Census Profile, 2016 Census
Oshawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Durham, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Oshawa, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Durham, RM
Ontario
[Census division]
Data quality , Oshawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Oshawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario Data quality : Durham, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 159,458  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 645,862  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 149,607  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 608,124  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 64,883  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 233,936  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 62,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 227,906  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,094.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 255.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 145.64  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,523.80  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 159,455 77,785 81,670 645,865 314,675 331,190
0 to 14 years 26,575 13,660 12,910 116,185 59,425 56,760
0 to 4 years 8,770 4,515 4,260 35,695 18,205 17,490
5 to 9 years 9,130 4,650 4,485 39,930 20,440 19,490
10 to 14 years 8,670 4,495 4,175 40,560 20,775 19,790
15 to 64 years 106,535 52,575 53,960 436,890 213,685 223,200
15 to 19 years 9,220 4,625 4,595 42,970 21,910 21,055
20 to 24 years 10,660 5,450 5,215 43,235 22,330 20,900
25 to 29 years 10,460 5,345 5,125 37,590 18,860 18,730
30 to 34 years 10,365 5,115 5,250 39,640 19,135 20,505
35 to 39 years 10,040 4,875 5,165 41,400 19,475 21,925
40 to 44 years 10,060 4,905 5,150 43,545 20,880 22,665
45 to 49 years 10,815 5,295 5,515 46,935 22,380 24,555
50 to 54 years 13,100 6,350 6,750 55,045 26,565 28,475
55 to 59 years 12,080 6,025 6,050 48,595 23,935 24,655
60 to 64 years 9,735 4,590 5,145 37,940 18,215 19,725
65 years and over 26,350 11,555 14,800 92,790 41,560 51,225
65 to 69 years 8,495 3,960 4,535 31,860 15,085 16,775
70 to 74 years 6,065 2,800 3,265 21,950 10,480 11,475
75 to 79 years 4,635 2,050 2,585 15,785 7,035 8,745
80 to 84 years 3,520 1,535 1,985 11,740 5,090 6,650
85 years and over 3,640 1,215 2,425 11,460 3,875 7,580
85 to 89 years 2,250 825 1,425 7,320 2,705 4,615
90 to 94 years 1,115 315 800 3,285 980 2,300
95 to 99 years 235 60 180 750 170 580
100 years and over 35 15 25 105 25 80
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.6 15.8 18.0 18.9 17.1
15 to 64 years 66.8 67.6 66.1 67.6 67.9 67.4
65 years and over 16.5 14.9 18.1 14.4 13.2 15.5
85 years and over 2.3 1.6 3.0 1.8 1.2 2.3
Average age of the population 40.9 39.7 42.0 39.6 38.6 40.5
Median age of the population 41.2 39.8 42.5 40.2 39.0 41.3
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 62,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 227,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 34,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 152,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 7,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 20,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 5,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 5,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 6,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 62,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 227,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 16,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 20,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 10,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 9,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 5,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 157,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 639,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 132,890 64,130 68,755 529,675 255,250 274,425
Married or living common law 71,385 35,625 35,760 309,895 154,730 155,170
Married 57,025 28,455 28,570 266,470 133,040 133,430
Living common law 14,360 7,170 7,190 43,430 21,690 21,745
Not married and not living common law 61,505 28,505 33,000 219,780 100,525 119,260
Never married 38,535 20,780 17,750 146,925 77,565 69,360
Separated 5,270 2,220 3,050 16,310 6,540 9,770
Divorced 9,600 3,785 5,815 29,715 10,900 18,815
Widowed 8,100 1,720 6,380 26,830 5,520 21,315
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 45,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 22,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 10,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 8,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 3,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 45,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 35,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 152,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 27,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 130,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 7,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 10,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 8,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 2,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 35,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 152,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 16,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 18,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 7,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 7,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 3,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 10,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 6,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 27,210 13,310 13,895 75,950 34,200 41,745
