Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Victoria [Population centre], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa, CV
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Victoria
British Columbia
[Population centre]
Data quality , Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Victoria [Population centre], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 934,243 ... ... 335,696 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 883,391 ... ... 314,596r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8 ... ... 6.7 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 395,985 ... ... 158,734 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 373,756 ... ... 149,903 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 334.8 ... ... 1,555.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,790.30 ... ... 215.88 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 934,245 453,875 480,365 335,690 161,285 174,405
0 to 14 years 155,680 79,185 76,490 43,395 22,075 21,315
0 to 4 years 48,870 24,800 24,070 14,235 7,165 7,075
5 to 9 years 53,715 27,365 26,350 14,630 7,525 7,105
10 to 14 years 53,095 27,020 26,075 14,525 7,385 7,140
15 to 64 years 634,425 310,390 324,035 220,495 107,375 113,120
15 to 19 years 57,190 28,990 28,200 16,570 8,270 8,300
20 to 24 years 68,645 34,575 34,070 22,920 11,545 11,380
25 to 29 years 63,695 31,675 32,025 22,615 11,270 11,345
30 to 34 years 61,670 30,105 31,565 22,410 11,205 11,200
35 to 39 years 59,575 28,330 31,250 20,830 10,345 10,485
40 to 44 years 62,710 29,880 32,830 19,820 9,590 10,235
45 to 49 years 65,960 31,980 33,980 21,565 10,445 11,125
50 to 54 years 73,210 36,005 37,210 23,895 11,530 12,370
55 to 59 years 66,765 32,370 34,395 25,100 11,730 13,365
60 to 64 years 54,990 26,475 28,510 24,765 11,450 13,310
65 years and over 144,140 64,300 79,840 71,805 31,840 39,970
65 to 69 years 48,130 22,870 25,265 23,155 10,820 12,335
70 to 74 years 33,875 15,790 18,085 16,280 7,655 8,625
75 to 79 years 24,600 11,135 13,465 11,470 5,230 6,240
80 to 84 years 17,950 7,765 10,185 9,095 4,000 5,090
85 years and over 19,580 6,740 12,840 11,810 4,135 7,675
85 to 89 years 11,720 4,480 7,245 6,685 2,575 4,115
90 to 94 years 5,995 1,845 4,145 3,895 1,260 2,630
95 to 99 years 1,640 385 1,255 1,080 275 810
100 years and over 225 30 200 150 25 130
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 15.9 12.9 13.7 12.2
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.4 67.5 65.7 66.6 64.9
65 years and over 15.4 14.2 16.6 21.4 19.7 22.9
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 3.5 2.6 4.4
Average age of the population 40.1 39.2 41.0 44.1 42.9 45.3
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 44.8 43.1 46.3
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 373,755 ... ... 149,900 ... ...
Single-detached house 158,235 ... ... 54,625 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 68,645 ... ... 10,395 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 146,085 ... ... 83,645 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,140 ... ... 5,470 ... ...
Row house 79,340 ... ... 9,930 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,055 ... ... 24,185 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 39,095 ... ... 43,785 ... ...
Other single-attached house 465 ... ... 270 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 800 ... ... 1,240 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 373,755 ... ... 149,905 ... ...
1 person 105,750 ... ... 51,335 ... ...
2 persons 124,280 ... ... 55,595 ... ...
3 persons 58,010 ... ... 19,790 ... ...
4 persons 55,215 ... ... 15,610 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,500 ... ... 7,575 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 916,860 ... ... 325,940 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.2 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 778,565 374,690 403,875 292,295 139,210 153,090
Married or living common law 437,500 218,705 218,795 160,820 80,175 80,645
Married 366,365 182,795 183,565 129,410 64,470 64,940
Living common law 71,130 35,910 35,225 31,410 15,705 15,710
Not married and not living common law 341,065 155,985 185,080 131,480 59,040 72,440
Never married 236,315 123,415 112,895 81,640 43,455 38,190
Separated 21,015 8,500 12,520 8,045 3,485 4,560
Divorced 46,000 16,540 29,460 24,340 8,580 15,760
Widowed 37,730 7,535 30,200 17,450 3,520 13,930
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 254,770 ... ... 91,795 ... ...
2 persons 123,855 ... ... 54,800 ... ...
3 persons 54,635 ... ... 18,170 ... ...
4 persons 53,395 ... ... 14,570 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,885 ... ... 4,250 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 254,765 ... ... 91,790 ... ...
Total couple families 213,535 ... ... 78,100 ... ...
Married couples 177,990 ... ... 62,395 ... ...
Common-law couples 35,545 ... ... 15,700 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,230 ... ... 13,695 ... ...
Female parent 32,860 ... ... 10,715 ... ...
Male parent 8,375 ... ... 2,985 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 213,535 ... ... 78,095 ... ...
Couples without children 99,685 ... ... 45,555 ... ...
Couples with children 113,855 ... ... 32,540 ... ...
1 child 42,565 ... ... 14,565 ... ...
2 children 49,890 ... ... 13,875 ... ...
3 or more children 21,390 ... ... 4,100 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,235 ... ... 13,695 ... ...
1 child 24,170 ... ... 9,245 ... ...
2 children 12,065 ... ... 3,605 ... ...
3 or more children 4,995 ... ... 845 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 168,745 78,365 90,380 81,185 36,595 44,595
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 373,755 ... ... 149,905 ... ...
One-census-family households 243,070 ... ... 87,395 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 94,935 ... ... 43,395 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 148,135 ... ... 44,000 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,755 ... ... 2,170 ... ...
Non-census-family households 124,935 ... ... 60,335 ... ...
