Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa, CV
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 934,243 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 883,391 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 395,985 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 373,756 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 334.8 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,790.30 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 934,245 453,875 480,365 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 155,680 79,185 76,490 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 48,870 24,800 24,070 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 53,715 27,365 26,350 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 53,095 27,020 26,075 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 634,425 310,390 324,035 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 57,190 28,990 28,200 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 68,645 34,575 34,070 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 63,695 31,675 32,025 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 61,670 30,105 31,565 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 59,575 28,330 31,250 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 62,710 29,880 32,830 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 65,960 31,980 33,980 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 73,210 36,005 37,210 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 66,765 32,370 34,395 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 54,990 26,475 28,510 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 144,140 64,300 79,840 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 48,130 22,870 25,265 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 33,875 15,790 18,085 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 24,600 11,135 13,465 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 17,950 7,765 10,185 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 19,580 6,740 12,840 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 11,720 4,480 7,245 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 5,995 1,845 4,145 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 1,640 385 1,255 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 225 30 200 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 15.9 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.4 67.5 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 15.4 14.2 16.6 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.1 39.2 41.0 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 373,755 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 158,235 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 68,645 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 146,085 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,140 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 79,340 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,055 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 39,095 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 465 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 800 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 373,755 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 105,750 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 124,280 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 58,010 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 55,215 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,500 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 916,860 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 778,565 374,690 403,875 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 437,500 218,705 218,795 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 366,365 182,795 183,565 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 71,130 35,910 35,225 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 341,065 155,985 185,080 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 236,315 123,415 112,895 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 21,015 8,500 12,520 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 46,000 16,540 29,460 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 37,730 7,535 30,200 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 254,770 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 123,855 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 54,635 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 53,395 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,885 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 254,765 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 213,535 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 177,990 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 35,545 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,230 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 32,860 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 8,375 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 213,535 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 99,685 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 113,855 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 42,565 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 49,890 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 21,390 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,235 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 24,170 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 12,065 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 4,995 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 168,745 78,365 90,380 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 373,755 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 243,070 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 94,935 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 148,135 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,755 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 124,935 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 105,750 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,185 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 923,375 449,335 474,040 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 549,395 279,175 270,220 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 12,680 5,075 7,610 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 347,510 159,620 187,890 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 13,790 5,465 8,320 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 923,370 449,335 474,035 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 749,725 370,365 379,360 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 138,900 63,600 75,300 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 21,300 10,070 11,230 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 13,445 5,295 8,150 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 149,550 68,635 80,915 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 16.2 15.3 17.1 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 923,375 449,330 474,040 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 889,715 433,335 456,385 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 689,300 338,895 350,405 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 562,070 280,205 281,870 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 127,225 58,690 68,530 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 200,420 94,440 105,975 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 650 245 405 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 280 115 165 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 70 85 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 5 5 5
Moose Cree 5 5 5 85 40 45
Naskapi 10 5 5 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 20 15 5 55 25 30
Plains Cree 10 5 5 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 355 135 225
Woods Cree 5 5 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 75 35 40 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 10 90 40 50
Malecite 5 5 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 35 65 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 25 10 15 65 30 35
Ojibway 70 25 45 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 5 0 5 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 330 110 215 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 295 95 200 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 25 10 15 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 20 10 15 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 199,765 94,195 105,575 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,350 22,200 22,150 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 375 195 180 725 405 320
Kabyle 250 130 120 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 6,660 2,870 3,785 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 50 25 25 250 140 110
Oromo 215 120 95 1,445 720 730
Somali 6,300 2,680 3,615 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 225 115 110
Semitic languages 37,255 19,100 18,160 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 1,455 680 770 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 34,295 17,670 16,625 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 60 30 30 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 355 190 160 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 30 10 20 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 905 440 460 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,045 3,225 3,815 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 485 610 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 5,930 2,735 3,195 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 7,785 2,835 4,950 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 30 15 15 595 260 330
Cebuano 370 120 245 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 110 35 75 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 575 225 345 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 55 25 25 100 45 55