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 62,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 227,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 41,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 169,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 15,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 26,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 18,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 16,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 158,005 77,360 80,645 640,985 312,945 328,045
English only 146,650 72,500 74,150 588,525 291,225 297,300
French only 140 65 75 435 190 245
English and French 10,225 4,410 5,815 46,860 19,570 27,290
Neither English nor French 990 380 610 5,175 1,960 3,210
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 158,010 77,360 80,645 640,990 312,940 328,045
English 153,690 75,405 78,285 624,055 305,645 318,410
French 2,910 1,395 1,515 9,705 4,450 5,255
English and French 460 200 255 2,235 980 1,250
Neither English nor French 950 360 585 5,000 1,870 3,130
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,135 1,495 1,645 10,820 4,940 5,880
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 158,005 77,355 80,650 640,990 312,940 328,050
Single responses 155,615 76,200 79,420 627,700 306,560 321,140
Official languages 137,000 67,330 69,675 529,450 259,625 269,825
English 134,000 65,890 68,110 519,815 255,200 264,610
French 3,000 1,435 1,565 9,635 4,420 5,210
Non-official languages 18,615 8,870 9,745 98,250 46,940 51,310
Aboriginal languages 20 5 15 50 20 30
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 25 10 15
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 5 0 5 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 15 10 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 5 5 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 18,595 8,865 9,730 98,200 46,915 51,280
Afro-Asiatic languages 935 505 430 5,340 2,810 2,525
Berber languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cushitic languages 30 10 15 190 90 105
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 30 15 15
Somali 30 10 10 155 70 85
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 905 490 415 5,145 2,720 2,425
Amharic 30 15 10 215 115 100
Arabic 725 415 315 4,345 2,305 2,035
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 50 30 20
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 5 10
Harari 0 0 5 70 40 35
Hebrew 10 5 5 60 40 20
Maltese 115 45 70 295 145 150
Tigrigna 5 0 5 75 30 40
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 10 15
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 235 105 125 970 425 545
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 55 20 30
Vietnamese 205 95 115 910 400 510
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 5 5 5
Austronesian languages 1,015 375 635 7,390 3,010 4,380
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 5
Cebuano 40 10 25 215 80 135
Fijian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Hiligaynon 15 10 10 65 25 40
Ilocano 30 15 15 190 75 110
Malagasy 0 5 5 5 0 5
Malay 35 10 20 175 75 100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 0 70 40 35
Pangasinan 5 0 0 15 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 875 320 555 6,605 2,695 3,915
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 10 15
Creole languages 75 40 35 395 170 220
Haitian Creole 15 5 10 25 15 15
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 20 190 90 100
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 180 75 105
Dravidian languages 920 455 460 8,990 4,385 4,600
Kannada 15 5 10 65 35 35
Malayalam 110 55 55 730 360 365
Tamil 745 375 375 7,865 3,820 4,040
Telugu 45 25 20 320 160 155
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 12,925 6,195 6,725 62,745 30,400 32,340
Albanian 30 15 15 220 105 115
Armenian 30 15 15 415 205 210
Balto-Slavic languages 3,680 1,645 2,035 11,115 5,070 6,040
Baltic languages 55 25 30 230 105 130
Latvian 30 15 15 150 65 85
Lithuanian 20 10 15 80 40 40
Slavic languages 3,625 1,620 2,010 10,880 4,970 5,910
Belarusan 5 0 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 15 5 10 40 25 25
Bulgarian 20 15 10 160 70 85
Croatian 175 90 85 545 290 260
Czech 45 25 25 280 125 155
Macedonian 205 105 100 1,665 805 865
Polish 1,795 785 1,010 4,375 1,920 2,450
Russian 330 135 190 1,195 510 685
Serbian 175 90 80 570 310 270
Serbo-Croatian 20 15 10 70 35 30
Slovak 85 25 60 285 110 175
Slovene (Slovenian) 90 45 45 290 140 150
Ukrainian 650 270 380 1,335 595 745
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 50 25 20
Celtic languages 20 15 10 70 30 35
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 35 15 20
Welsh 5 0 5 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 10 0
Germanic languages 1,545 695 855 6,935 3,130 3,805
Afrikaans 25 15 10 120 55 65
Danish 45 20 25 190 90 100
Dutch 545 255 285 2,390 1,110 1,280
Frisian 15 5 5 80 35 45
German 865 370 495 3,935 1,745 2,190
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 0 10
Norwegian 15 10 10 55 25 30
Swedish 15 10 10 100 45 50
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 10 45 15 30
Yiddish 5 5 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 430 215 215 2,515 1,285 1,225
Indo-Iranian languages 3,125 1,610 1,515 24,735 12,305 12,430
Indo-Aryan languages 2,455 1,260 1,195 18,940 9,385 9,560
Bengali 210 105 105 1,615 790 830
Gujarati 425 205 220 2,725 1,350 1,380
Hindi 230 125 105 1,740 845 890
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 5
Konkani 5 0 5 85 35 45
Marathi 10 5 5 135 60 75
Nepali 5 5 0 60 25 30
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 305 165 140 2,500 1,245 1,255
