Census Profile, 2016 Census
Brampton, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Peel, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Brampton, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Peel, RM
Ontario
[Census division]
Data quality , Brampton, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Brampton, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Peel, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 593,638 ... ... 1,381,739 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 523,906 r ... ... 1,296,809r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 13.3 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 173,428 ... ... 443,918 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 168,011 ... ... 430,180 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,228.7 ... ... 1,108.1 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 266.36 ... ... 1,246.95 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 593,640 293,535 300,105 1,381,740 678,700 703,040
0 to 14 years 120,245 62,305 57,940 253,525 130,595 122,930
0 to 4 years 37,520 19,485 18,040 76,315 39,040 37,275
5 to 9 years 41,680 21,520 20,160 87,260 44,865 42,400
10 to 14 years 41,040 21,300 19,740 89,945 46,690 43,260
15 to 64 years 407,125 200,510 206,620 951,395 466,930 484,470
15 to 19 years 42,820 22,450 20,370 97,155 50,810 46,340
20 to 24 years 42,800 22,380 20,420 100,655 52,375 48,280
25 to 29 years 40,200 19,870 20,330 90,540 45,250 45,295
30 to 34 years 43,095 20,195 22,900 91,240 43,370 47,870
35 to 39 years 44,275 20,550 23,720 93,395 43,135 50,260
40 to 44 years 43,780 20,885 22,895 96,990 45,595 51,395
45 to 49 years 42,865 20,965 21,900 103,465 49,675 53,790
50 to 54 years 42,095 21,135 20,965 108,240 53,440 54,795
55 to 59 years 35,815 17,910 17,905 94,150 46,560 47,595
60 to 64 years 29,380 14,165 15,215 75,560 36,720 38,845
65 years and over 66,270 30,720 35,550 176,820 81,175 95,640
65 to 69 years 24,895 11,855 13,035 62,410 29,810 32,600
70 to 74 years 17,095 8,300 8,795 43,800 20,835 22,965
75 to 79 years 11,370 5,300 6,065 31,105 14,480 16,625
80 to 84 years 7,065 3,140 3,925 20,830 9,205 11,625
85 years and over 5,840 2,120 3,720 18,665 6,845 11,825
85 to 89 years 3,825 1,530 2,290 12,110 4,885 7,225
90 to 94 years 1,575 485 1,090 5,145 1,620 3,530
95 to 99 years 360 80 285 1,215 295 920
100 years and over 75 15 60 200 45 150
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 20.3 21.2 19.3 18.3 19.2 17.5
15 to 64 years 68.6 68.3 68.8 68.9 68.8 68.9
65 years and over 11.2 10.5 11.8 12.8 12.0 13.6
85 years and over 1.0 0.7 1.2 1.4 1.0 1.7
Average age of the population 36.5 35.8 37.3 38.3 37.5 39.1
Median age of the population 35.8 34.9 36.7 38.1 37.0 39.1
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 168,010 ... ... 430,180 ... ...
Single-detached house 87,550 ... ... 196,060 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 17,535 ... ... 80,780 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 62,905 ... ... 152,970 ... ...
Semi-detached house 23,035 ... ... 51,040 ... ...
Row house 20,670 ... ... 56,145 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 11,235 ... ... 19,695 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 7,945 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
Other single-attached house 20 ... ... 115 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 25 ... ... 370 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 168,010 ... ... 430,180 ... ...
1 person 20,820 ... ... 68,345 ... ...
2 persons 34,495 ... ... 104,345 ... ...
3 persons 31,210 ... ... 81,820 ... ...
4 persons 39,420 ... ... 94,060 ... ...
5 or more persons 42,060 ... ... 81,615 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 590,945 ... ... 1,372,645 ... ...
Average household size 3.5 ... ... 3.2 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 473,395 231,230 242,165 1,128,210 548,105 580,110
Married or living common law 281,360 140,610 140,750 661,470 330,300 331,170
Married 262,150 131,025 131,125 613,325 306,245 307,075
Living common law 19,210 9,590 9,630 48,145 24,050 24,095
Not married and not living common law 192,035 90,620 101,420 466,745 217,805 248,940
Never married 139,855 74,635 65,220 335,565 178,520 157,045
Separated 11,990 4,600 7,390 28,025 10,895 17,130
Divorced 19,960 7,420 12,535 51,760 18,650 33,110
Widowed 20,230 3,960 16,270 51,395 9,740 41,655
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 164,525 ... ... 386,185 ... ...
2 persons 56,460 ... ... 141,600 ... ...
3 persons 39,955 ... ... 95,025 ... ...
4 persons 47,710 ... ... 104,930 ... ...
5 or more persons 20,395 ... ... 44,630 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.2 ... ... 3.2 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 164,525 ... ... 386,185 ... ...
Total couple families 135,955 ... ... 320,520 ... ...
Married couples 126,360 ... ... 296,475 ... ...
Common-law couples 9,600 ... ... 24,045 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 28,565 ... ... 65,660 ... ...
Female parent 23,475 ... ... 53,940 ... ...
Male parent 5,090 ... ... 11,725 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 135,960 ... ... 320,520 ... ...
Couples without children 41,360 ... ... 104,775 ... ...
Couples with children 94,600 ... ... 215,750 ... ...
1 child 31,035 ... ... 75,015 ... ...
2 children 44,440 ... ... 98,465 ... ...
3 or more children 19,125 ... ... 42,270 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 28,565 ... ... 65,665 ... ...
1 child 15,100 ... ... 36,825 ... ...
2 children 8,920 ... ... 20,005 ... ...
3 or more children 4,545 ... ... 8,830 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 59,490 27,955 31,535 148,295 67,280 81,015
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 168,010 ... ... 430,180 ... ...
One-census-family households 123,170 ... ... 316,910 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 25,755 ... ... 78,440 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 97,415 ... ... 238,470 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 19,475 ... ... 32,910 ... ...
Non-census-family households 25,365 ... ... 80,360 ... ...
