Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and North Shore/Coast Garibaldi Health Service Delivery Area [Health region, December 2017], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa, CV
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
North Shore/Coast Garibaldi Health Service Delivery Area
British Columbia
[Health region, December 2017]
Data quality , Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : North Shore/Coast Garibaldi Health Service Delivery Area [Health region, December 2017], British Columbia  Map : North Shore/Coast Garibaldi Health Service Delivery Area [Health region, December 2017], British Columbia
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 934,243 ... ... 284,389 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 883,391 ... ... 271,296 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8 ... ... 4.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 395,985 ... ... 134,668 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 373,756 ... ... 116,529 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 334.8 ... ... 5.5 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,790.30 ... ... 51,838.00 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 934,245 453,875 480,365 284,400 137,985 146,420
0 to 14 years 155,680 79,185 76,490 42,915 21,960 20,960
0 to 4 years 48,870 24,800 24,070 12,550 6,450 6,105
5 to 9 years 53,715 27,365 26,350 15,050 7,815 7,235
10 to 14 years 53,095 27,020 26,075 15,310 7,695 7,620
15 to 64 years 634,425 310,390 324,035 185,505 90,245 95,260
15 to 19 years 57,190 28,990 28,200 16,255 8,445 7,815
20 to 24 years 68,645 34,575 34,070 15,175 7,975 7,200
25 to 29 years 63,695 31,675 32,025 14,500 7,345 7,160
30 to 34 years 61,670 30,105 31,565 16,035 7,725 8,315
35 to 39 years 59,575 28,330 31,250 17,125 7,920 9,210
40 to 44 years 62,710 29,880 32,830 19,315 9,110 10,200
45 to 49 years 65,960 31,980 33,980 21,450 10,190 11,255
50 to 54 years 73,210 36,005 37,210 22,630 10,760 11,870
55 to 59 years 66,765 32,370 34,395 22,645 10,835 11,815
60 to 64 years 54,990 26,475 28,510 20,375 9,945 10,425
65 years and over 144,140 64,300 79,840 55,985 25,780 30,205
65 to 69 years 48,130 22,870 25,265 18,210 8,780 9,430
70 to 74 years 33,875 15,790 18,085 13,710 6,665 7,050
75 to 79 years 24,600 11,135 13,465 9,455 4,395 5,055
80 to 84 years 17,950 7,765 10,185 6,960 3,115 3,850
85 years and over 19,580 6,740 12,840 7,645 2,830 4,815
85 to 89 years 11,720 4,480 7,245 4,765 1,925 2,835
90 to 94 years 5,995 1,845 4,145 2,210 745 1,465
95 to 99 years 1,640 385 1,255 590 150 440
100 years and over 225 30 200 80 15 65
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 15.9 15.1 15.9 14.3
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.4 67.5 65.2 65.4 65.1
65 years and over 15.4 14.2 16.6 19.7 18.7 20.6
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 2.7 2.1 3.3
Average age of the population 40.1 39.2 41.0 43.4 42.4 44.3
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 45.2 44.2 46.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 373,755 ... ... 116,525 ... ...
Single-detached house 158,235 ... ... 56,890 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 68,645 ... ... 13,145 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 146,085 ... ... 44,825 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,140 ... ... 3,635 ... ...
Row house 79,340 ... ... 8,895 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,055 ... ... 11,930 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 39,095 ... ... 20,245 ... ...
Other single-attached house 465 ... ... 120 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 800 ... ... 1,665 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 373,755 ... ... 116,530 ... ...
1 person 105,750 ... ... 33,035 ... ...
2 persons 124,280 ... ... 40,605 ... ...
3 persons 58,010 ... ... 18,000 ... ...
4 persons 55,215 ... ... 16,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,500 ... ... 7,950 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 916,860 ... ... 279,670 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 778,565 374,690 403,875 241,490 116,020 125,460
Married or living common law 437,500 218,705 218,795 143,810 71,515 72,300
Married 366,365 182,795 183,565 120,400 59,810 60,590
Living common law 71,130 35,910 35,225 23,410 11,700 11,710
Not married and not living common law 341,065 155,985 185,080 97,675 44,515 53,165
Never married 236,315 123,415 112,895 61,800 33,260 28,540
Separated 21,015 8,500 12,520 6,295 2,575 3,720
Divorced 46,000 16,540 29,460 16,695 6,095 10,600
Widowed 37,730 7,535 30,200 12,890 2,580 10,310
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 254,770 ... ... 81,445 ... ...
2 persons 123,855 ... ... 42,560 ... ...
3 persons 54,635 ... ... 17,485 ... ...
4 persons 53,395 ... ... 16,605 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,885 ... ... 4,795 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 254,765 ... ... 81,440 ... ...
Total couple families 213,535 ... ... 69,880 ... ...
Married couples 177,990 ... ... 58,175 ... ...
Common-law couples 35,545 ... ... 11,705 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,230 ... ... 11,565 ... ...
Female parent 32,860 ... ... 9,065 ... ...
Male parent 8,375 ... ... 2,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 213,535 ... ... 69,880 ... ...
Couples without children 99,685 ... ... 35,170 ... ...
Couples with children 113,855 ... ... 34,715 ... ...
1 child 42,565 ... ... 14,180 ... ...
2 children 49,890 ... ... 15,905 ... ...
3 or more children 21,390 ... ... 4,625 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,235 ... ... 11,560 ... ...
1 child 24,170 ... ... 7,390 ... ...
2 children 12,065 ... ... 3,305 ... ...
3 or more children 4,995 ... ... 870 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 168,745 78,365 90,380 50,655 22,635 28,020
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 373,755 ... ... 116,530 ... ...
One-census-family households 243,070 ... ... 76,825 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 94,935 ... ... 33,030 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 148,135 ... ... 43,795 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,755 ... ... 2,245 ... ...
Non-census-family households 124,935 ... ... 37,455 ... ...
