Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Fraser North Health Service Delivery Area [Health region, December 2017], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa, CV
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Fraser North Health Service Delivery Area
British Columbia
[Health region, December 2017]
Data quality , Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Fraser North Health Service Delivery Area [Health region, December 2017], British Columbia  Map : Fraser North Health Service Delivery Area [Health region, December 2017], British Columbia
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 934,243 ... ... 639,245 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 883,391 ... ... 601,908 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8 ... ... 6.2 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 395,985 ... ... 262,738 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 373,756 ... ... 249,472 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 334.8 ... ... 226.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,790.30 ... ... 2,823.04 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 934,245 453,875 480,365 639,245 313,000 326,245
0 to 14 years 155,680 79,185 76,490 96,100 49,555 46,545
0 to 4 years 48,870 24,800 24,070 31,590 16,200 15,390
5 to 9 years 53,715 27,365 26,350 32,825 16,995 15,835
10 to 14 years 53,095 27,020 26,075 31,685 16,365 15,320
15 to 64 years 634,425 310,390 324,035 449,305 220,765 228,545
15 to 19 years 57,190 28,990 28,200 37,420 19,300 18,120
20 to 24 years 68,645 34,575 34,070 44,935 23,340 21,595
25 to 29 years 63,695 31,675 32,025 44,535 22,600 21,940
30 to 34 years 61,670 30,105 31,565 45,620 22,500 23,115
35 to 39 years 59,575 28,330 31,250 43,690 21,135 22,555
40 to 44 years 62,710 29,880 32,830 44,185 20,850 23,335
45 to 49 years 65,960 31,980 33,980 49,480 23,495 25,990
50 to 54 years 73,210 36,005 37,210 52,115 25,200 26,910
55 to 59 years 66,765 32,370 34,395 47,775 23,200 24,575
60 to 64 years 54,990 26,475 28,510 39,560 19,145 20,420
65 years and over 144,140 64,300 79,840 93,835 42,680 51,155
65 to 69 years 48,130 22,870 25,265 32,045 15,330 16,715
70 to 74 years 33,875 15,790 18,085 21,695 10,235 11,460
75 to 79 years 24,600 11,135 13,465 16,415 7,460 8,960
80 to 84 years 17,950 7,765 10,185 11,935 5,370 6,565
85 years and over 19,580 6,740 12,840 11,750 4,290 7,455
85 to 89 years 11,720 4,480 7,245 7,300 2,885 4,425
90 to 94 years 5,995 1,845 4,145 3,420 1,150 2,265
95 to 99 years 1,640 385 1,255 890 225 665
100 years and over 225 30 200 140 30 105
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 15.9 15.0 15.8 14.3
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.4 67.5 70.3 70.5 70.1
65 years and over 15.4 14.2 16.6 14.7 13.6 15.7
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 1.8 1.4 2.3
Average age of the population 40.1 39.2 41.0 40.6 39.6 41.5
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 40.9 39.5 42.1
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 373,755 ... ... 249,470 ... ...
Single-detached house 158,235 ... ... 76,885 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 68,645 ... ... 42,430 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 146,085 ... ... 129,375 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,140 ... ... 6,545 ... ...
Row house 79,340 ... ... 25,950 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,055 ... ... 36,020 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 39,095 ... ... 60,525 ... ...
Other single-attached house 465 ... ... 335 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 800 ... ... 775 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 373,755 ... ... 249,470 ... ...
1 person 105,750 ... ... 66,025 ... ...
2 persons 124,280 ... ... 79,300 ... ...
3 persons 58,010 ... ... 43,920 ... ...
4 persons 55,215 ... ... 38,710 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,500 ... ... 21,520 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 916,860 ... ... 632,090 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 778,565 374,690 403,875 543,145 263,445 279,700
Married or living common law 437,500 218,705 218,795 313,445 155,995 157,445
Married 366,365 182,795 183,565 271,885 135,150 136,735
Living common law 71,130 35,910 35,225 41,560 20,850 20,710
Not married and not living common law 341,065 155,985 185,080 229,705 107,445 122,255
Never married 236,315 123,415 112,895 157,775 84,980 72,795
Separated 21,015 8,500 12,520 13,840 5,555 8,285
Divorced 46,000 16,540 29,460 32,985 12,135 20,845
Widowed 37,730 7,535 30,200 25,105 4,775 20,330
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 254,770 ... ... 180,260 ... ...
2 persons 123,855 ... ... 85,295 ... ...
3 persons 54,635 ... ... 44,555 ... ...
4 persons 53,395 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,885 ... ... 11,335 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 254,765 ... ... 180,260 ... ...
Total couple families 213,535 ... ... 151,935 ... ...
Married couples 177,990 ... ... 131,160 ... ...
Common-law couples 35,545 ... ... 20,775 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,230 ... ... 28,330 ... ...
Female parent 32,860 ... ... 22,805 ... ...
Male parent 8,375 ... ... 5,525 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 213,535 ... ... 151,935 ... ...
Couples without children 99,685 ... ... 66,995 ... ...
Couples with children 113,855 ... ... 84,940 ... ...
1 child 42,565 ... ... 36,615 ... ...
2 children 49,890 ... ... 37,405 ... ...
3 or more children 21,390 ... ... 10,920 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,235 ... ... 28,330 ... ...
1 child 24,170 ... ... 18,300 ... ...
2 children 12,065 ... ... 7,935 ... ...
3 or more children 4,995 ... ... 2,090 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 168,745 78,365 90,380 112,000 53,295 58,700
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 373,755 ... ... 249,475 ... ...
One-census-family households 243,070 ... ... 163,800 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 94,935 ... ... 59,690 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 148,135 ... ... 104,110 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,755 ... ... 7,975 ... ...
Non-census-family households 124,935 ... ... 77,700 ... ...