One-person households 20,820 ... ... 68,345 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,545 ... ... 12,015 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 591,670 292,690 298,975 1,375,800 676,520 699,280
English only 532,650 268,950 263,690 1,233,210 618,475 614,730
French only 500 215 280 1,155 490 660
English and French 30,200 13,075 17,120 86,395 37,055 49,345
Neither English nor French 28,325 10,445 17,880 55,040 20,500 34,535
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 591,670 292,690 298,980 1,375,800 676,520 699,280
English 554,455 278,140 276,315 1,295,375 644,520 650,855
French 4,935 2,285 2,650 13,760 6,225 7,535
English and French 4,350 2,010 2,335 12,440 5,670 6,770
Neither English nor French 27,935 10,260 17,680 54,225 20,100 34,120
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,105 3,290 3,820 19,980 9,060 10,915
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.6
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 591,670 292,690 298,980 1,375,800 676,520 699,280
Single responses 560,895 277,335 283,565 1,305,305 641,785 663,520
Official languages 289,355 143,270 146,080 674,495 335,195 339,305
English 284,920 141,210 143,710 662,455 329,710 332,745
French 4,430 2,060 2,375 12,040 5,480 6,560
Non-official languages 271,545 134,065 137,480 630,810 306,595 324,215
Aboriginal languages 25 10 10 70 35 35
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 30 10 20
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 10 10 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 5 5 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 5
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 5 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 15 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 10 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 271,520 134,055 137,465 630,745 306,560 324,180
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,195 4,155 4,045 42,455 21,365 21,085
Berber languages 5 5 5 55 30 25
Kabyle 0 5 0 35 20 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 20 10 5
Cushitic languages 640 300 335 1,500 645 855
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 5
Oromo 55 25 25 85 40 45
Somali 580 270 305 1,400 600 795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 10 5 10
Semitic languages 7,475 3,815 3,665 40,765 20,625 20,140
Amharic 265 140 125 625 300 325
Arabic 4,205 2,170 2,035 34,310 17,435 16,875
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,890 945 940 3,115 1,545 1,570
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 335 155 175 505 245 260
Harari 35 25 20 65 30 35
Hebrew 25 20 10 105 70 35
Maltese 455 230 220 1,390 680 710
Tigrigna 115 50 70 345 165 175
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 150 75 70 315 165 150
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 80 30 45 130 55 75
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,845 2,295 2,550 15,015 7,015 8,000
Khmer (Cambodian) 215 90 120 320 140 180
Vietnamese 4,615 2,195 2,415 14,655 6,860 7,800
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 35 15 25
Austronesian languages 11,885 5,085 6,800 35,515 14,970 20,540
Bikol 40 20 20 95 45 50
Cebuano 415 190 230 1,000 430 565
Fijian 10 0 5 20 10 10
Hiligaynon 100 45 55 365 135 225
Ilocano 500 210 295 1,165 480 680
Malagasy 5 0 0 10 5 5
Malay 190 80 110 1,305 585 715
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 160 80 80 380 180 195
Pangasinan 35 15 20 80 40 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,345 4,400 5,945 30,895 12,960 17,935
Waray-Waray 30 10 15 65 30 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 145 70 80
Creole languages 760 380 380 1,640 815 825
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 25 15 15
Creole, n.o.s. 435 225 210 1,000 510 490
Creole languages, n.i.e. 315 150 165 615 290 325
Dravidian languages 17,170 8,435 8,740 33,080 16,325 16,755
Kannada 360 175 185 955 455 500
Malayalam 2,635 1,310 1,320 5,595 2,800 2,795
Tamil 12,695 6,195 6,500 22,780 11,115 11,665
Telugu 1,445 740 705 3,615 1,885 1,730
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 135 70 65
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 214,370 107,020 107,350 432,875 213,370 219,500
Albanian 265 130 135 2,670 1,360 1,310
Armenian 200 100 100 750 380 370
Balto-Slavic languages 8,665 4,125 4,540 64,830 30,625 34,205
Baltic languages 80 45 30 830 355 480
Latvian 45 30 15 190 85 105
Lithuanian 35 20 15 640 270 370
Slavic languages 8,590 4,080 4,505 64,000 30,265 33,730
Belarusan 10 5 5 35 15 20
Bosnian 175 95 80 1,295 645 655
Bulgarian 145 80 65 1,330 665 665
Croatian 1,090 540 545 6,340 3,140 3,205
Czech 235 115 115 950 445 500
Macedonian 315 150 160 1,630 785 845
Polish 4,595 2,170 2,425 32,095 14,975 17,120
Russian 675 295 385 5,820 2,625 3,205
Serbian 500 250 250 4,485 2,215 2,265
Serbo-Croatian 65 30 35 580 285 300
Slovak 200 90 110 1,050 490 560
Slovene (Slovenian) 160 75 85 1,120 525 590
Ukrainian 425 185 240 7,150 3,395 3,755
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 115 60 55
Celtic languages 30 10 10 65 20 40
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 10 35 10 20
Welsh 5 5 0 15 5 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Germanic languages 2,550 1,105 1,445 7,660 3,370 4,285
Afrikaans 25 10 15 115 50 65
Danish 90 40 50 290 130 160
Dutch 915 370 545 1,810 785 1,025
Frisian 35 10 25 45 10 30
German 1,425 655 770 5,130 2,285 2,845
Icelandic 5 0 0 5 0 0
Norwegian 10 5 10 45 20 25
Swedish 30 15 10 150 60 90
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 60 20 35
Yiddish 0 5 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Greek 745 370 380 3,420 1,705 1,715
Indo-Iranian languages 172,600 87,030 85,565 269,670 135,850 133,825
Indo-Aryan languages 168,560 84,980 83,580 258,345 130,115 128,230
Bengali 2,615 1,300 1,315 6,455 3,205 3,250
Gujarati 16,750 8,370 8,380 24,705 12,275 12,425
Hindi 14,070 6,945 7,125 24,185 11,975 12,210
Kashmiri 50 25 25 110 60 55
Konkani 270 125 145 1,055 500 555
Marathi 675 340 340 2,015 1,010 1,005
Nepali 1,090 540 545 1,895 945 945
Oriya (Odia) 65 35 35 210 110 100
Punjabi (Panjabi) 110,715 56,165 54,545 134,460 68,250 66,215
Sindhi 540 270 270 1,535 755 785
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,530 750 775 2,770 1,350 1,420
Urdu 20,200 10,115 10,085 58,955 29,695 29,265
Iranian languages 3,790 1,935 1,855 10,705 5,420 5,285
Kurdish 105 65 40 305 185 120
Pashto 670 330 340 1,835 940 900
Persian (Farsi) 3,015 1,540 1,475 8,565 4,300 4,265
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 245 115 130 620 310 305
Italic (Romance) languages 29,310 14,140 15,170 83,815 40,065 43,750
Catalan 0 5 0 10 5 5
Italian 6,975 3,530 3,445 24,420 12,155 12,265
Portuguese 10,590 5,140 5,450 27,685 13,215 14,465
Romanian 590 265 330 3,600 1,705 1,900
Spanish 11,140 5,205 5,930 28,075 12,970 15,110
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 35 20 15
Japanese 135 50 85 1,050 395 650
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 40 25 20
Georgian 0 0 0 40 25 20
Korean 395 185 215 5,210 2,455 2,760
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 35 15 15
Mongolian 5 0 0 30 15 15
Niger-Congo languages 5,190 2,450 2,735 7,645 3,565 4,080
