Census Profile, 2016 Census
Aurora, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario and York, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Aurora, T
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
York, RM
Ontario
[Census division]
Data quality , Aurora, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Aurora, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario Data quality : York, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 55,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,109,909  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 53,203  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,032,524  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 19,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 369,928  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 18,851  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 357,084  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,112.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 629.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 49.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,762.13  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 55,445 26,945 28,500 1,109,910 540,755 569,150
0 to 14 years 9,855 5,040 4,810 195,575 100,440 95,130
0 to 4 years 2,725 1,390 1,335 57,235 29,205 28,025
5 to 9 years 3,365 1,730 1,635 67,345 34,665 32,680
10 to 14 years 3,760 1,920 1,840 71,000 36,575 34,430
15 to 64 years 38,350 18,730 19,615 752,410 365,525 386,885
15 to 19 years 4,165 2,130 2,035 74,910 38,615 36,295
20 to 24 years 3,830 2,035 1,795 71,965 37,465 34,495
25 to 29 years 2,760 1,420 1,340 63,860 32,140 31,720
30 to 34 years 2,660 1,310 1,345 62,910 30,105 32,800
35 to 39 years 3,250 1,485 1,770 68,510 31,260 37,255
40 to 44 years 4,030 1,850 2,185 81,615 37,885 43,730
45 to 49 years 4,665 2,210 2,450 89,925 42,655 47,270
50 to 54 years 5,195 2,465 2,730 92,240 44,860 47,380
55 to 59 years 4,540 2,215 2,325 80,930 39,135 41,795
60 to 64 years 3,255 1,615 1,640 65,540 31,395 34,140
65 years and over 7,240 3,170 4,075 161,925 74,790 87,135
65 to 69 years 2,445 1,145 1,300 56,415 27,155 29,260
70 to 74 years 1,685 785 910 37,465 17,900 19,570
75 to 79 years 1,195 540 650 28,670 13,525 15,145
80 to 84 years 890 370 520 20,175 9,160 11,020
85 years and over 1,020 325 695 19,195 7,055 12,140
85 to 89 years 645 235 410 12,215 4,850 7,365
90 to 94 years 285 80 205 5,435 1,780 3,650
95 to 99 years 75 10 65 1,355 380 980
100 years and over 15 0 10 190 45 145
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.8 18.7 16.9 17.6 18.6 16.7
15 to 64 years 69.2 69.5 68.8 67.8 67.6 68.0
65 years and over 13.1 11.8 14.3 14.6 13.8 15.3
85 years and over 1.8 1.2 2.4 1.7 1.3 2.1
Average age of the population 39.6 38.5 40.7 39.9 39.0 40.7
Median age of the population 41.5 40.1 42.7 41.1 40.0 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 18,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 357,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 11,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 227,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 6,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 3,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 18,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 357,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 3,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 5,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 3,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 4,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 54,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,100,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 45,590 21,905 23,690 914,340 440,315 474,015
Married or living common law 27,740 13,800 13,940 565,770 281,540 284,225
Married 25,265 12,585 12,675 529,195 263,360 265,835
Living common law 2,480 1,215 1,265 36,570 18,180 18,395
Not married and not living common law 17,850 8,100 9,750 348,570 158,775 189,795
Never married 12,290 6,540 5,750 245,890 129,890 116,005
Separated 1,135 425 710 18,855 7,115 11,745
Divorced 2,405 770 1,635 41,075 14,095 26,980
Widowed 2,025 370 1,650 42,745 7,680 35,065
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 15,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 5,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 4,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 4,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 15,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 13,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 12,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 257,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 2,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 1,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 13,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 4,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 8,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 181,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 4,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 2,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 5,120 2,105 3,015 104,335 42,125 62,215
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 18,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 357,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 14,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 277,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 4,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 10,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 201,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 3,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 3,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 54,955 26,805 28,150 1,103,285 538,500 564,785
English only 48,500 24,105 24,395 967,750 481,900 485,850
