 45 55
Afrikaans 35 20 20 10 5 5
Danish 25 10 10 5 5 5
Dutch 145 70 80 10 10 0
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 625 275 355 65 30 40
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 10 5 10 0 0 0
Swedish 55 35 20 5 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 15 10 5 5 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 625 300 325 60 25 30
Indo-Iranian languages 14,665 7,155 7,510 1,195 550 650
Indo-Aryan languages 9,590 4,740 4,850 920 415 505
Bengali 1,945 940 1,010 25 15 10
Gujarati 605 310 300 100 45 60
Hindi 1,285 650 635 115 50 65
Kashmiri 5 5 0 0 0 0
Konkani 35 15 20 0 0 0
Marathi 110 50 60 0 0 0
Nepali 730 360 375 5 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,190 1,105 1,085 475 210 265
Sindhi 65 30 40 35 10 25
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 195 0 0 0
Urdu 2,215 1,090 1,125 160 75 80
Iranian languages 5,055 2,400 2,655 270 130 140
Kurdish 370 195 175 5 0 5
Pashto 645 310 335 5 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 4,040 1,895 2,140 255 120 135
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 11,635 5,340 6,295 640 290 350
Catalan 15 5 10 0 0 0
Italian 2,500 1,110 1,390 20 10 10
Portuguese 1,850 870 980 105 50 55
Romanian 1,190 555 635 55 30 25
Spanish 6,070 2,795 3,270 460 200 265
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Japanese 385 140 250 575 245 330
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Georgian 5 5 5 0 0 0
Korean 1,140 530 615 350 150 195
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 20 10 10
Mongolian 15 10 5 20 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 1,480 660 820 15 5 5
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 0 0 0
Bamanankan 10 5 10 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 20 5 15 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 0 0 0
Ga 15 5 5 0 0 0
Ganda 30 10 20 0 0 0
Igbo 55 25 25 0 0 0
Lingala 65 20 45 5 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 135 135 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 150 0 0 0
Shona 20 10 10 0 0 0
Swahili 380 175 210 0 0 0
Wolof 30 15 15 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 30 25 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 40 0 0 0
Dinka 25 15 10 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 0 0 0
Sign languages 305 165 145 25 15 15
American Sign Language 105 50 60 5 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 115 85 15 5 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,045 9,955 11,090 39,380 17,920 21,460
Chinese languages 20,465 9,680 10,790 39,335 17,900 21,440
Cantonese 5,840 2,685 3,155 18,360 8,280 10,080
Hakka 50 15 30 70 30 40
Mandarin 13,455 6,435 7,020 19,200 8,855 10,345
Min Dong 15 5 5 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 115 165 690 315 370
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 385 165 220
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 300 275 620 245 370
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 45 20 25
Burmese 145 65 80 40 15 25
Karenic languages 250 120 130 0 0 0
Tibetan 70 35 35 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 260 100 160 35 15 20
Lao 165 70 95 0 0 0
Thai 95 30 65 35 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 855 415 440 95 50 40
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 5 0 5
Turkish 745 360 380 90 50 40
Uyghur 5 5 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 35 15 20 5 0 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 0 0 0
Uralic languages 500 240 265 10 5 5
Estonian 20 10 15 0 0 0
Finnish 35 15 20 0 0 0
Hungarian 445 210 230 10 5 5
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 0 0 0
Multiple responses 57,160 26,990 30,170 9,670 4,520 5,155
English and French 12,480 5,755 6,725 60 35 25
English and non-official language 36,690 17,710 18,980 9,520 4,435 5,085
French and non-official language 3,305 1,395 1,910 15 5 10
English, French and non-official language 4,685 2,130 2,560 75 35 40
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 923,375 449,335 474,040 97,615 46,335 51,285
None 705,915 348,065 357,855 68,780 32,845 35,930
English 80,960 38,220 42,740 15,075 7,110 7,960
French 59,935 27,450 32,490 395 175 220
Non-official language 67,655 31,565 36,095 12,795 5,940 6,855
Aboriginal 405 150 255 20 5 5
Non-Aboriginal 67,250 31,410 35,840 12,775 5,930 6,845
English and French 2,595 1,220 1,380 40 25 20
English and non-official language 2,415 1,125 1,290 420 180 240
French and non-official language 3,800 1,645 2,150 105 60 50
English, French and non-official language 90 50 45 5 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 761,420 367,460 393,960 84,470 39,635 44,830
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,270 351,485 376,785 80,475 37,705 42,770
