Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Okanagan Health Service Delivery Area [Health region, December 2017], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa, CV
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Okanagan Health Service Delivery Area
British Columbia
[Health region, December 2017]
Data quality , Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Okanagan Health Service Delivery Area [Health region, December 2017], British Columbia  Map : Okanagan Health Service Delivery Area [Health region, December 2017], British Columbia
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 934,243 ... ... 362,258 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 883,391 ... ... 341,823 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 395,985 ... ... 171,238 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 373,756 ... ... 154,931 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 334.8 ... ... 17.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,790.30 ... ... 20,817.41 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 934,245 453,875 480,365 362,255 175,515 186,740
0 to 14 years 155,680 79,185 76,490 49,400 25,015 24,390
0 to 4 years 48,870 24,800 24,070 15,180 7,735 7,440
5 to 9 years 53,715 27,365 26,350 17,100 8,615 8,485
10 to 14 years 53,095 27,020 26,075 17,125 8,660 8,460
15 to 64 years 634,425 310,390 324,035 224,890 109,370 115,525
15 to 19 years 57,190 28,990 28,200 18,790 9,585 9,205
20 to 24 years 68,645 34,575 34,070 19,095 9,765 9,330
25 to 29 years 63,695 31,675 32,025 18,850 9,635 9,210
30 to 34 years 61,670 30,105 31,565 20,250 9,935 10,320
35 to 39 years 59,575 28,330 31,250 19,145 9,375 9,770
40 to 44 years 62,710 29,880 32,830 19,535 9,650 9,885
45 to 49 years 65,960 31,980 33,980 21,905 10,615 11,290
50 to 54 years 73,210 36,005 37,210 27,295 12,600 14,695
55 to 59 years 66,765 32,370 34,395 30,805 14,475 16,330
60 to 64 years 54,990 26,475 28,510 29,225 13,735 15,490
65 years and over 144,140 64,300 79,840 87,960 41,140 46,820
65 to 69 years 48,130 22,870 25,265 27,470 13,300 14,175
70 to 74 years 33,875 15,790 18,085 20,590 9,940 10,645
75 to 79 years 24,600 11,135 13,465 15,985 7,600 8,390
80 to 84 years 17,950 7,765 10,185 11,870 5,650 6,220
85 years and over 19,580 6,740 12,840 12,050 4,655 7,395
85 to 89 years 11,720 4,480 7,245 7,635 3,250 4,385
90 to 94 years 5,995 1,845 4,145 3,410 1,135 2,280
95 to 99 years 1,640 385 1,255 885 245 640
100 years and over 225 30 200 115 25 90
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 15.9 13.6 14.3 13.1
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.4 67.5 62.1 62.3 61.9
65 years and over 15.4 14.2 16.6 24.3 23.4 25.1
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 3.3 2.7 4.0
Average age of the population 40.1 39.2 41.0 45.8 44.9 46.6
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 48.6 47.2 50.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 373,755 ... ... 154,935 ... ...
Single-detached house 158,235 ... ... 88,585 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 68,645 ... ... 2,945 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 146,085 ... ... 55,860 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,140 ... ... 6,925 ... ...
Row house 79,340 ... ... 9,420 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,055 ... ... 10,995 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 39,095 ... ... 27,995 ... ...
Other single-attached house 465 ... ... 525 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 800 ... ... 7,535 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 373,755 ... ... 154,930 ... ...
1 person 105,750 ... ... 43,560 ... ...
2 persons 124,280 ... ... 64,915 ... ...
3 persons 58,010 ... ... 20,175 ... ...
4 persons 55,215 ... ... 16,875 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,500 ... ... 9,400 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 916,860 ... ... 353,460 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 778,565 374,690 403,875 312,855 150,505 162,350
Married or living common law 437,500 218,705 218,795 188,365 94,095 94,280
Married 366,365 182,795 183,565 156,010 77,935 78,075
Living common law 71,130 35,910 35,225 32,360 16,155 16,205
Not married and not living common law 341,065 155,985 185,080 124,485 56,410 68,075
Never married 236,315 123,415 112,895 69,850 38,355 31,500
Separated 21,015 8,500 12,520 9,255 3,925 5,325
Divorced 46,000 16,540 29,460 24,000 9,445 14,555
Widowed 37,730 7,535 30,200 21,380 4,690 16,690
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 254,770 ... ... 106,910 ... ...
2 persons 123,855 ... ... 66,755 ... ...
3 persons 54,635 ... ... 18,450 ... ...
4 persons 53,395 ... ... 15,635 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,885 ... ... 6,070 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 254,765 ... ... 106,915 ... ...
Total couple families 213,535 ... ... 92,075 ... ...
Married couples 177,990 ... ... 75,905 ... ...
Common-law couples 35,545 ... ... 16,170 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,230 ... ... 14,835 ... ...
Female parent 32,860 ... ... 11,495 ... ...
Male parent 8,375 ... ... 3,340 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 213,535 ... ... 92,075 ... ...
Couples without children 99,685 ... ... 57,195 ... ...
Couples with children 113,855 ... ... 34,880 ... ...
1 child 42,565 ... ... 14,430 ... ...
2 children 49,890 ... ... 14,670 ... ...
3 or more children 21,390 ... ... 5,775 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,235 ... ... 14,835 ... ...
1 child 24,170 ... ... 9,560 ... ...
2 children 12,065 ... ... 4,020 ... ...
3 or more children 4,995 ... ... 1,255 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 168,745 78,365 90,380 69,605 31,880 37,725
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 373,755 ... ... 154,930 ... ...
One-census-family households 243,070 ... ... 101,265 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 94,935 ... ... 54,480 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 148,135 ... ... 46,785 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,755 ... ... 2,765 ... ...
Non-census-family households 124,935 ... ... 50,905 ... ...
