Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ajax, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ajax, T
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Ajax, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Ajax, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 119,677 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 109,600 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 9.2 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 38,105 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 37,549 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,786.4 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 67.00 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 119,675 57,865 61,815 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 23,660 12,035 11,625 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 7,225 3,675 3,550 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 8,280 4,220 4,060 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 8,155 4,140 4,010 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 82,890 39,980 42,905 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 8,535 4,365 4,170 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 8,505 4,345 4,160 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 7,295 3,545 3,750 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 7,805 3,645 4,155 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 8,470 3,825 4,645 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 8,570 4,030 4,540 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 8,920 4,210 4,710 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 9,940 4,755 5,190 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 8,640 4,250 4,395 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 6,210 3,015 3,195 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 13,135 5,845 7,290 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 4,940 2,340 2,600 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 3,195 1,505 1,690 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 2,170 930 1,240 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 1,560 650 915 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 1,265 420 850 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 860 305 555 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 335 95 240 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 60 15 40 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 15 0 10 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.8 20.8 18.8 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 69.3 69.1 69.4 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 11.0 10.1 11.8 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.1 0.7 1.4 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 37.3 36.4 38.1 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 37.4 36.3 38.3 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 37,545 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 24,695 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,135 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 10,715 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,135 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 5,660 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,395 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,520 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 37,550 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 5,380 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 9,225 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 7,500 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 8,775 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 6,670 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 119,180 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 3.2 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 96,020 45,825 50,190 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 56,040 27,950 28,090 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 50,495 25,175 25,320 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 5,540 2,770 2,775 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 39,980 17,875 22,100 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 28,780 14,640 14,135 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,655 985 1,670 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 4,670 1,515 3,155 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 3,875 740 3,135 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 33,855 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 12,115 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 8,490 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 9,160 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,090 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.2 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 33,855 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 27,420 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 24,645 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,775 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,440 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 5,220 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,220 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 27,415 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 8,580 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 18,840 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 6,455 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 8,525 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 3,860 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,440 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 3,540 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 2,035 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 865 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 11,165 4,565 6,600 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 37,550 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 29,120 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 6,935 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 22,185 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,290 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 6,145 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 5,375 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 765 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 119,215 57,700 61,510 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 108,185 53,225 54,960 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 110 45 65 1,110 530 580
English and French 9,115 3,780 5,335 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 1,800 640 1,160 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 119,210 57,695 61,510 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 115,130 56,055 59,075 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,685 740 940 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 640 285 360 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 1,760 620 1,140 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,000 880 1,120 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.5 1.8 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 119,210 57,695 61,515 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 114,690 55,555 59,135 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 84,535 41,135 43,400 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 83,025 40,480 42,545 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,515 660 855 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 30,155 14,415 15,740 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 0 0 5 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 30,150 14,415 15,735 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,825 950 875 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 80 30 45 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 20 5 10 165 95 75
Somali 60 25 35 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 1,750 915 835 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 90 40 45 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,510 780 730 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 20 15 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 55 35 20 25 10 15
Hebrew 5 10 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 35 20 10 80 40 40
Tigrigna 30 20 10 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 305 135 170 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 10 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 290 130 160 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 3,130 1,355 1,780 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 80 30 50 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 20 5 15 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 75 25 50 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 5 15 0 10
Malay 65 30 35 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 40 20 15 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,840 1,235 1,600 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 830 360 470
Creole languages 130 55 75 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 65 30 30 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 20 45 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 5,010 2,430 2,575 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 20 10 10 225 115 110
Malayalam 295 140 155 1,750 905 845
Tamil 4,530 2,190 2,340 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 155 80 75 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 16,590 8,030 8,565 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 55 30 35 1,090 560 530
Armenian 105 45 55 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 1,540 695 845 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 35 15 20 645 280 370
Latvian 25 10 15 320 145 175
Lithuanian 5 5 5 325 130 200
