Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto, C
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Toronto, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Toronto, City [Census subdivision], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 2,731,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 2,615,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,179,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,112,929  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,334.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 630.20  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 2,731,575 1,313,590 1,417,985 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 398,135 204,190 193,945 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 136,000 69,895 66,105 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 135,025 69,345 65,680 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 127,105 64,940 62,165 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 1,906,495 925,070 981,420 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 145,525 74,240 71,280 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 194,750 97,415 97,330 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 232,945 113,905 119,035 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 224,580 108,895 115,680 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 196,310 94,065 102,240 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 182,390 86,535 95,860 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 190,925 90,860 100,065 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 202,405 98,735 103,670 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 182,805 88,145 94,655 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 153,865 72,265 81,600 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 426,945 184,325 242,615 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 130,540 60,360 70,185 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 93,600 42,315 51,285 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 76,160 32,730 43,430 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 60,630 25,670 34,965 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 66,005 23,245 42,750 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 40,800 15,665 25,135 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 19,680 6,180 13,500 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 4,750 1,275 3,470 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 770 120 650 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.6 15.5 13.7 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 69.8 70.4 69.2 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 15.6 14.0 17.1 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.4 1.8 3.0 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.6 39.4 41.7 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 39.3 38.0 40.5 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 269,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 493,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 349,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 71,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 61,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 48,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 165,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 2,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 95  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 359,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 333,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 175,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 146,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 97,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 2,691,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 2,333,435 1,109,400 1,224,035 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 1,181,360 592,560 588,805 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 1,011,190 505,025 506,165 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 170,175 87,535 82,640 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 1,152,075 516,840 635,240 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 806,265 410,975 395,295 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 68,715 27,570 41,145 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 152,000 55,490 96,515 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 125,095 22,810 102,285 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 718,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 344,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 174,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 143,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 56,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 718,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 566,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 481,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 85,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 152,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 128,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 24,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 566,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 250,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 316,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 133,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 130,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 51,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 152,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 94,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 41,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 17,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 602,855 277,825 325,035 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 653,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 226,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 427,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 31,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 427,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 359,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 68,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 2,704,415 1,301,905 1,402,510 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 2,323,235 1,139,585 1,183,655 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 2,725 1,140 1,585 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 245,695 107,985 137,705 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 132,765 53,195 79,570 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 2,704,415 1,301,905 1,402,515 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 2,508,815 1,219,600 1,289,220 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 39,795 18,805 20,995 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 24,865 11,205 13,660 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 130,940 52,295 78,640 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 52,230 24,405 27,820 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.9 2.0 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 2,704,420 1,301,905 1,402,515 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 2,598,230 1,251,220 1,347,010 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 1,411,345 697,965 713,380 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 1,375,900 681,120 694,780 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 35,440 16,845 18,595 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 1,186,885 553,255 633,635 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 425 185 235 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 315 140 175 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 5 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 90 35 55 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 10 5 5 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 5 5 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 10 0 5 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 20 5 15 355 135 225
Woods Cree 5 5 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 45 15 30 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 10 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 195 95 105 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 5 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 175 85 90 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 5 5 5 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 5 5 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 15 10 5 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 5 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 5 0 5 5 0 5
Dene 5 5 5 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 20 0 20 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 15 0 20 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 5 5 5 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 5 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 5 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 5 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 55 30 25 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,186,465 553,070 633,395 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 65,540 32,330 33,205 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 135 80 55 725 405 320