Akan (Twi) 2,670 1,265 1,405 3,425 1,595 1,835
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 0 5
Edo 195 80 115 260 110 155
Ewe 55 25 30 130 55 70
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 30 15 15
Ga 115 45 65 185 85 100
Ganda 55 25 25 95 40 50
Igbo 345 175 170 550 280 270
Lingala 35 20 15 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 10 10 75 30 45
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 15 20 65 25 40
Shona 70 35 35 170 85 90
Swahili 305 140 165 560 250 310
Wolof 10 5 5 30 15 20
Yoruba 855 420 435 1,295 640 655
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 410 195 220 705 315 390
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 10 10 70 40 25
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 60 35 25
Sign languages 110 60 55 285 145 135
American Sign Language 30 15 15 90 50 40
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 80 40 45 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,505 3,010 3,495 49,980 23,310 26,670
Chinese languages 6,330 2,920 3,420 49,500 23,075 26,420
Cantonese 3,290 1,520 1,770 19,885 9,240 10,650
Hakka 155 75 90 470 220 255
Mandarin 2,335 1,070 1,265 25,860 12,120 13,735
Min Dong 5 0 0 35 20 20
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 300 140 160 1,460 655 800
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 30 30 625 280 350
Chinese, n.o.s. 180 80 100 1,140 535 605
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 175 95 80 485 240 245
Burmese 85 45 40 200 90 105
Karenic languages 10 5 5 10 5 5
Tibetan 20 10 10 190 95 95
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 65 35 25 80 50 40
Tai-Kadai languages 560 250 310 880 360 515
Lao 485 230 260 640 300 345
Thai 70 20 55 235 60 170
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 5 0 0
Turkic languages 470 250 220 1,850 935 915
Azerbaijani 15 5 10 75 35 40
Turkish 440 240 200 1,610 820 790
Uyghur 5 0 5 85 40 40
Uzbek 10 0 0 45 25 25
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 35 20 20
Uralic languages 760 355 400 2,890 1,330 1,560
Estonian 55 25 35 215 100 115
Finnish 55 30 25 225 90 135
Hungarian 650 305 340 2,450 1,135 1,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 240 120 120
Multiple responses 30,770 15,360 15,415 70,495 34,735 35,765
English and French 1,165 515 650 3,220 1,455 1,765
English and non-official language 28,550 14,380 14,170 64,105 31,895 32,210
French and non-official language 405 170 240 1,315 565 750
English, French and non-official language 650 295 355 1,855 820 1,040
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 591,670 292,690 298,975 1,375,800 676,520 699,280
Single responses 512,270 252,805 259,460 1,202,795 591,040 611,760
Official languages 347,640 171,585 176,055 843,850 416,880 426,970
English 345,390 170,530 174,865 838,125 414,210 423,915
French 2,255 1,055 1,195 5,725 2,670 3,055
Non-official languages 164,630 81,220 83,405 358,950 174,155 184,790
Aboriginal languages 15 10 5 30 15 15
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 15 5 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 5 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 5 0 5 0 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5 5 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 0 0 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 5 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 5 5 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 5 0 5 5 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 164,610 81,215 83,400 358,920 174,140 184,775
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,000 1,970 2,030 22,740 11,135 11,605
Berber languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Kabyle 0 0 0 5 5 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 260 120 130 665 295 370
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 20 10 10 30 15 15
Somali 240 115 125 630 280 350
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Semitic languages 3,705 1,830 1,870 22,000 10,800 11,200
Amharic 95 45 45 250 115 130
Arabic 2,060 1,020 1,035 18,915 9,320 9,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,120 545 570 1,870 915 955
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 165 80 80 270 130 140
Harari 10 5 5 25 15 15
Hebrew 5 5 5 30 15 15
Maltese 100 50 55 330 150 180
Tigrigna 50 25 25 140 65 75
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 175 90 90
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 65 25 40
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,240 1,535 1,705 10,090 4,700 5,385
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 55 65 145 70 80
Vietnamese 3,100 1,470 1,630 9,925 4,625 5,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 20 10 10
Austronesian languages 4,725 2,195 2,530 14,735 6,645 8,090
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 165 80 85 345 165 180
Fijian 0 5 5 5 0 0
Hiligaynon 20 10 10 95 40 55
Ilocano 175 80 90 375 170 205
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malay 50 25 25 475 225 250
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 30 25 125 60 65
Pangasinan 10 0 5 15 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,240 1,955 2,280 13,275 5,965 7,310
Waray-Waray 0 5 0 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 10 10
Creole languages 420 215 210 930 460 470
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 270 140 130 650 330 320
Creole languages, n.i.e. 150 75 80 270 120 145
Dravidian languages 11,005 5,350 5,650 20,320 9,880 10,445
Kannada 180 90 90 430 215 215
Malayalam 1,395 690 705 2,905 1,440 1,460
Tamil 8,535 4,115 4,420 14,935 7,155 7,775
Telugu 875 440 425 2,005 1,045 955
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 133,770 66,450 67,320 244,765 119,955 124,810
Albanian 110 50 55 1,340 670 670
Armenian 85 40 45 315 145 170
Balto-Slavic languages 3,980 1,940 2,040 33,810 16,145 17,670
Baltic languages 15 5 5 265 115 155
Latvian 5 5 0 45 20 20
Lithuanian 5 0 5 220 90 130
Slavic languages 3,965 1,935 2,030 33,550 16,035 17,515
Belarusan 5 0 5 10 5 10
Bosnian 90 45 45 705 345 365
Bulgarian 85 40 40 785 390 395
Croatian 375 190 190 2,495 1,230 1,270
Czech 90 45 45 340 170 170
Macedonian 110 50 60 760 385 375
Polish 2,340 1,140 1,200 17,660 8,375 9,285
Russian 395 195 200 3,610 1,695 1,915
Serbian 225 110 115 2,545 1,240 1,305
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 250 120 130
Slovak 60 25 35 330 155 180
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 255 120 135
Ukrainian 125 55 65 3,760 1,800 1,960
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 0 5 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 205 85 120 710 310 395
Afrikaans 5 5 0 25 15 15
Danish 5 5 0 20 10 10
Dutch 65 20 40 105 40 65
Frisian 5 0 5 5 0 5
German 125 60 70 515 225 285
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0 30 15 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 200 85 110 1,070 490 580
Indo-Iranian languages 116,945 58,445 58,500 172,780 86,020 86,760
Indo-Aryan languages 114,550 57,260 57,285 166,310 82,880 83,435
Bengali 1,630 785 845 3,825 1,855 1,965
Gujarati 10,695 5,240 5,455 14,890 7,255 7,630
Hindi 7,355 3,575 3,780 12,250 6,005 6,250
Kashmiri 10 5 5 20 10 15
Konkani 55 25 30 215 100 115
Marathi 350 185 165 960 490 460
