Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Fraser South Health Service Delivery Area [Health region, December 2017], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa, CV
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Fraser South Health Service Delivery Area
British Columbia
[Health region, December 2017]
Data quality , Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Fraser South Health Service Delivery Area [Health region, December 2017], British Columbia  Map : Fraser South Health Service Delivery Area [Health region, December 2017], British Columbia
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 934,243 ... ... 784,977 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 883,391 ... ... 718,247 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8 ... ... 9.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 395,985 ... ... 286,427 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 373,756 ... ... 270,325 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 334.8 ... ... 937.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,790.30 ... ... 837.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 934,245 453,875 480,365 784,980 385,990 398,985
0 to 14 years 155,680 79,185 76,490 136,350 70,215 66,130
0 to 4 years 48,870 24,800 24,070 42,225 21,760 20,460
5 to 9 years 53,715 27,365 26,350 47,005 24,315 22,695
10 to 14 years 53,095 27,020 26,075 47,115 24,145 22,970
15 to 64 years 634,425 310,390 324,035 525,495 259,065 266,435
15 to 19 years 57,190 28,990 28,200 51,035 26,450 24,585
20 to 24 years 68,645 34,575 34,070 50,690 26,490 24,205
25 to 29 years 63,695 31,675 32,025 47,300 23,450 23,855
30 to 34 years 61,670 30,105 31,565 51,730 25,140 26,595
35 to 39 years 59,575 28,330 31,250 51,860 24,835 27,030
40 to 44 years 62,710 29,880 32,830 53,825 25,665 28,165
45 to 49 years 65,960 31,980 33,980 56,260 27,240 29,020
50 to 54 years 73,210 36,005 37,210 58,885 29,150 29,740
55 to 59 years 66,765 32,370 34,395 55,400 27,190 28,205
60 to 64 years 54,990 26,475 28,510 48,505 23,460 25,050
65 years and over 144,140 64,300 79,840 123,130 56,705 66,425
65 to 69 years 48,130 22,870 25,265 42,285 20,265 22,020
70 to 74 years 33,875 15,790 18,085 30,290 14,475 15,815
75 to 79 years 24,600 11,135 13,465 20,990 9,885 11,100
80 to 84 years 17,950 7,765 10,185 14,325 6,475 7,850
85 years and over 19,580 6,740 12,840 15,245 5,610 9,635
85 to 89 years 11,720 4,480 7,245 9,335 3,815 5,525
90 to 94 years 5,995 1,845 4,145 4,410 1,425 2,990
95 to 99 years 1,640 385 1,255 1,285 315 970
100 years and over 225 30 200 215 60 155
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 15.9 17.4 18.2 16.6
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.4 67.5 66.9 67.1 66.8
65 years and over 15.4 14.2 16.6 15.7 14.7 16.6
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 1.9 1.5 2.4
Average age of the population 40.1 39.2 41.0 40.1 39.2 41.0
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 40.3 39.3 41.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 373,755 ... ... 270,325 ... ...
Single-detached house 158,235 ... ... 108,455 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 68,645 ... ... 8,890 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 146,085 ... ... 149,445 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,140 ... ... 5,815 ... ...
Row house 79,340 ... ... 37,080 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,055 ... ... 52,605 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 39,095 ... ... 53,675 ... ...
Other single-attached house 465 ... ... 280 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 800 ... ... 3,535 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 373,755 ... ... 270,325 ... ...
1 person 105,750 ... ... 59,235 ... ...
2 persons 124,280 ... ... 80,555 ... ...
3 persons 58,010 ... ... 43,770 ... ...
4 persons 55,215 ... ... 46,565 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,500 ... ... 40,200 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 916,860 ... ... 774,310 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 778,565 374,690 403,875 648,630 315,775 332,855
Married or living common law 437,500 218,705 218,795 391,565 195,350 196,210
Married 366,365 182,795 183,565 351,510 175,350 176,160
Living common law 71,130 35,910 35,225 40,050 20,000 20,050
Not married and not living common law 341,065 155,985 185,080 257,065 120,420 136,645
Never married 236,315 123,415 112,895 170,810 92,880 77,935
Separated 21,015 8,500 12,520 15,860 6,525 9,330
Divorced 46,000 16,540 29,460 36,465 14,010 22,460
Widowed 37,730 7,535 30,200 33,930 7,010 26,920
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 254,770 ... ... 221,335 ... ...
2 persons 123,855 ... ... 98,750 ... ...
3 persons 54,635 ... ... 49,035 ... ...
4 persons 53,395 ... ... 52,595 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,885 ... ... 20,955 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 254,765 ... ... 221,340 ... ...
Total couple families 213,535 ... ... 189,205 ... ...
Married couples 177,990 ... ... 169,190 ... ...
Common-law couples 35,545 ... ... 20,025 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,230 ... ... 32,125 ... ...
Female parent 32,860 ... ... 25,575 ... ...
Male parent 8,375 ... ... 6,550 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 213,535 ... ... 189,205 ... ...
Couples without children 99,685 ... ... 79,445 ... ...
Couples with children 113,855 ... ... 109,765 ... ...
1 child 42,565 ... ... 39,555 ... ...
2 children 49,890 ... ... 50,015 ... ...
3 or more children 21,390 ... ... 20,195 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,235 ... ... 32,125 ... ...
1 child 24,170 ... ... 19,300 ... ...
2 children 12,065 ... ... 9,480 ... ...
3 or more children 4,995 ... ... 3,340 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 168,745 78,365 90,380 108,360 50,360 58,010
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 373,755 ... ... 270,325 ... ...
One-census-family households 243,070 ... ... 184,790 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 94,935 ... ... 63,900 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 148,135 ... ... 120,890 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,755 ... ... 17,275 ... ...
Non-census-family households 124,935 ... ... 68,265 ... ...
