Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Toronto, Census division [Census division], Ontario

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto, C
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Toronto, CDR
Ontario
[Census division]
Data quality , Toronto, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Toronto, City [Census subdivision], Ontario Data quality : Toronto, Census division [Census division], Ontario  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 2,731,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,731,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 2,615,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,615,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,179,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,179,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,112,929  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,112,929  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,334.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,334.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 630.20  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 630.20  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 2,731,575 1,313,590 1,417,985 2,731,570 1,313,590 1,417,985
0 to 14 years 398,135 204,190 193,945 398,135 204,190 193,945
0 to 4 years 136,000 69,895 66,105 136,000 69,895 66,105
5 to 9 years 135,025 69,345 65,680 135,025 69,350 65,680
10 to 14 years 127,105 64,940 62,165 127,110 64,945 62,165
15 to 64 years 1,906,495 925,070 981,420 1,906,495 925,070 981,425
15 to 19 years 145,525 74,240 71,280 145,525 74,240 71,285
20 to 24 years 194,750 97,415 97,330 194,745 97,415 97,330
25 to 29 years 232,945 113,905 119,035 232,950 113,905 119,040
30 to 34 years 224,580 108,895 115,680 224,575 108,895 115,675
35 to 39 years 196,310 94,065 102,240 196,305 94,070 102,240
40 to 44 years 182,390 86,535 95,860 182,390 86,535 95,860
45 to 49 years 190,925 90,860 100,065 190,925 90,860 100,065
50 to 54 years 202,405 98,735 103,670 202,410 98,735 103,670
55 to 59 years 182,805 88,145 94,655 182,800 88,145 94,660
60 to 64 years 153,865 72,265 81,600 153,870 72,270 81,600
65 years and over 426,945 184,325 242,615 426,945 184,325 242,615
65 to 69 years 130,540 60,360 70,185 130,545 60,360 70,180
70 to 74 years 93,600 42,315 51,285 93,605 42,320 51,285
75 to 79 years 76,160 32,730 43,430 76,165 32,730 43,430
80 to 84 years 60,630 25,670 34,965 60,630 25,670 34,965
85 years and over 66,005 23,245 42,750 66,000 23,250 42,755
85 to 89 years 40,800 15,665 25,135 40,800 15,665 25,135
90 to 94 years 19,680 6,180 13,500 19,680 6,185 13,500
95 to 99 years 4,750 1,275 3,470 4,750 1,280 3,475
100 years and over 770 120 650 770 125 650
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.6 15.5 13.7 14.6 15.5 13.7
15 to 64 years 69.8 70.4 69.2 69.8 70.4 69.2
65 years and over 15.6 14.0 17.1 15.6 14.0 17.1
85 years and over 2.4 1.8 3.0 2.4 1.8 3.0
Average age of the population 40.6 39.4 41.7 40.6 39.4 41.7
Median age of the population 39.3 38.0 40.5 39.3 38.0 40.5
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 269,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 269,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 493,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 349,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 349,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 71,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 61,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 48,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 165,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 165,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 2,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 95  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 359,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 333,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 333,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 175,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 175,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 146,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 146,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 97,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 2,691,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,691,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 2,333,435 1,109,400 1,224,035 2,333,435 1,109,400 1,224,035
Married or living common law 1,181,360 592,560 588,805 1,181,360 592,560 588,800
Married 1,011,190 505,025 506,165 1,011,185 505,025 506,160
Living common law 170,175 87,535 82,640 170,175 87,535 82,635
Not married and not living common law 1,152,075 516,840 635,240 1,152,075 516,840 635,235
Never married 806,265 410,975 395,295 806,270 410,970 395,295
Separated 68,715 27,570 41,145 68,715 27,570 41,145
Divorced 152,000 55,490 96,515 152,000 55,485 96,510
Widowed 125,095 22,810 102,285 125,100 22,810 102,285
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 718,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 718,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 344,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 344,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 174,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 174,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 143,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 143,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 56,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 718,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 718,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 566,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 566,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 481,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 481,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 85,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 152,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 152,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 128,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 128,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 24,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 566,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 566,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 250,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 250,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 316,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 316,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 133,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 133,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 130,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 130,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 51,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 152,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 152,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 94,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 41,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 17,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 602,855 277,825 325,035 602,860 277,825 325,035