Nepali 720 370 355 1,250 625 625
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 25 100 50 50
Punjabi (Panjabi) 79,705 40,160 39,545 94,880 47,725 47,155
Sindhi 285 145 145 720 355 370
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 745 360 380 1,260 625 635
Urdu 12,950 6,390 6,565 35,935 17,780 18,155
Iranian languages 2,290 1,135 1,155 6,225 3,030 3,195
Kurdish 45 25 20 155 90 65
Pashto 415 210 210 1,015 505 510
Persian (Farsi) 1,825 905 920 5,055 2,435 2,625
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 45 60 240 110 130
Italic (Romance) languages 12,255 5,805 6,450 34,730 16,180 18,555
Catalan 5 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 1,795 835 965 6,370 2,815 3,555
Portuguese 4,350 2,090 2,255 11,045 5,235 5,810
Romanian 220 110 115 1,685 800 885
Spanish 5,875 2,770 3,105 15,615 7,320 8,300
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 10 5
Japanese 65 35 35 570 265 305
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 245 115 130 3,545 1,705 1,840
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 15 10 10
Mongolian 5 5 5 10 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 1,860 850 1,010 2,615 1,170 1,440
Akan (Twi) 1,145 515 630 1,480 650 830
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 35 15 25 65 25 45
Ewe 10 0 5 40 20 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ga 30 15 15 60 30 25
Ganda 25 15 10 35 20 15
Igbo 90 50 45 120 60 60
Lingala 5 0 5 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 5 25 10 15
Shona 30 20 15 75 40 35
Swahili 60 25 35 145 60 80
Wolof 5 0 5 15 10 10
Yoruba 315 140 175 425 190 240
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 90 45 50 120 60 60
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 5 0 15 5 10
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Sign languages 175 100 70 460 270 190
American Sign Language 55 30 25 165 90 80
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 120 75 50 290 175 115
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,275 1,995 2,280 35,715 16,800 18,920
Chinese languages 4,200 1,955 2,245 35,440 16,655 18,780
Cantonese 2,130 975 1,150 13,605 6,215 7,390
Hakka 70 30 35 145 70 75
Mandarin 1,710 810 900 19,955 9,590 10,370
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 140 65 75 625 275 350
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 25 395 180 215
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 45 55 685 325 365
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 80 45 35 280 140 140
Burmese 55 35 25 125 60 60
Karenic languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 10 5 5 140 70 70
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 15 10 10
Tai-Kadai languages 260 120 145 375 175 200
Lao 235 105 125 305 140 160
Thai 25 10 15 70 30 40
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 280 150 135 990 480 510
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 20 10 10
Turkish 265 145 125 875 425 450
Uyghur 5 0 5 60 30 25
Uzbek 5 5 5 25 15 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Uralic languages 235 115 120 940 455 485
Estonian 10 5 5 25 10 10
Finnish 10 5 5 30 10 15
Hungarian 215 105 110 890 430 455
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 80 40 45
Multiple responses 79,400 39,885 39,515 173,000 85,480 87,520
English and French 1,275 575 705 3,010 1,340 1,670
English and non-official language 76,670 38,655 38,015 166,330 82,540 83,785
French and non-official language 195 90 105 555 255 305
English, French and non-official language 1,255 570 685 3,105 1,350 1,755
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 591,670 292,690 298,980 1,375,800 676,520 699,280
None 445,160 219,095 226,065 1,023,775 503,270 520,510
English 68,235 35,345 32,890 156,995 79,355 77,635
French 3,520 1,495 2,020 9,505 3,945 5,550
Non-official language 72,140 35,435 36,705 179,135 86,855 92,280
Aboriginal 15 5 10 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal 72,125 35,430 36,700 179,105 86,845 92,260
English and French 315 145 170 985 450 535
English and non-official language 1,720 930 800 3,705 1,895 1,810
French and non-official language 555 240 320 1,655 720 935
English, French and non-official language 20 5 10 50 25 25
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 470,765 230,070 240,695 1,119,400 544,795 574,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 440,925 215,975 224,955 1,053,150 513,510 539,635
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,092 33,632 25,411 30,715 35,812 26,687
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 440,980 215,980 224,995 1,053,315 513,545 539,775
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,086 30,850 24,120 28,405 32,554 25,077
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 383,575 195,185 188,390 927,385 467,335 460,050
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,961 35,025 25,105 31,381 36,866 26,509
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 323,280 141,155 182,125 757,275 333,870 423,410
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,217 863 4,117 2,169 917 3,855
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 343,015 178,030 164,980 805,200 415,990 389,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,399 35,851 27,615 33,467 38,017 29,520
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 470,770 230,010 240,755 1,119,400 544,800 574,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 441,165 215,930 225,240 1,053,655 513,720 539,935
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,647 42,731 32,774 42,651 49,339 36,287
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 441,240 215,940 225,300 1,053,850 513,760 540,085
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,380 36,093 28,821 35,665 40,372 31,187
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 383,730 195,130 188,605 927,480 467,585 459,890
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,154 43,768 32,346 43,405 50,495 36,196
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 322,605 140,435 182,165 756,500 333,300 423,195
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,100 4,887 7,034 6,189 5,207 6,962
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 343,010 177,985 165,025 805,200 416,420 388,785
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,983 43,980 33,592 44,132 50,326 37,498
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 470,765 230,010 240,755 1,119,400 544,795 574,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 161,100 91,995 69,105 384,710 216,620 168,090
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 48,741 52,949 44,507 52,426 56,821 47,980
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 55,518 59,617 50,061 63,269 68,999 55,885
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.2 92.6 82.6 89.6 93.1 85.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 80.6 84.7 75.4 78.9 82.4 74.4
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.8 7.4 17.4 10.4 6.9 15.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 470,765 230,075 240,690 1,119,405 544,795 574,605
Without total income 29,835 14,095 15,740 66,255 31,285 34,970
With total income 440,925 215,980 224,955 1,053,145 513,515 539,635
