Census Profile, 2016 Census
Aurora, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Aurora, T
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Aurora, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Aurora, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 55,445 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 53,203 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.2 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 19,381 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 18,851 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,112.3 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 49.85 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 55,445 26,945 28,500 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 9,855 5,040 4,810 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 2,725 1,390 1,335 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 3,365 1,730 1,635 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 3,760 1,920 1,840 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 38,350 18,730 19,615 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 4,165 2,130 2,035 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 3,830 2,035 1,795 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 2,760 1,420 1,340 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 2,660 1,310 1,345 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 3,250 1,485 1,770 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 4,030 1,850 2,185 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 4,665 2,210 2,450 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 5,195 2,465 2,730 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 4,540 2,215 2,325 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 3,255 1,615 1,640 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 7,240 3,170 4,075 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 2,445 1,145 1,300 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 1,685 785 910 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 1,195 540 650 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 890 370 520 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 1,020 325 695 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 645 235 410 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 285 80 205 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 75 10 65 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 15 0 10 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.8 18.7 16.9 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 69.2 69.5 68.8 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 13.1 11.8 14.3 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.8 1.2 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.6 38.5 40.7 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 41.5 40.1 42.7 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 18,850 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 11,380 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 935 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 6,535 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,395 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 3,350 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 620 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,165 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 5 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 18,850 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 3,085 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 5,300 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 3,865 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 4,455 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,140 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 54,705 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.9 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 45,590 21,905 23,690 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 27,740 13,800 13,940 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 25,265 12,585 12,675 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 2,480 1,215 1,265 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 17,850 8,100 9,750 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 12,290 6,540 5,750 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 1,135 425 710 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 2,405 770 1,635 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 2,025 370 1,650 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 15,960 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 5,995 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 4,020 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 4,485 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,460 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 15,960 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 13,630 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 12,390 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,235 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 2,330 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 1,865 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 465 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 13,630 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 4,725 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 8,905 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 3,205 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 4,295 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 1,410 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 2,330 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 1,270 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 815 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 245 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 5,120 2,105 3,015 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 18,850 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 14,820 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 4,210 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 10,610 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 555 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 3,480 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 3,085 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 395 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 54,955 26,805 28,150 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 48,500 24,105 24,395 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 20 10 10 1,110 530 580
English and French 5,235 2,180 3,055 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 1,200 510 690 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 54,955 26,805 28,150 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 52,700 25,845 26,855 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 695 300 395 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 380 160 220 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 1,180 495 680 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 890 385 505 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.6 1.4 1.8 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 54,955 26,805 28,150 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 53,715 26,225 27,485 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 37,995 18,765 19,230 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 37,320 18,470 18,850 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 675 295 375 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 15,720 7,465 8,260 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,720 7,465 8,260 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 545 270 275 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 5 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 5 0 5 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 5 0 5 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 535 265 265 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 0 0 0 1,140 560 585
Arabic 430 210 215 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 15 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 55 35 25 1,770 960 805
Maltese 25 10 15 80 40 40
Tigrigna 0 0 0 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 115 45 70 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 15 20 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 85 35 50 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 485 165 325 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 5 5 0 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 25 10 20 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 10 5 5 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 435 145 290 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 5 0 5 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 5 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 265 140 130 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 10 10 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 35 20 20 1,750 905 845
Tamil 195 100 95 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 20 10 10 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 8,800 4,235 4,560 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 55 25 25 1,090 560 530
Armenian 80 35 50 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 2,465 1,155 1,305 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 55 20 40 645 280 370
