Census Profile, 2016 Census
Brampton, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Brampton, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Brampton, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Brampton, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 593,638 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 523,906 r ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 13.3 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 173,428 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 168,011 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,228.7 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 266.36 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 593,640 293,535 300,105 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 120,245 62,305 57,940 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 37,520 19,485 18,040 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 41,680 21,520 20,160 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 41,040 21,300 19,740 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 407,125 200,510 206,620 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 42,820 22,450 20,370 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 42,800 22,380 20,420 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 40,200 19,870 20,330 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 43,095 20,195 22,900 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 44,275 20,550 23,720 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 43,780 20,885 22,895 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 42,865 20,965 21,900 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 42,095 21,135 20,965 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 35,815 17,910 17,905 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 29,380 14,165 15,215 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 66,270 30,720 35,550 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 24,895 11,855 13,035 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 17,095 8,300 8,795 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 11,370 5,300 6,065 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 7,065 3,140 3,925 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 5,840 2,120 3,720 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 3,825 1,530 2,290 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 1,575 485 1,090 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 360 80 285 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 75 15 60 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 20.3 21.2 19.3 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.6 68.3 68.8 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 11.2 10.5 11.8 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.0 0.7 1.2 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 36.5 35.8 37.3 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 35.8 34.9 36.7 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 168,010 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 87,550 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 17,535 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 62,905 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 23,035 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 20,670 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 11,235 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 7,945 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 20 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 25 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 168,010 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 20,820 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 34,495 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 31,210 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 39,420 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 42,060 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 590,945 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 3.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 473,395 231,230 242,165 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 281,360 140,610 140,750 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 262,150 131,025 131,125 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 19,210 9,590 9,630 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 192,035 90,620 101,420 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 139,855 74,635 65,220 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 11,990 4,600 7,390 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 19,960 7,420 12,535 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 20,230 3,960 16,270 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 164,525 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 56,460 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 39,955 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 47,710 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 20,395 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.2 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 164,525 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 135,955 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 126,360 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 9,600 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 28,565 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 23,475 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 5,090 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 135,960 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 41,360 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 94,600 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 31,035 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 44,440 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 19,125 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 28,565 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 15,100 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 8,920 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 4,545 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 59,490 27,955 31,535 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 168,010 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 123,170 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 25,755 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 97,415 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 19,475 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 25,365 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 20,820 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,545 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 591,670 292,690 298,975 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 532,650 268,950 263,690 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 500 215 280 1,110 530 580
English and French 30,200 13,075 17,120 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 28,325 10,445 17,880 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 591,670 292,690 298,980 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 554,455 278,140 276,315 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 4,935 2,285 2,650 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 4,350 2,010 2,335 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 27,935 10,260 17,680 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,105 3,290 3,820 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 591,670 292,690 298,980 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 560,895 277,335 283,565 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 289,355 143,270 146,080 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 284,920 141,210 143,710 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 4,430 2,060 2,375 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 271,545 134,065 137,480 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 25 10 10 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 5 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 271,520 134,055 137,465 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,195 4,155 4,045 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 5 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 5 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 640 300 335 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 55 25 25 165 95 75
Somali 580 270 305 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 10 5 5
Semitic languages 7,475 3,815 3,665 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 265 140 125 1,140 560 585
Arabic 4,205 2,170 2,035 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,890 945 940 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 335 155 175 440 240 195
Harari 35 25 20 25 10 15
Hebrew 25 20 10 1,770 960 805
Maltese 455 230 220 80 40 40
Tigrigna 115 50 70 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 150 75 70 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 80 30 45 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,845 2,295 2,550 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 215 90 120 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 4,615 2,195 2,415 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 11,885 5,085 6,800 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 40 20 20 310 140 170