Percentage with total income 93.7 93.9 93.5 94.1 94.3 93.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 80,940 35,630 45,310 191,530 84,220 107,310
$10,000 to $19,999 83,545 35,795 47,750 188,635 79,650 108,985
$20,000 to $29,999 60,650 27,335 33,315 137,135 61,305 75,830
$30,000 to $39,999 51,510 24,085 27,425 114,215 53,100 61,115
$40,000 to $49,999 44,575 21,120 23,455 100,860 47,700 53,155
$50,000 to $59,999 33,955 17,965 15,995 79,600 40,600 38,995
$60,000 to $69,999 24,840 14,460 10,380 60,400 33,500 26,905
$70,000 to $79,999 18,030 11,250 6,780 45,660 27,005 18,660
$80,000 to $89,999 12,970 8,265 4,705 34,805 20,950 13,855
$90,000 to $99,999 10,010 6,010 4,005 28,145 16,175 11,965
$100,000 and over 19,900 14,065 5,840 72,155 49,295 22,865
$100,000 to $149,999 15,310 10,610 4,700 49,845 33,120 16,725
$150,000 and over 4,590 3,455 1,135 22,320 16,175 6,140
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 470,770 230,070 240,695 1,119,405 544,795 574,605
Without after-tax income 29,790 14,085 15,700 66,085 31,250 34,830
With after-tax income 440,980 215,980 224,995 1,053,315 513,545 539,775
Percentage with after-tax income 93.7 93.9 93.5 94.1 94.3 93.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 81,640 35,870 45,770 194,025 85,005 109,020
$10,000 to $19,999 87,195 37,655 49,545 196,450 83,480 112,965
$20,000 to $29,999 70,265 31,885 38,375 158,705 71,470 87,235
$30,000 to $39,999 60,935 28,855 32,080 136,280 64,335 71,950
$40,000 to $49,999 50,480 25,705 24,775 116,675 57,980 58,695
$50,000 to $59,999 33,910 19,585 14,325 81,700 45,025 36,675
$60,000 to $69,999 21,890 13,660 8,230 56,405 33,620 22,785
$70,000 to $79,999 14,705 8,975 5,725 40,930 24,045 16,885
$80,000 and over 19,965 13,790 6,175 72,150 48,595 23,560
$80,000 to $89,999 8,220 5,265 2,950 25,200 15,585 9,610
$90,000 to $99,999 4,375 3,105 1,270 14,375 9,730 4,645
$100,000 and over 7,370 5,420 1,950 32,580 23,275 9,300
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 470,765 230,070 240,690 1,119,400 544,795 574,605
Without employment income 127,755 52,035 75,715 314,200 128,805 185,395
With employment income 343,015 178,035 164,975 805,200 415,990 389,210
Percentage with employment income 72.9 77.4 68.5 71.9 76.4 67.7
Under $5,000 (including loss) 40,180 18,440 21,740 98,205 46,060 52,145
$5,000 to $9,999 29,815 12,785 17,030 67,295 29,650 37,640
$10,000 to $19,999 51,830 25,290 26,540 113,910 54,995 58,915
$20,000 to $29,999 43,035 20,900 22,135 91,845 43,775 48,070
$30,000 to $39,999 40,180 19,160 21,025 86,550 41,105 45,445
$40,000 to $49,999 35,910 17,600 18,310 79,515 38,590 40,925
$50,000 to $59,999 28,250 15,695 12,555 64,615 34,270 30,350
$60,000 to $69,999 20,810 12,775 8,035 49,530 28,435 21,100
$70,000 to $79,999 15,705 10,120 5,590 38,530 23,475 15,050
$80,000 and over 37,290 25,275 12,015 115,205 75,635 39,570
$80,000 to $89,999 11,460 7,455 4,010 30,230 18,585 11,645
$90,000 to $99,999 9,025 5,480 3,545 25,115 14,535 10,580
$100,000 and over 16,810 12,340 4,470 59,860 42,515 17,345
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 168,010 ... ... 430,180 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 87,290 ... ... 86,233 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,156 ... ... 75,667 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 20,820 ... ... 68,345 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,735 ... ... 41,872 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,871 ... ... 36,934 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 147,190 ... ... 361,835 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,516 ... ... 96,263 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,547 ... ... 84,394 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 168,010 ... ... 430,180 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 98,855 ... ... 104,466 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 85,038 ... ... 87,371 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 20,855 ... ... 68,315 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,524 ... ... 51,872 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,254 ... ... 42,786 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 147,160 ... ... 361,870 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 105,846 ... ... 114,394 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,243 ... ... 95,788 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 168,010 ... ... 430,180 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,445 ... ... 6,140 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,150 ... ... 3,850 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,955 ... ... 6,350 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,015 ... ... 9,770 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,670 ... ... 11,210 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,010 ... ... 11,850 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,725 ... ... 13,180 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,335 ... ... 14,250 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,800 ... ... 14,885 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,050 ... ... 15,340 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 12,550 ... ... 31,075 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 12,920 ... ... 30,355 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,560 ... ... 29,245 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 12,140 ... ... 28,190 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 11,625 ... ... 26,490 ... ...
$100,000 and over 69,070 ... ... 178,000 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,870 ... ... 55,095 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 17,280 ... ... 40,635 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 17,635 ... ... 46,050 ... ...
$200,000 and over 10,285 ... ... 36,215 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 168,010 ... ... 430,180 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,520 ... ... 6,470 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,155 ... ... 3,925 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,995 ... ... 6,480 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,130 ... ... 10,150 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,040 ... ... 12,270 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,435 ... ... 13,145 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,410 ... ... 14,935 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 6,275 ... ... 16,795 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,030 ... ... 18,360 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,355 ... ... 18,795 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,590 ... ... 37,755 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,220 ... ... 36,015 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,070 ... ... 35,075 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,055 ... ... 32,115 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,610 ... ... 28,845 ... ...
$100,000 and over 53,110 ... ... 139,040 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,515 ... ... 55,425 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 14,060 ... ... 35,210 ... ...