One-person households 105,750 ... ... 66,025 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,185 ... ... 11,675 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 923,375 449,335 474,040 634,345 310,830 323,515
English only 549,395 279,175 270,220 566,610 281,625 284,980
French only 12,680 5,075 7,610 275 120 155
English and French 347,510 159,620 187,890 39,705 17,685 22,020
Neither English nor French 13,790 5,465 8,320 27,755 11,395 16,355
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 923,370 449,335 474,035 634,345 310,830 323,515
English 749,725 370,365 379,360 596,870 294,740 302,135
French 138,900 63,600 75,300 6,030 3,010 3,025
English and French 21,300 10,070 11,230 4,075 1,880 2,200
Neither English nor French 13,445 5,295 8,150 27,370 11,210 16,165
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 149,550 68,635 80,915 8,070 3,950 4,120
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 16.2 15.3 17.1 1.3 1.3 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 923,375 449,330 474,040 634,345 310,830 323,515
Single responses 889,715 433,335 456,385 615,205 301,620 313,590
Official languages 689,300 338,895 350,405 356,290 180,970 175,320
English 562,070 280,205 281,870 350,340 178,020 172,320
French 127,225 58,690 68,530 5,955 2,950 3,005
Non-official languages 200,420 94,440 105,975 258,910 120,645 138,265
Aboriginal languages 650 245 405 135 55 80
Algonquian languages 280 115 165 65 25 40
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 70 85 45 20 25
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 5 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 5 5 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 15 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 5 5 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 5 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 75 35 40 30 10 20
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 10 0 0 0
Malecite 5 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 35 65 20 5 15
Algonquin 25 10 15 0 0 0
Ojibway 70 25 45 10 5 10
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 25 10 15
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 25 5 15
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 10 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 330 110 215 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 295 95 200 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 25 10 15 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 10 15 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 5
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 20 15 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 199,765 94,195 105,575 258,775 120,595 138,185
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,350 22,200 22,150 5,600 2,910 2,690
Berber languages 375 195 180 40 25 15
Kabyle 250 130 120 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 6,660 2,870 3,785 230 115 115
Bilen 50 25 25 5 5 5
Oromo 215 120 95 55 35 25
Somali 6,300 2,680 3,615 160 75 80
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 10 5 5
Semitic languages 37,255 19,100 18,160 5,325 2,770 2,555
Amharic 1,455 680 770 455 215 240
Arabic 34,295 17,670 16,625 4,210 2,210 2,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 55 25 30
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 0 0 0
Harari 60 30 30 0 0 5
Hebrew 355 190 160 190 115 75
Maltese 30 10 20 30 10 20
Tigrigna 905 440 460 355 175 180
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 25 15 10
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 15 10 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,045 3,225 3,815 3,985 1,775 2,210
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 485 610 165 80 85
Vietnamese 5,930 2,735 3,195 3,810 1,690 2,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 10 0 5
Austronesian languages 7,785 2,835 4,950 19,960 8,100 11,865
Bikol 30 15 15 50 25 30
Cebuano 370 120 245 815 345 470
Fijian 0 0 0 75 35 40
Hiligaynon 110 35 75 350 115 230
Ilocano 575 225 345 825 315 505
Malagasy 55 25 25 5 5 5
Malay 395 160 235 1,400 625 775
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 145 65 80
Pangasinan 30 15 15 50 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,035 2,170 3,865 16,020 6,455 9,565
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 60 15 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 120 40 75 165 70 90
Creole languages 4,175 1,745 2,435 145 80 70
Haitian Creole 290 130 160 5 5 0
Creole, n.o.s. 3,705 1,535 2,170 80 40 40
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 60 30 30
Dravidian languages 3,805 1,965 1,840 1,330 685 645
Kannada 225 115 105 75 40 35
Malayalam 660 345 315 275 150 125
Tamil 2,415 1,230 1,185 695 345 345
Telugu 485 270 220 275 150 130
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 85 40 40
Indo-European languages 87,105 41,440 45,665 94,345 45,920 48,420
Albanian 660 325 335 420 215 205
Armenian 465 235 230 265 140 125
Balto-Slavic languages 20,270 9,080 11,190 22,600 10,880 11,720
Baltic languages 455 200 260 165 85 80
Latvian 250 110 140 70 35 35
Lithuanian 210 85 125 100 50 45
Slavic languages 19,815 8,885 10,930 22,425 10,790 11,635
Belarusan 40 20 20 20 5 10
Bosnian 600 275 325 585 300 285
Bulgarian 845 390 455 835 405 430
Croatian 1,005 460 540 2,625 1,270 1,355
Czech 915 405 505 950 475 475
Macedonian 65 25 40 120 60 60
Polish 5,525 2,485 3,035 4,320 2,040 2,275
Russian 6,150 2,680 3,470 7,335 3,455 3,880
Serbian 1,705 810 890 2,955 1,535 1,415
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 260 415 200 215
Slovak 570 260 315 820 375 445
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 85 125 140 65 75
Ukrainian 1,630 695 935 1,230 550 680
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 70 40 30
Celtic languages 110 50 60 55 25 35
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 25 10 20
Welsh 50 15 35 25 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 10 5 5
Germanic languages 8,680 3,980 4,705 8,160 3,900 4,260
Afrikaans 160 80 85 395 200 200
Danish 295 135 165 465 230 235
Dutch 2,215 1,060 1,150 1,685 810 875
Frisian 40 20 20 15 5 10
German 5,275 2,345 2,930 5,045 2,410 2,640
Icelandic 20 10 10 25 15 15
Norwegian 135 60 75 195 90 105
Swedish 275 140 135 280 125 155
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 45 35 10 25
Yiddish 175 95 75 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 5 5 0
Greek 2,110 1,105 1,005 995 515 470
Indo-Iranian languages 26,965 13,585 13,375 36,630 18,140 18,490
Indo-Aryan languages 18,345 9,255 9,085 20,415 9,900 10,515
Bengali 3,255 1,615 1,645 705 370 340
Gujarati 1,470 760 710 2,365 1,110 1,255
Hindi 2,875 1,470 1,400 3,785 1,780 2,010
Kashmiri 20 10 10 15 15 5
Konkani 105 55 50 40 20 20
Marathi 290 150 140 235 125 110
Nepali 925 440 485 240 115 120
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 30 15 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,880 1,995 1,885 10,815 5,265 5,555
Sindhi 270 120 145 650 290 355
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 810 395 420 360 170 185
Urdu 4,410 2,220 2,180 1,175 630 545
Iranian languages 8,530 4,280 4,250 16,145 8,205 7,935
Kurdish 655 335 315 875 455 425
Pashto 1,025 520 510 285 145 140
Persian (Farsi) 6,850 3,420 3,430 14,980 7,605 7,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 75 40 35
Italic (Romance) languages 27,840 13,070 14,770 25,220 12,105 13,110
Catalan 30 15 15 20 10 10
