Census Profile, 2016 Census
Oakville, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Oakville, T
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Oakville, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Oakville, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 193,832  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 182,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 68,617  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 66,269  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,395.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 138.89  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 193,830 93,655 100,175 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 36,710 18,635 18,075 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 8,955 4,525 4,425 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 13,055 6,570 6,480 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 14,700 7,540 7,160 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 128,950 62,465 66,485 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 14,725 7,510 7,215 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 12,735 6,560 6,175 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 8,400 4,270 4,125 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 8,105 3,730 4,375 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 11,340 4,990 6,340 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 15,515 7,150 8,360 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 17,380 8,315 9,060 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 16,295 8,015 8,290 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 14,030 6,900 7,135 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 10,425 5,020 5,410 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 28,170 12,555 15,610 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 8,630 3,995 4,635 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 6,700 3,125 3,575 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 5,135 2,365 2,775 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 3,805 1,655 2,155 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 3,895 1,420 2,485 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 2,455 965 1,495 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,150 390 760 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 255 55 200 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 40 10 30 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.9 19.9 18.0 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 66.5 66.7 66.4 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 14.5 13.4 15.6 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.0 1.5 2.5 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.7 38.8 40.6 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 41.7 40.9 42.3 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 66,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 40,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 7,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 17,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 2,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 11,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 3,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 66,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 11,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 18,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 12,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 15,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 8,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 191,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 157,120 75,020 82,100 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 97,415 48,480 48,930 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 90,305 44,915 45,390 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 7,110 3,565 3,540 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 59,710 26,535 33,170 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 41,805 21,665 20,140 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 3,500 1,325 2,175 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 6,950 2,150 4,800 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 7,455 1,400 6,060 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 54,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 20,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 12,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 15,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 5,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 54,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 47,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 44,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 3,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 7,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 5,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 47,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 16,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 31,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 10,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 15,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 5,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 7,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 4,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 18,765 7,315 11,450 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 66,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 51,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 15,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 36,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 13,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 11,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 192,725 93,250 99,470 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 166,370 82,025 84,345 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 150 60 90 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 22,850 9,845 13,005 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 3,355 1,320 2,030 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 192,725 93,250 99,475 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 183,795 89,450 94,340 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 3,480 1,540 1,940 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 2,145 960 1,180 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 3,305 1,300 2,010 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 4,555 2,020 2,530 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.4 2.2 2.5 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 192,725 93,250 99,475 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 186,735 90,375 96,360 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 126,900 62,225 64,675 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 123,565 60,740 62,825 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 3,340 1,485 1,850 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 59,840 28,150 31,685 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 5 5 5 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 5 5 0 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 5 0 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 0 5 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 59,830 28,150 31,685 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,085 2,540 2,540 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 10 5 5 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 5 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 55 25 35 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 5 0 10 1,445 720 730
Somali 50 25 25 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 5,010 2,510 2,500 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 20 10 10 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 4,635 2,345 2,290 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 115 45 65 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 70 30 40 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 50 30 20 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 80 35 50 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 15 10 5 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 485 210 270 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 480 205 270 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 2,250 815 1,435 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 5 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 85 30 50 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 15 5 5 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 75 30 45 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 115 45 65 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 5 15 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 0 5 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,900 680 1,225 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 50 20 25 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 15 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 15 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 760 370 390 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 40 20 15 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 165 75 90 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 430 210 220 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 125 60 65 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 36,905 17,515 19,385 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 285 140 145 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 175 85 95 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 11,390 5,250 6,140 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 260 105 155 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 80 30 50 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 185 75 110 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 11,130 5,140 5,985 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 15 10 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 95 45 50 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 290 145 145 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 1,835 875 960 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 245 105 145 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 400 190 210 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 3,355 1,520 1,835 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 1,975 885 1,085 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 1,395 675 720 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 135 55 75 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 390 190 200 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 55 95 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 835 380 455 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 25 10 15 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 10 5 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 2,670 1,230 1,440 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 205 90 115 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 105 45 55 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 575 290 285 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 5 0 5 1,240 630 620
