Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ajax, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto, C
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ajax, T
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Data quality , Toronto, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Toronto, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ajax, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 2,731,571 ... ... 119,677 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 2,615,060 ... ... 109,600 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.5 ... ... 9.2 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,179,057 ... ... 38,105 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,112,929 ... ... 37,549 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,334.4 ... ... 1,786.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 630.20 ... ... 67.00 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 2,731,575 1,313,590 1,417,985 119,675 57,865 61,815
0 to 14 years 398,135 204,190 193,945 23,660 12,035 11,625
0 to 4 years 136,000 69,895 66,105 7,225 3,675 3,550
5 to 9 years 135,025 69,345 65,680 8,280 4,220 4,060
10 to 14 years 127,105 64,940 62,165 8,155 4,140 4,010
15 to 64 years 1,906,495 925,070 981,420 82,890 39,980 42,905
15 to 19 years 145,525 74,240 71,280 8,535 4,365 4,170
20 to 24 years 194,750 97,415 97,330 8,505 4,345 4,160
25 to 29 years 232,945 113,905 119,035 7,295 3,545 3,750
30 to 34 years 224,580 108,895 115,680 7,805 3,645 4,155
35 to 39 years 196,310 94,065 102,240 8,470 3,825 4,645
40 to 44 years 182,390 86,535 95,860 8,570 4,030 4,540
45 to 49 years 190,925 90,860 100,065 8,920 4,210 4,710
50 to 54 years 202,405 98,735 103,670 9,940 4,755 5,190
55 to 59 years 182,805 88,145 94,655 8,640 4,250 4,395
60 to 64 years 153,865 72,265 81,600 6,210 3,015 3,195
65 years and over 426,945 184,325 242,615 13,135 5,845 7,290
65 to 69 years 130,540 60,360 70,185 4,940 2,340 2,600
70 to 74 years 93,600 42,315 51,285 3,195 1,505 1,690
75 to 79 years 76,160 32,730 43,430 2,170 930 1,240
80 to 84 years 60,630 25,670 34,965 1,560 650 915
85 years and over 66,005 23,245 42,750 1,265 420 850
85 to 89 years 40,800 15,665 25,135 860 305 555
90 to 94 years 19,680 6,180 13,500 335 95 240
95 to 99 years 4,750 1,275 3,470 60 15 40
100 years and over 770 120 650 15 0 10
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.6 15.5 13.7 19.8 20.8 18.8
15 to 64 years 69.8 70.4 69.2 69.3 69.1 69.4
65 years and over 15.6 14.0 17.1 11.0 10.1 11.8
85 years and over 2.4 1.8 3.0 1.1 0.7 1.4
Average age of the population 40.6 39.4 41.7 37.3 36.4 38.1
Median age of the population 39.3 38.0 40.5 37.4 36.3 38.3
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,112,930 ... ... 37,545 ... ...
Single-detached house 269,675 ... ... 24,695 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 493,280 ... ... 2,135 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 349,885 ... ... 10,715 ... ...
Semi-detached house 71,230 ... ... 2,135 ... ...
Row house 61,630 ... ... 5,660 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 48,540 ... ... 1,395 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 165,625 ... ... 1,520 ... ...
Other single-attached house 2,860 ... ... 10 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 95 ... ... 5 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,112,930 ... ... 37,550 ... ...
1 person 359,955 ... ... 5,380 ... ...
2 persons 333,425 ... ... 9,225 ... ...
3 persons 175,720 ... ... 7,500 ... ...
4 persons 146,580 ... ... 8,775 ... ...
5 or more persons 97,245 ... ... 6,670 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 2,691,665 ... ... 119,180 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 3.2 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 2,333,435 1,109,400 1,224,035 96,020 45,825 50,190
Married or living common law 1,181,360 592,560 588,805 56,040 27,950 28,090
Married 1,011,190 505,025 506,165 50,495 25,175 25,320
Living common law 170,175 87,535 82,640 5,540 2,770 2,775
Not married and not living common law 1,152,075 516,840 635,240 39,980 17,875 22,100
Never married 806,265 410,975 395,295 28,780 14,640 14,135
Separated 68,715 27,570 41,145 2,655 985 1,670
Divorced 152,000 55,490 96,515 4,670 1,515 3,155
Widowed 125,095 22,810 102,285 3,875 740 3,135
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 718,750 ... ... 33,855 ... ...
2 persons 344,110 ... ... 12,115 ... ...
3 persons 174,600 ... ... 8,490 ... ...
4 persons 143,250 ... ... 9,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 56,795 ... ... 4,090 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 3.2 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 718,755 ... ... 33,855 ... ...
Total couple families 566,155 ... ... 27,420 ... ...
Married couples 481,125 ... ... 24,645 ... ...
Common-law couples 85,030 ... ... 2,775 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 152,595 ... ... 6,440 ... ...
Female parent 128,550 ... ... 5,220 ... ...
Male parent 24,050 ... ... 1,220 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 566,155 ... ... 27,415 ... ...
Couples without children 250,085 ... ... 8,580 ... ...
Couples with children 316,075 ... ... 18,840 ... ...
1 child 133,440 ... ... 6,455 ... ...
2 children 130,765 ... ... 8,525 ... ...
3 or more children 51,865 ... ... 3,860 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 152,600 ... ... 6,440 ... ...
1 child 94,025 ... ... 3,540 ... ...
2 children 41,160 ... ... 2,035 ... ...
3 or more children 17,415 ... ... 865 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 602,855 277,825 325,035 11,165 4,565 6,600
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,112,930 ... ... 37,550 ... ...
One-census-family households 653,360 ... ... 29,120 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 226,080 ... ... 6,935 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 427,280 ... ... 22,185 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 31,600 ... ... 2,290 ... ...
Non-census-family households 427,970 ... ... 6,145 ... ...