Italian 9,030 4,470 4,560 6,775 3,355 3,415
Portuguese 4,205 1,970 2,240 3,820 1,820 2,000
Romanian 2,560 1,165 1,400 4,070 2,005 2,065
Spanish 11,985 5,445 6,540 10,510 4,905 5,605
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 15 10 10
Japanese 990 300 685 4,250 1,425 2,825
Kartvelian languages 35 15 20 25 15 10
Georgian 30 15 25 25 15 10
Korean 2,065 875 1,185 20,775 9,650 11,125
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 130 60 70
Mongolian 30 15 20 130 60 70
Niger-Congo languages 5,380 2,360 3,020 840 405 435
Akan (Twi) 355 175 180 125 65 60
Bamanankan 75 30 50 0 0 0
Edo 35 20 20 15 10 15
Ewe 75 30 50 10 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 45 55 5 5 0
Ga 60 30 30 10 5 5
Ganda 125 55 65 35 15 20
Igbo 180 90 95 70 45 30
Lingala 320 120 205 20 10 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 840 360 475 20 5 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 650 235 420 20 10 10
Shona 110 40 70 55 25 25
Swahili 1,100 485 615 180 85 100
Wolof 80 35 45 10 5 10
Yoruba 240 125 110 55 30 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,030 485 545 205 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 165 95 45 45
Dinka 90 45 45 50 35 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 120 40 15 25
Sign languages 220 105 120 190 95 95
American Sign Language 75 30 50 85 45 45
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 140 75 65 105 55 50
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,945 14,835 17,105 102,475 47,290 55,180
Chinese languages 31,130 14,445 16,690 102,175 47,150 55,030
Cantonese 10,160 4,775 5,380 42,380 19,725 22,655
Hakka 155 65 90 695 305 385
Mandarin 18,575 8,565 10,010 52,985 24,345 28,645
Min Dong 50 25 25 60 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 725 315 410 2,835 1,265 1,570
Wu (Shanghainese) 445 205 240 1,185 540 650
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 485 520 1,975 920 1,055
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 55 20 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 295 140 155
Burmese 225 120 110 155 75 80
Karenic languages 325 155 165 0 0 0
Tibetan 95 50 40 105 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 690 245 445 610 185 425
Lao 345 155 190 95 45 55
Thai 345 90 255 510 140 375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 1,645 835 815 1,095 600 500
Azerbaijani 120 70 55 230 125 105
Turkish 1,390 705 685 655 380 280
Uyghur 10 5 5 80 40 40
Uzbek 65 30 40 65 30 30
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 60 25 40
Uralic languages 2,055 965 1,085 2,730 1,255 1,475
Estonian 150 70 80 115 50 65
Finnish 300 120 185 685 270 415
Hungarian 1,595 775 825 1,925 935 990
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 85 60 110 55 55
Multiple responses 33,660 16,000 17,655 19,140 9,210 9,930
English and French 12,295 5,825 6,475 1,360 685 675
English and non-official language 15,135 7,340 7,795 16,895 8,135 8,765
French and non-official language 3,815 1,730 2,085 420 210 215
English, French and non-official language 2,415 1,110 1,300 470 190 275
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 923,370 449,335 474,040 634,345 310,830 323,515
Single responses 866,210 422,345 443,870 587,870 288,700 299,170
Official languages 766,810 375,540 391,270 434,200 216,525 217,675
English 680,895 336,595 344,305 432,470 215,665 216,805
French 85,910 38,945 46,965 1,735 865 870
Non-official languages 99,400 46,805 52,600 153,665 72,170 81,495
Aboriginal languages 210 90 125 20 10 5
Algonquian languages 70 35 40 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 20 35 5 0 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 0 0 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 0 0 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 10 5 0 0 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 5 5 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 130 55 75 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 120 45 70 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 99,190 46,715 52,480 153,650 72,165 81,485
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,665 11,855 12,810 3,280 1,625 1,655
Berber languages 220 110 115 20 5 15
Kabyle 180 85 95 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 5 5 5
Cushitic languages 3,860 1,580 2,275 105 50 55
Bilen 30 15 10 0 0 0
Oromo 130 70 60 35 15 15
Somali 3,645 1,475 2,165 65 30 40
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 5 5 0
Semitic languages 20,580 10,165 10,415 3,150 1,560 1,585
Amharic 845 400 445 270 135 140
Arabic 19,105 9,455 9,645 2,530 1,255 1,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 40 15 25
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 20 5 10 0 0 0
Hebrew 135 80 60 90 50 40
Maltese 5 0 5 0 0 0
Tigrigna 415 195 220 200 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 15 5 10
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 0 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,140 1,895 2,245 2,080 920 1,165
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 265 55 20 30
Vietnamese 3,680 1,700 1,980 2,025 900 1,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,335 1,395 1,940 8,055 3,545 4,505
Bikol 5 5 0 10 5 5
Cebuano 125 55 70 325 150 175
Fijian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 95 40 55
Ilocano 230 105 120 255 110 145
Malagasy 10 10 10 5 0 0
Malay 120 50 70 480 225 255
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 15 10 10
Pangasinan 10 5 5 20 10 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,745 1,130 1,615 6,765 2,965 3,800
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 20 10 15
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 55 30 25
Creole languages 1,825 745 1,080 50 25 25
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 0 5 0
Creole, n.o.s. 1,605 645 960 30 15 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 20 10 10
Dravidian languages 1,845 915 935 700 345 355
Kannada 75 45 35 35 15 20
Malayalam 280 150 135 110 65 45
Tamil 1,285 615 665 410 195 220
Telugu 195 105 90 145 75 70
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 40 15 20
Indo-European languages 37,270 17,645 19,625 44,815 21,610 23,210
Albanian 295 140 155 185 85 95
Armenian 205 95 110 160 75 85
Balto-Slavic languages 8,925 4,195 4,730 11,495 5,655 5,840
Baltic languages 105 45 60 65 30 30
Latvian 55 25 35 20 10 10
Lithuanian 45 25 25 45 25 20
Slavic languages 8,815 4,150 4,670 11,430 5,620 5,810
Belarusan 20 10 10 5 0 0
Bosnian 305 150 150 295 140 150
Bulgarian 400 190 210 515 245 270
Croatian 330 150 180 990 475 520
Czech 205 100 110 285 140 145
Macedonian 15 10 5 70 35 35
Polish 1,995 915 1,075 1,795 860 940
Russian 3,625 1,690 1,935 4,865 2,385 2,480
Serbian 1,005 500 505 1,745 915 835
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 170 80 90
Slovak 195 90 105 315 155 155
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 15 5 5
Ukrainian 505 230 275 355 175 180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 15 10 5
Celtic languages 10 5 0 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 0 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 5 5 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 915 415 495 875 410 465
Afrikaans 35 20 20 170 90 80
Danish 25 10 10 20 5 10
Dutch 145 70 80 125 60 70
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 625 275 355 505 225 280
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Norwegian 10 5 10 15 5 5
Swedish 55 35 20 30 15 20
