Census Profile, 2016 Census
Mississauga, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Mississauga, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Mississauga, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Mississauga, City [Census subdivision], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 721,599  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 713,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 248,469  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 240,913  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,467.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 292.43  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 721,600 351,930 369,670 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 120,925 61,900 59,030 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 35,460 17,880 17,585 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 41,485 21,220 20,270 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 43,980 22,805 21,180 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 498,890 243,785 255,105 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 49,205 25,670 23,535 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 53,645 27,795 25,850 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 47,170 23,710 23,460 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 44,695 21,520 23,175 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 45,050 20,660 24,390 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 48,505 22,445 26,060 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 54,770 25,905 28,865 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 59,925 29,200 30,720 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 53,435 26,160 27,275 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 42,485 20,715 21,770 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 101,780 46,245 55,535 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 34,385 16,430 17,955 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 24,400 11,425 12,970 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 18,130 8,360 9,765 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 12,775 5,600 7,175 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 12,100 4,435 7,665 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 7,780 3,130 4,650 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 3,395 1,080 2,315 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 805 195 610 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 120 30 90 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.8 17.6 16.0 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 69.1 69.3 69.0 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 14.1 13.1 15.0 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.7 1.3 2.1 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.6 38.8 40.5 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 40.0 38.7 41.1 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 240,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 90,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 63,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 86,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 26,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 34,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 8,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 17,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 80  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 240,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 44,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 63,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 46,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 49,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 36,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 715,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 600,670 290,030 310,645 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 345,335 172,300 173,035 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 319,385 159,320 160,060 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 25,950 12,975 12,970 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 255,335 117,735 137,605 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 181,745 96,235 85,510 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 14,875 5,810 9,060 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 29,690 10,370 19,320 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 29,030 5,320 23,710 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 202,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 77,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 50,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 51,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 22,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 202,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 167,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 154,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 12,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 34,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 28,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 6,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 167,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 57,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 110,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 40,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 48,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 21,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 34,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 20,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 10,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 3,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 83,770 37,040 46,730 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 240,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 176,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 47,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 129,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 12,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 52,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 44,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 7,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 717,855 350,700 367,155 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 639,595 318,480 321,110 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 645 270 375 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 51,935 22,270 29,665 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 25,680 9,680 16,000 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 717,855 350,700 367,155 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 676,440 333,965 342,470 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 8,265 3,690 4,580 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 7,885 3,570 4,310 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 25,265 9,475 15,795 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 12,210 5,470 6,735 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 717,855 350,695 367,155 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 679,815 332,140 347,680 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 337,005 167,670 169,335 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 329,990 164,525 165,465 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 7,015 3,145 3,870 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 342,810 164,470 178,345 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 45 20 20 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 20 5 15 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 5 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 5 5 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 10 10 5 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 10 10 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 342,765 164,445 178,320 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 33,875 17,000 16,870 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 45 25 25 725 405 320
Kabyle 35 15 15 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 850 345 505 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 25 15 15 1,445 720 730
Somali 815 330 485 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 225 115 110
Semitic languages 32,920 16,610 16,310 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 355 155 195 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 29,900 15,150 14,745 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,185 575 605 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 75 75 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 30 15 15 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 65 40 25 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 865 405 460 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 225 110 110 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 155 80 75 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 10,065 4,665 5,400 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 90 40 50 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 9,955 4,625 5,330 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 23,365 9,805 13,560 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 55 20 30 595 260 330