French only 20 10 10 485 195 290
English and French 5,235 2,180 3,055 73,200 30,955 42,250
Neither English nor French 1,200 510 690 61,855 25,455 36,405
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 54,955 26,805 28,150 1,103,290 538,500 564,785
English 52,700 25,845 26,855 1,023,355 504,985 518,365
French 695 300 395 8,855 3,925 4,925
English and French 380 160 220 10,020 4,510 5,510
Neither English nor French 1,180 495 680 61,060 25,075 35,980
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 890 385 505 13,865 6,180 7,680
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.6 1.4 1.8 1.3 1.1 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 54,955 26,805 28,150 1,103,285 538,500 564,785
Single responses 53,715 26,225 27,485 1,063,225 519,200 544,030
Official languages 37,995 18,765 19,230 533,450 267,420 266,035
English 37,320 18,470 18,850 525,395 263,835 261,565
French 675 295 375 8,055 3,585 4,465
Non-official languages 15,720 7,465 8,260 529,775 251,775 277,995
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 50 25 30
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 40 15 25
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 30 10 20
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 25 10 20
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,720 7,465 8,260 529,725 251,755 277,970
Afro-Asiatic languages 545 270 275 19,725 9,945 9,785
Berber languages 5 5 5 15 10 5
Kabyle 0 0 0 10 5 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Cushitic languages 5 0 5 320 140 185
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 25 15 15
Somali 5 0 5 300 125 170
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 535 265 265 19,375 9,780 9,595
Amharic 0 0 0 205 90 110
Arabic 430 210 215 10,465 5,220 5,240
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 15 1,725 830 895
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 505 260 250
Harari 0 0 0 50 20 25
Hebrew 55 35 25 5,795 3,060 2,735
Maltese 25 10 15 370 175 195
Tigrigna 0 0 0 140 65 75
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 130 60 70
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 115 45 70 7,975 3,590 4,385
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 15 20 1,255 600 655
Vietnamese 85 35 50 6,715 2,995 3,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Austronesian languages 485 165 325 15,610 5,770 9,845
Bikol 5 0 0 40 20 20
Cebuano 5 5 0 375 135 240
Fijian 0 0 0 10 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 180 60 120
Ilocano 25 10 20 830 325 505
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malay 10 5 5 815 365 450
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 80 35 45
Pangasinan 5 0 0 35 20 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 435 145 290 13,160 4,770 8,390
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 30 15 15
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 55 20 35
Creole languages 5 0 5 480 235 240
Haitian Creole 0 5 0 0 5 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 345 170 175
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 65
Dravidian languages 265 140 130 23,920 11,585 12,335
Kannada 10 10 5 210 115 100
Malayalam 35 20 20 1,445 710 730
Tamil 195 100 95 21,545 10,410 11,140
Telugu 20 10 10 705 350 355
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Indo-European languages 8,800 4,235 4,560 238,555 114,865 123,685
Albanian 55 25 25 1,435 705 730
Armenian 80 35 50 3,435 1,685 1,750
Balto-Slavic languages 2,465 1,155 1,305 52,545 24,580 27,965
Baltic languages 55 20 40 635 250 380
Latvian 25 5 20 250 90 155
Lithuanian 30 10 20 380 160 220
Slavic languages 2,405 1,135 1,270 51,915 24,330 27,585
Belarusan 15 0 5 115 50 65
Bosnian 10 5 5 145 65 75
Bulgarian 60 30 25 760 365 400
Croatian 60 30 30 1,155 545 610
Czech 35 15 20 435 190 250
Macedonian 105 55 55 2,640 1,255 1,385
Polish 290 125 165 4,400 2,005 2,395
Russian 1,540 735 805 37,315 17,570 19,745
Serbian 95 55 40 1,545 780 765
Serbo-Croatian 0 5 0 165 85 80
Slovak 45 15 30 430 175 250
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 20 10 455 210 245
Ukrainian 120 45 70 2,295 1,000 1,295
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 30 35
Celtic languages 5 5 5 45 25 25
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 20 10 5
Welsh 0 0 5 25 15 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Germanic languages 685 315 370 7,865 3,620 4,250
Afrikaans 20 10 10 165 75 90
Danish 25 15 15 275 135 145
Dutch 140 65 75 1,455 685 770
Frisian 0 0 5 20 5 10
German 460 215 255 4,750 2,175 2,575
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 5 10
Norwegian 10 5 5 40 20 25
Swedish 15 5 15 140 55 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 25 15 15
Yiddish 10 5 5 975 440 535
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Greek 440 215 230 7,465 3,630 3,840
Indo-Iranian languages 2,225 1,110 1,115 82,575 40,810 41,770
Indo-Aryan languages 615 305 310 43,850 21,545 22,300
Bengali 50 30 25 1,585 815 770
Gujarati 135 65 70 9,475 4,590 4,875
Hindi 75 35 40 5,300 2,580 2,715
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 20 20
Konkani 5 0 0 175 80 90
Marathi 15 10 5 430 210 225
Nepali 0 0 0 125 60 65
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90 45 45 9,750 4,870 4,880
Sindhi 15 10 10 1,345 645 700
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 20 25 990 465 525
Urdu 185 90 95 14,610 7,200 7,410
Iranian languages 1,600 800 800 38,475 19,130 19,340
Kurdish 45 20 25 715 385 325
Pashto 15 5 10 605 300 310
Persian (Farsi) 1,540 775 765 37,160 18,450 18,705
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 255 130 120
Italic (Romance) languages 2,835 1,375 1,465 83,175 39,815 43,360
Catalan 0 0 0 20 5 10
Italian 1,320 675 645 54,685 26,400 28,280
Portuguese 315 130 180 7,440 3,480 3,965
Romanian 510 240 265 6,560 3,115 3,445
