Census Profile, 2016 Census
Whitby, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Whitby, T
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Whitby, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Whitby, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 128,377 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 122,022 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.2 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 44,195 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 43,529 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 875.4 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 146.66 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 128,380 62,530 65,845 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 25,535 13,120 12,415 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 7,210 3,700 3,515 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 9,005 4,630 4,375 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 9,320 4,790 4,525 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 86,315 42,095 44,220 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 9,120 4,645 4,480 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 8,305 4,310 3,995 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 6,405 3,220 3,180 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 7,215 3,460 3,750 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 8,595 3,905 4,690 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 9,960 4,755 5,205 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 10,255 4,905 5,355 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 10,870 5,355 5,515 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 8,870 4,305 4,570 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 6,715 3,225 3,490 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 16,530 7,315 9,215 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 5,710 2,620 3,090 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 3,890 1,870 2,015 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 2,720 1,200 1,520 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,060 890 1,170 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,150 735 1,420 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,410 530 875 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 585 180 405 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 150 25 120 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 15 5 10 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.9 21.0 18.9 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 67.2 67.3 67.2 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 12.9 11.7 14.0 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.7 1.2 2.2 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 38.4 37.4 39.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 39.5 38.4 40.4 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 43,530 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 30,390 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 3,195 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 9,935 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,260 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 5,530 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 835 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,285 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 20 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 43,530 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 7,645 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 12,190 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 8,185 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 9,945 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,560 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 126,785 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.9 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 102,840 49,410 53,430 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 62,255 31,130 31,125 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 55,220 27,610 27,605 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 7,035 3,520 3,515 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 40,590 18,285 22,305 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 27,785 14,475 13,310 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,940 1,165 1,785 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 5,210 1,730 3,480 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 4,655 925 3,730 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 36,435 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 13,940 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 8,560 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 10,035 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,895 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 36,430 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 30,540 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 27,025 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,515 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,890 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 4,680 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,215 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 30,540 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 10,700 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 19,840 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 6,635 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 9,460 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 3,750 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,890 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 3,240 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,925 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 735 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 12,570 5,290 7,280 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 43,530 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 33,705 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,690 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 24,020 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,335 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 8,490 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 7,645 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 845 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 127,525 62,120 65,405 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 115,740 57,210 58,530 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 85 40 45 1,110 530 580
English and French 10,620 4,445 6,170 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 1,075 420 655 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 127,525 62,120 65,405 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 123,890 60,530 63,360 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 2,070 960 1,110 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 525 230 290 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 1,040 400 635 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,335 1,070 1,260 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.8 1.7 1.9 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 127,525 62,120 65,405 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 124,960 60,915 64,040 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 105,185 51,495 53,690 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 103,135 50,545 52,590 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 2,050 955 1,105 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 19,770 9,415 10,355 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 5 5 0 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,760 9,410 10,350 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 950 490 460 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 20 10 10 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 165 95 75
Somali 10 5 5 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 930 485 450 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 35 20 15 1,140 560 585
Arabic 750 395 360 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 440 240 195
Harari 10 0 5 25 10 15
Hebrew 10 5 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 80 40 45 80 40 40
Tigrigna 20 10 10 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 205 90 120 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 200 85 115 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 1,095 435 660 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 30 10 15 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 25 10 15 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 30 10 15 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 0 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 985 390 595 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 10 5 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 830 360 470
Creole languages 85 30 50 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 5 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 40 15 25 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 1,085 530 560 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 25 10 10 225 115 110
Malayalam 125 70 55 1,750 905 845
Tamil 870 420 455 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 60 30 35 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 13,085 6,335 6,755 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 45 25 20 1,090 560 530
Armenian 90 45 50 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 2,420 1,095 1,320 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 50 20 25 645 280 370
Latvian 25 10 15 320 145 175
Lithuanian 25 15 10 325 130 200
Slavic languages 2,370 1,075 1,290 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 10 5 0 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 40 15 20 1,725 805 915