Cebuano 580 245 335 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 5 5 5 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 250 90 160 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 655 275 385 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 5 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 1,105 500 600 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 215 100 115 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 45 20 25 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20,325 8,495 11,830 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 35 20 20 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 40 45 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 865 425 440 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 555 280 275 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 290 135 155 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 15,705 7,795 7,910 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 595 280 310 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 2,930 1,480 1,455 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 9,930 4,850 5,080 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 2,150 1,140 1,015 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 95 50 50 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 203,910 99,145 104,765 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 2,375 1,215 1,165 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 515 265 250 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 54,050 25,490 28,565 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 725 295 425 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 135 50 80 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 590 245 345 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 53,330 25,195 28,135 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 25 10 15 515 230 280
Bosnian 1,105 550 560 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 1,165 570 595 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 4,935 2,440 2,495 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 645 300 345 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 1,245 615 635 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 26,610 12,390 14,220 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 4,930 2,235 2,700 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 3,895 1,915 1,975 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 510 255 255 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 800 385 420 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 850 390 460 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 6,510 3,095 3,410 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 30 5 25 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 15 450 210 240
Welsh 5 0 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 225 120 110
Germanic languages 4,305 1,885 2,420 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 90 40 45 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 165 75 95 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 715 325 390 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 5 0 0 1,240 630 620
German 3,140 1,365 1,775 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 0 5 210 100 110
Norwegian 25 15 10 940 405 540
Swedish 115 40 70 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 10 20 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 5 5 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 170 80 85
Greek 2,460 1,235 1,220 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 92,655 46,610 46,040 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 85,525 43,010 42,510 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 3,815 1,895 1,925 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 7,770 3,810 3,960 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 9,830 4,895 4,935 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 60 35 30 345 170 175
Konkani 780 375 405 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 1,335 670 665 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 795 405 395 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 140 75 65 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20,235 10,340 9,900 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 985 475 515 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,200 575 625 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 38,575 19,480 19,100 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 6,760 3,405 3,355 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 185 110 75 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 1,165 610 555 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 5,420 2,690 2,730 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 365 190 175 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 47,520 22,440 25,080 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 10 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 12,685 6,225 6,460 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 15,985 7,510 8,470 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 2,830 1,365 1,470 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 15,995 7,325 8,670 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 420 200 215
Japanese 895 345 550 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 40 25 15 1,200 635 565
Georgian 45 25 20 1,200 635 565
Korean 4,745 2,235 2,505 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 25 10 15 405 180 220
Mongolian 25 10 15 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 2,345 1,050 1,290 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 705 300 405 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 5 0 5 140 60 80
Edo 65 30 35 1,140 475 670
Ewe 75 35 40 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 10 10 365 180 185
Ga 70 35 35 600 275 325
Ganda 35 15 20 760 360 400
Igbo 200 105 95 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 20 10 10 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 20 30 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 25 1,330 545 785
Shona 95 45 50 1,455 660 790
Swahili 260 110 145 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 20 10 10 290 145 150
Yoruba 405 200 210 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 290 120 170 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 45 25 20 1,610 810 800
Dinka 5 5 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 165 90 80 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 60 35 25 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 105 55 50 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 43,050 20,115 22,930 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 42,745 19,980 22,770 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 16,450 7,655 8,795 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 315 145 170 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 23,275 10,945 12,325 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 30 15 20 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,150 510 640 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 560 245 315 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 955 450 500 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 305 140 165 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 115 45 65 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 170 85 85 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 305 105 200 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 150 60 85 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 160 45 115 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 1,365 670 690 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 55 30 30 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 1,150 570 585 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 80 40 35 515 255 260
Uzbek 40 20 20 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 640 295 345
Uralic languages 1,905 875 1,030 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 140 70 70 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 150 55 95 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 1,615 745 865 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 38,040 18,560 19,475 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 1,935 880 1,055 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 34,040 16,775 17,265 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 880 390 490 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 1,185 520 665 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 717,855 350,695 367,155 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 627,540 306,695 320,845 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 439,270 216,685 222,585 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 435,940 215,140 220,795 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 3,330 1,545 1,790 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 188,275 90,015 98,255 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 15 10 5 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 5 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 5 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 10 5 5 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 188,255 90,005 98,245 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,640 9,120 9,525 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 15 5 5 345 175 170
