Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and West Vancouver--Sunshine Coast--Sea to Sky Country [Federal electoral district], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa, CV
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
West Vancouver--Sunshine Coast--Sea to Sky Country
British Columbia
[Federal electoral district]
Data quality , Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : West Vancouver--Sunshine Coast--Sea to Sky Country [Federal electoral district], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 934,243 ... ... 119,113 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 883,391 ... ... 112,875 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8 ... ... 5.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 395,985 ... ... 61,419 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 373,756 ... ... 48,843 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 334.8 ... ... 9.2 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,790.30 ... ... 13,008.19 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 934,245 453,875 480,365 119,115 58,000 61,115
0 to 14 years 155,680 79,185 76,490 17,410 8,870 8,545
0 to 4 years 48,870 24,800 24,070 4,925 2,465 2,460
5 to 9 years 53,715 27,365 26,350 6,180 3,240 2,940
10 to 14 years 53,095 27,020 26,075 6,305 3,160 3,145
15 to 64 years 634,425 310,390 324,035 75,735 37,055 38,680
15 to 19 years 57,190 28,990 28,200 6,645 3,450 3,195
20 to 24 years 68,645 34,575 34,070 5,990 3,205 2,780
25 to 29 years 63,695 31,675 32,025 5,795 3,005 2,795
30 to 34 years 61,670 30,105 31,565 6,665 3,205 3,465
35 to 39 years 59,575 28,330 31,250 7,030 3,260 3,765
40 to 44 years 62,710 29,880 32,830 7,905 3,760 4,150
45 to 49 years 65,960 31,980 33,980 8,725 4,140 4,580
50 to 54 years 73,210 36,005 37,210 9,020 4,345 4,670
55 to 59 years 66,765 32,370 34,395 9,040 4,350 4,690
60 to 64 years 54,990 26,475 28,510 8,925 4,330 4,595
65 years and over 144,140 64,300 79,840 25,965 12,080 13,890
65 to 69 years 48,130 22,870 25,265 8,360 4,070 4,295
70 to 74 years 33,875 15,790 18,085 6,460 3,175 3,285
75 to 79 years 24,600 11,135 13,465 4,290 2,025 2,265
80 to 84 years 17,950 7,765 10,185 3,170 1,445 1,725
85 years and over 19,580 6,740 12,840 3,690 1,370 2,315
85 to 89 years 11,720 4,480 7,245 2,275 905 1,370
90 to 94 years 5,995 1,845 4,145 1,085 390 700
95 to 99 years 1,640 385 1,255 290 70 215
100 years and over 225 30 200 40 10 30
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 15.9 14.6 15.3 14.0
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.4 67.5 63.6 63.9 63.3
65 years and over 15.4 14.2 16.6 21.8 20.8 22.7
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 3.1 2.4 3.8
Average age of the population 40.1 39.2 41.0 44.4 43.4 45.3
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 46.2 45.3 47.1
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 373,755 ... ... 48,845 ... ...
Single-detached house 158,235 ... ... 29,120 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 68,645 ... ... 4,660 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 146,085 ... ... 13,980 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,140 ... ... 1,835 ... ...
Row house 79,340 ... ... 3,865 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,055 ... ... 3,110 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 39,095 ... ... 5,125 ... ...
Other single-attached house 465 ... ... 50 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 800 ... ... 1,080 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 373,755 ... ... 48,845 ... ...
1 person 105,750 ... ... 13,555 ... ...
2 persons 124,280 ... ... 17,925 ... ...
3 persons 58,010 ... ... 7,320 ... ...
4 persons 55,215 ... ... 6,665 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,500 ... ... 3,375 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 916,860 ... ... 116,650 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 778,565 374,690 403,875 101,700 49,130 52,570
Married or living common law 437,500 218,705 218,795 61,590 30,625 30,960
Married 366,365 182,795 183,565 50,590 25,130 25,460
Living common law 71,130 35,910 35,225 11,000 5,500 5,500
Not married and not living common law 341,065 155,985 185,080 40,115 18,505 21,610
Never married 236,315 123,415 112,895 24,935 13,645 11,290
Separated 21,015 8,500 12,520 2,585 1,095 1,495
Divorced 46,000 16,540 29,460 6,865 2,605 4,260
Widowed 37,730 7,535 30,200 5,725 1,165 4,560
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 254,770 ... ... 34,290 ... ...
2 persons 123,855 ... ... 18,995 ... ...
3 persons 54,635 ... ... 6,925 ... ...
4 persons 53,395 ... ... 6,400 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,885 ... ... 1,970 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 254,765 ... ... 34,290 ... ...
Total couple families 213,535 ... ... 29,785 ... ...
Married couples 177,990 ... ... 24,285 ... ...
Common-law couples 35,545 ... ... 5,495 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,230 ... ... 4,505 ... ...
Female parent 32,860 ... ... 3,460 ... ...
Male parent 8,375 ... ... 1,045 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 213,535 ... ... 29,785 ... ...
Couples without children 99,685 ... ... 16,180 ... ...
Couples with children 113,855 ... ... 13,605 ... ...
1 child 42,565 ... ... 5,605 ... ...
2 children 49,890 ... ... 6,100 ... ...
3 or more children 21,390 ... ... 1,900 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,235 ... ... 4,505 ... ...
1 child 24,170 ... ... 2,810 ... ...
2 children 12,065 ... ... 1,320 ... ...
3 or more children 4,995 ... ... 370 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 168,745 78,365 90,380 21,995 10,015 11,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 373,755 ... ... 48,845 ... ...
One-census-family households 243,070 ... ... 32,285 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 94,935 ... ... 15,225 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 148,135 ... ... 17,060 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,755 ... ... 975 ... ...
Non-census-family households 124,935 ... ... 15,585 ... ...
