Census Profile, 2016 Census
Markham, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and York, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Markham, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
York, RM
Ontario
[Census division]
Data quality , Markham, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Markham, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : York, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 328,966 ... ... 1,109,909 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 301,709 ... ... 1,032,524 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 9.0 ... ... 7.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 106,131 ... ... 369,928 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 102,676 ... ... 357,084 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,549.2 ... ... 629.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 212.35 ... ... 1,762.13 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 328,965 160,185 168,780 1,109,910 540,755 569,150
0 to 14 years 55,390 28,570 26,815 195,575 100,440 95,130
0 to 4 years 17,085 8,715 8,370 57,235 29,205 28,025
5 to 9 years 19,085 9,905 9,180 67,345 34,665 32,680
10 to 14 years 19,220 9,950 9,270 71,000 36,575 34,430
15 to 64 years 223,655 108,230 115,420 752,410 365,525 386,885
15 to 19 years 21,095 10,910 10,185 74,910 38,615 36,295
20 to 24 years 21,455 11,225 10,230 71,965 37,465 34,495
25 to 29 years 21,170 10,705 10,460 63,860 32,140 31,720
30 to 34 years 20,385 9,840 10,550 62,910 30,105 32,800
35 to 39 years 20,345 9,305 11,035 68,510 31,260 37,255
40 to 44 years 23,535 10,785 12,745 81,615 37,885 43,730
45 to 49 years 24,860 11,650 13,210 89,925 42,655 47,270
50 to 54 years 25,980 12,400 13,580 92,240 44,860 47,380
55 to 59 years 23,510 11,235 12,270 80,930 39,135 41,795
60 to 64 years 21,325 10,175 11,150 65,540 31,395 34,140
65 years and over 49,920 23,380 26,540 161,925 74,790 87,135
65 to 69 years 18,215 8,835 9,380 56,415 27,155 29,260
70 to 74 years 11,865 5,710 6,150 37,465 17,900 19,570
75 to 79 years 8,645 4,130 4,510 28,670 13,525 15,145
80 to 84 years 5,885 2,685 3,195 20,175 9,160 11,020
85 years and over 5,320 2,020 3,300 19,195 7,055 12,140
85 to 89 years 3,395 1,370 2,025 12,215 4,850 7,365
90 to 94 years 1,475 505 965 5,435 1,780 3,650
95 to 99 years 390 120 270 1,355 380 980
100 years and over 60 15 40 190 45 145
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.8 17.8 15.9 17.6 18.6 16.7
15 to 64 years 68.0 67.6 68.4 67.8 67.6 68.0
65 years and over 15.2 14.6 15.7 14.6 13.8 15.3
85 years and over 1.6 1.3 2.0 1.7 1.3 2.1
Average age of the population 40.2 39.3 41.1 39.9 39.0 40.7
Median age of the population 41.1 39.8 42.1 41.1 40.0 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 102,675 ... ... 357,085 ... ...
Single-detached house 60,890 ... ... 227,725 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 13,755 ... ... 36,805 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 28,025 ... ... 92,440 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,515 ... ... 21,945 ... ...
Row house 13,970 ... ... 43,890 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,875 ... ... 15,170 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,655 ... ... 11,085 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10 ... ... 355 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 110 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 102,675 ... ... 357,080 ... ...
1 person 13,790 ... ... 52,505 ... ...
2 persons 25,955 ... ... 93,885 ... ...
3 persons 21,540 ... ... 72,070 ... ...
4 persons 23,450 ... ... 83,360 ... ...
5 or more persons 17,940 ... ... 55,270 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 327,400 ... ... 1,100,950 ... ...
Average household size 3.2 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 273,575 131,615 141,965 914,340 440,315 474,015
Married or living common law 170,415 84,750 85,665 565,770 281,540 284,225
Married 162,185 80,645 81,535 529,195 263,360 265,835
Living common law 8,230 4,105 4,125 36,570 18,180 18,395
Not married and not living common law 103,160 46,865 56,295 348,570 158,775 189,795
Never married 73,855 38,935 34,915 245,890 129,890 116,005
Separated 4,790 1,760 3,025 18,855 7,115 11,745
Divorced 12,235 4,055 8,185 41,075 14,095 26,980
Widowed 12,280 2,115 10,165 42,745 7,680 35,065
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 95,480 ... ... 319,535 ... ...
2 persons 35,780 ... ... 119,170 ... ...
3 persons 25,420 ... ... 81,005 ... ...
4 persons 26,175 ... ... 88,875 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,095 ... ... 30,485 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 95,480 ... ... 319,535 ... ...
Total couple families 82,340 ... ... 275,595 ... ...
Married couples 78,225 ... ... 257,325 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,115 ... ... 18,270 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 13,145 ... ... 43,940 ... ...
Female parent 10,700 ... ... 35,455 ... ...
Male parent 2,445 ... ... 8,485 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 82,335 ... ... 275,590 ... ...
Couples without children 27,935 ... ... 93,850 ... ...
Couples with children 54,400 ... ... 181,745 ... ...
1 child 21,305 ... ... 66,790 ... ...
2 children 25,220 ... ... 85,340 ... ...
3 or more children 7,880 ... ... 29,615 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 13,140 ... ... 43,940 ... ...
1 child 7,845 ... ... 25,320 ... ...
2 children 4,115 ... ... 14,220 ... ...
3 or more children 1,180 ... ... 4,400 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 32,640 13,180 19,460 104,335 42,125 62,215
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 102,675 ... ... 357,085 ... ...
One-census-family households 78,515 ... ... 277,380 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 20,915 ... ... 76,320 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 57,600 ... ... 201,060 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 8,165 ... ... 20,350 ... ...
Non-census-family households 16,000 ... ... 59,350 ... ...
