Census Profile, 2016 Census
Markham, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Markham, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Markham, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Markham, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 328,966 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 301,709 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 9.0 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 106,131 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 102,676 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,549.2 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 212.35 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 328,965 160,185 168,780 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 55,390 28,570 26,815 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 17,085 8,715 8,370 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 19,085 9,905 9,180 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 19,220 9,950 9,270 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 223,655 108,230 115,420 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 21,095 10,910 10,185 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 21,455 11,225 10,230 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 21,170 10,705 10,460 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 20,385 9,840 10,550 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 20,345 9,305 11,035 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 23,535 10,785 12,745 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 24,860 11,650 13,210 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 25,980 12,400 13,580 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 23,510 11,235 12,270 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 21,325 10,175 11,150 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 49,920 23,380 26,540 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 18,215 8,835 9,380 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 11,865 5,710 6,150 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 8,645 4,130 4,510 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 5,885 2,685 3,195 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 5,320 2,020 3,300 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 3,395 1,370 2,025 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 1,475 505 965 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 390 120 270 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 60 15 40 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.8 17.8 15.9 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 68.0 67.6 68.4 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 15.2 14.6 15.7 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 1.6 1.3 2.0 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 40.2 39.3 41.1 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 41.1 39.8 42.1 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 102,675 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 60,890 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 13,755 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 28,025 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,515 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 13,970 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,875 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,655 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 102,675 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 13,790 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 25,955 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 21,540 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 23,450 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 17,940 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 327,400 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 3.2 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 273,575 131,615 141,965 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 170,415 84,750 85,665 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 162,185 80,645 81,535 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 8,230 4,105 4,125 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 103,160 46,865 56,295 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 73,855 38,935 34,915 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 4,790 1,760 3,025 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 12,235 4,055 8,185 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 12,280 2,115 10,165 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 95,480 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 35,780 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 25,420 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 26,175 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,095 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 95,480 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 82,340 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 78,225 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,115 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 13,145 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 10,700 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 2,445 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 82,335 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 27,935 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 54,400 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 21,305 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 25,220 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 7,880 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 13,140 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 7,845 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 4,115 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 1,180 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 32,640 13,180 19,460 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 102,675 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 78,515 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 20,915 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 57,600 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 8,165 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 16,000 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 13,790 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,210 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 327,785 159,850 167,930 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 275,720 137,435 138,280 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 125 50 70 1,810 820 985
English and French 19,155 8,335 10,820 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 32,795 14,035 18,760 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 327,790 159,850 167,935 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 290,225 143,645 146,580 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 2,180 1,000 1,180 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 2,995 1,360 1,635 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 32,385 13,855 18,540 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,675 1,675 2,000 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 327,785 159,850 167,935 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 313,580 152,945 160,630 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 116,085 58,910 57,170 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 114,200 58,060 56,140 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 1,880 845 1,035 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 197,500 94,035 103,460 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 197,490 94,035 103,455 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,350 1,645 1,705 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 5 5 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 140 60 75 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 10 5 0 205 115 95
Somali 130 55 75 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 3,210 1,580 1,625 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 55 25 30 1,370 670 700
Arabic 2,720 1,345 1,370 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 40 20 25 20 5 15
Hebrew 305 145 160 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 45 20 25 215 100 115
Tigrigna 20 10 5 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,170 525 640 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 20 25 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 1,125 510 615 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 5,515 2,170 3,345 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 15 10 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 150 50 100 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 5 0 5 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 70 25 45 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 215 80 135 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 335 155 185 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 40 15 25 700 320 380