Latvian 25 5 20 320 145 175
Lithuanian 30 10 20 325 130 200
Slavic languages 2,405 1,135 1,270 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 15 0 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 10 5 5 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 60 30 25 1,725 805 915
Croatian 60 30 30 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 35 15 20 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 105 55 55 250 120 135
Polish 290 125 165 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 1,540 735 805 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 95 55 40 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 0 5 0 1,145 545 600
Slovak 45 15 30 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 20 10 545 250 290
Ukrainian 120 45 70 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 5 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 685 315 370 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 20 10 10 1,435 730 705
Danish 25 15 15 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 140 65 75 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 0 0 5 80 30 50
German 460 215 255 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 10 5 5 835 410 430
Swedish 15 5 15 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 10 5 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 440 215 230 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 2,225 1,110 1,115 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 615 305 310 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 50 30 25 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 135 65 70 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 75 35 40 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 5 0 0 225 110 110
Marathi 15 10 5 535 280 255
Nepali 0 0 0 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90 45 45 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 15 10 10 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 20 25 1,455 730 725
Urdu 185 90 95 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 1,600 800 800 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 45 20 25 1,650 875 780
Pashto 15 5 10 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 1,540 775 765 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 2,835 1,375 1,465 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 1,320 675 645 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 315 130 180 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 510 240 265 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 695 325 365 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 75 30 45 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 10 5 0 65 40 25
Georgian 10 5 5 65 40 25
Korean 440 205 235 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 50 20 30 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 0 5 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 5 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 5 0 65 35 30
Igbo 0 5 0 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 0 0 0 150 70 85
Swahili 15 5 10 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 5 5 5 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 0 5 0 620 330 295
American Sign Language 0 0 0 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,340 2,075 2,270 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 4,335 2,075 2,260 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 1,780 845 935 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 30 15 20 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 2,310 1,105 1,200 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 65 30 35 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 75 40 35 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 40 30 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 5 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 5 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 65 25 35 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 55 25 30 800 405 400
Thai 10 0 10 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 125 65 60 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 35 20 20 495 275 225
Turkish 80 40 40 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 5 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 390 175 210 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 40 15 25 455 195 260
Finnish 60 25 35 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 285 140 150 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 1,235 575 665 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 155 75 75 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 1,000 475 530 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 30 15 20 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 45 15 35 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 54,955 26,805 28,150 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 52,190 25,510 26,680 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 44,285 21,695 22,585 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 44,010 21,570 22,440 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 275 130 145 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 7,905 3,815 4,090 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,905 3,815 4,090 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 200 100 105 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 5 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 10 0 5 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 190 95 100 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 0 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 165 80 85 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 20 10 10 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 45 20 30 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 10 620 290 330
Vietnamese 30 15 20 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 145 60 80 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 10 5 5 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 10 5 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 120 55 70 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 0 0 5 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 125 60 70 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 10 5 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 15 5 10 885 450 435
Tamil 105 50 50 1,935 965 965
Telugu 0 5 5 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 3,575 1,715 1,865 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 20 10 10 530 255 270
Armenian 30 15 15 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 1,395 675 720 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 15 5 5 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 10 5 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 1,380 670 710 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 5 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 5 0 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 30 15 15 925 425 495
Croatian 5 5 5 1,795 840 955
Czech 0 0 0 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 20 10 10 120 60 60
Polish 105 50 50 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 1,115 540 575 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 30 15 20 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 20 10 10 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 35 20 20 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 75 35 35 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 5 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 5 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 5 5 0 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 50 25 25 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 5 5 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 75 30 40 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 1,165 570 600 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 235 105 125 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 25 10 10 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 50 25 25 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 30 15 20 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 5 5 0 245 125 120
Nepali 0 0 0 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40 20 20 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 0 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 10 595 290 305
Urdu 65 30 40 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 920 455 470 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 35 20 15 1,025 515 505
Pashto 10 5 5 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 880 430 445 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 820 375 445 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 145 65 80 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 80 30 50 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 255 115 140 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 340 160 180 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 35 15 20 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 10 5 0 15 10 10
Georgian 10 5 0 15 10 10
Korean 295 140 155 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 10 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 0 0 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 5 5 0 830 460 370
