Census Profile, 2016 Census
Markham, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Markham, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Markham, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Markham, City [Census subdivision], Ontario Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 328,966  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 301,709  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 9.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 106,131  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 102,676  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,549.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 212.35  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 328,965 160,185 168,780 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 55,390 28,570 26,815 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 17,085 8,715 8,370 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 19,085 9,905 9,180 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 19,220 9,950 9,270 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 223,655 108,230 115,420 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 21,095 10,910 10,185 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 21,455 11,225 10,230 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 21,170 10,705 10,460 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 20,385 9,840 10,550 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 20,345 9,305 11,035 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 23,535 10,785 12,745 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 24,860 11,650 13,210 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 25,980 12,400 13,580 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 23,510 11,235 12,270 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 21,325 10,175 11,150 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 49,920 23,380 26,540 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 18,215 8,835 9,380 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 11,865 5,710 6,150 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 8,645 4,130 4,510 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 5,885 2,685 3,195 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 5,320 2,020 3,300 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 3,395 1,370 2,025 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 1,475 505 965 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 390 120 270 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 60 15 40 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.8 17.8 15.9 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 68.0 67.6 68.4 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 15.2 14.6 15.7 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 1.6 1.3 2.0 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.2 39.3 41.1 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 41.1 39.8 42.1 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 102,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 60,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 13,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 28,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 6,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 13,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 10  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 102,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 13,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 25,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 21,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 23,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 17,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 327,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 273,575 131,615 141,965 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 170,415 84,750 85,665 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 162,185 80,645 81,535 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 8,230 4,105 4,125 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 103,160 46,865 56,295 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 73,855 38,935 34,915 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 4,790 1,760 3,025 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 12,235 4,055 8,185 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 12,280 2,115 10,165 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 95,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 35,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 25,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 26,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 8,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 95,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 82,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 78,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 4,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 13,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 10,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 2,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 82,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 27,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 54,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 21,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 25,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 7,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 13,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 7,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 4,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 32,640 13,180 19,460 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 102,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 78,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 20,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 57,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 8,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 16,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 13,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 327,785 159,850 167,930 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 275,720 137,435 138,280 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 125 50 70 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 19,155 8,335 10,820 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 32,795 14,035 18,760 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 327,790 159,850 167,935 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 290,225 143,645 146,580 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 2,180 1,000 1,180 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 2,995 1,360 1,635 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 32,385 13,855 18,540 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,675 1,675 2,000 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 1.0 1.2 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 327,785 159,850 167,935 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 313,580 152,945 160,630 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 116,085 58,910 57,170 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 114,200 58,060 56,140 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 1,880 845 1,035 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 197,500 94,035 103,460 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 0 0 0 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 0 0 0 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 197,490 94,035 103,455 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,350 1,645 1,705 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 5 5 0 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 0 0 0 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 140 60 75 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 10 5 0 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 130 55 75 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 3,210 1,580 1,625 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 55 25 30 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 2,720 1,345 1,370 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 40 20 25 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 305 145 160 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 45 20 25 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 20 10 5 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,170 525 640 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 20 25 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 1,125 510 615 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 5,515 2,170 3,345 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 15 10 5 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 150 50 100 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 5 0 5 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 70 25 45 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 215 80 135 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 335 155 185 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 40 15 25 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 10 5 5 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,640 1,815 2,825 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 215 115 100 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 165 80 85 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 30 20 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 15,620 7,510 8,115 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 85 45 40 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 575 285 290 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 14,625 7,015 7,610 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 330 160 175 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 44,775 21,825 22,950 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 100 50 45 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 1,355 675 680 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 5,030 2,340 2,685 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 110 50 65 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 60 25 40 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 50 20 30 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 4,915 2,290 2,620 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 10 5 5 810 385 430