Malay 395 160 235 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 30 15 15 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,035 2,170 3,865 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 120 40 75 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 4,175 1,745 2,435 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 290 130 160 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 3,705 1,535 2,170 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 3,805 1,965 1,840 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 225 115 105 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 660 345 315 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 2,415 1,230 1,185 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 485 270 220 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 87,105 41,440 45,665 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 660 325 335 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 465 235 230 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 20,270 9,080 11,190 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 455 200 260 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 250 110 140 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 210 85 125 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 19,815 8,885 10,930 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 40 20 20 515 230 280
Bosnian 600 275 325 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 845 390 455 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 1,005 460 540 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 915 405 505 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 65 25 40 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 5,525 2,485 3,035 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 6,150 2,680 3,470 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 1,705 810 890 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 260 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 570 260 315 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 85 125 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 1,630 695 935 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 110 50 60 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 450 210 240
Welsh 50 15 35 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 225 120 110
Germanic languages 8,680 3,980 4,705 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 160 80 85 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 295 135 165 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 2,215 1,060 1,150 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 40 20 20 1,240 630 620
German 5,275 2,345 2,930 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 20 10 10 210 100 110
Norwegian 135 60 75 940 405 540
Swedish 275 140 135 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 45 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 175 95 75 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 170 80 85
Greek 2,110 1,105 1,005 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 26,965 13,585 13,375 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 18,345 9,255 9,085 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 3,255 1,615 1,645 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 1,470 760 710 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 2,875 1,470 1,400 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 20 10 10 345 170 175
Konkani 105 55 50 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 290 150 140 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 925 440 485 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,880 1,995 1,885 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 270 120 145 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 810 395 420 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 4,410 2,220 2,180 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 8,530 4,280 4,250 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 655 335 315 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 1,025 520 510 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 6,850 3,420 3,430 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 27,840 13,070 14,770 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 30 15 15 285 150 135
Italian 9,030 4,470 4,560 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 4,205 1,970 2,240 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 2,560 1,165 1,400 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 11,985 5,445 6,540 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 420 200 215
Japanese 990 300 685 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 35 15 20 1,200 635 565
Georgian 30 15 25 1,200 635 565
Korean 2,065 875 1,185 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 405 180 220
Mongolian 30 15 20 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 5,380 2,360 3,020 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 355 175 180 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 75 30 50 140 60 80
Edo 35 20 20 1,140 475 670
Ewe 75 30 50 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 45 55 365 180 185
Ga 60 30 30 600 275 325
Ganda 125 55 65 760 360 400
Igbo 180 90 95 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 320 120 205 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 840 360 475 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 650 235 420 1,330 545 785
Shona 110 40 70 1,455 660 790
Swahili 1,100 485 615 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 80 35 45 290 145 150
Yoruba 240 125 110 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,030 485 545 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 165 1,610 810 800
Dinka 90 45 45 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 120 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 220 105 120 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 75 30 50 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 140 75 65 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,945 14,835 17,105 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 31,130 14,445 16,690 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 10,160 4,775 5,380 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 155 65 90 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 18,575 8,565 10,010 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 50 25 25 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 725 315 410 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 445 205 240 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 485 520 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 225 120 110 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 325 155 165 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 95 50 40 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 690 245 445 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 345 155 190 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 345 90 255 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 1,645 835 815 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 120 70 55 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 1,390 705 685 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 10 5 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 65 30 40 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 640 295 345
Uralic languages 2,055 965 1,085 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 150 70 80 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 300 120 185 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 1,595 775 825 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 85 60 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 33,660 16,000 17,655 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 12,295 5,825 6,475 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 15,135 7,340 7,795 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 3,815 1,730 2,085 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 2,415 1,110 1,300 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 923,370 449,335 474,040 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 866,210 422,345 443,870 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 766,810 375,540 391,270 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 680,895 336,595 344,305 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 85,910 38,945 46,965 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 99,400 46,805 52,600 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 210 90 125 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 70 35 40 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 20 35 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 5 5 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 5 5 10 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 15 10 5 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 130 55 75 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 5
Inuktitut 120 45 70 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 99,190 46,715 52,480 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,665 11,855 12,810 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 220 110 115 345 175 170
Kabyle 180 85 95 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 3,860 1,580 2,275 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 30 15 10 170 80 85
Oromo 130 70 60 805 380 425
Somali 3,645 1,475 2,165 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 110 50 65
Semitic languages 20,580 10,165 10,415 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 845 400 445 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 19,105 9,455 9,645 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 20 5 10 555 250 305
