Census Profile, 2016 Census
Mississauga, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Mississauga, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Mississauga, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Mississauga, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 721,599 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 713,443 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.1 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 248,469 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 240,913 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,467.6 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 292.43 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 721,600 351,930 369,670 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 120,925 61,900 59,030 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 35,460 17,880 17,585 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 41,485 21,220 20,270 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 43,980 22,805 21,180 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 498,890 243,785 255,105 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 49,205 25,670 23,535 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 53,645 27,795 25,850 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 47,170 23,710 23,460 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 44,695 21,520 23,175 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 45,050 20,660 24,390 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 48,505 22,445 26,060 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 54,770 25,905 28,865 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 59,925 29,200 30,720 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 53,435 26,160 27,275 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 42,485 20,715 21,770 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 101,780 46,245 55,535 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 34,385 16,430 17,955 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 24,400 11,425 12,970 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 18,130 8,360 9,765 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 12,775 5,600 7,175 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 12,100 4,435 7,665 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 7,780 3,130 4,650 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 3,395 1,080 2,315 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 805 195 610 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 120 30 90 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.8 17.6 16.0 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 69.1 69.3 69.0 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 14.1 13.1 15.0 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 1.7 1.3 2.1 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 39.6 38.8 40.5 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 40.0 38.7 41.1 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 240,910 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 90,780 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 63,130 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 86,670 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 26,730 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 34,115 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 8,120 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 17,630 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 80 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 330 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 240,910 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 44,960 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 63,670 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 46,625 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 49,335 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 36,320 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 715,475 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 3.0 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 600,670 290,030 310,645 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 345,335 172,300 173,035 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 319,385 159,320 160,060 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 25,950 12,975 12,970 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 255,335 117,735 137,605 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 181,745 96,235 85,510 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 14,875 5,810 9,060 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 29,690 10,370 19,320 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 29,030 5,320 23,710 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 202,205 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 77,690 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 50,780 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 51,605 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,130 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 202,205 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 167,395 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 154,435 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 12,960 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 34,810 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 28,760 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 6,045 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 167,395 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 57,205 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 110,190 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 40,450 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 48,640 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 21,100 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 34,810 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 20,485 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 10,330 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 3,990 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 83,770 37,040 46,730 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 240,915 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 176,385 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 47,355 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 129,025 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 12,430 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 52,100 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 44,965 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 7,140 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 717,855 350,700 367,155 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 639,595 318,480 321,110 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 645 270 375 1,810 820 985
English and French 51,935 22,270 29,665 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 25,680 9,680 16,000 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 717,855 350,700 367,155 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 676,440 333,965 342,470 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 8,265 3,690 4,580 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 7,885 3,570 4,310 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 25,265 9,475 15,795 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 12,210 5,470 6,735 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 717,855 350,695 367,155 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 679,815 332,140 347,680 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 337,005 167,670 169,335 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 329,990 164,525 165,465 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 7,015 3,145 3,870 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 342,810 164,470 178,345 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 45 20 20 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 20 5 15 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 10 10 5 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 10 10 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 342,765 164,445 178,320 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 33,875 17,000 16,870 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 45 25 25 115 75 45