One-person households 105,750 ... ... 43,565 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,185 ... ... 7,340 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 923,375 449,335 474,040 357,865 173,660 184,210
English only 549,395 279,175 270,220 333,395 162,765 170,625
French only 12,680 5,075 7,610 115 55 60
English and French 347,510 159,620 187,890 22,535 10,050 12,485
Neither English nor French 13,790 5,465 8,320 1,820 785 1,035
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 923,370 449,335 474,035 357,865 173,655 184,210
English 749,725 370,365 379,360 350,410 170,210 180,200
French 138,900 63,600 75,300 5,160 2,450 2,705
English and French 21,300 10,070 11,230 560 260 300
Neither English nor French 13,445 5,295 8,150 1,745 740 1,010
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 149,550 68,635 80,915 5,435 2,580 2,855
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 16.2 15.3 17.1 1.5 1.5 1.5
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 923,375 449,330 474,040 357,870 173,660 184,210
Single responses 889,715 433,335 456,385 354,365 172,075 182,290
Official languages 689,300 338,895 350,405 315,145 153,820 161,325
English 562,070 280,205 281,870 309,445 151,190 158,255
French 127,225 58,690 68,530 5,700 2,635 3,065
Non-official languages 200,420 94,440 105,975 39,215 18,255 20,965
Aboriginal languages 650 245 405 370 155 215
Algonquian languages 280 115 165 75 35 45
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 70 85 50 25 30
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 15 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 5 5 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 5 0 5 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 75 35 40 40 20 20
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 10 5 0 0
Malecite 5 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 5 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 35 65 20 10 10
Algonquin 25 10 15 0 5 5
Ojibway 70 25 45 15 5 10
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 35 10 25
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 30 10 20
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 15 5 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dene 5 0 5 0 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 330 110 215 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 295 95 200 0 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 25 10 15 5 5 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 10 15 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 240 110 130
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 200 95 100
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 25 5 20
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 15 5 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 5 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 5 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 199,765 94,195 105,575 38,845 18,095 20,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,350 22,200 22,150 550 320 230
Berber languages 375 195 180 0 0 0
Kabyle 250 130 120 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 6,660 2,870 3,785 5 5 0
Bilen 50 25 25 0 0 0
Oromo 215 120 95 5 0 5
Somali 6,300 2,680 3,615 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 0 0 0
Semitic languages 37,255 19,100 18,160 535 310 230
Amharic 1,455 680 770 30 10 20
Arabic 34,295 17,670 16,625 420 255 160
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 0 0 0
Harari 60 30 30 0 0 0
Hebrew 355 190 160 60 30 30
Maltese 30 10 20 20 5 15
Tigrigna 905 440 460 5 5 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 5 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,045 3,225 3,815 505 215 285
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 485 610 40 15 30
Vietnamese 5,930 2,735 3,195 460 200 260
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 7,785 2,835 4,950 1,935 655 1,285
Bikol 30 15 15 10 0 5
Cebuano 370 120 245 115 35 75
Fijian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Hiligaynon 110 35 75 20 5 15
Ilocano 575 225 345 100 35 65
Malagasy 55 25 25 5 0 0
Malay 395 160 235 80 30 55
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 10 5 5
Pangasinan 30 15 15 5 0 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,035 2,170 3,865 1,560 520 1,040
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 120 40 75 25 10 20
Creole languages 4,175 1,745 2,435 35 10 20
Haitian Creole 290 130 160 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 3,705 1,535 2,170 10 10 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 20 5 10
Dravidian languages 3,805 1,965 1,840 100 55 40
Kannada 225 115 105 0 0 0
Malayalam 660 345 315 45 30 20
Tamil 2,415 1,230 1,185 35 20 20
Telugu 485 270 220 15 5 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 87,105 41,440 45,665 30,505 14,575 15,930
Albanian 660 325 335 90 45 45
Armenian 465 235 230 10 5 5
Balto-Slavic languages 20,270 9,080 11,190 6,180 2,720 3,460
Baltic languages 455 200 260 80 35 40
Latvian 250 110 140 35 15 20
Lithuanian 210 85 125 40 20 20
Slavic languages 19,815 8,885 10,930 6,105 2,685 3,425
Belarusan 40 20 20 15 5 10
Bosnian 600 275 325 50 25 30
Bulgarian 845 390 455 45 20 25
Croatian 1,005 460 540 495 245 255
Czech 915 405 505 550 270 275
Macedonian 65 25 40 15 10 5
Polish 5,525 2,485 3,035 1,095 460 635
Russian 6,150 2,680 3,470 1,520 645 875
Serbian 1,705 810 890 235 115 120
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 260 55 30 25
Slovak 570 260 315 225 90 135
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 85 125 185 85 100
Ukrainian 1,630 695 935 1,560 650 915
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 60 30 30
Celtic languages 110 50 60 40 20 20
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 20 10 15
Welsh 50 15 35 20 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 0 0 5
Germanic languages 8,680 3,980 4,705 13,335 6,355 6,980
Afrikaans 160 80 85 365 185 180
Danish 295 135 165 380 180 195
Dutch 2,215 1,060 1,150 2,320 1,145 1,180
Frisian 40 20 20 30 15 10
German 5,275 2,345 2,930 9,805 4,635 5,175
Icelandic 20 10 10 15 5 5
Norwegian 135 60 75 145 75 75
Swedish 275 140 135 215 100 120
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 45 45 15 25
Yiddish 175 95 75 5 5 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 5 0 5
Greek 2,110 1,105 1,005 245 140 105
Indo-Iranian languages 26,965 13,585 13,375 6,040 3,075 2,965
Indo-Aryan languages 18,345 9,255 9,085 5,565 2,825 2,745
Bengali 3,255 1,615 1,645 120 70 50
Gujarati 1,470 760 710 60 30 30
Hindi 2,875 1,470 1,400 305 170 140
Kashmiri 20 10 10 5 5 5
Konkani 105 55 50 5 5 5
Marathi 290 150 140 10 10 5
Nepali 925 440 485 55 25 25
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 0 5 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,880 1,995 1,885 4,840 2,420 2,420
Sindhi 270 120 145 10 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 810 395 420 35 15 15
Urdu 4,410 2,220 2,180 120 70 55
Iranian languages 8,530 4,280 4,250 470 250 220
Kurdish 655 335 315 20 15 5