Sindhi 25 15 10 325 160 160
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 35 45 635 300 335
Urdu 1,160 605 555 9,095 4,555 4,540
Iranian languages 655 345 315 5,740 2,895 2,850
Kurdish 20 10 5 70 40 30
Pashto 75 45 35 595 305 290
Persian (Farsi) 560 290 270 5,080 2,545 2,530
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 50 25 25
Italic (Romance) languages 4,055 1,990 2,060 16,740 8,270 8,475
Catalan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Italian 1,520 795 725 6,140 3,210 2,930
Portuguese 975 485 490 3,500 1,690 1,810
Romanian 225 95 130 1,465 680 785
Spanish 1,330 610 715 5,625 2,685 2,940
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 10 0 10
Japanese 30 10 15 225 85 145
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 5
Korean 150 70 75 755 360 395
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 0 5 5
Mongolian 5 0 5 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 225 115 110 1,200 570 630
Akan (Twi) 35 15 15 230 115 115
Bamanankan 5 0 0 5 0 0
Edo 5 0 5 50 20 25
Ewe 5 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 25 10 15
Ga 5 5 5 25 10 15
Ganda 5 0 0 15 5 5
Igbo 30 15 10 95 50 45
Lingala 0 0 0 35 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 30 10 20
Shona 15 5 10 90 40 45
Swahili 35 15 20 175 90 85
Wolof 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yoruba 25 15 10 205 100 105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 185 85 100
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 20 15 5
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 20 15 10
Sign languages 55 20 35 145 70 75
American Sign Language 20 5 15 55 25 35
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 15 15 85 45 40
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,400 645 755 7,590 3,470 4,115
Chinese languages 1,390 640 750 7,530 3,445 4,080
Cantonese 555 255 300 3,145 1,455 1,690
Hakka 10 5 5 145 70 80
Mandarin 720 335 380 3,745 1,705 2,035
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 15 20 185 85 100
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5 80 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 30 40 220 90 130
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 0 60 25 35
Burmese 5 5 0 15 5 5
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tai-Kadai languages 55 20 30 200 75 130
Lao 30 15 20 55 30 30
Thai 20 10 15 140 45 95
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 70 40 30 280 145 135
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkish 65 40 25 230 120 110
Uyghur 5 0 5 25 15 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Uralic languages 510 245 260 1,925 905 1,025
Estonian 30 10 15 200 100 100
Finnish 50 25 30 295 135 155
Hungarian 430 210 215 1,435 665 770
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 30 15 15
Multiple responses 2,390 1,160 1,230 13,290 6,385 6,905
English and French 515 255 260 1,865 880 985
English and non-official language 1,755 855 895 10,675 5,180 5,500
French and non-official language 80 30 45 390 170 225
English, French and non-official language 50 20 25 360 155 205
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 158,005 77,360 80,645 640,990 312,940 328,045
Single responses 153,560 75,220 78,340 615,010 300,495 314,510
Official languages 145,835 71,570 74,265 573,035 280,475 292,560
English 144,720 71,030 73,690 569,375 278,755 290,615
French 1,115 540 580 3,660 1,720 1,945
Non-official languages 7,730 3,650 4,075 41,975 20,025 21,955
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,730 3,650 4,080 41,970 20,025 21,950
Afro-Asiatic languages 450 235 215 2,260 1,105 1,155
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 20 10 5 55 25 30
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 10 5 0
Somali 15 10 10 40 20 25
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Semitic languages 430 230 200 2,200 1,075 1,125
Amharic 0 0 0 70 35 40
Arabic 395 210 185 1,965 960 1,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 30 15 15
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 35 20 15
Hebrew 0 0 0 15 10 5
Maltese 20 5 10 55 25 35
Tigrigna 5 0 5 10 10 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 145 70 80 570 260 315
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 10 20 5 10
Vietnamese 135 65 75 555 250 305
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 310 135 175 2,370 1,070 1,300
Bikol 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cebuano 5 5 5 65 25 35
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 5 5 10 0 5
Ilocano 5 5 5 40 15 25
Malagasy 5 0 0 5 0 5
Malay 0 0 5 40 15 25
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 290 125 160 2,180 985 1,195
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole languages 25 15 10 140 65 75
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 10 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 70 35 40
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 55 25 25
Dravidian languages 580 275 305 5,645 2,685 2,955
Kannada 5 0 0 20 10 10
Malayalam 80 40 35 355 180 175
Tamil 485 225 260 5,095 2,415 2,690
Telugu 15 5 10 160 80 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 4,915 2,280 2,630 24,495 11,690 12,805
Albanian 15 5 5 105 50 50
Armenian 15 10 10 170 85 85
Balto-Slavic languages 1,405 620 780 3,815 1,760 2,055
Baltic languages 10 5 5 30 15 15
Latvian 5 5 0 15 5 10
Lithuanian 0 5 0 15 10 5
Slavic languages 1,395 620 780 3,785 1,750 2,040
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 5 0 0 5 5 0
Bulgarian 5 5 0 75 40 40
Croatian 45 15 25 125 65 65
Czech 5 0 5 70 30 35
Macedonian 60 30 30 520 240 280
Polish 780 365 415 1,700 800 895
Russian 165 70 100 595 260 335
Serbian 95 45 55 240 120 125
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 25 10 10
Slovak 25 10 15 80 35 45
