Census Profile, 2016 Census
Mississauga, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Mississauga, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Mississauga, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Mississauga, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 721,599 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 713,443 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.1 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 248,469 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 240,913 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,467.6 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 292.43 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 721,600 351,930 369,670 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 120,925 61,900 59,030 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 35,460 17,880 17,585 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 41,485 21,220 20,270 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 43,980 22,805 21,180 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 498,890 243,785 255,105 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 49,205 25,670 23,535 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 53,645 27,795 25,850 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 47,170 23,710 23,460 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 44,695 21,520 23,175 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 45,050 20,660 24,390 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 48,505 22,445 26,060 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 54,770 25,905 28,865 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 59,925 29,200 30,720 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 53,435 26,160 27,275 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 42,485 20,715 21,770 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 101,780 46,245 55,535 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 34,385 16,430 17,955 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 24,400 11,425 12,970 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 18,130 8,360 9,765 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 12,775 5,600 7,175 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 12,100 4,435 7,665 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 7,780 3,130 4,650 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 3,395 1,080 2,315 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 805 195 610 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 120 30 90 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.8 17.6 16.0 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 69.1 69.3 69.0 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 14.1 13.1 15.0 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.7 1.3 2.1 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.6 38.8 40.5 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.0 38.7 41.1 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 240,910 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 90,780 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 63,130 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 86,670 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 26,730 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 34,115 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 8,120 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 17,630 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 80 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 330 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 240,910 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 44,960 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 63,670 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 46,625 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 49,335 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 36,320 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 715,475 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 3.0 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 600,670 290,030 310,645 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 345,335 172,300 173,035 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 319,385 159,320 160,060 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 25,950 12,975 12,970 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 255,335 117,735 137,605 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 181,745 96,235 85,510 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 14,875 5,810 9,060 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 29,690 10,370 19,320 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 29,030 5,320 23,710 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 202,205 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 77,690 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 50,780 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 51,605 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,130 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 202,205 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 167,395 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 154,435 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 12,960 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 34,810 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 28,760 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 6,045 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 167,395 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 57,205 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 110,190 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 40,450 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 48,640 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 21,100 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 34,810 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 20,485 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 10,330 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 3,990 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 83,770 37,040 46,730 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 240,915 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 176,385 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 47,355 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 129,025 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 12,430 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 52,100 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 44,965 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 7,140 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 717,855 350,700 367,155 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 639,595 318,480 321,110 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 645 270 375 1,110 530 580
English and French 51,935 22,270 29,665 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 25,680 9,680 16,000 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 717,855 350,700 367,155 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 676,440 333,965 342,470 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 8,265 3,690 4,580 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 7,885 3,570 4,310 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 25,265 9,475 15,795 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 12,210 5,470 6,735 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 717,855 350,695 367,155 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 679,815 332,140 347,680 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 337,005 167,670 169,335 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 329,990 164,525 165,465 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 7,015 3,145 3,870 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 342,810 164,470 178,345 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 45 20 20 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 20 5 15 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 10 10 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 10 10 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 342,765 164,445 178,320 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 33,875 17,000 16,870 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 45 25 25 95 55 35