American Sign Language 5 0 0 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,235 1,595 1,640 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 3,235 1,595 1,640 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 1,225 585 640 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 10 5 5 670 280 390
Mandarin 1,870 935 935 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 15 15 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 30 30 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 25 20 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 20 10 10 1,015 435 580
Lao 15 5 5 335 160 175
Thai 5 0 5 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 50 20 25 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 15 10 5 185 95 90
Turkish 30 10 15 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 5 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 150 60 90 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 0 5 75 30 45
Finnish 15 5 10 435 190 240
Hungarian 130 55 75 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 2,760 1,295 1,470 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 95 40 55 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 2,605 1,235 1,370 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 10 0 5 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 50 20 35 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 54,955 26,805 28,150 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 45,500 22,435 23,060 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 3,705 1,820 1,890 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 685 270 415 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 4,885 2,215 2,670 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 5 0 0 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 4,885 2,215 2,670 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 35 20 20 965 435 530
English and non-official language 70 25 40 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 75 30 45 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 44,870 21,710 23,160 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 42,795 20,685 22,110 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,382 49,697 34,106 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 42,805 20,685 22,120 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,082 43,163 30,906 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 39,945 19,600 20,345 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,813 49,810 32,672 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 28,205 12,145 16,065 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,913 698 2,965 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 34,235 17,385 16,850 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,668 49,317 34,816 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 44,870 21,710 23,160 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 42,800 20,705 22,095 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 65,014 80,420 50,576 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 42,805 20,705 22,105 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,024 59,931 40,743 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 39,960 19,590 20,365 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 65,519 81,803 49,854 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 28,220 12,200 16,015 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,825 5,111 6,369 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 34,240 17,310 16,920 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 63,465 77,381 49,227 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 44,870 21,715 23,160 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 17,585 9,690 7,895 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 66,921 74,990 60,057 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 89,330 102,286 73,423 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 94.1 96.4 90.4 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.6 80.8 75.0 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 5.9 3.6 9.6 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 44,870 21,710 23,155 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 2,075 1,030 1,045 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 42,795 20,680 22,105 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.4 95.3 95.5 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,960 3,010 3,950 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 6,155 2,585 3,565 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 4,495 1,860 2,640 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 3,645 1,505 2,135 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 3,400 1,430 1,970 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 3,050 1,405 1,645 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 2,465 1,225 1,235 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 2,170 1,155 1,015 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 1,965 1,060 905 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 1,900 980 915 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 6,595 4,470 2,130 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 3,750 2,360 1,390 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 2,840 2,110 735 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 44,870 21,715 23,155 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 2,065 1,030 1,035 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 42,805 20,685 22,120 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.4 95.3 95.5 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 7,160 3,055 4,110 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 6,440 2,720 3,720 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 5,115 2,135 2,985 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 4,400 1,810 2,590 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 4,250 1,935 2,310 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 3,310 1,635 1,675 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 2,880 1,580 1,300 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 2,585 1,360 1,230 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 6,655 4,465 2,195 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 1,835 1,085 750 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,060 670 395 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 3,755 2,710 1,050 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 44,870 21,710 23,160 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 10,635 4,330 6,305 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 34,240 17,390 16,850 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 76.3 80.1 72.8 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 4,365 2,070 2,295 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 2,815 1,265 1,550 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 4,115 1,915 2,200 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 2,995 1,350 1,650 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 2,615 1,085 1,530 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 2,560 1,100 1,455 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 2,290 1,085 1,205 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 1,940 975 965 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 1,735 930 795 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 8,810 5,610 3,200 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 1,645 890 755 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 1,690 860 830 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 5,475 3,860 1,615 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 18,850 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,708 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 90,550 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,085 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,603 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,152 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 15,770 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 120,990 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,506 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 18,855 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 147,604 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 113,594 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,085 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 69,939 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 53,642 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 15,765 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 162,817 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 125,337 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 18,855 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 180 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 135 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 235 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 335 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 405 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 455 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 480 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 495 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 505 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 465 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,000 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 990 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,010 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 