One-person households 105,750 ... ... 33,035 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,185 ... ... 4,415 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 923,375 449,335 474,040 282,610 137,290 145,320
English only 549,395 279,175 270,220 249,405 122,730 126,680
French only 12,680 5,075 7,610 130 55 75
English and French 347,510 159,620 187,890 28,920 12,665 16,255
Neither English nor French 13,790 5,465 8,320 4,155 1,845 2,310
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 923,370 449,335 474,035 282,615 137,295 145,315
English 749,725 370,365 379,360 272,000 132,400 139,605
French 138,900 63,600 75,300 4,785 2,310 2,470
English and French 21,300 10,070 11,230 1,775 795 980
Neither English nor French 13,445 5,295 8,150 4,055 1,795 2,265
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 149,550 68,635 80,915 5,670 2,710 2,960
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 16.2 15.3 17.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 923,375 449,330 474,040 282,615 137,295 145,320
Single responses 889,715 433,335 456,385 277,365 134,875 142,485
Official languages 689,300 338,895 350,405 212,730 105,655 107,075
English 562,070 280,205 281,870 207,925 103,305 104,620
French 127,225 58,690 68,530 4,805 2,345 2,455
Non-official languages 200,420 94,440 105,975 64,635 29,225 35,410
Aboriginal languages 650 245 405 530 260 270
Algonquian languages 280 115 165 20 5 15
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 70 85 15 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 15 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 5 0 5
Woods Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 75 35 40 10 0 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 10 0 0 0
Malecite 5 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 35 65 5 0 0
Algonquin 25 10 15 0 0 0
Ojibway 70 25 45 5 0 5
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 105 50 50
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 100 50 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 85 40 50
Chilcotin 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dene 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 330 110 215 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 295 95 200 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 25 10 15 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 10 15 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 310 165 140
Comox 0 0 0 75 40 35
Halkomelem 0 0 0 5 5 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 115 65 50
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 30 15 20
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 40 35
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 10 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 30 40
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 65 30 40
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 10 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 199,765 94,195 105,575 64,105 28,965 35,135
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,350 22,200 22,150 815 460 350
Berber languages 375 195 180 5 0 0
Kabyle 250 130 120 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 5 5 5
Cushitic languages 6,660 2,870 3,785 5 0 0
Bilen 50 25 25 0 0 0
Oromo 215 120 95 0 0 0
Somali 6,300 2,680 3,615 5 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 0 0 0
Semitic languages 37,255 19,100 18,160 805 455 350
Amharic 1,455 680 770 15 10 5
Arabic 34,295 17,670 16,625 595 335 260
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 20 10 15
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 5 0 5
Harari 60 30 30 5 0 0
Hebrew 355 190 160 105 70 40
Maltese 30 10 20 35 20 15
Tigrigna 905 440 460 25 10 15
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 0 5 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,045 3,225 3,815 230 95 140
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 485 610 15 5 10
Vietnamese 5,930 2,735 3,195 220 90 130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 7,785 2,835 4,950 4,850 1,765 3,080
Bikol 30 15 15 20 0 15
Cebuano 370 120 245 195 75 115
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hiligaynon 110 35 75 55 15 35
Ilocano 575 225 345 350 135 215
Malagasy 55 25 25 0 0 0
Malay 395 160 235 145 40 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 20 5 10
Pangasinan 30 15 15 15 0 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,035 2,170 3,865 3,955 1,435 2,520
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 120 40 75 80 35 45
Creole languages 4,175 1,745 2,435 40 20 15
Haitian Creole 290 130 160 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 3,705 1,535 2,170 20 10 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 15 10 5
Dravidian languages 3,805 1,965 1,840 215 110 105
Kannada 225 115 105 5 5 0
Malayalam 660 345 315 45 25 20
Tamil 2,415 1,230 1,185 80 35 45
Telugu 485 270 220 80 45 40
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 87,105 41,440 45,665 38,275 18,050 20,215
Albanian 660 325 335 45 30 15
Armenian 465 235 230 245 115 125
Balto-Slavic languages 20,270 9,080 11,190 6,055 2,680 3,380
Baltic languages 455 200 260 110 45 70
Latvian 250 110 140 70 25 45
Lithuanian 210 85 125 40 15 25
Slavic languages 19,815 8,885 10,930 5,945 2,640 3,310
Belarusan 40 20 20 20 5 10
Bosnian 600 275 325 85 50 35
Bulgarian 845 390 455 220 105 115
Croatian 1,005 460 540 320 155 165
Czech 915 405 505 905 420 490
Macedonian 65 25 40 15 5 10
Polish 5,525 2,485 3,035 1,410 625 785
Russian 6,150 2,680 3,470 1,545 645 895
Serbian 1,705 810 890 280 150 130
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 260 60 25 30
Slovak 570 260 315 550 230 315
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 85 125 90 40 55
Ukrainian 1,630 695 935 420 175 245
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 15 0 10
Celtic languages 110 50 60 55 25 30
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 20 5 15
Welsh 50 15 35 25 15 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 5 5 5
Germanic languages 8,680 3,980 4,705 7,520 3,540 3,980
Afrikaans 160 80 85 370 190 175
Danish 295 135 165 475 235 245
Dutch 2,215 1,060 1,150 1,290 625 665
Frisian 40 20 20 10 0 5
German 5,275 2,345 2,930 4,735 2,190 2,545
Icelandic 20 10 10 15 10 10
Norwegian 135 60 75 225 115 110
Swedish 275 140 135 345 145 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 45 40 15 25
Yiddish 175 95 75 15 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 5 0 5
Greek 2,110 1,105 1,005 430 225 205
Indo-Iranian languages 26,965 13,585 13,375 17,595 8,575 9,020
Indo-Aryan languages 18,345 9,255 9,085 3,485 1,680 1,805
Bengali 3,255 1,615 1,645 50 25 25
Gujarati 1,470 760 710 635 265 370
Hindi 2,875 1,470 1,400 375 190 180
Kashmiri 20 10 10 5 0 5
Konkani 105 55 50 15 10 5
Marathi 290 150 140 30 15 15
Nepali 925 440 485 20 10 10
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,880 1,995 1,885 1,895 950 950
Sindhi 270 120 145 245 105 145
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 810 395 420 45 20 25
Urdu 4,410 2,220 2,180 170 90 85
Iranian languages 8,530 4,280 4,250 14,100 6,885 7,210