One-person households 105,750 ... ... 51,330 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,185 ... ... 9,005 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 923,375 449,335 474,040 330,320 158,840 171,485
English only 549,395 279,175 270,220 293,490 142,450 151,040
French only 12,680 5,075 7,610 140 55 80
English and French 347,510 159,620 187,890 33,630 15,060 18,570
Neither English nor French 13,790 5,465 8,320 3,060 1,265 1,790
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 923,370 449,335 474,035 330,320 158,835 171,485
English 749,725 370,365 379,360 321,080 154,555 166,525
French 138,900 63,600 75,300 5,350 2,640 2,710
English and French 21,300 10,070 11,230 915 425 490
Neither English nor French 13,445 5,295 8,150 2,975 1,220 1,760
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 149,550 68,635 80,915 5,805 2,850 2,955
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 16.2 15.3 17.1 1.8 1.8 1.7
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 923,375 449,330 474,040 330,325 158,835 171,485
Single responses 889,715 433,335 456,385 325,395 156,535 168,860
Official languages 689,300 338,895 350,405 279,115 135,810 143,305
English 562,070 280,205 281,870 273,610 133,105 140,505
French 127,225 58,690 68,530 5,510 2,710 2,795
Non-official languages 200,420 94,440 105,975 46,280 20,720 25,560
Aboriginal languages 650 245 405 230 100 125
Algonquian languages 280 115 165 35 15 20
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 70 85 25 15 15
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 15 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 5 5 10 10 5
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 5 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 75 35 40 10 5 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 10 0 0 0
Malecite 5 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 35 65 5 5 5
Algonquin 25 10 15 0 0 0
Ojibway 70 25 45 10 5 0
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 15 0 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 330 110 215 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 295 95 200 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 25 10 15 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 10 15 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 130 65 65
Comox 0 0 0 5 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 40 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 70 35 35
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 5 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 30 10 20
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 25 5 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 10 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 199,765 94,195 105,575 46,045 20,615 25,430
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,350 22,200 22,150 1,655 905 750
Berber languages 375 195 180 10 5 5
Kabyle 250 130 120 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 5 5 5
Cushitic languages 6,660 2,870 3,785 80 40 40
Bilen 50 25 25 0 0 0
Oromo 215 120 95 20 15 10
Somali 6,300 2,680 3,615 60 30 30
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 0 0 0
Semitic languages 37,255 19,100 18,160 1,560 860 705
Amharic 1,455 680 770 105 45 60
Arabic 34,295 17,670 16,625 1,235 695 545
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 5 5 0
Harari 60 30 30 0 0 0
Hebrew 355 190 160 110 55 50
Maltese 30 10 20 25 15 10
Tigrigna 905 440 460 75 35 40
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 0 5 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,045 3,225 3,815 1,085 490 595
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 485 610 135 65 70
Vietnamese 5,930 2,735 3,195 950 425 525
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 7,785 2,835 4,950 3,890 1,475 2,420
Bikol 30 15 15 10 5 5
Cebuano 370 120 245 240 90 155
Fijian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hiligaynon 110 35 75 45 25 25
Ilocano 575 225 345 190 70 115
Malagasy 55 25 25 0 0 0
Malay 395 160 235 95 30 65
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 10 5 5
Pangasinan 30 15 15 10 10 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,035 2,170 3,865 3,230 1,225 2,005
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 15 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 120 40 75 40 10 30
Creole languages 4,175 1,745 2,435 40 20 20
Haitian Creole 290 130 160 5 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 3,705 1,535 2,170 20 15 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 15 5 10
Dravidian languages 3,805 1,965 1,840 345 185 160
Kannada 225 115 105 25 10 10
Malayalam 660 345 315 90 45 40
Tamil 2,415 1,230 1,185 135 70 70
Telugu 485 270 220 95 55 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 87,105 41,440 45,665 22,545 10,485 12,060
Albanian 660 325 335 130 70 60
Armenian 465 235 230 40 25 15
Balto-Slavic languages 20,270 9,080 11,190 4,010 1,785 2,220
Baltic languages 455 200 260 100 55 45
Latvian 250 110 140 50 30 25
Lithuanian 210 85 125 50 25 20
Slavic languages 19,815 8,885 10,930 3,910 1,730 2,180
Belarusan 40 20 20 5 5 0
Bosnian 600 275 325 30 10 20
Bulgarian 845 390 455 110 50 60
Croatian 1,005 460 540 385 190 190
Czech 915 405 505 320 145 175
Macedonian 65 25 40 15 5 10
Polish 5,525 2,485 3,035 1,005 455 550
Russian 6,150 2,680 3,470 1,010 415 590
Serbian 1,705 810 890 185 85 95
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 260 90 40 45
Slovak 570 260 315 125 55 65
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 85 125 75 30 40
Ukrainian 1,630 695 935 550 225 325
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 15 15 5
Celtic languages 110 50 60 80 40 40
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 30 20 10
Welsh 50 15 35 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 10 0 10
Germanic languages 8,680 3,980 4,705 6,540 2,900 3,640
Afrikaans 160 80 85 150 80 70
Danish 295 135 165 385 170 215
Dutch 2,215 1,060 1,150 1,725 805 925
Frisian 40 20 20 20 10 10
German 5,275 2,345 2,930 3,810 1,640 2,165
Icelandic 20 10 10 25 10 10
Norwegian 135 60 75 190 90 100
Swedish 275 140 135 165 70 100
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 45 25 10 20
Yiddish 175 95 75 40 20 20
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 5 5 0
Greek 2,110 1,105 1,005 300 175 130
Indo-Iranian languages 26,965 13,585 13,375 6,065 3,000 3,065
Indo-Aryan languages 18,345 9,255 9,085 5,130 2,520 2,610
Bengali 3,255 1,615 1,645 145 65 75
Gujarati 1,470 760 710 145 70 70
Hindi 2,875 1,470 1,400 510 270 240
Kashmiri 20 10 10 5 5 0
Konkani 105 55 50 15 10 5
Marathi 290 150 140 30 10 15
Nepali 925 440 485 70 35 35
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 5 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,880 1,995 1,885 3,835 1,830 1,995
Sindhi 270 120 145 50 30 25
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 810 395 420 75 40 35
Urdu 4,410 2,220 2,180 265 145 115
Iranian languages 8,530 4,280 4,250 905 465 440
Kurdish 655 335 315 10 10 5
Pashto 1,025 520 510 50 30 20
Persian (Farsi) 6,850 3,420 3,430 850 430 420