German 1,640 745 900 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 30 10 15 940 405 540
Swedish 70 35 40 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 10 20 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 5 0 0 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 620 305 310 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 9,670 4,720 4,950 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 7,970 3,890 4,080 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 325 165 165 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 685 320 365 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 1,205 580 630 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 25 10 20 345 170 175
Konkani 80 35 45 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 80 40 45 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 20 5 15 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,375 1,175 1,200 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 95 45 50 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 225 110 120 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 2,835 1,395 1,440 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 1,655 805 850 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 40 20 25 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 285 130 155 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 1,330 655 670 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 12,065 5,780 6,290 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 10 5 5 285 150 135
Italian 3,370 1,705 1,665 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 3,360 1,605 1,760 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 1,065 505 560 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 4,250 1,960 2,295 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 420 200 215
Japanese 205 60 150 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 2,250 1,050 1,205 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 5 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 5 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 310 140 170 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 90 35 50 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 5 5 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 0 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 5 0 0 600 275 325
Ganda 5 5 0 760 360 400
Igbo 35 15 20 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 15 5 10 1,455 660 790
Swahili 20 10 10 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 0 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 80 40 45 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 45 20 20 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 25 10 15 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 5 10 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 10,060 4,720 5,340 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 10,020 4,710 5,310 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 1,935 905 1,030 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 55 25 35 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 7,515 3,535 3,975 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 5 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 190 85 105 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 135 65 75 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 175 85 90 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 45 15 25 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 15 5 10 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 20 5 10 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 80 30 50 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 20 10 10 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 65 25 40 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 555 280 275 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 20 10 15 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 505 255 245 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 15 5 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 5 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 775 360 415 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 65 30 30 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 105 40 60 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 610 285 320 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 5,990 2,880 3,110 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 610 275 330 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 4,935 2,390 2,545 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 205 100 105 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 240 110 125 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 192,725 93,250 99,475 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 180,020 87,210 92,810 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 151,370 73,625 77,740 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 149,950 72,960 76,985 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 1,415 665 755 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 28,645 13,580 15,070 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 28,650 13,580 15,065 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,325 1,115 1,220 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 5 0 5 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 30 10 20 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 5 0 5 805 380 425
Somali 25 10 15 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 2,295 1,100 1,195 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 10 5 5 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 2,130 1,030 1,100 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 55 25 30 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 15 10 10 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 15 10 10 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 5 5 0 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 235 105 120 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 230 110 125 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 900 385 515 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 35 10 25 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 15 10 10 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 30 15 20 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 10 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 785 330 450 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 380 175 200
Creole languages 15 5 10 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 0 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 315 140 170 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 10 5 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 60 25 30 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 175 75 95 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 65 30 35 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 15,560 7,375 8,190 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 85 45 40 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 65 30 35 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 5,100 2,440 2,660 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 85 40 40 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 25 10 10 860 350 515
Lithuanian 60 30 30 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 5,015 2,395 2,615 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 40 20 20 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 165 90 80 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 590 280 305 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 75 35 35 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 190 90 100 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 1,480 705 780 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 1,310 610 695 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 720 355 365 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 40 15 30 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 140 75 70 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 220 100 120 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 10 0 5 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 445 215 230 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 85 35 50 755 365 390
Danish 10 5 5 280 135 150
Dutch 90 45 45 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 225 110 115 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 30 20 10 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 120 60 65 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 4,580 2,160 2,420 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 3,620 1,730 1,885 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 150 70 80 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 235 95 135 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 470 215 255 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 20 5 10 540 260 280