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 10 50 20 30
Ukrainian 175 65 115 290 120 170
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 0 5
Celtic languages 5 5 0 5 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 100 40 65 535 225 310
Afrikaans 10 5 0 40 25 20
Danish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dutch 15 5 5 135 50 80
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 0
German 75 30 50 330 135 195
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 5
Norwegian 0 0 0 0 0 5
Swedish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 130 65 65 635 305 325
Indo-Iranian languages 1,720 845 870 13,590 6,590 7,000
Indo-Aryan languages 1,355 675 680 10,310 5,000 5,310
Bengali 120 60 60 905 430 475
Gujarati 205 100 105 1,395 675 715
Hindi 120 60 60 810 390 420
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 5 5 0 20 10 10
Marathi 0 5 0 70 35 35
Nepali 5 5 5 30 15 20
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 170 95 80 1,270 620 655
Sindhi 10 5 5 95 45 55
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 15 15 230 110 115
Urdu 695 340 355 5,475 2,675 2,805
Iranian languages 365 170 195 3,265 1,580 1,690
Kurdish 10 5 10 30 15 10
Pashto 40 20 20 345 170 175
Persian (Farsi) 315 145 165 2,895 1,395 1,495
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Italic (Romance) languages 1,530 695 830 5,650 2,675 2,970
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 430 190 245 1,345 595 750
Portuguese 400 185 215 1,055 490 570
Romanian 90 40 50 710 330 380
Spanish 610 285 330 2,535 1,260 1,270
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 10 5 5 95 35 55
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 90 45 45 420 210 205
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Niger-Congo languages 50 25 25 295 135 160
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5 70 35 40
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 5 5 5
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 5
Igbo 5 0 5 10 5 5
Lingala 0 0 0 15 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 5 5 10 5 10
Shona 5 0 0 25 10 15
Swahili 5 5 5 45 15 25
Wolof 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yoruba 5 5 5 50 20 30
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 25 15 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Sign languages 80 45 35 240 140 100
American Sign Language 30 20 20 75 35 35
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 50 30 20 165 100 65
Sino-Tibetan languages 905 445 460 4,775 2,315 2,460
Chinese languages 905 445 460 4,755 2,305 2,450
Cantonese 350 165 185 1,765 850 920
Hakka 0 0 0 35 15 20
Mandarin 500 250 250 2,740 1,335 1,405
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 45 20 25
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 40 20 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 25 15 115 55 60
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 5 0 20 10 10
Burmese 0 0 0 5 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 5 0 15 10 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 15 100 45 55
Lao 15 5 10 25 5 15
Thai 5 5 5 75 35 40
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 35 20 15 120 60 60
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 30 15 10 95 45 55
Uyghur 5 0 5 15 10 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 110 55 50 440 210 235
Estonian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Finnish 5 5 0 45 20 15
Hungarian 105 50 55 385 185 205
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Multiple responses 4,445 2,135 2,305 25,975 12,440 13,535
English and French 405 170 230 1,545 680 865
English and non-official language 3,905 1,900 2,005 23,685 11,445 12,240
French and non-official language 30 15 15 155 75 85
English, French and non-official language 100 50 55 590 245 345
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 158,005 77,360 80,650 640,990 312,945 328,045
None 145,450 71,510 73,940 576,335 282,615 293,715
English 4,080 2,010 2,070 21,495 10,540 10,950
French 1,800 725 1,080 7,720 3,120 4,605
Non-official language 6,435 3,025 3,415 34,335 16,160 18,175
Aboriginal 30 15 20 60 25 35
Non-Aboriginal 6,410 3,010 3,400 34,275 16,135 18,140
English and French 35 10 25 205 85 125
English and non-official language 110 50 55 400 195 210
French and non-official language 100 35 60 490 220 275
English, French and non-official language 0 0 5 10 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 131,115 63,485 67,625 523,485 252,970 270,515
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 124,955 60,595 64,360 497,400 240,370 257,030
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,492 41,242 27,579 37,755 45,591 31,227
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 125,000 60,595 64,400 497,580 240,385 257,195
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,538 36,701 25,679 33,943 40,114 28,634
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 108,970 54,210 54,760 450,935 222,785 228,150
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,057 40,541 24,781 36,606 44,922 29,097
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 93,450 41,740 51,705 349,685 151,985 197,700
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,218 3,813 7,203 3,840 1,631 5,014
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 91,675 47,865 43,805 385,985 197,510 188,480
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,111 37,893 27,382 37,704 44,472 32,281
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 131,115 63,485 67,625 523,485 252,970 270,515
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 124,845 60,510 64,340 496,955 239,905 257,050
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,552 50,274 35,289 49,018 58,216 40,434
