Census Profile, 2016 Census
Pickering, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Pickering, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Pickering, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Pickering, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 91,771 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 88,721 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.4 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 31,630 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 30,919 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 396.3 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 231.55 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 91,775 44,540 47,230 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 14,915 7,575 7,335 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 4,545 2,305 2,245 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 4,910 2,495 2,415 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 5,460 2,775 2,685 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 63,410 30,830 32,585 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 6,290 3,300 2,990 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 6,665 3,480 3,185 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 5,510 2,835 2,675 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 5,435 2,615 2,815 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 5,390 2,530 2,855 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 5,700 2,670 3,030 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 6,665 3,090 3,575 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 8,175 3,840 4,330 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 7,485 3,565 3,925 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 6,100 2,890 3,205 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 13,445 6,135 7,310 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 4,815 2,360 2,460 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 3,175 1,530 1,645 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 2,180 995 1,185 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 1,665 695 965 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 1,605 560 1,045 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,035 400 635 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 445 135 305 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 115 25 90 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 20 5 15 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 17.0 15.5 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 69.1 69.2 69.0 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 14.6 13.8 15.5 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.7 1.3 2.2 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.4 39.4 41.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 41.6 39.9 43.0 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 30,920 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 18,780 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,630 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 9,485 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,345 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 4,295 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,770 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,065 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 20 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 30,920 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 5,155 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 8,970 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 6,085 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 6,520 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,190 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 90,995 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.9 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 76,855 36,965 39,895 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 44,440 22,180 22,255 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 39,770 19,845 19,925 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 4,670 2,335 2,335 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 32,415 14,785 17,630 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 22,605 11,915 10,690 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 1,925 725 1,200 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 3,970 1,350 2,620 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 3,915 790 3,125 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 26,655 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 10,875 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 6,605 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 6,600 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,565 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 26,650 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 21,790 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 19,450 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,335 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,865 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 3,920 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 950 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 21,785 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 8,060 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 13,730 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 5,100 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 6,180 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,445 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,870 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 2,815 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,505 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 545 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 9,460 3,940 5,525 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 30,920 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 23,625 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 7,000 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,630 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,465 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 5,830 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 5,150 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 675 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 91,100 44,295 46,805 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 83,475 41,255 42,220 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 60 25 35 1,110 530 580
English and French 6,625 2,675 3,950 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 940 340 600 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 91,100 44,295 46,805 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 88,585 43,280 45,300 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,165 490 675 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 440 195 240 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 910 325 585 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,385 590 795 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.3 1.7 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 91,100 44,295 46,805 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 88,450 42,960 45,485 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 68,445 33,420 35,025 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 67,335 32,955 34,380 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,115 465 645 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 20,005 9,540 10,460 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,000 9,535 10,460 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,260 655 605 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 55 30 25 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 5 0 165 95 75
Somali 50 25 25 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 1,200 625 575 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 60 30 25 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,075 560 510 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 440 240 195
Harari 5 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 10 5 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 30 15 15 80 40 40
Tigrigna 15 5 10 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 115 50 65 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 110 45 65 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 1,770 705 1,065 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 0 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 55 20 30 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 15 0 10 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 50 20 30 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 50 20 30 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,565 625 945 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 85 40 50 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 55 30 25 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 1,715 845 875 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 15 5 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 180 85 90 1,750 905 845
Tamil 1,470 725 750 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 45 25 20 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 12,830 6,250 6,580 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 60 25 35 1,090 560 530
Armenian 160 85 80 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 1,720 805 920 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 55 20 30 645 280 370
