Census Profile, 2016 Census
Richmond Hill, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Richmond Hill, T
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Richmond Hill, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Richmond Hill, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 195,022 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 185,541 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.1 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 66,465 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 64,116 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,928.8 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 101.11 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 195,020 94,745 100,280 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 32,565 16,880 15,680 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 8,555 4,385 4,175 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 11,215 5,740 5,475 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 12,790 6,755 6,035 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 134,000 64,840 69,160 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 13,580 7,210 6,365 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 12,465 6,430 6,040 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 10,985 5,540 5,445 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 9,930 4,750 5,180 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 11,270 4,940 6,330 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 15,180 6,770 8,405 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 17,620 8,245 9,375 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 17,100 8,485 8,615 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 14,635 7,080 7,560 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 11,230 5,385 5,850 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 28,460 13,025 15,435 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 9,875 4,710 5,165 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 6,565 3,035 3,535 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 5,095 2,415 2,680 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 3,555 1,635 1,920 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 3,365 1,230 2,135 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 2,170 880 1,285 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 925 275 650 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 245 65 180 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 25 5 20 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.8 15.6 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.7 68.4 69.0 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 14.6 13.7 15.4 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.7 1.3 2.1 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.4 39.4 41.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 42.4 41.3 43.2 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 64,120 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 37,645 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10,555 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 15,915 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,555 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 9,670 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,945 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,690 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 55 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 64,115 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 10,130 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 16,175 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 13,935 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 14,980 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,890 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 193,800 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 3.0 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 162,460 77,865 84,595 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 100,190 49,740 50,460 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 95,330 47,310 48,015 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 4,870 2,425 2,440 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 62,265 28,130 34,140 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 44,235 23,295 20,945 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 3,210 1,140 2,070 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 7,470 2,415 5,055 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 7,345 1,280 6,070 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 56,545 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 20,575 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 15,515 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 15,910 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,540 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 56,545 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 48,750 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 46,320 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,435 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 7,795 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 6,440 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,355 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 48,750 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 15,965 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 32,785 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 13,040 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 15,350 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 4,400 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 7,790 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 4,610 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 2,475 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 705 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 18,750 7,320 11,435 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 64,115 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 49,265 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,740 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 36,520 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,520 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,330 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 10,130 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,200 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 193,995 94,435 99,565 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 167,150 83,235 83,910 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 100 40 60 1,110 530 580
English and French 14,935 6,415 8,520 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 11,815 4,740 7,075 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 193,995 94,430 99,560 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 177,985 87,855 90,130 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,455 620 835 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 2,870 1,270 1,600 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 11,685 4,680 7,000 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,890 1,260 1,630 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.3 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 193,995 94,435 99,565 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 186,450 90,765 95,685 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 71,655 36,240 35,410 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 70,410 35,705 34,705 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,250 540 710 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 114,795 54,520 60,275 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 5 5 0 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 5 5 0 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 114,790 54,515 60,270 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,105 2,070 2,030 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 70 30 45 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 70 25 40 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 4,020 2,040 1,985 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 15 5 15 1,140 560 585
Arabic 3,165 1,580 1,585 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 50 25 30 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 440 240 195
Harari 5 5 5 25 10 15
Hebrew 720 405 320 1,770 960 805
Maltese 35 15 20 80 40 40
Tigrigna 5 0 5 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 615 270 350 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 20 30 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 565 245 320 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 2,420 890 1,530 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 10 5 10 310 140 170
Cebuano 85 35 50 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 30 15 20 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 130 50 85 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 260 125 140 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 5 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,865 655 1,210 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 125 60 60 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 100 50 50 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 1,530 745 780 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 45 25 20 225 115 110
Malayalam 260 130 130 1,750 905 845
Tamil 1,100 530 570 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 120 60 60 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 52,690 25,370 27,320 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 225 110 115 1,090 560 530
Armenian 955 455 500 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 12,510 5,825 6,685 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 130 45 80 645 280 370
Latvian 55 20 40 320 145 175
Lithuanian 70 25 45 325 130 200
Slavic languages 12,380 5,780 6,605 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 40 10 25 60 30 30
Bosnian 25 10 10 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 160 75 85 1,725 805 915
Croatian 185 80 100 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 90 35 55 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 400 180 215 250 120 135
