Census Profile, 2016 Census
Mississauga, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Peel, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Mississauga, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Peel, RM
Ontario
[Census division]
Data quality , Mississauga, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Mississauga, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Peel, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 721,599 ... ... 1,381,739 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 713,443 ... ... 1,296,809r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.1 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 248,469 ... ... 443,918 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 240,913 ... ... 430,180 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,467.6 ... ... 1,108.1 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 292.43 ... ... 1,246.95 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 721,600 351,930 369,670 1,381,740 678,700 703,040
0 to 14 years 120,925 61,900 59,030 253,525 130,595 122,930
0 to 4 years 35,460 17,880 17,585 76,315 39,040 37,275
5 to 9 years 41,485 21,220 20,270 87,260 44,865 42,400
10 to 14 years 43,980 22,805 21,180 89,945 46,690 43,260
15 to 64 years 498,890 243,785 255,105 951,395 466,930 484,470
15 to 19 years 49,205 25,670 23,535 97,155 50,810 46,340
20 to 24 years 53,645 27,795 25,850 100,655 52,375 48,280
25 to 29 years 47,170 23,710 23,460 90,540 45,250 45,295
30 to 34 years 44,695 21,520 23,175 91,240 43,370 47,870
35 to 39 years 45,050 20,660 24,390 93,395 43,135 50,260
40 to 44 years 48,505 22,445 26,060 96,990 45,595 51,395
45 to 49 years 54,770 25,905 28,865 103,465 49,675 53,790
50 to 54 years 59,925 29,200 30,720 108,240 53,440 54,795
55 to 59 years 53,435 26,160 27,275 94,150 46,560 47,595
60 to 64 years 42,485 20,715 21,770 75,560 36,720 38,845
65 years and over 101,780 46,245 55,535 176,820 81,175 95,640
65 to 69 years 34,385 16,430 17,955 62,410 29,810 32,600
70 to 74 years 24,400 11,425 12,970 43,800 20,835 22,965
75 to 79 years 18,130 8,360 9,765 31,105 14,480 16,625
80 to 84 years 12,775 5,600 7,175 20,830 9,205 11,625
85 years and over 12,100 4,435 7,665 18,665 6,845 11,825
85 to 89 years 7,780 3,130 4,650 12,110 4,885 7,225
90 to 94 years 3,395 1,080 2,315 5,145 1,620 3,530
95 to 99 years 805 195 610 1,215 295 920
100 years and over 120 30 90 200 45 150
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.8 17.6 16.0 18.3 19.2 17.5
15 to 64 years 69.1 69.3 69.0 68.9 68.8 68.9
65 years and over 14.1 13.1 15.0 12.8 12.0 13.6
85 years and over 1.7 1.3 2.1 1.4 1.0 1.7
Average age of the population 39.6 38.8 40.5 38.3 37.5 39.1
Median age of the population 40.0 38.7 41.1 38.1 37.0 39.1
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 240,910 ... ... 430,180 ... ...
Single-detached house 90,780 ... ... 196,060 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 63,130 ... ... 80,780 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 86,670 ... ... 152,970 ... ...
Semi-detached house 26,730 ... ... 51,040 ... ...
Row house 34,115 ... ... 56,145 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 8,120 ... ... 19,695 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 17,630 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
Other single-attached house 80 ... ... 115 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 330 ... ... 370 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 240,910 ... ... 430,180 ... ...
1 person 44,960 ... ... 68,345 ... ...
2 persons 63,670 ... ... 104,345 ... ...
3 persons 46,625 ... ... 81,820 ... ...
4 persons 49,335 ... ... 94,060 ... ...
5 or more persons 36,320 ... ... 81,615 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 715,475 ... ... 1,372,645 ... ...
Average household size 3.0 ... ... 3.2 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 600,670 290,030 310,645 1,128,210 548,105 580,110
Married or living common law 345,335 172,300 173,035 661,470 330,300 331,170
Married 319,385 159,320 160,060 613,325 306,245 307,075
Living common law 25,950 12,975 12,970 48,145 24,050 24,095
Not married and not living common law 255,335 117,735 137,605 466,745 217,805 248,940
Never married 181,745 96,235 85,510 335,565 178,520 157,045
Separated 14,875 5,810 9,060 28,025 10,895 17,130
Divorced 29,690 10,370 19,320 51,760 18,650 33,110
Widowed 29,030 5,320 23,710 51,395 9,740 41,655
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 202,205 ... ... 386,185 ... ...
2 persons 77,690 ... ... 141,600 ... ...
3 persons 50,780 ... ... 95,025 ... ...
4 persons 51,605 ... ... 104,930 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,130 ... ... 44,630 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 3.2 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 202,205 ... ... 386,185 ... ...
Total couple families 167,395 ... ... 320,520 ... ...
Married couples 154,435 ... ... 296,475 ... ...
Common-law couples 12,960 ... ... 24,045 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 34,810 ... ... 65,660 ... ...
Female parent 28,760 ... ... 53,940 ... ...
Male parent 6,045 ... ... 11,725 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 167,395 ... ... 320,520 ... ...
Couples without children 57,205 ... ... 104,775 ... ...
Couples with children 110,190 ... ... 215,750 ... ...
1 child 40,450 ... ... 75,015 ... ...
2 children 48,640 ... ... 98,465 ... ...
3 or more children 21,100 ... ... 42,270 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 34,810 ... ... 65,665 ... ...
1 child 20,485 ... ... 36,825 ... ...
2 children 10,330 ... ... 20,005 ... ...
3 or more children 3,990 ... ... 8,830 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 83,770 37,040 46,730 148,295 67,280 81,015
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 240,915 ... ... 430,180 ... ...
One-census-family households 176,385 ... ... 316,910 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 47,355 ... ... 78,440 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 129,025 ... ... 238,470 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 12,430 ... ... 32,910 ... ...
Non-census-family households 52,100 ... ... 80,360 ... ...