Pashto 1,025 520 510 10 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 6,850 3,420 3,430 440 230 205
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 5 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 27,840 13,070 14,770 4,565 2,220 2,345
Catalan 30 15 15 0 5 5
Italian 9,030 4,470 4,560 1,375 735 640
Portuguese 4,205 1,970 2,240 1,255 585 665
Romanian 2,560 1,165 1,400 300 150 150
Spanish 11,985 5,445 6,540 1,625 745 880
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 10 5 5
Japanese 990 300 685 635 210 420
Kartvelian languages 35 15 20 5 5 0
Georgian 30 15 25 10 0 0
Korean 2,065 875 1,185 685 320 365
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 0 0 0
Mongolian 30 15 20 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5,380 2,360 3,020 90 45 45
Akan (Twi) 355 175 180 10 5 5
Bamanankan 75 30 50 0 0 0
Edo 35 20 20 0 0 0
Ewe 75 30 50 5 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 45 55 0 0 0
Ga 60 30 30 0 0 0
Ganda 125 55 65 0 5 0
Igbo 180 90 95 15 10 5
Lingala 320 120 205 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 840 360 475 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 650 235 420 5 0 5
Shona 110 40 70 10 0 10
Swahili 1,100 485 615 20 15 10
Wolof 80 35 45 0 0 0
Yoruba 240 125 110 10 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,030 485 545 15 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 165 5 0 0
Dinka 90 45 45 5 0 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 120 5 0 0
Sign languages 220 105 120 100 50 50
American Sign Language 75 30 50 50 25 25
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 140 75 65 50 30 20
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,945 14,835 17,105 2,025 895 1,130
Chinese languages 31,130 14,445 16,690 2,010 885 1,120
Cantonese 10,160 4,775 5,380 805 355 455
Hakka 155 65 90 20 10 10
Mandarin 18,575 8,565 10,010 930 405 525
Min Dong 50 25 25 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 725 315 410 70 35 35
Wu (Shanghainese) 445 205 240 20 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 485 520 170 80 90
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 15 5 5
Burmese 225 120 110 10 5 5
Karenic languages 325 155 165 0 0 5
Tibetan 95 50 40 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 690 245 445 170 45 125
Lao 345 155 190 15 10 10
Thai 345 90 255 150 40 120
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 1,645 835 815 65 35 25
Azerbaijani 120 70 55 5 5 5
Turkish 1,390 705 685 55 30 20
Uyghur 10 5 5 0 0 0
Uzbek 65 30 40 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 5 0 0
Uralic languages 2,055 965 1,085 1,420 630 790
Estonian 150 70 80 35 15 20
Finnish 300 120 185 305 110 195
Hungarian 1,595 775 825 1,080 505 580
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 85 60 15 10 5
Multiple responses 33,660 16,000 17,655 3,505 1,580 1,920
English and French 12,295 5,825 6,475 745 365 380
English and non-official language 15,135 7,340 7,795 2,605 1,145 1,460
French and non-official language 3,815 1,730 2,085 90 55 40
English, French and non-official language 2,415 1,110 1,300 60 25 40
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 923,370 449,335 474,040 357,870 173,655 184,210
Single responses 866,210 422,345 443,870 351,370 170,730 180,640
Official languages 766,810 375,540 391,270 338,765 164,690 174,075
English 680,895 336,595 344,305 337,450 164,075 173,370
French 85,910 38,945 46,965 1,320 610 705
Non-official languages 99,400 46,805 52,600 12,605 6,035 6,570
Aboriginal languages 210 90 125 90 40 50
Algonquian languages 70 35 40 5 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 20 35 5 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 10 5 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 5 0 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 130 55 75 5 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 120 45 70 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 80 35 40
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 75 35 40
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 99,190 46,715 52,480 12,520 5,995 6,515
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,665 11,855 12,810 255 140 115
Berber languages 220 110 115 0 0 0
Kabyle 180 85 95 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 3,860 1,580 2,275 10 0 5
Bilen 30 15 10 0 0 0
Oromo 130 70 60 5 5 0
Somali 3,645 1,475 2,165 5 5 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 0 0 0
Semitic languages 20,580 10,165 10,415 240 130 110
Amharic 845 400 445 5 0 5
Arabic 19,105 9,455 9,645 205 115 95
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 20 5 10 0 0 0
Hebrew 135 80 60 30 15 10
Maltese 5 0 5 5 0 5
Tigrigna 415 195 220 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,140 1,895 2,245 305 130 175
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 265 20 5 10
Vietnamese 3,680 1,700 1,980 290 130 165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,335 1,395 1,940 660 285 380
Bikol 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 125 55 70 35 10 20
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 15 5 5
Ilocano 230 105 120 20 10 10
Malagasy 10 10 10 10 5 5
Malay 120 50 70 20 5 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Pangasinan 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,745 1,130 1,615 560 240 320
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 5 0 0
Creole languages 1,825 745 1,080 5 5 0
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 1,605 645 960 5 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 1,845 915 935 40 20 20
Kannada 75 45 35 0 0 0
Malayalam 280 150 135 20 10 10
Tamil 1,285 615 665 15 5 10
Telugu 195 105 90 10 10 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 37,270 17,645 19,625 8,960 4,355 4,605
Albanian 295 140 155 60 30 30
Armenian 205 95 110 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 8,925 4,195 4,730 1,310 605 705
Baltic languages 105 45 60 25 10 10
Latvian 55 25 35 0 0 0
Lithuanian 45 25 25 25 15 10
Slavic languages 8,815 4,150 4,670 1,285 595 695
Belarusan 20 10 10 0 0 0
Bosnian 305 150 150 15 10 5
Bulgarian 400 190 210 10 5 5
Croatian 330 150 180 100 50 50
Czech 205 100 110 145 70 70
Macedonian 15 10 5 5 5 0
Polish 1,995 915 1,075 270 125 150
Russian 3,625 1,690 1,935 445 200 250
Serbian 1,005 500 505 80 40 45
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 20 10 10
Slovak 195 90 105 40 15 25
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 30 15 20
Ukrainian 505 230 275 125 60 65
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 5
Celtic languages 10 5 0 5 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 915 415 495 2,140 1,020 1,120
Afrikaans 35 20 20 190 90 100
Danish 25 10 10 20 10 15
Dutch 145 70 80 270 130 135
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 625 275 355 1,625 775 850
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Norwegian 10 5 10 10 0 5
Swedish 55 35 20 30 15 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Yiddish 15 10 5 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 625 300 325 60 30 35
Indo-Iranian languages 14,665 7,155 7,510 4,095 2,060 2,040