Polish 705 330 375 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 9,690 4,540 5,150 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 370 180 190 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 35 25 10 1,145 545 600
Slovak 75 30 45 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 70 40 35 545 250 290
Ukrainian 530 225 305 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 5 0 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 5 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,185 505 680 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 25 10 15 1,435 730 705
Danish 35 20 20 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 250 100 145 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 0 5 80 30 50
German 725 310 415 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 0 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 5 5 5 835 410 430
Swedish 20 10 15 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 100 45 55 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 1,755 840 905 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 25,215 12,475 12,745 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 5,880 2,845 3,030 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 290 160 130 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 1,565 735 830 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 860 415 450 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 20 10 5 40 25 15
Konkani 35 20 20 225 110 110
Marathi 45 20 25 535 280 255
Nepali 50 20 25 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 570 285 290 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 430 200 230 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 225 110 120 1,455 730 725
Urdu 1,765 860 905 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 19,285 9,595 9,685 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 195 100 90 1,650 875 780
Pashto 70 40 30 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 19,020 9,455 9,560 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 10,845 5,155 5,690 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 5 5 0 125 65 55
Italian 6,280 3,055 3,230 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 820 360 460 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 1,645 770 870 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 2,085 960 1,130 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 60 40 25
Japanese 320 115 205 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 20 10 10 65 40 25
Georgian 25 10 10 65 40 25
Korean 4,310 2,040 2,275 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 5 5 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 310 155 160 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 40 15 25 405 220 180
Bamanankan 5 5 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 0 5 80 45 30
Ewe 10 5 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 20 10 5
Ga 5 5 0 35 15 15
Ganda 5 5 5 65 35 30
Igbo 15 10 5 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 5 5 0 150 70 85
Swahili 110 50 60 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 45 25 25 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 190 85 100
Sign languages 20 10 10 620 330 295
American Sign Language 5 5 5 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 46,500 21,890 24,615 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 46,460 21,870 24,595 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 22,695 10,720 11,975 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 365 170 190 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 21,495 10,130 11,365 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 25 10 10 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 735 335 405 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 545 250 300 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 590 250 340 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 20 25 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 20 5 10 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 15 5 10 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 90 30 55 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 45 20 20 800 405 400
Thai 45 10 30 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 910 470 440 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 265 150 115 495 275 225
Turkish 575 290 290 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 10 5 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 20 10 10 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 165 70 95
Uralic languages 785 380 405 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 55 25 30 455 195 260
Finnish 85 45 40 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 645 310 335 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 365 200 170
Multiple responses 7,545 3,665 3,875 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 410 205 205 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 6,640 3,245 3,395 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 190 80 110 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 310 135 170 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 193,995 94,430 99,565 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 174,290 84,935 89,360 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 101,585 50,475 51,110 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 101,110 50,260 50,850 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 475 215 260 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 72,705 34,460 38,245 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 5 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 5 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 72,705 34,455 38,245 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,030 990 1,045 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 5 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 45 15 25 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 40 15 25 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,985 965 1,015 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 0 0 5 535 250 290
Arabic 1,580 750 830 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 10 15 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 355 200 155 785 400 385
Maltese 5 0 5 5 5 0
Tigrigna 5 0 5 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 320 135 180 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 15 620 290 330
Vietnamese 295 130 165 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 925 410 520 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 25 15 15 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 50 20 30 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 115 60 50 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 710 305 405 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 5 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 75 35 40 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 60 30 35 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 840 395 450 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 10 5 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 105 55 50 885 450 435
Tamil 660 300 355 1,935 965 965
Telugu 65 35 35 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 29,050 13,890 15,155 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 125 60 60 530 255 270
Armenian 515 235 285 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 7,600 3,580 4,015 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 50 25 30 160 75 90
Latvian 20 10 15 65 30 35
Lithuanian 30 15 15 90 45 50
Slavic languages 7,550 3,560 3,990 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 5 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 10 10 5 540 270 270
Bulgarian 75 40 35 925 425 495
Croatian 45 15 25 1,795 840 955
Czech 15 5 10 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 130 60 70 120 60 60
Polish 240 110 125 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 6,590 3,105 3,480 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 175 90 90 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 15 5 5 435 205 235
Slovak 5 5 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 215 100 120 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 130 55 75 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 5 5 0 520 250 265
Danish 5 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 15 5 10 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 100 35 60 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 5 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 5 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 5 0 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 5 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 605 280 320 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 16,460 8,030 8,425 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 2,635 1,240 1,395 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 155 85 75 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 725 325 400 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 325 150 180 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 10 5 5 245 125 120
Nepali 30 15 15 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 215 105 110 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 155 65 85 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 100 45 50 595 290 305
Urdu 910 445 460 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 13,795 6,770 7,015 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 100 50 45 1,025 515 505
Pashto 30 20 10 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 13,665 6,705 6,965 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 3,615 1,650 1,965 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 5 5 5 60 30 35
Italian 1,470 635 835 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 215 90 120 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 875 400 475 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 1,050 515 540 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 135 60 80 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 10 5 10 15 10 10
Georgian 10 5 5 15 10 10