Kabyle 35 15 15 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 850 345 505 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 25 15 15 205 115 95
Somali 815 330 485 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 20 10 15
Semitic languages 32,920 16,610 16,310 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 355 155 195 1,370 670 700
Arabic 29,900 15,150 14,745 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,185 575 605 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 75 75 440 245 200
Harari 30 15 15 20 5 15
Hebrew 65 40 25 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 865 405 460 215 100 115
Tigrigna 225 110 110 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 155 80 75 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 10,065 4,665 5,400 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 90 40 50 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 9,955 4,625 5,330 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 23,365 9,805 13,560 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 55 20 30 375 165 215
Cebuano 580 245 335 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 5 5 5 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 250 90 160 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 655 275 385 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 5 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 1,105 500 600 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 215 100 115 700 320 380
Pangasinan 45 20 25 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20,325 8,495 11,830 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 35 20 20 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 40 45 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 865 425 440 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 555 280 275 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 290 135 155 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 15,705 7,795 7,910 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 595 280 310 280 150 135
Malayalam 2,930 1,480 1,455 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 9,930 4,850 5,080 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 2,150 1,140 1,015 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 95 50 50 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 203,910 99,145 104,765 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 2,375 1,215 1,165 1,465 765 705
Armenian 515 265 250 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 54,050 25,490 28,565 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 725 295 425 1,070 485 585
Latvian 135 50 80 565 255 300
Lithuanian 590 245 345 505 225 280
Slavic languages 53,330 25,195 28,135 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 25 10 15 95 45 50
Bosnian 1,105 550 560 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 1,165 570 595 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 4,935 2,440 2,495 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 645 300 345 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 1,245 615 635 325 160 165
Polish 26,610 12,390 14,220 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 4,930 2,235 2,700 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 3,895 1,915 1,975 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 510 255 255 1,395 670 725
Slovak 800 385 420 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 850 390 460 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 6,510 3,095 3,410 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 345 175 170
Celtic languages 30 5 25 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 15 240 130 110
Welsh 5 0 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 95 50 45
Germanic languages 4,305 1,885 2,420 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 90 40 45 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 165 75 95 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 715 325 390 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 0 0 295 145 145
German 3,140 1,365 1,775 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 0 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 25 15 10 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 115 40 70 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 10 20 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 5 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 65 45 25
Greek 2,460 1,235 1,220 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 92,655 46,610 46,040 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 85,525 43,010 42,510 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 3,815 1,895 1,925 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 7,770 3,810 3,960 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 9,830 4,895 4,935 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 60 35 30 65 35 25
Konkani 780 375 405 255 130 125
Marathi 1,335 670 665 620 325 295
Nepali 795 405 395 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 140 75 65 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20,235 10,340 9,900 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 985 475 515 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,200 575 625 1,675 845 830
Urdu 38,575 19,480 19,100 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 6,760 3,405 3,355 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 185 110 75 1,765 945 825
Pashto 1,165 610 555 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 5,420 2,690 2,730 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 365 190 175 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 47,520 22,440 25,080 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 10 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 12,685 6,225 6,460 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 15,985 7,510 8,470 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 2,830 1,365 1,470 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 15,995 7,325 8,670 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 105 65 40
Japanese 895 345 550 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 40 25 15 85 50 35
Georgian 45 25 20 85 50 40
Korean 4,745 2,235 2,505 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 25 10 15 360 150 205
Mongolian 25 10 15 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 2,345 1,050 1,290 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 705 300 405 495 275 220
Bamanankan 5 0 5 10 5 5
Edo 65 30 35 85 50 35
Ewe 75 35 40 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 10 10 45 25 20
Ga 70 35 35 45 20 25
Ganda 35 15 20 90 45 45
Igbo 200 105 95 245 145 105
Lingala 20 10 10 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 20 30 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 25 155 70 80
Shona 95 45 50 215 100 115
Swahili 260 110 145 805 400 405
Wolof 20 10 10 50 25 25
Yoruba 405 200 210 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 290 120 170 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 45 25 20 340 175 165
Dinka 5 5 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 240 115 125
Sign languages 165 90 80 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 60 35 25 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 105 55 50 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 43,050 20,115 22,930 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 42,745 19,980 22,770 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 16,450 7,655 8,795 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 315 145 170 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 23,275 10,945 12,325 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 30 15 20 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,150 510 640 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 560 245 315 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 955 450 500 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 305 140 165 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 115 45 65 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 170 85 85 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 305 105 200 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 150 60 85 1,100 550 550
