Census Profile, 2016 Census
Vaughan, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vaughan, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Vaughan, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Vaughan, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 306,233 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 288,301 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.2 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 96,657 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 94,253 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,119.4 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 273.56 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 306,230 149,055 157,175 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 57,525 29,380 28,145 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 16,265 8,265 8,000 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 19,965 10,250 9,720 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 21,300 10,870 10,425 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 205,235 99,450 105,785 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 21,280 10,830 10,450 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 20,285 10,470 9,810 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 17,105 8,500 8,605 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 16,825 7,980 8,845 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 19,430 8,875 10,550 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 23,345 10,905 12,440 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 25,440 12,185 13,255 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 24,480 11,970 12,515 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 20,805 10,085 10,715 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 16,250 7,650 8,595 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 43,470 20,220 23,250 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 14,645 7,015 7,630 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 9,645 4,670 4,975 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 8,165 3,855 4,310 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 5,680 2,625 3,055 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 5,340 2,065 3,275 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 3,335 1,370 1,970 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 1,585 565 1,020 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 375 115 255 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 45 10 35 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.8 19.7 17.9 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 67.0 66.7 67.3 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 14.2 13.6 14.8 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.7 1.4 2.1 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.2 38.4 39.9 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.2 39.2 40.9 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 94,250 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 61,215 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 9,805 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 23,230 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 7,685 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 10,175 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,345 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,990 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 30 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 94,255 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 12,155 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 22,760 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 18,295 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 24,125 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 16,920 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 304,145 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 3.2 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 248,705 119,675 129,035 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 154,490 76,905 77,585 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 147,520 73,440 74,080 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 6,965 3,460 3,500 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 94,215 42,770 51,450 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 67,875 35,590 32,280 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 4,860 1,860 3,005 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 9,385 3,195 6,195 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 12,095 2,125 9,965 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 86,550 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 29,480 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 20,825 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 25,825 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 10,420 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.2 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 86,550 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 75,390 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 71,910 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,480 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 11,165 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 9,030 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 2,130 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 75,390 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 23,350 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 52,035 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 17,075 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 24,810 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 10,145 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 11,165 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 6,130 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 3,745 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 1,285 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 24,455 9,305 15,145 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 94,255 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 75,520 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 18,965 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 56,560 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,310 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 13,415 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 12,155 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,265 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 304,640 148,590 156,055 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 272,895 135,900 136,995 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 165 65 105 1,110 530 580
English and French 19,125 7,895 11,225 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 12,455 4,725 7,730 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 304,640 148,585 156,055 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 287,380 141,715 145,665 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 2,185 970 1,210 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 2,805 1,280 1,520 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 12,280 4,625 7,655 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,585 1,610 1,975 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 304,640 148,590 156,055 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 292,200 142,635 149,565 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 139,610 70,330 69,275 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 137,720 69,475 68,245 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,885 850 1,035 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 152,585 72,305 80,285 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 15 5 5 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 5 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 152,575 72,295 80,280 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,110 5,140 4,975 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 90 45 50 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 5 0 165 95 75
Somali 80 40 40 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 10,015 5,090 4,925 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 100 45 50 1,140 560 585
Arabic 2,960 1,485 1,480 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,535 740 800 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 480 245 235 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 4,530 2,385 2,145 1,770 960 805
Maltese 190 95 100 80 40 40