Kurdish 655 335 315 135 70 65
Pashto 1,025 520 510 20 10 5
Persian (Farsi) 6,850 3,420 3,430 13,945 6,805 7,140
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 10 10 0
Italic (Romance) languages 27,840 13,070 14,770 6,330 2,870 3,455
Catalan 30 15 15 15 5 5
Italian 9,030 4,470 4,560 1,650 805 850
Portuguese 4,205 1,970 2,240 840 355 480
Romanian 2,560 1,165 1,400 535 240 295
Spanish 11,985 5,445 6,540 3,275 1,455 1,820
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 15 10 5
Japanese 990 300 685 1,965 655 1,310
Kartvelian languages 35 15 20 15 5 5
Georgian 30 15 25 15 10 10
Korean 2,065 875 1,185 3,530 1,555 1,975
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 5 0 10
Mongolian 30 15 20 10 0 10
Niger-Congo languages 5,380 2,360 3,020 110 50 60
Akan (Twi) 355 175 180 5 5 0
Bamanankan 75 30 50 0 0 0
Edo 35 20 20 5 5 0
Ewe 75 30 50 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 45 55 0 0 0
Ga 60 30 30 0 0 0
Ganda 125 55 65 5 0 0
Igbo 180 90 95 0 0 0
Lingala 320 120 205 0 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 840 360 475 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 650 235 420 0 0 0
Shona 110 40 70 10 5 0
Swahili 1,100 485 615 45 20 30
Wolof 80 35 45 0 0 0
Yoruba 240 125 110 10 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,030 485 545 30 15 20
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 165 5 0 5
Dinka 90 45 45 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 120 5 0 5
Sign languages 220 105 120 50 25 15
American Sign Language 75 30 50 25 20 10
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 140 75 65 20 10 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,945 14,835 17,105 12,300 5,405 6,895
Chinese languages 31,130 14,445 16,690 12,275 5,395 6,880
Cantonese 10,160 4,775 5,380 3,295 1,455 1,840
Hakka 155 65 90 60 20 35
Mandarin 18,575 8,565 10,010 8,085 3,565 4,525
Min Dong 50 25 25 5 0 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 725 315 410 320 140 175
Wu (Shanghainese) 445 205 240 140 55 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 485 520 345 150 195
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 25 10 15
Burmese 225 120 110 10 5 10
Karenic languages 325 155 165 0 0 0
Tibetan 95 50 40 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 690 245 445 175 40 135
Lao 345 155 190 20 5 15
Thai 345 90 255 155 30 120
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 1,645 835 815 540 290 250
Azerbaijani 120 70 55 110 60 45
Turkish 1,390 705 685 420 220 200
Uyghur 10 5 5 0 0 0
Uzbek 65 30 40 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 15 5 5
Uralic languages 2,055 965 1,085 980 425 555
Estonian 150 70 80 90 40 50
Finnish 300 120 185 255 105 155
Hungarian 1,595 775 825 630 275 355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 85 60 15 5 10
Multiple responses 33,660 16,000 17,655 5,250 2,415 2,830
English and French 12,295 5,825 6,475 835 400 440
English and non-official language 15,135 7,340 7,795 4,055 1,855 2,200
French and non-official language 3,815 1,730 2,085 190 90 105
English, French and non-official language 2,415 1,110 1,300 165 75 90
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 923,370 449,335 474,040 282,615 137,290 145,315
Single responses 866,210 422,345 443,870 271,275 132,100 139,175
Official languages 766,810 375,540 391,270 238,300 116,680 121,620
English 680,895 336,595 344,305 236,565 115,840 120,735
French 85,910 38,945 46,965 1,730 840 890
Non-official languages 99,400 46,805 52,600 32,980 15,425 17,555
Aboriginal languages 210 90 125 45 20 20
Algonquian languages 70 35 40 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 20 35 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 10 5 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 15 5 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 130 55 75 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 120 45 70 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 99,190 46,715 52,480 32,935 15,405 17,530
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,665 11,855 12,810 310 165 150
Berber languages 220 110 115 0 0 0
Kabyle 180 85 95 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 3,860 1,580 2,275 0 0 0
Bilen 30 15 10 0 0 0
Oromo 130 70 60 0 0 0
Somali 3,645 1,475 2,165 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 0 0 0
Semitic languages 20,580 10,165 10,415 310 160 145
Amharic 845 400 445 0 0 0
Arabic 19,105 9,455 9,645 245 130 120
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 20 5 10 0 0 0
Hebrew 135 80 60 45 25 15
Maltese 5 0 5 5 0 0
Tigrigna 415 195 220 5 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,140 1,895 2,245 105 60 50
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 265 0 0 0
Vietnamese 3,680 1,700 1,980 105 55 50
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,335 1,395 1,940 1,955 860 1,095
Bikol 5 5 0 5 0 5
Cebuano 125 55 70 50 20 25
Fijian 0 0 0 10 5 0
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 15 5 5
Ilocano 230 105 120 100 40 60
Malagasy 10 10 10 0 0 0
Malay 120 50 70 30 15 15
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 10 5 5
Pangasinan 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,745 1,130 1,615 1,700 750 950
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 5 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 35 20 20
Creole languages 1,825 745 1,080 10 0 5
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 1,605 645 960 5 0 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 1,845 915 935 95 50 45
Kannada 75 45 35 0 0 0
Malayalam 280 150 135 15 10 10
Tamil 1,285 615 665 35 20 15
Telugu 195 105 90 45 25 25
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 37,270 17,645 19,625 17,875 8,510 9,365
Albanian 295 140 155 20 10 10
Armenian 205 95 110 120 50 70
Balto-Slavic languages 8,925 4,195 4,730 2,250 1,080 1,175
Baltic languages 105 45 60 15 0 15
Latvian 55 25 35 10 0 5
Lithuanian 45 25 25 5 0 5
Slavic languages 8,815 4,150 4,670 2,235 1,080 1,160
Belarusan 20 10 10 5 5 5
Bosnian 305 150 150 35 25 10
Bulgarian 400 190 210 95 45 50
Croatian 330 150 180 65 30 35
Czech 205 100 110 265 135 130
Macedonian 15 10 5 0 0 0
Polish 1,995 915 1,075 490 235 255
Russian 3,625 1,690 1,935 860 400 460
Serbian 1,005 500 505 125 65 60
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 15 10 5
Slovak 195 90 105 195 100 95
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 15 0 10
Ukrainian 505 230 275 75 35 45
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 5 0 15 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 5 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 915 415 495 1,100 520 585
Afrikaans 35 20 20 165 75 90
Danish 25 10 10 70 40 35
Dutch 145 70 80 160 80 85
Frisian 0 0 0 0 5 5
German 625 275 355 595 280 315
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Norwegian 10 5 10 25 10 10
Swedish 55 35 20 75 35 40
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 15 10 5 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 625 300 325 140 60 75
Indo-Iranian languages 14,665 7,155 7,510 11,780 5,665 6,110
