Census Profile, 2016 Census
Kingston, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kingston, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Kingston, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Kingston, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 123,798 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 123,363 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.4 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 59,977 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 53,518 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 274.4 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 451.19 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 123,800 59,580 64,215 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 18,110 9,290 8,815 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 5,870 3,040 2,835 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 6,255 3,160 3,100 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 5,980 3,100 2,880 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 81,680 39,880 41,800 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 6,855 3,445 3,410 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 9,495 4,640 4,855 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 9,155 4,595 4,560 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 8,240 4,130 4,110 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 7,435 3,735 3,700 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 6,790 3,360 3,425 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 7,650 3,690 3,960 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 9,320 4,535 4,780 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 8,830 4,075 4,755 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 7,910 3,670 4,240 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 24,015 10,410 13,600 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 7,255 3,285 3,965 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 5,545 2,545 3,000 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 4,185 1,865 2,315 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 3,395 1,430 1,960 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 3,635 1,280 2,360 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 2,255 875 1,375 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,075 320 750 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 280 75 210 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 30 5 25 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.6 15.6 13.7 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 66.0 66.9 65.1 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 19.4 17.5 21.2 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.9 2.1 3.7 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 42.3 40.9 43.5 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 41.9 39.9 43.9 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 53,520 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 26,530 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 8,570 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 18,235 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 4,060 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 3,675 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,000 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 8,385 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 110 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 185 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 53,515 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 17,195 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 19,405 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 7,690 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 6,195 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,040 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 120,220 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 105,695 50,290 55,400 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 57,265 28,805 28,460 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 45,640 23,035 22,605 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 11,625 5,765 5,855 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 48,430 21,485 26,940 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 30,275 15,650 14,630 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 3,530 1,540 1,990 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 7,735 2,845 4,895 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 6,885 1,455 5,430 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 33,865 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 19,075 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 6,955 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 5,685 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,145 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 33,865 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 27,710 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 21,905 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,810 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,145 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 4,860 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 1,285 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 27,715 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 15,170 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 12,540 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 5,255 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 5,255 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 2,030 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,145 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 3,900 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 1,705 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 540 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 27,135 11,935 15,200 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 53,520 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 32,535 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 14,615 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 17,920 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 655 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 20,325 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 17,195 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,130 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 120,865 57,720 63,140 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 103,890 50,135 53,755 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 265 105 155 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 16,065 7,215 8,845 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 640 260 380 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 120,865 57,720 63,140 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 115,465 55,170 60,300 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 4,245 2,065 2,185 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 540 250 290 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 610 240 365 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 4,515 2,185 2,330 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.7 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 120,865 57,720 63,140 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 119,125 56,920 62,205 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 106,660 51,090 55,575 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 102,470 49,050 53,420 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 4,195 2,035 2,155 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 12,465 5,830 6,630 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 30 10 20 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 5 10 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 5 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 5 5 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 5 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 12,435 5,820 6,610 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 900 465 435 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 5 5 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 5 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 15 10 5 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 0 0 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 15 10 10 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 875 450 420 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 10 5 5 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 820 430 395 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 25 10 15 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 10 5 5 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 10 5 10 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 220 105 115 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 60 30 30 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 160 70 85 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 485 155 335 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 25 5 15 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 40 10 30 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 25 5 15 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 5 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 380 125 255 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 5 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 45 20 25 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 35 15 20 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 220 115 105 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 15 5 5 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 80 40 40 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 100 55 45 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 30 15 15 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 5 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 7,765 3,675 4,090 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 25 10 15 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 25 10 10 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 1,135 505 630 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 40 15 20 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 20 5 10 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 20 10 10 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 1,100 490 610 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 5 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 10 5 5 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 25 10 15 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 40 15 25 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 105 45 60 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 20 10 10 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 400 175 225 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 240 110 135 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 65 30 35 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 45 25 20 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 120 55 70 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 20 5 20 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 450 210 240
Welsh 15 5 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 1,545 650 895 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 30 15 15 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 70 35 40 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 590 265 325 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 25 10 10 1,240 630 620
German 770 305 465 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 5 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 5 0 5 940 405 540
Swedish 30 10 20 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 10 0 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 170 80 85
Greek 330 160 165 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 1,660 875 780 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 1,195 635 555 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 195 100 90 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 160 80 80 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 200 115 85 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 5 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 10 5 10 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 25 10 10 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 35 20 20 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 185 105 85 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 15 5 5 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 15 20 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 325 180 150 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 450 235 210 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 10 5 5 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 20 10 10 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 420 220 200 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 3,020 1,450 1,570 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 10 5 0 285 150 135