One-person households 44,965 ... ... 68,345 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 7,140 ... ... 12,015 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 717,855 350,700 367,155 1,375,800 676,520 699,280
English only 639,595 318,480 321,110 1,233,210 618,475 614,730
French only 645 270 375 1,155 490 660
English and French 51,935 22,270 29,665 86,395 37,055 49,345
Neither English nor French 25,680 9,680 16,000 55,040 20,500 34,535
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 717,855 350,700 367,155 1,375,800 676,520 699,280
English 676,440 333,965 342,470 1,295,375 644,520 650,855
French 8,265 3,690 4,580 13,760 6,225 7,535
English and French 7,885 3,570 4,310 12,440 5,670 6,770
Neither English nor French 25,265 9,475 15,795 54,225 20,100 34,120
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 12,210 5,470 6,735 19,980 9,060 10,915
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.5 1.3 1.6
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 717,855 350,695 367,155 1,375,800 676,520 699,280
Single responses 679,815 332,140 347,680 1,305,305 641,785 663,520
Official languages 337,005 167,670 169,335 674,495 335,195 339,305
English 329,990 164,525 165,465 662,455 329,710 332,745
French 7,015 3,145 3,870 12,040 5,480 6,560
Non-official languages 342,810 164,470 178,345 630,810 306,595 324,215
Aboriginal languages 45 20 20 70 35 35
Algonquian languages 20 5 15 30 10 20
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 10 10 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 0 0 0 5 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 5 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 10 5 10 15 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 10 0 15 10 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 5 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 342,765 164,445 178,320 630,745 306,560 324,180
Afro-Asiatic languages 33,875 17,000 16,870 42,455 21,365 21,085
Berber languages 45 25 25 55 30 25
Kabyle 35 15 15 35 20 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 20 10 5
Cushitic languages 850 345 505 1,500 645 855
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 5
Oromo 25 15 15 85 40 45
Somali 815 330 485 1,400 600 795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 10
Semitic languages 32,920 16,610 16,310 40,765 20,625 20,140
Amharic 355 155 195 625 300 325
Arabic 29,900 15,150 14,745 34,310 17,435 16,875
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,185 575 605 3,115 1,545 1,570
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 75 75 505 245 260
Harari 30 15 15 65 30 35
Hebrew 65 40 25 105 70 35
Maltese 865 405 460 1,390 680 710
Tigrigna 225 110 110 345 165 175
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 155 80 75 315 165 150
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 130 55 75
Austro-Asiatic languages 10,065 4,665 5,400 15,015 7,015 8,000
Khmer (Cambodian) 90 40 50 320 140 180
Vietnamese 9,955 4,625 5,330 14,655 6,860 7,800
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 35 15 25
Austronesian languages 23,365 9,805 13,560 35,515 14,970 20,540
Bikol 55 20 30 95 45 50
Cebuano 580 245 335 1,000 430 565
Fijian 5 5 5 20 10 10
Hiligaynon 250 90 160 365 135 225
Ilocano 655 275 385 1,165 480 680
Malagasy 5 0 0 10 5 5
Malay 1,105 500 600 1,305 585 715
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 215 100 115 380 180 195
Pangasinan 45 20 25 80 40 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20,325 8,495 11,830 30,895 12,960 17,935
Waray-Waray 35 20 20 65 30 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 40 45 145 70 80
Creole languages 865 425 440 1,640 815 825
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 25 15 15
Creole, n.o.s. 555 280 275 1,000 510 490
Creole languages, n.i.e. 290 135 155 615 290 325
Dravidian languages 15,705 7,795 7,910 33,080 16,325 16,755
Kannada 595 280 310 955 455 500
Malayalam 2,930 1,480 1,455 5,595 2,800 2,795
Tamil 9,930 4,850 5,080 22,780 11,115 11,665
Telugu 2,150 1,140 1,015 3,615 1,885 1,730
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 95 50 50 135 70 65
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 203,910 99,145 104,765 432,875 213,370 219,500
Albanian 2,375 1,215 1,165 2,670 1,360 1,310
Armenian 515 265 250 750 380 370
Balto-Slavic languages 54,050 25,490 28,565 64,830 30,625 34,205
Baltic languages 725 295 425 830 355 480
Latvian 135 50 80 190 85 105
Lithuanian 590 245 345 640 270 370
Slavic languages 53,330 25,195 28,135 64,000 30,265 33,730
Belarusan 25 10 15 35 15 20
Bosnian 1,105 550 560 1,295 645 655
Bulgarian 1,165 570 595 1,330 665 665
Croatian 4,935 2,440 2,495 6,340 3,140 3,205
Czech 645 300 345 950 445 500
Macedonian 1,245 615 635 1,630 785 845
Polish 26,610 12,390 14,220 32,095 14,975 17,120
Russian 4,930 2,235 2,700 5,820 2,625 3,205
Serbian 3,895 1,915 1,975 4,485 2,215 2,265
Serbo-Croatian 510 255 255 580 285 300
Slovak 800 385 420 1,050 490 560
Slovene (Slovenian) 850 390 460 1,120 525 590
Ukrainian 6,510 3,095 3,410 7,150 3,395 3,755
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 115 60 55
Celtic languages 30 5 25 65 20 40
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 15 35 10 20
Welsh 5 0 5 15 5 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 15 5 10
Germanic languages 4,305 1,885 2,420 7,660 3,370 4,285
Afrikaans 90 40 45 115 50 65
Danish 165 75 95 290 130 160
Dutch 715 325 390 1,810 785 1,025
Frisian 5 0 0 45 10 30
German 3,140 1,365 1,775 5,130 2,285 2,845
Icelandic 5 0 5 5 0 0
Norwegian 25 15 10 45 20 25
Swedish 115 40 70 150 60 90
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 10 20 60 20 35
Yiddish 5 5 5 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Greek 2,460 1,235 1,220 3,420 1,705 1,715
Indo-Iranian languages 92,655 46,610 46,040 269,670 135,850 133,825
Indo-Aryan languages 85,525 43,010 42,510 258,345 130,115 128,230
Bengali 3,815 1,895 1,925 6,455 3,205 3,250
Gujarati 7,770 3,810 3,960 24,705 12,275 12,425
Hindi 9,830 4,895 4,935 24,185 11,975 12,210
Kashmiri 60 35 30 110 60 55
Konkani 780 375 405 1,055 500 555
Marathi 1,335 670 665 2,015 1,010 1,005
Nepali 795 405 395 1,895 945 945
Oriya (Odia) 140 75 65 210 110 100
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20,235 10,340 9,900 134,460 68,250 66,215
Sindhi 985 475 515 1,535 755 785
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,200 575 625 2,770 1,350 1,420
Urdu 38,575 19,480 19,100 58,955 29,695 29,265
Iranian languages 6,760 3,405 3,355 10,705 5,420 5,285
Kurdish 185 110 75 305 185 120
Pashto 1,165 610 555 1,835 940 900
Persian (Farsi) 5,420 2,690 2,730 8,565 4,300 4,265
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 365 190 175 620 310 305
Italic (Romance) languages 47,520 22,440 25,080 83,815 40,065 43,750
Catalan 10 0 0 10 5 5
Italian 12,685 6,225 6,460 24,420 12,155 12,265
Portuguese 15,985 7,510 8,470 27,685 13,215 14,465
Romanian 2,830 1,365 1,470 3,600 1,705 1,900
Spanish 15,995 7,325 8,670 28,075 12,970 15,110
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 35 20 15
Japanese 895 345 550 1,050 395 650
Kartvelian languages 40 25 15 40 25 20
Georgian 45 25 20 40 25 20
Korean 4,745 2,235 2,505 5,210 2,455 2,760
Mongolic languages 25 10 15 35 15 15
Mongolian 25 10 15 30 15 15
Niger-Congo languages 2,345 1,050 1,290 7,645 3,565 4,080