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 653,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 653,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 226,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 226,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 427,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 427,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 31,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 427,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 427,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 359,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 68,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 2,704,415 1,301,905 1,402,510 2,704,415 1,301,900 1,402,515
English only 2,323,235 1,139,585 1,183,655 2,323,235 1,139,580 1,183,655
French only 2,725 1,140 1,585 2,725 1,140 1,580
English and French 245,695 107,985 137,705 245,695 107,985 137,705
Neither English nor French 132,765 53,195 79,570 132,765 53,195 79,570
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 2,704,415 1,301,905 1,402,515 2,704,420 1,301,905 1,402,515
English 2,508,815 1,219,600 1,289,220 2,508,815 1,219,600 1,289,215
French 39,795 18,805 20,995 39,795 18,800 20,995
English and French 24,865 11,205 13,660 24,865 11,210 13,660
Neither English nor French 130,940 52,295 78,640 130,940 52,295 78,645
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 52,230 24,405 27,820 52,230 24,405 27,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9 2.0
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 2,704,420 1,301,905 1,402,515 2,704,415 1,301,905 1,402,515
Single responses 2,598,230 1,251,220 1,347,010 2,598,230 1,251,215 1,347,010
Official languages 1,411,345 697,965 713,380 1,411,345 697,965 713,380
English 1,375,900 681,120 694,780 1,375,905 681,120 694,785
French 35,440 16,845 18,595 35,440 16,840 18,595
Non-official languages 1,186,885 553,255 633,635 1,186,885 553,250 633,630
Aboriginal languages 425 185 235 420 185 235
Algonquian languages 315 140 175 310 135 170
Blackfoot 0 5 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 90 35 55 90 35 50
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 10 5 5 5 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 0 5 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 5
Swampy Cree 20 5 15 20 10 15
Woods Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 45 15 30 40 15 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 20 10 10
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 10 20 10 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 195 95 105 200 95 105
Algonquin 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 175 85 90 175 85 90
Oji-Cree 5 5 5 10 5 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 5 5 10 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 15 10 5 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 5 10 5 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 5 0 5 5 0 0
Dene 5 5 5 5 5 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 0 20 20 0 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 0 20 20 5 20
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 5 5 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 5
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 0 0 5 0
Dakota 0 5 0 5 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 5 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 55 30 25 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,186,465 553,070 633,395 1,186,465 553,065 633,395
Afro-Asiatic languages 65,540 32,330 33,205 65,540 32,330 33,205
Berber languages 135 80 55 130 75 50
Kabyle 60 30 25 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 75 45 30 75 50 30
Cushitic languages 12,355 5,300 7,050 12,355 5,305 7,055
Bilen 75 45 30 75 40 30
Oromo 860 420 435 860 420 440
Somali 11,375 4,810 6,565 11,375 4,810 6,560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 50 30 25
Semitic languages 52,845 26,840 26,010 52,845 26,840 26,005
Amharic 6,425 2,880 3,550 6,430 2,880 3,545
Arabic 29,825 15,745 14,075 29,825 15,750 14,075
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 4,840 2,360 2,480 4,840 2,360 2,480
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 700 360 335 695 360 335
Harari 755 350 405 755 345 410
Hebrew 4,350 2,345 2,005 4,350 2,350 2,000
Maltese 1,430 715 710 1,430 715 715
Tigrigna 4,150 1,890 2,260 4,150 1,885 2,260
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 380 190 190 375 190 185
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 200 115 90 200 115 90
Austro-Asiatic languages 26,165 11,860 14,305 26,160 11,855 14,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,365 595 770 1,365 595 770
Vietnamese 24,775 11,255 13,520 24,775 11,255 13,520
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 20 5 10
Austronesian languages 99,750 39,030 60,725 99,755 39,025 60,725
Bikol 320 135 185 320 135 180
Cebuano 3,390 1,335 2,055 3,390 1,335 2,055
Fijian 25 15 10 30 15 15
Hiligaynon 1,695 665 1,040 1,695 660 1,035
Ilocano 7,135 2,765 4,375 7,135 2,765 4,375
Malagasy 20 10 10 15 10 10
Malay 1,930 880 1,050 1,930 885 1,050
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 720 310 410 720 310 410
Pangasinan 320 125 200 320 120 200
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 83,230 32,445 50,785 83,230 32,445 50,790
Waray-Waray 210 60 150 210 60 155
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 755 290 465 760 290 465
Creole languages 3,015 1,350 1,660 3,015 1,350 1,665
Haitian Creole 165 75 85 165 75 85
Creole, n.o.s. 1,825 815 1,010 1,825 815 1,015
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,020 460 560 1,025 460 560
Dravidian languages 67,055 33,175 33,880 67,055 33,175 33,875
Kannada 730 380 350 730 380 350
Malayalam 4,560 2,460 2,100 4,560 2,465 2,100
Tamil 57,535 27,935 29,600 57,530 27,935 29,600
Telugu 4,125 2,355 1,775 4,125 2,350 1,770
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 100 45 55
Hmong-Mien languages 20 5 10 15 5 15
Indo-European languages 589,410 282,355 307,055 589,415 282,355 307,055
Albanian 8,495 4,225 4,270 8,500 4,225 4,275
Armenian 7,845 3,740 4,105 7,845 3,745 4,105
Balto-Slavic languages 120,445 53,650 66,790 120,445 53,655 66,790
Baltic languages 3,490 1,365 2,125 3,490 1,365 2,125
Latvian 1,610 645 965 1,605 640 965
Lithuanian 1,880 725 1,160 1,885 725 1,160
Slavic languages 116,955 52,290 64,665 116,955 52,290 64,665
Belarusan 195 95 100 195 95 100
Bosnian 1,105 525 580 1,110 530 580
Bulgarian 4,345 2,075 2,270 4,345 2,075 2,270
Croatian 5,570 2,535 3,035 5,565 2,535 3,035
Czech 2,860 1,345 1,515 2,860 1,345 1,515
Macedonian 6,190 2,920 3,270 6,190 2,920 3,270
Polish 25,060 10,845 14,215 25,060 10,845 14,215
Russian 36,145 15,805 20,345 36,145 15,805 20,340
Serbian 13,380 6,450 6,930 13,385 6,450 6,935
Serbo-Croatian 1,470 670 800 1,470 670 800
Slovak 3,095 1,455 1,645 3,095 1,455 1,645
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,785 750 1,035 1,785 750 1,040
Ukrainian 15,465 6,685 8,785 15,465 6,685 8,780
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 280 140 140 280 140 140
Celtic languages 275 125 145 275 130 145
Scottish Gaelic 80 35 40 80 35 40
Welsh 85 30 55 85 30 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 110 60 45 110 60 50
Germanic languages 22,310 10,095 12,215 22,310 10,095 12,215
Afrikaans 405 210 190 400 215 190
Danish 665 285 380 665 290 380
Dutch 3,180 1,535 1,645 3,185 1,535 1,645
Frisian 40 25 15 40 20 15
German 14,515 6,440 8,075 14,520 6,440 8,080
Icelandic 65 35 30 60 35 30
Norwegian 230 105 130 225 105 125
Swedish 700 305 395 700 305 390
Vlaams (Flemish) 130 50 80 130 50 85
Yiddish 2,350 1,095 1,255 2,350 1,095 1,255
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 35 15 20
Greek 27,840 13,415 14,425 27,840 13,415 14,420
Indo-Iranian languages 194,760 99,110 95,650 194,765 99,115 95,650
Indo-Aryan languages 138,625 70,700 67,930 138,625 70,700 67,925