Kabyle 60 30 25 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 75 45 30 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 12,355 5,300 7,050 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 75 45 30 250 140 110
Oromo 860 420 435 1,445 720 730
Somali 11,375 4,810 6,565 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 225 115 110
Semitic languages 52,845 26,840 26,010 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 6,425 2,880 3,550 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 29,825 15,745 14,075 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 4,840 2,360 2,480 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 700 360 335 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 755 350 405 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 4,350 2,345 2,005 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 1,430 715 710 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 4,150 1,890 2,260 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 380 190 190 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 200 115 90 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 26,165 11,860 14,305 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,365 595 770 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 24,775 11,255 13,520 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 99,750 39,030 60,725 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 320 135 185 595 260 330
Cebuano 3,390 1,335 2,055 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 25 15 10 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 1,695 665 1,040 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 7,135 2,765 4,375 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 20 10 10 100 45 55
Malay 1,930 880 1,050 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 720 310 410 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 320 125 200 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 83,230 32,445 50,785 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 210 60 150 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 755 290 465 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 3,015 1,350 1,660 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 165 75 85 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 1,825 815 1,010 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,020 460 560 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 67,055 33,175 33,880 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 730 380 350 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 4,560 2,460 2,100 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 57,535 27,935 29,600 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 4,125 2,355 1,775 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 20 5 10 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 589,410 282,355 307,055 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 8,495 4,225 4,270 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 7,845 3,740 4,105 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 120,445 53,650 66,790 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 3,490 1,365 2,125 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 1,610 645 965 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 1,880 725 1,160 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 116,955 52,290 64,665 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 195 95 100 515 230 280
Bosnian 1,105 525 580 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 4,345 2,075 2,270 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 5,570 2,535 3,035 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 2,860 1,345 1,515 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 6,190 2,920 3,270 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 25,060 10,845 14,215 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 36,145 15,805 20,345 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 13,380 6,450 6,930 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 1,470 670 800 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 3,095 1,455 1,645 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,785 750 1,035 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 15,465 6,685 8,785 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 280 140 140 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 275 125 145 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 80 35 40 450 210 240
Welsh 85 30 55 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 110 60 45 225 120 110
Germanic languages 22,310 10,095 12,215 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 405 210 190 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 665 285 380 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 3,180 1,535 1,645 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 40 25 15 1,240 630 620
German 14,515 6,440 8,075 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 65 35 30 210 100 110
Norwegian 230 105 130 940 405 540
Swedish 700 305 395 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 130 50 80 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 2,350 1,095 1,255 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 170 80 85
Greek 27,840 13,415 14,425 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 194,760 99,110 95,650 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 138,625 70,700 67,930 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 28,460 14,365 14,090 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 26,400 13,520 12,880 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 15,230 7,960 7,270 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 80 45 40 345 170 175
Konkani 745 355 390 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 1,760 925 835 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 2,540 1,290 1,245 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 300 165 135 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 19,965 10,380 9,590 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 2,440 1,080 1,355 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,280 1,605 1,675 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 37,420 19,005 18,420 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 55,190 27,895 27,295 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 1,650 930 720 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 4,355 2,285 2,070 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 49,185 24,680 24,510 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 945 520 425 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 207,445 97,980 109,465 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 125 70 55 285 150 135
Italian 62,640 29,050 33,590 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 59,355 28,540 30,820 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 12,335 5,630 6,705 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 72,850 34,635 38,215 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 135 60 75 420 200 215
Japanese 7,015 2,405 4,610 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 870 465 400 1,200 635 565
Georgian 870 465 400 1,200 635 565
Korean 33,665 15,155 18,505 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 290 130 165 405 180 220
Mongolian 295 130 160 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 13,780 6,455 7,325 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 4,340 1,970 2,375 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 45 25 20 140 60 80
Edo 670 260 410 1,140 475 670
Ewe 175 90 80 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 85 75 365 180 185
Ga 200 90 115 600 275 325
Ganda 375 180 200 760 360 400
Igbo 740 385 355 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 285 135 150 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 270 130 135 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 285 135 150 1,330 545 785
Shona 395 185 205 1,455 660 790
Swahili 2,230 1,050 1,185 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 115 65 50 290 145 150
Yoruba 1,580 820 760 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,905 845 1,055 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 235 125 105 1,610 810 800
