Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto, C
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Toronto, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Toronto, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 2,731,571 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 2,615,060 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.5 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,179,057 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,112,929 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,334.4 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 630.20 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 2,731,575 1,313,590 1,417,985 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 398,135 204,190 193,945 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 136,000 69,895 66,105 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 135,025 69,345 65,680 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 127,105 64,940 62,165 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 1,906,495 925,070 981,420 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 145,525 74,240 71,280 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 194,750 97,415 97,330 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 232,945 113,905 119,035 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 224,580 108,895 115,680 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 196,310 94,065 102,240 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 182,390 86,535 95,860 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 190,925 90,860 100,065 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 202,405 98,735 103,670 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 182,805 88,145 94,655 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 153,865 72,265 81,600 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 426,945 184,325 242,615 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 130,540 60,360 70,185 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 93,600 42,315 51,285 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 76,160 32,730 43,430 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 60,630 25,670 34,965 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 66,005 23,245 42,750 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 40,800 15,665 25,135 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 19,680 6,180 13,500 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 4,750 1,275 3,470 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 770 120 650 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.6 15.5 13.7 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 69.8 70.4 69.2 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 15.6 14.0 17.1 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.4 1.8 3.0 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.6 39.4 41.7 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 39.3 38.0 40.5 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,112,930 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 269,675 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 493,280 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 349,885 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 71,230 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 61,630 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 48,540 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 165,625 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 2,860 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 95 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,112,930 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 359,955 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 333,425 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 175,720 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 146,580 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 97,245 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 2,691,665 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 2,333,435 1,109,400 1,224,035 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 1,181,360 592,560 588,805 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 1,011,190 505,025 506,165 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 170,175 87,535 82,640 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 1,152,075 516,840 635,240 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 806,265 410,975 395,295 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 68,715 27,570 41,145 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 152,000 55,490 96,515 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 125,095 22,810 102,285 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 718,750 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 344,110 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 174,600 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 143,250 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 56,795 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 718,755 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 566,155 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 481,125 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 85,030 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 152,595 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 128,550 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 24,050 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 566,155 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 250,085 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 316,075 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 133,440 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 130,765 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 51,865 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 152,600 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 94,025 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 41,160 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 17,415 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 602,855 277,825 325,035 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,112,930 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 653,360 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 226,080 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 427,280 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 31,600 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 427,970 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 359,960 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 68,015 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 2,704,415 1,301,905 1,402,510 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 2,323,235 1,139,585 1,183,655 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 2,725 1,140 1,585 1,110 530 580
English and French 245,695 107,985 137,705 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 132,765 53,195 79,570 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 2,704,415 1,301,905 1,402,515 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 2,508,815 1,219,600 1,289,220 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 39,795 18,805 20,995 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 24,865 11,205 13,660 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 130,940 52,295 78,640 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 52,230 24,405 27,820 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 2,704,420 1,301,905 1,402,515 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 2,598,230 1,251,220 1,347,010 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 1,411,345 697,965 713,380 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 1,375,900 681,120 694,780 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 35,440 16,845 18,595 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 1,186,885 553,255 633,635 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 425 185 235 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 315 140 175 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 5 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 90 35 55 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 5 5 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 0 5 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 20 5 15 15 10 5
