Census Profile, 2016 Census
Whitby, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Whitby, T
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Whitby, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Whitby, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 128,377 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 122,022 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.2 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 44,195 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 43,529 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 875.4 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 146.66 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 128,380 62,530 65,845 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 25,535 13,120 12,415 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 7,210 3,700 3,515 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 9,005 4,630 4,375 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 9,320 4,790 4,525 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 86,315 42,095 44,220 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 9,120 4,645 4,480 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 8,305 4,310 3,995 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 6,405 3,220 3,180 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 7,215 3,460 3,750 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 8,595 3,905 4,690 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 9,960 4,755 5,205 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 10,255 4,905 5,355 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 10,870 5,355 5,515 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 8,870 4,305 4,570 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 6,715 3,225 3,490 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 16,530 7,315 9,215 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 5,710 2,620 3,090 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 3,890 1,870 2,015 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 2,720 1,200 1,520 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,060 890 1,170 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 2,150 735 1,420 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,410 530 875 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 585 180 405 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 150 25 120 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 15 5 10 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.9 21.0 18.9 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 67.2 67.3 67.2 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 12.9 11.7 14.0 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 1.7 1.2 2.2 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 38.4 37.4 39.4 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 39.5 38.4 40.4 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 43,530 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 30,390 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 3,195 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 9,935 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,260 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 5,530 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 835 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,285 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 20 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 43,530 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 7,645 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 12,190 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 8,185 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 9,945 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,560 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 126,785 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.9 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 102,840 49,410 53,430 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 62,255 31,130 31,125 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 55,220 27,610 27,605 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 7,035 3,520 3,515 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 40,590 18,285 22,305 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 27,785 14,475 13,310 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,940 1,165 1,785 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 5,210 1,730 3,480 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 4,655 925 3,730 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 36,435 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 13,940 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 8,560 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 10,035 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,895 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 36,430 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 30,540 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 27,025 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,515 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,890 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 4,680 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,215 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 30,540 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 10,700 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 19,840 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 6,635 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 9,460 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 3,750 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,890 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 3,240 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,925 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 735 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 12,570 5,290 7,280 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 43,530 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 33,705 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,690 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 24,020 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,335 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 8,490 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 7,645 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 845 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 127,525 62,120 65,405 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 115,740 57,210 58,530 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 85 40 45 1,810 820 985
English and French 10,620 4,445 6,170 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 1,075 420 655 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 127,525 62,120 65,405 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 123,890 60,530 63,360 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 2,070 960 1,110 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 525 230 290 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 1,040 400 635 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,335 1,070 1,260 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.8 1.7 1.9 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 127,525 62,120 65,405 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 124,960 60,915 64,040 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 105,185 51,495 53,690 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 103,135 50,545 52,590 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 2,050 955 1,105 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 19,770 9,415 10,355 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 5 5 0 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,760 9,410 10,350 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 950 490 460 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 20 10 10 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 205 115 95
Somali 10 5 5 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 930 485 450 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 35 20 15 1,370 670 700
Arabic 750 395 360 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 440 245 200
Harari 10 0 5 20 5 15
Hebrew 10 5 5 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 80 40 45 215 100 115
Tigrigna 20 10 10 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 205 90 120 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 200 85 115 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 1,095 435 660 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 30 10 15 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 25 10 15 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 30 10 15 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 0 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 985 390 595 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 10 5 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 85 30 50 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 5 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 40 15 25 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 1,085 530 560 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 25 10 10 280 150 135
Malayalam 125 70 55 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 870 420 455 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 60 30 35 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 13,085 6,335 6,755 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 45 25 20 1,465 765 705
Armenian 90 45 50 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 2,420 1,095 1,320 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 50 20 25 1,070 485 585
Latvian 25 10 15 565 255 300
Lithuanian 25 15 10 505 225 280
Slavic languages 2,370 1,075 1,290 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 10 5 0 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 40 15 20 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 155 75 80 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 75 35 35 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 415 205 210 325 160 165