Slavic languages 1,505 680 825 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 5 0 0 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 25 15 15 1,725 805 915
Croatian 60 35 25 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 50 20 30 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 425 205 220 250 120 135
Polish 465 200 265 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 245 105 140 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 80 45 40 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 1,145 545 600
Slovak 35 10 20 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 545 250 290
Ukrainian 85 35 45 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 10 5 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 125 65 60
Welsh 5 5 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 770 335 435 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 10 5 5 1,435 730 705
Danish 20 10 15 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 160 80 80 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 5 5 80 30 50
German 540 225 315 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 0 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 10 10 5 835 410 430
Swedish 15 5 10 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 520 270 255 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 10,530 5,175 5,355 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 8,155 4,020 4,140 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 700 340 360 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 1,105 545 560 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 710 330 380 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 35 15 15 225 110 110
Marathi 50 20 25 535 280 255
Nepali 25 15 10 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,050 510 540 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 110 50 60 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 310 150 165 1,455 730 725
Urdu 4,055 2,040 2,015 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 2,355 1,145 1,205 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 15 10 10 1,650 875 780
Pashto 265 135 130 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 2,075 1,005 1,065 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 3,065 1,475 1,590 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 855 435 420 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 660 305 360 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 315 160 160 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,235 585 650 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 45 20 35 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 5 0 65 40 25
Korean 100 45 55 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 440 205 230 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 115 60 55 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 25 10 15 80 45 30
Ewe 10 0 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 20 10 5
Ga 10 5 5 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 20 15 10 160 90 65
Lingala 15 10 10 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 5 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 105 45 55
Shona 30 15 15 150 70 85
Swahili 60 30 30 585 285 295
Wolof 5 5 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 70 35 40 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 10 5 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 190 85 100
Sign languages 25 10 10 620 330 295
American Sign Language 10 0 5 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,175 1,010 1,165 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 2,165 1,005 1,155 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 945 430 515 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 60 30 40 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 1,040 490 545 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 35 30 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 15 20 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 10 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 5 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 10 5 5 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 15 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 5 5 0 800 405 400
Thai 15 5 15 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 70 40 35 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 55 35 25 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 10 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 5 0 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 250 110 150 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 30 10 20 455 195 260
Finnish 40 20 25 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 180 80 105 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 365 200 170
Multiple responses 4,520 2,145 2,375 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 390 195 200 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 3,840 1,835 2,005 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 130 55 75 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 155 60 95 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 119,210 57,700 61,515 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 109,620 53,075 56,550 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 94,645 45,905 48,740 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 93,925 45,575 48,350 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 720 330 395 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 14,975 7,165 7,810 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 14,975 7,165 7,810 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 830 400 430 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 15 5 10 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 15 5 5 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 815 390 420 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 35 15 20 535 250 290
Arabic 735 350 385 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 10 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 30 15 10 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 180 85 90 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 620 290 330
Vietnamese 175 85 90 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 1,085 495 590 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 20 5 15 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 5 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 20 5 15 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 10 5 10 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,015 470 545 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 50 25 30 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 40 15 20 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 3,240 1,535 1,705 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 5 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 140 70 75 885 450 435
Tamil 3,015 1,420 1,595 1,935 965 965
Telugu 75 40 35 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 7,840 3,765 4,075 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 25 10 15 530 255 270
Armenian 45 20 25 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 560 255 300 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 0 0 0 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 555 255 300 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 5 5 5 925 425 495
Croatian 15 5 5 1,795 840 955
Czech 10 5 5 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 160 75 85 120 60 60
Polish 175 80 90 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 130 55 75 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 15 5 10 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 15 10 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 20 5 15 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 5 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 5 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 55 25 30 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 0 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 5 0 10 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 45 20 25 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 125 65 65 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 5,995 2,905 3,090 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 4,610 2,240 2,370 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 420 195 220 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 585 285 295 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 385 190 195 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 10 5 5 40 15 15
Marathi 25 10 10 245 125 120
Nepali 10 5 5 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 550 260 290 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 40 15 25 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 55 60 595 290 305
Urdu 2,470 1,215 1,255 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 1,380 665 720 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 5 0 5 1,025 515 505
Pashto 150 70 85 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 1,225 595 635 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,025 475 550 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 140 65 80 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 165 80 85 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 160 75 85 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 560 260 300 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 25 5 15 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 45 25 20 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 125 60 70 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 45 25 25 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 5 0 35 20 15
Lingala 5 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 45 15 30
Shona 20 10 10 40 15 20
Swahili 15 5 10 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 25 10 15 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 5 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 40 25 20 830 460 370