Hebrew 135 80 60 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 5 0 5 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 415 195 220 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,140 1,895 2,245 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 265 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 3,680 1,700 1,980 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 3,335 1,395 1,940 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 5 5 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 125 55 70 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 910 385 530
Ilocano 230 105 120 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 10 10 10 35 15 20
Malay 120 50 70 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 10 5 5 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,745 1,130 1,615 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 380 175 200
Creole languages 1,825 745 1,080 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 1,605 645 960 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 1,845 915 935 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 75 45 35 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 280 150 135 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 1,285 615 665 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 195 105 90 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 37,270 17,645 19,625 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 295 140 155 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 205 95 110 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 8,925 4,195 4,730 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 105 45 60 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 55 25 35 860 350 515
Lithuanian 45 25 25 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 8,815 4,150 4,670 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 20 10 10 175 80 90
Bosnian 305 150 150 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 400 190 210 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 330 150 180 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 205 100 110 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 15 10 5 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 1,995 915 1,075 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 3,625 1,690 1,935 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 1,005 500 505 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 195 90 105 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 505 230 275 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 10 5 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 915 415 495 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 35 20 20 755 365 390
Danish 25 10 10 280 135 150
Dutch 145 70 80 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 625 275 355 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 10 5 10 70 30 40
Swedish 55 35 20 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 15 10 5 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 625 300 325 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 14,665 7,155 7,510 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 9,590 4,740 4,850 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 1,945 940 1,010 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 605 310 300 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 1,285 650 635 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 5 5 0 65 30 35
Konkani 35 15 20 540 260 280
Marathi 110 50 60 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 730 360 375 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,190 1,105 1,085 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 65 30 40 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 195 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 2,215 1,090 1,125 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 5,055 2,400 2,655 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 370 195 175 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 645 310 335 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 4,040 1,895 2,140 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 11,635 5,340 6,295 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 15 5 10 135 60 75
Italian 2,500 1,110 1,390 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 1,850 870 980 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 1,190 555 635 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 6,070 2,795 3,270 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 110 50 60
Japanese 385 140 250 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 770 420 355
Georgian 5 5 5 775 420 355
Korean 1,140 530 615 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 225 115 110
Mongolian 15 10 5 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 1,480 660 820 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 10 5 10 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 20 5 15 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 110 55 55
Ga 15 5 5 175 80 100
Ganda 30 10 20 195 85 110
Igbo 55 25 25 540 265 275
Lingala 65 20 45 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 135 135 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 150 420 160 260
Shona 20 10 10 455 210 245
Swahili 380 175 210 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 30 15 15 130 65 65
Yoruba 55 30 25 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 40 550 260 290
Dinka 25 15 10 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 425 195 225
Sign languages 305 165 145 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 105 50 60 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 115 85 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,045 9,955 11,090 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 20,465 9,680 10,790 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 5,840 2,685 3,155 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 50 15 30 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 13,455 6,435 7,020 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 15 5 5 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 115 165 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 300 275 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 145 65 80 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 250 120 130 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 70 35 35 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 260 100 160 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 165 70 95 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 95 30 65 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 855 415 440 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 770 385 380
Turkish 745 360 380 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 5 5 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 35 15 20 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 250 130 120
Uralic languages 500 240 265 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 20 10 15 790 290 500
Finnish 35 15 20 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 445 210 230 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 465 245 225
Multiple responses 57,160 26,990 30,170 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 12,480 5,755 6,725 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 36,690 17,710 18,980 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 3,305 1,395 1,910 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 4,685 2,130 2,560 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 923,375 449,335 474,040 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 705,915 348,065 357,855 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 80,960 38,220 42,740 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 59,935 27,450 32,490 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 67,655 31,565 36,095 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 405 150 255 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 67,250 31,410 35,840 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 2,595 1,220 1,380 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 2,415 1,125 1,290 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 3,800 1,645 2,150 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 90 50 45 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 761,420 367,460 393,960 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,270 351,485 376,785 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,857 48,479 36,936 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,540 351,520 377,015 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,136 42,234 33,174 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 663,315 324,730 338,580 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,826 48,921 35,935 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 502,905 222,930 279,975 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,215 1,434 4,358 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 546,025 274,960 271,070 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,955 46,070 36,746 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 761,420 367,450 393,975 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,080 351,205 376,880 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,605 62,746 47,019 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,355 351,210 377,145 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,428 50,106 39,141 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 663,600 324,535 339,060 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,792 63,743 46,224 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 502,790 222,910 279,885 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,757 6,055 7,317 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 546,025 274,445 271,580 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,088 60,456 45,642 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 761,420 367,450 393,975 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 279,480 150,600 128,880 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,546 70,955 60,631 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,111 82,331 66,674 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.4 93.9 88.4 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.8 75.0 70.0 