Kabyle 35 15 15 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 850 345 505 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 25 15 15 165 95 75
Somali 815 330 485 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Semitic languages 32,920 16,610 16,310 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 355 155 195 1,140 560 585
Arabic 29,900 15,150 14,745 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,185 575 605 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 75 75 440 240 195
Harari 30 15 15 25 10 15
Hebrew 65 40 25 1,770 960 805
Maltese 865 405 460 80 40 40
Tigrigna 225 110 110 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 155 80 75 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 10,065 4,665 5,400 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 90 40 50 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 9,955 4,625 5,330 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 23,365 9,805 13,560 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 55 20 30 310 140 170
Cebuano 580 245 335 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 5 5 5 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 250 90 160 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 655 275 385 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 5 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 1,105 500 600 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 215 100 115 635 290 345
Pangasinan 45 20 25 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20,325 8,495 11,830 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 35 20 20 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 40 45 830 360 470
Creole languages 865 425 440 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 555 280 275 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 290 135 155 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 15,705 7,795 7,910 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 595 280 310 225 115 110
Malayalam 2,930 1,480 1,455 1,750 905 845
Tamil 9,930 4,850 5,080 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 2,150 1,140 1,015 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 95 50 50 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 203,910 99,145 104,765 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 2,375 1,215 1,165 1,090 560 530
Armenian 515 265 250 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 54,050 25,490 28,565 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 725 295 425 645 280 370
Latvian 135 50 80 320 145 175
Lithuanian 590 245 345 325 130 200
Slavic languages 53,330 25,195 28,135 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 25 10 15 60 30 30
Bosnian 1,105 550 560 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 1,165 570 595 1,725 805 915
Croatian 4,935 2,440 2,495 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 645 300 345 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 1,245 615 635 250 120 135
Polish 26,610 12,390 14,220 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 4,930 2,235 2,700 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 3,895 1,915 1,975 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 510 255 255 1,145 545 600
Slovak 800 385 420 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 850 390 460 545 250 290
Ukrainian 6,510 3,095 3,410 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 180 90 90
Celtic languages 30 5 25 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 15 125 65 60
Welsh 5 0 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 65 40 25
Germanic languages 4,305 1,885 2,420 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 90 40 45 1,435 730 705
Danish 165 75 95 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 715 325 390 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 0 0 80 30 50
German 3,140 1,365 1,775 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 0 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 25 15 10 835 410 430
Swedish 115 40 70 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 10 20 200 105 95
Yiddish 5 5 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 20 15
Greek 2,460 1,235 1,220 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 92,655 46,610 46,040 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 85,525 43,010 42,510 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 3,815 1,895 1,925 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 7,770 3,810 3,960 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 9,830 4,895 4,935 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 60 35 30 40 25 15
Konkani 780 375 405 225 110 110
Marathi 1,335 670 665 535 280 255
Nepali 795 405 395 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 140 75 65 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20,235 10,340 9,900 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 985 475 515 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,200 575 625 1,455 730 725
Urdu 38,575 19,480 19,100 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 6,760 3,405 3,355 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 185 110 75 1,650 875 780
Pashto 1,165 610 555 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 5,420 2,690 2,730 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 365 190 175 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 47,520 22,440 25,080 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 10 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 12,685 6,225 6,460 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 15,985 7,510 8,470 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 2,830 1,365 1,470 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 15,995 7,325 8,670 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 60 40 25
Japanese 895 345 550 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 40 25 15 65 40 25
Georgian 45 25 20 65 40 25
Korean 4,745 2,235 2,505 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 25 10 15 340 145 200
Mongolian 25 10 15 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 2,345 1,050 1,290 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 705 300 405 405 220 180
Bamanankan 5 0 5 10 10 5
Edo 65 30 35 80 45 30
Ewe 75 35 40 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 10 10 20 10 5
Ga 70 35 35 35 15 15
Ganda 35 15 20 65 35 30
Igbo 200 105 95 160 90 65
Lingala 20 10 10 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 20 30 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 25 105 45 55
Shona 95 45 50 150 70 85
Swahili 260 110 145 585 285 295
Wolof 20 10 10 30 10 20
Yoruba 405 200 210 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 290 120 170 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 45 25 20 265 135 135
Dinka 5 5 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 190 85 100
Sign languages 165 90 80 620 330 295
American Sign Language 60 35 25 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 105 55 50 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 43,050 20,115 22,930 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 42,745 19,980 22,770 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 16,450 7,655 8,795 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 315 145 170 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 23,275 10,945 12,325 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 30 15 20 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,150 510 640 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 560 245 315 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 955 450 500 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 305 140 165 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 115 45 65 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 170 85 85 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 305 105 200 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 150 60 85 800 405 400