Latvian 40 15 25 320 145 175
Lithuanian 10 5 10 325 130 200
Slavic languages 1,665 780 890 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 20 10 15 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 50 20 25 1,725 805 915
Croatian 80 45 35 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 80 35 40 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 490 230 265 250 120 135
Polish 530 240 290 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 160 75 85 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 55 25 25 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 15 5 10 1,145 545 600
Slovak 40 20 20 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 50 25 25 545 250 290
Ukrainian 95 45 50 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 10 5 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 970 440 530 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 15 10 10 1,435 730 705
Danish 35 20 15 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 185 100 90 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 0 5 0 80 30 50
German 705 310 400 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 0 5 5 835 410 430
Swedish 10 5 10 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 675 345 330 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 6,070 3,005 3,070 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 4,695 2,305 2,390 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 410 190 215 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 740 370 370 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 420 210 210 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 25 10 15 225 110 110
Marathi 30 15 15 535 280 255
Nepali 20 5 15 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 600 295 300 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 120 65 55 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 55 65 1,455 730 725
Urdu 2,225 1,090 1,135 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 1,370 695 675 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 15 5 5 1,650 875 780
Pashto 155 80 75 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 1,200 605 595 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 3,160 1,550 1,610 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 1,210 630 580 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 515 245 270 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 430 205 230 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,000 470 535 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 60 40 25
Japanese 50 20 30 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 185 85 95 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 175 80 100 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 20 5 10 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 10 5 5 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 5 35 15 15
Ganda 5 0 5 65 35 30
Igbo 15 5 5 160 90 65
Lingala 5 5 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 5 105 45 55
Shona 15 5 10 150 70 85
Swahili 35 15 20 585 285 295
Wolof 5 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 40 20 20 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 20 10 10 620 330 295
American Sign Language 5 0 5 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,390 620 775 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 1,370 615 760 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 645 300 340 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 35 20 25 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 600 260 345 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 20 25 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 15 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 15 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 15 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 5 0 5 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 15 5 10 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 5 0 0 800 405 400
Thai 10 0 10 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 45 15 30 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 35 10 20 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 345 165 185 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 45 20 25 455 195 260
Finnish 60 35 30 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 235 110 125 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 2,650 1,330 1,315 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 275 125 150 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 2,245 1,155 1,090 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 70 25 45 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 55 30 25 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 91,100 44,295 46,805 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 85,695 41,680 44,010 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 77,215 37,630 39,580 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 76,790 37,430 39,355 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 420 195 225 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 8,480 4,050 4,430 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,480 4,050 4,430 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 505 240 265 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 10 5 10 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 10 5 5 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 495 235 260 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 25 10 10 535 250 290
Arabic 450 215 230 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 5 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 5 785 400 385
Maltese 5 5 5 5 5 0
Tigrigna 5 0 5 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 50 20 25 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 50 25 25 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 560 250 310 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 5 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 15 10 5 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 10 5 5 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 15 5 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 505 225 285 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 35 20 20 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 10 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 965 465 495 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 75 30 45 885 450 435
Tamil 865 415 440 1,935 965 965
Telugu 20 10 5 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 5,240 2,515 2,725 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 35 15 20 530 255 270
Armenian 60 30 30 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 615 305 315 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 10 0 0 160 75 90
Latvian 10 5 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 610 300 310 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 5 0 5 540 270 270
Bulgarian 25 10 15 925 425 495
Croatian 15 10 10 1,795 840 955
Czech 35 15 15 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 170 85 90 120 60 60
Polish 220 110 100 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 90 35 50 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 15 10 5 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 20 10 15 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 15 10 5 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 75 25 50 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 10 0 5 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 15 5 10 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 50 15 35 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 175 90 90 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 3,235 1,555 1,680 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 2,480 1,180 1,300 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 205 95 110 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 380 185 195 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 170 85 90 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 15 10 10 245 125 120
Nepali 10 5 5 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 280 135 150 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 30 15 15 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 20 25 595 290 305
Urdu 1,345 635 710 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 755 375 385 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 5 5 5 1,025 515 505
Pashto 105 55 50 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 645 315 330 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,035 495 540 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 250 115 140 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 140 65 80 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 215 95 120 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 430 220 205 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 5 5 5 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 80 40 45 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 45 20 25 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 0 5 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 10 5 5 155 60 90
Wolof 5 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 15 5 10 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 30 15 15 830 460 370
American Sign Language 5 5 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 825 405 425 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 825 400 425 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 365 185 185 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 15 0 5 670 280 390