One-person households 105,750 ... ... 13,555 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,185 ... ... 2,025 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 923,375 449,335 474,040 118,300 57,715 60,590
English only 549,395 279,175 270,220 103,395 51,015 52,380
French only 12,680 5,075 7,610 55 30 30
English and French 347,510 159,620 187,890 12,775 5,680 7,095
Neither English nor French 13,790 5,465 8,320 2,075 995 1,080
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 923,370 449,335 474,035 118,305 57,715 60,585
English 749,725 370,365 379,360 113,275 55,310 57,965
French 138,900 63,600 75,300 2,320 1,140 1,180
English and French 21,300 10,070 11,230 680 295 380
Neither English nor French 13,445 5,295 8,150 2,030 965 1,060
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 149,550 68,635 80,915 2,660 1,290 1,370
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 16.2 15.3 17.1 2.2 2.2 2.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 923,375 449,330 474,040 118,305 57,715 60,585
Single responses 889,715 433,335 456,385 116,420 56,850 59,570
Official languages 689,300 338,895 350,405 91,540 45,535 46,000
English 562,070 280,205 281,870 89,170 44,375 44,795
French 127,225 58,690 68,530 2,370 1,160 1,205
Non-official languages 200,420 94,440 105,975 24,885 11,315 13,565
Aboriginal languages 650 245 405 220 110 110
Algonquian languages 280 115 165 10 0 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 70 85 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 15 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 0 0 5
Woods Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 75 35 40 10 0 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 10 0 0 0
Malecite 5 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 35 65 5 0 0
Algonquin 25 10 15 0 0 0
Ojibway 70 25 45 5 0 0
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 0 0 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 330 110 215 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 295 95 200 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 25 10 15 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 10 15 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 190 105 80
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 115 65 50
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 25 10 15
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 199,765 94,195 105,575 24,660 11,200 13,455
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,350 22,200 22,150 305 170 135
Berber languages 375 195 180 5 0 0
Kabyle 250 130 120 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 6,660 2,870 3,785 0 0 0
Bilen 50 25 25 0 0 0
Oromo 215 120 95 0 0 0
Somali 6,300 2,680 3,615 0 5 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 0 0 0
Semitic languages 37,255 19,100 18,160 300 170 135
Amharic 1,455 680 770 10 5 5
Arabic 34,295 17,670 16,625 245 140 110
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 10 5 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 0 0 0
Harari 60 30 30 0 0 0
Hebrew 355 190 160 25 20 5
Maltese 30 10 20 10 5 5
Tigrigna 905 440 460 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 0 0 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,045 3,225 3,815 105 50 55
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 485 610 5 0 5
Vietnamese 5,930 2,735 3,195 105 50 50
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 7,785 2,835 4,950 1,325 460 860
Bikol 30 15 15 0 0 0
Cebuano 370 120 245 40 10 25
Fijian 0 0 0 10 5 0
Hiligaynon 110 35 75 15 0 15
Ilocano 575 225 345 45 15 30
Malagasy 55 25 25 0 0 0
Malay 395 160 235 60 10 45
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 10 5 0
Pangasinan 30 15 15 5 0 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,035 2,170 3,865 1,110 395 710
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 120 40 75 30 10 20
Creole languages 4,175 1,745 2,435 10 5 5
Haitian Creole 290 130 160 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 3,705 1,535 2,170 5 0 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 5 5 5
Dravidian languages 3,805 1,965 1,840 50 25 20
Kannada 225 115 105 0 0 0
Malayalam 660 345 315 20 10 10
Tamil 2,415 1,230 1,185 20 10 10
Telugu 485 270 220 15 5 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 87,105 41,440 45,665 13,700 6,525 7,180
Albanian 660 325 335 5 0 0
Armenian 465 235 230 75 35 35
Balto-Slavic languages 20,270 9,080 11,190 2,090 960 1,130
Baltic languages 455 200 260 55 15 35
Latvian 250 110 140 35 10 20
Lithuanian 210 85 125 15 5 15
Slavic languages 19,815 8,885 10,930 2,035 940 1,090
Belarusan 40 20 20 10 5 5
Bosnian 600 275 325 15 5 5
Bulgarian 845 390 455 35 20 20
Croatian 1,005 460 540 110 50 55
Czech 915 405 505 360 175 185
Macedonian 65 25 40 5 5 0
Polish 5,525 2,485 3,035 475 215 265
Russian 6,150 2,680 3,470 530 240 295
Serbian 1,705 810 890 80 45 40
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 260 10 0 10
Slovak 570 260 315 160 70 90
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 85 125 45 20 25
Ukrainian 1,630 695 935 190 90 95
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 5 5 5
Celtic languages 110 50 60 25 10 15
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 10 0 5
Welsh 50 15 35 10 5 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 5 5 0
Germanic languages 8,680 3,980 4,705 3,480 1,625 1,860
Afrikaans 160 80 85 135 70 65
Danish 295 135 165 260 130 130
Dutch 2,215 1,060 1,150 575 275 305
Frisian 40 20 20 5 0 0
German 5,275 2,345 2,930 2,205 1,015 1,185
Icelandic 20 10 10 5 0 10
Norwegian 135 60 75 115 55 55
Swedish 275 140 135 160 60 95
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 45 20 10 10
Yiddish 175 95 75 5 5 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 5 0 5
Greek 2,110 1,105 1,005 135 80 55
Indo-Iranian languages 26,965 13,585 13,375 6,130 3,015 3,110
Indo-Aryan languages 18,345 9,255 9,085 1,595 805 795
Bengali 3,255 1,615 1,645 20 10 10
Gujarati 1,470 760 710 130 55 75
Hindi 2,875 1,470 1,400 120 60 55
Kashmiri 20 10 10 0 5 0
Konkani 105 55 50 0 0 0
Marathi 290 150 140 5 5 5
Nepali 925 440 485 10 5 0
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,880 1,995 1,885 1,185 610 580
Sindhi 270 120 145 65 25 40
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 810 395 420 15 5 5
Urdu 4,410 2,220 2,180 50 25 25
Iranian languages 8,530 4,280 4,250 4,530 2,210 2,320
Kurdish 655 335 315 20 15 5
Pashto 1,025 520 510 5 0 5
Persian (Farsi) 6,850 3,420 3,430 4,510 2,195 2,310
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 27,840 13,070 14,770 1,765 800 965
Catalan 30 15 15 10 5 0
Italian 9,030 4,470 4,560 500 245 255
Portuguese 4,205 1,970 2,240 195 85 110
Romanian 2,560 1,165 1,400 120 50 75
Spanish 11,985 5,445 6,540 945 415 525
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 5 0 5