Thai 160 45 115 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 1,365 670 690 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 55 30 30 495 275 225
Turkish 1,150 570 585 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 80 40 35 165 80 85
Uzbek 40 20 20 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,905 875 1,030 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 140 70 70 455 195 260
Finnish 150 55 95 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,615 745 865 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 365 200 170
Multiple responses 38,040 18,560 19,475 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,935 880 1,055 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 34,040 16,775 17,265 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 880 390 490 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 1,185 520 665 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 717,855 350,695 367,155 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 627,540 306,695 320,845 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 439,270 216,685 222,585 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 435,940 215,140 220,795 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 3,330 1,545 1,790 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 188,275 90,015 98,255 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 15 10 5 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 10 5 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 5 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 188,255 90,005 98,245 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,640 9,120 9,525 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 15 5 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 5 5 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 400 170 230 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 10 5 5 80 40 35
Somali 390 170 225 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 18,200 8,930 9,275 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 155 70 85 535 250 290
Arabic 16,810 8,275 8,535 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 725 350 375 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 95 45 55 305 160 145
Harari 15 5 10 10 5 5
Hebrew 10 10 5 785 400 385
Maltese 220 100 120 5 5 0
Tigrigna 85 40 45 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 85 40 40 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,795 3,140 3,660 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 10 620 290 330
Vietnamese 6,770 3,130 3,640 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 10 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 9,945 4,420 5,520 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 175 80 95 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 70 30 40 355 150 205
Ilocano 200 85 110 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 420 195 225 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 30 40 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 5 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 8,985 3,990 5,000 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 10 5 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 260 130 130
Creole languages 495 240 255 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 370 185 185 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 115 55 65 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 9,215 4,480 4,735 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 250 125 125 95 45 50
Malayalam 1,495 745 750 885 450 435
Tamil 6,315 3,000 3,310 1,935 965 965
Telugu 1,125 600 530 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 105,695 50,915 54,775 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 1,220 610 610 530 255 270
Armenian 225 110 120 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 29,070 13,825 15,250 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 250 105 140 160 75 90
Latvian 30 15 15 65 30 35
Lithuanian 220 90 125 90 45 50
Slavic languages 28,825 13,715 15,105 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 0 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 615 300 315 540 270 270
Bulgarian 700 345 355 925 425 495
Croatian 2,045 1,000 1,045 1,795 840 955
Czech 230 115 115 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 625 315 310 120 60 60
Polish 14,985 7,065 7,915 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 3,075 1,435 1,645 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 2,290 1,115 1,180 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 210 100 110 435 205 235
Slovak 255 115 140 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 195 95 105 60 25 35
Ukrainian 3,555 1,705 1,855 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 25 10 15
Celtic languages 10 0 10 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Germanic languages 445 195 245 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 20 5 10 520 250 265
Danish 10 5 5 180 90 90
Dutch 35 15 15 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 345 150 195 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 25 15 15 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 5 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 830 385 445 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 53,150 26,255 26,895 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 49,150 24,340 24,810 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 2,185 1,070 1,120 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 4,100 1,965 2,130 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 4,790 2,375 2,415 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 15 5 5 5 0 0
Konkani 160 70 85 40 15 15
Marathi 605 310 300 245 125 120
Nepali 520 255 265 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 60 30 30 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,890 6,455 6,435 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 435 210 225 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 500 255 245 595 290 305
Urdu 22,890 11,340 11,545 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 3,865 1,850 2,010 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 100 65 45 1,025 515 505
Pashto 600 300 300 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 3,160 1,495 1,670 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 130 60 70 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 20,750 9,545 11,205 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 3,460 1,460 2,005 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 6,460 3,030 3,430 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 1,400 660 740 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 9,415 4,390 5,030 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 10
Japanese 490 230 265 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 15 5 10 15 10 10
Georgian 20 10 10 15 10 10
Korean 3,250 1,570 1,680 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 160 80 85
Mongolian 10 5 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 725 315 415 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 315 120 190 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 25 10 15 15 5 5
Ewe 30 15 10 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Ga 30 15 15 5 0 0
Ganda 10 5 5 5 5 5
Igbo 25 10 15 35 20 15
Lingala 5 5 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 10 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 45 15 30
Shona 40 25 20 40 15 20
Swahili 80 40 40 155 60 90
Wolof 10 10 5 0 0 0
Yoruba 105 40 60 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 60 20 40
Sign languages 265 155 110 830 460 370
American Sign Language 115 65 50 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 155 90 60 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,200 14,700 16,500 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 31,000 14,605 16,400 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 11,415 5,210 6,205 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 75 35 35 670 280 390