Polish 785 340 440 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 275 105 165 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 185 100 85 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 5 1,395 670 725
Slovak 85 40 45 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 80 35 45 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 245 100 140 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 345 175 170
Celtic languages 15 10 10 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 240 130 110
Welsh 5 0 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 1,415 630 785 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 45 15 25 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 30 15 15 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 550 235 315 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 15 5 10 295 145 145
German 720 325 395 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 5 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 10 5 5 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 30 20 15 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 5 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 610 310 300 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 4,310 2,150 2,155 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 3,140 1,555 1,590 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 280 145 135 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 385 195 190 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 315 145 170 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 10 5 5 255 130 125
Marathi 40 20 20 620 325 295
Nepali 10 5 0 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 435 220 215 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 65 25 35 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 100 45 50 1,675 845 830
Urdu 1,510 740 770 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 1,145 590 550 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 15 10 5 1,765 945 825
Pashto 90 50 45 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 1,035 530 505 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 4,180 2,065 2,115 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 5 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 1,595 820 770 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 800 375 420 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 375 175 200 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 1,405 685 715 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 105 65 40
Japanese 70 20 45 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 200 100 100 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 280 130 155 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 45 15 30 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 5 5 0 85 50 35
Ewe 5 5 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 5 45 20 25
Ganda 5 0 5 90 45 45
Igbo 25 10 10 245 145 105
Lingala 10 5 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 15 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 155 70 80
Shona 20 10 15 215 100 115
Swahili 35 20 20 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 50 20 25 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 5 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 20 5 15 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 10 5 10 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,115 985 1,130 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 2,105 980 1,125 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 795 380 410 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 25 15 15 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 1,160 530 625 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 0 5 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 10 20 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 20 20 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 25 40 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 5 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 5 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 5 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 95 40 50 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 5 10 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 85 35 50 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 75 35 40 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 530 290 235
Turkish 60 30 30 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 400 180 215 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 40 25 10 705 295 410
Finnish 60 20 35 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 295 135 160 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 2,565 1,205 1,360 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 355 160 190 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 2,070 970 1,100 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 75 40 30 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 70 30 35 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 127,525 62,120 65,405 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 122,765 59,865 62,900 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 114,650 56,010 58,635 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 113,805 55,610 58,195 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 845 400 440 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 8,115 3,850 4,265 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,115 3,855 4,265 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 335 155 175 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 15 5 10 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 5 0 90 50 45
Somali 10 0 5 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 325 155 170 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 10 5 10 600 275 320
Arabic 265 125 145 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 310 165 145
Harari 5 5 5 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 5 0 900 465 440
Maltese 25 15 15 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 125 55 75 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 125 50 75 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 300 140 160 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 15 5 10 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 5 0 5 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 5 0 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 270 125 145 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 25 10 10 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 690 335 355 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 10 5 5 110 55 60
Malayalam 55 35 20 1,225 615 605
Tamil 585 280 305 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 50 25 30 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 4,845 2,310 2,535 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 20 10 5 695 335 360
Armenian 35 15 25 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 785 360 420 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 10 5 5 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 5 5 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 775 355 420 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 25 10 10 1,035 485 550
Croatian 40 25 20 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 10 10 5 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 110 45 65 150 75 75
Polish 280 120 160 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 130 60 65 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 90 45 45 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 5 10 5 500 235 265
Slovak 20 10 15 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 50 25 20 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 140 60 80 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 10 5 10 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 5 305 145 160
Dutch 45 20 25 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 5 5 5 10 5 5
German 70 30 40 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 5 5 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 155 75 80 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 2,300 1,110 1,195 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 1,630 780 850 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 145 70 75 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 200 95 105 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 110 50 65 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 5 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 30 15 10 270 140 130
Nepali 5 0 5 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 215 100 110 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 15 10 10 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 675 330 340
Urdu 885 435 445 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 665 320 345 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 5 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 50 25 30 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 610 295 320 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 1,410 685 725 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 350 155 200 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 205 90 115 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 195 90 100 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 660 340 315 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 35 15 20 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 110 55 50 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 55 25 35 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 5 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 10 5 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 10 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 5 5 5 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 10 5 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 40 25 20 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 10 5 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 20 15 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,370 650 720 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 1,365 645 715 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 435 205 225 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 10 5 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 860 405 455 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 15 5 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 20 20 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 5 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 5 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 70 35 35 1,380 595 785