Croatian 155 75 80 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 75 35 35 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 415 205 210 250 120 135
Polish 785 340 440 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 275 105 165 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 185 100 85 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 5 1,145 545 600
Slovak 85 40 45 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 80 35 45 545 250 290
Ukrainian 245 100 140 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 180 90 90
Celtic languages 15 10 10 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 125 65 60
Welsh 5 0 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,415 630 785 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 45 15 25 1,435 730 705
Danish 30 15 15 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 550 235 315 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 15 5 10 80 30 50
German 720 325 395 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 5 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 10 5 5 835 410 430
Swedish 30 20 15 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 5 5 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 610 310 300 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 4,310 2,150 2,155 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 3,140 1,555 1,590 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 280 145 135 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 385 195 190 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 315 145 170 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 10 5 5 225 110 110
Marathi 40 20 20 535 280 255
Nepali 10 5 0 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 435 220 215 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 65 25 35 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 100 45 50 1,455 730 725
Urdu 1,510 740 770 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 1,145 590 550 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 15 10 5 1,650 875 780
Pashto 90 50 45 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 1,035 530 505 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 4,180 2,065 2,115 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 5 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 1,595 820 770 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 800 375 420 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 375 175 200 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,405 685 715 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 60 40 25
Japanese 70 20 45 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 200 100 100 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 280 130 155 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 45 15 30 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 5 0 80 45 30
Ewe 5 5 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 5 35 15 15
Ganda 5 0 5 65 35 30
Igbo 25 10 10 160 90 65
Lingala 10 5 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 15 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 105 45 55
Shona 20 10 15 150 70 85
Swahili 35 20 20 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 50 20 25 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 5 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 20 5 15 620 330 295
American Sign Language 10 5 10 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,115 985 1,130 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 2,105 980 1,125 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 795 380 410 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 25 15 15 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 1,160 530 625 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 10 20 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 20 20 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 25 40 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 5 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 0 5 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 5 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 95 40 50 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 5 10 0 800 405 400
Thai 85 35 50 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 75 35 40 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 495 275 225
Turkish 60 30 30 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 400 180 215 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 40 25 10 455 195 260
Finnish 60 20 35 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 295 135 160 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 2,565 1,205 1,360 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 355 160 190 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 2,070 970 1,100 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 75 40 30 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 70 30 35 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 127,525 62,120 65,405 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 122,765 59,865 62,900 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 114,650 56,010 58,635 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 113,805 55,610 58,195 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 845 400 440 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 8,115 3,850 4,265 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,115 3,855 4,265 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 335 155 175 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 15 5 10 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 5 0 80 40 35
Somali 10 0 5 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 325 155 170 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 10 5 10 535 250 290
Arabic 265 125 145 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 305 160 145
Harari 5 5 5 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 5 0 785 400 385
Maltese 25 15 15 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 125 55 75 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 125 50 75 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 300 140 160 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 15 5 10 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 5 0 5 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 5 0 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 270 125 145 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 25 10 10 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 690 335 355 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 10 5 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 55 35 20 885 450 435
Tamil 585 280 305 1,935 965 965
Telugu 50 25 30 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 4,845 2,310 2,535 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 20 10 5 530 255 270
Armenian 35 15 25 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 785 360 420 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 10 5 5 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 5 5 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 775 355 420 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 25 10 10 925 425 495
Croatian 40 25 20 1,795 840 955
Czech 10 10 5 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 110 45 65 120 60 60
Polish 280 120 160 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 130 60 65 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 90 45 45 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 5 10 5 435 205 235
Slovak 20 10 15 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 50 25 20 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 140 60 80 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 10 5 10 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 5 180 90 90
Dutch 45 20 25 685 325 365
Frisian 5 5 5 5 5 0
German 70 30 40 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 5 5 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 155 75 80 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 2,300 1,110 1,195 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 1,630 780 850 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 145 70 75 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 200 95 105 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 110 50 65 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 30 15 10 245 125 120
Nepali 5 0 5 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 215 100 110 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 15 10 10 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 595 290 305
Urdu 885 435 445 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 665 320 345 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 5 0 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 50 25 30 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 610 295 320 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,410 685 725 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 350 155 200 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 205 90 115 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 195 90 100 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 660 340 315 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 35 15 20 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 110 55 50 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 55 25 35 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 10 5 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 10 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 5 5 5 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 5 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 40 25 20 830 460 370
American Sign Language 10 5 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 20 15 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,370 650 720 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 1,365 645 715 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 435 205 225 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 10 5 5 670 280 390