One-person households 105,750 ... ... 59,240 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,185 ... ... 9,025 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 923,375 449,335 474,040 777,875 382,840 395,030
English only 549,395 279,175 270,220 698,945 349,280 349,665
French only 12,680 5,075 7,610 310 160 145
English and French 347,510 159,620 187,890 39,300 17,270 22,030
Neither English nor French 13,790 5,465 8,320 39,325 16,130 23,195
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 923,370 449,335 474,035 777,870 382,845 395,030
English 749,725 370,365 379,360 729,615 362,440 367,175
French 138,900 63,600 75,300 5,925 2,870 3,055
English and French 21,300 10,070 11,230 3,490 1,630 1,860
Neither English nor French 13,445 5,295 8,150 38,840 15,900 22,945
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 149,550 68,635 80,915 7,665 3,685 3,980
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 16.2 15.3 17.1 1.0 1.0 1.0
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 923,375 449,330 474,040 777,870 382,840 395,030
Single responses 889,715 433,335 456,385 751,035 369,570 381,465
Official languages 689,300 338,895 350,405 451,805 225,465 226,340
English 562,070 280,205 281,870 445,885 222,625 223,265
French 127,225 58,690 68,530 5,920 2,845 3,080
Non-official languages 200,420 94,440 105,975 299,225 144,100 155,125
Aboriginal languages 650 245 405 145 55 95
Algonquian languages 280 115 165 65 15 45
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 70 85 45 10 25
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 15 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 5 5 5 0 10
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 5 0 5 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 75 35 40 25 10 15
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 10 0 0 0
Malecite 5 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 35 65 15 5 15
Algonquin 25 10 15 0 0 0
Ojibway 70 25 45 15 5 10
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 5 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 10 5 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 5 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 5
Dene 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 330 110 215 10 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 5 0 5
Inuktitut 295 95 200 10 5 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages 25 10 15 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 10 15 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 10 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 5 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 5 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 199,765 94,195 105,575 299,080 144,050 155,035
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,350 22,200 22,150 8,050 4,140 3,910
Berber languages 375 195 180 15 5 5
Kabyle 250 130 120 5 5 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 5 5 5
Cushitic languages 6,660 2,870 3,785 805 380 420
Bilen 50 25 25 0 0 0
Oromo 215 120 95 30 15 15
Somali 6,300 2,680 3,615 775 365 405
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 0 0 0
Semitic languages 37,255 19,100 18,160 7,215 3,745 3,475
Amharic 1,455 680 770 330 160 170
Arabic 34,295 17,670 16,625 5,630 2,925 2,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 450 220 225
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 405 220 180
Harari 60 30 30 0 0 5
Hebrew 355 190 160 110 65 40
Maltese 30 10 20 25 10 15
Tigrigna 905 440 460 175 85 85
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 95 50 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 15 10 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,045 3,225 3,815 8,265 3,870 4,390
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 485 610 710 325 385
Vietnamese 5,930 2,735 3,195 7,555 3,550 4,005
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 7,785 2,835 4,950 24,335 10,460 13,875
Bikol 30 15 15 70 35 35
Cebuano 370 120 245 1,025 405 615
Fijian 0 0 0 250 125 120
Hiligaynon 110 35 75 320 135 180
Ilocano 575 225 345 1,180 480 695
Malagasy 55 25 25 5 0 0
Malay 395 160 235 565 250 315
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 135 60 75
Pangasinan 30 15 15 95 35 55
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,035 2,170 3,865 20,440 8,815 11,620
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 40 20 20
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 120 40 75 215 90 130
Creole languages 4,175 1,745 2,435 300 155 145
Haitian Creole 290 130 160 10 10 0
Creole, n.o.s. 3,705 1,535 2,170 180 90 95
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 105 55 50
Dravidian languages 3,805 1,965 1,840 2,235 1,135 1,105
Kannada 225 115 105 75 35 40
Malayalam 660 345 315 985 490 495
Tamil 2,415 1,230 1,185 930 475 455
Telugu 485 270 220 230 125 105
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Indo-European languages 87,105 41,440 45,665 191,985 94,510 97,475
Albanian 660 325 335 445 225 220
Armenian 465 235 230 135 70 65
Balto-Slavic languages 20,270 9,080 11,190 11,485 5,435 6,055
Baltic languages 455 200 260 100 35 60
Latvian 250 110 140 60 25 35
Lithuanian 210 85 125 45 10 35
Slavic languages 19,815 8,885 10,930 11,385 5,395 5,990
Belarusan 40 20 20 5 5 5
Bosnian 600 275 325 210 105 105
Bulgarian 845 390 455 175 90 90
Croatian 1,005 460 540 1,085 545 535
Czech 915 405 505 790 370 420
Macedonian 65 25 40 20 10 10
Polish 5,525 2,485 3,035 3,445 1,680 1,760
Russian 6,150 2,680 3,470 2,840 1,310 1,535
Serbian 1,705 810 890 750 385 370
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 260 140 65 70
Slovak 570 260 315 455 195 255
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 85 125 170 85 85
Ukrainian 1,630 695 935 1,260 530 725
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 40 20 20
Celtic languages 110 50 60 90 45 45
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 40 20 20
Welsh 50 15 35 35 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 10 5 5
Germanic languages 8,680 3,980 4,705 13,425 6,305 7,120
Afrikaans 160 80 85 420 195 225
Danish 295 135 165 765 380 385
Dutch 2,215 1,060 1,150 3,235 1,505 1,725
Frisian 40 20 20 55 25 25
German 5,275 2,345 2,930 8,255 3,875 4,385
Icelandic 20 10 10 40 15 25
Norwegian 135 60 75 280 130 150
Swedish 275 140 135 290 125 165
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 45 55 35 25
Yiddish 175 95 75 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 10 5 5
Greek 2,110 1,105 1,005 1,085 575 515
Indo-Iranian languages 26,965 13,585 13,375 150,450 74,600 75,845
Indo-Aryan languages 18,345 9,255 9,085 146,255 72,425 73,830
Bengali 3,255 1,615 1,645 810 420 390
Gujarati 1,470 760 710 1,805 895 910
Hindi 2,875 1,470 1,400 15,235 7,275 7,965
Kashmiri 20 10 10 10 5 0
Konkani 105 55 50 95 45 50
Marathi 290 150 140 115 55 65
Nepali 925 440 485 440 230 210
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 10 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,880 1,995 1,885 120,905 60,075 60,830
Sindhi 270 120 145 275 140 135
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 810 395 420 765 380 380
Urdu 4,410 2,220 2,180 5,785 2,900 2,890
Iranian languages 8,530 4,280 4,250 4,040 2,095 1,945
Kurdish 655 335 315 205 115 85
Pashto 1,025 520 510 570 310 260
Persian (Farsi) 6,850 3,420 3,430 3,270 1,670 1,600
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 155 80 75