Woods Cree 5 5 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 45 15 30 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 10 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 195 95 105 70 25 40
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 175 85 90 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 5 5 5 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 5 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 5 0 5 25 15 10
Dene 5 5 5 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 20 0 20 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 15 0 20 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 5 0 5 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 5 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 5 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 5 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 55 30 25 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,186,465 553,070 633,395 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 65,540 32,330 33,205 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 135 80 55 95 55 35
Kabyle 60 30 25 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 75 45 30 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 12,355 5,300 7,050 1,355 675 680
Bilen 75 45 30 5 0 0
Oromo 860 420 435 165 95 75
Somali 11,375 4,810 6,565 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 10 5 5
Semitic languages 52,845 26,840 26,010 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 6,425 2,880 3,550 1,140 560 585
Arabic 29,825 15,745 14,075 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 4,840 2,360 2,480 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 700 360 335 440 240 195
Harari 755 350 405 25 10 15
Hebrew 4,350 2,345 2,005 1,770 960 805
Maltese 1,430 715 710 80 40 40
Tigrigna 4,150 1,890 2,260 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 380 190 190 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 200 115 90 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 26,165 11,860 14,305 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,365 595 770 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 24,775 11,255 13,520 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 99,750 39,030 60,725 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 320 135 185 310 140 170
Cebuano 3,390 1,335 2,055 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 25 15 10 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 1,695 665 1,040 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 7,135 2,765 4,375 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 20 10 10 15 0 10
Malay 1,930 880 1,050 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 720 310 410 635 290 345
Pangasinan 320 125 200 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 83,230 32,445 50,785 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 210 60 150 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 755 290 465 830 360 470
Creole languages 3,015 1,350 1,660 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 165 75 85 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 1,825 815 1,010 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,020 460 560 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 67,055 33,175 33,880 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 730 380 350 225 115 110
Malayalam 4,560 2,460 2,100 1,750 905 845
Tamil 57,535 27,935 29,600 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 4,125 2,355 1,775 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 20 5 10 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 589,410 282,355 307,055 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 8,495 4,225 4,270 1,090 560 530
Armenian 7,845 3,740 4,105 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 120,445 53,650 66,790 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 3,490 1,365 2,125 645 280 370
Latvian 1,610 645 965 320 145 175
Lithuanian 1,880 725 1,160 325 130 200
Slavic languages 116,955 52,290 64,665 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 195 95 100 60 30 30
Bosnian 1,105 525 580 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 4,345 2,075 2,270 1,725 805 915
Croatian 5,570 2,535 3,035 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 2,860 1,345 1,515 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 6,190 2,920 3,270 250 120 135
Polish 25,060 10,845 14,215 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 36,145 15,805 20,345 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 13,380 6,450 6,930 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 1,470 670 800 1,145 545 600
Slovak 3,095 1,455 1,645 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,785 750 1,035 545 250 290
Ukrainian 15,465 6,685 8,785 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 280 140 140 180 90 90
Celtic languages 275 125 145 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 80 35 40 125 65 60
Welsh 85 30 55 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 110 60 45 65 40 25
Germanic languages 22,310 10,095 12,215 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 405 210 190 1,435 730 705
Danish 665 285 380 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 3,180 1,535 1,645 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 40 25 15 80 30 50
German 14,515 6,440 8,075 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 65 35 30 155 70 80
Norwegian 230 105 130 835 410 430
Swedish 700 305 395 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 130 50 80 200 105 95
Yiddish 2,350 1,095 1,255 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 25 20 15
Greek 27,840 13,415 14,425 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 194,760 99,110 95,650 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 138,625 70,700 67,930 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 28,460 14,365 14,090 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 26,400 13,520 12,880 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 15,230 7,960 7,270 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 80 45 40 40 25 15
Konkani 745 355 390 225 110 110
Marathi 1,760 925 835 535 280 255
Nepali 2,540 1,290 1,245 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 300 165 135 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 19,965 10,380 9,590 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 2,440 1,080 1,355 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,280 1,605 1,675 1,455 730 725
Urdu 37,420 19,005 18,420 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 55,190 27,895 27,295 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 1,650 930 720 1,650 875 780
Pashto 4,355 2,285 2,070 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 49,185 24,680 24,510 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 945 520 425 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 207,445 97,980 109,465 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 125 70 55 125 65 55
Italian 62,640 29,050 33,590 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 59,355 28,540 30,820 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 12,335 5,630 6,705 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 72,850 34,635 38,215 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 135 60 75 60 40 25