One-person households 13,790 ... ... 52,505 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,210 ... ... 6,850 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 327,785 159,850 167,930 1,103,285 538,500 564,785
English only 275,720 137,435 138,280 967,750 481,900 485,850
French only 125 50 70 485 195 290
English and French 19,155 8,335 10,820 73,200 30,955 42,250
Neither English nor French 32,795 14,035 18,760 61,855 25,455 36,405
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 327,790 159,850 167,935 1,103,290 538,500 564,785
English 290,225 143,645 146,580 1,023,355 504,985 518,365
French 2,180 1,000 1,180 8,855 3,925 4,925
English and French 2,995 1,360 1,635 10,020 4,510 5,510
Neither English nor French 32,385 13,855 18,540 61,060 25,075 35,980
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,675 1,675 2,000 13,865 6,180 7,680
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 327,785 159,850 167,935 1,103,285 538,500 564,785
Single responses 313,580 152,945 160,630 1,063,225 519,200 544,030
Official languages 116,085 58,910 57,170 533,450 267,420 266,035
English 114,200 58,060 56,140 525,395 263,835 261,565
French 1,880 845 1,035 8,055 3,585 4,465
Non-official languages 197,500 94,035 103,460 529,775 251,775 277,995
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 50 25 30
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 40 15 25
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 30 10 20
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 25 10 20
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 5 5 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 5 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 197,490 94,035 103,455 529,725 251,755 277,970
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,350 1,645 1,705 19,725 9,945 9,785
Berber languages 5 5 0 15 10 5
Kabyle 0 0 0 10 5 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Cushitic languages 140 60 75 320 140 185
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 10 5 0 25 15 15
Somali 130 55 75 300 125 170
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 3,210 1,580 1,625 19,375 9,780 9,595
Amharic 55 25 30 205 90 110
Arabic 2,720 1,345 1,370 10,465 5,220 5,240
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 1,725 830 895
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 505 260 250
Harari 40 20 25 50 20 25
Hebrew 305 145 160 5,795 3,060 2,735
Maltese 45 20 25 370 175 195
Tigrigna 20 10 5 140 65 75
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 130 60 70
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,170 525 640 7,975 3,590 4,385
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 20 25 1,255 600 655
Vietnamese 1,125 510 615 6,715 2,995 3,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 5 5 5
Austronesian languages 5,515 2,170 3,345 15,610 5,770 9,845
Bikol 15 10 5 40 20 20
Cebuano 150 50 100 375 135 240
Fijian 5 0 5 10 0 0
Hiligaynon 70 25 45 180 60 120
Ilocano 215 80 135 830 325 505
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malay 335 155 185 815 365 450
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 40 15 25 80 35 45
Pangasinan 10 5 5 35 20 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,640 1,815 2,825 13,160 4,770 8,390
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 30 15 15
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 55 20 35
Creole languages 215 115 100 480 235 240
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 5 0
Creole, n.o.s. 165 80 85 345 170 175
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 30 20 135 70 65
Dravidian languages 15,620 7,510 8,115 23,920 11,585 12,335
Kannada 85 45 40 210 115 100
Malayalam 575 285 290 1,445 710 730
Tamil 14,625 7,015 7,610 21,545 10,410 11,140
Telugu 330 160 175 705 350 355
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 10 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 5 5 5
Indo-European languages 44,775 21,825 22,950 238,555 114,865 123,685
Albanian 100 50 45 1,435 705 730
Armenian 1,355 675 680 3,435 1,685 1,750
Balto-Slavic languages 5,030 2,340 2,685 52,545 24,580 27,965
Baltic languages 110 50 65 635 250 380
Latvian 60 25 40 250 90 155
Lithuanian 50 20 30 380 160 220
Slavic languages 4,915 2,290 2,620 51,915 24,330 27,585
Belarusan 10 5 5 115 50 65
Bosnian 25 10 15 145 65 75
Bulgarian 155 75 85 760 365 400
Croatian 100 45 55 1,155 545 610
Czech 80 40 40 435 190 250
Macedonian 1,185 580 605 2,640 1,255 1,385
Polish 605 270 330 4,400 2,005 2,395
Russian 1,995 880 1,115 37,315 17,570 19,745
Serbian 340 185 160 1,545 780 765
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 165 85 80
Slovak 80 35 45 430 175 250
Slovene (Slovenian) 65 35 35 455 210 245
Ukrainian 230 110 120 2,295 1,000 1,295
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 65 30 35
Celtic languages 15 5 5 45 25 25
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 20 10 5
Welsh 10 0 0 25 15 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 5
Germanic languages 1,455 695 760 7,865 3,620 4,250
Afrikaans 35 15 20 165 75 90
Danish 50 35 15 275 135 145
Dutch 245 120 125 1,455 685 770
Frisian 5 0 0 20 5 10
German 930 435 495 4,750 2,175 2,575
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 5 10
Norwegian 10 5 5 40 20 25
Swedish 35 20 15 140 55 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 25 15 15
Yiddish 145 65 80 975 440 535
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 0 5
Greek 2,455 1,210 1,240 7,465 3,630 3,840
Indo-Iranian languages 26,935 13,240 13,695 82,575 40,810 41,770
Indo-Aryan languages 19,155 9,370 9,785 43,850 21,545 22,300
Bengali 655 330 325 1,585 815 770
Gujarati 4,510 2,185 2,325 9,475 4,590 4,875
Hindi 2,415 1,175 1,245 5,300 2,580 2,715
Kashmiri 15 5 10 40 20 20
Konkani 95 35 55 175 80 90
Marathi 230 110 120 430 210 225
Nepali 50 20 25 125 60 65
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 10 35 20 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,780 1,860 1,915 9,750 4,870 4,880
Sindhi 655 310 345 1,345 645 700
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 360 160 200 990 465 525
Urdu 6,380 3,170 3,210 14,610 7,200 7,410
Iranian languages 7,695 3,825 3,870 38,475 19,130 19,340
Kurdish 85 45 40 715 385 325
Pashto 330 160 175 605 300 310
Persian (Farsi) 7,285 3,620 3,660 37,160 18,450 18,705
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 255 130 120
Italic (Romance) languages 7,430 3,600 3,830 83,175 39,815 43,360
Catalan 10 0 10 20 5 10
Italian 3,690 1,800 1,885 54,685 26,400 28,280
Portuguese 695 330 365 7,440 3,480 3,965
Romanian 945 470 475 6,560 3,115 3,445
Spanish 2,085 990 1,090 14,440 6,795 7,640
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 20 20
Japanese 435 160 270 1,165 425 740
Kartvelian languages 40 25 15 190 105 90
Georgian 40 25 15 185 105 85
Korean 3,230 1,520 1,715 12,955 6,155 6,805
Mongolic languages 10 5 5 20 10 10
Mongolian 10 5 5 20 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 295 135 165 1,410 680 730
Akan (Twi) 70 25 35 385 185 200