Italic (Romance) languages 27,840 13,070 14,770 14,870 7,270 7,600
Catalan 30 15 15 15 10 5
Italian 9,030 4,470 4,560 2,340 1,270 1,075
Portuguese 4,205 1,970 2,240 2,155 995 1,160
Romanian 2,560 1,165 1,400 1,140 555 590
Spanish 11,985 5,445 6,540 9,205 4,435 4,770
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 5 5 5
Japanese 990 300 685 1,860 670 1,190
Kartvelian languages 35 15 20 5 0 5
Georgian 30 15 25 0 0 0
Korean 2,065 875 1,185 11,925 5,475 6,445
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 25 10 15
Mongolian 30 15 20 25 15 15
Niger-Congo languages 5,380 2,360 3,020 1,160 600 560
Akan (Twi) 355 175 180 220 125 95
Bamanankan 75 30 50 0 0 0
Edo 35 20 20 50 30 20
Ewe 75 30 50 35 20 15
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 45 55 5 0 0
Ga 60 30 30 15 5 10
Ganda 125 55 65 15 10 0
Igbo 180 90 95 70 40 35
Lingala 320 120 205 20 10 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 840 360 475 55 25 30
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 650 235 420 45 20 30
Shona 110 40 70 45 20 30
Swahili 1,100 485 615 235 120 110
Wolof 80 35 45 5 5 5
Yoruba 240 125 110 95 55 40
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,030 485 545 255 115 135
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 165 115 50 60
Dinka 90 45 45 10 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 120 105 45 60
Sign languages 220 105 120 255 145 110
American Sign Language 75 30 50 105 55 50
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 140 75 65 150 90 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,945 14,835 17,105 44,935 21,110 23,825
Chinese languages 31,130 14,445 16,690 43,665 20,475 23,185
Cantonese 10,160 4,775 5,380 9,825 4,615 5,210
Hakka 155 65 90 300 135 160
Mandarin 18,575 8,565 10,010 30,030 14,055 15,975
Min Dong 50 25 25 40 25 25
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 725 315 410 1,895 895 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 445 205 240 445 215 230
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 485 520 1,090 520 570
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 1,275 640 635
Burmese 225 120 110 375 200 175
Karenic languages 325 155 165 760 365 390
Tibetan 95 50 40 75 35 40
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 65 30 35
Tai-Kadai languages 690 245 445 950 395 560
Lao 345 155 190 575 300 275
Thai 345 90 255 360 90 275
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 1,645 835 815 505 275 235
Azerbaijani 120 70 55 20 15 10
Turkish 1,390 705 685 365 200 165
Uyghur 10 5 5 60 30 30
Uzbek 65 30 40 15 15 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 40 15 20
Uralic languages 2,055 965 1,085 2,010 955 1,055
Estonian 150 70 80 115 50 65
Finnish 300 120 185 465 210 255
Hungarian 1,595 775 825 1,430 695 730
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 85 60 130 75 60
Multiple responses 33,660 16,000 17,655 26,840 13,275 13,565
English and French 12,295 5,825 6,475 1,255 620 635
English and non-official language 15,135 7,340 7,795 24,800 12,285 12,520
French and non-official language 3,815 1,730 2,085 365 180 185
English, French and non-official language 2,415 1,110 1,300 410 185 225
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 923,370 449,335 474,040 777,870 382,845 395,030
Single responses 866,210 422,345 443,870 712,545 350,825 361,725
Official languages 766,810 375,540 391,270 528,100 261,375 266,725
English 680,895 336,595 344,305 526,430 260,545 265,885
French 85,910 38,945 46,965 1,670 835 840
Non-official languages 99,400 46,805 52,600 184,445 89,445 95,000
Aboriginal languages 210 90 125 15 10 10
Algonquian languages 70 35 40 10 0 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 20 35 5 0 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 5 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 5 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 10 5 5 0 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages 130 55 75 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 120 45 70 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 99,190 46,715 52,480 184,430 89,435 94,990
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,665 11,855 12,810 5,220 2,600 2,620
Berber languages 220 110 115 5 5 0
Kabyle 180 85 95 0 0 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 3,860 1,580 2,275 465 205 260
Bilen 30 15 10 0 0 0
Oromo 130 70 60 15 10 5
Somali 3,645 1,475 2,165 445 195 255
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 5 0 0
Semitic languages 20,580 10,165 10,415 4,750 2,395 2,355
Amharic 845 400 445 145 60 80
Arabic 19,105 9,455 9,645 3,840 1,935 1,905
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 305 155 150
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 290 160 130
Harari 20 5 10 0 0 0
Hebrew 135 80 60 20 10 10
Maltese 5 0 5 0 0 0
Tigrigna 415 195 220 85 40 45
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 65 30 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,140 1,895 2,245 5,345 2,515 2,830
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 265 420 205 220
Vietnamese 3,680 1,700 1,980 4,930 2,320 2,610
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,335 1,395 1,940 10,535 4,835 5,695
Bikol 5 5 0 15 5 5
Cebuano 125 55 70 365 165 200
Fijian 0 0 0 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 80 35 45
Ilocano 230 105 120 390 175 215
Malagasy 10 10 10 0 0 0
Malay 120 50 70 140 60 75
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 25 10 20
Pangasinan 10 5 5 15 10 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,745 1,130 1,615 9,370 4,305 5,065
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 15 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 50 20 30
Creole languages 1,825 745 1,080 165 75 90
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 1,605 645 960 120 55 65
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 50 25 25
Dravidian languages 1,845 915 935 1,175 580 600
Kannada 75 45 35 30 15 15
Malayalam 280 150 135 545 265 275
Tamil 1,285 615 665 470 225 240
Telugu 195 105 90 125 65 60
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Indo-European languages 37,270 17,645 19,625 116,365 57,380 58,985
Albanian 295 140 155 255 120 135
Armenian 205 95 110 50 25 25
Balto-Slavic languages 8,925 4,195 4,730 4,530 2,190 2,340
Baltic languages 105 45 60 15 5 10
Latvian 55 25 35 10 0 5
Lithuanian 45 25 25 0 5 0
Slavic languages 8,815 4,150 4,670 4,515 2,185 2,330
Belarusan 20 10 10 0 5 0
Bosnian 305 150 150 90 45 45
Bulgarian 400 190 210 90 45 40
Croatian 330 150 180 300 140 165
Czech 205 100 110 215 105 110
Macedonian 15 10 5 5 5 5
Polish 1,995 915 1,075 1,335 655 680
Russian 3,625 1,690 1,935 1,615 775 840
Serbian 1,005 500 505 370 195 175
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 35 15 20
Slovak 195 90 105 125 60 65
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 20 10 10
Ukrainian 505 230 275 300 135 165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 5
Celtic languages 10 5 0 5 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Germanic languages 915 415 495 1,295 605 690
Afrikaans 35 20 20 175 75 95
Danish 25 10 10 40 20 25
Dutch 145 70 80 235 105 135
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 625 275 355 775 370 405
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 5 5
Norwegian 10 5 10 15 10 10