Indo-Aryan languages 9,590 4,740 4,850 1,690 800 890
Bengali 1,945 940 1,010 25 10 15
Gujarati 605 310 300 220 90 130
Hindi 1,285 650 635 115 60 55
Kashmiri 5 5 0 0 0 0
Konkani 35 15 20 5 0 5
Marathi 110 50 60 5 5 5
Nepali 730 360 375 5 5 5
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,190 1,105 1,085 1,175 575 600
Sindhi 65 30 40 80 25 50
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 195 15 10 10
Urdu 2,215 1,090 1,125 40 20 20
Iranian languages 5,055 2,400 2,655 10,090 4,865 5,225
Kurdish 370 195 175 95 45 45
Pashto 645 310 335 10 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 4,040 1,895 2,140 9,985 4,810 5,175
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 5 0
Italic (Romance) languages 11,635 5,340 6,295 2,450 1,125 1,325
Catalan 15 5 10 5 0 5
Italian 2,500 1,110 1,390 315 130 185
Portuguese 1,850 870 980 345 160 185
Romanian 1,190 555 635 215 95 120
Spanish 6,070 2,795 3,270 1,570 730 835
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Japanese 385 140 250 985 425 565
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 5 0 0
Georgian 5 5 5 5 0 0
Korean 1,140 530 615 2,625 1,180 1,445
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 0 0 0
Mongolian 15 10 5 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,480 660 820 5 5 5
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 0 0 0
Bamanankan 10 5 10 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 20 5 15 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 0 0 0
Ga 15 5 5 0 0 0
Ganda 30 10 20 0 0 0
Igbo 55 25 25 0 0 0
Lingala 65 20 45 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 135 135 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 150 0 0 0
Shona 20 10 10 0 0 0
Swahili 380 175 210 0 0 0
Wolof 30 15 15 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 30 25 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 40 0 0 0
Dinka 25 15 10 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 0 0 0
Sign languages 305 165 145 50 30 20
American Sign Language 105 50 60 15 10 5
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 115 85 40 20 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,045 9,955 11,090 8,485 3,910 4,575
Chinese languages 20,465 9,680 10,790 8,475 3,905 4,570
Cantonese 5,840 2,685 3,155 1,765 825 945
Hakka 50 15 30 10 5 5
Mandarin 13,455 6,435 7,020 6,315 2,890 3,425
Min Dong 15 5 5 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 115 165 110 50 60
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 90 45 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 300 275 170 85 90
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 10 10 5
Burmese 145 65 80 0 0 0
Karenic languages 250 120 130 0 0 0
Tibetan 70 35 35 15 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 260 100 160 25 15 15
Lao 165 70 95 10 5 0
Thai 95 30 65 25 10 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 855 415 440 165 85 85
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 25 15 10
Turkish 745 360 380 135 70 70
Uyghur 5 5 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 35 15 20 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 5 0 5
Uralic languages 500 240 265 230 110 120
Estonian 20 10 15 20 10 5
Finnish 35 15 20 55 20 30
Hungarian 445 210 230 155 75 80
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 5 0 0
Multiple responses 57,160 26,990 30,170 11,335 5,190 6,145
English and French 12,480 5,755 6,725 500 235 270
English and non-official language 36,690 17,710 18,980 10,555 4,845 5,715
French and non-official language 3,305 1,395 1,910 60 25 35
English, French and non-official language 4,685 2,130 2,560 220 90 130
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 923,375 449,335 474,040 282,610 137,295 145,320
None 705,915 348,065 357,855 244,435 119,895 124,540
English 80,960 38,220 42,740 14,705 7,050 7,655
French 59,935 27,450 32,490 3,850 1,720 2,130
Non-official language 67,655 31,565 36,095 18,940 8,330 10,610
Aboriginal 405 150 255 780 370 400
Non-Aboriginal 67,250 31,410 35,840 18,165 7,955 10,210
English and French 2,595 1,220 1,380 105 45 60
English and non-official language 2,415 1,125 1,290 270 125 140
French and non-official language 3,800 1,645 2,150 300 130 175
English, French and non-official language 90 50 45 10 0 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 761,420 367,460 393,960 236,845 114,020 122,830
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,270 351,485 376,785 228,445 109,935 118,515
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,857 48,479 36,936 36,864 43,972 31,888
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,540 351,520 377,015 228,710 110,165 118,545
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,136 42,234 33,174 32,875 38,180 29,054
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 663,315 324,730 338,580 211,840 102,840 109,000
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,826 48,921 35,935 34,646 42,348 28,960
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 502,905 222,930 279,975 154,660 65,460 89,200
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,215 1,434 4,358 4,325 3,736 4,537
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 546,025 274,960 271,070 170,700 85,910 84,790
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,955 46,070 36,746 31,877 38,635 27,003
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 761,420 367,450 393,975 236,935 114,040 122,890
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,080 351,205 376,880 228,535 109,975 118,560
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,605 62,746 47,019 60,258 75,647 45,982
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,355 351,210 377,145 228,815 110,240 118,580
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,428 50,106 39,141 47,469 57,418 38,219
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 663,600 324,535 339,060 211,925 102,845 109,085
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,792 63,743 46,224 59,810 76,303 44,260
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 502,790 222,910 279,885 154,690 65,370 89,325
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,757 6,055 7,317 7,084 7,223 6,982
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 546,025 274,445 271,580 170,815 85,895 84,920
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,088 60,456 45,642 54,118 68,729 39,339
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 761,420 367,450 393,975 236,940 114,045 122,895
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 279,480 150,600 128,880 67,135 37,730 29,410
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,546 70,955 60,631 59,723 67,670 52,013
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,111 82,331 66,674 84,138 100,196 63,535
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.4 93.9 88.4 91.9 94.2 88.4
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.8 75.0 70.0 67.5 71.3 61.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.6 6.1 11.6 8.1 5.8 11.6
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 761,420 367,460 393,960 236,845 114,020 122,830