Italian 560 280 280 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 1,530 750 780 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 90 35 55 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 825 380 445 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 420 200 215
Japanese 100 30 70 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 1,200 635 565
Georgian 5 5 5 1,200 635 565
Korean 400 170 230 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 120 65 55 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 20 10 10 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 5 5 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 0 5 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 5 0 5 600 275 325
Ganda 5 0 0 760 360 400
Igbo 10 5 0 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 1,330 545 785
Shona 10 5 0 1,455 660 790
Swahili 20 5 15 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 10 10 5 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 5 1,610 810 800
Dinka 5 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 35 15 15 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 25 15 10 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,800 850 955 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 1,775 830 940 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 435 210 225 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 10 10 0 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 1,170 545 625 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 20 20 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 5 10 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 95 40 55 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 15 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 5 5 0 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 20 10 10 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 5 5 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 25 5 20 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 5 0 5 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 20 5 15 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 80 50 35 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 75 45 30 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 205 85 120 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 30 5 20 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 45 10 30 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 135 70 70 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 1,735 800 940 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 610 275 335 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 975 455 520 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 90 40 45 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 60 25 35 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 120,865 57,725 63,140 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 118,205 56,500 61,700 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 113,255 54,180 59,075 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 111,160 53,155 58,010 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 2,095 1,025 1,065 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 4,950 2,320 2,625 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,940 2,315 2,625 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 450 220 235 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 0 0 0 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 455 220 235 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 0 0 0 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 445 215 230 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 5 0 5 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 0 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 0 0 0 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 115 45 65 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 90 40 55 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 160 65 95 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 5 5 5 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 5 0 0 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 5 0 5 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 140 55 85 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 10 0 10 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 10 0 10 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 70 35 35 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 5 5 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 25 10 10 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 25 15 15 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 15 5 5 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 2,680 1,260 1,415 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 5 0 0 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 10 5 5 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 335 155 180 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 5 0 5 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 0 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 0 0 5 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 325 150 180 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 5 0 0 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 10 5 5 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 0 0 0 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 30 10 15 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 110 50 65 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 120 55 60 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 20 10 10 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 10 0 5 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 20 15 10 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 150 65 85 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 20 5 10 755 365 390
Danish 5 5 5 280 135 150
Dutch 50 20 25 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 70 30 40 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 5 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 135 70 70 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 830 410 415 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 555 275 290 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 115 60 60 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 65 30 40 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 80 45 40 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 5 0 0 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 20 10 10 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90 45 45 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 5 0 5 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 5 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 155 70 85 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 265 140 125 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 10 5 5 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 10 5 5 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 245 125 120 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 1,215 560 655 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 5 5 0 135 60 75
Italian 140 55 80 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 660 310 350 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 25 15 15 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 385 175 210 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 110 50 60
Japanese 40 15 25 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 5 5 775 420 355
Korean 245 115 135 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 25 10 15 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 5 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 5 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 0 5 0 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 0 0 0 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 35 25 15 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 15 5 5 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,030 490 540 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 1,025 485 540 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 210 95 115 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 0 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 755 365 390 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 5 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 15 25 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 5 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 5 0 5 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 5 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 5 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 0 5 0 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 5 0 5 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 30 15 20 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 35 15 20 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 25 15 15 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 5 5 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 25 10 10 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 2,660 1,220 1,435 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 460 225 235 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 2,075 950 1,125 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 30 10 20 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 95 35 55 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 120,865 57,720 63,140 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 110,005 52,675 57,330 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 3,335 1,605 1,725 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 2,720 1,205 1,515 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 4,545 2,115 2,440 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 40 20 20 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 4,505 2,095 2,415 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 80 35 45 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 55 30 25 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 125 55 70 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 102,125 48,215 53,905 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 98,580 46,470 52,110 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,034 40,493 31,058 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 98,615 46,475 52,145 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,772 36,313 28,319 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,700 42,225 46,480 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,150 39,596 27,765 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 73,155 32,145 41,010 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,089 4,549 6,801 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 71,430 35,460 35,975 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,869 34,798 27,712 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 102,120 48,255 53,865 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 98,510 46,480 52,020 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,611 53,335 40,603 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 98,530 46,485 52,045 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,112 44,096 34,660 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 88,740 42,185 46,550 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,281 53,263 38,046 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 73,295 32,145 41,155 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,822 7,220 8,293 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 71,430 35,480 35,955 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,719 47,441 36,072 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 102,125 48,260 53,865 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 32,700 17,445 15,250 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,952 59,730 49,588 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,674 68,528 55,977 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.3 90.4 83.9 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 65.0 67.3 62.3 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.7 9.6 16.1 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 102,125 48,220 53,905 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 3,540 1,745 1,800 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 98,580 46,475 52,110 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.5 96.4 96.7 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,695 5,710 6,990 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 17,215 6,935 10,275 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 13,510 5,425 8,090 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 11,270 4,910 6,360 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 9,975 4,530 5,440 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 7,890 3,805 