Swedish 55 35 20 30 15 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Yiddish 15 10 5 0 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 625 300 325 350 175 175
Indo-Iranian languages 14,665 7,155 7,510 103,535 51,125 52,410
Indo-Aryan languages 9,590 4,740 4,850 101,025 49,855 51,160
Bengali 1,945 940 1,010 480 240 240
Gujarati 605 310 300 830 380 445
Hindi 1,285 650 635 7,800 3,710 4,090
Kashmiri 5 5 0 0 0 0
Konkani 35 15 20 15 10 10
Marathi 110 50 60 50 25 25
Nepali 730 360 375 250 130 125
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 5 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,190 1,105 1,085 87,475 43,340 44,135
Sindhi 65 30 40 110 50 60
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 195 330 160 165
Urdu 2,215 1,090 1,125 3,675 1,810 1,865
Iranian languages 5,055 2,400 2,655 2,405 1,215 1,190
Kurdish 370 195 175 120 75 50
Pashto 645 310 335 345 175 170
Persian (Farsi) 4,040 1,895 2,140 1,935 965 970
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 110 55 55
Italic (Romance) languages 11,635 5,340 6,295 6,350 3,140 3,210
Catalan 15 5 10 5 0 0
Italian 2,500 1,110 1,390 380 175 205
Portuguese 1,850 870 980 680 320 365
Romanian 1,190 555 635 470 230 245
Spanish 6,070 2,795 3,270 4,810 2,410 2,395
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 5
Japanese 385 140 250 755 305 450
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Georgian 5 5 5 0 0 0
Korean 1,140 530 615 9,430 4,345 5,090
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 5 0 5
Mongolian 15 10 5 10 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 1,480 660 820 365 165 200
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 80 45 35
Bamanankan 10 5 10 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 20 5 15 10 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 0 0 0
Ga 15 5 5 0 0 0
Ganda 30 10 20 5 0 5
Igbo 55 25 25 15 5 10
Lingala 65 20 45 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 135 135 25 5 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 150 30 15 20
Shona 20 10 10 10 5 5
Swahili 380 175 210 90 35 55
Wolof 30 15 15 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 30 25 25 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 60 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 40 50 15 30
Dinka 25 15 10 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 45 15 30
Sign languages 305 165 145 325 170 150
American Sign Language 105 50 60 115 60 60
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 115 85 205 115 90
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,045 9,955 11,090 33,510 15,870 17,630
Chinese languages 20,465 9,680 10,790 32,460 15,350 17,115
Cantonese 5,840 2,685 3,155 6,250 2,945 3,310
Hakka 50 15 30 90 40 55
Mandarin 13,455 6,435 7,020 24,215 11,465 12,750
Min Dong 15 5 5 10 5 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 115 165 910 430 480
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 265 125 140
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 300 275 690 335 360
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 35 20 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 1,040 520 520
Burmese 145 65 80 305 170 140
Karenic languages 250 120 130 680 330 345
Tibetan 70 35 35 35 15 20
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 25 10 15
Tai-Kadai languages 260 100 160 415 195 220
Lao 165 70 95 290 140 145
Thai 95 30 65 125 45 75
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 855 415 440 225 120 105
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 5 0 5
Turkish 745 360 380 175 90 80
Uyghur 5 5 0 30 15 20
Uzbek 35 15 20 10 10 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 5 0 5
Uralic languages 500 240 265 475 220 250
Estonian 20 10 15 20 10 15
Finnish 35 15 20 90 45 50
Hungarian 445 210 230 355 170 185
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 50 25 30
Multiple responses 57,160 26,990 30,170 65,325 32,025 33,310
English and French 12,480 5,755 6,725 790 360 430
English and non-official language 36,690 17,710 18,980 63,710 31,295 32,420
French and non-official language 3,305 1,395 1,910 140 55 85
English, French and non-official language 4,685 2,130 2,560 680 315 365
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 923,375 449,335 474,040 777,875 382,845 395,030
None 705,915 348,065 357,855 628,610 310,240 318,375
English 80,960 38,220 42,740 69,595 34,730 34,860
French 59,935 27,450 32,490 4,495 1,990 2,505
Non-official language 67,655 31,565 36,095 73,070 34,850 38,215
Aboriginal 405 150 255 135 60 75
Non-Aboriginal 67,250 31,410 35,840 72,935 34,795 38,145
English and French 2,595 1,220 1,380 250 125 125
English and non-official language 2,415 1,125 1,290 1,305 645 655
French and non-official language 3,800 1,645 2,150 540 255 285
English, French and non-official language 90 50 45 15 10 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 761,420 367,460 393,960 638,075 311,250 326,825
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,270 351,485 376,785 607,800 296,785 311,005
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,857 48,479 36,936 32,217 39,897 26,374
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,540 351,520 377,015 608,575 297,470 311,105
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,136 42,234 33,174 29,110 34,879 24,775
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 663,315 324,730 338,580 542,725 271,970 270,755
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,826 48,921 35,935 31,653 39,942 24,776
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 502,905 222,930 279,975 426,845 180,180 246,665
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,215 1,434 4,358 3,830 2,039 4,660
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 546,025 274,960 271,070 462,150 238,340 223,810
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,955 46,070 36,746 32,322 39,967 25,945
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 761,420 367,450 393,975 638,130 311,280 326,850
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,080 351,205 376,880 608,085 296,790 311,295
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,605 62,746 47,019 43,136 51,867 34,812
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,355 351,210 377,145 608,825 297,425 311,395
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,428 50,106 39,141 36,174 42,306 30,317
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 663,600 324,535 339,060 543,280 271,895 271,385
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,792 63,743 46,224 42,906 52,220 33,574
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 502,790 222,910 279,885 426,730 180,215 246,515
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,757 6,055 7,317 6,844 6,633 6,998
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 546,025 274,445 271,580 462,160 237,985 224,175
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,088 60,456 45,642 42,184 50,680 33,166
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 761,420 367,450 393,975 638,130 311,285 326,850
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 279,480 150,600 128,880 196,365 114,860 81,510
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,546 70,955 60,631 52,934 59,654 45,994
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,111 82,331 66,674 62,329 69,803 51,798
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.4 93.9 88.4 88.9 92.3 84.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.8 75.0 70.0 74.2 78.2 68.4