$150,000 and over 15,535 ... ... 48,410 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 145,820 ... ... 356,435 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,283 ... ... 94,869 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,739 ... ... 83,175 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.8 ... ... 3.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 25,015 ... ... 75,975 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,608 ... ... 81,464 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,730 ... ... 70,996 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 93,055 ... ... 214,125 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,500 ... ... 109,391 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,498 ... ... 95,547 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.5 ... ... 4.3 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 22,630 ... ... 54,710 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,047 ... ... 62,604 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,552 ... ... 56,949 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 145,730 ... ... 356,135 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,835 ... ... 113,319 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,470 ... ... 94,798 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 25,120 ... ... 75,955 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,336 ... ... 101,227 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,906 ... ... 82,650 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 92,960 ... ... 214,065 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,352 ... ... 127,895 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,479 ... ... 106,923 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 22,500 ... ... 54,350 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,849 ... ... 73,017 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,036 ... ... 63,851 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 36,205 19,405 16,795 102,755 51,105 51,650
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,941 34,749 30,886 34,735 36,964 32,735
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,056 31,550 28,496 31,494 33,087 30,000
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 36,135 19,560 16,575 102,550 51,120 51,425
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,865 42,186 39,307 44,684 46,348 43,031
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,558 35,297 33,686 37,293 38,195 36,397
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 590,950 292,350 298,600 1,372,645 675,245 697,395
In the bottom half of the distribution 308,210 150,740 157,475 665,170 322,535 342,640
In the bottom decile 42,680 21,245 21,435 116,645 57,145 59,500
In the second decile 58,100 27,970 30,130 130,265 61,780 68,485
In the third decile 66,905 32,420 34,480 135,530 65,180 70,350
In the fourth decile 70,305 34,490 35,810 139,815 68,270 71,540
In the fifth decile 70,220 34,605 35,610 142,910 70,150 72,755
In the top half of the distribution 282,740 141,610 141,125 707,470 352,715 354,760
In the sixth decile 68,310 33,885 34,430 143,925 70,860 73,065
In the seventh decile 65,575 32,580 32,995 145,155 71,660 73,495
In the eighth decile 60,805 30,490 30,315 145,660 72,545 73,115
In the ninth decile 54,730 27,620 27,115 147,830 74,125 73,705
In the top decile 33,315 17,040 16,275 124,905 63,515 61,390
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 590,950 292,350 298,600 1,372,640 675,245 697,395
0 to 17 years 145,185 75,230 69,960 309,765 159,880 149,885
0 to 5 years 45,390 23,520 21,870 92,550 47,395 45,155
18 to 64 years 381,250 186,915 194,330 892,655 436,170 456,485
65 years and over 64,515 30,205 34,310 170,220 79,190 91,025
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 66,960 32,415 34,545 175,980 84,210 91,770
0 to 17 years 23,395 12,195 11,200 56,075 29,150 26,925
0 to 5 years 7,885 4,125 3,760 17,870 9,235 8,630
18 to 64 years 37,915 17,920 19,995 102,300 48,005 54,295
65 years and over 5,650 2,305 3,345 17,605 7,055 10,555
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.3 11.1 11.6 12.8 12.5 13.2
0 to 17 years (%) 16.1 16.2 16.0 18.1 18.2 18.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.4 17.5 17.2 19.3 19.5 19.1
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.6 10.3 11.5 11.0 11.9
65 years and over (%) 8.8 7.6 9.7 10.3 8.9 11.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 52,685 26,065 26,615 138,555 67,480 71,075
0 to 17 years 16,890 8,820 8,075 41,810 21,750 20,060
0 to 5 years 5,810 3,050 2,760 13,450 6,955 6,490
18 to 64 years 32,175 15,860 16,310 85,760 41,545 44,210
65 years and over 3,620 1,385 2,235 10,990 4,185 6,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.9 8.9 8.9 10.1 10.0 10.2
0 to 17 years (%) 11.6 11.7 11.5 13.5 13.6 13.4
0 to 5 years (%) 12.8 13.0 12.6 14.5 14.7 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 8.4 8.5 8.4 9.6 9.5 9.7
65 years and over (%) 5.6 4.6 6.5 6.5 5.3 7.5
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 590,945 292,350 298,595 1,372,640 675,245 697,395
Official languages 562,640 281,825 280,815 1,317,715 654,715 663,005
English 562,260 281,685 280,580 1,316,720 654,335 662,390
French 30,535 13,205 17,330 87,025 37,420 49,610
Non-official languages 341,190 168,870 172,315 788,825 384,845 403,975
Aboriginal languages 55 25 30 115 50 65
Algonquian languages 45 20 25 85 30 60
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 15 10 40 20 25
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 15 0 0 25 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 20 10 15
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 25 10 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 10 25 10 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 30 0 25
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 10 20 0 20
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 10 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 341,140 168,850 172,285 788,710 384,800 403,910
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,305 5,735 5,565 56,265 28,545 27,715
Berber languages 15 10 10 55 35 20
Kabyle 20 10 0 35 25 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Cushitic languages 955 425 535 2,395 1,050 1,350
Bilen 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oromo 70 25 45 120 50 75
Somali 890 400 485 2,255 990 1,260
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Semitic languages 10,265 5,275 4,990 53,875 27,485 26,385