Bosnian 25 10 15 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 155 75 85 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 100 45 55 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 80 40 40 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 1,185 580 605 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 605 270 330 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 1,995 880 1,115 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 340 185 160 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 80 35 45 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 65 35 35 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 230 110 120 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 15 5 5 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 1,090 540 550
Welsh 10 0 0 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 530 295 235
Germanic languages 1,455 695 760 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 35 15 20 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 50 35 15 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 245 120 125 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 5 0 0 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 930 435 495 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 10 5 5 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 35 20 15 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 145 65 80 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 525 280 240
Greek 2,455 1,210 1,240 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 26,935 13,240 13,695 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 19,155 9,370 9,785 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 655 330 325 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 4,510 2,185 2,325 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 2,415 1,175 1,245 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 15 5 10 565 300 265
Konkani 95 35 55 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 230 110 120 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 50 20 25 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 10 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,780 1,860 1,915 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 655 310 345 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 360 160 200 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 6,380 3,170 3,210 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 7,695 3,825 3,870 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 85 45 40 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 330 160 175 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 7,285 3,620 3,660 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 7,430 3,600 3,830 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 10 0 10 865 440 425
Italian 3,690 1,800 1,885 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 695 330 365 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 945 470 475 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 2,085 990 1,090 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 720 380 340
Japanese 435 160 270 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 40 25 15 1,715 910 805
Georgian 40 25 15 1,715 910 805
Korean 3,230 1,520 1,715 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 10 5 5 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 10 5 5 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 295 135 165 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 70 25 35 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 0 0 0 1,535 815 720
Edo 10 10 5 1,670 770 900
Ewe 0 5 0 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 5 5 0 920 445 470
Ganda 0 0 0 1,295 625 665
Igbo 35 15 20 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 5 5 5 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 10 0 10 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 75 35 45 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 0 0 5 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 30 15 15 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 5 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 0 0 0 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 55 30 25 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 5 5 0 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 25 25 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 121,410 57,720 63,690 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 121,315 57,670 63,645 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 72,620 34,645 37,975 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 2,235 1,045 1,190 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 41,790 19,825 21,970 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 225 100 120 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,000 950 1,050 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 940 410 530 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,480 685 800 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 100 45 50 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 85 40 40 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 10 5 5 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 160 60 95 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 80 40 40 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 70 20 50 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 485 260 230 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 95 50 45 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 360 195 170 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 5 0 5 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 705 325 380 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 80 35 45 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 105 45 65 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 515 245 270 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 14,210 6,910 7,300 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 590 260 325 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 12,985 6,335 6,650 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 245 125 115 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 395 180 210 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 327,785 159,855 167,935 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 291,540 142,190 149,355 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 156,995 78,245 78,745 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 156,215 77,900 78,315 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 785 350 430 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 134,545 63,940 70,605 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 5 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 134,540 63,935 70,605 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,445 670 775 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 0 0 0 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 0 0 0 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 60 25 35 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 5 5 0 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 55 20 35 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 1,375 640 730 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 25 10 15 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 1,200 560 640 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 5 5 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 15 10 5 735 335 400
Hebrew 110 50 55 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 5 0 5 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 10 10 5 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 430 210 225 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 415 200 215 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 2,035 875 1,160 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 5 0 5 290 140 155
Cebuano 50 15 35 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 45 15 30 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 100 55 50 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,800 775 1,030 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 125 65 60 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 95 50 45 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 10,225 4,815 5,410 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 40 15 25 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 250 130 125 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 9,780 4,595 5,190 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 150 80 75 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 22,550 10,790 11,765 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 40 20 20 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 760 385 375 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 2,325 1,100 1,225 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 30 10 15 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 15 5 5 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 10 0 5 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 2,295 1,090 1,210 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 5 5 5 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 45 20 25 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 25 15 10 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 15 5 10 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 445 205 235 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 225 110 115 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 1,310 605 700 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 150 80 65 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 10 5 5 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 10 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 55 30 25 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 670 310 360
Celtic languages 5 0 0 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 185 105 80
Welsh 5 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 135 60 70 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 10 5 5 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 0 0 0 855 410 445
Dutch 15 10 10 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 100 45 50 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 0 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 10 5 5 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 5 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 845 405 440 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 15,580 7,500 8,085 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 10,160 4,860 5,300 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 360 170 190 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 2,455 1,155 1,300 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 1,110 530 580 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 10 0 5 135 70 70