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,857 48,479 36,936 24,467 28,495 21,742
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,540 351,520 377,015 80,610 37,840 42,775
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,136 42,234 33,174 22,949 25,776 21,018
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 663,315 324,730 338,580 71,285 33,820 37,460
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,826 48,921 35,935 24,852 29,881 20,984
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 502,905 222,930 279,975 58,985 24,885 34,100
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,215 1,434 4,358 1,444 720 2,145
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 546,025 274,960 271,070 54,340 26,915 27,430
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,955 46,070 36,746 28,272 32,082 24,768
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 761,420 367,450 393,975 84,450 39,660 44,785
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,080 351,205 376,880 80,520 37,660 42,865
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,605 62,746 47,019 37,803 44,261 32,130
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,355 351,210 377,145 80,660 37,790 42,870
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,428 50,106 39,141 31,687 35,912 27,962
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 663,600 324,535 339,060 71,340 33,725 37,610
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,792 63,743 46,224 38,225 45,709 31,515
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 502,790 222,910 279,885 59,105 24,995 34,110
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,757 6,055 7,317 5,363 5,005 5,626
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 546,025 274,445 271,580 54,300 26,935 27,365
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,088 60,456 45,642 40,247 47,174 33,428
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 761,420 367,450 393,975 84,450 39,660 44,790
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 279,480 150,600 128,880 21,225 11,810 9,415
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,546 70,955 60,631 51,367 55,862 47,126
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,111 82,331 66,674 63,872 71,306 54,552
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.4 93.9 88.4 89.5 92.3 86.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.8 75.0 70.0 71.5 75.5 66.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.6 6.1 11.6 10.5 7.7 13.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 761,420 367,460 393,960 84,470 39,635 44,830
Without total income 33,150 15,980 17,170 3,995 1,935 2,065
With total income 728,270 351,485 376,785 80,475 37,705 42,770
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.6 95.3 95.1 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 99,195 45,455 53,740 18,890 8,155 10,735
$10,000 to $19,999 107,875 44,780 63,090 16,240 6,820 9,415
$20,000 to $29,999 78,010 32,865 45,140 10,160 4,450 5,710
$30,000 to $39,999 66,630 28,950 37,675 8,185 3,645 4,535
$40,000 to $49,999 63,305 27,810 35,495 6,605 3,110 3,490
$50,000 to $59,999 58,005 26,620 31,385 5,095 2,485 2,610
$60,000 to $69,999 51,605 25,385 26,225 3,975 2,140 1,830
$70,000 to $79,999 42,025 21,880 20,145 2,840 1,570 1,275
$80,000 to $89,999 36,815 19,760 17,050 2,185 1,200 985
$90,000 to $99,999 32,270 17,200 15,075 1,525 880 645
$100,000 and over 92,535 60,775 31,760 4,780 3,245 1,540
$100,000 to $149,999 65,295 41,095 24,205 3,160 2,065 1,095
$150,000 and over 27,240 19,685 7,560 1,620 1,175 440
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 761,420 367,460 393,955 84,470 39,640 44,830
Without after-tax income 32,880 15,940 16,940 3,855 1,800 2,060
With after-tax income 728,535 351,520 377,015 80,610 37,840 42,775
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.7 95.4 95.5 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,495 46,300 57,195 19,505 8,570 10,930
$10,000 to $19,999 112,260 46,980 65,280 16,880 7,185 9,695
$20,000 to $29,999 89,985 38,505 51,480 11,760 5,175 6,585
$30,000 to $39,999 81,965 35,855 46,105 9,210 4,195 5,010
$40,000 to $49,999 78,235 35,230 43,000 7,105 3,380 3,725
$50,000 to $59,999 68,435 33,495 34,940 5,325 2,815 2,510
$60,000 to $69,999 54,560 29,055 25,505 3,455 1,890 1,565
$70,000 to $79,999 45,775 24,715 21,060 2,345 1,305 1,040
$80,000 and over 93,825 61,380 32,440 5,030 3,320 1,710
$80,000 to $89,999 32,630 19,255 13,375 1,555 935 620
$90,000 to $99,999 19,260 12,495 6,760 965 615 355
$100,000 and over 41,935 29,630 12,310 2,505 1,770 740
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 761,420 367,465 393,960 84,470 39,640 44,830
Without employment income 215,395 92,505 122,890 30,130 12,725 17,400
With employment income 546,025 274,960 271,065 54,340 26,910 27,425