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.6 6.1 11.6 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 761,420 367,460 393,960 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 33,150 15,980 17,170 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 728,270 351,485 376,785 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.6 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 99,195 45,455 53,740 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 107,875 44,780 63,090 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 78,010 32,865 45,140 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 66,630 28,950 37,675 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 63,305 27,810 35,495 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 58,005 26,620 31,385 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 51,605 25,385 26,225 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 42,025 21,880 20,145 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 36,815 19,760 17,050 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 32,270 17,200 15,075 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 92,535 60,775 31,760 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 65,295 41,095 24,205 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 27,240 19,685 7,560 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 761,420 367,460 393,955 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 32,880 15,940 16,940 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 728,535 351,520 377,015 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.7 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,495 46,300 57,195 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 112,260 46,980 65,280 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 89,985 38,505 51,480 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 81,965 35,855 46,105 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 78,235 35,230 43,000 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 68,435 33,495 34,940 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 54,560 29,055 25,505 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 45,775 24,715 21,060 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 93,825 61,380 32,440 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 32,630 19,255 13,375 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 19,260 12,495 6,760 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 41,935 29,630 12,310 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 761,420 367,465 393,960 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 215,395 92,505 122,890 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 546,025 274,960 271,065 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 71.7 74.8 68.8 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 67,195 32,655 34,540 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 40,580 18,300 22,280 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 65,320 29,700 35,620 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 50,625 23,530 27,095 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 44,810 21,210 23,595 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 43,030 19,575 23,460 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 40,775 18,705 22,070 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 36,550 17,765 18,790 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 29,655 15,370 14,285 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 127,485 78,160 49,330 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 29,530 15,440 14,090 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 26,485 14,205 12,280 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 71,475 48,515 22,960 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 373,760 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,981 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,745 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 105,750 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,369 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,026 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 268,010 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,064 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,248 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 373,755 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,372 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,579 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 105,745 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,590 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,078 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 268,010 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,013 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,559 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 373,755 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,250 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,900 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,095 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,445 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,405 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,920 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,170 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,660 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,120 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,150 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,805 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,765 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,225 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,580 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,430 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 156,845 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,800 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,760 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 42,310 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 37,975 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,755 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,610 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,970 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,220 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,915 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,650 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,395 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,340 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,530 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,340 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,625 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,215 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,345 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 28,265 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,850 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,545 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 120,940 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,895 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,505 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,545 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 253,415 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,083 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,624 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 92,815 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,233 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,602 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 114,325 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,926 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,637 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,755 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,761 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,633 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 253,440 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,219 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,030 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 92,930 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,150 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,430 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 114,320 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,772 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,814 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,635 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,479 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,341 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 148,795 70,365 78,425 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,585 37,101 39,770 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,525 33,178 35,479 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 148,300 69,825 78,475 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,967 48,862 49,060 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,421 40,027 40,772 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,860 446,515 470,340 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 351,750 167,740 184,005 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 87,465 42,945 44,520 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 68,570 31,900 36,670 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 61,285 28,950 32,335 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 63,425 30,120 33,310 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 71,000 33,825 37,170 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 565,110 278,780 286,330 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 80,420 38,470 41,950 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 92,480 44,845 47,635 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 110,280 54,300 55,985 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 136,925 67,895 69,035 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 145,005 73,275 71,730 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,855 