Akan (Twi) 705 300 405 3,425 1,595 1,835
Bamanankan 5 0 5 5 0 5
Edo 65 30 35 260 110 155
Ewe 75 35 40 130 55 70
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 10 10 30 15 15
Ga 70 35 35 185 85 100
Ganda 35 15 20 95 40 50
Igbo 200 105 95 550 280 270
Lingala 20 10 10 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 20 30 75 30 45
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 25 65 25 40
Shona 95 45 50 170 85 90
Swahili 260 110 145 560 250 310
Wolof 20 10 10 30 15 20
Yoruba 405 200 210 1,295 640 655
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 290 120 170 705 315 390
Nilo-Saharan languages 45 25 20 70 40 25
Dinka 5 5 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 60 35 25
Sign languages 165 90 80 285 145 135
American Sign Language 60 35 25 90 50 40
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 105 55 50 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 43,050 20,115 22,930 49,980 23,310 26,670
Chinese languages 42,745 19,980 22,770 49,500 23,075 26,420
Cantonese 16,450 7,655 8,795 19,885 9,240 10,650
Hakka 315 145 170 470 220 255
Mandarin 23,275 10,945 12,325 25,860 12,120 13,735
Min Dong 30 15 20 35 20 20
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,150 510 640 1,460 655 800
Wu (Shanghainese) 560 245 315 625 280 350
Chinese, n.o.s. 955 450 500 1,140 535 605
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 20 15 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 305 140 165 485 240 245
Burmese 115 45 65 200 90 105
Karenic languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibetan 170 85 85 190 95 95
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 80 50 40
Tai-Kadai languages 305 105 200 880 360 515
Lao 150 60 85 640 300 345
Thai 160 45 115 235 60 170
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 1,365 670 690 1,850 935 915
Azerbaijani 55 30 30 75 35 40
Turkish 1,150 570 585 1,610 820 790
Uyghur 80 40 35 85 40 40
Uzbek 40 20 20 45 25 25
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 35 20 20
Uralic languages 1,905 875 1,030 2,890 1,330 1,560
Estonian 140 70 70 215 100 115
Finnish 150 55 95 225 90 135
Hungarian 1,615 745 865 2,450 1,135 1,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 240 120 120
Multiple responses 38,040 18,560 19,475 70,495 34,735 35,765
English and French 1,935 880 1,055 3,220 1,455 1,765
English and non-official language 34,040 16,775 17,265 64,105 31,895 32,210
French and non-official language 880 390 490 1,315 565 750
English, French and non-official language 1,185 520 665 1,855 820 1,040
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 717,855 350,695 367,155 1,375,800 676,520 699,280
Single responses 627,540 306,695 320,845 1,202,795 591,040 611,760
Official languages 439,270 216,685 222,585 843,850 416,880 426,970
English 435,940 215,140 220,795 838,125 414,210 423,915
French 3,330 1,545 1,790 5,725 2,670 3,055
Non-official languages 188,275 90,015 98,255 358,950 174,155 184,790
Aboriginal languages 15 10 5 30 15 15
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 15 5 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 5 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 0 0 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 5 0 10 10 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 5 5 10 5 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 188,255 90,005 98,245 358,920 174,140 184,775
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,640 9,120 9,525 22,740 11,135 11,605
Berber languages 15 5 5 10 5 5
Kabyle 5 5 5 5 5 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 400 170 230 665 295 370
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 10 5 5 30 15 15
Somali 390 170 225 630 280 350
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Semitic languages 18,200 8,930 9,275 22,000 10,800 11,200
Amharic 155 70 85 250 115 130
Arabic 16,810 8,275 8,535 18,915 9,320 9,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 725 350 375 1,870 915 955
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 95 45 55 270 130 140
Harari 15 5 10 25 15 15
Hebrew 10 10 5 30 15 15
Maltese 220 100 120 330 150 180
Tigrigna 85 40 45 140 65 75
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 85 40 40 175 90 90
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 65 25 40
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,795 3,140 3,660 10,090 4,700 5,385
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 10 145 70 80
Vietnamese 6,770 3,130 3,640 9,925 4,625 5,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 10 20 10 10
Austronesian languages 9,945 4,420 5,520 14,735 6,645 8,090
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 175 80 95 345 165 180
Fijian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hiligaynon 70 30 40 95 40 55
Ilocano 200 85 110 375 170 205
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malay 420 195 225 475 225 250
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 30 40 125 60 65
Pangasinan 0 5 0 15 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 8,985 3,990 5,000 13,275 5,965 7,310
Waray-Waray 10 5 0 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 25 10 10
Creole languages 495 240 255 930 460 470
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 370 185 185 650 330 320
Creole languages, n.i.e. 115 55 65 270 120 145
Dravidian languages 9,215 4,480 4,735 20,320 9,880 10,445
Kannada 250 125 125 430 215 215
Malayalam 1,495 745 750 2,905 1,440 1,460
Tamil 6,315 3,000 3,310 14,935 7,155 7,775
Telugu 1,125 600 530 2,005 1,045 955
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 105,695 50,915 54,775 244,765 119,955 124,810
Albanian 1,220 610 610 1,340 670 670
Armenian 225 110 120 315 145 170
Balto-Slavic languages 29,070 13,825 15,250 33,810 16,145 17,670
Baltic languages 250 105 140 265 115 155
Latvian 30 15 15 45 20 20
Lithuanian 220 90 125 220 90 130
Slavic languages 28,825 13,715 15,105 33,550 16,035 17,515
Belarusan 5 0 5 10 5 10
Bosnian 615 300 315 705 345 365
Bulgarian 700 345 355 785 390 395
Croatian 2,045 1,000 1,045 2,495 1,230 1,270
Czech 230 115 115 340 170 170
Macedonian 625 315 310 760 385 375
Polish 14,985 7,065 7,915 17,660 8,375 9,285
Russian 3,075 1,435 1,645 3,610 1,695 1,915
Serbian 2,290 1,115 1,180 2,545 1,240 1,305
Serbo-Croatian 210 100 110 250 120 130
Slovak 255 115 140 330 155 180
Slovene (Slovenian) 195 95 105 255 120 135
Ukrainian 3,555 1,705 1,855 3,760 1,800 1,960
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 40 20 20
Celtic languages 10 0 10 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Germanic languages 445 195 245 710 310 395
Afrikaans 20 5 10 25 15 15
Danish 10 5 5 20 10 10
Dutch 35 15 15 105 40 65
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 5
German 345 150 195 515 225 285
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swedish 25 15 15 30 15 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 5 0 5
Yiddish 5 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 830 385 445 1,070 490 580
Indo-Iranian languages 53,150 26,255 26,895 172,780 86,020 86,760
Indo-Aryan languages 49,150 24,340 24,810 166,310 82,880 83,435
Bengali 2,185 1,070 1,120 3,825 1,855 1,965
Gujarati 4,100 1,965 2,130 14,890 7,255 7,630
Hindi 4,790 2,375 2,415 12,250 6,005 6,250
Kashmiri 15 5 5 20 10 15
Konkani 160 70 85 215 100 115