One-person households 359,960 ... ... 5,375 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 68,015 ... ... 765 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 2,704,415 1,301,905 1,402,510 119,215 57,700 61,510
English only 2,323,235 1,139,585 1,183,655 108,185 53,225 54,960
French only 2,725 1,140 1,585 110 45 65
English and French 245,695 107,985 137,705 9,115 3,780 5,335
Neither English nor French 132,765 53,195 79,570 1,800 640 1,160
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 2,704,415 1,301,905 1,402,515 119,210 57,695 61,510
English 2,508,815 1,219,600 1,289,220 115,130 56,055 59,075
French 39,795 18,805 20,995 1,685 740 940
English and French 24,865 11,205 13,660 640 285 360
Neither English nor French 130,940 52,295 78,640 1,760 620 1,140
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 52,230 24,405 27,820 2,000 880 1,120
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.5 1.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 2,704,420 1,301,905 1,402,515 119,210 57,695 61,515
Single responses 2,598,230 1,251,220 1,347,010 114,690 55,555 59,135
Official languages 1,411,345 697,965 713,380 84,535 41,135 43,400
English 1,375,900 681,120 694,780 83,025 40,480 42,545
French 35,440 16,845 18,595 1,515 660 855
Non-official languages 1,186,885 553,255 633,635 30,155 14,415 15,740
Aboriginal languages 425 185 235 5 0 5
Algonquian languages 315 140 175 0 0 5
Blackfoot 0 5 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 90 35 55 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 0 5 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 20 5 15 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 45 15 30 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 10 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 195 95 105 0 0 5
Algonquin 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 175 85 90 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 5 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 5 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dene 5 5 5 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 0 20 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 0 20 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 5 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 5 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 5 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,186,465 553,070 633,395 30,150 14,415 15,735
Afro-Asiatic languages 65,540 32,330 33,205 1,825 950 875
Berber languages 135 80 55 0 0 0
Kabyle 60 30 25 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 75 45 30 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 12,355 5,300 7,050 80 30 45
Bilen 75 45 30 0 0 0
Oromo 860 420 435 20 5 10
Somali 11,375 4,810 6,565 60 25 35
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 0 0 0
Semitic languages 52,845 26,840 26,010 1,750 915 835
Amharic 6,425 2,880 3,550 90 40 45
Arabic 29,825 15,745 14,075 1,510 780 730
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 4,840 2,360 2,480 20 15 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 700 360 335 0 0 0
Harari 755 350 405 55 35 20
Hebrew 4,350 2,345 2,005 5 10 5
Maltese 1,430 715 710 35 20 10
Tigrigna 4,150 1,890 2,260 30 20 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 380 190 190 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 200 115 90 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 26,165 11,860 14,305 305 135 170
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,365 595 770 10 5 10
Vietnamese 24,775 11,255 13,520 290 130 160
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 99,750 39,030 60,725 3,130 1,355 1,780
Bikol 320 135 185 0 0 5
Cebuano 3,390 1,335 2,055 80 30 50
Fijian 25 15 10 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 1,695 665 1,040 20 5 15
Ilocano 7,135 2,765 4,375 75 25 50
Malagasy 20 10 10 0 0 5
Malay 1,930 880 1,050 65 30 35
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 720 310 410 40 20 15
Pangasinan 320 125 200 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 83,230 32,445 50,785 2,840 1,235 1,600
Waray-Waray 210 60 150 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 755 290 465 0 0 0
Creole languages 3,015 1,350 1,660 130 55 75
Haitian Creole 165 75 85 5 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 1,825 815 1,010 65 30 30
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,020 460 560 65 20 45
Dravidian languages 67,055 33,175 33,880 5,010 2,430 2,575
Kannada 730 380 350 20 10 10
Malayalam 4,560 2,460 2,100 295 140 155
Tamil 57,535 27,935 29,600 4,530 2,190 2,340
Telugu 4,125 2,355 1,775 155 80 75
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 0 5 0
Hmong-Mien languages 20 5 10 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 589,410 282,355 307,055 16,590 8,030 8,565
Albanian 8,495 4,225 4,270 55 30 35
Armenian 7,845 3,740 4,105 105 45 55
Balto-Slavic languages 120,445 53,650 66,790 1,540 695 845
Baltic languages 3,490 1,365 2,125 35 15 20
Latvian 1,610 645 965 25 10 15
Lithuanian 1,880 725 1,160 5 5 5
Slavic languages 116,955 52,290 64,665 1,505 680 825
Belarusan 195 95 100 0 0 0
Bosnian 1,105 525 580 5 0 0
Bulgarian 4,345 2,075 2,270 25 15 15
Croatian 5,570 2,535 3,035 60 35 25
Czech 2,860 1,345 1,515 50 20 30
Macedonian 6,190 2,920 3,270 425 205 220
Polish 25,060 10,845 14,215 465 200 265
Russian 36,145 15,805 20,345 245 105 140
Serbian 13,380 6,450 6,930 80 45 40
Serbo-Croatian 1,470 670 800 5 0 5
Slovak 3,095 1,455 1,645 35 10 20
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,785 750 1,035 20 10 10
Ukrainian 15,465 6,685 8,785 85 35 45
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 280 140 140 5 5 5
Celtic languages 275 125 145 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 80 35 40 5 5 5
Welsh 85 30 55 5 5 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 110 60 45 0 0 0
Germanic languages 22,310 10,095 12,215 770 335 435
Afrikaans 405 210 190 10 5 5
Danish 665 285 380 20 10 15
Dutch 3,180 1,535 1,645 160 80 80
Frisian 40 25 15 5 5 5
German 14,515 6,440 8,075 540 225 315
Icelandic 65 35 30 5 0 5
Norwegian 230 105 130 10 10 5
Swedish 700 305 395 15 5 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 130 50 80 0 0 0
Yiddish 2,350 1,095 1,255 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 0 0 0
Greek 27,840 13,415 14,425 520 270 255
Indo-Iranian languages 194,760 99,110 95,650 10,530 5,175 5,355
Indo-Aryan languages 138,625 70,700 67,930 8,155 4,020 4,140
Bengali 28,460 14,365 14,090 700 340 360
Gujarati 26,400 13,520 12,880 1,105 545 560
Hindi 15,230 7,960 7,270 710 330 380
Kashmiri 80 45 40 0 0 0
Konkani 745 355 390 35 15 15
Marathi 1,760 925 835 50 20 25
Nepali 2,540 1,290 1,245 25 15 10
Oriya (Odia) 300 165 135 5 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 19,965 10,380 9,590 1,050 510 540
Sindhi 2,440 1,080 1,355 110 50 60
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,280 1,605 1,675 310 150 165
Urdu 37,420 19,005 18,420 4,055 2,040 2,015
Iranian languages 55,190 27,895 27,295 2,355 1,145 1,205
Kurdish 1,650 930 720 15 10 10
Pashto 4,355 2,285 2,070 265 135 130
Persian (Farsi) 49,185 24,680 24,510 2,075 1,005 1,065
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 945 520 425 15 5 10
Italic (Romance) languages 207,445 97,980 109,465 3,065 1,475 1,590
Catalan 125 70 55 0 0 0
Italian 62,640 29,050 33,590 855 435 420