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 15 10 5 5 5 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 625 300 325 300 145 150
Indo-Iranian languages 14,665 7,155 7,510 21,150 10,210 10,945
Indo-Aryan languages 9,590 4,740 4,850 10,210 4,840 5,365
Bengali 1,945 940 1,010 400 195 205
Gujarati 605 310 300 1,050 460 590
Hindi 1,285 650 635 1,470 685 790
Kashmiri 5 5 0 5 5 0
Konkani 35 15 20 10 5 5
Marathi 110 50 60 115 55 60
Nepali 730 360 375 175 90 85
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 15 5 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,190 1,105 1,085 5,990 2,870 3,120
Sindhi 65 30 40 265 115 150
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 195 150 70 80
Urdu 2,215 1,090 1,125 570 290 280
Iranian languages 5,055 2,400 2,655 10,915 5,350 5,565
Kurdish 370 195 175 590 300 295
Pashto 645 310 335 200 90 105
Persian (Farsi) 4,040 1,895 2,140 10,130 4,960 5,165
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 30 15 20
Italic (Romance) languages 11,635 5,340 6,295 10,650 5,025 5,620
Catalan 15 5 10 5 0 0
Italian 2,500 1,110 1,390 1,590 695 895
Portuguese 1,850 870 980 1,525 735 785
Romanian 1,190 555 635 2,060 995 1,065
Spanish 6,070 2,795 3,270 5,465 2,595 2,870
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Japanese 385 140 250 1,995 825 1,175
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 10 5 5
Georgian 5 5 5 10 5 0
Korean 1,140 530 615 16,220 7,630 8,590
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 60 30 25
Mongolian 15 10 5 55 35 25
Niger-Congo languages 1,480 660 820 220 105 120
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 30 15 10
Bamanankan 10 5 10 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ewe 20 5 15 0 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 0 0 0
Ga 15 5 5 0 0 0
Ganda 30 10 20 5 0 0
Igbo 55 25 25 20 15 5
Lingala 65 20 45 20 5 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 135 135 15 10 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 150 5 0 5
Shona 20 10 10 25 10 10
Swahili 380 175 210 35 15 20
Wolof 30 15 15 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 30 25 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 70 25 40
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 40 30 20 15
Dinka 25 15 10 30 20 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 5 5 5
Sign languages 305 165 145 270 145 120
American Sign Language 105 50 60 100 50 50
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 5 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 115 85 165 95 65
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,045 9,955 11,090 74,185 34,525 39,655
Chinese languages 20,465 9,680 10,790 74,005 34,440 39,570
Cantonese 5,840 2,685 3,155 28,645 13,210 15,440
Hakka 50 15 30 225 95 130
Mandarin 13,455 6,435 7,020 42,025 19,675 22,345
Min Dong 15 5 5 25 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 115 165 1,220 565 650
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 720 335 380
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 300 275 1,130 535 590
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 25 10 15
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 175 85 85
Burmese 145 65 80 80 40 45
Karenic languages 250 120 130 0 0 0
Tibetan 70 35 35 90 45 40
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 10 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages 260 100 160 205 80 125
Lao 165 70 95 20 5 10
Thai 95 30 65 185 75 110
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 855 415 440 545 280 260
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 110 60 55
Turkish 745 360 380 340 185 160
Uyghur 5 5 0 55 25 25
Uzbek 35 15 20 20 10 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 15 5 10
Uralic languages 500 240 265 865 410 455
Estonian 20 10 15 20 10 10
Finnish 35 15 20 160 65 95
Hungarian 445 210 230 680 335 345
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 20 10 10
Multiple responses 57,160 26,990 30,170 46,470 22,130 24,345
English and French 12,480 5,755 6,725 875 435 440
English and non-official language 36,690 17,710 18,980 44,725 21,315 23,410
French and non-official language 3,305 1,395 1,910 135 60 75
English, French and non-official language 4,685 2,130 2,560 740 320 415
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 923,375 449,335 474,040 634,345 310,830 323,515
None 705,915 348,065 357,855 499,915 247,405 252,515
English 80,960 38,220 42,740 60,395 29,245 31,150
French 59,935 27,450 32,490 4,745 2,160 2,580
Non-official language 67,655 31,565 36,095 67,155 31,060 36,095
Aboriginal 405 150 255 100 55 50
Non-Aboriginal 67,250 31,410 35,840 67,050 31,000 36,050
English and French 2,595 1,220 1,380 270 120 160
English and non-official language 2,415 1,125 1,290 1,230 555 675
French and non-official language 3,800 1,645 2,150 595 285 320
English, French and non-official language 90 50 45 35 15 15
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 761,420 367,460 393,960 536,055 260,640 275,415
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,270 351,485 376,785 513,125 249,715 263,410
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,857 48,479 36,936 33,331 40,421 27,828
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,540 351,520 377,015 513,880 250,405 263,475
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,136 42,234 33,174 30,009 35,318 25,940
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 663,315 324,730 338,580 462,260 228,975 233,290
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,826 48,921 35,935 33,253 40,998 26,810
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 502,905 222,930 279,975 351,700 148,930 202,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,215 1,434 4,358 2,457 1,270 3,295
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 546,025 274,960 271,070 388,890 198,000 190,895
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,955 46,070 36,746 35,562 42,858 29,565
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 761,420 367,450 393,975 536,000 260,490 275,510
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,080 351,205 376,880 513,150 249,555 263,590
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,605 62,746 47,019 43,940 52,201 36,119
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,355 351,210 377,145 513,930 250,290 263,640
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,428 50,106 39,141 36,768 42,496 31,330
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 663,600 324,535 339,060 462,000 228,935 233,065
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,792 63,743 46,224 44,114 53,020 35,365
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 502,790 222,910 279,885 351,690 148,555 203,135
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,757 6,055 7,317 6,162 5,985 6,293
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 546,025 274,445 271,580 388,920 198,180 190,745
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,088 60,456 45,642 44,886 53,261 36,184
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 761,420 367,450 393,975 536,000 260,495 275,510
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 279,480 150,600 128,880 175,700 100,560 75,145
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,546 70,955 60,631 56,031 62,457 49,469
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,111 82,331 66,674 65,302 72,553 55,598
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.4 93.9 88.4 90.4 93.2 86.6