American Sign Language 15 5 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 20 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,410 700 715 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 1,405 695 710 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 535 260 275 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 20 5 10 670 280 390
Mandarin 800 405 395 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 10 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 10 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 5 15 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 5 5 5 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 5 0 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 25 15 10 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 15 10 5 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 5 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 70 35 40 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 5 5 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 55 25 30 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 9,590 4,625 4,965 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 430 195 235 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 8,855 4,315 4,540 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 65 30 35 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 235 85 150 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 119,210 57,695 61,515 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 100,020 48,540 51,480 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 7,530 3,710 3,820 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,420 570 850 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 9,855 4,690 5,160 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 0 0 0 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 9,850 4,690 5,160 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 80 35 45 965 435 530
English and non-official language 170 85 90 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 135 65 75 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 95,540 45,660 49,880 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,785 42,805 46,980 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,107 42,541 31,159 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,805 42,815 46,995 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,770 37,773 28,648 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 80,695 39,555 41,135 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,501 43,362 30,568 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 62,780 26,390 36,395 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,484 972 3,849 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 71,065 35,640 35,430 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,101 44,760 34,298 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 95,540 45,660 49,880 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,590 42,635 46,955 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,180 54,995 40,084 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,605 42,645 46,965 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,008 44,211 34,285 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 80,715 39,525 41,195 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,558 55,979 39,480 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 62,665 26,165 36,500 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,194 5,060 7,007 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 71,065 35,545 35,520 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,437 55,719 41,150 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 95,540 45,660 49,880 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 36,115 19,530 16,590 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 58,649 64,293 53,451 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 67,529 74,223 59,648 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.6 94.0 86.4 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 81.1 83.9 77.5 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.4 6.0 13.6 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 95,545 45,665 49,880 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 5,760 2,850 2,900 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 89,785 42,810 46,980 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 94.0 93.7 94.2 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,075 6,655 8,420 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 14,145 5,760 8,385 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 10,435 4,300 6,130 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 8,475 3,705 4,770 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 8,560 3,870 4,695 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 7,435 3,510 3,920 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 6,090 3,095 3,000 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 4,795 2,665 2,135 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 3,785 2,140 1,650 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 3,095 1,745 1,350 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 7,905 5,375 2,530 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 5,825 3,820 2,010 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 2,075 1,555 525 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 95,540 45,660 49,880 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 5,735 2,850 2,890 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 89,805 42,810 46,995 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 94.0 93.8 94.2 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,320 6,720 8,600 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 14,825 6,070 8,760 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 11,960 5,020 6,940 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 10,530 4,685 5,850 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 10,555 4,955 5,595 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 8,085 4,115 3,975 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 6,115 3,425 2,685 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 4,565 2,575 1,985 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 7,845 5,245 2,600 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 3,025 1,835 1,190 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,635 1,075 560 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 3,185 2,335 850 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 95,540 45,660 49,880 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 24,475 10,020 14,450 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 71,065 35,635 35,430 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 74.4 78.0 71.0 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,620 4,075 4,545 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 5,550 2,465 3,090 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 8,815 3,965 4,850 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 6,810 3,060 3,750 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 6,350 2,825 3,530 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 6,750 3,055 3,695 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 5,915 2,875 3,045 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 5,085 2,635 2,445 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 4,190 2,385 1,810 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 12,980 8,310 4,670 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 3,355 1,930 1,420 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 2,830 1,600 1,230 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 6,795 4,775 2,020 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 37,550 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 96,949 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 83,633 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 5,380 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,407 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,259 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 32,170 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,803 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,591 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 37,545 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 112,569 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 93,092 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 5,390 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,565 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,338 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 32,160 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 122,121 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,094 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 37,550 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 250 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 245 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 365 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 590 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 780 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 800 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 910 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,050 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,040 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,140 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,330 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,605 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,370 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,530 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,480 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 18,055 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,425 