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.6 6.1 11.6 11.1 7.7 15.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 761,420 367,460 393,960 638,075 311,250 326,825
Without total income 33,150 15,980 17,170 30,275 14,460 15,815
With total income 728,270 351,485 376,785 607,795 296,790 311,010
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.6 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 99,195 45,455 53,740 98,245 40,260 57,980
$10,000 to $19,999 107,875 44,780 63,090 109,015 43,310 65,705
$20,000 to $29,999 78,010 32,865 45,140 80,595 33,500 47,095
$30,000 to $39,999 66,630 28,950 37,675 69,765 31,645 38,120
$40,000 to $49,999 63,305 27,810 35,495 60,490 29,155 31,340
$50,000 to $59,999 58,005 26,620 31,385 47,830 25,240 22,590
$60,000 to $69,999 51,605 25,385 26,225 36,380 21,620 14,755
$70,000 to $79,999 42,025 21,880 20,145 26,940 16,880 10,060
$80,000 to $89,999 36,815 19,760 17,050 21,030 13,355 7,670
$90,000 to $99,999 32,270 17,200 15,075 14,610 9,645 4,970
$100,000 and over 92,535 60,775 31,760 42,900 32,170 10,730
$100,000 to $149,999 65,295 41,095 24,205 29,660 21,685 7,970
$150,000 and over 27,240 19,685 7,560 13,245 10,485 2,755
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 761,420 367,460 393,955 638,075 311,250 326,825
Without after-tax income 32,880 15,940 16,940 29,500 13,785 15,715
With after-tax income 728,535 351,520 377,015 608,570 297,465 311,110
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.7 95.4 95.6 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,495 46,300 57,195 101,875 42,400 59,475
$10,000 to $19,999 112,260 46,980 65,280 114,345 46,285 68,060
$20,000 to $29,999 89,985 38,505 51,480 95,710 40,995 54,715
$30,000 to $39,999 81,965 35,855 46,105 81,885 38,230 43,655
$40,000 to $49,999 78,235 35,230 43,000 67,015 34,040 32,970
$50,000 to $59,999 68,435 33,495 34,940 47,830 27,885 19,940
$60,000 to $69,999 54,560 29,055 25,505 32,795 20,645 12,150
$70,000 to $79,999 45,775 24,715 21,060 22,900 14,430 8,475
$80,000 and over 93,825 61,380 32,440 44,225 32,565 11,660
$80,000 to $89,999 32,630 19,255 13,375 14,270 9,775 4,500
$90,000 to $99,999 19,260 12,495 6,760 8,800 6,470 2,330
$100,000 and over 41,935 29,630 12,310 21,150 16,320 4,830
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 761,420 367,465 393,960 638,075 311,250 326,825
Without employment income 215,395 92,505 122,890 175,925 72,915 103,010
With employment income 546,025 274,960 271,065 462,150 238,335 223,815
Percentage with employment income 71.7 74.8 68.8 72.4 76.6 68.5
Under $5,000 (including loss) 67,195 32,655 34,540 66,020 29,750 36,275
$5,000 to $9,999 40,580 18,300 22,280 36,005 14,925 21,080
$10,000 to $19,999 65,320 29,700 35,620 63,695 27,415 36,285
$20,000 to $29,999 50,625 23,530 27,095 53,220 23,810 29,410
$30,000 to $39,999 44,810 21,210 23,595 50,010 23,350 26,665
$40,000 to $49,999 43,030 19,575 23,460 44,980 22,010 22,970
$50,000 to $59,999 40,775 18,705 22,070 36,215 19,915 16,295
$60,000 to $69,999 36,550 17,765 18,790 28,200 17,635 10,570
$70,000 to $79,999 29,655 15,370 14,285 21,540 13,935 7,600
$80,000 and over 127,485 78,160 49,330 62,255 45,595 16,660
$80,000 to $89,999 29,530 15,440 14,090 17,240 11,205 6,040
$90,000 to $99,999 26,485 14,205 12,280 11,845 8,165 3,675
$100,000 and over 71,475 48,515 22,960 33,175 26,225 6,950
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 373,760 ... ... 270,325 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,981 ... ... 79,638 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,745 ... ... 69,572 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 105,750 ... ... 59,235 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,369 ... ... 38,177 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,026 ... ... 33,798 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 268,010 ... ... 211,090 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,064 ... ... 94,831 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,248 ... ... 82,592 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 373,755 ... ... 270,330 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,372 ... ... 97,031 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,579 ... ... 81,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 105,745 ... ... 59,220 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,590 ... ... 46,667 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,078 ... ... 39,163 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 268,010 ... ... 211,105 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,013 ... ... 111,159 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,559 ... ... 93,336 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 373,755 ... ... 270,325 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,250 ... ... 4,480 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,900 ... ... 2,855 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,095 ... ... 5,930 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,445 ... ... 8,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,405 ... ... 9,215 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,920 ... ... 8,780 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,170 ... ... 9,430 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,660 ... ... 9,805 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,120 ... ... 10,015 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,150 ... ... 10,105 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,805 ... ... 20,040 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,765 ... ... 19,100 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,225 ... ... 17,755 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,580 ... ... 16,955 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,430 ... ... 15,330 ... ...
$100,000 and over 156,845 ... ... 102,285 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,800 ... ... 32,560 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,760 ... ... 23,260 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 42,310 ... ... 26,165 ... ...
$200,000 and over 37,975 ... ... 20,300 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,755 ... ... 270,325 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,610 ... ... 4,830 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,970 ... ... 2,905 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,220 ... ... 6,020 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,915 ... ... 8,550 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,650 ... ... 10,450 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,395 ... ... 10,675 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,340 ... ... 11,455 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,530 ... ... 11,780 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,340 ... ... 12,305 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,625 ... ... 12,035 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,215 ... ... 23,375 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,345 ... ... 21,690 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 28,265 ... ... 20,465 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,850 ... ... 18,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,545 ... ... 16,505 ... ...