Marathi 605 310 300 960 490 460
Nepali 520 255 265 1,250 625 625
Oriya (Odia) 60 30 30 100 50 50
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,890 6,455 6,435 94,880 47,725 47,155
Sindhi 435 210 225 720 355 370
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 500 255 245 1,260 625 635
Urdu 22,890 11,340 11,545 35,935 17,780 18,155
Iranian languages 3,865 1,850 2,010 6,225 3,030 3,195
Kurdish 100 65 45 155 90 65
Pashto 600 300 300 1,015 505 510
Persian (Farsi) 3,160 1,495 1,670 5,055 2,435 2,625
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 130 60 70 240 110 130
Italic (Romance) languages 20,750 9,545 11,205 34,730 16,180 18,555
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 3,460 1,460 2,005 6,370 2,815 3,555
Portuguese 6,460 3,030 3,430 11,045 5,235 5,810
Romanian 1,400 660 740 1,685 800 885
Spanish 9,415 4,390 5,030 15,615 7,320 8,300
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 10 5
Japanese 490 230 265 570 265 305
Kartvelian languages 15 5 10 15 5 10
Georgian 20 10 10 15 10 10
Korean 3,250 1,570 1,680 3,545 1,705 1,840
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 15 10 10
Mongolian 10 5 0 10 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 725 315 415 2,615 1,170 1,440
Akan (Twi) 315 120 190 1,480 650 830
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 25 10 15 65 25 45
Ewe 30 15 10 40 20 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 5 0 0
Ga 30 15 15 60 30 25
Ganda 10 5 5 35 20 15
Igbo 25 10 15 120 60 60
Lingala 5 5 0 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 10 10 5 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 25 10 15
Shona 40 25 20 75 40 35
Swahili 80 40 40 145 60 80
Wolof 10 10 5 15 10 10
Yoruba 105 40 60 425 190 240
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 120 60 60
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 15 5 10
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Sign languages 265 155 110 460 270 190
American Sign Language 115 65 50 165 90 80
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 155 90 60 290 175 115
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,200 14,700 16,500 35,715 16,800 18,920
Chinese languages 31,000 14,605 16,400 35,440 16,655 18,780
Cantonese 11,415 5,210 6,205 13,605 6,215 7,390
Hakka 75 35 35 145 70 75
Mandarin 18,080 8,705 9,375 19,955 9,590 10,370
Min Dong 10 5 5 5 0 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 485 210 270 625 275 350
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 150 190 395 180 215
Chinese, n.o.s. 585 275 305 685 325 365
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 200 100 105 280 140 140
Burmese 70 35 35 125 60 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 130 65 65 140 70 70
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 10 10
Tai-Kadai languages 105 50 55 375 175 200
Lao 60 25 30 305 140 160
Thai 45 25 20 70 30 40
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 705 330 380 990 480 510
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 20 10 10
Turkish 610 285 325 875 425 450
Uyghur 55 30 25 60 30 25
Uzbek 20 10 5 25 15 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 10 5 10
Uralic languages 650 315 335 940 455 485
Estonian 15 5 10 25 10 10
Finnish 20 10 15 30 10 15
Hungarian 615 295 320 890 430 455
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 80 40 45
Multiple responses 90,315 43,995 46,315 173,000 85,480 87,520
English and French 1,640 730 915 3,010 1,340 1,670
English and non-official language 86,500 42,350 44,155 166,330 82,540 83,785
French and non-official language 360 160 195 555 255 305
English, French and non-official language 1,805 760 1,045 3,105 1,350 1,755
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 717,855 350,700 367,155 1,375,800 676,520 699,280
None 521,835 255,570 266,270 1,023,775 503,270 520,510
English 86,080 42,675 43,405 156,995 79,355 77,635
French 5,470 2,235 3,235 9,505 3,945 5,550
Non-official language 100,820 48,500 52,320 179,135 86,855 92,280
Aboriginal 20 5 10 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal 100,805 48,495 52,310 179,105 86,845 92,260
English and French 660 300 360 985 450 535
English and non-official language 1,935 940 990 3,705 1,895 1,810
French and non-official language 1,025 460 570 1,655 720 935
English, French and non-official language 30 15 15 50 25 25
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 594,765 288,005 306,760 1,119,400 544,795 574,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 560,950 272,120 288,830 1,053,150 513,510 539,635
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,311 36,591 27,188 30,715 35,812 26,687
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 561,055 272,140 288,910 1,053,315 513,545 539,775
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,899 33,199 25,442 28,405 32,554 25,077
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 495,880 248,020 247,860 927,385 467,335 460,050
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,051 37,572 27,213 31,381 36,866 26,509
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 399,965 177,830 222,135 757,275 333,870 423,410
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,089 972 3,661 2,169 917 3,855
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 420,840 216,600 204,240 805,200 415,990 389,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,727 39,128 30,639 33,467 38,017 29,520
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 594,765 288,065 306,700 1,119,400 544,800 574,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 561,270 272,395 288,880 1,053,655 513,720 539,935
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,267 52,779 38,184 42,651 49,339 36,287
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 561,375 272,425 288,955 1,053,850 513,760 540,085
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,373 42,619 32,427 35,665 40,372 31,187
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 495,780 248,425 247,355 927,480 467,585 459,890
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,223 54,022 38,391 43,405 50,495 36,196
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 399,800 177,835 221,965 756,500 333,300 423,195
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,230 5,378 6,913 6,189 5,207 6,962
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 420,845 217,140 203,705 805,200 416,420 388,785
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,176 53,938 39,968 44,132 50,326 37,498
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 594,765 288,065 306,700 1,119,400 544,795 574,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 201,835 112,220 89,615 384,710 216,620 168,090
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,892 59,310 50,214 52,426 56,821 47,980
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 67,998 74,886 59,374 63,269 68,999 55,885
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.2 93.3 86.1 89.6 93.1 85.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.0 81.2 73.8 78.9 82.4 74.4
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.8 6.7 13.9 10.4 6.9 15.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 594,760 288,005 306,760 1,119,405 544,795 574,605
Without total income 33,815 15,890 17,925 66,255 31,285 34,970
With total income 560,950 272,120 288,830 1,053,145 513,515 539,635