Bengali 28,460 14,365 14,090 28,460 14,370 14,095
Gujarati 26,400 13,520 12,880 26,400 13,515 12,880
Hindi 15,230 7,960 7,270 15,235 7,960 7,270
Kashmiri 80 45 40 75 40 35
Konkani 745 355 390 745 350 390
Marathi 1,760 925 835 1,760 930 830
Nepali 2,540 1,290 1,245 2,540 1,295 1,245
Oriya (Odia) 300 165 135 300 165 135
Punjabi (Panjabi) 19,965 10,380 9,590 19,965 10,375 9,590
Sindhi 2,440 1,080 1,355 2,440 1,080 1,360
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,280 1,605 1,675 3,280 1,600 1,675
Urdu 37,420 19,005 18,420 37,420 19,005 18,415
Iranian languages 55,190 27,895 27,295 55,195 27,900 27,300
Kurdish 1,650 930 720 1,650 930 715
Pashto 4,355 2,285 2,070 4,355 2,285 2,070
Persian (Farsi) 49,185 24,680 24,510 49,190 24,680 24,510
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 945 520 425 940 520 425
Italic (Romance) languages 207,445 97,980 109,465 207,440 97,980 109,460
Catalan 125 70 55 130 70 55
Italian 62,640 29,050 33,590 62,635 29,050 33,590
Portuguese 59,355 28,540 30,820 59,360 28,535 30,820
Romanian 12,335 5,630 6,705 12,335 5,630 6,705
Spanish 72,850 34,635 38,215 72,855 34,630 38,220
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 135 60 75 135 60 75
Japanese 7,015 2,405 4,610 7,015 2,405 4,610
Kartvelian languages 870 465 400 870 465 405
Georgian 870 465 400 870 465 405
Korean 33,665 15,155 18,505 33,665 15,160 18,510
Mongolic languages 290 130 165 290 130 165
Mongolian 295 130 160 295 130 160
Niger-Congo languages 13,780 6,455 7,325 13,780 6,460 7,325
Akan (Twi) 4,340 1,970 2,375 4,345 1,970 2,370
Bamanankan 45 25 20 45 20 25
Edo 670 260 410 675 260 415
Ewe 175 90 80 175 90 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 85 75 165 90 75
Ga 200 90 115 200 85 115
Ganda 375 180 200 375 185 195
Igbo 740 385 355 745 385 360
Lingala 285 135 150 285 135 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 270 130 135 265 135 135
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 285 135 150 290 135 150
Shona 395 185 205 390 190 205
Swahili 2,230 1,050 1,185 2,230 1,045 1,180
Wolof 115 65 50 120 65 50
Yoruba 1,580 820 760 1,585 820 760
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,905 845 1,055 1,900 845 1,060
Nilo-Saharan languages 235 125 105 235 125 110
Dinka 40 20 15 35 25 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 200 105 90 200 110 90
Sign languages 565 320 245 565 320 250
American Sign Language 210 120 90 210 120 90
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 5 0 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 350 200 150 355 200 150
Sino-Tibetan languages 250,960 114,630 136,330 250,960 114,630 136,325
Chinese languages 245,285 111,855 133,430 245,285 111,860 133,430
Cantonese 114,670 52,085 62,585 114,670 52,085 62,585
Hakka 2,855 1,225 1,635 2,855 1,220 1,635
Mandarin 111,405 51,120 60,280 111,405 51,120 60,280
Min Dong 450 220 225 445 220 225
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 6,120 2,820 3,300 6,120 2,820 3,295
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,665 1,200 1,470 2,665 1,200 1,465
Chinese, n.o.s. 7,015 3,135 3,880 7,015 3,135 3,880
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 50 55 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5,670 2,775 2,895 5,670 2,775 2,900
Burmese 610 270 335 605 275 335
Karenic languages 255 125 135 260 120 135
Tibetan 4,590 2,275 2,320 4,595 2,270 2,320
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 215 110 105 215 110 105
Tai-Kadai languages 1,720 690 1,030 1,720 690 1,030
Lao 710 365 340 705 365 345
Thai 1,005 320 685 1,005 325 685
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 10 0 5
Turkic languages 10,680 5,610 5,065 10,680 5,610 5,065
Azerbaijani 915 490 420 915 490 425
Turkish 8,835 4,670 4,165 8,835 4,670 4,165
Uyghur 240 120 125 240 115 120
Uzbek 440 225 210 440 225 210
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 250 110 140 250 110 140
Uralic languages 15,145 6,655 8,485 15,145 6,655 8,490
Estonian 1,940 770 1,170 1,945 775 1,170
Finnish 1,315 500 825 1,315 495 825
Hungarian 11,885 5,385 6,500 11,885 5,385 6,500
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 585 310 280 585 310 275
Multiple responses 106,190 50,685 55,500 106,190 50,685 55,500
English and French 7,550 3,520 4,030 7,550 3,525 4,025
English and non-official language 92,620 44,395 48,230 92,620 44,390 48,230
French and non-official language 3,300 1,515 1,785 3,300 1,515 1,785
English, French and non-official language 2,715 1,255 1,460 2,715 1,260 1,460
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 2,704,415 1,301,900 1,402,510 2,704,420 1,301,900 1,402,515
Single responses 2,458,470 1,185,800 1,272,670 2,458,470 1,185,800 1,272,665
Official languages 1,756,685 858,655 898,030 1,756,685 858,655 898,030
English 1,739,625 850,750 888,875 1,739,620 850,745 888,875
French 17,065 7,910 9,155 17,060 7,915 9,155
Non-official languages 701,785 327,145 374,640 701,780 327,145 374,640
Aboriginal languages 110 55 55 110 55 55
Algonquian languages 55 30 25 55 30 20
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 10 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 5 0 0 5 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 20 15 35 20 15
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 35 20 10 30 20 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 5 0 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 5 0 0 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 5 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 40 20 20 40 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 701,675 327,090 374,590 701,675 327,085 374,585
Afro-Asiatic languages 36,560 17,185 19,375 36,560 17,185 19,380
Berber languages 40 20 20 40 20 20
Kabyle 20 10 10 20 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 20 10 10
Cushitic languages 7,495 3,140 4,350 7,490 3,140 4,355
Bilen 40 20 25 40 20 20
Oromo 495 230 265 500 230 265
Somali 6,930 2,880 4,050 6,930 2,880 4,050
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 25 10 15
Semitic languages 28,920 13,970 14,955 28,920 13,965 14,950
Amharic 3,425 1,500 1,925 3,425 1,500 1,925
Arabic 16,485 8,210 8,280 16,490 8,210 8,280
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,620 1,755 1,860 3,615 1,755 1,865
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 480 240 240 475 245 235
Harari 450 200 250 445 195 250
Hebrew 1,610 805 810 1,610 805 805
Maltese 430 200 230 425 200 230
Tigrigna 2,250 985 1,270 2,250 980 1,265
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 170 85 90 170 80 90
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 110 55 50 110 55 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 17,760 8,020 9,740 17,760 8,020 9,735
Khmer (Cambodian) 725 305 425 725 305 420
Vietnamese 17,020 7,710 9,305 17,020 7,715 9,305
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 10 5 5
Austronesian languages 48,375 20,215 28,165 48,375 20,215 28,160
Bikol 75 30 40 70 35 40
Cebuano 1,320 560 760 1,320 560 760
Fijian 5 5 0 5 5 0
Hiligaynon 615 265 355 615 260 355
Ilocano 2,695 1,150 1,545 2,695 1,150 1,545
Malagasy 5 0 0 5 0 0
Malay 575 270 300 570 275 300
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 215 90 120 210 95 120
Pangasinan 60 30 30 60 30 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 42,520 17,680 24,835 42,515 17,680 24,835
Waray-Waray 60 20 40 60 20 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 230 105 130 235 110 125
Creole languages 1,530 665 865 1,530 665 865
Haitian Creole 110 50 60 110 50 55
Creole, n.o.s. 1,015 430 580 1,015 435 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 405 175 225 405 180 225