Lao 5 5 0 460 225 235
Thai 65 30 35 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 25 10 15 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 25 10 15 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 95 40 55 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 5 95 40 55
Finnish 5 0 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 90 40 50 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 4,760 2,255 2,500 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 290 135 155 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 4,320 2,050 2,265 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 20 10 10 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 130 60 75 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 127,525 62,120 65,405 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 114,190 55,845 58,345 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 4,130 2,030 2,100 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 1,810 755 1,055 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 7,155 3,385 3,770 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 15 5 10 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 7,145 3,380 3,765 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 60 25 35 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 60 35 30 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 120 55 65 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 101,280 48,760 52,520 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 96,105 46,240 49,870 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,242 52,067 34,779 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 96,145 46,245 49,900 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,443 45,012 31,390 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,670 43,590 45,075 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,266 51,980 32,860 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,370 27,720 37,645 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,862 1,156 3,981 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 76,495 38,820 37,680 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,924 52,188 36,117 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 101,280 48,765 52,520 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,980 46,020 49,955 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,958 66,185 44,616 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 96,030 46,025 50,010 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,364 52,089 37,255 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 88,510 43,395 45,115 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,727 66,497 43,408 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,240 27,540 37,695 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,607 5,825 7,178 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 76,495 38,680 37,815 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,389 64,002 44,555 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 101,285 48,760 52,520 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 38,620 21,440 17,180 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 68,336 76,613 61,040 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 77,818 86,699 66,738 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.8 94.7 87.9 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.9 81.3 75.6 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.2 5.3 12.1 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 101,285 48,760 52,515 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 5,175 2,525 2,650 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 96,110 46,240 49,870 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 94.9 94.8 95.0 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,100 5,870 8,225 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 13,495 5,305 8,195 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 9,930 3,840 6,090 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 8,575 3,620 4,950 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 8,555 3,665 4,890 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 7,475 3,570 3,905 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 6,575 3,365 3,210 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 5,490 2,945 2,545 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 4,685 2,605 2,080 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 4,485 2,430 2,060 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 12,735 9,015 3,725 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 8,855 6,025 2,830 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 3,880 2,985 890 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 101,285 48,765 52,520 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 5,140 2,520 2,615 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 96,145 46,245 49,900 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 94.9 94.8 95.0 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,565 5,955 8,605 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 14,060 5,555 8,505 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 11,620 4,655 6,960 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 10,755 4,540 6,215 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 10,285 4,770 5,515 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 8,810 4,515 4,295 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 7,075 3,875 3,205 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 6,325 3,540 2,785 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 12,655 8,840 3,815 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 4,260 2,615 1,645 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 2,705 1,895 805 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 5,685 4,325 1,365 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 101,285 48,765 52,515 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 24,785 9,945 14,840 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 76,500 38,820 37,675 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 75.5 79.6 71.7 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,490 5,130 5,360 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,625 2,360 3,265 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 8,340 3,635 4,705 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 6,130 2,645 3,490 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 5,885 2,480 3,405 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 5,870 2,535 3,335 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 5,625 2,685 2,940 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 5,125 2,605 2,515 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 4,420 2,360 2,060 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 18,985 12,390 6,600 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 4,060 2,250 1,805 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 4,070 2,185 1,885 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 10,860 7,955 2,910 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 43,530 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 103,809 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,847 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 7,645 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,566 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,025 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 35,880 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 118,109 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,467 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 43,530 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 121,180 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 97,877 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 7,635 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,480 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,474 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 35,895 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 135,153 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 109,022 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 43,530 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 300 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 280 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 615 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 820 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,010 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 915 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,040 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,040 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,220 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,150 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,425 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,485 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,480 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,480 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,575 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 22,690 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,785 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,880 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 6,320 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 5,710 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 43,530 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 330 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 