Portuguese 59,355 28,540 30,820 660 305 360
Romanian 12,335 5,630 6,705 315 160 160
Spanish 72,850 34,635 38,215 1,235 585 650
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 135 60 75 5 0 0
Japanese 7,015 2,405 4,610 45 20 35
Kartvelian languages 870 465 400 5 0 0
Georgian 870 465 400 0 5 0
Korean 33,665 15,155 18,505 100 45 55
Mongolic languages 290 130 165 0 0 0
Mongolian 295 130 160 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 13,780 6,455 7,325 440 205 230
Akan (Twi) 4,340 1,970 2,375 115 60 55
Bamanankan 45 25 20 0 0 0
Edo 670 260 410 25 10 15
Ewe 175 90 80 10 0 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 85 75 10 5 5
Ga 200 90 115 10 5 5
Ganda 375 180 200 0 0 0
Igbo 740 385 355 20 15 10
Lingala 285 135 150 15 10 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 270 130 135 0 0 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 285 135 150 10 0 5
Shona 395 185 205 30 15 15
Swahili 2,230 1,050 1,185 60 30 30
Wolof 115 65 50 5 5 5
Yoruba 1,580 820 760 70 35 40
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,905 845 1,055 50 20 35
Nilo-Saharan languages 235 125 105 10 10 5
Dinka 40 20 15 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 200 105 90 10 5 5
Sign languages 565 320 245 25 10 10
American Sign Language 210 120 90 10 0 5
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 350 200 150 15 10 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 250,960 114,630 136,330 2,175 1,010 1,165
Chinese languages 245,285 111,855 133,430 2,165 1,005 1,155
Cantonese 114,670 52,085 62,585 945 430 515
Hakka 2,855 1,225 1,635 60 30 40
Mandarin 111,405 51,120 60,280 1,040 490 545
Min Dong 450 220 225 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 6,120 2,820 3,300 60 35 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,665 1,200 1,470 20 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 7,015 3,135 3,880 35 15 20
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 50 55 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 5,670 2,775 2,895 10 5 10
Burmese 610 270 335 5 0 0
Karenic languages 255 125 135 0 0 0
Tibetan 4,590 2,275 2,320 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 215 110 105 5 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 1,720 690 1,030 20 5 15
Lao 710 365 340 5 5 0
Thai 1,005 320 685 15 5 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 5 0 0
Turkic languages 10,680 5,610 5,065 70 40 35
Azerbaijani 915 490 420 5 0 0
Turkish 8,835 4,670 4,165 55 35 25
Uyghur 240 120 125 10 5 5
Uzbek 440 225 210 5 0 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 250 110 140 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15,145 6,655 8,485 250 110 150
Estonian 1,940 770 1,170 30 10 20
Finnish 1,315 500 825 40 20 25
Hungarian 11,885 5,385 6,500 180 80 105
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 585 310 280 20 10 10
Multiple responses 106,190 50,685 55,500 4,520 2,145 2,375
English and French 7,550 3,520 4,030 390 195 200
English and non-official language 92,620 44,395 48,230 3,840 1,835 2,005
French and non-official language 3,300 1,515 1,785 130 55 75
English, French and non-official language 2,715 1,255 1,460 155 60 95
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 2,704,415 1,301,900 1,402,510 119,210 57,700 61,515
Single responses 2,458,470 1,185,800 1,272,670 109,620 53,075 56,550
Official languages 1,756,685 858,655 898,030 94,645 45,905 48,740
English 1,739,625 850,750 888,875 93,925 45,575 48,350
French 17,065 7,910 9,155 720 330 395
Non-official languages 701,785 327,145 374,640 14,975 7,165 7,810
Aboriginal languages 110 55 55 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 55 30 25 5 0 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 10 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 5 0 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 20 15 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 35 20 10 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 5 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 40 20 20 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 701,675 327,090 374,590 14,975 7,165 7,810
Afro-Asiatic languages 36,560 17,185 19,375 830 400 430
Berber languages 40 20 20 0 0 0
Kabyle 20 10 10 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 7,495 3,140 4,350 15 5 10
Bilen 40 20 25 0 0 0
Oromo 495 230 265 0 0 0
Somali 6,930 2,880 4,050 15 5 5
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 0 0 0
Semitic languages 28,920 13,970 14,955 815 390 420
Amharic 3,425 1,500 1,925 35 15 20
Arabic 16,485 8,210 8,280 735 350 385
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,620 1,755 1,860 10 5 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 480 240 240 0 0 0
Harari 450 200 250 30 15 10
Hebrew 1,610 805 810 0 0 0
Maltese 430 200 230 0 0 0
Tigrigna 2,250 985 1,270 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 170 85 90 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 110 55 50 0 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 17,760 8,020 9,740 180 85 90
Khmer (Cambodian) 725 305 425 5 0 5
Vietnamese 17,020 7,710 9,305 175 85 90
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 48,375 20,215 28,165 1,085 495 590
Bikol 75 30 40 0 0 0
Cebuano 1,320 560 760 20 5 15
Fijian 5 5 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 615 265 355 5 5 0
Ilocano 2,695 1,150 1,545 20 5 15
Malagasy 5 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 575 270 300 10 5 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 215 90 120 15 10 5
Pangasinan 60 30 30 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 42,520 17,680 24,835 1,015 470 545
Waray-Waray 60 20 40 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 230 105 130 0 0 0
Creole languages 1,530 665 865 50 25 30
Haitian Creole 110 50 60 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 1,015 430 580 40 15 20
Creole languages, n.i.e. 405 175 225 15 5 5
Dravidian languages 47,065 22,840 24,225 3,240 1,535 1,705
Kannada 290 155 135 5 5 5
Malayalam 2,460 1,315 1,140 140 70 75
Tamil 42,015 20,085 21,930 3,015 1,420 1,595
Telugu 2,270 1,270 1,000 75 40 35
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 317,075 150,570 166,505 7,840 3,765 4,075
Albanian 4,110 2,070 2,045 25 10 15
Armenian 5,170 2,430 2,740 45 20 25
Balto-Slavic languages 61,615 28,155 33,460 560 255 300
Baltic languages 1,080 430 655 0 0 0
Latvian 465 180 285 0 0 0
Lithuanian 615 250 370 0 0 0
Slavic languages 60,530 27,725 32,805 555 255 300
Belarusan 70 35 40 0 0 0
Bosnian 500 240 260 0 0 0
Bulgarian 2,450 1,185 1,260 5 5 5
Croatian 2,040 945 1,095 15 5 5
Czech 850 410 440 10 5 5
Macedonian 2,730 1,285 1,440 160 75 85
Polish 10,610 4,730 5,875 175 80 90
Russian 23,075 10,420 12,655 130 55 75
Serbian 8,020 3,865 4,155 15 5 10
Serbo-Croatian 585 280 305 0 0 0
Slovak 1,615 795 820 15 10 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 490 200 295 5 0 5
Ukrainian 7,425 3,300 4,125 20 5 15
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 25 40 0 0 0
Celtic languages 40 25 15 0 5 0
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 0 0 0
Welsh 10 5 0 0 5 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 0 0 0
Germanic languages 2,895 1,325 1,575 55 25 30
Afrikaans 90 45 45 0 0 0
Danish 80 35 45 0 0 0
Dutch 285 140 150 5 0 10
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 1,955 875 1,080 45 20 25
Icelandic 15 5 10 0 0 0