Mandarin 860 405 455 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 15 5 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 20 20 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 5 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 5 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 70 35 35 1,015 435 580
Lao 5 5 0 335 160 175
Thai 65 30 35 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 25 10 15 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 25 10 15 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 95 40 55 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 5 75 30 45
Finnish 5 0 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 90 40 50 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 4,760 2,255 2,500 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 290 135 155 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 4,320 2,050 2,265 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 20 10 10 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 130 60 75 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 127,525 62,120 65,405 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 114,190 55,845 58,345 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 4,130 2,030 2,100 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,810 755 1,055 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 7,155 3,385 3,770 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 15 5 10 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 7,145 3,380 3,765 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 60 25 35 965 435 530
English and non-official language 60 35 30 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 120 55 65 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 101,280 48,760 52,520 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 96,105 46,240 49,870 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,242 52,067 34,779 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 96,145 46,245 49,900 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,443 45,012 31,390 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,670 43,590 45,075 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,266 51,980 32,860 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,370 27,720 37,645 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,862 1,156 3,981 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 76,495 38,820 37,680 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,924 52,188 36,117 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 101,280 48,765 52,520 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,980 46,020 49,955 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,958 66,185 44,616 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 96,030 46,025 50,010 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,364 52,089 37,255 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 88,510 43,395 45,115 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,727 66,497 43,408 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,240 27,540 37,695 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,607 5,825 7,178 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 76,495 38,680 37,815 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,389 64,002 44,555 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 101,285 48,760 52,520 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 38,620 21,440 17,180 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 68,336 76,613 61,040 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 77,818 86,699 66,738 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.8 94.7 87.9 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.9 81.3 75.6 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.2 5.3 12.1 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 101,285 48,760 52,515 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 5,175 2,525 2,650 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 96,110 46,240 49,870 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 94.9 94.8 95.0 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,100 5,870 8,225 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 13,495 5,305 8,195 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 9,930 3,840 6,090 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 8,575 3,620 4,950 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 8,555 3,665 4,890 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 7,475 3,570 3,905 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 6,575 3,365 3,210 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 5,490 2,945 2,545 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 4,685 2,605 2,080 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 4,485 2,430 2,060 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 12,735 9,015 3,725 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 8,855 6,025 2,830 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 3,880 2,985 890 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 101,285 48,765 52,520 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 5,140 2,520 2,615 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 96,145 46,245 49,900 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 94.9 94.8 95.0 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,565 5,955 8,605 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 14,060 5,555 8,505 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 11,620 4,655 6,960 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 10,755 4,540 6,215 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 10,285 4,770 5,515 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 8,810 4,515 4,295 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 7,075 3,875 3,205 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 6,325 3,540 2,785 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 12,655 8,840 3,815 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 4,260 2,615 1,645 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 2,705 1,895 805 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 5,685 4,325 1,365 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 101,285 48,765 52,515 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 24,785 9,945 14,840 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 76,500 38,820 37,675 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 75.5 79.6 71.7 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,490 5,130 5,360 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 5,625 2,360 3,265 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 8,340 3,635 4,705 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 6,130 2,645 3,490 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 5,885 2,480 3,405 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 5,870 2,535 3,335 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 5,625 2,685 2,940 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 5,125 2,605 2,515 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 4,420 2,360 2,060 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 18,985 12,390 6,600 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 4,060 2,250 1,805 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 4,070 2,185 1,885 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 10,860 7,955 2,910 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 43,530 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 103,809 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,847 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 7,645 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,566 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,025 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 35,880 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 118,109 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,467 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 43,530 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 121,180 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 97,877 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 7,635 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,480 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,474 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 35,895 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 135,153 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 109,022 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 43,530 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 300 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 280 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 615 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 820 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,010 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 915 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,040 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,040 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,220 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,150 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,425 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,485 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,480 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,480 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,575 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 22,690 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,785 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,880 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 6,320 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 5,710 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 43,530 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 330 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 290 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 