Marathi 30 15 10 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 5 5 0 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,180 570 615 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 35 15 20 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 100 45 50 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 1,385 680 705 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 955 425 530 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 30 15 15 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 165 75 90 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 755 340 420 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 5,155 2,425 2,735 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 5 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 655 275 375 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 1,365 650 710 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 505 235 265 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 2,630 1,260 1,370 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 110 50 60
Japanese 70 35 40 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 1,545 730 810 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 60 20 40 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 20 5 15 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 5 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 5 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 5 5 0 455 210 245
Swahili 5 5 5 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 15 5 10 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 50 20 25 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 20 10 10 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 15 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,040 3,380 3,660 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 7,025 3,375 3,650 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 945 465 480 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 10 0 5 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 5,795 2,770 3,020 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 70 40 35 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 95 45 50 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 105 50 55 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 10 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 5 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 5 5 5 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 20 10 10 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 5 0 5 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 15 10 5 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 290 145 145 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 770 385 380
Turkish 280 140 135 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 5 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 5 0 5 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 215 105 110 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 5 5 0 790 290 500
Finnish 25 15 10 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 180 90 95 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 12,705 6,045 6,665 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 510 240 265 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 11,790 5,620 6,170 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 55 25 30 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 360 165 190 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 192,725 93,250 99,475 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 154,515 75,380 79,135 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 14,880 7,215 7,665 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 2,695 1,150 1,545 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 19,910 9,170 10,740 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 5 0 0 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 19,900 9,170 10,735 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 160 70 90 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 225 110 115 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 325 145 180 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 15 10 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 155,020 74,295 80,730 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 146,945 70,470 76,475 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,152 54,054 34,188 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 146,995 70,480 76,510 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,450 46,816 30,912 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 137,190 66,950 70,240 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,652 54,034 32,704 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 98,275 42,285 55,985 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,936 698 3,064 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 113,960 58,135 55,825 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,427 53,624 35,084 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 155,020 74,295 80,730 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 147,000 70,485 76,515 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 76,541 101,897 53,184 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 147,055 70,500 76,555 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 56,873 72,352 42,618 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 137,260 66,885 70,380 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 77,712 103,997 52,731 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 98,120 42,150 55,970 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,959 5,373 6,401 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 113,960 57,845 56,115 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 75,614 98,715 51,799 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 155,025 74,290 80,725 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 55,150 31,115 24,035 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 76,987 88,025 65,039 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 111,473 136,021 79,703 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 94.8 96.8 91.1 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.0 79.8 72.0 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 5.2 3.2 8.9 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 155,020 74,295 80,730 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 8,075 3,825 4,250 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 146,945 70,470 76,480 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 94.8 94.9 94.7 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 24,495 10,220 14,270 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 20,010 7,960 12,050 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 14,740 5,875 8,860 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 11,765 4,785 6,975 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 10,775 4,660 6,115 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 9,330 4,100 5,230 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 8,110 3,830 4,280 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 6,760 3,405 3,360 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 6,295 3,175 3,110 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 5,830 2,925 2,905 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 28,840 19,535 9,310 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 14,785 9,140 5,650 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 14,055 10,390 3,665 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 155,025 74,295 80,725 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 8,025 3,815 4,215 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 146,990 70,480 76,510 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 94.8 94.9 94.8 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 25,290 10,430 14,855 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 20,950 8,315 12,630 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 16,770 6,715 10,050 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 14,005 5,890 8,115 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 13,005 5,710 7,290 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 10,745 5,105 5,645 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 9,075 4,605 4,475 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 8,330 4,300 4,035 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 28,825 19,410 9,415 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 6,495 3,730 2,770 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 4,495 2,820 1,675 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 17,840 12,860 4,980 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 155,025 74,295 80,730 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 41,060 16,160 24,900 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 113,960 58,135 55,825 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 73.5 78.2 69.2 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 16,485 8,015 8,465 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 9,120 4,080 5,040 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 12,445 5,505 6,945 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 9,095 3,915 5,185 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 7,860 3,355 4,505 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 7,365 3,125 4,240 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 6,735 2,945 3,795 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 5,925 2,785 3,145 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 5,130 2,530 2,600 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 33,790 21,870 11,920 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 