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 25 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 27,840 13,070 14,770 5,390 2,490 2,900
Catalan 30 15 15 5 0 5
Italian 9,030 4,470 4,560 985 480 500
Portuguese 4,205 1,970 2,240 1,320 605 715
Romanian 2,560 1,165 1,400 290 135 150
Spanish 11,985 5,445 6,540 2,785 1,270 1,520
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 5 0 5
Japanese 990 300 685 1,400 380 1,020
Kartvelian languages 35 15 20 5 5 5
Georgian 30 15 25 5 5 0
Korean 2,065 875 1,185 1,580 655 930
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 5 0 0
Mongolian 30 15 20 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 5,380 2,360 3,020 275 140 140
Akan (Twi) 355 175 180 20 10 10
Bamanankan 75 30 50 0 0 0
Edo 35 20 20 0 0 0
Ewe 75 30 50 10 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 45 55 5 5 0
Ga 60 30 30 0 0 0
Ganda 125 55 65 10 0 0
Igbo 180 90 95 10 0 10
Lingala 320 120 205 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 840 360 475 5 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 650 235 420 30 15 20
Shona 110 40 70 15 5 10
Swahili 1,100 485 615 65 35 35
Wolof 80 35 45 15 10 5
Yoruba 240 125 110 20 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,030 485 545 80 35 40
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 165 15 10 5
Dinka 90 45 45 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 120 10 5 5
Sign languages 220 105 120 95 55 40
American Sign Language 75 30 50 35 20 20
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 140 75 65 55 40 20
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,945 14,835 17,105 11,720 5,210 6,510
Chinese languages 31,130 14,445 16,690 11,640 5,160 6,475
Cantonese 10,160 4,775 5,380 5,070 2,315 2,760
Hakka 155 65 90 45 15 35
Mandarin 18,575 8,565 10,010 5,665 2,450 3,210
Min Dong 50 25 25 0 0 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 725 315 410 210 95 120
Wu (Shanghainese) 445 205 240 125 50 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 485 520 510 235 275
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 85 50 30
Burmese 225 120 110 35 20 10
Karenic languages 325 155 165 5 5 5
Tibetan 95 50 40 40 20 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 5 5 0
Tai-Kadai languages 690 245 445 295 75 215
Lao 345 155 190 15 10 10
Thai 345 90 255 275 70 205
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 1,645 835 815 180 105 70
Azerbaijani 120 70 55 15 10 5
Turkish 1,390 705 685 155 90 60
Uyghur 10 5 5 0 0 0
Uzbek 65 30 40 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 5 5 5
Uralic languages 2,055 965 1,085 890 405 485
Estonian 150 70 80 50 15 35
Finnish 300 120 185 230 85 145
Hungarian 1,595 775 825 610 305 305
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 85 60 25 15 10
Multiple responses 33,660 16,000 17,655 4,930 2,305 2,625
English and French 12,295 5,825 6,475 960 430 530
English and non-official language 15,135 7,340 7,795 3,710 1,750 1,960
French and non-official language 3,815 1,730 2,085 135 65 70
English, French and non-official language 2,415 1,110 1,300 125 55 65
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 923,370 449,335 474,040 330,325 158,835 171,485
Single responses 866,210 422,345 443,870 321,210 154,695 166,520
Official languages 766,810 375,540 391,270 302,125 145,955 156,170
English 680,895 336,595 344,305 300,445 145,145 155,295
French 85,910 38,945 46,965 1,680 810 870
Non-official languages 99,400 46,805 52,600 19,085 8,735 10,355
Aboriginal languages 210 90 125 35 10 25
Algonquian languages 70 35 40 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 20 35 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 5 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 10 5 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 130 55 75 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 120 45 70 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 5 0 5
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 20 5 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 99,190 46,715 52,480 19,050 8,720 10,330
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,665 11,855 12,810 820 400 420
Berber languages 220 110 115 5 5 0
Kabyle 180 85 95 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 3,860 1,580 2,275 35 15 20
Bilen 30 15 10 0 0 0
Oromo 130 70 60 5 0 5
Somali 3,645 1,475 2,165 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 0 0 0
Semitic languages 20,580 10,165 10,415 780 380 395
Amharic 845 400 445 30 10 20
Arabic 19,105 9,455 9,645 655 330 325
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 20 5 10 0 0 0
Hebrew 135 80 60 45 20 20
Maltese 5 0 5 0 0 0
Tigrigna 415 195 220 45 15 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 5 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,140 1,895 2,245 590 275 315
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 265 70 35 30
Vietnamese 3,680 1,700 1,980 525 240 285
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,335 1,395 1,940 1,530 670 860
Bikol 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 125 55 70 60 25 35
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 10 5 5
Ilocano 230 105 120 65 20 40
Malagasy 10 10 10 0 0 0
Malay 120 50 70 15 5 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Pangasinan 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,745 1,130 1,615 1,380 610 770
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 5 0 5
Creole languages 1,825 745 1,080 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 1,605 645 960 5 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 1,845 915 935 130 70 60
Kannada 75 45 35 10 0 5
Malayalam 280 150 135 40 20 20
Tamil 1,285 615 665 45 25 20
Telugu 195 105 90 35 20 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 37,270 17,645 19,625 6,680 3,150 3,535
Albanian 295 140 155 70 30 40
Armenian 205 95 110 15 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 8,925 4,195 4,730 1,085 500 585
Baltic languages 105 45 60 0 0 0
Latvian 55 25 35 0 0 5
Lithuanian 45 25 25 0 0 0
Slavic languages 8,815 4,150 4,670 1,090 505 585
Belarusan 20 10 10 0 0 0
Bosnian 305 150 150 5 5 0
Bulgarian 400 190 210 45 25 25
Croatian 330 150 180 110 55 60
Czech 205 100 110 65 25 40
Macedonian 15 10 5 5 5 0
Polish 1,995 915 1,075 255 125 130
Russian 3,625 1,690 1,935 420 190 225
Serbian 1,005 500 505 60 25 35
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 20 15 10
Slovak 195 90 105 15 10 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 10 5 10
Ukrainian 505 230 275 70 25 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Celtic languages 10 5 0 5 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 915 415 495 655 310 340
Afrikaans 35 20 20 40 20 20
Danish 25 10 10 20 10 15
Dutch 145 70 80 125 50 70
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 625 275 355 440 220 220
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Norwegian 10 5 10 10 5 5
Swedish 55 35 20 15 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yiddish 15 10 5 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 625 300 325 50 25 30
Indo-Iranian languages 14,665 7,155 7,510 3,050 1,455 1,590