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Edo 10 10 5 40 20 15
Ewe 0 5 0 40 20 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 15 5 10
Ga 5 5 0 30 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 25 15 15
Igbo 35 15 20 140 70 75
Lingala 5 5 5 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 5 5 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 10 0 10
Shona 10 0 10 35 15 20
Swahili 75 35 45 270 125 145
Wolof 0 0 5 0 0 0
Yoruba 30 15 15 225 120 105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 170 85 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 5 25 15 15
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 30 10 15
Sign languages 55 30 25 150 85 65
American Sign Language 5 5 0 25 15 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 25 25 125 75 55
Sino-Tibetan languages 121,410 57,720 63,690 199,205 94,330 104,875
Chinese languages 121,315 57,670 63,645 198,980 94,225 104,755
Cantonese 72,620 34,645 37,975 108,675 51,650 57,030
Hakka 2,235 1,045 1,190 2,980 1,395 1,585
Mandarin 41,790 19,825 21,970 78,965 37,350 41,615
Min Dong 225 100 120 275 125 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,000 950 1,050 3,615 1,690 1,930
Wu (Shanghainese) 940 410 530 1,795 810 990
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,480 685 800 2,610 1,180 1,430
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 55 30 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 100 45 50 225 105 120
Burmese 85 40 40 170 75 90
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 10 5 5 35 20 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 10 10
Tai-Kadai languages 160 60 95 1,030 435 595
Lao 80 40 40 750 355 400
Thai 70 20 50 270 80 185
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 485 260 230 3,230 1,665 1,570
Azerbaijani 95 50 45 585 315 270
Turkish 360 195 170 2,420 1,240 1,185
Uyghur 0 0 0 20 5 5
Uzbek 5 0 5 100 45 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 105 50 55
Uralic languages 705 325 380 3,990 1,820 2,170
Estonian 80 35 45 335 140 190
Finnish 105 45 65 575 240 335
Hungarian 515 245 270 3,080 1,435 1,645
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 80 35 40
Multiple responses 14,210 6,910 7,300 40,060 19,300 20,760
English and French 590 260 325 2,110 980 1,135
English and non-official language 12,985 6,335 6,650 35,875 17,400 18,475
French and non-official language 245 125 115 865 395 470
English, French and non-official language 395 180 210 1,205 535 675
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 327,785 159,855 167,935 1,103,285 538,500 564,790
Single responses 291,540 142,190 149,355 1,004,035 490,600 513,435
Official languages 156,995 78,245 78,745 687,865 340,820 347,050
English 156,215 77,900 78,315 684,910 339,505 345,405
French 785 350 430 2,960 1,315 1,645
Non-official languages 134,545 63,940 70,605 316,170 149,780 166,390
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 15 5 10
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 0 5 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 5 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 134,540 63,935 70,605 316,155 149,775 166,385
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,445 670 775 9,110 4,435 4,675
Berber languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kabyle 0 0 0 5 0 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 60 25 35 165 75 95
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 5 0 15 10 5
Somali 55 20 35 145 60 85
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,375 640 730 8,935 4,360 4,575
Amharic 25 10 15 65 30 35
Arabic 1,200 560 640 4,660 2,225 2,440
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 1,030 465 565
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 5 5 270 130 140
Harari 15 10 5 15 10 10
Hebrew 110 50 55 2,700 1,420 1,280
Maltese 5 0 5 55 25 30
Tigrigna 10 10 5 65 30 30
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 70 25 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 430 210 225 4,495 2,030 2,465
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 725 315 405
Vietnamese 415 200 215 3,770 1,715 2,055
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 5 0
Austronesian languages 2,035 875 1,160 5,830 2,490 3,340
Bikol 5 0 5 5 0 0
Cebuano 50 15 35 115 45 70
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 45 15 25
Ilocano 45 15 30 295 125 170
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 100 55 50 295 155 145
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 25 10 15
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,800 775 1,030 5,020 2,115 2,900
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 5 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Creole languages 125 65 60 245 120 120
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 95 50 45 190 90 100
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 50 30 20
Dravidian languages 10,225 4,815 5,410 15,295 7,210 8,080
Kannada 40 15 25 70 35 40
Malayalam 250 130 125 640 310 330
Tamil 9,780 4,595 5,190 14,250 6,700 7,545
Telugu 150 80 75 330 165 170
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 22,550 10,790 11,765 114,395 54,195 60,200
Albanian 40 20 20 665 325 340
Armenian 760 385 375 1,780 850 930
Balto-Slavic languages 2,325 1,100 1,225 29,765 14,155 15,615
Baltic languages 30 10 15 175 80 90
Latvian 15 5 5 50 20 25
Lithuanian 10 0 5 130 60 70
Slavic languages 2,295 1,090 1,210 29,590 14,065 15,520
Belarusan 0 0 0 40 20 20
Bosnian 5 5 5 55 25 30
Bulgarian 45 20 25 360 160 195
Croatian 25 15 10 295 140 155
Czech 15 5 10 70 35 40
Macedonian 445 205 235 890 405 480
Polish 225 110 115 1,545 745 800
Russian 1,310 605 700 24,545 11,685 12,855
Serbian 150 80 65 690 340 350
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 50 25 25
Slovak 10 5 5 110 50 65
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 10 85 40 45
Ukrainian 55 30 25 855 390 465
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Celtic languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Welsh 5 0 0 0 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 135 60 70 795 375 420
Afrikaans 10 5 5 40 20 25
Danish 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dutch 15 10 10 80 40 40
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 100 45 50 565 265 305
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Norwegian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swedish 10 5 5 25 10 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 5 60 30 25
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 845 405 440 2,315 1,080 1,230
Indo-Iranian languages 15,580 7,500 8,085 49,735 24,025 25,705
Indo-Aryan languages 10,160 4,860 5,300 23,260 11,135 12,120
Bengali 360 170 190 830 410 420
Gujarati 2,455 1,155 1,300 5,080 2,360 2,720
Hindi 1,110 530 580 2,420 1,165 1,255
Kashmiri 10 0 5 15 5 5
Konkani 15 10 5 30 15 15
Marathi 100 50 55 165 80 85
Nepali 25 10 15 70 35 35
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 20 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,180 1,030 1,145 5,370 2,610 2,760