Thai 160 45 115 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 1,365 670 690 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 55 30 30 530 290 235
Turkish 1,150 570 585 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 80 40 35 170 85 85
Uzbek 40 20 20 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 190 80 110
Uralic languages 1,905 875 1,030 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 140 70 70 705 295 410
Finnish 150 55 95 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 1,615 745 865 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 500 280 225
Multiple responses 38,040 18,560 19,475 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 1,935 880 1,055 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 34,040 16,775 17,265 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 880 390 490 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 1,185 520 665 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 717,855 350,695 367,155 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 627,540 306,695 320,845 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 439,270 216,685 222,585 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 435,940 215,140 220,795 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 3,330 1,545 1,790 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 188,275 90,015 98,255 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 15 10 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 10 5 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 5 5 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 188,255 90,005 98,245 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,640 9,120 9,525 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 15 5 5 45 25 20
Kabyle 5 5 5 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 400 170 230 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 10 5 5 90 50 45
Somali 390 170 225 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 18,200 8,930 9,275 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 155 70 85 600 275 320
Arabic 16,810 8,275 8,535 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 725 350 375 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 95 45 55 310 165 145
Harari 15 5 10 10 5 5
Hebrew 10 10 5 900 465 440
Maltese 220 100 120 15 5 10
Tigrigna 85 40 45 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 85 40 40 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,795 3,140 3,660 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 10 800 375 420
Vietnamese 6,770 3,130 3,640 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 10 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 9,945 4,420 5,520 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 175 80 95 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 70 30 40 415 175 240
Ilocano 200 85 110 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 420 195 225 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 30 40 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 5 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 8,985 3,990 5,000 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 10 5 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 310 150 160
Creole languages 495 240 255 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 370 185 185 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 115 55 65 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 9,215 4,480 4,735 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 250 125 125 110 55 60
Malayalam 1,495 745 750 1,225 615 605
Tamil 6,315 3,000 3,310 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 1,125 600 530 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 105,695 50,915 54,775 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 1,220 610 610 695 335 360
Armenian 225 110 120 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 29,070 13,825 15,250 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 250 105 140 210 90 115
Latvian 30 15 15 80 30 50
Lithuanian 220 90 125 125 60 65
Slavic languages 28,825 13,715 15,105 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 5 0 5 15 5 5
Bosnian 615 300 315 595 300 300
Bulgarian 700 345 355 1,035 485 550
Croatian 2,045 1,000 1,045 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 230 115 115 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 625 315 310 150 75 75
Polish 14,985 7,065 7,915 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 3,075 1,435 1,645 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 2,290 1,115 1,180 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 210 100 110 500 235 265
Slovak 255 115 140 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 195 95 105 145 65 85
Ukrainian 3,555 1,705 1,855 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 40 20 20
Celtic languages 10 0 10 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 5 5
Germanic languages 445 195 245 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 20 5 10 1,475 715 760
Danish 10 5 5 305 145 160
Dutch 35 15 15 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 345 150 195 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 25 15 15 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 5 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 830 385 445 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 53,150 26,255 26,895 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 49,150 24,340 24,810 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 2,185 1,070 1,120 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 4,100 1,965 2,130 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 4,790 2,375 2,415 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 15 5 5 10 5 5
Konkani 160 70 85 40 25 25
Marathi 605 310 300 270 140 130
Nepali 520 255 265 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 60 30 30 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,890 6,455 6,435 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 435 210 225 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 500 255 245 675 330 340
Urdu 22,890 11,340 11,545 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 3,865 1,850 2,010 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 100 65 45 1,080 540 535
Pashto 600 300 300 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 3,160 1,495 1,670 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 130 60 70 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 20,750 9,545 11,205 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 3,460 1,460 2,005 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 6,460 3,030 3,430 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 1,400 660 740 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 9,415 4,390 5,030 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 20 5 10
Japanese 490 230 265 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 15 5 10 30 15 10
Georgian 20 10 10 30 15 15
Korean 3,250 1,570 1,680 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 170 80 90
Mongolian 10 5 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 725 315 415 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 315 120 190 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 25 10 15 15 10 10
Ewe 30 15 10 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 20 5 10
Ga 30 15 15 5 5 0
Ganda 10 5 5 10 5 5
Igbo 25 10 15 40 20 15
Lingala 5 5 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 10 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 60 25 35
Shona 40 25 20 65 25 40
Swahili 80 40 40 200 90 115
Wolof 10 10 5 20 10 10
Yoruba 105 40 60 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 85 30 55
Sign languages 265 155 110 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 115 65 50 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 155 90 60 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,200 14,700 16,500 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 31,000 14,605 16,400 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 11,415 5,210 6,205 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 75 35 35 700 295 410