Tigrigna 105 50 55 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 105 45 60 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,730 2,125 2,600 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 425 215 210 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 4,300 1,910 2,390 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 5,305 1,885 3,420 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 0 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 85 30 50 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 5 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 45 15 30 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 385 155 230 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 140 55 80 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 15 5 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,595 1,600 3,000 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 830 360 470
Creole languages 85 40 50 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 60 25 35 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 3,865 1,895 1,975 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 45 25 20 225 115 110
Malayalam 380 180 200 1,750 905 845
Tamil 3,295 1,615 1,680 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 135 75 65 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 104,205 49,710 54,490 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 930 460 470 1,090 560 530
Armenian 665 320 345 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 25,665 12,020 13,645 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 170 75 95 645 280 370
Latvian 45 15 30 320 145 175
Lithuanian 130 60 65 325 130 200
Slavic languages 25,495 11,945 13,550 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 30 15 20 60 30 30
Bosnian 65 30 30 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 290 130 160 1,725 805 915
Croatian 550 265 290 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 85 35 50 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 365 160 205 250 120 135
Polish 1,595 715 875 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 20,685 9,780 10,905 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 545 265 280 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 60 30 30 1,145 545 600
Slovak 110 50 65 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 170 65 105 545 250 290
Ukrainian 935 400 530 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 0 0 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,550 695 855 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 25 5 15 1,435 730 705
Danish 25 5 20 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 145 60 85 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 0 0 0 80 30 50
German 630 295 335 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 5 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 10 0 5 835 410 430
Swedish 10 5 10 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 705 315 390 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 1,565 730 830 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 22,215 11,020 11,200 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 15,095 7,485 7,610 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 475 235 240 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 2,620 1,290 1,335 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 1,565 765 800 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 5 5 40 25 15
Konkani 25 10 10 225 110 110
Marathi 110 50 65 535 280 255
Nepali 15 5 10 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,760 2,400 2,360 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 155 80 75 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 225 110 115 1,455 730 725
Urdu 5,120 2,525 2,595 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 7,070 3,510 3,560 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 340 190 150 1,650 875 780
Pashto 130 55 70 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 6,605 3,260 3,340 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 51,600 24,465 27,135 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 37,405 17,750 19,655 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 4,350 2,030 2,315 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 2,465 1,190 1,275 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 7,365 3,485 3,885 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 60 40 25
Japanese 155 50 105 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 110 60 50 65 40 25
Georgian 105 55 50 65 40 25
Korean 4,170 2,010 2,160 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 10 0 5 340 145 200
Mongolian 5 0 5 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 580 290 290 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 250 125 125 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 15 10 5 80 45 30
Ewe 15 5 10 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 10 5 5 35 15 15
Ganda 5 0 5 65 35 30
Igbo 85 40 45 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 10 5 5 150 70 85
Swahili 30 20 15 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 105 55 50 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 190 85 100
Sign languages 45 25 15 620 330 295
American Sign Language 5 0 0 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 40 25 15 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,510 7,770 8,740 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 16,455 7,745 8,710 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 6,310 2,955 3,355 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 245 120 125 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 8,860 4,185 4,675 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 5 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 580 265 320 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 175 85 95 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 275 135 140 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 50 25 25 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 40 15 25 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 245 100 140 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 190 85 105 800 405 400
Thai 50 20 35 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 1,455 735 715 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 140 75 65 495 275 225
Turkish 1,245 630 610 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 45 20 25 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 165 70 95
Uralic languages 975 440 540 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 25 10 10 455 195 260
Finnish 50 15 30 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 910 410 495 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 365 200 170
Multiple responses 12,445 5,960 6,490 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 470 210 260 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 11,310 5,460 5,855 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 315 135 180 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 350 150 195 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 304,645 148,590 156,050 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 273,950 133,860 140,090 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 195,730 97,095 98,635 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 195,025 96,795 98,225 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 710 305 405 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 78,215 36,760 41,455 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 78,215 36,765 41,455 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,850 2,395 2,455 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 45 25 20 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 5 80 40 35
Somali 40 25 20 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 4,800 2,370 2,435 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 35 15 20 535 250 290
Arabic 1,270 620 650 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 955 430 525 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 255 125 130 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 2,145 1,115 1,030 785 400 385
Maltese 30 15 20 5 5 0
Tigrigna 40 20 20 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,955 1,335 1,620 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 240 105 135 620 290 330
Vietnamese 2,715 1,225 1,485 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 2,105 875 1,230 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 30 10 20 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 155 70 85 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 50 25 25 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 5 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,855 765 1,095 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 40 20 15 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 15 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 2,450 1,165 1,290 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 5 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 185 90 100 885 450 435