Kabyle 5 5 5 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 400 170 230 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 10 5 5 805 380 425
Somali 390 170 225 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 18,200 8,930 9,275 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 155 70 85 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 16,810 8,275 8,535 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 725 350 375 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 95 45 55 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 15 5 10 555 250 305
Hebrew 10 10 5 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 220 100 120 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 85 40 45 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 85 40 40 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,795 3,140 3,660 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 10 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 6,770 3,130 3,640 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 10 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 9,945 4,420 5,520 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 175 80 95 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 70 30 40 910 385 530
Ilocano 200 85 110 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 420 195 225 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 30 40 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 5 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 8,985 3,990 5,000 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 10 5 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 380 175 200
Creole languages 495 240 255 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 370 185 185 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 115 55 65 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 9,215 4,480 4,735 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 250 125 125 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 1,495 745 750 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 6,315 3,000 3,310 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 1,125 600 530 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 105,695 50,915 54,775 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 1,220 610 610 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 225 110 120 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 29,070 13,825 15,250 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 250 105 140 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 30 15 15 860 350 515
Lithuanian 220 90 125 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 28,825 13,715 15,105 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 5 0 5 175 80 90
Bosnian 615 300 315 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 700 345 355 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 2,045 1,000 1,045 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 230 115 115 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 625 315 310 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 14,985 7,065 7,915 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 3,075 1,435 1,645 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 2,290 1,115 1,180 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 210 100 110 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 255 115 140 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 195 95 105 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 3,555 1,705 1,855 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 355 160 190
Celtic languages 10 0 10 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 35 20 15
Germanic languages 445 195 245 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 20 5 10 755 365 390
Danish 10 5 5 280 135 150
Dutch 35 15 15 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 345 150 195 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 25 15 15 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 5 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 830 385 445 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 53,150 26,255 26,895 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 49,150 24,340 24,810 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 2,185 1,070 1,120 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 4,100 1,965 2,130 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 4,790 2,375 2,415 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 15 5 5 65 30 35
Konkani 160 70 85 540 260 280
Marathi 605 310 300 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 520 255 265 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 60 30 30 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,890 6,455 6,435 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 435 210 225 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 500 255 245 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 22,890 11,340 11,545 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 3,865 1,850 2,010 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 100 65 45 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 600 300 300 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 3,160 1,495 1,670 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 130 60 70 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 20,750 9,545 11,205 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 3,460 1,460 2,005 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 6,460 3,030 3,430 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 1,400 660 740 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 9,415 4,390 5,030 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 110 50 60
Japanese 490 230 265 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 15 5 10 770 420 355
Georgian 20 10 10 775 420 355
Korean 3,250 1,570 1,680 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 225 115 110
Mongolian 10 5 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 725 315 415 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 315 120 190 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 25 10 15 305 120 180
Ewe 30 15 10 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 110 55 55
Ga 30 15 15 175 80 100
Ganda 10 5 5 195 85 110
Igbo 25 10 15 540 265 275
Lingala 5 5 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 10 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 420 160 260
Shona 40 25 20 455 210 245
Swahili 80 40 40 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 10 10 5 130 65 65
Yoruba 105 40 60 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 425 195 225
Sign languages 265 155 110 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 115 65 50 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 155 90 60 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,200 14,700 16,500 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 31,000 14,605 16,400 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 11,415 5,210 6,205 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 75 35 35 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 18,080 8,705 9,375 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 10 5 5 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 485 210 270 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 150 190 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 585 275 305 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 200 100 105 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 70 35 35 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 130 65 65 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 105 50 55 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 60 25 30 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 45 25 20 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 705 330 380 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 770 385 380
Turkish 610 285 325 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 55 30 25 290 150 140
Uzbek 20 10 5 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 250 130 120
Uralic languages 650 315 335 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 15 5 10 790 290 500
Finnish 20 10 15 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 615 295 320 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 465 245 225