Mandarin 420 205 215 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 5 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 5 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 5 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 0 0 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 30 10 15 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 20 5 10 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 5 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 95 45 50 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 5 5 75 30 45
Finnish 10 5 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 75 40 40 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 5,405 2,615 2,790 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 220 100 125 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 5,060 2,460 2,595 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 30 15 15 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 100 45 55 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 91,095 44,295 46,805 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 78,330 38,315 40,015 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 4,200 2,060 2,135 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 985 380 610 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 7,420 3,465 3,955 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 0 0 0 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 7,415 3,465 3,950 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 35 15 20 965 435 530
English and non-official language 45 15 25 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 85 40 45 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 76,110 36,705 39,410 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,150 34,695 37,460 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,466 43,783 34,046 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,175 34,695 37,480 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,500 38,681 30,994 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,940 32,260 33,680 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,490 43,372 32,408 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 49,545 21,665 27,880 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,953 1,379 4,135 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 56,195 28,205 27,990 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,511 44,082 35,924 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 76,110 36,705 39,410 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,125 34,625 37,505 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,188 59,577 43,444 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,150 34,620 37,525 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,519 47,181 36,295 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,865 32,135 33,730 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,986 60,127 42,277 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 49,265 21,460 27,800 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,776 6,075 7,317 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 56,195 28,155 28,040 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,172 58,738 43,574 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 76,110 36,700 39,405 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 28,215 15,155 13,065 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 61,796 66,815 57,580 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 72,771 80,162 64,197 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.0 93.7 87.6 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.0 80.4 75.0 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.0 6.3 12.4 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 76,110 36,700 39,410 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 3,955 2,010 1,950 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 72,155 34,690 37,460 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 94.8 94.5 95.1 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,270 5,100 6,170 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 10,850 4,620 6,225 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 8,225 3,480 4,745 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 6,800 2,990 3,810 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 6,760 2,965 3,795 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 5,875 2,745 3,130 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 4,845 2,405 2,435 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 4,015 2,130 1,895 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 3,190 1,780 1,405 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 2,620 1,435 1,190 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 7,705 5,040 2,665 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 5,180 3,210 1,975 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 2,520 1,830 690 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 76,110 36,700 39,410 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 3,930 2,005 1,925 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 72,175 34,695 37,485 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 94.8 94.5 95.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,560 5,165 6,395 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 11,320 4,850 6,465 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 9,520 4,090 5,435 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 8,450 3,745 4,705 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 8,225 3,765 4,455 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 6,580 3,240 3,340 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 5,030 2,740 2,285 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 3,855 2,130 1,725 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 7,645 4,960 2,680 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 2,555 1,490 1,065 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,495 935 560 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 3,590 2,535 1,060 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 76,110 36,700 39,410 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 19,910 8,495 11,420 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 56,195 28,205 27,990 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 73.8 76.9 71.0 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,510 3,690 3,820 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 4,235 1,955 2,275 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 6,800 3,220 3,580 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 5,050 2,270 2,785 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 4,755 2,105 2,650 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 4,855 2,085 2,770 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 4,530 2,145 2,385 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 3,875 1,940 1,935 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 3,200 1,695 1,500 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 11,390 7,100 4,285 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 2,655 1,510 1,145 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 2,360 1,260 1,095 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 6,375 4,335 2,040 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 30,920 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 99,701 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 85,572 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 5,155 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,918 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,573 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 25,770 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,881 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,545 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 30,915 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 119,411 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 96,886 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 5,155 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 61,617 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,523 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 25,765 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 130,969 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,358 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 30,920 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 275 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 205 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 280 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 465 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 645 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 680 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 775 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 850 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 955 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 870 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,785 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,940 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,955 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,950 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,875 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,405 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,215 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,280 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,220 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,685 