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 124,890 60,510 64,380 497,145 239,925 257,220
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,875 41,483 30,604 40,280 46,704 34,288
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 108,840 54,070 54,765 450,320 222,340 227,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,878 50,643 33,224 48,598 58,488 38,953
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 93,365 41,705 51,660 349,105 151,155 197,945
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,083 7,286 8,726 7,090 6,365 7,644
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 91,670 47,805 43,870 385,985 197,255 188,725
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,964 46,938 34,454 48,217 55,920 40,165
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 131,110 63,490 67,625 523,485 252,970 270,515
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 42,895 24,035 18,860 191,215 106,020 85,200
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,881 59,508 47,683 60,089 66,395 53,793
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,469 68,287 52,779 69,517 77,133 60,038
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.7 89.8 80.2 89.8 93.0 85.5
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.4 73.7 66.1 76.1 78.7 72.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.3 10.2 19.8 10.2 7.0 14.5
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 131,110 63,490 67,625 523,485 252,970 270,515
Without total income 6,160 2,895 3,265 26,085 12,600 13,485
With total income 124,950 60,590 64,360 497,400 240,370 257,030
Percentage with total income 95.3 95.4 95.2 95.0 95.0 95.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,190 8,015 10,175 73,800 31,630 42,170
$10,000 to $19,999 21,940 8,405 13,540 76,740 30,080 46,660
$20,000 to $29,999 17,260 6,495 10,765 59,100 23,145 35,955
$30,000 to $39,999 14,370 6,480 7,890 50,115 22,000 28,115
$40,000 to $49,999 13,855 7,070 6,785 49,640 23,300 26,335
$50,000 to $59,999 10,670 5,775 4,895 41,460 20,875 20,580
$60,000 to $69,999 7,540 4,435 3,105 32,920 17,815 15,105
$70,000 to $79,999 5,825 3,640 2,185 26,460 15,180 11,280
$80,000 to $89,999 4,540 2,825 1,715 21,490 12,540 8,950
$90,000 to $99,999 3,435 2,095 1,345 18,150 10,325 7,830
$100,000 and over 7,335 5,370 1,960 47,535 33,480 14,055
$100,000 to $149,999 5,545 3,970 1,575 33,825 23,040 10,785
$150,000 and over 1,790 1,400 390 13,710 10,440 3,265
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 131,110 63,490 67,625 523,485 252,970 270,510
Without after-tax income 6,115 2,890 3,220 25,900 12,585 13,320
With after-tax income 124,995 60,590 64,405 497,585 240,385 257,200
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.4 95.2 95.1 95.0 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,675 8,120 10,555 75,920 32,070 43,850
$10,000 to $19,999 22,940 8,800 14,135 80,275 31,630 48,645
$20,000 to $29,999 19,940 7,805 12,135 68,605 27,660 40,945
$30,000 to $39,999 17,940 8,615 9,325 62,700 28,485 34,215
$40,000 to $49,999 15,600 8,295 7,305 58,660 29,010 29,650
$50,000 to $59,999 10,285 5,995 4,290 44,300 23,890 20,410
$60,000 to $69,999 7,245 4,555 2,695 33,590 19,570 14,020
$70,000 to $79,999 5,005 3,095 1,915 26,270 15,225 11,045
$80,000 and over 7,360 5,320 2,045 47,260 32,845 14,410
$80,000 to $89,999 2,990 1,990 995 16,970 10,660 6,310
$90,000 to $99,999 1,580 1,155 425 9,910 6,875 3,030
$100,000 and over 2,795 2,165 625 20,385 15,310 5,070
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 131,115 63,485 67,625 523,480 252,970 270,510
Without employment income 39,440 15,620 23,820 137,500 55,465 82,035
With employment income 91,675 47,865 43,810 385,985 197,505 188,480
Percentage with employment income 69.9 75.4 64.8 73.7 78.1 69.7
Under $5,000 (including loss) 15,605 8,450 7,155 56,155 28,635 27,520
$5,000 to $9,999 6,970 2,985 3,985 29,245 12,575 16,670
$10,000 to $19,999 11,620 4,925 6,700 45,835 20,145 25,685
$20,000 to $29,999 9,710 4,260 5,445 35,690 15,580 20,110
$30,000 to $39,999 9,055 4,170 4,880 34,130 14,935 19,195
$40,000 to $49,999 8,650 4,280 4,370 33,755 15,355 18,395
$50,000 to $59,999 7,320 3,965 3,350 30,340 15,280 15,060
$60,000 to $69,999 5,540 3,280 2,260 25,355 13,740 11,620
$70,000 to $79,999 4,660 2,965 1,695 21,470 12,435 9,040
$80,000 and over 12,550 8,580 3,970 74,010 48,820 25,190
$80,000 to $89,999 3,750 2,315 1,430 18,225 10,725 7,495
$90,000 to $99,999 2,915 1,790 1,125 16,130 9,120 7,005
$100,000 and over 5,885 4,470 1,410 39,660 28,975 10,685
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 62,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 227,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,211  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,834  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,873  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,398  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 16,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,067  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,798  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,399  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,908  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 46,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 183,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 103,544  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,658  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 62,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 227,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 84,871  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 106,886  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,579  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 