Multiple responses 90,315 43,995 46,315 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 1,640 730 915 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 86,500 42,350 44,155 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 360 160 195 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 1,805 760 1,045 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 717,855 350,700 367,155 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 521,835 255,570 266,270 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 86,080 42,675 43,405 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 5,470 2,235 3,235 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 100,820 48,500 52,320 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 20 5 10 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 100,805 48,495 52,310 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 660 300 360 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 1,935 940 990 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 1,025 460 570 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 30 15 15 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 594,765 288,005 306,760 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 560,950 272,120 288,830 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,311 36,591 27,188 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 561,055 272,140 288,910 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,899 33,199 25,442 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 495,880 248,020 247,860 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,051 37,572 27,213 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 399,965 177,830 222,135 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,089 972 3,661 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 420,840 216,600 204,240 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,727 39,128 30,639 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 594,765 288,065 306,700 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 561,270 272,395 288,880 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,267 52,779 38,184 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 561,375 272,425 288,955 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,373 42,619 32,427 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 495,780 248,425 247,355 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,223 54,022 38,391 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 399,800 177,835 221,965 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,230 5,378 6,913 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 420,845 217,140 203,705 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,176 53,938 39,968 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 594,765 288,065 306,700 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 201,835 112,220 89,615 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,892 59,310 50,214 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 67,998 74,886 59,374 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.2 93.3 86.1 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.0 81.2 73.8 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.8 6.7 13.9 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 594,760 288,005 306,760 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 33,815 15,890 17,925 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 560,950 272,120 288,830 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 94.3 94.5 94.2 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,435 45,555 57,880 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 97,920 41,015 56,910 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 70,805 31,470 39,335 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 57,810 26,820 30,985 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 51,670 24,500 27,170 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 41,440 20,630 20,815 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 31,980 17,175 14,810 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 24,635 14,005 10,630 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 19,475 11,275 8,200 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 15,945 8,900 7,045 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 45,830 30,780 15,055 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 30,420 19,760 10,665 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 15,410 11,020 4,385 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 594,765 288,005 306,760 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 33,715 15,865 17,845 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 561,055 272,140 288,910 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 94.3 94.5 94.2 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 105,010 46,035 58,985 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 101,705 42,820 58,885 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 81,820 36,660 45,155 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 69,315 32,750 36,570 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 60,410 29,495 30,915 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 43,010 22,920 20,095 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 30,780 17,730 13,050 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 23,155 13,220 9,935 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 45,845 30,510 15,335 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 14,960 9,115 5,840 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 8,815 5,825 2,985 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 22,075 15,570 6,505 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 594,765 288,005 306,755 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 173,920 71,405 102,515 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 420,845 216,600 204,240 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 70.8 75.2 66.6 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 53,260 25,320 27,940 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 34,430 15,570 18,860 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 57,240 27,505 29,735 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 45,025 21,180 23,840 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 42,775 20,375 22,400 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 40,135 19,455 20,675 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 33,080 16,985 16,100 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 25,895 14,165 11,725 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 20,380 11,890 8,490 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 68,620 44,150 24,465 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 16,715 9,845 6,865 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 14,080 7,925 6,155 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 37,825 26,375 11,445 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 240,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,018  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,657  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 44,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,597  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,716  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 195,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,286  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 240,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 105,462  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 44,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,392  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 195,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 117,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 240,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 4,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 17,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 16,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 96,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 28,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 20,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 24,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 22,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 240,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 4,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 20,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 19,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 16,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 14,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 75,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 28,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 18,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 28,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 192,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,568  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 45,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,141  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 110,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,337  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 30,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,297  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,951  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 191,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 117,277  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,759  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 45,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,497  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 110,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,024  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,016  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 29,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,619  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 63,005 29,945 33,060 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,448 37,766 33,436 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,994 33,711 30,540 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 62,875 29,840 33,030 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,188 