Percentage with total income 94.3 94.5 94.2 94.1 94.3 93.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,435 45,555 57,880 191,530 84,220 107,310
$10,000 to $19,999 97,920 41,015 56,910 188,635 79,650 108,985
$20,000 to $29,999 70,805 31,470 39,335 137,135 61,305 75,830
$30,000 to $39,999 57,810 26,820 30,985 114,215 53,100 61,115
$40,000 to $49,999 51,670 24,500 27,170 100,860 47,700 53,155
$50,000 to $59,999 41,440 20,630 20,815 79,600 40,600 38,995
$60,000 to $69,999 31,980 17,175 14,810 60,400 33,500 26,905
$70,000 to $79,999 24,635 14,005 10,630 45,660 27,005 18,660
$80,000 to $89,999 19,475 11,275 8,200 34,805 20,950 13,855
$90,000 to $99,999 15,945 8,900 7,045 28,145 16,175 11,965
$100,000 and over 45,830 30,780 15,055 72,155 49,295 22,865
$100,000 to $149,999 30,420 19,760 10,665 49,845 33,120 16,725
$150,000 and over 15,410 11,020 4,385 22,320 16,175 6,140
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 594,765 288,005 306,760 1,119,405 544,795 574,605
Without after-tax income 33,715 15,865 17,845 66,085 31,250 34,830
With after-tax income 561,055 272,140 288,910 1,053,315 513,545 539,775
Percentage with after-tax income 94.3 94.5 94.2 94.1 94.3 93.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 105,010 46,035 58,985 194,025 85,005 109,020
$10,000 to $19,999 101,705 42,820 58,885 196,450 83,480 112,965
$20,000 to $29,999 81,820 36,660 45,155 158,705 71,470 87,235
$30,000 to $39,999 69,315 32,750 36,570 136,280 64,335 71,950
$40,000 to $49,999 60,410 29,495 30,915 116,675 57,980 58,695
$50,000 to $59,999 43,010 22,920 20,095 81,700 45,025 36,675
$60,000 to $69,999 30,780 17,730 13,050 56,405 33,620 22,785
$70,000 to $79,999 23,155 13,220 9,935 40,930 24,045 16,885
$80,000 and over 45,845 30,510 15,335 72,150 48,595 23,560
$80,000 to $89,999 14,960 9,115 5,840 25,200 15,585 9,610
$90,000 to $99,999 8,815 5,825 2,985 14,375 9,730 4,645
$100,000 and over 22,075 15,570 6,505 32,580 23,275 9,300
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 594,765 288,005 306,755 1,119,400 544,795 574,605
Without employment income 173,920 71,405 102,515 314,200 128,805 185,395
With employment income 420,845 216,600 204,240 805,200 415,990 389,210
Percentage with employment income 70.8 75.2 66.6 71.9 76.4 67.7
Under $5,000 (including loss) 53,260 25,320 27,940 98,205 46,060 52,145
$5,000 to $9,999 34,430 15,570 18,860 67,295 29,650 37,640
$10,000 to $19,999 57,240 27,505 29,735 113,910 54,995 58,915
$20,000 to $29,999 45,025 21,180 23,840 91,845 43,775 48,070
$30,000 to $39,999 42,775 20,375 22,400 86,550 41,105 45,445
$40,000 to $49,999 40,135 19,455 20,675 79,515 38,590 40,925
$50,000 to $59,999 33,080 16,985 16,100 64,615 34,270 30,350
$60,000 to $69,999 25,895 14,165 11,725 49,530 28,435 21,100
$70,000 to $79,999 20,380 11,890 8,490 38,530 23,475 15,050
$80,000 and over 68,620 44,150 24,465 115,205 75,635 39,570
$80,000 to $89,999 16,715 9,845 6,865 30,230 18,585 11,645
$90,000 to $99,999 14,080 7,925 6,155 25,115 14,535 10,580
$100,000 and over 37,825 26,375 11,445 59,860 42,515 17,345
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 240,915 ... ... 430,180 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,018 ... ... 86,233 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,657 ... ... 75,667 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 44,960 ... ... 68,345 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,597 ... ... 41,872 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,716 ... ... 36,934 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 195,950 ... ... 361,835 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,353 ... ... 96,263 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,286 ... ... 84,394 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 240,910 ... ... 430,180 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 105,462 ... ... 104,466 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,086 ... ... 87,371 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 44,915 ... ... 68,315 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,392 ... ... 51,872 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,145 ... ... 42,786 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 195,995 ... ... 361,870 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 117,625 ... ... 114,394 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,157 ... ... 95,788 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 240,915 ... ... 430,180 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,565 ... ... 6,140 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,605 ... ... 3,850 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,230 ... ... 6,350 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,505 ... ... 9,770 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,165 ... ... 11,210 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,495 ... ... 11,850 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,050 ... ... 13,180 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,425 ... ... 14,250 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,605 ... ... 14,885 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,780 ... ... 15,340 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 17,460 ... ... 31,075 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 16,340 ... ... 30,355 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,565 ... ... 29,245 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,855 ... ... 28,190 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,665 ... ... 26,490 ... ...
$100,000 and over 96,605 ... ... 178,000 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 28,195 ... ... 55,095 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 20,880 ... ... 40,635 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 24,880 ... ... 46,050 ... ...
$200,000 and over 22,645 ... ... 36,215 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 240,915 ... ... 430,180 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,765 ... ... 6,470 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,665 ... ... 3,925 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,320 ... ... 6,480 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,755 ... ... 10,150 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,805 ... ... 12,270 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,340 ... ... 13,145 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,050 ... ... 14,935 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,975 ... ... 16,795 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,700 ... ... 18,360 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,800 ... ... 18,795 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 20,795 ... ... 37,755 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 19,370 ... ... 36,015 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,445 ... ... 35,075 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 16,565 ... ... 32,115 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 14,630 ... ... 28,845 ... ...
$100,000 and over 75,915 ... ... 139,040 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 28,485 ... ... 55,425 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 18,660 ... ... 35,210 ... ...