Indo-Aryan languages 9,590 4,740 4,850 3,890 1,945 1,945
Bengali 1,945 940 1,010 60 35 30
Gujarati 605 310 300 15 5 10
Hindi 1,285 650 635 135 70 65
Kashmiri 5 5 0 0 0 0
Konkani 35 15 20 5 5 0
Marathi 110 50 60 5 5 5
Nepali 730 360 375 25 10 15
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,190 1,105 1,085 3,550 1,775 1,780
Sindhi 65 30 40 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 195 20 10 10
Urdu 2,215 1,090 1,125 75 35 40
Iranian languages 5,055 2,400 2,655 200 110 95
Kurdish 370 195 175 10 5 0
Pashto 645 310 335 5 0 5
Persian (Farsi) 4,040 1,895 2,140 190 100 90
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 5 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 11,635 5,340 6,295 1,290 615 675
Catalan 15 5 10 0 0 0
Italian 2,500 1,110 1,390 220 90 125
Portuguese 1,850 870 980 400 175 225
Romanian 1,190 555 635 95 45 50
Spanish 6,070 2,795 3,270 580 305 275
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Japanese 385 140 250 220 90 130
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 5 5 0
Georgian 5 5 5 5 5 0
Korean 1,140 530 615 495 235 260
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 0 0 0
Mongolian 15 10 5 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,480 660 820 15 5 10
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 0 0 0
Bamanankan 10 5 10 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 20 5 15 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 0 0 0
Ga 15 5 5 0 0 0
Ganda 30 10 20 0 0 0
Igbo 55 25 25 0 0 0
Lingala 65 20 45 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 135 135 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 150 0 0 0
Shona 20 10 10 5 0 5
Swahili 380 175 210 0 0 0
Wolof 30 15 15 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 30 25 5 5 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 5 0 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 40 0 0 0
Dinka 25 15 10 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 0 0 0
Sign languages 305 165 145 110 65 45
American Sign Language 105 50 60 35 15 20
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 115 85 75 50 25
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,045 9,955 11,090 1,060 495 565
Chinese languages 20,465 9,680 10,790 1,060 495 570
Cantonese 5,840 2,685 3,155 390 180 205
Hakka 50 15 30 0 5 0
Mandarin 13,455 6,435 7,020 555 260 295
Min Dong 15 5 5 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 115 165 20 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 15 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 300 275 80 35 50
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 5 5 5
Burmese 145 65 80 5 0 0
Karenic languages 250 120 130 0 0 0
Tibetan 70 35 35 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 260 100 160 65 25 40
Lao 165 70 95 5 5 0
Thai 95 30 65 60 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 855 415 440 15 10 10
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 0 0 0
Turkish 745 360 380 20 10 10
Uyghur 5 5 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 35 15 20 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 0 0 0
Uralic languages 500 240 265 295 130 165
Estonian 20 10 15 0 0 0
Finnish 35 15 20 40 15 25
Hungarian 445 210 230 250 110 140
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 5 5 0
Multiple responses 57,160 26,990 30,170 6,495 2,930 3,570
English and French 12,480 5,755 6,725 385 200 195
English and non-official language 36,690 17,710 18,980 6,010 2,695 3,315
French and non-official language 3,305 1,395 1,910 20 5 10
English, French and non-official language 4,685 2,130 2,560 80 25 55
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 923,375 449,335 474,040 357,870 173,655 184,210
None 705,915 348,065 357,855 336,095 163,695 172,400
English 80,960 38,220 42,740 5,925 2,865 3,060
French 59,935 27,450 32,490 3,135 1,350 1,790
Non-official language 67,655 31,565 36,095 12,385 5,600 6,785
Aboriginal 405 150 255 460 205 260
Non-Aboriginal 67,250 31,410 35,840 11,920 5,395 6,525
English and French 2,595 1,220 1,380 35 15 20
English and non-official language 2,415 1,125 1,290 120 60 65
French and non-official language 3,800 1,645 2,150 170 80 90
English, French and non-official language 90 50 45 0 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 761,420 367,460 393,960 304,135 146,870 157,270
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,270 351,485 376,785 296,095 143,195 152,895
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,857 48,479 36,936 32,662 40,332 27,234
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,540 351,520 377,015 296,365 143,400 152,960
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,136 42,234 33,174 29,487 35,435 25,372
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 663,315 324,730 338,580 270,105 132,520 137,580
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,826 48,921 35,935 29,090 37,061 23,060
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 502,905 222,930 279,975 215,895 95,185 120,715
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,215 1,434 4,358 7,978 8,554 7,424
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 546,025 274,960 271,070 212,170 107,465 104,710
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,955 46,070 36,746 28,200 35,327 23,261
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 761,420 367,450 393,975 304,135 146,790 157,345
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,080 351,205 376,880 296,315 143,235 153,080
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,605 62,746 47,019 44,395 54,169 35,250
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,355 351,210 377,145 296,610 143,450 153,155
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,428 50,106 39,141 37,347 44,351 30,788
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 663,600 324,535 339,060 270,440 132,645 137,790
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,792 63,743 46,224 41,764 52,033 31,878
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 502,790 222,910 279,885 215,625 94,970 120,650
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,757 6,055 7,317 8,629 9,024 8,318
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 546,025 274,445 271,580 212,175 107,140 105,035
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,088 60,456 45,642 39,152 47,963 30,165
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 761,420 367,450 393,975 304,135 146,790 157,345
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 279,480 150,600 128,880 82,525 46,170 36,355
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,546 70,955 60,631 50,080 57,851 43,438
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,111 82,331 66,674 59,641 68,127 48,865
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.4 93.9 88.4 85.8 88.9 81.4
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.8 75.0 70.0 63.4 66.8 58.5
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.6 6.1 11.6 14.2 11.1 18.6
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 761,420 367,460 393,960 304,140 146,870 157,265
Without total income 33,150 15,980 17,170 8,045 3,675 4,375