Sindhi 240 110 130 465 215 250
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 55 65 420 200 225
Urdu 3,540 1,735 1,805 8,370 4,045 4,325
Iranian languages 5,385 2,625 2,765 26,360 12,830 13,530
Kurdish 45 25 25 350 190 165
Pashto 190 80 105 310 145 165
Persian (Farsi) 5,150 2,515 2,635 25,705 12,505 13,205
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 115 55 55
Italic (Romance) languages 2,865 1,315 1,545 29,340 13,380 15,965
Catalan 5 0 5 10 5 5
Italian 1,095 465 625 16,485 7,255 9,230
Portuguese 210 100 110 2,320 1,105 1,210
Romanian 475 235 240 3,365 1,575 1,785
Spanish 1,080 515 565 7,165 3,430 3,735
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Japanese 215 95 125 535 240 305
Kartvelian languages 20 15 10 90 50 35
Georgian 20 15 10 90 55 30
Korean 2,255 1,070 1,180 9,210 4,435 4,770
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 15 10 0
Mongolian 5 5 0 15 5 0
Niger-Congo languages 75 30 40 355 150 205
Akan (Twi) 25 10 15 140 60 85
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 5 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 10 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ga 5 0 0 5 5 5
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 5 5 35 10 25
Lingala 5 0 0 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 5 0 5
Shona 5 0 0 10 5 5
Swahili 25 10 15 65 25 35
Wolof 0 0 5 5 5 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 35 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 25 15 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 5
Sign languages 75 40 40 240 135 105
American Sign Language 10 5 5 50 25 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 35 35 190 115 80
Sino-Tibetan languages 94,600 45,035 49,560 152,975 72,665 80,310
Chinese languages 94,560 45,020 49,540 152,870 72,615 80,250
Cantonese 56,750 26,825 29,935 83,405 39,255 44,145
Hakka 985 460 530 1,285 595 690
Mandarin 34,390 16,605 17,785 63,770 30,715 33,060
Min Dong 70 30 45 80 30 50
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 780 370 410 1,505 695 810
Wu (Shanghainese) 590 280 310 1,125 540 580
Chinese, n.o.s. 975 450 520 1,675 770 905
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 10 15
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 20 25 105 50 60
Burmese 35 15 20 75 35 45
Karenic languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 5 5 5 20 10 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 50 30 25 440 215 225
Lao 30 15 10 360 175 180
Thai 20 10 10 75 35 40
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 5 5 0
Turkic languages 235 110 125 1,680 830 850
Azerbaijani 40 20 20 250 125 125
Turkish 185 85 100 1,350 660 690
Uyghur 0 0 0 5 0 5
Uzbek 0 0 5 25 15 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 25 20
Uralic languages 190 85 110 1,220 550 670
Estonian 20 10 15 65 30 40
Finnish 25 10 10 120 55 70
Hungarian 140 60 80 1,030 465 565
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 20 10 10
Multiple responses 36,250 17,670 18,580 99,250 47,900 51,350
English and French 515 245 270 1,770 825 945
English and non-official language 35,025 17,110 17,915 95,380 46,190 49,190
French and non-official language 105 45 55 285 120 165
English, French and non-official language 605 260 345 1,815 765 1,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 327,785 159,855 167,935 1,103,290 538,500 564,785
None 226,840 110,935 115,900 817,470 401,410 416,065
English 49,760 24,470 25,290 125,870 61,690 64,180
French 1,780 765 1,025 7,615 3,195 4,420
Non-official language 47,665 22,910 24,755 147,335 69,965 77,370
Aboriginal 0 0 0 40 20 20
Non-Aboriginal 47,665 22,910 24,755 147,290 69,940 77,350
English and French 240 100 135 780 345 435
English and non-official language 1,065 500 570 2,665 1,285 1,375
French and non-official language 425 175 255 1,510 595 915
English, French and non-official language 10 5 10 40 15 20
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 272,050 131,175 140,875 905,545 437,285 468,255
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 256,900 123,675 133,220 859,850 414,745 445,100
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,106 32,260 25,270 32,994 39,340 28,446
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 256,950 123,695 133,255 860,030 414,795 445,230
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,319 29,765 23,880 30,288 35,405 26,477
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 228,160 112,345 115,815 778,115 383,045 395,075
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,089 34,305 24,966 33,297 40,255 27,763
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 188,000 83,415 104,585 606,580 265,135 341,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,660 866 2,955 1,953 903 3,232
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 186,150 94,580 91,565 649,045 328,720 320,325
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,242 36,654 28,804 36,290 42,476 31,343
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 272,050 131,175 140,880 905,545 437,285 468,255
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 256,980 123,805 133,170 859,565 414,630 444,930
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,184 52,683 38,212 50,867 60,882 41,534
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 257,045 123,825 133,220 859,730 414,685 445,045
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,126 42,271 32,343 41,049 47,768 34,789
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 228,145 112,575 115,570 777,375 383,010 394,365
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,235 54,366 38,314 51,547 62,198 41,204
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 188,515 83,900 104,615 607,260 265,620 341,640
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,639 4,792 6,318 6,013 5,350 6,529
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 186,150 94,770 91,380 649,045 328,905 320,140
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,769 55,188 40,075 52,177 61,657 42,437
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 272,050 131,170 140,875 905,540 437,290 468,255
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 87,215 48,410 38,805 319,420 178,480 140,940
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,396 61,298 51,488 59,914 65,701 53,923
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 70,305 78,024 60,676 75,216 84,288 63,728
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.9 93.9 87.0 91.6 94.4 87.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.6 79.9 72.3 77.6 80.6 73.5
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.1 6.1 13.0 8.4 5.6 12.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 272,055 131,170 140,880 905,545 437,290 468,255
Without total income 15,150 7,495 7,655 45,695 22,545 23,150
With total income 256,900 123,675 133,225 859,850 414,745 445,105
Percentage with total income 94.4 94.3 94.6 95.0 94.8 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 52,490 23,470 29,020 153,565 67,250 86,315