4,085 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 6,590 3,665 2,920 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 4,875 2,760 2,110 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 3,920 2,205 1,720 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 2,895 1,600 1,290 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 7,750 4,925 2,820 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 5,355 3,275 2,085 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 2,390 1,655 740 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 102,125 48,215 53,905 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 3,505 1,745 1,765 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 98,615 46,470 52,140 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.6 96.4 96.7 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,265 5,820 7,445 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 18,025 7,260 10,765 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 15,545 6,375 9,165 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 13,330 5,945 7,395 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 11,275 5,255 6,025 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 8,595 4,720 3,875 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 6,225 3,600 2,630 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 4,400 2,425 1,975 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 7,950 5,075 2,875 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 2,700 1,565 1,135 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,475 935 535 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 3,775 2,575 1,205 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 102,125 48,220 53,905 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 30,695 12,760 17,935 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 71,435 35,460 35,970 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 69.9 73.5 66.7 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 11,720 5,695 6,030 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 6,225 2,785 3,445 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 9,545 4,245 5,305 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 7,550 3,445 4,105 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 6,775 3,120 3,655 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 6,395 2,955 3,440 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 5,150 2,500 2,650 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 4,590 2,620 1,970 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 3,385 1,970 1,415 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 10,100 6,135 3,960 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 2,895 1,605 1,290 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 2,220 1,195 1,025 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 4,990 3,340 1,650 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 53,515 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 67,485 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,541 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 17,195 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,271 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,848 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 36,325 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,914 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,100 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 53,520 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,792 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,005 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 17,170 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,221 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,708 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 36,350 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,537 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,786 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 53,520 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 805 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 850 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,830 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,125 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,385 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,275 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,305 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,340 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,255 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,265 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,335 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,995 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,575 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,285 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,860 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 16,025 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,465 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,675 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,960 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,920 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 53,520 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 855 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 865 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,850 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,235 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,650 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,510 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,745 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,710 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,780 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,705 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,070 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,575 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,960 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,465 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,885 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,655 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,990 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,010 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,655 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 33,735 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,678 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,268 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 14,320 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,758 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,789 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 12,665 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,558 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,863 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,815 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,562 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,718 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 33,825 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,790 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,295 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 14,360 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,639 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,124 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 12,635 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,731 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,977 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,820 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,495 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,801 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 24,825 10,990 13,835 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,636 29,029 30,059 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,500 26,935 27,970 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 24,530 10,850 13,685 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,307 42,534 40,335 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,349 36,176 34,694 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 120,220 57,505 62,715 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 58,775 27,285 31,490 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 13,785 6,485 7,300 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 11,545 5,115 6,430 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 10,915 5,025 5,885 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 11,120 5,225 5,895 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 11,405 5,430 5,975 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 61,445 30,220 31,225 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 11,880 5,700 6,175 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 12,105 5,905 6,200 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 13,060 6,480 6,575 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 12,930 6,395 6,535 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 11,475 5,730 5,745 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 120,220 57,500 62,715 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 21,875 11,235 10,640 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 7,085 3,665 3,415 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 76,265 36,545 39,720 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 22,075 9,725 12,350 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 17,820 8,045 9,780 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 3,820 1,945 1,865 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,430 725 700 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 11,910 5,400 6,505 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 2,100 700 1,405 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.8 14.0 15.6 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 17.5 17.3 17.5 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 20.2 19.8 20.5 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 15.6 14.8 16.4 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 9.5 7.2 11.4 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 11,470 5,455 6,010 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 1,920 955 965 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 735 350 385 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 9,105 4,315 4,790 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 445 190 260 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.5 9.5 9.6 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 8.8 8.5 9.1 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.4 9.5 11.3 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 11.9 11.8 12.1 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 2.0 2.0 2.1 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 120,215 57,505 62,715 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 119,570 57,220 62,345 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 119,300 57,075 62,225 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 16,250 7,400 8,845 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 17,065 7,985 9,075 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 75 15 55 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 55 15 45 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 0 25 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 15 0 10 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 0 10 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 10 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 0 15 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 20 0 15 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 10 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 10 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 0 15 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,000 7,970 9,025 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,310 700 615 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 20 20 0 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 15 15 0 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 1,300 685 610 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 20 10 10 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 1,155 610 545 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 105 60 40 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 15 10 10 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 15 10 10 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 295 140 155 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 25 40 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 235 110 120 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 590 175 410 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 10 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 20 10 0 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 10 0 0 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 35 0 25 