Mandarin 18,080 8,705 9,375 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 10 5 5 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 485 210 270 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 150 190 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 585 275 305 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 200 100 105 1,745 885 865
Burmese 70 35 35 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 130 65 65 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 105 50 55 1,380 595 785
Lao 60 25 30 460 225 235
Thai 45 25 20 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 705 330 380 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 195 105 95
Turkish 610 285 325 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 55 30 25 95 50 50
Uzbek 20 10 5 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 40 20 25
Uralic languages 650 315 335 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 15 5 10 95 40 55
Finnish 20 10 15 725 325 400
Hungarian 615 295 320 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 145 70 75
Multiple responses 90,315 43,995 46,315 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 1,640 730 915 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 86,500 42,350 44,155 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 360 160 195 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 1,805 760 1,045 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 717,855 350,700 367,155 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 521,835 255,570 266,270 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 86,080 42,675 43,405 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 5,470 2,235 3,235 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 100,820 48,500 52,320 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 20 5 10 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 100,805 48,495 52,310 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 660 300 360 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 1,935 940 990 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 1,025 460 570 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 30 15 15 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 594,765 288,005 306,760 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 560,950 272,120 288,830 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,311 36,591 27,188 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 561,055 272,140 288,910 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,899 33,199 25,442 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 495,880 248,020 247,860 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,051 37,572 27,213 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 399,965 177,830 222,135 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,089 972 3,661 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 420,840 216,600 204,240 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,727 39,128 30,639 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 594,765 288,065 306,700 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 561,270 272,395 288,880 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,267 52,779 38,184 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 561,375 272,425 288,955 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,373 42,619 32,427 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 495,780 248,425 247,355 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,223 54,022 38,391 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 399,800 177,835 221,965 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,230 5,378 6,913 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 420,845 217,140 203,705 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,176 53,938 39,968 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 594,765 288,065 306,700 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 201,835 112,220 89,615 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,892 59,310 50,214 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 67,998 74,886 59,374 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.2 93.3 86.1 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.0 81.2 73.8 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.8 6.7 13.9 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 594,760 288,005 306,760 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 33,815 15,890 17,925 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 560,950 272,120 288,830 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 94.3 94.5 94.2 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,435 45,555 57,880 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 97,920 41,015 56,910 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 70,805 31,470 39,335 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 57,810 26,820 30,985 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 51,670 24,500 27,170 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 41,440 20,630 20,815 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 31,980 17,175 14,810 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 24,635 14,005 10,630 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 19,475 11,275 8,200 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 15,945 8,900 7,045 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 45,830 30,780 15,055 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 30,420 19,760 10,665 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 15,410 11,020 4,385 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 594,765 288,005 306,760 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 33,715 15,865 17,845 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 561,055 272,140 288,910 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 94.3 94.5 94.2 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 105,010 46,035 58,985 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 101,705 42,820 58,885 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 81,820 36,660 45,155 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 69,315 32,750 36,570 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 60,410 29,495 30,915 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 43,010 22,920 20,095 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 30,780 17,730 13,050 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 23,155 13,220 9,935 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 45,845 30,510 15,335 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 14,960 9,115 5,840 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 8,815 5,825 2,985 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 22,075 15,570 6,505 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 594,765 288,005 306,755 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 173,920 71,405 102,515 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 420,845 216,600 204,240 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 70.8 75.2 66.6 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 53,260 25,320 27,940 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 34,430 15,570 18,860 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 57,240 27,505 29,735 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 45,025 21,180 23,840 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 42,775 20,375 22,400 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 40,135 19,455 20,675 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 33,080 16,985 16,100 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 25,895 14,165 11,725 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 20,380 11,890 8,490 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 68,620 44,150 24,465 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 16,715 9,845 6,865 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 14,080 7,925 6,155 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 37,825 26,375 11,445 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 240,915 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,018 