620 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 870 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,125 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,045 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,210 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,355 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,425 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,420 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,135 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,100 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,300 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,205 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,950 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 18,140 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,565 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,540 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 7,035 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 35,345 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 117,676 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,054 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,400 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,666 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,610 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 19,950 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 140,915 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,915 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,280 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,603 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,662 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 35,385 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 134,742 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 108,567 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,440 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 116,446 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,674 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 19,900 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 157,935 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,363 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,295 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 81,251 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,557 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 9,985 4,455 5,530 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 40,896 45,133 37,658 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,986 39,014 33,759 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 9,985 4,445 5,540 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 50,755 55,495 46,951 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,933 44,870 39,576 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 126,785 61,865 64,915 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 41,575 19,375 22,205 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 6,535 3,075 3,460 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 7,390 3,250 4,140 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 8,040 3,715 4,325 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 9,030 4,255 4,770 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 10,580 5,080 5,505 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 85,210 42,490 42,720 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 12,875 6,265 6,605 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 14,900 7,305 7,590 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 16,975 8,435 8,540 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 20,670 10,410 10,265 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 19,790 10,075 9,715 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 126,785 61,865 64,920 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 30,960 15,840 15,120 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 8,835 4,535 4,295 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 80,320 39,025 41,295 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 15,505 6,995 8,505 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 9,780 4,425 5,360 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 3,090 1,565 1,520 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 925 465 460 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 5,475 2,470 3,000 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 1,220 390 835 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 7.7 7.2 8.3 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 10.0 9.9 10.1 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 10.5 10.3 10.7 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 6.8 6.3 7.3 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 7.9 5.6 9.8 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 5,315 2,550 2,765 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 1,515 780 735 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 430 220 210 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 3,525 1,660 1,865 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 285 110 170 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.2 4.1 4.3 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 4.9 4.9 4.9 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 4.9 4.9 4.9 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 4.4 4.3 4.5 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.6 2.0 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 126,780 61,865 64,920 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 125,710 61,380 64,330 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 125,640 61,340 64,305 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 10,655 4,540 6,110 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 25,245 12,170 13,075 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 35 0 30 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 20 0 20 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 0 10 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 0 10 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 10 0 10 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 10 0 10 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 10 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 10 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 25,210 12,165 13,045 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,195 600 595 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 10 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 10 15 0 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 10 0 190 110 80
Somali 0 10 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,175 585 585 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 45 30 15 1,755 905 855
Arabic 940 470 465 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 545 270 275
Harari 15 10 10 55 35 20
Hebrew 55 20 40 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 115 50 65 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 220 75 140 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 15 15 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 185 65 120 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 1,530 605 925 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 150 65 90 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 15 0 10 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 60 25 30 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 70 25 35 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 0 10 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,325 520 805 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 300 125 175 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 25 10 20 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 100 45 60 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 175 75 100 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 1,415 725 690 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 75 40 35 445 210 235
Malayalam 170 95 75 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 1,140 585 555 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 85 35 50 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 17,060 8,340 8,720 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 65 35 25 1,135 580 555
Armenian 115 45 65 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 2,950 1,375 1,575 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 40 20 25 635 310 325
Latvian 25 15 15 310 175 140
Lithuanian 15 0 10 325 135 185
Slavic languages 2,910 1,365 1,550 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 10 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 30 20 10 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 50 25 30 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 200 95 110 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 150 75 70 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 555 250 305 345 180 160
Polish 970 475 500 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 415 160 255 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 290 160 135 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 0 1,240 595 645
Slovak 80 40 40 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 120 55 65 725 330 400
Ukrainian 310 140 170 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 250 120 125
Celtic languages 45 20 20 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 350 225 120
Welsh 10 10 10 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,845 835 1,005 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 90 40 55 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 45 25 30 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 555 245 305 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 10 120 55 65
German 1,095 505 590 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 15 0 10 215 110 100
Norwegian 10 0 10 1,405 730 680