Japanese 990 300 685 790 265 525
Kartvelian languages 35 15 20 0 0 0
Georgian 30 15 25 0 0 0
Korean 2,065 875 1,185 915 400 515
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 0 0 0
Mongolian 30 15 20 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages 5,380 2,360 3,020 30 10 20
Akan (Twi) 355 175 180 0 0 0
Bamanankan 75 30 50 0 0 0
Edo 35 20 20 0 0 0
Ewe 75 30 50 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 45 55 0 0 0
Ga 60 30 30 0 0 0
Ganda 125 55 65 0 0 5
Igbo 180 90 95 0 0 0
Lingala 320 120 205 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 840 360 475 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 650 235 420 0 0 0
Shona 110 40 70 0 0 0
Swahili 1,100 485 615 10 0 5
Wolof 80 35 45 0 0 0
Yoruba 240 125 110 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,030 485 545 15 0 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 165 5 5 0
Dinka 90 45 45 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 120 5 5 5
Sign languages 220 105 120 15 10 5
American Sign Language 75 30 50 10 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 140 75 65 5 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,945 14,835 17,105 6,800 3,000 3,800
Chinese languages 31,130 14,445 16,690 6,775 2,990 3,785
Cantonese 10,160 4,775 5,380 1,065 475 590
Hakka 155 65 90 20 5 10
Mandarin 18,575 8,565 10,010 5,250 2,330 2,920
Min Dong 50 25 25 5 0 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 725 315 410 125 50 75
Wu (Shanghainese) 445 205 240 85 25 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 485 520 220 100 120
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 15 5 10
Burmese 225 120 110 5 0 5
Karenic languages 325 155 165 0 0 0
Tibetan 95 50 40 10 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 690 245 445 70 15 55
Lao 345 155 190 5 0 0
Thai 345 90 255 65 15 55
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 1,645 835 815 170 95 75
Azerbaijani 120 70 55 30 20 10
Turkish 1,390 705 685 135 75 60
Uyghur 10 5 5 0 0 0
Uzbek 65 30 40 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 0 0 0
Uralic languages 2,055 965 1,085 370 165 210
Estonian 150 70 80 45 20 20
Finnish 300 120 185 115 40 70
Hungarian 1,595 775 825 215 105 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 85 60 10 5 5
Multiple responses 33,660 16,000 17,655 1,885 865 1,015
English and French 12,295 5,825 6,475 365 180 190
English and non-official language 15,135 7,340 7,795 1,395 625 765
French and non-official language 3,815 1,730 2,085 60 30 35
English, French and non-official language 2,415 1,110 1,300 60 25 30
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 923,370 449,335 474,040 118,300 57,715 60,585
Single responses 866,210 422,345 443,870 114,400 55,935 58,465
Official languages 766,810 375,540 391,270 101,245 49,720 51,530
English 680,895 336,595 344,305 100,395 49,275 51,120
French 85,910 38,945 46,965 850 440 410
Non-official languages 99,400 46,805 52,600 13,155 6,220 6,935
Aboriginal languages 210 90 125 25 10 15
Algonquian languages 70 35 40 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 20 35 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 10 5 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 130 55 75 0 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 120 45 70 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 99,190 46,715 52,480 13,135 6,210 6,920
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,665 11,855 12,810 120 65 60
Berber languages 220 110 115 0 0 0
Kabyle 180 85 95 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 3,860 1,580 2,275 0 0 0
Bilen 30 15 10 0 0 0
Oromo 130 70 60 0 0 0
Somali 3,645 1,475 2,165 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 0 0 0
Semitic languages 20,580 10,165 10,415 125 65 60
Amharic 845 400 445 0 0 0
Arabic 19,105 9,455 9,645 110 60 50
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 20 5 10 0 0 0
Hebrew 135 80 60 10 5 5
Maltese 5 0 5 0 0 0
Tigrigna 415 195 220 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,140 1,895 2,245 55 40 20
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 265 0 0 0
Vietnamese 3,680 1,700 1,980 55 35 20
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,335 1,395 1,940 480 230 250
Bikol 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 125 55 70 10 5 5
Fijian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 5 0 5
Ilocano 230 105 120 10 5 5
Malagasy 10 10 10 0 0 0
Malay 120 50 70 15 5 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Pangasinan 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,745 1,130 1,615 410 200 210
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 30 10 15
Creole languages 1,825 745 1,080 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 1,605 645 960 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 1,845 915 935 20 10 10
Kannada 75 45 35 0 0 0
Malayalam 280 150 135 10 5 5
Tamil 1,285 615 665 5 5 0
Telugu 195 105 90 10 5 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 37,270 17,645 19,625 6,195 3,005 3,190
Albanian 295 140 155 5 0 0
Armenian 205 95 110 45 20 25
Balto-Slavic languages 8,925 4,195 4,730 680 350 330
Baltic languages 105 45 60 5 0 5
Latvian 55 25 35 5 0 5
Lithuanian 45 25 25 0 5 0
Slavic languages 8,815 4,150 4,670 675 350 330
Belarusan 20 10 10 0 5 0
Bosnian 305 150 150 10 5 5
Bulgarian 400 190 210 15 5 5
Croatian 330 150 180 20 10 5
Czech 205 100 110 90 50 40
Macedonian 15 10 5 0 0 0
Polish 1,995 915 1,075 125 65 60
Russian 3,625 1,690 1,935 295 145 155
Serbian 1,005 500 505 30 15 10
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 0 0 0
Slovak 195 90 105 45 25 20
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 5 0 5
Ukrainian 505 230 275 40 20 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 5
Celtic languages 10 5 0 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 5 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 5 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 915 415 495 515 245 265
Afrikaans 35 20 20 70 30 35
Danish 25 10 10 35 20 15
Dutch 145 70 80 85 45 45
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 625 275 355 280 135 145
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 5 5
Norwegian 10 5 10 15 10 10
Swedish 55 35 20 25 10 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 15 10 5 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 625 300 325 30 15 15
Indo-Iranian languages 14,665 7,155 7,510 4,270 2,075 2,195
Indo-Aryan languages 9,590 4,740 4,850 985 490 495
Bengali 1,945 940 1,010 10 5 5
Gujarati 605 310 300 50 20 25
Hindi 1,285 650 635 45 20 20
Kashmiri 5 5 0 0 0 0
Konkani 35 15 20 0 0 0
Marathi 110 50 60 0 0 0
Nepali 730 360 375 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,190 1,105 1,085 850 425 425
Sindhi 65 30 40 15 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 195 0 5 0