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.8 75.0 70.0 77.4 80.9 72.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.6 6.1 11.6 9.6 6.8 13.4
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 761,420 367,460 393,960 536,055 260,640 275,415
Without total income 33,150 15,980 17,170 22,930 10,930 12,000
With total income 728,270 351,485 376,785 513,125 249,715 263,410
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.6 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 99,195 45,455 53,740 89,920 37,890 52,030
$10,000 to $19,999 107,875 44,780 63,090 85,325 35,065 50,260
$20,000 to $29,999 78,010 32,865 45,140 62,875 26,530 36,345
$30,000 to $39,999 66,630 28,950 37,675 54,300 24,215 30,085
$40,000 to $49,999 63,305 27,810 35,495 50,510 23,365 27,145
$50,000 to $59,999 58,005 26,620 31,385 40,645 20,305 20,340
$60,000 to $69,999 51,605 25,385 26,225 31,935 17,900 14,035
$70,000 to $79,999 42,025 21,880 20,145 24,615 14,530 10,085
$80,000 to $89,999 36,815 19,760 17,050 19,470 11,880 7,585
$90,000 to $99,999 32,270 17,200 15,075 13,930 8,800 5,130
$100,000 and over 92,535 60,775 31,760 39,600 29,225 10,370
$100,000 to $149,999 65,295 41,095 24,205 28,135 20,225 7,910
$150,000 and over 27,240 19,685 7,560 11,460 9,005 2,460
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 761,420 367,460 393,955 536,055 260,640 275,415
Without after-tax income 32,880 15,940 16,940 22,175 10,235 11,940
With after-tax income 728,535 351,520 377,015 513,880 250,405 263,475
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.7 95.9 96.1 95.7
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,495 46,300 57,195 92,765 39,750 53,020
$10,000 to $19,999 112,260 46,980 65,280 89,360 37,290 52,070
$20,000 to $29,999 89,985 38,505 51,480 74,750 32,355 42,395
$30,000 to $39,999 81,965 35,855 46,105 65,555 29,720 35,840
$40,000 to $49,999 78,235 35,230 43,000 57,035 27,600 29,435
$50,000 to $59,999 68,435 33,495 34,940 41,990 23,250 18,740
$60,000 to $69,999 54,560 29,055 25,505 30,080 17,875 12,205
$70,000 to $79,999 45,775 24,715 21,060 21,870 13,375 8,490
$80,000 and over 93,825 61,380 32,440 40,480 29,190 11,285
$80,000 to $89,999 32,630 19,255 13,375 13,585 9,115 4,470
$90,000 to $99,999 19,260 12,495 6,760 8,380 5,985 2,390
$100,000 and over 41,935 29,630 12,310 18,515 14,090 4,425
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 761,420 367,465 393,960 536,055 260,635 275,415
Without employment income 215,395 92,505 122,890 147,160 62,640 84,520
With employment income 546,025 274,960 271,065 388,895 198,000 190,890
Percentage with employment income 71.7 74.8 68.8 72.5 76.0 69.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 67,195 32,655 34,540 53,465 23,625 29,840
$5,000 to $9,999 40,580 18,300 22,280 28,100 11,855 16,250
$10,000 to $19,999 65,320 29,700 35,620 49,575 21,895 27,680
$20,000 to $29,999 50,625 23,530 27,095 41,085 18,535 22,550
$30,000 to $39,999 44,810 21,210 23,595 39,640 17,900 21,735
$40,000 to $49,999 43,030 19,575 23,460 38,650 17,890 20,760
$50,000 to $59,999 40,775 18,705 22,070 31,785 16,265 15,520
$60,000 to $69,999 36,550 17,765 18,790 25,570 14,735 10,835
$70,000 to $79,999 29,655 15,370 14,285 20,485 12,400 8,085
$80,000 and over 127,485 78,160 49,330 60,540 42,905 17,630
$80,000 to $89,999 29,530 15,440 14,090 16,445 10,230 6,215
$90,000 to $99,999 26,485 14,205 12,280 11,745 7,755 3,995
$100,000 and over 71,475 48,515 22,960 32,350 24,925 7,430
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 373,760 ... ... 249,470 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,981 ... ... 73,084 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,745 ... ... 63,682 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 105,750 ... ... 66,030 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,369 ... ... 37,870 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,026 ... ... 33,601 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 268,010 ... ... 183,445 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,064 ... ... 91,491 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,248 ... ... 79,431 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 373,755 ... ... 249,465 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,372 ... ... 90,386 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,579 ... ... 75,747 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 105,745 ... ... 66,040 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,590 ... ... 45,667 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,078 ... ... 38,462 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 268,010 ... ... 183,425 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,013 ... ... 106,486 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,559 ... ... 89,171 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 373,755 ... ... 249,470 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,250 ... ... 7,930 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,900 ... ... 3,810 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,095 ... ... 6,685 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,445 ... ... 9,255 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,405 ... ... 9,320 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,920 ... ... 9,350 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,170 ... ... 9,545 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,660 ... ... 9,530 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,120 ... ... 9,545 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,150 ... ... 9,585 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,805 ... ... 18,235 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,765 ... ... 17,005 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,225 ... ... 15,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,580 ... ... 14,575 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,430 ... ... 13,120 ... ...
$100,000 and over 156,845 ... ... 86,220 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,800 ... ... 26,860 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,760 ... ... 20,015 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 42,310 ... ... 22,390 ... ...
$200,000 and over 37,975 ... ... 16,955 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,755 ... ... 249,475 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,610 ... ... 8,275 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,970 ... ... 3,845 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,220 ... ... 6,795 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,915 ... ... 9,570 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,650 ... ... 10,505 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,395 ... ... 11,370 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,340 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,530 ... ... 11,625 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,340 ... ... 11,650 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,625 ... ... 11,295 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,215 ... ... 21,020 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,345 ... ... 19,290 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 28,265 ... ... 17,880 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,850 ... ... 15,480 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,545 ... ... 13,685 ... ...