Konkani 15 10 5 720 355 370
Marathi 100 50 55 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 25 10 15 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,180 1,030 1,145 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 240 110 130 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 55 65 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 3,540 1,735 1,805 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 5,385 2,625 2,765 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 45 25 25 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 190 80 105 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 5,150 2,515 2,635 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 2,865 1,315 1,545 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 5 0 5 355 165 190
Italian 1,095 465 625 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 210 100 110 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 475 235 240 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 1,080 515 565 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 215 95 125 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 20 15 10 1,040 565 475
Georgian 20 15 10 1,035 565 475
Korean 2,255 1,070 1,180 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 910 440 470
Mongolian 5 5 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 75 30 40 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 25 10 15 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 0 0 0 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 825 400 425
Ga 5 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 0 5 5 1,000 485 510
Lingala 5 0 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 1,530 670 865
Shona 5 0 0 1,035 475 560
Swahili 25 10 15 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 0 0 5 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 0 0 0 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 75 40 40 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 10 5 5 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 35 35 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 94,600 45,035 49,560 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 94,560 45,020 49,540 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 56,750 26,825 29,935 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 985 460 530 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 34,390 16,605 17,785 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 70 30 45 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 780 370 410 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 590 280 310 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 975 450 520 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 20 25 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 35 15 20 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 5 0 0 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 5 5 5 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 50 30 25 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 30 15 10 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 20 10 10 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 30 15 15
Turkic languages 235 110 125 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 40 20 20 1,245 640 610
Turkish 185 85 100 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 0 0 5 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 455 230 225
Uralic languages 190 85 110 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 20 10 15 975 365 610
Finnish 25 10 10 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 140 60 80 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 36,250 17,670 18,580 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 515 245 270 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 35,025 17,110 17,915 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 105 45 55 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 605 260 345 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 327,785 159,855 167,935 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 226,840 110,935 115,900 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 49,760 24,470 25,290 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 1,780 765 1,025 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 47,665 22,910 24,755 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 0 0 0 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 47,665 22,910 24,755 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 240 100 135 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 1,065 500 570 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 425 175 255 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 10 5 10 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 272,050 131,175 140,875 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 256,900 123,675 133,220 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,106 32,260 25,270 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 256,950 123,695 133,255 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,319 29,765 23,880 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 228,160 112,345 115,815 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,089 34,305 24,966 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 188,000 83,415 104,585 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,660 866 2,955 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 186,150 94,580 91,565 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,242 36,654 28,804 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 272,050 131,175 140,880 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 256,980 123,805 133,170 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,184 52,683 38,212 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 257,045 123,825 133,220 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,126 42,271 32,343 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 228,145 112,575 115,570 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,235 54,366 38,314 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 188,515 83,900 104,615 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,639 4,792 6,318 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 186,150 94,770 91,380 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,769 55,188 40,075 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 272,050 131,170 140,875 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 87,215 48,410 38,805 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,396 61,298 51,488 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 70,305 78,024 60,676 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.9 93.9 87.0 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.6 79.9 72.3 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.1 6.1 13.0 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 272,055 131,170 140,880 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 15,150 7,495 7,655 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 256,900 123,675 133,225 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 94.4 94.3 94.6 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 52,490 23,470 29,020 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 50,090 22,160 27,930 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 30,745 13,610 17,135 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 23,400 10,490 12,910 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 20,120 9,220 10,900 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 15,895 7,625 8,270 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 13,075 6,535 6,545 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 10,350 5,460 4,890 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 8,590 4,780 3,815 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 7,780 4,225 3,550 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 24,350 16,095 8,260 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 16,075 10,120 5,950 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 8,280 5,970 2,305 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 272,050 131,170 140,880 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 15,105 7,480 7,620 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 256,950 123,695 133,255 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 94.4 94.3 94.6 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 53,325 23,740 29,590 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 51,825 23,035 28,795 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 34,645 15,360 19,285 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 27,430 12,445 14,985 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 22,785 10,735 12,055 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 17,615 8,805 8,815 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 13,370 7,200 6,170 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 11,175 6,215 4,960 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 24,770 16,165 8,605 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 7,845 4,600 3,250 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 4,885 3,125 1,760 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 12,040 8,445 3,595 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 272,050 131,170 140,880 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 85,900 36,590 49,310 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 186,145 94,580 91,565 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 68.4 72.1 65.0 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 23,715 10,975 12,740 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 16,830 7,730 9,100 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 27,765 13,580 14,185 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 20,355 9,430 10,930 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 17,300 8,170 9,135 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 15,150 7,135 8,015 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 12,415 6,135 6,275 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 