Percentage with employment income 71.7 74.8 68.8 64.3 67.9 61.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 67,195 32,655 34,540 8,545 3,775 4,765
$5,000 to $9,999 40,580 18,300 22,280 4,790 2,105 2,685
$10,000 to $19,999 65,320 29,700 35,620 8,250 3,770 4,480
$20,000 to $29,999 50,625 23,530 27,095 6,590 3,145 3,445
$30,000 to $39,999 44,810 21,210 23,595 5,710 2,640 3,070
$40,000 to $49,999 43,030 19,575 23,460 5,030 2,370 2,660
$50,000 to $59,999 40,775 18,705 22,070 3,795 1,875 1,920
$60,000 to $69,999 36,550 17,765 18,790 2,925 1,680 1,245
$70,000 to $79,999 29,655 15,370 14,285 2,210 1,255 950
$80,000 and over 127,485 78,160 49,330 6,490 4,295 2,205
$80,000 to $89,999 29,530 15,440 14,090 1,705 975 730
$90,000 to $99,999 26,485 14,205 12,280 1,220 740 485
$100,000 and over 71,475 48,515 22,960 3,565 2,580 985
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 373,760 ... ... 37,105 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,981 ... ... 61,154 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,745 ... ... 54,364 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 105,750 ... ... 8,595 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,369 ... ... 31,587 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,026 ... ... 28,722 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 268,010 ... ... 28,510 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,064 ... ... 73,768 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,248 ... ... 65,986 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 373,755 ... ... 37,125 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,372 ... ... 81,993 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,579 ... ... 68,848 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 105,745 ... ... 8,600 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,590 ... ... 41,137 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,078 ... ... 35,119 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 268,010 ... ... 28,525 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,013 ... ... 94,311 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,559 ... ... 79,016 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 373,755 ... ... 37,100 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,250 ... ... 1,850 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,900 ... ... 865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,095 ... ... 1,180 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,445 ... ... 1,770 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,405 ... ... 1,560 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,920 ... ... 1,895 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,170 ... ... 1,710 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,660 ... ... 1,660 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,120 ... ... 1,520 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,150 ... ... 1,485 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,805 ... ... 2,745 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,765 ... ... 2,540 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,225 ... ... 2,240 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,580 ... ... 1,925 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,430 ... ... 1,790 ... ...
$100,000 and over 156,845 ... ... 10,370 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,800 ... ... 3,395 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,760 ... ... 2,305 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 42,310 ... ... 2,435 ... ...
$200,000 and over 37,975 ... ... 2,230 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,755 ... ... 37,105 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,610 ... ... 1,960 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,970 ... ... 865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,220 ... ... 1,205 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,915 ... ... 1,815 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,650 ... ... 1,755 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,395 ... ... 2,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,340 ... ... 2,045 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,530 ... ... 1,850 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,340 ... ... 1,765 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,625 ... ... 1,650 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,215 ... ... 3,160 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,345 ... ... 2,740 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 28,265 ... ... 2,370 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,850 ... ... 2,065 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,545 ... ... 1,790 ... ...