Dinka 40 20 15 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 200 105 90 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 565 320 245 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 210 120 90 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 5 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 350 200 150 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 250,960 114,630 136,330 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 245,285 111,855 133,430 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 114,670 52,085 62,585 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 2,855 1,225 1,635 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 111,405 51,120 60,280 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 450 220 225 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 6,120 2,820 3,300 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,665 1,200 1,470 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 7,015 3,135 3,880 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 50 55 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 5,670 2,775 2,895 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 610 270 335 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 255 125 135 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 4,590 2,275 2,320 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 215 110 105 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 1,720 690 1,030 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 710 365 340 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 1,005 320 685 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 25 10 15
Turkic languages 10,680 5,610 5,065 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 915 490 420 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 8,835 4,670 4,165 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 240 120 125 515 255 260
Uzbek 440 225 210 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 250 110 140 640 295 345
Uralic languages 15,145 6,655 8,485 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 1,940 770 1,170 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 1,315 500 825 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 11,885 5,385 6,500 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 585 310 280 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 106,190 50,685 55,500 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 7,550 3,520 4,030 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 92,620 44,395 48,230 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 3,300 1,515 1,785 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 2,715 1,255 1,460 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 2,704,415 1,301,900 1,402,510 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 2,458,470 1,185,800 1,272,670 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 1,756,685 858,655 898,030 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 1,739,625 850,750 888,875 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 17,065 7,910 9,155 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 701,785 327,145 374,640 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 110 55 55 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 55 30 25 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 10 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 5 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 20 15 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 35 20 10 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 5 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 5 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 5 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 5 0 5 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 40 20 20 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 701,675 327,090 374,590 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 36,560 17,185 19,375 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 40 20 20 345 175 170
Kabyle 20 10 10 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 7,495 3,140 4,350 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 40 20 25 170 80 85
Oromo 495 230 265 805 380 425
Somali 6,930 2,880 4,050 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 110 50 65
Semitic languages 28,920 13,970 14,955 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 3,425 1,500 1,925 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 16,485 8,210 8,280 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,620 1,755 1,860 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 480 240 240 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 450 200 250 555 250 305
Hebrew 1,610 805 810 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 430 200 230 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 2,250 985 1,270 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 170 85 90 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 110 55 50 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 17,760 8,020 9,740 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 725 305 425 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 17,020 7,710 9,305 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 48,375 20,215 28,165 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 75 30 40 90 35 55
Cebuano 1,320 560 760 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 5 5 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 615 265 355 910 385 530
Ilocano 2,695 1,150 1,545 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 5 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 575 270 300 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 215 90 120 445 200 250
Pangasinan 60 30 30 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 42,520 17,680 24,835 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 60 20 40 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 230 105 130 380 175 200
Creole languages 1,530 665 865 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 110 50 60 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 1,015 430 580 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 405 175 225 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 47,065 22,840 24,225 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 290 155 135 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 2,460 1,315 1,140 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 42,015 20,085 21,930 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 2,270 1,270 1,000 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 317,075 150,570 166,505 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 4,110 2,070 2,045 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 5,170 2,430 2,740 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 61,615 28,155 33,460 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 1,080 430 655 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 465 180 285 860 350 515
Lithuanian 615 250 370 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 60,530 27,725 32,805 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 70 35 40 175 80 90
Bosnian 500 240 260 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 2,450 1,185 1,260 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 2,040 945 1,095 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 850 410 440 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 2,730 1,285 1,440 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 10,610 4,730 5,875 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 23,075 10,420 12,655 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 8,020 3,865 4,155 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 585 280 305 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 1,615 795 820 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 490 200 295 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 7,425 3,300 4,125 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 25 40 355 160 190
Celtic languages 40 25 15 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 60 30 25
Welsh 10 5 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 35 20 15
Germanic languages 2,895 1,325 1,575 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 90 45 45 755 365 390
Danish 80 35 45 280 135 150
Dutch 285 140 150 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 1,955 875 1,080 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 15 5 10 45 20 30
Norwegian 35 15 15 70 30 40
Swedish 130 50 75 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 5 145 60 85
Yiddish 290 145 145 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 655 315 340
Greek 13,000 6,065 6,935 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 122,130 60,785 61,340 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 84,470 42,405 42,060 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 18,935 9,390 9,545 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 16,525 8,290 8,235 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 7,850 4,060 3,785 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 10 5 5 65 30 35
Konkani 160 80 80 540 260 280
Marathi 775 405 370 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 1,705 870 830 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 140 70 75 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,075 6,210 5,870 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 1,130 495 635 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,545 765 785 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 23,625 11,775 11,850 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 37,275 18,170 19,105 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 905 490 415 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 2,995 1,525 1,465 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 33,375 16,150 17,225 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 385 210 175 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 108,115 49,715 58,400 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 65 30 35 135 60 75