Japanese 7,015 2,405 4,610 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 870 465 400 65 40 25
Georgian 870 465 400 65 40 25
Korean 33,665 15,155 18,505 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 290 130 165 340 145 200
Mongolian 295 130 160 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 13,780 6,455 7,325 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 4,340 1,970 2,375 405 220 180
Bamanankan 45 25 20 10 10 5
Edo 670 260 410 80 45 30
Ewe 175 90 80 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 85 75 20 10 5
Ga 200 90 115 35 15 15
Ganda 375 180 200 65 35 30
Igbo 740 385 355 160 90 65
Lingala 285 135 150 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 270 130 135 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 285 135 150 105 45 55
Shona 395 185 205 150 70 85
Swahili 2,230 1,050 1,185 585 285 295
Wolof 115 65 50 30 10 20
Yoruba 1,580 820 760 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,905 845 1,055 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 235 125 105 265 135 135
Dinka 40 20 15 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 200 105 90 190 85 100
Sign languages 565 320 245 620 330 295
American Sign Language 210 120 90 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 350 200 150 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 250,960 114,630 136,330 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 245,285 111,855 133,430 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 114,670 52,085 62,585 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 2,855 1,225 1,635 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 111,405 51,120 60,280 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 450 220 225 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 6,120 2,820 3,300 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,665 1,200 1,470 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 7,015 3,135 3,880 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 50 55 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 5,670 2,775 2,895 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 610 270 335 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 255 125 135 770 370 400
Tibetan 4,590 2,275 2,320 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 215 110 105 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 1,720 690 1,030 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 710 365 340 800 405 400
Thai 1,005 320 685 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 20 10 10
Turkic languages 10,680 5,610 5,065 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 915 490 420 495 275 225
Turkish 8,835 4,670 4,165 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 240 120 125 165 80 85
Uzbek 440 225 210 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 250 110 140 165 70 95
Uralic languages 15,145 6,655 8,485 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 1,940 770 1,170 455 195 260
Finnish 1,315 500 825 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 11,885 5,385 6,500 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 585 310 280 365 200 170
Multiple responses 106,190 50,685 55,500 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 7,550 3,520 4,030 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 92,620 44,395 48,230 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 3,300 1,515 1,785 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 2,715 1,255 1,460 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 2,704,415 1,301,900 1,402,510 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 2,458,470 1,185,800 1,272,670 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 1,756,685 858,655 898,030 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 1,739,625 850,750 888,875 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 17,065 7,910 9,155 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 701,785 327,145 374,640 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 110 55 55 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 55 30 25 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 10 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 20 15 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 35 20 10 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 5 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 40 20 20 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 701,675 327,090 374,590 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 36,560 17,185 19,375 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 40 20 20 40 20 20
Kabyle 20 10 10 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 7,495 3,140 4,350 695 315 380
Bilen 40 20 25 0 0 0
Oromo 495 230 265 80 40 35
Somali 6,930 2,880 4,050 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 5 5 5
Semitic languages 28,920 13,970 14,955 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 3,425 1,500 1,925 535 250 290
Arabic 16,485 8,210 8,280 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,620 1,755 1,860 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 480 240 240 305 160 145
Harari 450 200 250 10 5 5
Hebrew 1,610 805 810 785 400 385
Maltese 430 200 230 5 5 0
Tigrigna 2,250 985 1,270 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 170 85 90 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 110 55 50 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 17,760 8,020 9,740 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 725 305 425 620 290 330
Vietnamese 17,020 7,710 9,305 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 48,375 20,215 28,165 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 75 30 40 70 30 35
Cebuano 1,320 560 760 1,085 485 600
Fijian 5 5 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 615 265 355 355 150 205
Ilocano 2,695 1,150 1,545 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 5 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 575 270 300 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 215 90 120 135 65 75
Pangasinan 60 30 30 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 42,520 17,680 24,835 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 60 20 40 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 230 105 130 260 130 130
Creole languages 1,530 665 865 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 110 50 60 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 1,015 430 580 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 405 175 225 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 47,065 22,840 24,225 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 290 155 135 95 45 50
Malayalam 2,460 1,315 1,140 885 450 435
Tamil 42,015 20,085 21,930 1,935 965 965
Telugu 2,270 1,270 1,000 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 317,075 150,570 166,505 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 4,110 2,070 2,045 530 255 270
Armenian 5,170 2,430 2,740 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 61,615 28,155 33,460 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 1,080 430 655 160 75 90
Latvian 465 180 285 65 30 35
Lithuanian 615 250 370 90 45 50
Slavic languages 60,530 27,725 32,805 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 70 35 40 10 5 5
Bosnian 500 240 260 540 270 270
Bulgarian 2,450 1,185 1,260 925 425 495
Croatian 2,040 945 1,095 1,795 840 955
Czech 850 410 440 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 2,730 1,285 1,440 120 60 60
Polish 10,610 4,730 5,875 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 23,075 10,420 12,655 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 8,020 3,865 4,155 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 585 280 305 435 205 235
Slovak 1,615 795 820 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 490 200 295 60 25 35