Norwegian 35 15 15 0 0 0
Swedish 130 50 75 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 5 0 0 0
Yiddish 290 145 145 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Greek 13,000 6,065 6,935 125 65 65
Indo-Iranian languages 122,130 60,785 61,340 5,995 2,905 3,090
Indo-Aryan languages 84,470 42,405 42,060 4,610 2,240 2,370
Bengali 18,935 9,390 9,545 420 195 220
Gujarati 16,525 8,290 8,235 585 285 295
Hindi 7,850 4,060 3,785 385 190 195
Kashmiri 10 5 5 0 0 0
Konkani 160 80 80 10 5 5
Marathi 775 405 370 25 10 10
Nepali 1,705 870 830 10 5 5
Oriya (Odia) 140 70 75 5 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,075 6,210 5,870 550 260 290
Sindhi 1,130 495 635 40 15 25
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,545 765 785 120 55 60
Urdu 23,625 11,775 11,850 2,470 1,215 1,255
Iranian languages 37,275 18,170 19,105 1,380 665 720
Kurdish 905 490 415 5 0 5
Pashto 2,995 1,525 1,465 150 70 85
Persian (Farsi) 33,375 16,150 17,225 1,225 595 635
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 385 210 175 5 5 5
Italic (Romance) languages 108,115 49,715 58,400 1,025 475 550
Catalan 65 30 35 0 0 0
Italian 27,130 11,365 15,770 140 65 80
Portuguese 33,425 16,090 17,340 165 80 85
Romanian 5,910 2,705 3,210 160 75 85
Spanish 41,530 19,510 22,025 560 260 300
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 0 0 0
Japanese 3,295 1,380 1,915 25 5 15
Kartvelian languages 635 345 295 0 0 0
Georgian 635 345 295 0 0 0
Korean 23,625 10,830 12,795 45 25 20
Mongolic languages 175 85 90 0 0 0
Mongolian 175 85 90 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5,675 2,540 3,135 125 60 70
Akan (Twi) 2,320 1,000 1,325 45 25 25
Bamanankan 15 10 10 0 0 0
Edo 220 85 125 0 0 0
Ewe 40 10 30 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 25 35 0 5 0
Ga 80 30 50 0 0 0
Ganda 110 50 65 0 0 0
Igbo 250 130 120 0 5 0
Lingala 75 30 45 5 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 110 55 55 5 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 85 35 45 5 0 5
Shona 125 55 70 20 10 10
Swahili 995 440 555 15 5 10
Wolof 60 35 25 0 0 0
Yoruba 560 295 265 25 10 15
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 570 250 315 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 60 35 25 0 0 5
Dinka 10 10 5 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 0 0 0
Sign languages 885 520 365 40 25 20
American Sign Language 315 170 140 15 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 570 345 220 25 20 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 185,430 85,370 100,055 1,410 700 715
Chinese languages 181,255 83,310 97,945 1,405 695 710
Cantonese 83,405 37,430 45,980 535 260 275
Hakka 1,250 550 695 20 5 10
Mandarin 87,760 41,290 46,470 800 405 395
Min Dong 155 70 85 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,805 1,285 1,515 20 10 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,470 680 795 15 5 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,350 1,975 2,375 15 5 15
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 4,175 2,060 2,110 5 5 5
Burmese 365 160 205 0 0 0
Karenic languages 205 105 105 0 0 0
Tibetan 3,525 1,750 1,775 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 80 45 35 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 710 330 385 0 0 0
Lao 315 155 160 0 0 0
Thai 390 175 220 5 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 0 0 0
Turkic languages 6,340 3,205 3,135 25 15 10
Azerbaijani 365 185 180 5 0 0
Turkish 5,495 2,770 2,725 15 10 5
Uyghur 130 70 65 5 5 5
Uzbek 260 135 125 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 45 0 0 0
Uralic languages 6,255 2,835 3,420 70 35 40
Estonian 530 185 345 5 0 0
Finnish 260 105 155 5 5 0
Hungarian 5,460 2,540 2,920 55 25 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 215 115 100 5 5 0
Multiple responses 245,950 116,105 129,845 9,590 4,625 4,965
English and French 6,510 3,010 3,495 430 195 235
English and non-official language 233,300 110,350 122,950 8,855 4,315 4,540
French and non-official language 1,355 595 755 65 30 35
English, French and non-official language 4,780 2,145 2,640 235 85 150
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 2,704,420 1,301,905 1,402,515 119,210 57,695 61,515
None 2,057,585 995,080 1,062,505 100,020 48,540 51,480
English 271,530 130,775 140,750 7,530 3,710 3,820
French 27,445 12,360 15,080 1,420 570 850
Non-official language 335,090 157,715 177,375 9,855 4,690 5,160
Aboriginal 385 165 220 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 334,705 157,550 177,155 9,850 4,690 5,160
English and French 1,835 875 965 80 35 45
English and non-official language 6,420 3,075 3,340 170 85 90
French and non-official language 4,365 1,950 2,425 135 65 75
English, French and non-official language 140 65 80 5 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 2,294,790 1,092,665 1,202,125 95,540 45,660 49,880
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,187,030 1,041,915 1,145,115 89,785 42,805 46,980
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,089 33,456 27,576 36,107 42,541 31,159
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,187,340 1,042,005 1,145,335 89,805 42,815 46,995
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,958 30,661 25,918 32,770 37,773 28,648
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,888,445 918,925 969,520 80,695 39,555 41,135
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,733 36,010 28,105 36,501 43,362 30,568
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,598,435 709,590 888,850 62,780 26,390 36,395
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,249 1,115 3,956 2,484 972 3,849
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,578,750 791,520 787,230 71,065 35,640 35,430
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,602 37,149 30,393 39,101 44,760 34,298
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 2,294,785 1,092,655 1,202,135 95,540 45,660 49,880
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,187,225 1,041,920 1,145,300 89,590 42,635 46,955
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,268 62,667 42,807 47,180 54,995 40,084
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,187,505 1,042,020 1,145,485 89,605 42,645 46,965
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,462 48,059 35,461 39,008 44,211 34,285
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,889,205 918,700 970,505 80,715 39,525 41,195
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,901 66,647 43,781 47,558 55,979 39,480
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,598,725 710,015 888,710 62,665 26,165 36,500
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,631 5,725 7,355 6,194 5,060 7,007
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,578,755 791,435 787,310 71,065 35,545 35,520
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,032 64,206 43,805 48,437 55,719 41,150
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 2,294,790 1,092,650 1,202,135 95,540 45,660 49,880
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 726,575 392,990 333,590 36,115 19,530 16,590
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,246 58,626 52,090 58,649 64,293 53,451
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 78,643 89,498 65,856 67,529 74,223 59,648
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.6 93.6 86.7 90.6 94.0 86.4