995 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,035 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,125 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,345 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,875 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,495 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,410 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 18,850 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 215 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 135 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 245 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 355 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 460 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 480 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 600 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 560 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 605 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 600 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,215 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,295 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,320 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,290 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,225 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,265 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,545 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,805 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,910 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 15,530 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 120,795 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,346 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 4,090 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 105,230 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,293 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 8,935 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 143,028 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,919 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,150 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 71,351 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,472 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 15,565 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 162,777 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 125,098 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 4,155 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 153,436 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 116,234 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 8,895 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 187,270 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 143,000 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,180 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 88,005 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,422 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 4,075 1,770 2,300 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 42,505 46,827 39,194 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,134 40,352 35,013 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 4,040 1,800 2,240 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 61,706 58,908 63,955 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,150 46,903 49,152 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 54,705 26,740 27,960 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 17,715 8,315 9,400 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 3,420 1,625 1,795 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 3,235 1,460 1,775 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 3,245 1,510 1,735 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 3,755 1,765 1,990 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 4,060 1,960 2,095 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 36,990 18,425 18,565 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 4,585 2,240 2,345 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 5,605 2,765 2,840 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 6,800 3,380 3,415 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 8,105 3,995 4,110 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 11,895 6,045 5,850 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 54,705 26,745 27,960 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 12,320 6,305 6,015 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 3,300 1,700 1,610 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 35,760 17,420 18,345 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 6,620 3,020 3,600 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,875 2,245 2,635 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 1,390 680 705 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 395 195 195 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 2,980 1,370 1,615 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 510 195 320 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.9 8.4 9.4 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 11.3 10.8 11.7 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 12.0 11.5 12.1 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.3 7.9 8.8 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 7.7 6.5 8.9 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,870 1,820 2,055 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 1,025 520 510 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 290 155 135 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 2,495 1,170 1,330 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 345 130 215 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.1 6.8 7.3 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.3 8.2 8.5 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 8.8 9.1 8.4 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 6.7 7.2 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 5.2 4.3 6.0 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 54,700 26,740 27,965 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 53,495 26,230 27,265 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 53,490 26,220 27,265 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 5,185 2,120 3,065 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 19,145 9,065 10,080 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 0 0 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,145 9,070 10,080 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 835 365 470 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 40 10 25 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 15 0 10 190 110 80
Somali 25 0 20 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 795 350 440 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 0 0 0 1,755 905 855
Arabic 570 230 335 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 10 25 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 195 105 85 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 25 10 20 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 130 55 80 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 10 10 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 120 50 70 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 615 205 410 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 30 10 20 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 20 15 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 0 0 0 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 20 10 10 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 590 200 390 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 10 10 0 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 10 10 0 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 405 180 220 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 30 15 15 445 210 235
Malayalam 55 25 30 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 290 125 165 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 40 25 20 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 11,455 5,525 5,925 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 40 15 25 1,135 580 555
Armenian 85 40 50 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 3,020 1,480 1,545 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 70 30 35 635 310 325
Latvian 20 10 15 310 175 140
Lithuanian 40 15 25 325 135 185
Slavic languages 2,975 1,460 1,515 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 10 0 10 205 95 110
Bosnian 0 10 0 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 60 35 25 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 70 30 40 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 45 25 20 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 205 125 80 345 180 160
Polish 370 170 190 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 2,005 950 1,050 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 95 55 40 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 0 10 0 1,240 595 645
Slovak 75 25 45 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 35 20 725 330 400
Ukrainian 250 125 120 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 25 10 15 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 350 225 120