Amharic 605 285 320 1,120 510 615
Arabic 7,300 3,825 3,475 47,510 24,415 23,095
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,265 1,130 1,135 3,865 1,965 1,905
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 385 175 210 705 320 385
Harari 90 50 45 145 75 75
Hebrew 95 55 40 595 355 240
Maltese 550 265 285 1,760 830 930
Tigrigna 230 105 125 535 245 295
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 190 95 90 390 180 215
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 170 65 105 260 110 150
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,210 2,850 3,360 19,070 8,995 10,075
Khmer (Cambodian) 240 75 165 350 135 225
Vietnamese 5,965 2,780 3,185 18,715 8,870 9,845
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 0 25 30 10 25
Austronesian languages 15,005 6,440 8,560 44,845 18,965 25,880
Bikol 45 20 20 100 40 60
Cebuano 660 290 370 1,650 700 950
Fijian 10 10 10 20 0 10
Hiligaynon 130 45 85 485 170 310
Ilocano 720 255 460 1,605 610 990
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 485 225 260 2,120 995 1,130
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 185 75 110 455 195 255
Pangasinan 40 20 20 85 45 45
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 14,180 6,100 8,085 41,965 17,665 24,295
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 55 25 30
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 65 30 30 170 90 80
Creole languages 2,450 1,120 1,335 5,265 2,495 2,765
Haitian Creole 70 40 30 110 65 50
Creole, n.o.s. 1,015 490 525 2,850 1,400 1,450
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,370 590 785 2,310 1,045 1,270
Dravidian languages 22,995 11,425 11,570 45,185 22,675 22,505
Kannada 765 375 395 2,185 1,070 1,110
Malayalam 3,360 1,700 1,655 7,315 3,670 3,650
Tamil 17,580 8,720 8,860 32,560 16,260 16,295
Telugu 2,190 1,130 1,055 5,400 2,855 2,540
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 65 40 35 240 135 105
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 268,395 134,505 133,890 549,440 271,910 277,530
Albanian 375 180 200 3,060 1,575 1,485
Armenian 365 170 195 950 470 480
Balto-Slavic languages 10,140 4,890 5,245 74,415 35,620 38,795
Baltic languages 120 50 70 1,015 445 565
Latvian 45 15 30 240 95 145
Lithuanian 75 35 35 770 355 420
Slavic languages 10,035 4,840 5,195 73,610 35,255 38,350
Belarusan 20 10 15 120 65 55
Bosnian 300 155 150 1,885 945 945
Bulgarian 145 75 70 1,580 815 760
Croatian 1,460 735 725 8,820 4,285 4,535
Czech 260 135 125 1,210 590 615
Macedonian 440 195 245 2,270 1,125 1,150
Polish 5,210 2,540 2,675 37,890 18,035 19,855
Russian 1,240 595 645 10,245 4,965 5,275
Serbian 645 340 305 5,750 2,905 2,845
Serbo-Croatian 90 45 45 600 285 315
Slovak 230 95 140 1,395 670 725
Slovene (Slovenian) 240 100 140 1,385 605 780
Ukrainian 645 265 380 9,770 4,540 5,235
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 140 70 65
Celtic languages 40 20 20 175 70 110
Scottish Gaelic 20 0 15 80 30 55
Welsh 10 0 0 15 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 80 40 45
Germanic languages 3,730 1,740 1,990 12,260 5,845 6,415
Afrikaans 120 50 70 530 255 275
Danish 120 75 45 335 175 160
Dutch 1,045 430 615 2,210 1,000 1,205
Frisian 35 10 25 50 10 40
German 2,365 1,145 1,220 8,915 4,290 4,620
Icelandic 10 10 0 10 10 0
Norwegian 50 30 20 165 75 90
Swedish 70 35 25 310 150 160
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 0 15 45 20 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Greek 995 510 490 5,060 2,620 2,440
Indo-Iranian languages 214,065 108,340 105,725 345,715 174,545 171,170
Indo-Aryan languages 210,255 106,470 103,785 334,485 168,990 165,495
Bengali 3,215 1,585 1,630 8,085 4,005 4,085
Gujarati 21,885 10,975 10,910 33,105 16,380 16,725
Hindi 67,515 33,875 33,645 108,315 54,525 53,790
Kashmiri 145 70 75 250 120 135
Konkani 545 260 285 2,625 1,160 1,470
Marathi 1,410 730 685 4,110 2,120 1,990
Nepali 1,260 650 620 2,175 1,085 1,090
Oriya (Odia) 80 45 40 325 155 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 141,995 72,660 69,340 180,750 92,565 88,185
Sindhi 765 370 395 2,410 1,150 1,255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,410 1,225 1,190 4,630 2,345 2,280
Urdu 32,075 16,185 15,890 88,130 44,680 43,450
Iranian languages 4,365 2,140 2,225 12,930 6,365 6,560
Kurdish 130 75 50 375 210 165
Pashto 970 490 475 2,560 1,320 1,240
Persian (Farsi) 3,550 1,730 1,815 10,575 5,170 5,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 635 305 330 1,325 695 630
Italic (Romance) languages 39,975 19,325 20,650 113,440 53,990 59,445
Catalan 10 0 0 35 15 20
Italian 10,125 5,175 4,950 35,875 17,640 18,235
Portuguese 13,940 6,800 7,145 35,860 17,140 18,720
Romanian 760 350 410 4,280 2,065 2,215
Spanish 16,385 7,600 8,785 41,335 19,005 22,335
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 65 40 25
Japanese 360 155 200 1,860 855 1,005
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Georgian 0 0 0 70 40 30
Korean 380 140 235 5,790 2,670 3,120
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 45 20 30
Mongolian 0 0 0 45 15 30
Niger-Congo languages 9,730 4,665 5,065 14,965 7,120 7,850
Akan (Twi) 4,075 1,910 2,165 5,425 2,515 2,910
Bamanankan 20 10 15 55 15 40
Edo 415 190 225 570 275 295
Ewe 60 30 35 150 60 90
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 35 20 120 70 55
Ga 310 175 140 430 235 195
Ganda 70 30 40 160 70 85
Igbo 615 320 295 1,050 505 545
Lingala 285 125 160 480 205 275
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 25 30 100 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 45 70 175 60 115
Shona 110 45 70 235 95 145
Swahili 1,085 555 530 2,240 1,120 1,120
Wolof 40 25 15 95 40 55
Yoruba 2,155 1,040 1,110 3,185 1,555 1,630
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 810 420 395 1,495 740 755
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 15 15 70 50 20
Dinka 0 0 0 10 10 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 60 45 20
Sign languages 515 265 255 1,085 485 600
American Sign Language 220 100 125 520 190 335
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 295 160 130 575 300 280
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,085 3,855 4,230 57,520 27,000 30,520
Chinese languages 7,860 3,720 4,135 56,900 26,675 30,230
Cantonese 4,330 2,035 2,300 25,455 11,825 13,630
Hakka 180 75 100 510 235 275
Mandarin 3,695 1,720 1,980 34,605 16,080 18,525
Min Dong 0 0 0 60 25 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 385 210 175 1,925 905 1,010