With total income 728,270 351,485 376,785 296,090 143,195 152,895
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.6 97.4 97.5 97.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 99,195 45,455 53,740 37,255 15,050 22,210
$10,000 to $19,999 107,875 44,780 63,090 54,320 20,745 33,575
$20,000 to $29,999 78,010 32,865 45,140 46,005 18,870 27,135
$30,000 to $39,999 66,630 28,950 37,675 37,445 16,335 21,110
$40,000 to $49,999 63,305 27,810 35,495 31,140 15,125 16,010
$50,000 to $59,999 58,005 26,620 31,385 23,000 12,395 10,600
$60,000 to $69,999 51,605 25,385 26,225 17,450 10,705 6,740
$70,000 to $79,999 42,025 21,880 20,145 12,755 8,040 4,715
$80,000 to $89,999 36,815 19,760 17,050 9,610 6,100 3,510
$90,000 to $99,999 32,270 17,200 15,075 6,705 4,450 2,255
$100,000 and over 92,535 60,775 31,760 20,405 15,380 5,025
$100,000 to $149,999 65,295 41,095 24,205 13,600 10,140 3,460
$150,000 and over 27,240 19,685 7,560 6,805 5,240 1,565
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 761,420 367,460 393,955 304,140 146,870 157,270
Without after-tax income 32,880 15,940 16,940 7,775 3,470 4,310
With after-tax income 728,535 351,520 377,015 296,365 143,405 152,965
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.7 97.4 97.6 97.3
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,495 46,300 57,195 39,475 16,065 23,410
$10,000 to $19,999 112,260 46,980 65,280 57,265 22,450 34,810
$20,000 to $29,999 89,985 38,505 51,480 53,865 22,435 31,425
$30,000 to $39,999 81,965 35,855 46,105 43,150 19,675 23,475
$40,000 to $49,999 78,235 35,230 43,000 32,700 16,930 15,775
$50,000 to $59,999 68,435 33,495 34,940 22,780 13,740 9,035
$60,000 to $69,999 54,560 29,055 25,505 15,440 9,725 5,720
$70,000 to $79,999 45,775 24,715 21,060 10,770 6,985 3,785
$80,000 and over 93,825 61,380 32,440 20,920 15,395 5,530
$80,000 to $89,999 32,630 19,255 13,375 6,395 4,460 1,930
$90,000 to $99,999 19,260 12,495 6,760 4,055 3,000 1,055
$100,000 and over 41,935 29,630 12,310 10,470 7,930 2,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 761,420 367,465 393,960 304,140 146,870 157,265
Without employment income 215,395 92,505 122,890 91,965 39,410 52,555
With employment income 546,025 274,960 271,065 212,175 107,465 104,715
Percentage with employment income 71.7 74.8 68.8 69.8 73.2 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 67,195 32,655 34,540 40,190 18,990 21,200
$5,000 to $9,999 40,580 18,300 22,280 17,045 7,235 9,810
$10,000 to $19,999 65,320 29,700 35,620 28,720 12,085 16,635
$20,000 to $29,999 50,625 23,530 27,095 24,315 10,250 14,065
$30,000 to $39,999 44,810 21,210 23,595 21,820 9,465 12,355
$40,000 to $49,999 43,030 19,575 23,460 19,190 8,975 10,220
$50,000 to $59,999 40,775 18,705 22,070 14,545 7,965 6,580
$60,000 to $69,999 36,550 17,765 18,790 11,520 7,350 4,165
$70,000 to $79,999 29,655 15,370 14,285 8,955 5,720 3,235
$80,000 and over 127,485 78,160 49,330 25,875 19,435 6,440
$80,000 to $89,999 29,530 15,440 14,090 7,050 4,625 2,425
$90,000 to $99,999 26,485 14,205 12,280 4,805 3,410 1,395
$100,000 and over 71,475 48,515 22,960 14,020 11,400 2,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 373,760 ... ... 154,935 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,981 ... ... 65,747 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,745 ... ... 58,116 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 105,750 ... ... 43,565 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,369 ... ... 31,997 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,026 ... ... 28,978 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 268,010 ... ... 111,370 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,064 ... ... 82,842 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,248 ... ... 72,616 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 373,755 ... ... 154,935 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,372 ... ... 84,909 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,579 ... ... 71,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 105,745 ... ... 43,605 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,590 ... ... 41,955 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,078 ... ... 35,852 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 268,010 ... ... 111,325 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,013 ... ... 101,733 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,559 ... ... 85,463 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 373,755 ... ... 154,935 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,250 ... ... 2,080 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,900 ... ... 1,665 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,095 ... ... 4,155 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,445 ... ... 6,715 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,405 ... ... 7,710 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,920 ... ... 6,500 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,170 ... ... 7,590 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,660 ... ... 7,500 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,120 ... ... 7,170 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,150 ... ... 6,910 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,805 ... ... 12,695 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,765 ... ... 11,635 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,225 ... ... 10,480 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,580 ... ... 9,290 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,430 ... ... 8,290 ... ...
$100,000 and over 156,845 ... ... 44,545 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,800 ... ... 15,810 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,760 ... ... 10,225 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 42,310 ... ... 10,545 ... ...
$200,000 and over 37,975 ... ... 7,965 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,755 ... ... 154,935 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,610 ... ... 2,295 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,970 ... ... 1,715 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,220 ... ... 4,255 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,915 ... ... 6,955 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,650 ... ... 8,815 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,395 ... ... 7,775 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,340 ... ... 9,060 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,530 ... ... 8,590 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,340 ... ... 8,405 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,625 ... ... 7,765 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,215 ... ... 14,520 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,345 ... ... 13,045 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 28,265 ... ... 11,560 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,850 ... ... 9,730 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,545 ... ... 8,270 ... ...