Tamil 2,190 1,040 1,150 1,935 965 965
Telugu 75 35 35 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 49,095 23,005 26,090 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 425 215 215 530 255 270
Armenian 325 145 180 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 15,170 7,215 7,950 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 60 30 30 160 75 90
Latvian 10 5 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 55 30 25 90 45 50
Slavic languages 15,105 7,185 7,920 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 15 5 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 20 15 10 540 270 270
Bulgarian 160 65 90 925 425 495
Croatian 175 85 90 1,795 840 955
Czech 10 0 5 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 125 55 70 120 60 60
Polish 575 280 290 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 13,285 6,330 6,950 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 260 115 140 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 15 5 5 435 205 235
Slovak 45 25 20 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 15 20 60 25 35
Ukrainian 385 175 205 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 180 80 95 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 5 5 5 520 250 265
Danish 5 0 5 180 90 90
Dutch 5 0 5 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 95 40 55 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 5 0 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 55 30 30 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 465 215 250 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 13,305 6,420 6,885 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 8,730 4,215 4,515 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 235 115 120 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 1,510 700 815 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 790 395 395 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 40 15 20 245 125 120
Nepali 5 5 0 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,690 1,335 1,355 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 40 15 20 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 115 55 55 595 290 305
Urdu 3,295 1,575 1,720 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 4,560 2,190 2,360 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 150 80 70 1,025 515 505
Pashto 50 30 25 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 4,350 2,085 2,270 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 19,225 8,720 10,505 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 12,745 5,620 7,130 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 1,540 745 790 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 1,240 590 650 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 3,705 1,770 1,935 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 60 25 35 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 45 25 20 15 10 10
Georgian 45 30 15 15 10 10
Korean 3,055 1,495 1,560 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 5 5 5 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 155 65 90 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 90 40 55 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 20 10 15 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 5 40 15 20
Swahili 5 5 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 25 10 15 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 5 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 75 50 25 830 460 370
American Sign Language 10 0 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 45 20 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 12,070 5,695 6,375 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 12,030 5,680 6,355 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 4,405 2,015 2,390 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 100 50 50 670 280 390
Mandarin 6,955 3,340 3,615 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 5 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 295 135 160 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 110 55 55 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 165 75 85 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 20 20 1,630 820 810
Burmese 35 15 20 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 115 50 65 1,015 435 580
Lao 100 45 60 335 160 175
Thai 15 5 10 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 850 430 420 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 50 25 25 185 95 90
Turkish 770 390 380 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 10 10 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 40 15 25
Uralic languages 280 125 160 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 15 10 5 75 30 45
Finnish 5 0 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 265 120 150 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 110 50 60
Multiple responses 30,690 14,730 15,960 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 470 220 250 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 29,600 14,260 15,345 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 95 35 60 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 515 210 305 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 304,640 148,590 156,055 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 218,930 107,660 111,275 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 32,495 15,865 16,630 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,680 715 965 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 50,060 23,695 26,365 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 5 5 0 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 50,055 23,690 26,360 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 210 95 120 965 435 530
English and non-official language 785 390 395 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 475 170 305 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 5 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 246,655 119,055 127,605 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 234,815 113,310 121,505 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,540 42,197 30,444 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 234,855 113,325 121,530 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,383 37,742 28,147 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 214,490 105,610 108,880 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,459 42,594 29,826 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 163,880 70,815 93,060 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,090 860 3,219 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 181,470 91,375 90,095 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,959 45,953 33,574 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 246,660 119,100 127,560 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 234,735 113,270 121,465 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,441 64,479 43,147 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 234,755 113,280 121,480 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,869 50,218 36,015 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 213,980 105,500 108,480 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,793 65,278 42,623 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 164,040 71,045 92,990 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,303 5,869 6,634 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 181,470 91,500 89,970 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,874 64,088 43,488 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 246,655 119,100 127,555 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 91,690 51,310 40,380 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,665 66,839 54,419 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 76,527 86,319 64,086 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.8 94.3 88.2 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.6 81.6 74.5 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.2 5.7 11.8 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 246,655 119,050 127,605 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 11,840 5,740 6,105 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 234,815 113,310 121,500 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.2 95.2 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 37,625 16,310 21,315 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 38,575 15,885 22,690 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 28,560 12,395 16,165 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 22,185 9,975 12,210 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 