Dravidian languages 47,065 22,840 24,225 47,065 22,840 24,225
Kannada 290 155 135 290 150 135
Malayalam 2,460 1,315 1,140 2,460 1,320 1,140
Tamil 42,015 20,085 21,930 42,015 20,085 21,930
Telugu 2,270 1,270 1,000 2,270 1,270 1,000
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 30 15 20
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Indo-European languages 317,075 150,570 166,505 317,080 150,570 166,505
Albanian 4,110 2,070 2,045 4,115 2,070 2,045
Armenian 5,170 2,430 2,740 5,175 2,430 2,740
Balto-Slavic languages 61,615 28,155 33,460 61,610 28,155 33,455
Baltic languages 1,080 430 655 1,080 430 650
Latvian 465 180 285 460 180 285
Lithuanian 615 250 370 620 250 370
Slavic languages 60,530 27,725 32,805 60,530 27,725 32,810
Belarusan 70 35 40 70 35 40
Bosnian 500 240 260 500 240 260
Bulgarian 2,450 1,185 1,260 2,450 1,190 1,260
Croatian 2,040 945 1,095 2,045 950 1,090
Czech 850 410 440 850 410 445
Macedonian 2,730 1,285 1,440 2,725 1,285 1,440
Polish 10,610 4,730 5,875 10,605 4,730 5,880
Russian 23,075 10,420 12,655 23,075 10,425 12,650
Serbian 8,020 3,865 4,155 8,020 3,870 4,160
Serbo-Croatian 585 280 305 580 275 305
Slovak 1,615 795 820 1,615 795 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 490 200 295 495 200 295
Ukrainian 7,425 3,300 4,125 7,425 3,300 4,125
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 25 40 70 30 40
Celtic languages 40 25 15 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 10 10 0
Welsh 10 5 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 20 15 5
Germanic languages 2,895 1,325 1,575 2,895 1,320 1,570
Afrikaans 90 45 45 90 45 45
Danish 80 35 45 85 35 45
Dutch 285 140 150 285 140 145
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 1,955 875 1,080 1,955 875 1,080
Icelandic 15 5 10 15 5 10
Norwegian 35 15 15 30 15 20
Swedish 130 50 75 130 55 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 5 15 5 5
Yiddish 290 145 145 290 145 145
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 0 0
Greek 13,000 6,065 6,935 12,995 6,065 6,930
Indo-Iranian languages 122,130 60,785 61,340 122,130 60,790 61,345
Indo-Aryan languages 84,470 42,405 42,060 84,470 42,410 42,060
Bengali 18,935 9,390 9,545 18,930 9,390 9,545
Gujarati 16,525 8,290 8,235 16,525 8,290 8,235
Hindi 7,850 4,060 3,785 7,845 4,060 3,785
Kashmiri 10 5 5 10 5 5
Konkani 160 80 80 160 80 80
Marathi 775 405 370 775 405 370
Nepali 1,705 870 830 1,705 870 835
Oriya (Odia) 140 70 75 145 70 75
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,075 6,210 5,870 12,075 6,205 5,870
Sindhi 1,130 495 635 1,130 495 635
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,545 765 785 1,550 765 780
Urdu 23,625 11,775 11,850 23,625 11,770 11,855
Iranian languages 37,275 18,170 19,105 37,275 18,170 19,110
Kurdish 905 490 415 905 490 415
Pashto 2,995 1,525 1,465 2,995 1,530 1,465
Persian (Farsi) 33,375 16,150 17,225 33,375 16,150 17,220
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 385 210 175 385 210 175
Italic (Romance) languages 108,115 49,715 58,400 108,115 49,715 58,400
Catalan 65 30 35 70 30 35
Italian 27,130 11,365 15,770 27,130 11,365 15,765
Portuguese 33,425 16,090 17,340 33,425 16,085 17,340
Romanian 5,910 2,705 3,210 5,915 2,705 3,210
Spanish 41,530 19,510 22,025 41,530 19,505 22,025
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 45 25 25
Japanese 3,295 1,380 1,915 3,300 1,380 1,920
Kartvelian languages 635 345 295 640 340 295
Georgian 635 345 295 640 345 295
Korean 23,625 10,830 12,795 23,625 10,835 12,795
Mongolic languages 175 85 90 175 85 90
Mongolian 175 85 90 175 85 85
Niger-Congo languages 5,675 2,540 3,135 5,675 2,540 3,135
Akan (Twi) 2,320 1,000 1,325 2,325 1,000 1,325
Bamanankan 15 10 10 20 5 10
Edo 220 85 125 220 90 130
Ewe 40 10 30 40 10 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 25 35 60 30 35
Ga 80 30 50 85 30 50
Ganda 110 50 65 115 50 65
Igbo 250 130 120 250 130 120
Lingala 75 30 45 75 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 110 55 55 110 55 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 85 35 45 80 40 45
Shona 125 55 70 125 55 70
Swahili 995 440 555 995 435 555
Wolof 60 35 25 55 35 25
Yoruba 560 295 265 565 295 265
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 570 250 315 570 255 315
Nilo-Saharan languages 60 35 25 60 35 25
Dinka 10 10 5 15 10 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 50 30 20
Sign languages 885 520 365 885 520 365
American Sign Language 315 170 140 315 170 140
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 570 345 220 570 345 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 185,430 85,370 100,055 185,430 85,370 100,055
Chinese languages 181,255 83,310 97,945 181,250 83,310 97,940
Cantonese 83,405 37,430 45,980 83,405 37,430 45,980
Hakka 1,250 550 695 1,255 555 700
Mandarin 87,760 41,290 46,470 87,760 41,290 46,470
Min Dong 155 70 85 155 70 80
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,805 1,285 1,515 2,800 1,285 1,520
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,470 680 795 1,470 680 790
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,350 1,975 2,375 4,350 1,975 2,375
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 55 25 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 4,175 2,060 2,110 4,175 2,060 2,110
Burmese 365 160 205 365 165 205
Karenic languages 205 105 105 210 100 105
Tibetan 3,525 1,750 1,775 3,525 1,755 1,770
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 80 45 35 80 45 35
Tai-Kadai languages 710 330 385 715 330 380
Lao 315 155 160 315 155 155
Thai 390 175 220 395 175 220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 5 0 5
Turkic languages 6,340 3,205 3,135 6,340 3,205 3,135
Azerbaijani 365 185 180 360 185 175
Turkish 5,495 2,770 2,725 5,490 2,770 2,720
Uyghur 130 70 65 130 70 60
Uzbek 260 135 125 265 135 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 45 90 45 50
Uralic languages 6,255 2,835 3,420 6,255 2,830 3,420
Estonian 530 185 345 535 190 345
Finnish 260 105 155 260 105 155
Hungarian 5,460 2,540 2,920 5,460 2,540 2,925
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 215 115 100 215 115 100
Multiple responses 245,950 116,105 129,845 245,945 116,105 129,845
English and French 6,510 3,010 3,495 6,510 3,015 3,500
English and non-official language 233,300 110,350 122,950 233,300 110,350 122,950
French and non-official language 1,355 595 755 1,355 595 755
English, French and non-official language 4,780 2,145 2,640 4,780 2,145 2,635
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 2,704,420 1,301,905 1,402,515 2,704,415 1,301,900 1,402,515
None 2,057,585 995,080 1,062,505 2,057,585 995,080 1,062,500
English 271,530 130,775 140,750 271,530 130,775 140,750
French 27,445 12,360 15,080 27,445 12,365 15,080
Non-official language 335,090 157,715 177,375 335,090 157,720 177,375
Aboriginal 385 165 220 390 170 220
Non-Aboriginal 334,705 157,550 177,155 334,700 157,550 177,155
English and French 1,835 875 965 1,835 875 960
English and non-official language 6,420 3,075 3,340 6,420 3,080 3,340
French and non-official language 4,365 1,950 2,425 4,370 1,945 2,425
English, French and non-official language 140 65 80 140 65 80
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 2,294,790 1,092,665 1,202,125 2,294,785 1,092,665 1,202,120
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,187,030 1,041,915 1,145,115 2,187,030 1,041,915 1,145,115
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,089 33,456 27,576 30,089 33,456 27,576
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,187,340 1,042,005 1,145,335 2,187,340 1,042,005 1,145,335