$100,000 and over 120,940 ... ... 78,660 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,895 ... ... 31,665 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,505 ... ... 19,760 ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,545 ... ... 27,235 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 253,415 ... ... 206,050 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,083 ... ... 94,024 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,624 ... ... 81,866 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 92,815 ... ... 62,720 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,233 ... ... 83,923 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,602 ... ... 72,830 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 114,325 ... ... 108,745 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,926 ... ... 111,349 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,637 ... ... 96,583 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.3 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,755 ... ... 27,690 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,761 ... ... 55,182 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,633 ... ... 49,966 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 253,440 ... ... 205,790 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,219 ... ... 110,318 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,030 ... ... 92,519 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 92,930 ... ... 62,515 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,150 ... ... 101,834 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,430 ... ... 84,112 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 114,320 ... ... 108,805 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,772 ... ... 126,151 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,814 ... ... 105,930 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,635 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,479 ... ... 66,398 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,341 ... ... 57,603 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 148,795 70,365 78,425 84,825 41,780 43,050
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,585 37,101 39,770 33,243 35,522 31,434
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,525 33,178 35,479 29,813 31,540 28,534
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 148,300 69,825 78,475 84,830 41,480 43,350
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,967 48,862 49,060 41,589 43,731 39,540
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,421 40,027 40,772 35,176 36,484 33,923
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,860 446,515 470,340 774,310 381,415 392,895
In the bottom half of the distribution 351,750 167,740 184,005 371,755 178,725 193,035
In the bottom decile 87,465 42,945 44,520 74,570 36,090 38,485
In the second decile 68,570 31,900 36,670 68,495 31,745 36,750
In the third decile 61,285 28,950 32,335 71,765 34,330 37,430
In the fourth decile 63,425 30,120 33,310 77,095 37,350 39,740
In the fifth decile 71,000 33,825 37,170 79,840 39,215 40,625
In the top half of the distribution 565,110 278,780 286,330 402,550 202,690 199,860
In the sixth decile 80,420 38,470 41,950 81,415 40,240 41,180
In the seventh decile 92,480 44,845 47,635 82,935 41,435 41,505
In the eighth decile 110,280 54,300 55,985 83,690 42,270 41,425
In the ninth decile 136,925 67,895 69,035 81,880 41,465 40,415
In the top decile 145,005 73,275 71,730 72,625 37,280 35,345
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,855 446,520 470,340 772,775 380,680 392,095
0 to 17 years 187,695 95,500 92,200 165,925 85,525 80,395
0 to 5 years 59,200 30,145 29,055 51,095 26,275 24,815
18 to 64 years 596,800 290,300 306,500 491,705 241,045 250,660
65 years and over 132,355 60,715 71,640 115,145 54,100 61,040
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 115,180 54,575 60,605 104,000 49,185 54,815
0 to 17 years 30,100 15,575 14,530 29,325 15,055 14,270
0 to 5 years 10,150 5,285 4,865 8,725 4,400 4,325
18 to 64 years 72,620 34,105 38,515 60,770 28,395 32,375
65 years and over 12,455 4,895 7,565 13,905 5,735 8,170
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.6 12.2 12.9 13.5 12.9 14.0
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 16.3 15.8 17.7 17.6 17.7
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.5 16.7 17.1 16.7 17.4
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.7 12.6 12.4 11.8 12.9
65 years and over (%) 9.4 8.1 10.6 12.1 10.6 13.4
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 98,915 48,130 50,785 80,770 38,975 41,795
0 to 17 years 22,685 11,680 11,005 22,370 11,425 10,950
0 to 5 years 7,780 4,065 3,710 6,495 3,260 3,240
18 to 64 years 68,040 33,345 34,695 51,120 24,545 26,575
65 years and over 8,190 3,105 5,085 7,275 3,005 4,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.5 10.2 10.7
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.2 11.9 13.5 13.4 13.6
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.5 12.8 12.7 12.4 13.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.3 10.4 10.2 10.6
65 years and over (%) 6.2 5.1 7.1 6.3 5.6 7.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,860 446,515 470,340 774,360 381,450 392,910
Official languages 903,135 441,100 462,040 735,230 365,495 369,730
English 890,735 436,340 454,390 734,975 365,335 369,635
French 358,165 163,500 194,670 39,090 17,230 21,865
Non-official languages 276,220 129,510 146,705 359,080 173,170 185,905
Aboriginal languages 1,135 430 710 345 135 210
Algonquian languages 490 195 290 125 40 85
Blackfoot 10 0 10 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 80 125 70 30 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 10 0 0
Naskapi 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 10 0 25 10 15
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 55 15 35 0 0 0
Woods Cree 15 10 10 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 85 35 50 30 10 20
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 0 0 10
Malecite 10 10 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15 0 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 260 100 160 50 10 35
Algonquin 45 25 25 0 0 0
Ojibway 195 70 125 40 10 30
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 0 10 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 10 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 15 0 10 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 30 20 10
Inuit languages 585 220 365 30 10 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 530 200 325 25 10 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 0 0 10
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 55 15 35 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 100 35 65