$10,000 to $19,999 50,090 22,160 27,930 149,160 63,105 86,055
$20,000 to $29,999 30,745 13,610 17,135 101,740 43,910 57,830
$30,000 to $39,999 23,400 10,490 12,910 79,290 35,230 44,060
$40,000 to $49,999 20,120 9,220 10,900 71,465 32,350 39,115
$50,000 to $59,999 15,895 7,625 8,270 58,740 27,995 30,745
$60,000 to $69,999 13,075 6,535 6,545 48,310 24,785 23,525
$70,000 to $79,999 10,350 5,460 4,890 39,365 21,225 18,135
$80,000 to $89,999 8,590 4,780 3,815 33,210 18,765 14,445
$90,000 to $99,999 7,780 4,225 3,550 30,600 16,375 14,225
$100,000 and over 24,350 16,095 8,260 94,415 63,750 30,660
$100,000 to $149,999 16,075 10,120 5,950 60,710 38,970 21,740
$150,000 and over 8,280 5,970 2,305 33,705 24,785 8,915
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 272,050 131,170 140,880 905,545 437,285 468,255
Without after-tax income 15,105 7,480 7,620 45,520 22,490 23,025
With after-tax income 256,950 123,695 133,255 860,030 414,800 445,230
Percentage with after-tax income 94.4 94.3 94.6 95.0 94.9 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 53,325 23,740 29,590 156,585 68,235 88,345
$10,000 to $19,999 51,825 23,035 28,795 154,935 65,800 89,140
$20,000 to $29,999 34,645 15,360 19,285 115,705 50,270 65,430
$30,000 to $39,999 27,430 12,445 14,985 94,875 42,500 52,370
$40,000 to $49,999 22,785 10,735 12,055 83,675 39,440 44,230
$50,000 to $59,999 17,615 8,805 8,815 65,245 33,265 31,980
$60,000 to $69,999 13,370 7,200 6,170 50,870 28,295 22,570
$70,000 to $79,999 11,175 6,215 4,960 43,065 23,825 19,245
$80,000 and over 24,770 16,165 8,605 95,075 63,160 31,915
$80,000 to $89,999 7,845 4,600 3,250 29,760 17,415 12,345
$90,000 to $99,999 4,885 3,125 1,760 17,845 11,675 6,165
$100,000 and over 12,040 8,445 3,595 47,470 34,065 13,405
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 272,050 131,170 140,880 905,545 437,290 468,255
Without employment income 85,900 36,590 49,310 256,500 108,570 147,930
With employment income 186,145 94,580 91,565 649,045 328,720 320,325
Percentage with employment income 68.4 72.1 65.0 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 23,715 10,975 12,740 79,430 36,680 42,755
$5,000 to $9,999 16,830 7,730 9,100 54,120 24,350 29,775
$10,000 to $19,999 27,765 13,580 14,185 88,210 41,275 46,935
$20,000 to $29,999 20,355 9,430 10,930 65,175 29,430 35,740
$30,000 to $39,999 17,300 8,170 9,135 58,215 26,065 32,150
$40,000 to $49,999 15,150 7,135 8,015 54,055 24,715 29,340
$50,000 to $59,999 12,415 6,135 6,275 45,970 22,510 23,460
$60,000 to $69,999 10,380 5,340 5,045 38,615 20,145 18,470
$70,000 to $79,999 8,420 4,615 3,805 32,120 17,875 14,250
$80,000 and over 33,825 21,480 12,345 133,130 85,670 47,455
$80,000 to $89,999 7,205 4,095 3,110 28,395 16,350 12,050
$90,000 to $99,999 6,910 3,765 3,145 27,645 14,705 12,935
$100,000 and over 19,705 13,615 6,085 77,085 54,615 22,470
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 102,675 ... ... 357,085 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 89,028 ... ... 95,776 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 78,472 ... ... 82,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 13,785 ... ... 52,500 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,480 ... ... 40,454 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,896 ... ... 36,026 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 88,890 ... ... 304,585 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,526 ... ... 107,385 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,768 ... ... 92,578 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 102,675 ... ... 357,085 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 113,087 ... ... 122,446 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 92,943 ... ... 98,832 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 13,735 ... ... 52,565 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,714 ... ... 57,702 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,957 ... ... 46,180 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 88,940 ... ... 304,515 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 121,946 ... ... 133,622 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,353 ... ... 107,921 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 102,675 ... ... 357,085 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,120 ... ... 5,500 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,270 ... ... 3,450 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,760 ... ... 5,325 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,505 ... ... 7,965 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,615 ... ... 9,355 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,400 ... ... 10,455 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,465 ... ... 10,985 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,395 ... ... 11,085 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,400 ... ... 10,920 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,400 ... ... 10,870 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,375 ... ... 21,215 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,370 ... ... 20,700 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,075 ... ... 20,190 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,745 ... ... 19,530 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,545 ... ... 19,170 ... ...
$100,000 and over 45,225 ... ... 170,370 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 11,700 ... ... 42,390 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,190 ... ... 34,225 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 11,950 ... ... 45,395 ... ...
$200,000 and over 12,385 ... ... 48,355 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 102,675 ... ... 357,085 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,280 ... ... 6,055 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,295 ... ... 3,525 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,780 ... ... 5,435 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,615 ... ... 8,330 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,805 ... ... 10,155 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,660 ... ... 11,380 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,820 ... ... 12,270 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,850 ... ... 12,625 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,010 ... ... 13,085 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,850 ... ... 12,930 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,830 ... ... 25,790 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,400 ... ... 25,055 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,295 ... ... 24,930 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,755 ... ... 23,930 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,220 ... ... 21,955 ... ...
$100,000 and over 37,220 ... ... 139,635 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 12,615 ... ... 46,615 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,070 ... ... 33,530 ... ...