Ukrainian 7,425 3,300 4,125 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 25 40 25 10 15
Celtic languages 40 25 15 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 15 5 5
Welsh 10 5 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 5 0 0
Germanic languages 2,895 1,325 1,575 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 90 45 45 520 250 265
Danish 80 35 45 180 90 90
Dutch 285 140 150 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 1,955 875 1,080 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 15 5 10 50 25 30
Norwegian 35 15 15 75 35 35
Swedish 130 50 75 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 5 20 15 5
Yiddish 290 145 145 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 5 0
Greek 13,000 6,065 6,935 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 122,130 60,785 61,340 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 84,470 42,405 42,060 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 18,935 9,390 9,545 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 16,525 8,290 8,235 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 7,850 4,060 3,785 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 10 5 5 5 0 0
Konkani 160 80 80 40 15 15
Marathi 775 405 370 245 125 120
Nepali 1,705 870 830 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 140 70 75 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,075 6,210 5,870 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 1,130 495 635 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,545 765 785 595 290 305
Urdu 23,625 11,775 11,850 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 37,275 18,170 19,105 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 905 490 415 1,025 515 505
Pashto 2,995 1,525 1,465 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 33,375 16,150 17,225 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 385 210 175 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 108,115 49,715 58,400 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 65 30 35 60 30 35
Italian 27,130 11,365 15,770 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 33,425 16,090 17,340 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 5,910 2,705 3,210 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 41,530 19,510 22,025 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 10 5 10
Japanese 3,295 1,380 1,915 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 635 345 295 15 10 10
Georgian 635 345 295 15 10 10
Korean 23,625 10,830 12,795 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 175 85 90 160 80 85
Mongolian 175 85 90 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 5,675 2,540 3,135 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 2,320 1,000 1,325 125 70 55
Bamanankan 15 10 10 5 5 5
Edo 220 85 125 15 5 5
Ewe 40 10 30 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 25 35 0 0 0
Ga 80 30 50 5 0 0
Ganda 110 50 65 5 5 5
Igbo 250 130 120 35 20 15
Lingala 75 30 45 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 110 55 55 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 85 35 45 45 15 30
Shona 125 55 70 40 15 20
Swahili 995 440 555 155 60 90
Wolof 60 35 25 0 0 0
Yoruba 560 295 265 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 570 250 315 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 60 35 25 105 50 55
Dinka 10 10 5 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 60 20 40
Sign languages 885 520 365 830 460 370
American Sign Language 315 170 140 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 570 345 220 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 185,430 85,370 100,055 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 181,255 83,310 97,945 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 83,405 37,430 45,980 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 1,250 550 695 670 280 390
Mandarin 87,760 41,290 46,470 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 155 70 85 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,805 1,285 1,515 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,470 680 795 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,350 1,975 2,375 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 4,175 2,060 2,110 1,630 820 810
Burmese 365 160 205 685 350 335
Karenic languages 205 105 105 685 335 350
Tibetan 3,525 1,750 1,775 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 80 45 35 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 710 330 385 1,015 435 580
Lao 315 155 160 335 160 175
Thai 390 175 220 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 5 5 5
Turkic languages 6,340 3,205 3,135 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 365 185 180 185 95 90
Turkish 5,495 2,770 2,725 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 130 70 65 100 50 50
Uzbek 260 135 125 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 45 40 15 25
Uralic languages 6,255 2,835 3,420 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 530 185 345 75 30 45
Finnish 260 105 155 435 190 240
Hungarian 5,460 2,540 2,920 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 215 115 100 110 50 60
Multiple responses 245,950 116,105 129,845 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 6,510 3,010 3,495 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 233,300 110,350 122,950 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 1,355 595 755 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 4,780 2,145 2,640 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 2,704,420 1,301,905 1,402,515 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 2,057,585 995,080 1,062,505 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 271,530 130,775 140,750 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 27,445 12,360 15,080 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 335,090 157,715 177,375 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 385 165 220 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 334,705 157,550 177,155 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 1,835 875 965 965 435 530
English and non-official language 6,420 3,075 3,340 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 4,365 1,950 2,425 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 140 65 80 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 2,294,790 1,092,665 1,202,125 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,187,030 1,041,915 1,145,115 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,089 33,456 27,576 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,187,340 1,042,005 1,145,335 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,958 30,661 25,918 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,888,445 918,925 969,520 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,733 36,010 28,105 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,598,435 709,590 888,850 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,249 1,115 3,956 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,578,750 791,520 787,230 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,602 37,149 30,393 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 2,294,785 1,092,655 1,202,135 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,187,225 1,041,920 1,145,300 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,268 62,667 42,807 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,187,505 1,042,020 1,145,485 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,462 48,059 35,461 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,889,205 918,700 970,505 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,901 66,647 43,781 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,598,725 710,015 888,710 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,631 5,725 7,355 