Italian 27,130 11,365 15,770 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 33,425 16,090 17,340 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 5,910 2,705 3,210 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 41,530 19,510 22,025 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 110 50 60
Japanese 3,295 1,380 1,915 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 635 345 295 770 420 355
Georgian 635 345 295 775 420 355
Korean 23,625 10,830 12,795 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 175 85 90 225 115 110
Mongolian 175 85 90 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 5,675 2,540 3,135 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 2,320 1,000 1,325 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 15 10 10 25 15 15
Edo 220 85 125 305 120 180
Ewe 40 10 30 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 25 35 110 55 55
Ga 80 30 50 175 80 100
Ganda 110 50 65 195 85 110
Igbo 250 130 120 540 265 275
Lingala 75 30 45 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 110 55 55 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 85 35 45 420 160 260
Shona 125 55 70 455 210 245
Swahili 995 440 555 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 60 35 25 130 65 65
Yoruba 560 295 265 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 570 250 315 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 60 35 25 550 260 290
Dinka 10 10 5 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 425 195 225
Sign languages 885 520 365 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 315 170 140 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 570 345 220 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 185,430 85,370 100,055 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 181,255 83,310 97,945 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 83,405 37,430 45,980 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 1,250 550 695 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 87,760 41,290 46,470 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 155 70 85 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,805 1,285 1,515 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,470 680 795 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,350 1,975 2,375 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 4,175 2,060 2,110 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 365 160 205 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 205 105 105 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 3,525 1,750 1,775 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 80 45 35 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 710 330 385 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 315 155 160 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 390 175 220 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 10 5 10
Turkic languages 6,340 3,205 3,135 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 365 185 180 770 385 380
Turkish 5,495 2,770 2,725 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 130 70 65 290 150 140
Uzbek 260 135 125 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 45 250 130 120
Uralic languages 6,255 2,835 3,420 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 530 185 345 790 290 500
Finnish 260 105 155 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 5,460 2,540 2,920 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 215 115 100 465 245 225
Multiple responses 245,950 116,105 129,845 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 6,510 3,010 3,495 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 233,300 110,350 122,950 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 1,355 595 755 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 4,780 2,145 2,640 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 2,704,420 1,301,905 1,402,515 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 2,057,585 995,080 1,062,505 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 271,530 130,775 140,750 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 27,445 12,360 15,080 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 335,090 157,715 177,375 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 385 165 220 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 334,705 157,550 177,155 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 1,835 875 965 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 6,420 3,075 3,340 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 4,365 1,950 2,425 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 140 65 80 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 2,294,790 1,092,665 1,202,125 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,187,030 1,041,915 1,145,115 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,089 33,456 27,576 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,187,340 1,042,005 1,145,335 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,958 30,661 25,918 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,888,445 918,925 969,520 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,733 36,010 28,105 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,598,435 709,590 888,850 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,249 1,115 3,956 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,578,750 791,520 787,230 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,602 37,149 30,393 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 2,294,785 1,092,655 1,202,135 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,187,225 1,041,920 1,145,300 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,268 62,667 42,807 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,187,505 1,042,020 1,145,485 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,462 48,059 35,461 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,889,205 918,700 970,505 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,901 66,647 43,781 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,598,725 710,015 888,710 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,631 5,725 7,355 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,578,755 791,435 787,310 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,032 64,206 43,805 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 2,294,790 1,092,650 1,202,135 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 726,575 392,990 333,590 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,246 58,626 52,090 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 78,643 89,498 65,856 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.6 93.6 86.7 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.4 77.7 70.1 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.4 6.4 13.3 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 2,294,790 1,092,665 1,202,125 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 107,760 50,750 57,005 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 2,187,030 1,041,915 1,145,115 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.3 95.4 95.3 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 389,430 182,885 206,545 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 410,355 175,800 234,555 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 291,150 125,720 165,430 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 221,475 100,395 121,085 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 187,235 87,700 99,535 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 145,500 70,185 75,315 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 114,465 57,710 56,750 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 89,650 46,940 42,705 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 69,990 37,355 32,630 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 58,210 30,005 28,210 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 209,575 127,215 82,360 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 119,810 68,240 51,570 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 89,770 58,975 30,795 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,294,790 1,092,665 1,202,120 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 107,450 50,660 56,795 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 2,187,335 1,042,005 1,145,330 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.4 95.3 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 395,780 185,315 210,465 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 425,580 183,045 242,535 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 330,405 144,300 186,110 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 261,430 120,825 140,610 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 213,815 101,645 112,175 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 