$150,000 and over 15,535 ... ... 59,495 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 88,385 ... ... 301,820 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,829 ... ... 106,298 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,237 ... ... 91,633 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.5 ... ... 3.4 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 20,330 ... ... 73,975 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,300 ... ... 85,225 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,709 ... ... 74,066 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 54,185 ... ... 181,785 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,041 ... ... 126,337 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,576 ... ... 107,763 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 10,820 ... ... 37,465 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,457 ... ... 64,186 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,610 ... ... 58,183 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 88,420 ... ... 301,660 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 120,626 ... ... 132,766 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,131 ... ... 107,111 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 20,170 ... ... 74,015 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 108,720 ... ... 115,111 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,435 ... ... 91,059 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 54,210 ... ... 181,555 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,335 ... ... 151,941 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,564 ... ... 122,411 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 10,895 ... ... 37,470 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,895 ... ... 77,761 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,607 ... ... 66,120 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 21,355 9,685 11,670 73,925 32,615 41,305
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,195 28,971 29,376 33,437 36,813 31,250
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,128 26,798 27,374 30,558 33,044 28,942
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 21,295 9,575 11,715 73,920 32,525 41,395
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,434 44,840 44,102 49,689 54,146 46,187
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,556 36,493 36,607 40,315 43,053 38,164
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 327,405 159,720 167,680 1,100,950 537,640 563,305
In the bottom half of the distribution 152,560 73,530 79,030 445,670 212,490 233,185
In the bottom decile 34,660 16,780 17,880 91,175 43,965 47,215
In the second decile 32,995 15,790 17,205 89,325 41,370 47,955
In the third decile 29,355 14,155 15,200 86,835 41,200 45,640
In the fourth decile 27,470 13,345 14,130 85,940 41,350 44,590
In the fifth decile 28,075 13,470 14,605 92,395 44,610 47,785
In the top half of the distribution 174,840 86,190 88,650 655,280 325,155 330,125
In the sixth decile 28,335 13,755 14,580 99,705 48,690 51,015
In the seventh decile 30,570 14,920 15,650 111,200 54,605 56,600
In the eighth decile 33,575 16,420 17,155 127,460 62,975 64,485
In the ninth decile 39,180 19,415 19,765 148,525 73,995 74,535
In the top decile 43,185 21,680 21,500 168,380 84,890 83,495
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 327,400 159,725 167,675 1,100,690 537,525 563,165
0 to 17 years 67,965 35,075 32,890 240,140 123,460 116,685
0 to 5 years 20,640 10,575 10,060 69,750 35,665 34,085
18 to 64 years 210,855 101,625 109,230 705,355 341,145 364,210
65 years and over 48,580 23,020 25,565 155,190 72,920 82,275
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 49,485 23,805 25,685 132,450 63,060 69,395
0 to 17 years 12,255 6,340 5,920 34,050 17,770 16,285
0 to 5 years 3,880 2,005 1,880 10,015 5,240 4,775
18 to 64 years 30,980 14,575 16,400 80,570 37,700 42,870
65 years and over 6,245 2,885 3,360 17,825 7,590 10,240
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.1 14.9 15.3 12.0 11.7 12.3
0 to 17 years (%) 18.0 18.1 18.0 14.2 14.4 14.0
0 to 5 years (%) 18.8 19.0 18.7 14.4 14.7 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 14.7 14.3 15.0 11.4 11.1 11.8
65 years and over (%) 12.9 12.5 13.1 11.5 10.4 12.4
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 40,080 19,355 20,730 101,265 48,450 52,815
0 to 17 years 9,790 5,060 4,725 25,495 13,300 12,195
0 to 5 years 3,105 1,615 1,490 7,470 3,930 3,540
18 to 64 years 26,570 12,645 13,925 65,660 30,995 34,660
65 years and over 3,725 1,650 2,075 10,115 4,155 5,955
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.2 12.1 12.4 9.2 9.0 9.4
0 to 17 years (%) 14.4 14.4 14.4 10.6 10.8 10.5
0 to 5 years (%) 15.0 15.3 14.8 10.7 11.0 10.4
18 to 64 years (%) 12.6 12.4 12.7 9.3 9.1 9.5
65 years and over (%) 7.7 7.2 8.1 6.5 5.7 7.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 327,400 159,725 167,680 1,100,950 537,640 563,305
Official languages 294,680 146,005 148,675 1,039,185 512,470 526,715
English 294,505 145,935 148,575 1,038,690 512,245 526,440
French 19,190 8,405 10,785 73,385 30,930 42,455
Non-official languages 233,815 111,840 121,975 642,375 306,045 336,335
Aboriginal languages 10 10 10 130 65 65
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 120 55 60
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 10 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 10 0 100 45 55
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 0 95 40 55
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 233,810 111,835 121,975 642,250 305,980 336,270
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,355 2,565 2,790 36,690 18,525 18,170
Berber languages 10 0 0 35 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 35 20 20
Cushitic languages 130 65 70 455 205 255
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 15 10 0 55 30 25
Somali 120 55 60 405 175 230
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 5,220 2,500 2,725 36,235 18,315 17,920
Amharic 145 75 70 450 225 225
Arabic 3,920 1,885 2,035 15,340 7,735 7,605