Spanish 695 325 365 14,440 6,795 7,640
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Japanese 75 30 45 1,165 425 740
Kartvelian languages 10 5 0 190 105 90
Georgian 10 5 5 185 105 85
Korean 440 205 235 12,955 6,155 6,805
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 50 20 30 1,410 680 730
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 385 185 200
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Edo 5 0 5 40 20 15
Ewe 0 0 0 40 20 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 5 15 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 30 15 15
Ganda 0 5 0 25 15 15
Igbo 0 5 0 140 70 75
Lingala 0 0 0 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Shona 0 0 0 35 15 20
Swahili 15 5 10 270 125 145
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 5 5 225 120 105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 170 85 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 15
Sign languages 0 5 0 150 85 65
American Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 125 75 55
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,340 2,075 2,270 199,205 94,330 104,875
Chinese languages 4,335 2,075 2,260 198,980 94,225 104,755
Cantonese 1,780 845 935 108,675 51,650 57,030
Hakka 30 15 20 2,980 1,395 1,585
Mandarin 2,310 1,105 1,200 78,965 37,350 41,615
Min Dong 0 0 0 275 125 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 65 30 35 3,615 1,690 1,930
Wu (Shanghainese) 75 40 35 1,795 810 990
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 40 30 2,610 1,180 1,430
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 55 30 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 225 105 120
Burmese 5 0 0 170 75 90
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 5 0 0 35 20 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 10 10
Tai-Kadai languages 65 25 35 1,030 435 595
Lao 55 25 30 750 355 400
Thai 10 0 10 270 80 185
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 125 65 60 3,230 1,665 1,570
Azerbaijani 35 20 20 585 315 270
Turkish 80 40 40 2,420 1,240 1,185
Uyghur 5 5 0 20 5 5
Uzbek 0 0 0 100 45 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 105 50 55
Uralic languages 390 175 210 3,990 1,820 2,170
Estonian 40 15 25 335 140 190
Finnish 60 25 35 575 240 335
Hungarian 285 140 150 3,080 1,435 1,645
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 80 35 40
Multiple responses 1,235 575 665 40,060 19,300 20,760
English and French 155 75 75 2,110 980 1,135
English and non-official language 1,000 475 530 35,875 17,400 18,475
French and non-official language 30 15 20 865 395 470
English, French and non-official language 45 15 35 1,205 535 675
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 54,955 26,805 28,150 1,103,285 538,500 564,790
Single responses 52,190 25,510 26,680 1,004,035 490,600 513,435
Official languages 44,285 21,695 22,585 687,865 340,820 347,050
English 44,010 21,570 22,440 684,910 339,505 345,405
French 275 130 145 2,960 1,315 1,645
Non-official languages 7,905 3,815 4,090 316,170 149,780 166,390
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 5 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,905 3,815 4,090 316,155 149,775 166,385
Afro-Asiatic languages 200 100 105 9,110 4,435 4,675
Berber languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Kabyle 0 0 5 5 0 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 10 0 5 165 75 95
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 15 10 5
Somali 0 0 0 145 60 85
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 190 95 100 8,935 4,360 4,575
Amharic 0 0 0 65 30 35
Arabic 165 80 85 4,660 2,225 2,440
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 1,030 465 565
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 270 130 140
Harari 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hebrew 20 10 10 2,700 1,420 1,280
Maltese 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tigrigna 0 0 0 65 30 30
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 25 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 45 20 30 4,495 2,030 2,465
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 10 725 315 405
Vietnamese 30 15 20 3,770 1,715 2,055
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 0 5 0
Austronesian languages 145 60 80 5,830 2,490 3,340
Bikol 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0 115 45 70
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 45 15 25
Ilocano 10 5 5 295 125 170
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 10 5 5 295 155 145
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 120 55 70 5,020 2,115 2,900
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 5 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Creole languages 0 0 5 245 120 120
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 90 100
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 30 20
Dravidian languages 125 60 70 15,295 7,210 8,080
Kannada 10 5 0 70 35 40
Malayalam 15 5 10 640 310 330
Tamil 105 50 50 14,250 6,700 7,545
Telugu 0 5 5 330 165 170
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,575 1,715 1,865 114,395 54,195 60,200
Albanian 20 10 10 665 325 340
Armenian 30 15 15 1,780 850 930
Balto-Slavic languages 1,395 675 720 29,765 14,155 15,615
Baltic languages 15 5 5 175 80 90
Latvian 0 0 5 50 20 25
Lithuanian 10 5 5 130 60 70
Slavic languages 1,380 670 710 29,590 14,065 15,520
Belarusan 5 5 0 40 20 20
Bosnian 5 0 0 55 25 30
Bulgarian 30 15 15 360 160 195
Croatian 5 5 5 295 140 155
Czech 0 0 0 70 35 40
Macedonian 20 10 10 890 405 480
Polish 105 50 50 1,545 745 800
Russian 1,115 540 575 24,545 11,685 12,855
Serbian 30 15 20 690 340 350
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 50 25 25
Slovak 20 10 10 110 50 65
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 5 85 40 45
Ukrainian 35 20 20 855 390 465