Pangasinan 10 5 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,640 1,815 2,825 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 215 115 100 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 165 80 85 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 30 20 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 15,620 7,510 8,115 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 85 45 40 280 150 135
Malayalam 575 285 290 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 14,625 7,015 7,610 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 330 160 175 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 44,775 21,825 22,950 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 100 50 45 1,465 765 705
Armenian 1,355 675 680 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 5,030 2,340 2,685 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 110 50 65 1,070 485 585
Latvian 60 25 40 565 255 300
Lithuanian 50 20 30 505 225 280
Slavic languages 4,915 2,290 2,620 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 10 5 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 25 10 15 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 155 75 85 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 100 45 55 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 80 40 40 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 1,185 580 605 325 160 165
Polish 605 270 330 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 1,995 880 1,115 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 340 185 160 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 1,395 670 725
Slovak 80 35 45 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 65 35 35 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 230 110 120 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 345 175 170
Celtic languages 15 5 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 10 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 1,455 695 760 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 35 15 20 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 50 35 15 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 245 120 125 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 0 0 295 145 145
German 930 435 495 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 10 5 5 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 35 20 15 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 445 220 225
Yiddish 145 65 80 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 65 45 25
Greek 2,455 1,210 1,240 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 26,935 13,240 13,695 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 19,155 9,370 9,785 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 655 330 325 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 4,510 2,185 2,325 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 2,415 1,175 1,245 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 15 5 10 65 35 25
Konkani 95 35 55 255 130 125
Marathi 230 110 120 620 325 295
Nepali 50 20 25 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 10 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,780 1,860 1,915 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 655 310 345 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 360 160 200 1,675 845 830
Urdu 6,380 3,170 3,210 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 7,695 3,825 3,870 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 85 45 40 1,765 945 825
Pashto 330 160 175 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 7,285 3,620 3,660 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 7,430 3,600 3,830 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 10 0 10 160 85 75
Italian 3,690 1,800 1,885 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 695 330 365 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 945 470 475 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 2,085 990 1,090 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 105 65 40
Japanese 435 160 270 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 40 25 15 85 50 35
Georgian 40 25 15 85 50 40
Korean 3,230 1,520 1,715 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 10 5 5 360 150 205
Mongolian 10 5 5 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 295 135 165 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 70 25 35 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 10 10 5 85 50 35
Ewe 0 5 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 45 25 20
Ga 5 5 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 35 15 20 245 145 105
Lingala 5 5 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 155 70 80
Shona 10 0 10 215 100 115
Swahili 75 35 45 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 30 15 15 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 5 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 55 30 25 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 5 5 0 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 25 25 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 121,410 57,720 63,690 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 121,315 57,670 63,645 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 72,620 34,645 37,975 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 2,235 1,045 1,190 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 41,790 19,825 21,970 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 225 100 120 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,000 950 1,050 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 940 410 530 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,480 685 800 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 100 45 50 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 85 40 40 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 10 5 5 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 160 60 95 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 80 40 40 1,100 550 550
Thai 70 20 50 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 485 260 230 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 95 50 45 530 290 235
Turkish 360 195 170 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 5 0 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 190 80 110
Uralic languages 705 325 380 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 80 35 45 705 295 410
Finnish 105 45 65 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 515 245 270 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 14,210 6,910 7,300 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 590 260 325 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 12,985 6,335 6,650 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 245 125 115 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 395 180 210 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 327,785 159,855 167,935 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 291,540 142,190 149,355 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 156,995 78,245 78,745 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 156,215 77,900 78,315 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 785 350 430 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 134,545 63,940 70,605 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 5 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 134,540 63,935 70,605 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,445 670 775 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 60 25 35 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 5 0 90 50 45
Somali 55 20 35 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 1,375 640 730 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 25 10 15 600 275 320
Arabic 1,200 560 640 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 5 5 310 165 145
Harari 15 10 5 10 5 5
Hebrew 110 50 55 900 465 440
Maltese 5 0 5 15 5 10
Tigrigna 10 10 5 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 430 210 225 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 800 375 420
Vietnamese 415 200 215 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 2,035 875 1,160 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 5 0 5 75 30 35
Cebuano 50 15 35 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 415 175 240
Ilocano 45 15 30 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 100 55 50 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,800 775 1,030 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 125 65 60 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 95 50 45 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 10,225 4,815 5,410 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 40 15 25 110 55 60