$100,000 and over 120,940 ... ... 7,915 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,895 ... ... 3,165 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,505 ... ... 1,860 ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,545 ... ... 2,890 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 253,415 ... ... 27,760 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,083 ... ... 73,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,624 ... ... 65,495 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 92,815 ... ... 8,410 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,233 ... ... 67,285 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,602 ... ... 59,790 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 114,325 ... ... 13,825 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,926 ... ... 89,806 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,637 ... ... 79,621 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,755 ... ... 4,390 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,761 ... ... 45,904 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,633 ... ... 42,411 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 253,440 ... ... 27,775 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,219 ... ... 94,097 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,030 ... ... 78,753 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 92,930 ... ... 8,410 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,150 ... ... 84,154 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,430 ... ... 70,354 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 114,320 ... ... 13,765 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,772 ... ... 112,482 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,814 ... ... 93,206 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,635 ... ... 4,405 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,479 ... ... 59,103 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,341 ... ... 51,916 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 148,795 70,365 78,425 11,740 5,095 6,650
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,585 37,101 39,770 26,419 27,570 25,689
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,525 33,178 35,479 24,759 25,522 24,324
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 148,300 69,825 78,475 11,655 4,995 6,660
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,967 48,862 49,060 36,942 40,139 34,543
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,421 40,027 40,772 31,633 33,668 30,106
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,860 446,515 470,340 97,425 46,260 51,165
In the bottom half of the distribution 351,750 167,740 184,005 56,355 26,180 30,175
In the bottom decile 87,465 42,945 44,520 18,200 8,355 9,845
In the second decile 68,570 31,900 36,670 12,090 5,530 6,560
In the third decile 61,285 28,950 32,335 9,510 4,455 5,055
In the fourth decile 63,425 30,120 33,310 8,330 3,935 4,395
In the fifth decile 71,000 33,825 37,170 8,220 3,905 4,320
In the top half of the distribution 565,110 278,780 286,330 41,070 20,085 20,985
In the sixth decile 80,420 38,470 41,950 8,240 3,870 4,375
In the seventh decile 92,480 44,845 47,635 8,095 3,960 4,135
In the eighth decile 110,280 54,300 55,985 8,120 4,010 4,105
In the ninth decile 136,925 67,895 69,035 8,210 4,045 4,170
In the top decile 145,005 73,275 71,730 8,410 4,200 4,210
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,855 446,520 470,340 97,425 46,265 51,165
0 to 17 years 187,695 95,500 92,200 16,285 8,310 7,975
0 to 5 years 59,200 30,145 29,055 5,025 2,530 2,500
18 to 64 years 596,800 290,300 306,500 64,425 30,220 34,205
65 years and over 132,355 60,715 71,640 16,715 7,730 8,985
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 115,180 54,575 60,605 24,870 11,410 13,465
0 to 17 years 30,100 15,575 14,530 4,895 2,485 2,415
0 to 5 years 10,150 5,285 4,865 1,505 755 750
18 to 64 years 72,620 34,105 38,515 15,960 7,170 8,795
65 years and over 12,455 4,895 7,565 4,010 1,755 2,255
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.6 12.2 12.9 25.5 24.7 26.3
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 16.3 15.8 30.1 29.9 30.3
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.5 16.7 30.0 29.8 30.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.7 12.6 24.8 23.7 25.7
65 years and over (%) 9.4 8.1 10.6 24.0 22.7 25.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 98,915 48,130 50,785 20,055 9,175 10,880
0 to 17 years 22,685 11,680 11,005 4,045 2,055 1,995
0 to 5 years 7,780 4,065 3,710 1,235 630 610
18 to 64 years 68,040 33,345 34,695 13,595 6,140 7,460
65 years and over 8,190 3,105 5,085 2,410 980 1,430