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Celtic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 75 35 35 795 375 420
Afrikaans 5 0 0 40 20 25
Danish 5 0 0 15 5 10
Dutch 5 5 0 80 40 40
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 50 25 25 565 265 305
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Norwegian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swedish 5 5 5 25 10 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 60 30 25
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 75 30 40 2,315 1,080 1,230
Indo-Iranian languages 1,165 570 600 49,735 24,025 25,705
Indo-Aryan languages 235 105 125 23,260 11,135 12,120
Bengali 25 10 10 830 410 420
Gujarati 50 25 25 5,080 2,360 2,720
Hindi 30 15 20 2,420 1,165 1,255
Kashmiri 0 0 0 15 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 30 15 15
Marathi 5 5 0 165 80 85
Nepali 0 0 0 70 35 35
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40 20 20 5,370 2,610 2,760
Sindhi 0 0 0 465 215 250
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 10 420 200 225
Urdu 65 30 40 8,370 4,045 4,325
Iranian languages 920 455 470 26,360 12,830 13,530
Kurdish 35 20 15 350 190 165
Pashto 10 5 5 310 145 165
Persian (Farsi) 880 430 445 25,705 12,505 13,205
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 115 55 55
Italic (Romance) languages 820 375 445 29,340 13,380 15,965
Catalan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Italian 145 65 80 16,485 7,255 9,230
Portuguese 80 30 50 2,320 1,105 1,210
Romanian 255 115 140 3,365 1,575 1,785
Spanish 340 160 180 7,165 3,430 3,735
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Japanese 35 15 20 535 240 305
Kartvelian languages 10 5 0 90 50 35
Georgian 10 5 0 90 55 30
Korean 295 140 155 9,210 4,435 4,770
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 15 10 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 15 5 0
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 10 355 150 205
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 140 60 85
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 5 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 10 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 5 0 0 35 10 25
Lingala 0 0 0 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Shona 0 0 0 10 5 5
Swahili 0 0 0 65 25 35
Wolof 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 35 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sign languages 5 5 0 240 135 105
American Sign Language 5 0 0 50 25 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 190 115 80
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,235 1,595 1,640 152,975 72,665 80,310
Chinese languages 3,235 1,595 1,640 152,870 72,615 80,250
Cantonese 1,225 585 640 83,405 39,255 44,145
Hakka 10 5 5 1,285 595 690
Mandarin 1,870 935 935 63,770 30,715 33,060
Min Dong 0 0 0 80 30 50
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 15 15 1,505 695 810
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 30 30 1,125 540 580
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 25 20 1,675 770 905
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 25 10 15
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 105 50 60
Burmese 0 0 0 75 35 45
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 20 10 10 440 215 225
Lao 15 5 5 360 175 180
Thai 5 0 5 75 35 40
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 0
Turkic languages 50 20 25 1,680 830 850
Azerbaijani 15 10 5 250 125 125
Turkish 30 10 15 1,350 660 690
Uyghur 5 5 0 5 0 5
Uzbek 0 0 0 25 15 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Uralic languages 150 60 90 1,220 550 670
Estonian 5 0 5 65 30 40
Finnish 15 5 10 120 55 70
Hungarian 130 55 75 1,030 465 565
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Multiple responses 2,760 1,295 1,470 99,250 47,900 51,350
English and French 95 40 55 1,770 825 945
English and non-official language 2,605 1,235 1,370 95,380 46,190 49,190
French and non-official language 10 0 5 285 120 165
English, French and non-official language 50 20 35 1,815 765 1,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 54,955 26,805 28,150 1,103,290 538,500 564,785
None 45,500 22,435 23,060 817,470 401,410 416,065
English 3,705 1,820 1,890 125,870 61,690 64,180
French 685 270 415 7,615 3,195 4,420
Non-official language 4,885 2,215 2,670 147,335 69,965 77,370
Aboriginal 5 0 0 40 20 20
Non-Aboriginal 4,885 2,215 2,670 147,290 69,940 77,350
English and French 35 20 20 780 345 435
English and non-official language 70 25 40 2,665 1,285 1,375
French and non-official language 75 30 45 1,510 595 915
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 40 15 20
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 44,870 21,710 23,160 905,545 437,285 468,255
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 42,795 20,685 22,110 859,850 414,745 445,100
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,382 49,697 34,106 32,994 39,340 28,446
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 42,805 20,685 22,120 860,030 414,795 445,230
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,082 43,163 30,906 30,288 35,405 26,477
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 39,945 19,600 20,345 778,115 383,045 395,075
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,813 49,810 32,672 33,297 40,255 27,763
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 28,205 12,145 16,065 606,580 265,135 341,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,913 698 2,965 1,953 903 3,232
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 34,235 17,385 16,850 649,045 328,720 320,325
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,668 49,317 34,816 36,290 42,476 31,343
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 44,870 21,710 23,160 905,545 437,285 468,255
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 42,800 20,705 22,095 859,565 414,630 444,930