5,080 2,590 2,490 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 4,985 2,485 2,500 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 23,720 16,795 6,925 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 66,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 113,666  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 95,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 11,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,604  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,741  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 54,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 132,596  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,019  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 66,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 169,786  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 126,204  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 81,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 61,052  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 54,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 188,982  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 140,316  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 66,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 37,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 8,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 15,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 66,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 31,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 17,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 53,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 133,291  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 110,399  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 14,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 109,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 31,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 162,621  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 132,538  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 74,483  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,783  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 53,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 189,944  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 140,794  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 14,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 168,473  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 123,631  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 31,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 220,504  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 162,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 101,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 80,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 15,465 6,285 9,180 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 41,192 43,881 39,386 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 36,318 38,489 35,022 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 15,520 6,235 9,285 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 69,632 89,903 56,030 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 53,115 63,677 46,027 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 191,720 92,920 98,795 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 57,735 26,700 31,035 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 13,575 6,360 7,215 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 10,705 4,760 5,950 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 10,310 4,600 5,710 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 10,815 5,055 5,760 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 12,320 5,925 6,405 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 133,985 66,220 67,760 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 14,210 6,855 7,355 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 16,815 8,150 8,670 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 20,810 10,240 10,570 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 28,930 14,310 14,625 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 53,215 26,665 26,545 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 191,715 92,920 98,795 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 45,620 23,135 22,480 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 11,280 5,715 5,565 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 119,655 57,735 61,915 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 26,445 12,045 14,395 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 18,685 8,545 10,140 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 5,665 2,830 2,835 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,260 605 655 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 11,055 5,020 6,035 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 1,960 695 1,265 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.7 9.2 10.3 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 12.4 12.2 12.6 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 11.2 10.6 11.8 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 9.2 8.7 9.7 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 7.4 5.8 8.8 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 15,485 7,180 8,310 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 4,580 2,295 2,285 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 995 480 520 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 9,630 4,455 5,180 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 1,270 425 845 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.1 7.7 8.4 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 10.0 9.9 10.2 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 8.8 8.4 9.3 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.0 7.7 8.4 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 4.8 3.5 5.9 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 191,720 92,920 98,800 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 188,380 91,555 96,820 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 188,230 91,495 96,735 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 22,910 9,710 13,205 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 75,230 35,420 39,810 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 30 15 20 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 20 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 25 10 15 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 75,205 35,410 39,790 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,125 3,615 3,515 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 40 20 25 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 10 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 35 15 15 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 7,055 3,585 3,470 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 50 15 30 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 6,575 3,360 3,220 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 110 50 60 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 130 75 55 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 210 105 110 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 115 70 45 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 30 20 15 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 595 270 320 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 590 275 320 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 2,760 1,020 1,740 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 10 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 105 30 75 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 15 10 10 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 95 30 65 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 10 0 215 115 100
Malay 145 55 90 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 10 10 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,580 955 1,630 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 10 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 230 85 145 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 15 0 10 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 140 55 90 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 30 45 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 1,155 565 590 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 90 35 55 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 265 115 150 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 670 355 315 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 190 80 110 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 48,220 22,815 25,410 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 375 200 175 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 225 120 100 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 13,325 6,185 7,135 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 310 115 195 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 105 45 55 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 205 70 135 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 13,085 6,085 6,995 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 50 30 15 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 145 75 70 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 435 225 215 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 2,600 1,285 1,310 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 400 170 235 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 560 290 270 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 3,990 1,770 2,215 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 2,590 1,140 1,450 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 1,930 910 1,020 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 125 50 75 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 415 200 220 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 40 110 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 1,260 575 690 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 15 30 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 105 45 60 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 40 15 25 1,480 720 765