Indo-Aryan languages 9,590 4,740 4,850 2,590 1,230 1,360
Bengali 1,945 940 1,010 70 35 35
Gujarati 605 310 300 30 20 20
Hindi 1,285 650 635 180 90 90
Kashmiri 5 5 0 0 0 0
Konkani 35 15 20 0 0 5
Marathi 110 50 60 15 5 5
Nepali 730 360 375 35 15 15
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 0 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,190 1,105 1,085 2,060 960 1,095
Sindhi 65 30 40 15 10 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 195 25 15 10
Urdu 2,215 1,090 1,125 155 75 75
Iranian languages 5,055 2,400 2,655 450 225 225
Kurdish 370 195 175 0 0 0
Pashto 645 310 335 25 15 15
Persian (Farsi) 4,040 1,895 2,140 420 210 215
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 5 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 11,635 5,340 6,295 1,745 805 945
Catalan 15 5 10 0 0 0
Italian 2,500 1,110 1,390 150 60 85
Portuguese 1,850 870 980 440 200 240
Romanian 1,190 555 635 105 45 60
Spanish 6,070 2,795 3,270 1,060 500 560
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Japanese 385 140 250 495 190 305
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 5 0 0
Georgian 5 5 5 5 5 0
Korean 1,140 530 615 1,010 440 570
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 0 0 0
Mongolian 15 10 5 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,480 660 820 75 30 45
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 0 0 0
Bamanankan 10 5 10 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 20 5 15 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 0 0 0
Ga 15 5 5 0 0 0
Ganda 30 10 20 0 0 0
Igbo 55 25 25 0 0 0
Lingala 65 20 45 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 135 135 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 150 15 5 5
Shona 20 10 10 10 5 5
Swahili 380 175 210 15 10 10
Wolof 30 15 15 0 5 0
Yoruba 55 30 25 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 20 5 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 40 0 0 0
Dinka 25 15 10 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 0 0 0
Sign languages 305 165 145 130 70 55
American Sign Language 105 50 60 25 15 15
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 115 85 100 60 40
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,045 9,955 11,090 7,290 3,295 4,000
Chinese languages 20,465 9,680 10,790 7,260 3,275 3,985
Cantonese 5,840 2,685 3,155 2,840 1,305 1,540
Hakka 50 15 30 10 5 0
Mandarin 13,455 6,435 7,020 3,975 1,775 2,195
Min Dong 15 5 5 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 115 165 70 30 40
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 70 35 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 300 275 300 130 170
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 30 15 15
Burmese 145 65 80 15 10 5
Karenic languages 250 120 130 0 0 0
Tibetan 70 35 35 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 260 100 160 90 35 50
Lao 165 70 95 0 0 0
Thai 95 30 65 85 35 50
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 855 415 440 45 15 25
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 5 5 0
Turkish 745 360 380 35 15 20
Uyghur 5 5 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 35 15 20 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 0 0 0
Uralic languages 500 240 265 160 75 85
Estonian 20 10 15 5 0 0
Finnish 35 15 20 30 10 20
Hungarian 445 210 230 125 60 65
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 5 5 0
Multiple responses 57,160 26,990 30,170 9,110 4,145 4,965
English and French 12,480 5,755 6,725 615 290 325
English and non-official language 36,690 17,710 18,980 8,255 3,745 4,515
French and non-official language 3,305 1,395 1,910 40 20 25
English, French and non-official language 4,685 2,130 2,560 190 95 95
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 923,375 449,335 474,040 330,320 158,840 171,485
None 705,915 348,065 357,855 299,930 145,115 154,820
English 80,960 38,220 42,740 9,120 4,250 4,870
French 59,935 27,450 32,490 4,415 1,980 2,440
Non-official language 67,655 31,565 36,095 16,230 7,220 9,015
Aboriginal 405 150 255 340 155 185
Non-Aboriginal 67,250 31,410 35,840 15,890 7,065 8,825
English and French 2,595 1,220 1,380 65 25 35
English and non-official language 2,415 1,125 1,290 210 105 110
French and non-official language 3,800 1,645 2,150 340 140 200
English, French and non-official language 90 50 45 5 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 761,420 367,460 393,960 282,660 134,760 147,900
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,270 351,485 376,785 274,395 130,695 143,705
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,857 48,479 36,936 37,458 43,512 33,021
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,540 351,520 377,015 274,720 130,940 143,780
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,136 42,234 33,174 33,282 37,831 29,908
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 663,315 324,730 338,580 254,775 121,940 132,835
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,826 48,921 35,935 34,734 41,532 29,308
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 502,905 222,930 279,975 192,855 82,450 110,410
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,215 1,434 4,358 5,303 4,943 5,448
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 546,025 274,960 271,070 206,915 102,390 104,525
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,955 46,070 36,746 32,520 37,843 28,334
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 761,420 367,450 393,975 282,635 134,745 147,895
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,080 351,205 376,880 274,335 130,635 143,705
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,605 62,746 47,019 48,193 56,290 40,833
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,355 351,210 377,145 274,695 130,925 143,765
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,428 50,106 39,141 40,099 45,555 35,130
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 663,600 324,535 339,060 254,790 121,900 132,885
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,792 63,743 46,224 46,309 55,386 37,982
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 502,790 222,910 279,885 192,660 82,350 110,305
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,757 6,055 7,317 7,382 7,306 7,439
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 546,025 274,445 271,580 206,930 102,700 104,230
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,088 60,456 45,642 42,046 48,824 35,367
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 761,420 367,450 393,975 282,640 134,740 147,895
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 279,480 150,600 128,880 89,220 48,575 40,645
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,546 70,955 60,631 54,211 59,595 49,412
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,111 82,331 66,674 62,274 68,399 54,953
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.4 93.9 88.4 89.2 91.8 86.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.8 75.0 70.0 66.2 68.9 62.9
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.6 6.1 11.6 10.8 8.2 13.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 761,420 367,460 393,960 282,660 134,760 147,905