Korean 3,035 1,460 1,580 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 5 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 65 30 40 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 5 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 0 5 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 25 10 15 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 5 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 60 20 40
Sign languages 30 15 20 830 460 370
American Sign Language 10 0 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 35,425 16,675 18,755 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 35,410 16,665 18,740 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 17,245 8,025 9,220 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 140 55 85 670 280 390
Mandarin 17,030 8,130 8,895 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 5 0 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 270 115 155 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 330 160 170 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 385 170 220 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 5 10 1,630 820 810
Burmese 5 0 5 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 15 5 10 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 15 1,015 435 580
Lao 20 5 10 335 160 175
Thai 5 0 5 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 430 210 215 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 120 60 60 185 95 90
Turkish 280 130 150 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 10 5 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 295 145 150 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 10 5 5 75 30 45
Finnish 25 10 15 435 190 240
Hungarian 260 130 130 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 110 50 60
Multiple responses 19,705 9,495 10,210 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 360 165 190 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 18,835 9,110 9,725 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 55 25 30 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 455 195 260 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 193,995 94,435 99,565 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 133,180 65,105 68,070 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 29,605 14,540 15,070 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,320 555 765 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 28,785 13,710 15,080 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 0 0 0 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 28,785 13,710 15,080 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 205 90 115 965 435 530
English and non-official language 540 275 270 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 340 155 185 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 15 5 10 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 161,265 77,500 83,770 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 152,050 72,845 79,205 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,038 35,559 26,126 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 152,075 72,855 79,220 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,882 32,454 24,624 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 136,065 66,620 69,445 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,279 37,704 26,481 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 108,035 47,135 60,900 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,559 841 2,644 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 111,400 56,215 55,185 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,585 40,953 31,110 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 161,265 77,475 83,790 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 151,920 72,825 79,095 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,756 57,743 40,481 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 151,940 72,835 79,105 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,563 45,632 33,975 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 136,140 66,695 69,450 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,113 59,720 40,887 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 107,990 47,145 60,850 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,415 4,716 5,956 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 111,400 56,280 55,120 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,189 60,924 43,269 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 161,265 77,475 83,790 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 53,495 29,815 23,685 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 61,143 67,545 55,317 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 76,595 84,769 66,305 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.0 94.7 88.5 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.2 81.1 74.3 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.0 5.3 11.5 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 161,265 77,500 83,765 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 9,215 4,655 4,560 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 152,050 72,850 79,200 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 94.3 94.0 94.6 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 31,040 13,655 17,385 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 27,705 11,770 15,930 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 17,175 7,590 9,580 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 12,920 5,805 7,110 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 11,505 5,170 6,335 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 9,390 4,335 5,050 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 7,690 3,870 3,815 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 6,525 3,335 3,190 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 5,695 3,095 2,605 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 5,345 2,855 2,495 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 17,075 11,365 5,705 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 11,155 7,095 4,060 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 5,920 4,270 1,650 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 161,265 77,500 83,765 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 9,190 4,645 4,545 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 152,080 72,855 79,220 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 94.3 94.0 94.6 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 31,570 13,845 17,720 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 28,580 12,175 16,405 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 19,510 8,750 10,755 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 15,245 6,820 8,425 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 13,350 6,125 7,225 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 10,540 5,185 5,355 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 8,610 4,575 4,035 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 7,390 4,055 3,335 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 17,285 11,320 5,965 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 5,445 3,120 2,325 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 3,290 2,160 1,130 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 8,550 6,040 2,510 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 161,265 77,500 83,765 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 49,865 21,285 28,575 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 111,400 56,215 55,190 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 69.1 72.5 65.9 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 14,155 6,480 7,665 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 9,525 4,275 5,250 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 15,585 7,445 8,145 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 10,960 5,125 5,830 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 9,585 4,330 5,260 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 8,730 3,980 4,750 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 7,310 3,440 3,870 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 6,240 3,135 3,110 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 5,395 2,865 2,535 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 23,915 15,140 8,775 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 4,825 2,675 2,155 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 4,950 2,615 2,335 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 14,135 9,850 4,285 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 64,115 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 88,353 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,923 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,130 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,862 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,150 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 53,985 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,158 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,829 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 64,115 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 115,526 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 93,757 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,190 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,470 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,096 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 53,920 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,876 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,143 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 64,115 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,445 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 875 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,265 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,910 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,955 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,425 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,270 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,160 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,060 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,035 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,925 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,505 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,510 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,235 