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 65,014 80,420 50,576 50,867 60,882 41,534
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 42,805 20,705 22,105 859,730 414,685 445,045
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,024 59,931 40,743 41,049 47,768 34,789
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 39,960 19,590 20,365 777,375 383,010 394,365
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 65,519 81,803 49,854 51,547 62,198 41,204
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 28,220 12,200 16,015 607,260 265,620 341,640
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,825 5,111 6,369 6,013 5,350 6,529
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 34,240 17,310 16,920 649,045 328,905 320,140
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 63,465 77,381 49,227 52,177 61,657 42,437
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 44,870 21,715 23,160 905,540 437,290 468,255
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 17,585 9,690 7,895 319,420 178,480 140,940
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 66,921 74,990 60,057 59,914 65,701 53,923
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 89,330 102,286 73,423 75,216 84,288 63,728
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 94.1 96.4 90.4 91.6 94.4 87.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.6 80.8 75.0 77.6 80.6 73.5
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 5.9 3.6 9.6 8.4 5.6 12.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 44,870 21,710 23,155 905,545 437,290 468,255
Without total income 2,075 1,030 1,045 45,695 22,545 23,150
With total income 42,795 20,680 22,105 859,850 414,745 445,105
Percentage with total income 95.4 95.3 95.5 95.0 94.8 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,960 3,010 3,950 153,565 67,250 86,315
$10,000 to $19,999 6,155 2,585 3,565 149,160 63,105 86,055
$20,000 to $29,999 4,495 1,860 2,640 101,740 43,910 57,830
$30,000 to $39,999 3,645 1,505 2,135 79,290 35,230 44,060
$40,000 to $49,999 3,400 1,430 1,970 71,465 32,350 39,115
$50,000 to $59,999 3,050 1,405 1,645 58,740 27,995 30,745
$60,000 to $69,999 2,465 1,225 1,235 48,310 24,785 23,525
$70,000 to $79,999 2,170 1,155 1,015 39,365 21,225 18,135
$80,000 to $89,999 1,965 1,060 905 33,210 18,765 14,445
$90,000 to $99,999 1,900 980 915 30,600 16,375 14,225
$100,000 and over 6,595 4,470 2,130 94,415 63,750 30,660
$100,000 to $149,999 3,750 2,360 1,390 60,710 38,970 21,740
$150,000 and over 2,840 2,110 735 33,705 24,785 8,915
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 44,870 21,715 23,155 905,545 437,285 468,255
Without after-tax income 2,065 1,030 1,035 45,520 22,490 23,025
With after-tax income 42,805 20,685 22,120 860,030 414,800 445,230
Percentage with after-tax income 95.4 95.3 95.5 95.0 94.9 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 7,160 3,055 4,110 156,585 68,235 88,345
$10,000 to $19,999 6,440 2,720 3,720 154,935 65,800 89,140
$20,000 to $29,999 5,115 2,135 2,985 115,705 50,270 65,430
$30,000 to $39,999 4,400 1,810 2,590 94,875 42,500 52,370
$40,000 to $49,999 4,250 1,935 2,310 83,675 39,440 44,230
$50,000 to $59,999 3,310 1,635 1,675 65,245 33,265 31,980
$60,000 to $69,999 2,880 1,580 1,300 50,870 28,295 22,570
$70,000 to $79,999 2,585 1,360 1,230 43,065 23,825 19,245
$80,000 and over 6,655 4,465 2,195 95,075 63,160 31,915
$80,000 to $89,999 1,835 1,085 750 29,760 17,415 12,345
$90,000 to $99,999 1,060 670 395 17,845 11,675 6,165
$100,000 and over 3,755 2,710 1,050 47,470 34,065 13,405
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 44,870 21,710 23,160 905,545 437,290 468,255
Without employment income 10,635 4,330 6,305 256,500 108,570 147,930
With employment income 34,240 17,390 16,850 649,045 328,720 320,325
Percentage with employment income 76.3 80.1 72.8 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 4,365 2,070 2,295 79,430 36,680 42,755
$5,000 to $9,999 2,815 1,265 1,550 54,120 24,350 29,775
$10,000 to $19,999 4,115 1,915 2,200 88,210 41,275 46,935
$20,000 to $29,999 2,995 1,350 1,650 65,175 29,430 35,740
$30,000 to $39,999 2,615 1,085 1,530 58,215 26,065 32,150
$40,000 to $49,999 2,560 1,100 1,455 54,055 24,715 29,340
$50,000 to $59,999 2,290 1,085 1,205 45,970 22,510 23,460
$60,000 to $69,999 1,940 975 965 38,615 20,145 18,470
$70,000 to $79,999 1,735 930 795 32,120 17,875 14,250
$80,000 and over 8,810 5,610 3,200 133,130 85,670 47,455
$80,000 to $89,999 1,645 890 755 28,395 16,350 12,050
$90,000 to $99,999 1,690 860 830 27,645 14,705 12,935
$100,000 and over 5,475 3,860 1,615 77,085 54,615 22,470
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 18,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 357,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,708  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,776  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 90,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,804  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,603  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,454  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,152  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,026  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 15,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 304,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 120,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 107,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,506  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,578  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 18,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 357,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 147,604  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 113,594  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,832  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 