Without total income 33,150 15,980 17,170 8,260 4,065 4,195
With total income 728,270 351,485 376,785 274,395 130,690 143,705
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.6 97.1 97.0 97.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 99,195 45,455 53,740 33,705 14,740 18,965
$10,000 to $19,999 107,875 44,780 63,090 42,840 17,255 25,580
$20,000 to $29,999 78,010 32,865 45,140 36,250 14,650 21,605
$30,000 to $39,999 66,630 28,950 37,675 32,515 13,925 18,590
$40,000 to $49,999 63,305 27,810 35,495 30,020 13,315 16,705
$50,000 to $59,999 58,005 26,620 31,385 24,475 11,730 12,745
$60,000 to $69,999 51,605 25,385 26,225 18,925 10,380 8,545
$70,000 to $79,999 42,025 21,880 20,145 15,210 8,630 6,580
$80,000 to $89,999 36,815 19,760 17,050 11,375 6,770 4,605
$90,000 to $99,999 32,270 17,200 15,075 7,985 4,830 3,155
$100,000 and over 92,535 60,775 31,760 21,100 14,470 6,635
$100,000 to $149,999 65,295 41,095 24,205 14,465 9,700 4,765
$150,000 and over 27,240 19,685 7,560 6,640 4,775 1,870
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 761,420 367,460 393,955 282,660 134,760 147,900
Without after-tax income 32,880 15,940 16,940 7,940 3,815 4,125
With after-tax income 728,535 351,520 377,015 274,720 130,940 143,780
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.7 97.2 97.2 97.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,495 46,300 57,195 35,700 15,655 20,045
$10,000 to $19,999 112,260 46,980 65,280 45,045 18,520 26,525
$20,000 to $29,999 89,985 38,505 51,480 43,680 18,165 25,520
$30,000 to $39,999 81,965 35,855 46,105 38,705 16,845 21,865
$40,000 to $49,999 78,235 35,230 43,000 33,845 15,650 18,190
$50,000 to $59,999 68,435 33,495 34,940 25,035 13,450 11,595
$60,000 to $69,999 54,560 29,055 25,505 18,215 10,555 7,655
$70,000 to $79,999 45,775 24,715 21,060 12,440 7,280 5,155
$80,000 and over 93,825 61,380 32,440 22,050 14,825 7,225
$80,000 to $89,999 32,630 19,255 13,375 7,120 4,520 2,600
$90,000 to $99,999 19,260 12,495 6,760 4,375 2,915 1,455
$100,000 and over 41,935 29,630 12,310 10,560 7,385 3,170
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 761,420 367,465 393,960 282,660 134,760 147,900
Without employment income 215,395 92,505 122,890 75,750 32,370 43,375
With employment income 546,025 274,960 271,065 206,910 102,385 104,525
Percentage with employment income 71.7 74.8 68.8 73.2 76.0 70.7
Under $5,000 (including loss) 67,195 32,655 34,540 34,115 15,830 18,285
$5,000 to $9,999 40,580 18,300 22,280 15,190 6,500 8,685
$10,000 to $19,999 65,320 29,700 35,620 26,370 11,455 14,915
$20,000 to $29,999 50,625 23,530 27,095 22,280 10,000 12,275
$30,000 to $39,999 44,810 21,210 23,595 20,725 9,405 11,320
$40,000 to $49,999 43,030 19,575 23,460 20,220 8,860 11,360
$50,000 to $59,999 40,775 18,705 22,070 16,295 7,905 8,395
$60,000 to $69,999 36,550 17,765 18,790 12,675 7,165 5,505
$70,000 to $79,999 29,655 15,370 14,285 11,030 6,410 4,620
$80,000 and over 127,485 78,160 49,330 28,015 18,865 9,155
$80,000 to $89,999 29,530 15,440 14,090 8,550 5,235 3,315
$90,000 to $99,999 26,485 14,205 12,280 5,760 3,625 2,135
$100,000 and over 71,475 48,515 22,960 13,705 10,000 3,705
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 373,760 ... ... 149,900 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,981 ... ... 69,544 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,745 ... ... 60,450 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 105,750 ... ... 51,330 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,369 ... ... 37,841 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,026 ... ... 33,575 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 268,010 ... ... 98,575 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,064 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,248 ... ... 79,910 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 373,755 ... ... 149,890 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,372 ... ... 88,206 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,579 ... ... 73,487 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 105,745 ... ... 51,300 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,590 ... ... 47,314 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,078 ... ... 39,946 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 268,010 ... ... 98,590 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,013 ... ... 109,484 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,559 ... ... 90,940 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 373,755 ... ... 149,900 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,250 ... ... 3,085 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,900 ... ... 1,940 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,095 ... ... 4,595 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,445 ... ... 5,955 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,405 ... ... 6,375 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,920 ... ... 5,690 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,170 ... ... 6,105 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,660 ... ... 6,350 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,120 ... ... 6,330 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,150 ... ... 6,280 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,805 ... ... 12,040 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,765 ... ... 10,725 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,225 ... ... 10,200 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,580 ... ... 9,155 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,430 ... ... 8,050 ... ...
$100,000 and over 156,845 ... ... 47,025 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,800 ... ... 15,995 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,760 ... ... 11,010 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 42,310 ... ... 11,590 ... ...
$200,000 and over 37,975 ... ... 8,435 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,755 ... ... 149,905 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,610 ... ... 3,285 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,970 ... ... 1,980 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,220 ... ... 4,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,915 ... ... 6,225 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,650 ... ... 7,475 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,395 ... ... 7,000 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,340 ... ... 7,505 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,530 ... ... 7,655 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,340 ... ... 7,520 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,625 ... ... 7,545 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,215 ... ... 13,445 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,345 ... ... 12,380 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 28,265 ... ... 11,025 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,850 ... ... 9,530 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,545 ... ... 8,050 ... ...