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.4 77.7 70.1 81.1 83.9 77.5
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.4 6.4 13.3 9.4 6.0 13.6
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 2,294,790 1,092,665 1,202,125 95,545 45,665 49,880
Without total income 107,760 50,750 57,005 5,760 2,850 2,900
With total income 2,187,030 1,041,915 1,145,115 89,785 42,810 46,980
Percentage with total income 95.3 95.4 95.3 94.0 93.7 94.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 389,430 182,885 206,545 15,075 6,655 8,420
$10,000 to $19,999 410,355 175,800 234,555 14,145 5,760 8,385
$20,000 to $29,999 291,150 125,720 165,430 10,435 4,300 6,130
$30,000 to $39,999 221,475 100,395 121,085 8,475 3,705 4,770
$40,000 to $49,999 187,235 87,700 99,535 8,560 3,870 4,695
$50,000 to $59,999 145,500 70,185 75,315 7,435 3,510 3,920
$60,000 to $69,999 114,465 57,710 56,750 6,090 3,095 3,000
$70,000 to $79,999 89,650 46,940 42,705 4,795 2,665 2,135
$80,000 to $89,999 69,990 37,355 32,630 3,785 2,140 1,650
$90,000 to $99,999 58,210 30,005 28,210 3,095 1,745 1,350
$100,000 and over 209,575 127,215 82,360 7,905 5,375 2,530
$100,000 to $149,999 119,810 68,240 51,570 5,825 3,820 2,010
$150,000 and over 89,770 58,975 30,795 2,075 1,555 525
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,294,790 1,092,665 1,202,120 95,540 45,660 49,880
Without after-tax income 107,450 50,660 56,795 5,735 2,850 2,890
With after-tax income 2,187,335 1,042,005 1,145,330 89,805 42,810 46,995
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.4 95.3 94.0 93.8 94.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 395,780 185,315 210,465 15,320 6,720 8,600
$10,000 to $19,999 425,580 183,045 242,535 14,825 6,070 8,760
$20,000 to $29,999 330,405 144,300 186,110 11,960 5,020 6,940
$30,000 to $39,999 261,430 120,825 140,610 10,530 4,685 5,850
$40,000 to $49,999 213,815 101,645 112,175 10,555 4,955 5,595
$50,000 to $59,999 154,925 77,550 77,375 8,085 4,115 3,975
$60,000 to $69,999 112,490 59,255 53,235 6,115 3,425 2,685
$70,000 to $79,999 84,300 44,490 39,810 4,565 2,575 1,985
$80,000 and over 208,615 125,585 83,025 7,845 5,245 2,600
$80,000 to $89,999 57,270 30,705 26,570 3,025 1,835 1,190
$90,000 to $99,999 34,660 20,035 14,630 1,635 1,075 560
$100,000 and over 116,680 74,845 41,830 3,185 2,335 850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 2,294,785 1,092,665 1,202,120 95,540 45,660 49,880
Without employment income 716,035 301,145 414,895 24,475 10,020 14,450
With employment income 1,578,750 791,520 787,235 71,065 35,635 35,430
Percentage with employment income 68.8 72.4 65.5 74.4 78.0 71.0
Under $5,000 (including loss) 201,230 94,895 106,335 8,620 4,075 4,545
$5,000 to $9,999 132,320 61,255 71,065 5,550 2,465 3,090
$10,000 to $19,999 219,860 103,510 116,355 8,815 3,965 4,850
$20,000 to $29,999 176,835 81,220 95,615 6,810 3,060 3,750
$30,000 to $39,999 157,110 75,225 81,890 6,350 2,825 3,530
$40,000 to $49,999 141,850 68,405 73,445 6,750 3,055 3,695
$50,000 to $59,999 113,285 57,240 56,045 5,915 2,875 3,045
$60,000 to $69,999 90,310 47,130 43,180 5,085 2,635 2,445
$70,000 to $79,999 72,185 39,215 32,975 4,190 2,385 1,810
$80,000 and over 273,755 163,430 110,330 12,980 8,310 4,670
$80,000 to $89,999 57,580 31,675 25,910 3,355 1,930 1,420
$90,000 to $99,999 50,845 26,260 24,580 2,830 1,600 1,230
$100,000 and over 165,330 105,490 59,840 6,795 4,775 2,020
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,112,930 ... ... 37,550 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,829 ... ... 96,949 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,264 ... ... 83,633 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 359,960 ... ... 5,380 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,018 ... ... 46,407 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,172 ... ... 40,259 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 752,970 ... ... 32,170 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,908 ... ... 106,803 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,695 ... ... 91,591 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,112,930 ... ... 37,545 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 102,721 ... ... 112,569 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 81,495 ... ... 93,092 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 359,985 ... ... 5,390 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,409 ... ... 55,565 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,276 ... ... 45,338 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 752,940 ... ... 32,160 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 125,340 ... ... 122,121 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,289 ... ... 101,094 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,112,930 ... ... 37,550 ... ...
Under $5,000 33,190 ... ... 250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 23,455 ... ... 245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 36,550 ... ... 365 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 54,025 ... ... 590 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 47,315 ... ... 780 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 47,500 ... ... 800 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 46,945 ... ... 910 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 47,115 ... ... 1,050 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,290 ... ... 1,040 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 44,650 ... ... 1,140 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 84,180 ... ... 2,330 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 76,120 ... ... 2,605 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 68,190 ... ... 2,370 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 60,400 ... ... 2,530 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 53,485 ... ... 2,480 ... ...
$100,000 and over 343,520 ... ... 18,055 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 100,810 ... ... 5,425 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 68,300 ... ... 4,170 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 77,810 ... ... 4,835 ... ...
$200,000 and over 96,600 ... ... 3,630 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,112,930 ... ... 37,550 ... ...
Under $5,000 34,790 ... ... 275 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 23,615 ... ... 245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 37,085 ... ... 370 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 55,930 ... ... 635 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 51,915 ... ... 865 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 52,205 ... ... 915 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 53,515 ... ... 1,035 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 55,545 ... ... 1,250 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 55,765 ... ... 1,285 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 53,385 ... ... 1,500 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 98,910 ... ... 3,060 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 86,755 ... ... 3,010 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 75,120 ... ... 3,145 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 63,360 ... ... 3,130 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 51,570 ... ... 2,775 ... ...