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 20.6 19.8 21.3
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.2 11.9 24.8 24.7 25.0
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.5 12.8 24.6 24.9 24.4
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.3 21.1 20.3 21.8
65 years and over (%) 6.2 5.1 7.1 14.4 12.7 15.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,860 446,515 470,340 97,400 46,315 51,080
Official languages 903,135 441,100 462,040 85,440 41,190 44,250
English 890,735 436,340 454,390 85,405 41,175 44,225
French 358,165 163,500 194,670 4,525 2,125 2,400
Non-official languages 276,220 129,510 146,705 72,755 33,715 39,040
Aboriginal languages 1,135 430 710 25 0 15
Algonquian languages 490 195 290 10 0 10
Blackfoot 10 0 10 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 80 125 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 10 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 55 15 35 0 0 0
Woods Cree 15 10 10 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 85 35 50 0 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Malecite 10 10 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 260 100 160 10 0 0
Algonquin 45 25 25 0 0 0
Ojibway 195 70 125 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 10 10 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 10 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 15 0 10 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 585 220 365 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 530 200 325 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 55 15 35 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 275,145 129,115 146,035 72,735 33,710 39,025
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,550 30,865 30,680 1,185 605 580
Berber languages 540 285 260 0 0 0
Kabyle 420 220 195 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 65 60 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 9,300 4,165 5,140 95 70 25
Bilen 90 55 35 0 0 0
Oromo 380 170 210 0 0 0
Somali 8,770 3,900 4,870 95 70 25
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 0 0 0
Semitic languages 52,710 26,895 25,815 1,145 570 575
Amharic 1,980 945 1,040 25 10 20
Arabic 48,135 24,675 23,460 760 410 350
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 30 50 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 40 25 15 0 0 0
Hebrew 1,865 1,010 855 350 150 200
Maltese 65 25 40 10 0 0
Tigrigna 1,175 490 680 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 90 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 75 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,690 4,100 4,590 390 170 220
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,525 680 845 20 10 10
Vietnamese 7,215 3,440 3,770 365 155 215
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 10,155 3,770 6,390 6,015 2,605 3,405
Bikol 25 10 20 40 15 25
Cebuano 565 210 355 145 50 95
Fijian 10 0 10 40 10 30
Hiligaynon 165 55 110 50 10 35
Ilocano 705 300 405 200 75 130
Malagasy 105 55 45 0 0 0
Malay 615 270 345 385 180 200
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 40 60 25 35
Pangasinan 55 20 35 40 20 20
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,095 3,300 5,795 5,430 2,345 3,085
Waray-Waray 35 0 30 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 80 45 35
Creole languages 9,360 3,920 5,440 85 40 50
Haitian Creole 450 165 280 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 8,325 3,490 4,835 35 15 20
Creole languages, n.i.e. 630 275 350 45 25 25
Dravidian languages 5,060 2,555 2,505 210 120 90
Kannada 465 235 235 0 10 10
Malayalam 835 375 460 35 25 15
Tamil 3,330 1,700 1,630 135 75 60
Telugu 795 420 375 30 20 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 130,605 61,380 69,225 9,315 4,570 4,750
Albanian 785 385 410 35 20 15
Armenian 665 350 315 35 15 20
Balto-Slavic languages 24,530 11,210 13,325 2,110 1,025 1,085
Baltic languages 530 225 305 0 0 0
Latvian 260 105 155 0 0 0
Lithuanian 270 120 150 0 0 0
Slavic languages 24,095 11,010 13,080 2,105 1,020 1,090
Belarusan 125 60 60 0 0 0
Bosnian 1,025 470 555 20 15 10
Bulgarian 1,050 490 560 50 20 25
Croatian 1,830 905 930 145 80 70
Czech 1,315 570 750 100 70 35
Macedonian 95 35 65 30 10 15
Polish 6,530 2,970 3,560 210 110 105
Russian 9,135 4,205 4,925 1,335 610 725
Serbian 2,080 1,015 1,065 190 110 80
Serbo-Croatian 560 290 270 20 10 10
Slovak 910 380 530 15 10 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 120 140 10 0 0
Ukrainian 2,290 960 1,330 260 130 125
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 10 40 10 10 0
Celtic languages 395 190 205 20 10 10
Scottish Gaelic 150 80 75 0 0 0
Welsh 85 30 55 10 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 10 0 10