Without total income 33,150 15,980 17,170 8,405 4,085 4,315
With total income 728,270 351,485 376,785 228,450 109,930 118,515
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.6 96.5 96.4 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 99,195 45,455 53,740 34,860 15,065 19,800
$10,000 to $19,999 107,875 44,780 63,090 34,340 14,120 20,220
$20,000 to $29,999 78,010 32,865 45,140 28,210 11,705 16,510
$30,000 to $39,999 66,630 28,950 37,675 23,955 10,200 13,760
$40,000 to $49,999 63,305 27,810 35,495 21,020 9,450 11,565
$50,000 to $59,999 58,005 26,620 31,385 16,800 7,880 8,925
$60,000 to $69,999 51,605 25,385 26,225 13,765 7,130 6,635
$70,000 to $79,999 42,025 21,880 20,145 10,815 5,845 4,970
$80,000 to $89,999 36,815 19,760 17,050 8,865 4,815 4,045
$90,000 to $99,999 32,270 17,200 15,075 6,705 3,935 2,770
$100,000 and over 92,535 60,775 31,760 29,105 19,790 9,315
$100,000 to $149,999 65,295 41,095 24,205 16,255 10,390 5,870
$150,000 and over 27,240 19,685 7,560 12,850 9,400 3,450
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 761,420 367,460 393,955 236,845 114,020 122,825
Without after-tax income 32,880 15,940 16,940 8,140 3,855 4,285
With after-tax income 728,535 351,520 377,015 228,710 110,165 118,545
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.7 96.6 96.6 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,495 46,300 57,195 36,650 16,010 20,640
$10,000 to $19,999 112,260 46,980 65,280 36,245 15,170 21,070
$20,000 to $29,999 89,985 38,505 51,480 33,105 13,905 19,200
$30,000 to $39,999 81,965 35,855 46,105 27,920 12,150 15,775
$40,000 to $49,999 78,235 35,230 43,000 23,485 10,875 12,610
$50,000 to $59,999 68,435 33,495 34,940 17,815 9,120 8,695
$60,000 to $69,999 54,560 29,055 25,505 13,360 7,165 6,195
$70,000 to $79,999 45,775 24,715 21,060 10,385 5,875 4,510
$80,000 and over 93,825 61,380 32,440 29,740 19,890 9,855
$80,000 to $89,999 32,630 19,255 13,375 7,160 4,340 2,820
$90,000 to $99,999 19,260 12,495 6,760 4,895 3,085 1,810
$100,000 and over 41,935 29,630 12,310 17,685 12,465 5,225
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 761,420 367,465 393,960 236,845 114,020 122,830
Without employment income 215,395 92,505 122,890 66,150 28,110 38,035
With employment income 546,025 274,960 271,065 170,700 85,910 84,790
Percentage with employment income 71.7 74.8 68.8 72.1 75.3 69.0
Under $5,000 (including loss) 67,195 32,655 34,540 30,290 14,210 16,085
$5,000 to $9,999 40,580 18,300 22,280 12,950 5,725 7,225
$10,000 to $19,999 65,320 29,700 35,620 21,425 9,475 11,950
$20,000 to $29,999 50,625 23,530 27,095 17,490 7,710 9,780
$30,000 to $39,999 44,810 21,210 23,595 15,375 6,690 8,680
$40,000 to $49,999 43,030 19,575 23,460 13,265 5,890 7,370
$50,000 to $59,999 40,775 18,705 22,070 11,065 5,285 5,780
$60,000 to $69,999 36,550 17,765 18,790 9,250 4,930 4,320
$70,000 to $79,999 29,655 15,370 14,285 7,560 4,130 3,430
$80,000 and over 127,485 78,160 49,330 32,035 21,860 10,170
$80,000 to $89,999 29,530 15,440 14,090 6,400 3,565 2,835
$90,000 to $99,999 26,485 14,205 12,280 4,905 3,055 1,850
$100,000 and over 71,475 48,515 22,960 20,730 15,240 5,485
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 373,760 ... ... 116,530 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,981 ... ... 77,259 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,745 ... ... 66,984 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 105,750 ... ... 33,040 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,369 ... ... 38,665 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,026 ... ... 34,278 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 268,010 ... ... 83,495 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,064 ... ... 99,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,248 ... ... 85,140 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 373,755 ... ... 116,580 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,372 ... ... 118,125 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,579 ... ... 93,170 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 105,745 ... ... 33,095 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,590 ... ... 55,899 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,078 ... ... 45,532 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 268,010 ... ... 83,480 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,013 ... ... 142,794 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,559 ... ... 112,055 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 373,755 ... ... 116,525 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,250 ... ... 2,570 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,900 ... ... 1,600 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,095 ... ... 2,880 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,445 ... ... 4,475 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,405 ... ... 4,565 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,920 ... ... 4,190 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,170 ... ... 4,290 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,660 ... ... 4,465 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,120 ... ... 4,200 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,150 ... ... 4,405 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,805 ... ... 7,910 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,765 ... ... 7,600 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,225 ... ... 6,975 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,580 ... ... 6,220 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,430 ... ... 5,695 ... ...
$100,000 and over 156,845 ... ... 44,490 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,800 ... ... 11,525 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,760 ... ... 8,465 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 42,310 ... ... 10,390 ... ...
$200,000 and over 37,975 ... ... 14,110 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,755 ... ... 116,530 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,610 ... ... 2,915 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,970 ... ... 1,645 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,220 ... ... 2,940 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,915 ... ... 4,640 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,650 ... ... 5,265 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,395 ... ... 5,025 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,340 ... ... 5,180 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,530 ... ... 5,195 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,340 ... ... 5,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,625 ... ... 5,095 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,215 ... ... 9,205 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,345 ... ... 8,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 28,265 ... ... 7,715 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,850 ... ... 6,740 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,545 ... ... 5,990 ... ...