Malayalam 250 130 125 1,225 615 605
Tamil 9,780 4,595 5,190 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 150 80 75 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 22,550 10,790 11,765 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 40 20 20 695 335 360
Armenian 760 385 375 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 2,325 1,100 1,225 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 30 10 15 210 90 115
Latvian 15 5 5 80 30 50
Lithuanian 10 0 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 2,295 1,090 1,210 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 5 5 5 595 300 300
Bulgarian 45 20 25 1,035 485 550
Croatian 25 15 10 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 15 5 10 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 445 205 235 150 75 75
Polish 225 110 115 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 1,310 605 700 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 150 80 65 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 500 235 265
Slovak 10 5 5 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 10 145 65 85
Ukrainian 55 30 25 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 5 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 135 60 70 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 10 5 5 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 15 10 10 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 100 45 50 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 10 5 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 5 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 845 405 440 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 15,580 7,500 8,085 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 10,160 4,860 5,300 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 360 170 190 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 2,455 1,155 1,300 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 1,110 530 580 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 10 0 5 10 5 5
Konkani 15 10 5 40 25 25
Marathi 100 50 55 270 140 130
Nepali 25 10 15 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,180 1,030 1,145 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 240 110 130 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 55 65 675 330 340
Urdu 3,540 1,735 1,805 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 5,385 2,625 2,765 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 45 25 25 1,080 540 535
Pashto 190 80 105 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 5,150 2,515 2,635 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 2,865 1,315 1,545 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 5 0 5 65 35 35
Italian 1,095 465 625 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 210 100 110 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 475 235 240 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 1,080 515 565 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 215 95 125 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 20 15 10 30 15 10
Georgian 20 15 10 30 15 15
Korean 2,255 1,070 1,180 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 170 80 90
Mongolian 5 5 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 75 30 40 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 25 10 15 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 5 5 40 20 15
Lingala 5 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 60 25 35
Shona 5 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 25 10 15 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 5 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 85 30 55
Sign languages 75 40 40 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 10 5 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 35 35 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 94,600 45,035 49,560 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 94,560 45,020 49,540 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 56,750 26,825 29,935 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 985 460 530 700 295 410
Mandarin 34,390 16,605 17,785 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 70 30 45 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 780 370 410 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 590 280 310 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 975 450 520 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 20 25 1,745 885 865
Burmese 35 15 20 720 375 350
Karenic languages 5 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 5 5 5 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 50 30 25 1,380 595 785
Lao 30 15 10 460 225 235
Thai 20 10 10 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 10 5 5
Turkic languages 235 110 125 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 40 20 20 195 105 95
Turkish 185 85 100 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 5 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 20 25
Uralic languages 190 85 110 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 20 10 15 95 40 55
Finnish 25 10 10 725 325 400
Hungarian 140 60 80 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 36,250 17,670 18,580 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 515 245 270 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 35,025 17,110 17,915 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 105 45 55 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 605 260 345 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 327,785 159,855 167,935 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 226,840 110,935 115,900 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 49,760 24,470 25,290 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 1,780 765 1,025 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 47,665 22,910 24,755 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 0 0 0 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 47,665 22,910 24,755 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 240 100 135 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 1,065 500 570 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 425 175 255 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 10 5 10 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 272,050 131,175 140,875 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 256,900 123,675 133,220 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,106 32,260 25,270 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 256,950 123,695 133,255 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,319 29,765 23,880 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 228,160 112,345 115,815 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,089 34,305 24,966 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 188,000 83,415 104,585 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,660 866 2,955 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 186,150 94,580 91,565 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,242 36,654 28,804 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 272,050 131,175 140,880 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 256,980 123,805 133,170 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,184 52,683 38,212 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 257,045 123,825 133,220 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,126 42,271 32,343 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 228,145 112,575 115,570 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,235 54,366 38,314 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 188,515 83,900 104,615 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,639 4,792 6,318 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 186,150 94,770 91,380 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,769 55,188 40,075 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 272,050 131,170 140,875 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 87,215 48,410 38,805 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,396 61,298 51,488 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 70,305 78,024 60,676 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.9 93.9 87.0 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.6 79.9 72.3 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.1 6.1 13.0 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 272,055 131,170 140,880 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 15,150 7,495 7,655 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 256,900 123,675 133,225 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 94.4 94.3 94.6 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 