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,657 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 44,960 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,597 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,716 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 195,950 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,353 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,286 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 240,910 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 105,462 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,086 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 44,915 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,392 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,145 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 195,995 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 117,625 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,157 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 240,915 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,565 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,605 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,230 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,505 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,165 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,495 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,050 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,425 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,605 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,780 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 17,460 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 16,340 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,565 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,855 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,665 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 96,605 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 28,195 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 20,880 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 24,880 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 22,645 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 240,915 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,765 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,665 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,320 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,755 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,805 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,340 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,050 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,975 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,700 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,800 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 20,795 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 19,370 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,445 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 16,565 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 14,630 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 75,915 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 28,485 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 18,660 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 28,770 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 192,070 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,535 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,568 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.4 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 45,770 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,141 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,835 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 110,125 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,190 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,337 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 30,110 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,297 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,951 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 191,880 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 117,277 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,759 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 45,680 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,125 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,497 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 110,135 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,024 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,016 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 29,885 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,345 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,619 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 63,005 29,945 33,060 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,448 37,766 33,436 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,994 33,711 30,540 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 62,875 29,840 33,030 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,188 48,318 44,263 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,394 39,555 37,345 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 715,470 349,790 365,685 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 336,735 161,880 174,855 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 71,455 34,640 36,810 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 69,020 32,360 36,665 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 64,625 30,820 33,810 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 64,885 31,455 33,430 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 66,745 32,595 34,145 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 378,740 187,910 190,825 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 68,865 33,660 35,200 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 71,765 35,200 36,565 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 75,750 37,460 38,290 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 82,020 40,935 41,085 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 80,340 40,655 39,685 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 715,475 349,795 365,685 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 149,080 76,605 72,480 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 43,115 21,805 21,305 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 469,290 228,355 240,940 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 97,100 44,835 52,265 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 105,250 49,985 55,265 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 31,625 16,400 15,220 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 9,730 4,975 4,750 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 62,215 29,055 33,160 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 11,415 4,525 6,885 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.7 14.3 15.1 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 21.2 21.4 21.0 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 22.6 22.8 22.3 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 13.3 12.7 13.8 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 11.8 10.1 13.2 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 84,125 40,515 43,600 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 24,450 12,680 11,775 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 7,530 3,840 3,690 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 52,425 25,095 27,335 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 7,245 2,745 4,500 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 11.8 11.6 11.9 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 16.4 16.6 16.2 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 17.5 17.6 17.3 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 11.2 11.0 11.3 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 7.5 6.1 8.6 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 715,475 349,790 365,685 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 689,895 340,160 349,735 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 689,295 339,930 349,370 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 52,230 22,515 29,715 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 426,200 205,655 220,545 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 60 25 35 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 40 10 30 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 0 15 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 10 10 10 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 0 15 310 100 205