20,225 9,085 11,145 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 17,000 8,005 8,995 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 13,995 7,195 6,800 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 11,425 6,220 5,210 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 9,515 5,455 4,060 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 8,890 4,665 4,225 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 26,810 18,120 8,695 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 17,125 10,900 6,220 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 9,685 7,215 2,470 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 246,655 119,050 127,605 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 11,800 5,725 6,075 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 234,855 113,325 121,535 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.2 95.2 95.2 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 38,285 16,555 21,730 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 40,210 16,640 23,570 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 32,420 14,120 18,300 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 26,840 12,100 14,740 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 24,180 11,345 12,835 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 18,845 9,665 9,185 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 14,740 8,290 6,455 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 12,510 6,860 5,655 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 26,825 17,760 9,065 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 8,435 4,785 3,655 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 4,955 3,250 1,710 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 13,440 9,725 3,705 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 246,655 119,055 127,605 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 65,185 27,675 37,510 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 181,470 91,375 90,095 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 73.6 76.8 70.6 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 19,950 9,210 10,745 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 14,230 6,445 7,790 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 23,890 10,910 12,975 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 17,890 7,790 10,095 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 16,460 7,105 9,360 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 15,760 6,970 8,785 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 13,810 6,670 7,140 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 11,460 6,080 5,375 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 9,555 5,325 4,235 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 38,460 24,865 13,595 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 8,415 4,935 3,485 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 8,140 4,250 3,895 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 21,905 15,685 6,225 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 94,255 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 105,351 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 90,615 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 12,155 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,964 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,480 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 82,095 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,295 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,580 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 94,255 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 133,095 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 106,775 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 12,160 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 59,472 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,814 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 82,095 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 144,001 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 115,510 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 94,255 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 965 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 585 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 960 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,565 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,260 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,205 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,575 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,710 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,710 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,670 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,235 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,205 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,025 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,950 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,945 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 49,700 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 11,540 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,960 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 13,745 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 14,455 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 94,255 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,100 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 600 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 995 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,645 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,420 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,410 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,810 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,155 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,165 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,200 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,415 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,290 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,320 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,230 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,925 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 41,575 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,425 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,155 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 17,995 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 81,655 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 115,147 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,601 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.5 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 18,330 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,849 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,508 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 52,075 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 134,945 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,530 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 9,235 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,019 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,311 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 81,600 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 143,173 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 114,737 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 18,475 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 118,419 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,939 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 51,935 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 162,646 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 130,286 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 9,255 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 85,586 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 71,814 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 16,725 6,935 9,785 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,976 41,320 29,798 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,232 36,721 27,951 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 16,705 6,945 9,765 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 51,572 59,060 46,248 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,978 46,883 38,490 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 304,145 148,415 155,730 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 109,660 51,800 57,860 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 17,550 8,415 9,130 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 20,645 9,250 11,395 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 22,620 10,665 