Swedish 55 25 30 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 10 220 125 100
Yiddish 15 10 10 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 1,005 500 505 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 5,750 2,830 2,925 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 4,490 2,195 2,295 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 425 205 210 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 540 250 285 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 1,435 730 705 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 20 10 10 45 25 20
Konkani 10 0 0 375 185 190
Marathi 75 35 45 1,275 650 625
Nepali 10 10 10 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 895 455 440 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 85 45 40 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 205 80 125 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 2,200 1,115 1,080 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,330 670 655 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 15 10 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 90 55 30 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 1,290 640 650 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 70 40 35 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 5,715 2,875 2,840 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 2,275 1,160 1,110 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 935 465 470 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 390 185 210 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 2,285 1,145 1,140 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 130 85
Japanese 140 45 95 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 10 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 265 145 120 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 585 295 295 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 75 40 35 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 15 10 10 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 10 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 25 10 15 240 140 95
Lingala 80 60 20 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 20 20 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 55 30 30 210 95 115
Shona 50 15 35 265 125 140
Swahili 120 70 45 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 130 65 65 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 130 65 65 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 185 75 115 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 115 50 65 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 70 20 50 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,300 1,100 1,195 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 2,290 1,100 1,190 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 885 425 465 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 10 0 10 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 1,495 725 770 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 25 15 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 45 20 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 85 40 50 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 0 10 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 10 10 10 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 90 80 10 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 15 15 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 75 60 15 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 125 50 70 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 20 0 10 835 455 385
Turkish 110 50 60 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 470 225 245 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 30 25 0 495 205 295
Finnish 60 25 35 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 375 170 205 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 126,785 61,865 64,915 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 121,385 59,205 62,180 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 30,260 15,550 14,710 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 91,125 43,655 47,470 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 5,395 2,655 2,740 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 126,780 61,865 64,920 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 96,500 47,290 49,210 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 29,555 14,150 15,400 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 11,175 5,240 5,930 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 4,285 2,145 2,140 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 5,615 2,715 2,900 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 6,340 2,980 3,355 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 3,510 1,650 1,860 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 2,825 1,335 1,490 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,140 1,065 1,080 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 730 425 305 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 29,550 14,150 15,400 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 3,555 1,740 1,810 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 6,555 3,395 3,150 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 6,855 3,025 3,825 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 10,705 5,155 5,550 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 1,885 830 1,055 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 29,550 14,150 15,405 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 7,515 3,435 4,075 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 120 40 90 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 190 80 105 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 75 35 40 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 1,245 555 690 920 415 500
Haiti 65 30 40 265 110 160
Jamaica 2,375 1,075 1,300 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 155 65 95 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 105 50 55 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 995 455 540 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 925 420 505 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 1,245 630 620 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 10,270 4,965 5,305 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 100 60 40 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 135 60 70 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 75 65 15 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 500 255 245 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 355 190 170 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 165 80 85 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 240 110 130 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 965 510 455 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 495 240 250 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 585 265 325 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 365 190 175 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 365 180 190 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 175 60 115 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 120 50 70 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 150 65 85 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,490 2,100 2,400 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 995 495 495 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 1,755 900 860 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 20 10 15 430 270 150
Egypt 160 80 75 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 40 20 25 1,665 835 825
Kenya 110 45 60 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 55 45 10 730 385 340
Nigeria 300 140 165 1,205 630 575
Somalia 20 10 10 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 235 140 95 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 815 400 415 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 9,890 4,765 5,120 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 640 320 325 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 240 110 130 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,235 575 660 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 305 165 140 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 1,800 920 885 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 290 160 130 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 70 40 30 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 45 0 40 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 250 135 110 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 225 120 105 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 1,365 710 655 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 1,500 620 885 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 870 400 470 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 30 20 10 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 65 35 30 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 175 60 115 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 790 380 410 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 125 80 45 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,145 1,065 1,080 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 465 260 210 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 20 0 15 960 445 520
Colombia 20 15 10 465 220 240
Cuba 10 0 10 70 35 30
Haiti 10 10 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 160 105 55 160 115 45
Mexico 25 10 15 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 105 55 50 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 10 10 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 110 55 55 1,855 875 975
Europe 215 115 100 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 10 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 10 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 10 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 10 200 110 90
Romania 20 10 15