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,578,755 791,435 787,310 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,032 64,206 43,805 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 2,294,790 1,092,650 1,202,135 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 726,575 392,990 333,590 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,246 58,626 52,090 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 78,643 89,498 65,856 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.6 93.6 86.7 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.4 77.7 70.1 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.4 6.4 13.3 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 2,294,790 1,092,665 1,202,125 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 107,760 50,750 57,005 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 2,187,030 1,041,915 1,145,115 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.3 95.4 95.3 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 389,430 182,885 206,545 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 410,355 175,800 234,555 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 291,150 125,720 165,430 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 221,475 100,395 121,085 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 187,235 87,700 99,535 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 145,500 70,185 75,315 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 114,465 57,710 56,750 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 89,650 46,940 42,705 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 69,990 37,355 32,630 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 58,210 30,005 28,210 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 209,575 127,215 82,360 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 119,810 68,240 51,570 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 89,770 58,975 30,795 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,294,790 1,092,665 1,202,120 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 107,450 50,660 56,795 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 2,187,335 1,042,005 1,145,330 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.4 95.3 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 395,780 185,315 210,465 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 425,580 183,045 242,535 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 330,405 144,300 186,110 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 261,430 120,825 140,610 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 213,815 101,645 112,175 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 154,925 77,550 77,375 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 112,490 59,255 53,235 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 84,300 44,490 39,810 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 208,615 125,585 83,025 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 57,270 30,705 26,570 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 34,660 20,035 14,630 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 116,680 74,845 41,830 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 2,294,785 1,092,665 1,202,120 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 716,035 301,145 414,895 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 1,578,750 791,520 787,235 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 68.8 72.4 65.5 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 201,230 94,895 106,335 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 132,320 61,255 71,065 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 219,860 103,510 116,355 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 176,835 81,220 95,615 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 157,110 75,225 81,890 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 141,850 68,405 73,445 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 113,285 57,240 56,045 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 90,310 47,130 43,180 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 72,185 39,215 32,975 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 273,755 163,430 110,330 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 57,580 31,675 25,910 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 50,845 26,260 24,580 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 165,330 105,490 59,840 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,112,930 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,829 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,264 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 359,960 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,018 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,172 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 752,970 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,908 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,695 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,112,930 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 102,721 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 81,495 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 359,985 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,409 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,276 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 752,940 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 125,340 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,289 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,112,930 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 33,190 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 23,455 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 36,550 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 54,025 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 47,315 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 47,500 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 46,945 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 47,115 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,290 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 44,650 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 84,180 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 76,120 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 68,190 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 60,400 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 53,485 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 343,520 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 100,810 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 68,300 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 77,810 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 96,600 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,112,930 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 34,790 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 23,615 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 37,085 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 55,930 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 51,915 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 52,205 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 53,515 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 55,545 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 55,765 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 53,385 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 98,910 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 86,755 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 75,120 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 63,360 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 51,570 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 