Urdu 2,215 1,090 1,125 15 5 10
Iranian languages 5,055 2,400 2,655 3,285 1,585 1,700
Kurdish 370 195 175 15 10 5
Pashto 645 310 335 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 4,040 1,895 2,140 3,270 1,575 1,695
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 11,635 5,340 6,295 640 295 345
Catalan 15 5 10 0 0 0
Italian 2,500 1,110 1,390 95 45 55
Portuguese 1,850 870 980 60 25 35
Romanian 1,190 555 635 60 25 35
Spanish 6,070 2,795 3,270 420 200 225
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Japanese 385 140 250 380 165 215
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Georgian 5 5 5 0 0 0
Korean 1,140 530 615 670 300 370
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 0 0 0
Mongolian 15 10 5 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,480 660 820 5 0 0
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 0 0 0
Bamanankan 10 5 10 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 20 5 15 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 0 0 0
Ga 15 5 5 0 0 0
Ganda 30 10 20 0 0 0
Igbo 55 25 25 0 0 0
Lingala 65 20 45 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 135 135 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 150 0 0 0
Shona 20 10 10 0 0 0
Swahili 380 175 210 0 0 0
Wolof 30 15 15 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 30 25 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 40 0 0 0
Dinka 25 15 10 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 0 0 0
Sign languages 305 165 145 15 10 5
American Sign Language 105 50 60 5 0 5
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 115 85 10 10 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,045 9,955 11,090 5,065 2,325 2,740
Chinese languages 20,465 9,680 10,790 5,050 2,325 2,730
Cantonese 5,840 2,685 3,155 555 260 295
Hakka 50 15 30 5 0 5
Mandarin 13,455 6,435 7,020 4,285 1,965 2,320
Min Dong 15 5 5 0 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 115 165 35 15 20
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 50 25 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 300 275 115 55 60
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 10 5 5
Burmese 145 65 80 0 0 0
Karenic languages 250 120 130 0 0 0
Tibetan 70 35 35 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 260 100 160 10 5 5
Lao 165 70 95 0 0 0
Thai 95 30 65 10 5 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 855 415 440 55 30 30
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 5 5 5
Turkish 745 360 380 45 25 20
Uyghur 5 5 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 35 15 20 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 0 0 0
Uralic languages 500 240 265 65 35 35
Estonian 20 10 15 5 5 5
Finnish 35 15 20 20 10 10
Hungarian 445 210 230 40 25 20
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 0 0 0
Multiple responses 57,160 26,990 30,170 3,905 1,780 2,125
English and French 12,480 5,755 6,725 210 90 125
English and non-official language 36,690 17,710 18,980 3,605 1,655 1,950
French and non-official language 3,305 1,395 1,910 10 5 5
English, French and non-official language 4,685 2,130 2,560 70 30 40
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 923,375 449,335 474,040 118,300 57,715 60,590
None 705,915 348,065 357,855 103,585 50,945 52,640
English 80,960 38,220 42,740 5,605 2,715 2,900
French 59,935 27,450 32,490 1,790 815 980
Non-official language 67,655 31,565 36,095 7,040 3,120 3,920
Aboriginal 405 150 255 435 215 220
Non-Aboriginal 67,250 31,410 35,840 6,610 2,905 3,700
English and French 2,595 1,220 1,380 40 20 20
English and non-official language 2,415 1,125 1,290 90 45 45
French and non-official language 3,800 1,645 2,150 140 65 80
English, French and non-official language 90 50 45 5 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 761,420 367,460 393,960 99,290 48,020 51,275
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,270 351,485 376,785 95,855 46,365 49,490
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,857 48,479 36,936 35,774 42,918 30,752
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,540 351,520 377,015 95,960 46,455 49,510
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,136 42,234 33,174 31,840 37,257 27,917
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 663,315 324,730 338,580 88,895 43,335 45,565
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,826 48,921 35,935 33,285 41,009 27,678
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 502,905 222,930 279,975 66,305 28,900 37,405
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,215 1,434 4,358 4,922 4,321 5,119
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 546,025 274,960 271,070 68,830 35,080 33,750
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,955 46,070 36,746 28,867 35,466 23,980
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 761,420 367,450 393,975 99,290 48,005 51,290
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,080 351,205 376,880 95,840 46,335 49,500
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,605 62,746 47,019 65,168 84,159 47,391
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,355 351,210 377,145 95,940 46,425 49,510
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,428 50,106 39,141 50,389 62,428 39,100
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 663,600 324,535 339,060 89,090 43,440 45,650
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,792 63,743 46,224 64,760 84,962 45,536
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 502,790 222,910 279,885 66,240 28,775 37,465
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,757 6,055 7,317 7,189 7,263 7,132
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 546,025 274,445 271,580 68,900 35,240 33,660
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,088 60,456 45,642 54,836 72,097 36,765
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 761,420 367,450 393,975 99,290 48,005 51,290
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 279,480 150,600 128,880 25,200 14,480 10,720
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,546 70,955 60,631 55,196 62,864 47,671
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,111 82,331 66,674 85,621 105,312 59,025
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.4 93.9 88.4 92.1 94.4 88.4
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.8 75.0 70.0 61.2 65.7 53.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.6 6.1 11.6 7.9 5.6 11.6
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 761,420 367,460 393,960 99,295 48,015 51,280
Without total income 33,150 15,980 17,170 3,440 1,650 1,785
With total income 728,270 351,485 376,785 95,855 46,365 49,490
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.6 96.5 96.6 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 99,195 45,455 53,740 15,090 6,580 8,510