154,925 77,550 77,375 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 112,490 59,255 53,235 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 84,300 44,490 39,810 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 208,615 125,585 83,025 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 57,270 30,705 26,570 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 34,660 20,035 14,630 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 116,680 74,845 41,830 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 2,294,785 1,092,665 1,202,120 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 716,035 301,145 414,895 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 1,578,750 791,520 787,235 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 68.8 72.4 65.5 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 201,230 94,895 106,335 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 132,320 61,255 71,065 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 219,860 103,510 116,355 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 176,835 81,220 95,615 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 157,110 75,225 81,890 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 141,850 68,405 73,445 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 113,285 57,240 56,045 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 90,310 47,130 43,180 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 72,185 39,215 32,975 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 273,755 163,430 110,330 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 57,580 31,675 25,910 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 50,845 26,260 24,580 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 165,330 105,490 59,840 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,829  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,264  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 359,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,018  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,172  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 752,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,908  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 102,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 81,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 359,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,409  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,276  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 752,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 125,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,289  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 33,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 23,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 36,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 54,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 47,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 47,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 46,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 47,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 44,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 84,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 76,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 68,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 60,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 53,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 343,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 100,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 68,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 77,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 96,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,112,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 34,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 23,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 37,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 55,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 51,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 52,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 53,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 55,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 55,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 53,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 98,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 86,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 75,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 63,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 51,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 263,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 94,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 58,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 111,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 705,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,859  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 221,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,232  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,412  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 316,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,273  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 138,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,839  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 705,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 127,312  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,343  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 221,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 127,461  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,833  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 317,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 155,188  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,979  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 137,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,981  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 518,290 246,070 272,215 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,059 31,130 31,006 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,647 28,567 28,713 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 517,005 245,110 271,895 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,407 49,458 45,557 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,513 39,445 37,673 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 2,691,665 1,296,235 1,395,430 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,455,315 686,810 768,500 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 404,560 195,060 209,500 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 320,165 146,180 173,980 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 268,495 125,455 143,040 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 238,680 113,000 125,680 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 223,415 107,115 116,300 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 1,236,350 609,425 626,925 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 216,450 103,995 112,460 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 213,325 103,540 109,790 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 219,865 107,815 112,050 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 241,850 119,420 122,425 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 344,855 174,650 170,200 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 2,691,665 1,296,235 1,395,430 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 478,360 245,340 233,020 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 162,510 83,480 79,030 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 1,811,265 874,400 936,860 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 402,045 176,495 225,550 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 543,385 254,890 288,495 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 125,675 64,485 61,195 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 42,685 21,880 20,805 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 347,775 163,045 184,730 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 69,935 27,360 42,575 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 20.2 19.7 20.7 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 26.3 26.3 26.3 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 26.3 26.2 26.3 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 19.2 18.6 19.7 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 17.4 15.5 18.9 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 469,325 224,145 245,180 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 98,910 50,725 48,185 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 33,950 17,345 16,605 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 322,620 155,490 167,130 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 47,800 17,935 29,865 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 17.4 17.3 17.6 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 20.7 20.7 20.7 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 20.9 20.8 21.0 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 11.9 10.2 13.2 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,395 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 2,559,780 1,243,220 1,316,560 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 2,557,220 1,242,190 1,315,035 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 246,610 107,660 138,950 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 1,464,760 689,505 775,255 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 795 325 470 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 660 285 375 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 135 65 70 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 30 20 10 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 605 255 350