10,380 5,340 5,045 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 8,420 4,615 3,805 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 33,825 21,480 12,345 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 7,205 4,095 3,110 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 6,910 3,765 3,145 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 19,705 13,615 6,085 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 102,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 89,028  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 78,472  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 13,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,896  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 88,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,526  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,768  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 102,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 113,087  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 92,943  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 13,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,714  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,957  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 88,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 121,946  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 102,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 2,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 45,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 11,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 11,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 12,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 102,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 2,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 37,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 12,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 15,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 88,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,829  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 20,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,709  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 54,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,041  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 10,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,457  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 88,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 120,626  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,131  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 20,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 108,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 54,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,564  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 10,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,607  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 21,355 9,685 11,670 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,195 28,971 29,376 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,128 26,798 27,374 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 21,295 9,575 11,715 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,434 44,840 44,102 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,556 36,493 36,607 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 327,405 159,720 167,680 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 152,560 73,530 79,030 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 34,660 16,780 17,880 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 32,995 15,790 17,205 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 29,355 14,155 15,200 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 27,470 13,345 14,130 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 28,075 13,470 14,605 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 174,840 86,190 88,650 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 28,335 13,755 14,580 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 30,570 14,920 15,650 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 33,575 16,420 17,155 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 39,180 19,415 19,765 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 43,185 21,680 21,500 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 327,400 159,725 167,675 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 67,965 35,075 32,890 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 20,640 10,575 10,060 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 210,855 101,625 109,230 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 48,580 23,020 25,565 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 49,485 23,805 25,685 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 12,255 6,340 5,920 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 3,880 2,005 1,880 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 30,980 14,575 16,400 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 6,245 2,885 3,360 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.1 14.9 15.3 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 18.0 18.1 18.0 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 18.8 19.0 18.7 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 14.7 14.3 15.0 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 12.9 12.5 13.1 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 40,080 19,355 20,730 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 9,790 5,060 4,725 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 3,105 1,615 1,490 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 26,570 12,645 13,925 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 3,725 1,650 2,075 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.2 12.1 12.4 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 14.4 14.4 14.4 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 15.0 15.3 14.8 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 12.6 12.4 12.7 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 7.7 7.2 8.1 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 327,400 159,725 167,680 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 294,680 146,005 148,675 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 294,505 145,935 148,575 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 19,190 8,405 10,785 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 233,815 111,840 121,975 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 10 10 10 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 10 0 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 10 0 0 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 0 0 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 233,810 111,835 121,975 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,355 2,565 2,790 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 10 0 0 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 0 0 0 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 130 65 70 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 0 0 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 15 10 0 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 120 55 60 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 5,220 2,500 2,725 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 145 75 70 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 3,920 1,885 2,035 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 15 15 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 50 30 30 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 1,060 510 550 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 50 15 35 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 40 10 25 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,980 820 1,160 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 10 20 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 1,950 815 1,135 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 7,190 2,765 4,420 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 10 0 10 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 165 65 100 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 10 10 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 35 15 15 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 265 100 170 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 10 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 480 230 255 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 75 35 40 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 10 0 0 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,565 2,475 4,090 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 690 335 350 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 25 10 15 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 415 205 210 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 255 125 130 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 20,465 10,035 10,430 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 140 60 75 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 780 385 390 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 19,190 9,415 9,770 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 575 280 300 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 59,705 29,225 30,475 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 120 65 60 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 1,585 780 810 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 5,860 2,705 3,155 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 110 45 65 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 45 20 25 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 65 25 40 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 5,790 2,680 3,110 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 20 10 15 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 70 30 40 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 190 90 100 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 190 90 105 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 90 35 55 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 1,720 830 890 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 655 305 350 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 2,410 1,065 1,345 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 390 195 195 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 75 50 30 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 80 30 45 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 25 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 335 155 180 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 25 15 15 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 15 0 10 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 10 0 0 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 2,875 1,360 1,510 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 380 185 195 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 75 45 30 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 410 180 230 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 0 0 0 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 1,755 820 930 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 45 20 20 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 85 40 40 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 15 10 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 220 115 110 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 3,705 1,885 1,825 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 36,330 18,075 18,245 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 27,405 13,605 13,800 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 925 435 485 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 5,760 2,795 2,965 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 9,655 4,670 4,985 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 20 10 15 905 490 420