Algonquin 10 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 0 15 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 426,145 205,630 220,510 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,490 22,540 21,945 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 40 20 15 145 95 45
Kabyle 20 10 10 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 1,440 625 815 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 10 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 50 25 25 245 140 110
Somali 1,360 590 775 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 10 0 10
Semitic languages 43,130 21,945 21,190 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 520 225 290 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 39,960 20,450 19,515 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,570 805 765 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 285 130 155 570 285 285
Harari 50 20 30 55 35 20
Hebrew 430 265 165 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 1,095 500 590 315 155 155
Tigrigna 305 135 170 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 80 130 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 45 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 12,705 6,085 6,615 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 110 55 50 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 12,605 6,035 6,570 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 29,535 12,430 17,105 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 55 20 35 530 215 310
Cebuano 980 405 575 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 10 10 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 355 125 230 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 885 350 530 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 1,615 760 860 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 270 125 145 855 365 495
Pangasinan 45 20 20 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 27,510 11,495 16,015 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 45 20 25 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 2,760 1,350 1,415 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 45 25 20 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 1,810 895 920 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 915 440 470 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 21,940 11,115 10,820 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 1,420 705 720 510 250 265
Malayalam 3,925 1,950 1,975 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 14,755 7,420 7,330 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 3,215 1,725 1,485 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 170 100 75 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 261,700 128,070 133,625 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 2,625 1,350 1,280 1,640 840 795
Armenian 555 290 265 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 61,980 29,670 32,315 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 845 375 470 1,030 515 520
Latvian 170 70 95 555 290 265
Lithuanian 680 305 375 475 220 250
Slavic languages 61,325 29,380 31,945 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 105 60 45 245 115 125
Bosnian 1,550 770 780 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 1,395 720 675 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 6,900 3,365 3,535 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 915 440 480 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 1,665 840 820 400 220 185
Polish 31,745 15,080 16,665 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 8,730 4,255 4,475 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 5,005 2,505 2,500 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 490 240 255 1,525 770 750
Slovak 1,095 555 545 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,030 445 585 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 8,885 4,145 4,740 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 115 60 60 420 215 205
Celtic languages 115 35 75 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 50 15 35 660 395 265
Welsh 10 10 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 860 450 410
Germanic languages 7,475 3,580 3,895 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 375 195 185 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 185 75 115 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 975 485 490 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 10 465 230 240
German 5,745 2,750 2,995 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 95 35 60 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 225 100 125 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 10 545 270 275
Yiddish 10 10 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 3,825 1,990 1,830 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 126,180 63,505 62,670 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 119,000 59,950 59,050 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 4,855 2,410 2,440 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 10,950 5,280 5,675 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 39,365 19,915 19,455 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 110 55 55 60 30 25
Konkani 2,080 895 1,185 415 215 200
Marathi 2,680 1,375 1,300 1,475 780 695
Nepali 910 440 470 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 225 115 115 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 34,345 17,725 16,620 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 1,630 775 860 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,135 1,080 1,050 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 55,805 28,350 27,455 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 8,310 4,095 4,220 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 220 125 95 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 1,580 825 755 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 6,800 3,315 3,480 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 690 390 295 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 63,075 29,710 33,360 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 25 10 15 395 210 180
Italian 18,370 8,865 9,505 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 20,385 9,600 10,785 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 3,285 1,620 1,660 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 23,485 10,785 12,705 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 380 245 140
Japanese 1,475 680 790 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 70 35 35 115 55 60
Georgian 70 35 35 115 55 55
Korean 5,330 2,495 2,840 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 45 20 25 370 170 200
Mongolian 45 15 30 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 5,070 2,360 2,705 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 1,275 565 720 630 350 280
Bamanankan 35 10 25 30 20 15
Edo 150 90 65 145 80 60
Ewe 80 25 60 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 30 35 105 30 70
Ga 120 60 55 150 95 50
Ganda 85 35 50 165 80 85
Igbo 400 170 235 425 240 185
Lingala 195 85 115 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 10 35 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 60 15 40 290 125 165
Shona 125 50 75 415 220 195
Swahili 1,155 570 590 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 60 20 40 50 25 30
Yoruba 980 500 480 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 680 320 355 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 50 40 10 405 210 200
Dinka 10 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 325 155 165