$100,000 and over 120,940 ... ... 34,610 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,895 ... ... 14,910 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,505 ... ... 8,760 ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,545 ... ... 10,940 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 253,415 ... ... 91,335 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,083 ... ... 93,342 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,624 ... ... 80,683 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 92,815 ... ... 42,975 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,233 ... ... 87,882 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,602 ... ... 76,044 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 114,325 ... ... 32,695 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,926 ... ... 118,369 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,637 ... ... 101,219 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 3.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,755 ... ... 13,030 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,761 ... ... 54,806 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,633 ... ... 49,405 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 253,440 ... ... 91,415 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,219 ... ... 110,826 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,030 ... ... 91,674 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 92,930 ... ... 43,065 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,150 ... ... 107,074 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,430 ... ... 87,744 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 114,320 ... ... 32,790 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,772 ... ... 134,646 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,814 ... ... 111,225 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,635 ... ... 12,935 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,479 ... ... 64,469 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,341 ... ... 56,004 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 148,795 70,365 78,425 74,755 33,990 40,770
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,585 37,101 39,770 32,507 32,699 32,345
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,525 33,178 35,479 29,254 29,213 29,284
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 148,300 69,825 78,475 74,550 33,935 40,615
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,967 48,862 49,060 41,446 43,023 40,128
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,421 40,027 40,772 35,337 36,161 34,649
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,860 446,515 470,340 325,940 156,775 169,165
In the bottom half of the distribution 351,750 167,740 184,005 151,110 70,265 80,845
In the bottom decile 87,465 42,945 44,520 35,645 17,145 18,505
In the second decile 68,570 31,900 36,670 28,235 12,500 15,735
In the third decile 61,285 28,950 32,335 27,455 12,610 14,850
In the fourth decile 63,425 30,120 33,310 28,680 13,260 15,425
In the fifth decile 71,000 33,825 37,170 31,095 14,755 16,340
In the top half of the distribution 565,110 278,780 286,330 174,830 86,505 88,320
In the sixth decile 80,420 38,470 41,950 32,705 15,705 16,995
In the seventh decile 92,480 44,845 47,635 34,620 17,040 17,580
In the eighth decile 110,280 54,300 55,985 36,210 18,010 18,200
In the ninth decile 136,925 67,895 69,035 37,375 18,750 18,625
In the top decile 145,005 73,275 71,730 33,915 16,995 16,920
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,855 446,520 470,340 321,420 154,615 166,805
0 to 17 years 187,695 95,500 92,200 51,675 26,250 25,425
0 to 5 years 59,200 30,145 29,055 16,745 8,395 8,350
18 to 64 years 596,800 290,300 306,500 205,380 99,150 106,230
65 years and over 132,355 60,715 71,640 64,370 29,215 35,145
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 115,180 54,575 60,605 42,405 19,510 22,900
0 to 17 years 30,100 15,575 14,530 7,840 4,095 3,740
0 to 5 years 10,150 5,285 4,865 2,460 1,270 1,190
18 to 64 years 72,620 34,105 38,515 27,625 12,780 14,835
65 years and over 12,455 4,895 7,565 6,945 2,630 4,320
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.6 12.2 12.9 13.2 12.6 13.7
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 16.3 15.8 15.2 15.6 14.7
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.5 16.7 14.7 15.1 14.3
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.7 12.6 13.5 12.9 14.0
65 years and over (%) 9.4 8.1 10.6 10.8 9.0 12.3
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 98,915 48,130 50,785 30,195 14,635 15,560
0 to 17 years 22,685 11,680 11,005 4,845 2,490 2,360
0 to 5 years 7,780 4,065 3,710 1,355 695 655
18 to 64 years 68,040 33,345 34,695 23,290 11,305 11,980
65 years and over 8,190 3,105 5,085 2,060 845 1,220
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 9.4 9.5 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.2 11.9 9.4 9.5 9.3
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.5 12.8 8.1 8.3 7.8
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.3 11.3 11.4 11.3
65 years and over (%) 6.2 5.1 7.1 3.2 2.9 3.5
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,860 446,515 470,340 325,855 156,760 169,100
Official languages 903,135 441,100 462,040 322,825 155,515 167,305
English 890,735 436,340 454,390 322,715 155,475 167,235
French 358,165 163,500 194,670 33,335 14,780 18,555
Non-official languages 276,220 129,510 146,705 63,980 29,045 34,935
Aboriginal languages 1,135 430 710 625 280 350
Algonquian languages 490 195 290 125 50 75
Blackfoot 10 0 10 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 80 125 110 45 65
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 10 0 35 20 20
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 55 15 35 0 0 0
Woods Cree 15 10 10 20 0 20
Cree, n.o.s. 85 35 50 55 25 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Malecite 10 10 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 260 100 160 15 0 10
Algonquin 45 25 25 0 0 0
Ojibway 195 70 125 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 25 15 15
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 25 10 15
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 10 0
Dene 15 0 10 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 585 220 365 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 530 200 325 10 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 55 15 35 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 20 0 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 360 170 185
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 30 10 20