263,465 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 94,025 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 58,255 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 111,180 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 705,600 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,859 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,530 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 221,155 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,232 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,412 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 316,455 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,273 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,920 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 138,800 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,040 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,839 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 705,445 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 127,312 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,343 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 221,085 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 127,461 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,833 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 317,230 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 155,188 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,979 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 137,685 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,494 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,981 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 518,290 246,070 272,215 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,059 31,130 31,006 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,647 28,567 28,713 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 517,005 245,110 271,895 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,407 49,458 45,557 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,513 39,445 37,673 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 2,691,665 1,296,235 1,395,430 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,455,315 686,810 768,500 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 404,560 195,060 209,500 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 320,165 146,180 173,980 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 268,495 125,455 143,040 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 238,680 113,000 125,680 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 223,415 107,115 116,300 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 1,236,350 609,425 626,925 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 216,450 103,995 112,460 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 213,325 103,540 109,790 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 219,865 107,815 112,050 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 241,850 119,420 122,425 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 344,855 174,650 170,200 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 2,691,665 1,296,235 1,395,430 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 478,360 245,340 233,020 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 162,510 83,480 79,030 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 1,811,265 874,400 936,860 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 402,045 176,495 225,550 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 543,385 254,890 288,495 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 125,675 64,485 61,195 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 42,685 21,880 20,805 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 347,775 163,045 184,730 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 69,935 27,360 42,575 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 20.2 19.7 20.7 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 26.3 26.3 26.3 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 26.3 26.2 26.3 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 19.2 18.6 19.7 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 17.4 15.5 18.9 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 469,325 224,145 245,180 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 98,910 50,725 48,185 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 33,950 17,345 16,605 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 322,620 155,490 167,130 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 47,800 17,935 29,865 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 17.4 17.3 17.6 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 20.7 20.7 20.7 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 20.9 20.8 21.0 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 11.9 10.2 13.2 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,395 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 2,559,780 1,243,220 1,316,560 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 2,557,220 1,242,190 1,315,035 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 246,610 107,660 138,950 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 1,464,760 689,505 775,255 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 795 325 470 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 660 285 375 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 135 65 70 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 30 20 10 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 20 10 20
Woods Cree 10 10 10 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 70 30 35 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 0 10 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 0 10 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 510 215 295 140 40 100
Algonquin 15 10 10 15 10 10
Ojibway 480 205 275 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 10 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 10 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 10 10 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 20 10 15 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 15 10 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 50 10 40 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 40 10 35 10 10 0
Oneida 10 0 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 10 10 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 10 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 10 0 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 10 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 10 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 10 10 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,464,025 689,205 774,820 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 100,730 49,935 50,795 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 135 75 55 125 80 45
Kabyle 35 15 25 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 110 65 45 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 17,250 7,505 9,750 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 65 45 25 15 0 15
Oromo 1,175 495 685 190 110 80
Somali 16,020 6,955 9,065 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 10 0 10
Semitic languages 84,510 42,935 41,580 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 9,560 4,445 5,120 1,755 905 855
Arabic 47,885 25,005 22,890 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5,930 2,865 3,065 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 680 335 350 545 270 275
Harari 945 480 465 55 35 20
Hebrew 18,860 9,555 9,315 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 1,860 910 950 165 90 80