Welsh 20 0 15 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 4,315 1,940 2,375 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 615 285 325 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 145 65 80 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 720 325 395 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 10 10 0 1,655 820 835
German 2,885 1,315 1,570 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 35 15 25 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 110 35 75 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 15 0 15 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 930 420 505 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 13,440 6,545 6,895 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 11,375 5,575 5,795 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 465 235 225 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 970 450 520 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 3,905 1,920 1,990 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 55 30 25 600 300 300
Konkani 160 75 90 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 190 110 90 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 15 10 10 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 25 15 10 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,805 1,905 1,900 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 180 100 75 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 315 160 160 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 4,340 2,140 2,200 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 2,200 1,035 1,165 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 60 30 30 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 510 235 275 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 1,785 825 955 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 16,695 7,890 8,805 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 10 10 0 515 275 240
Italian 5,030 2,435 2,600 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 4,190 2,035 2,155 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 1,265 600 660 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 7,015 3,190 3,825 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 0 20 1,355 745 605
Japanese 475 220 260 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 2,590 1,245 1,345 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 815 385 435 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 175 75 100 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 10 0 10 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 25 10 10 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 20 15 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 15 10 10 1,225 550 675
Igbo 100 55 50 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 25 15 10 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 10 0 0 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 180 100 90 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 10 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 245 115 135 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 65 25 35 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 10 10 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 195 70 125 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 130 35 90 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 65 35 35 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 11,430 5,395 6,035 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 11,375 5,370 6,000 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 2,800 1,325 1,470 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 60 25 35 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 8,800 4,120 4,680 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 10 0 10 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 240 105 130 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 240 105 135 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 220 110 115 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 75 35 40 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 45 20 25 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 15 0 10 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 0 10 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 55 25 35 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 25 10 15 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 35 20 20 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 695 355 340 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 45 15 25 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 600 300 305 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 25 20 10 700 350 345
Uzbek 10 10 10 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 915 450 465
Uralic languages 815 350 465 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 80 40 35 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 110 30 75 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 625 275 355 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 191,720 92,920 98,800 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 173,225 84,420 88,800 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 41,445 21,015 20,430 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 131,780 63,405 68,370 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 18,495 8,495 10,000 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 191,715 92,920 98,795 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 119,950 59,260 60,690 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 68,845 32,420 36,430 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 19,685 9,315 10,370 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 7,890 3,660 4,230 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 12,895 6,070 6,825 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 18,195 8,615 9,585 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 9,435 4,540 4,895 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 8,760 4,070 4,690 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 10,180 4,765 5,415 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,925 1,250 1,680 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 68,845 32,420 36,430 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 7,520 3,640 3,880 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 13,255 6,855 6,405 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 12,690 5,430 7,265 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 29,520 13,665 15,855 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 5,855 2,830 3,025 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 68,845 32,415 36,430 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 9,005 3,895 5,115 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 330 150 175 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 670 260 410 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 150 70 80 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 425 190 235 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 30 0 20 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 1,120 420 705 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 525 215 310 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 535 225 305 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 680 285 400 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,325 1,025 1,305 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 2,225 1,050 1,175 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 24,975 11,845 13,130 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 435 230 205 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 1,175 560 610 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 285 115 165 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 1,170 535 635 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 280 160 120 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 300 105 190 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 440 185 255 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 1,730 895 835 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 510 250 265 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 2,625 1,120 1,505 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 2,255 1,130 1,135 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 1,045 465 575 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 925 425 500 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 655 315 345 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 660 300 355 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 7,545 3,695 3,850 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 2,940 1,350 1,585 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 5,450 2,800 2,655 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 35 15 25 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 2,140 1,180 960 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 50 25 30 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 375 180 190 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 60 20 40 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 510 255 260 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 15 0 10 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 1,150 585 560 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 1,105 535 575 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 29,065 13,705 15,360 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 570 250 320 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 245 110 135 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 6,420 2,955 3,470 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,000 510 485 108,030 50,945 57,090
India