11,960 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 23,070 11,060 12,005 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 25,775 12,405 13,370 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 194,485 96,615 97,870 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 28,415 13,885 14,530 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 33,030 16,235 16,795 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 38,055 18,850 19,205 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 45,155 22,495 22,655 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 49,830 25,150 24,680 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 304,145 148,420 155,730 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 70,050 35,770 34,280 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 19,945 10,160 9,785 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 192,450 92,935 99,515 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 41,650 19,715 21,930 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 26,780 12,690 14,090 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 7,375 3,825 3,550 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 2,070 1,105 960 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 15,585 7,320 8,265 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 3,820 1,540 2,275 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.8 8.6 9.0 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 10.5 10.7 10.4 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 10.4 10.9 9.8 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.1 7.9 8.3 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 9.2 7.8 10.4 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 20,855 9,860 10,995 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 5,675 2,950 2,725 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 1,605 865 745 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 12,940 6,025 6,910 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 2,240 880 1,360 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.9 6.6 7.1 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.1 8.2 7.9 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 8.0 8.5 7.6 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 6.7 6.5 6.9 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 5.4 4.5 6.2 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 304,145 148,420 155,725 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 291,735 143,635 148,100 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 291,605 143,575 148,035 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 19,260 7,860 11,400 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 192,610 91,395 101,210 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 15 15 0 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 15 15 0 485 200 290
Blackfoot 10 10 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 10 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 0 0 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 192,600 91,385 101,215 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 20,880 10,545 10,340 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 15 0 10 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 125 60 70 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 15 10 10 190 110 80
Somali 115 55 65 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 20,745 10,480 10,265 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 250 120 130 1,755 905 855
Arabic 4,925 2,530 2,400 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,870 895 975 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 585 320 260 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 13,730 6,925 6,800 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 310 165 140 165 90 80
Tigrigna 130 60 70 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 130 50 85 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,435 2,940 3,495 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 520 265 255 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 5,935 2,680 3,260 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 6,740 2,395 4,345 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 135 45 90 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 10 10 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 20 15 10 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 490 200 290 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 10 10 0 10 0 0
Malay 225 85 140 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 0 10 775 350 430
Pangasinan 15 10 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,365 2,250 4,115 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 20 10 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 350 145 205 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 155 65 90 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 195 80 115 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 5,070 2,405 2,665 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 65 35 25 445 210 235
Malayalam 520 230 290 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 4,370 2,070 2,305 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 215 120 100 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 134,410 64,405 70,005 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 1,005 500 515 1,135 580 555
Armenian 830 370 455 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 29,285 13,900 15,385 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 305 130 170 635 310 325
Latvian 130 45 90 310 175 140
Lithuanian 175 90 85 325 135 185
Slavic languages 29,210 13,875 15,330 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 110 55 60 205 95 110
Bosnian 80 30 45 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 385 150 235 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 690 335 355 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 110 60 50 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 535 255 280 345 180 160
Polish 1,955 935 1,015 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 24,540 11,690 12,850 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 670 345 330 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 75 30 40 1,240 595 645
Slovak 155 65 90 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 215 95 115 725 330 400
Ukrainian 2,320 1,045 1,275 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 250 120 125
Celtic languages 15 10 10 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 10 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 3,215 1,575 1,635 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 405 200 200 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 30 0 20 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 200 80 120 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 0 120 55 65
German 1,275 640 635 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 10 10 0 1,405 730 680
Swedish 15 0 0 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 10 220 125 100
Yiddish 1,365 675 690 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 2,415 1,150 1,265 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 28,430 14,155 14,275 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 20,010 9,985 10,025 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 615 330 285 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 3,230 1,525 1,700 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 6,245 3,040 3,205 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 15 10 10 45 25 20
Konkani 30 15 15 375 185 190
Marathi 195 90 110 1,275 650 625
Nepali 65 25 35 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 25 10 15 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 7,740 4,020 3,720 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 205 85 120 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 400 215 185 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 7,280 3,650 3,635 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 8,655 4,290 4,365 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 555 325 235 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 160 90 70 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 8,045 3,940 4,110 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 115 55 60 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 71,370 33,850 37,520 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 20 10 10 245 125 120
Italian 53,485 25,145 28,340 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 5,640 2,715 2,925 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 2,815 1,330 1,485 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 11,625 5,620 6,005 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 220 130 85