$100,000 and over 120,940 ... ... 32,165 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,895 ... ... 14,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,505 ... ... 7,865 ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,545 ... ... 10,230 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 253,415 ... ... 105,770 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,083 ... ... 82,471 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,624 ... ... 72,252 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 92,815 ... ... 53,705 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,233 ... ... 74,731 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,602 ... ... 65,942 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 114,325 ... ... 35,185 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,926 ... ... 111,239 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,637 ... ... 95,562 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,755 ... ... 13,830 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,761 ... ... 48,853 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,633 ... ... 44,975 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 253,440 ... ... 105,710 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,219 ... ... 101,848 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,030 ... ... 85,370 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 92,930 ... ... 53,655 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,150 ... ... 93,909 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,430 ... ... 78,666 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 114,320 ... ... 35,165 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,772 ... ... 130,972 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,814 ... ... 108,741 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,635 ... ... 13,785 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,479 ... ... 59,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,341 ... ... 51,760 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 148,795 70,365 78,425 62,545 28,885 33,665
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,585 37,101 39,770 29,283 31,373 27,914
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,525 33,178 35,479 26,818 28,241 25,987
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 148,300 69,825 78,475 62,165 28,585 33,580
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,967 48,862 49,060 38,422 41,918 35,447
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,421 40,027 40,772 33,024 35,346 31,048
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,860 446,515 470,340 353,465 171,835 181,625
In the bottom half of the distribution 351,750 167,740 184,005 182,650 85,345 97,305
In the bottom decile 87,465 42,945 44,520 35,640 16,815 18,820
In the second decile 68,570 31,900 36,670 38,635 16,980 21,650
In the third decile 61,285 28,950 32,335 36,710 17,060 19,655
In the fourth decile 63,425 30,120 33,310 35,255 16,875 18,380
In the fifth decile 71,000 33,825 37,170 36,415 17,615 18,800
In the top half of the distribution 565,110 278,780 286,330 170,810 86,490 84,320
In the sixth decile 80,420 38,470 41,950 36,460 18,085 18,375
In the seventh decile 92,480 44,845 47,635 35,145 17,630 17,515
In the eighth decile 110,280 54,300 55,985 34,870 17,730 17,140
In the ninth decile 136,925 67,895 69,035 33,465 17,075 16,395
In the top decile 145,005 73,275 71,730 30,870 15,970 14,900
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,855 446,520 470,340 336,445 163,810 172,640
0 to 17 years 187,695 95,500 92,200 58,145 29,430 28,710
0 to 5 years 59,200 30,145 29,055 17,645 8,975 8,670
18 to 64 years 596,800 290,300 306,500 202,865 98,410 104,460
65 years and over 132,355 60,715 71,640 75,435 35,970 39,470
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 115,180 54,575 60,605 47,145 21,240 25,910
0 to 17 years 30,100 15,575 14,530 9,840 4,970 4,865
0 to 5 years 10,150 5,285 4,865 3,100 1,560 1,540
18 to 64 years 72,620 34,105 38,515 26,600 12,080 14,520
65 years and over 12,455 4,895 7,565 10,710 4,185 6,520
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.6 12.2 12.9 14.0 13.0 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 16.3 15.8 16.9 16.9 16.9
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.5 16.7 17.6 17.4 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.7 12.6 13.1 12.3 13.9
65 years and over (%) 9.4 8.1 10.6 14.2 11.6 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 98,915 48,130 50,785 24,620 11,890 12,730
0 to 17 years 22,685 11,680 11,005 4,925 2,475 2,450
0 to 5 years 7,780 4,065 3,710 1,470 740 730
18 to 64 years 68,040 33,345 34,695 18,005 8,715 9,290
65 years and over 8,190 3,105 5,085 1,685 690 995
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 7.3 7.3 7.4
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.2 11.9 8.5 8.4 8.5
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.5 12.8 8.3 8.2 8.4
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.3 8.9 8.9 8.9
65 years and over (%) 6.2 5.1 7.1 2.2 1.9 2.5
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,860 446,515 470,340 353,460 171,840 181,625
Official languages 903,135 441,100 462,040 351,615 171,040 180,575
English 890,735 436,340 454,390 351,495 170,990 180,505
French 358,165 163,500 194,670 22,465 9,870 12,600
Non-official languages 276,220 129,510 146,705 49,270 22,640 26,630
Aboriginal languages 1,135 430 710 955 380 570
Algonquian languages 490 195 290 125 35 95
Blackfoot 10 0 10 10 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 80 125 110 25 85
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Moose Cree 10 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 20 10 10 10 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 10 0 40 0 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 55 15 35 0 0 0
Woods Cree 15 10 10 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 85 35 50 55 15 35
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 10 0 0
Malecite 10 10 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 260 100 160 10 0 10
Algonquin 45 25 25 0 0 0
Ojibway 195 70 125 15 10 10
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 55 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 50 15 30
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 15 10 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 30 0 25
Dene 15 0 10 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 585 220 365 25 10 20
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 530 200 325 25 10 15