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 295 135 160
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 25 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 10 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 75 30 50
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 25 0 15
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 55 20 35
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 25 0 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 275,145 129,115 146,035 63,395 28,790 34,605
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,550 30,865 30,680 2,265 1,225 1,040
Berber languages 540 285 260 10 10 0
Kabyle 420 220 195 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 65 60 10 10 0
Cushitic languages 9,300 4,165 5,140 120 50 75
Bilen 90 55 35 0 0 0
Oromo 380 170 210 25 10 15
Somali 8,770 3,900 4,870 90 35 55
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 0 0 0
Semitic languages 52,710 26,895 25,815 2,130 1,170 960
Amharic 1,980 945 1,040 140 60 75
Arabic 48,135 24,675 23,460 1,635 940 695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 30 50 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 40 25 15 0 0 0
Hebrew 1,865 1,010 855 310 140 170
Maltese 65 25 40 40 20 15
Tigrigna 1,175 490 680 65 30 35
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 90 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 75 20 15 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,690 4,100 4,590 1,365 630 730
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,525 680 845 160 85 70
Vietnamese 7,215 3,440 3,770 1,210 550 665
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 10,155 3,770 6,390 5,190 1,860 3,330
Bikol 25 10 20 10 10 10
Cebuano 565 210 355 360 155 205
Fijian 10 0 10 10 0 0
Hiligaynon 165 55 110 95 35 70
Ilocano 705 300 405 285 105 175
Malagasy 105 55 45 0 0 0
Malay 615 270 345 300 115 185
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 40 25 10 15
Pangasinan 55 20 35 20 15 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,095 3,300 5,795 4,675 1,660 3,020
Waray-Waray 35 0 30 25 10 20
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 95 40 50
Creole languages 9,360 3,920 5,440 150 80 75
Haitian Creole 450 165 280 10 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 8,325 3,490 4,835 75 55 20
Creole languages, n.i.e. 630 275 350 60 15 45
Dravidian languages 5,060 2,555 2,505 420 230 180
Kannada 465 235 235 30 20 10
Malayalam 835 375 460 155 95 65
Tamil 3,330 1,700 1,630 185 100 85
Telugu 795 420 375 95 45 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 10 0 10
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 130,605 61,380 69,225 35,355 16,455 18,895
Albanian 785 385 410 145 95 50
Armenian 665 350 315 60 30 30
Balto-Slavic languages 24,530 11,210 13,325 4,655 2,150 2,510
Baltic languages 530 225 305 85 50 35
Latvian 260 105 155 45 25 20
Lithuanian 270 120 150 40 25 15
Slavic languages 24,095 11,010 13,080 4,575 2,095 2,480
Belarusan 125 60 60 10 10 0
Bosnian 1,025 470 555 50 10 40
Bulgarian 1,050 490 560 155 75 75
Croatian 1,830 905 930 680 350 330
Czech 1,315 570 750 495 230 265
Macedonian 95 35 65 15 10 10
Polish 6,530 2,970 3,560 1,065 470 595
Russian 9,135 4,205 4,925 1,595 705 890
Serbian 2,080 1,015 1,065 215 100 115
Serbo-Croatian 560 290 270 55 45 15
Slovak 910 380 530 140 75 65
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 120 140 50 15 35
Ukrainian 2,290 960 1,330 655 290 370
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 10 40 15 10 0
Celtic languages 395 190 205 130 60 70
Scottish Gaelic 150 80 75 60 25 35
Welsh 85 30 55 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 30 15 20
Germanic languages 16,750 7,935 8,810 10,215 4,710 5,500
Afrikaans 405 200 205 525 265 265
Danish 425 195 235 570 260 310
Dutch 2,855 1,330 1,520 1,905 940 965
Frisian 55 15 35 30 10 30
German 12,205 5,800 6,400 6,895 3,145 3,750
Icelandic 45 20 20 95 55 40
Norwegian 345 145 200 275 145 130
Swedish 605 295 310 320 150 175
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 40 40 55 25 30
Yiddish 355 185 175 50 10 40
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Greek 3,090 1,545 1,545 510 265 245
Indo-Iranian languages 35,320 17,915 17,410 7,840 3,945 3,895
Indo-Aryan languages 25,805 13,125 12,675 6,735 3,400 3,340
Bengali 4,250 2,180 2,070 140 50 85
Gujarati 2,275 1,220 1,050 195 105 90
Hindi 10,335 5,355 4,980 1,870 985 890
Kashmiri 10 10 10 10 10 0
Konkani 140 75 65 15 10 0
Marathi 565 310 255 45 25 25
Nepali 1,275 640 635 95 25 70
Oriya (Odia) 75 45 30 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,235 3,220 3,015 5,220 2,590 2,635
Sindhi 495 220 280 70 30 35
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,065 485 580 70 30 35
Urdu 7,175 3,600 3,570 525 300 225
Iranian languages 10,040 5,075 4,965 1,105 540 560
Kurdish 755 395 355 20 10 10
Pashto 1,400 755 645 35 25 0
Persian (Farsi) 8,665 4,340 4,325 1,070 515 550
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 120 80 75 50 20
Italic (Romance) languages 54,440 24,435 30,005 13,460 5,965 7,495
Catalan 80 30 45 55 25 25
Italian 15,500 7,400 8,105 2,115 915 1,200
Portuguese 6,120 2,990 3,125 1,640 780 865
Romanian 2,880 1,345 1,535 295 135 160
Spanish 33,075 14,180 18,890 10,065 4,385 5,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 50 25 30
Japanese 2,510 1,185 1,325 2,720 1,125 1,590
Kartvelian languages 40 15 20 0 0 0
Georgian 40 15 25 0 10 0
Korean 2,580 1,090 1,490 1,845 810 1,035
Mongolic languages 40 20 20 10 0 10
Mongolian 40 25 20 10 0 10
Niger-Congo languages 10,520 4,640 5,880 635 315 320
Akan (Twi) 630 330 300 10 0 0
Bamanankan 155 70 85 0 0 0
Edo 95 40 60 10 0 0
Ewe 205 80 125 10 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 70 95 0 0 0
Ga 165 85 80 0 0 0
Ganda 215 65 145 20 15 10
Igbo 300 165 135 45 10 30
Lingala 1,720 720 1,000 15 15 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,530 615 915 10 0 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 970 360 615 50 25 25
Shona 175 60 115 70 50 25
Swahili 3,040 1,325 1,715 260 130 135
Wolof 200 110 95 0 0 0
Yoruba 755 400 355 85 35 50
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,265 1,035 1,230 130 65 65
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 140 185 25 15 15
Dinka 190 85 105 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 30 10 20
Sign languages 1,630 655 975 790 295 500
American Sign Language 875 305 570 400 130 270
Quebec Sign Language 75 15 55 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 715 350 365 390 165 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,395 17,190 19,210 12,720 5,800 6,915