16,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,849  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,062  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,943  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 46,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 183,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,914  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 120,141  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,444  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,726  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 62,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 227,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 19,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 2,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 62,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 227,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 13,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 3,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 44,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,822  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 103,043  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,402  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,198  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 14,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,534  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,774  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 18,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,111  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 107,456  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 9,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,379  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,311  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,622  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 44,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,829  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,898  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,229  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,401  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 14,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,666  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,118  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,392  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,282  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 19,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 143,831  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,362  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 117,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 9,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,408  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,308  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,412  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,643  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 22,990 11,540 11,450 60,295 28,515 31,780
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,234 36,001 29,782 37,521 41,938 34,351
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,410 32,183 27,552 33,628 36,742 31,241
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 22,930 11,510 11,420 60,230 28,440 31,800
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,225 43,350 37,074 47,099 51,876 42,828
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,160 36,134 32,170 39,195 42,202 36,505
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 157,630 77,115 80,520 639,490 312,280 327,210
In the bottom half of the distribution 81,010 38,350 42,655 255,840 120,390 135,450
In the bottom decile 16,760 8,110 8,655 42,085 20,055 22,030
In the second decile 15,210 6,670 8,540 46,015 20,540 25,480
In the third decile 15,425 7,225 8,200 50,080 23,230 26,850
In the fourth decile 16,555 7,930 8,630 56,220 26,720 29,500
In the fifth decile 17,060 8,420 8,635 61,435 29,850 31,585
In the top half of the distribution 76,620 38,760 37,865 383,650 191,890 191,760
In the sixth decile 16,755 8,425 8,330 67,645 33,300 34,345
In the seventh decile 16,720 8,390 8,330 74,095 36,590 37,505
In the eighth decile 17,105 8,615 8,490 80,920 40,450 40,465
In the ninth decile 15,940 8,115 7,825 87,405 43,980 43,425
In the top decile 10,100 5,210 4,890 73,590 37,565 36,020
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 157,630 77,115 80,515 639,365 312,205 327,155
0 to 17 years 31,900 16,345 15,560 141,345 72,110 69,230
0 to 5 years 10,605 5,475 5,135 43,280 22,090 21,195
18 to 64 years 100,655 49,545 51,110 409,770 199,825 209,945
65 years and over 25,075 11,225 13,855 88,250 40,275 47,980
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 22,890 10,495 12,405 62,035 28,460 33,570
0 to 17 years 6,620 3,390 3,230 18,740 9,525 9,215
0 to 5 years 2,390 1,225 1,160 5,930 3,020 2,910
18 to 64 years 13,860 6,330 7,530 36,030 16,450 19,575
65 years and over 2,415 775 1,640 7,270 2,485 4,785
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.5 13.6 15.4 9.7 9.1 10.3
0 to 17 years (%) 20.8 20.7 20.8 13.3 13.2 13.3
0 to 5 years (%) 22.5 22.4 22.6 13.7 13.7 13.7
18 to 64 years (%) 13.8 12.8 14.7 8.8 8.2 9.3
65 years and over (%) 9.6 6.9 11.8 8.2 6.2 10.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 13,665 6,785 6,880 38,065 18,315 19,745
0 to 17 years 3,395 1,780 1,610 10,665 5,425 5,240
0 to 5 years 1,265 680 585 3,330 1,710 1,620
18 to 64 years 9,735 4,795 4,945 25,025 12,010 13,010
65 years and over 540 210 325 2,370 880 1,495
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.7 8.8 8.5 6.0 5.9 6.0
0 to 17 years (%) 10.6 10.9 10.3 7.5 7.5 7.6
0 to 5 years (%) 11.9 12.4 11.4 7.7 7.7 7.6
18 to 64 years (%) 9.7 9.7 9.7 6.1 6.0 6.2