69,939  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,702  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 53,642  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 15,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 304,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 162,817  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 133,622  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 125,337  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 107,921  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 18,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 357,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 10,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 170,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 3,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 18,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 357,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 8,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 3,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 15,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 120,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 106,298  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,346  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,633  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 105,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,293  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,066  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 8,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 181,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 143,028  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,337  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,919  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 107,763  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 71,351  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,186  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,472  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,183  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 15,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 162,777  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,766  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 125,098  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 107,111  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 4,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 153,436  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,111  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 116,234  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,059  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 8,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 181,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 187,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 151,941  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 143,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,411  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 88,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,761  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,422  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 4,075 1,770 2,300 73,925 32,615 41,305
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 42,505 46,827 39,194 33,437 36,813 31,250
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,134 40,352 35,013 30,558 33,044 28,942
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 4,040 1,800 2,240 73,920 32,525 41,395
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 61,706 58,908 63,955 49,689 54,146 46,187
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,150 46,903 49,152 40,315 43,053 38,164
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 54,705 26,740 27,960 1,100,950 537,640 563,305
In the bottom half of the distribution 17,715 8,315 9,400 445,670 212,490 233,185
In the bottom decile 3,420 1,625 1,795 91,175 43,965 47,215
In the second decile 3,235 1,460 1,775 89,325 41,370 47,955
In the third decile 3,245 1,510 1,735 86,835 41,200 45,640
In the fourth decile 3,755 1,765 1,990 85,940 41,350 44,590
In the fifth decile 4,060 1,960 2,095 92,395 44,610 47,785
In the top half of the distribution 36,990 18,425 18,565 655,280 325,155 330,125
In the sixth decile 4,585 2,240 2,345 99,705 48,690 51,015
In the seventh decile 5,605 2,765 2,840 111,200 54,605 56,600
In the eighth decile 6,800 3,380 3,415 127,460 62,975 64,485
In the ninth decile 8,105 3,995 4,110 148,525 73,995 74,535
In the top decile 11,895 6,045 5,850 168,380 84,890 83,495
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 54,705 26,745 27,960 1,100,690 537,525 563,165
0 to 17 years 12,320 6,305 6,015 240,140 123,460 116,685
0 to 5 years 3,300 1,700 1,610 69,750 35,665 34,085
18 to 64 years 35,760 17,420 18,345 705,355 341,145 364,210
65 years and over 6,620 3,020 3,600 155,190 72,920 82,275
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,875 2,245 2,635 132,450 63,060 69,395
0 to 17 years 1,390 680 705 34,050 17,770 16,285
0 to 5 years 395 195 195 10,015 5,240 4,775
18 to 64 years 2,980 1,370 1,615 80,570 37,700 42,870
65 years and over 510 195 320 17,825 7,590 10,240
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.9 8.4 9.4 12.0 11.7 12.3
0 to 17 years (%) 11.3 10.8 11.7 14.2 14.4 14.0
0 to 5 years (%) 12.0 11.5 12.1 14.4 14.7 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.3 7.9 8.8 11.4 11.1 11.8
65 years and over (%) 7.7 6.5 8.9 11.5 10.4 12.4
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,870 1,820 2,055 101,265 48,450 52,815
0 to 17 years 1,025 520 510 25,495 13,300 12,195
0 to 5 years 290 155 135 7,470 3,930 3,540
18 to 64 years 2,495 1,170 1,330 65,660 30,995 34,660
65 years and over 345 130 215 10,115 4,155 5,955