Cebuano 415 190 230 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 10 0 5 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 100 45 55 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 500 210 295 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 5 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 190 80 110 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 160 80 80 635 290 345
Pangasinan 35 15 20 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,345 4,400 5,945 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 30 10 15 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 830 360 470
Creole languages 760 380 380 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 435 225 210 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 315 150 165 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 17,170 8,435 8,740 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 360 175 185 225 115 110
Malayalam 2,635 1,310 1,320 1,750 905 845
Tamil 12,695 6,195 6,500 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 1,445 740 705 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 214,370 107,020 107,350 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 265 130 135 1,090 560 530
Armenian 200 100 100 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 8,665 4,125 4,540 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 80 45 30 645 280 370
Latvian 45 30 15 320 145 175
Lithuanian 35 20 15 325 130 200
Slavic languages 8,590 4,080 4,505 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 10 5 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 175 95 80 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 145 80 65 1,725 805 915
Croatian 1,090 540 545 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 235 115 115 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 315 150 160 250 120 135
Polish 4,595 2,170 2,425 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 675 295 385 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 500 250 250 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 65 30 35 1,145 545 600
Slovak 200 90 110 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 160 75 85 545 250 290
Ukrainian 425 185 240 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 30 10 10 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 10 125 65 60
Welsh 5 5 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 2,550 1,105 1,445 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 25 10 15 1,435 730 705
Danish 90 40 50 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 915 370 545 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 35 10 25 80 30 50
German 1,425 655 770 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 10 5 10 835 410 430
Swedish 30 15 10 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 5 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 745 370 380 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 172,600 87,030 85,565 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 168,560 84,980 83,580 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 2,615 1,300 1,315 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 16,750 8,370 8,380 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 14,070 6,945 7,125 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 50 25 25 40 25 15
Konkani 270 125 145 225 110 110
Marathi 675 340 340 535 280 255
Nepali 1,090 540 545 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 65 35 35 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 110,715 56,165 54,545 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 540 270 270 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,530 750 775 1,455 730 725
Urdu 20,200 10,115 10,085 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 3,790 1,935 1,855 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 105 65 40 1,650 875 780
Pashto 670 330 340 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 3,015 1,540 1,475 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 245 115 130 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 29,310 14,140 15,170 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 5 0 125 65 55
Italian 6,975 3,530 3,445 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 10,590 5,140 5,450 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 590 265 330 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 11,140 5,205 5,930 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 60 40 25
Japanese 135 50 85 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 395 185 215 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 5 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 5,190 2,450 2,735 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 2,670 1,265 1,405 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 195 80 115 80 45 30
Ewe 55 25 30 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 20 10 5
Ga 115 45 65 35 15 15
Ganda 55 25 25 65 35 30
Igbo 345 175 170 160 90 65
Lingala 35 20 15 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 10 10 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 15 20 105 45 55
Shona 70 35 35 150 70 85
Swahili 305 140 165 585 285 295
Wolof 10 5 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 855 420 435 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 410 195 220 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 10 10 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 190 85 100
Sign languages 110 60 55 620 330 295
American Sign Language 30 15 15 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 80 40 45 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,505 3,010 3,495 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 6,330 2,920 3,420 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 3,290 1,520 1,770 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 155 75 90 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 2,335 1,070 1,265 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 300 140 160 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 30 30 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 180 80 100 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 175 95 80 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 85 45 40 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 10 5 5 770 370 400
Tibetan 20 10 10 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 65 35 25 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 560 250 310 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 485 230 260 800 405 400
Thai 70 20 55 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 20 10 10
Turkic languages 470 250 220 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 15 5 10 495 275 225
Turkish 440 240 200 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 0 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 10 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 760 355 400 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 55 25 35 455 195 260
Finnish 55 30 25 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 650 305 340 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 365 200 170
Multiple responses 30,770 15,360 15,415 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,165 515 650 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 28,550 14,380 14,170 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 405 170 240 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 650 295 355 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 591,670 292,690 298,975 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 512,270 252,805 259,460 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 347,640 171,585 176,055 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 345,390 170,530 174,865 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 2,255 1,055 1,195 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 164,630 81,220 83,405 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 15 10 5 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 164,610 81,215 83,400 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,000 1,970 2,030 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 260 120 130 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 20 10 10 80 40 35
Somali 240 115 125 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 3,705 1,830 1,870 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 95 45 45 535 250 290
Arabic 2,060 1,020 1,035 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,120 545 570 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 165 80 80 305 160 145
Harari 10 5 5 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 5 5 785 400 385
Maltese 100 50 55 5 5 0
Tigrigna 50 25 25 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,240 1,535 1,705 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 55 65 620 290 330
Vietnamese 3,100 1,470 1,630 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 4,725 2,195 2,530 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 165 80 85 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 5 5 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 20 10 10 355 150 205