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 10 0 0
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 55 15 35 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 10 0
Michif 0 0 0 15 0 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 715 320 390
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 15 10 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 635 285 350
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 65 25 35
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 275,145 129,115 146,035 48,340 22,265 26,070
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,550 30,865 30,680 715 390 325
Berber languages 540 285 260 0 0 0
Kabyle 420 220 195 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 65 60 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 9,300 4,165 5,140 35 20 15
Bilen 90 55 35 0 0 0
Oromo 380 170 210 30 15 15
Somali 8,770 3,900 4,870 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 0 0 0
Semitic languages 52,710 26,895 25,815 655 355 300
Amharic 1,980 945 1,040 35 10 25
Arabic 48,135 24,675 23,460 490 285 210
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 30 50 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 40 25 15 0 0 0
Hebrew 1,865 1,010 855 110 60 55
Maltese 65 25 40 15 10 15
Tigrigna 1,175 490 680 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 90 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 75 20 15 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,690 4,100 4,590 660 285 375
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,525 680 845 25 0 25
Vietnamese 7,215 3,440 3,770 645 290 355
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 10,155 3,770 6,390 2,475 795 1,675
Bikol 25 10 20 0 0 0
Cebuano 565 210 355 110 20 90
Fijian 10 0 10 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 165 55 110 80 40 40
Ilocano 705 300 405 95 35 60
Malagasy 105 55 45 10 10 0
Malay 615 270 345 230 95 135
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 40 10 0 10
Pangasinan 55 20 35 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,095 3,300 5,795 2,150 670 1,485
Waray-Waray 35 0 30 10 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 55 20 35
Creole languages 9,360 3,920 5,440 75 40 35
Haitian Creole 450 165 280 10 0 10
Creole, n.o.s. 8,325 3,490 4,835 30 20 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 630 275 350 35 15 20
Dravidian languages 5,060 2,555 2,505 125 70 55
Kannada 465 235 235 0 10 0
Malayalam 835 375 460 80 40 35
Tamil 3,330 1,700 1,630 40 20 15
Telugu 795 420 375 20 15 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 130,605 61,380 69,225 38,205 18,015 20,190
Albanian 785 385 410 120 45 70
Armenian 665 350 315 25 10 15
Balto-Slavic languages 24,530 11,210 13,325 6,625 3,005 3,620
Baltic languages 530 225 305 45 15 40
Latvian 260 105 155 35 10 25
Lithuanian 270 120 150 10 0 10
Slavic languages 24,095 11,010 13,080 6,575 2,995 3,580
Belarusan 125 60 60 20 10 15
Bosnian 1,025 470 555 65 20 45
Bulgarian 1,050 490 560 70 35 35
Croatian 1,830 905 930 570 275 295
Czech 1,315 570 750 665 350 315
Macedonian 95 35 65 10 0 0
Polish 6,530 2,970 3,560 1,270 530 745
Russian 9,135 4,205 4,925 2,190 1,010 1,180
Serbian 2,080 1,015 1,065 375 180 200
Serbo-Croatian 560 290 270 65 30 30
Slovak 910 380 530 270 110 160
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 120 140 165 75 90
Ukrainian 2,290 960 1,330 1,340 620 715
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 10 40 55 20 35
Celtic languages 395 190 205 65 35 30
Scottish Gaelic 150 80 75 40 20 20
Welsh 85 30 55 15 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 10 10 0
Germanic languages 16,750 7,935 8,810 15,490 7,325 8,170
Afrikaans 405 200 205 560 285 280
Danish 425 195 235 435 185 250
Dutch 2,855 1,330 1,520 2,295 1,120 1,170
Frisian 55 15 35 45 30 15
German 12,205 5,800 6,400 12,060 5,660 6,395
Icelandic 45 20 20 20 10 10
Norwegian 345 145 200 180 95 85
Swedish 605 295 310 315 155 160
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 40 40 70 30 40
Yiddish 355 185 175 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 15 10 10
Greek 3,090 1,545 1,545 290 140 150
Indo-Iranian languages 35,320 17,915 17,410 7,040 3,625 3,420
Indo-Aryan languages 25,805 13,125 12,675 6,455 3,325 3,130
Bengali 4,250 2,180 2,070 135 80 55
Gujarati 2,275 1,220 1,050 70 35 30
Hindi 10,335 5,355 4,980 915 495 420
Kashmiri 10 10 10 0 0 0
Konkani 140 75 65 15 15 10
Marathi 565 310 255 15 10 0
Nepali 1,275 640 635 75 35 45
Oriya (Odia) 75 45 30 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,235 3,220 3,015 5,670 2,900 2,775
Sindhi 495 220 280 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,065 485 580 40 20 25
Urdu 7,175 3,600 3,570 330 180 145
Iranian languages 10,040 5,075 4,965 585 305 285
Kurdish 755 395 355 55 30 25
Pashto 1,400 755 645 15 10 10
Persian (Farsi) 8,665 4,340 4,325 555 290 265
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 120 80 10 0 10
Italic (Romance) languages 54,440 24,435 30,005 10,105 4,615 5,495
Catalan 80 30 45 0 0 0
Italian 15,500 7,400 8,105 2,250 1,065 1,180
Portuguese 6,120 2,990 3,125 1,535 695 840
Romanian 2,880 1,345 1,535 355 170 180
Spanish 33,075 14,180 18,890 6,375 2,885 3,485
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 25 25 0
Japanese 2,510 1,185 1,325 1,110 470 645
Kartvelian languages 40 15 20 0 0 0
Georgian 40 15 25 0 0 0
Korean 2,580 1,090 1,490 870 365 495
Mongolic languages 40 20 20 0 0 10
Mongolian 40 25 20 10 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 10,520 4,640 5,880 150 70 80
Akan (Twi) 630 330 300 30 25 0
Bamanankan 155 70 85 0 0 0
Edo 95 40 60 0 0 0
Ewe 205 80 125 10 10 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 70 95 10 0 0
Ga 165 85 80 20 20 0
Ganda 215 65 145 0 0 0
Igbo 300 165 135 15 10 0
Lingala 1,720 720 1,000 0 0 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,530 615 915 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 970 360 615 10 0 10
Shona 175 60 115 10 0 0
Swahili 3,040 1,325 1,715 35 15 15
Wolof 200 110 95 0 0 0
Yoruba 755 400 355 0 10 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,265 1,035 1,230 50 15 35
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 140 185 0 0 0
Dinka 190 85 105 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 0 0 0
Sign languages 1,630 655 975 710 265 440
American Sign Language 875 305 570 315 95 215
Quebec Sign Language 75 15 55 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 715 350 365 400 175 230
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,395 17,190 19,210 2,255 1,080 1,175