Tigrigna 5,150 2,425 2,725 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 465 255 205 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 370 180 185 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 33,965 15,600 18,360 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,020 850 1,170 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 32,165 14,870 17,295 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 128,075 50,505 77,570 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 385 175 210 495 205 285
Cebuano 4,685 1,865 2,830 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 10 0 10 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 1,810 730 1,070 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 9,550 3,780 5,770 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 55 20 35 10 0 0
Malay 3,435 1,585 1,850 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 920 420 505 775 350 430
Pangasinan 325 130 190 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 121,155 47,540 73,620 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 220 60 160 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 895 360 535 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 8,845 3,795 5,050 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 455 195 265 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 4,830 2,015 2,825 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 3,675 1,625 2,050 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 87,340 43,525 43,815 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 1,610 835 775 445 210 235
Malayalam 6,705 3,550 3,155 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 74,750 36,615 38,135 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 6,130 3,560 2,575 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 160 75 80 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 15 0 10 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 764,770 369,530 395,235 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 9,905 4,880 5,025 1,135 580 555
Armenian 9,630 4,560 5,070 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 138,380 62,970 75,405 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 3,910 1,540 2,370 635 310 325
Latvian 1,765 740 1,025 310 175 140
Lithuanian 2,145 800 1,345 325 135 185
Slavic languages 135,365 61,790 73,575 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 470 240 225 205 95 110
Bosnian 1,960 930 1,035 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 4,860 2,340 2,525 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 8,555 4,140 4,415 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 3,745 1,795 1,950 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 8,245 3,855 4,390 345 180 160
Polish 30,970 13,515 17,450 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 51,045 23,150 27,890 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 17,025 8,365 8,660 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 1,800 850 950 1,240 595 645
Slovak 3,460 1,605 1,855 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,010 890 1,120 725 330 400
Ukrainian 21,020 9,145 11,870 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 335 205 130 250 120 125
Celtic languages 1,355 715 640 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 395 220 180 350 225 120
Welsh 140 65 80 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 820 440 380 685 370 320
Germanic languages 43,080 20,695 22,385 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 1,670 850 820 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 1,090 485 605 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 4,755 2,330 2,420 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 75 35 40 120 55 65
German 29,980 14,340 15,640 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 100 45 55 215 110 100
Norwegian 480 240 240 1,405 730 680
Swedish 1,630 765 865 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 160 65 90 220 125 100
Yiddish 4,685 2,305 2,380 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 75 40 30
Greek 40,170 19,690 20,480 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 254,825 130,405 124,415 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 193,285 99,090 94,190 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 35,635 18,260 17,375 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 36,180 18,650 17,530 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 65,360 34,355 31,005 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 85 40 40 45 25 20
Konkani 1,500 695 810 375 185 190
Marathi 3,230 1,630 1,600 1,275 650 625
Nepali 3,925 1,945 1,975 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 450 220 230 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 33,785 17,720 16,060 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 4,185 1,950 2,235 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 6,860 3,390 3,470 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 57,675 29,285 28,390 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 63,765 32,345 31,420 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 2,080 1,210 870 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 6,570 3,595 2,975 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 57,760 29,105 28,650 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,515 850 665 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 290,570 136,505 154,065 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 240 125 115 245 125 120
Italian 91,590 42,755 48,835 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 75,785 36,510 39,270 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 14,620 6,580 8,045 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 122,195 57,080 65,115 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 440 225 220 220 130 85
Japanese 12,070 5,105 6,960 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 1,125 575 550 90 50 40
Georgian 1,130 570 550 90 50 45
Korean 37,610 17,455 20,155 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 345 150 195 320 155 170
Mongolian 350 155 195 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 26,430 12,495 13,935 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 7,000 3,215 3,785 495 280 215
Bamanankan 110 75 35 20 10 10
Edo 1,210 500 705 115 65 55
Ewe 265 155 110 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 295 150 145 45 10 35
Ga 475 195 280 95 60 35
Ganda 585 280 305 105 60 45
Igbo 1,480 765 710 240 140 95
Lingala 1,265 540 725 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 400 210 185 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 460 215 250 210 95 115
Shona 760 350 410 265 125 140
Swahili 6,210 3,000 3,210 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 285 135 150 30 15 15
Yoruba 3,600 1,870 1,730 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,975 1,745 2,230 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 310 170 140 300 150 150
Dinka 60 35 20 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 250 130 120 250 120 135
Sign languages 3,090 1,375 1,715 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 1,950 765 1,185 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 10 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,195 645 545 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 279,900 129,990 149,910 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 273,760 126,965 146,795 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 141,260 64,620 76,645 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 3,035 1,265 1,775 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 150,735 69,900 80,840 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 460 205 255 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 7,235 3,195 4,045 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,225 1,490 1,735 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 7,055 3,155 3,900 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 75 50 30 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,400 3,170 3,230 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 885 400 485 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 250 110 130 905 455 450