446,520 470,340 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 187,695 95,500 92,200 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 59,200 30,145 29,055 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 596,800 290,300 306,500 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 132,355 60,715 71,640 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 115,180 54,575 60,605 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 30,100 15,575 14,530 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 10,150 5,285 4,865 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 72,620 34,105 38,515 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 12,455 4,895 7,565 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.6 12.2 12.9 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 16.3 15.8 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.5 16.7 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.7 12.6 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 9.4 8.1 10.6 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 98,915 48,130 50,785 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 22,685 11,680 11,005 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 7,780 4,065 3,710 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 68,040 33,345 34,695 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 8,190 3,105 5,085 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.2 11.9 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.5 12.8 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.3 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 6.2 5.1 7.1 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,860 446,515 470,340 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 903,135 441,100 462,040 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 890,735 436,340 454,390 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 358,165 163,500 194,670 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 276,220 129,510 146,705 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 1,135 430 710 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 490 195 290 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 10 0 10 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 80 125 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 10 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 20 10 10 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 65 25 45
Plains Cree 10 10 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 55 15 35 605 255 350
Woods Cree 15 10 10 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 85 35 50 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 180 95 85
Malecite 10 10 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 260 100 160 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 45 25 25 205 95 105
Ojibway 195 70 125 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 15 0 10 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 585 220 365 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 10 0 10
Inuktitut 530 200 325 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 55 15 35 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 275,145 129,115 146,035 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,550 30,865 30,680 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 540 285 260 925 505 415
Kabyle 420 220 195 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 65 60 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 9,300 4,165 5,140 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 90 55 35 355 200 160
Oromo 380 170 210 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 8,770 3,900 4,870 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 370 170 205
Semitic languages 52,710 26,895 25,815 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 1,980 945 1,040 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 48,135 24,675 23,460 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 30 50 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 40 25 15 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 1,865 1,010 855 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 65 25 40 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 1,175 490 680 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 90 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 75 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,690 4,100 4,590 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,525 680 845 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 7,215 3,440 3,770 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 10,155 3,770 6,390 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 25 10 20 755 340 425
Cebuano 565 210 355 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 10 0 10 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 165 55 110 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 705 300 405 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 105 55 45 215 115 100
Malay 615 270 345 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 40 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 55 20 35 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,095 3,300 5,795 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 35 0 30 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 9,360 3,920 5,440 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 450 165 280 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 8,325 3,490 4,835 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 630 275 350 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 5,060 2,555 2,505 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 465 235 235 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 835 375 460 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 3,330 1,700 1,630 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 795 420 375 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 130,605 61,380 69,225 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 785 385 410 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 665 350 315 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 24,530 11,210 13,325 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 530 225 305 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 260 105 155 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 270 120 150 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 24,095 11,010 13,080 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 125 60 60 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 1,025 470 555 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 1,050 490 560 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 1,830 905 930 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 1,315 570 750 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 95 35 65 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 6,530 2,970 3,560 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 9,135 4,205 4,925 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 2,080 1,015 1,065 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 560 290 270 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 910 380 530 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 120 140 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 2,290 960 1,330 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 10 40 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 395 190 205 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 150 80 75 1,480 720 765
Welsh 85 30 55 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 16,750 7,935 8,810 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 405 200 205 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 425 195 235 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 2,855 1,330 1,520 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 55 15 35 1,655 820 835
German 12,205 5,800 6,400 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 45 20 20 285 130 155
Norwegian 345 145 200 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 605 295 310 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 40 40 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 355 185 175 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 3,090 1,545 1,545 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 35,320 17,915 17,410 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 25,805 13,125 12,675 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 4,250 2,180 2,070 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 2,275 1,220 1,050 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 10,335 5,355 4,980 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 10 10 10 600 300 300
Konkani 140 75 65 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 565 310 255 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 1,275 640 635 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 75 45 30 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,235 3,220 3,015 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 495 220 280 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,065 485 580 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 7,175 3,600 3,570 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 10,040 5,075 4,965 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 755 395 355 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 1,400 755 645 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 8,665 4,340 4,325 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 120 80 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 54,440 24,435 30,005 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 80 30 45 515 275 240
Italian 15,500 7,400 8,105 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 6,120 2,990 3,125 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 2,880 1,345 1,535 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 33,075 14,180 18,890 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 1,355 745 605
Japanese 2,510 1,185 1,325 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 40 15 20 1,555 775 780