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 15 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 25
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 15 10 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 10
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 15 10 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 275,145 129,115 146,035 358,740 173,040 185,700
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,550 30,865 30,680 10,290 5,225 5,065
Berber languages 540 285 260 30 10 20
Kabyle 420 220 195 20 0 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 65 60 10 0 0
Cushitic languages 9,300 4,165 5,140 1,085 475 610
Bilen 90 55 35 0 0 0
Oromo 380 170 210 15 10 10
Somali 8,770 3,900 4,870 1,065 465 600
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 10 0 0
Semitic languages 52,710 26,895 25,815 9,265 4,770 4,495
Amharic 1,980 945 1,040 570 280 295
Arabic 48,135 24,675 23,460 7,765 4,005 3,760
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 30 50 495 255 235
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 520 265 255
Harari 40 25 15 15 0 10
Hebrew 1,865 1,010 855 380 225 150
Maltese 65 25 40 65 25 45
Tigrigna 1,175 490 680 225 135 90
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 90 225 115 115
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 75 20 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,690 4,100 4,590 10,390 5,025 5,365
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,525 680 845 840 375 460
Vietnamese 7,215 3,440 3,770 9,600 4,675 4,925
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 10,155 3,770 6,390 30,725 13,310 17,415
Bikol 25 10 20 135 70 70
Cebuano 565 210 355 1,365 490 875
Fijian 10 0 10 650 400 255
Hiligaynon 165 55 110 415 210 205
Ilocano 705 300 405 1,380 535 840
Malagasy 105 55 45 0 0 0
Malay 615 270 345 1,325 580 740
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 40 195 90 100
Pangasinan 55 20 35 115 55 60
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,095 3,300 5,795 28,030 12,025 16,005
Waray-Waray 35 0 30 65 35 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 305 145 160
Creole languages 9,360 3,920 5,440 835 425 410
Haitian Creole 450 165 280 35 15 15
Creole, n.o.s. 8,325 3,490 4,835 515 265 250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 630 275 350 300 155 150
Dravidian languages 5,060 2,555 2,505 3,230 1,705 1,525
Kannada 465 235 235 165 60 100
Malayalam 835 375 460 1,415 765 655
Tamil 3,330 1,700 1,630 1,450 770 675
Telugu 795 420 375 380 220 160
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 20 15 10
Indo-European languages 130,605 61,380 69,225 235,590 115,940 119,655
Albanian 785 385 410 515 245 270
Armenian 665 350 315 210 120 95
Balto-Slavic languages 24,530 11,210 13,325 12,960 6,235 6,720
Baltic languages 530 225 305 70 25 45
Latvian 260 105 155 30 15 15
Lithuanian 270 120 150 40 10 30
Slavic languages 24,095 11,010 13,080 12,905 6,215 6,685
Belarusan 125 60 60 10 10 0
Bosnian 1,025 470 555 360 190 170
Bulgarian 1,050 490 560 250 95 155
Croatian 1,830 905 930 1,395 715 685
Czech 1,315 570 750 980 455 525
Macedonian 95 35 65 40 20 20
Polish 6,530 2,970 3,560 3,795 1,875 1,920
Russian 9,135 4,205 4,925 3,750 1,805 1,935
Serbian 2,080 1,015 1,065 1,000 515 480
Serbo-Croatian 560 290 270 135 65 75
Slovak 910 380 530 575 230 340
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 120 140 190 95 95
Ukrainian 2,290 960 1,330 1,600 670 930
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 10 40 65 45 20
Celtic languages 395 190 205 160 55 105
Scottish Gaelic 150 80 75 75 40 35
Welsh 85 30 55 45 10 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 35 0 30
Germanic languages 16,750 7,935 8,810 17,000 7,875 9,130
Afrikaans 405 200 205 990 475 515
Danish 425 195 235 760 320 440
Dutch 2,855 1,330 1,520 3,855 1,705 2,145
Frisian 55 15 35 85 35 50
German 12,205 5,800 6,400 10,970 5,195 5,770
Icelandic 45 20 20 30 10 20
Norwegian 345 145 200 345 180 160
Swedish 605 295 310 525 235 285
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 40 40 40 15 25
Yiddish 355 185 175 30 15 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 20 10 10
Greek 3,090 1,545 1,545 1,675 915 760
Indo-Iranian languages 35,320 17,915 17,410 181,675 90,460 91,220
Indo-Aryan languages 25,805 13,125 12,675 177,125 88,145 88,975
Bengali 4,250 2,180 2,070 1,155 570 590
Gujarati 2,275 1,220 1,050 2,505 1,210 1,295
Hindi 10,335 5,355 4,980 45,065 21,815 23,250
Kashmiri 10 10 10 15 10 0
Konkani 140 75 65 145 75 70
Marathi 565 310 255 290 135 155
Nepali 1,275 640 635 500 240 260
Oriya (Odia) 75 45 30 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,235 3,220 3,015 147,250 73,720 73,530
Sindhi 495 220 280 470 240 230
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,065 485 580 1,060 575 485
Urdu 7,175 3,600 3,570 8,995 4,600 4,395
Iranian languages 10,040 5,075 4,965 5,055 2,590 2,460
Kurdish 755 395 355 395 230 165
Pashto 1,400 755 645 845 465 385
Persian (Farsi) 8,665 4,340 4,325 4,115 2,090 2,030
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 120 80 380 180 195
Italic (Romance) languages 54,440 24,435 30,005 24,110 11,465 12,645
Catalan 80 30 45 10 15 0
Italian 15,500 7,400 8,105 3,675 1,975 1,700
Portuguese 6,120 2,990 3,125 3,005 1,390 1,615
Romanian 2,880 1,345 1,535 1,355 655 695
Spanish 33,075 14,180 18,890 16,725 7,750 8,975
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 40 25 15
Japanese 2,510 1,185 1,325 3,480 1,595 1,885
Kartvelian languages 40 15 20 10 0 0
Georgian 40 15 25 10 10 10
Korean 2,580 1,090 1,490 13,100 5,985 7,120
Mongolic languages 40 20 20 60 35 25
Mongolian 40 25 20 60 35 25
Niger-Congo languages 10,520 4,640 5,880 2,215 1,145 1,065
Akan (Twi) 630 330 300 300 180 120
Bamanankan 155 70 85 0 0 0
Edo 95 40 60 75 40 30
Ewe 205 80 125 45 35 15
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 70 95 0 0 10
Ga 165 85 80 75 50 25
Ganda 215 65 145 30 20 10
Igbo 300 165 135 120 65 55
Lingala 1,720 720 1,000 100 50 55
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,530 615 915 50 20 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 970 360 615 95 45 50
Shona 175 60 115 75 35 35
Swahili 3,040 1,325 1,715 735 420 320
Wolof 200 110 95 10 0 10
Yoruba 755 400 355 300 155 140
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,265 1,035 1,230 545 220 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 140 185 105 55 50
Dinka 190 85 105 15 15 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 90 35 50
Sign languages 1,630 655 975 1,150 395 755
American Sign Language 875 305 570 630 190 440
Quebec Sign Language 75 15 55 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 715 350 365 545 215 330
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,395 17,190 19,210 49,775 23,510 26,265
Chinese languages 35,510 16,765 18,745 48,370 22,785 25,590