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,170 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,835 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,630 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 37,550 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 275 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 245 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 370 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 635 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 865 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 915 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,035 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,250 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,285 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,500 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,060 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,010 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,145 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,130 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,775 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,050 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,680 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,600 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,770 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 31,765 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,678 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,710 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.5 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 6,645 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,145 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,597 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 18,855 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 121,667 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,005 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,415 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 71,076 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,412 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.9 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 31,695 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 121,425 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,451 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,590 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 107,847 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,140 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 18,800 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,622 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,606 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,430 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 81,358 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,151 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 7,555 3,415 4,145 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 41,133 47,187 36,915 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 36,400 40,713 33,335 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 7,555 3,380 4,180 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 50,002 57,299 44,104 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,205 45,813 37,481 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 119,175 57,680 61,495 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 48,285 22,655 25,630 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 6,900 3,240 3,660 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 9,080 4,175 4,905 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 9,775 4,525 5,245 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 10,810 5,095 5,710 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 11,720 5,615 6,110 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 70,890 35,025 35,870 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 13,130 6,390 6,745 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 14,380 7,005 7,370 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 15,195 7,525 7,670 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 15,950 7,900 8,050 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 12,240 6,210 6,030 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 119,175 57,685 61,495 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 28,700 14,605 14,090 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 8,800 4,470 4,335 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 77,715 37,340 40,370 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 12,765 5,735 7,035 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 11,260 5,240 6,020 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 3,940 1,995 1,950 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,170 590 575 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 6,260 2,885 3,375 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 1,055 365 695 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.4 9.1 9.8 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 13.7 13.7 13.8 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 13.3 13.2 13.3 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.1 7.7 8.4 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 8.3 6.4 9.9 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 8,790 4,075 4,710 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 2,955 1,455 1,505 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 855 420 440 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 5,140 2,405 2,735 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 690 220 470 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.4 7.1 7.7 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.3 10.0 10.7 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 9.7 9.4 10.1 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 6.6 6.4 6.8 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 5.4 3.8 6.7 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 119,175 57,680 61,500 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 117,380 57,045 60,330 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 117,300 57,010 60,285 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 9,175 3,865 5,310 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 39,600 18,795 20,805 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 0 0 10 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 10 0 10 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 0 0 10 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 39,595 18,800 20,800 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,565 1,335 1,230 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 180 80 105 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 25 15 15 190 110 80
Somali 160 65 95 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 2,385 1,260 1,125 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 105 60 50 1,755 905 855
Arabic 2,045 1,075 970 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45 20 25 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 105 60 45 55 35 20
Hebrew 90 60 30 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 40 25 15 165 90 80
Tigrigna 30 10 20 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 345 145 195 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 15 20 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 320 135 185 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 3,955 1,785 2,170 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 15 10 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 150 75 80 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 30 10 20 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 165 50 105 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 10 10 0 0
Malay 90 45 40 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 30 25 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,785 1,695 2,090 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 465 220 245 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 15 0 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 190 105 90 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 265 115 150 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 6,675 3,265 3,410 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 60 35 25 445 210 235
Malayalam 375 180 190 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 6,125 2,990 3,140 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 230 135 95 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 22,380 10,640 11,740 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 70 45 25 1,135 580 555
Armenian 140 65 70 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 1,880 845 1,030 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 45 15 25 635 310 325
Latvian 30 15 20 310 175 140
Lithuanian 10 0 10 325 135 185
Slavic languages 1,840 830 1,010 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 60 35 25 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 50 35 15 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 70 35 35 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 605 275 335 345 180 160
Polish 500 190 315 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 335 140 190 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 105 55 55 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 15 1,240 595 645
Slovak 65 25 40 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 10 0 725 330 400
Ukrainian 170 70 100 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 15 10 10 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,200 535 665 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 65 20 40 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 50 25 25 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 195 95 105 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 10 10 0 120 55 65
German 845 395 450 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 10 0 10 215 110 100