65 years and over (%) 2.2 1.9 2.3 2.7 2.2 3.1
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 157,630 77,110 80,520 639,495 312,285 327,210
Official languages 156,640 76,730 79,915 634,250 310,160 324,095
English 156,510 76,675 79,835 633,865 309,970 323,895
French 10,300 4,540 5,765 47,090 19,805 27,280
Non-official languages 23,330 11,240 12,095 127,260 61,080 66,180
Aboriginal languages 45 15 25 125 40 85
Algonquian languages 30 0 20 95 25 70
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 0 0 35 0 30
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Plains Cree 10 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 0 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 10 60 15 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 10 10 55 15 40
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 10 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 10 0 0 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 20 20 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 15 0 20 15 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 23,290 11,220 12,070 127,135 61,040 66,095
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,235 675 555 7,310 3,800 3,505
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 35 15 25 315 150 165
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 35 25 10
Somali 35 15 20 280 125 155
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,180 655 525 6,985 3,655 3,330
Amharic 30 15 15 275 145 135
Arabic 950 545 400 5,925 3,135 2,790
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 55 25 30
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 25 10 15
Harari 0 0 10 125 60 60
Hebrew 65 35 30 300 160 135
Maltese 125 55 70 360 170 195
Tigrigna 10 0 0 65 15 40
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 15
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 60 20 35
Austro-Asiatic languages 260 110 145 1,225 505 715
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 15 25 110 50 55
Vietnamese 225 100 125 1,120 465 660
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,355 530 835 9,540 3,925 5,610
Bikol 10 0 0 60 25 35
Cebuano 60 30 30 445 190 250
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 30 10 20 95 40 55
Ilocano 25 10 10 355 140 220
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 75 25 45 355 155 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35 10 25 125 55 70
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,245 490 755 8,860 3,625 5,240
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 60 20 40
Creole languages 210 100 110 1,375 635 750
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 80 35 40
Creole, n.o.s. 80 35 50 595 280 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 65 55 720 325 395
Dravidian languages 1,170 585 585 11,655 5,785 5,865
Kannada 10 0 0 165 95 65
Malayalam 140 50 85 900 440 460
Tamil 1,020 530 490 10,380 5,175 5,205
Telugu 65 30 40 475 240 235
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 16,165 7,825 8,340 82,735 40,290 42,435
Albanian 15 10 10 230 130 95
Armenian 35 20 10 490 230 260
Balto-Slavic languages 4,255 1,990 2,265 13,270 6,230 7,040
Baltic languages 50 25 25 225 95 130
Latvian 25 20 10 155 75 80
Lithuanian 25 0 15 70 20 50
Slavic languages 4,220 1,970 2,245 13,070 6,145 6,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 15 0
Bosnian 35 15 15 75 45 35
Bulgarian 25 20 0 225 120 100
Croatian 325 155 170 870 445 425
Czech 100 60 40 445 230 210
Macedonian 250 145 105 2,290 1,110 1,180
Polish 1,880 840 1,040 4,890 2,185 2,700
Russian 555 235 315 1,845 775 1,070
Serbian 365 190 175 925 480 440
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 10 80 45 35
Slovak 90 45 45 315 140 175
Slovene (Slovenian) 80 25 50 365 160 205
Ukrainian 855 370 490 1,840 860 980
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 85 50 30
Celtic languages 65 25 40 185 100 90
Scottish Gaelic 40 20 25 95 60 40
Welsh 15 10 10 25 10 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 15 65 35 35
Germanic languages 2,010 865 1,145 9,165 4,220 4,945
Afrikaans 100 40 65 380 155 220
Danish 55 15 35 255 95 160
Dutch 535 215 320 2,745 1,295 1,450
Frisian 20 20 0 100 50 50
German 1,265 560 705 5,605 2,625 2,980
Icelandic 0 0 10 25 0 25
Norwegian 40 25 15 105 45 60
Swedish 30 15 15 190 80 110
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 40 10 30
Yiddish 0 0 0 30 10 20
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Greek 600 300 295 3,835 1,890 1,940
Indo-Iranian languages 3,875 2,010 1,870 33,260 16,530 16,725
Indo-Aryan languages 3,305 1,695 1,610 26,840 13,375 13,465
Bengali 240 130 115 2,075 990 1,085
Gujarati 590 295 290 4,040 2,000 2,035
Hindi 935 480 455 7,580 3,815 3,765
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 25 10 10 265 135 130
Marathi 10 0 0 265 140 125
Nepali 15 10 10 60 30 30
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 650 360 290 5,185 2,615 2,565
Sindhi 45 20 25 610 275 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 215 85 130 1,355 665 690
Urdu 1,635 835 800 13,240 6,735 6,510
Iranian languages 625 335 290 7,045 3,460 3,580
Kurdish 0 0 0 100 65 35
Pashto 75 40 35 865 440 430
Persian (Farsi) 560 295 260 6,395 3,145 3,250
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 145 85 60
Italic (Romance) languages 5,690 2,845 2,850 24,020 11,830 12,190
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 2,215 1,210 1,005 8,885 4,575 4,305
Portuguese 1,145 565 580 4,255 2,050 2,205
Romanian 370 175 200 1,805 845 960
Spanish 2,125 985 1,145 9,785 4,735 5,055
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 40 15 20
Japanese 85 45 45 515 195 320
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 10
Korean 120 55 65 895 435 460
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 480 220 260 2,410 1,185 1,220