$10,000 to $19,999 107,875 44,780 63,090 14,395 5,925 8,475
$20,000 to $29,999 78,010 32,865 45,140 12,350 5,080 7,265
$30,000 to $39,999 66,630 28,950 37,675 10,165 4,325 5,840
$40,000 to $49,999 63,305 27,810 35,495 8,925 4,160 4,765
$50,000 to $59,999 58,005 26,620 31,385 6,965 3,400 3,570
$60,000 to $69,999 51,605 25,385 26,225 5,685 3,060 2,625
$70,000 to $79,999 42,025 21,880 20,145 4,215 2,330 1,885
$80,000 to $89,999 36,815 19,760 17,050 3,435 1,885 1,550
$90,000 to $99,999 32,270 17,200 15,075 2,500 1,455 1,045
$100,000 and over 92,535 60,775 31,760 12,135 8,180 3,955
$100,000 to $149,999 65,295 41,095 24,205 6,280 4,005 2,275
$150,000 and over 27,240 19,685 7,560 5,855 4,175 1,680
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 761,420 367,460 393,955 99,295 48,015 51,280
Without after-tax income 32,880 15,940 16,940 3,335 1,565 1,770
With after-tax income 728,535 351,520 377,015 95,960 46,450 49,505
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.7 96.6 96.7 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,495 46,300 57,195 15,955 6,995 8,965
$10,000 to $19,999 112,260 46,980 65,280 15,325 6,460 8,865
$20,000 to $29,999 89,985 38,505 51,480 14,465 6,060 8,405
$30,000 to $39,999 81,965 35,855 46,105 11,755 5,125 6,630
$40,000 to $49,999 78,235 35,230 43,000 9,725 4,740 4,985
$50,000 to $59,999 68,435 33,495 34,940 7,250 3,800 3,450
$60,000 to $69,999 54,560 29,055 25,505 5,245 2,860 2,380
$70,000 to $79,999 45,775 24,715 21,060 3,825 2,180 1,650
$80,000 and over 93,825 61,380 32,440 12,415 8,240 4,175
$80,000 to $89,999 32,630 19,255 13,375 2,770 1,665 1,105
$90,000 to $99,999 19,260 12,495 6,760 1,855 1,195 660
$100,000 and over 41,935 29,630 12,310 7,795 5,385 2,410
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 761,420 367,465 393,960 99,295 48,015 51,275
Without employment income 215,395 92,505 122,890 30,465 12,940 17,530
With employment income 546,025 274,960 271,065 68,830 35,080 33,750
Percentage with employment income 71.7 74.8 68.8 69.3 73.1 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 67,195 32,655 34,540 13,070 6,060 7,010
$5,000 to $9,999 40,580 18,300 22,280 5,490 2,460 3,030
$10,000 to $19,999 65,320 29,700 35,620 9,060 4,055 5,005
$20,000 to $29,999 50,625 23,530 27,095 7,570 3,380 4,195
$30,000 to $39,999 44,810 21,210 23,595 6,370 2,815 3,550
$40,000 to $49,999 43,030 19,575 23,460 5,400 2,590 2,815
$50,000 to $59,999 40,775 18,705 22,070 4,250 2,140 2,115
$60,000 to $69,999 36,550 17,765 18,790 3,465 1,995 1,475
$70,000 to $79,999 29,655 15,370 14,285 2,685 1,550 1,140
$80,000 and over 127,485 78,160 49,330 11,465 8,040 3,420
$80,000 to $89,999 29,530 15,440 14,090 2,230 1,310 925
$90,000 to $99,999 26,485 14,205 12,280 1,575 1,010 560
$100,000 and over 71,475 48,515 22,960 7,655 5,725 1,935
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 373,760 ... ... 48,845 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,981 ... ... 75,449 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,745 ... ... 65,442 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 105,750 ... ... 13,555 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,369 ... ... 37,478 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,026 ... ... 33,318 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 268,010 ... ... 35,285 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,064 ... ... 95,963 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,248 ... ... 82,563 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 373,755 ... ... 48,810 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,372 ... ... 127,956 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,579 ... ... 99,041 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 105,745 ... ... 13,515 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,590 ... ... 58,062 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,078 ... ... 46,461 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 268,010 ... ... 35,295 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,013 ... ... 154,721 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,559 ... ... 119,176 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 373,755 ... ... 48,840 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,250 ... ... 1,205 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,900 ... ... 705 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,095 ... ... 1,215 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,445 ... ... 1,900 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,405 ... ... 1,960 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,920 ... ... 1,820 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,170 ... ... 1,860 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,660 ... ... 1,880 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,120 ... ... 1,790 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,150 ... ... 1,840 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,805 ... ... 3,350 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,765 ... ... 3,265 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,225 ... ... 2,895 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,580 ... ... 2,565 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,430 ... ... 2,360 ... ...
$100,000 and over 156,845 ... ... 18,240 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,800 ... ... 4,765 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,760 ... ... 3,505 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 42,310 ... ... 3,980 ... ...
$200,000 and over 37,975 ... ... 5,985 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,755 ... ... 48,840 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,610 ... ... 1,395 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,970 ... ... 730 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,220 ... ... 1,235 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,915 ... ... 1,995 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,650 ... ... 2,270 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,395 ... ... 2,180 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,340 ... ... 2,225 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,530 ... ... 2,185 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,340 ... ... 2,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,625 ... ... 2,195 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,215 ... ... 3,905 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,345 ... ... 3,545 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 28,265 ... ... 3,160 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,850 ... ... 2,850 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,545 ... ... 2,460 ... ...