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,958 30,661 25,918 27,958 30,661 25,918
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,888,445 918,925 969,520 1,888,445 918,920 969,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,733 36,010 28,105 31,733 36,010 28,105
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,598,435 709,590 888,850 1,598,440 709,585 888,850
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,249 1,115 3,956 2,249 1,115 3,956
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,578,750 791,520 787,230 1,578,750 791,520 787,230
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,602 37,149 30,393 33,602 37,149 30,393
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 2,294,785 1,092,655 1,202,135 2,294,785 1,092,650 1,202,135
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,187,225 1,041,920 1,145,300 2,187,225 1,041,925 1,145,300
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,268 62,667 42,807 52,268 62,667 42,807
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,187,505 1,042,020 1,145,485 2,187,505 1,042,020 1,145,485
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,462 48,059 35,461 41,462 48,059 35,461
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,889,205 918,700 970,505 1,889,205 918,695 970,505
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,901 66,647 43,781 54,901 66,647 43,781
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,598,725 710,015 888,710 1,598,720 710,015 888,705
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,631 5,725 7,355 6,631 5,725 7,355
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,578,755 791,435 787,310 1,578,750 791,440 787,310
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,032 64,206 43,805 54,032 64,206 43,805
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 2,294,790 1,092,650 1,202,135 2,294,790 1,092,650 1,202,135
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 726,575 392,990 333,590 726,575 392,985 333,585
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,246 58,626 52,090 55,246 58,626 52,090
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 78,643 89,498 65,856 78,643 89,498 65,856
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.6 93.6 86.7 90.6 93.6 86.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.4 77.7 70.1 74.4 77.7 70.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.4 6.4 13.3 9.4 6.4 13.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 2,294,790 1,092,665 1,202,125 2,294,785 1,092,665 1,202,125
Without total income 107,760 50,750 57,005 107,760 50,750 57,010
With total income 2,187,030 1,041,915 1,145,115 2,187,030 1,041,910 1,145,115
Percentage with total income 95.3 95.4 95.3 95.3 95.4 95.3
Under $10,000 (including loss) 389,430 182,885 206,545 389,430 182,890 206,540
$10,000 to $19,999 410,355 175,800 234,555 410,355 175,805 234,550
$20,000 to $29,999 291,150 125,720 165,430 291,155 125,720 165,430
$30,000 to $39,999 221,475 100,395 121,085 221,475 100,395 121,085
$40,000 to $49,999 187,235 87,700 99,535 187,235 87,700 99,530
$50,000 to $59,999 145,500 70,185 75,315 145,500 70,185 75,315
$60,000 to $69,999 114,465 57,710 56,750 114,460 57,710 56,755
$70,000 to $79,999 89,650 46,940 42,705 89,645 46,940 42,705
$80,000 to $89,999 69,990 37,355 32,630 69,990 37,360 32,635
$90,000 to $99,999 58,210 30,005 28,210 58,210 30,000 28,210
$100,000 and over 209,575 127,215 82,360 209,580 127,215 82,365
$100,000 to $149,999 119,810 68,240 51,570 119,810 68,240 51,570
$150,000 and over 89,770 58,975 30,795 89,770 58,970 30,795
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,294,790 1,092,665 1,202,120 2,294,790 1,092,665 1,202,120
Without after-tax income 107,450 50,660 56,795 107,450 50,660 56,790
With after-tax income 2,187,335 1,042,005 1,145,330 2,187,340 1,042,005 1,145,335
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.4 95.3 95.3 95.4 95.3
Under $10,000 (including loss) 395,780 185,315 210,465 395,780 185,320 210,465
$10,000 to $19,999 425,580 183,045 242,535 425,580 183,045 242,535
$20,000 to $29,999 330,405 144,300 186,110 330,405 144,295 186,105
$30,000 to $39,999 261,430 120,825 140,610 261,435 120,825 140,605
$40,000 to $49,999 213,815 101,645 112,175 213,815 101,645 112,175
$50,000 to $59,999 154,925 77,550 77,375 154,925 77,555 77,375
$60,000 to $69,999 112,490 59,255 53,235 112,495 59,255 53,240
$70,000 to $79,999 84,300 44,490 39,810 84,300 44,485 39,810
$80,000 and over 208,615 125,585 83,025 208,615 125,585 83,025
$80,000 to $89,999 57,270 30,705 26,570 57,270 30,705 26,570
$90,000 to $99,999 34,660 20,035 14,630 34,660 20,035 14,630
$100,000 and over 116,680 74,845 41,830 116,680 74,850 41,830
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 2,294,785 1,092,665 1,202,120 2,294,785 1,092,665 1,202,120
Without employment income 716,035 301,145 414,895 716,035 301,145 414,895
With employment income 1,578,750 791,520 787,235 1,578,750 791,520 787,235
Percentage with employment income 68.8 72.4 65.5 68.8 72.4 65.5
Under $5,000 (including loss) 201,230 94,895 106,335 201,235 94,895 106,335
$5,000 to $9,999 132,320 61,255 71,065 132,320 61,255 71,065
$10,000 to $19,999 219,860 103,510 116,355 219,865 103,505 116,355
$20,000 to $29,999 176,835 81,220 95,615 176,835 81,220 95,615
$30,000 to $39,999 157,110 75,225 81,890 157,115 75,230 81,885
$40,000 to $49,999 141,850 68,405 73,445 141,850 68,400 73,450
$50,000 to $59,999 113,285 57,240 56,045 113,280 57,245 56,045
$60,000 to $69,999 90,310 47,130 43,180 90,310 47,125 43,180
$70,000 to $79,999 72,185 39,215 32,975 72,190 39,215 32,970
$80,000 and over 273,755 163,430 110,330 273,760 163,425 110,330
$80,000 to $89,999 57,580 31,675 25,910 57,585 31,675 25,910
$90,000 to $99,999 50,845 26,260 24,580 50,845 26,265 24,585
$100,000 and over 165,330 105,490 59,840 165,330 105,485 59,840
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,829  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,829  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,264  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,264  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 359,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,018  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,018  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,172  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,172  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 752,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 752,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,908  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,908  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 102,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 81,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 359,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,409  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,409  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,276  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,276  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 752,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 752,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 125,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 125,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,289  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,289  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 33,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 23,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 36,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 