48,318 44,263 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,394 39,555 37,345 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 715,470 349,790 365,685 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 336,735 161,880 174,855 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 71,455 34,640 36,810 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 69,020 32,360 36,665 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 64,625 30,820 33,810 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 64,885 31,455 33,430 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 66,745 32,595 34,145 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 378,740 187,910 190,825 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 68,865 33,660 35,200 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 71,765 35,200 36,565 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 75,750 37,460 38,290 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 82,020 40,935 41,085 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 80,340 40,655 39,685 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 715,475 349,795 365,685 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 149,080 76,605 72,480 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 43,115 21,805 21,305 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 469,290 228,355 240,940 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 97,100 44,835 52,265 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 105,250 49,985 55,265 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 31,625 16,400 15,220 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 9,730 4,975 4,750 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 62,215 29,055 33,160 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 11,415 4,525 6,885 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.7 14.3 15.1 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 21.2 21.4 21.0 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 22.6 22.8 22.3 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 13.3 12.7 13.8 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 11.8 10.1 13.2 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 84,125 40,515 43,600 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 24,450 12,680 11,775 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 7,530 3,840 3,690 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 52,425 25,095 27,335 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 7,245 2,745 4,500 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 11.8 11.6 11.9 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 16.4 16.6 16.2 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 17.5 17.6 17.3 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 11.2 11.0 11.3 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 7.5 6.1 8.6 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 715,475 349,790 365,685 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 689,895 340,160 349,735 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 689,295 339,930 349,370 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 52,230 22,515 29,715 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 426,200 205,655 220,545 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 60 25 35 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 40 10 30 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 0 15 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 10 10 10 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 0 15 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 10 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 10 0 15 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 10 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 426,145 205,630 220,510 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,490 22,540 21,945 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 40 20 15 925 505 415
Kabyle 20 10 10 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 1,440 625 815 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 10 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 50 25 25 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 1,360 590 775 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 370 170 205
Semitic languages 43,130 21,945 21,190 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 520 225 290 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 39,960 20,450 19,515 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,570 805 765 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 285 130 155 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 50 20 30 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 430 265 165 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 1,095 500 590 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 305 135 170 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 80 130 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 45 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 12,705 6,085 6,615 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 110 55 50 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 12,605 6,035 6,570 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 29,535 12,430 17,105 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 55 20 35 755 340 425
Cebuano 980 405 575 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 10 10 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 355 125 230 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 885 350 530 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 1,615 760 860 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 270 125 145 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 45 20 20 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 27,510 11,495 16,015 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 45 20 25 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 2,760 1,350 1,415 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 45 25 20 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 1,810 895 920 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 915 440 470 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 21,940 11,115 10,820 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 1,420 705 720 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 3,925 1,950 1,975 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 14,755 7,420 7,330 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 3,215 1,725 1,485 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 170 100 75 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 261,700 128,070 133,625 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 2,625 1,350 1,280 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 555 290 265 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 61,980 29,670 32,315 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 845 375 470 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 170 70 95 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 680 305 375 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 61,325 29,380 31,945 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 105 60 45 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 1,550 770 780 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 1,395 720 675 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 6,900 3,365 3,535 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 915 440 480 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 1,665 840 820 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 31,745 15,080 16,665 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 8,730 4,255 4,475 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 5,005 2,505 2,500 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 490 240 255 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 1,095 555 545 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,030 445 585 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 8,885 4,145 4,740 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 115 60 60 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 115 35 75 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 50 15 35 1,480 720 765
Welsh 10 10 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 7,475 3,580 3,895 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 375 195 185 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 185 75 115 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 975 485 490 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 0 10 1,655 820 835
German 5,745 2,750 2,995 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 95 35 60 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 225 100 125 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 10 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 10 10 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 3,825 1,990 1,830 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 126,180 63,505 62,670 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 119,000 59,950 59,050 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 4,855 2,410 2,440 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 10,950 5,280 5,675 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 39,365 19,915 19,455 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 110 55 55 600 300 300