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,190 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 28,345 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,830 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,380 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 7,580 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 8,555 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 64,120 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,555 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 885 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,290 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,990 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,085 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,625 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,550 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,385 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,480 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,430 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,550 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,375 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,125 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,995 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,505 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 23,290 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,325 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,515 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 10,445 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 53,515 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,321 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,042 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.4 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,275 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,522 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,001 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 32,780 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 121,915 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,287 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,865 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,457 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,608 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 53,440 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 125,985 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,395 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,240 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,040 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,704 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 32,770 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 145,729 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,038 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,825 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,177 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,478 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 13,345 5,715 7,635 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,453 36,134 30,233 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,691 32,536 28,078 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 13,415 5,625 7,790 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 50,257 58,090 44,599 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,192 44,923 36,774 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 193,805 94,365 99,435 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 83,905 39,975 43,930 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 21,570 10,340 11,230 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 17,330 8,045 9,285 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 15,165 7,170 8,000 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 14,580 6,965 7,610 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 15,265 7,455 7,810 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 109,895 54,390 55,505 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 16,105 7,900 8,200 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 17,635 8,705 8,930 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 21,065 10,435 10,640 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 24,895 12,335 12,560 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 30,195 15,015 15,180 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 193,800 94,365 99,440 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 40,830 21,295 19,535 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 10,625 5,425 5,195 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 125,465 60,295 65,170 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 27,505 12,770 14,730 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 30,765 14,630 16,135 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 7,370 3,940 3,430 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,960 1,025 930 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 18,905 8,730 10,175 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 4,490 1,960 2,530 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.9 15.5 16.2 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 18.1 18.5 17.6 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 18.4 18.9 17.9 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.1 14.5 15.6 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 16.3 15.3 17.2 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 24,225 11,520 12,705 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 5,880 3,150 2,730 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 1,555 815 740 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 15,635 7,280 8,350 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 2,715 1,090 1,625 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.5 12.2 12.8 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 14.4 14.8 14.0 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 14.6 15.0 14.2 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.5 12.1 12.8 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 9.9 8.5 11.0 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 193,805 94,365 99,440 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 182,005 89,655 92,350 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 181,905 89,600 92,305 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 14,920 6,500 8,420 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 134,510 64,040 70,470 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 15 0 10 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 0 0 10 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 10 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 10 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 10 10 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 134,500 64,035 70,460 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,035 3,725 3,310 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 150 70 80 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 10 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 140 65 80 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 6,895 3,660 3,240 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 15 10 15 1,755 905 855
Arabic 4,160 2,240 1,920 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 120 45 75 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 2,640 1,395 1,245 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 40 20 20 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,035 430 605 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 105 55 55 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 930 375 550 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 3,320 1,235 2,085 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 15 0 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 80 40 50 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 30 0 30 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 275 100 175 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 390 170 220 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 10 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,775 1,010 1,770 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 245 140 105 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 175 85 85 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 80 55 25 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 2,060 1,015 1,045 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 75 30 50 445 210 235
Malayalam 355 165 190 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 1,555 775 780 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 230 125 110 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 64,480 30,960 33,520 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 265 160 105 1,135 580 555
Armenian 1,030 485 545 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 14,105 6,645 7,470 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 215 105 110 635 310 325
Latvian 80 35 40 310 175 140
Lithuanian 130 65 70 325 135 185
Slavic languages 14,020 6,600 7,420 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 100 55 45 205 95 110
Bosnian 40 20 20 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 110 45 60 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 340 140 200 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 100 40 60 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 520 230 290 345 180 160
Polish 820 370 450 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 11,555 5,490 6,060 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 470 235 230 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 50 30 20 1,240 595 645
Slovak 90 40 50 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 40 20 725 330 400
Ukrainian 1,170 575 600 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 15 10 0 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 350 225 120
Welsh 10 10 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 2,330 1,110 1,220 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 130 60 70 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 70 30 35 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 320 140 175 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 0 120 55 65
German 1,555 770 785 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 10 0 10 215 110 100