$150,000 and over 28,770 ... ... 48,410 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 192,070 ... ... 356,435 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,535 ... ... 94,869 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,568 ... ... 83,175 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.4 ... ... 3.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 45,770 ... ... 75,975 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,141 ... ... 81,464 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,835 ... ... 70,996 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 110,125 ... ... 214,125 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,190 ... ... 109,391 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,337 ... ... 95,547 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2 ... ... 4.3 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 30,110 ... ... 54,710 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,297 ... ... 62,604 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,951 ... ... 56,949 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 191,880 ... ... 356,135 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 117,277 ... ... 113,319 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,759 ... ... 94,798 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 45,680 ... ... 75,955 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,125 ... ... 101,227 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,497 ... ... 82,650 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 110,135 ... ... 214,065 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,024 ... ... 127,895 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,016 ... ... 106,923 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 29,885 ... ... 54,350 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,345 ... ... 73,017 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,619 ... ... 63,851 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 63,005 29,945 33,060 102,755 51,105 51,650
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,448 37,766 33,436 34,735 36,964 32,735
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,994 33,711 30,540 31,494 33,087 30,000
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 62,875 29,840 33,030 102,550 51,120 51,425
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,188 48,318 44,263 44,684 46,348 43,031
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,394 39,555 37,345 37,293 38,195 36,397
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 715,470 349,790 365,685 1,372,645 675,245 697,395
In the bottom half of the distribution 336,735 161,880 174,855 665,170 322,535 342,640
In the bottom decile 71,455 34,640 36,810 116,645 57,145 59,500
In the second decile 69,020 32,360 36,665 130,265 61,780 68,485
In the third decile 64,625 30,820 33,810 135,530 65,180 70,350
In the fourth decile 64,885 31,455 33,430 139,815 68,270 71,540
In the fifth decile 66,745 32,595 34,145 142,910 70,150 72,755
In the top half of the distribution 378,740 187,910 190,825 707,470 352,715 354,760
In the sixth decile 68,865 33,660 35,200 143,925 70,860 73,065
In the seventh decile 71,765 35,200 36,565 145,155 71,660 73,495
In the eighth decile 75,750 37,460 38,290 145,660 72,545 73,115
In the ninth decile 82,020 40,935 41,085 147,830 74,125 73,705
In the top decile 80,340 40,655 39,685 124,905 63,515 61,390
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 715,475 349,795 365,685 1,372,640 675,245 697,395
0 to 17 years 149,080 76,605 72,480 309,765 159,880 149,885
0 to 5 years 43,115 21,805 21,305 92,550 47,395 45,155
18 to 64 years 469,290 228,355 240,940 892,655 436,170 456,485
65 years and over 97,100 44,835 52,265 170,220 79,190 91,025
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 105,250 49,985 55,265 175,980 84,210 91,770
0 to 17 years 31,625 16,400 15,220 56,075 29,150 26,925
0 to 5 years 9,730 4,975 4,750 17,870 9,235 8,630
18 to 64 years 62,215 29,055 33,160 102,300 48,005 54,295
65 years and over 11,415 4,525 6,885 17,605 7,055 10,555
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.7 14.3 15.1 12.8 12.5 13.2
0 to 17 years (%) 21.2 21.4 21.0 18.1 18.2 18.0
0 to 5 years (%) 22.6 22.8 22.3 19.3 19.5 19.1
18 to 64 years (%) 13.3 12.7 13.8 11.5 11.0 11.9
65 years and over (%) 11.8 10.1 13.2 10.3 8.9 11.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 84,125 40,515 43,600 138,555 67,480 71,075
0 to 17 years 24,450 12,680 11,775 41,810 21,750 20,060
0 to 5 years 7,530 3,840 3,690 13,450 6,955 6,490
18 to 64 years 52,425 25,095 27,335 85,760 41,545 44,210
65 years and over 7,245 2,745 4,500 10,990 4,185 6,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 11.8 11.6 11.9 10.1 10.0 10.2
0 to 17 years (%) 16.4 16.6 16.2 13.5 13.6 13.4
0 to 5 years (%) 17.5 17.6 17.3 14.5 14.7 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 11.2 11.0 11.3 9.6 9.5 9.7
65 years and over (%) 7.5 6.1 8.6 6.5 5.3 7.5
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 715,475 349,790 365,685 1,372,640 675,245 697,395
Official languages 689,895 340,160 349,735 1,317,715 654,715 663,005
English 689,295 339,930 349,370 1,316,720 654,335 662,390
French 52,230 22,515 29,715 87,025 37,420 49,610
Non-official languages 426,200 205,655 220,545 788,825 384,845 403,975
Aboriginal languages 60 25 35 115 50 65
Algonquian languages 40 10 30 85 30 60
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 0 15 40 20 25
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 10 10 25 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 20 10 15
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 25 10 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 0 15 30 0 25
Algonquin 10 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 15 20 0 20
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 10 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 0 10 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 426,145 205,630 220,510 788,710 384,800 403,910
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,490 22,540 21,945 56,265 28,545 27,715
Berber languages 40 20 15 55 35 20
Kabyle 20 10 10 35 25 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 20 10 10
Cushitic languages 1,440 625 815 2,395 1,050 1,350
Bilen 10 0 0 10 0 10
Oromo 50 25 25 120 50 75
Somali 1,360 590 775 2,255 990 1,260
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 20 10 10
Semitic languages 43,130 21,945 21,190 53,875 27,485 26,385
Amharic 520 225 290 1,120 510 615