52,490 23,470 29,020 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 50,090 22,160 27,930 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 30,745 13,610 17,135 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 23,400 10,490 12,910 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 20,120 9,220 10,900 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 15,895 7,625 8,270 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 13,075 6,535 6,545 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 10,350 5,460 4,890 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 8,590 4,780 3,815 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 7,780 4,225 3,550 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 24,350 16,095 8,260 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 16,075 10,120 5,950 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 8,280 5,970 2,305 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 272,050 131,170 140,880 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 15,105 7,480 7,620 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 256,950 123,695 133,255 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 94.4 94.3 94.6 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 53,325 23,740 29,590 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 51,825 23,035 28,795 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 34,645 15,360 19,285 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 27,430 12,445 14,985 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 22,785 10,735 12,055 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 17,615 8,805 8,815 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 13,370 7,200 6,170 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 11,175 6,215 4,960 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 24,770 16,165 8,605 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 7,845 4,600 3,250 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 4,885 3,125 1,760 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 12,040 8,445 3,595 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 272,050 131,170 140,880 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 85,900 36,590 49,310 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 186,145 94,580 91,565 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 68.4 72.1 65.0 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 23,715 10,975 12,740 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 16,830 7,730 9,100 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 27,765 13,580 14,185 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 20,355 9,430 10,930 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 17,300 8,170 9,135 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 15,150 7,135 8,015 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 12,415 6,135 6,275 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 10,380 5,340 5,045 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 8,420 4,615 3,805 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 33,825 21,480 12,345 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 7,205 4,095 3,110 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 6,910 3,765 3,145 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 19,705 13,615 6,085 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 102,675 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 89,028 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 78,472 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 13,785 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,480 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,896 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 88,890 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,526 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,768 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 102,675 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 113,087 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 92,943 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 13,735 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,714 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,957 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 88,940 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 121,946 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,353 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 102,675 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,120 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,270 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,760 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,505 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,615 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,400 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,465 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,395 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,400 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,400 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,375 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,370 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,075 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,745 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,545 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 45,225 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 11,700 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,190 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 11,950 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 12,385 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 102,675 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,280 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,295 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,780 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,615 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,805 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,660 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,820 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,850 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,010 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,850 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,830 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,400 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,295 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,755 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,220 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 37,220 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 12,615 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,070 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 15,535 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 88,385 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,829 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,237 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.5 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 20,330 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,300 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,709 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 54,185 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,041 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,576 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 10,820 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,457 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,610 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 88,420 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 120,626 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,131 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 20,170 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 108,720 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,435 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 54,210 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,335 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,564 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 10,895 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,895 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,607 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 21,355 9,685 11,670 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,195 28,971 29,376 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,128 26,798 27,374 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 21,295 9,575 11,715 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,434 44,840 44,102 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,556 36,493 36,607 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 327,405 159,720 167,680 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 