Woods Cree 10 10 10 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 70 30 35 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 0 10 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 15 0 10 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 510 215 295 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 15 10 10 205 95 105
Ojibway 480 205 275 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 10 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 10 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 10 10 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 10 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 10 15 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 15 10 10 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 50 10 40 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 40 10 35 1,625 710 915
Oneida 10 0 10 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 10 10 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 10 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 10 0 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 10 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 10 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 10 10 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,464,025 689,205 774,820 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 100,730 49,935 50,795 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 135 75 55 925 505 415
Kabyle 35 15 25 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 110 65 45 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 17,250 7,505 9,750 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 65 45 25 355 200 160
Oromo 1,175 495 685 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 16,020 6,955 9,065 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 370 170 205
Semitic languages 84,510 42,935 41,580 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 9,560 4,445 5,120 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 47,885 25,005 22,890 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5,930 2,865 3,065 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 680 335 350 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 945 480 465 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 18,860 9,555 9,315 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 1,860 910 950 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 5,150 2,425 2,725 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 465 255 205 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 370 180 185 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 33,965 15,600 18,360 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,020 850 1,170 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 32,165 14,870 17,295 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 128,075 50,505 77,570 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 385 175 210 755 340 425
Cebuano 4,685 1,865 2,830 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 10 0 10 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 1,810 730 1,070 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 9,550 3,780 5,770 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 55 20 35 215 115 100
Malay 3,435 1,585 1,850 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 920 420 505 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 325 130 190 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 121,155 47,540 73,620 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 220 60 160 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 895 360 535 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 8,845 3,795 5,050 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 455 195 265 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 4,830 2,015 2,825 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 3,675 1,625 2,050 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 87,340 43,525 43,815 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 1,610 835 775 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 6,705 3,550 3,155 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 74,750 36,615 38,135 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 6,130 3,560 2,575 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 160 75 80 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 15 0 10 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 764,770 369,530 395,235 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 9,905 4,880 5,025 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 9,630 4,560 5,070 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 138,380 62,970 75,405 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 3,910 1,540 2,370 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 1,765 740 1,025 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 2,145 800 1,345 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 135,365 61,790 73,575 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 470 240 225 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 1,960 930 1,035 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 4,860 2,340 2,525 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 8,555 4,140 4,415 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 3,745 1,795 1,950 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 8,245 3,855 4,390 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 30,970 13,515 17,450 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 51,045 23,150 27,890 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 17,025 8,365 8,660 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 1,800 850 950 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 3,460 1,605 1,855 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,010 890 1,120 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 21,020 9,145 11,870 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 335 205 130 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 1,355 715 640 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 395 220 180 1,480 720 765
Welsh 140 65 80 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 820 440 380 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 43,080 20,695 22,385 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 1,670 850 820 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 1,090 485 605 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 4,755 2,330 2,420 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 75 35 40 1,655 820 835
German 29,980 14,340 15,640 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 100 45 55 285 130 155
Norwegian 480 240 240 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 1,630 765 865 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 160 65 90 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 4,685 2,305 2,380 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 40,170 19,690 20,480 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 254,825 130,405 124,415 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 193,285 99,090 94,190 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 35,635 18,260 17,375 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 36,180 18,650 17,530 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 65,360 34,355 31,005 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 85 40 40 600 300 300
Konkani 1,500 695 810 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 3,230 1,630 1,600 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 3,925 1,945 1,975 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 450 220 230 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 33,785 17,720 16,060 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 4,185 1,950 2,235 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 6,860 3,390 3,470 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 57,675 29,285 28,390 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 63,765 32,345 31,420 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 2,080 1,210 870 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 6,570 3,595 2,975 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 57,760 29,105 28,650 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,515 850 665 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 290,570 136,505 154,065 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 240 125 115 515 275 240