Arabic 39,960 20,450 19,515 47,510 24,415 23,095
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,570 805 765 3,865 1,965 1,905
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 285 130 155 705 320 385
Harari 50 20 30 145 75 75
Hebrew 430 265 165 595 355 240
Maltese 1,095 500 590 1,760 830 930
Tigrigna 305 135 170 535 245 295
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 80 130 390 180 215
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 45 260 110 150
Austro-Asiatic languages 12,705 6,085 6,615 19,070 8,995 10,075
Khmer (Cambodian) 110 55 50 350 135 225
Vietnamese 12,605 6,035 6,570 18,715 8,870 9,845
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 25
Austronesian languages 29,535 12,430 17,105 44,845 18,965 25,880
Bikol 55 20 35 100 40 60
Cebuano 980 405 575 1,650 700 950
Fijian 10 10 0 20 0 10
Hiligaynon 355 125 230 485 170 310
Ilocano 885 350 530 1,605 610 990
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 1,615 760 860 2,120 995 1,130
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 270 125 145 455 195 255
Pangasinan 45 20 20 85 45 45
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 27,510 11,495 16,015 41,965 17,665 24,295
Waray-Waray 45 20 25 55 25 30
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 170 90 80
Creole languages 2,760 1,350 1,415 5,265 2,495 2,765
Haitian Creole 45 25 20 110 65 50
Creole, n.o.s. 1,810 895 920 2,850 1,400 1,450
Creole languages, n.i.e. 915 440 470 2,310 1,045 1,270
Dravidian languages 21,940 11,115 10,820 45,185 22,675 22,505
Kannada 1,420 705 720 2,185 1,070 1,110
Malayalam 3,925 1,950 1,975 7,315 3,670 3,650
Tamil 14,755 7,420 7,330 32,560 16,260 16,295
Telugu 3,215 1,725 1,485 5,400 2,855 2,540
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 170 100 75 240 135 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 261,700 128,070 133,625 549,440 271,910 277,530
Albanian 2,625 1,350 1,280 3,060 1,575 1,485
Armenian 555 290 265 950 470 480
Balto-Slavic languages 61,980 29,670 32,315 74,415 35,620 38,795
Baltic languages 845 375 470 1,015 445 565
Latvian 170 70 95 240 95 145
Lithuanian 680 305 375 770 355 420
Slavic languages 61,325 29,380 31,945 73,610 35,255 38,350
Belarusan 105 60 45 120 65 55
Bosnian 1,550 770 780 1,885 945 945
Bulgarian 1,395 720 675 1,580 815 760
Croatian 6,900 3,365 3,535 8,820 4,285 4,535
Czech 915 440 480 1,210 590 615
Macedonian 1,665 840 820 2,270 1,125 1,150
Polish 31,745 15,080 16,665 37,890 18,035 19,855
Russian 8,730 4,255 4,475 10,245 4,965 5,275
Serbian 5,005 2,505 2,500 5,750 2,905 2,845
Serbo-Croatian 490 240 255 600 285 315
Slovak 1,095 555 545 1,395 670 725
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,030 445 585 1,385 605 780
Ukrainian 8,885 4,145 4,740 9,770 4,540 5,235
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 115 60 60 140 70 65
Celtic languages 115 35 75 175 70 110
Scottish Gaelic 50 15 35 80 30 55
Welsh 10 10 0 15 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 80 40 45
Germanic languages 7,475 3,580 3,895 12,260 5,845 6,415
Afrikaans 375 195 185 530 255 275
Danish 185 75 115 335 175 160
Dutch 975 485 490 2,210 1,000 1,205
Frisian 0 0 10 50 10 40
German 5,745 2,750 2,995 8,915 4,290 4,620
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 10 0
Norwegian 95 35 60 165 75 90
Swedish 225 100 125 310 150 160
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 10 45 20 25
Yiddish 10 10 0 10 10 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Greek 3,825 1,990 1,830 5,060 2,620 2,440
Indo-Iranian languages 126,180 63,505 62,670 345,715 174,545 171,170
Indo-Aryan languages 119,000 59,950 59,050 334,485 168,990 165,495
Bengali 4,855 2,410 2,440 8,085 4,005 4,085
Gujarati 10,950 5,280 5,675 33,105 16,380 16,725
Hindi 39,365 19,915 19,455 108,315 54,525 53,790
Kashmiri 110 55 55 250 120 135
Konkani 2,080 895 1,185 2,625 1,160 1,470
Marathi 2,680 1,375 1,300 4,110 2,120 1,990
Nepali 910 440 470 2,175 1,085 1,090
Oriya (Odia) 225 115 115 325 155 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 34,345 17,725 16,620 180,750 92,565 88,185
Sindhi 1,630 775 860 2,410 1,150 1,255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,135 1,080 1,050 4,630 2,345 2,280
Urdu 55,805 28,350 27,455 88,130 44,680 43,450
Iranian languages 8,310 4,095 4,220 12,930 6,365 6,560
Kurdish 220 125 95 375 210 165
Pashto 1,580 825 755 2,560 1,320 1,240
Persian (Farsi) 6,800 3,315 3,480 10,575 5,170 5,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 690 390 295 1,325 695 630
Italic (Romance) languages 63,075 29,710 33,360 113,440 53,990 59,445
Catalan 25 10 15 35 15 20
Italian 18,370 8,865 9,505 35,875 17,640 18,235
Portuguese 20,385 9,600 10,785 35,860 17,140 18,720
Romanian 3,285 1,620 1,660 4,280 2,065 2,215
Spanish 23,485 10,785 12,705 41,335 19,005 22,335
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 65 40 25
Japanese 1,475 680 790 1,860 855 1,005
Kartvelian languages 70 35 35 70 35 35
Georgian 70 35 35 70 40 30
Korean 5,330 2,495 2,840 5,790 2,670 3,120
Mongolic languages 45 20 25 45 20 30
Mongolian 45 15 30 45 15 30
Niger-Congo languages 5,070 2,360 2,705 14,965 7,120 7,850
Akan (Twi) 1,275 565 720 5,425 2,515 2,910
Bamanankan 35 10 25 55 15 40
Edo 150 90 65 570 275 295
Ewe 80 25 60 150 60 90
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 30 35 120 70 55
Ga 120 60 55 430 235 195
Ganda 85 35 50 160 70 85
Igbo 400 170 235 1,050 505 545
Lingala 195 85 115 480 205 275
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 10 35 100 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 60 15 40 175 60 115
Shona 125 50 75 235 95 145
Swahili 1,155 570 590 2,240 1,120 1,120
Wolof 60 20 40 95 40 55
Yoruba 980 500 480 3,185 1,555 1,630
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 680 320 355 1,495 740 755
Nilo-Saharan languages 50 40 10 70 50 20
Dinka 10 0 0 10 10 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 60 45 20
Sign languages 540 210 325 1,085 485 600
American Sign Language 290 90 200 520 190 335
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 260 130 130 575 300 280
Sino-Tibetan languages 48,905 22,900 26,005 57,520 27,000 30,520
Chinese languages 48,520 22,710 25,810 56,900 26,675 30,230
Cantonese 20,915 9,685 11,230 25,455 11,825 13,630
Hakka 325 155 170 510 235 275
Mandarin 30,545 14,205 16,340 34,605 16,080 18,525
Min Dong 65 25 40 60 25 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,535 695 835 1,925 905 1,010
Wu (Shanghainese) 730 355 375 865 405 460
Chinese, n.o.s. 975 420 550 1,195 530 665
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 20 10 15