152,560 73,530 79,030 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 34,660 16,780 17,880 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 32,995 15,790 17,205 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 29,355 14,155 15,200 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 27,470 13,345 14,130 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 28,075 13,470 14,605 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 174,840 86,190 88,650 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 28,335 13,755 14,580 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 30,570 14,920 15,650 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 33,575 16,420 17,155 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 39,180 19,415 19,765 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 43,185 21,680 21,500 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 327,400 159,725 167,675 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 67,965 35,075 32,890 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 20,640 10,575 10,060 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 210,855 101,625 109,230 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 48,580 23,020 25,565 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 49,485 23,805 25,685 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 12,255 6,340 5,920 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 3,880 2,005 1,880 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 30,980 14,575 16,400 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 6,245 2,885 3,360 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.1 14.9 15.3 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 18.0 18.1 18.0 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 18.8 19.0 18.7 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 14.7 14.3 15.0 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 12.9 12.5 13.1 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 40,080 19,355 20,730 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 9,790 5,060 4,725 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 3,105 1,615 1,490 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 26,570 12,645 13,925 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 3,725 1,650 2,075 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.2 12.1 12.4 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 14.4 14.4 14.4 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 15.0 15.3 14.8 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 12.6 12.4 12.7 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 7.7 7.2 8.1 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 327,400 159,725 167,680 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 294,680 146,005 148,675 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 294,505 145,935 148,575 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 19,190 8,405 10,785 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 233,815 111,840 121,975 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 10 10 10 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 10 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 233,810 111,835 121,975 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,355 2,565 2,790 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 10 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 130 65 70 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 15 10 0 245 140 110
Somali 120 55 60 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 5,220 2,500 2,725 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 145 75 70 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 3,920 1,885 2,035 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 15 15 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 50 30 30 55 35 20
Hebrew 1,060 510 550 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 50 15 35 315 155 155
Tigrigna 40 10 25 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,980 820 1,160 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 10 20 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 1,950 815 1,135 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 7,190 2,765 4,420 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 10 0 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 165 65 100 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 10 10 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 35 15 15 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 265 100 170 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 10 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 480 230 255 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 75 35 40 855 365 495
Pangasinan 10 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,565 2,475 4,090 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 690 335 350 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 25 10 15 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 415 205 210 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 255 125 130 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 20,465 10,035 10,430 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 140 60 75 510 250 265
Malayalam 780 385 390 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 19,190 9,415 9,770 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 575 280 300 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 59,705 29,225 30,475 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 120 65 60 1,640 840 795
Armenian 1,585 780 810 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 5,860 2,705 3,155 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 110 45 65 1,030 515 520
Latvian 45 20 25 555 290 265
Lithuanian 65 25 40 475 220 250
Slavic languages 5,790 2,680 3,110 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 20 10 15 245 115 125
Bosnian 70 30 40 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 190 90 100 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 190 90 105 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 90 35 55 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 1,720 830 890 400 220 185
Polish 655 305 350 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 2,410 1,065 1,345 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 390 195 195 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 75 50 30 1,525 770 750
Slovak 80 30 45 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 25 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 335 155 180 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 420 215 205
Celtic languages 25 15 15 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 15 0 10 660 395 265
Welsh 10 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 2,875 1,360 1,510 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 380 185 195 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 75 45 30 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 410 180 230 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 1,755 820 930 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 45 20 20 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 85 40 40 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 15 10 545 270 275
Yiddish 220 115 110 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 155 95 60
Greek 3,705 1,885 1,825 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 36,330 18,075 18,245 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 27,405 13,605 13,800 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 925 435 485 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 5,760 2,795 2,965 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 9,655 4,670 4,985 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 20 10 15 60 30 25
Konkani 200 85 115 415 215 200
Marathi 445 245 200 1,475 780 695
Nepali 75 40 35 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 30 10 20 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,615 3,400 3,220 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 1,000 460 540 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 950 510 440 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 10,175 5,185 4,995 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 9,190 4,570 4,620 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 130 55 75 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 345 175 170 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 8,830 4,410 4,420 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 180 100 75 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 10,695 5,070 5,625 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 5,140 2,460 2,685 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 1,055 485 570 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 1,060 540 520 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 3,825 1,775 2,050 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 380 245 140