Ilocano 175 80 90 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 50 25 25 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 30 25 135 65 75
Pangasinan 10 0 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,240 1,955 2,280 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 5 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 420 215 210 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 270 140 130 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 150 75 80 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 11,005 5,350 5,650 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 180 90 90 95 45 50
Malayalam 1,395 690 705 885 450 435
Tamil 8,535 4,115 4,420 1,935 965 965
Telugu 875 440 425 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 133,770 66,450 67,320 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 110 50 55 530 255 270
Armenian 85 40 45 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 3,980 1,940 2,040 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 15 5 5 160 75 90
Latvian 5 5 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 5 0 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 3,965 1,935 2,030 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 0 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 90 45 45 540 270 270
Bulgarian 85 40 40 925 425 495
Croatian 375 190 190 1,795 840 955
Czech 90 45 45 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 110 50 60 120 60 60
Polish 2,340 1,140 1,200 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 395 195 200 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 225 110 115 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 435 205 235
Slovak 60 25 35 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 60 25 35
Ukrainian 125 55 65 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 0 5 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 205 85 120 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 5 5 0 520 250 265
Danish 5 5 0 180 90 90
Dutch 65 20 40 685 325 365
Frisian 5 0 5 5 5 0
German 125 60 70 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 200 85 110 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 116,945 58,445 58,500 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 114,550 57,260 57,285 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 1,630 785 845 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 10,695 5,240 5,455 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 7,355 3,575 3,780 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 10 5 5 5 0 0
Konkani 55 25 30 40 15 15
Marathi 350 185 165 245 125 120
Nepali 720 370 355 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 25 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 79,705 40,160 39,545 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 285 145 145 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 745 360 380 595 290 305
Urdu 12,950 6,390 6,565 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 2,290 1,135 1,155 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 45 25 20 1,025 515 505
Pashto 415 210 210 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 1,825 905 920 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 45 60 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 12,255 5,805 6,450 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 5 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 1,795 835 965 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 4,350 2,090 2,255 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 220 110 115 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 5,875 2,770 3,105 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 10
Japanese 65 35 35 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 245 115 130 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 160 80 85
Mongolian 5 5 5 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 1,860 850 1,010 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 1,145 515 630 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 35 15 25 15 5 5
Ewe 10 0 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 30 15 15 5 0 0
Ganda 25 15 10 5 5 5
Igbo 90 50 45 35 20 15
Lingala 5 0 5 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 5 45 15 30
Shona 30 20 15 40 15 20
Swahili 60 25 35 155 60 90
Wolof 5 0 5 0 0 0
Yoruba 315 140 175 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 90 45 50 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 5 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 175 100 70 830 460 370
American Sign Language 55 30 25 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 120 75 50 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,275 1,995 2,280 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 4,200 1,955 2,245 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 2,130 975 1,150 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 70 30 35 670 280 390
Mandarin 1,710 810 900 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 140 65 75 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 25 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 45 55 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 80 45 35 1,630 820 810
Burmese 55 35 25 685 350 335
Karenic languages 5 5 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 10 5 5 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 260 120 145 1,015 435 580
Lao 235 105 125 335 160 175
Thai 25 10 15 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 280 150 135 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 185 95 90
Turkish 265 145 125 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 0 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 235 115 120 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 10 5 5 75 30 45
Finnish 10 5 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 215 105 110 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 110 50 60
Multiple responses 79,400 39,885 39,515 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 1,275 575 705 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 76,670 38,655 38,015 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 195 90 105 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 1,255 570 685 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 591,670 292,690 298,980 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 445,160 219,095 226,065 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 68,235 35,345 32,890 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 3,520 1,495 2,020 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 72,140 35,435 36,705 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 15 5 10 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 72,125 35,430 36,700 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 315 145 170 965 435 530
English and non-official language 1,720 930 800 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 555 240 320 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 20 5 10 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 470,765 230,070 240,695 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 440,925 215,975 224,955 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,092 33,632 25,411 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 440,980 215,980 224,995 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,086 30,850 24,120 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 383,575 195,185 188,390 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,961 35,025 25,105 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 323,280 141,155 182,125 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,217 863 4,117 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 343,015 178,030 164,980 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,399 35,851 27,615 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 470,770 230,010 240,755 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 441,165 215,930 225,240 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,647 42,731 32,774 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 441,240 215,940 225,300 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,380 36,093 28,821 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 383,730 195,130 188,605 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,154 43,768 32,346 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 322,605 140,435 182,165 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,100 4,887 7,034 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 343,010 177,985 165,025 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,983 43,980 33,592 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 470,765 230,010 240,755 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 161,100 91,995 69,105 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 48,741 52,949 44,507 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 55,518 59,617 50,061 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.2 92.6 82.6 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 80.6 84.7 75.4 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.8 7.4 17.4 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 470,765 230,075 