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 15 15 2,080 970 1,105
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 580 320 265
Harari 50 30 30 50 25 30
Hebrew 1,060 510 550 18,265 9,325 8,940
Maltese 50 15 35 545 280 270
Tigrigna 40 10 25 170 75 100
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 160 55 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,980 820 1,160 11,410 5,055 6,350
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 10 20 1,650 785 865
Vietnamese 1,950 815 1,135 9,805 4,295 5,510
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 7,190 2,765 4,420 20,200 7,420 12,780
Bikol 10 0 10 35 0 30
Cebuano 165 65 100 510 190 320
Fijian 10 10 0 15 10 0
Hiligaynon 35 15 15 120 55 70
Ilocano 265 100 170 1,150 450 700
Malagasy 10 0 0 25 15 0
Malay 480 230 255 1,220 535 685
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 75 35 40 95 45 50
Pangasinan 10 0 0 25 15 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,565 2,475 4,090 18,455 6,690 11,765
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 155 55 95
Creole languages 690 335 350 1,365 675 690
Haitian Creole 25 10 15 20 0 15
Creole, n.o.s. 415 205 210 795 400 395
Creole languages, n.i.e. 255 125 130 560 275 290
Dravidian languages 20,465 10,035 10,430 31,440 15,325 16,115
Kannada 140 60 75 375 175 195
Malayalam 780 385 390 1,955 930 1,025
Tamil 19,190 9,415 9,770 28,445 13,885 14,565
Telugu 575 280 300 1,210 600 610
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 25 0 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 59,705 29,225 30,475 307,865 148,660 159,205
Albanian 120 65 60 1,640 820 825
Armenian 1,585 780 810 3,950 1,900 2,055
Balto-Slavic languages 5,860 2,705 3,155 60,455 28,650 31,805
Baltic languages 110 45 65 890 390 505
Latvian 45 20 25 395 170 225
Lithuanian 65 25 40 500 220 280
Slavic languages 5,790 2,680 3,110 60,065 28,495 31,565
Belarusan 20 10 15 285 150 140
Bosnian 70 30 40 245 110 135
Bulgarian 190 90 100 850 390 465
Croatian 190 90 105 1,710 790 920
Czech 90 35 55 545 250 295
Macedonian 1,720 830 890 3,945 1,940 2,010
Polish 655 305 350 5,170 2,415 2,755
Russian 2,410 1,065 1,345 44,785 21,215 23,570
Serbian 390 195 195 1,935 1,010 925
Serbo-Croatian 75 50 30 250 140 105
Slovak 80 30 45 530 215 315
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 25 565 285 280
Ukrainian 335 155 180 4,870 2,265 2,605
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 80 50 25
Celtic languages 25 15 15 165 80 85
Scottish Gaelic 15 0 10 95 45 50
Welsh 10 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 2,875 1,360 1,510 13,660 6,420 7,245
Afrikaans 380 185 195 1,150 565 575
Danish 75 45 30 300 135 160
Dutch 410 180 230 2,055 875 1,175
Frisian 0 0 0 25 10 15
German 1,755 820 930 8,220 3,895 4,320
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 0 15
Norwegian 45 20 20 180 95 85
Swedish 85 40 40 330 150 180
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 15 10 35 20 15
Yiddish 220 115 110 1,785 880 905
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 20 15 0
Greek 3,705 1,885 1,825 11,310 5,545 5,765
Indo-Iranian languages 36,330 18,075 18,245 106,865 52,795 54,065
Indo-Aryan languages 27,405 13,605 13,800 62,210 30,850 31,360
Bengali 925 435 485 2,225 1,140 1,080
Gujarati 5,760 2,795 2,965 13,010 6,220 6,785
Hindi 9,655 4,670 4,985 20,870 10,240 10,635
Kashmiri 20 10 15 35 20 15
Konkani 200 85 115 405 200 205
Marathi 445 245 200 825 455 375
Nepali 75 40 35 210 95 115
Oriya (Odia) 30 10 20 95 40 60
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,615 3,400 3,220 17,020 8,710 8,305
Sindhi 1,000 460 540 2,085 935 1,150
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 950 510 440 2,125 1,100 1,030
Urdu 10,175 5,185 4,995 22,885 11,505 11,380
Iranian languages 9,190 4,570 4,620 45,295 22,260 23,035
Kurdish 130 55 75 1,230 670 570
Pashto 345 175 170 680 370 310
Persian (Farsi) 8,830 4,410 4,420 44,030 21,595 22,430
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 180 100 75 470 245 225
Italic (Romance) languages 10,695 5,070 5,625 116,680 55,850 60,830
Catalan 0 0 0 35 15 15
Italian 5,140 2,460 2,685 78,395 37,680 40,715
Portuguese 1,055 485 570 9,880 4,690 5,195
Romanian 1,060 540 520 7,695 3,640 4,055
Spanish 3,825 1,775 2,050 24,520 11,640 12,880
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 110 55 55
Japanese 1,065 505 565 2,530 1,115 1,410
Kartvelian languages 50 35 15 260 125 130
Georgian 50 40 15 255 125 135
Korean 4,015 1,905 2,115 15,245 7,265 7,980
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 50 15 30
Mongolian 0 0 10 50 20 35
Niger-Congo languages 855 430 425 3,325 1,680 1,645
Akan (Twi) 160 90 75 670 340 330
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 25 10
Edo 0 10 0 45 25 20
Ewe 0 0 0 45 25 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 15
Ga 10 0 0 30 20 15
Ganda 10 10 0 50 30 15
Igbo 30 10 25 235 90 150
Lingala 30 15 15 60 30 25
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 10 10 10 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shona 25 10 15 70 25 40
Swahili 400 210 190 1,300 680 620
Wolof 10 0 10 15 10 10
Yoruba 90 50 40 450 225 225
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 135 60 80 460 235 225
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 55 30 30
Sign languages 135 55 85 700 265 435
American Sign Language 40 20 20 340 115 230
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 30 65 365 155 210
Sino-Tibetan languages 136,780 65,410 71,370 224,860 106,860 117,990
Chinese languages 136,720 65,385 71,340 224,695 106,795 117,895
Cantonese 88,700 42,300 46,400 133,810 63,235 70,575
Hakka 2,705 1,235 1,470 3,480 1,585 1,895
Mandarin 64,350 29,935 34,415 115,265 53,825 61,440
Min Dong 150 50 100 175 50 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,295 1,035 1,265 4,300 1,925 2,375
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,255 600 655 2,515 1,180 1,330
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,535 730 805 2,875 1,350 1,520
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 35 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 105 50 50 245 110 135
Burmese 95 45 45 190 85 105