Japanese 1,065 505 565 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 50 35 15 115 55 60
Georgian 50 40 15 115 55 55
Korean 4,015 1,905 2,115 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 10 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 855 430 425 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 160 90 75 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 10 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 10 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 10 10 0 165 80 85
Igbo 30 10 25 425 240 185
Lingala 30 15 15 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 10 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 25 10 15 415 220 195
Swahili 400 210 190 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 10 0 10 50 25 30
Yoruba 90 50 40 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 135 60 80 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 135 55 85 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 40 20 20 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 30 65 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 136,780 65,410 71,370 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 136,720 65,385 71,340 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 88,700 42,300 46,400 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 2,705 1,235 1,470 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 64,350 29,935 34,415 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 150 50 100 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,295 1,035 1,265 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,255 600 655 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,535 730 805 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 105 50 50 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 95 45 45 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 210 85 125 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 90 45 50 1,630 735 890
Thai 115 45 70 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 970 510 460 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 145 75 70 945 510 435
Turkish 830 445 390 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 20 0 15 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 880 410 470 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 125 60 70 780 350 425
Finnish 155 70 90 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 605 285 315 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 327,400 159,725 167,675 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 283,890 139,420 144,475 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 63,235 32,630 30,600 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 220,660 106,795 113,865 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 43,510 20,300 23,210 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 327,400 159,720 167,680 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 128,650 66,035 62,615 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 192,220 90,490 101,730 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 33,295 16,315 16,980 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 31,295 15,000 16,295 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 59,445 28,035 31,410 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 47,525 21,775 25,755 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 26,445 12,125 14,320 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 21,085 9,655 11,430 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 20,660 9,365 11,290 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 6,530 3,195 3,335 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 192,215 90,490 101,730 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 13,730 7,000 6,730 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 28,345 14,325 14,030 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 40,725 18,440 22,285 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 84,700 39,665 45,035 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 24,725 11,065 13,660 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 192,220 90,490 101,730 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 13,935 6,430 7,505 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 215 105 110 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 295 145 150 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 100 35 65 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 3,220 1,465 1,755 1,305 600 710
Haiti 70 25 45 570 250 315
Jamaica 3,980 1,760 2,220 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 210 100 110 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 310 140 175 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 1,640 770 880 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,915 940 975 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 1,975 950 1,025 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 15,085 7,310 7,770 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 90 55 30 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 120 55 60 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 160 60 100 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 670 300 370 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 1,740 940 800 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 350 150 200 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 230 90 140 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 2,730 1,335 1,395 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 230 130 100 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 500 220 280 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 370 170 200 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 930 465 470 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 775 330 445 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 175 85 90 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 445 185 260 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,420 1,710 1,710 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 2,150 1,035 1,120 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 6,975 3,440 3,535 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 30 10 20 485 310 175
Egypt 1,250 655 595 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 180 95 80 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 1,000 500 500 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 75 40 40 985 535 455
Nigeria 230 100 135 1,740 925 815
Somalia 100 45 55 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 1,055 485 565 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 3,055 1,515 1,545 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 155,990 73,195 82,800 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 835 420 410 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 525 250 275 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 59,060 27,200 31,860 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 32,525 15,530 16,995 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 14,215 6,855 7,360 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 6,640 3,300 3,340 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 480 225 250 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 345 155 195 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,905 1,390 1,510 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 665 325 345 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 5,540 2,735 2,810 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 6,720 2,700 4,020 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 12,805 6,180 6,625 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 240 135 100 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 2,335 1,005 1,335 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 3,620 1,595 2,030 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 6,535 3,175 3,360 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 235 110 125 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 20,655 9,370 11,290 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 925 470 450 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 15 0 20 1,145 525 615
Colombia 30 15 10 580 250 325
Cuba 25 20 0 140 60 80
Haiti 10 0 10 35 35 10
Jamaica 135 50 85 625 355 265
Mexico 40 30 10 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 390 200 185 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 40 25 15 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 230 125 110 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 410 190 215 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 30 20 10 970 510 460
Germany 15 10 10 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 35 15 20 690 310 380
Russian Fede