$100,000 and over 263,465 ... ... 14,050 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 94,025 ... ... 5,680 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 58,255 ... ... 3,600 ... ...
$150,000 and over 111,180 ... ... 4,770 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 705,600 ... ... 31,765 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,859 ... ... 105,678 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,530 ... ... 90,710 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.5 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 221,155 ... ... 6,645 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,232 ... ... 93,145 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,412 ... ... 79,597 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 316,455 ... ... 18,855 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,273 ... ... 121,667 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,920 ... ... 104,005 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 138,800 ... ... 5,415 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,040 ... ... 71,076 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,839 ... ... 63,412 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 705,445 ... ... 31,695 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 127,312 ... ... 121,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,343 ... ... 100,451 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 221,085 ... ... 6,590 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 127,461 ... ... 107,847 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,833 ... ... 87,140 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 317,230 ... ... 18,800 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 155,188 ... ... 137,622 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,979 ... ... 113,606 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 137,685 ... ... 5,430 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,494 ... ... 81,358 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,981 ... ... 70,151 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 518,290 246,070 272,215 7,555 3,415 4,145
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,059 31,130 31,006 41,133 47,187 36,915
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,647 28,567 28,713 36,400 40,713 33,335
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 517,005 245,110 271,895 7,555 3,380 4,180
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,407 49,458 45,557 50,002 57,299 44,104
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,513 39,445 37,673 41,205 45,813 37,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 2,691,665 1,296,235 1,395,430 119,175 57,680 61,495
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,455,315 686,810 768,500 48,285 22,655 25,630
In the bottom decile 404,560 195,060 209,500 6,900 3,240 3,660
In the second decile 320,165 146,180 173,980 9,080 4,175 4,905
In the third decile 268,495 125,455 143,040 9,775 4,525 5,245
In the fourth decile 238,680 113,000 125,680 10,810 5,095 5,710
In the fifth decile 223,415 107,115 116,300 11,720 5,615 6,110
In the top half of the distribution 1,236,350 609,425 626,925 70,890 35,025 35,870
In the sixth decile 216,450 103,995 112,460 13,130 6,390 6,745
In the seventh decile 213,325 103,540 109,790 14,380 7,005 7,370
In the eighth decile 219,865 107,815 112,050 15,195 7,525 7,670
In the ninth decile 241,850 119,420 122,425 15,950 7,900 8,050
In the top decile 344,855 174,650 170,200 12,240 6,210 6,030
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 2,691,665 1,296,235 1,395,430 119,175 57,685 61,495
0 to 17 years 478,360 245,340 233,020 28,700 14,605 14,090
0 to 5 years 162,510 83,480 79,030 8,800 4,470 4,335
18 to 64 years 1,811,265 874,400 936,860 77,715 37,340 40,370
65 years and over 402,045 176,495 225,550 12,765 5,735 7,035
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 543,385 254,890 288,495 11,260 5,240 6,020
0 to 17 years 125,675 64,485 61,195 3,940 1,995 1,950
0 to 5 years 42,685 21,880 20,805 1,170 590 575
18 to 64 years 347,775 163,045 184,730 6,260 2,885 3,375
65 years and over 69,935 27,360 42,575 1,055 365 695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 20.2 19.7 20.7 9.4 9.1 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 26.3 26.3 26.3 13.7 13.7 13.8
0 to 5 years (%) 26.3 26.2 26.3 13.3 13.2 13.3
18 to 64 years (%) 19.2 18.6 19.7 8.1 7.7 8.4
65 years and over (%) 17.4 15.5 18.9 8.3 6.4 9.9
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 469,325 224,145 245,180 8,790 4,075 4,710
0 to 17 years 98,910 50,725 48,185 2,955 1,455 1,505
0 to 5 years 33,950 17,345 16,605 855 420 440
18 to 64 years 322,620 155,490 167,130 5,140 2,405 2,735
65 years and over 47,800 17,935 29,865 690 220 470
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 17.4 17.3 17.6 7.4 7.1 7.7
0 to 17 years (%) 20.7 20.7 20.7 10.3 10.0 10.7
0 to 5 years (%) 20.9 20.8 21.0 9.7 9.4 10.1
18 to 64 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 6.6 6.4 6.8
65 years and over (%) 11.9 10.2 13.2 5.4 3.8 6.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,395 119,175 57,680 61,500
Official languages 2,559,780 1,243,220 1,316,560 117,380 57,045 60,330
English 2,557,220 1,242,190 1,315,035 117,300 57,010 60,285
French 246,610 107,660 138,950 9,175 3,865 5,310
Non-official languages 1,464,760 689,505 775,255 39,600 18,795 20,805
Aboriginal languages 795 325 470 0 0 10
Algonquian languages 660 285 375 10 0 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 135 65 70 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 30 20 10 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 0 0 0
Woods Cree 10 10 10 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 70 30 35 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 0 10 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 0 10 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 510 215 295 10 0 10
Algonquin 15 10 10 0 0 0
Ojibway 480 205 275 0 0 10
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 10 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 10 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 10 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 10 15 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 10 10 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 50 10 40 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 40 10 35 0 0 0
Oneida 10 0 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 10 10 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 10 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 10 0 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 10 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 10 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 10 10 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,464,025 689,205 774,820 39,595 18,800 20,800