Mandarin 18,080 8,705 9,375 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 10 5 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 485 210 270 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 150 190 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 585 275 305 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 200 100 105 1,630 820 810
Burmese 70 35 35 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 130 65 65 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 105 50 55 1,015 435 580
Lao 60 25 30 335 160 175
Thai 45 25 20 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 705 330 380 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 185 95 90
Turkish 610 285 325 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 55 30 25 100 50 50
Uzbek 20 10 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 40 15 25
Uralic languages 650 315 335 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 15 5 10 75 30 45
Finnish 20 10 15 435 190 240
Hungarian 615 295 320 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 110 50 60
Multiple responses 90,315 43,995 46,315 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 1,640 730 915 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 86,500 42,350 44,155 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 360 160 195 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 1,805 760 1,045 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 717,855 350,700 367,155 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 521,835 255,570 266,270 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 86,080 42,675 43,405 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 5,470 2,235 3,235 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 100,820 48,500 52,320 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 20 5 10 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 100,805 48,495 52,310 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 660 300 360 965 435 530
English and non-official language 1,935 940 990 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 1,025 460 570 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 30 15 15 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 594,765 288,005 306,760 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 560,950 272,120 288,830 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,311 36,591 27,188 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 561,055 272,140 288,910 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,899 33,199 25,442 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 495,880 248,020 247,860 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,051 37,572 27,213 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 399,965 177,830 222,135 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,089 972 3,661 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 420,840 216,600 204,240 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,727 39,128 30,639 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 594,765 288,065 306,700 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 561,270 272,395 288,880 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,267 52,779 38,184 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 561,375 272,425 288,955 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,373 42,619 32,427 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 495,780 248,425 247,355 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,223 54,022 38,391 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 399,800 177,835 221,965 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,230 5,378 6,913 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 420,845 217,140 203,705 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,176 53,938 39,968 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 594,765 288,065 306,700 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 201,835 112,220 89,615 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,892 59,310 50,214 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 67,998 74,886 59,374 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.2 93.3 86.1 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.0 81.2 73.8 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.8 6.7 13.9 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 594,760 288,005 306,760 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 33,815 15,890 17,925 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 560,950 272,120 288,830 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 94.3 94.5 94.2 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,435 45,555 57,880 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 97,920 41,015 56,910 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 70,805 31,470 39,335 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 57,810 26,820 30,985 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 51,670 24,500 27,170 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 41,440 20,630 20,815 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 31,980 17,175 14,810 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 24,635 14,005 10,630 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 19,475 11,275 8,200 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 15,945 8,900 7,045 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 45,830 30,780 15,055 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 30,420 19,760 10,665 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 15,410 11,020 4,385 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 594,765 288,005 306,760 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 33,715 15,865 17,845 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 561,055 272,140 288,910 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 94.3 94.5 94.2 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 105,010 46,035 58,985 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 101,705 42,820 58,885 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 81,820 36,660 45,155 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 69,315 32,750 36,570 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 60,410 29,495 30,915 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 43,010 22,920 20,095 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 30,780 17,730 13,050 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 23,155 13,220 9,935 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 45,845 30,510 15,335 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 14,960 9,115 5,840 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 8,815 5,825 2,985 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 22,075 15,570 6,505 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 594,765 288,005 306,755 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 173,920 71,405 102,515 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 420,845 216,600 204,240 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 70.8 75.2 66.6 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 53,260 25,320 27,940 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 34,430 15,570 18,860 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 57,240 27,505 29,735 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 45,025 21,180 23,840 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 42,775 20,375 22,400 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 40,135 19,455 20,675 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 33,080 16,985 16,100 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 25,895 14,165 11,725 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 20,380 11,890 8,490 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 68,620 44,150 24,465 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 16,715 9,845 6,865 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 14,080 7,925 6,155 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 37,825 26,375 11,445 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 240,915 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,018 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,657 