$100,000 and over 120,940 ... ... 65,730 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,895 ... ... 26,865 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,505 ... ... 16,525 ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,545 ... ... 22,335 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 253,415 ... ... 175,730 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,083 ... ... 91,745 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,624 ... ... 79,572 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 92,815 ... ... 58,380 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,233 ... ... 82,652 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,602 ... ... 71,896 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 114,325 ... ... 85,015 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,926 ... ... 113,473 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,637 ... ... 97,333 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,755 ... ... 25,900 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,761 ... ... 54,446 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,633 ... ... 49,375 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 253,440 ... ... 175,625 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,219 ... ... 106,893 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,030 ... ... 89,363 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 92,930 ... ... 58,420 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,150 ... ... 95,754 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,430 ... ... 79,593 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 114,320 ... ... 84,995 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,772 ... ... 127,871 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,814 ... ... 106,497 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,635 ... ... 25,880 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,479 ... ... 64,872 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,341 ... ... 56,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 148,795 70,365 78,425 94,855 46,830 48,020
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,585 37,101 39,770 31,750 34,465 29,655
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,525 33,178 35,479 28,741 30,719 27,207
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 148,300 69,825 78,475 94,635 46,485 48,150
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,967 48,862 49,060 39,886 42,573 37,291
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,421 40,027 40,772 33,831 35,603 32,121
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,860 446,515 470,340 632,085 310,170 321,920
In the bottom half of the distribution 351,750 167,740 184,005 299,715 142,945 156,770
In the bottom decile 87,465 42,945 44,520 78,350 37,630 40,725
In the second decile 68,570 31,900 36,670 58,020 26,695 31,325
In the third decile 61,285 28,950 32,335 52,615 24,930 27,680
In the fourth decile 63,425 30,120 33,310 53,460 25,770 27,690
In the fifth decile 71,000 33,825 37,170 57,275 27,925 29,350
In the top half of the distribution 565,110 278,780 286,330 332,375 167,220 165,155
In the sixth decile 80,420 38,470 41,950 60,535 29,830 30,700
In the seventh decile 92,480 44,845 47,635 64,435 32,225 32,210
In the eighth decile 110,280 54,300 55,985 69,310 34,770 34,540
In the ninth decile 136,925 67,895 69,035 73,135 37,015 36,115
In the top decile 145,005 73,275 71,730 64,960 33,375 31,585
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,855 446,520 470,340 631,775 310,015 321,760
0 to 17 years 187,695 95,500 92,200 117,230 60,480 56,755
0 to 5 years 59,200 30,145 29,055 37,900 19,505 18,395
18 to 64 years 596,800 290,300 306,500 426,015 208,500 217,515
65 years and over 132,355 60,715 71,640 88,530 41,030 47,500
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 115,180 54,575 60,605 103,880 48,920 54,955
0 to 17 years 30,100 15,575 14,530 21,770 11,315 10,455
0 to 5 years 10,150 5,285 4,865 6,695 3,465 3,230
18 to 64 years 72,620 34,105 38,515 66,830 31,255 35,575
65 years and over 12,455 4,895 7,565 15,280 6,355 8,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.6 12.2 12.9 16.4 15.8 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 16.3 15.8 18.6 18.7 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.5 16.7 17.7 17.8 17.6
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.7 12.6 15.7 15.0 16.4
65 years and over (%) 9.4 8.1 10.6 17.3 15.5 18.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 98,915 48,130 50,785 87,870 41,890 45,980
0 to 17 years 22,685 11,680 11,005 17,865 9,255 8,610
0 to 5 years 7,780 4,065 3,710 5,305 2,755 2,550
18 to 64 years 68,040 33,345 34,695 60,450 28,805 31,650
65 years and over 8,190 3,105 5,085 9,550 3,825 5,720
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 13.9 13.5 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.2 11.9 15.2 15.3 15.2
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.5 12.8 14.0 14.1 13.9
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.3 14.2 13.8 14.6
65 years and over (%) 6.2 5.1 7.1 10.8 9.3 12.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,860 446,515 470,340 631,985 310,090 321,895
Official languages 903,135 441,100 462,040 604,280 298,625 305,655
English 890,735 436,340 454,390 604,045 298,520 305,525
French 358,165 163,500 194,670 40,055 17,950 22,110
Non-official languages 276,220 129,510 146,705 305,845 144,175 161,675
Aboriginal languages 1,135 430 710 195 75 120
Algonquian languages 490 195 290 80 35 40
Blackfoot 10 0 10 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 80 125 65 35 30
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 10 0 20 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 55 15 35 10 0 0
Woods Cree 15 10 10 0 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 85 35 50 30 10 15
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Malecite 10 10 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 260 100 160 15 0 10
Algonquin 45 25 25 0 0 0
Ojibway 195 70 125 0 0 10
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 20 10 15
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 20 0 15
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 15 10 15
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 15 0 10 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 585 220 365 10 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 530 200 325 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 55 15 35 0 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 50 10 45