$100,000 and over 120,940 ... ... 35,280 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,895 ... ... 11,410 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,505 ... ... 7,580 ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,545 ... ... 16,285 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 253,415 ... ... 80,475 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,083 ... ... 98,816 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,624 ... ... 84,830 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 92,815 ... ... 32,845 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,233 ... ... 90,150 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,602 ... ... 77,665 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 114,325 ... ... 34,820 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,926 ... ... 128,256 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,637 ... ... 108,042 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,755 ... ... 10,835 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,761 ... ... 54,637 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,633 ... ... 49,483 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 253,440 ... ... 80,475 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,219 ... ... 143,166 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,030 ... ... 111,979 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 92,930 ... ... 32,770 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,150 ... ... 128,499 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,430 ... ... 101,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 114,320 ... ... 34,870 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,772 ... ... 178,866 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,814 ... ... 138,030 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,635 ... ... 10,735 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,479 ... ... 77,930 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,341 ... ... 64,295 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 148,795 70,365 78,425 45,595 20,600 24,995
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,585 37,101 39,770 34,102 35,057 33,505
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,525 33,178 35,479 30,517 31,029 30,133
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 148,300 69,825 78,475 45,515 20,565 24,950
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,967 48,862 49,060 49,430 54,830 44,981
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,421 40,027 40,772 40,653 44,543 37,447
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,860 446,515 470,340 279,670 135,930 143,735
In the bottom half of the distribution 351,750 167,740 184,005 120,865 56,780 64,085
In the bottom decile 87,465 42,945 44,520 31,775 15,215 16,555
In the second decile 68,570 31,900 36,670 24,105 10,835 13,270
In the third decile 61,285 28,950 32,335 21,715 10,155 11,560
In the fourth decile 63,425 30,120 33,310 21,235 9,965 11,265
In the fifth decile 71,000 33,825 37,170 22,040 10,600 11,440
In the top half of the distribution 565,110 278,780 286,330 158,805 79,155 79,655
In the sixth decile 80,420 38,470 41,950 23,185 11,270 11,915
In the seventh decile 92,480 44,845 47,635 25,125 12,335 12,795
In the eighth decile 110,280 54,300 55,985 27,445 13,710 13,745
In the ninth decile 136,925 67,895 69,035 32,565 16,340 16,225
In the top decile 145,005 73,275 71,730 50,485 25,505 24,975
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,855 446,520 470,340 268,285 130,310 137,975
0 to 17 years 187,695 95,500 92,200 50,400 25,855 24,540
0 to 5 years 59,200 30,145 29,055 14,705 7,565 7,145
18 to 64 years 596,800 290,300 306,500 166,415 80,350 86,065
65 years and over 132,355 60,715 71,640 51,470 24,105 27,365
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 115,180 54,575 60,605 37,575 17,390 20,185
0 to 17 years 30,100 15,575 14,530 8,165 4,175 3,990
0 to 5 years 10,150 5,285 4,865 2,090 1,085 1,005
18 to 64 years 72,620 34,105 38,515 22,830 10,485 12,345
65 years and over 12,455 4,895 7,565 6,580 2,730 3,850
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.6 12.2 12.9 14.0 13.3 14.6
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 16.3 15.8 16.2 16.1 16.3
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.5 16.7 14.2 14.3 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.7 12.6 13.7 13.0 14.3
65 years and over (%) 9.4 8.1 10.6 12.8 11.3 14.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 98,915 48,130 50,785 27,470 12,960 14,510
0 to 17 years 22,685 11,680 11,005 5,765 2,960 2,805
0 to 5 years 7,780 4,065 3,710 1,325 690 635
18 to 64 years 68,040 33,345 34,695 18,480 8,680 9,800
65 years and over 8,190 3,105 5,085 3,225 1,315 1,905
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.2 9.9 10.5
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.2 11.9 11.4 11.4 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.5 12.8 9.0 9.1 8.9
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.3 11.1 10.8 11.4
65 years and over (%) 6.2 5.1 7.1 6.3 5.5 7.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,860 446,515 470,340 279,715 135,950 143,765
Official languages 903,135 441,100 462,040 275,625 134,105 141,520
English 890,735 436,340 454,390 275,505 134,065 141,445
French 358,165 163,500 194,670 28,955 12,825 16,135
Non-official languages 276,220 129,510 146,705 83,050 38,210 44,840
Aboriginal languages 1,135 430 710 1,500 735 760
Algonquian languages 490 195 290 65 35 25
Blackfoot 10 0 10 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 80 125 45 25 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 10 0 15 10 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 55 15 35 0 0 0
Woods Cree 15 10 10 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 85 35 50 20 15 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 10 0 10
Malecite 10 10 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15 0 10 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 260 100 160 20 10 15
Algonquin 45 25 25 0 0 0
Ojibway 195 70 125 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 180 85 90
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 180 90 95
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 145 70 80
Chilcotin 0 0 0 40 25 20
Dene 15 0 10 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 0
Inuit languages 585 220 365 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 530 200 325 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 55 15 35 0 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 1,110 545 565