290 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 620 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 870 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,125 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,045 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,210 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,355 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,425 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,420 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,135 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,100 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,300 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,205 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,950 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 18,140 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,565 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,540 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 7,035 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 35,345 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 117,676 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,054 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,400 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,666 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,610 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 19,950 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 140,915 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,915 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,280 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,603 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,662 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 35,385 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 134,742 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 108,567 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,440 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 116,446 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,674 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 19,900 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 157,935 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,363 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,295 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 81,251 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,557 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 9,985 4,455 5,530 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 40,896 45,133 37,658 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,986 39,014 33,759 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 9,985 4,445 5,540 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 50,755 55,495 46,951 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,933 44,870 39,576 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 126,785 61,865 64,915 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 41,575 19,375 22,205 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 6,535 3,075 3,460 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 7,390 3,250 4,140 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 8,040 3,715 4,325 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 9,030 4,255 4,770 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 10,580 5,080 5,505 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 85,210 42,490 42,720 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 12,875 6,265 6,605 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 14,900 7,305 7,590 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 16,975 8,435 8,540 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 20,670 10,410 10,265 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 19,790 10,075 9,715 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 126,785 61,865 64,920 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 30,960 15,840 15,120 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 8,835 4,535 4,295 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 80,320 39,025 41,295 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 15,505 6,995 8,505 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 9,780 4,425 5,360 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 3,090 1,565 1,520 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 925 465 460 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 5,475 2,470 3,000 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 1,220 390 835 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 7.7 7.2 8.3 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 10.0 9.9 10.1 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 10.5 10.3 10.7 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 6.8 6.3 7.3 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 7.9 5.6 9.8 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 5,315 2,550 2,765 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,515 780 735 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 430 220 210 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 3,525 1,660 1,865 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 285 110 170 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.2 4.1 4.3 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 4.9 4.9 4.9 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 4.9 4.9 4.9 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 4.4 4.3 4.5 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.6 2.0 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 126,780 61,865 64,920 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 125,710 61,380 64,330 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 125,640 61,340 64,305 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 10,655 4,540 6,110 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 25,245 12,170 13,075 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 35 0 30 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 20 0 20 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 0 10 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 0 10 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 0 10 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 10 0 10 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 10 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 10 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 25,210 12,165 13,045 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,195 600 595 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 10 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 10 15 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 10 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 10 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,175 585 585 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 45 30 15 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 940 470 465 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 570 285 285
Harari 15 10 10 55 35 20
Hebrew 55 20 40 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 115 50 65 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 220 75 140 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 15 15 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 185 65 120 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 1,530 605 925 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 150 65 90 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 15 0 10 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 60 25 30 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 70 25 35 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 0 10 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,325 520 805 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 300 125 175 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 25 10 20 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 100 45 60 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 175 75 100 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 1,415 725 690 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 75 40 35 510 250 265
Malayalam 170 95 75 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 1,140 585 555 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 85 35 50 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 17,060 8,340 8,720 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 65 35 25 1,640 840 795
Armenian 115 45 65 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 2,950 1,375 1,575 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 40 20 25 1,030 515 520
Latvian 25 15 15 555 290 265
Lithuanian 15 0 10 475 220 250
Slavic languages 2,910 1,365 1,550 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 10 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 30 20 10 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 50 25 30 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 200 95 110 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 150 75 70 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 555 250 305 400 220 185
Polish 970 475 500 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 415 160 255 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 290 160 135 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 80 40 40 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 120 55 65 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 310 140 170 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 420 215 205
Celtic languages 45 20 20 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 660 395 265
Welsh 10 10 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 860 450 410
Germanic languages 1,845 835 1,005 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 90 40 55 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 45 25 30 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 555 245 305 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 10 465 230 240
German 1,095 505 590 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 15 0 10 405 210 195