Tibetan 5,045 2,515 2,525 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 295 170 125 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 2,205 875 1,330 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 850 380 465 1,125 505 620
Thai 1,455 540 915 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 10 10 0
Turkic languages 15,395 8,125 7,275 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 1,465 760 710 835 455 385
Turkish 13,000 6,905 6,090 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 320 150 170 105 50 55
Uzbek 630 345 285 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 380 160 220 225 125 105
Uralic languages 17,065 7,680 9,385 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 1,985 855 1,130 495 205 295
Finnish 1,430 585 850 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 13,700 6,260 7,445 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,315 675 635 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,395 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 2,296,370 1,108,000 1,188,365 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 431,655 221,480 210,180 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,864,710 886,525 978,190 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 395,295 188,270 207,025 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,390 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,332,090 665,435 666,655 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 1,266,005 583,975 682,030 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 294,065 133,310 160,755 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 171,565 81,205 90,365 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 281,870 127,730 154,145 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 330,550 152,950 177,600 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 162,770 75,700 87,070 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 167,780 77,250 90,530 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 187,950 88,780 99,170 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 93,575 46,865 46,715 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 1,266,000 583,975 682,030 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 96,800 47,595 49,205 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 205,920 102,700 103,215 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 270,470 120,040 150,425 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 558,625 254,865 303,760 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 134,190 58,775 75,420 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,266,000 583,975 682,030 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 212,010 92,485 119,525 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 7,025 3,360 3,660 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 8,710 3,995 4,720 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 6,960 3,500 3,460 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 34,490 14,700 19,790 920 415 500
Haiti 1,855 835 1,020 265 110 160
Jamaica 45,075 18,280 26,795 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 7,225 3,340 3,890 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 3,865 1,725 2,145 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 19,640 8,305 11,330 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 24,530 11,480 13,050 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 52,630 22,965 29,665 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 298,270 139,045 159,220 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,125 2,445 2,685 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 4,680 2,195 2,475 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 4,585 2,175 2,410 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 11,090 5,220 5,870 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 19,235 9,185 10,050 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 7,860 3,580 4,280 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 4,625 2,400 2,225 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 45,515 21,350 24,165 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 2,690 1,355 1,335 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 21,360 9,265 12,100 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 38,575 18,485 20,090 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 12,875 5,690 7,185 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 16,225 6,755 9,470 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 8,525 4,095 4,430 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 15,775 7,075 8,705 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 40,295 19,425 20,870 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 39,225 18,350 20,880 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 77,445 36,520 40,925 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 770 435 335 430 270 150
Egypt 6,620 3,490 3,130 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 9,080 4,095 4,985 1,665 835 825
Kenya 4,880 2,195 2,685 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 1,850 885 965 730 385 340
Nigeria 7,605 3,780 3,830 1,205 630 575
Somalia 9,025 3,605 5,410 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 5,560 2,710 2,845 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 32,055 15,320 16,740 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 674,495 314,010 360,485 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 12,740 6,455 6,285 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 25,100 12,730 12,365 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 131,475 59,275 72,205 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 38,820 17,855 20,965 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 79,225 40,115 39,110 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 36,445 18,300 18,145 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 11,135 5,490 5,645 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 3,985 1,260 2,725 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 26,835 12,330 14,500 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 6,010 3,350 2,660 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 34,750 17,535 17,215 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 118,780 47,820 70,955 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 52,900 25,740 27,160 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 5,575 2,790 2,785 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 7,695 3,320 4,375 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 30,575 13,725 16,850 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 52,450 25,925 26,530 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 3,785 1,910 1,870 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 187,950 88,780 99,170 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 23,850 11,210 12,635 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 1,915 930 980 960 445 520
Colombia 1,430 670 760 465 220 240
Cuba 770 345 430 70 35 30
Haiti 680 315 360 15 0 10
Jamaica 3,530 1,840 1,685 160 115 45
Mexico 2,065 995 1,070 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,015 2,085 1,925 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,055 480 575 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 8,390 3,540 4,845 1,855 875 975
Europe 20,260 10,240 10,025 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 1,140 560 585 790 415 370
Germany 625 345 285 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,220 780 440 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66