$100,000 and over 120,940 ... ... 14,415 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,895 ... ... 4,705 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,505 ... ... 2,935 ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,545 ... ... 6,770 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 253,415 ... ... 33,820 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,083 ... ... 94,966 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,624 ... ... 81,671 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 92,815 ... ... 15,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,233 ... ... 90,447 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,602 ... ... 77,862 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 114,325 ... ... 13,640 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,926 ... ... 118,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,637 ... ... 100,147 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,755 ... ... 4,195 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,761 ... ... 49,959 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,633 ... ... 45,093 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 253,440 ... ... 33,870 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,219 ... ... 155,451 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,030 ... ... 119,242 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 92,930 ... ... 15,220 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,150 ... ... 146,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,430 ... ... 112,965 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 114,320 ... ... 13,625 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,772 ... ... 187,712 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,814 ... ... 142,338 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,635 ... ... 4,200 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,479 ... ... 90,114 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,341 ... ... 71,699 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 148,795 70,365 78,425 19,965 9,140 10,830
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,585 37,101 39,770 32,072 32,596 31,641
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,525 33,178 35,479 28,892 29,218 28,558
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 148,300 69,825 78,475 19,885 9,140 10,750
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,967 48,862 49,060 49,303 54,383 44,982
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,421 40,027 40,772 40,004 42,814 37,613
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,860 446,515 470,340 116,655 56,860 59,795
In the bottom half of the distribution 351,750 167,740 184,005 54,035 25,665 28,365
In the bottom decile 87,465 42,945 44,520 15,030 7,235 7,790
In the second decile 68,570 31,900 36,670 10,810 4,915 5,895
In the third decile 61,285 28,950 32,335 9,615 4,535 5,080
In the fourth decile 63,425 30,120 33,310 9,035 4,305 4,730
In the fifth decile 71,000 33,825 37,170 9,540 4,670 4,870
In the top half of the distribution 565,110 278,780 286,330 62,620 31,190 31,425
In the sixth decile 80,420 38,470 41,950 9,605 4,690 4,915
In the seventh decile 92,480 44,845 47,635 10,055 4,950 5,105
In the eighth decile 110,280 54,300 55,985 10,555 5,280 5,275
In the ninth decile 136,925 67,895 69,035 11,705 5,860 5,845
In the top decile 145,005 73,275 71,730 20,705 10,415 10,285
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,855 446,520 470,340 111,075 54,085 56,985
0 to 17 years 187,695 95,500 92,200 20,415 10,420 10,000
0 to 5 years 59,200 30,145 29,055 5,795 2,915 2,880
18 to 64 years 596,800 290,300 306,500 66,900 32,415 34,485
65 years and over 132,355 60,715 71,640 23,760 11,260 12,500
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 115,180 54,575 60,605 16,725 7,735 8,990
0 to 17 years 30,100 15,575 14,530 3,810 1,945 1,870
0 to 5 years 10,150 5,285 4,865 955 500 455
18 to 64 years 72,620 34,105 38,515 10,120 4,620 5,500
65 years and over 12,455 4,895 7,565 2,795 1,170 1,625
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.6 12.2 12.9 15.1 14.3 15.8
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 16.3 15.8 18.7 18.7 18.7
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.5 16.7 16.5 17.2 15.8
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.7 12.6 15.1 14.3 15.9
65 years and over (%) 9.4 8.1 10.6 11.8 10.4 13.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 98,915 48,130 50,785 11,395 5,420 5,975
0 to 17 years 22,685 11,680 11,005 2,510 1,280 1,230
0 to 5 years 7,780 4,065 3,710 540 280 255
18 to 64 years 68,040 33,345 34,695 7,720 3,645 4,080
65 years and over 8,190 3,105 5,085 1,160 500 660
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.3 10.0 10.5
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.2 11.9 12.3 12.3 12.3
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.5 12.8 9.3 9.6 8.9
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.3 11.5 11.2 11.8
65 years and over (%) 6.2 5.1 7.1 4.9 4.4 5.3
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,860 446,515 470,340 116,645 56,840 59,805
Official languages 903,135 441,100 462,040 114,605 55,865 58,740
English 890,735 436,340 454,390 114,545 55,845 58,700
French 358,165 163,500 194,670 12,830 5,785 7,040
Non-official languages 276,220 129,510 146,705 32,265 14,845 17,420
Aboriginal languages 1,135 430 710 770 385 385
Algonquian languages 490 195 290 15 10 10
Blackfoot 10 0 10 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 80 125 10 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 10 0 0 10 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 55 15 35 0 0 0
Woods Cree 15 10 10 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 85 35 50 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Malecite 10 10 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 260 100 160 10 0 10
Algonquin 45 25 25 0 0 0
Ojibway 195 70 125 10 10 15
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 15 0 10 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 10
Inuit languages 585 220 365 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 530 200 325 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 0 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 55 15 35 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 715 365 350