54,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 47,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 47,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 46,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 47,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 44,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 84,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 76,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 68,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 60,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 53,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 343,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 343,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 100,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 68,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 77,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 96,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 34,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 23,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 37,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 55,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 51,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 52,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 53,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 55,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 55,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 53,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 98,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 86,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 75,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 63,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 51,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 263,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 263,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 94,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 58,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 111,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 705,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 705,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,859  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,859  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 221,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,232  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,232  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,412  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,412  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 316,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 316,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,273  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,273  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 138,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 138,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,839  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,839  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 705,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 705,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 127,312  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,312  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,343  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,343  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 221,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 127,461  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,461  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,833  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,833  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 317,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 317,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 155,188  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,188  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,979  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 120,979  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 137,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,981  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,981  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 518,290 246,070 272,215 518,285 246,070 272,220
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,059 31,130 31,006 31,059 31,130 31,006
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,647 28,567 28,713 28,647 28,567 28,713
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 517,005 245,110 271,895 517,005 245,105 271,900
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,407 49,458 45,557 47,407 49,458 45,557
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,513 39,445 37,673 38,513 39,445 37,673
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 2,691,665 1,296,235 1,395,430 2,691,665 1,296,235 1,395,430
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,455,315 686,810 768,500 1,455,315 686,810 768,505
In the bottom decile 404,560 195,060 209,500 404,560 195,060 209,500
In the second decile 320,165 146,180 173,980 320,165 146,185 173,980
In the third decile 268,495 125,455 143,040 268,500 125,455 143,040
In the fourth decile 238,680 113,000 125,680 238,680 113,000 125,680
In the fifth decile 223,415 107,115 116,300 223,410 107,115 116,300
In the top half of the distribution 1,236,350 609,425 626,925 1,236,350 609,425 626,925
In the sixth decile 216,450 103,995 112,460 216,455 103,995 112,460
In the seventh decile 213,325 103,540 109,790 213,325 103,540 109,785
In the eighth decile 219,865 107,815 112,050 219,865 107,815 112,050
In the ninth decile 241,850 119,420 122,425 241,850 119,425 122,430
In the top decile 344,855 174,650 170,200 344,855 174,650 170,205
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 2,691,665 1,296,235 1,395,430 2,691,665 1,296,235 1,395,430
0 to 17 years 478,360 245,340 233,020 478,360 245,340 233,020
0 to 5 years 162,510 83,480 79,030 162,510 83,480 79,030
18 to 64 years 1,811,265 874,400 936,860 1,811,260 874,400 936,860
65 years and over 402,045 176,495 225,550 402,045 176,495 225,550
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 543,385 254,890 288,495 543,390 254,890 288,495
0 to 17 years 125,675 64,485 61,195 125,675 64,485 61,195
0 to 5 years 42,685 21,880 20,805 42,690 21,880 20,810
18 to 64 years 347,775 163,045 184,730 347,775 163,045 184,725
65 years and over 69,935 27,360 42,575 69,935 27,360 42,575
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 20.2 19.7 20.7 20.2 19.7 20.7
0 to 17 years (%) 26.3 26.3 26.3 26.3 26.3 26.3
0 to 5 years (%) 26.3 26.2 26.3 26.3 26.2 26.3
18 to 64 years (%) 19.2 18.6 19.7 19.2 18.6 19.7
65 years and over (%) 17.4 15.5 18.9 17.4 15.5 18.9
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 469,325 224,145 245,180 469,325 224,145 245,185
0 to 17 years 98,910 50,725 48,185 98,910 50,725 48,185
0 to 5 years 33,950 17,345 16,605 33,950 17,340 16,605
18 to 64 years 322,620 155,490 167,130 322,620 155,490 167,135
65 years and over 47,800 17,935 29,865 47,805 17,935 29,865
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 17.4 17.3 17.6 17.4 17.3 17.6
0 to 17 years (%) 20.7 20.7 20.7 20.7 20.7 20.7
0 to 5 years (%) 20.9 20.8 21.0 20.9 20.8 21.0
18 to 64 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 17.8 17.8 17.8
65 years and over (%) 11.9 10.2 13.2 11.9 10.2 13.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,395 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,395