Cantonese 12,700 6,015 6,685 12,800 5,980 6,820
Hakka 265 125 140 385 175 210
Mandarin 24,495 11,310 13,185 38,000 17,800 20,205
Min Dong 40 20 25 20 0 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,035 465 565 2,680 1,265 1,415
Wu (Shanghainese) 415 205 215 500 225 275
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 535 475 1,075 490 585
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 45 30 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 925 440 480 1,470 755 710
Burmese 305 145 160 500 270 230
Karenic languages 365 185 180 895 445 445
Tibetan 50 30 25 95 55 40
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 365 150 205 80 30 50
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 410 600 1,235 525 710
Lao 460 200 255 780 375 405
Thai 610 230 385 555 195 355
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,405 1,195 1,210 680 380 295
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 20 15 0
Turkish 2,070 1,035 1,040 595 335 260
Uyghur 45 25 15 35 15 20
Uzbek 80 20 60 20 15 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 35 20 10
Uralic languages 2,585 1,255 1,330 2,665 1,260 1,410
Estonian 245 115 130 175 65 105
Finnish 480 220 260 585 260 325
Hungarian 1,875 925 950 1,910 930 980
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 380 250 130 215 105 110
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 916,860 446,515 470,340 774,360 381,450 392,910
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 854,535 416,865 437,670 685,170 338,795 346,375
Canadian citizens aged under 18 177,960 90,535 87,430 153,615 79,515 74,095
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 676,580 326,330 350,245 531,560 259,280 272,280
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,320 29,650 32,670 89,190 42,655 46,535
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 916,855 446,515 470,340 774,360 381,450 392,910
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 685,260 337,490 347,770 477,790 239,265 238,525
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 216,505 101,235 115,265 283,355 135,500 147,855
Before 1981 53,740 25,720 28,015 58,290 28,395 29,890
1981 to 1990 29,670 14,195 15,475 32,655 15,700 16,950
1991 to 2000 49,685 22,510 27,170 65,365 31,210 34,160
2001 to 2010 53,335 24,515 28,820 83,685 39,430 44,250
2001 to 2005 25,185 11,520 13,660 39,100 18,255 20,845
2006 to 2010 28,155 12,990 15,160 44,585 21,175 23,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 30,075 14,300 15,775 43,360 20,765 22,595
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,090 7,795 7,305 13,215 6,685 6,530
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 216,505 101,235 115,265 283,355 135,500 147,855
Under 5 years 23,760 11,745 12,015 22,920 11,830 11,095
5 to 14 years 38,625 19,575 19,050 43,425 22,175 21,250
15 to 24 years 45,510 20,400 25,110 69,575 31,415 38,165
25 to 44 years 90,080 41,305 48,780 108,400 52,010 56,385
45 years and over 18,530 8,210 10,315 39,030 18,070 20,960
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 216,505 101,235 115,270 283,355 135,500 147,855
Americas 32,755 14,265 18,490 17,225 7,850 9,385
Brazil 990 445 545 515 200 320
Colombia 1,270 485 780 855 390 465
El Salvador 1,710 790 920 1,700 880 820
Guyana 1,375 635 735 325 140 185
Haiti 6,320 2,615 3,710 120 40 80
Jamaica 2,985 1,280 1,710 795 425 370
Mexico 1,290 540 755 1,435 560 870
Peru 820 365 455 510 225 285
Trinidad and Tobago 1,260 495 765 560 240 315
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,245 3,695 4,545 6,855 3,060 3,795
Other places of birth in Americas 6,490 2,920 3,575 3,560 1,680 1,880
Europe 55,430 26,405 29,030 45,815 22,620 23,200
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,610 780 830 655 330 325
Croatia 800 385 420 765 385 380
France 2,270 1,010 1,265 470 215 250
Germany 3,885 1,645 2,245 4,520 2,145 2,380
Greece 910 475 430 705 410 295
Hungary 825 425 405 1,120 605 520
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 810 360 445 740 375 365
Italy 5,410 2,800 2,610 1,475 820 650
Netherlands 1,890 925 960 2,990 1,420 1,570
Poland 4,170 1,855 2,305 3,010 1,460 1,550
Portugal 1,965 995 970 1,265 640 625
Romania 2,400 1,135 1,265 1,225 590 640
Russian Federation 2,860 1,230 1,635 1,165 480 685
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 870 410 465 455 230 235
Ukraine 1,770 840 930 1,100 545 555
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 15,765 7,910 7,860 18,650 9,300 9,350
Other places of birth in Europe 7,210 3,215 3,995 5,490 2,660 2,830
Africa 30,340 13,940 16,400 9,245 4,740 4,500
Algeria 1,025 485 545 95 65 30
Egypt 3,420 1,785 1,630 600 290 315
Ethiopia 2,215 1,020 1,195 520 250 270
Kenya 1,065 540 525 885 460 420
Morocco 1,230 570 660 215 110 100
Nigeria 1,260 575 685 690 370 320
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,405 620 280 335
South Africa, Republic of 850 435 415 1,835 975 860
Other places of birth in Africa 15,375 7,035 8,345 3,790 1,940 1,850
Asia 97,170 46,205 50,965 199,095 94,790 104,310
Afghanistan 2,400 1,215 1,180 1,805 885 920
Bangladesh 2,655 1,380 1,275 715 360 355
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 17,405 7,575 9,830 23,435 10,935 12,500
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,015 1,510 1,505 3,555 1,670 1,885
India 10,495 5,275 5,220 93,765 45,825 47,940
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,395 2,190 2,210 1,290 735 555
Iraq 3,540 1,885 1,650 2,805 1,425 1,380
Japan 730 175 550 1,240 380 860
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,690 750 945 9,665 4,480 5,185
Lebanon 10,995 5,745 5,250 610 310 295
Pakistan 3,830 1,915 1,915 5,635 2,845 2,790
Philippines 8,865 3,345 5,520 27,940 12,170 15,765
Sri Lanka 2,330 1,105 1,230 1,485 810 680
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,125 1,595 1,530 1,060 525 530
Taiwan 835 365 470 7,560 3,525 4,040
Viet Nam 5,600 2,570 3,035 6,470 3,025 3,450
Other places of birth in Asia 15,275 7,625 7,650 10,065 4,895 5,165
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 805 425 385 11,970 5,505 6,465
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 30,075 14,295 15,780 43,360 20,765 22,600
Americas 4,060 1,830 2,225 1,975 960 1,015
Brazil 135 75 65 140 50 90
Colombia 190 80 110 95 50 45
Cuba 130 65 60 10 0 10
Haiti 1,290 550 740 0 0 0
Jamaica 115 65 50 65 40 25
Mexico 245 100 145 350 175 175
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,135 570 570 705 365 340
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 120 35 85 20 10 10
Other places of birth in Americas 695 290 400 585 265 320
Europe 2,565 1,255 1,315 1,895 1,005 885
France 285 155 130 40 15 20
Germany 155 75 90 110 65 45
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 45 25 70 50 25
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 20 25 30 15 10