Chinese languages 35,510 16,765 18,745 2,255 1,075 1,175
Cantonese 12,700 6,015 6,685 855 375 480
Hakka 265 125 140 35 15 15
Mandarin 24,495 11,310 13,185 1,330 625 700
Min Dong 40 20 25 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,035 465 565 95 35 60
Wu (Shanghainese) 415 205 215 20 15 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 535 475 235 115 120
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 925 440 480 0 0 0
Burmese 305 145 160 0 0 0
Karenic languages 365 185 180 0 0 0
Tibetan 50 30 25 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 365 150 205 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 410 600 230 75 150
Lao 460 200 255 15 10 10
Thai 610 230 385 210 70 145
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,405 1,195 1,210 140 70 70
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 20 20 0
Turkish 2,070 1,035 1,040 105 45 65
Uyghur 45 25 15 10 10 0
Uzbek 80 20 60 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 10 0 0
Uralic languages 2,585 1,255 1,330 1,560 730 830
Estonian 245 115 130 40 30 15
Finnish 480 220 260 285 125 165
Hungarian 1,875 925 950 1,225 575 650
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 380 250 130 50 20 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 916,860 446,515 470,340 353,465 171,840 181,625
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 854,535 416,865 437,670 339,355 165,025 174,320
Canadian citizens aged under 18 177,960 90,535 87,430 58,845 29,900 28,945
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 676,580 326,330 350,245 280,510 135,130 145,380
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,320 29,650 32,670 14,115 6,805 7,305
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 916,855 446,515 470,340 353,460 171,840 181,625
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 685,260 337,490 347,770 303,665 148,295 155,370
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 216,505 101,235 115,265 47,040 22,075 24,965
Before 1981 53,740 25,720 28,015 23,945 11,580 12,365
1981 to 1990 29,670 14,195 15,475 5,065 2,245 2,820
1991 to 2000 49,685 22,510 27,170 5,895 2,535 3,360
2001 to 2010 53,335 24,515 28,820 7,790 3,635 4,155
2001 to 2005 25,185 11,520 13,660 3,400 1,630 1,765
2006 to 2010 28,155 12,990 15,160 4,395 2,005 2,390
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 30,075 14,300 15,775 4,340 2,075 2,260
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,090 7,795 7,305 2,760 1,470 1,290
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 216,505 101,235 115,265 47,040 22,075 24,965
Under 5 years 23,760 11,745 12,015 5,385 2,510 2,880
5 to 14 years 38,625 19,575 19,050 8,580 4,285 4,300
15 to 24 years 45,510 20,400 25,110 12,105 5,400 6,700
25 to 44 years 90,080 41,305 48,780 17,495 8,235 9,260
45 years and over 18,530 8,210 10,315 3,475 1,650 1,825
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 216,505 101,235 115,270 47,040 22,080 24,965
Americas 32,755 14,265 18,490 6,380 2,745 3,635
Brazil 990 445 545 145 50 90
Colombia 1,270 485 780 135 55 85
El Salvador 1,710 790 920 190 100 90
Guyana 1,375 635 735 55 15 40
Haiti 6,320 2,615 3,710 35 0 30
Jamaica 2,985 1,280 1,710 315 155 160
Mexico 1,290 540 755 440 180 260
Peru 820 365 455 120 20 100
Trinidad and Tobago 1,260 495 765 100 60 40
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,245 3,695 4,545 4,120 1,785 2,335
Other places of birth in Americas 6,490 2,920 3,575 725 330 400
Europe 55,430 26,405 29,030 27,570 13,460 14,110
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,610 780 830 195 100 95
Croatia 800 385 420 355 160 195
France 2,270 1,010 1,265 390 190 200
Germany 3,885 1,645 2,245 5,020 2,400 2,620
Greece 910 475 430 110 55 50
Hungary 825 425 405 705 335 370
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 810 360 445 310 150 160
Italy 5,410 2,800 2,610 1,020 590 435
Netherlands 1,890 925 960 2,055 1,160 895
Poland 4,170 1,855 2,305 1,315 565 750
Portugal 1,965 995 970 860 430 430
Romania 2,400 1,135 1,265 450 240 210
Russian Federation 2,860 1,230 1,635 475 190 285
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 870 410 465 235 90 145
Ukraine 1,770 840 930 495 230 265
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 15,765 7,910 7,860 10,010 4,845 5,160
Other places of birth in Europe 7,210 3,215 3,995 3,565 1,730 1,840
Africa 30,340 13,940 16,400 1,415 670 750
Algeria 1,025 485 545 10 10 10
Egypt 3,420 1,785 1,630 90 40 50
Ethiopia 2,215 1,020 1,195 55 20 35
Kenya 1,065 540 525 35 25 0
Morocco 1,230 570 660 20 10 15
Nigeria 1,260 575 685 35 25 0
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,405 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 850 435 415 760 340 420
Other places of birth in Africa 15,375 7,035 8,345 410 200 210
Asia 97,170 46,205 50,965 10,515 4,555 5,960
Afghanistan 2,400 1,215 1,180 45 25 15
Bangladesh 2,655 1,380 1,275 40 20 20
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 17,405 7,575 9,830 990 420 570
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,015 1,510 1,505 245 120 130
India 10,495 5,275 5,220 3,735 1,855 1,875
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,395 2,190 2,210 385 205 180
Iraq 3,540 1,885 1,650 45 20 15
Japan 730 175 550 315 90 230
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,690 750 945 665 280 385
Lebanon 10,995 5,745 5,250 100 70 30
Pakistan 3,830 1,915 1,915 250 110 140
Philippines 8,865 3,345 5,520 1,950 595 1,350
Sri Lanka 2,330 1,105 1,230 55 20 40
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,125 1,595 1,530 45 30 15
Taiwan 835 365 470 155 60 95
Viet Nam 5,600 2,570 3,035 465 185 275
Other places of birth in Asia 15,275 7,625 7,650 1,020 445 575
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 805 425 385 1,160 650 510
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 30,075 14,295 15,780 4,335 2,080 2,255
Americas 4,060 1,830 2,225 785 390 395
Brazil 135 75 65 30 15 15
Colombia 190 80 110 15 10 10
Cuba 130 65 60 10 15 0
Haiti 1,290 550 740 0 0 0
Jamaica 115 65 50 220 115 105
Mexico 245 100 145 140 60 80
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,135 570 570 305 160 145
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 120 35 85 10 0 10
Other places of birth in Americas 695 290 400 50 15 35
Europe 2,565 1,255 1,315 1,100 585 515
France 285 155 130 25 10 15
Germany 155 75 90 115 70 45
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 45 25 25 0 20
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 20 25 15 0 10
Romania 120 60