Germanic languages 16,750 7,935 8,810 1,310 670 645
Afrikaans 405 200 205 120 50 65
Danish 425 195 235 70 45 25
Dutch 2,855 1,330 1,520 200 95 105
Frisian 55 15 35 0 0 0
German 12,205 5,800 6,400 855 450 405
Icelandic 45 20 20 0 0 0
Norwegian 345 145 200 20 15 10
Swedish 605 295 310 50 20 30
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 40 40 0 0 0
Yiddish 355 185 175 55 30 25
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Greek 3,090 1,545 1,545 245 135 105
Indo-Iranian languages 35,320 17,915 17,410 3,520 1,690 1,835
Indo-Aryan languages 25,805 13,125 12,675 2,990 1,435 1,560
Bengali 4,250 2,180 2,070 60 35 20
Gujarati 2,275 1,220 1,050 450 185 260
Hindi 10,335 5,355 4,980 1,010 510 500
Kashmiri 10 10 10 0 0 0
Konkani 140 75 65 15 10 15
Marathi 565 310 255 30 15 15
Nepali 1,275 640 635 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 75 45 30 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,235 3,220 3,015 1,450 725 730
Sindhi 495 220 280 155 60 90
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,065 485 580 70 35 35
Urdu 7,175 3,600 3,570 500 250 250
Iranian languages 10,040 5,075 4,965 555 265 290
Kurdish 755 395 355 25 15 15
Pashto 1,400 755 645 30 15 15
Persian (Farsi) 8,665 4,340 4,325 510 245 265
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 120 80 10 10 0
Italic (Romance) languages 54,440 24,435 30,005 2,335 1,170 1,165
Catalan 80 30 45 0 0 0
Italian 15,500 7,400 8,105 350 190 160
Portuguese 6,120 2,990 3,125 265 130 135
Romanian 2,880 1,345 1,535 130 70 65
Spanish 33,075 14,180 18,890 1,700 830 875
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 0 0 0
Japanese 2,510 1,185 1,325 1,710 765 945
Kartvelian languages 40 15 20 0 0 0
Georgian 40 15 25 0 0 0
Korean 2,580 1,090 1,490 665 305 360
Mongolic languages 40 20 20 45 10 35
Mongolian 40 25 20 50 10 35
Niger-Congo languages 10,520 4,640 5,880 145 85 60
Akan (Twi) 630 330 300 0 0 10
Bamanankan 155 70 85 0 0 0
Edo 95 40 60 10 0 10
Ewe 205 80 125 10 15 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 70 95 0 0 0
Ga 165 85 80 0 0 0
Ganda 215 65 145 0 0 0
Igbo 300 165 135 10 0 0
Lingala 1,720 720 1,000 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,530 615 915 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 970 360 615 0 0 0
Shona 175 60 115 10 0 10
Swahili 3,040 1,325 1,715 100 55 45
Wolof 200 110 95 0 0 0
Yoruba 755 400 355 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,265 1,035 1,230 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 140 185 0 0 0
Dinka 190 85 105 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 0 0 0
Sign languages 1,630 655 975 50 10 40
American Sign Language 875 305 570 20 0 20
Quebec Sign Language 75 15 55 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 715 350 365 25 0 20
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,395 17,190 19,210 54,785 25,330 29,455
Chinese languages 35,510 16,765 18,745 54,735 25,315 29,420
Cantonese 12,700 6,015 6,685 28,435 13,235 15,205
Hakka 265 125 140 260 125 140
Mandarin 24,495 11,310 13,185 33,870 15,285 18,585
Min Dong 40 20 25 20 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,035 465 565 2,150 940 1,210
Wu (Shanghainese) 415 205 215 1,040 450 595
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 535 475 845 390 450
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 45 15 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 925 440 480 105 40 65
Burmese 305 145 160 95 30 65
Karenic languages 365 185 180 0 0 0
Tibetan 50 30 25 10 15 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 365 150 205 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 410 600 95 20 70
Lao 460 200 255 10 0 0
Thai 610 230 385 85 20 70
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,405 1,195 1,210 245 140 100
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 10 0 0
Turkish 2,070 1,035 1,040 225 125 95
Uyghur 45 25 15 0 0 0
Uzbek 80 20 60 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 20 10 10
Uralic languages 2,585 1,255 1,330 110 55 50
Estonian 245 115 130 10 10 10
Finnish 480 220 260 20 10 10
Hungarian 1,875 925 950 80 50 35
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 380 250 130 15 0 10
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 916,860 446,515 470,340 97,395 46,320 51,080
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 854,535 416,865 437,670 78,370 37,545 40,825
Canadian citizens aged under 18 177,960 90,535 87,430 13,835 7,180 6,655
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 676,580 326,330 350,245 64,535 30,365 34,170
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,320 29,650 32,670 19,025 8,780 10,250
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 916,855 446,515 470,340 97,395 46,315 51,080