Welsh 0 10 10 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,130 470 660 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 45 35 10 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 15 0 10 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 205 90 110 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 10 120 55 65
German 820 330 495 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 30 10 15 1,405 730 680
Swedish 15 10 10 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 10 10 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 620 295 330 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 2,855 1,450 1,400 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 820 445 375 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 55 40 15 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 75 35 35 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 310 175 135 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 25 15 10 375 185 190
Marathi 10 10 0 1,275 650 625
Nepali 0 0 0 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 225 115 110 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 25 15 10 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 40 45 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 220 130 90 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 2,005 985 1,020 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 110 40 70 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 0 0 0 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 1,935 970 965 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 4,080 1,970 2,110 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 10 10 0 245 125 120
Italian 2,000 1,050 950 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 410 200 215 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 565 260 305 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 1,260 555 705 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 220 130 85
Japanese 85 45 35 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 15 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 510 240 275 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 70 45 30 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 10 0 10 115 65 55
Ewe 0 10 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 20 15 10 105 60 45
Igbo 0 0 0 240 140 95
Lingala 0 10 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 0 0 0 265 125 140
Swahili 20 15 0 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 10 0 0 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 35 10 25 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 25 0 25 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,865 2,335 2,530 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 4,860 2,330 2,530 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 2,100 960 1,135 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 45 25 25 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 3,235 1,560 1,675 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 65 35 30 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 85 40 45 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 105 55 50 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 100 55 45 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 70 40 25 1,125 505 620
Thai 45 15 30 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 175 95 80 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 65 30 35 835 455 385
Turkish 140 65 70 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 455 210 250 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 65 20 50 495 205 295
Finnish 120 50 75 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 270 135 130 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 54,700 26,740 27,960 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 51,140 25,135 26,000 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 11,945 6,075 5,870 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 39,195 19,060 20,135 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 3,565 1,605 1,960 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 54,700 26,745 27,965 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 37,795 18,670 19,120 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 16,510 7,880 8,635 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 4,420 2,110 2,310 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 1,845 935 905 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 3,775 1,810 1,965 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 4,625 2,170 2,450 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 2,565 1,245 1,315 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 2,060 930 1,135 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,855 845 1,010 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 400 195 205 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 16,510 7,880 8,635 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 1,715 840 875 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 3,125 1,635 1,490 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 3,090 1,410 1,680 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 7,160 3,365 3,800 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 1,425 630 795 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 16,510 7,880 8,635 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 1,910 875 1,030 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 70 35 35 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 190 90 100 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 40 20 20 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 155 60 90 920 415 500
Haiti 0 0 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 270 115 155 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 65 35 35 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 115 45 70 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 210 95 115 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 465 210 250 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 325 170 155 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 5,985 2,895 3,095 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 20 15 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 30 10 20 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 40 25 20 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 320 165 150 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 175 110 70 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 80 40 35 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 95 35 60 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 605 360 245 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 125 70 55 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 220 90 135 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 180 70 110 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 465 195 270 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 655 345 310 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 85 30 50 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 395 185 210 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,655 730 930 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 825 410 415 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 620 345 275 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 10 10 430 270 150
Egypt 210 100 110 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 10 0 0 1,665 835 825
Kenya 10 10 0 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 10 0 10 730 385 340
Nigeria 25 10 15 1,205 630 575
Somalia 10 0 10 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 120 70 45 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 220 140 75 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 7,960 3,740 4,220 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 115 60 55 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 30 20 10 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,510 1,200 1,305 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 720 350 370 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 475 245 230 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,530 765 765 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 55 15 40 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 10 0 10 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 400 180 220 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 70 40 30 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 160 70 85 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 610 210 395 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 255 110 150 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 25 10 20 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 110 50 60 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 195 80 110 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 710 340 370 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 35 15 15 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,850 845 1,010 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 145 75 75 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 10 0 10 960 445 520
Colombia 15 10 10 465 220 240
Cuba 0 0 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 10 10 0 160 115 45
Mexico 30 20 10 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 30 10 20 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 60 35 25 1,855 875 975
Europe 390 200 190 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 15 10 0 790 415 370
Germany 25 15 10 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 10 0 200 110 90
Romania 25 10 15 545