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 410 215 195
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 165 70 95
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 80 65
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 10 10 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 10 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 275,145 129,115 146,035 31,510 14,465 17,045
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,550 30,865 30,680 535 300 230
Berber languages 540 285 260 0 0 0
Kabyle 420 220 195 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 65 60 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 9,300 4,165 5,140 0 0 0
Bilen 90 55 35 0 0 0
Oromo 380 170 210 0 0 0
Somali 8,770 3,900 4,870 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 0 0 0
Semitic languages 52,710 26,895 25,815 530 295 225
Amharic 1,980 945 1,040 10 10 0
Arabic 48,135 24,675 23,460 360 205 160
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 30 50 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 40 25 15 0 0 0
Hebrew 1,865 1,010 855 150 80 65
Maltese 65 25 40 10 10 0
Tigrigna 1,175 490 680 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 90 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 75 10 0 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,690 4,100 4,590 150 80 70
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,525 680 845 20 10 15
Vietnamese 7,215 3,440 3,770 135 80 55
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 10,155 3,770 6,390 1,740 615 1,125
Bikol 25 10 20 0 0 0
Cebuano 565 210 355 80 20 50
Fijian 10 0 10 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 165 55 110 35 10 30
Ilocano 705 300 405 75 25 45
Malagasy 105 55 45 0 0 0
Malay 615 270 345 100 40 60
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 40 25 10 15
Pangasinan 55 20 35 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,095 3,300 5,795 1,590 545 1,045
Waray-Waray 35 0 30 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 25 20 0
Creole languages 9,360 3,920 5,440 20 10 10
Haitian Creole 450 165 280 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 8,325 3,490 4,835 15 10 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 630 275 350 10 0 10
Dravidian languages 5,060 2,555 2,505 90 55 35
Kannada 465 235 235 0 0 0
Malayalam 835 375 460 30 15 10
Tamil 3,330 1,700 1,630 35 25 10
Telugu 795 420 375 35 25 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 130,605 61,380 69,225 18,800 8,920 9,880
Albanian 785 385 410 10 10 0
Armenian 665 350 315 125 60 70
Balto-Slavic languages 24,530 11,210 13,325 2,335 1,090 1,245
Baltic languages 530 225 305 55 20 35
Latvian 260 105 155 30 15 15
Lithuanian 270 120 150 20 10 15
Slavic languages 24,095 11,010 13,080 2,290 1,070 1,220
Belarusan 125 60 60 10 10 0
Bosnian 1,025 470 555 40 20 15
Bulgarian 1,050 490 560 35 15 20
Croatian 1,830 905 930 150 65 85
Czech 1,315 570 750 395 200 195
Macedonian 95 35 65 10 0 0
Polish 6,530 2,970 3,560 625 315 305
Russian 9,135 4,205 4,925 655 305 350
Serbian 2,080 1,015 1,065 115 50 60
Serbo-Croatian 560 290 270 10 10 0
Slovak 910 380 530 220 105 115
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 120 140 85 20 60
Ukrainian 2,290 960 1,330 240 115 130
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 10 40 0 10 0
Celtic languages 395 190 205 40 0 35
Scottish Gaelic 150 80 75 0 0 0
Welsh 85 30 55 15 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 25 10 15
Germanic languages 16,750 7,935 8,810 5,175 2,450 2,730
Afrikaans 405 200 205 420 210 210
Danish 425 195 235 295 130 155
Dutch 2,855 1,330 1,520 660 340 325
Frisian 55 15 35 0 0 10
German 12,205 5,800 6,400 3,575 1,715 1,860
Icelandic 45 20 20 0 0 0
Norwegian 345 145 200 140 60 75
Swedish 605 295 310 310 130 175
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 40 40 15 10 15
Yiddish 355 185 175 20 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 15 10 10
Greek 3,090 1,545 1,545 205 115 90
Indo-Iranian languages 35,320 17,915 17,410 6,870 3,365 3,505
Indo-Aryan languages 25,805 13,125 12,675 1,995 980 1,010
Bengali 4,250 2,180 2,070 20 0 15
Gujarati 2,275 1,220 1,050 225 80 145
Hindi 10,335 5,355 4,980 390 190 200
Kashmiri 10 10 10 0 0 0
Konkani 140 75 65 0 0 0
Marathi 565 310 255 15 10 0
Nepali 1,275 640 635 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 75 45 30 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,235 3,220 3,015 1,360 715 650
Sindhi 495 220 280 115 40 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,065 485 580 50 20 30
Urdu 7,175 3,600 3,570 130 65 65
Iranian languages 10,040 5,075 4,965 4,890 2,390 2,500
Kurdish 755 395 355 40 35 15
Pashto 1,400 755 645 10 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 8,665 4,340 4,325 4,890 2,385 2,500
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 120 80 10 10 0
Italic (Romance) languages 54,440 24,435 30,005 5,030 2,300 2,730
Catalan 80 30 45 15 10 0
Italian 15,500 7,400 8,105 1,125 500 615
Portuguese 6,120 2,990 3,125 400 190 210
Romanian 2,880 1,345 1,535 140 65 75
Spanish 33,075 14,180 18,890 3,715 1,695 2,020
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 25 25 0
Japanese 2,510 1,185 1,325 1,245 535 715
Kartvelian languages 40 15 20 0 0 0
Georgian 40 15 25 0 0 0
Korean 2,580 1,090 1,490 1,160 495 665
Mongolic languages 40 20 20 10 0 10
Mongolian 40 25 20 10 0 10
Niger-Congo languages 10,520 4,640 5,880 120 70 50
Akan (Twi) 630 330 300 0 0 0
Bamanankan 155 70 85 0 0 0
Edo 95 40 60 0 0 0
Ewe 205 80 125 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 70 95 0 0 0
Ga 165 85 80 0 0 0
Ganda 215 65 145 0 0 0
Igbo 300 165 135 0 0 0
Lingala 1,720 720 1,000 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,530 615 915 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 970 360 615 0 0 0
Shona 175 60 115 0 0 0
Swahili 3,040 1,325 1,715 75 45 30
Wolof 200 110 95 0 0 0
Yoruba 755 400 355 35 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,265 1,035 1,230 15 10 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 140 185 0 0 0
Dinka 190 85 105 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 0 0 0
Sign languages 1,630 655 975 130 75 60
American Sign Language 875 305 570 80 45 30
Quebec Sign Language 75 15 55 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 715 350 365 60 25 30
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,395 17,190 19,210 7,750 3,430 4,315
Chinese languages 35,510 16,765 18,745 7,705 3,410 4,295