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.1 6.8 7.3 9.2 9.0 9.4
0 to 17 years (%) 8.3 8.2 8.5 10.6 10.8 10.5
0 to 5 years (%) 8.8 9.1 8.4 10.7 11.0 10.4
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 6.7 7.2 9.3 9.1 9.5
65 years and over (%) 5.2 4.3 6.0 6.5 5.7 7.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 54,700 26,740 27,965 1,100,950 537,640 563,305
Official languages 53,495 26,230 27,265 1,039,185 512,470 526,715
English 53,490 26,220 27,265 1,038,690 512,245 526,440
French 5,185 2,120 3,065 73,385 30,930 42,455
Non-official languages 19,145 9,065 10,080 642,375 306,045 336,335
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 130 65 65
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 120 55 60
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 10 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 95 40 55
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,145 9,070 10,080 642,250 305,980 336,270
Afro-Asiatic languages 835 365 470 36,690 18,525 18,170
Berber languages 0 0 0 35 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 35 20 20
Cushitic languages 40 10 25 455 205 255
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 15 0 10 55 30 25
Somali 25 0 20 405 175 230
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 795 350 440 36,235 18,315 17,920
Amharic 0 0 0 450 225 225
Arabic 570 230 335 15,340 7,735 7,605
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 10 25 2,080 970 1,105
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 580 320 265
Harari 0 0 0 50 25 30
Hebrew 195 105 85 18,265 9,325 8,940
Maltese 25 10 20 545 280 270
Tigrigna 0 0 0 170 75 100
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 160 55 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 130 55 80 11,410 5,055 6,350
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 10 10 1,650 785 865
Vietnamese 120 50 70 9,805 4,295 5,510
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 615 205 410 20,200 7,420 12,780
Bikol 0 0 0 35 0 30
Cebuano 30 10 20 510 190 320
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hiligaynon 20 15 0 120 55 70
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,150 450 700
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 0
Malay 20 10 10 1,220 535 685
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 95 45 50
Pangasinan 0 0 0 25 15 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 590 200 390 18,455 6,690 11,765
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 155 55 95
Creole languages 10 10 0 1,365 675 690
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 20 0 15
Creole, n.o.s. 10 10 0 795 400 395
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 560 275 290
Dravidian languages 405 180 220 31,440 15,325 16,115
Kannada 30 15 15 375 175 195
Malayalam 55 25 30 1,955 930 1,025
Tamil 290 125 165 28,445 13,885 14,565
Telugu 40 25 20 1,210 600 610
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 0 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 11,455 5,525 5,925 307,865 148,660 159,205
Albanian 40 15 25 1,640 820 825
Armenian 85 40 50 3,950 1,900 2,055
Balto-Slavic languages 3,020 1,480 1,545 60,455 28,650 31,805
Baltic languages 70 30 35 890 390 505
Latvian 20 10 15 395 170 225
Lithuanian 40 15 25 500 220 280
Slavic languages 2,975 1,460 1,515 60,065 28,495 31,565
Belarusan 10 0 10 285 150 140
Bosnian 0 10 0 245 110 135
Bulgarian 60 35 25 850 390 465
Croatian 70 30 40 1,710 790 920
Czech 45 25 20 545 250 295
Macedonian 205 125 80 3,945 1,940 2,010
Polish 370 170 190 5,170 2,415 2,755
Russian 2,005 950 1,050 44,785 21,215 23,570
Serbian 95 55 40 1,935 1,010 925
Serbo-Croatian 0 10 0 250 140 105
Slovak 75 25 45 530 215 315
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 35 20 565 285 280
Ukrainian 250 125 120 4,870 2,265 2,605
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 80 50 25
Celtic languages 25 10 15 165 80 85
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 95 45 50
Welsh 0 10 10 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 1,130 470 660 13,660 6,420 7,245
Afrikaans 45 35 10 1,150 565 575
Danish 15 0 10 300 135 160
Dutch 205 90 110 2,055 875 1,175
Frisian 0 0 10 25 10 15
German 820 330 495 8,220 3,895 4,320
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 0 15
Norwegian 30 10 15 180 95 85
Swedish 15 10 10 330 150 180
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Yiddish 10 10 0 1,785 880 905
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 0
Greek 620 295 330 11,310 5,545 5,765
Indo-Iranian languages 2,855 1,450 1,400 106,865 52,795 54,065
Indo-Aryan languages 820 445 375 62,210 30,850 31,360
Bengali 55 40 15 2,225 1,140 1,080
Gujarati 75 35 35 13,010 6,220 6,785
Hindi 310 175 135 20,870 10,240 10,635
Kashmiri 0 0 0 35 20 15
Konkani 25 15 10 405 200 205
Marathi 10 10 0 825 455 375
Nepali 0 0 0 210 95 115
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 95 40 60
Punjabi (Panjabi) 225 115 110 17,020 8,710 8,305
Sindhi 25 15 10 2,085 935 1,150
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 40 45 2,125 1,100 1,030
Urdu 220 130 90 22,885 11,505 11,380
Iranian languages 2,005 985 1,020 45,295 22,260 23,035
Kurdish 110 40 70 1,230 670 570
Pashto 0 0 0 680 370 310
Persian (Farsi) 1,935 970 965 44,030 21,595 22,430
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 470 245 225
Italic (Romance) languages 4,080 1,970 2,110 116,680 55,850 60,830
Catalan 10 10 0 35 15 15
Italian 2,000 1,050 950 78,395 37,680 40,715
Portuguese 410 200 215 9,880 4,690 5,195
Romanian 565 260 305 7,695 3,640 4,055
Spanish 1,260 555 705 24,520 11,640 12,880
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 110 55 55
Japanese 85 45 35 2,530 1,115 1,410
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 260 125 130
Georgian 15 0 0 255 125 135
Korean 510 240 275 15,245 7,265 7,980
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 50 15 30