Official languages 2,559,780 1,243,220 1,316,560 2,559,780 1,243,220 1,316,560
English 2,557,220 1,242,190 1,315,035 2,557,220 1,242,185 1,315,035
French 246,610 107,660 138,950 246,610 107,660 138,950
Non-official languages 1,464,760 689,505 775,255 1,464,760 689,505 775,260
Aboriginal languages 795 325 470 795 325 465
Algonquian languages 660 285 375 660 285 375
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 135 65 70 135 70 65
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Plains Cree 30 20 10 30 20 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 25 0 20
Woods Cree 10 10 10 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 70 30 35 70 35 40
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 0 10 15 10 10
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 0 10 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 510 215 295 510 220 295
Algonquin 15 10 10 10 0 10
Ojibway 480 205 275 480 210 275
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 10 0 10 10 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 10 0 10
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 15 0 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 10 10 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 10 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 10 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 10 15 25 10 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 10 10 10 0 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 10 10
Iroquoian languages 50 10 40 50 10 40
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 40 10 35 40 0 30
Oneida 10 0 10 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 10 0 0
Salish languages 0 10 10 10 10 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 10 0 0 10 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 10 0 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 10 0 0 0 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 10 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 10 10 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,464,025 689,205 774,820 1,464,025 689,205 774,820
Afro-Asiatic languages 100,730 49,935 50,795 100,735 49,935 50,795
Berber languages 135 75 55 140 80 60
Kabyle 35 15 25 35 15 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 110 65 45 105 65 45
Cushitic languages 17,250 7,505 9,750 17,255 7,505 9,750
Bilen 65 45 25 65 40 25
Oromo 1,175 495 685 1,180 495 685
Somali 16,020 6,955 9,065 16,025 6,955 9,065
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 65 25 40
Semitic languages 84,510 42,935 41,580 84,510 42,935 41,580
Amharic 9,560 4,445 5,120 9,560 4,440 5,115
Arabic 47,885 25,005 22,890 47,885 25,005 22,885
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5,930 2,865 3,065 5,935 2,865 3,060
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 680 335 350 680 335 350
Harari 945 480 465 945 480 470
Hebrew 18,860 9,555 9,315 18,860 9,555 9,310
Maltese 1,860 910 950 1,860 910 950
Tigrigna 5,150 2,425 2,725 5,150 2,425 2,720
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 465 255 205 465 255 210
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 370 180 185 370 180 190
Austro-Asiatic languages 33,965 15,600 18,360 33,965 15,600 18,360
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,020 850 1,170 2,020 845 1,170
Vietnamese 32,165 14,870 17,295 32,165 14,870 17,295
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Austronesian languages 128,075 50,505 77,570 128,080 50,505 77,570
Bikol 385 175 210 385 175 210
Cebuano 4,685 1,865 2,830 4,685 1,865 2,825
Fijian 10 0 10 10 0 10
Hiligaynon 1,810 730 1,070 1,810 735 1,075
Ilocano 9,550 3,780 5,770 9,550 3,780 5,770
Malagasy 55 20 35 55 20 35
Malay 3,435 1,585 1,850 3,435 1,585 1,855
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 920 420 505 925 425 505
Pangasinan 325 130 190 320 130 190
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 121,155 47,540 73,620 121,160 47,540 73,620
Waray-Waray 220 60 160 220 60 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 895 360 535 895 360 535
Creole languages 8,845 3,795 5,050 8,845 3,795 5,050
Haitian Creole 455 195 265 455 190 260
Creole, n.o.s. 4,830 2,015 2,825 4,830 2,010 2,825
Creole languages, n.i.e. 3,675 1,625 2,050 3,675 1,625 2,050
Dravidian languages 87,340 43,525 43,815 87,340 43,525 43,810
Kannada 1,610 835 775 1,610 835 775
Malayalam 6,705 3,550 3,155 6,700 3,545 3,150
Tamil 74,750 36,615 38,135 74,745 36,610 38,135
Telugu 6,130 3,560 2,575 6,135 3,560 2,575
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 160 75 80 160 80 85
Hmong-Mien languages 15 0 10 15 10 0
Indo-European languages 764,770 369,530 395,235 764,770 369,530 395,235
Albanian 9,905 4,880 5,025 9,905 4,880 5,025
Armenian 9,630 4,560 5,070 9,635 4,560 5,070
Balto-Slavic languages 138,380 62,970 75,405 138,375 62,965 75,410
Baltic languages 3,910 1,540 2,370 3,910 1,540 2,370
Latvian 1,765 740 1,025 1,765 740 1,025
Lithuanian 2,145 800 1,345 2,150 800 1,345
Slavic languages 135,365 61,790 73,575 135,360 61,785 73,580
Belarusan 470 240 225 470 240 225
Bosnian 1,960 930 1,035 1,960 930 1,030
Bulgarian 4,860 2,340 2,525 4,860 2,340 2,525
Croatian 8,555 4,140 4,415 8,555 4,140 4,415
Czech 3,745 1,795 1,950 3,745 1,795 1,950
Macedonian 8,245 3,855 4,390 8,245 3,855 4,395
Polish 30,970 13,515 17,450 30,970 13,515 17,450
Russian 51,045 23,150 27,890 51,045 23,155 27,890
Serbian 17,025 8,365 8,660 17,025 8,365 8,660
Serbo-Croatian 1,800 850 950 1,800 850 950
Slovak 3,460 1,605 1,855 3,460 1,605 1,855
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,010 890 1,120 2,015 890 1,125
Ukrainian 21,020 9,145 11,870 21,020 9,150 11,875
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 335 205 130 330 205 135
Celtic languages 1,355 715 640 1,350 715 635
Scottish Gaelic 395 220 180 400 220 180
Welsh 140 65 80 145 65 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 820 440 380 820 440 375
Germanic languages 43,080 20,695 22,385 43,085 20,695 22,380
Afrikaans 1,670 850 820 1,670 850 820
Danish 1,090 485 605 1,090 485 605
Dutch 4,755 2,330 2,420 4,755 2,330 2,425
Frisian 75 35 40 70 35 40
German 29,980 14,340 15,640 29,985 14,340 15,635
Icelandic 100 45 55 100 50 55
Norwegian 480 240 240 480 240 240
Swedish 1,630 765 865 1,630 765 865
Vlaams (Flemish) 160 65 90 160 70 90
Yiddish 4,685 2,305 2,380 4,690 2,305 2,380
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 55 25 35
Greek 40,170 19,690 20,480 40,165 19,690 20,480
Indo-Iranian languages 254,825 130,405 124,415 254,825 130,405 124,415
Indo-Aryan languages 193,285 99,090 94,190 193,280 99,090 94,195
Bengali 35,635 18,260 17,375 35,640 18,260 17,380
Gujarati 36,180 18,650 17,530 36,185 18,655 17,530
Hindi 65,360 34,355 31,005 65,360 34,360 31,005
Kashmiri 85 40 40 85 40 40
Konkani 1,500 695 810 1,505 695 810
Marathi 3,230 1,630 1,600 3,225 1,630 1,600
Nepali 3,925 1,945 1,975 3,920 1,940 1,980
Oriya (Odia) 450 220 230 450 220 230
Punjabi (Panjabi) 33,785 17,720 16,060 33,780 17,720 16,065
Sindhi 4,185 1,950 2,235 4,190 1,955 2,235
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 6,860 3,390 3,470 6,860 3,385 3,470
Urdu 57,675 29,285 28,390 57,675 29,280 28,390
Iranian languages 63,765 32,345 31,420 63,770 32,350 31,415
Kurdish 2,080 1,210 870 2,080 1,205 870
Pashto 6,570 3,595 2,975 6,570 3,595 2,975
Persian (Farsi) 57,760 29,105 28,650 57,755 29,110 28,650
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,515 850 665 1,520 850 665
Italic (Romance) languages 290,570 136,505 154,065 290,570 136,500 154,065
Catalan 240 125 115 240 125 115
Italian 91,590 42,755 48,835 91,590 42,760 48,835