Cantonese 12,700 6,015 6,685 1,570 665 905
Hakka 265 125 140 10 0 10
Mandarin 24,495 11,310 13,185 6,420 2,870 3,550
Min Dong 40 20 25 10 10 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,035 465 565 185 75 110
Wu (Shanghainese) 415 205 215 70 20 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 535 475 235 105 135
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 925 440 480 40 15 30
Burmese 305 145 160 10 0 10
Karenic languages 365 185 180 0 0 0
Tibetan 50 30 25 35 15 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 365 150 205 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 410 600 75 20 55
Lao 460 200 255 10 0 0
Thai 610 230 385 70 20 55
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,405 1,195 1,210 355 200 155
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 80 50 35
Turkish 2,070 1,035 1,040 270 145 125
Uyghur 45 25 15 0 0 0
Uzbek 80 20 60 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 10 10 10
Uralic languages 2,585 1,255 1,330 375 170 205
Estonian 245 115 130 55 40 15
Finnish 480 220 260 100 35 70
Hungarian 1,875 925 950 210 95 120
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 380 250 130 15 10 10
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 916,860 446,515 470,340 116,645 56,840 59,810
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 854,535 416,865 437,670 103,400 50,360 53,030
Canadian citizens aged under 18 177,960 90,535 87,430 19,435 9,870 9,560
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 676,580 326,330 350,245 83,965 40,495 43,475
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,320 29,650 32,670 13,250 6,475 6,775
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 916,855 446,515 470,340 116,645 56,835 59,805
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 685,260 337,490 347,770 80,000 39,725 40,275
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 216,505 101,235 115,265 33,415 15,460 17,960
Before 1981 53,740 25,720 28,015 11,050 5,050 5,995
1981 to 1990 29,670 14,195 15,475 2,985 1,380 1,610
1991 to 2000 49,685 22,510 27,170 5,230 2,385 2,845
2001 to 2010 53,335 24,515 28,820 8,585 3,895 4,685
2001 to 2005 25,185 11,520 13,660 3,490 1,520 1,970
2006 to 2010 28,155 12,990 15,160 5,085 2,375 2,720
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 30,075 14,300 15,775 5,575 2,750 2,825
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,090 7,795 7,305 3,235 1,655 1,575
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 216,505 101,235 115,265 33,415 15,455 17,960
Under 5 years 23,760 11,745 12,015 3,280 1,605 1,670
5 to 14 years 38,625 19,575 19,050 5,160 2,555 2,605
15 to 24 years 45,510 20,400 25,110 6,390 2,780 3,610
25 to 44 years 90,080 41,305 48,780 15,005 6,705 8,305
45 years and over 18,530 8,210 10,315 3,580 1,810 1,775
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 216,505 101,235 115,270 33,415 15,460 17,960
Americas 32,755 14,265 18,490 3,190 1,500 1,690
Brazil 990 445 545 85 35 50
Colombia 1,270 485 780 70 45 30
El Salvador 1,710 790 920 10 10 0
Guyana 1,375 635 735 15 15 0
Haiti 6,320 2,615 3,710 10 0 0
Jamaica 2,985 1,280 1,710 65 20 45
Mexico 1,290 540 755 335 135 195
Peru 820 365 455 45 15 35
Trinidad and Tobago 1,260 495 765 40 25 20
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,245 3,695 4,545 2,160 1,020 1,135
Other places of birth in Americas 6,490 2,920 3,575 370 190 180
Europe 55,430 26,405 29,030 12,335 5,820 6,515
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,610 780 830 50 30 20
Croatia 800 385 420 55 20 35
France 2,270 1,010 1,265 310 170 140
Germany 3,885 1,645 2,245 1,350 585 760
Greece 910 475 430 70 45 25
Hungary 825 425 405 135 60 75
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 810 360 445 220 105 115
Italy 5,410 2,800 2,610 345 190 150
Netherlands 1,890 925 960 405 225 180
Poland 4,170 1,855 2,305 500 255 250
Portugal 1,965 995 970 70 35 40
Romania 2,400 1,135 1,265 100 60 40
Russian Federation 2,860 1,230 1,635 195 75 120
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 870 410 465 60 25 30
Ukraine 1,770 840 930 195 95 105
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 15,765 7,910 7,860 6,460 3,060 3,395
Other places of birth in Europe 7,210 3,215 3,995 1,820 785 1,035
Africa 30,340 13,940 16,400 1,420 640 780
Algeria 1,025 485 545 0 0 0
Egypt 3,420 1,785 1,630 120 60 60
Ethiopia 2,215 1,020 1,195 15 0 0
Kenya 1,065 540 525 155 90 65
Morocco 1,230 570 660 20 0 15
Nigeria 1,260 575 685 45 15 25
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,405 0 0 10
South Africa, Republic of 850 435 415 725 320 400
Other places of birth in Africa 15,375 7,035 8,345 345 145 205
Asia 97,170 46,205 50,965 15,320 6,875 8,440
Afghanistan 2,400 1,215 1,180 10 10 10
Bangladesh 2,655 1,380 1,275 15 0 0
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 17,405 7,575 9,830 4,710 2,070 2,640
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,015 1,510 1,505 790 345 450
India 10,495 5,275 5,220 1,100 560 540
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,395 2,190 2,210 4,345 2,125 2,220
Iraq 3,540 1,885 1,650 25 10 20
Japan 730 175 550 570 180 390
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,690 750 945 785 335 455
Lebanon 10,995 5,745 5,250 75 45 30
Pakistan 3,830 1,915 1,915 130 80 50
Philippines 8,865 3,345 5,520 1,400 535 865
Sri Lanka 2,330 1,105 1,230 50 25 30
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,125 1,595 1,530 15 10 10
Taiwan 835 365 470 390 160 230
Viet Nam 5,600 2,570 3,035 135 75 55
Other places of birth in Asia 15,275 7,625 7,650 765 305 465
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 805 425 385 1,150 610 535
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 30,075 14,295 15,780 5,575 2,750 2,820
Americas 4,060 1,830 2,225 425 205 230
Brazil 135 75 65 30 0 20
Colombia 190 80 110 0 0 0
Cuba 130 65 60 0 0 0
Haiti 1,290 550 740 10 0 0
Jamaica 115 65 50 10 0 0
Mexico 245 100 145 60 30 35
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,135 570 570 300 160 145
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 120 35 85 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 695 290 400 30 0 20
Europe 2,565 1,255 1,315 1,070 580 495
France 285 155 130 45 20 20
Germany 155 75 90 40 15 25
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 45 25 45 25 20
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 20 25 10 10 10