Akan (Twi) 80 35 40 400 195 200
Bamanankan 20 10 10 25 15 15
Edo 10 0 10 70 25 40
Ewe 0 0 10 45 20 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 10 45 25 25
Ga 15 0 10 45 15 30
Ganda 0 0 0 25 0 15
Igbo 40 20 15 115 70 50
Lingala 25 15 15 320 165 155
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 0 15 55 20 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 0 0 90 45 45
Shona 30 15 10 130 55 80
Swahili 60 20 35 460 245 215
Wolof 0 0 10 20 10 10
Yoruba 50 25 25 440 200 240
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 170 80 90 490 255 230
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 0 25 15 10
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 25 15 10
Sign languages 330 125 210 1,075 395 680
American Sign Language 205 55 145 645 200 440
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 130 65 65 440 190 245
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,680 810 870 8,830 4,140 4,695
Chinese languages 1,680 810 870 8,725 4,095 4,630
Cantonese 775 335 440 3,965 1,790 2,175
Hakka 0 10 0 115 55 60
Mandarin 985 470 510 4,985 2,370 2,615
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 25 35 290 150 140
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 10 115 55 60
Chinese, n.o.s. 85 50 35 275 125 150
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 115 50 60
Burmese 0 0 0 30 15 15
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 70 30 40
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Tai-Kadai languages 70 40 35 245 155 95
Lao 50 20 25 105 60 45
Thai 35 25 15 160 100 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 65 45 20 390 190 200
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 40 10 30
Turkish 65 45 20 325 170 160
Uyghur 0 0 0 10 10 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 10 0 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 540 285 255 2,110 1,020 1,090
Estonian 15 10 10 185 85 105
Finnish 55 30 30 270 140 130
Hungarian 465 245 215 1,655 795 860
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 140 65 75
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 157,630 77,115 80,515 639,495 312,285 327,215
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 152,140 74,440 77,700 614,080 300,175 313,905
Canadian citizens aged under 18 31,380 16,060 15,320 138,940 71,150 67,785
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 120,760 58,375 62,380 475,140 229,025 246,120
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 5,490 2,675 2,815 25,415 12,105 13,305
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 157,630 77,115 80,515 639,490 312,280 327,210
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 129,685 63,795 65,890 485,560 239,245 246,320
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 26,975 12,755 14,220 150,885 71,355 79,530
Before 1981 11,925 5,640 6,285 55,475 26,185 29,295
1981 to 1990 3,765 1,800 1,970 22,725 10,805 11,925
1991 to 2000 4,290 2,035 2,260 31,090 14,690 16,400
2001 to 2010 5,035 2,380 2,655 31,275 14,805 16,465
2001 to 2005 2,620 1,265 1,350 17,425 8,265 9,155
2006 to 2010 2,420 1,115 1,305 13,855 6,545 7,310
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,950 905 1,050 10,315 4,870 5,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 970 560 410 3,045 1,680 1,365
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 26,975 12,760 14,215 150,885 71,355 79,530
Under 5 years 3,060 1,625 1,440 16,915 8,555 8,365
5 to 14 years 5,690 2,775 2,915 31,555 15,710 15,845
15 to 24 years 6,840 3,110 3,730 37,000 16,125 20,875
25 to 44 years 9,850 4,610 5,240 55,445 26,815 28,635
45 years and over 1,535 640 895 9,970 4,150 5,815
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 26,970 12,760 14,220 150,880 71,350 79,530
Americas 6,260 2,800 3,465 40,065 18,085 21,980
Brazil 145 50 90 445 165 280
Colombia 75 40 40 640 315 325
El Salvador 130 70 55 515 275 240
Guyana 965 445 520 8,100 3,645 4,450
Haiti 50 25 25 245 110 135
Jamaica 1,760 755 1,005 12,580 5,470 7,110
Mexico 110 40 75 545 215 330
Peru 40 20 25 410 185 230
Trinidad and Tobago 910 490 425 5,990 2,835 3,155
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 850 310 545 4,050 1,820 2,235
Other places of birth in Americas 1,215 555 655 6,540 3,055 3,490
Europe 12,225 5,870 6,355 47,350 22,690 24,660
Bosnia and Herzegovina 120 75 40 295 165 130
Croatia 235 105 125 585 305 285
France 105 55 55 380 205 170
Germany 870 430 440 3,090 1,515 1,570
Greece 290 145 140 1,565 790 775
Hungary 280 165 115 890 455 435
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 250 120 135 1,010 460 555
Italy 1,060 600 465 3,860 2,090 1,770
Netherlands 485 220 265 2,240 1,100 1,135
Poland 1,205 530 670 3,150 1,355 1,795
Portugal 595 300 295 2,090 1,005 1,085
Romania 310 155 160 1,590 735 860
Russian Federation 190 95 100 645 250 390
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 160 70 90 495 250 240
Ukraine 285 110 175 695 305 395
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,745 2,220 2,525 20,380 9,595 10,780
Other places of birth in Europe 1,020 465 555 4,385 2,110 2,275
Africa 1,295 665 630 8,050 4,035 4,015
Algeria 0 0 0 35 10 25
Egypt 205 115 95 1,155 610 550
Ethiopia 60 25 30 365 180 185
Kenya 60 25 30 590 285 305
Morocco 15 10 10 145 85 55
Nigeria 130 60 65 960 480 480
Somalia 20 10 10 170 85 90
South Africa, Republic of 190 100 90 960 500 465
Other places of birth in Africa 620 315 305 3,670 1,810 1,865
Asia 7,105 3,370 3,735 54,820 26,225 28,595
Afghanistan 270 130 135 3,405 1,685 1,725
Bangladesh 185 100 85 1,385 665 715
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 860 380 485 4,230 1,890 2,345
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 145 50 95 1,300 590 710
India 1,135 550 585 10,070 4,985 5,085
Iran