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 685,260 337,490 347,770 32,575 16,710 15,870
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 216,505 101,235 115,265 61,150 27,925 33,225
Before 1981 53,740 25,720 28,015 8,085 3,875 4,210
1981 to 1990 29,670 14,195 15,475 7,120 3,320 3,795
1991 to 2000 49,685 22,510 27,170 20,110 9,180 10,930
2001 to 2010 53,335 24,515 28,820 17,120 7,585 9,535
2001 to 2005 25,185 11,520 13,660 7,805 3,455 4,345
2006 to 2010 28,155 12,990 15,160 9,315 4,130 5,190
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 30,075 14,300 15,775 8,720 3,965 4,755
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,090 7,795 7,305 3,670 1,680 1,990
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 216,505 101,235 115,265 61,155 27,930 33,225
Under 5 years 23,760 11,745 12,015 4,480 2,340 2,140
5 to 14 years 38,625 19,575 19,050 9,590 4,975 4,610
15 to 24 years 45,510 20,400 25,110 9,915 4,650 5,270
25 to 44 years 90,080 41,305 48,780 27,655 11,440 16,215
45 years and over 18,530 8,210 10,315 9,510 4,520 4,990
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 216,505 101,235 115,270 61,155 27,930 33,225
Americas 32,755 14,265 18,490 1,780 810 975
Brazil 990 445 545 75 25 50
Colombia 1,270 485 780 70 40 30
El Salvador 1,710 790 920 65 30 35
Guyana 1,375 635 735 15 0 15
Haiti 6,320 2,615 3,710 0 0 0
Jamaica 2,985 1,280 1,710 60 30 30
Mexico 1,290 540 755 215 105 110
Peru 820 365 455 135 50 90
Trinidad and Tobago 1,260 495 765 75 35 50
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,245 3,695 4,545 710 335 380
Other places of birth in Americas 6,490 2,920 3,575 355 170 190
Europe 55,430 26,405 29,030 4,160 2,070 2,090
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,610 780 830 60 40 20
Croatia 800 385 420 85 40 40
France 2,270 1,010 1,265 40 25 20
Germany 3,885 1,645 2,245 375 180 195
Greece 910 475 430 95 60 35
Hungary 825 425 405 40 30 15
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 810 360 445 75 35 35
Italy 5,410 2,800 2,610 125 80 40
Netherlands 1,890 925 960 175 95 85
Poland 4,170 1,855 2,305 145 70 75
Portugal 1,965 995 970 60 40 25
Romania 2,400 1,135 1,265 115 55 65
Russian Federation 2,860 1,230 1,635 475 180 285
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 870 410 465 80 20 55
Ukraine 1,770 840 930 375 195 185
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 15,765 7,910 7,860 1,305 615 695
Other places of birth in Europe 7,210 3,215 3,995 555 325 230
Africa 30,340 13,940 16,400 1,100 610 490
Algeria 1,025 485 545 0 0 0
Egypt 3,420 1,785 1,630 145 95 55
Ethiopia 2,215 1,020 1,195 35 10 25
Kenya 1,065 540 525 185 95 90
Morocco 1,230 570 660 20 15 0
Nigeria 1,260 575 685 30 25 10
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,405 70 55 15
South Africa, Republic of 850 435 415 240 120 115
Other places of birth in Africa 15,375 7,035 8,345 360 195 170
Asia 97,170 46,205 50,965 53,660 24,240 29,420
Afghanistan 2,400 1,215 1,180 35 10 20
Bangladesh 2,655 1,380 1,275 35 15 15
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 17,405 7,575 9,830 24,445 10,925 13,520
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,015 1,510 1,505 12,435 5,775 6,660
India 10,495 5,275 5,220 1,380 655 720
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,395 2,190 2,210 415 200 215
Iraq 3,540 1,885 1,650 185 90 95
Japan 730 175 550 700 255 440
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,690 750 945 525 240 285
Lebanon 10,995 5,745 5,250 35 15 25
Pakistan 3,830 1,915 1,915 385 190 200
Philippines 8,865 3,345 5,520 5,870 2,595 3,270
Sri Lanka 2,330 1,105 1,230 145 75 70
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,125 1,595 1,530 70 30 40
Taiwan 835 365 470 4,240 1,895 2,345
Viet Nam 5,600 2,570 3,035 395 195 200
Other places of birth in Asia 15,275 7,625 7,650 2,365 1,070 1,300
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 805 425 385 445 205 245
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 30,075 14,295 15,780 8,715 3,965 4,755
Americas 4,060 1,830 2,225 230 115 115
Brazil 135 75 65 30 10 15
Colombia 190 80 110 20 15 10
Cuba 130 65 60 10 0 10
Haiti 1,290 550 740 0 0 0
Jamaica 115 65 50 0 0 0
Mexico 245 100 145 35 30 10
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,135 570 570 90 40 50
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 120 35 85 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 695 290 400 45 20 25
Europe 2,565 1,255 1,315 190 70 120
France 285 155 130 0 0 0
Germany 155 75 90 10 0 0
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 45 25 0 0 0
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 20 25 0 10 0
Romania 120 60 60 0 0 0
Russian Federation