Sign languages 540 210 325 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 290 90 200 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 260 130 130 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 48,905 22,900 26,005 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 48,520 22,710 25,810 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 20,915 9,685 11,230 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 325 155 170 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 30,545 14,205 16,340 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 65 25 40 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,535 695 835 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 730 355 375 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 975 420 550 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 405 205 200 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 120 55 65 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 230 125 110 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 420 165 255 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 180 80 95 1,630 735 890
Thai 270 95 175 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,810 920 895 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 60 30 30 945 510 435
Turkish 1,590 820 770 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 125 45 75 115 60 55
Uzbek 35 20 15 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 275 140 130
Uralic languages 2,085 940 1,145 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 170 80 90 780 350 425
Finnish 200 95 105 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,715 770 950 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 275 130 145 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 715,475 349,790 365,685 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 620,045 303,715 316,330 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 132,175 67,575 64,600 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 487,870 236,140 251,730 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 95,435 46,075 49,355 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 715,475 349,790 365,685 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 320,750 160,730 160,020 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 381,730 182,445 199,285 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 77,125 36,250 40,875 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 50,500 24,260 26,240 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 90,385 43,510 46,875 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 110,310 52,585 57,730 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 59,235 28,400 30,835 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 51,080 24,185 26,900 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 53,410 25,845 27,570 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 12,990 6,615 6,375 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 381,730 182,445 199,285 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 34,375 17,135 17,240 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 66,605 34,445 32,165 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 76,645 34,345 42,300 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 164,845 78,135 86,710 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 39,260 18,390 20,870 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 381,730 182,445 199,285 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 48,660 21,830 26,830 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 1,060 480 580 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 3,625 1,680 1,945 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 880 425 455 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 6,680 3,060 3,625 1,305 600 710
Haiti 150 80 75 570 250 315
Jamaica 11,595 4,965 6,625 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 1,275 510 765 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 1,355 615 745 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 6,340 2,800 3,545 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 5,520 2,655 2,870 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 10,175 4,575 5,600 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 88,515 41,985 46,530 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,605 1,325 1,280 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 3,505 1,705 1,795 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 605 295 310 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 2,710 1,200 1,510 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 1,740 885 860 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 890 410 480 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,025 420 600 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 8,695 4,365 4,335 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 665 330 335 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 21,685 10,080 11,605 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 11,925 5,580 6,345 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 2,810 1,335 1,475 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 2,185 990 1,190 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,110 1,035 1,075 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 4,470 2,060 2,410 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,060 5,210 5,850 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 9,825 4,745 5,080 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 24,290 11,875 12,415 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 235 120 115 485 310 175
Egypt 9,095 4,670 4,425 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 510 215 300 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 1,835 765 1,070 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 340 160 175 985 535 455
Nigeria 2,180 1,140 1,040 1,740 925 815
Somalia 720 260 460 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 1,095 485 610 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 8,275 4,060 4,215 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 219,420 106,355 113,060 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 2,595 1,310 1,285 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 2,600 1,270 1,330 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 23,110 10,655 12,460 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 7,335 3,405 3,925 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 54,630 27,060 27,570 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 2,810 1,425 1,390 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 7,390 3,665 3,720 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 575 200 370 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 4,345 2,040 2,300 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 3,110 1,645 1,465 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 35,855 18,230 17,625 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 28,330 12,320 16,010 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 9,060 4,505 4,555 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,440 1,735 1,700 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 1,900 865 1,030 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 10,350 4,835 5,515 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 21,995 11,180 10,810 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 850 400 455 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 53,415 25,845 27,570 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 5,160 2,495 2,665 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 125 50 80 1,145 525 615
Colombia 675 365 310 580 250 325
Cuba 180 70 110 140 60 80
Haiti 60 25 35 35 35 10
Jamaica 965 515 445 625 355 265
Mexico 340 160 185 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,205 575 630 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 370 180 190 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 1,220 550 670 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 3,585 1,635 1,950 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 55 30 25 970 510 460
Germany 80 35 50 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 85 45 40 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 180 70 110 690