Portuguese 75,785 36,510 39,270 75,785 36,510 39,270
Romanian 14,620 6,580 8,045 14,625 6,575 8,045
Spanish 122,195 57,080 65,115 122,190 57,080 65,110
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 440 225 220 440 225 215
Japanese 12,070 5,105 6,960 12,065 5,105 6,960
Kartvelian languages 1,125 575 550 1,130 575 550
Georgian 1,130 570 550 1,125 570 555
Korean 37,610 17,455 20,155 37,610 17,460 20,155
Mongolic languages 345 150 195 350 155 195
Mongolian 350 155 195 350 155 190
Niger-Congo languages 26,430 12,495 13,935 26,430 12,495 13,935
Akan (Twi) 7,000 3,215 3,785 7,005 3,220 3,785
Bamanankan 110 75 35 110 70 40
Edo 1,210 500 705 1,210 500 710
Ewe 265 155 110 265 155 110
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 295 150 145 290 150 145
Ga 475 195 280 470 190 280
Ganda 585 280 305 585 280 305
Igbo 1,480 765 710 1,475 765 715
Lingala 1,265 540 725 1,270 540 730
Rundi (Kirundi) 400 210 185 400 210 185
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 460 215 250 460 210 250
Shona 760 350 410 755 350 410
Swahili 6,210 3,000 3,210 6,210 2,995 3,210
Wolof 285 135 150 285 135 150
Yoruba 3,600 1,870 1,730 3,600 1,870 1,730
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,975 1,745 2,230 3,975 1,745 2,235
Nilo-Saharan languages 310 170 140 310 170 140
Dinka 60 35 20 55 40 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 250 130 120 250 130 120
Sign languages 3,090 1,375 1,715 3,090 1,375 1,715
American Sign Language 1,950 765 1,185 1,950 765 1,185
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 10 10 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,195 645 545 1,195 650 545
Sino-Tibetan languages 279,900 129,990 149,910 279,900 129,990 149,910
Chinese languages 273,760 126,965 146,795 273,765 126,960 146,800
Cantonese 141,260 64,620 76,645 141,260 64,620 76,645
Hakka 3,035 1,265 1,775 3,035 1,260 1,770
Mandarin 150,735 69,900 80,840 150,735 69,895 80,840
Min Dong 460 205 255 460 205 255
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 7,235 3,195 4,045 7,235 3,190 4,045
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,225 1,490 1,735 3,225 1,490 1,735
Chinese, n.o.s. 7,055 3,155 3,900 7,055 3,155 3,895
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 75 50 30 75 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,400 3,170 3,230 6,400 3,170 3,230
Burmese 885 400 485 885 400 485
Karenic languages 250 110 130 245 115 135
Tibetan 5,045 2,515 2,525 5,045 2,515 2,525
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 295 170 125 295 170 120
Tai-Kadai languages 2,205 875 1,330 2,205 875 1,330
Lao 850 380 465 845 380 460
Thai 1,455 540 915 1,455 540 915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 20 10 10
Turkic languages 15,395 8,125 7,275 15,400 8,125 7,275
Azerbaijani 1,465 760 710 1,470 760 705
Turkish 13,000 6,905 6,090 13,000 6,905 6,095
Uyghur 320 150 170 325 150 175
Uzbek 630 345 285 630 345 290
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 380 160 220 380 160 220
Uralic languages 17,065 7,680 9,385 17,070 7,680 9,390
Estonian 1,985 855 1,130 1,985 850 1,130
Finnish 1,430 585 850 1,435 580 855
Hungarian 13,700 6,260 7,445 13,700 6,260 7,440
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,315 675 635 1,310 675 635
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,395 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,395
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 2,296,370 1,108,000 1,188,365 2,296,365 1,108,000 1,188,365
Canadian citizens aged under 18 431,655 221,480 210,180 431,655 221,480 210,175
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,864,710 886,525 978,190 1,864,715 886,525 978,190
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 395,295 188,270 207,025 395,300 188,270 207,025
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,390 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,395
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,332,090 665,435 666,655 1,332,090 665,435 666,655
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 1,266,005 583,975 682,030 1,266,005 583,970 682,030
Before 1981 294,065 133,310 160,755 294,065 133,310 160,755
1981 to 1990 171,565 81,205 90,365 171,565 81,200 90,360
1991 to 2000 281,870 127,730 154,145 281,870 127,730 154,140
2001 to 2010 330,550 152,950 177,600 330,550 152,950 177,600
2001 to 2005 162,770 75,700 87,070 162,775 75,700 87,070
2006 to 2010 167,780 77,250 90,530 167,780 77,250 90,530
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 187,950 88,780 99,170 187,950 88,780 99,170
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 93,575 46,865 46,715 93,580 46,865 46,715
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 1,266,000 583,975 682,030 1,266,000 583,970 682,030
Under 5 years 96,800 47,595 49,205 96,800 47,595 49,205
5 to 14 years 205,920 102,700 103,215 205,915 102,700 103,220
15 to 24 years 270,470 120,040 150,425 270,470 120,040 150,430
25 to 44 years 558,625 254,865 303,760 558,625 254,865 303,765
45 years and over 134,190 58,775 75,420 134,195 58,775 75,415
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,266,000 583,975 682,030 1,266,005 583,975 682,030
Americas 212,010 92,485 119,525 212,010 92,485 119,525
Brazil 7,025 3,360 3,660 7,025 3,365 3,660
Colombia 8,710 3,995 4,720 8,715 3,995 4,715
El Salvador 6,960 3,500 3,460 6,955 3,495 3,460
Guyana 34,490 14,700 19,790 34,490 14,700 19,790
Haiti 1,855 835 1,020 1,850 830 1,020
Jamaica 45,075 18,280 26,795 45,075 18,280 26,795
Mexico 7,225 3,340 3,890 7,225 3,335 3,890
Peru 3,865 1,725 2,145 3,870 1,725 2,145
Trinidad and Tobago 19,640 8,305 11,330 19,640 8,305 11,335
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 24,530 11,480 13,050 24,535 11,480 13,050
Other places of birth in Americas 52,630 22,965 29,665 52,630 22,970 29,660
Europe 298,270 139,045 159,220 298,270 139,045 159,225
Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,125 2,445 2,685 5,125 2,445 2,685
Croatia 4,680 2,195 2,475 4,675 2,200 2,475
France 4,585 2,175 2,410 4,585 2,175 2,415
Germany 11,090 5,220 5,870 11,090 5,215 5,870
Greece 19,235 9,185 10,050 19,240 9,185 10,055
Hungary 7,860 3,580 4,280 7,855 3,575 4,280
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 4,625 2,400 2,225 4,625 2,400 2,225
Italy 45,515 21,350 24,165 45,515 21,350 24,165
Netherlands 2,690 1,355 1,335 2,690 1,355 1,335
Poland 21,360 9,265 12,100 21,365 9,265 12,100
Portugal 38,575 18,485 20,090 38,575 18,490 20,090
Romania 12,875 5,690 7,185 12,875 5,690 7,185
Russian Federation 16,225 6,755 9,470 16,225 6,755 9,470
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 8,525 4,095 4,430 8,525 4,095 4,430
Ukraine 15,775 7,075 8,705 15,780 7,075 8,705
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 40,295 19,425 20,870 40,295 19,430 20,865
Other places of birth in Europe 39,225 18,350 20,880 39,230 18,350 20,880
Africa 77,445 36,520 40,925 77,445 36,520 40,925
Algeria 770 435 335 770 435 335
Egypt 6,620 3,490 3,130 6,625 3,490 3,135
Ethiopia 9,080 4,095 4,985 9,080 4,095 4,985
Kenya 4,880 2,195 2,685 4,880 2,195 2,690
Morocco 1,850 885 965 1,850 890 965
Nigeria 7,605 3,780 3,830 7,605 3,780 3,830
Somalia 9,025 3,605 5,410 9,025 3,605 5,415
South Africa, Republic of 5,560 2,710 2,845 5,560 2,710 2,850
Other places of birth in Africa 32,055 15,320 16,740 32,055 15,320 16,735
Asia 674,495 314,010 360,485 674,490 314,010 360,485
Afghanistan 12,740 6,455 6,285 12,740 6,450 6,285
Bangladesh 25,100 12,730 12,365 25,100 12,730 12,365
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 131,475 59,275 72,205 131,480 59,275 72,205
Hong Kong