Comox 0 0 0 180 70 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 410 215 190
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 250 115 135
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 145 130
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 10 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 10 10 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 110 55 60
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 45 50
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 15 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 10 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 275,145 129,115 146,035 81,565 37,480 44,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,550 30,865 30,680 1,375 795 585
Berber languages 540 285 260 0 0 0
Kabyle 420 220 195 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 65 60 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 9,300 4,165 5,140 0 0 0
Bilen 90 55 35 0 0 0
Oromo 380 170 210 0 0 0
Somali 8,770 3,900 4,870 0 0 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 0 0 0
Semitic languages 52,710 26,895 25,815 1,365 790 575
Amharic 1,980 945 1,040 30 20 0
Arabic 48,135 24,675 23,460 910 510 400
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 30 50 0 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 40 25 15 0 0 0
Hebrew 1,865 1,010 855 350 215 135
Maltese 65 25 40 55 35 25
Tigrigna 1,175 490 680 40 30 20
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 90 10 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 75 10 0 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,690 4,100 4,590 255 130 130
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,525 680 845 25 10 25
Vietnamese 7,215 3,440 3,770 230 125 105
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 10,155 3,770 6,390 6,480 2,465 4,010
Bikol 25 10 20 20 0 20
Cebuano 565 210 355 225 70 155
Fijian 10 0 10 30 10 20
Hiligaynon 165 55 110 60 15 50
Ilocano 705 300 405 460 175 285
Malagasy 105 55 45 0 0 0
Malay 615 270 345 320 140 175
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 40 60 30 35
Pangasinan 55 20 35 10 0 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,095 3,300 5,795 5,935 2,225 3,710
Waray-Waray 35 0 30 10 0 15
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 70 40 35
Creole languages 9,360 3,920 5,440 115 65 50
Haitian Creole 450 165 280 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 8,325 3,490 4,835 70 35 35
Creole languages, n.i.e. 630 275 350 40 30 15
Dravidian languages 5,060 2,555 2,505 350 190 160
Kannada 465 235 235 15 10 10
Malayalam 835 375 460 80 50 35
Tamil 3,330 1,700 1,630 175 95 85
Telugu 795 420 375 120 70 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 130,605 61,380 69,225 51,620 24,505 27,115
Albanian 785 385 410 35 30 10
Armenian 665 350 315 360 160 205
Balto-Slavic languages 24,530 11,210 13,325 7,045 3,255 3,795
Baltic languages 530 225 305 125 55 65
Latvian 260 105 155 75 35 40
Lithuanian 270 120 150 50 25 30
Slavic languages 24,095 11,010 13,080 6,935 3,200 3,730
Belarusan 125 60 60 10 10 0
Bosnian 1,025 470 555 115 70 50
Bulgarian 1,050 490 560 240 110 130
Croatian 1,830 905 930 470 200 265
Czech 1,315 570 750 1,160 525 635
Macedonian 95 35 65 10 0 10
Polish 6,530 2,970 3,560 1,840 900 940
Russian 9,135 4,205 4,925 1,995 920 1,070
Serbian 2,080 1,015 1,065 440 230 205
Serbo-Croatian 560 290 270 70 30 40
Slovak 910 380 530 740 315 425
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 120 140 175 65 115
Ukrainian 2,290 960 1,330 645 280 370
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 10 40 20 10 15
Celtic languages 395 190 205 135 75 60
Scottish Gaelic 150 80 75 35 30 10
Welsh 85 30 55 35 15 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 65 30 40
Germanic languages 16,750 7,935 8,810 11,625 5,575 6,050
Afrikaans 405 200 205 1,200 590 610
Danish 425 195 235 555 285 265
Dutch 2,855 1,330 1,520 1,600 790 805
Frisian 55 15 35 20 0 15
German 12,205 5,800 6,400 7,760 3,770 3,980
Icelandic 45 20 20 10 10 0
Norwegian 345 145 200 300 150 150
Swedish 605 295 310 725 320 405
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 40 40 40 10 30
Yiddish 355 185 175 30 15 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 20 15 10
Greek 3,090 1,545 1,545 710 335 370
Indo-Iranian languages 35,320 17,915 17,410 20,480 9,960 10,520
Indo-Aryan languages 25,805 13,125 12,675 5,035 2,390 2,645
Bengali 4,250 2,180 2,070 55 20 35
Gujarati 2,275 1,220 1,050 1,280 545 735
Hindi 10,335 5,355 4,980 1,575 780 795
Kashmiri 10 10 10 10 0 0
Konkani 140 75 65 30 20 15
Marathi 565 310 255 105 50 55
Nepali 1,275 640 635 40 25 20
Oriya (Odia) 75 45 30 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,235 3,220 3,015 2,200 1,100 1,100
Sindhi 495 220 280 510 210 300
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,065 485 580 125 60 65
Urdu 7,175 3,600 3,570 430 205 225
Iranian languages 10,040 5,075 4,965 15,505 7,605 7,900
Kurdish 755 395 355 175 80 100
Pashto 1,400 755 645 35 25 15
Persian (Farsi) 8,665 4,340 4,325 15,460 7,585 7,875
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 120 80 25 15 15
Italic (Romance) languages 54,440 24,435 30,005 13,530 6,220 7,315
Catalan 80 30 45 30 10 15
Italian 15,500 7,400 8,105 3,120 1,470 1,650
Portuguese 6,120 2,990 3,125 1,260 620 640
Romanian 2,880 1,345 1,535 645 300 345
Spanish 33,075 14,180 18,890 9,415 4,260 5,150
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 35 35 0
Japanese 2,510 1,185 1,325 3,065 1,220 1,845
Kartvelian languages 40 15 20 30 15 15
Georgian 40 15 25 30 15 15
Korean 2,580 1,090 1,490 3,920 1,760 2,165
Mongolic languages 40 20 20 10 0 10
Mongolian 40 25 20 10 0 10
Niger-Congo languages 10,520 4,640 5,880 390 220 170
Akan (Twi) 630 330 300 10 0 0
Bamanankan 155 70 85 0 0 0
Edo 95 40 60 0 0 0
Ewe 205 80 125 0 0 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 70 95 0 0 0
Ga 165 85 80 0 0 0
Ganda 215 65 145 0 0 0
Igbo 300 165 135 0 10 0
Lingala 1,720 720 1,000 10 10 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,530 615 915 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 970 360 615 10 0 0
Shona 175 60 115 0 0 0
Swahili 3,040 1,325 1,715 260 140 115
Wolof 200 110 95 0 0 0
Yoruba 755 400 355 40 20 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,265 1,035 1,230 115 70 50
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 140 185 0 0 0
Dinka 190 85 105 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 0 0 0
Sign languages 1,630 655 975 380 195 185
American Sign Language 875 305 570 235 120 120
Quebec Sign Language 75 15 55 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 715 350 365 145 75 70
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,395 17,190 19,210 13,890 6,150 7,740