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 44,960 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,597 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,716 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 195,950 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,353 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,286 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 240,910 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 105,462 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,086 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 44,915 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,392 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,145 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 195,995 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 117,625 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,157 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 240,915 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,565 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,605 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,230 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,505 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,165 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,495 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,050 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,425 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,605 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,780 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 17,460 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 16,340 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,565 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,855 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,665 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 96,605 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 28,195 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 20,880 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 24,880 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 22,645 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 240,915 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,765 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,665 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,320 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,755 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,805 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,340 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,050 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,975 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,700 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,800 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 20,795 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 19,370 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,445 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 16,565 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 14,630 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 75,915 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 28,485 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 18,660 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 28,770 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 192,070 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,535 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,568 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.4 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 45,770 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,141 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,835 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 110,125 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,190 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,337 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 30,110 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,297 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,951 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 191,880 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 117,277 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,759 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 45,680 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,125 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,497 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 110,135 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,024 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,016 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 29,885 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,345 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,619 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 63,005 29,945 33,060 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,448 37,766 33,436 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,994 33,711 30,540 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 62,875 29,840 33,030 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,188 48,318 44,263 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,394 39,555 37,345 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 715,470 349,790 365,685 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 336,735 161,880 174,855 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 71,455 34,640 36,810 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 69,020 32,360 36,665 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 64,625 30,820 33,810 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 64,885 31,455 33,430 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 66,745 32,595 34,145 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 378,740 187,910 190,825 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 68,865 33,660 35,200 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 71,765 35,200 36,565 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 75,750 37,460 38,290 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 82,020 40,935 41,085 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 80,340 40,655 39,685 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 715,475 349,795 365,685 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 149,080 76,605 72,480 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 43,115 21,805 21,305 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 469,290 228,355 240,940 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 97,100 44,835 52,265 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 105,250 49,985 55,265 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 31,625 16,400 15,220 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 9,730 4,975 4,750 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 62,215 29,055 33,160 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 11,415 4,525 6,885 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.7 14.3 15.1 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 21.2 21.4 21.0 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 22.6 22.8 22.3 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.3 12.7 13.8 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.8 10.1 13.2 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 84,125 40,515 43,600 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 24,450 12,680 11,775 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 7,530 3,840 3,690 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 52,425 25,095 27,335 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 7,245 2,745 4,500 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 11.8 11.6 11.9 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 16.4 16.6 16.2 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 17.5 17.6 17.3 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.2 11.0 11.3 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 7.5 6.1 8.6 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 715,475 349,790 365,685 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 689,895 340,160 349,735 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 689,295 339,930 349,370 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 52,230 22,515 29,715 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 426,200 205,655 220,545 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 60 25 35 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 40 10 30 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 0 15 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 10 10 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 0 15 140 40 100