Norwegian 70 40 30 1,405 730 680
Swedish 105 50 55 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 150 65 90 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 2,585 1,195 1,390 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 31,005 15,115 15,890 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 9,090 4,430 4,660 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 415 220 190 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 2,945 1,385 1,555 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 3,110 1,550 1,560 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 90 50 40 375 185 190
Marathi 70 45 30 1,275 650 625
Nepali 40 15 15 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 25 10 15 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,365 660 705 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 735 320 420 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 405 195 205 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 3,390 1,685 1,705 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 22,060 10,785 11,275 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 315 175 140 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 130 70 55 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 21,920 10,705 11,210 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 14,890 7,105 7,780 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 8,770 4,270 4,500 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 1,010 440 575 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 1,900 895 1,005 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 3,700 1,750 1,955 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 220 130 85
Japanese 715 330 385 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 30 10 20 90 50 40
Georgian 30 15 20 90 50 45
Korean 4,950 2,335 2,605 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 10 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 15 10 10 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 840 415 425 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 45 20 25 495 280 215
Bamanankan 30 25 0 20 10 10
Edo 30 10 20 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 20 10 10 240 140 95
Lingala 0 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 10 0 210 95 115
Shona 0 0 10 265 125 140
Swahili 435 210 225 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 95 40 55 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 10 20 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 250 120 135
Sign languages 95 40 55 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 70 20 50 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 20 0 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 52,400 24,800 27,595 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 52,360 24,785 27,575 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 27,990 13,155 14,835 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 430 185 245 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 29,820 13,975 15,840 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 15 0 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 905 405 495 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 830 380 445 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 750 365 385 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 50 15 30 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 10 0 10 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 35 10 20 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 100 40 60 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 60 30 25 1,125 505 620
Thai 45 0 40 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,710 825 885 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 505 245 260 835 455 385
Turkish 1,205 575 630 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 10 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 30 225 125 105
Uralic languages 1,055 515 545 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 75 35 40 495 205 295
Finnish 100 40 55 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 885 435 450 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 193,800 94,365 99,440 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 168,185 82,480 85,705 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 37,385 19,360 18,025 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 130,805 63,115 67,685 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 25,615 11,885 13,725 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 193,800 94,365 99,435 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 79,505 40,330 39,175 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 111,225 52,740 58,490 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 19,195 9,230 9,965 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 14,940 7,120 7,820 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 30,895 14,715 16,175 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 32,200 15,125 17,075 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 17,890 8,425 9,465 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 14,310 6,700 7,610 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 14,000 6,545 7,450 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,075 1,295 1,770 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 111,225 52,740 58,490 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 8,975 4,610 4,365 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 17,665 9,155 8,515 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 20,110 9,175 10,935 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 49,855 22,940 26,920 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 14,620 6,870 7,750 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 111,225 52,740 58,490 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 5,915 2,790 3,125 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 110 40 65 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 290 140 150 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 90 25 65 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 625 295 330 920 415 500
Haiti 20 10 10 265 110 160
Jamaica 1,130 500 625 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 160 70 95 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 185 95 95 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 650 285 360 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,355 690 665 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 1,310 645 660 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 20,830 9,805 11,025 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 135 75 60 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 200 75 120 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 110 50 60 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 660 260 400 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 1,150 560 590 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 360 170 185 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 110 65 40 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 3,875 1,950 1,920 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 200 105 95 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 600 250 350 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 490 205 290 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 1,590 750 840 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 3,780 1,620 2,160 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 225 100 125 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 2,515 1,285 1,230 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,915 920 995 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 2,920 1,355 1,560 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 5,395 2,560 2,835 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 10 0 430 270 150
Egypt 1,580 790 790 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 30 0 25 1,665 835 825
Kenya 570 230 340 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 130 65 65 730 385 340
Nigeria 225 115 110 1,205 630 575
Somalia 135 60 75 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 530 250 285 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 2,185 1,045 1,145 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 78,955 37,510 41,445 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 1,145 580 565 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 270 155 115 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 23,975 11,125 12,845 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 12,960 6,205 6,760 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 3,450 1,715 1,735 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 17,305 8,470 8,835 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 850 445 410 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 255 85 170 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 3,725 1,765 1,955 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 595 270 325 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 1,885 940 945 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,810 1,075 1,740 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 1,200 575 625 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 160 95 60 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 1,215 550 665 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 1,340 540 805 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 5,820 2,920 2,895 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 130 80 55 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 13,995 6,545 7,450 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 585 290 295 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 45 20 25 960 445 520
Colombia 10 0 10 465 220 240
Cuba 0 10 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 55 15 40 160 115 45
Mexico 35 10 20 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 275 150 125 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 35 10 20 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 125 70 60 1,855 875 975
Europe 1,020 465 560 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 15 0 10 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 10 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 55 20 40 200 110 90
Romania