Afro-Asiatic languages 100,730 49,935 50,795 2,565 1,335 1,230
Berber languages 135 75 55 0 0 0
Kabyle 35 15 25 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 110 65 45 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 17,250 7,505 9,750 180 80 105
Bilen 65 45 25 0 0 0
Oromo 1,175 495 685 25 15 15
Somali 16,020 6,955 9,065 160 65 95
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 0 0 0
Semitic languages 84,510 42,935 41,580 2,385 1,260 1,125
Amharic 9,560 4,445 5,120 105 60 50
Arabic 47,885 25,005 22,890 2,045 1,075 970
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5,930 2,865 3,065 45 20 25
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 680 335 350 0 0 0
Harari 945 480 465 105 60 45
Hebrew 18,860 9,555 9,315 90 60 30
Maltese 1,860 910 950 40 25 15
Tigrigna 5,150 2,425 2,725 30 10 20
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 465 255 205 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 370 180 185 25 10 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 33,965 15,600 18,360 345 145 195
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,020 850 1,170 35 15 20
Vietnamese 32,165 14,870 17,295 320 135 185
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 128,075 50,505 77,570 3,955 1,785 2,170
Bikol 385 175 210 15 10 0
Cebuano 4,685 1,865 2,830 150 75 80
Fijian 10 0 10 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 1,810 730 1,070 30 10 20
Ilocano 9,550 3,780 5,770 165 50 105
Malagasy 55 20 35 0 0 10
Malay 3,435 1,585 1,850 90 45 40
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 920 420 505 60 30 25
Pangasinan 325 130 190 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 121,155 47,540 73,620 3,785 1,695 2,090
Waray-Waray 220 60 160 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 895 360 535 0 0 0
Creole languages 8,845 3,795 5,050 465 220 245
Haitian Creole 455 195 265 15 0 10
Creole, n.o.s. 4,830 2,015 2,825 190 105 90
Creole languages, n.i.e. 3,675 1,625 2,050 265 115 150
Dravidian languages 87,340 43,525 43,815 6,675 3,265 3,410
Kannada 1,610 835 775 60 35 25
Malayalam 6,705 3,550 3,155 375 180 190
Tamil 74,750 36,615 38,135 6,125 2,990 3,140
Telugu 6,130 3,560 2,575 230 135 95
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 160 75 80 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 15 0 10 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 764,770 369,530 395,235 22,380 10,640 11,740
Albanian 9,905 4,880 5,025 70 45 25
Armenian 9,630 4,560 5,070 140 65 70
Balto-Slavic languages 138,380 62,970 75,405 1,880 845 1,030
Baltic languages 3,910 1,540 2,370 45 15 25
Latvian 1,765 740 1,025 30 15 20
Lithuanian 2,145 800 1,345 10 0 10
Slavic languages 135,365 61,790 73,575 1,840 830 1,010
Belarusan 470 240 225 0 0 0
Bosnian 1,960 930 1,035 0 0 0
Bulgarian 4,860 2,340 2,525 60 35 25
Croatian 8,555 4,140 4,415 50 35 15
Czech 3,745 1,795 1,950 70 35 35
Macedonian 8,245 3,855 4,390 605 275 335
Polish 30,970 13,515 17,450 500 190 315
Russian 51,045 23,150 27,890 335 140 190
Serbian 17,025 8,365 8,660 105 55 55
Serbo-Croatian 1,800 850 950 25 10 15
Slovak 3,460 1,605 1,855 65 25 40
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,010 890 1,120 10 10 0
Ukrainian 21,020 9,145 11,870 170 70 100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 335 205 130 10 10 0
Celtic languages 1,355 715 640 15 10 10
Scottish Gaelic 395 220 180 15 10 10
Welsh 140 65 80 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 820 440 380 0 0 0
Germanic languages 43,080 20,695 22,385 1,200 535 665
Afrikaans 1,670 850 820 65 20 40
Danish 1,090 485 605 50 25 25
Dutch 4,755 2,330 2,420 195 95 105
Frisian 75 35 40 10 10 0
German 29,980 14,340 15,640 845 395 450
Icelandic 100 45 55 10 0 10
Norwegian 480 240 240 30 10 25
Swedish 1,630 765 865 30 10 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 160 65 90 10 0 0
Yiddish 4,685 2,305 2,380 10 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 0 0 0
Greek 40,170 19,690 20,480 725 340 385
Indo-Iranian languages 254,825 130,405 124,415 14,165 6,860 7,310
Indo-Aryan languages 193,285 99,090 94,190 11,375 5,515 5,860
Bengali 35,635 18,260 17,375 980 460 525
Gujarati 36,180 18,650 17,530 1,550 740 810
Hindi 65,360 34,355 31,005 2,975 1,440 1,535
Kashmiri 85 40 40 15 10 10
Konkani 1,500 695 810 70 30 40
Marathi 3,230 1,630 1,600 85 50 30
Nepali 3,925 1,945 1,975 10 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 450 220 230 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 33,785 17,720 16,060 1,990 990 995
Sindhi 4,185 1,950 2,235 240 95 145
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 6,860 3,390 3,470 465 245 225
Urdu 57,675 29,285 28,390 5,925 2,930 2,990
Iranian languages 63,765 32,345 31,420 3,095 1,485 1,605
Kurdish 2,080 1,210 870 25 15 10
Pashto 6,570 3,595 2,975 500 220 275
Persian (Farsi) 57,760 29,105 28,650 2,715 1,330 1,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,515 850 665 25 20 0
Italic (Romance) languages 290,570 136,505 154,065 4,585 2,110 2,475
Catalan 240 125 115 0 0 0
Italian 91,590 42,755 48,835 1,280 580 710
Portuguese 75,785 36,510 39,270 890 395 495
Romanian 14,620 6,580 8,045 370 175 190
Spanish 122,195 57,080 65,115 2,190 1,045 1,145
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 440 225 220 10 0 0
Japanese 12,070 5,105 6,960 140 50 90
Kartvelian languages 1,125 575 550 0 0 0
Georgian 1,130 570 550 0 0 0
Korean 37,610 17,455 20,155 130 50 75
Mongolic languages 345 150 195 0 0 0
Mongolian 350 155 195 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 26,430 12,495 13,935 865 415 445
Akan (Twi) 7,000 3,215 3,785 170 75 90
Bamanankan 110 75 35 0 0 10
Edo 1,210 500 705 30 15 20
Ewe 265 155 110 20 15 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 295 150 145 20 15 10
Ga 475 195 280 25 0 20
Ganda 585 280 305 20 0 15
Igbo 1,480 765 710 30 20 10
Lingala 1,265 540 725 160 70 90
Rundi (Kirundi) 400 210 185 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 460 215 250 15 10 10
Shona 760 350 410 40 15 25
Swahili 6,210 3,000 3,210 155 80 75
Wolof 285 135 150 0 0 0
Yoruba 3,600 1,870 1,730 160 70 85
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,975 1,745 2,230 120 75 50
Nilo-Saharan languages 310 170 140 10 0 0
Dinka 60 35 20 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 250 130 120 10 10 0
Sign languages 3,090 1,375 1,715 165 70 95
American Sign Language 1,950 765 1,185 110 40 70
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 10 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,195 645 545 55 25 30
Sino-Tibetan languages 279,900 129,990 149,910 2,565 1,200 1,370
Chinese languages 273,760 126,965 146,795 2,535 1,185 1,350