Algonquin 10 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 10 0 15 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 426,145 205,630 220,510 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,490 22,540 21,945 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 40 20 15 125 80 45
Kabyle 20 10 10 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 1,440 625 815 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 10 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 50 25 25 190 110 80
Somali 1,360 590 775 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 10 0 10
Semitic languages 43,130 21,945 21,190 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 520 225 290 1,755 905 855
Arabic 39,960 20,450 19,515 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,570 805 765 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 285 130 155 545 270 275
Harari 50 20 30 55 35 20
Hebrew 430 265 165 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 1,095 500 590 165 90 80
Tigrigna 305 135 170 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 80 130 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 45 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 12,705 6,085 6,615 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 110 55 50 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 12,605 6,035 6,570 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 29,535 12,430 17,105 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 55 20 35 495 205 285
Cebuano 980 405 575 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 10 10 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 355 125 230 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 885 350 530 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 1,615 760 860 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 270 125 145 775 350 430
Pangasinan 45 20 20 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 27,510 11,495 16,015 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 45 20 25 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 2,760 1,350 1,415 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 45 25 20 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 1,810 895 920 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 915 440 470 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 21,940 11,115 10,820 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 1,420 705 720 445 210 235
Malayalam 3,925 1,950 1,975 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 14,755 7,420 7,330 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 3,215 1,725 1,485 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 170 100 75 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 261,700 128,070 133,625 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 2,625 1,350 1,280 1,135 580 555
Armenian 555 290 265 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 61,980 29,670 32,315 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 845 375 470 635 310 325
Latvian 170 70 95 310 175 140
Lithuanian 680 305 375 325 135 185
Slavic languages 61,325 29,380 31,945 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 105 60 45 205 95 110
Bosnian 1,550 770 780 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 1,395 720 675 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 6,900 3,365 3,535 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 915 440 480 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 1,665 840 820 345 180 160
Polish 31,745 15,080 16,665 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 8,730 4,255 4,475 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 5,005 2,505 2,500 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 490 240 255 1,240 595 645
Slovak 1,095 555 545 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,030 445 585 725 330 400
Ukrainian 8,885 4,145 4,740 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 115 60 60 250 120 125
Celtic languages 115 35 75 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 50 15 35 350 225 120
Welsh 10 10 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 685 370 320
Germanic languages 7,475 3,580 3,895 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 375 195 185 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 185 75 115 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 975 485 490 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 10 120 55 65
German 5,745 2,750 2,995 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 95 35 60 1,405 730 680
Swedish 225 100 125 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 10 220 125 100
Yiddish 10 10 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 3,825 1,990 1,830 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 126,180 63,505 62,670 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 119,000 59,950 59,050 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 4,855 2,410 2,440 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 10,950 5,280 5,675 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 39,365 19,915 19,455 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 110 55 55 45 25 20
Konkani 2,080 895 1,185 375 185 190
Marathi 2,680 1,375 1,300 1,275 650 625
Nepali 910 440 470 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 225 115 115 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 34,345 17,725 16,620 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 1,630 775 860 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,135 1,080 1,050 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 55,805 28,350 27,455 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 8,310 4,095 4,220 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 220 125 95 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 1,580 825 755 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 6,800 3,315 3,480 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 690 390 295 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 63,075 29,710 33,360 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 25 10 15 245 125 120
Italian 18,370 8,865 9,505 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 20,385 9,600 10,785 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 3,285 1,620 1,660 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 23,485 10,785 12,705 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 220 130 85
Japanese 1,475 680 790 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 70 35 35 90 50 40
Georgian 70 35 35 90 50 45
Korean 5,330 2,495 2,840 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 45 20 25 320 155 170
Mongolian 45 15 30 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 5,070 2,360 2,705 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 1,275 565 720 495 280 215
Bamanankan 35 10 25 20 10 10
Edo 150 90 65 115 65 55
Ewe 80 25 60 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 30 35 45 10 35
Ga 120 60 55 95 60 35
Ganda 85 35 50 105 60 45
Igbo 400 170 235 240 140 95
Lingala 195 85 115 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 10 35 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 60 15 40 210 95 115
Shona 125 50 75 265 125 140
Swahili 1,155 570 590 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 60 20 40 30 15 15
Yoruba 980 500 480 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 680 320 355 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 50 40 10 300 150 150
Dinka 10 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 250 120 135