Georgian 40 15 25 1,555 770 785
Korean 2,580 1,090 1,490 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 40 20 20 515 225 285
Mongolian 40 25 20 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 10,520 4,640 5,880 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 630 330 300 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 155 70 85 385 195 185
Edo 95 40 60 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 205 80 125 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 70 95 700 320 375
Ga 165 85 80 1,340 645 695
Ganda 215 65 145 1,225 550 675
Igbo 300 165 135 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 1,720 720 1,000 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,530 615 915 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 970 360 615 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 175 60 115 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 3,040 1,325 1,715 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 200 110 95 730 355 375
Yoruba 755 400 355 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,265 1,035 1,230 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 140 185 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 190 85 105 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 1,630 655 975 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 875 305 570 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 75 15 55 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 715 350 365 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,395 17,190 19,210 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 35,510 16,765 18,745 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 12,700 6,015 6,685 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 265 125 140 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 24,495 11,310 13,185 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 40 20 25 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,035 465 565 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 415 205 215 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 535 475 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 925 440 480 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 305 145 160 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 365 185 180 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 50 30 25 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 365 150 205 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 410 600 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 460 200 255 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 610 230 385 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 2,405 1,195 1,210 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 2,070 1,035 1,040 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 45 25 15 700 350 345
Uzbek 80 20 60 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 915 450 465
Uralic languages 2,585 1,255 1,330 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 245 115 130 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 480 220 260 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,875 925 950 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 380 250 130 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 916,860 446,515 470,340 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 854,535 416,865 437,670 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 177,960 90,535 87,430 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 676,580 326,330 350,245 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,320 29,650 32,670 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 916,855 446,515 470,340 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 685,260 337,490 347,770 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 216,505 101,235 115,265 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 53,740 25,720 28,015 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 29,670 14,195 15,475 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 49,685 22,510 27,170 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 53,335 24,515 28,820 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 25,185 11,520 13,660 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 28,155 12,990 15,160 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 30,075 14,300 15,775 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,090 7,795 7,305 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 216,505 101,235 115,265 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 23,760 11,745 12,015 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 38,625 19,575 19,050 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 45,510 20,400 25,110 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 90,080 41,305 48,780 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 18,530 8,210 10,315 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 216,505 101,235 115,270 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 32,755 14,265 18,490 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 990 445 545 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 1,270 485 780 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 1,710 790 920 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 1,375 635 735 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 6,320 2,615 3,710 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 2,985 1,280 1,710 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 1,290 540 755 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 820 365 455 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 1,260 495 765 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,245 3,695 4,545 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 6,490 2,920 3,575 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 55,430 26,405 29,030 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,610 780 830 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 800 385 420 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 2,270 1,010 1,265 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 3,885 1,645 2,245 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 910 475 430 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 825 425 405 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 810 360 445 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 5,410 2,800 2,610 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 1,890 925 960 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 4,170 1,855 2,305 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 1,965 995 970 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 2,400 1,135 1,265 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 2,860 1,230 1,635 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 870 410 465 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 1,770 840 930 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 15,765 7,910 7,860 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 7,210 3,215 3,995 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 30,340 13,940 16,400 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 1,025 485 545 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 3,420 1,785 1,630 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 2,215 1,020 1,195 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 1,065 540 525 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 1,230 570 660 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 1,260 575 685 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,405 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 850 435 415 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 15,375 7,035 8,345 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 97,170 46,205 50,965 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 2,400 1,215 1,180 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 2,655 1,380 1,275 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 17,405 7,575 9,830 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,015 1,510 1,505 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 10,495 5,275 5,220 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,395 2,190 2,210 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 3,540 1,885 1,650 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 730 175 550 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,690 750 945 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 10,995 5,745 5,250 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 3,830 1,915 1,915 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 8,865 3,345 5,520 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 2,330 1,105 1,230 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,125 1,595 1,530 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 835 365 470 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 5,600 2,570 3,035 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 15,275 7,625 7,650 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 805 425 385 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 30,075 14,295 15,780 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 4,060 1,830 2,225 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 135 75 65 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 190 80 110 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 130 65 60 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 1,290 550 740 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 115 65 50 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 245 100 145 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,135 570 570 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 120 35 85 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 695 290 400 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 2,565 1,255 1,315 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 285 155 130 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 155 75 90 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 45 25 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 20 25 880 400 480