Cantonese 141,260 64,620 76,645 1,160 515 650
Hakka 3,035 1,265 1,775 70 30 35
Mandarin 150,735 69,900 80,840 1,415 695 725
Min Dong 460 205 255 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 7,235 3,195 4,045 120 65 55
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,225 1,490 1,735 10 10 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 7,055 3,155 3,900 25 10 20
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 75 50 30 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,400 3,170 3,230 30 10 20
Burmese 885 400 485 10 10 0
Karenic languages 250 110 130 0 0 0
Tibetan 5,045 2,515 2,525 15 10 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 295 170 125 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 2,205 875 1,330 45 20 25
Lao 850 380 465 15 10 0
Thai 1,455 540 915 30 10 20
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 0 0 0
Turkic languages 15,395 8,125 7,275 115 65 50
Azerbaijani 1,465 760 710 10 0 0
Turkish 13,000 6,905 6,090 95 55 35
Uyghur 320 150 170 10 10 0
Uzbek 630 345 285 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 380 160 220 0 0 0
Uralic languages 17,065 7,680 9,385 275 110 170
Estonian 1,985 855 1,130 30 0 25
Finnish 1,430 585 850 45 15 30
Hungarian 13,700 6,260 7,445 200 85 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,315 675 635 80 35 45
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,395 119,175 57,680 61,495
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 2,296,370 1,108,000 1,188,365 112,315 54,475 57,845
Canadian citizens aged under 18 431,655 221,480 210,180 28,045 14,430 13,615
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,864,710 886,525 978,190 84,270 40,045 44,230
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 395,295 188,270 207,025 6,860 3,210 3,650
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,390 119,180 57,680 61,495
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,332,090 665,435 666,655 72,310 35,480 36,825
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 1,266,005 583,975 682,030 46,335 21,935 24,400
Before 1981 294,065 133,310 160,755 11,240 5,295 5,940
1981 to 1990 171,565 81,205 90,365 7,520 3,540 3,985
1991 to 2000 281,870 127,730 154,145 12,255 5,810 6,455
2001 to 2010 330,550 152,950 177,600 11,735 5,560 6,175
2001 to 2005 162,770 75,700 87,070 6,800 3,225 3,580
2006 to 2010 167,780 77,250 90,530 4,930 2,335 2,595
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 187,950 88,780 99,170 3,585 1,735 1,845
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 93,575 46,865 46,715 530 265 265
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 1,266,000 583,975 682,030 46,335 21,935 24,400
Under 5 years 96,800 47,595 49,205 4,350 2,165 2,190
5 to 14 years 205,920 102,700 103,215 9,090 4,545 4,545
15 to 24 years 270,470 120,040 150,425 10,975 4,660 6,315
25 to 44 years 558,625 254,865 303,760 18,180 9,050 9,125
45 years and over 134,190 58,775 75,420 3,740 1,510 2,230
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,266,000 583,975 682,030 46,340 21,940 24,400
Americas 212,010 92,485 119,525 14,080 6,410 7,675
Brazil 7,025 3,360 3,660 85 35 50
Colombia 8,710 3,995 4,720 145 70 75
El Salvador 6,960 3,500 3,460 140 70 65
Guyana 34,490 14,700 19,790 3,210 1,485 1,725
Haiti 1,855 835 1,020 60 20 40
Jamaica 45,075 18,280 26,795 5,095 2,170 2,930
Mexico 7,225 3,340 3,890 90 45 50
Peru 3,865 1,725 2,145 110 50 65
Trinidad and Tobago 19,640 8,305 11,330 2,230 1,040 1,190
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 24,530 11,480 13,050 760 420 340
Other places of birth in Americas 52,630 22,965 29,665 2,165 1,010 1,150
Europe 298,270 139,045 159,220 6,875 3,300 3,575
Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,125 2,445 2,685 15 10 10
Croatia 4,680 2,195 2,475 65 50 15
France 4,585 2,175 2,410 85 50 40
Germany 11,090 5,220 5,870 430 210 225
Greece 19,235 9,185 10,050 295 135 165
Hungary 7,860 3,580 4,280 90 35 55
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 4,625 2,400 2,225 130 60 75
Italy 45,515 21,350 24,165 505 255 250
Netherlands 2,690 1,355 1,335 135 60 75
Poland 21,360 9,265 12,100 375 140 235
Portugal 38,575 18,485 20,090 420 170 255
Romania 12,875 5,690 7,185 340 155 180
Russian Federation 16,225 6,755 9,470 95 40 55
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 8,525 4,095 4,430 50 30 20
Ukraine 15,775 7,075 8,705 105 30 70
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 40,295 19,425 20,870 2,905 1,455 1,450
Other places of birth in Europe 39,225 18,350 20,880 835 415 415
Africa 77,445 36,520 40,925 2,745 1,340 1,410
Algeria 770 435 335 10 10 0
Egypt 6,620 3,490 3,130 450 220 235
Ethiopia 9,080 4,095 4,985 165 80 85
Kenya 4,880 2,195 2,685 200 105 95
Morocco 1,850 885 965 40 10 25
Nigeria 7,605 3,780 3,830 365 180 180
Somalia 9,025 3,605 5,410 90 40 55
South Africa, Republic of 5,560 2,710 2,845 155 60 90
Other places of birth in Africa 32,055 15,320 16,740 1,280 635 645
Asia 674,495 314,010 360,485 22,490 10,820 11,670
Afghanistan 12,740 6,455 6,285 1,665 810 855
Bangladesh 25,100 12,730 12,365 660 320 345
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 131,475 59,275 72,205 1,180 515 665
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 38,820 17,855 20,965 405 190 215
India 79,225 40,115 39,110 4,085 1,975 2,115
IranCensus data footnote 61 36,445 18,300 18,145 260 135 125
Iraq 11,135 5,490 5,645 185 115 70
Japan 3,985 1,260 2,725 30 10 20
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 26,835 12,330 14,500 95 40 60
Lebanon 6,010 3,350 2,660 380 220 155
Pakistan 34,750 17,535 17,215 3,570 1,835 1,735
Philippines 118,780 47,820 70,955 3,840 1,710 2,130
Sri Lanka 52,900 25,740 27,160 4,390 2,110 2,285
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 5,575 2,790 2,785 80 40 40
Taiwan 7,695 3,320 4,375 85 45 35
Viet Nam 30,575 13,725 16,850 335 150 185
Other places of birth in Asia 52,450 25,925 26,530 1,240 600 635
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 3,785 1,910 1,870 140 70 70
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 187,950 88,780 99,170 3,585 1,740 1,845
Americas 23,850 11,210 12,635 675 365 305
Brazil 1,915 930 980 25 15 10
Colombia 1,430 670 760 15 10 10
Cuba 770 345 430 0 0 0
Haiti 680 315 360 0 0 0
Jamaica 3,530 1,840 1,685 230 130 95
Mexico 2,065 995 1,070 20 15 10
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,015 2,085 1,925 95 50 45
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,055 480 575 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 8,390 3,540 4,845 290 150 140
Europe 20,260 10,240 10,025 235 110 125
France 1,140 560 585 10 0 10
Germany 625 345 285 10 10 0
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,220 780 440 10 0 0
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 400 180 220 15 10 10
Romania