Sign languages 540 210 325 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 290 90 200 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 260 130 130 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 48,905 22,900 26,005 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 48,520 22,710 25,810 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 20,915 9,685 11,230 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 325 155 170 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 30,545 14,205 16,340 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 65 25 40 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,535 695 835 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 730 355 375 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 975 420 550 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 405 205 200 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 120 55 65 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 230 125 110 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 420 165 255 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 180 80 95 1,125 505 620
Thai 270 95 175 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,810 920 895 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 60 30 30 835 455 385
Turkish 1,590 820 770 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 125 45 75 105 50 55
Uzbek 35 20 15 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 225 125 105
Uralic languages 2,085 940 1,145 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 170 80 90 495 205 295
Finnish 200 95 105 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,715 770 950 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 275 130 145 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 715,475 349,790 365,685 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 620,045 303,715 316,330 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 132,175 67,575 64,600 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 487,870 236,140 251,730 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 95,435 46,075 49,355 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 715,475 349,790 365,685 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 320,750 160,730 160,020 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 381,730 182,445 199,285 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 77,125 36,250 40,875 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 50,500 24,260 26,240 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 90,385 43,510 46,875 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 110,310 52,585 57,730 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 59,235 28,400 30,835 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 51,080 24,185 26,900 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 53,410 25,845 27,570 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 12,990 6,615 6,375 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 381,730 182,445 199,285 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 34,375 17,135 17,240 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 66,605 34,445 32,165 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 76,645 34,345 42,300 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 164,845 78,135 86,710 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 39,260 18,390 20,870 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 381,730 182,445 199,285 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 48,660 21,830 26,830 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 1,060 480 580 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 3,625 1,680 1,945 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 880 425 455 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 6,680 3,060 3,625 920 415 500
Haiti 150 80 75 265 110 160
Jamaica 11,595 4,965 6,625 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 1,275 510 765 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 1,355 615 745 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 6,340 2,800 3,545 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 5,520 2,655 2,870 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 10,175 4,575 5,600 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 88,515 41,985 46,530 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,605 1,325 1,280 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 3,505 1,705 1,795 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 605 295 310 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 2,710 1,200 1,510 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 1,740 885 860 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 890 410 480 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,025 420 600 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 8,695 4,365 4,335 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 665 330 335 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 21,685 10,080 11,605 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 11,925 5,580 6,345 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 2,810 1,335 1,475 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 2,185 990 1,190 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,110 1,035 1,075 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 4,470 2,060 2,410 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,060 5,210 5,850 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 9,825 4,745 5,080 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 24,290 11,875 12,415 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 235 120 115 430 270 150
Egypt 9,095 4,670 4,425 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 510 215 300 1,665 835 825
Kenya 1,835 765 1,070 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 340 160 175 730 385 340
Nigeria 2,180 1,140 1,040 1,205 630 575
Somalia 720 260 460 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 1,095 485 610 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 8,275 4,060 4,215 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 219,420 106,355 113,060 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 2,595 1,310 1,285 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 2,600 1,270 1,330 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 23,110 10,655 12,460 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 7,335 3,405 3,925 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 54,630 27,060 27,570 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 2,810 1,425 1,390 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 7,390 3,665 3,720 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 575 200 370 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 4,345 2,040 2,300 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 3,110 1,645 1,465 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 35,855 18,230 17,625 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 28,330 12,320 16,010 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 9,060 4,505 4,555 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,440 1,735 1,700 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 1,900 865 1,030 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 10,350 4,835 5,515 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 21,995 11,180 10,810 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 850 400 455 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 53,415 25,845 27,570 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 5,160 2,495 2,665 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 125 50 80 960 445 520
Colombia 675 365 310 465 220 240
Cuba 180 70 110 70 35 30
Haiti 60 25 35 15 0 10
Jamaica 965 515 445 160 115 45
Mexico 340 160 185 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,205 575 630 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 370 180 190 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 1,220 550 670 1,855 875 975
Europe 3,585 1,635 1,950 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 55 30 25 790 415 370
Germany 80 35 50 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 85 45 40 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 0 200 110