Mongolian 0 0 0 50 20 35
Niger-Congo languages 70 45 30 3,325 1,680 1,645
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 670 340 330
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 25 10
Edo 10 0 10 45 25 20
Ewe 0 10 0 45 25 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 15
Ga 0 0 0 30 20 15
Ganda 20 15 10 50 30 15
Igbo 0 0 0 235 90 150
Lingala 0 10 0 60 30 25
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0 70 25 40
Swahili 20 15 0 1,300 680 620
Wolof 0 0 0 15 10 10
Yoruba 10 0 0 450 225 225
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 460 235 225
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 30
Sign languages 35 10 25 700 265 435
American Sign Language 25 0 25 340 115 230
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 365 155 210
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,865 2,335 2,530 224,860 106,860 117,990
Chinese languages 4,860 2,330 2,530 224,695 106,795 117,895
Cantonese 2,100 960 1,135 133,810 63,235 70,575
Hakka 45 25 25 3,480 1,585 1,895
Mandarin 3,235 1,560 1,675 115,265 53,825 61,440
Min Dong 0 0 0 175 50 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 65 35 30 4,300 1,925 2,375
Wu (Shanghainese) 85 40 45 2,515 1,180 1,330
Chinese, n.o.s. 105 55 50 2,875 1,350 1,520
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 245 110 135
Burmese 0 0 0 190 85 105
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 35 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tai-Kadai languages 100 55 45 1,285 540 745
Lao 70 40 25 915 425 485
Thai 45 15 30 435 145 285
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Turkic languages 175 95 80 5,500 2,790 2,705
Azerbaijani 65 30 35 1,030 535 500
Turkish 140 65 70 4,370 2,195 2,175
Uyghur 0 0 0 10 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 120 55 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 55 50
Uralic languages 455 210 250 4,810 2,220 2,595
Estonian 65 20 50 525 240 290
Finnish 120 50 75 705 300 405
Hungarian 270 135 130 3,600 1,685 1,915
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 200 100 95
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 54,700 26,740 27,960 1,100,950 537,645 563,305
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 51,140 25,135 26,000 993,335 488,255 505,080
Canadian citizens aged under 18 11,945 6,075 5,870 227,510 116,845 110,660
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 39,195 19,060 20,135 765,825 371,410 394,415
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 3,565 1,605 1,960 107,615 49,385 58,230
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 54,700 26,745 27,965 1,100,950 537,645 563,305
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 37,795 18,670 19,120 570,710 287,520 283,190
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 16,510 7,880 8,635 515,225 243,380 271,850
Before 1981 4,420 2,110 2,310 119,395 57,695 61,705
1981 to 1990 1,845 935 905 75,145 36,255 38,890
1991 to 2000 3,775 1,810 1,965 139,815 66,135 73,680
2001 to 2010 4,625 2,170 2,450 129,465 59,915 69,550
2001 to 2005 2,565 1,245 1,315 72,605 33,845 38,760
2006 to 2010 2,060 930 1,135 56,860 26,075 30,790
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,855 845 1,010 51,405 23,380 28,025
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 400 195 205 15,010 6,745 8,265
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 16,510 7,880 8,635 515,230 243,385 271,850
Under 5 years 1,715 840 875 43,285 21,545 21,735
5 to 14 years 3,125 1,635 1,490 84,305 42,520 41,790
15 to 24 years 3,090 1,410 1,680 111,620 50,505 61,115
25 to 44 years 7,160 3,365 3,800 218,675 102,965 115,715
45 years and over 1,425 630 795 57,340 25,845 31,490
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 16,510 7,880 8,635 515,225 243,380 271,845
Americas 1,910 875 1,030 42,700 19,670 23,030
Brazil 70 35 35 1,165 560 600
Colombia 190 90 100 1,850 875 970
El Salvador 40 20 20 985 450 535
Guyana 155 60 90 6,900 3,120 3,780
Haiti 0 0 0 135 70 70
Jamaica 270 115 155 8,660 3,830 4,830
Mexico 65 35 35 1,060 465 595
Peru 115 45 70 1,165 525 635
Trinidad and Tobago 210 95 115 3,870 1,845 2,025
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 465 210 250 7,420 3,340 4,080
Other places of birth in Americas 325 170 155 9,495 4,590 4,905
Europe 5,985 2,895 3,095 119,590 56,995 62,595
Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 20 15 580 315 270
Croatia 30 10 20 930 415 515
France 40 25 20 720 340 380
Germany 320 165 150 3,660 1,630 2,025
Greece 175 110 70 4,770 2,475 2,295
Hungary 80 40 35 1,715 770 945
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 95 35 60 780 365 415
Italy 605 360 245 36,040 17,745 18,295
Netherlands 125 70 55 1,355 655 700
Poland 220 90 135 3,730 1,635 2,095
Portugal 180 70 110 4,710 2,225 2,480
Romania 465 195 270 6,285 2,955 3,335
Russian Federation 655 345 310 13,820 6,185 7,635
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 85 30 50 1,040 485 555
Ukraine 395 185 210 9,910 4,725 5,185
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,655 730 930 14,895 7,050 7,845
Other places of birth in Europe 825 410 415 14,645 7,030 7,615
Africa 620 345 275 20,925 10,265 10,665
Algeria 10 10 10 80 25 55
Egypt 210 100 110 3,970 2,020 1,950
Ethiopia 10 0 0 405 215 190
Kenya 10 10 0 2,100 980 1,115
Morocco 10 0 10 1,010 525 490
Nigeria 25 10 15 1,105 490 615
Somalia 10 0 10 355 135 220
South Africa, Republic of 120 70 45 3,925 1,940 1,985
Other places of birth in Africa 220 140 75 7,980 3,945 4,035
Asia 7,960 3,740 4,220 331,090 156,020 175,070
Afghanistan 115 60 55 3,895 1,970 1,925
Bangladesh 30 20 10 1,330 695 640
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,510 1,200 1,305 99,195 45,730 53,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 720 350 370 50,850 24,260 26,590
India 475 245 230 28,625 13,940 14,680
Iran