Wu (Shanghainese) 105 45 60 865 405 460
Chinese, n.o.s. 220 105 115 1,195 530 665
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tibeto-Burman languages 235 135 105 640 340 300
Burmese 65 30 35 185 90 95
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 60 35 25 295 160 135
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 65 45 165 90 70
Tai-Kadai languages 800 410 390 1,225 580 645
Lao 715 365 355 900 445 455
Thai 160 85 75 435 185 250
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 695 365 330 2,525 1,290 1,235
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 80 35 45
Turkish 670 360 315 2,265 1,185 1,080
Uyghur 0 0 10 130 45 80
Uzbek 10 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 940 445 500 3,245 1,480 1,770
Estonian 60 20 40 260 110 150
Finnish 65 35 30 280 140 140
Hungarian 815 385 430 2,705 1,230 1,475
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 385 220 165 665 355 310
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 590,950 292,350 298,600 1,372,640 675,245 697,395
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 508,835 252,265 256,565 1,192,495 587,865 604,625
Canadian citizens aged under 18 136,500 70,815 65,685 283,905 146,305 137,600
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 372,330 181,455 190,880 908,590 441,560 467,025
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 82,115 40,080 42,030 180,145 87,375 92,770
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 590,950 292,350 298,600 1,372,640 675,245 697,395
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 272,365 137,915 134,450 642,835 323,765 319,070
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 308,790 149,070 159,725 706,835 339,410 367,430
Before 1981 49,655 23,480 26,175 134,265 63,400 70,865
1981 to 1990 41,145 20,155 20,990 94,105 45,615 48,490
1991 to 2000 77,800 37,590 40,210 171,230 82,550 88,680
2001 to 2010 100,280 48,550 51,735 213,135 102,330 110,805
2001 to 2005 53,115 25,660 27,445 113,910 54,840 59,070
2006 to 2010 47,165 22,885 24,280 99,225 47,485 51,740
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 39,915 19,295 20,620 94,105 45,515 48,595
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,790 5,365 4,425 22,970 12,070 10,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 308,790 149,070 159,725 706,840 339,405 367,430
Under 5 years 24,250 12,585 11,665 60,825 30,760 30,065
5 to 14 years 46,360 23,365 22,995 116,450 59,505 56,945
15 to 24 years 77,995 33,925 44,070 159,265 70,515 88,750
25 to 44 years 121,350 61,675 59,680 291,160 142,250 148,910
45 years and over 38,840 17,520 21,320 79,140 36,375 42,765
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 308,795 149,070 159,720 706,835 339,405 367,430
Americas 61,640 27,580 34,055 112,715 50,455 62,260
Brazil 390 125 265 1,505 630 875
Colombia 1,050 475 580 4,745 2,170 2,570
El Salvador 1,425 720 705 2,425 1,195 1,230
Guyana 13,855 6,460 7,395 20,875 9,665 11,215
Haiti 285 180 105 440 255 185
Jamaica 23,215 9,905 13,315 35,320 15,095 20,225
Mexico 510 205 310 1,890 740 1,145
Peru 610 255 360 2,005 870 1,130
Trinidad and Tobago 7,695 3,475 4,220 14,255 6,385 7,870
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,990 1,420 1,570 8,860 4,225 4,640
Other places of birth in Americas 9,605 4,375 5,235 20,405 9,225 11,180
Europe 35,160 17,005 18,155 132,035 63,140 68,895
Bosnia and Herzegovina 445 245 200 3,075 1,585 1,495
Croatia 765 340 420 4,425 2,125 2,305
France 345 125 215 1,000 445 555
Germany 1,280 665 620 4,425 2,090 2,335
Greece 560 285 270 2,405 1,225 1,185
Hungary 410 175 235 1,360 620 745
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 420 200 215 1,515 650 860
Italy 4,945 2,650 2,295 16,575 8,505 8,070
Netherlands 805 330 470 1,640 755 885
Poland 3,615 1,715 1,900 26,005 12,115 13,885
Portugal 8,450 4,270 4,180 21,195 10,285 10,910
Romania 635 305 330 3,685 1,745 1,940
Russian Federation 375 140 240 2,660 1,180 1,475
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 365 205 160 2,520 1,275 1,250
Ukraine 405 165 235 4,985 2,275 2,715
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 8,675 3,870 4,805 21,405 9,910 11,495
Other places of birth in Europe 2,670 1,315 1,355 13,155 6,375 6,780
Africa 16,065 7,830 8,230 40,840 19,970 20,865
Algeria 65 35 30 300 155 145
Egypt 935 445 490 10,065 5,135 4,925
Ethiopia 510 255 250 1,020 470 550
Kenya 1,515 760 755 3,380 1,545 1,835
Morocco 105 55 50 445 215 225
Nigeria 3,990 1,955 2,040 6,280 3,150 3,135
Somalia 545 245 295 1,260 505 755
South Africa, Republic of 485 240 245 1,690 775 910
Other places of birth in Africa 7,915 3,840 4,075 16,400 8,020 8,380
Asia 195,235 96,335 98,900 419,545 205,090 214,460
Afghanistan 2,480 1,160 1,320 5,160 2,520 2,635
Bangladesh 1,770 870 905 4,380 2,140 2,240
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,900 1,310 1,590 26,270 12,085 14,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 870 420 445 8,225 3,835 4,390
India 123,660 61,730 61,935 181,395 90,345 91,050
IranCensus data footnote 61 595 345 250 3,510 1,815 1,695
Iraq 3,355 1,760 1,595 10,815 5,465 5,350
Japan 130 45 85 720 250 465
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 285 120 165 4,710 2,200 2,505
Lebanon 705 370 335 3,860 2,040 1,820
Pakistan 19,255 9,750 9,505 55,225 28,045 27,180
Philippines 14,530 6,345 8,185 43,165 18,765 24,395
Sri Lanka 12,005 5,965 6,040 21,315 10,590 10,725
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 270 135 140 3,730 1,880 1,850
Taiwan 220 85 135 2,130 950 1,175
Viet Nam 4,975 2,355 2,625 15,470 7,245 8,225
Other places of birth in Asia 7,230 3,585 3,645 29,480 14,905 14,580
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 695 310 385 1,705 755 945
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 39,915 19,295 20,620 94,105 45,510 48,590
Americas 4,945 2,445 2,500 10,245 4,995 5,250
Brazil 75 25 50 210 85 125
Colombia 160 60 105 845 420 425
Cuba 105 45 60 290 105 180
Haiti 90 55 35 150 85 70
Jamaica 2,025 1,060 965 3,005 1,585 1,425
Mexico 110 45 60 460 205 255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 675 350 325 1,885 935 955
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 35 15 20 410 200 210
Other places of birth in Americas 1,675 790 885 2,980 1,380 1,600
Europe 915 445 480 4,600 2,135 2,465
France 40 15 25 100 45 55
Germany 40 25 15 125 65 60
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 110 60 55
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 10 10 20 10