Chinese languages 35,510 16,765 18,745 13,850 6,135 7,715
Cantonese 12,700 6,015 6,685 4,175 1,790 2,385
Hakka 265 125 140 55 20 35
Mandarin 24,495 11,310 13,185 10,320 4,575 5,750
Min Dong 40 20 25 10 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,035 465 565 530 245 285
Wu (Shanghainese) 415 205 215 180 70 115
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 535 475 395 185 210
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 925 440 480 40 15 25
Burmese 305 145 160 10 0 10
Karenic languages 365 185 180 0 0 0
Tibetan 50 30 25 35 15 20
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 365 150 205 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 410 600 235 75 160
Lao 460 200 255 15 0 0
Thai 610 230 385 225 70 155
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,405 1,195 1,210 1,185 635 550
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 265 155 105
Turkish 2,070 1,035 1,040 950 495 450
Uyghur 45 25 15 0 0 0
Uzbek 80 20 60 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 25 20 10
Uralic languages 2,585 1,255 1,330 1,135 535 595
Estonian 245 115 130 105 70 35
Finnish 480 220 260 300 130 170
Hungarian 1,875 925 950 730 335 395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 380 250 130 35 25 0
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 916,860 446,515 470,340 279,715 135,950 143,765
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 854,535 416,865 437,670 251,570 122,565 129,010
Canadian citizens aged under 18 177,960 90,535 87,430 48,450 24,755 23,695
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 676,580 326,330 350,245 203,115 97,805 105,310
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,320 29,650 32,670 28,145 13,390 14,760
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 916,855 446,515 470,340 279,715 135,950 143,765
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 685,260 337,490 347,770 190,455 94,590 95,865
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 216,505 101,235 115,265 83,190 38,460 44,735
Before 1981 53,740 25,720 28,015 25,590 11,850 13,740
1981 to 1990 29,670 14,195 15,475 8,680 3,925 4,760
1991 to 2000 49,685 22,510 27,170 14,960 6,735 8,225
2001 to 2010 53,335 24,515 28,820 21,125 9,725 11,400
2001 to 2005 25,185 11,520 13,660 9,025 3,940 5,090
2006 to 2010 28,155 12,990 15,160 12,100 5,785 6,315
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 30,075 14,300 15,775 12,835 6,225 6,605
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,090 7,795 7,305 6,070 2,895 3,170
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 216,505 101,235 115,265 83,190 38,460 44,730
Under 5 years 23,760 11,745 12,015 7,600 3,810 3,785
5 to 14 years 38,625 19,575 19,050 13,335 6,665 6,670
15 to 24 years 45,510 20,400 25,110 15,375 6,835 8,540
25 to 44 years 90,080 41,305 48,780 38,095 16,755 21,335
45 years and over 18,530 8,210 10,315 8,790 4,395 4,395
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 216,505 101,235 115,270 83,190 38,460 44,735
Americas 32,755 14,265 18,490 8,270 3,840 4,430
Brazil 990 445 545 335 145 190
Colombia 1,270 485 780 295 135 165
El Salvador 1,710 790 920 90 30 60
Guyana 1,375 635 735 65 35 35
Haiti 6,320 2,615 3,710 25 0 20
Jamaica 2,985 1,280 1,710 215 100 115
Mexico 1,290 540 755 1,035 440 590
Peru 820 365 455 215 90 125
Trinidad and Tobago 1,260 495 765 155 75 85
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,245 3,695 4,545 4,765 2,275 2,490
Other places of birth in Americas 6,490 2,920 3,575 1,080 515 560
Europe 55,430 26,405 29,030 28,850 13,550 15,300
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,610 780 830 230 120 105
Croatia 800 385 420 180 65 115
France 2,270 1,010 1,265 610 335 275
Germany 3,885 1,645 2,245 2,840 1,290 1,545
Greece 910 475 430 280 150 125
Hungary 825 425 405 435 200 240
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 810 360 445 610 295 320
Italy 5,410 2,800 2,610 1,050 550 505
Netherlands 1,890 925 960 1,055 530 525
Poland 4,170 1,855 2,305 1,435 665 775
Portugal 1,965 995 970 170 80 95
Romania 2,400 1,135 1,265 505 230 275
Russian Federation 2,860 1,230 1,635 600 215 385
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 870 410 465 230 110 120
Ukraine 1,770 840 930 585 285 300
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 15,765 7,910 7,860 13,615 6,390 7,220
Other places of birth in Europe 7,210 3,215 3,995 4,410 2,030 2,380
Africa 30,340 13,940 16,400 4,555 2,190 2,365
Algeria 1,025 485 545 45 20 25
Egypt 3,420 1,785 1,630 175 95 75
Ethiopia 2,215 1,020 1,195 50 40 10
Kenya 1,065 540 525 610 265 345
Morocco 1,230 570 660 60 25 35
Nigeria 1,260 575 685 85 35 45
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,405 10 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 850 435 415 2,035 985 1,055
Other places of birth in Africa 15,375 7,035 8,345 1,500 720 775
Asia 97,170 46,205 50,965 39,285 17,700 21,580
Afghanistan 2,400 1,215 1,180 80 40 35
Bangladesh 2,655 1,380 1,275 30 10 20
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 17,405 7,575 9,830 7,250 3,160 4,085
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,015 1,510 1,505 2,050 890 1,155
India 10,495 5,275 5,220 2,330 1,190 1,140
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,395 2,190 2,210 13,580 6,685 6,890
Iraq 3,540 1,885 1,650 90 45 45
Japan 730 175 550 1,395 405 990
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,690 750 945 2,815 1,255 1,555
Lebanon 10,995 5,745 5,250 165 100 65
Pakistan 3,830 1,915 1,915 300 145 155
Philippines 8,865 3,345 5,520 5,555 2,195 3,360
Sri Lanka 2,330 1,105 1,230 165 90 75
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,125 1,595 1,530 50 20 30
Taiwan 835 365 470 1,050 445 605
Viet Nam 5,600 2,570 3,035 245 115 130
Other places of birth in Asia 15,275 7,625 7,650 2,155 905 1,250
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 805 425 385 2,230 1,180 1,055
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 30,075 14,295 15,780 12,830 6,225 6,605
Americas 4,060 1,830 2,225 1,115 550 565
Brazil 135 75 65 130 65 65
Colombia 190 80 110 25 0 20
Cuba 130 65 60 0 0 0
Haiti 1,290 550 740 10 0 10
Jamaica 115 65 50 25 20 10
Mexico 245 100 145 235 115 120
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,135 570 570 595 305 290
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 120 35 85 30 15 10
Other places of birth in Americas 695 290 400 80 20 55
Europe 2,565 1,255 1,315 2,380 1,215 1,165
France 285 155 130 90 45 40
Germany 155 75 90 135 70 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 45 25 90 50 40
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 20 25 55