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 35 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 20 10 15
Tai-Kadai languages 210 85 125 1,285 540 745
Lao 90 45 50 915 425 485
Thai 115 45 70 435 145 285
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 15 0 10
Turkic languages 970 510 460 5,500 2,790 2,705
Azerbaijani 145 75 70 1,030 535 500
Turkish 830 445 390 4,370 2,195 2,175
Uyghur 0 0 0 10 0 0
Uzbek 20 0 15 120 55 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 55 50
Uralic languages 880 410 470 4,810 2,220 2,595
Estonian 125 60 70 525 240 290
Finnish 155 70 90 705 300 405
Hungarian 605 285 315 3,600 1,685 1,915
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 200 100 95
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 327,400 159,725 167,675 1,100,950 537,645 563,305
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 283,890 139,420 144,475 993,335 488,255 505,080
Canadian citizens aged under 18 63,235 32,630 30,600 227,510 116,845 110,660
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 220,660 106,795 113,865 765,825 371,410 394,415
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 43,510 20,300 23,210 107,615 49,385 58,230
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 327,400 159,720 167,680 1,100,950 537,645 563,305
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 128,650 66,035 62,615 570,710 287,520 283,190
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 192,220 90,490 101,730 515,225 243,380 271,850
Before 1981 33,295 16,315 16,980 119,395 57,695 61,705
1981 to 1990 31,295 15,000 16,295 75,145 36,255 38,890
1991 to 2000 59,445 28,035 31,410 139,815 66,135 73,680
2001 to 2010 47,525 21,775 25,755 129,465 59,915 69,550
2001 to 2005 26,445 12,125 14,320 72,605 33,845 38,760
2006 to 2010 21,085 9,655 11,430 56,860 26,075 30,790
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 20,660 9,365 11,290 51,405 23,380 28,025
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 6,530 3,195 3,335 15,010 6,745 8,265
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 192,215 90,490 101,730 515,230 243,385 271,850
Under 5 years 13,730 7,000 6,730 43,285 21,545 21,735
5 to 14 years 28,345 14,325 14,030 84,305 42,520 41,790
15 to 24 years 40,725 18,440 22,285 111,620 50,505 61,115
25 to 44 years 84,700 39,665 45,035 218,675 102,965 115,715
45 years and over 24,725 11,065 13,660 57,340 25,845 31,490
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 192,220 90,490 101,730 515,225 243,380 271,845
Americas 13,935 6,430 7,505 42,700 19,670 23,030
Brazil 215 105 110 1,165 560 600
Colombia 295 145 150 1,850 875 970
El Salvador 100 35 65 985 450 535
Guyana 3,220 1,465 1,755 6,900 3,120 3,780
Haiti 70 25 45 135 70 70
Jamaica 3,980 1,760 2,220 8,660 3,830 4,830
Mexico 210 100 110 1,060 465 595
Peru 310 140 175 1,165 525 635
Trinidad and Tobago 1,640 770 880 3,870 1,845 2,025
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,915 940 975 7,420 3,340 4,080
Other places of birth in Americas 1,975 950 1,025 9,495 4,590 4,905
Europe 15,085 7,310 7,770 119,590 56,995 62,595
Bosnia and Herzegovina 90 55 30 580 315 270
Croatia 120 55 60 930 415 515
France 160 60 100 720 340 380
Germany 670 300 370 3,660 1,630 2,025
Greece 1,740 940 800 4,770 2,475 2,295
Hungary 350 150 200 1,715 770 945
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 230 90 140 780 365 415
Italy 2,730 1,335 1,395 36,040 17,745 18,295
Netherlands 230 130 100 1,355 655 700
Poland 500 220 280 3,730 1,635 2,095
Portugal 370 170 200 4,710 2,225 2,480
Romania 930 465 470 6,285 2,955 3,335
Russian Federation 775 330 445 13,820 6,185 7,635
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 175 85 90 1,040 485 555
Ukraine 445 185 260 9,910 4,725 5,185
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,420 1,710 1,710 14,895 7,050 7,845
Other places of birth in Europe 2,150 1,035 1,120 14,645 7,030 7,615
Africa 6,975 3,440 3,535 20,925 10,265 10,665
Algeria 30 10 20 80 25 55
Egypt 1,250 655 595 3,970 2,020 1,950
Ethiopia 180 95 80 405 215 190
Kenya 1,000 500 500 2,100 980 1,115
Morocco 75 40 40 1,010 525 490
Nigeria 230 100 135 1,105 490 615
Somalia 100 45 55 355 135 220
South Africa, Republic of 1,055 485 565 3,925 1,940 1,985
Other places of birth in Africa 3,055 1,515 1,545 7,980 3,945 4,035
Asia 155,990 73,195 82,800 331,090 156,020 175,070
Afghanistan 835 420 410 3,895 1,970 1,925
Bangladesh 525 250 275 1,330 695 640
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 59,060 27,200 31,860 99,195 45,730 53,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 32,525 15,530 16,995 50,850 24,260 26,590
India 14,215 6,855 7,360 28,625 13,940 14,680
IranCensus data footnote 61 6,640 3,300 3,340 32,615 16,020 16,600
Iraq 480 225 250 4,675 2,320 2,355
Japan 345 155 195 815 295 520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,905 1,390 1,510 11,330 5,420 5,910
Lebanon 665 325 345 2,190 1,075 1,115
Pakistan 5,540 2,735 2,810 12,885 6,355 6,540
Philippines 6,720 2,700 4,020 18,180 7,065 11,115
Sri Lanka 12,805 6,180 6,625 19,545 9,460 10,090
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 240 135 100 810 415 385
Taiwan 2,335 1,005 1,335 4,530 1,985 2,545
Viet Nam 3,620 1,595 2,030 11,295 4,975 6,325
Other places of birth in Asia 6,535 3,175 3,360 28,320 14,045 14,275
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 235 110 125 920 430 490
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 20,655 9,370 11,290 51,405 23,385 28,020
Americas 925 470 450 3,075 1,470 1,605
Brazil 15 0 20 210 80 130
Colombia 30 15 10 120 50 70
Cuba 25 20 0 90 55 35
Haiti 10 0 10 20 15 10
Jamaica 135 50 85 320 140 180
Mexico 40 30 10 210 115 95
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 390 200 185 1,140 570 565
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 40 25 15 125 55 75
Other places of birth in Americas 230 125 110 840 400 435
Europe 410 190 215 4,255 1,965 2,295
France 30 20 10 55 35 20
Germany 15 10 10 105 65 40
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 55 35 15
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 310 150 155
Romania 35 15 20 255 85 175
Russian Federation