240,690 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 29,835 14,095 15,740 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 440,925 215,980 224,955 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 93.7 93.9 93.5 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 80,940 35,630 45,310 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 83,545 35,795 47,750 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 60,650 27,335 33,315 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 51,510 24,085 27,425 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 44,575 21,120 23,455 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 33,955 17,965 15,995 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 24,840 14,460 10,380 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 18,030 11,250 6,780 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 12,970 8,265 4,705 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 10,010 6,010 4,005 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 19,900 14,065 5,840 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 15,310 10,610 4,700 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 4,590 3,455 1,135 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 470,770 230,070 240,695 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 29,790 14,085 15,700 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 440,980 215,980 224,995 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 93.7 93.9 93.5 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 81,640 35,870 45,770 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 87,195 37,655 49,545 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 70,265 31,885 38,375 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 60,935 28,855 32,080 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 50,480 25,705 24,775 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 33,910 19,585 14,325 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 21,890 13,660 8,230 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 14,705 8,975 5,725 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 19,965 13,790 6,175 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 8,220 5,265 2,950 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 4,375 3,105 1,270 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 7,370 5,420 1,950 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 470,765 230,070 240,690 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 127,755 52,035 75,715 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 343,015 178,035 164,975 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 72.9 77.4 68.5 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 40,180 18,440 21,740 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 29,815 12,785 17,030 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 51,830 25,290 26,540 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 43,035 20,900 22,135 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 40,180 19,160 21,025 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 35,910 17,600 18,310 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 28,250 15,695 12,555 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 20,810 12,775 8,035 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 15,705 10,120 5,590 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 37,290 25,275 12,015 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 11,460 7,455 4,010 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 9,025 5,480 3,545 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 16,810 12,340 4,470 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 168,010 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 87,290 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,156 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 20,820 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,735 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,871 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 147,190 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,516 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,547 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 168,010 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 98,855 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 85,038 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 20,855 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,524 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,254 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 147,160 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 105,846 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,243 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 168,010 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,445 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,150 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,955 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,015 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,670 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,010 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,725 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,335 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,800 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,050 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 12,550 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 12,920 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,560 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 12,140 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 11,625 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 69,070 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,870 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 17,280 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 17,635 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 10,285 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 168,010 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,520 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,155 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,995 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,130 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,040 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,435 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,410 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 6,275 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,030 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,355 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,590 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,220 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,070 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,055 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,610 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 53,110 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,515 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 14,060 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 15,535 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 145,820 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,283 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,739 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 25,015 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,608 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,730 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 93,055 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,500 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,498 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.5 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 22,630 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,047 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,552 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 3.0 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 145,730 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,835 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,470 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 25,120 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,336 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,906 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 92,960 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,352 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,479 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 22,500 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,849 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,036 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 36,205 19,405 16,795 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,941 34,749 30,886 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,056 31,550 28,496 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 36,135 19,560 16,575 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,865 42,186 39,307 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,558 35,297 33,686 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 590,950 292,350 298,600 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 308,210 150,740 157,475 