Tibeto-Burman languages 405 205 200 640 340 300
Burmese 120 55 65 185 90 95
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 230 125 110 295 160 135
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 165 90 70
Tai-Kadai languages 420 165 255 1,225 580 645
Lao 180 80 95 900 445 455
Thai 270 95 175 435 185 250
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 1,810 920 895 2,525 1,290 1,235
Azerbaijani 60 30 30 80 35 45
Turkish 1,590 820 770 2,265 1,185 1,080
Uyghur 125 45 75 130 45 80
Uzbek 35 20 15 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 40 20 25
Uralic languages 2,085 940 1,145 3,245 1,480 1,770
Estonian 170 80 90 260 110 150
Finnish 200 95 105 280 140 140
Hungarian 1,715 770 950 2,705 1,230 1,475
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 275 130 145 665 355 310
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 715,475 349,790 365,685 1,372,640 675,245 697,395
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 620,045 303,715 316,330 1,192,495 587,865 604,625
Canadian citizens aged under 18 132,175 67,575 64,600 283,905 146,305 137,600
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 487,870 236,140 251,730 908,590 441,560 467,025
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 95,435 46,075 49,355 180,145 87,375 92,770
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 715,475 349,790 365,685 1,372,640 675,245 697,395
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 320,750 160,730 160,020 642,835 323,765 319,070
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 381,730 182,445 199,285 706,835 339,410 367,430
Before 1981 77,125 36,250 40,875 134,265 63,400 70,865
1981 to 1990 50,500 24,260 26,240 94,105 45,615 48,490
1991 to 2000 90,385 43,510 46,875 171,230 82,550 88,680
2001 to 2010 110,310 52,585 57,730 213,135 102,330 110,805
2001 to 2005 59,235 28,400 30,835 113,910 54,840 59,070
2006 to 2010 51,080 24,185 26,900 99,225 47,485 51,740
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 53,410 25,845 27,570 94,105 45,515 48,595
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 12,990 6,615 6,375 22,970 12,070 10,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 381,730 182,445 199,285 706,840 339,405 367,430
Under 5 years 34,375 17,135 17,240 60,825 30,760 30,065
5 to 14 years 66,605 34,445 32,165 116,450 59,505 56,945
15 to 24 years 76,645 34,345 42,300 159,265 70,515 88,750
25 to 44 years 164,845 78,135 86,710 291,160 142,250 148,910
45 years and over 39,260 18,390 20,870 79,140 36,375 42,765
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 381,730 182,445 199,285 706,835 339,405 367,430
Americas 48,660 21,830 26,830 112,715 50,455 62,260
Brazil 1,060 480 580 1,505 630 875
Colombia 3,625 1,680 1,945 4,745 2,170 2,570
El Salvador 880 425 455 2,425 1,195 1,230
Guyana 6,680 3,060 3,625 20,875 9,665 11,215
Haiti 150 80 75 440 255 185
Jamaica 11,595 4,965 6,625 35,320 15,095 20,225
Mexico 1,275 510 765 1,890 740 1,145
Peru 1,355 615 745 2,005 870 1,130
Trinidad and Tobago 6,340 2,800 3,545 14,255 6,385 7,870
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 5,520 2,655 2,870 8,860 4,225 4,640
Other places of birth in Americas 10,175 4,575 5,600 20,405 9,225 11,180
Europe 88,515 41,985 46,530 132,035 63,140 68,895
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,605 1,325 1,280 3,075 1,585 1,495
Croatia 3,505 1,705 1,795 4,425 2,125 2,305
France 605 295 310 1,000 445 555
Germany 2,710 1,200 1,510 4,425 2,090 2,335
Greece 1,740 885 860 2,405 1,225 1,185
Hungary 890 410 480 1,360 620 745
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,025 420 600 1,515 650 860
Italy 8,695 4,365 4,335 16,575 8,505 8,070
Netherlands 665 330 335 1,640 755 885
Poland 21,685 10,080 11,605 26,005 12,115 13,885
Portugal 11,925 5,580 6,345 21,195 10,285 10,910
Romania 2,810 1,335 1,475 3,685 1,745 1,940
Russian Federation 2,185 990 1,190 2,660 1,180 1,475
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,110 1,035 1,075 2,520 1,275 1,250
Ukraine 4,470 2,060 2,410 4,985 2,275 2,715
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,060 5,210 5,850 21,405 9,910 11,495
Other places of birth in Europe 9,825 4,745 5,080 13,155 6,375 6,780
Africa 24,290 11,875 12,415 40,840 19,970 20,865
Algeria 235 120 115 300 155 145
Egypt 9,095 4,670 4,425 10,065 5,135 4,925
Ethiopia 510 215 300 1,020 470 550
Kenya 1,835 765 1,070 3,380 1,545 1,835
Morocco 340 160 175 445 215 225
Nigeria 2,180 1,140 1,040 6,280 3,150 3,135
Somalia 720 260 460 1,260 505 755
South Africa, Republic of 1,095 485 610 1,690 775 910
Other places of birth in Africa 8,275 4,060 4,215 16,400 8,020 8,380
Asia 219,420 106,355 113,060 419,545 205,090 214,460
Afghanistan 2,595 1,310 1,285 5,160 2,520 2,635
Bangladesh 2,600 1,270 1,330 4,380 2,140 2,240
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 23,110 10,655 12,460 26,270 12,085 14,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 7,335 3,405 3,925 8,225 3,835 4,390
India 54,630 27,060 27,570 181,395 90,345 91,050
IranCensus data footnote 61 2,810 1,425 1,390 3,510 1,815 1,695
Iraq 7,390 3,665 3,720 10,815 5,465 5,350
Japan 575 200 370 720 250 465
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 4,345 2,040 2,300 4,710 2,200 2,505
Lebanon 3,110 1,645 1,465 3,860 2,040 1,820
Pakistan 35,855 18,230 17,625 55,225 28,045 27,180
Philippines 28,330 12,320 16,010 43,165 18,765 24,395
Sri Lanka 9,060 4,505 4,555 21,315 10,590 10,725
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,440 1,735 1,700 3,730 1,880 1,850
Taiwan 1,900 865 1,030 2,130 950 1,175
Viet Nam 10,350 4,835 5,515 15,470 7,245 8,225
Other places of birth in Asia 21,995 11,180 10,810 29,480 14,905 14,580
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 850 400 455 1,705 755 945
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 53,415 25,845 27,570 94,105 45,510 48,590
Americas 5,160 2,495 2,665 10,245 4,995 5,250
Brazil 125 50 80 210 85 125
Colombia 675 365 310 845 420 425
Cuba 180 70 110 290 105 180
Haiti 60 25 35 150 85 70
Jamaica 965 515 445 3,005 1,585 1,425
Mexico 340 160 185 460 205 255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,205 575 630 1,885 935 955
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 370 180 190 410 200 210
Other places of birth in Americas 1,220 550 670 2,980 1,380 1,600
Europe 3,585 1,635 1,950 4,600 2,135 2,465
France 55 30 25 100 45 55
Germany 80 35 50 125 65 60
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 85 45 40 110 60 55
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 0 20 10 10