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 30,920 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 305 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 205 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 290 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 485 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 735 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 760 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 890 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,060 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,100 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,150 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,290 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,525 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,430 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,290 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,205 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,200 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,475 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,045 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,680 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 25,410 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,107 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,819 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 6,750 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,437 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,291 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 13,750 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,499 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,568 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,175 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,200 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,524 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 25,375 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 130,445 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,825 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,780 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 112,289 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,647 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 13,710 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,969 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,546 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,185 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 80,967 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,557 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 6,880 3,045 3,830 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 42,589 46,037 40,493 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,749 39,851 36,064 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 6,880 2,950 3,930 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 55,521 61,353 51,140 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 45,098 48,570 42,490 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 90,995 44,260 46,740 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 32,735 15,400 17,335 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 4,895 2,345 2,550 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 5,960 2,770 3,195 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 6,485 2,985 3,505 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 7,625 3,580 4,045 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 7,770 3,730 4,040 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 58,260 28,855 29,405 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 9,100 4,410 4,690 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 10,285 5,035 5,255 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 11,795 5,830 5,965 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 13,510 6,735 6,780 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 13,565 6,845 6,720 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 90,995 44,255 46,735 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 18,540 9,460 9,080 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 5,475 2,785 2,690 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 59,650 28,850 30,800 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 12,805 5,945 6,860 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 7,680 3,600 4,080 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 2,310 1,195 1,120 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 665 345 320 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 4,475 2,070 2,405 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 890 335 555 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.4 8.1 8.7 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 12.5 12.6 12.3 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 12.1 12.4 11.9 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 7.5 7.2 7.8 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 7.0 5.6 8.1 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 5,780 2,750 3,025 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 1,670 855 810 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 460 230 225 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 3,565 1,680 1,890 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 540 210 330 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.4 6.2 6.5 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 9.0 9.0 8.9 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 8.4 8.3 8.4 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 6.0 5.8 6.1 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 4.2 3.5 4.8 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 90,995 44,260 46,740 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 90,055 43,895 46,160 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 89,960 43,835 46,120 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 6,700 2,690 4,015 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 26,295 12,675 13,615 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 0 0 10 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 0 0 10 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 26,295 12,675 13,615 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,820 945 880 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 55 35 20 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 10 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 50 30 20 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,775 915 860 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 95 35 55 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,610 845 770 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 10 55 35 20
Hebrew 60 35 30 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 35 20 15 165 90 80
Tigrigna 20 0 15 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 210 80 135 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 210 75 130 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,195 835 1,360 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 40 15 20 495 205 285
Cebuano 55 20 35 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 15 10 10 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 75 40 40 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 85 40 45 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 15 10 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,070 770 1,295 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 0 20 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 305 145 160 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 20 15 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 175 85 90 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 50 65 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 2,090 1,040 1,050 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 10 10 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 190 100 90 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 1,840 920 925 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 80 35 45 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 17,395 8,625 8,770 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 40 25 20 1,135 580 555
Armenian 175 70 100 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 2,035 970 1,070 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 55 20 35 635 310 325
Latvian 55 20 30 310 175 140
Lithuanian 0 0 10 325 135 185
Slavic languages 1,980 950 1,030 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 15 10 10 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 70 35 30 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 155 85 70 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 100 50 50 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 735 365 370 345 180 160
Polish 565 245 325 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 190 80 110 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 85 40 45 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 0 1,240 595 645
Slovak 40 15 25 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 70 35 40 725 330 400
Ukrainian 125 65 60 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 25 20 10 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,400 670 725 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 75 30 45 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 30 10 20 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 345 180 165 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 0 120 55 65
German 935 470 470 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 10 0 10 1,405 730 680