Japanese 355 130 230 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 160 75 85 90 50 40
Georgian 160 75 85 90 50 45
Korean 4,805 2,335 2,470 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 30 10 15 320 155 170
Mongolian 25 10 15 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,165 580 585 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 410 205 205 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 10 0 115 65 55
Ewe 25 10 15 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 20 10 10 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 155 65 95 240 140 95
Lingala 15 10 10 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 0 0 0 265 125 140
Swahili 250 135 120 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 210 110 95 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 110 60 50 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 10 10 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 175 75 100 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 55 25 30 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,945 8,890 10,050 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 18,905 8,870 10,035 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 8,485 3,860 4,625 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 210 100 110 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 11,285 5,335 5,950 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 10 0 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 755 310 445 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 200 100 100 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 355 150 205 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 50 25 20 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 35 20 20 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 360 145 220 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 270 105 160 1,125 505 620
Thai 105 40 70 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 10 0
Turkic languages 2,265 1,150 1,120 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 255 145 105 835 455 385
Turkish 1,930 955 970 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 10 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 65 35 30 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 25 15 225 125 105
Uralic languages 1,165 520 640 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 60 35 25 495 205 295
Finnish 60 20 35 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,045 465 580 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 304,145 148,420 155,725 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 279,835 137,505 142,330 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 67,125 34,380 32,745 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 212,710 103,130 109,580 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 24,310 10,910 13,400 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 304,145 148,415 155,725 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 159,300 79,995 79,305 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 140,960 66,855 74,110 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 44,155 21,095 23,060 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 19,485 9,625 9,860 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 33,950 16,155 17,795 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 32,580 15,145 17,430 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 18,815 8,875 9,935 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 13,760 6,270 7,495 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 10,790 4,825 5,970 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,885 1,570 2,315 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 140,960 66,850 74,110 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 12,845 6,220 6,625 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 24,355 11,905 12,450 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 35,085 15,850 19,240 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 56,270 27,365 28,910 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 12,400 5,515 6,885 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 140,960 66,855 74,110 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 14,215 6,590 7,625 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 540 275 270 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 760 345 410 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 545 275 265 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 2,100 965 1,135 920 415 500
Haiti 35 20 10 265 110 160
Jamaica 2,095 895 1,200 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 360 155 200 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 395 190 205 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 820 415 400 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,085 895 1,190 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 4,495 2,150 2,340 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 56,390 26,725 29,665 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 245 125 125 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 370 165 205 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 285 155 130 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 690 265 430 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 885 445 440 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 485 210 275 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 75 30 45 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 25,375 12,200 13,175 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 125 50 75 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 1,460 665 795 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 2,900 1,425 1,475 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 2,270 1,085 1,180 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 7,265 3,300 3,965 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 335 160 175 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 5,665 2,640 3,030 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,820 850 965 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 6,150 2,960 3,190 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 5,980 2,920 3,055 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 25 10 15 430 270 150
Egypt 645 340 305 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 170 100 70 1,665 835 825
Kenya 330 140 185 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 745 390 355 730 385 340
Nigeria 525 210 315 1,205 630 575
Somalia 100 25 75 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 1,765 880 890 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 1,665 825 845 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 64,065 30,485 33,580 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 1,435 735 695 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 385 200 180 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 8,450 3,825 4,625 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 2,240 1,070 1,170 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 8,355 4,080 4,275 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,895 2,375 2,515 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 3,005 1,500 1,505 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 110 30 80 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 3,580 1,735 1,840 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 460 240 215 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 4,255 2,100 2,155 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 5,920 2,310 3,610 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 3,150 1,545 1,600 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 310 130 175 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 495 235 265 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 5,145 2,335 2,810 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 11,890 6,030 5,855 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 310 125 180 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 10,790 4,820 5,965 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 960 415 545 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 100 40 65 960 445 520
Colombia 35 15 20 465 220 240
Cuba 25 0 20 70 35 30
Haiti 0 10 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 85 45 35 160 115 45
Mexico 55 30 25 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 305 145 165 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 30 10 25 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 325 135 190 1,855 875 975
Europe 1,755 790 965 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 10 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 25 20 10 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 145 65 80 200 110 90
Romania