Italian 91,590 42,755 48,835 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 75,785 36,510 39,270 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 14,620 6,580 8,045 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 122,195 57,080 65,115 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 440 225 220 1,355 745 605
Japanese 12,070 5,105 6,960 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 1,125 575 550 1,555 775 780
Georgian 1,130 570 550 1,555 770 785
Korean 37,610 17,455 20,155 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 345 150 195 515 225 285
Mongolian 350 155 195 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 26,430 12,495 13,935 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 7,000 3,215 3,785 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 110 75 35 385 195 185
Edo 1,210 500 705 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 265 155 110 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 295 150 145 700 320 375
Ga 475 195 280 1,340 645 695
Ganda 585 280 305 1,225 550 675
Igbo 1,480 765 710 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 1,265 540 725 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 400 210 185 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 460 215 250 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 760 350 410 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 6,210 3,000 3,210 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 285 135 150 730 355 375
Yoruba 3,600 1,870 1,730 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,975 1,745 2,230 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 310 170 140 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 60 35 20 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 250 130 120 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 3,090 1,375 1,715 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 1,950 765 1,185 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 10 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,195 645 545 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 279,900 129,990 149,910 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 273,760 126,965 146,795 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 141,260 64,620 76,645 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 3,035 1,265 1,775 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 150,735 69,900 80,840 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 460 205 255 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 7,235 3,195 4,045 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,225 1,490 1,735 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 7,055 3,155 3,900 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 75 50 30 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,400 3,170 3,230 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 885 400 485 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 250 110 130 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 5,045 2,515 2,525 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 295 170 125 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 2,205 875 1,330 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 850 380 465 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 1,455 540 915 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 30 10 20
Turkic languages 15,395 8,125 7,275 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 1,465 760 710 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 13,000 6,905 6,090 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 320 150 170 700 350 345
Uzbek 630 345 285 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 380 160 220 915 450 465
Uralic languages 17,065 7,680 9,385 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 1,985 855 1,130 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 1,430 585 850 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 13,700 6,260 7,445 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,315 675 635 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,395 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 2,296,370 1,108,000 1,188,365 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 431,655 221,480 210,180 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,864,710 886,525 978,190 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 395,295 188,270 207,025 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,390 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,332,090 665,435 666,655 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 1,266,005 583,975 682,030 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 294,065 133,310 160,755 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 171,565 81,205 90,365 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 281,870 127,730 154,145 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 330,550 152,950 177,600 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 162,770 75,700 87,070 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 167,780 77,250 90,530 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 187,950 88,780 99,170 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 93,575 46,865 46,715 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 1,266,000 583,975 682,030 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 96,800 47,595 49,205 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 205,920 102,700 103,215 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 270,470 120,040 150,425 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 558,625 254,865 303,760 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 134,190 58,775 75,420 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,266,000 583,975 682,030 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 212,010 92,485 119,525 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 7,025 3,360 3,660 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 8,710 3,995 4,720 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 6,960 3,500 3,460 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 34,490 14,700 19,790 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 1,855 835 1,020 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 45,075 18,280 26,795 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 7,225 3,340 3,890 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 3,865 1,725 2,145 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 19,640 8,305 11,330 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 24,530 11,480 13,050 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 52,630 22,965 29,665 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 298,270 139,045 159,220 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,125 2,445 2,685 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 4,680 2,195 2,475 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 4,585 2,175 2,410 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 11,090 5,220 5,870 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 19,235 9,185 10,050 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 7,860 3,580 4,280 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 4,625 2,400 2,225 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 45,515 21,350 24,165 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 2,690 1,355 1,335 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 21,360 9,265 12,100 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 38,575 18,485 20,090 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 12,875 5,690 7,185 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 16,225 6,755 9,470 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 8,525 4,095 4,430 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 15,775 7,075 8,705 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 40,295 19,425 20,870 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 39,225 18,350 20,880 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 77,445 36,520 40,925 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 770 435 335 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 6,620 3,490 3,130 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 9,080 4,095 4,985 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 4,880 2,195 2,685 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 1,850 885 965 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 7,605 3,780 3,830 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 9,025 3,605 5,410 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 5,560 2,710 2,845 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 32,055 15,320 16,740 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 674,495 314,010 360,485 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 12,740 6,455 6,285 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 25,100 12,730 12,365 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 131,475 59,275 72,205 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60