Norwegian 30 10 25 1,405 730 680
Swedish 30 10 15 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 10 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 725 340 385 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 14,165 6,860 7,310 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 11,375 5,515 5,860 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 980 460 525 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 1,550 740 810 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 2,975 1,440 1,535 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 15 10 10 45 25 20
Konkani 70 30 40 375 185 190
Marathi 85 50 30 1,275 650 625
Nepali 10 0 0 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,990 990 995 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 240 95 145 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 465 245 225 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 5,925 2,930 2,990 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 3,095 1,485 1,605 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 25 15 10 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 500 220 275 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 2,715 1,330 1,385 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 20 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 4,585 2,110 2,475 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 1,280 580 710 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 890 395 495 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 370 175 190 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 2,190 1,045 1,145 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 220 130 85
Japanese 140 50 90 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 130 50 75 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 865 415 445 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 170 75 90 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 10 20 10 10
Edo 30 15 20 115 65 55
Ewe 20 15 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 15 10 45 10 35
Ga 25 0 20 95 60 35
Ganda 20 0 15 105 60 45
Igbo 30 20 10 240 140 95
Lingala 160 70 90 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 210 95 115
Shona 40 15 25 265 125 140
Swahili 155 80 75 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 160 70 85 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 75 50 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 165 70 95 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 110 40 70 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,565 1,200 1,370 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 2,535 1,185 1,350 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 1,160 515 650 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 70 30 35 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 1,415 695 725 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 120 65 55 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 10 0 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 20 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 10 20 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 10 10 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 15 10 15 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 45 20 25 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 15 10 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 30 10 20 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 115 65 50 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 10 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 95 55 35 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 10 10 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 275 110 170 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 30 0 25 495 205 295
Finnish 45 15 30 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 200 85 115 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 80 35 45 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 119,175 57,680 61,495 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 112,315 54,475 57,845 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 28,045 14,430 13,615 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 84,270 40,045 44,230 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 6,860 3,210 3,650 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 119,180 57,680 61,495 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 72,310 35,480 36,825 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 46,335 21,935 24,400 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 11,240 5,295 5,940 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 7,520 3,540 3,985 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 12,255 5,810 6,455 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 11,735 5,560 6,175 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 6,800 3,225 3,580 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 4,930 2,335 2,595 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 3,585 1,735 1,845 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 530 265 265 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 46,335 21,935 24,400 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 4,350 2,165 2,190 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 9,090 4,545 4,545 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 10,975 4,660 6,315 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 18,180 9,050 9,125 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 3,740 1,510 2,230 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 46,340 21,940 24,400 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 14,080 6,410 7,675 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 85 35 50 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 145 70 75 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 140 70 65 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 3,210 1,485 1,725 920 415 500
Haiti 60 20 40 265 110 160
Jamaica 5,095 2,170 2,930 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 90 45 50 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 110 50 65 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 2,230 1,040 1,190 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 760 420 340 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 2,165 1,010 1,150 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 6,875 3,300 3,575 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 10 10 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 65 50 15 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 85 50 40 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 430 210 225 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 295 135 165 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 90 35 55 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 130 60 75 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 505 255 250 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 135 60 75 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 375 140 235 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 420 170 255 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 340 155 180 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 95 40 55 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 50 30 20 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 105 30 70 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,905 1,455 1,450 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 835 415 415 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 2,745 1,340 1,410 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 10 0 430 270 150
Egypt 450 220 235 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 165 80 85 1,665 835 825
Kenya 200 105 95 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 40 10 25 730 385 340
Nigeria 365 180 180 1,205 630 575
Somalia 90 40 55 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 155 60 90 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 1,280 635 645 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 22,490 10,820 11,670 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 1,665 810 855 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 660 320 345 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,180 515 665 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 405 190 215 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 4,085 1,975 2,115 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 260 135 125 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 185 115 70 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 30 10 20 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 95 40 60 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 380 220 155 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 3,570 1,835 1,735 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 3,840 1,710 2,130 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 4,390 2,110 2,285 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 80 40 40 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 85 45 35 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 335 150 185 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,240 600 635 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 140 70 70 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,585 1,740 1,845 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 675 365 305 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 25 15 10 960 445 520
Colombia 15 10 10 465 220 240
Cuba 0 0 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 230 130 95 160 115 45
Mexico 20 15 10 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 95 50 45 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 290 150 140 1,855 875 975
Europe 235 110 125 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 10 0 10 790 415 370
Germany 10 10 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 10 10 200 110 90
Romania 30 20 15