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 10 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 40 10 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 10 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 10 0 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 275,145 129,115 146,035 305,665 144,105 161,555
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,550 30,865 30,680 7,500 3,915 3,590
Berber languages 540 285 260 25 25 10
Kabyle 420 220 195 20 15 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 65 60 10 10 0
Cushitic languages 9,300 4,165 5,140 260 115 150
Bilen 90 55 35 15 0 10
Oromo 380 170 210 45 25 20
Somali 8,770 3,900 4,870 195 85 110
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 0 0 0
Semitic languages 52,710 26,895 25,815 7,245 3,805 3,445
Amharic 1,980 945 1,040 695 370 325
Arabic 48,135 24,675 23,460 5,575 2,960 2,620
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 30 50 90 25 65
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 40 25 15 0 0 0
Hebrew 1,865 1,010 855 655 350 300
Maltese 65 25 40 40 25 15
Tigrigna 1,175 490 680 485 255 230
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 90 45 30 15
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 75 50 25 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,690 4,100 4,590 5,085 2,405 2,680
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,525 680 845 215 100 115
Vietnamese 7,215 3,440 3,770 4,880 2,315 2,570
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 10,155 3,770 6,390 25,705 10,895 14,810
Bikol 25 10 20 130 55 80
Cebuano 565 210 355 1,105 480 630
Fijian 10 0 10 150 85 60
Hiligaynon 165 55 110 405 195 215
Ilocano 705 300 405 1,315 490 825
Malagasy 105 55 45 0 0 0
Malay 615 270 345 2,470 1,180 1,295
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 40 185 75 110
Pangasinan 55 20 35 110 40 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,095 3,300 5,795 22,450 9,315 13,130
Waray-Waray 35 0 30 80 25 50
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 270 130 135
Creole languages 9,360 3,920 5,440 440 265 175
Haitian Creole 450 165 280 10 0 15
Creole, n.o.s. 8,325 3,490 4,835 225 150 80
Creole languages, n.i.e. 630 275 350 200 115 85
Dravidian languages 5,060 2,555 2,505 2,160 1,020 1,140
Kannada 465 235 235 105 55 50
Malayalam 835 375 460 480 245 235
Tamil 3,330 1,700 1,630 1,240 575 665
Telugu 795 420 375 470 220 250
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 15 0 15
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 105 60 55
Indo-European languages 130,605 61,380 69,225 121,080 58,980 62,100
Albanian 785 385 410 420 215 205
Armenian 665 350 315 360 190 170
Balto-Slavic languages 24,530 11,210 13,325 26,075 12,870 13,205
Baltic languages 530 225 305 165 85 80
Latvian 260 105 155 75 40 35
Lithuanian 270 120 150 90 50 40
Slavic languages 24,095 11,010 13,080 25,960 12,805 13,150
Belarusan 125 60 60 90 45 45
Bosnian 1,025 470 555 830 425 415
Bulgarian 1,050 490 560 865 435 435
Croatian 1,830 905 930 4,090 2,075 2,015
Czech 1,315 570 750 1,230 610 620
Macedonian 95 35 65 145 80 70
Polish 6,530 2,970 3,560 5,005 2,350 2,655
Russian 9,135 4,205 4,925 9,660 4,650 5,010
Serbian 2,080 1,015 1,065 3,705 1,980 1,725
Serbo-Croatian 560 290 270 385 215 170
Slovak 910 380 530 1,000 520 475
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 120 140 200 95 105
Ukrainian 2,290 960 1,330 2,115 970 1,150
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 10 40 75 30 45
Celtic languages 395 190 205 180 115 65
Scottish Gaelic 150 80 75 90 60 30
Welsh 85 30 55 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 55 35 15
Germanic languages 16,750 7,935 8,810 12,415 6,035 6,375
Afrikaans 405 200 205 1,205 650 555
Danish 425 195 235 615 270 350
Dutch 2,855 1,330 1,520 1,965 925 1,045
Frisian 55 15 35 10 0 0
German 12,205 5,800 6,400 7,985 3,965 4,015
Icelandic 45 20 20 50 25 20
Norwegian 345 145 200 360 155 205
Swedish 605 295 310 575 245 335
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 40 40 35 25 10
Yiddish 355 185 175 35 15 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 10
Greek 3,090 1,545 1,545 1,490 780 710
Indo-Iranian languages 35,320 17,915 17,410 46,245 22,810 23,435
Indo-Aryan languages 25,805 13,125 12,675 28,545 13,800 14,750
Bengali 4,250 2,180 2,070 850 410 440
Gujarati 2,275 1,220 1,050 4,395 2,030 2,360
Hindi 10,335 5,355 4,980 10,770 5,170 5,600
Kashmiri 10 10 10 10 10 0
Konkani 140 75 65 55 15 35
Marathi 565 310 255 490 250 245
Nepali 1,275 640 635 335 160 175
Oriya (Odia) 75 45 30 20 10 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,235 3,220 3,015 14,300 7,050 7,250
Sindhi 495 220 280 1,405 590 815
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,065 485 580 430 225 205
Urdu 7,175 3,600 3,570 2,080 1,155 925
Iranian languages 10,040 5,075 4,965 18,035 9,195 8,845
Kurdish 755 395 355 1,060 540 520
Pashto 1,400 755 645 405 245 160
Persian (Farsi) 8,665 4,340 4,325 17,230 8,790 8,445
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 120 80 190 85 100
Italic (Romance) languages 54,440 24,435 30,005 37,400 17,800 19,605
Catalan 80 30 45 60 25 30
Italian 15,500 7,400 8,105 10,300 4,950 5,350
Portuguese 6,120 2,990 3,125 4,695 2,245 2,450
Romanian 2,880 1,345 1,535 4,650 2,310 2,340
Spanish 33,075 14,180 18,890 19,465 9,135 10,330
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 65 45 25
Japanese 2,510 1,185 1,325 7,610 3,350 4,260
Kartvelian languages 40 15 20 30 15 10
Georgian 40 15 25 25 15 10
Korean 2,580 1,090 1,490 22,760 10,730 12,035
Mongolic languages 40 20 20 70 45 25
Mongolian 40 25 20 65 45 20
Niger-Congo languages 10,520 4,640 5,880 1,850 935 915
Akan (Twi) 630 330 300 125 85 45
Bamanankan 155 70 85 10 0 10
Edo 95 40 60 15 10 10
Ewe 205 80 125 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 70 95 0 0 10
Ga 165 85 80 0 0 0
Ganda 215 65 145 55 25 30
Igbo 300 165 135 60 40 30
Lingala 1,720 720 1,000 100 45 60
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,530 615 915 15 10 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 970 360 615 50 15 35
Shona 175 60 115 90 45 45
Swahili 3,040 1,325 1,715 890 455 435
Wolof 200 110 95 15 10 0
Yoruba 755 400 355 135 70 70
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,265 1,035 1,230 445 190 255
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 140 185 120 60 60
Dinka 190 85 105 30 20 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 95 45 50
Sign languages 1,630 655 975 1,100 470 630
American Sign Language 875 305 570 605 215 395
Quebec Sign Language 75 15 55 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 715 350 365 510 265 250
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,395 17,190 19,210 113,895 53,015 60,885
Chinese languages 35,510 16,765 18,745 113,630 52,895 60,740
Cantonese 12,700 6,015 6,685 51,890 24,000 27,890
Hakka 265 125 140 785 390 390
Mandarin 24,495 11,310 13,185 72,500 33,295 39,210