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 42,680 21,245 21,435 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 58,100 27,970 30,130 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 66,905 32,420 34,480 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 70,305 34,490 35,810 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 70,220 34,605 35,610 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 282,740 141,610 141,125 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 68,310 33,885 34,430 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 65,575 32,580 32,995 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 60,805 30,490 30,315 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 54,730 27,620 27,115 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 33,315 17,040 16,275 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 590,950 292,350 298,600 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 145,185 75,230 69,960 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 45,390 23,520 21,870 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 381,250 186,915 194,330 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 64,515 30,205 34,310 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 66,960 32,415 34,545 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 23,395 12,195 11,200 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 7,885 4,125 3,760 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 37,915 17,920 19,995 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 5,650 2,305 3,345 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.3 11.1 11.6 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 16.1 16.2 16.0 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.4 17.5 17.2 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.6 10.3 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 8.8 7.6 9.7 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 52,685 26,065 26,615 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 16,890 8,820 8,075 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 5,810 3,050 2,760 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 32,175 15,860 16,310 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 3,620 1,385 2,235 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.9 8.9 8.9 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 11.6 11.7 11.5 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 12.8 13.0 12.6 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.4 8.5 8.4 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 5.6 4.6 6.5 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 590,945 292,350 298,595 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 562,640 281,825 280,815 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 562,260 281,685 280,580 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 30,535 13,205 17,330 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 341,190 168,870 172,315 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 55 25 30 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 45 20 25 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 15 10 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 15 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 10 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 10 0 10 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 10 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 341,140 168,850 172,285 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,305 5,735 5,565 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 15 10 10 125 80 45
Kabyle 20 10 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 955 425 535 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 70 25 45 190 110 80
Somali 890 400 485 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 10,265 5,275 4,990 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 605 285 320 1,755 905 855
Arabic 7,300 3,825 3,475 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,265 1,130 1,135 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 385 175 210 545 270 275
Harari 90 50 45 55 35 20
Hebrew 95 55 40 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 550 265 285 165 90 80
Tigrigna 230 105 125 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 190 95 90 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 170 65 105 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,210 2,850 3,360 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 240 75 165 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 5,965 2,780 3,185 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 0 25 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 15,005 6,440 8,560 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 45 20 20 495 205 285
Cebuano 660 290 370 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 10 10 10 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 130 45 85 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 720 255 460 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 485 225 260 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 185 75 110 775 350 430
Pangasinan 40 20 20 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 14,180 6,100 8,085 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 65 30 30 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 2,450 1,120 1,335 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 70 40 30 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 1,015 490 525 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,370 590 785 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 22,995 11,425 11,570 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 765 375 395 445 210 235
Malayalam 3,360 1,700 1,655 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 17,580 8,720 8,860 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 2,190 1,130 1,055 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 65 40 35 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 268,395 134,505 133,890 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 375 180 200 1,135 580 555
Armenian 365 170 195 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 10,140 4,890 5,245 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 120 50 70 635 310 325
Latvian 45 15 30 310 175 140
Lithuanian 75 35 35 325 135 185
Slavic languages 10,035 4,840 5,195 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 20 10 15 205 95 110
Bosnian 300 155 150 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 145 75 70 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 1,460 735 725 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 260 135 125 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 440 195 245 345 180 160
Polish 5,210 2,540 2,675 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 1,240 595 645 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 645 340 305 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 90 45 45 1,240 595 645
Slovak 230 95 140 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 240 100 140 725 330 400
Ukrainian 645 265 380 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 250 120 125
Celtic languages 40 20 20 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 20 0 15 350 225 120
Welsh 10 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 3,730 1,740 1,990 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 120 50 70 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 120 75 45 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 1,045 430 615 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 35 10 25 120 55 65
German 2,365 1,145 1,220 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 10 10 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 50 30 20 1,405 730 680
Swedish 70 35 25 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 0 15 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 995 510 490 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 214,065 108,340 105,725 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 210,255 106,470 103,785 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 3,215 1,585 1,630 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 21,885 10,975 10,910 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 67,515 33,875 33,645 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 145 70 75 45 25 20
Konkani 545 260 285 375 185 190
Marathi 1,410 730 685 1,275 650 625
Nepali 1,260 650 620 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 80 45 40 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 141,995 72,660 69,340 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 765 370 395 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,410 1,225 1,190 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 32,075 16,185 15,890 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 4,365 2,140 2,225 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 130 75 50 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 970 490 475 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 3,550 1,730 1,815 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 635 305 330 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 39,975 19,325 20,650 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 10 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 10,125 5,175 4,950 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 13,940 6,800 7,145 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 760 350 410 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 16,385 7,600 8,785 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 220 130 85