Swedish 45 10 35 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 1,105 560 545 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 8,550 4,355 4,190 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 6,985 3,605 3,380 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 420 190 230 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 1,320 700 620 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 1,985 1,050 935 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 15 10 10 45 25 20
Konkani 125 55 65 375 185 190
Marathi 85 45 40 1,275 650 625
Nepali 25 10 10 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,445 700 745 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 230 120 110 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 430 225 205 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 3,220 1,705 1,515 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,730 845 890 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 40 25 15 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 210 130 80 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 1,575 755 825 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 4,395 2,140 2,250 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 1,735 895 835 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 655 305 355 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 520 245 275 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 1,625 765 855 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 220 130 85
Japanese 105 40 60 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 220 100 125 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 335 180 155 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 45 20 25 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 15 0 10 115 65 55
Ewe 10 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 15 45 10 35
Ga 10 10 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 15 10 0 240 140 95
Lingala 30 15 15 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 10 10 10 265 125 140
Swahili 85 55 40 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 15 10 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 85 40 45 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 160 55 100 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 75 25 50 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 35 60 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,725 825 905 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 1,705 820 885 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 910 450 460 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 30 20 10 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 845 395 455 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 20 25 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 0 20 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 15 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 10 20 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 10 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 20 0 15 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 10 10 10 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 0 0 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 10 10 10 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 45 10 45 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 20 0 15 835 455 385
Turkish 25 0 25 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 410 200 210 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 65 20 45 495 205 295
Finnish 40 30 10 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 300 145 155 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 90,995 44,255 46,740 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 86,615 42,300 44,315 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,200 9,405 8,795 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 68,410 32,895 35,515 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 4,380 1,955 2,425 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 90,995 44,260 46,735 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 59,410 29,640 29,765 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 31,155 14,435 16,725 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 11,455 5,280 6,175 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 4,850 2,265 2,580 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 6,775 3,140 3,640 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 6,155 2,915 3,240 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 3,475 1,670 1,810 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 2,675 1,245 1,435 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,930 840 1,090 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 430 185 245 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 31,160 14,435 16,725 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 3,330 1,630 1,710 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 6,350 3,040 3,305 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 7,955 3,470 4,485 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 11,405 5,430 5,970 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 2,120 865 1,255 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 31,155 14,435 16,725 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 8,970 3,900 5,065 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 45 20 30 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 120 65 55 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 130 80 50 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 2,215 960 1,255 920 415 500
Haiti 60 35 30 265 110 160
Jamaica 2,700 1,130 1,570 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 80 20 55 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 80 40 45 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 1,510 660 845 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 635 280 355 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 1,395 615 780 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 7,650 3,605 4,045 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 45 15 30 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 70 35 35 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 50 10 35 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 555 290 265 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 490 245 245 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 180 75 100 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 195 90 100 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 700 375 320 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 165 70 95 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 415 185 225 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 345 150 190 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 415 180 240 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 60 15 50 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 55 35 20 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 60 25 35 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,980 1,385 1,590 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 860 415 445 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 1,720 860 855 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 0 10 430 270 150
Egypt 300 165 135 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 85 40 45 1,665 835 825
Kenya 175 90 90 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 25 15 10 730 385 340
Nigeria 150 90 60 1,205 630 575
Somalia 45 25 25 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 220 100 115 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 710 335 375 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 12,690 6,005 6,685 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 760 380 380 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 295 140 160 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 695 315 380 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 320 150 170 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 2,675 1,365 1,315 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 260 130 130 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 205 95 110 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 35 10 35 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 180 85 90 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 280 155 130 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 1,905 930 970 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,195 840 1,355 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 1,590 770 815 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 105 55 50 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 80 20 60 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 160 70 90 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 950 500 445 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 130 60 70 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,925 840 1,090 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 405 180 220 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 10 10 10 960 445 520
Colombia 0 10 0 465 220 240
Cuba 0 0 0 70 35 30
Haiti 10 0 15 15 0 10
Jamaica 120 65 60 160 115 45
Mexico 20 0 20 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 75 35 40 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 155 70 85 1,855 875 975
Europe 220 100 120 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 10 0 10 790 415 370
Germany 10 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 10 0 200 110 90
Romania 35 15 20