Min Dong 40 20 25 25 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,035 465 565 4,255 1,865 2,395
Wu (Shanghainese) 415 205 215 1,375 600 775
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 535 475 2,105 985 1,125
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 35 10 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 925 440 480 320 140 175
Burmese 305 145 160 155 75 75
Karenic languages 365 185 180 0 0 0
Tibetan 50 30 25 85 30 55
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 365 150 205 80 40 40
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 410 600 845 335 515
Lao 460 200 255 155 65 90
Thai 610 230 385 740 280 455
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,405 1,195 1,210 2,005 1,020 985
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 380 190 195
Turkish 2,070 1,035 1,040 1,495 760 730
Uyghur 45 25 15 65 35 35
Uzbek 80 20 60 105 55 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 90 40 50
Uralic languages 2,585 1,255 1,330 3,015 1,360 1,660
Estonian 245 115 130 140 60 85
Finnish 480 220 260 700 245 450
Hungarian 1,875 925 950 2,190 1,055 1,135
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 380 250 130 230 135 95
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 916,860 446,515 470,340 631,985 310,085 321,900
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 854,535 416,865 437,670 551,995 272,795 279,200
Canadian citizens aged under 18 177,960 90,535 87,430 107,230 55,420 51,800
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 676,580 326,330 350,245 444,765 217,370 227,390
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,320 29,650 32,670 79,990 37,295 42,700
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 916,855 446,515 470,340 631,980 310,085 321,895
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 685,260 337,490 347,770 361,345 183,230 178,115
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 216,505 101,235 115,265 249,965 116,910 133,050
Before 1981 53,740 25,720 28,015 51,260 24,890 26,370
1981 to 1990 29,670 14,195 15,475 28,285 13,285 15,000
1991 to 2000 49,685 22,510 27,170 65,550 30,465 35,090
2001 to 2010 53,335 24,515 28,820 70,650 32,515 38,135
2001 to 2005 25,185 11,520 13,660 34,370 16,080 18,295
2006 to 2010 28,155 12,990 15,160 36,275 16,435 19,845
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 30,075 14,300 15,775 34,215 15,765 18,455
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,090 7,795 7,305 20,675 9,940 10,730
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 216,505 101,235 115,265 249,960 116,910 133,045
Under 5 years 23,760 11,745 12,015 20,865 10,590 10,270
5 to 14 years 38,625 19,575 19,050 42,875 22,665 20,210
15 to 24 years 45,510 20,400 25,110 46,450 21,210 25,235
25 to 44 years 90,080 41,305 48,780 111,370 48,930 62,450
45 years and over 18,530 8,210 10,315 28,400 13,520 14,885
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 216,505 101,235 115,270 249,965 116,915 133,050
Americas 32,755 14,265 18,490 16,945 7,870 9,080
Brazil 990 445 545 825 320 510
Colombia 1,270 485 780 915 400 510
El Salvador 1,710 790 920 1,340 650 690
Guyana 1,375 635 735 245 125 120
Haiti 6,320 2,615 3,710 90 55 35
Jamaica 2,985 1,280 1,710 670 330 340
Mexico 1,290 540 755 2,295 900 1,390
Peru 820 365 455 900 375 520
Trinidad and Tobago 1,260 495 765 595 295 300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,245 3,695 4,545 5,270 2,600 2,665
Other places of birth in Americas 6,490 2,920 3,575 3,800 1,810 1,985
Europe 55,430 26,405 29,030 51,315 25,300 26,010
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,610 780 830 1,795 895 900
Croatia 800 385 420 2,010 1,035 980
France 2,270 1,010 1,265 660 330 325
Germany 3,885 1,645 2,245 3,095 1,535 1,555
Greece 910 475 430 605 335 270
Hungary 825 425 405 1,165 560 610
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 810 360 445 675 385 290
Italy 5,410 2,800 2,610 4,430 2,300 2,130
Netherlands 1,890 925 960 1,465 735 730
Poland 4,170 1,855 2,305 3,805 1,740 2,065
Portugal 1,965 995 970 1,510 755 750
Romania 2,400 1,135 1,265 3,890 1,915 1,975
Russian Federation 2,860 1,230 1,635 3,355 1,555 1,800
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 870 410 465 1,625 860 770
Ukraine 1,770 840 930 1,980 920 1,055
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 15,765 7,910 7,860 12,570 6,220 6,345
Other places of birth in Europe 7,210 3,215 3,995 6,675 3,225 3,450
Africa 30,340 13,940 16,400 10,165 5,015 5,150
Algeria 1,025 485 545 100 55 45
Egypt 3,420 1,785 1,630 770 410 360
Ethiopia 2,215 1,020 1,195 600 330 270
Kenya 1,065 540 525 1,495 670 820
Morocco 1,230 570 660 190 105 85
Nigeria 1,260 575 685 285 150 140
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,405 165 55 105
South Africa, Republic of 850 435 415 2,070 1,090 980
Other places of birth in Africa 15,375 7,035 8,345 4,495 2,145 2,350
Asia 97,170 46,205 50,965 167,595 76,870 90,720
Afghanistan 2,400 1,215 1,180 2,520 1,270 1,245
Bangladesh 2,655 1,380 1,275 500 255 245
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 17,405 7,575 9,830 46,150 20,765 25,385
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,015 1,510 1,505 17,970 8,315 9,655
India 10,495 5,275 5,220 12,170 5,815 6,355
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,395 2,190 2,210 11,995 6,125 5,870
Iraq 3,540 1,885 1,650 1,250 645 605
Japan 730 175 550 2,760 835 1,925
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,690 750 945 17,220 7,985 9,235
Lebanon 10,995 5,745 5,250 610 365 240
Pakistan 3,830 1,915 1,915 1,300 685 615
Philippines 8,865 3,345 5,520 22,700 9,495 13,205
Sri Lanka 2,330 1,105 1,230 890 445 445
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,125 1,595 1,530 800 400 405
Taiwan 835 365 470 11,965 5,485 6,480
Viet Nam 5,600 2,570 3,035 4,440 2,140 2,305
Other places of birth in Asia 15,275 7,625 7,650 12,345 5,850 6,500
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 805 425 385 3,940 1,860 2,080
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 30,075 14,295 15,780 34,215 15,760 18,450
Americas 4,060 1,830 2,225 2,475 1,145 1,330
Brazil 135 75 65 180 75 100
Colombia 190 80 110 140 60 80
Cuba 130 65 60 25 15 0
Haiti 1,290 550 740 10 0 0
Jamaica 115 65 50 75 50 20
Mexico 245 100 145 640 275 375
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,135 570 570 805 375 425
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 120 35 85 100 45 50
Other places of birth in Americas 695 290 400 515 255 265
Europe 2,565 1,255 1,315 3,755 1,830 1,930
France 285 155 130 85 40 45
Germany 155 75 90 130 90 40
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 45 25 95 65 30
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 20 25 85 40 45