Norwegian 10 0 10 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 55 25 30 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 10 545 270 275
Yiddish 15 10 10 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 1,005 500 505 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 5,750 2,830 2,925 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 4,490 2,195 2,295 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 425 205 210 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 540 250 285 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 1,435 730 705 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 20 10 10 60 30 25
Konkani 10 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 75 35 45 1,475 780 695
Nepali 10 10 10 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 895 455 440 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 85 45 40 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 205 80 125 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 2,200 1,115 1,080 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 1,330 670 655 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 15 10 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 90 55 30 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 1,290 640 650 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 70 40 35 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 5,715 2,875 2,840 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 2,275 1,160 1,110 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 935 465 470 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 390 185 210 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 2,285 1,145 1,140 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 140 45 95 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 10 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 265 145 120 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 585 295 295 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 75 40 35 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 15 10 10 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 10 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 25 10 15 425 240 185
Lingala 80 60 20 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 20 20 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 55 30 30 290 125 165
Shona 50 15 35 415 220 195
Swahili 120 70 45 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 130 65 65 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 130 65 65 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 185 75 115 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 115 50 65 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 70 20 50 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,300 1,100 1,195 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 2,290 1,100 1,190 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 885 425 465 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 10 0 10 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 1,495 725 770 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 25 15 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 45 20 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 85 40 50 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 0 10 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 10 10 10 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 90 80 10 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 15 15 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 75 60 15 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 125 50 70 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 20 0 10 945 510 435
Turkish 110 50 60 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 470 225 245 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 30 25 0 780 350 425
Finnish 60 25 35 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 375 170 205 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 126,785 61,865 64,915 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 121,385 59,205 62,180 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 30,260 15,550 14,710 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 91,125 43,655 47,470 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 5,395 2,655 2,740 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 126,780 61,865 64,920 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 96,500 47,290 49,210 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 29,555 14,150 15,400 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 11,175 5,240 5,930 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 4,285 2,145 2,140 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 5,615 2,715 2,900 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 6,340 2,980 3,355 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 3,510 1,650 1,860 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 2,825 1,335 1,490 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,140 1,065 1,080 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 730 425 305 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 29,550 14,150 15,400 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 3,555 1,740 1,810 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 6,555 3,395 3,150 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 6,855 3,025 3,825 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 10,705 5,155 5,550 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 1,885 830 1,055 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 29,550 14,150 15,405 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 7,515 3,435 4,075 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 120 40 90 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 190 80 105 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 75 35 40 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 1,245 555 690 1,305 600 710
Haiti 65 30 40 570 250 315
Jamaica 2,375 1,075 1,300 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 155 65 95 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 105 50 55 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 995 455 540 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 925 420 505 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 1,245 630 620 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 10,270 4,965 5,305 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 100 60 40 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 135 60 70 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 75 65 15 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 500 255 245 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 355 190 170 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 165 80 85 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 240 110 130 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 965 510 455 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 495 240 250 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 585 265 325 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 365 190 175 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 365 180 190 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 175 60 115 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 120 50 70 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 150 65 85 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,490 2,100 2,400 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 995 495 495 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 1,755 900 860 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 20 10 15 485 310 175
Egypt 160 80 75 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 40 20 25 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 110 45 60 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 55 45 10 985 535 455
Nigeria 300 140 165 1,740 925 815
Somalia 20 10 10 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 235 140 95 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 815 400 415 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 9,890 4,765 5,120 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 640 320 325 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 240 110 130 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,235 575 660 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 305 165 140 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 1,800 920 885 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 290 160 130 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 70 40 30 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 45 0 40 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 250 135 110 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 225 120 105 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 1,365 710 655 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 1,500 620 885 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 870 400 470 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 30 20 10 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 65 35 30 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 175 60 115 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 790 380 410 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 125 80 45 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,145 1,065 1,080 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 465 260 210 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 20 0 15 1,145 525 615
Colombia 20 15 10 580 250 325
Cuba 10 0 10 140 60 80
Haiti 10 10 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 160 105 55 625 355 265
Mexico 25 10 15 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 105 55 50 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 10 10 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 110 55 55 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 215 115 100 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 10 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 10 0 0 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 10 10 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 10 245 120 125
Romania 20 10 15 690 310 380