Konkani 2,080 895 1,185 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 2,680 1,375 1,300 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 910 440 470 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 225 115 115 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 34,345 17,725 16,620 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 1,630 775 860 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,135 1,080 1,050 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 55,805 28,350 27,455 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 8,310 4,095 4,220 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 220 125 95 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 1,580 825 755 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 6,800 3,315 3,480 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 690 390 295 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 63,075 29,710 33,360 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 25 10 15 515 275 240
Italian 18,370 8,865 9,505 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 20,385 9,600 10,785 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 3,285 1,620 1,660 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 23,485 10,785 12,705 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 1,355 745 605
Japanese 1,475 680 790 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 70 35 35 1,555 775 780
Georgian 70 35 35 1,555 770 785
Korean 5,330 2,495 2,840 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 45 20 25 515 225 285
Mongolian 45 15 30 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 5,070 2,360 2,705 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 1,275 565 720 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 35 10 25 385 195 185
Edo 150 90 65 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 80 25 60 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 30 35 700 320 375
Ga 120 60 55 1,340 645 695
Ganda 85 35 50 1,225 550 675
Igbo 400 170 235 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 195 85 115 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 10 35 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 60 15 40 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 125 50 75 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 1,155 570 590 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 60 20 40 730 355 375
Yoruba 980 500 480 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 680 320 355 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 50 40 10 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 10 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 540 210 325 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 290 90 200 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 260 130 130 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 48,905 22,900 26,005 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 48,520 22,710 25,810 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 20,915 9,685 11,230 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 325 155 170 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 30,545 14,205 16,340 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 65 25 40 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,535 695 835 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 730 355 375 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 975 420 550 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 405 205 200 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 120 55 65 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 230 125 110 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 420 165 255 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 180 80 95 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 270 95 175 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 1,810 920 895 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 60 30 30 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 1,590 820 770 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 125 45 75 700 350 345
Uzbek 35 20 15 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 915 450 465
Uralic languages 2,085 940 1,145 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 170 80 90 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 200 95 105 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,715 770 950 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 275 130 145 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 715,475 349,790 365,685 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 620,045 303,715 316,330 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 132,175 67,575 64,600 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 487,870 236,140 251,730 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 95,435 46,075 49,355 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 715,475 349,790 365,685 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 320,750 160,730 160,020 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 381,730 182,445 199,285 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 77,125 36,250 40,875 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 50,500 24,260 26,240 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 90,385 43,510 46,875 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 110,310 52,585 57,730 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 59,235 28,400 30,835 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 51,080 24,185 26,900 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 53,410 25,845 27,570 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 12,990 6,615 6,375 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 381,730 182,445 199,285 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 34,375 17,135 17,240 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 66,605 34,445 32,165 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 76,645 34,345 42,300 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 164,845 78,135 86,710 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 39,260 18,390 20,870 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 381,730 182,445 199,285 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 48,660 21,830 26,830 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 1,060 480 580 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 3,625 1,680 1,945 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 880 425 455 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 6,680 3,060 3,625 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 150 80 75 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 11,595 4,965 6,625 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 1,275 510 765 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 1,355 615 745 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 6,340 2,800 3,545 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 5,520 2,655 2,870 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 10,175 4,575 5,600 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 88,515 41,985 46,530 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,605 1,325 1,280 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 3,505 1,705 1,795 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 605 295 310 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 2,710 1,200 1,510 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 1,740 885 860 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 890 410 480 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,025 420 600 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 8,695 4,365 4,335 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 665 330 335 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 21,685 10,080 11,605 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 11,925 5,580 6,345 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 2,810 1,335 1,475 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 2,185 990 1,190 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,110 1,035 1,075 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 4,470 2,060 2,410 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,060 5,210 5,850 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 9,825 4,745 5,080 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 24,290 11,875 12,415 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 235 120 115 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 9,095 4,670 4,425 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 510 215 300 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 1,835 765 1,070 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 340 160 175 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 2,180 1,140 1,040 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 720 260 460 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 1,095 485 610 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 8,275 4,060 4,215 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 219,420 106,355 113,060 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 2,595 1,310 1,285 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 2,600 1,270 1,330 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 23,110 10,655 12,460 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 7,335 3,405