Konkani 200 85 115 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 445 245 200 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 75 40 35 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 30 10 20 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,615 3,400 3,220 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 1,000 460 540 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 950 510 440 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 10,175 5,185 4,995 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 9,190 4,570 4,620 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 130 55 75 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 345 175 170 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 8,830 4,410 4,420 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 180 100 75 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 10,695 5,070 5,625 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 0 0 0 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 5,140 2,460 2,685 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 1,055 485 570 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 1,060 540 520 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 3,825 1,775 2,050 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 1,065 505 565 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 50 35 15 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 50 40 15 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 4,015 1,905 2,115 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 0 0 10 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 855 430 425 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 160 90 75 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 0 0 0 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 0 10 0 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 0 0 0 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 10 0 0 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 10 10 0 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 30 10 25 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 30 15 15 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 10 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 25 10 15 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 400 210 190 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 10 0 10 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 90 50 40 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 135 60 80 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 135 55 85 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 40 20 20 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 30 65 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 136,780 65,410 71,370 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 136,720 65,385 71,340 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 88,700 42,300 46,400 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 2,705 1,235 1,470 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 64,350 29,935 34,415 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 150 50 100 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,295 1,035 1,265 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,255 600 655 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,535 730 805 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 105 50 50 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 95 45 45 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 0 0 0 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 210 85 125 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 90 45 50 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 115 45 70 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 970 510 460 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 145 75 70 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 830 445 390 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 20 0 15 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 880 410 470 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 125 60 70 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 155 70 90 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 605 285 315 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 327,400 159,725 167,675 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 283,890 139,420 144,475 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 63,235 32,630 30,600 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 220,660 106,795 113,865 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 43,510 20,300 23,210 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 327,400 159,720 167,680 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 128,650 66,035 62,615 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 192,220 90,490 101,730 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 33,295 16,315 16,980 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 31,295 15,000 16,295 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 59,445 28,035 31,410 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 47,525 21,775 25,755 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 26,445 12,125 14,320 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 21,085 9,655 11,430 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 20,660 9,365 11,290 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 6,530 3,195 3,335 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 192,215 90,490 101,730 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 13,730 7,000 6,730 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 28,345 14,325 14,030 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 40,725 18,440 22,285 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 84,700 39,665 45,035 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 24,725 11,065 13,660 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 192,220 90,490 101,730 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 13,935 6,430 7,505 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 215 105 110 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 295 145 150 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 100 35 65 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 3,220 1,465 1,755 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 70 25 45 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 3,980 1,760 2,220 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 210 100 110 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 310 140 175 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 1,640 770 880 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,915 940 975 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 1,975 950 1,025 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 15,085 7,310 7,770 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 90 55 30 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 120 55 60 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 160 60 100 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 670 300 370 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 1,740 940 800 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 350 150 200 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 230 90 140 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 2,730 1,335 1,395 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 230 130 100 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 500 220 280 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 370 170 200 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 930 465 470 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 775 330 445 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 175 85 90 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 445 185 260 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,420 1,710 1,710 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 2,150 1,035 1,120 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 6,975 3,440 3,535 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 30 10 20 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 1,250 655 595 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 180 95 80 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 1,000 500 500 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 75 40 40 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 230 100 135 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 100 45 55 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 1,055 485 565 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 3,055 1,515 1,545 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 155,990 73,195 82,800 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 835 420 410 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 525 250 275 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 59,060 27,200 31,860 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60