Chinese languages 35,510 16,765 18,745 12,675 5,785 6,885
Cantonese 12,700 6,015 6,685 5,810 2,755 3,050
Hakka 265 125 140 35 10 20
Mandarin 24,495 11,310 13,185 7,495 3,320 4,165
Min Dong 40 20 25 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,035 465 565 250 90 155
Wu (Shanghainese) 415 205 215 130 50 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 535 475 460 175 280
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 10 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 925 440 480 40 20 25
Burmese 305 145 160 10 0 0
Karenic languages 365 185 180 0 0 0
Tibetan 50 30 25 20 10 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 365 150 205 20 10 15
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 410 600 400 155 250
Lao 460 200 255 30 20 0
Thai 610 230 385 375 135 240
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,405 1,195 1,210 305 175 135
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 35 20 15
Turkish 2,070 1,035 1,040 275 160 120
Uyghur 45 25 15 0 10 0
Uzbek 80 20 60 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 10 0 10
Uralic languages 2,585 1,255 1,330 1,000 465 530
Estonian 245 115 130 60 20 40
Finnish 480 220 260 195 70 125
Hungarian 1,875 925 950 750 380 375
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 380 250 130 70 35 35
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 916,860 446,515 470,340 325,860 156,755 169,095
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 854,535 416,865 437,670 304,665 147,320 157,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 177,960 90,535 87,430 49,855 25,415 24,440
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 676,580 326,330 350,245 254,810 121,900 132,915
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,320 29,650 32,670 21,195 9,445 11,750
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 916,855 446,515 470,340 325,855 156,755 169,100
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 685,260 337,490 347,770 257,900 125,835 132,065
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 216,505 101,235 115,265 61,440 27,810 33,630
Before 1981 53,740 25,720 28,015 28,020 13,045 14,975
1981 to 1990 29,670 14,195 15,475 6,715 2,950 3,765
1991 to 2000 49,685 22,510 27,170 8,230 3,660 4,575
2001 to 2010 53,335 24,515 28,820 11,045 4,800 6,250
2001 to 2005 25,185 11,520 13,660 4,700 2,055 2,645
2006 to 2010 28,155 12,990 15,160 6,350 2,745 3,605
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 30,075 14,300 15,775 7,430 3,360 4,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,090 7,795 7,305 6,515 3,115 3,400
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 216,505 101,235 115,265 61,440 27,805 33,635
Under 5 years 23,760 11,745 12,015 6,845 3,335 3,510
5 to 14 years 38,625 19,575 19,050 10,815 5,270 5,545
15 to 24 years 45,510 20,400 25,110 13,795 6,145 7,650
25 to 44 years 90,080 41,305 48,780 25,075 10,865 14,210
45 years and over 18,530 8,210 10,315 4,910 2,190 2,720
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 216,505 101,235 115,270 61,440 27,805 33,635
Americas 32,755 14,265 18,490 8,935 3,905 5,030
Brazil 990 445 545 185 95 95
Colombia 1,270 485 780 285 110 170
El Salvador 1,710 790 920 165 70 95
Guyana 1,375 635 735 70 40 35
Haiti 6,320 2,615 3,710 70 30 40
Jamaica 2,985 1,280 1,710 270 155 115
Mexico 1,290 540 755 735 320 415
Peru 820 365 455 135 55 80
Trinidad and Tobago 1,260 495 765 230 85 150
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,245 3,695 4,545 5,585 2,450 3,140
Other places of birth in Americas 6,490 2,920 3,575 1,200 495 710
Europe 55,430 26,405 29,030 27,040 12,775 14,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,610 780 830 130 60 65
Croatia 800 385 420 320 175 145
France 2,270 1,010 1,265 490 180 315
Germany 3,885 1,645 2,245 2,510 1,105 1,410
Greece 910 475 430 225 130 95
Hungary 825 425 405 495 265 225
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 810 360 445 440 220 220
Italy 5,410 2,800 2,610 610 310 300
Netherlands 1,890 925 960 1,430 735 690
Poland 4,170 1,855 2,305 790 310 475
Portugal 1,965 995 970 665 295 370
Romania 2,400 1,135 1,265 305 150 150
Russian Federation 2,860 1,230 1,635 585 265 325
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 870 410 465 140 80 60
Ukraine 1,770 840 930 390 180 210
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 15,765 7,910 7,860 14,855 7,020 7,835
Other places of birth in Europe 7,210 3,215 3,995 2,665 1,295 1,370
Africa 30,340 13,940 16,400 2,670 1,295 1,375
Algeria 1,025 485 545 15 10 0
Egypt 3,420 1,785 1,630 180 120 60
Ethiopia 2,215 1,020 1,195 175 75 100
Kenya 1,065 540 525 185 65 120
Morocco 1,230 570 660 105 65 40
Nigeria 1,260 575 685 125 65 65
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,405 55 20 30
South Africa, Republic of 850 435 415 1,060 500 565
Other places of birth in Africa 15,375 7,035 8,345 770 375 395
Asia 97,170 46,205 50,965 21,580 9,255 12,330
Afghanistan 2,400 1,215 1,180 70 35 30
Bangladesh 2,655 1,380 1,275 70 35 35
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 17,405 7,575 9,830 5,470 2,325 3,140
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,015 1,510 1,505 1,225 585 640
India 10,495 5,275 5,220 3,590 1,800 1,795
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,395 2,190 2,210 745 360 390
Iraq 3,540 1,885 1,650 100 55 45
Japan 730 175 550 790 155 635
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,690 750 945 1,135 495 635
Lebanon 10,995 5,745 5,250 135 80 60
Pakistan 3,830 1,915 1,915 390 215 185
Philippines 8,865 3,345 5,520 4,235 1,530 2,705
Sri Lanka 2,330 1,105 1,230 125 55 75
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,125 1,595 1,530 150 80 70
Taiwan 835 365 470 590 220 365
Viet Nam 5,600 2,570 3,035 920 405 515
Other places of birth in Asia 15,275 7,625 7,650 1,830 820 1,005
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 805 425 385 1,220 585 640
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 30,075 14,295 15,780 7,425 3,360 4,070
Americas 4,060 1,830 2,225 970 395 570
Brazil 135 75 65 50 35 15
Colombia 190 80 110 50 10 40
Cuba 130 65 60 10 0 10
Haiti 1,290 550 740 0 0 0
Jamaica 115 65 50 0 10 0
Mexico 245 100 145 180 80 100
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,135 570 570 540 215 325
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 120 35 85 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 695 290 400 125 55 75
Europe 2,565 1,255 1,315 1,140 595 545
France 285 155 130 35 15 20
Germany 155 75 90 100 50 55
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 45 25 45 30 15
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 20 25 0 0 0
Romania 120 60 60 20 10 10
Russian Federation