Japanese 360 155 200 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 380 140 235 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 9,730 4,665 5,065 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 4,075 1,910 2,165 495 280 215
Bamanankan 20 10 15 20 10 10
Edo 415 190 225 115 65 55
Ewe 60 30 35 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 35 20 45 10 35
Ga 310 175 140 95 60 35
Ganda 70 30 40 105 60 45
Igbo 615 320 295 240 140 95
Lingala 285 125 160 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 25 30 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 45 70 210 95 115
Shona 110 45 70 265 125 140
Swahili 1,085 555 530 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 40 25 15 30 15 15
Yoruba 2,155 1,040 1,110 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 810 420 395 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 15 15 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 250 120 135
Sign languages 515 265 255 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 220 100 125 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 295 160 130 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,085 3,855 4,230 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 7,860 3,720 4,135 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 4,330 2,035 2,300 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 180 75 100 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 3,695 1,720 1,980 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 385 210 175 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 105 45 60 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 220 105 115 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 235 135 105 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 65 30 35 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 60 35 25 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 65 45 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 800 410 390 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 715 365 355 1,125 505 620
Thai 160 85 75 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 695 365 330 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 835 455 385
Turkish 670 360 315 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 10 105 50 55
Uzbek 10 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 940 445 500 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 60 20 40 495 205 295
Finnish 65 35 30 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 815 385 430 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 385 220 165 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 590,950 292,350 298,600 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 508,835 252,265 256,565 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 136,500 70,815 65,685 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 372,330 181,455 190,880 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 82,115 40,080 42,030 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 590,950 292,350 298,600 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 272,365 137,915 134,450 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 308,790 149,070 159,725 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 49,655 23,480 26,175 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 41,145 20,155 20,990 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 77,800 37,590 40,210 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 100,280 48,550 51,735 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 53,115 25,660 27,445 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 47,165 22,885 24,280 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 39,915 19,295 20,620 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,790 5,365 4,425 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 308,790 149,070 159,725 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 24,250 12,585 11,665 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 46,360 23,365 22,995 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 77,995 33,925 44,070 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 121,350 61,675 59,680 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 38,840 17,520 21,320 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 308,795 149,070 159,720 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 61,640 27,580 34,055 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 390 125 265 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 1,050 475 580 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,425 720 705 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 13,855 6,460 7,395 920 415 500
Haiti 285 180 105 265 110 160
Jamaica 23,215 9,905 13,315 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 510 205 310 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 610 255 360 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 7,695 3,475 4,220 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,990 1,420 1,570 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 9,605 4,375 5,235 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 35,160 17,005 18,155 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 445 245 200 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 765 340 420 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 345 125 215 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 1,280 665 620 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 560 285 270 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 410 175 235 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 420 200 215 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 4,945 2,650 2,295 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 805 330 470 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 3,615 1,715 1,900 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 8,450 4,270 4,180 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 635 305 330 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 375 140 240 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 365 205 160 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 405 165 235 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 8,675 3,870 4,805 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 2,670 1,315 1,355 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 16,065 7,830 8,230 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 65 35 30 430 270 150
Egypt 935 445 490 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 510 255 250 1,665 835 825
Kenya 1,515 760 755 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 105 55 50 730 385 340
Nigeria 3,990 1,955 2,040 1,205 630 575
Somalia 545 245 295 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 485 240 245 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 7,915 3,840 4,075 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 195,235 96,335 98,900 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 2,480 1,160 1,320 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 1,770 870 905 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,900 1,310 1,590 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 870 420 445 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 123,660 61,730 61,935 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 595 345 250 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 3,355 1,760 1,595 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 130 45 85 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 285 120 165 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 705 370 335 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 19,255 9,750 9,505 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 14,530 6,345 8,185 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 12,005 5,965 6,040 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 270 135 140 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 220 85 135 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 4,975 2,355 2,625 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 7,230 3,585 3,645 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 695 310 385 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 39,915 19,295 20,620 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 4,945 2,445 2,500 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 75 25 50 960 445 520
Colombia 160 60 105 465 220 240
Cuba 105 45 60 70 35 30
Haiti 90 55 35 15 0 10
Jamaica 2,025 1,060 965 160 115 45
Mexico 110 45 60 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 675 350 325 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 35 15 20 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 1,675 790 885 1,855 875 975
Europe 915 445 480 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 40 15 25 790 415 370
Germany 40 25 15 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 10 10 200 110 90