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 70 35 35 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 515 135 375 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 45 20 20 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 10 0 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 15 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 315 170 140 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 15 10 10 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 80 35 45 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 180 100 80 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 50 30 15 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 11,205 5,295 5,915 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 55 25 30 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 45 20 20 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 1,425 645 780 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 45 10 35 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 25 0 20 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 25 10 10 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 1,385 640 750 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 10 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 10 0 10 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 10 10 15 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 50 30 20 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 165 75 90 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 15 0 0 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 520 225 300 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 385 185 195 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 100 40 60 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 35 10 25 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 75 40 35 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 0 10 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 160 75 85 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 55 35 25 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 20 15 10 1,480 720 765
Welsh 20 10 10 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 2,500 1,095 1,405 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 45 25 25 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 80 30 50 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 725 300 425 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 20 10 10 1,655 820 835
German 1,660 750 910 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 10 10 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 15 10 10 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 55 30 30 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 10 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 0 10 10 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 440 225 210 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 2,120 1,135 985 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 1,625 870 760 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 245 140 105 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 255 135 120 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 725 380 345 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 10 10 0 600 300 300
Konkani 15 10 10 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 30 0 20 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 25 10 15 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 345 185 160 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 40 25 20 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 60 30 30 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 515 285 230 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 530 280 250 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 25 15 10 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 45 15 30 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 475 255 220 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 4,985 2,325 2,655 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 15 10 10 515 275 240
Italian 1,000 485 515 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 1,955 970 980 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 85 40 45 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 2,175 920 1,250 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 170 80 90 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 10 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 495 235 260 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 250 115 130 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 75 30 50 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 10 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 15 10 15 1,340 645 695
Ganda 10 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 10 10 10 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 0 0 0 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 10 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 0 0 0 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 60 35 25 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 10 10 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 45 15 25 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 225 85 140 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 170 55 115 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,130 1,010 1,115 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 2,100 985 1,110 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 620 280 340 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 10 0 10 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 1,460 690 775 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 85 40 45 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 20 30 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 150 65 85 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 20 10 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 15 10 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 20 15 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 40 10 25 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 0 0 0 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 40 15 25 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 160 85 70 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 10 10 10 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 155 80 70 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 220 90 130 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 30 0 25 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 85 35 45 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 105 45 60 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 120,215 57,505 62,715 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 115,215 55,095 60,120 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 21,350 10,915 10,440 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 93,865 44,180 49,680 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 5,000 2,405 2,595 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 120,215 57,500 62,715 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 102,740 49,245 53,500 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 15,840 7,405 8,435 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 7,410 3,420 3,990 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 1,720 825 895 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 2,065 990 1,075 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 3,010 1,400 1,605 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 1,435 680 760 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 1,570 720 850 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,630 770 860 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,640 860 780 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 15,840 7,405 8,430 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 1,910 910 1,000 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 3,215 1,600 1,615 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 3,545 1,500 2,045 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 6,200 2,950 3,255 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 965 455 510 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 15,840 7,405 8,435 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 2,390 1,040 1,355 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 105 45 60 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 70 15 50 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 175 85 90 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 85 25 55 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 25 0 20 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 175 90 85 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 100 40 60 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 35 0 30 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 95 45 50 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,205 510 695 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 330 170 160 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 7,540 3,530 4,010 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35 15 25 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 30 20 10 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 115 60 60 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 610 225 385 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 175 110 65 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 70 45 25 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 100 55 40 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 430 220 210 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 640 290 350 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 285 135 150 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 1,190 595 595 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 70 40 40 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 105 25 80 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 70 35 35 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 100 45 50 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,895 1,355 1,545 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 620 265 355 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 1,065 530 535 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 35 15 20 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 260 145 115 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 20 15 10 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 65 30 35 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 55 25 40 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 60 30 30 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 10 10 10 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 120 60 60 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 435 205 230 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 4,705 2,230 2,480 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 30 15 20 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 115 70 45 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 950 415 535 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 120 50 70 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 725 355 365 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 300 170 130 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 90 55 35 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 75 20 55 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 350 170 175 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 75 50 25 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 365 185 180 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 515 165 350 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 145 75 70 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 45 25 20 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 70 30 35 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 160 70 85 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 600 300 300 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 135 80 60 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,630 770 860 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 265 135 125 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 55 30 25 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 0 0 10 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 10 10 0 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 0 0 0 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 10 0 10 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 30 20 10 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 105 55 50 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 45 30 20 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 200 90 115 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 10 0 0 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 15 10 10 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 0 10 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 880 400 480
Romania 0 0 0